(19)
(11)EP 3 332 749 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
02.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/36

(21)Application number: 16306625.1

(22)Date of filing:  06.12.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A61F 2/40  (2006.01)
A61F 2/30  (2006.01)

(54)

SHOULDER PROSTHESIS COMPRISING A GLENOHUMERAL COMPONENT

SCHULTERPROTHESE MIT EINER GLENOHUMERALEN KOMPONENTE

PROTHÈSE D'ÉPAULE COMPRENANT UN COMPOSANT GLÉNOHUMÉRAL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
13.06.2018 Bulletin 2018/24

(73)Proprietor: TORNIER
38330 Montbonnot-Saint-Martin (FR)

(72)Inventors:
  • COLLIN, Philippe
    35740 Pace (FR)
  • DERANSART, Pierric
    38410 St. Martin d'Uriage (FR)

(74)Representative: Lavoix 
62, rue de Bonnel
69448 Lyon Cedex 03
69448 Lyon Cedex 03 (FR)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 382 930
WO-A1-2017/066504
US-A1- 2011 098 822
EP-A2- 1 649 836
GB-A- 2 166 654
US-A1- 2013 150 975
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention concerns a shoulder prosthesis comprising a glenohumeral component.

    [0002] In a healthy human shoulder, the head of the humerus, which is generally ball-shaped, and the glenoid cavity of the scapula articulate with each other and form a ball-and-socket joint. Total shoulder arthroplasty is a common treatment for shoulder pain resulting from arthritis or injury and leads to replace the ball-and-socket joint by a shoulder orthopedic prosthesis.

    [0003] Such a shoulder prosthesis generally includes both a glenoid implant to be fixedly implanted at the glenoid of the scapula and a humeral implant to be fixedly implanted at the head of the humerus. The glenoid implant and the humeral implant may be designed to articulate directly with each other. The glenoid implant and the humeral implant may also be designed to articulate through an insert interposed between them: for example, EP 1 649 836 discloses an insert which is in one piece interposed between a glenoid head, secured to the glenoid, and a humeral cup, secured to the humerus, this insert having both a concave articular surface articulating with a convex articular surface of the glenoid head and a convex articular surface articulating with a concave surface of the humeral cup. US 2013/150975 and GB 2 166 654 disclose total shoulder prostheses that are similar to the one proposed in EP 1 649 836.

    [0004] The invention focuses on another type of shoulder prosthesis, in which the humeral implant to be fixedly secured to the humerus is replaced with a free-floating glenohumeral component, as proposed in US 2011/0098822. As this free-floating glenohumeral component freely articulates with a concave bone surface that is prepared within an end portion of the humerus, US 2011/0098822 describes the glenohumeral component as corresponding to an interpositionnal implant which has necessarily a sphere or ball shape so as to freely revolve on itself between the aforesaid concave bone surface and either a concave prosthetic surface of a glenoid component or a concave bone surface of the glenoid. EP 2 382 930 discloses a glenohumeral component that is very similar to the one disclosed in US 2011/0098822.

    [0005] One of the goals of the present invention is to propose an improved glenohumeral component that in particular is not limited to a spherical shape.

    [0006] To this end, one object of the invention is a shoulder prosthesis, as defined in claim 1.

    [0007] Thanks to the invention, the shoulder prosthesis is reversed, in the sense that the natural anatomy of the ball-and-socket joint of the shoulder is reversed. In that way, the articular interface between the glenoid component, which is secured to the glenoid, and the rest of the prosthesis is lateralized and lowered with respect to the scapula, which gives the possibility of increasing the lever arm of the deltoid. This reversed prosthesis is therefore particularly indicated when the cuff of the patient is highly damaged, or even torn, partially or completely. Moreover, the aforesaid articular interface has double mobility, in the sense that the glenohumeral component in the invention remains mobile both with respect to the glenoid, that fixedly bears the glenoid component, and with respect to the humerus, that bears no fixed prosthetic component: this double mobility between the glenoid and the humerus provides a greater range of motion between the glenoid and the humerus. Besides, as the shoulder prosthesis of the invention does not include a prosthetic humeral component, there is no need to secure any prosthetic component to the humerus, which avoids loosening of the securement of such a humeral component.

