(19)
(11)EP 3 333 906 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
10.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/24

(21)Application number: 15900074.4

(22)Date of filing:  06.08.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H01L 33/00(2010.01)
H01L 25/16(2006.01)
G09F 13/22(2006.01)
H01L 25/075(2006.01)
G09G 3/32(2016.01)
H01L 33/62(2010.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2015/086269
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/020300 (09.02.2017 Gazette  2017/06)

(54)

LED COMPONENT, LED PANEL AND LED DISPLAY SCREEN

LED-ELEMENT, LED-TAFEL UND LED-ANZEIGESCHIRM

COMPOSANT DEL, PANNEAU À DEL ET ÉCRAN D'AFFICHAGE À DEL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
13.06.2018 Bulletin 2018/24

(73)Proprietor: Lin, Yi
Shenzhen, Guangdong 518122 (CN)

(72)Inventor:
  • Lin, Yi
    Shenzhen, Guangdong 518122 (CN)

(74)Representative: de Arpe Fernandez, Manuel 
Arpe Patentes y Marcas, S.L.P. C/Proción, 7 Edif. América II Portal 2, 1° C
28023 Madrid-Aravaca
28023 Madrid-Aravaca (ES)


(56)References cited: : 
CN-A- 1 534 355
CN-U- 203 800 046
CN-U- 205 016 161
US-A1- 2007 295 975
US-A1- 2010 182 225
CN-A- 103 545 304
CN-U- 203 800 046
CN-Y- 2 817 077
US-A1- 2008 151 143
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to the field of LED display, and in particular relates to an an LED component, an LED panel and an LED display screen.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] Since the transparent light-emitting diode (LED) display screen is transparent with no obstacles in the line of sight and provides an outstanding display effect, it becomes more and more favored in the market and it is more and more widely applied in high-end places such as malls, airports, banks and luxury stores. However, due to the extreme complexity of a control circuit in the LED display screen, in order to achieve a good transparency, it needs not only to ensure that a basic logic circuit drives all the LED lights to work normally, but also to minimize the obstruction to line of sight caused by the hardware. The hardware includes a mechanical component, a printed circuit board (PCB), a plastic assembly and electronic components such as a driver integrated circuit (IC), LED lights. Thus, the higher the pixel density of the LED display screen is, the more difficult its transparency can be achieved. For example, the common package size of an LED light includes SMD3535 (outline dimension: 3.5mm×3.5mm), SMD3528 (outline dimension: 3.5mm×2.8mm) and SMD2121 (outline dimension: 2.1mm×2.1mm). Since the minimum package size of the driver IC of the LED display screen is 4mm×4mm, because of the non-transparent components and the complex interconnections among the logic circuits, it is essentially impossible to achieve a transparent LED display screen with a pixel pitch under 5mm.

    [0003] At present, a transparent LED display technology, which uses a transparent conducting film as the conducting and signal pattern layer to drive the LED chip, is available on the market. However, since the impedance of the transparent conducting film is much larger than that of copper foil for the conventional PCB, the width of the transparent conducting line needs to be made large so as to connect the driver IC with the LED chip using a circuit graph layer formed on the transparent conducting film. Therefore, it is hard to manufacture a transparent LED display screen with a high pixel density.

    [0004] An example of the prior art is described in US2010182225A1, which discloses a package structure of full-color LED with driving mechanism including an IC chip, a red LED dice, a green LED dice, a blue LED dice, and corresponding current limiting resistors. The IC chip has a driving mechanism to control the red LED dice, the green LED dice, and the blue LED dice. By the specific arrangement of these internal elements, the package structure generates full-color light with high resolution, compact structure and high mixing uniformity, and also achieves low cost and decreases usage of space.

    [0005] Another example of the prior art is described in US2007295975A1, which discloses a light-emitting device composed by integrating light-emitting diodes and a drive IC for driving these light-emitting diodes. The light-emitting device is characterized in that the drive IC has a built-in circuit for controlling the current value of each light-emitting diode or the current proportions of the light-emitting diodes at constant values. The adjustment of the intensities of the light beams emitted from the light-emitting diodes can be simplified, and no outside circuits for adjustment are needed.

    [0006] Another example of the prior art is described in CN103545304A, which discloses a structure and method for packaging a light-emitting diode and drive chips. The packaging structure comprises n drive chips, n light-emitting diode chip sets and a packaging substrate. The n light-emitting diode chip sets are connected to the surfaces of the corresponding n drive chips respectively in a one-to-one correspondence mode according to the COC packaging method. The n drive chips are packaged on the packaging substrate through COBs. The light-emitting diode chip sets include N light-emitting diode chips. Both n and N are integers larger than or equal to one.

    [0007] Yet another example of the prior art is described in CN203800046U, which discloses a combined diver board type LED packaging device including a drive chip, LED light-emitting chips, a packaging substrate and packaging adhesive. The packaging substrate is provided with a drive chip and four groups of LED light-emitting chips correspondingly. The drive chip is installed at the central portion of the upper surface of the rectangular packaging substrate. The four groups of LED light-emitting chips are distributed on four corners of the upper surface of the packaging substrate. Each group of LED light-emitting chips includes a red LED light-emitting chip, a green LED light-emitting chip and a blue LED light-emitting chip. The packaging adhesive covers the upper surface of the whole packaging device. After the packaging adhesive packaging process, an LED light-emitting device of which the pixel pitch is fixed is formed. The drive chip includes 12 drive output ports which can be adjusted independently, where the drive output ports are connected with the LED light-emitting chips in a one-to-one manner. The combined diver board type LED packaging device is suitable for a high-resolution LED display screen.

    SUMMARY



    [0008] The present invention provides an LED component, an LED panel and an LED display screen. Since the LED chips are stacked and mounted on the surface of the driver IC, and an opaque driver IC and a group of opaque LED chips are disposed in the same pixel, so as to decrease the shadowed area and improve the light transmittance of the LED display product.

