(19)
(11)EP 3 337 097 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 16840717.9

(22)Date of filing:  10.08.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04L 12/24  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2016/094416
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/036288 (09.03.2017 Gazette  2017/10)

(54)

NETWORK ELEMENT UPGRADING METHOD AND DEVICE

VERFAHREN UND VORRICHTUNG ZUR AKTUALISIERUNG VON NETZWERKELEMENTEN

PROCÉDÉ ET DISPOSITIF DE MISE À NIVEAU D'ÉLÉMENTS DE RÉSEAU


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 02.09.2015 CN 201510556227

(43)Date of publication of application:
20.06.2018 Bulletin 2018/25

(73)Proprietor: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Longgang District Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventor:
  • YOU, Guangrui
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(74)Representative: Isarpatent 
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte Behnisch Barth Charles Hassa Peckmann & Partner mbB Friedrichstrasse 31
80801 München
80801 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 557 823
CN-A- 103 889 002
CN-A- 104 320 812
US-A1- 2012 047 244
US-B1- 8 929 856
CN-A- 101 801 029
CN-A- 103 997 414
CN-A- 105 099 789
US-A1- 2014 115 578
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to the field of communications technologies, and in particular, to a network element upgrade method and a device.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] As a control core of an entire communications network, a core network needs to connect to various peripheral networks and devices. All network services need to be controlled and processed or forwarded by a core network element, and a network service provided by the core network element is irreplaceable. Therefore, when the core network element needs to be upgraded, a system that is processing a network service needs to be upgraded while normal processing of the network service needs to be ensured. That is, hitless upgrade of the core network needs to be implemented, and the service is not interrupted during upgrade of the system or only a brief interruption (for example, within 10s) is allowed.

    [0003] In the prior art, hitless upgrade is usually performed on a core network element by using the following method: Processes in the network element are classified into a process on an active plane and a process on a standby plane; during upgrade, the standby plane is first upgraded to a new version (no service is processed on the standby plane); after the standby plane is upgraded, status switching is performed on the standby plane and the original active plane, and all services are switched from the original active plane to the original standby plane (a new active plane); then, the original active plane is upgraded. In the upgrade process, a very short service interruption (theoretically, a service interruption time is approximately 10s) is generated only when the services are switched from the active plane to the standby plane that is upgraded to the new version, so as to implement hitless upgrade.

    [0004] However, in a process of implementing the present invention, it is found that the foregoing hitless upgrade method has the following problems: Device configurations and networking of an existing network vary widely, an actual scenario in the existing network cannot be simulated at a research and development phase, and many problems of a network element of a new version can be found only during upgrade. Consequently, during the upgrade, after the network element switches all services to the new version, an overall situation may be affected once a problem occurs during the upgrade to the new version.

    [0005] EP 2 557 823 A1 discloses an authentication, authorization and accounting server. The server comprises: a bottom layer interface module, a policy distribution module and the plurality of service processing modules, wherein the bottom layer interface module is configured to provide a message transmission interface between the policy distribution module and access networks of different network modes, the policy distribution module is configured to distribute messages from the access networks of different network modes to the plurality of service processing modules, and each service processing module of the plurality of service processing modules is configured to perform access processing for a received message.

    SUMMARY



    [0006] To resolve the foregoing problem, the present invention provides a network element upgrade method and a device, so as to resolve a problem that in an existing upgrade process, after a network element switches all services to a new version, an overall situation may be affected once a problem occurs during the upgrade to the new version. This is achieved by the features of the independent claims. Further advantageous embodiments and improvements of the invention are listed in the dependent claims. Hereinafter, before coming to a detailed description of the embodiments of the invention with reference to the attached drawings, some general aspects which are useful for contributing to the understanding of the inventive details in these embodiments are described below separately.

    [0007] The following technical solutions are used in embodiments of the present invention.

