(19)
(11)EP 3 331 309 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
17.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/25

(21)Application number: 16832183.4

(22)Date of filing:  18.07.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04W 74/08  (2009.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2016/090306
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/020695 (09.02.2017 Gazette  2017/06)

(54)

DATA TRANSMISSION METHOD AND DEVICE

DATENÜBERTRAGUNGSVERFAHREN UND -VORRICHTUNG

PROCÉDÉ ET DISPOSITIF DE TRANSMISSION DE DONNÉES


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 31.07.2015 CN 201510464450

(43)Date of publication of application:
06.06.2018 Bulletin 2018/23

(73)Proprietor: CHINA ACADEMY OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY
Haidian District, Beijing 100191 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • WANG, Jiaqing
    Beijing 100191 (CN)
  • PAN, Xueming
    Beijing 100191 (CN)
  • XU, Weijie
    Beijing 100191 (CN)

(74)Representative: Nony 
11 rue Saint-Georges
75009 Paris
75009 Paris (FR)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 289 194
CN-A- 104 486 013
CN-A- 105 721 376
US-A1- 2015 201 431
EP-A1- 3 163 967
CN-A- 104 812 049
US-A1- 2011 134 895
  
  • RAPEEPAT RATASUK ET AL: "License-exempt LTE deployment in heterogeneous network", WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS (ISWCS), 2012 INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON, IEEE, 28 August 2012 (2012-08-28), pages 246-250, XP032263759, DOI: 10.1109/ISWCS.2012.6328367 ISBN: 978-1-4673-0761-1
  • MIHAELA BELURI ET AL: "Mechanisms for LTE coexistence in TV white space", DYNAMIC SPECTRUM ACCESS NETWORKS (DYSPAN), 2012 IEEE INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON, IEEE, 16 October 2012 (2012-10-16), pages 317-326, XP032342357, DOI: 10.1109/DYSPAN.2012.6478155 ISBN: 978-1-4673-4447-0
  • CATT: 'Listen Before Talk for LAA' 3GPP TSG RAN WG1 MEETING #79 RL-144625 21 November 2014, XP050875712
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

Field



[0001] The present invention relates to the field of communications, and particularly to a method and device for transmitting data.

Background



[0002] As there is a constantly growing amount of mobile data traffic, spectrum resources become increasingly insufficient, and the demand for the traffic may not have been satisfied by deploying a network and transmitting service only over licensed spectrum resources, so the deployment of transmission over unlicensed spectrum resources can be considered in a Long Term Evolution (LTE) system, i.e., Unlicensed LTE (U-LTE or LTE-U), to thereby improve a user experience, and extend a coverage area. No particular application system has been planned over the unlicensed spectrum resources, and various wireless communication systems, e.g., Bluetooth, WIFI, etc., can share the unlicensed spectrum resources, where the various systems access the shared unlicensed spectrum resources by preempting the resources.

[0003] In order to provide a flexible, and fair adaptive channel access mechanism, the Listen Before Talk (LBT) technology is required in Europe to be applied in the unlicensed frequency bands of 5150 to 5350MHz, and 5470 to 5725MHz, and in the LBT procedure, each equipment going to occupy a channel performs Clear Channel Assessment (CCA) detection, like the Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Avoidance (CSMA/CA) mechanism in Wireless Fidelity (WIFI). The CCA determines whether there is a signal being transmitted over the current channel by energy detection to thereby determine whether the channel is occupied. Equipments in an unlicensed frequency band are categorized in the European Telecommunication Standardization Institute (ETSI) standard into frame-based and load-based equipments corresponding respectively to two access mechanisms: Frame Based Equipments (FBE) and Load Based Equipments (LBE).

[0004] Since an LTE-U system is a network system controlled by a central node, a User Equipment (UE) can contend for a channel only after it is scheduled by an eNB, and can receive an uplink (UL) grant successfully, so there is such an uplink access occasion in the LTE-U system that is incomparable to that in WIFI. If the LTE-U system operates with the existing channel access mechanism, then since the UL Multiple User-Frequency Division Multiplexing (MU-FDM) and UL Multiple User-Space Division Multiplexing (MU-SDM) modes are required to be supported in the LTE-U system, if a plurality of user equipments cannot access at the same time, then the user equipment the first to access the channel will be the first to transmit a signal, so a subsequent user equipment for which an Enhanced CCA (ECCA) access procedure has not been finished may be blocked from accessing the channel, thus degrading the performance of a Licensed Assisted Access (LAA).

[0005] Apparently, there is a low channel access capacity in the LTE-U system operating with the existing channel access mechanism, and if a plurality of user equipments cannot access at the same time, then one user equipment may tend to be blocked by another user equipment in the same cell.

[0006] EP 3163967 A1 discloses a method and device for transmitting data in a wireless communication system. A wireless device establishes a connection in an unlicensed band, and transmits an extended signal for occupying a wireless channel during a silent-free interval in the unlicensed band.

[0007] EP 1289194 A1 discloses a wireless LAN system and a signal collision avoidance method for the wireless LAN system, which can avoid the collision of signals between a wireless LAN system initiating communication at fixed intervals and a wireless LAN system initiating communication after waiting for the vacancy of a channel. According to the present invention, when it is recognized that there is no signal section between a downlink phase and an uplink phase upon scheduling of a communication frame, a scheduler part performs scheduling for putting a NAV setup signal, which covers the no signal section, behind the downlink phase in accordance with instructions from a NAV setup signal generating part, and transmits the same. It can prevent any station in an IEEE 802.11a wireless LAN system from transmitting data in the no signal section, and hence avoid the collision of signals within the period of the uplink phase.

[0008] US 2011/134895 A1 discloses a wireless communication system. The transmission terminal in the wireless communication system includes: a communication unit for intermittently transmitting a radio signal; a transmission-side beacon reception unit; a beacon analysis unit for analyzing the received beacon signal; and a transmission output level change unit for estimating an emission time period of a beacon signal to be received by the transmission-side beacon reception unit on the basis of the beacon period of information and the beacon reception time information, thereby obtaining an estimated emission time period; wherein the transmission output level change unit instructs the transmission-side communication unit to transmit the radio signal having a raised transmission output level during at least the estimated emission time period, the raised transmission output level being higher than a transmission output level during a time period other than at least the estimated time period.

[0009] The article, in the name of RAPEEPAT RATASUK ET AL, entitled: "License-exempt LTE deployment in heterogeneous network", investigates the concept deploying LTE instead of WiFi in the license-exempt band. This is in the context of a heterogeneous network where an operator can deploy pico-cells supporting LTE in both licensed and license-exempt bands. In addition, WiFi-only nodes can be converted to LTE pico-cells as well. Currently, LTE can only be deployed in licensed bands. In this paper, several modifications are discussed that will allow LTE to operate in a license-exempt band. First, carrier aggregation is used where a user maintains connections to a primary carrier in the licensed band and several secondary carriers in the license-exempt band. Second, a fairness mechanism is then introduced on the secondary carriers to allow LTE to coexist with other WiFi systems.

