(19)
(11)EP 3 331 230 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.11.2020 Bulletin 2020/45

(21)Application number: 17204091.7

(22)Date of filing:  28.11.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04N 1/03(2006.01)

(54)

READING MODULE AND IMAGE READING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS THEREWITH

LESEMODUL UND BILDLESEVORRICHTUNG SOWIE BILDERZEUGUNGSVORRICHTUNG DAMIT

MODULE DE LECTURE ET DISPOSITIF DE LECTURE D'IMAGE ET APPAREIL DE FORMATION D'IMAGE ASSOCIÉ


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 30.11.2016 JP 2016232312
25.07.2017 JP 2017143699

(43)Date of publication of application:
06.06.2018 Bulletin 2018/23

(73)Proprietor: KYOCERA Document Solutions Inc.
Osaka-shi, Osaka 540-8585 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • MURASE, Takaaki
    Osaka, 540-8585 (JP)
  • OUCHI, Kei
    Osaka, 540-8585 (JP)

(74)Representative: Beetz & Partner mbB 
Patentanwälte Robert-Koch-Str. 1
80538 München
80538 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 166 743
JP-A- 2010 063 163
EP-A1- 2 259 566
US-A1- 2011 249 304
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND



    [0001] The present disclosure relates to a reading module that is incorporated in digital copiers, image scanners, and the like and that reads reflected image light of the light radiated to a document, and to an image reading device and an image forming apparatus incorporating such a reading module.

    [0002] Conventional optical imaging systems for image reading devices incorporated in multifunction peripherals and the like adopting an electro-photographic process include a reduction optical system where images are formed on a reduced scale and a unity magnification optical system where images are formed at unity magnification without being reduced.

    [0003] In the reduction optical system, a reduced image is formed on an image sensor whose size is smaller than that of a document by use of a plurality of plane mirrors and an optical lens, and then the image is read. In the reduction optical system, as an image sensor, a charge-coupled device called a CCD sensor is used. The reduction optical system advantageously has a deep depth of field. Here, the depth of field is the range in which, even when a subject (here a document) is displaced in the direction of the optical axis from the in-focus position, the subject can be seen as if in focus. This means that, with a deep depth of field, even when the document is displaced from the predetermined position, it is possible to obtain a satisfactory image.

    [0004] On the other hand, the reduction optical system inconveniently has a very large optical path length (the distance light travels from a subject to the sensor) of 200 to 500 mm. In image reading devices, for the purpose of securing the optical path length in a limited space in a carriage, the direction in which light travels is changed by use of a plurality of plane mirrors. This increases the number of components required, leading to an increased cost. When a lens is used in the optical system, chromatic aberration occurs due to variation in the refractive index with wavelength. To correct the chromatic aberration, a plurality of lenses are required. As will be seen from the above, using a plurality of lenses becomes one of the factors that increase the cost.

    [0005] In the unity magnification optical system, an image is read by being imaged, with a plurality of erect-image rod-lenses with unity magnification arranged in an array, on an image sensor whose size is similar to that of a document. In the unity magnification optical system, as an image sensor, a photoelectric conversion device called CMOS (complementary MOS) sensor is used. The unity magnification optical system advantageously has the following advantages. A smaller optical path length of 10 to 20 mm compared with the reduction optical system helps achieve compactness. Imaging by use of rod lenses alone eliminates the need for mirrors required in the reduction optical system. This helps make a scanner unit that incorporates a unity magnification optical system sensor slim. The simple construction helps achieve cost reduction. On the other hand, the unity magnification optical system has a very small depth of field, and thus when a document is displaced in the direction of the optical axis from a predetermined position, a severe blur results from image bleeding due to different magnifications of the individual lenses. As a result, it is inconveniently impossible to uniformly read a book document or a document with an uneven surface.

    [0006] From EP 2 166 743 A1 and US 2011/0249304 A1, scanning devices are known in which linear lens arrays are used for imaging light reflected from a document onto an image pickup device. Apertures are provided half way between first and second lens arrays.

    [0007] JP 2010 063163 A discloses a scanning device which uses mirrors for imaging. Among these mirrors, there is an aperture mirror.

    [0008] In EP 2 166 743 A1, a scanning device has been proposed in which, instead of the reduction magnification optical system or the unity magnification optical system described above, an image is read by use of a reflection mirror array in the imaging optical system. In this device, a plurality of reflection mirrors are arranged in an array, and a document read in different reading regions corresponding to the reflection mirrors on a region-by-region basis is formed into an inverted image on a reduced scale on a sensor. Unlike in the unity magnification optical system that uses a rod-lens array, one region is read and imaged with one optical system. By adopting the telecentric optical system as the imaging system, when a document is read on a region-to region basis, no image bleeding occurs as a result of images with different magnifications overlapping with each other; it is thus possible to suppress image blurring and achieve a compound-eye reading method.

    [0009] In this method, the optical system uses mirrors alone, and thus unlike in a case where the optical system uses a lens, no chromatic aberration occurs. This makes it unnecessary to correct chromatic aberration, and thus helps reduce the number of elements constituting the optical system.

    SUMMARY



    [0010] A reading module according to the present invention is defined in claim 1.

    [0011] Further features and advantages of the present disclosure will become apparent from the description of embodiments given below.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0012] 

    Fig. 1 is a side sectional view showing the overall construction of an image forming apparatus 100 incorporating an image reading portion 6 that uses a reading module 50 according to the present disclosure;

    Fig. 2 is a side sectional view showing the internal structure of the reading module 50 according to a first embodiment of the present disclosure incorporated in the image reading portion 6;

    Fig. 3 is a partial perspective view showing the internal structure of the reading module 50 according to the first embodiment;

    Fig. 4 is a sectional plan view showing the configuration between an optical unit 40 and a sensor 41 in the reading module 50 according to the first embodiment;

    Fig. 5 is a partly enlarged view showing the optical path between the reflection mirrors 35a and 35b and the sensor 41 in Fig. 4;

    Fig. 6 is a partly enlarged view showing the optical path between the reflection mirror 35a and an imaging region 41a on the sensor 41, showing a configuration where light shielding walls 43 are provided at the boundaries of the imaging region 41a;

    Fig. 7 is a partial perspective view showing the structure of the optical unit 40 in the reading module 50 according to the first embodiment;

    Fig. 8 is a perspective view of an aperture stop portion 37 used in the reading module 50 according to the first embodiment as seen from the turning mirror 34 side;

    Fig. 9 is a perspective view of the aperture stop portion 37 used in the reading module 50 according to the first embodiment as seen from the sensor 41 side;

    Fig. 10 is a perspective view of the aperture stop portion 37 used in the reading module 50 according to the first embodiment as seen from above;

    Fig. 11 is a diagram schematically showing how stray light F enters the aperture stop portion 37 used in the reading module 50 according to the first embodiment;

    Fig. 12 is a perspective view of an aperture stop portion 37 used in a reading module 50 according to a second embodiment of the present disclosure as seen from above;

    Fig. 13 is a diagram schematically showing how stray light F enters the aperture stop portion 37 used in the reading module 50 according to the second embodiment;

    Fig. 14 is a sectional plan view showing the structure between one reflection mirror 35b and the sensor 41 in the reading module 50 according to the second embodiment;

    Fig. 15 is perspective view of an aperture stop portion 37 used in a reading module 50 according to a third embodiment of the present disclosure as seen from the turning mirror 34 side;

    Fig. 16 is an enlarged view of the aperture stop portion 37 according to the third embodiment as seen from the second aperture 37b side;

    Fig, 17 is a perspective view of an aperture stop portion 37 used in a reading module 50 according to a fourth embodiment of the present disclosure as seen from the turning mirror 34 side;