    [0009] In order to achieve above design, the present invention is implemented as follows:

    [0010] In a first aspect, the present invention provides an LED pixel, which includes a driver IC and an LED chip; wherein the LED chip is stacked and mounted on a surface of the driver IC, and a wire going from a cathode of the LED chip is connected to the driver IC.

    [0011] The driver IC may be an unpackaged die; and an insulation layer is arranged on a surface of the die, and a pad arranged on the insulation layer is connected to a positive electrode, the LED chip is arranged on the pad, and an anode of the LED chip is electrically connected to the pad.

    [0012] A number of the LED chip may be three; and the wire a gold wire arranged by bonding.

    [0013] In a second aspect, the present invention provides an LED component, which includes: a composite layer, a plurality of driver ICs and a plurality of LED chips which are evenly arranged in length and breadth at the front side of the composite layer;

    [0014] the LED chips include a plurality of first LED chips, each of driver ICs corresponds to a group of the first LED chips, the driver ICs are arranged at the front side of the composite layer, and the first LED chips are stacked and mounted on surfaces of the driver ICs; a plurality of wires going from the cathodes of the respective LED chips are connected to the driver ICs; each of the driver ICs is connected with each other via a signal line.

    [0015] According to the invention, the LED chips further include a plurality of second LED chips; the second LED chips are mounted at the front side of the composite layer; a plurality of blind holes are opened at the front side of the composite layer, anodes of the second LED chips are connected to a positive electrode in the composite layer through the blind hole; a wire going from a VDD pin of each driver IC is connected to the positive electrode in the composite layer through one of the blind holes; a wire going from a GND pin of each driver IC is connected to a negative electrode in the composite layer through one of the blind holes.

    [0016] In an embodiment, the composite layer is a transparent composite layer, and the driver ICs are unpackaged dies, the wires and the signal lines are gold wires arranged by bonding.

    [0017] In an embodiment, the ratio of the number of the first LED chips to the number of the LED chips is 1:x, wherein x ∈ {2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9}.

    [0018] In an embodiment, the composite layer further includes a substrate, an electrode layer and a second insulation layer which are successively arranged;

    [0019] the electrode layer is provided with a positive electrode and a negative electrode, a plurality of blind holes are opened in the substrate, the blind holes go through the substrate and reach the positive electrode and the negative electrode.

    [0020] In an embodiment, the composite layer further includes a substrate, a first electrode layer, an first insulation layer, a second electrode layer and a second insulation layer, which are successively arranged; one of the first electrode layer and the second electrode layer is configured as the positive electrode and the other one is configured as the negative electrode; the blind holes comprise a first blind hole penetrating the substrate and reaching the positive electrode, and a second hole penetrating the substrate and reaching the negative electrode; the wire going from the anode of the each LED chip is connected to the positive electrode through the first blind hole; the wire going from the VDD pin of the driver IC is connected to the positive electrode through the first blind hole; the wire going from the GND pin of the each driver IC is connected to the negative electrode through the second blind hole.

    [0021] In an embodiment, the composite layer further includes a third insulation layer and a signal line layer, the signal line layer is insulated from the first electrode layer or the second electrode layer; the blind holes further comprise a third blind hole penetrating the substrate and reaching the signal line layer; the signal line is a signal pattern layer disposed in the signal line layer, and a wire going from a signal pin of the each driver IC is connected to the signal pattern layer through the third blind hole.

    [0022] In an embodiment, the composite layer includes at least two signal line layers and at least two third insulation layers.

    [0023] In an embodiment, a plurality of pads are arranged at the bottom of the blind holes, and the wires are electrically connected to the composite layer through the pads.

    [0024] In an embodiment, the LED chips and the driver ICs are mounted on the substrate by using chip-on-board (COB) process or chip-on-glass (COG) process, and the front side of the substrate is covered with the transparent sealing glue.

    [0025] In a third aspect, the present invention provides an LED panel, wherein the LED panel includes at least two LED components as described above.

    [0026] In a fourth aspect, the present invention provides an LED display screen, wherein the LED display screen includes the LED panel as described above.

    [0027] The beneficial effects of the present invention are as follow: the LED chips are stacked and mounted on the surface of the driver IC, and the opaque driver IC and a group of the opaque LED chips are disposed in the same pixel, which enables the direct driving to the LED chips, reducing the complexity of connections of the circuit, decreasing the shadowed area, and improving the light transmittance of the LED display product. Meanwhile, since the driver IC is a die of an extremely small size and connected with the second LED chips which evenly distributed around the driver IC by direct bonding in a shortest distance, avoiding the complexity of circuit connections between the driver IC and the LED chip in a conventional LED display screen. Therefore, the use of the transparent conducting material with a large resistance as the main signal conducting material may be avoided, thereby extremely simplifying the circuit design of transparent conducting graph layer.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0028] In order to make a clear description for the technical solutions in the present invention, a simple description about the drawings to be used in the present invention is given as follows. Apparently, the drawings hereafter merely illustrate configurations showing certain aspects, illustrative examples, or some embodiments of the present invention. For a person having ordinary skill in the art, other drawings may be achieved based on the contents of embodiments and drawings of the present invention without creative works.

    FIG. 1 is a structural diagram showing a light-emitting diode (LED) pixel according to a first illustrative example showing aspects of the present invention.

    FIG. 2 is a top view showing the LED pixel according to an illustrative configuration showing certain aspects of the present invention.

    FIG. 3 is a main view showing a second illustrative example of a LED component according to aspects of the present invention.

    FIG. 4 is a main view showing an arrangement of the LED chips in the first embodiment of the LED component according to the embodiments of the present invention.

    FIG. 5 is a main view showing another arrangement of the LED chips in the first embodiment of the LED component according to the embodiments of the present invention.

    FIG. 6 is a diagram showing the connections in an electrode layer in the first embodiment of the LED component according to the embodiments of the present invention.

    FIG. 7 is a main view showing an arrangement of the LED chips in the second embodiment of the LED component according to the embodiments of the present invention.

    FIG. 8 is a 3-dimensional view showing the line connections of the second embodiment in the LED component according to the embodiments of the present invention.