Summary



[0010] Embodiments of the invention provide a method and apparatus for transmitting data so as to address the problem in the prior art that there is such a low channel access capacity in the LTE-U system operating with the existing channel access mechanism that if a plurality of user equipments can not access at the same time, then one user equipment may tend to be blocked by another user equipment in the same cell.

[0011] An embodiment of the invention provides a method for transmitting data, the method including:

transmitting, by a communication device, a signal in a switching duration between a downlink sub-frame and an uplink sub-frame to occupy a current channel; and

transmitting, by the communication device, data over the current channel;

wherein when the communication device is a network device, start time of a signal transmission is start time of a switching duration, and there is a first interval between end time of the signal transmission and end time of the switching duration, where a length of the first interval is less than or equal to that of a preset interval of time, more than or equal to a smallest length of guard;

or,

when the communication device is a network device, then a sum of length of a second interval and a first interval is less than or equal to that of a preset interval of time, and the length of the first interval is more than or equal to a smallest length of guard; or if the communication device is a UE, then the sum of the length of the second interval and the first interval is less than or equal to that of the preset interval of time, and the length of the second interval is more than or equal to the smallest length of guard; where the length of the first interval is a length of interval between end time of the signal transmission and end time of the switching duration, and the length of the second interval is a length of interval between start time of a signal transmission and start time of the switching duration;

or,

when the communication device is a UE, there is a second interval between start time of the signal transmission and start time of the switching duration, where a length of the second interval is less than or equal to that of a preset interval of time, and more than or equal to a smallest length of guard;

or,

when the communication device is a User Equipment, UE, the signal is an uplink signal to be transmitted by the UE to a network device in an uplink sub-frame following an end of the switching duration, and a length of a second interval between start time of a signal transmission, and start time of the switching duration is less than or equal to that of a preset interval of time.



[0012] In a preferred implementation, the signal includes a reservation signal indicating that the current channel is occupied.

[0013] Preferably if the communication device is a network device, then the signal further includes a downlink signal transmitted from the network device to a User Equipment (UE); and
if the communication device is a UE, the signal further includes an uplink signal transmitted from the UE to a network device.

[0014] Preferably, the communication device is a UE;
before the communication device transmits the signal in the switching duration, the method further includes: performing, by the communication device, Clear Channel Assessment, CCA, detection on the current channel in a timeslot for channel detection in the switching duration; and
transmitting, by the communication device, the signal in the switching duration includes: transmitting, by the communication device, the signal in the switching duration if the current channel being idle is detected.

[0015] An embodiment of the invention provides a communication device including:

a signal transmitting module configured to transmit a signal in a switching duration between a downlink sub-frame and an uplink sub-frame to occupy a current channel; and

a data transmitting module configured to transmit data over the current channel;

when the communication device is a network device, start time of a signal transmission is start time of the switching duration, and there is a first interval between end time of the signal transmission and end time of the switching duration, where a length of the first interval is less than or equal to that of a preset interval of time, more than or equal to a smallest length of guard;

or,

when the communication device is a network device, then a sum of length of a second interval and a first interval is less than or equal to that of a preset interval of time, and the length of the first interval is more than or equal to a smallest length of guard; or if the communication device is a User Equipment, UE, then the sum of the length of the second interval and the first interval is less than or equal to that of the preset interval of time, and the length of the second interval is more than or equal to the smallest length of guard; wherein the length of the first interval is a length of interval between end time of the signal transmission and end time of the switching duration, and the length of the second interval is a length of interval between start time of a signal transmission and start time of the switching duration;

or,

when the communication device is a User Equipment, UE, there is a second interval between start time of a signal transmission, and start time of the switching duration, wherein a length of the second interval is less than or equal to that of a preset interval of time, and more than or equal to a smallest length of guard;

or,

when the communication device is a User Equipment, UE, the signal is an uplink signal to be transmitted by the UE to a network device in an uplink sub-frame following an end of the switching duration, and a length of a second interval between start time of a signal transmission, and start time of the switching duration is less than or equal to that of a preset interval of time.



[0016] In a preferred implementation, the signal includes a reservation signal indicating that the current channel is occupied.

[0017] Preferably if the communication device is a network device, then the signal further includes a downlink signal transmitted from the network device to a UE; and
if the communication device is a UE, the signal further includes an uplink signal transmitted from the UE to a network device.

[0018] Preferably the communication device is a UE, and the communication device further includes:

a CCA detecting module configured to perform CCA detection on the current channel in a timeslot for channel detection in the switching duration; and

the signal transmitting module is configured to transmit the signal in the switching duration if the CCA detecting module detects the current channel being idle.



[0019] In the embodiments of the invention, the communication device transmits a signal in a switching duration between a downlink sub-frame and an uplink sub-frame to occupy the current channel; and the communication device transmits data over the current channel. Apparently the solutions according to the embodiments of the invention can be implemented at low complexity, and can address the problem of a UL access occasion inferior to that in WIFI, enable the MU-FDM and MU-SDM modes, and avoid a great loss of LAA performance, and a waste of radio resources.

Brief Description of the Drawings



[0020] 

Fig.1 shows a schematic flow chart of a first method for transmitting data according to an embodiment of the invention.

Fig.2A shows a schematic diagram depicting a first mode in which a signal is transmitted by a network device in a GP according to an embodiment of the invention.

Fig.2B shows a schematic diagram depicting a second mode in which a signal is transmitted by a network device in a GP according to an embodiment of the invention.

Fig.2C shows a schematic diagram depicting a first mode in which a signal is transmitted by a user equipment in a GP according to an embodiment of the invention.

Fig.2D shows a schematic diagram depicting a second mode in which a signal is transmitted by a user equipment in a GP according to an embodiment of the invention.

Fig.2E shows a schematic diagram depicting a third mode in which a signal is transmitted by a user equipment in a GP according to an embodiment of the invention.

Fig.2F shows a schematic diagram depicting a fourth mode in which a signal is transmitted by a user equipment in a GP according to an embodiment of the invention.

Fig.2G shows a schematic diagram depicting a fifth mode in which a signal is transmitted by a user equipment in a GP according to an embodiment of the invention.

Fig.3 shows a schematic flow chart of a second method for transmitting data according to an embodiment of the invention.

Fig.4 shows a schematic diagram of a first communication device according to an embodiment of the invention.

Fig.5 shows a schematic diagram of a first user equipment according to an embodiment of the invention.

Fig.6 shows a schematic diagram of a second communication device according to an embodiment of the invention.

Fig.7 shows a schematic diagram of a second user equipment according to an embodiment of the invention.


Detailed Description of the Embodiments



[0021] In the embodiments of the invention, a base station and/or a UE transmits a signal in a switching duration between a downlink sub-frame and an uplink sub-frame in an unlicensed frequency band to occupy the current channel, so that it can access the current channel, and transmit data, and this solution can be implemented at low complexity, and can address the problem of an uplink (UL) access occasion inferior to that in WIFI, enable the MU-FDM and MU-SDM modes, and avoid a great loss of LAA performance, and a waste of radio resources. The switching duration as referred to in the embodiments of the invention, e.g., a Guard Period (GP), can also be referred to as a switching period of time between a downlink sub-frame and an uplink sub-frame.