    [0008] Additional advantageous features of the shoulder prosthesis according to the invention are specified in the other claims.

    [0009] Embodiments of the invention will be better understood from reading the description which will follow, which is given solely by way of example and with reference to the drawings in which:
    • figure 1 is an elevational view of a shoulder prosthesis that is implanted at a human shoulder;
    • figure 2 is an elevational view of a glenohumeral component of the shoulder prosthesis of figure 1, this glenohumeral component being shown alone;
    • figure 3 corresponds to figure 1, in which the glenohumeral component and the humerus of the shoulder are illustrated in cross-section;
    • figure 4 is a cross-sectional view of a variant of the glenohumeral component of the shoulder prosthesis of figure 1;
    • figure 5 is an elevational view of another embodiment of a shoulder prosthesis;
    • figure 6 is a view similar to figure 3, with the shoulder prosthesis of figure 5; and
    • figure 7 is a cross-sectional view of a variant of the glenohumeral component of the shoulder prosthesis of figure 5.


    [0010] The figures 1 and 3 show a human shoulder at which a humerus H and a scapula S are associated. The figures 1 and 3 also show a shoulder prosthesis 1 which is implanted at the aforesaid shoulder so as to join a glenoid G of the scapula and a proximal humerus PH of the humerus H in an articulated manner.

    [0011] The shoulder prosthesis 1 comprises a glenoid component 10 and a glenohumeral component 20 that is shown alone in figure 2.

    [0012] As shown in the figures, the shoulder prosthesis 1 consists of the glenoid component 10 and the glenohumeral component 20: in other words, the shoulder prosthesis 1 does not include any component other than the glenoid component 10 and the glenohumeral component 20.

    [0013] The glenoid component 10 is designed to be secured to the glenoid G. For this purpose, the glenoid component 10 is provided with corresponding anchoring arrangements which are located at a side 10A of the glenoid component, which faces the glenoid G when the glenoid component is implanted. In practice, these anchoring arrangements of the glenoid component 10, which are not detailed in the figures, are known per se. More generally, the embodiments of the anchoring arrangements of the glenoid component 10 are not limitative, provided these anchoring arrangements are operable intraoperatively by a surgeon to fixedly fasten the glenoid component 10 to the glenoid G.

    [0014] On a side 10B of the glenoid component 10, which is opposite to the side 10A, the glenoid component 10 has an articular surface 11, which is convex and which is provided to articulate with the glenohumeral component 20 as explained later.

    [0015] In some embodiments as the one shown in the figures, the convex articular surface 11 is essentially spherical, being centered on an axis Z11, and is defined on a piece of the glenoid component 10, which forms a glenosphere 12.

    [0016] In some embodiments, the glenosphere 12 or, more generally, the part of the glenoid component 10 on which the articular surface 11 is defined is made of a hard material, typically made of metal, especially surgical metal alloys, or ceramic, especially pyrocarbon. In some other embodiments, the glenosphere 12 or, more generally, the part of the glenoid component on which the articular surface 11 is defined is made of a soft material, typically made of polymeric material.

    [0017] Unlike the glenoid component 10, the glenohumeral component 20 is not provided to be secured neither to the scapula S, especially the glenoid G thereof, nor to the humerus H, especially the proximal humerus PH thereof: as shown in the figures 1 and 3, in the implanted state of the shoulder prosthesis 1, the glenohumeral component is free-floating with respect to the scapula S, especially the glenoid thereof, and with respect to the humerus H, especially the proximal humerus PH thereof. For this purpose, the glenohumeral component 20 is designed to be interposed in a freely movable manner between the proximal humerus PH and the glenoid component 10 secured to the glenoid G.

    [0018] Thus, the glenohumeral component 20 has a side 20A, which faces the proximal humerus PH when the shoulder prosthesis 1 is implanted and which is in direct contact with an end portion PH1 of the proximal humerus PH. And the glenohumeral component 20 has a side 20B, which is opposite to the side 20A and which is in direct contact with the glenoid component 10 when the shoulder prosthesis 1 is implanted.

