(19)
(11)EP 3 336 027 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
22.07.2020 Bulletin 2020/30

(21)Application number: 17204472.9

(22)Date of filing:  29.11.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B65H 3/52(2006.01)

(54)

PAPER SHEET PROCESSING APPARATUS

PAPIERBOGENVERARBEITUNGSVORRICHTUNG

APPAREIL DE TRAITEMENT DE FEUILLE DE PAPIER


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 13.12.2016 JP 2016241352

(43)Date of publication of application:
20.06.2018 Bulletin 2018/25

(73)Proprietor: Glory Ltd.
Hyogo 670-8567 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • KOGA, Fumiaki
    Himeji-shi, Hyogo, 670-8567 (JP)
  • KANESHIRO, Takashi
    Himeji-shi, Hyogo, 670-8567 (JP)

(74)Representative: Lambsdorff & Lange Patentanwälte Partnerschaft mbB 
Grillparzerstraße 12A
81675 München
81675 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2014/063470
JP-A- S58 224 929
JP-A- H0 733 276
US-A- 4 611 939
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a paper sheet processing device.

    Background Art



    [0002] Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 7-33276, considered as the closest prior art, discloses a paper-sheet feeding automatic adjustment mechanism that enables high-speed and stable feeding of paper sheets. This paper-sheet feeding automatic adjustment mechanism includes an opposing state adjusting means for adjusting the opposing state of the feed roller and the gate roller. The paper-sheet feeding automatic adjustment mechanism disclosed in Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 7-33276 is of a so-called gap type, in which a gap is provided between the gate roller and the feed roller. The WO 2014/063470 A1 discloses a paper type medium separating apparatus which comprises feed rollers and gate rollers disposed opposite the feed rollers, wherein the gate rollers are biased in a direction of the feed rollers.

    Summary


    Technical Problem



    [0003] Meanwhile, paper sheet feeding units of a pressure contact type are known. In the pressure contact type, a plurality of gate rollers are in contact with a plurality of opposing feed rollers with a predetermined pressure.

    [0004] In the conventional pressure contact type, the plurality of gate rollers are provided to a single shaft, and rotate around the single shaft. Accordingly, the plurality of gate rollers are brought into pressure contact with the plurality of opposing feed rollers with an equal force.

    [0005] Disadvantageously, when a paper sheet whose coefficient of friction against the feed roller varies depending on the portion, such as a banknote whose thickness partially varies and a banknote having uniform thickness whose coefficient of friction partially varies, passes between the plurality of gate rollers and the plurality of feed rollers which are brought into pressure contact with each other with such an equal force, skewing of the paper sheet results.

    [0006] When, for example, a thick portion of a paper sheet passes between a feed roller and a gate roller, and a thin portion of the paper sheet passes between another feed roller and another gate roller, the force exerted from the gate roller on the thick portion of the paper sheet is greater than the thin portion since the conventional gate rollers are provided around a single shaft and are in pressure contact with the feed rollers (or, are biased in a direction of the feed rollers) with an equal force as described above. The coefficient of frictional is increased at the thick portion, on which the larger force is exerted, than the thin portion in the paper sheet, and thus the advancement speed of the thick portion is reduced in comparison with the thin portion. This results in skewing of the paper sheet.

    [0007] In view of this, an object of the present invention is to provide a paper sheet feeding unit that suppresses skewing of paper sheets.

    Solution to Problem



    [0008] A paper sheet processing apparatus with the features of claim 1.

    Advantageous Effects



    [0009] According to the present invention, skewing of paper sheets can be suppressed.

    Brief Description of Drawings



    [0010] 

    FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a paper sheet processing device in which a paper sheet feeding unit according to a first embodiment of the present disclosure is applied;

    FIG. 2 is a schematic sectional view taken along the xz-plane of the paper sheet processing device illustrated in FIG. 1;

    FIG. 3 illustrates details of the paper sheet feeding unit illustrated in FIG. 2;

    FIG. 4 illustrates a positional relationship of rollers in the paper sheet feeding unit illustrated in FIG. 3 as viewed in the +z-axis direction;

    FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a gate roller part illustrated in FIG. 3;

    FIG. 6 illustrates a support arm of the gate roller part illustrated in FIG. 5 as viewed in the +y-axis direction;

    FIG. 7 illustrates the gate roller part illustrated in FIG. 5 as viewed in the -x-axis direction;

    FIG. 8 illustrates a state where a banknote whose thickness varies depending on the portion passes through the gate roller part;

    FIG. 9 is a perspective view of a part of an adjusting part;

    FIG. 10 is another perspective view of a part of the adjusting part; and

    FIG. 11 illustrates a paper sheet feeding unit according to a second embodiment of the present disclosure.