[0022] The embodiments of the invention will be described below in further details with reference to the drawings by way of an example in which the switching duration is a GP. It shall be noted that the embodiments described here are merely intended to illustrate and explain the invention, but not to limit the invention thereto.

[0023] As illustrated in Fig.1, a method for transmitting data according to an embodiment of the invention includes:

in the operation S11, a communication device transmits a signal in a GP between a downlink sub-frame and an uplink sub-frame to occupy the current channel; and

in the operation S12, the communication device transmits data over the current channel.



[0024] In the embodiment of the invention, the communication device transmits a signal in a GP between a downlink sub-frame and an uplink sub-frame to occupy the current channel; and the communication device transmits data over the current channel. Apparently the solution according to the embodiment of the invention can be implemented at low complexity, and can address the problem of a UL access occasion inferior to that in WIFI, enable the MU-FDM and MU-SDM modes, and avoid a great loss of LAA performance, and a waste of radio resources.

[0025] It shall be noted that in order to avoid crosstalk between the uplink and the downlink while switching from a downlink sub-frame to an uplink sub-frame in the LTE Time Division Duplex (TDD) transmission mode, a GP needs to be configured between the downlink sub-frame and the uplink sub-frame. The GP is located in a special sub-frame, and the size thereof is determined by a coverage area of a base station; and the GP is of at least one Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex (OFDM) symbol in the existing LTE protocol. As specified in the existing LTE protocol, the GP is an idle period, and there is no signal to be transmitted in the GP in a licensed frequency band; but a WIFI device may possibly access the current channel in this period of time in an unlicensed frequency band, and if no LBT operation is expected to be performed in UL transmission, then there may be a period of time of only approximately 20µs allowed between the downlink (DL) and the UL, so in order to avoid the WIFI device from accessing the current channel, a signal can be transmitted in the GP to occupy the current channel, so that the WIFI device detecting the channel can detect the signal, and thus the WIFI device will not occupy the channel.

[0026] Of course, the embodiment of the invention can be applicable to another transmission mode in addition to the LTE TDD transmission mode in an unlicensed frequency band, as long as the transmission mode is such one that in which a GP is configured between a downlink sub-frame and an uplink sub-frame in an uplink and downlink sub-frame configuration.

[0027] In an implementation, the communication device can be a network device, e.g., a base station, etc.; or the communication device can be a user equipment. The two instances, in which the communication device is a network device, and the communication device is a UE, will be described below respectively in details.

[0028] In the first instance, the communication device is a network device.

[0029] Preferably the signal transmitted by the network device in the GP includes a reservation signal indicating that the current channel is occupied.

[0030] Preferably the reservation signal occupies at least a partial OFDM symbol, that is, the reservation signal occupies at least a part of the OFDM symbol.

[0031] If the GP is more than one OFDM symbol, then preferably the signal transmitted by the network device in the GP will further include a downlink signal transmitted from the network device to a user equipment. For example, the network device further transmits a pilot signal in the GP to assist the user equipment in being synchronized, etc.

[0032] In an implementation, the network device transmits the signal in the GP in the following two preferable schemes.

[0033] In a first scheme, the start time of the signal transmission performed by the network device in the GP is the start time of the GP, and there is a first interval between the end time of the signal transmission performed by the network device in the GP and the end time of the GP, where the length of the first interval is less than or equal to that of a preset interval of time, and more than or equal to the smallest length of guard.

[0034] In the embodiment of the invention, the preset interval of time is the largest interval of time in which no CCA detection is performed before the channel is allowed to be occupied.

[0035] In the embodiment of the invention, the smallest length of guard is dependent upon a coverage distance of the system, where the larger the coverage distance is, the larger the smallest length of guard is. The length of the GP is more than or equal to the smallest length of guard, and the GP includes at least one OFDM symbol.

[0036] Preferably in this scheme, the UE may perform uplink transmission without CCA detection in the preset interval of time following the end of a DL signal transmission performed by the network device.

[0037] Preferably the start time of a UL signal transmission performed by the UE is the start time of a uplink sub-frame following the end of the GP, or the start time of a UL signal transmission performed by the UE is in the GP.

[0038] By way of an example, as illustrated in Fig.2A, the GP is in a special sub-frame, and the base station transmits the reservation signal at the start time of the GP and ends the transmission at the time Xµs (i.e., the first length of interval) before the end time of the GP, where X is less than or equal to the preset interval of time. Accordingly the successfully scheduled UE may perform uplink transmission without CCA detection at the end of the signal transmission performed by the base station. The frame structure has been illustrated schematically, but will not be limited thereto, and the embodiment of the invention can also be applicable to another frame structure which is configured otherwise.

[0039] In another preferred implementation, the method further includes:

the UE performs CCA detection in a timeslot for channel detection, where the timeslot for channel detection is located in the GP, or in a sub-frame following the end of the GP; and

if the current channel being idle is detected, then the UE will transmit the signal over the current channel; or

if the current channel being occupied is detected, then the UE will not occupy the current channel.



[0040] By way of an example, as illustrated in Fig.2B, the base station firstly transmits the reservation signal in the GP, and the successfully scheduled UE detects the current channel in a CCA timeslot in the GP; and if the current channel is idle, then the UE will access the channel, or if the current channel is busy, then the UE will abort the current access. The UE transmits a signal immediately after accessing the channel in the GP, where the signal may be one of a reservation signal, uplink data, or a pilot signal. The base station transmits the reservation signal in the GP, so that an idle period of time in the GP can be shortened to thereby facilitate an access to the channel in the LTE-U system.

[0041] In a second scheme, there is a second interval between the start time of the signal transmission performed by the network device in the GP and the start time of the GP, a first interval between the end time of the signal transmission and the end time of the GP, and the sum of the length of the first interval and the second interval is less than or equal to that of a preset interval of time, where the length of the first interval is more than or equal to the smallest length of guard.

[0042] Preferably in this scheme, the UE may directly perform uplink transmission without CCA detection in the preset interval of time following the end of a DL signal transmission performed by the network device.

[0043] By way of an example, as illustrated in Fig.2C, the GP is in a special sub-frame, and the base station transmits the reservation signal at the time X1µs after the start time of the GP and ends the transmission at the time X2µs before the end time of the GP, where the sum of X1 and X2 is less than or equal to the preset interval of time. Accordingly the successfully scheduled UE may directly perform the uplink transmission without CCA detection at the end of the signal transmission performed by the base station.

[0044] In another preferred implementation, the method further includes:

the UE performs CCA detection in a timeslot for channel detection, where the timeslot for channel detection is located in the GP, or in a sub-frame following the end of the GP; and

if the current channel being idle is detected, then the UE will transmit the signal over the current channel; or

if the current channel being occupied is detected, then the UE will not occupy the current channel.



[0045] By way of an example, as illustrated in Fig.2D, the GP is in a special sub-frame, and the base station transmits the reservation signal at the time X1µs after the start time of the GP and ends the transmission at the time X2µs before the end time of the GP, where the sum of X1 and X2 is less than or equal to the preset interval of time. Accordingly the successfully scheduled UE detects the current channel in a CCA timeslot in the GP; and if the current channel is idle, then the UE will access the channel, or if the current channel is busy, then the UE will abort the current access. The UE transmits a signal immediately after accessing the channel in the GP, where the signal may be one of a reservation signal, uplink data, or a pilot signal. The base station transmits the reservation signal in the GP, so that an idle period of time in the GP can be shortened to thereby facilitate an access to the channel in the LTE-U system.

