(19)
(11)EP 3 334 486 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
12.08.2020 Bulletin 2020/33

(21)Application number: 15775011.8

(22)Date of filing:  13.08.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A61M 16/08(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/TR2015/050066
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/026951 (16.02.2017 Gazette  2017/07)

(54)

COAXIAL AND DOUBLE LUMEN BREATHING CIRCUIT SYSTEMS HAVING A LUNG PRESSURE MEASUREMENT PORT AND CLOSED SYSTEM WATER TRAP WHICH CAN BE DRAINED WITH AN INJECTOR

KOAXIALE UND DOPPELLUMIGE ATEMKREISLAUFSYSTEME MIT EINEM LUNGENDRUCKMESSUNGSANSCHLUSS UND WASSERFALLE MIT GESCHLOSSENEM SYSTEM, DIE MIT EINEM INJEKTOR DRAINIERT WERDEN KANN

SYSTÈMES DE CIRCUIT RESPIRATOIRE COAXIAL ET À DOUBLE CONDUITE AYANT UN ORIFICE DE MESURE DE PRESSION PULMONAIRE ET UN PIÈGE À EAU EN SYSTÈME FERMÉ QUI PEUT ÊTRE DRAINÉ PAR UN INJECTEUR


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
20.06.2018 Bulletin 2018/25

(73)Proprietors:
  • MEDITERA TIBBI MALZEME SANAYI VE TICARET ANONIM SIRKETI
    Tire/Izmir (TR)
  • Sevincli, Atilla
    Izmir (TR)

(72)Inventor:
  • SEVINCLI, Atilla
    Konak/Izmir (TR)

(74)Representative: Kayahan, Senem et al
Yalciner Patent and Consulting Ltd. Tunus Cad. No: 85/3-4 Kavaklidere Cankaya
06680 Ankara
06680 Ankara (TR)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2014/165116
US-A- 4 867 153
US-A1- 2010 122 702
DE-A1- 3 823 242
US-A- 5 404 873
US-A1- 2014 150 794
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field to which the Invention is related to



    [0001] The invention subject to the application is related to double lumen and coaxial breathing circuit systems that have been redesigned with a lung pressure measurement port at the patient side and with closed system water trap that have been designed having inkwell shapes, which can be drained with an injector and a needleless apparatus that has been placed into the port, wherein said drainage luer port is located at the bottom of the bottle, which comprises a fluid collected at the water trap bottle section during usage wherein said water can be drained without opening the trap.

    Known State of the Art (Prior Art)



    [0002] Nowadays mechanical ventilation is applied using a ventilation device in order to provide sufficient oxygen to the blood in case of difficulty in breathing during operations or in intensive care units. An anaesthesia device is used however during operations to perform anaesthesia procedures. The systems which provide gas flow between the patient and the devices are called anaesthesia and ventilation circuits. The circuits are formed of generally three types such as double tube (conventional), coaxial double tube (coaxial) and single tube divided into two with a membrane (double lumen).

    [0003] As a result of excretions received from the respiratory system of the patient under anaesthesia or using mechanical ventilation and condensation of the water vapour, fluids that may have infection risks are collected at the expiratory side of the tubes that constitute the breathing circuits. Besides this, fluid accumulation is formed in the inspiratory line of the breathing circuit as the certain rate of breath received from the patient is present inside the anaesthetic gas that is applied to the patient during low flow rate anaesthesia.

    [0004] In intensive care units breathing circuits are applied to the patients for long periods of time. As the air received from ventilation devices is dry and cold, the air supplied to the patient needs to be humidified and heated in order for the respiratory tract of the patient not to be damaged. When the heated and humidified air is exposed to the cold atmosphere of the intensive care unit, water condensation occurs.

    [0005] Accumulated fluid cause resistance against the air flow from the breathing circuit tubes. For this reason a water trap is required in order to prevent the accumulation of fluid in anaesthesia circuits during long duration operations for circuits used for anaesthesia, and to retain fluids received from the patient and the humidity that has condensated in breathing circuits used in intensive care units. In conventional circuits water trap are provided.

    [0006] Water trap mechanism is not provided in the present double lumen breathing circuits. As the standard water traps cannot be used in double lumen breathing circuits due to the design of the leg part that is used to attach water traps to the breathing circuit tubes, the water that accumulates at the tube of double lumen breathing tube cannot be drained from the mid section of the tube where it accumulates the most. The present double lumen breathing circuits are therefore not being used in intensive care units, and during the anaesthesia applied in long duration operations, due to fluid accumulation problem in both expiratory and the inspiratory line.

    [0007] Conventional water traps are installed at the point of the tube (expiratory line) where it is coupled to the anaesthesia device, wherein the breath of the patient is transferred from said tube; in order to prevent the flow of water to the anaesthesia device from the double lumen breathing circuits.

    [0008] While the patient is taken to the intensive care unit following an operation the double lumen breathing system that has been used during operation for anaesthesia is replaced as it does not comprise a water trap with a breathing circuit comprising a water trap. This causes extra costs for the hospital. As the water traps that are used in the intensive care unit fill up with water, the bottle located below the system is opened by a nurse and the fluid is discharged. During this procedure, as the breathing system remains open to the external environment when the bottle of the water trap is opened, the risk of the nurse to be infected from the patient and the risk of the patient to be infected from both the external environment and the nurse is present.

    [0009] The lung pressure measurement port, is located at the line where the breath of the patient passes through in conventional breathing circuits and the port enables to determine if the required pressure difference for the patient to be able to breath is formed or not and if the patient perform carbon dioxide re-breathing or not. Lung pressure measurement cannot be carried out in the present double lumen and coaxial breathing circuits, as the present structure of the I connector of these breathing circuits remaining at the side that is connected to the patient is not suitable.

    [0010] The patent document numbered US2010122702 (A1) of the known state of the art is related to an inner gas channel (3) which separates condensate and a co-axial tube system having an outer gas channel (4). The first fluid channel (10), has been arranged between an inner gas channel and a first collection volume (8) and the second fluid channel (11) has been arranged between the outer gas channel (4) and the second collection volume (9). The collection units (8,9) are together with a fluid collection bottle (6) having partitions (7) between them. It has been ensured that the water trap is not opened manually in the related patent and that the water is discharged periodically by means of vacuum created via a connection from the top of the retainer. A vacuum device is required in order to discharge the accumulated water.