    Description of Embodiments



    [0011] Embodiments are described below with reference to the accompanying drawings.

    (First embodiment)



    [0012] FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a paper sheet processing device 1 in which a paper sheet feeding unit according to the first embodiment of the present disclosure is applied. As illustrated in FIG. 1, the paper sheet processing device 1 includes a placing part 2, storing parts 3a to 3d, storing parts 4a and 4b, a display part 5, and an operation part 6. The following description will be made with the axis orthogonal coordinate system of x, y, and z illustrated in FIG. 1 with respect to the paper sheet processing device 1.

    [0013] Paper sheets are placed on the placing part 2. The paper sheets placed on the placing part 2 are taken in into the apparatus one by one in response to a predetermined operation of the user on the operation part 6, for example.

    [0014] The paper sheet which has been taken in into the apparatus is stored in any one of storing parts 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d, 4a, and 4d. Examples of the paper sheet include a banknote, a ballot paper and the like. In the following description, the paper sheet is a banknote.

    [0015] The storing parts 3a to 3d respectively store banknotes of predetermined denominations. The denominations of the banknotes which have been taken in into the apparatus are determined by an identification part described later, and the banknotes are stored (sorted) into the storing parts 3a to 3d in accordance with the denominations, for example.

    [0016] The storing parts 4a and 4b house rejected banknotes which are not housed in the storing parts 3a to 3d. Examples of the rejected banknotes include counterfeit notes and unfit notes. It is determined whether the banknote taken in into apparatus is a rejected banknote by the identification part described later.

    [0017] The display part 5 is a liquid crystal display, and displays a count result of banknotes and the like, for example. The operation part 6 is a key apparatus, and receives a predetermined operation from the user, for example. For example, the operation part 6 receives, from the user, a request for sorting banknotes, and a request for starting count.

    [0018] FIG. 2 is a schematic sectional view taken along the xz-plane of the paper sheet processing device 1 of FIG. 1. In FIG. 2, the components same as those of FIG. 1 are denoted with the same reference numerals. As illustrated in FIG. 2, the paper sheet processing device 1 includes a paper sheet feeding unit 11, a conveyance part 12, an identification part 13, a control part 14, and branches 15a to 15e.

    [0019] The paper sheet feeding unit 11 feeds a banknote P1 placed on the placing part 2 to the conveyance part 12 one by one. The conveyance part 12 conveys the banknote fed from the paper sheet feeding unit 11 to any one of the storing parts 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d, 4a, and 4d.

    [0020] An identification part 13 is provided in a region around the conveyance part 12 on the downstream side of the paper sheet feeding unit 11 (in the direction in which the banknote is conveyed) and on the upstream side of the storing parts 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d, 4a, and 4d. The identification part 13 includes a magnetic sensor, a line sensor, an ultraviolet sensor and the like (not illustrated), and identifies the denomination, discrimination, authentication, fitness and the like of the banknote based on the sensor value, for example.

    [0021] A control part 14 controls the branches 15a to 15e in accordance with the identification result of the identification part 13. The branches 15a to 15e separate the banknotes conveyed by the conveyance part 12 in accordance with the control of the control part 14 into the storing parts 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d, 4a, and 4d. For example, the control part 14 controls the branches 15a to 15e such that the banknotes of predetermined denominations identified by the identification part 13 are stored in the storing parts 3a to 3d in accordance with identification result.

    [0022] FIG. 3 illustrates details of the paper sheet feeding unit 11 of FIG. 2. In FIG. 3, the components same as those of FIG. 2 are denoted with the same reference numerals. As illustrated in FIG. 3, the paper sheet feeding unit 11 includes an auxiliary conveyance roller 21a, a kicker roller 22a, a feed roller 23a, a gate roller part 24 (the portion indicated with the dotted line), conveyance rollers 25a and 26a, and counter rollers 25b and 26b.

    [0023] The auxiliary conveyance roller 21a rotates counterclockwise in the drawing. The auxiliary conveyance roller 21a assists kicking of banknotes of the kicker roller 22a, and is referred to also as an auxiliary kicker roller.

    [0024] The kicker roller 22a is provided on the downstream side of the auxiliary conveyance roller 21a. The kicker roller 22a rotates counterclockwise in the drawing. The kicker roller 22a kicks, toward the downstream side, the lowermost banknotes of a plurality of banknotes placed on the placing part 2.

    [0025] The feed roller 23a is provided on the downstream side of the kicker roller 22a. The feed roller 23a rotates counterclockwise in the drawing, and sends, to the conveyance part 12, the lowermost banknotes kicked by the kicker roller 22a.