    FIG. 9 is a diagram showing the logic connections between the driver IC and the LED chips in the second embodiment of the LED component according to the embodiments of the present invention.

    FIG. 10 is an internal structure diagram of the second embodiment of the LED component according to the embodiments of the present invention.

    FIG. 11 is a partial enlarged diagram in position A of FIG. 10.

    FIG. 12 is a diagram showing the connections of the signal line layer in the second embodiment of the LED component according to the embodiments of the present invention.

    FIG. 13 is a main view showing another arrangement of the LED chips in the second embodiment of the LED component according to the embodiments of the present invention.

    FIG. 14 is a main view showing another arrangement of the LED chips in the second embodiment of the LED component according to the embodiments of the present invention.

    FIG. 15 is a main view showing another arrangement of the LED chips in the second embodiment of the LED component according to the embodiments of the present invention.

    FIG. 16 is a structural diagram showing a LED panel according to the embodiments of the present invention.

    10-composite layer; 11-substrate; 121-positive electrode; 122-negative electrode; 13-first insulation layer; 14-third insulation layer; 15-second insulation layer; 16-signal line layer; 20-driver IC; 30-pad; 31-wire; 40-LED chip; 41-first LED chip; 42-second LED chip.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0029] In order to make the technical problems, the technical solutions and the technical effects more clear, a description for the technical solutions in the present invention is given in combination with drawings. Based on embodiments of the present invention, other embodiments of the present invention may be achieved by those skilled in the art without creative works, and these embodiments fall into the scope of the protection of the present invention defined by the appended claims.

    First illustrative example



    [0030] FIG. 1 is a structural diagram showing a light-emitting diode (LED) pixel according to an illustrative example showing aspects of the present invention and FIG. 2 is a top view showing the LED pixel according to an illustrative example showing certain aspects of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, the LED pixel includes a driver IC 20 and a LED chip 40; the LED chip 40 is stacked and mounted on the surface of the driver IC 20, and a wire 31 going from the cathode of the LED chip 40 is connected to the driver IC 20.

    [0031] Further, the driver IC 20 is an unpackaged die; an insulation layer is disposed on the surface of the die, and a pad 30 arranged on the insulation layer is connected to the positive electrode 121, the LED chip 40 is arranged on the pad, the anode of the LED chip 40 is electrically connected to the pad 30.

    [0032] Further, the number of the LED chips 40 is three; and the wire is a gold wire arranged by bonding.

    [0033] In conventional LED display technology, one or more LED lights are arranged in each of the pixels to implement the display of a preset image. The large size of the LED lights results in the large pixels of the LED display screen in prior art, and the display effect is not exquisite. Furthermore, a high transmittance cannot be achieved due to the obstruction of the LED lights. In this technical solution, each pixel is implemented based on a tiny LED chip 40 rather than packaged LED lights. In the conventional technology, the LED chip 40 may be manufactured in a size of 0.15mm×0.15mm or even smaller, which enables a dense arrangement of the LED chips 40 and a pixel space under 4mm, and manufacturing of a transparent LED display screen of high density. Meanwhile, when an unpackaged die is used as the driver IC 20, since the size of the driver IC 20 is commonly under 2mm×2mm, and almost imperceptible to human eyes from a distance. Therefore, the gap between each of the pixels is big enough, so that the light transmittance may be improved. In the technical solution shown in FIG. 1, each pixel is provided with three LED chips 40, i.e., a red-color LED (R-LED) chip 40, a green-color LED (G-LED) chip 40 and a blue-color LED (B-LED) chip 40. When each pixel is provided with LED chips 40 in three colors, a full-color display is achieved. For another simple implementation, each of the driver ICs 20 is provided with an LED chip to perform the simplest LED display. The colors of the LED chips 40 are red, green, blue or white. The monochromatic LED display screen may be configured to display simple contents of a notice board, etc.

    Second illustrative example



    [0034] FIG. 3 is a main view showing the second illustrative example of a LED component according to aspects of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 3, the LED component includes a composite layer 10, multiple driver ICs 20 and multiple LED chips 40 which are evenly arranged in length and breadth at the front side of the composite layer 10;
    the LED chips 40 include multiple first LED chips 41, and each of the driver ICs 20 corresponds to a group of the first LED chips 41, and the drivers IC are mounted at the front side of the composite layer 10, and the first LED chips are stacked and mounted on surfaces of the driver ICs 20; wires going from the cathodes of the respective LED chips 40 are connected to the driver ICs 20; each of the driver ICs 20 is connected with each other via a signal line. The front side described in this technical solution refers to a side lied on the direction of light propagation when the light is emitted, and the direction of light propagation is taken as the reference of rear and front.

    [0035] In this example, each of the pixels includes the first LED chip 20 and the driver IC 20, and a group of the first LED chips 41 are stacked and mounted on the surface of the driver IC 20. In other words, all the LED chips 40 are the first LED chips 41 and need to be driven by the respective exclusive driver ICs 20.

    [0036] In this example, the LED chips 40 are arranged in an array, and the spacing between two adjacent rows is equal to the spacing between two adjacent columns.

    [0037] The composite layer 10 is a transparent composite layer. The composite layer 10 includes a lamination formed by multi-layers of the transparent conducting/insulating material materials. The transparent insulating material is for example glass, polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polycarbonate (PC), polyethylene (PE), acrylic; the transparent conducting material is for example acrylic conducting transparent glue, indium tin oxide (ITO) and indium zinc oxide (IZO). The transparent conductive material is attached on the insulating material by using methods such as deposition, sputtering, which is familiar to those skilled in the art.

    [0038] By providing a transparent composite layer in which a transparent conducting film and a transparent insulator are arranged, and the LED chips 40 and the driver ICs 20 are stacked and mounted at the front side of the transparent composite layer, the power supply and the signal of the LED chips 40 and the driver ICs 20 are transmitted via a transparent conductor in the internal of the transparent composite layer. Since the transparent insulator achieves the insulation between the transparent conductors in each layer, a full transparency is achieved in the area of the transparent composite layer except the driver ICs 20, further providing a LED display screen, the pixel spacing of which is in a range of 2mm to 4mm and the transparency is over 90%.