    [0011] According to the patent document of the known state of the art numbered US4867153 (A) the invention is related to discharging fluid accumulated into the tubes and then into the bottle of the breathing system due to respiration, without any contact of the fluid with a person. In said sealed drainage system a valve is provided underneath the bottle. Said valve is operated manually. The water trap is able to retain the water in both the inspiratory and the expiratory lines and is able to collect the water in different chambers. The drainage of the accumulated water is performed by opening the chambers one by one. At this point, the inspiratory and expiratory gasses do not mix with each other by means of the developed valve system and air leakage from the braething circuit is not experienced.

    [0012] When the documents of the known state of the art and the present applications are taken into consideration, it can be said that the invention has been designed to be used in both conventional and the double lumen breathing systems that presently do not comprise water traps. The invention is able to retain the water from both the inspiratory (where air is submitted to the patient) and the expiratory (air is received from the patient) lines of both of the (coaxial and double lumen) braething circuits. The collected water can be easily discharged by means of a connector that can be attached via a luer lock to the water trap and a connector attached to the end of an injector. Moreover the water traps (water traps of the inspiratory and expiratory lines) that are used in coaxial breathing circuits can both be used with a bottle not having a luer connection if preferred and a conventional stopper instead of an inkwell structure. When the water trap of the coaxial breathing circuit expiratory line is desired to be used with a conventional breathing circuit closed system, said circuits can also be used. Besides this, lung pressure measurement ports have been attached to the double lumen and coaxial breathing circuits which at present do not comprise said ports.

    [0013] US2014/150794A1 discloses fluid trap for a dual lumen breathing circuit with leg sections with connections to the breathing circuit.

    [0014] US2010/122702A1 discloses a condensate separator for a coaxial breathing circuit including an expiratory line tube coupling and an inspiratory enbling collection of water that has accumulated inside the inspiration line.

    [0015] US4867153A discloses a neddleless apparatus which enables the drainage of water collected in the bottle section.

    [0016] DE3823242A1 discloses a grooved luer port used for draining fluid.

    [0017] US5404873 discloses a monitoring port in a coaxial breathing circuit.

    Brief description of the invention and its aims



    [0018] The invention is related to a closed system, water trap, lung pressure measurement port, double lumen and coaxial breathing circuit system from which fluid can be discharged by an injector that has been designed to be able to discharge the water from both the inspiratory (air is submitted to the patient) and the expiratory (air is received from the patient) lines that retain water both from double lumen breathing circuits, that do not comprise water traps at present, and coaxial breathing circuit from the water trap into which water has been collected by a luer and a connector that can be attached to an injector. Moreover the water traps (water traps of inspiratory and expiratory lines) that are used in coaxial breathing circuits can be used with a bottle not having a luer connection if desired or with a conventional stopper instead of an inkwell form and additionally, lung pressure measurement ports have been attached to double lumen and coaxial breathing circuits. Besides this in the case that water traps compliant with coaxial breathing circuits are desired to be used with closed system water traps, conventional breathing circuits can also be used.

    [0019] A water trap can be used in the middle of the tube which is the point where most of the water accumulates in the breathing circuits of closed system water traps and double lumen breathing circuits developed according to the invention.

    [0020] By means of the new closed system water traps, the water that accumulates both in the section where air is received from the patient and where air is submitted to the patient in the double lumen and coaxial breathing systems are retained and the resistance against the air flow is eliminated and also the risk of leakage of water into the anaesthesia and ventilation devices are also overcome.

    [0021] By means of the novel design and structures of the closed system water traps that can be used with coaxial, conventional and double lumen breathing circuits, the fluid that is accumulated in the bottle section of the water traps can be discharged with an injector without using a needle and without disrupting the closure of the closed system. Thereby the risk of the patients to be infected with diseases arising from ventilation and hospital environment is reduced. The possibility of the nurses to be contact with patient fluids which carry high infection risks is also eliminated.

    [0022] The double lumen and coaxial breathing circuits can carry out lung pressure measurements by means of the connector having lung pressure measurement port attached thereon.

    Description of the figures illustrating the invention



    [0023] The figures that have been prepared in order to better illustrate the closed system water traps which can be discharged with an injector developed according to the present invention and the double lumen and coaxial breathing circuit systems having a lung pressure measurement port have been described below.
    Figure 1-
    Is the vertical sectional view of the water trap of the fully closed system expiratory line for a coaxial breathing circuit.
    Figure 2-
    Is the vertical sectional view of the water trap of the fully closed system expiratory line for a coaxial breathing circuit.
    Figure 3-
    Is the perspective view of the breathing circuit stopper
    Figure 4-
    Is the vertical sectional view of the water trap of the fully closed system inspiratory line for a coaxial breathing circuit.
    Figure 5-
    Is the vertical view of the I connector comprising a lung pressure measurement port for a coaxial breathing circuit.
    Figure 6-
    Is the perspective view of the closed system water trap for a double lumen breathing circuit.
    Figure 7-
    Is the sectional view of the inner structure of the closed system water trap for a double lumen breathing circuit.
    Figure 8-
    Is the vertical intermediate sectional view of the closed system water trap for the double lumen breathing circuit.
    Figure 9-
    Is the perspective view of the I connector comprising a lung pressure measurement port for a double lumen breathing circuit.

    Definitions of the parts forming the invention



    [0024] The parts in the figures which have been drawn in order to further explain the double lumen and coaxial breathing circuits having a lung pressure measurement port and closed system water trap that can be discharged with an injector developed by means of this invention have each been numbered and the references of each number have been listed below.
    1. 1. Expiratory line closed system water trap of a coaxial breathing circuit.
    2. 2. Closed system water trap for a double lumen breathing circuit.
    3. 3. Leg part section
    4. 4. Bottle section
    5. 5. Needleless grooved luer port
    6. 6. Inkwell formation
    7. 7. Leg part coupling part
    8. 8. Bottle coupling part
    9. 9. Lung pressure measurement port
    10. 10. Lid
    11. 11. Stopper
    12. 12. Patient side
    13. 13. Tube connection of the expiratory line
    14. 14. Tube connection of the inspiratory line
    15. 15. Needleless apparatus
    16. 16. Inspiratory line closed system water trap of a coaxial breathing circuit.