    [0026] The gate roller part 24 is provided on the downstream side of the kicker roller 22a. As specifically described later, the gate roller part 24 includes an arm shaft 31, a support arm 32a, and a gate roller 35a. One end of the support arm 32a is pivotally supported by the arm shaft 31, and the other end thereof supports the gate roller 35a such that the gate roller 35a can rotate.

    [0027] The gate roller 35a is provided such that the outer peripheral surface thereof makes contact with the outer peripheral surface of the feed roller 23a. The gate roller 35a includes a one-way clutch (not illustrated), and is rotatable only in the counterclockwise direction in the drawing, for example. With this configuration, the banknote that passes between the feed roller 23a and the gate roller 35a is sent to the conveyance part 12 one by one.

    [0028] The support arm 32a can rotate around the arm shaft 31. With this configuration, the center of the gate roller 35a supported by the support arm 32a can move along the circumference of a circle around the arm shaft 31 as two-headed arrow A1 indicates in FIG. 3.

    [0029] The conveyance roller 25a and the counter roller 25b are provided to face each other on the downstream side of the feed roller 23a and the gate roller part 24. The conveyance roller 26a and the counter roller 26b are provided to face each other on the downstream side of the conveyance roller 25a and the counter roller 25b. The conveyance rollers 25a and 26a rotate counterclockwise in the drawing, and sends, to the conveyance part 12, the banknote sent from the feed roller 23a.

    [0030] FIG. 4 illustrates a positional relationship of the rollers of the paper sheet feeding unit 11 of FIG. 3 as viewed in +z-axis direction. In FIG. 4, the components same as those of FIG. 3 are denoted with the same reference numerals. As illustrated in FIG. 4, the paper sheet feeding unit 11 includes two auxiliary conveyance rollers 21a and 21b, three kicker rollers 22a to 22c, four feed rollers 23a to 23d, and four gate rollers 35a to 35d. The banknote placed on the placing part 2 is sent out in +x-axis direction illustrated in FIG. 4.

    [0031] The auxiliary conveyance rollers 21a and 21b are disposed parallel to each other along the y-axis direction. The kicker rollers 22a to 22c are disposed parallel to each other along the y-axis direction on the downstream side of the auxiliary conveyance rollers 21a and 21b (in the +x-axis direction). The feed rollers 23a to 23d are disposed parallel to each other along the y-axis direction on the downstream side of the kicker rollers 22a to 22c (in the +x-axis direction). The gate rollers 35a to 35d are disposed parallel to each other along the y-axis direction on the downstream side of the kicker rollers 22a to 22c (in the +x-axis direction). The gate rollers 35a to 35d are disposed opposite to the feed rollers 23a to 23d, respectively.

    [0032] FIG. 5 is a perspective view of the gate roller part 24 of FIG. 3. In FIG. 5, the components same as those of FIG. 3 are denoted with the same reference numerals. A part of the gate roller part 24 is described with FIG. 5, and the entirety of the gate roller part 24 is described with FIG. 7.

    [0033] As illustrated in FIG. 5, the gate roller part 24 includes the arm shaft 31,the support arm 32a, a guide plate 33a, a gate roller shaft 34a, the gate roller 35a, a shaft attaching member 36a, a biasing member 37a, and an adjusting part 40.

    [0034] The arm shaft 31 is a rod-shaped member. The arm shaft 31 is provided on the downstream side of the feed roller 23a and the gate roller 35a. The rod-shaped arm shaft 31 is provided such that the longitudinal direction thereof is parallel to the y axis.

    [0035] One end of the support arm 32a is rotatably and pivotally supported by the rod-shaped arm shaft 31. The support arm 32a extends slightly upward (+z-axis direction) from the arm shaft 31, and extends to the upstream side (-x-axis direction) (see FIG. 6).

    [0036] The guide plate 33a is a plate-shaped member. The guide plate 33a is fixed to the support arm 32a in a region around the arm shaft 31, and extends to the upstream side (-x-axis direction) in parallel with the support arm 32a.

    [0037] One end of the gate roller shaft 34a extending along the y-axis direction is fixed at an end portion of the guide plate 33a on the upstream side (-x-axis direction side). The gate roller shaft 34a extends through the gate roller 35a and the support arm 32a, and the other end thereof is fixed to a shaft attaching member 36a (see FIG. 6 and FIG. 7).

    [0038] The gate roller 35a is sandwiched between the support arm 32a and the guide plate 33a, and is rotatably attached to the gate roller shaft 34a.

    [0039] The shaft attaching member 36a has a discoid shape, and fixes the other end of the gate roller shaft 34a, for example.