    Fig. 18 is a perspective view of the aperture stop portion 37 used in the reading module 50 according to the fourth embodiment of the present disclosure as seen from the sensor 41 side;

    Fig. 19 is a sectional view along line 200-200 in Fig, 17;

    Fig. 20 is a diagram schematically showing how light is reflected on an inner surface 37e of a second aperture 37b in the aperture stop portion 37 used in the reading module 50 according to the fourth embodiment of the present disclosure; and

    Fig. 21 is a partial sectional view showing a modified example of the reading module 50 according to the present disclosure, showing a configuration where image light d is reflected three times on a turning mirror 34.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0013] Hereinafter, embodiments of the present disclosure will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings. Fig. 1 is a diagram showing an outline of the construction of an image forming apparatus 100 incorporating an image reading portion 6 that uses a reading module 50 according to the present disclosure. In the image forming apparatus 100 shown in Fig. 1 (here a digital multifunction peripheral is taken as an example), a copy operation proceeds as follows. In the image reading portion 6, which will be described later, document image data is read and is converted into an image signal. On the other hand, in an image forming portion 3 in a multifunction peripheral main body 2, a photosensitive drum 5 that rotates in the clockwise direction in Fig. 1 is electrostatically charged uniformly by a charging unit 4. Then, by a laser beam from an exposure unit (such as a laser scanner unit) 7, an electrostatic latent image is formed on the photosensitive drum 5 based on the document image data read in the image reading portion 6. Then, developer (hereinafter, referred to as toner) is attached to the formed electrostatic latent image by a developing unit 8, and thereby a toner image is formed. Toner is fed to the developing unit 8 from a toner container 9.

    [0014] Toward the photosensitive drum 5 having the toner image formed on it as described above, a sheet is conveyed from a sheet feeding mechanism 10 via a sheet conveyance passage 11 and a registration roller pair 12 to the image forming portion 3. The sheet feeding mechanism 10 includes sheet feed cassettes 10a and 10b and a stack bypass (manual feed tray) 10c arranged over the sheet feed cassettes 10a and 10b. When the conveyed sheet passes through a nip between the photosensitive drum 5 and a transfer roller 13 (image transfer portion), the toner image on the surface of the photosensitive drum 5 is transferred to the sheet. Then, the sheet having the toner image transferred to it is separated from the photosensitive drum 5, and is conveyed to a fixing portion 14, which has a fixing roller pair 14a, so that the toner image is fixed there. The sheet having passed through the fixing portion 14 is distributed among different conveyance directions by passage switching mechanisms 21 and 22 arranged at branch points in a sheet conveyance passage 15. The sheet is then, as it is (or after being conveyed to a reverse conveyance passage 16 and being subjected to two-sided copying), discharged onto a sheet discharge portion composed of a first discharge tray 17a and a second discharge tray 17b.

    [0015] After toner image transfer, toner left unused on the surface of the photosensitive drum 5 is removed by a cleaning device 18. Electric charge remaining on the surface of the photosensitive drum 5 is removed by a destaticizer (unillustrated) arranged on the downstream side of the cleaning device 18 in the rotation direction of the photosensitive drum 5.

    [0016] In an upper part of the multifunction peripheral main body 2, the image reading portion 6 is arranged, and a platen (document presser) 24 is openably/closably provided that presses and thereby holds a document placed on a contact glass 25 (see Fig. 2) of the image reading portion 6. On the platen 24, a document conveyance device 27 is provided.

    [0017] In the multifunction peripheral main body 2, a control portion (CPU) 90 is arranged that controls the operation of the image forming portion 3, the image reading portion 6, the document conveyance device 27, and the like.

    [0018] Fig. 2 is a side sectional view showing the internal structure of a reading module 50 according to a first embodiment of the present disclosure incorporated in the image reading portion 6. Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the reading module 50 according to this embodiment, showing the optical path from a document 60 to a sensor 41. Fig. 4 is a sectional plan view showing the configuration between an optical unit 40 and the sensor 41 in the reading module 50 according to this embodiment. Although a mirror array 35 constituting the optical unit 40 shown in Fig. 4 reflects rays of light, for the sake of convenience of description, Fig. 4 shows a model where the optical unit 40 transmits rays of light.

    [0019] The reading module 50 reads an image on the obverse side (lower side in Fig. 2) of the document 60 placed on the contact glass 25 while moving in the sub-scanning direction (the direction indicated by arrows A and A'). The reading module 50 also reads an image on the obverse side of the document 60 conveyed by the document conveyance device 27 (see Fig. 1) while remaining at rest right under the automatic reading position of the contact glass 25.

    [0020] As shown in Fig. 2, the reading module 50 includes, in a housing 30 thereof, a light source 31, a plane mirror 33a, a turning mirror 34, a mirror array 35 composed of a plurality of reflection mirrors whose reflection surfaces are aspherical concave surfaces, an aperture stop portion 37, and a sensor 41 as a reading means. The sensor 41 is supported on a sensor substrate 42 (see Fig. 4). As the sensor 41, a CCD or CMOS image sensor is used according to the design. The reading module 50 has a home position right under a shading plate (unillustrated) for acquiring white reference data.

    [0021] With this configuration, to read a document image in a fixed-document manner, image reading proceeds as follows. First, a document 60 is placed on the contact glass 25 with the image side down. Then, while the image side of the document 60 is irradiated with light emitted from the light source 31 and transmitted through an opening 30a the reading module 50 is moved at a predetermined speed from the scanner home side to the scanner return side. As a result, the light reflected from the image side of the document 60, that is, the image light d (indicated by the solid arrows in Fig. 2), has its optical path changed by the plane mirror 33a, and is then reflected on the turning mirror 34. The reflected image light d is converged by the mirror array 35, is reflected again on the turning mirror 34, passes through the aperture stop portion 37, and is imaged on the sensor 41. The image light d of the formed image is, in the sensor 41, divided into pixels to be converted into electrical signals commensurate with the densities of individual pixels.

    [0022] On the other hand, to read a document image in a sheet-through manner, image reading proceeds as follows. The reading module 50 is moved to right under the image reading region (image reading position) of the contact glass 25. Then, while the image side of a document, which is conveyed one sheet after another while being lightly pressed against the image reading region by the document conveyance device 27, is irradiated with light from the light source 31, the image light d reflected from the image side is imaged on the sensor 41 via the plane mirror 33a, the turning mirror 34, the mirror array 35, the turning mirror 34, and the aperture stop portion 37.

    [0023] As shown in Fig. 3, the mirror array 35 and the aperture stop portion 37 are integrally formed of the same material and are integrated into a unit as the optical unit 40. By integrally forming the mirror array 35 and the aperture stop portion 37, it is possible to hold the position of the mirror array 35 relative to the aperture stop portion 37 with high accuracy. Thereby, it is possible to effectively prevent imaging performance from degrading as a result of the relative position varying with expansion or contraction of the mirror array 35 and the aperture stop portion 37 due to change in temperature.

    [0024] The turning mirror 34 is arranged at a position facing the mirror array 35, and reflects both rays of light (the image light d) which travel from the document 60 via the plane mirror 33a to be incident on the mirror array 35 and rays of light (the image light d) which are reflected from the mirror array 35 to enter the aperture stop portion 37.

    [0025] As shown in Fig. 4, the mirror array 35, which images the image light d on the sensor 41, is composed of a plurality of reflection mirrors 35a, 35b, 35c ..., which correspond to predetermined regions of the sensor 41, coupled together in an array in the main scanning direction (the direction indicated by arrows B and B').