    Detailed description of the Invention



    [0025] The invention subject to the application is related to closed system water trap of double lumen and coaxial breathing circuits (1), (2), and (16), wherein the water accumulated at the bottle section (4) of the coaxial breathing and double lumen circuits having a lung pressure measurement port (4) can be discharged without opening the bottle section (4) by means of a drainage luer port (5) and a needleless injector apparatus (15) attached to the port (5), designed to have an inkwell shape; comprising components such as:
    • A leg part section enabling connection with the tube of the coaxial breathing circuit, which ensures, the water inside the tube to be directed to the water trap (1), (16), the coupling of the double lumen breathing circuit tube to the fully closed system water trap (2), and the collection of the fluid accumulated in the tubes to pass through inkwell (6) by means of an incline and for said fluid to be collected into the bottle section (4),
    • A bottle section (4) which collects the fluid received from the inkwell (6) and the leg part section (3) of the breathing circuit,
    • A needleless grooved luer port (5) which enables the discharging of water collected in the bottle section (4) by means of a needleless female apparatus (15) and an injector attached thereon,
    • An inkwell (6) which prevents the air flow into the bottle section (4) and which prevents the reflux of the water collected into the bottle section (4) back into the breathing circuit until said bottle section has been emptied,
    • A leg part section coupling part (7) which enables the fixedly mounting of the symmetrical leg part sections (3) of the double lumen breathing circuit closed system water trap (2),
    • A bottle connection part (8) which enables the fixedly mounting of the symmetrical bottle sections (4) of the double lumen breathing circuit closed system water trap (2),
    • A lung pressure measurement port (9) which can be coupled to the probe that is used to measure the lung pressure of the patient's breath received from the patient in double lumen breathing circuits,
    • A lid (10) which prevents the leakage of the fluid collected inside the bottle section (4) into the tube of the breathing circuit until said fluid has been discharged.
    • A stopper (11) which prevents the passage of the fluid collected in the bottle section (4) from the bottle to the tube before said fluid is discharged and passage of air into the bottle section (4),
    • A patient side (12) which is coupled to the catheter mount or similar apparatus that are directly in contact with the patient,
    • Expiratory line tube connection (13) to which the expiratory line tube is connected,
    • Inspiratory line tube connection (14) to which the inspiratory line tube is connected,
    • A needleless apparatus (15) used to discharge the water collected in the bottle section (4) to be discharged from the grooved luer port (5).


    [0026] The water traps having conventional structures have been removed and three different, closed system water traps (1), (2), (16) have been re-designed to be suitable with the inspiratory and the expiratory lines of the coaxial breathing circuits and the double lumen breathing circuits, in the double lumen and coaxial breathing circuits having a lung pressure measurement port and closed system water trap that can be discharged with an injector according to the invention. The closed system water trap (1, 2, 16) that is used in breathing circuits is formed of three structures. The leg part section (3) is the structure where the tubes of the breathing circuit are coupled to the water trap, the bottle section is where the water received from the breathing circuits are collected, the inkwell section (6) is the structure which prevents the reflux of the water that has been collected in the bottle section (4) of the water trap.

    [0027] The leg part section (3) of the coaxial breathing circuit expiratory line closed system water trap (1) has been designed such that the inner tube of the coaxial breathing circuit passes through it, that the water accumulated in the expiratory line is directed towards the water trap, and such that the expiratory air received from patient which passes through the outer tube is not prevented.

    [0028] The bottle section (4) of the closed system water traps (1, 2, 16), enable the drainage of the accumulated fluid without the necessity to open the bottle section (4), by means of a needleless apparatus that has been positioned into the port (5), wherein said drainage luer port (5) is provided at the base of said bottle section (4). The inkwell section (6) has an inkwell shape and by this means the water that has accumulated in the bottle section (4) has been prevented from leaking back into the tube.

    [0029] The leg part section (3) of the closed system water trap (16) that is used to couple the inspiratory line tube connections (13) of the coaxial breathing circuits, is positioned between the ventilation/anaesthesia devices and the inspiratory line. A stopper (11) has been placed between the leg part section (3) and the bottle section (4) in order to prevent the reflux of water and a spring has been integrated to the leg part section (3) in order to protect the position of the stopper.

    [0030] The water that accumulated in the coaxial breathing circuit expiratory line closed system water trap (1), and the double lumen breathing circuit closed system water trap (2) and the coaxial breathing circuit inspiratory line closed system water trap (16), can be discharged without opening the bottle section (4) by means of a luer drainage port (5) located at the bottle section (4), and via a needleless connector integrated to this port (5) and via a needleless injector. By this means a fully closed drainage (fluid discharge) is provided and the risk of the nurse or the patient being infected has been overcome. The reflux of the water that has been accumulated in the bottle (4) to the tube before said bottle is discharged and the passage of air to the bottle section (4) is prevented by means of a stopper (11) and an inkwell (6).

    [0031] The right and left sections of the leg part section (3) and the bottle section (4) are symmetrical with each other in the double lumen breathing circuit closed system water trap (2).

    [0032] The lung pressure measurement shall be taken by means of the port (5) that has been positioned into the section through which the air received only from the patient passes from the expiratory line tube connection (13) to which the expiratory line tube and the I connector is coupled to, in coaxial breathing circuits and double lumen breathing circuits.

    [0033] The lung pressure measurement port (5) is located at the line where the breath received from the patient passes through in conventional breathing circuits and it is used to determine if the pressure difference required for the patient to perform respiration is formed or not and to determine if the patient is performing carbon dioxide re-breathing or not.

    [0034] Figure 1 is the vertical sectional view of the expiratory line closed system water trap for a coaxial breathing circuit. The leg part section (3) is inserted into the breathing tubes by means of two legs that open into two directions. The water that is accumulated in the expiratory line of the coaxial breathing circuit by means of the angle between the legs (3) is passed through the inkwell (6) section and is collected into the bottle section (4).

    [0035] By means of the invention the risk of the patients to contract hospital diseases or diseases arising from ventilation is reduced. Also by means of the water traps (1, 2, 16) that are to be used, the air that passes through the breathing circuits will not come across any resistance and the leakage of fluid into both the ventilation and the anaesthesia device is prevented. It has been enabled by means of the closed system water trap (2) that has been developed, for a water trap to be able to be mounted at the middle of the tube which is the section where most of the water accumulated.

    [0036] As the draining of the fluid accumulated in the closed system water trap (1, 2, 16) are carried out by a closed system luer drainage port (5) it is prevented for the patient or the nurse to be infected.