    [0040] FIG. 6 illustrates the support arm 32a of the gate roller part 24 of FIG. 5 as viewed in the +y-axis direction. In FIG. 6, the components same as those of FIG. 5 are denoted with the same reference numerals. In FIG. 6, the shape of the gate roller part 24 and the like are schematically illustrated. As illustrated in FIG. 6, the other end of the gate roller shaft 34a is fixed to the shaft attaching member 36a.

    [0041] As described with FIG. 5, one end of the gate roller shaft 34a is fixed to the guide plate 33a. As illustrated in FIG. 6, the other end of the gate roller shaft 34a is fixed to the shaft attaching member 36a. The gate roller shaft 34a whose both ends are fixed to the guide plate 33a and the shaft attaching member 36a extends through the gate roller 35a and the support arm 32a pivotally supported by the arm shaft 31.

    [0042] With this configuration, the gate roller 35a can move along the circumference of a circle around the arm shaft 31 as two-headed arrow A11 indicates in FIG. 6. In addition, the gate roller 35a can rotate around the gate roller shaft 34a in the direction indicated with arrow A12 in FIG. 6 with the one-way clutch described with FIG. 3, for example.

    [0043] Now the description is returned to of FIG. 5. One end of a biasing member 37a is fixed to the support arm 32a, and the other end thereof is in contact with a cam 43a of the adjusting part 40 described later (see FIG. 6). The biasing member 37a has a coil spring, and biases the gate roller 35a coupled with the support arm 32a in a direction of the feed roller 23a.

    [0044] The adjusting part 40 includes an adjusting shaft 41, an adjusting knob 42, and the cam 43a. The adjusting shaft 41 is a rod-shaped member. The rod-shaped adjusting shaft 41 is provided above the biasing member 37a. The rod-shaped adjusting shaft 41 is provided such that the longitudinal direction thereof is in parallel with the y axis.

    [0045] The adjusting knob 42 is provided at one end of the adjusting shaft 41. The adjusting shaft 41 rotates along with the rotation of the adjusting knob 42.

    [0046] The adjusting shaft 41 is provided with the cam 43a. The cam 43a is an elliptical plate member, for example. When the adjusting knob 42 is rotated, the adjusting shaft 41 is rotated, and, along with the rotation of the adjusting shaft 41, the cam 43a is rotated.

    [0047] The other end of the biasing member 37a is in contact with the cam 43a. As described above, the cam 43a has an elliptical shape, for example. Accordingly, the biasing force of the biasing member 37a can be changed by rotating the adjusting knob 42. In addition, one end of the biasing member 37a is fixed to support the arm 32a, and the gate roller 35a is supported (pivotally supported) by the support arm 32a. Accordingly, the biasing force of the gate roller 35a with respect to the feed roller 23a can be changed by rotating the adjusting knob 42.

    [0048] For example, when the adjusting knob 42 is rotated such that the distance between the other end of the biasing member 37a and the adjusting shaft 41 is increased (for example, when the adjusting knob 42 is rotated such that the portion of the cam 43a indicated with arrow A13a in FIG. 6 makes contact with the other end of the biasing member 37a), the coil spring of the biasing member 37a is compressed. In this manner, the biasing force of the gate roller 35a with respect to the feed roller 23a is increased. On the other hand, when the adjusting knob 42 is rotated such that the distance between the other end of the biasing member 37a and the adjusting shaft 41 is reduced (for example, when the adjusting knob 42 is rotated such that the portion of the cam 43a indicated with arrow A13b in FIG. 6 makes contact with the other end of the biasing member 37a), the coil spring of the biasing member 37a is stretched. In this manner, the biasing force of the gate roller 35a with respect to the feed roller 23a is reduced.

    [0049] FIG. 7 illustrates the gate roller part 24 of FIG. 5 as viewed in the -x-axis direction. In FIG. 7, the components same as those of FIG. 4 and FIG. 5 are denoted with the same reference numerals. It is to be noted that, in FIG. 7, the shape of the gate roller part 24 and the like are schematically illustrated.

    [0050] As illustrated in FIG. 7, the gate roller part 24 includes the arm shaft 31, the support arms 32a to 32d, the guide plates 33a to 33d, the gate roller shafts 34a to 34d, the gate rollers 35a to 35d, the shaft attaching members 36a to 36d, the biasing members 37a to 37d, and the cams 43a to 43d.

    [0051] The configuration of the support arms 32b to 32d is similar to that of the support arm 32a described with FIG. 5. Each of the support arms 32b to 32d is rotatably and pivotally supported by the arm shaft 31 as with the support arm 32a. Each of the support arms 32a to 32d is pivotally supported by the arm shaft 31 in a separate and independent manner, and is thus separately and independently rotatable.