[0046] It shall be noted that the GP in the embodiment of the invention can alternatively be configured at another position than in a special sub-frame. It is determined in CCA detection by energy detection whether there is a signal being transmitted over the current channel to thereby determine whether the channel is occupied.

[0047] In the second instance, the communication device is a UE.

[0048] In this instance, the user equipment transmits the signal in the GP in the following three preferable schemes.

[0049] In a first scheme, the signal transmitted by the user equipment in the GP includes a reservation signal indicating that the current channel is occupied.

[0050] Preferably the reservation signal occupies at least a partial OFDM symbol, that is, the reservation signal occupies at least a part of the OFDM symbol.

[0051] In this scheme, if the GP is more than one OFDM symbol, then preferably the signal transmitted by the user equipment in the GP will further include an uplink signal transmitted from the user equipment to a network device, e.g., uplink data, a pilot signal, etc.

[0052] In this scheme, the user equipment transmits the signal in the GP in the following two preferable implementations.

[0053] 1. The end time of the signal transmission performed by the user equipment in the GP is the end time of the GP, and there is a second interval between the start time of the signal transmission performed by the user equipment in the GP and the start time of the GP, where the length of the second interval is less than or equal to that of a preset interval of time, and more than or equal to the smallest length of guard.

[0054] By way of an example, as illustrated in Fig.2E, the GP is in a special sub-frame, there is no signal transmitted in first Xµs in the GP (i.e., the length of second interval), and the successfully scheduled UE transmits the reservation signal at the time Xµs after the start time of the GP, where X is less than or equal to the preset interval of time, so that the UE can perform uplink transmission directly without CCA detection at the end of the GP.

[0055] 2. The sum of, a length of second interval between the start time of the signal transmission performed by the user equipment in the GP and the start time of the GP, and a length of the first interval between the end time of the signal transmission and the end time of the GP, is less than or equal to a preset interval of time, and more than or equal to the smallest length of guard.

[0056] In a second scheme, the signal transmitted by the UE in the GP is an uplink signal to be transmitted from the UE to a network device in an uplink sub-frame following the end of the GP.

[0057] In this scheme, the UE advances the transmission of the uplink signal to be transmitted from the UE to the network device in the uplink sub-frame following the end of the GP, and transmits the uplink signal in the GP to occupy the current channel. In this scheme, neither the network device nor the user equipment will transmit the reservation signal in the GP.

[0058] In this scheme, the length of the second interval between the start time of the signal transmission performed by the UE in the GP, and the start time of the GP is less than or equal to that of a preset interval of time, and is more than or equal to the smallest length of guard.

[0059] By way of an example, as illustrated in Fig.2F, the start time of uplink transmission from the UE is advanced from an uplink sub-frame following the end of the GP to the time Xµs following the start time of the GP, where X is less than or equal to the preset interval of time, and more than or equal to the smallest length of guard. Since the start time of UL transmission is advanced, the corresponding end time of UL transmission is also advanced. The start time of UL transmission is advanced without affecting an alignment relationship between a licensed primary carrier and an LAA carrier.

[0060] In the first scheme or the second scheme, the UE transmits the signal in the GP to occupy the current channel, so that the UE may perform uplink transmission directly without CCA detection after transmitting the signal.

[0061] In a third scheme, the communication device is a UE, and before the communication device transmits the signal in the GP, the method further includes: the communication device performs CCA detection on the current channel in a timeslot for channel detection in the GP; and
if the current channel being idle is detected, then the UE will transmit the signal; or
if the current channel being occupied is detected, then the UE will not occupy the current channel.

[0062] In this scheme, the signal transmitted by the UE includes a reservation signal indicating that the current channel is occupied.

[0063] If the GP is more than one OFDM symbol, then preferably the signal transmitted by the UE in the GP will further include an uplink signal transmitted by the UE to a network device.

[0064] This scheme is preferably applicable in the case that the length of time of downlink transmission from the network device has reached the specified largest channel occupancy period of time, or the smallest length of guard is larger than a preset interval of time.

[0065] By way of an example, as illustrated in Fig.2G, the successfully scheduled UE performs CCA detection in the GP to detect the channel, and to determine whether the channel is idle, and if the channel is idle, then the UE will access the channel, or if the channel is busy, then the UE will abort the current access. The CCA detection is performed typically from the time a preset interval of time after the start time of the GP. The UE transmits the signal immediately after accessing the channel in the GP, to occupy the channel.

[0066] Based upon the same inventive idea, an embodiment of the invention further provides another method for transmitting data, which corresponds to such an executor of the method for transmitting data as illustrated in Fig.1 that is a communication device. As illustrated in Fig.3, the method includes:

in the operation S31, a UE determines an uplink signal to be transmitted to a network device; and

in the operation S32, the UE transmits the uplink signal in a GP between a downlink sub-frame and an uplink sub-frame, or after the GP.



[0067] In an implementation, the length of interval between the start time of the uplink signal transmission performed by the UE, and the end time of the signal transmission performed by the network device in the GP is more than or equal to a preset length of guard.

[0068] Preferably before the operation S32, the method further includes: the UE performs CCA detection in a timeslot for channel detection in the GP; and if the current channel being idle is detected, then in the operation S32, the UE will then transmit the uplink signal in the current channel.

[0069] In another implementation, if the current channel being occupied is detected, then the UE will abort accessing the current channel.

[0070] In an implementation, the signal transmitted by the network device includes a reservation signal indicating that the current channel is occupied.

[0071] The signal transmitted by the UE is a reservation signal indicating that the current channel is occupied, or the uplink signal transmitted by the UE to the network device, where the uplink signal transmitted by the UE to the network device can be uplink data, or can be a pilot signal.

[0072] Preferably the signal transmitted by the network device further includes a downlink signal transmitted by the network device to the UE, where the downlink signal transmitted by the network device to the UE can be downlink data, or can be a pilot signal.

[0073] The processing flow of the method above can be performed in software program which can be stored in a storage medium, and when the stored software program is invoked, it performs the operations in the method above.

[0074] Based upon the same inventive conception, an embodiment of the invention further provides a communication device corresponding to the method for transmitting data as illustrated in Fig. 1, and as illustrated in Fig. .4, the communication device includes:

a signal transmitting module 41 configured to transmit a signal in a GP between a downlink sub-frame and an uplink sub-frame to occupy the current channel; and

a data transmitting module 42 configured to transmit data over the current channel.



[0075] In a preferable implementation, the signal includes a reservation signal indicating that the current channel is occupied.

[0076] Preferably if the communication device is a network device, then the signal will further include a downlink signal transmitted from the network device to a UE.

[0077] If the communication device is a UE, then the signal will further include an uplink signal transmitted from the UE to a network device.

[0078] In an implementation, the communication device is a network device, the start time of the signal transmission is the start time of the GP, and there is a first interval between the end time of the signal, and the end time of the GP, where the length of the first interval is less than or equal to that of a preset interval of time, and more than or equal to the smallest length of guard.