    Claims

    1. Double lumen breathing circuit systems having a lung pressure measurement port and a closed system water trap that can be discharged with an injector, having

    • A double lumen breathing circuit closed system water trap (2) which enables collection of water accumulated in both expiratory and inspiratory lines, which can be mounted to the mid section of the double lumen breathing circuit, having two pieces wherein bottle section (4) has two pieces symmetrical to each other and leg part section (3) has two pieces symmetrical to each other, and wherein said symmetrical parts can be coupled with each other,

    • A leg part section (3), which provides double lumen breathing circuit tubes, which directs the water located inside the tubes to the double lumen breathing circuit closed system water trap (2) which ensures that the fluid that is accumulated in the tube is passed through to an inkwell (6) by means of an incline to be finally collected in the bottle section (4), and which is formed of two symmetrical parts in the double lumen breathing circuit closed system water trap (2),

    • A bottle section (4) which fluid is transferred from tube by the inkwell (6) and the leg part section (3) of double lumen breathing circuit closed system water trap (2)

    characterized in comprising

    • A grooved luer port (5) which enables the discharging of the water collected in the bottle secton (4) by means of needleless female apparatus (15) and an injector coupled thereon that is angular in the double lumen breathing circuit closed system water trap (2), which has a right angle towards the leg part section (3)

    • inkwell (6) having inkwell shape which prevents the reflux of the water collected in the bottle section (4) into the breathing circuit tube until said bottle has been drained and which also prevents the air flow into the bottle section (4),

    • A leg part coupling part (7) which enables the fixedly coupling of the symmetrical leg part sections (3) to each other in a double lumen breathing circuit closed system water trap (2),

    • A bottle connection section (8) which enables the fixedly mounting of the symmetrical bottle sections (4) to each other in double lumen breathing circuit closed system water traps (2),

    • A lung pressure measurement port (9) to which a probe that is used to measure the pressure of the lung of the patient from the breath of the patient can be attached and which is on I connector (Figure 9) in a double lumen breathing circuit,

    • a patient connection section (12) which is divided into two through an I connector (Figure 9) which comprises a lung pressure measurement port for a double lumen breathing circuit to which a catheter mount or similar apparatus that are directly in contact with the patient can be coupled to,

    • Expiratory line tube coupling (13) into which an expiratory line tube is connected to,

    • Inspiratory line tube coupling (14) into which an inspiratory line tube is connected to,

    • A needleless apparatus (15) which enables the drainage of the water collected in the bottle (4) section to be discharged as a closed system by means of a grooved luer port (5),


     
    2. Coaxial breathing circuit systems having a lung pressure measurement port and a closed system water trap that can be discharged with an injector, having

    • A coaxial breathing circuit expiratory line closed system water trap (1) which can be connected to the mid section of the expiratory line of the coaxial breathing circuit and which enables the collection of the water accumulated in the expiratory line,

    • A leg part section (3), which provides connection with the coaxial breathing circuit, which directs the water located inside the tubes to the coaxial breathing circuit expiratory line closed system water trap (1),

    • The coaxial breathing circuit inspiratory line closed system water trap (16), which can be connected to the device side end section of the inspiratory line of the coaxial breathing circuit and which enables the collection of the water accumulated in the inspiratory line,

    • A leg part section (3) in a coaxial breathing circuit inspiratory line water trap (16), wherein one side of the leg part is suitable to be inserted into the breathing circuit tubes and the other side is suitable to be inserted into the anaesthesia/ventilation device,

    • an inkwell (6) which the fluid that is accumulated in the tube is passed through by means of an incline to be finally collected in the bottle section (4), of both coaxial breathing circuit expiratory line closed system water trap (1) and coaxial breathing circuit inspiratory line closed system water trap (16).

    • A bottle section (4) into which fluid is transferred from the inkwell (6) and the leg part section (3) of a coaxial breathing circuit expiratory line closed system water trap (1), and a coaxial breathing circuit inspiratory line closed system water trap (16),

    characterized in comprising

    • A grooved luer port (5) which enables the discharging of the water collected in the bottle section (4) by means of the needleless apparatus (15) which has a right angle towards the leg part section (3) in the coaxial breathing circuit inspiratory line closed system water trap (16); and which is concealed with the skirt section that extends below the bottle section (4) in the coaxial breathing circuit expiratory line closed system water trap (1),

    • The inkwell (6) which prevents the reflux of the water collected in the bottle section (4) into the breathing circuit tube until said bottle has been drained and which also prevents the air flow into the bottle section (4),

    • A lung pressure measurement port (9) to which a probe that is used to measure the pressure of the lung of the patient from the breath of the patient can be attached and which is on I connector (figure 5) in a coaxial breathing circuit A lid (10) which prevents the water that has accumulated in the bottle section (4) from entering into the upper sections of the circuit until said accumulated water has been discharged,

    • A stopper (11) which prevents the fluid collected in the bottle section (4) to leak back into the tube before said fluid is discharged and which prevents the passage of air into the bottle section (4),

    • A patient connection section (12) (Figure 9) which comprises a lung pressure measurement port for a coaxial breathing circuit to which a catheter mount or similar apparatus that are directly in contact with the patient can be coupled to,

    • Expiratory line tube coupling (14) into which an expiratory line tube is connected to,

    • Inspiratory line tube coupling (13) into which an inspiratory line tube is connected to,

    • A needleless apparatus (15) which enables the drainage of the water collected in the bottle section (4) to be discharged as a closed system by means of a grooved luer port (5),

    • Coaxial breathing circuit inspiratory line closed system water trap (16) which can be coupled between a coaxial breathing circuit and an anaesthesia/ventilation device and which enables the collection of the water that has accumulated inside the inspiratory line.


     
    3. Breathing circuit systems according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that; it comprises a luer drainage port (5) which enables the discharging of the water that has accumulated in the bottle section (4) of closed system water traps (1, 2, 16) from the bottle section (4) without opening the bottle.
     
    4. Breathing circuit systems according to claim 1 or 2 characterized in that; the water accumulated in the expiratory line of the breathing circuit is passed through the inkwell (6) section by means of the angle between the legs (3) and then collected into the bottle section (4).
     
    5. Breathing circuit systems according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that; it comprises a lung pressure measurement port (9) which enables to determine if the required pressure difference for the patient to be able to breath is formed or not and if the patient perform carbon dioxide re-breathing or not.
     
    6. Breathing circuit systems according to claim 1, characterized in that; a closed system water trap for a double lumen breathing circuit (2) can be used at the mid section of both inspiratory line and expiratory line tube of the double lumen breathing circuits where most of the water accumulates.
     
    7. Breathing circuit systems according to claim 1, characterized in that; an angle is present between the legs (3) which enable the collection of the water that has accumulated in both of the the expiratory and inspiratory line of the double lumen breathing circuit into the bottle section (4) after said fluid passes through the inkwell (6) section.
     
    8. Breathing circuit systems according to claim 1, characterized in that; the right and the left sections of the leg part section (3) and the bottle section (4) of the double lumen breathing circuit closed system water traps (2) are symmetrical to each other.
     