    [0026] In the configuration according to this embodiment, the image light d reflected from reading regions Ra, Rb ... (see Fig. 5) of the document 60 separated in the main scanning direction has its optical path changed by the plane mirror 33a and the turning mirror 34 (see Fig. 2), and is incident on the reflection mirrors 35a, 35b, 35c ... of the mirror array 35. The image light d is reduced at predetermined reduction magnifications by the reflection mirrors 35a, 35b, 35c ..., is reflected again on the turning mirror 34, passes through the aperture stop portion 37, and is focused on corresponding imaging regions of the sensor 41 to form inverted images.

    [0027] The inverted images formed on the imaging regions are converted into digital signals, and thus magnification enlargement correction is performed through data interpolation according to the reduction magnifications for the respective imaging regions to reverse the data into erect images. Then, the images of the imaging regions are connected together to form an output image.

    [0028] The aperture stop portion 37 is arranged at the focal points of the reflection mirrors 35a, 35b, and 35c ... constituting the mirror array 35. The physical separation distance (the distance in the up/down direction in Fig. 2) between the aperture stop portion 37 and the mirror array 35 is determined according to the reduction magnification of the mirror array 35. In the reading module 50 according to this embodiment, the turning mirror 34 reflects rays of light twice, and this makes it possible to secure the optical path length from the mirror array 35 to the aperture stop portion 37, and thus to minimize the incidence/reflection angle of the image light d with respect to the mirror array 35. As a result, it is possible to suppress curvature of images formed in the imaging regions 41a, 41b ....

    [0029] When the turning mirror 34 is divided into a plurality of mirrors, light reflected by edge parts of the mirrors acts as stray light, and strikes the mirror array 35 or enters the aperture stop portion 37. By using a single plane mirror as the turning mirror 34 as in this embodiment, the effect of stray light can be prevented even when both of the rays of light overlap each other on the turning mirror 34. Although, in this embodiment, the plane mirror 33a is used to reduce the size of the reading module 50 in its height direction, it is also possible to adopt a configuration where no plane mirror 33a is used.

    [0030] In a compound-eye reading method in which the mirror array 35 is used as in this embodiment, when the imaging magnification varies with the position on a document (the optical path length between the reflection mirrors and the document) within the region corresponding to the reflection mirrors 35a, 34b, 35c ..., when the document 60 floats off the contact glass 25, images overlap or separate from each other at a position next to border parts of the reflection mirrors 35a, 35b, 35c ..., resulting in an abnormal image.

    [0031] In this embodiment, a telecentric optical system is adopted where the image light d is parallel to the optical axis from the document 60 to the mirror array 35. The telecentric optical system has the feature that the principal ray of the image light d that passes through the center of the aperture stop portion 37 is perpendicular to the surface of the document. This prevents the imaging magnifications of the reflection mirrors 35a, 35b, 35c ... from varying even when the document position varies; it is thus possible to obtain a reading module 50 having a deep depth of field that does not cause image bleeding even when the document 60 is read in a form divided into fine regions. To achieve that, the principal ray needs to remain perpendicular to the surface of the document irrespective of the document position, and this requires a mirror array 35 whose size in the main scanning direction is equal to or larger than the size of the document.

    [0032] In the compound-eye reading method in which the mirror array 35 is used as described above, when the image light d reflected from the reflection mirrors 35a, 35b, 35c ... and transmitted through the aperture stop portion 37 is imaged in a predetermined region on the sensor 41, the image light d traveling from outside the reading region, may, as stray light, strike a region next to the predetermined region on the sensor 41.

    [0033] Fig. 5 is a partly enlarged view showing the optical path between the reflection mirrors 35a and 35b and the sensor 41 in Fig. 4. As shown in Fig. 5, the light from the reading regions Ra and Rb corresponding to the reflection mirrors 35a and 35b is imaged in the corresponding imaging regions 41a and 41b on the sensor 41. Here, the rays of light (indicated by hatched regions in Fig. 5) inward of the principal ray, even though they belong to the light traveling from outside the reading regions Ra and Rb, are imaged on the sensor 41 by the reflection mirrors 35a and 35b. Specifically, the light reflected from the reflection mirror 35a strikes the adjacent imaging region 41b, and the light reflected from the reflection mirror 35b strikes the adjacent imaging region 41a. These parts of the image light, even though feeble, form inverted images corresponding to different reading regions, and thus, if superimposed on proper images which are supposed to be formed in the imaging regions 41a and 41b, produce abnormal images.

    [0034] Thus, in this embodiment, the imaging magnifications of the reflection mirrors 35a, 35b, 35c ... of the mirror array 35 are set to be reduction magnifications, and as shown in Fig. 6, light shielding walls 43 are formed to protrude from the boundaries between the imaging regions 41a and 41b of the sensor 41 in the direction of the aperture stop portion 37.

    [0035] Here, as shown in Fig. 6, for example, of the image light d which is to be imaged in the imaging region 41a on the sensor 41, the light traveling from outside the reading region Ra is shielded by the light shielding wall 43; it is thus possible to prevent the stray light from striking the imaging region 41b arranged next to the imaging region 41a in the main scanning direction. Here, assuming that the reflection mirrors 35a, 35b, 35c ... are set at a unity magnification, the reflection mirrors 35a, 35b, 35c ... use the entire area over the image forming regions 41a, 41b ... up to their boundaries to form images of the image light d. As a result, no space can be secured for forming the light shielding walls 43 at the boundaries of the imaging regions 41a, 41b .... To secure the space for forming the light shielding walls 43, it is necessary to set the imaging magnifications of the reflection mirrors 35a, 35b, 35c ...to be reduction magnifications as described above.

    [0036] The optical unit 40 that includes the mirror array 35 and the aperture stop portion 37 preferably is, with consideration given to the cost, formed of resin by injection molding. Accordingly, it is necessary to determine the reduction magnifications with a predetermined margin, with consideration given to expansion or contraction due to change in temperature around the reading module 50 (hereinafter, referred to as environmental temperature). However, reducing the reduction magnifications of the reflection mirrors 35a, 35b, 35c ... necessitates, when a sensor 41 with cell sizes (imaging regions) corresponding to the magnifications is used, a higher resolution on the sensor 41, and even when a sensor 41 with cell sizes for use in unity magnification optical systems is used, a lower resolution results. Thus, it is preferable to maximize the reduction magnifications.

    [0037] Fig. 7 is a partial perspective view showing the structure of the optical unit 40 in the reading module 50 according to the first embodiment. Figs. 8 and 9 are perspective views of the aperture stop portion 37 used in the reading module 50 according to this embodiment as seen from the turning mirror 34 side (the left side in Fig. 2) and from the sensor 41 side (the right side in Fig. 2) respectively. As shown in Fig. 7, in the main scanning direction in which the reflection mirrors 35a, 35b ... of the mirror array 35 are continuously arranged, as many aperture stop portions 37 as the number of the reflection mirrors 35a, 35b ...are continuously formed. Figs. 8 and 9 show only one unit (inside the broken-line circle in Fig. 7) of the aperture stop portion 37 corresponding to the reflection mirror 35b. The other aperture stop portions 37 corresponding to the reflection mirrors 35a, 35c ...have completely the same structure.

    [0038] As shown in Figs. 8 and 9, the aperture stop portion 37 has a first aperture 37a arranged on the sensor 41 side and a second aperture 37b arranged on the turning mirror 34 side (the mirror array 35 side). The first aperture 37a is a circular opening, and adjusts the amount of the image light d which is to be imaged on the sensor 41. The second aperture 37b is a rectangular opening formed to communicate with the first aperture 37a, and prevents part of the image light d reflected from the adjacent reflection mirrors 35a and 35c from entering, as stray light, the first aperture 37a. The first aperture 37a and the second aperture 37b are integrally formed of the same resin material.