[0079] In an implementation, if the communication device is a network device, then the sum of the length of a second interval and a first interval will be less than or equal to that of a preset interval of time, where the length of the first interval is more than or equal to the smallest length of guard; or if the communication device is a UE, then the sum of the length of a second interval and a first interval will be less than or equal to that of a preset interval of time, where the length of the second interval is more than or equal to the smallest length of guard;
where the length of the first interval is the length of interval between the end time of the signal transmission, and the end time of the GP, and the length of the second interval is the length of interval between the start time of the signal transmission, and the start time of the GP.

[0080] In an implementation, the communication device is a UE, and there is a second interval between the start time of the signal transmission and the start time of the GP, where the length of the second interval is less than or equal to that of a preset interval of time, and more than or equal to the smallest length of guard.

[0081] Preferably the communication device is a UE, and the communication device further includes:

a CCA detecting module configured to perform CCA detection on the current channel in a timeslot for channel detection in the GP; and

the signal transmitting module is configured to transmit the signal in the GP if the CCA detecting module detects the current channel being idle.



[0082] In another preferable implementation, the communication device is a UE, the signal is an uplink signal to be transmitted by the UE to a network device in an uplink sub-frame following the end of the GP, and there is a second interval between the start time of the signal transmission and the start time of the GP, where the length of the second interval is less than or equal to that of a preset interval of time.

[0083] Based upon the same inventive idea, an embodiment of the invention further provides a UE corresponding to the method for transmitting data as illustrated in Fig.3, and as illustrated in Fig.5, the UE includes:

an uplink signal determining module 51 configured to determine an uplink signal to be transmitted to a network device; and

an uplink signal transmitting module 52 configured to transmit the uplink signal in a GP between a downlink sub-frame and an uplink sub-frame, or after the GP.



[0084] In an implementation, the length of interval between the start time of the uplink signal transmission, and the end time of the signal transmission performed by the network device in the GP is more than or equal to a preset length of guard.

[0085] Preferably the UE further includes:

a CCA detecting module configured to perform CCA detection in a timeslot for channel detection in the GP; and

the uplink signal transmitting module is further configured to transmit the uplink signal over the current channel if the CCA detecting module detects the current channel being idle.



[0086] In an implementation, the signal transmitted by the network device includes a reservation signal indicating that the current channel is occupied.

[0087] The signal transmitted by the UE includes a reservation signal indicating that the current channel is occupied, or the uplink signal transmitted by the user equipment to the network device.

[0088] Preferably the signal transmitted by the network device further includes a downlink signal transmitted by the network device to the UE.

[0089] The structure of and processing in the communication device according to the embodiment of the invention corresponding to the method for transmitting data as illustrated in Fig.1 will be described below in connection with a preferable hardware structure thereof.

[0090] In an embodiment as illustrated in Fig.6, the communication device includes a transceiver 61, and at least one processor 62 connected with the transceiver 61, where:
the processor 62 is configured to read and execute program in a memory 63:
to trigger the transceiver 61 to transmit a signal in a GP between a downlink sub-frame and an uplink sub-frame to occupy the current channel; and to transmit data over the current channel.

[0091] Here in Fig.6, the bus architecture can include any number of interconnecting buses and bridges to particularly link together various circuits including one or more processors represented by the processor 62, and one or more memories represented by the memory 63. The bus architecture can further link together various other circuits, e.g., peripheral devices, manostats, power management circuits, etc., all of which are well known in the art, so a further description thereof will be omitted in this context. The bus interface serves as an interface. The transceiver 61 can include a quantity of elements, e.g., a transmitter and a receiver, which are units for communication with various other devices over a transmission medium.

[0092] The processor 62 is responsible for managing the bus architecture and performing normal processes, and the memory 63 can store data for use by the processor 62 in performing the operations.

[0093] In a preferable implementation, the signal includes a reservation signal indicating that the current channel is occupied.

[0094] Preferably if the communication device is a network device, then the signal will further include a downlink signal transmitted from the network device to a UE.

[0095] If the communication device is a UE, then the signal will further include an uplink signal transmitted from the UE to a network device.

[0096] In an implementation, the communication device is a network device, the start time of the signal transmission is the start time of the GP, and there is a first interval between the end time of the signal transmission and the end time of the GP, where the length of the first interval is less than or equal to that of a preset interval of time, and more than or equal to the smallest length of guard.

[0097] In an implementation, if the communication device is a network device, then the sum of the length of the second interval and the first interval will be less than or equal to that of a preset interval of time, and the length of the first interval is more than or equal to the smallest length of guard; or if the communication device is a UE, then the sum of the length of the second interval and the first interval will be less than or equal to that of a preset interval of time, and the length of the second interval is more than or equal to the smallest length of guard;
where the length of the first interval is the length of interval between the end time of the signal transmission and the end time of the GP, and the length of the second interval is the length of interval between the start time of the signal transmission and the start time of the GP.

[0098] In an implementation, the communication device is a UE, and there is a second interval between the start time of the signal transmission and the start time of the GP, where the length of the second interval is less than or equal to that of a preset interval of time, and more than or equal to the smallest length of guard.

[0099] Preferably the communication device is a UE, and the processor 62 is further configured: to perform CCA detection on the current channel in a timeslot for channel detection in the GP; and to transmit the signal in the GP if the current channel being idle is detected.

[0100] In another preferable implementation, the communication device is a UE, the signal is an uplink signal to be transmitted by the UE to a network device in an uplink sub-frame following the end of the GP, and there is a length of the second interval between the start time of the signal transmission and the start time of the GP, where the length of the second interval is less than or equal to a preset interval of time.

[0101] The structure of and processing in the UE according to the embodiment of the invention corresponding to the method for transmitting data as illustrated in Fig.3 will be described below in connection with a preferable hardware structure thereof.

[0102] In an embodiment as illustrated in Fig.7, the UE includes a transceiver 71, and at least one processor 72 connected with the transceiver 71, where:
the processor 72 is configured to read and execute program in a memory 73:
to determine an uplink signal to be transmitted to a network device; and to trigger the transceiver 71 to transmit the uplink signal in a GP between a downlink sub-frame and an uplink sub-frame, or after the GP.

[0103] Here in Fig.7, the bus architecture can include any number of interconnecting buses and bridges to particularly link together various circuits including one or more processors represented by the processor 72, and one or more memories represented by the memory 73. The bus architecture can further link together various other circuits, e.g., peripheral devices, manostats, power management circuits, etc., all of which are well known in the art, so a further description thereof will be omitted in this context. The bus interface serves as an interface. The transceiver 71 can include a number of elements, e.g., a transmitter and a receiver, which are units for communication with various other devices over a transmission medium.

[0104] The processor 72 is responsible for managing the bus architecture and performing normal processes, and the memory 73 can store data for use by the processor 72 in performing the operations.

[0105] In an implementation, the length of interval between the start time of the uplink signal transmission, and the end time of the signal transmission performed by the network device in the GP is more than or equal to a preset length of guard.

[0106] Preferably the processor 72 is further configured:
to perform CCA detection in a timeslot for channel detection in the GP; and to trigger the transceiver 71 to transmit the uplink signal over the current channel if the current channel being idle is detected.