    [0019] As shown by the figures 2 and 3, the side 20A of the glenohumeral component 20 includes a convex articular surface 21 that is designed to articulate with a complementary concave bone surface PH2 of the end portion PH1 of the proximal humerus PH. If necessary after having partly resected the end portion PH1 of the proximal humerus PH, the bone surface PH2 is prepared within this end portion PH1 before putting in place the glenohumeral component 20 upon implantation of the shoulder prosthesis 1. The preparation and the constituent elements of the bone surface PH2 are not limitative, provided the bone surface PH2 is shaped as a recessed socket into the end portion PH1 of the proximal humerus PH and the bone surface PH2 is defined by osseous material, either natural or synthetic. Some embodiments of the bone surface PH2 are given for example in US 2011/0098822.

    [0020] In some embodiments as the one shown in the figures 1 to 3, the convex articular surface 21 is essentially spherical and is centered on an axis Z21.

    [0021] When the shoulder prosthesis 1 is implanted, the convex articular surface 21 and the concave bone surface PH2 are in direct contact so as to freely articulate one with respect to the other, especially somewhat in the manner of a ball joint. Thus, the convex articular surface 21 and the concave bone surface PH2 freely tilt one with respect to one another both in the cross-sectional plane of figure 3, as indicated by an arrow T1 on figure 3, and in all the other geometric planes containing a central geometrical axis of the bone surface PH2.

    [0022] In some embodiments as the one shown in the figures 1 to 3, the articulation between the glenohumeral component 20 and the proximal humerus H, which results from the above-described cooperation between the convex articular surface 21 and the concave bone surface PH2, has a range which may be limited, especially in order to prevent any unwanted disengagement between the articular surface 21 and the bone surface PH2. For this purpose, the side 20A of the glenohumeral component 20 is provided with a peripheral flange 22 which is designed to abut against the end portion PH1 of the proximal humerus PH, more precisely to abut against an edge PH3 of this end portion PH1, which borders the concave bone surface PH2. As shown for example for the articulation configuration of figure 3, this flange 22 mechanically interferes with a lower portion of the edge PH3 so as to limit the range of tilting between the glenohumeral component 20 and the proximal humerus PH in the cross-sectional plane of figure 3.

    [0023] As shown by the figure 3, the side 20B of the glenohumeral component 20 includes a concave articular surface 23 that is complementary to the convex articular surface 11 of the glenoid component 10 and that is thus designed to articulate with this articular surface 11 when the shoulder prosthesis 1 is implanted.

    [0024] In some embodiments as the one shown in the figures 1 to 3, the concave articular surface 23 is essentially spherical and is centered on an axis Z23 which may be coincident with the axis Z21 of the convex articular surface 21.

    [0025] When the shoulder prosthesis 1 is implanted, the concave articular surface 23 of the glenohumeral component 20 and the convex articular surface 11 of the glenoid component 10 are in direct contact so as to freely articulate one with respect to the other, especially somewhat in the manner of a ball joint. In some embodiments as the one shown in the figures 1 to 3, the type of articulation between the articular surfaces 11 and 23 is similar or even identical to the type of articulation between the articular surface 21 and the bone surface PH2. Thus, the articular surface 11 and 23 freely tilt one with respect to the other both in the cross-sectional plane of figure 3, as indicated by an arrow T2 on figure 3, and in all the other geometric planes containing a central geometric axis of the articular surface 11, especially the axis Z11.