    [0008] According to a first aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a network element upgrade method. The method includes:

    receiving, by a software load balancer SLB, a distribution policy delivered by an element management system EMS;

    forwarding, by the SLB to a first network element according to the distribution policy, some of a plurality of received service messages sent by an external network element, and forwarding remaining service messages to a second network element according to the distribution policy; and

    after a processing result of the service messages on the second network element meets a preset condition, forwarding, by the SLB to the second network element according to the distribution policy, all of a plurality of subsequently received service messages sent by the external network element, where

    the distribution policy is used to control a ratio of a quantity of the service messages forwarded to the first network element to a quantity of the service messages forwarded to the second network element, the second network element has a same configuration attribute and connection configuration as the first network element, the second network element and the first network element are located in different virtual local area networks, and a version of the second network element is not lower than a version of the first network element.



    [0009] With reference to the first aspect, in a first possible implementation of the first aspect, the service message includes a user identifier of a user triggering the service message; and the forwarding, by the SLB to a first network element according to the distribution policy, some of a plurality of received service messages sent by an external network element, and forwarding remaining service messages to a second network element according to the distribution policy specifically includes:

    determining, by the SLB, a message type of each of the plurality of received service messages; and

    if the SLB determines that the message type of the service message is a Session Initiation Protocol SIP message, forwarding the service message to the first network element or the second network element according to the user identifier included in the SIP message and a distribution identifier and a white list in the distribution policy, where the distribution identifier is used to indicate that all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the first network element, all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the second network element, or it is uncertain whether to forward the plurality of service messages received by the SLB to the first network element or the second network element, and the white list is used to store at least one user identifier; or

    if the SLB determines that the service message is an IP link message, forwarding the service message to the first network element or the second network element according to 5-tuple information included in the IP link message and a correspondence between a 5-tuple attribute of a logic link and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID that are in the distribution policy, where

    the 5-tuple information includes an IP address of the external network element, a port number of the external network element, an IP address of the first network element, a port number of the first network element, and a transport protocol type, and the 5-tuple attribute of the logic link includes a source IP address, a source port number, a destination IP address, a destination port number, and a transport protocol type.



    [0010] With reference to the first possible implementation of the first aspect, in a second possible implementation of the first aspect, the forwarding, by the SLB, the service message to the first network element or the second network element according to the user identifier included in the SIP message and a distribution identifier and a white list in the distribution policy specifically includes:

    querying, by the SLB, the distribution identifier; and

    querying the white list if the distribution identifier indicates that it is uncertain whether to forward the plurality of service messages received by the SLB to the first network element or the second network element, and forwarding the service message to the second network element if the user identifier in the service message is included in the white list, or forwarding the service message to the first network element if the user identifier in the service message is not included in the white list;

    forwarding the service message to the second network element if the distribution identifier indicates that all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the second network element; or

    forwarding the service message to the first network element if the distribution identifier indicates that all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the first network element.



    [0011] With reference to the first possible implementation of the first aspect, in a third possible implementation of the first aspect, the forwarding, by the SLB, the service message to the first network element or the second network element according to 5-tuple information included in the IP link message and a correspondence between a 5-tuple attribute of a logic link and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID that are in the distribution policy specifically includes:

    determining, according to the correspondence between a 5-tuple attribute of a logic link and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID that are in the distribution policy, a first virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID corresponding to the service message, where the first VLAN ID is used to identify a first virtual local area network, and the first virtual local area network includes the first network element or the second network element; and

    forwarding, according to a correspondence between a network element and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID of a virtual local area network in which the network element is located, the service message to a network element corresponding to the first VLAN ID.



    [0012] With reference to any one of the first to the third possible implementations of the first aspect, in a fourth possible implementation of the first aspect, before the receiving, by an SLB, a distribution policy delivered by an EMS, the method further includes:

    sending, by the SLB, a synchronization request message to the first network element, where the synchronization request message is used to request to obtain interface information of the first network element, and the interface information of the first network element includes an IP address and a port number of a SIP server of the first network element and configuration information of a logic link for communication between the first network element and the external network element; and

    receiving and storing, by the SLB, the interface information of the first network element, and setting an external interface attribute of the SLB according to the received interface information of the first network element, where the interface attribute includes an IP address and a port number; and

    correspondingly, the determining, by the SLB, a message type of each of the plurality of received service messages specifically includes:
    determining the message type of the service message according to interface information included in the service message and the interface information of the first network element.