[0107] In an implementation, the signal transmitted by the network device includes a reservation signal indicating that the current channel is occupied.

[0108] The signal transmitted by the UE includes a reservation signal indicating that the current channel is occupied, or the uplink signal transmitted by the user equipment to the network device.

[0109] Preferably the signal transmitted by the network device further includes a downlink signal transmitted by the network device to the UE.

[0110] Those skilled in the art shall appreciate that the embodiments of the invention can be embodied as a method, a system or a computer program product. Therefore the invention can be embodied in the form of an all-hardware embodiment, an all-software embodiment or an embodiment of software and hardware in combination. Furthermore the invention can be embodied in the form of a computer program product embodied in one or more computer useable storage mediums (including but not limited to a disk memory, a CD-ROM, an optical memory, etc.) in which computer useable program codes are contained.

[0111] The invention has been described in a flow chart and/or a block diagram of the method, the device (system) and the computer program product according to the embodiments of the invention. It shall be appreciated that respective flows and/or blocks in the flow chart and/or the block diagram and combinations of the flows and/or the blocks in the flow chart and/or the block diagram can be embodied in computer program instructions. These computer program instructions can be loaded onto a general-purpose computer, a specific-purpose computer, an embedded processor or a processor of another programmable data processing device to produce a machine so that the instructions executed on the computer or the processor of the other programmable data processing device create means for performing the functions specified in the flow(s) of the flow chart and/or the block(s) of the block diagram.

[0112] These computer program instructions can also be stored into a computer readable memory capable of directing the computer or the other programmable data processing device to operate in a specific manner so that the instructions stored in the computer readable memory create an article of manufacture including instruction means which perform the functions specified in the flow(s) of the flow chart and/or the block(s) of the block diagram.

[0113] These computer program instructions can also be loaded onto the computer or the other programmable data processing device so that a series of operational steps are performed on the computer or the other programmable data processing device to create a computer implemented process so that the instructions executed on the computer or the other programmable device provide steps for performing the functions specified in the flow(s) of the flow chart and/or the block(s) of the block diagram.

[0114] Although the preferred embodiments of the invention have been described, those skilled in the art benefiting from the underlying inventive concept can make additional modifications and variations to these embodiments.


Claims

1. A method for transmitting data, the method comprising:

transmitting (S11), by a communication device, a signal in a switching duration between a downlink sub-frame and an uplink sub-frame to occupy a current channel; and

transmitting (S12), by the communication device, data over the current channel;

characterized in that, when the communication device is a network device, start time of a signal transmission is start time of the switching duration, and there is a first interval between end time of the signal transmission and end time of the switching duration, where a length of the first interval is less than or equal to that of a preset interval of time, more than or equal to a smallest length of guard;

or,

when the communication device is a network device, then a sum of length of a second interval and a first interval is less than or equal to that of a preset interval of time, and the length of the first interval is more than or equal to a smallest length of guard;

when the communication device is a User Equipment, UE, then the sum of the length of the second interval and the first interval is less than or equal to that of the preset interval of time, and the length of the second interval is more than or equal to the smallest length of guard;

wherein the length of the first interval is a length of interval between end time of the signal transmission and end time of the switching duration, and the length of the second interval is a length of interval between start time of a signal transmission and start time of the switching duration;

or,

when the communication device is a User Equipment, UE, there is a second interval between start time of a signal transmission, and start time of the switching duration, wherein a length of the second interval is less than or equal to that of a preset interval of time, and more than or equal to a smallest length of guard;

or,

when the communication device is a User Equipment, UE, the signal is an uplink signal to be transmitted by the UE to a network device in an uplink sub-frame following an end of the switching duration, and a length of a second interval between start time of a signal transmission, and start time of the switching duration is less than or equal to that of a preset interval of time.


 
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the signal comprises a reservation signal indicating that the current channel is occupied;
wherein if the communication device is a network device, then the signal further comprises a downlink signal transmitted from the network device to a User Equipment, UE; and if the communication device is a UE, the signal further comprises an uplink signal transmitted from the UE to a network device.
 
3. The method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein when the communication device is a User Equipment, UE;
before the communication device transmits the signal in the switching duration, the method further comprises: performing, by the communication device, Clear Channel Assessment, CCA, detection on the current channel in a timeslot for channel detection in the switching duration; and
transmitting, by the communication device, the signal in the switching duration comprises:
transmitting, by the communication device, the signal in the switching duration if the current channel being idle is detected.
 
4. A communication device, comprising:

a signal transmitting module (41) configured to transmit a signal in a switching duration between a downlink sub-frame and an uplink sub-frame to occupy a current channel; and

a data transmitting module (42) configured to transmit data over the current channel;

characterized in that, when the communication device is a network device, start time of a signal transmission is start time of the switching duration, and there is a first interval between end time of the signal transmission and end time of the switching duration, where a length of the first interval is less than or equal to that of a preset interval of time, more than or equal to a smallest length of guard;

or,

when the communication device is a network device, then a sum of length of a second interval and a first interval is less than or equal to that of a preset interval of time, and the length of the first interval is more than or equal to a smallest length of guard; when the communication device is a User Equipment, UE, then the sum of the length of the second interval and the first interval is less than or equal to that of the preset interval of time, and the length of the second interval is more than or equal to the smallest length of guard;

wherein the length of the first interval is a length of interval between end time of the signal transmission and end time of the switching duration, and the length of the second interval is a length of interval between start time of a signal transmission and start time of the switching duration;

or,

when the communication device is a User Equipment, UE, there is a second interval between start time of a signal transmission, and start time of the switching duration, wherein a length of the second interval is less than or equal to that of a preset interval of time, and more than or equal to a smallest length of guard;

or,

when the communication device is a User Equipment, UE, the signal is an uplink signal to be transmitted by the UE to a network device in an uplink sub-frame following an end of the switching duration, and a length of a second interval between start time of a signal transmission, and start time of the switching duration is less than or equal to that of a preset interval of time.


 
5. The communication device according to claim 4, wherein the signal comprises a reservation signal indicating that the current channel is occupied;
wherein if the communication device is a network device, the signal further comprises a downlink signal transmitted from the network device to a User Equipment, UE; and
if the communication device is a UE, the signal further comprises an uplink signal transmitted from the UE to a network device.
 
6. The communication device according to claim 4 or 5, wherein when the communication device is a User Equipment, UE, and the communication device further comprises:

a Clear Channel Assessment, CCA, detecting module configured to perform CCA detection on the current channel in a timeslot for channel detection in the switching duration; and

the signal transmitting module is configured to transmit the signal in the switching duration if the CCA detecting module detects the current channel being idle.