    [0039] By providing the aperture stop portion 37 with the first aperture 37a and the second aperture 37b as in this embodiment, it is possible to effectively prevent the adverse effect of part of the image light d reflected from the adjacent reflection mirrors 35a and 35c passing through the first aperture 37a corresponding to the reflection mirror 35b and striking, as stray light, a predetermined region on the sensor 41. The aim of forming the opening of the second aperture 37b in a rectangular shape is to accurately separate from each other, with the straight edges of the opening, the image light d from the reflection mirror 35b and the stray light from the adjacent reflection mirrors 35a and 35c.

    [0040] As described above, the second aperture 37b corresponding to a given reflection mirror (for example, the reflection mirror 35b) is arranged to prevent the stray light reflected from adjacent reflection mirrors (for example, the reflection mirrors 35a and 35c) and transmitted through the second aperture 37b from directly entering the first aperture 37a. However, in this embodiment, the first aperture 37a and the second aperture 37b are integrally formed as one structural member, and thus the stray light which passes through the second aperture 37b but does not directly enter the first aperture 37a may be reflected on the inner wall surface present between the first aperture 37a and the second aperture 37b, pass through the first aperture 37a, and strike the sensor 41. Accordingly, it is necessary to reduce reflection of light between the first aperture 37a and the second aperture 37b, and thereby to prevent the stray light from striking the sensor 41.

    [0041] Fig. 10 is a perspective view of the aperture stop portion 37 used in the reading module 50 according to this embodiment as seen from above. Fig. 10 shows a state with the top surface removed to expose the inside of the aperture stop portion 37.

    [0042] As shown in Fig. 10, the aperture stop portion 37 has first apertures 37a formed in a sensor 41-side (the upper right side in Fig. 10) wall portion 38a of an aperture stop main body 38 in the shape of a hollow rectangular parallelepiped. In a turning mirror 34-side (the lower left side in Fig. 10) wall portion 38b of the aperture stop main body 38, second apertures 37b are formed at positions facing the first apertures 37a respectively. The interior of the aperture stop main body 38 is divided into a plurality of spaces S by partition walls 38d formed between every two adjacent ones of the first apertures 37a and the second apertures 37b. With this configuration, each pair of first and second apertures 37a and 37b facing each other are arranged opposite each other across the spaces S. The spaces S constitute a reflection reduction mechanism that reduces reflection of light in the direction of the first aperture 37a other than image light traveling from the second aperture 37b to the first aperture 37a.

    [0043] Fig. 11 is a diagram schematically showing how stray light F enters the aperture stop portion 37 used in the reading module 50 according to this embodiment. The stray light F is light which passes through the second aperture 37b but does not directly enter the aperture 37a, that is, light other than image light which enters the aperture stop main body 38 through the second aperture 37b. As shown in Fig. 11, the stray light F having entered the aperture stop main body 38 through the second aperture 37b attenuates as it travels through the space S while being reflected on the partition walls 38d and the wall portions 38a and 38b. Thus, it is possible to suppress the phenomenon in which stray light F which passes through the second aperture 37b but does not directly enter the first aperture 37a is reflected to enter the first aperture 37a.

    [0044] Fig. 12 is a perspective view of an aperture stop portion 37 used in a reading module 50 according to a second embodiment of the present disclosure as seen from above. Fig. 13 is a diagram schematically showing how stray light F enters the aperture stop portion 37 used in the reading module 50 according to this embodiment. Like Fig. 10, Fig. 12 shows a state with the top surface removed to expose the inside of the aperture stop portion 37. In this embodiment, there are provided ribs 70 which protrude into the spaces S from the partition walls 38d and wall portions 38c parallel to the partition walls 38d. The spaces S and the ribs 70 constitute a reflection reduction mechanism that reduces reflection of light in the direction of the first aperture 37a other than image light traveling from the second aperture 37b to the first aperture 37a. Otherwise, the structure of the aperture stop portion 37 is similar to that in the first embodiment.

    [0045] As shown in Figs. 12 and 13, two ribs 70 are formed on each of mutually facing ones of the partition walls 38d and the wall portions 38c. Each pair of ribs 70 located opposite each other is formed in line symmetry with respect to an image light passage region R1 (the region present between dotted lines in Fig. 13) through which image light passes from the second aperture 37b to the first aperture 37a. The ribs 70 are inclined in a direction approaching the image light passage region R1 from the second aperture 37b side to the first aperture 37a side.

    [0046] As shown in Fig. 13, the stray light F having entered the aperture stop main body 38 through the second aperture 37b is reflected from the rib 70 and emerges from the second aperture 37b again toward the turning mirror 34 (see Fig. 3) or attenuates as it travels through the space S while being reflected on another rib 70 located opposite across the image light passage region R1, on the partition walls 38d, on the wall portions 38b and 38c, and the like. Thus, as in the first embodiment, it is possible to suppress the phenomenon in which stray light F which passes through the second aperture 37b but does not directly enter the first aperture 37a is reflected to enter the first aperture 37a.

    [0047] Fig. 14 is a sectional plan view showing the structure between one reflection mirror 35b and the sensor 41 in the reading module 50 according to this embodiment. The structures between other reflection mirrors 35a, 35c ... and the sensor 41 are similar to that shown in Fig. 14. For the sake of convenience of description, like Fig. 4, Fig. 14 shows a model where the optical unit 40 transmits rays of light. In Fig. 14, for the sake of convenience of description, the second aperture 37b is omitted from illustration, and only one of the plurality of ribs 70 is illustrated. With reference to Fig. 14, a description will be given of how the range of the inclination angle α of the rib 70 relative to the main scanning direction is determined.

    [0048] Now, the center of the sensor 41 in the main scanning direction is taken as the coordinate origin O, the straight line that, starting at the coordinate origin O, runs parallel to the sensor 41 (in the main scanning direction) is taken as the X-axis, and the straight line that, starting at the coordinate origin O, runs perpendicular to the reflection mirror 35b is taken as the Y-axis. Here, the mirror width of the reflection mirror 35b in the main scanning direction is represented by a, the distance (distance in the Y-axis direction) from the first aperture 37a to the base end part of the rib 70 is represented by h, and the distances from the first aperture 37a to the reflection mirror 35b and to the sensor 41 are represented by z and z' respectively.

    [0049] Rays of light D1 are incident light from the mirror array 35 reflected at point E on the reflection mirror 35b and forming an angle of θ degrees relative to the X-axis, and an arrow indicates the traveling direction of the rays of light. Let the coordinates of point E be (d, z + z'); then the rays of light D1 are expressed by the formula below.



    [0050] Here, the x coordinate d of point E is within the range of 0 ≤ d ≤ a / 2. The angle θ of the rays of light D1 relative to the X-axis is larger than the inclination angle α of the rib 70, and thus 0 ≤ α < θ, that is, 0 ≤ tan α < tan θ. Let the coordinates of point F of the base end part of the rib 70 be (a / 2, z' + h); then the rib 70 is expressed by the formula below.



    [0051] The rays of light D2 are reflected light of the rays of light D1 with respect to the rib 70, and an arrow indicates the traveling direction of the rays of light. That is, the rays of light D2 are in line symmetry with the rays of light D1 with respect to the normal line L to the rib 70. Here, the rays of light D2 are expressed by the formula below.

    Here, to prevent the rays of light D2 from reaching the sensor 41, the formula below needs to be fulfilled.



    [0052] Consider the sign of tan2 α - 2 tan θ tan α - 1, which is the denominator of inequality (4). Seeing that tan2 α - 2 tan θ tan α - 1 = (tan α - tan θ)2 - 1 - tan2 θ and that, as mentioned above, tan α < tan θ, (tan α - tan θ)2 - 1 - tan2 θ < (tan θ - tan θ)2 - 1 - tan2 θ = - 1 - tan2 θ < 0.