    [0026] It will be understood that in use, a double mobility is operable between the glenoid component 10, that is fixedly fastened to the glenoid G, and the proximal humerus PH: a first mobility is operated by cooperation between the articular surface 21 and the bone surface PH2 and a second mobility is operated by cooperation between the articular surfaces 11 and 23. According to the various movements of the shoulder provided with the shoulder prosthesis 1, one and/or the other of these first and second mobilities are more or less implemented, which provides a greater range of motion between the glenoid G and the proximal humerus PH. Furthermore, thanks to the fact that the opposed articular surfaces 21 and 23 of the glenohumeral component 20 have respective curvatures that are opposite, the aforesaid double mobility remains stable in use, with the advantage that the concavity of the articular surface 23 enables to combine the glenohumeral component 20 with a reversed glenoid component as the glenoid component 10, in the sense that unlike a natural glenoid, the glenoid G provided with the glenoid component 10 has a convex shape at the articular surface 11: compared to a natural glenoid, the articulation between the glenoid G, provided with the glenoid component 10, and the glenohumeral component 20 is lateralized and lowered with respect to the scapula S. In this regard, the shoulder prosthesis 1 can be considered as a reversed shoulder prosthesis with all the corresponding functional advantages. That being said, the reversed shoulder prosthesis 1 has, as a specific aspect, no prosthetic humeral component which would be fixedly fastened to the proximal humerus PH, since the glenohumeral component 20 remains free-floating with respect to the proximal humerus P: there is no need to secure any such prosthetic component to the humerus H, which avoids the risk that such a prosthetic component separates from the humerus in an uncontrolled manner as a result of high loads transmitted therethrough to the humerus.

    [0027] In some embodiments as the one shown in the figures 1 to 3, the glenohumeral component 20 is made in one piece on which both articular surfaces 21 and 23 are defined.

    [0028] It follows that this one-piece glenohumeral component 20 is preferably made of a hard material, typically made of metal, especially surgical metal alloys, or ceramic, especially pyrocarbon: such a hard material provides a good articular behavior with respect to the osseous material of the bone surface PH2 of the proximal humerus PH. In that case, the glenosphere 12 or, more generally, the part of the glenoid component 10 on which the articular surface 11 is defined may advantageously be made of a soft material, typically polymeric material. That being said, in some embodiments, both components 20 and 10 may be each made of a hard material, ceramic and ceramic for example.

    [0029] Alternatively, the one-piece glenohumeral component 20 is made of a soft material, typically polymeric material; in that case, the glenosphere 12 or, more generally, the part of the glenoid component 10 on which the articular surface 11 is defined is made of a hard material, typically metal, especially surgical metal alloys, or ceramic, especially pyrocarbon.

    [0030] Turning now to the figure 4, a variant of the glenohumeral component 20 is considered, being labelled 20'. This glenohumeral component 20' is identical to the glenohumeral component 20 of the figures 1 to 3, except that the glenohumeral component 20' does not have a flange similar to the flange 22.

    [0031] Turning now to the figures 5 and 6, a shoulder prosthesis 101 is considered as an alternative embodiment for the shoulder prosthesis 1 of the figures 1 to 3. The shoulder prosthesis 101 comprises or even consists of both a glenoid component, which is identical to the glenoid component 10 of the shoulder prosthesis 1 and which is therefore labelled 10 for the shoulder prosthesis 101, and a glenohumeral component 120. With respect to the proximal humerus PH and the glenoid component 10, the glenohumeral component 120 is functionally similar to the glenohumeral component 20: thus, two opposed sides 120A and 120B of the glenohumeral component 120 respectively include a convex articular surface 121 for articulating with the bone surface PH2 prepared within the end portion PH1 of the proximal humerus PH and a concave articular surface 123 for articulating with the articular surface 11 of the glenoid component, while having the glenohumeral component 120 that is free-floating with respect to the humerus H and the scapula S.

    [0032] The glenohumeral component 120 differs from the glenohumeral component 20 by its constitutive structure, in the sense that unlike being made in one piece, the glenohumeral component 120 comprises two distinct pieces 120.1 and 120.2. The piece 120.1 defines the convex articular surface 121 whereas the piece 120.2 defines the concave articular surface 123. In use, the two separate pieces 120.1 and 120.2 are fixedly assembled together. In practice, the means for fixedly assembling the pieces 120.1 and 120.2 are not limitative, any appropriate embodiment, known per se, being possible for these means.

    [0033] The two pieces structure of the glenohumeral component 120 may advantageously use to provide two different materials for the pieces 120.1 and 120.2 respectively. Thus, in some embodiments, the piece 120.1 may be made of a hard material, typically made of metal, especially surgical metal alloys, or ceramic, especially pyrocarbon, whereas the piece 120.2 may be made of a soft material, typically made of polymeric material, being noted that in that case, the glenosphere 12 or, more generally, the part of the glenoid component 10 on which the articular surface 11 is defined is preferably made of a hard material, typically made of metal or ceramic.