    9. Breathing circuit systems according to claim 2, characterized in that; the angle of the leg part section (3) of the coaxial breathing circuit expiratory line closed system water trap (1) enables the passage of the inspiratory tube through it.
     
    10. Breathing circuit systems according to claim 2, characterized in that; one side of the coaxial breathing circuit inspiratory line water trap (16) is suitable to be inserted into the breathing circuit tube and the other side is suitable to be inserted into the anaesthesia/ventilation device.
     
    11. Breathing circuit systems according to claim 1, characterized in that; an angular grooved luer port (5) is provided in the double lumen breathing circuit closed system water trap (2).
     
    12. Breathing circuit systems according to claim 2, characterized in that; a grooved luer port (5) right angled towards the leg part section (3) is provided in a coaxial breathing circuit inspiratory line closed system water trap (16).
     
    13. Breathing circuit systems according to claim 2, characterized in that; a needleless grooved luer port (5) which is concealed with the skirt section extending from below the bottle section (4) is provided in a coaxial breathing circuit expiratory line closed system water trap (1).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Doppellumen-Atmungskreislaufsysteme mit einem Lungendruckmessanschluss und einem Wasserabscheider mit geschlossenem System, der mit einem Injektor entleert werden kann, aufweisend

    • Ein Doppellumen-Atmungskreislauf-Wasserabscheider (2) mit geschlossenem System, die das Sammeln von Wasser ermöglicht, das sich sowohl in den exspiratorischen als auch in den inspiratorischen Leitungen akkumuliert, welche am mittleren Abschnitt des Doppellumen-Atmungskreislaufs montiert werden kann, mit zwei Stücke, wobei der Flaschenabschnitt (4) zwei zueinander symmetrische Stücke und der Beinteilabschnitt (3) zwei zueinander symmetrische Stücke aufweist, und wobei die genannten symmetrischen Teile miteinander gekoppelt werden können,

    • Ein Beinteilabschnitt (3), der Doppellumen-Atmungskreislaufschläuche vorsieht, der das in den Schläuchen befindliche Wasser zu der Doppellumen-Atmungskreislauf-Wasserabscheider (2) mit geschlossenem System leiten, der sicherstellt, dass die in dem Schlauch akkumulierte Flüssigkeit durch eine Schräge zu einem Tintenfass (6) durchgeführt wird, um schließlich in dem Flaschenabschnitt (4) gesammelt zu werden, und die aus zwei symmetrischen Teilen in der Doppellumen-Atmungskreislauf-Wasserabscheider (2) mit geschlossenem System gebildet ist,

    • Ein Flaschenabschnitt (4), welcher Flüssigkeit aus dem Tintenfass (6) und dem Beinteilabschnitt (3) eines Doppellumen-Atmungskreislaufs-Wasserabscheiders (2) mit geschlossenem System, aus dem Schlauch übertragen wird.

    gekennzeichnet durch umfassend

    • Ein genuteter Luer-Anschluss (5), der die Entleerung des in dem Flaschenabschnitt (4) gesammelten Wassers mittels eines nadellosen weiblichen Apparates (15) und eines daran gekoppelten Injektors ermöglicht, der winklig in der Doppellumen-Atmungskreislaufs-Wasserabscheider (2) mit geschlossenem System, der einen rechten Winkel zum Beinteilabschnitt (3) hat

    • Tintenfass (6) mit einer Tintenfass-Form, die den Rückfluss des in dem Flaschenabschnitt (4) gesammelten Wassers in das Atmungskreislaufschlauch verhindert, bis die genannte Flasche entwässert worden ist, und die auch den Luftstrom in den Flaschenabschnitt (4) verhindert,

    • Ein Beinteil-Kupplungsteil (7), das die feste Kopplung der symmetrischen Beinteilabschnitte (3) miteinander in einem Doppellumen-Atmungskreislaufs-Wasserabscheider (2) mit geschlossenem System ermöglicht,

    • Ein Flaschen-Verbindungsabschnitt (8), das die feste Montage der symmetrischen Flaschenabschnitte (4) miteinander in Doppellumen-Atmungskreislaufs-Wasserabscheider (2) mit geschlossenem System ermöglicht,

    • Ein Lungendruckmessanschluss (9), an dem eine Sonde befestigt werden kann, die zur Messung des Lungendrucks des Patienten aus der Atmung des Patienten verwendet wird und die sich am I-Konnektor (Figur 9) in einem Doppellumen-Atmungskreislauf befindet,

    • einen Patienten-Verbindungsabschnitt (12), der durch einen I-Konnektor (Figur 9) zweigeteilt ist, der einen Lungendruckmessanschluss für einen Doppellumen-Atmungskreislauf umfasst, an den eine Kathetermontage oder ein ähnlicher Apparat, der in direktem Kontakt mit dem Patienten steht, gekoppelt werden kann,

    • Exspirationsleitungs-Schlauchkupplung (13), an die ein Exspirationsleitungsschlauch verbunden wird,

    • Inspirationsleitungs-Schlauchkupplung (14), an die ein Inspirationsleitungsschlauch verbunden wird,

    • Ein nadelloser Apparat (15), der es ermöglicht, das im Flaschenabschnitt (4) gesammelte Wasser als geschlossenes System mittels eines genuteten Luer-Anschlusses (5) zu entleeren,


     
    2. Koaxial-Atmungskreislaufsysteme mit einem Lungendruckmessanschluss und einem Wasserabscheider mit geschlossenem System, der mit einem Injektor entleert werden kann, aufweisend

    • Koaxial-Atmungskreislauf-Exspirationsleitung-Wasserabscheider (1) mit geschlossenem System, der an den mittleren Abschnitt der Exspirationsleitung des Koaxial-Atmungskreislaufs verbunden werden kann und der die Sammlung des Wassers ermöglicht, das sich in der Exspirationsleitung akkumuliert,

    • Ein Beinteilabschnitt (3), der eine Verbindung mit dem Koaxial-Atmungskreislauf vorsieht, der das in den Schläuchen befindliche Wasser zu dem Koaxial-Atmungskreislauf-Exspirationsleitung-Wasserabscheider (1) mit geschlossenem System leitet,

    • Koaxial-Atmungskreislauf-Inspirationsleitung-Wasserabscheider (16) mit geschlossenem System, der an den vorrichtungsseitigen Endabschnitt der Inspirationsleitung des Koaxial-Atmungskreislaufs verbunden werden kann und der die Sammlung des Wassers ermöglicht, das sich in der Inspirationsleitung akkumuliert,

    • Ein Beinteilabschnitt (3) in einem Koaxial-Atmungskreislauf-Inspirationsleitung-Wasserabscheider (16), wobei eine Seite des Beinteils geeignet ist, in die Atmungskreislaufschläuche eingeführt zu werden, und die andere Seite geeignet ist, in die Anästhesie-/Belüftungsvorrichtung eingeführt zu werden,

    • ein Tintenfass (6), welches die in dem Schlauch akkumulierte Flüssigkeit durch einer Schräge durchgeführt wird, um schließlich in dem Flaschenabschnitt (4) sowohl des Koaxial-Atmungskreislauf-Exspirationsleitung-Wasserabscheiders (1) mit geschlossenem System als auch des Koaxial-Atmungskreislauf-Inspirationsleitung-Wasserabscheiders (16) mit geschlossenem System gesammelt zu werden.