    [0053] Based on what is described above, to fulfill inequality (4), it is necessary that - (tan θ tan2 α + 2 tan α - tan θ) > 0 be fulfilled, that is, tan θ tan2 α + 2 tan α - tan θ < 0 be fulfilled. This can be considered a quadratic inequality with respect to tan α, and solving it with respect to tan α with consideration given to 0 ≤ tan α < tan θ gives the inequality below.

    Accordingly, when the inclination angle α of the rib 70 is set such that it fulfills inequality (5) above, the rays of light D2 do not reach the sensor 41.

    [0054] Fig. 15 is a perspective view of an aperture stop portion 37 used in a reading module 50 according to a third embodiment of the present disclosure as seen from the turning mirror 34 side (the left side in Fig. 2). Fig. 16 is an enlarged view of the aperture stop portion 37 in Fig. 15 as seen from the second aperture 37b side. Like Figs. 8 and 9, Figs. 15 and 16 show only one unit (inside the broken-line circle in Fig. 7) of the aperture stop portion 37 corresponding to one of the reflection mirrors 35a, 35b, 35c .... Figs. 15 and 16 show only the bottom half of the aperture stop portion 37 with the top half of it removed.

    [0055] In this embodiment, the image light passage region R1 through which image light passes from the second aperture 37b to the first aperture 37a is surrounded by inner wall surfaces 37c from four, i.e., up, down, left and right, sides (Fig. 15 showing only inner wall surfaces 37c at three, i.e., left, right, and down, sides). The inner wall surfaces 37c are coarse surfaces treated by texturing, and as shown in Fig. 16, fine irregularities 71 are formed over the entire area of the inner wall surfaces 37c. The light having entered through the second aperture 37b is reflected on the inner wall surfaces 37c to become scattered light scattered in irregular directions. The irregularities 71 constitute a reflection reduction mechanism that reduces reflection of light in the direction of the first aperture 37a other than image light traveling from the second aperture 37b to the first aperture 37a.

    [0056] Thus, as in the first and second embodiments, it is possible to suppress the phenomenon in which stray light F which passes through the second aperture 37b but does not directly enter the first aperture 37a is reflected on the inner wall surfaces 37c to enter the first aperture 37a.

    [0057] Fig. 17 is a perspective view of an aperture stop portion 37 used in a reading module 50 according to a fourth embodiment of the present disclosure as seen from the turning mirror 34 side (the left side in Fig. 2). Fig. 18 is a perspective view of the aperture stop portion 37 used in the reading module 50 according to the fourth embodiment of the present disclosure as seen from the sensor 41 side (the right side in Fig. 2). Fig. 19 is a sectional view across line 200-200 in Fig. 17. Fig. 20 is a diagram schematically showing how light is reflected on inner surfaces 37e of the second aperture 37b of the aperture stop portion 37 used in the reading module 50 according to the fourth embodiment of the present disclosure. Like Figs. 8 and 9, Figs. 17 to 20 show only one unit (inside the broken-line circle in Fig. 7) of the aperture stop portion 37 corresponding to one of the reflection mirrors 35a, 35b, 35c .... Figs. 17 to 20 show a state with the top surface removed to expose the inside of the aperture stop portion 37.

    [0058] In this embodiment, the aperture stop main body 38 has inclined surfaces 37d inclined with respect to the main scanning direction as seen from the direction of the optical axis (the direction from the second aperture 37b to the first aperture 37a). The inclined surfaces 37d are arranged opposite each other in the main scanning direction across the image light passage region R1 through which image light passes. The space S and the inclined surfaces 37d constitute a reflection reduction mechanism that reduces reflection of light in the direction of the first aperture 37a other than image light traveling from the second aperture 37b to the first aperture 37a.

    [0059] The inclined surfaces 37d are inclined with respect to the main scanning direction by the inclination angle θ 37d (see Fig. 19). The inclination angle θ 37d is preferably equal to or larger than 40° but equal to or smaller than 65°. To prevent the stray light F reflected on the inclined surfaces 37d from traveling toward the first aperture 37a without increasing the length of the inclined surfaces 37d in the main scanning direction, it is preferable that the inclination angle θ 37d be equal to or larger than 55° but equal to or smaller than 60°, and here it is set at about 60°.

    [0060] The stray light F having entered the aperture stop main body 38 through the second aperture 37b is reflected by the inclined surface 37d upward, above the first aperture 37a, and attenuates as it is repeatedly reflected on the wall portions 38a and 38b, on the inclined surfaces 37d, and the like. Thus, as in the first to third embodiments, it is possible to suppress the phenomenon in which stray light F which passes through the second aperture 37b but does not directly enter the first aperture 37a is reflected to enter the first aperture 37a.

    [0061] In this embodiment, the second aperture 37b is a rectangular opening formed to communicate with the first aperture 37a, and the inner surfaces 37e of the second aperture 37b arranged opposite each other in the main scanning direction are inclined in a direction approaching the image light passage region R1 toward the first aperture 37a. When the inclination angle θ 37e (see Fig. 20) of the inner surfaces 37e of the second aperture 37b with respect to the main scanning direction is set, for example, equal to or smaller than 45°, it is possible to almost completely prevent the light (indicated by broken-line arrows in Fig. 20) reflected from the inner surface 37e from entering the aperture stop main body 38.

    [0062] In this embodiment, the first aperture 37a is a circular opening, and an inner circumferential surface 37f of the first aperture 37a is formed in a tapered shape to be increasingly wide toward the sensor 41. Specifically, the inner circumferential surface 37f is formed to be increasingly wide toward the sensor 41 at 2° or more (here about 2.5°). In plan view, a sensor 41-side (the upper side in Fig. 20) edge 37g of the inner circumferential surface 37f is preferably arranged outward of a straight line L37 in the main scanning direction which connects together a turning mirror 34-side (the lower side in Fig. 20) edge 37h of the inner circumferential surface 37f and a sensor 41-side (the upper side in Fig. 20) edge 37i of the inner surface 37e of the second aperture 37b. With this configuration, it is possible to prevent stray light F from being reflected on the inner circumferential surface 37f of the first aperture 37a to strike the sensor 41.

    [0063] The embodiments described above are in no way meant to limit the present disclosure, which thus allows for many modifications, as defined by the appended claims. For example, although in the above-described embodiments, image light d which travels from the document 60 via the plane mirror 33a to strike the mirror array 35 and image light d which is reflected from the mirror array 35 to enter the aperture stop portion 37 are each reflected on the turning mirror 34 once, that is, reflection on it takes place twice in total, as shown in Fig. 21, with a plane mirror 33b arranged on the optical unit 40 side, image light d may be reflected on the turning mirror 34 three times or more.

    [0064] Although the above-described embodiments deal with, as an example of an image reading device, the image reading portion 6 incorporated in the image forming apparatus 100, the present disclosure is applicable equally to an image scanner used separately from the image forming apparatus 100.

    [0065] For example, the fourth embodiment deals with an example where the aperture stop portion 37 has the inclined surfaces 37d, the inner surfaces 37e of the second aperture 37b are inclined with respect to the main scanning direction, and the inner circumferential surface 37f of the first aperture 37a is formed to be increasingly wide toward the sensor 41; however, this is in no way meant to limit the present disclosure. For example, in the previously-described first and second embodiments, the inner surfaces 37e of the second aperture 37b may be inclined with respect to the main scanning direction. For another example, in the previously-described first to third embodiments, the inner circumferential surface 37f of the first aperture 37a may be formed to be increasingly wide toward the sensor 41.

    [0066] The technical scope of the present disclosure encompasses any structure obtained by combining together different features from the above-described embodiments and modified examples as necessary.