    [0052] The configuration of the guide plates 33b to 33d is similar to that of the guide plate 33a described with FIG. 5. The guide plates 33b to 33d are respectively fixed to the support arms 32b to 32d as with the guide plate 33a.

    [0053] The configuration of the gate roller shafts 34b to 34d is similar to that of the gate roller shaft 34a described with FIG. 5. Each of the gate roller shafts 34a to 34d is an individual and independent shaft. The gate roller shaft 34b extends through the gate roller 35b and the support arm 32b, and the both ends thereof are fixed to the guide plate 33b and the shaft attaching member 36b. The gate roller shaft 34c extends through the gate roller 35c and the support arm 32c, and the both ends thereof are fixed to the guide plate 33c and the shaft attaching member 36c. The gate roller shaft 34d extends through the gate roller 35d and the support arm 32d, and the both ends thereof are fixed to the guide plate 33d and the shaft attaching member 36d.

    [0054] Each of the support arms 32a to 32d is an individual and independent member as described above. In addition, each of the gate roller shafts 34a to 34d is an individual and independent member as described above. Accordingly, the gate rollers 35a to 35d are capable of separately and independently moving along the circumference of a circle around the arm shaft 31, and separately and independently rotate around the gate roller shafts 34a to 34d, respectively.

    [0055] The configuration of the biasing members 37b to 37d is similar to that of the biasing member 37a described with FIG. 5. One ends of the biasing members 37b to 37d are fixed to the respective support arms 32b to 32d, and the other ends thereof are in contact with the respective cams 43b to 43d.

    [0056] The configuration of the cams 43b to 43d is similar to that of the cam 43a described with FIG. 5. The cams 43b to 43d are fixed to the adjusting shaft 41, and rotate along with the rotation of the adjusting shaft 41.

    [0057] FIG. 8 illustrates a state where a banknote whose thickness varies depending on the portion passes through the gate roller part 24. In FIG. 8, the components same as those of FIG. 7 are denoted with the same reference numerals. FIG. 8 illustrates a banknote P11 passing between the feed rollers 23a to 23d and the gate rollers 35a to 35d.

    [0058] The thickness of the banknote P11 is greater at the portion that passes between the feed roller 23b and the gate roller 35b than at other portions. In this case, the gate roller 35b moves upward with respect to the gate rollers 35a, 35c and 35d as arrow A21 indicates in FIG. 8.

    [0059] In this manner, the gate rollers 35a to 35d can individually and independently move along the circumference of a circle around the arm shaft 31 (see, for example, two-headed arrow A11 in FIG. 6). With this configuration, even in the case where a banknote whose thickness varies depending on the portion passes therethrough, the gate roller part 24 can compensate the thickness variation of the banknote with the gate rollers 35a to 35d and can suppress skewing. In addition, also in the case where a banknote whose coefficient of friction varies depending on the portion passes therethrough, the gate roller part 24 can compensate the variation in coefficient of friction with the gate rollers 35a to 35d (for example, the frictional force can be reduced since any of the gate rollers 35a to 35d where a portion of a banknote which has a large coefficient of friction passes can move upward), and skewing can be suppressed.

    [0060] FIG. 9 is a perspective view of a part of the adjusting part 40. In FIG. 9, the components same as those of FIG. 7 are denoted with the same reference numerals. In the following description, the spring constants of the coil springs of the biasing members 37a to 37d are equal to each other.

    [0061] The cams 43a to 43d illustrated in FIG. 9 have the same shape, and are fixed to the adjusting shaft 41 such that the longitudinal axes thereof are oriented in the same direction. In the example illustrated in FIG. 9, the longitudinal axes of the cams 43a to 43d are oriented in the +x-axis direction.

    [0062] When the adjusting shaft 41 having the above-mentioned the cams 43a to 43d are rotated, the biasing forces of the biasing members 37a to 37d are changed such that the values of the biasing forces are equal to each other.

    [0063] FIG. 10 is another perspective view of a part of the adjusting part 40. In FIG. 10, the components same as those of FIG. 7 are denoted with the same reference numerals. In the following description, the spring constants of the coil springs of the biasing members 37a to 37d are equal to each other.

    [0064] While the cams 43a to 43d illustrated in FIG. 10 have the same shape, the longitudinal axes thereof are fixed to the adjusting shaft 41 such that the longitudinal axes are oriented in different directions. In the example illustrated in FIG. 10, the longitudinal axes of the cams 43a and 43c are oriented in the +x-axis direction, while the longitudinal axes of the cams 43b and 43d are oriented in the +z-axis direction.