    [0034] Alternatively, the piece 120.1 may be made of a soft material whereas the piece 120.2 may be made of a hard material.

    [0035] In some embodiments as the one shown in the figures 5 and 6, the glenohumeral component 120 consists of the two pieces 120.1 and 120.2 and, if appropriate, added elements of the aforesaid means for assembling these two pieces together. That being said, in some other embodiments, the glenohumeral component may include at least one third piece that is distinct from the two pieces 120.1 and 120.2: this third piece is fixedly interposed between the pieces 120.1 and 120.2, which may facilitate the combination of the pieces 120.1 and 120.2 when these latter are difficult to directly assemble together.

    [0036] Turning now to the figure 7, a variant for the glenohumeral component 120 is considered, being labelled 120'. The glenohumeral component 120' is identical to the glenohumeral component 120 of the figures 5 and 6, except that the glenohumeral component 120' is provided with a peripheral flange 122' which is functionally similar to the flange 22 of the glenohumeral component 20.

    [0037] In some embodiments, as the one shown in the figure 7, the flange 122' belongs to a piece 120.1' of the glenohumeral component 120', which is similar to the piece 120.1. In some other embodiments, a piece 120.2' of the glenohumeral component 120', which is similar to the piece 120.2, includes the flange 122'.


    Claims

    1. Shoulder prosthesis (1; 101), consisting of:

    - a glenoid component (10), which is designed to be secured to a human glenoid (G), and

    - a glenohumeral component (20; 20' ; 120; 120'), which comprises a first side (20A; 120A) and a second side (20B; 120B), which are opposite each other and which, in an implanted state in which the glenohumeral component is free-floating with respect to a humerus (H) and a glenoid (G) of a human shoulder, are in contact respectively with an end portion (PH1) of the humerus and with the glenoid component (10) secured to the glenoid,
    wherein the first side of the glenohumeral component includes a convex articular surface (21; 121) that is designed to articulate with a concave bone surface (PH2) prepared within the end portion of the humerus,
    characterized in that the second side of the glenohumeral component includes a concave articular surface (23; 123) that articulates with a convex articular surface (11) of the glenoid component.


     
    2. Shoulder prosthesis according to claim 1, wherein the glenoid component (10) comprises a glenosphere (12).
     
    3. Shoulder prosthesis according to anyone of the preceding claims, wherein the glenohumeral component (20; 20') is in one piece on which are defined both the convex and concave articular surfaces (21, 23) of the glenohumeral component.
     
    4. Shoulder prosthesis according to anyone of the claims 1 to 2, wherein the glenohumeral component (120; 120') comprises a first piece 120.1; 120.1'), on which is defined the convex articular surface (121) of the glenohumeral component, and a second piece (120.2; 120.2'), on which is defined the concave articular surface (123) of the glenohumeral component, the first piece and the second piece being separate and being fixedly assembled together.
     
    5. Shoulder prosthesis according to claim 4, wherein the glenohumeral component (120; 120') comprises at least one third piece, that is fixedly interposed between the first and second pieces.
     
    6. Shoulder prosthesis according to anyone of the preceding claims, wherein the convex articular surface (21; 121) of the glenohumeral component (20; 20'; 120; 120') is defined on a ceramic part of the glenohumeral component.
     
    7. Shoulder prosthesis according to anyone of the claims 1 to 5, wherein the convex articular surface (21; 121) of the glenohumeral component (20; 20'; 120; 120') is defined on a metal part of the glenohumeral component.
     
    8. Shoulder prosthesis according to anyone of the preceding claims, wherein the concave articular surface (23; 123) of the glenohumeral component (20; 20'; 120; 120') is defined on a polymeric part of the glenohumeral component, and wherein the convex articular surface (11) of the glenoid component (10) is defined on a ceramic part of the glenoid component.
     
    9. Shoulder prosthesis according to anyone of the claims 1 to 7, wherein the concave articular surface (23; 123) of the glenohumeral component (20; 20'; 120; 120') is defined on a polymeric part of the glenohumeral component, and wherein the convex articular surface (11) of the glenoid component (10) is defined on a metal part of the glenoid component.
     