    [0013] With reference to the first aspect, in a fifth possible implementation of the first aspect, the method further includes:

    if the SLB receives a first service message sent by the first network element or the second network element, changing a source port number in the first service message, and recording, in a first relationship table, the changed source port number and a correspondence between the source port number and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID of a virtual local area network in which the network element sending the first service message is located;

    forwarding the first service message including the changed source port number to the external network element;

    receiving a response message returned by the external network element, where the response message includes a destination port number, and the destination port number is the changed source port number;

    querying the first relationship table, to obtain a port number and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID that correspond to the destination port number; and

    sending the response message to a port of a network element in a virtual local area network identified by the virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID, where

    the first service message is a non-IP link message and includes a source IP address, a source port number, a destination IP address, and a destination port number.



    [0014] With reference to any one of the first aspect or the first to the fifth possible implementations of the first aspect, in a sixth possible implementation of the first aspect, the preset condition is one or more of the following cases:

    all service messages on the second network element are successfully processed; or

    a success rate of test cases of all service messages on the second network element is greater than or equal to a preset threshold.



    [0015] According to a second aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a network element upgrade method, applied to an element management system EMS, and including:

    creating, by the EMS, a second network element, where the second network element has a same configuration attribute and connection configuration as a first network element, the second network element and the first network element are located in different virtual local area networks, and a version of the second network element is not lower than a version of the first network element; and

    sending, by the EMS, a distribution policy to an SLB, so that the SLB forwards, to the first network element according to the distribution policy, some of a plurality of received service messages sent by an external network element, and forwards remaining service messages to the second network element according to the distribution policy; and after a processing result of the service messages on the second network element meets a preset condition, the SLB forwards, to the second network element according to the distribution policy, all of a plurality of subsequently received service messages sent by the external network element.



    [0016] With reference to the second aspect, in a first possible implementation of the second aspect, the creating, by the EMS, a second network element specifically includes:

    instructing, by the EMS by using a virtualized network function manager VNFM, a virtualized infrastructure manager VIM in which the first network element is located to create a virtual machine image file of the first network element;

    instructing, by the EMS, the VIM to create a virtual machine of the first network element; and

    embedding, by the EMS, the virtual machine image file of the first network element into the created virtual machine, to form the second network element.



    [0017] With reference to the second aspect or the first possible implementation of the second aspect, in a second possible implementation of the second aspect, the method further includes:

    reducing, by the EMS, a virtual machine resource of the first network element according to a quantity of reduced service messages that are processed on the first network element; and

    after the SLB forwards all of the plurality of subsequently received service messages to the second network element, deleting, by the EMS, the first network element to release virtual machine resources on the first network element.



    [0018] With reference to any one of the second aspect or the first or the second possible implementation of the second aspect, in a third possible implementation of the second aspect, that a processing result of the service messages on the second network element meets a preset condition includes: all service messages on the second network element are successfully processed; or
    a success rate of test cases of all service messages on the second network element is greater than or equal to a preset threshold.

    [0019] According to a third aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a software load balancer SLB, including:

    a receiving unit, configured to receive a distribution policy delivered by an element management system EMS;

    a distribution unit, configured to: forward, to a first network element according to the distribution policy, some of a plurality of received service messages sent by an external network element, and forward remaining service messages to a second network element according to the distribution policy received by the receiving unit; and

    after a processing result of the service messages on the second network element meets a preset condition, forward, to the second network element according to the distribution policy, all of a plurality of subsequently received service messages sent by the external network element, where

    the distribution policy is used to control a ratio of a quantity of the service messages forwarded to the first network element to a quantity of the service messages forwarded to the second network element, the second network element has a same configuration attribute and connection configuration as the first network element, the second network element and the first network element are located in different virtual local area networks, and a version of the second network element is not lower than a version of the first network element.