    [0065] When the adjusting shaft 41 having the above-mentioned the cams 43a to 43d is rotated, the biasing forces of the biasing members 37a and 37c that make contact with the cams 43a and 43c are changed such that the biasing forces have the same values, and the biasing forces of the biasing members 37b and 37d that make contact with the cams 43b and 43d are changed such that the biasing forces have the same values. Then, the biasing forces of the biasing members 37a and 37c that make contact with the cams 43a and 43c, and the biasing force of the biasing members 37b and 37d that make contact with the cams 43b and 43d are different from each other.

    [0066] It is to be noted that, the shapes of the cams 43a to 43d may be different from each other. With this configuration, the adjusting part 40 can change the biasing forces of the biasing members 37a to 37d such that the biasing forces have different values.

    [0067] In addition, coil springs of different spring constants may be applied to the biasing members 37a to 37d. With this configuration, even in the case where the cams 43a to 43d having the same shape are fixed to the adjusting shaft 41 so as to be oriented in the same direction as illustrated in FIG. 9, the adjusting part 40 can change the biasing forces of the biasing members 37a to 37d such that the biasing forces have different values.

    [0068] In addition, the cams 43a to 43d may be respectively fixed to individual and independent adjusting shafts. Then, an adjusting knob may be provided to the individual and independent adjusting shaft. With this configuration, the adjusting part 40 can individually adjust the values of the biasing forces of the biasing members 37a to 37d.

    [0069] In addition, it is possible to adopt a configuration in which, by setting the denomination of the banknote to be fed from the placing part 2 in the operation part 6, the adjusting shaft 41 is automatically turned, and the values of the biasing forces of the biasing members 37a to 37d are adjusted.

    [0070] As described above, paper sheet feeding unit 11 includes a plurality of feed rollers 23a to 23d, and a plurality of gate rollers 35a to 35d disposed opposite to respective feed rollers 23a to 23d in a one-to-one relationship. In addition, paper sheet feeding unit 11 includes biasing members 37a to 37d that bias gate rollers 35a to 35d individually in a direction of feed rollers 23a to 23d, and support arms 32a to 32d that support gate rollers 35a to 35d and biasing members 37a to 37d.

    [0071] With this configuration, even in the case where a banknote whose thickness varies depending on the portion passes through the paper sheet feeding unit 11, the gate rollers 35a to 35d move to compensate the thickness variation of the banknote, by being biased independently respectively, and thus skewing is suppressed. In addition, even in the case where a banknote having a uniform thickness whose coefficient of friction varies depending on the portion passes through paper sheet feeding unit 11, the gate rollers 35a to 35d move to compensate the variation in coefficient of friction of the banknote, by being biased independently respectively, and thus skewing is suppressed.

    [0072] While banknotes whose thickness and/or coefficient of friction varies such as hybrid banknotes in which a partially transparent polymer part is formed, and banknotes provided with a security thread for counterfeiting prevention are in circulation in recent years, skewing of such banknotes can also be suppressed, and removal of the security thread can be suppressed, for example.

    [0073] In addition, the paper sheet feeding unit 11 includes the adjusting part 40 that adjusts the biasing forces of the biasing members 37a to 37d. With this configuration, the paper sheet feeding unit 11 can handle banknotes of various thicknesses.

    (Second embodiment)



    [0074] The biasing member is provided for each gate roller in the first embodiment. In the second embodiment, gate rollers are grouped into a plurality of groups, and the biasing member is provided for each group.

    [0075] FIG. 11 illustrates a gate roller part 51 of the paper sheet feeding unit 11 according to the second embodiment of the present disclosure. In FIG. 11, the components same as those of FIG. 7 are denoted with the same reference numerals. As illustrated in FIG. 11, the gate roller part 51 includes gate roller shafts 52a and 52b.

    [0076] In the gate roller part 51 illustrated in FIG. 11, the biasing member 37a is provided for the two gate rollers 35a and 35b. In addition, in the gate roller part 51, the biasing member 37c is provided for the two gate rollers 35c and 35d. That is, in the gate roller part 51 illustrated in FIG. 11, a plurality of gate rollers 35a to 35d are grouped into a plurality of groups, and the biasing members 37a and 37c are provided to respective groups.

    [0077] One end of the gate roller shaft 52a is fixed to the guide plate 33a, and the other end thereof is fixed to the shaft attaching member 36b. The gate roller shaft 52a extends through the gate roller 35a, the support arm 32a, the guide plate 33b, the gate roller 35b, and the support arm 32b. The gate rollers 35a and 35b have a common the gate roller shaft 52a, and therefore move together along the circumference of a circle around the arm shaft 31. In addition, the gate rollers 35a and 35b rotate around the gate roller shaft 52a.