    [0039] The description of the LED component is mainly performed based on the implementation of the transparent composite layer. The driver ICs 20 are unpackaged dies, the wires 31 and the signal lines are gold wires arranged by bonding.

    [0040] Since the unpackaged die has a smaller structure than the packaged chip, a better transparency is achieved. The bonding process is widely used in conventional technologies, and no further descriptions are made here.

    [0041] In this LED component, the conducting film disposed in the composite layer 10 is responsible for the power supply of the LED chips 40 and the driver ICs 20; in the technical solution shown in FIG. 3, the driver ICs 20 are arranged one by one, and the signal transmission between the driver ICs 20 is achieved via the signal line at the front side of the composite layer 10. As shown in FIG. 15, the bonded gold wire between two driver ICs serves as the signal line for communication.

    [0042] The LED chips 40 and the driver ICs 20 are mounted on the substrate 11 by using the chip-on-board (COB) process or the chip-on-glass (COG) process.

    [0043] The front side of the substrate 11 is covered with the transparent sealing glue. In general, the transparent sealing glue is made of one material of the group consisting of polyurethane,, epoxy resin, polyethylene vinyl acetate (PEVA).

    [0044] The COB process, the COG process and sealing process are widely used in conventional technologies, and no further descriptions are made here.

    The first embodiment



    [0045] Referring to FIG. 4, FIG. 4 is a main view showing an arrangement of the LED chips in the first embodiment of the LED component according to the embodiments of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 4, the LED chips 40 further include multiple second LED chips 42; the second LED chips 42 are mounted at the front side of the composite layer 10; blind holes are opened at the front side of the composite layer 10, and pads 30 are arranged at the bottom of the blind holes, and a wire 31 going from the anode of each second LED chip 42 is connected to a pad 30 so as to connect with positive electrode 121 in the internal of the composite layer 10; a wire 31 going from the VDD pin of each driver IC 20 is connected to a positive electrode 121 in the composite layer through one of the blind holes; a wire 31 going from the GND pin of the each driver IC 20 is connected to a negative electrode 122 in the composite layer 10 through one of the blind holes.

    [0046] As shown in FIG. 4, each of the driver ICs 20 is configured to drive a group of the first LED chips 41 and a group of the second LED chips 42 adjacent to the group of the first LED chips 41. In other words, a working unit includes two pixels and a driver IC 20, and one of the pixels is stacked on the driver IC 20. This arrangement takes full use of the pins and signal processing ability of the driver IC 20, and reduces the waste of the performance of the driver IC 20. Further, FIG. 5 is a main view showing another arrangement of the LED chips in the first embodiment of the LED component according to the according to the embodiments of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 5, each of the driver ICs 20 is configured to drive a group of the first LED chips 41 and two groups of the second LED chips 42. The group of the first LED chips 41 is arranged between the two groups of the second LED chips 42, and the second LED chips 42 and driver IC 20 are connected via the bonded gold wires. The two arrangements described here, as well as the arrangement in the former example, are relatively simple, since the driver ICs 20 may be configured one by one, and the signal lines between the driver ICs 20 may be bonded gold wires.

    [0047] For the distribution of electrode in the internal of the transparent composite layer, referring to FIG. 6, the composite layer 10 includes a substrate 11, an electrode layer and a second insulation layer 15, which are successively arranged;
    the electrode layer is provided with a positive electrode 121 and a negative electrode 122. Multiple blind holes are opened in the composite layer 10, which penetrate the substrate 11 and reach the positive electrode 121 or the negative electrode 122.

    [0048] The shadowed part shown in FIG.6 is the distribution area of the electrode layer. In order to enable the driver ICs 20 and the LED chips 40 to work, the positive electrode layer 121 and the negative electrode layer 122 are required for the power supply. Two independent electrodes (the positive electrode layer 121 and the negative electrode layer 122) are disposed on the insulation layer, and the positive electrode layer 121 and the negative electrode layer 122 may be seemed to be juxtaposed in the same layer, but the positive electrode layer 121 and the negative electrode layer 122 are isolated and working independently. The thickness of the electrode layer made by the transparent conductor is extremely small, and in order to reduce the resistance during power supply, the width of the electrode layer is commonly configured to be relative large.

    [0049] The blind holes opened at the substrate 11 reach the positive electrode 121 and the negative electrode 122. The VDD pins and the GND pins of the driver ICs 20 are respectively connected to the positive electrode 121 and the negative electrode 122 via the blind holes; certainly, the anodes of the second LED chips 42 are connected to the positive electrode 121 via the blind holes. It is more convenient for the anodes of the first LED chips 41 to connect to the positive electrode 121 through the VDD pins of the driver ICs 20.

    [0050] For connection relationship among the driver ICs 20, the LED chips 42 and the internal of the composite layer, in order to ensure connection effect, pads 30 may arranged at the bottom of all the blind holes, i.e., the driver ICs 20 and the LED chips 42 are connected to the corresponding conducting layer through the pads 30. The wire 31 and the signal line are all gold wires arranged by bonding. The gold wires have a tiny diameter and are almost imperceptible to human eyes. The connections between the LED chips 42 and the driver ICs 20, the connections between the LED chips 30 and the internal of the composite layer 10 and the connections between the drives ICs 20 and the internal of the composite layer 10 are achieved via the gold wires.