    [0020] With reference to the third aspect, in a first possible implementation of the third aspect, the service message includes a user identifier of a user triggering the service message; and the distribution unit is specifically configured to:

    determine a message type of each of the plurality of received service messages; and

    if the message type of the service message is a Session Initiation Protocol SIP message, forward the service message to the first network element or the second network element according to the user identifier included in the SIP message and a distribution identifier and a white list in the distribution policy, where the distribution identifier is used to indicate that all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the first network element, all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the second network element, or it is uncertain whether to forward the plurality of service messages received by the SLB to the first network element or the second network element, and the white list is used to store at least one user identifier; or

    if the service message is an IP link message, forward the service message to the first network element or the second network element according to 5-tuple information included in the IP link message and a correspondence between a 5-tuple attribute of a logic link and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID that are in the distribution policy, where

    the 5-tuple information includes an IP address of the external network element, a port number of the external network element, an IP address of the first network element, a port number of the first network element, and a transport protocol type, and the 5-tuple attribute of the logic link includes a source IP address, a source port number, a destination IP address, a destination port number, and a transport protocol type.



    [0021] With reference to the first possible implementation of the third aspect, in a second possible implementation of the third aspect, the distribution unit is specifically configured to:

    query the distribution identifier; and

    query the white list if the distribution identifier indicates that it is uncertain whether to forward the plurality of service messages received by the SLB to the first network element or the second network element, and forward the service message to the second network element if the user identifier in the service message is included in the white list, or forward the service message to the first network element if the user identifier in the service message is not included in the white list;

    forward the service message to the second network element if the distribution identifier indicates that all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the second network element; or

    forward the service message to the first network element if the distribution identifier indicates that all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the first network element.



    [0022] With reference to the first possible implementation of the third aspect, in a third possible implementation of the third aspect, the distribution unit is specifically configured to:

    determine, according to the correspondence between a 5-tuple attribute of a logic link and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID that are in the distribution policy, a first virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID corresponding to the service message, where the first VLAN ID is used to identify a first virtual local area network, and the first virtual local area network includes the first network element or the second network element; and

    forward, according to a correspondence between a network element and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID of a virtual local area network in which the network element is located, the service message to a network element corresponding to the first VLAN ID.



    [0023] With reference to any one of the first to the third possible implementations of the third aspect, in a fourth possible implementation of the third aspect, the SLB further includes:

    a sending unit, configured to: before the receiving unit receives the distribution policy delivered by the EMS, send a synchronization request message to the first network element, where the synchronization request message is used to request to obtain interface information of the first network element, and the interface information of the first network element includes an IP address and a port number of a SIP server of the first network element and configuration information of a logic link for communication between the first network element and the external network element;

    the receiving unit is further configured to receive and store the interface information sent by the first network element; and

    the distribution unit is specifically configured to: set an external interface attribute of the SLB according to the received interface information of the first network element, where the interface attribute includes an IP address and a port number; and

    determine the message type of the service message according to interface information included in the service message and the interface information of the first network element.



    [0024] With reference to the third aspect, in a fifth possible implementation of the third aspect, the receiving unit is further configured to receive a first service message sent by the first network element or the second network element; and

    the distribution unit is further configured to: change a source port number in the first service message, and record, in a first relationship table, the changed source port number and a correspondence between the source port number and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID of a virtual local area network in which the network element sending the first service message is located;

    forward the first service message including the changed source port number to the external network element;

    the receiving unit is further configured to receive a response message returned by the external network element, where the response message includes a destination port number, and the destination port number is the changed source port number; and

    the distribution unit is further configured to query the first relationship table, to obtain a port number and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID that correspond to the destination port number; and

    send the response message to a port of a network element in a virtual local area network identified by the virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID, where

    the first service message is a non-IP link message and includes a source IP address, a source port number, a destination IP address, and a destination port number.