    10. Shoulder prosthesis according to anyone of the claims 1 to 7, wherein the concave articular surface (23; 123) of the glenohumeral component (20; 20'; 120; 120') is defined on a ceramic part of the glenohumeral component, and wherein the convex articular surface (11) of the glenoid component (10) is defined on a polymeric part of the glenoid component.
     
    11. Shoulder prosthesis according to anyone of the claims 1 to 7, wherein the concave articular surface (23; 123) of the glenohumeral component (20; 20'; 120; 120') is defined on a metal part of the glenohumeral component, and wherein the convex articular surface (11) of the glenoid component (10) is defined on a polymeric part of the glenoid component.
     
    12. Shoulder prosthesis according to anyone of the claims 1 to 7, wherein the concave articular surface (23; 123) of the glenohumeral component (20; 20'; 120; 120') is defined on a ceramic part of the glenohumeral component, and wherein the convex articular surface (11) of the glenoid component (10) is defined on a ceramic part of the glenoid component.
     
    13. Shoulder prosthesis according to anyone of the claims 6, 10 and 12, wherein the ceramic part of the glenohumeral component (20; 20'; 120; 120') is made of pyrocarbon.
     
    14. Shoulder prosthesis according to anyone of the claims 8, 12 and 13, wherein the ceramic part of the glenoid component (10) is made of pyrocarbon.
     
    15. Shoulder prosthesis according to anyone of the preceding claims, wherein the glenohumeral component (20; 120') includes a peripheral flange (22; 122') designed to abut against an edge (PH3) of the end portion (PH1) of the humerus (H), the edge bordering the bone surface (PH2), so as to limit range of articulation between the glenohumeral component and the humerus.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Schulterprothese (1; 101), umfassend:

    - eine zur Befestigung an einem menschlichen Glenoid (G) ausgestaltete Glenoidkomponente (10), und

    - eine glenohumerale Komponente (20; 20'; 120; 120'), umfassend eine erste Seite (20A; 120A) und eine zweite Seite (20B; 120B), die einander gegenüberliegen und die in einem implantierten Zustand, in welchem die glenohumerale Komponente in Bezug auf einen Humerus (H) und ein Glenoid (G) einer menschlichen Schulter freischwebend ist, in Kontakt mit einem Endabschnitt (PH1) des Humerus bzw. mit der am Glenoid befestigten Glenoidkomponente (10) sind,
    wobei die erste Seite der glenohumeralen Komponente eine konvexe Gelenkoberfläche (21; 121) aufweist, die mit einer im Endabschnitt des Humerus hergestellten konkaven Knochenfläche (PH2) zum Bilden eines Gelenks ausgestaltet ist,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die zweite Seite der glenohumeralen Komponente eine konkave Gelenkoberfläche (23; 123) aufweist, die mit einer konvexen Gelenkoberfläche (11) der Glenoidkomponente ein Gelenk bildet.


     
    2. Schulterprothese nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Glenoidkomponente (10) eine Glenosphäre (12) aufweist.
     
    3. Schulterprothese nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, wobei die glenohumerale Komponente (20, 20') eine Einheit ist, an der sowohl die konvexe als auch die konkave Gelenkoberfläche (21, 23) der glenohumeralen Komponente definiert sind.
     
    4. Schulterprothese nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 2, wobei die glenohumerale Komponente (120; 120') ein erstes Teil (120.1; 120.1'), an dem die konvexe Gelenkoberfläche (121) der glenohumeralen Komponente definiert ist, und ein zweites Teil (120.2; 120.2'), an dem die konkave Gelenkoberfläche (123) der glenohumeralen Komponente definiert ist, umfasst, wobei das erste Teil und das zweite Teil getrennt sind und fest miteinander verbunden zusammengesetzt sind.
     
    5. Schulterprothese nach Anspruch 4, wobei die glenohumerale Komponente (120; 120') zumindest ein drittes Teil umfasst, das fest zwischen dem ersten und zweiten Teil angeordnet ist.
     