    • Ein Flaschenabschnitt (4), in den Flüssigkeit aus dem Tintenfass (6) und dem Beinteilabschnitt (3) eines Koaxial-Atmungskreislauf-Exspirationsleitung-Wasserabscheiders (1) mit geschlossenem System sowie eines Koaxial-Atmungskreislauf-Inspirationsleitung-Wasserabscheiders (16) mit geschlossenem System geleitet wird,

    gekennzeichnet durch umfassend

    • Ein genuteter Luer-Anschluss (5), der die Entleerung des in dem Flaschenabschnitt (4) gesammelten Wassers mittels des nadellosen Apparates (15) ermöglicht, der einen rechten Winkel zu dem Beinteilabschnitt (3) in dem Koaxial-Atmungskreislauf-Inspirationsleitung-Wasserabscheider (16) mit geschlossenen System aufweist; und der mit dem Schürzenabschnitt versteckt ist, der sich unter dem Flaschenabschnitt (4) in dem Koaxial-Atmungskreislauf-Exspirationsleitung-Wasserabscheider (1) mit geschlossenen System erstreckt,

    • Tintenfass (6), die den Rückfluss des in dem Flaschenabschnitt (4) gesammelten Wassers in das Atmungskreislaufschlauch verhindert, bis die genannte Flasche entwässert worden ist, und die auch den Luftstrom in den Flaschenabschnitt (4) verhindert,

    • Ein Lungendruckmessanschluss (9), an dem eine Sonde befestigt werden kann, die zur Messung des Lungendrucks des Patienten aus der Atmung des Patienten verwendet wird und die sich am I-Konnektor (Figur 5) in einem Koaxial-Atmungskreislauf befindet, Ein Deckel (10), der verhindert, dass das Wasser, das sich im Flaschenabschnitt (4) akkumuliert hat, in die oberen Abschnitte des Kreislaufs eintritt, bis das akkumulierte Wasser entleert wurde,

    • Ein Stopfen (11), der verhindert, dass die in dem Flaschenabschnitt (4) gesammelte Flüssigkeit in den Schlauch zurückleckt, bevor diese Flüssigkeit entleert wird, und der den Durchgang von Luft in den Flaschenabschnitt (4) verhindert,

    • Einen Patienten-Verbindungsabschnitt (12) (Figur 9), der einen Lungendruckmessanschluss für einen Koaxial-Atmungskreislauf umfasst, an den eine Kathetermontage oder ein ähnlicher Apparat, der in direktem Kontakt mit dem Patienten steht, gekoppelt werden kann,

    • Exspirationsleitungs-Schlauchkupplung (14), an die ein Exspirationsleitungsschlauch verbunden wird,

    • Inspirationsleitungs-Schlauchkupplung (13), an die ein Inspirationsleitungsschlauch verbunden wird,

    • Ein nadelloser Apparat (15), der es ermöglicht, das im Flaschenabschnitt (4) gesammelte Wasser als geschlossenes System mittels eines genuteten Luer-Anschlusses (5) zu entleeren,

    • Koaxial-Atmungskreislauf-Inspirationsleitung-Wasserabscheider (16) mit geschlossenem System, der zwischen einen Koaxial-Atmungskreislauf und ein Anästhesie-/Belüftungsvorrichtung gekoppelt werden kann und der die Sammlung des Wassers ermöglicht, das sich innerhalb der Inspirationsleitung akkumuliert hat.


     
    3. Atmungskreislaufsysteme nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie einen Luer-Drainage-Anschluss (5) umfasst, der die Entleerung des Wassers, das sich in dem Flaschenabschnitt (4) von Wasserabscheider (1, 2, 16) mit geschlossenem System akkumuliert hat, aus dem Flaschenabschnitt (4) ermöglicht, ohne die Flasche zu öffnen.
     
    4. Atmungskreislaufsysteme nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das in der Exspirationsleitung des Atmungskreislaufs akkumulierte Wasser mittels des Winkels zwischen den Beinen (3) durch den Abschnitt des Tintenfasses (6) durchgeführt und dann in dem Flaschenabschnitt (4) gesammelt wird.
     
    5. Atmungskreislaufsysteme nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie einen Lungendruckmessanschluss (9) umfasst, der es ermöglicht, zu bestimmen, ob die erforderliche Druckdifferenz für den Patienten, um atmen zu können, gebildet wird oder nicht und ob der Patient eine Kohlendioxid-Rückatmung ausführt oder nicht.
     
    6. Atmungskreislaufsysteme nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass ein Wasserabscheider mit geschlossenem System für einen Doppellumen-Atmungskreislauf (2) im mittleren Abschnitt sowohl der Inspirationsleitung als auch des Exspirationsleitungsschlauchs der Doppellumen-Atmungskreisläufe verwendet werden kann, wo sich der größte Teil des Wassers akkumuliert.
     
    7. Atmungskreislaufsysteme nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass ein Winkel zwischen den Beinen (3) vorhanden ist, der es ermöglicht, das Wasser, das sich sowohl in der Exspirations- als auch in der Inspirationsleitung des Doppellumen-Atmungskreislaufs akkumuliert hat, in den Flaschenabschnitt (4) zu sammeln, nachdem die genannte Flüssigkeit den Abschnitt des Tintenfasses (6) durchgeführt.
     
    8. Atmungskreislaufsysteme nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der rechte und der linke Abschnitt des Beinteilabschnitts (3) und der Flaschenabschnitt (4) der Doppellumen-Atmungskreislauf-Wasserabscheider (2) mit geschlossenem System symmetrisch zueinander sind.
     