 


Ansprüche

1. Verfahren zum Übertragen von Daten, wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

Übertragen (S11), durch eine Kommunikationsvorrichtung, eines Signals in einer Umschaltdauer zwischen einem Downlink-Unterrahmen und einem Uplink-Unterrahmen, um einen aktuellen Kanal zu belegen; und

Übertragen (S12) von Daten über den aktuellen Kanal durch die Kommunikationsvorrichtung;

dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass, wenn die Kommunikationsvorrichtung eine Netzwerkvorrichtung ist, dann ist die Startzeit einer Signalübertragung die Startzeit der Umschaltdauer, und es gibt ein erstes Intervall zwischen der Endzeit der Signalübertragung und der Endzeit der Umschaltdauer, wobei eine Länge des ersten Intervalls kleiner oder gleich der eines voreingestellten Zeitintervalls, größer oder gleich einer kleinsten Schutzlänge ist;

oder,

wenn die Kommunikationsvorrichtung eine Netzwerkvorrichtung ist, dann ist eine Summe der Länge eines zweiten Intervalls und eines ersten Intervalls kleiner oder gleich der eines voreingestellten Zeitintervalls, und die Länge des ersten Intervalls ist größer oder gleich einer kleinsten Schutzlänge;

wenn das Kommunikationsgerät ein Benutzergerät, UE ("User Equipment"), ist, dann ist die Summe der Länge des zweiten Intervalls und des ersten Intervalls kleiner oder gleich der des voreingestellten Zeitintervalls, und die Länge des zweiten Intervalls ist größer oder gleich der kleinsten Schutzlänge;

wobei die Länge des ersten Intervalls eine Länge des Intervalls zwischen der Endzeit der Signalübertragung und der Endzeit der Umschaltdauer ist, und die Länge des zweiten Intervalls eine Länge des Intervalls zwischen der Startzeit einer Signalübertragung und der Startzeit der Umschaltdauer ist:

oder,

wenn die Kommunikationsvorrichtung ein Benutzergerät, UE, ist, dann gibt es ein zweites Intervall zwischen der Startzeit einer Signalübertragung und der Startzeit der Umschaltdauer, wobei eine Länge des zweiten Intervalls kleiner oder gleich der eines voreingestellten Zeitintervalls und größer oder gleich einer kleinsten Schutzlänge ist;

oder,

wenn die Kommunikationsvorrichtung ein Benutzergerät, UE, ist, dann ist das Signal ein Uplink-Signal, durch das UE an eine Netzwerkvorrichtung in einem Uplink-Unterrahmen nach einem Ende der Umschaltdauer zu übertragen ist, und die Länge eines zweiten Intervalls zwischen der Startzeit einer Signalübertragung und der Startzeit der Umschaltdauer kleiner oder gleich der Länge eines voreingestellten Zeitintervalls ist.


 
2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Signal ein Reservierungssignal umfasst, das anzeigt, dass der aktuelle Kanal belegt ist;
wobei, wenn die Kommunikationsvorrichtung eine Netzwerkvorrichtung ist, dann umfasst das Signal ferner ein Downlink-Signal, das von der Netzwerkvorrichtung an ein Benutzergerät, UE, übertragen wird; und
wenn die Kommunikationsvorrichtung ein UE ist, dann umfasst das Signal ferner ein Uplink-Signal, das von dem UE an eine Netzwerkvorrichtung übertragen wird.
 
3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei, wenn die Kommunikationsvorrichtung ein Benutzergerät, UE, ist; bevor die Kommunikationsvorrichtung das Signal in der Umschaltdauer überträgt, umfasst das Verfahren ferner:

Durchführen einer CCA-Detektion (CCA = "Clear Channel Assessment") durch die Kommunikationsvorrichtung auf dem aktuellen Kanal in einem Zeitschlitz für die Kanaldetektion in der Umschaltdauer; und

Übertragen des Signals in der Umschaltdauer durch die Kommunikationsvorrichtung umfasst: Übertragen des Signals in der Umschaltdauer durch die Kommunikationsvorrichtung, wenn der aktuelle Kanal als im Leerlauf befindlich detektiert wird.


 
4. Kommunikationsvorrichtung, umfassend:

ein Signalübertragungsmodul (41), das dazu ausgelegt ist, ein Signal in einer Umschaltdauer zwischen einem Downlink-Unterrahmen und einem Uplink-Unterrahmen zu übertragen, um einen aktuellen Kanal zu belegen; und ein Datenübertragungsmodul (42), das dazu ausgelegt ist, Daten über den aktuellen Kanal zu übertragen;

dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass, wenn die Kommunikationsvorrichtung eine Netzwerkvorrichtung ist, dann ist die Startzeit einer Signalübertragung die Startzeit der Umschaltdauer, und es gibt ein erstes Intervall zwischen der Endzeit der Signalübertragung und der Endzeit der Umschaltdauer, wobei eine Länge des ersten Intervalls kleiner oder gleich der eines voreingestellten Zeitintervalls, größer oder gleich einer kleinsten Schutzlänge ist;

oder,

wenn die Kommunikationsvorrichtung eine Netzwerkvorrichtung ist, dann ist eine Summe der Länge eines zweiten Intervalls und eines ersten Intervalls kleiner oder gleich der eines voreingestellten Zeitintervalls, und die Länge des ersten Intervalls ist größer oder gleich einer kleinsten Schutzlänge; wenn die Kommunikationsvorrichtung ein Benutzergerät, UE, ist, dann ist die Summe der Länge des zweiten Intervalls und des ersten Intervalls kleiner oder gleich der des voreingestellten Zeitintervalls, und die Länge des zweiten Intervalls ist größer oder gleich der kleinsten Schutzlänge;

wobei die Länge des ersten Intervalls eine Länge des Intervalls zwischen der Endzeit der Signalübertragung und der Endzeit der Umschaltdauer ist, und die Länge des zweiten Intervalls eine Länge des Intervalls zwischen der Startzeit einer Signalübertragung und der Startzeit der Umschaltdauer ist;

oder,

wenn die Kommunikationsvorrichtung ein Benutzergerät, UE, ist, dann gibt es ein zweites Intervall zwischen der Startzeit einer Signalübertragung und der Startzeit der Umschaltdauer, wobei eine Länge des zweiten Intervalls kleiner oder gleich der eines voreingestellten Zeitintervalls und größer oder gleich einer kleinsten Schutzlänge ist;

oder,

wenn die Kommunikationsvorrichtung ein Benutzergerät, UE, ist, dann ist das Signal ein Uplink-Signal, das durch das UE an eine Netzwerkvorrichtung in einem Uplink-Unterrahmen nach einem Ende der Umschaltdauer zu übertragen ist, und eine Länge eines zweiten Intervalls zwischen dem Startzeitpunkt einer Signalübertragung und dem Startzeitpunkt der Umschaltdauer kleiner oder gleich der eines voreingestellten Zeitintervalls ist.


 
5. Kommunikationsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 4, wobei das Signal ein Reservierungssignal umfasst, das anzeigt, dass der aktuelle Kanal belegt ist;
wobei, wenn die Kommunikationsvorrichtung eine Netzwerkvorrichtung ist, umfasst das Signal ferner ein Downlink-Signal, das von der Netzwerkvorrichtung zu einem Benutzergerät, UE, übertragen wird; und
wenn die Kommunikationsvorrichtung ein UE ist, dann umfasst das Signal ferner ein Uplink-Signal, das von dem UE an eine Netzwerkvorrichtung übertragen wird.
 
6. Kommunikationsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 4 oder 5, wobei, wenn die Kommunikationsvorrichtung ein Benutzergerät, UE, ist, und die Kommunikationsvorrichtung ferner umfasst:
ein CCA-Detektionsmodul (CCA = "Clear Channel Assessment"), das dazu ausgelegt ist, die CCA-Detektion auf dem aktuellen Kanal in einem Zeitschlitz für Kanaldetektion in der Umschaltdauer durchzuführen; und das Signalübertragungsmodul dazu ausgelegt ist, das Signal in der Umschaltdauer zu übertragen, wenn das CCA-Detektionsmodul detektiert, dass sich der aktuelle Kanal im Leerlauf befindet.
 


Revendications

1. Procédé de transmission de données, le procédé comprenant les étapes consistant à :

transmettre (S11), par un dispositif de communication, un signal pendant une durée de commutation entre une sous-trame en liaison descendante et une sous-trame en liaison montante pour occuper un canal actuel ; et

transmettre (S12), par le dispositif de communication, des données sur le canal actuel ;

caractérisé en ce que :

quand le dispositif de communication est un dispositif de réseau, un temps de début d'une transmission de signal est un temps de début de la durée de commutation, et il existe un premier intervalle entre un temps de fin de la transmission de signal et un temps de fin de la durée de commutation, une longueur du premier intervalle étant inférieure ou égale à celle d'un intervalle de temps prédéfini et supérieure ou égale à une longueur minimale de garde ;

ou

quand le dispositif de communication est un dispositif de réseau, alors une somme d'une longueur d'un second intervalle et d'un premier intervalle est inférieure ou égale à celle d'un intervalle de temps prédéfini et la longueur du premier intervalle est supérieure ou égale à une longueur minimale de garde ;

quand le dispositif de communication est un équipement d'utilisateur (UE), alors la somme de la longueur du second intervalle et du premier intervalle est inférieure ou égale à celle de l'intervalle de temps prédéfini et la longueur du second intervalle est supérieure ou égale à la longueur minimale de garde ;

la longueur du premier intervalle étant une longueur d'un intervalle entre un temps de fin de la transmission de signal et un temps de fin de la durée de commutation, et la longueur du second intervalle étant une longueur d'un intervalle entre un temps de début d'une transmission de signal et un temps de début de la durée de commutation ;

ou

quand le dispositif de communication est un équipement d'utilisateur (UE), il existe un second intervalle entre un temps de début d'une transmission de signal et un temps de début de la durée de commutation, une longueur du second intervalle étant inférieure ou égale à celle d'un intervalle de temps prédéfini et supérieure ou égale à une longueur minimale de garde ;

ou

quand le dispositif de communication est un équipement d'utilisateur (UE), le signal est un signal en liaison montante qui doit être transmis par l'UE à un dispositif de réseau dans une sous-trame en liaison montante après une fin de la durée de commutation, et une longueur d'un second intervalle entre un temps de début d'une transmission de signal et un temps de début de la durée de commutation est inférieure ou égale à celle d'un intervalle de temps prédéfini.


 
2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le signal comprend un signal de réservation indiquant que le canal actuel est occupé ;
et dans lequel si le dispositif de communication est un dispositif de réseau, alors le signal comprend en outre un signal en liaison descendante transmis par le dispositif de réseau à un équipement d'utilisateur (UE) ; et
si le dispositif de communication est un UE, le signal comprend en outre un signal en liaison montante transmis par l'UE à un dispositif de réseau.
 
3. Procédé selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel, quand le dispositif de communication est un équipement d'utilisateur (UE) :

avant que le dispositif de communication ne transmette le signal pendant la durée de commutation, le procédé comprend en outre l'étape consistant à : réaliser, par le dispositif de communication, une détection d'évaluation de canal libre (CCA) sur le canal actuel dans un créneau temporel de détection de canal pendant la durée de commutation ; et

la transmission, par le dispositif de communication, du signal pendant la durée de commutation comprend en outre l'étape consistant à : transmettre, par le dispositif de communication, le signal pendant la durée de commutation s'il est détecté que le canal actuel est inactif.


 
4. Dispositif de communication, comprenant :

un module de transmission de signal (41), configuré pour transmettre un signal pendant une durée de commutation entre une sous-trame en liaison descendante et une sous-trame en liaison montante pour occuper un canal actuel ; et

un module de transmission de données (42), configuré pour transmettre des données sur le canal actuel ;

caractérisé en ce que :

quand le dispositif de communication est un dispositif de réseau, un temps de début d'une transmission de signal est un temps de début de la durée de commutation, et il existe un premier intervalle entre un temps de fin de la transmission de signal et un temps de fin de la durée de commutation, une longueur du premier intervalle étant inférieure ou égale à celle d'un intervalle de temps prédéfini et supérieure ou égale à une longueur minimale de garde ;

ou

quand le dispositif de communication est un dispositif de réseau, alors une somme d'une longueur d'un second intervalle et d'un premier intervalle est inférieure ou égale à celle d'un intervalle de temps prédéfini et la longueur du premier intervalle est supérieure ou égale à une longueur minimale de garde ;

quand le dispositif de communication est un équipement d'utilisateur (UE), alors la somme de la longueur du second intervalle et du premier intervalle est inférieure ou égale à celle de l'intervalle de temps prédéfini et la longueur du second intervalle est supérieure ou égale à la longueur minimale de garde ;

la longueur du premier intervalle étant une longueur d'un intervalle entre un temps de fin de la transmission de signal et un temps de fin de la durée de commutation, et la longueur du second intervalle étant une longueur d'un intervalle entre un temps de début d'une transmission de signal et un temps de début de la durée de commutation ;

ou

quand le dispositif de communication est un équipement d'utilisateur (UE), il existe un second intervalle entre un temps de début d'une transmission de signal et un temps de début de la durée de commutation, une longueur du second intervalle étant inférieure ou égale à celle d'un intervalle de temps prédéfini et supérieure ou égale à une longueur minimale de garde ;

ou

quand le dispositif de communication est un équipement d'utilisateur (UE), le signal est un signal en liaison montante qui doit être transmis par l'UE à un dispositif de réseau dans une sous-trame en liaison montante après une fin de la durée de commutation, et une longueur d'un second intervalle entre un temps de début d'une transmission de signal et un temps de début de la durée de commutation est inférieure ou égale à celle d'un intervalle de temps prédéfini.


 
5. Dispositif de communication selon la revendication 4, dans lequel le signal comprend un signal de réservation indiquant que le canal actuel est occupé ;
et dans lequel si le dispositif de communication est un dispositif de réseau, le signal comprend en outre un signal en liaison descendante transmis par le dispositif de réseau à un équipement d'utilisateur (UE) ; et
si le dispositif de communication est un UE, le signal comprend en outre un signal en liaison montante transmis par l'UE à un dispositif de réseau.
 
6. Dispositif de communication selon la revendication 4 ou 5, le dispositif de communication comprenant en outre, quand le dispositif de communication est un équipement d'utilisateur (UE) :

un module de détection d'évaluation de canal libre (CCA), configuré pour réaliser une détection CCA sur le canal actuel dans un créneau temporel de détection de canal pendant la durée de commutation ; et

le signal de transmission de signal étant configuré pour transmettre le signal pendant la durée de commutation si le module de détection CCA détecte que le canal actuel est inactif.


 




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REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description