    [0067] The present disclosure is applicable to image reading devices provided with a reading module adopting a reading configuration including reflection mirrors arranged in an array. Based on the present disclosure, it is possible to provide an image reading device that can, with a simple configuration, prevent stray light from striking a sensor in which sensor chips corresponding to the reduction magnifications of reflection mirrors are arranged next to each other on a base substrate, and to provide an image forming apparatus provided with such an image reading device.


    Claims

    1. A reading module (50) comprising:

    a light source (31) which radiates light to a document (60);

    an optical system (40) which images, as image light (d), light that has been radiated from the light source (31) to the document (60) and reflected from the document; and

    a sensor (41) in which a plurality of imaging regions (41a, 41b) for converting the image light (d) imaged by the optical system (40) into an electrical signal are arranged next to each other in a main scanning direction, wherein

    the optical system (40) comprises:

    a mirror array (35) in which a plurality of reflection mirrors (35a, 35b, 35c) whose reflection surfaces are aspherical concave surfaces are coupled together in an array in the main scanning direction; and

    a plurality of aperture stop portions (37) each having:

    a first aperture (37a) which adjusts an amount of the image light (d) reflected from the reflection mirror (35a, 35b, 35c); and

    a second aperture (37b) formed between a mirror array (35) and the first aperture (37a), the second aperture (37b) shielding stray light that enters the first aperture (37a) from an adjacent reflection mirror (35a, 35b, 35c), the first aperture (37a) and the second aperture (37b) being provided in an optical path of the image light (d) between a reflection mirror (35a, 35b, 35c) and an imaging region (41a, 41b) of the sensor (41); and

    between the first aperture (37a) and the second aperture (37b), a reflection reduction mechanism (S, 70, 71, 37d) is provided that reduces reflection, toward the first aperture (37a), of light other than the image light (d) traveling from the second aperture (37b) to the first aperture (37a), wherein

    the first aperture (37a) and the second aperture (37b) are openings provided in an aperture stop main body (38) on a sensor (41) side and on the mirror array (35) side thereof respectively.


     
    2. The reading module (50) of claim 1, wherein
    the reflection reduction mechanism (S) is a space (S) formed between the first aperture (37a) and the second aperture (37b) in the aperture stop main body (38).
     
    3. The reading module (50) of claim 2, wherein
    in the aperture stop main body (38), a rib (70) is formed to protrude from an inner wall surface (38c, 38d) perpendicular to the first aperture (37a) and the second aperture (37b) into the space (S) toward a region (R1) through which the image light (d) passes, and
    the rib (70) is inclined in a direction approaching the region (R1) from the second aperture (37b) to the first aperture (37a).
     
    4. The reading module (50) of claim 3, wherein
    let an angle, with respect to the main scanning direction, of light traveling from the reflection mirror (35a, 35b, 35c) to enter the second aperture (37b) be θ, then an inclination angle α of the rib (70) with respect to the main scanning direction fulfills a formula below,


     
    5. The reading module (50) of claim 2, wherein
    in the aperture stop main body (38), inclined surfaces are provided which are arranged opposite each other in the main scanning direction across a region (R1) through which the image light (d) passes, the inclined surfaces (37d) being inclined with respect to the main scanning direction as seen from a direction of an optical axis.
     
    6. The reading module (50) of claim 1, wherein
    the reflection reduction mechanism (71) is irregularities (71) formed on an inner wall surface (37c) perpendicular to the first aperture (37a) and the second aperture (37b) in the aperture stop main body (38).
     
    7. The reading module (50) of any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein
    the second aperture (37b) is a rectangular opening, and
    inner surfaces (37e) of the second aperture (37b) arranged opposite each other in the main scanning direction are inclined in a direction approaching the region (R1) toward the first aperture (37a).
     
    8. The reading module (50) of any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein
    the first aperture (37a) is a circular opening, and
    an inner circumferential surface (37f) of the first aperture (37a) is formed to be increasingly wide toward the sensor (41).
     
    9. The reading module (50) of any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein
    the optical system (40) is a telecentric optical system where the image light (d) is parallel to an optical axis on a document (60) side of the mirror array (35), and forms an inverted image on the sensor (41).
     
    10. The reading module (50) of claim 9, wherein
    imaging magnifications of the reflection mirrors (35a, 35b, 35c) for the respective imaging regions (41a, 41b) are set at reduction magnifications, and
    a light shielding wall (43) is provided which is formed to protrude from a boundary between adjacent imaging regions (41a, 41b) toward the aperture stop portions (37), the light shielding wall shielding stray light which is to be incident on the imaging regions (41a, 41b).
     
    11. The reading module (50) of claim 10, wherein
    image data read in the imaging regions (41a, 41b) of the sensor (41) undergoes magnification enlargement correction through data interpolation according to the reduction magnifications to reverse the data into erect images, and then the images in the imaging regions (41a, 41b) are connected together to form a read image corresponding to the document (60).
     
    12. The reading module (50) of any one of claims 1 to 11, wherein
    an optical path of the image light (d) traveling toward each reflection mirror (35a, 35b, 35c) and an optical path of the image light (d) traveling toward an aperture stop portion (37) run in a same direction,
    a turning mirror (34) which bends the image light (d) reflected from the reflection mirror (35a, 35b, 35c) toward the aperture stop portion (37) is arranged at a position facing the mirror array (35), and
    the turning mirror (34) bends the image light (d) twice or more times on a same reflection surface thereof, including bending the image light (d) traveling toward the reflection mirror (35a, 35b, 35c) and bending the image light (d) reflected from the reflection mirror (35a, 35b, 35c) toward the aperture stop portion (37).
     
    13. An image reading device (6), comprising:

    a contact glass (25) fixed to a top surface of an image reading portion (6);

    a document conveyance device (27) which is openable/closable upward with respect to the contact glass (25), the document conveyance device conveying a document (60) to an image reading position of the contact glass (25); and

    the reading module (50) of any one of claims 1 to 12 arranged to be reciprocable under the contact glass (25) in a sub-scanning direction, wherein

    the reading module (50) is capable of reading an image of a document (60) placed on the contact glass (25) while moving in the sub-scanning direction, and

    the reading module (50) is capable of reading an image of a document (60) conveyed to the image reading position while remaining at rest at the position facing the image reading position.


     
    14. An image forming apparatus (100) comprising the image reading device (6) of claim 13.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Lesemodul (50), umfassend:

    eine Lichtquelle (31), die Licht auf ein Dokument (60) strahlt;

    ein optisches System (40), das Licht, das von der Lichtquelle (31) auf das Dokument (60) gestrahlt und von dem Dokument reflektiert wurde, als Bildlicht (d) abbildet; und

    einen Sensor (41), in dem eine Mehrzahl von Abbildungsbereichen (41a, 41b) zum Umwandeln des durch das optische System (40) abgebildeten Bildlichts (d) in ein elektrisches Signal in einer Hauptabtastrichtung nebeneinander angeordnet sind, wobei

    das optische System (40) umfasst:

    eine Spiegelanordnung (35), in der eine Mehrzahl von Reflexionsspiegeln (35a, 35b, 35c), deren Reflexionsflächen asphärische konkave Flächen sind, in der Hauptabtastrichtung in einer Anordnung miteinander gekoppelt sind; und

    eine Mehrzahl von Blendenabschnitten (37), die jeweils

    eine erste Blende (37a), die eine Menge des von dem Reflexionsspiegel (35a, 35b, 35c) reflektierten Bildlichts (d) einstellt; und

    eine zweite Blende (37b), die zwischen einer Spiegelanordnung (35) und der ersten Blende (37a) ausgebildet ist, umfassen, wobei die zweite Blende (37b) Streulicht abschirmt, das in die erste Blende (37a) von einem benachbarten Reflexionsspiegel (35a, 35b, 35c) her eintritt, wobei die erste Blende (37a) und die zweite Blende (37b) in einem Strahlengang des Bildlichts (d) zwischen einem Reflexionsspiegel (35a, 35b, 35c) und einem Abbildungsbereich (41a, 41b) des Sensors (41) vorgesehen sind,

    wobei zwischen der ersten Blende (37a) und der zweiten Blende (37b) ein Reflexionsverminderungsmechanismus (S, 70, 71, 37d) vorgesehen ist, der die Reflexion von anderem Licht als dem Bildlicht (d), das sich von der zweiten Blende (37b) zur ersten Blende (37a) ausbreitet, in Richtung der ersten Blende (37a) verringert, wobei

    die erste Blende (37a) und die zweite Blende (37b) Öffnungen sind, die in einem Blenden-Hauptkörper (38) auf einer Seite des Sensors (41) bzw. auf der Seite der Spiegelanordnung (35) vorgesehen sind.