    [0051] Further, the positive electrode 121 and the negative electrode 122 may be arranged in two parallel layers, which are insulated by an insulation layer. The composite layer 10 includes a substrate 11, a first electrode layer, a first insulation layer 13, a second electrode layer and a second insulation layer 15, which are successively arranged; one the first electrode layer and the second electrode layer is configured as a positive electrode 121 and the other is configured as a negative 122 electrode; the blind holes include a first blind hole penetrating the substrate 11 and reaching the positive electrode 121, a second blind hole penetrating the substrate 11 and reaching the positive electrode 122; the wire 31 going from the anode of the each LED chip 30 is connected to the positive electrode 121 via the first blind hole; the wire 31 going from the VDD pin of the each driver IC 20 is connected to the positive electrode 121 via the first blind hole; the wire going from the GND pin of the each driver IC 20 is connected to the negative electrode 122 via the second blind hole. The first LED chips 41 are arranged on the driver ICs 20 and are powered through the driver ICs; the second LED chips 42 are arranged at the front side of the composite layer 10. Pads 30 are disposed on the composite layer 10, and then the pads 30 are connected to the electrode layer via the wires 31; on the pads 30, the manner in which the LED chips 40 are connected may be selected according to the structural characteristics of the LED chips 40. For example, an anode of an R-LED chip may be connected into the circuit once being welded to the pad; and a G-LED chip may be connected into the circuit through a wire 30 which connects the anode of the G-LED to the pad 30 beneath the G-LED. The wire 31 going from the VDD pin of the each driver IC 20 is connected to the positive electrode 121 via the first blind hole, and the wire 31 going from the GND pin of the each driver IC 20 is connected to the negative electrode 122 via the second blind hole. The relative positions of the positive electrode 121 and the negative electrode 122 are not strictly limited and merely needs to provide power supply to each electronic component.

    [0052] It should be noted that, the LED chip 40 may be mounted on the pad 30 using flip chip technology, in such a way that the process of gold wires bonding may partially reduce. Since the flip chip technology is known to those skilled in the art, and no repetitions are made here.

    The second embodiment



    [0053] Reference is made to FIG. 7 to FIG. 12. FIG. 7 is a main view showing an arrangement of the LED chips in the second embodiment of the LED component according to the embodiments of the present invention; FIG. 8 is a 3-dimensional view showing the line connections of the second embodiment in the LED component according to the embodiments of the present invention; FIG. 9 is a diagram showing the logic connections between the driver IC and the LED chips in the second embodiment of the LED component according to the embodiments of the present invention; FIG. 10 is an internal structure diagram of the second embodiment of the LED component according to the embodiments of the present invention; FIG. 11 is a partial enlarged diagram in the position A of FIG. 10; and FIG. 12 is a diagram showing the connections of the signal line layer in the second embodiment of the LED component according to the embodiments of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 7 and FIG. 8, the ratio between the number of the first LED chips 41 to the number of the LED chips 40 is 1:9. That is, each of the driver ICs 20 is configured to drive a group of the first LED chips 41 and eight groups of the second LED chips 42. At this moment, the driving relationship between the driver ICs 20 and the LED chips 40 is shown in FIG. 9. While the problem of this distribution is that the driver ICs 20 cannot be adjacently arranged, and if the signal lines are made by the gold wires, not only a large span occurs, but also the phenomenon of short-circuiting between different wires is observed. Therefore, the transmission of signals is achieved by employing the internal structure shown in FIG. 10, as shown in FIG. 10 and FIG. 11.

    [0054] The composite layer 10 includes a substrate 11, a first electrode layer, a first insulation layer 13, a second electrode layer and a second insulation layer 15, which are successively arranged; one of the first electrode layer and the second electrode layer is configured as a positive electrode 121 and the other one is configured as a negative electrode 122; the blind holes include a first blind hole penetrating the substrate 11 and reaching the positive electrode 121, and a second blind hole penetrating the substrate 11 and reaching the positive electrode 122; the wire 31 going from the anode of each LED chip 40 is connected to the positive electrode 121 via the first blind hole; the wire 31 going from the VDD pin of each driver IC 20 is connected to the positive electrode 121 via the first blind hole; the wire going from the GND pin of each driver IC 20 is connected to the negative electrode 122 via the second blind hole.

    [0055] The composite layer 10 further includes a third insulation layer 14 and a signal line layer 16 insulated from the first electrode layer or the second electrode layer; the blind holes further comprise a third blind hole penetrating the substrate 11 and reaching the signal line layer 16; the signal line is a signal pattern layer disposed in the signal line layer 16, and the wire going from the signal pin of each driver IC is connected to the signal pattern layer via the third blind hole.

    [0056] As shown in FIG. 12, since the communications between the driver ICs 20 merely needs a small number of signals, signal patterns with a relative large width and mutual-isolated are disposed in the transparent conducting film, in such a way that the potential decreasing caused by the large resistance of the transparent conductive film is avoided and signal distortion is avoided. In this embodiment, each driver IC 20 has a signal input pin SDI and a signal output pin SDO. The driver ICs 20 are connected in sequence. The output of the light-emitting module, on which the driver ICs 20 are arranged as shown in FIG. 12, corresponds to the input of a next light-emitting module, thereby delivering the signal to the next light-emitting module. According to the functions of the driver IC 20, if there are a lot of communication signals between the driver ICs 20, e.g., in a case of the CLK input and the OE input, a single signal line layer 16 may be unable to satisfy the requirement for communication signals. Therefore, at least two signal line layers 16 and at least two third insulation layers 14 may be disposed. Each of signal lines may form a signal line layer 16, which is insulated from other conducting layers via a third insulation layer 14. In practical arrangement, the positive electrode 121, the negative electrode 122 and two signal line layers 16 do not have the order for before and after in absolute sense and only needs to be insulated from each other by the insulation layers, and the positive electrode 121, the negative electrode 122 and two signal line layers 16 may be connected to corresponding components through the blind holes. The signal line layer 16 is not obliged to be disposed at the last layer, that is, the positive electrode 121, the negative electrode 122 and two signal line layers 16 may be randomly arranged and only needs to be insulated from each other by the insulation layers.

    [0057] Certainly, the arrangement of the LED chips of above embodiments and other arrangements of the LED chips which are not described in detail may achieve the signal transmission through a built-in signal line layer 16.

    [0058] Further, as shown in FIG. 13, FIG. 14 and FIG. 15, a driver IC 20 may correspond to four, five or six groups of the LED chips 40. Actually, the configuration that a driver IC 20 corresponds to seven or eight groups of the LED chips 40 is also achievable and is a little more complex than the preferred implementation. The gold wires connecting the driver IC 20 and the distant LED chips 40 needs to cross the nearby LED chips 40, which can be implemented.