    6. Schulterprothese nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, wobei die konvexe Gelenkoberfläche (21; 121) der glenohumeralen Komponente (20; 20'; 120; 120') auf einem keramischen Teil der glenohumeralen Komponente definiert ist.
     
    7. Schulterprothese nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei die konvexe Gelenkoberfläche (21; 121) der glenohumeralen Komponente (20; 20'; 120; 120') auf einem Metallteil der glenohumeralen Komponente definiert ist.
     
    8. Schulterprothese nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, wobei die konkave Gelenkoberfläche (23; 123) der glenohumeralen Komponente (20; 20'; 120; 120') auf einem Polymerteil der glenohumeralen Komponente definiert ist, und wobei die konvexe Gelenkoberfläche (11) der Glenoidkomponente (10) auf einem keramischen Teil der Glenoidkomponente definiert ist.
     
    9. Schulterprothese nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, wobei die konkave Gelenkoberfläche (23; 123) der glenohumeralen Komponente (20; 20'; 120; 120') auf einem Polymerteil der glenohumeralen Komponente definiert ist, und wobei die konvexe Gelenkoberfläche (11) der Glenoidkomponente (10) auf einem Metallteil der Glenoidkomponente definiert ist.
     
    10. Schulterprothese nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, wobei die konkave Gelenkoberfläche (23; 123) der glenohumeralen Komponente (20; 20'; 120; 120') auf einem keramischen Teil der glenohumeralen Komponente definiert ist, und wobei die konvexe Gelenkoberfläche (11) der Glenoidkomponente (10) auf einem Polymerteil der Glenoidkomponente definiert ist.
     
    11. Schulterprothese nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, wobei die konkave Gelenkoberfläche (23; 123) der glenohumeralen Komponente (20; 20'; 120; 120') auf einem Metallteil der glenohumeralen Komponente definiert ist, und wobei die konvexe Gelenkoberfläche (11) der Glenoidkomponente (10) auf einem Polymerteil der Glenoidkomponente definiert ist.
     
    12. Schulterprothese nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, wobei die konkave Gelenkoberfläche (23; 123) der glenohumeralen Komponente (20; 20'; 120; 120') auf einem keramischen Teil der glenohumeralen Komponente definiert ist, und wobei die konvexe Gelenkoberfläche (11) der Glenoidkomponente (10) auf einem keramischen Teil der Glenoidkomponente definiert ist.
     
    13. Schulterprothese nach einem der Ansprüche 6, 10 oder 12, wobei der keramische Teil der glenohumeralen Komponente (20; 20'; 120; 120') aus Pyrokohlenstoff hergestellt ist.
     
    14. Schulterprothese nach einem der Ansprüche 8, 12 oder 13, wobei der keramische Teil der Glenoidkomponente (10) aus Pyrokohlenstoff hergestellt ist.
     
    15. Schulterprothese nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, wobei die glenohumerale Komponente (20; 120') einen zum Anliegen an einer Kante (PH3) des Endabschnitts (PH1) des Humerus (H) ausgestalteten Umfangsflansch (22; 122') aufweist, wobei die Kante an die Knochenfläche (PH2) angrenzt, sodass die Gelenkreichweite zwischen der glenohumeralen Komponente und dem Humerus begrenzt ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Prothèse d'épaule (1 ; 101) se composant de :

    un composant glénoïde (10) qui est conçu pour être fixé sur une glène humaine (G), et

    un composant glénohuméral (20 ; 20' ; 120 ; 120') qui comprend un premier côté (20A ; 120A) et un second côté (20B ; 120B) qui sont opposés entre eux et qui, dans un état implanté dans lequel le composant glénohuméral flotte librement par rapport à un humérus (H) et une glène (G) d'une épaule humaine, sont respectivement en contact avec une partie d'extrémité (PH1) de l'humérus et avec le composant glénoïde (10) fixé à la glène,

    dans laquelle le premier côté du composant glénohuméral comprend une surface articulaire convexe (21 ; 121) qui est conçue pour s'articuler avec une surface d'os concave (PH2) préparée dans la partie d'extrémité de l'humérus,

    caractérisée en ce que le second côté du composant glénohuméral comprend une surface articulaire concave (23 ; 123) qui s'articule avec une surface articulaire convexe (11) du composant glénoïde.