     
    2. Lesemodul (50) nach Anspruch 1, bei dem
    der Reflexionsverminderungsmechanismus (S) ein Raum (S) ist, der zwischen der ersten Blende (37a) und der zweiten Blende (37b) im Blenden-Hauptkörper (38) gebildet ist.
     
    3. Lesemodul (50) nach Anspruch 2, bei dem

    in dem Blenden-Hauptkörper (38) eine Rippe (70) so ausgebildet ist, dass sie von einer zu der ersten Blende (37a) und der zweiten Blende (37b) senkrechten Innenwandfläche (38c, 38d) in den Raum (S) zu einem Bereich (R1) hin vorsteht, durch den das Bildlicht (d) hindurchläuft, und

    die Rippe (70) in einer Richtung, die sich dem Bereich (R1) nähert, von der zweiten Blende (37b) zur ersten Blende (37a) hin geneigt ist.


     
    4. Lesemodul (50) nach Anspruch 3, bei dem
    wenn θ ein Winkel von Licht, das vom Reflexionsspiegel (35a, 35b, 35c) kommt und in die zweite Öffnung (37b) eintritt, bezogen auf die Hauptabtastrichtung ist, ein Neigungswinkel α der Rippe (70) in Bezug auf die Hauptabtastrichtung die folgende Formel erfüllt:


     
    5. Lesemodul (50) nach Anspruch 2, bei dem
    in dem Blenden-Hauptkörper (38) geneigte Flächen vorgesehen sind, die einander in der Hauptabtastrichtung über einen Bereich (R1) hinweg, durch den das Bildlicht (d) hindurchläuft, gegenüberliegend angeordnet sind, wobei die geneigten Flächen (37d) aus Richtung einer optischen Achse gesehen in Bezug auf die Hauptabtastrichtung geneigt sind.
     
    6. Lesemodul (50) nach Anspruch 1, bei dem
    der Reflexionsverminderungsmechanismus (71) aus Unregelmäßigkeiten (71) besteht, die an einer zu der ersten Blende (37a) und der zweiten Blende (37b) senkrechten Innenwandfläche (37c) im Blenden-Hauptkörper (38) ausgebildet sind.
     
    7. Lesemodul (50) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, bei dem
    die zweite Blende (37b) eine rechteckige Öffnung ist und Innenflächen (37c) der zweiten Blende (37b), die in der Hauptabtastrichtung einander gegenüberliegend angeordnet sind, in einer Richtung geneigt sind, die sich dem Bereich (R1) in Richtung der ersten Blende (37a) nähert.
     
    8. Lesemodul (50) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, bei dem

    die erste Blende (37a) eine kreisrunde Öffnung ist, und

    eine innere Umfangsfläche (37f) der ersten Blende (37a) so geformt ist, dass sie zum Sensor (41) hin weiter wird.


     
    9. Lesemodul (50) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8, bei dem
    das optische System (40) ein telezentrisches optisches System ist, bei dem das Bildlicht (d) auf einer Dokumentenseite (60) der Spiegelanordnung (35) parallel zu einer optischen Achse ist und ein invertiertes Bild auf dem Sensor (41) bildet.
     
    10. Lesemodul (50) nach Anspruch 9, bei dem

    die Abbildungsvergrößerungen der Reflexionsspiegel (35a, 35b, 35c) für die jeweiligen Abbildungsbereiche (41a, 41b) auf Verkleinerungsvergrößerungen eingestellt sind, und

    eine Lichtabschirmwand (43) vorgesehen ist, die so ausgebildet ist, dass sie von einer Grenze zwischen benachbarten Abbildungsbereichen (41a, 41b) in Richtung der Blendenabschnitte (37) vorsteht, wobei die Lichtabschirmwand Streulicht abschirmt, das auf die Abbildungsbereiche (41a, 41b) einfallen würde.


     
    11. Lesemodul (50) nach Anspruch 10, bei dem
    in den Abbildungsbereichen (41a, 41b) des Sensors (41) gelesene Bilddaten einer Vergrößerungskorrektur durch Dateninterpolation entsprechend den Verkleinerungsvergrößerungen unterzogen werden, um die Daten in aufrechte Bilder umzukehren, und dann die Bilder in den Abbildungsbereichen (41a, 41b) miteinander verbunden werden, um ein dem Dokument (60) entsprechendes Lesebild zu bilden.
     
    12. Lesemodul (50) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 11, bei dem

    ein Strahlengang des Bildlichts (d), das sich zu jedem Reflexionsspiegel (35a, 35b, 35c) ausbreitet, und ein Strahlengang des Bildlichts (d), das sich zu einem Blendenabschnitt (37) ausbreitet, in einer gleichen Richtung verlaufen,

    ein Drehspiegel (34), der das von dem Reflexionsspiegel (35a, 35b, 35c) reflektierte Bildlicht (d) in Richtung auf den Blendenabschnitt (37) lenkt, an einer Position angeordnet ist, die der Spiegelanordnung (35) zugewandt ist, und

    der Drehspiegel (34) das Bildlicht (d) zweimal oder öfter auf derselben Reflexionsoberfläche desselben ablenkt, einschließlich des Ablenkens des Bildlichts (d), das sich in Richtung des Reflexionsspiegels (35a, 35b, 35c) ausbreitet, und des Ablenkens des von dem Reflexionsspiegel (35a, 35b, 35c) in Richtung des Blendenabschnitts (37) reflektierten Bildlichts (d).


     
    13. Bildlesevorrichtung (6) mit:

    einem Vorlagenglas (25), das an einer Oberseite eines Bildleseabschnitts (6) angebracht ist;

    einer Dokumententransportvorrichtung (27), die in Bezug auf das Vorlagenglas (25) nach oben geöffnet/geschlossen werden kann, wobei die Dokumententransportvorrichtung eine Vorlage (60) zu einer Bildleseposition des Vorlagenglases (25) transportiert; und

    dem Lesemodul (50) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 12, das angeordnet ist, um unter dem Kontaktglas (25) in einer Unterabtastrichtung hin- und herbeweglich zu sein, wobei

    das Lesemodul (50) in der Lage ist, ein Bild eines auf dem Vorlagenglas (25) platzierten Dokuments (60) zu lesen, während es sich in der Unterabtastrichtung bewegt, und

    das Lesemodul (50) in der Lage ist, ein Bild eines Dokuments (60) zu lesen, das zu der Bildleseposition befördert wird, während es an der der Bildleseposition zugewandten Position in Ruhe bleibt.