    [0059] It should be noted that, in FIG. 14, a driver IC 20 drives five groups of the LED chips 40, each group including three LED chips 40, and the positions of the LEDs driven by the adjacent two driver ICs 20 interlace, the practical meaning of this driving manner lies in that, since the common driver IC 20 has 16 output channels to drive the LED chips 40, when the driver IC 20 drives five groups of the LED chips 40, 15 channels are needed; when the driver IC 20 drives 2×3 groups of the LED chips 40, 18 channels are needed, thus 16 channels are not enough. Certainly, if 2×1 groups of the LED chips 40 are to be driven, the driver IC 20 with 18 channels may be manufactured.

    [0060] In above embodiments, the LED chips 40 are all disposed on the pads 30. For example, as shown in FIG. 10, the R-LED chip 40 of the second LED chip 42 is mounted on a first pad corresponding to the first blind hole by bonding with silver glue; the G-LED chip and the B-LED chip are mounted on a first pad corresponding to the first blind hole by bonding with insulating glue, and anodes of the G-LED chip and the B-LED chip are connected to the first pad by bonding with gold wires, and then the first pad is electrically connected to an electrode layer.

    [0061] Since the pad 30 and the LED chip 40 are not transparent, the mounting of the LED chip 40 on the pad 30 may improve the transparency, and the non-transparent pad 30 may further prevent the light of the LED chip 40 from propagating towards the rear side of the screen through the composite layer 10. When this technical solution is applied in the architecture, the affection of the light of the screen to the indoor space may be effectively eliminated. Meanwhile, the pad 30 as a mechanical component made of metallic may provide a good heat dissipation for the LED chip 40.

    [0062] It should be noted that, the arrangement of the LED chip 40 on the pad 30 is not a specified implementation of the arrangement of a LED chip 40. For the blind holes in any arrangement of the LED chip 40, the design effect in this embodiment may be achieved by arranging the LED chip 40 on the corresponding pad 30.

    [0063] The present embodiment further provides a LED panel, including at least two aforementioned LED components, and the arrangement of these LED components is shown in FIG. 16.

    [0064] The LED components may be successively connected in a "zigzag" manner to form a unidirectional signal link. Alternatively, each of LED components may also be connected to the signal bus to receive the signal.

    [0065] Finally, a LED display screen is further provided. The LED display screen includes the LED panel as shown in FIG. 16.

    [0066] Above is the description for the technical principle of the present invention in combination with optional embodiments.

    [0067] And these descriptions are aimed at explaining the principle of the present invention, and these descriptions may not be explained to limit the scope of the protection of the present invention. Based on the explanations herein, other embodiments of the present invention may be achieved by those skilled in the prior art without creative works, and these embodiments, insofar they are defined by the appended claims, are falling into the scope of the protection of the present invention.


    Claims

    1. A LED component, characterized by comprising: a composite layer (10), a plurality of driver ICs (20) and a plurality of LED chips (40) which are evenly arranged in length and breadth at the front side of the composite layer (10);

    wherein the LED chips (40) comprise a plurality of first LED chips (41), each of the driver ICs (20) corresponds to a group of the first LED chips (41), the driver ICs (20) are arranged at the front side of the composite layer (10), and the first LED chips (41) are stacked and mounted on surfaces of the driver ICs (20); a plurality of wires going from cathodes of the respective LED chips (40) are connected to the driver ICs (20); each of the driver ICs (20) is connected with each other via a signal line;

    wherein the LED chips (40) comprise a plurality of second LED chips (42); the second LED chips (42) are mounted at the front side of the composite layer (10); a plurality of blind holes are opened at the front side of the composite layer (10), anodes of the second LED chips (42) are connected to a positive electrode (121) in the composite layer (10); a wire (31) going from a VDD pin of each driver IC (20) is connected to the positive electrode (121) in the composite layer (10) through one of the blind holes; a wire (31) going from a GND pin of the each driver IC (20) is connected to a negative electrode (122) in the composite layer (10) through one of the blind holes.


     
    2. The LED component according to claim 1, wherein the composite layer (10) is a transparent composite layer, and the driver ICs (20) are unpackaged dies, the wires (31) and the signal line are gold wires arranged by bonding.
     
    3. The LED component according to claim 1, wherein the ratio of the number of the first LED chips (41) to the number of the LED chips (40) is 1:x, where x∈{2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9}.
     
    4. The LED component according to claim 3, wherein the composite layer (10) further comprises a substrate (11), an electrode layer and a second insulation layer (15) which are successively arranged;
    the electrode layer is provided with a positive electrode (121) and a negative electrode (122), a plurality of blind holes are opened in the substrate (11), the blind holes go through the substrate (11) and reach the positive electrode (121) and the negative electrode (122).
     
    5. The LED component according to claim 3, wherein the composite layer (10) further comprises a substrate (11), a first electrode layer, an first insulation layer (13), a second electrode layer and a second insulation layer (15), which are successively arranged; one of the first electrode layer and the second electrode layer is configured as the positive electrode (121) and the other one is configured as the negative electrode (122); the blind holes comprise a first blind hole penetrating the substrate (11) and reaching the positive electrode (121), and a second hole penetrating the substrate (11) and reaching the negative electrode (122); the wire (31) going from the anode of the each LED chip (40) is connected to the positive electrode (121) through the first blind hole; the wire (31) going from the VDD pin of the each driver IC (20) is connected to the positive electrode (121) through the first blind hole; the wire (31) going from the GND pin of the each driver IC is connected to the negative electrode (122) through the second blind hole.
     
    6. The LED component according to claim 5, wherein the composite layer (10) further comprises a third insulation layer (14) and a signal line layer (16), the signal line layer (16) is insulated from the first electrode layer or the second electrode layer; the blind holes further comprise a third blind hole penetrating the substrate (11) and reaching the signal line layer (16); the signal line is a signal pattern layer disposed in the signal line layer (16), and a wire (31) going from a signal pin of the each driver IC (20) is connected to the signal pattern layer through the third blind hole.
     