    [0078] One end of the biasing member 37a is fixed to the support arm 32a, and the other end thereof is in contact with the cam 43a. The biasing member 37a alone biases the two gate rollers 35a and 35b in a direction of the feed rollers 23a and 23b. It is to be noted that the biasing member is not fixed to the support arm 32b.

    [0079] One end of the gate roller shaft 52b is fixed to the guide plate 33c, and the other end thereof is fixed to the shaft attaching member 36d. The gate roller shaft 52b extends through the gate roller 35c, the support arm 32c, the guide plate 33d, the gate roller 35d, and the support arm 32d. The gate rollers 35c and 35d have common the gate roller shaft 52b, and therefore move together along the circumference of a circle around the arm shaft 31. In addition, the gate rollers 35c and 35d rotate around the gate roller shaft 52b.

    [0080] One end of the biasing member 37c is fixed to the support arm 32c, and the other end thereof is in contact with the cam 43c. The biasing member 37c alone biases the two gate rollers 35c and 35d in a direction of the feed rollers 23c and 23d. It is to be noted that the biasing member is not fixed to the support arm 32d.

    [0081] As described above, the plurality of gate rollers 35a to 35d are grouped into a plurality of groups, and the biasing members 37a and 37c are provided for respective groups. With this configuration, the paper sheet feeding unit 11 can reduce the number of components such as the biasing member, and can achieve cost reduction.

    [0082] While adjacent the gate rollers 35a and 35b are grouped, and adjacent the gate rollers 35c and 35d are grouped in the above-mentioned configuration, the way of grouping is not limited to this. For example, it is also possible to group the gate rollers 35a and 35d, and group the gate rollers 35b and 35c. In addition, for example, it is also possible to group the gate rollers 35a and 35c, and group the gate rollers 35b and 35d. Further, it is also possible to group the gate rollers 35a, 35b, and 35c, while separating the gate roller 35d.

    [0083] The grouping of the gate rollers 35a to 35d is determined based on the thickness of the banknote, for example. For example, in the gate rollers 35a to 35d, the gate rollers where a portion of the same thickness, of a banknote, passes are grouped. In addition, for example, the grouping is determined based on the coefficient of friction of the banknote. For example, in the gate rollers 35a to 35d, the gate rollers where a portion of the same coefficient of friction, of a banknote, passes are grouped.

    Reference Signs List



    [0084] 

    1 Paper sheet processing device

    2 Placing part

    3a to 3d, 4a, 4b Storing part

    5 Display part

    6 Operation part

    11 Paper sheet feeding unit

    23a to 23d Feed roller

    24, 51 Gate roller part

    31 Arm shaft

    32a to 32d Support arm

    33a to 33d Guide plate

    34a to 34d Gate roller shaft

    35a to 35d Gate roller

    36a to 36d Shaft attaching member

    37a to 37d Biasing member

    41 Adjusting shaft

    42 Adjusting knob

    43a to 43d Cam




    Claims

    1. A paper sheet processing apparatus (1) comprising:

    a placing part (2) configured to place paper sheets;

    a paper sheet feeding unit (11) configured to feed the paper sheets placed on the placing part (2) one by one into the apparatus (1); and

    a storing part (3a-3d; 4a, 4b) configured to store the paper sheets fed into the apparatus (1), wherein:

    the paper sheet feeding unit (11) comprises

    feed rollers (23a-23d),

    gate rollers (35a-35d) disposed opposite to the feed rollers (23a-23d), respectively,

    biasing members (37a-37d) each independently biasing a corresponding gate roller of the gate rollers (35a-35d) in a direction of a corresponding feed roller of the feed rollers (23a-23d), and

    supporting members each supporting the corresponding gate roller of the gate rollers (35a-35d) and a corresponding biasing member of the biasing members (37a-37d), wherein

    each of the supporting members includes a support arm (32a-32d) that pivotally supports the corresponding gate roller of the gate rollers (35a-35d), each support arm (32a-32d) is coupled with the corresponding biasing member of the biasing members (37a-37d),

    each support arm (32a-32d) is pivotally supported by an arm shaft (31) and is rotatable independently from other support arms,

    each of the gate rollers (35a-35d) is movable along a circumference of a circle around the arm shaft (31) independently from other gate rollers, and

    the gate rollers (35a-35d) have gate roller shafts (34a-34d) respectively, and each of the gate rollers (35a-35d) is rotatable around an axis of a corresponding gate roller shaft of the gate roller shafts (34a-34d) independently from the other gate rollers.