     
    14. Bilderzeugungsvorrichtung (100) mit der Bildlesevorrichtung (6) nach Anspruch 13.
     


    Revendications

    1. Module de lecture (50) comprenant :

    une source lumineuse (31) qui rayonne de la lumière vers un document (60) ;

    un système optique (40) qui projette, en tant que lumière d'image (d), de la lumière qui a été rayonnée par la source de lumière (31) vers le document (60) et réfléchie par le document ; et

    un capteur (41) dans lequel une pluralité de zones de formation d'image (41a, 41b) pour convertir la lumière d'image (d) projetée par le système optique (40) en un signal électrique sont disposées les unes à côté des autres dans une direction de balayage principal,

    le système optique (40) comprenant :

    un ensemble de miroirs (35) dans lequel une pluralité de miroirs de réflexion (35a, 35b, 35c) dont les surfaces de réflexion sont des surfaces concaves asphériques sont couplés ensemble en un ensemble dans la direction de balayage principal ; et

    une pluralité de parties d'ouverture (37) ayant chacune :

    une première ouverture (37a) qui ajuste une quantité de la lumière d'image (d) réfléchie par le miroir de réflexion (35a, 35b, 35c) ; et

    une deuxième ouverture (37b) formée entre un ensemble de miroirs (35) et la première ouverture (37a), la deuxième ouverture (37b) empêchant de la lumière diffuse qui entre dans la première ouverture (37a) d'atteindre un miroir de réflexion adjacent (35a, 35b, 35c), la première ouverture (37a) et la deuxième ouverture (37b) étant prévues dans un chemin optique de la lumière d'image (d) entre un miroir de réflexion (35a, 35b, 35c) et une zone de formation d'image (41a, 41b) du capteur (41) ; et

    entre la première ouverture (37a) et la deuxième ouverture (37b), il est prévu un mécanisme de réduction de réflexion (S, 70, 71, 37d) qui réduit la réflexion, vers la première ouverture (37a), de la lumière autre que la lumière d'image (d) se déplaçant de la deuxième ouverture (37b) à la première ouverture (37a),

    la première ouverture (37a) et la deuxième ouverture (37b) étant des ouvertures prévues dans un corps principal d'ouverture (38), respectivement d'un côté capteur (41) et d'un côté ensemble de miroirs (35) de celui-ci.


     
    2. Module de lecture (50) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel
    le mécanisme de réduction de réflexion (S) est un espace (S) formé entre la première ouverture (37a) et la deuxième ouverture (37b) dans le corps principal d'ouverture (38).
     
    3. Module de lecture (50) selon la revendication 2, dans lequel

    dans le corps principal (38) d'ouverture, une nervure (70) est formée pour faire saillie d'une surface de paroi intérieure (38c, 38d) perpendiculaire à la première ouverture (37a) et à la deuxième ouverture (37b) dans l'espace (S) vers une région (R1) à travers laquelle passe la lumière d'image (d), et

    la nervure (70) est inclinée dans une direction s'approchant de la région (R1) de la deuxième ouverture (37b) vers la première ouverture (37a).


     
    4. Module de lecture (50) selon la revendication 3, dans lequel
    lorsque θ est un angle, par rapport à la direction principale de balayage, de la lumière qui propage depuis le miroir de réflexion (35a, 35b, 35c) pour pénétrer dans la deuxième ouverture (37b), un angle d'inclinaison α de la nervure (70) par rapport à la direction principale de balayage répond à la formule suivante,


     
    5. Module de lecture (50) selon la revendication 2, dans lequel
    dans le corps principal (38) d'ouverture, il est prévu des surfaces inclinées qui sont disposées en face les unes des autres dans la direction de balayage principal sur une région (R1) à travers laquelle passe la lumière d'image (d), les surfaces inclinées (37d) étant inclinées par rapport à la direction de balayage principal, vues depuis une direction d'un axe optique.
     
    6. Module de lecture (50) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel
    le mécanisme de réduction de la réflexion (71) est constitué d'irrégularités (71) formées sur une surface de paroi intérieure (37c) perpendiculaire à la première ouverture (37a) et à la deuxième ouverture (37b) dans le corps principal d'ouverture (38).
     
    7. Module de lecture (50) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans lequel
    la deuxième ouverture (37b) est une ouverture rectangulaire, et les surfaces intérieures (37c) de la deuxième ouverture (37b) disposées en face l'une de l'autre dans la direction de balayage principal sont inclinées dans une direction approchant la région (R1) vers la première ouverture (37a).
     
    8. Module de lecture (50) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, dans lequel

    la première ouverture (37a) est une ouverture circulaire, et

    une surface circonférentielle intérieure (37f) de la première ouverture (37a) est formée de façon à s'élargir vers le capteur (41).


     
    9. Module de lecture (50) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8, dans lequel
    le système optique (40) est un système optique télécentrique dans lequel la lumière d'image (d) est parallèle à un axe optique sur un côté document (60) de l'ensemble de miroirs (35), et forme une image inversée sur le capteur (41).
     
    10. Module de lecture (50) selon la revendication 9, dans lequel

    les grossissements des miroirs de réflexion (35a, 35b, 35c) pour les zones de formation d'image respectives (41a, 41b) sont établis à être des grossissements de réduction, et

    une paroi de protection contre la lumière (43) est prévue, qui est formée de façon à faire saillie d'une limite entre des zones de formation d'image adjacentes (41a, 41b) vers les parties d'ouverture (37), la paroi de protection contre la lumière protégeant contre la lumière parasite qui devrait être incidente sur les zones de formation d'image (41a, 41b).


     
    11. Module de lecture (50) selon la revendication 10, dans lequel
    les données d'image lues dans les zones de formation d'image (41a, 41b) du capteur (41) subissent une correction de grossissement par interpolation des données selon les grossissements de réduction afin d'inverser les données en images debout, puis les images dans les zones de formation d'image (41a, 41b) sont reliées entre elles pour former une image lue qui correspond au document (60).
     
    12. Module de lecture (50) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 11, dans lequel

    un chemin optique de la lumière d'image (d) se déplaçant vers chaque miroir de réflexion (35a, 35b, 35c) et un chemin optique de la lumière d'image (d) se déplaçant vers une partie d'ouverture (37) s'étendent dans une même direction,

    un miroir tournant (34) qui détourne la lumière d'image (d) réfléchie par le miroir de réflexion (35a, 35b, 35c) vers la partie d'ouverture (37) est disposé à une position faisant face à l'ensemble de miroirs (35), et

    le miroir tournant (34) détourne la lumière d'image (d) deux fois ou plus sur une même surface de réflexion de celui-ci, y compris le détournement de la lumière d'image (d) se déplaçant vers le miroir de réflexion (35a, 35b, 35c) et le détournement de la lumière d'image (d) réfléchie par le miroir de réflexion (35a, 35b, 35c) vers la partie d'ouverture (37).


     
    13. Dispositif de lecture d'image (6), comprenant :

    une vitre de contact (25) fixée sur une surface supérieure d'une partie de lecture d'image (6) ;

    un dispositif de transport de document (27) qui est susceptible d'être ouvert / fermé vers le haut par rapport à la vitre de contact (25), le dispositif de transport de document transportant un document (60) vers une position de lecture d'image de la vitre de contact (25) ; et

    le module de lecture (50) de l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 12 disposé de manière à pouvoir être déplacé en va-et-vient sous la vitre de contact (25) dans une direction de balayage secondaire,

    le module de lecture (50) étant capable de lire une image d'un document (60) placé sur la vitre de contact (25) tout en se déplaçant dans la direction de balayage secondaire, et

    le module de lecture (50) étant capable de lire une image d'un document (60) acheminé vers la position de lecture d'image tout en restant au repos dans la position faisant face à la position de lecture d'image.


     
    14. Appareil de formation d'images (100) comprenant le dispositif de lecture d'images (6) de la revendication 13.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description