    9. Atmungskreislaufsysteme nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Winkel des Beinteilabschnitts (3) des Koaxial-Atmungskreislauf-Exspirationsleitung-Wasserabscheiders (1) mit geschlossenem System den Durchgang des Inspirationsschlauchs durch diesen ermöglicht.
     
    10. Atmungskreislaufsysteme nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass eine Seite des Koaxial-Atmungskreislauf-Inspirationsleitung-Wasserabscheiders (16) geeignet ist, in den Atmungskreislaufschlauch eingeführt zu werden, und die andere Seite geeignet ist, in das Anästhesie-/Belüftungsvorrichtung eingeführt zu werden.
     
    11. Atmungskreislaufsysteme nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass in dem Doppellumen-Atmungskreislauf-Wasserabscheider (2) mit geschlossenem System ein winklig genuteter Luer-Anschluss (5) vorgesehen ist.
     
    12. Atmungskreislaufsysteme nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass ein genuteter Luer-Anschluss (5) rechtwinklig zum Beinteilabschnitt (3) in einem Koaxial-Atmungskreislauf-Inspirationsleitung-Wasserabscheider (16) mit geschlossenem System vorgesehen ist.
     
    13. Atmungskreislaufsysteme nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass ein nadelloser genuteter Luer-Anschluss (5), der mit dem Schürzenabschnitt versteckt ist, der sich von unterhalb des Flaschenabschnitts (4) erstreckt, in einem Koaxial-Atmungskreislauf-Exspirationsleitung-Wasserabscheiders (1) mit geschlossenem System vorgesehen ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Systèmes de circuits respiratoires à double lumière ayant un orifice de mesure de la pression pulmonaire et un piège à eau en système fermé pouvant être évacué à l'aide d'un injecteur, ayant

    • Un circuit respiratoire à double lumière ayant un piège à eau en système fermé (2) qui permet de recueillir l'eau accumulée dans les lignes expiratoires et inspiratoires, qui peut être montée sur la section médiane du circuit respiratoire à double lumière, ayant deux pièces, dans lequel la section de la bouteille (4) a deux pièces symétriques l'une par rapport à l'autre et la section de partie de jambe (3) a deux pièces symétriques l'une par rapport à l'autre, et dans lequel lesdites parties symétriques peuvent être couplées entre elles,

    • Une section de partie de jambe (3), qui fournit des tubes à circuit respiratoire à double lumière, qui dirige l'eau située à l'intérieur des tubes vers le circuit respiratoire à double lumière ayant un piège à eau en système fermé (2) qui assure que le fluide qui est accumulé dans le tube est passé à travers un encrier (6) au moyen d'une inclinaison pour être finalement collecté dans la section de la bouteille (4), et qui est formé de deux parties symétriques dans le circuit respiratoire à double lumière ayant un piège à eau en système fermé (2),

    • Une section de la bouteille (4) dont le fluide est transféré du tube par l'encrier (6) et la section de partie de jambe (3) du circuit respiratoire à double lumière ayant un piège à eau en système fermé (2)

    caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend

    • Un orifice luer rainuré (5) qui permet le déchargement de l'eau recueillie dans la section de la bouteille (4) au moyen d'un appareil femelle sans aiguille (15) et un injecteur couplé à celui-ci qui est angulaire dans le circuit respiratoire à double lumière ayant un piège à eau en système fermé (2), qui a un angle droit par rapport à la section de partie de jambe (3)

    • l'encrier (6) ayant une forme d'encrier qui empêche le reflux de l'eau recueillie dans la section de la bouteille (4) dans le tube du circuit respiratoire jusqu'à ce que ladite bouteille ait été vidée et qui empêche également le flux d'air dans la section de la bouteille (4),

    • Une pièce de couplage de la partie de jambe (7) qui permet le couplage fixe des sections symétriques de partie de jambe (3) l'une à l'autre dans le circuit respiratoire à double lumière ayant un piège à eau en système fermé (2),

    • Une section de connexion de la bouteille (8) qui permet le montage fixe des sections de la bouteille symétriques (4) l'une par rapport à l'autre dans le circuit respiratoire à double lumière ayant un piège à eau en système fermé (2),

    • Un orifice de mesure de la pression pulmonaire (9) auquel peut être attachée une sonde utilisée pour mesurer la pression pulmonaire du patient à partir de la respiration du patient et qui se trouve sur le connecteur I (figure 9) dans un circuit respiratoire à double lumière,

    • une section de connexion au patient (12) qui est divisée en deux par un connecteur I (Figure 9) qui comprend un orifice de mesure de la pression pulmonaire pour un circuit respiratoire à double lumière auquel peut être couplé un support de cathéter ou un appareil similaire qui sont directement en contact avec le patient,

    • Couplage du tube de ligne expiratoire (13) dans lequel un tube de ligne expiratoire est connecté,

    • Couplage du tube de ligne inspiratoire (14) dans lequel un tube de ligne inspiratoire est connecté,

    • Un appareil sans aiguille (15) qui permet de décharger l'eau recueillie dans la section de la bouteille (4) en système fermé au moyen d'un orifice luer rainuré (5),


     
    2. Systèmes de circuits respiratoires coaxiaux ayant un orifice de mesure de la pression pulmonaire et un piège à eau en système fermé pouvant être évacué à l'aide d'un injecteur, ayant

    • Une ligne expiratoire du circuit respiratoire coaxial ayant un piège à eau (1) en système fermé qui peut être connecté à la section médiane de la ligne expiratoire du circuit respiratoire coaxial et qui permet la collecte de l'eau accumulée dans la ligne expiratoire,

    • Une section de partie de jambe (3), qui assure la connexion avec le circuit respiratoire coaxial, qui dirige l'eau située à l'intérieur des tubes vers la ligne expiratoire du circuit respiratoire coaxial ayant un piège à eau en système fermé (1),

    • La ligne inspiratoire du circuit respiratoire coaxial ayant un piège à eau (16) en système fermé, qui peut être connecté à la section d'extrémité côté appareil de la ligne inspiratoire du circuit respiratoire coaxial et qui permet de recueillir l'eau accumulée dans la ligne inspiratoire,

    • Une section de partie de jambe (3) dans une ligne inspiratoire de circuit respiratoire coaxial ayant un piège à eau (16), dans laquelle un côté de la partie de jambe est approprié pour être inséré dans les tubes du circuit respiratoire et l'autre côté est approprié pour être inséré dans le dispositif d'anesthésie/ventilation,

    • un encrier (6) dans lequel le fluide qui s'est accumulé dans le tube est passé au moyen d'une inclinaison pour être finalement recueilli dans la section de la bouteille (4), à la fois de la ligne expiratoire du circuit respiratoire coaxial ayant un piège à eau en système fermé (1) et de la ligne inspiratoire du circuit respiratoire coaxial ayant un piège à eau en système fermé (16).