    7. The LED component according to claim 6, wherein the composite layer (10) comprises at least two signal line layers (16) and at least two third insulation layers (14).
     
    8. The LED component according to claim 1, wherein a plurality of pads (30) are arranged at the bottom of the blind holes, and the wires (31) are electrically connected to the composite layer (10) through the pads (30).
     
    9. The LED component according to claim 5, wherein the LED chips (40) and the driver ICs (20) are mounted on the substrate (11) by using chip-on-board (COB) process or chip-on-glass (COG) process, and the front side of the substrate (11) is covered with transparent sealing glue.
     
    10. A LED panel, characterized in that the LED panel comprises at least two LED components according to any one of claims 1 to 9.
     
    11. A LED display screen, characterized in that the LED display comprises an LED panel according to claim 10.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Eine LED-Komponente dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie Folgendes umfasst: eine Verbundschicht (10), vielfache Treiber-ICs (20) und vielfache LED-Chips (40), die gleichmässig in der Länge und Breite an der Vorderseite der Verbundschicht (10) angeordnet sind;
    wobei die LED-Chips (40) vielfache erste LED-Chips (41) aufweisen, jeder der Treiber-ICs (20) einer Gruppe der ersten LED-Chips (41) entsprechen, die Treiber ICs auf der Vorderseite der Verbundschicht (10) angeordnet sind und die ersten LED-Chips (41) an der Oberfläche der Treiber ICs (20) übereinander angeordnet und montiert sind; velfache Kabel ausgehend von Kathoden der entsprechenden LED-Chips (40) an die Treiber ICs (20) angeschlossensind; alle Treiber ICs (20) untereinander über eine Signalleitung verbunden sind;
    wobei die LED-Chips (40) vielfache zweite LED-Chips (42) umfassen; die zweiten LED-Chips (42) an der Vorderseite der Verbundschicht (10) montiert sind; vielfache Sacklöcher an der Vorderseite der Verbundschicht (10) offen sind, Anoden der zweiten LED-Chips (42) an eine positive Elektrode (121) in der Verbundschicht (10) angeschlossen) sind; ein Kabel (31), das von einem VDD-Stift eines jeden Treiber ICs (20) ausgeht, an eine positive Elektrode (121) in der Verbundschicht (10) über eins der Sacklöcher angeschlossen ist; ein Kabel (31), das von einem GND-Stift eines jeden Treiber ICs (20) ausgeht, an eine negative Elektrode (122) in der Verbundschicht (10) über eins der Sacklöcher angeschlossen ist;
     
    2. Die LED-Komponente gemäss Anspruch 1, bei der die Verbundschicht (10) eine durchsichtige Verbundschicht ist, und die Treiber ICs (20) ungekapselte Plättchen, die Kabel (31) und die Signalleitungen Golddrähte sind, die in einer unlösbaren Verbindung angeordnet sind.
     
    3. Die LED-Komponente gemäss Anspruch 1, bei der das Verhältnis der Anzahl der ersten LED-Chips (41) zu der Anzahl der LED-Chips (40) 1:x ist, wobei x ∈ {2, 3, 4, 4, 6, 9} ist.
     
    4. Die LED-Komponente gemäss Anspruch 3, bei der die Verbundschicht (10) weiterhin ein Substrat (11), eine Elektrodenschicht und eine zweite Isolierungsschicht (15) umfasst, die aufeinanderfolgend angeordnet sind;
    Die Elektrodenschicht ist mit einer positiven Elektrode (121) und einer negativen Elektrode (122) versehen, eine Vielzahl an Sacklöchern sind in dem Substrat (11) geöffnet, die Sacklöcher gehen durch das Substrat (11) und reichen bis zu der positive Elektrode (121) und der negative Elektrode (122).
     
    5. Die LED-Komponente gemäss Anspruch 3, bei der die Verbundschicht (10) ausserdem ein Substrat (11), eine erste Elektrodenschicht, ein erste Isolierungsschicht (13), eine zweite Elektrodenschicht und eine zweite Isolierunsschicht (15) umfasst, die aufeinander folgend angeordenet sind; eine der beiden Elektrodenschichten, die Erste oder Zweite, ist als positive Elektrode (121) gestaltet und die andere ist als negative Elektrode (122) gestaltet; die Sacklöcher umfassen ein erstes, in das Substrat (11) eindringendes Sackloch, das bis zur positiven Elektrode (121) reicht, und ein zweites in das Substrat (11) eindringendes Loch, das bis zur negativen Elektrode (122) reicht; das Kabel (31), das von der Anode eines jeden LED-Chips (40) ausgeht, ist an die positive Elektrode (121) durch das erste Sackloch angeschlossen; das Kabel (31), das vom VDD-Stift eines jeden Treiber ICs (20) ausgeht, ist an die positive Elektrode (121) durch das erste Sackloch angeschlossen; das Kabel (31), das vom GND-Stift eines jeden Treiber ICs ausgeht, ist an die negative Elektrode (122) durch das zweite Sachloch angeschlossen.
     
    6. Die LED-Komponente gemäss Anspruch 5, bei der die Verbundschicht (10) weiterhin eine dritte Isolierungsschicht (14 und eine Signalleitungsschicht (16) umfasst, Signalleitungsschicht (16), die gegenüber der ersten Elektrodenschicht oder der zweiten Elektrodenschicht isoliert ist; die Sacklöcher umfassen ausserdem ein drittes Sackloch, das in das Substrat (11) eindringt und bis zur Signalleitungsschicht (16) reicht; die Signalleitung ist eine Signalmusterschicht, die in der Signalleitungsschicht (16) angeordnet ist und ein Kabel (31), das von einem Signalstift eines jeden Treiber ICs (20) ausgeht, ist an die Signalmusterschicht durch das dritte Sackloch angeschlossen.
     
    7. Die LED-Komponente gemäss Anspruch 6, bei der die Verbundschicht (10) mindestens zwei Signalleitungsschichten (16) umd mindestens zwei dritte Isolierungsschichten (14) umfasst.
     