     
    2. The paper sheet processing apparatus (1) according to claim 1, further comprising an adjusting part (40) that adjusts a biasing force of each of the biasing members (37a-37d).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Papierblatt-Verarbeitungsvorrichtung (1), umfassend:

    ein Platzierungsteil (2), das ausgelegt ist, Papierblätter zu platzieren;

    eine Papierblatt-Beschickungseinheit (11), die ausgelegt ist, die auf dem Platzierungsteil (2) platzierten Papierblätter einzeln in die Vorrichtung (1) einzugeben; und

    ein Speicherteil (3a-3d; 4a, 4b), das ausgelegt ist, die in die Vorrichtung (1) eingegebenen Papierblätter zu speichern, wobei:

    die Papierblatt-Beschickungseinheit (11) umfasst:

    Beschickungsrollen (23a-23d),

    Zugangsrollen (35a-35d), die den Beschickungsrollen (23a-23d) jeweils gegenüberliegend angeordnet sind,

    Vorspannungsglieder (37a-37d), die eine entsprechende Zugangsrolle der Zugangsrollen (35a-35d) jeweils unabhängig in eine Richtung einer entsprechenden Beschickungsrolle der Beschickungsrollen (23a-23d) vorspannen, und

    Stützglieder, die jeweils die entsprechende Zugangsrolle der Zugangsrollen (35a-35d) und ein entsprechendes Vorspannungsglied der Vorspannungsglieder (37a-37d) tragen,

    wobei

    jedes der Stützglieder einen Stützarm (32a-32d) enthält, der die entsprechende Zugangsrolle der Zugangsrollen (35a-35d) schwenkbar trägt, jeder Stützarm (32a-32d) mit dem entsprechenden Vorspannungsglied der Vorspannungsglieder (37a-37d) gekoppelt ist,

    jeder Stützarm (32a-32d) schwenkbar von einer Armwelle (31) getragen wird und unabhängig von anderen Stützarmen rotierbar ist,

    jede der Zugangsrollen (35a-35d) entlang eines Kreisumfangs um die Armwelle (31) unabhängig von anderen Zugangsrollen bewegbar ist, und

    die Zugangsrollen (35a-35d) jeweils Zugangsrollenwellen (34a-34d) haben, und jede der Zugangsrollen (35a-35d) unabhängig von den anderen Zugangsrollen um eine Achse einer entsprechenden Zugangsrollenwelle der Zugangsrollenwellen (34a-34d) rotierbar ist.


     
    2. Papierblatt-Verarbeitungsvorrichtung (1) nach Anspruch 1, ferner aufweisend ein Einstellteil (40), das eine Vorspannungskraft von jedem der Vorspannungsglieder (37a-37d) einstellt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Appareil de traitement de feuilles de papier (1) comprenant:

    une partie de placement (2) configurée pour placer des feuilles de papier;

    une unité d'alimentation en feuilles de papier (11) configurée pour alimenter en feuilles de papier placées sur la partie de placement (2) une par une dans l'appareil (1); et

    une partie de stockage (3a-3d ; 4a, 4b) configurée pour stocker les feuilles de papier alimentées dans l'appareil (1),

    l'unité d'alimentation en feuilles de papier (11) comprenant:

    des rouleaux d'alimentation (23a-23d),

    des rouleaux de porte (35a-35d) disposés respectivement à l'opposé des rouleaux d'alimentation (23a-23d),

    des éléments de sollicitation (37a-37d) sollicitant chacun indépendamment un rouleau de porte correspondant des rouleaux de porte (35a-35d) dans une direction d'un rouleau d'alimentation correspondant des rouleaux d'alimentation (23a-23d), et

    des éléments de support supportant chacun le rouleau de porte correspondant des rouleaux de porte (35a-35d) et un élément de sollicitation correspondant des éléments de sollicitation (37a-37d),

    chacun des éléments de support comprenant un bras de support (32a-32d) qui supporte de manière pivotante le rouleau de porte correspondant des rouleaux de porte (35a-35d), chaque bras de support (32a-32d) étant couplé à l'élément de sollicitation correspondant des éléments de sollicitation (37a-37d),

    chaque bras de support (32a-32d) étant supporté de manière pivotante par un arbre de bras (31) et pouvant tourner indépendamment des autres bras de support,

    chacun des rouleaux de porte (35a-35d) étant mobile le long d'une circonférence d'un cercle autour de l'arbre du bras (31) indépendamment des autres rouleaux de porte, et

    les rouleaux de porte (35a-35d) ayant respectivement des arbres de rouleau de porte (34a-34d), et chacun des rouleaux de porte (35a-35d) pouvant tourner autour d'un axe d'un arbre de rouleau de porte correspondant des arbres de rouleau de porte (34a-34d) indépendamment des autres rouleaux de porte.


     
    2. Appareil de traitement de feuilles de papier (1) selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre une partie de réglage (40) qui règle une force de sollicitation de chacun des éléments de sollicitation (37a-37d).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description