     
    2. Prothèse d'épaule selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le composant glénoïde (10) comprend une glénosphère (12).
     
    3. Prothèse d'épaule selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle le composant glénohuméral (20 ; 20') est en un seul morceau, sur lequel sont définies à la fois les surfaces articulaires convexe et concave (21, 23) du composant glénohuméral.
     
    4. Prothèse d'épaule selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 2, dans laquelle le composant glénohuméral (120 ; 120') comprend une première pièce (120.1 ; 120.1') sur laquelle est définie la surface articulaire convexe (121) du composant glénohuméral, et une deuxième pièce (120.2 ; 120.2') sur laquelle est définie la surface articulaire concave (123) du composant glénohuméral, la première pièce et la deuxième pièce étant séparées et étant assemblées de manière fixe ensemble.
     
    5. Prothèse d'épaule selon la revendication 4, dans laquelle le composant glénohuméral (120 ; 120') comprend au moins une troisième pièce, qui est fixement intercalée entre les première et deuxième pièces.
     
    6. Prothèse d'épaule selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle la surface articulaire convexe (21 ; 121) du composant glénohuméral (20 ; 20' ; 120 ; 120') est définie sur une partie en céramique du composant glénohuméral.
     
    7. Prothèse d'épaule selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans laquelle la surface articulaire convexe (21 ; 121) du composant glénohuméral (20 ; 20' ; 120 ; 120') est définie sur une partie métallique du composant glénohuméral.
     
    8. Prothèse d'épaule selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle la surface articulaire concave (23 ; 123) du composant glénohuméral (20 ; 20' ; 120 ; 120') est définie sur une partie polymère du composant glénohuméral, et dans laquelle la surface articulaire convexe (11) du composant glénoïde (10) est définie sur une partie en céramique du composant glénoïde.
     
    9. Prothèse d'épaule selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, dans laquelle la surface articulaire concave (23 ; 123) du composant glénohuméral (20 ; 20' ; 120 ; 120') est définie sur une partie polymère du composant glénohuméral, et dans laquelle la surface articulaire convexe (11) du composant glénoïde (10) est définie sur une partie métallique du composant glénoïde.
     
    10. Prothèse d'épaule selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, dans laquelle la surface articulaire concave (23 ; 123) du composant glénohuméral (20 ; 20' ; 120 ; 120') est définie sur une partie en céramique du composant glénohuméral, et dans laquelle la surface articulaire convexe (11) du composant glénoïde (10) est définie sur une partie polymère du composant glénoïde.
     
    11. Prothèse d'épaule selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, dans laquelle la surface articulaire concave (23 ; 123) du composant glénohuméral (20 ; 20' ; 120 ; 120') est définie sur une partie métallique du composant glénohuméral, et dans laquelle la surface articulaire convexe (11) du composant glénoïde (10) est définie sur une partie polymère du composant glénoïde.
     
    12. Prothèse d'épaule selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, dans laquelle la surface articulaire concave (23 ; 123) du composant glénohuméral (20 ; 20' ; 120 ; 120') est définie sur une partie en céramique du composant glénohuméral, et dans laquelle la surface articulaire convexe (11) du composant glénoïde (10) est définie sur une partie en céramique du composant glénoïde.
     
    13. Prothèse d'épaule selon l'une quelconque des revendications 6, 10 et 12, dans laquelle la partie en céramique du composant glénohuméral (20 ; 20' ; 120 ; 120') est réalisée en pyrocarbone.
     
    14. Prothèse d'épaule selon l'une quelconque des revendications 8, 12 et 13, dans laquelle la partie en céramique du composant glénoïde (10) est réalisée en pyrocarbone.
     
    15. Prothèse d'épaule selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle le composant glénohuméral (20 ; 120') comprend une bride périphérique (22 ; 122') conçue pour venir en butée contre un bord (PH3) de la partie d'extremité (PH1) de l'humérus (H), le bord bordant la surface d'os (PH2) afin de limiter la plage d'articulation entre le composant glénohuméral et l'humérus.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description