    8. Die LED-Komponente gemäss Anspruch 1, bei der eine Vielzahl an Pads (30) am Boden der Sacklöcher angeordenet sind und die Kabel (31) elektrisch mit der Verbundschicht (10) durch die PADs (30) verbunden sind.
     
    9. Die LED-Komponente gemäss Anspruch 5, bei der die LED-Chips (40) und die Treiber ICs (20) auf dem Substrat (11) unter Anwendung des Chip-on-board (COB) Verfahrens oder Chip-on-glass (COG) Verfahrens montiert sind, und die Vorderseite des Substrats (11) ist mit durchsichtiger Dichtmasse bedeckt.
     
    10. Eine LED-Platte, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die LED-Platte mindestens zwei LED-Komponenten übereinstimmend mit irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1 bis 9 umfasst.
     
    11. Ein LED-Bildschirm, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die LED-Anzeige eine LED-Platte übereinstimmend mit Anspruch 10 umfasst.
     


    Revendications

    1. Une pièce LED, caractérisée en ce qu'elle comprend : une couche composite (10), une série de CI (circuits intégrés) de commande (20) et une série de puces LED (40) qui sont disposées uniformément quant à la longueur et à la largeur sur la partie frontale de la couche composite (10) ;
    où les puces LED (40) comprennent une série de premières puces LED (41) ; chaque CI de commande (20) correspondant à un groupe de premières puces LED (41), les CI de commande (20) sont disposés sur la partie frontale de la couche composite (10), et les premières puces LED (41) sont empilées et montées sur les surfaces des CI de commande (20) ; une série de câbles allant des cathodes des puces LED respectives (40) sont connectés aux CI de commande (20) ; les CI de commande (20) sont mutuellement connectés au travers d'une ligne de signaux ;
    où les puces LED (40) comprennent une série de deuxièmes puces LED (42) ; les deuxièmes puces LED (42) sont montées sur la partie frontale de la couche composite (10) ; une série de trous borgnes sont ouverts sur la partie frontale de la couche composite (10), des anodes des deuxièmes puces LED (42) sont connectées à une électrode positive (121) dans la couche composite (10) ; un câble (31) allant de la broche VDD de chaque CI de commande (20) est connecté à l'électrode positive (121) dans la couche composite (10) au travers de l'un des trous borgnes ; un câble (31) allant d'une broche GND de chaque CI de commande (20) est connecté à une électrode négative (122) dans la couche composite (10) au travers d'un des trous borgnes.
     
    2. La pièce LED conformément à la revendication 1, où la couche composite (10) est une couche composite transparente et les CI de commande (20) sont des puces nues ; les câbles (31) et la ligne de signaux sont des fils d'or agencés par collage.
     
    3. La pièce LED conformément à la revendication 1, où le rapport entre le nombre des premières puces LED (41) et le nombre de puces LED (40) est 1:x, où x ∈ {2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9}.
     
    4. La pièce LED conformément à la revendication 3, où la couche composite (10) comprend en outre un substrat (11), une couche d'électrode et une deuxième couche isolante (15) qui sont disposées successivement ;
    la couche d'électrode comprend une électrode positive (121) et une électrode négative (122); une série de trous borgnes sont ouverts dans le substrat (11), où les dits trous borgnes traversent le substrat (11) et atteignent l'électrode positive (121) et l'électrode négative (122).
     
    5. La pièce LED conformément à la revendication 3, où la couche composite (10) comprend en outre un substrat (11), une première couche d'électrode, une première couche isolante (13), une deuxième couche d'électrode et une deuxième couche isolante (15), qui sont disposées successivement ; l'une des premières couches d'électrode ou bien la deuxième couche d'électrode est configurée comme l'électrode positive (121) et l'autre est configurée comme l'électrode négative (122) ; les trous borgnes comprennent un premier trou borgne qui pénètre le substrat (11) et atteint l'électrode positive (121), et un deuxième trou borgne qui pénètre le substrat (11) et atteint l'électrode négative (122) ; le câble (31) allant de l'anode de chaque puce LED (40) est connecté à l'électrode positive (121) au travers du premier trou borgne ; le câble (31) allant de la broche VDD de chaque CI de commande (20) est connecté à l'électrode positive (121) au travers du premier trou borgne; le câble (31) allant the la broche GND de chaque CI de commande est connecté à l'électrode négative (122) au travers du deuxième trou borgne.
     
    6. La pièce LED conformément à la revendication 5, où la couche composite (10) comprend en outre une troisième couche isolante (14) et une couche de ligne de signaux (16) ; la couche de ligne de signaux (16) est isolée de la première couche d'électrode ou de la deuxième couche d'électrode ; les trous borgnes comprennent en outre un troisième trou borgne qui pénètre le substrat (11) et atteint la couche de ligne de signaux (16) ; la ligne de signaux est une couche de modèle de signaux disposée sur la couche de ligne de signaux (16) ; et un câble (31) allant d'une puce de signaux de chaque CI de commande (20) est connecté à la couche de modèle de signaux au travers du troisième trou borgne.
     
    7. La pièce LED conformément à la revendication 6, où la couche composite (10) comprend au moins deux couches de ligne de signaux (16) et au moins deux troisièmes couches isolantes (14).
     
    8. La pièce LED conformément à la revendication 1, où la série de plaquettes (30) sont disposées sur la partie inférieure des trous borgnes, et les câbles (31) sont connectés électriquement à la couche composite (10) au travers des plaquettes (30).
     
    9. La pièce LED conformément à la revendication 5, où les puces LED (40) et les CI de commande (20) sont montés sur le substrat (11) en utilisant un procédé COB (chip-on-board) ou un procédé COG (chip-on-glass), et la partie frontale du substrat (11) est couverte par une colle d'étanchéité transparente.
     
    10. Un panneau LED caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend au moins deux pièces LED conformément à l'une des revendications 1 à 9.
     
    11. Un écran d'affichage LED caractérisé en ce que l'écran LED comprend un panneau LED conformément à la revendication 10.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description