    • Une section de la bouteille (4) dans laquelle le fluide est transféré de l'encrier (6) et de la section de partie de jambe (3) d'une ligne expiratoire de circuit respiratoire coaxial ayant un piège à eau en système fermé (1), et une ligne inspiratoire de circuit respiratoire coaxial ayant un piège à eau en système fermé (16),

    caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend

    • Un orifice luer rainuré (5) qui permet l'évacuation de l'eau recueillie dans la section de la bouteille (4) au moyen de l'appareil sans aiguille (15) qui forme un angle droit avec la section de partie de jambe (3) dans la ligne inspiratoire du circuit respiratoire coaxial ayant un piège à eau en système fermé (16) ; et qui est caché avec la section de la jupe qui s'étend sous la section de la bouteille (4) dans la ligne expiratoire du circuit respiratoire coaxial ayant un piège à eau en système fermé (1),

    • L'encrier (6) qui empêche le reflux de l'eau recueillie dans la section de la bouteille (4) dans le tube du circuit respiratoire jusqu'à ce que ladite bouteille ait été vidée et qui empêche également le flux d'air dans la section de la bouteille (4),

    • Un orifice de mesure de la pression pulmonaire (9) auquel peut être attachée une sonde utilisée pour mesurer la pression pulmonaire du patient à partir de la respiration du patient et qui se trouve sur le connecteur I (figure 5) dans un circuit respiratoire coaxial Un couvercle (10) qui empêche l'eau qui s'est accumulée dans la section de la bouteille (4) d'entrer dans les sections supérieures du circuit jusqu'à ce que ladite eau accumulée ait été évacuée,

    • Un bouchon (11) qui empêche le fluide recueilli dans la section de la bouteille (4) de refluer dans le tube avant que ledit fluide ne soit évacué et qui empêche le passage de l'air dans la section de la bouteille (4),

    • Une section de connexion au patient (12) (Figure 9) qui comprend un orifice de mesure de la pression pulmonaire pour un circuit respiratoire coaxial auquel peut être couplé un support de cathéter ou un appareil similaire qui sont directement en contact avec le patient,

    • Couplage du tube de ligne expiratoire (14) dans lequel un tube de ligne expiratoire est connecté,

    • Couplage du tube de ligne inspiratoire (13) dans lequel un tube de ligne inspiratoire est connecté,

    • Un appareil sans aiguille (15) qui permet de décharger l'eau recueillie dans la section de la bouteille (4) en système fermé au moyen d'un orifice luer rainuré (5),

    • Ligne inspiratoire de circuit respiratoire coaxial ayant un piège à eau (16) en système fermé qui peut être couplé entre un circuit respiratoire coaxial et un appareil d'anesthésie/ventilation et qui permet de recueillir l'eau qui s'est accumulée à l'intérieur de la ligne inspiratoire.


     
    3. Systèmes de circuits respiratoires selon la revendication 1 ou 2, caractérisés en ce que ; il comprend un orifice luer de drainage (5) qui permet de décharger l'eau qui s'est accumulée dans la section de la bouteille (4) des pièges à eau en système fermé (1, 2, 16) de la section de la bouteille (4) sans ouvrir la bouteille.
     
    4. Systèmes de circuits respiratoires selon la revendication 1 ou 2, caractérisés en ce que ; l'eau accumulée dans la ligne expiratoire du circuit respiratoire est passée dans la section de l'encrier (6) au moyen de l'angle entre les jambes (3) et est ensuite recueillie dans la section de la bouteille (4).
     
    5. Systèmes de circuits respiratoires selon la revendication 1 ou 2, caractérisés en ce que ; il comporte un orifice de mesure de la pression pulmonaire (9) qui permet de déterminer si la différence de pression nécessaire pour que le patient puisse respirer est formée ou non et si le patient effectue une re-respiration de dioxyde de carbone ou non.
     
    6. Systèmes de circuits respiratoires selon la revendication 1, caractérisés en ce que ; un piège à eau en système fermé pour un circuit respiratoire à double lumière (2) peut être utilisé à la section médiane de la ligne inspiratoire et du tube de la ligne expiratoire des circuits respiratoires à double lumière où la plus grande partie de l'eau s'accumule.
     
    7. Systèmes de circuits respiratoires selon la revendication 1, caractérisés en ce que ; un angle est présent entre les jambes (3) qui permet de recueillir l'eau qui s'est accumulée dans la ligne expiratoire et inspiratoire du circuit respiratoire à double lumière dans la section de la bouteille (4) après que ledit fluide a traversé la section de l'encrier (6).
     
    8. Systèmes de circuits respiratoires selon la revendication 1, caractérisés en ce que ; les sections droite et gauche de la section de partie de jambe (3) et la section de la bouteille (4) du circuit respiratoire à double lumière ayant un piège à eau en système fermé (2) sont symétriques l'un par rapport à l'autre.
     
    9. Systèmes de circuits respiratoires selon la revendication 2, caractérisés en ce que ; l'angle de la section de partie de jambe (3) de la ligne expiratoire du circuit respiratoire coaxial ayant un piège à eau en système fermé (1) permet le passage du tube inspiratoire à travers celui-ci.
     
    10. Systèmes de circuits respiratoires selon la revendication 2, caractérisés en ce que ; un côté du circuit respiratoire coaxial ayant un piège à eau (16) est approprié pour être inséré dans les tubes du circuit respiratoire et l'autre côté est approprié pour être inséré dans le dispositif d'anesthésie/ventilation,
     
    11. Systèmes de circuits respiratoires selon la revendication 1, caractérisés en ce que ; un orifice luer à rainures angulaires (5) est prévu dans le circuit respiratoire à double lumière ayant un piège à eau en système fermé (2).
     
    12. Systèmes de circuits respiratoires selon la revendication 2, caractérisés en ce que ; un orifice luer rainuré (5) à angle droit vers la section de partie de jambe (3) est prévu dans une ligne inspiratoire de circuit respiratoire coaxial ayant un piège à eau en système fermé (16).
     
    13. Systèmes de circuits respiratoires selon la revendication 2, caractérisés en ce que ; un orifice luer rainuré sans aiguille (5) qui est caché avec la section de la jupe s'étendant sous la section de la bouteille (4) est prévu dans une ligne expiratoire de circuit respiratoire coaxial ayant un piège à eau en système fermé (1).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description