    [0025] With reference to any one of the third aspect or the first to the fifth possible implementations of the third aspect, in a sixth possible implementation of the third aspect, the preset condition is one or more of the following cases:

    all service messages on the second network element are successfully processed; or

    a success rate of test cases of all service messages on the second network element is greater than or equal to a preset threshold.



    [0026] According to a fourth aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides an element management system EMS, including:

    a creation unit, configured to create a second network element, where the second network element has a same configuration attribute and connection configuration as a first network element, the second network element and the first network element are located in different virtual local area networks, and a version of the second network element is not lower than a version of the first network element; and

    a sending unit, configured to send a distribution policy to an SLB, so that the SLB forwards according to the distribution policy, to the first network element, some of a plurality of received service messages sent by an external network element, and forwards remaining service messages to the second network element according to the distribution policy; and after a processing result of the service messages on the second network element meets a preset condition, the SLB forwards, to the second network element according to the distribution policy, all of a plurality of subsequently received service messages sent by the external network element.



    [0027] With reference to the fourth aspect, in a first possible implementation of the fourth aspect, the creation unit is specifically configured to:

    instruct, by using a virtualized network function manager VNFM, a virtualized infrastructure manager VIM in which the first network element is located to create a virtual machine image file of the first network element;

    instruct the VIM to create a virtual machine of the first network element; and

    embed the virtual machine image file of the first network element into the created virtual machine, to form the second network element.



    [0028] With reference to the fourth aspect or the first possible implementation of the fourth aspect, in a second possible implementation of the fourth aspect, the creation unit is further configured to:

    reduce a virtual machine resource of the first network element according to a quantity of reduced service messages that are processed on the first network element; and

    after the SLB forwards all of the plurality of subsequently received service messages to the second network element, delete the first network element to release virtual machine resources on the first network element.



    [0029] With reference to any one of the fourth aspect or the first or the second possible implementation of the fourth aspect, in a third possible implementation of the fourth aspect, that a processing result of the service messages on the second network element meets a preset condition includes: all service messages on the second network element are successfully processed; or
    a success rate of test cases of all service messages on the second network element is greater than or equal to a preset threshold.

    [0030] It can be learned from the foregoing that the network element upgrade method provided in the embodiments of the present invention includes: receiving, by the SLB, the distribution policy delivered by the EMS; forwarding, to the first network element according to the distribution policy, the some of the plurality of received service messages sent by the external network element, and forwarding the remaining service messages to the second network element according to the distribution policy; and after the processing result of the service messages on the second network element meets the preset condition, forwarding, by the SLB to the second network element according to the distribution policy, all of the plurality of subsequently received service messages sent by the external network element. In this way, in a network element upgrade process, first, the SLB forwards some of service messages to the second network element for test running; then, after a running status on the second network element becomes normal, all of a plurality of subsequently received service messages are forwarded to the second network element. This reduces a risk that all services are damaged by switching all the services to a new network element in the network element upgrade process. In addition, an existing system architecture of a network element is not changed, only an SLB module is newly added outside the network element, and the internal structure of the network element is blocked. A network element instance is newly added inside the network element, and a message flow is controlled to be switched between new and old network elements, thereby preventing system reliability from decreasing during upgrade and meeting a telecommunication-level high reliability requirement.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0031] To describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention or in the prior art more clearly, the following briefly describes the accompanying drawings required for describing the embodiments or the prior art. Apparently, the accompanying drawings in the following description show merely some embodiments of the present invention, and persons of ordinary skill in the art may still derive other drawings from these accompanying drawings without creative efforts.

    FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of an existing NFV architecture;

    FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a system architecture according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 3 is a flowchart of a network element upgrade method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 4 is a flowchart of a distribution policy according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 5 is a flowchart of a network upgrade method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 6 is a structural diagram of an SLB according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 6A is a structural diagram of an SLB according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 7 is a structural diagram of an EMS according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 8 is a structural diagram of an SLB according to an embodiment of the present invention; and

    FIG. 9 is a structural diagram of an EMS according to an embodiment of the present invention.


    DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



    [0032] The following clearly describes the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. Apparently, the described embodiments are merely some but not all of the embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments obtained by persons of ordinary skill in the art based on the embodiments of the present invention without creative efforts shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

    [0033] It should be noted that a network element upgrade method provided in the embodiments of the present invention not only may be applied to a network element upgrade scenario on a cloud computing platform or a non-cloud computing platform, but also may be applied to a network element cutover scenario and a disaster recovery switch scenario on the cloud computing platform or the non-cloud computing platform. This is not limited in the embodiments of the present invention. The present invention is described only by using the network element upgrade scenario on the cloud computing platform as an example. Implementation methods in the network element cutover scenario and the disaster recovery switch scenario are the same as the network element upgrade method described in the embodiments of the present invention, and details are not described herein.

    [0034] On the cloud computing platform, a large quantity of telecommunications operators and manufacturers perform virtualization construction on a network element in a core network. A network system architecture shown in FIG. 1 and defined by a network function virtualization (network function virtualization, NFV) standard is used as a cloud architecture of a telecommunications device. The NFV architecture may include an operations support system (operations support system, OSS), at least one element management system (element management system, EMS), and the following several virtualized function nodes: a virtualized network function (virtualized network function, VNF), network function virtualization infrastructure (NFV infrastructure, NFVI), and network function virtualization management and orchestration (NFV Management and Orchestration, NFV MANO). The OSS represents an operations support system of each operator, and is responsible for network management services such as an alarm, traffic statistics, configuration management, and network planning in different domains (such as a fixed network domain or a mobile network domain) of the operator, and coordinates and configures a common resource according to a service operation mode of a user and a billing rule when providing various convenient services to the user. The EMS needs to provide five basic functions, that is, fault, configuration, accounting, performance, security (Fault, Configuration, Accounting, Performance and Security, FCAPS) in network management. In addition, usually, the EMS further has the following functions: topology management, system backup and recovery, system monitoring, log management, and serves as a northbound interface, and a command terminal. The VNF is a virtualized function device of a physical network element in the core network. The NFVI virtualizes a hardware resource into a virtual resource that can be dynamically requested to use, and provides the virtual resource to the VNF, so that the VNF has a same function as the physical network element. The VNF is operated and managed by the EMS. The NFV MANO plays an important role of performing overall control and coordination in the NFV architecture, and includes three parts: a network function virtualization orchestrator (NFV Orchestrator, NFVO), a virtualized network function manager (VNF Manager, VNFM), and a virtualized infrastructure manager (Virtualized Infrastructure Manager, VIM). When there is a requirement for software and hardware resources, the NFV MANO coordinates, verifies, and grants requests for related resources, and is responsible for managing a life cycle of the VNF, for example, instantiating, elastically organizing, updating, querying, or terminating the VNF. In addition, the NFV MANO is also responsible for policy management (Policy Management) of a network service, collection and forwarding of an associated event, and infrastructure-related resource configuration, for example, adding a resource to a virtual machine, improving energy efficiency, and returning a resource.

    [0035] A basic principle of the embodiments of the present invention is adding a software load balancer (Software Load Balancer, SLB) to the NFV architecture. The SLB has the following functions: being responsible for sending a signaling message of an external network to a virtualized function device VNF1 and VNF1' of a physical network element, and performing network address translation (Network Address Translation, NAT) mapping on a request message for sending the VNF1 and VNF1' to the external network, thereby ensuring that a response message can be returned to a message requester by using a same path. When a network element needs to be upgraded, first, image mapping is performed on the virtualized VNF1 of the physical network element to form the VNF1' as a standby virtual network element, and system upgrade is completed for the VNF1'; then, the SLB gradually distributes, from the network element VNF1 to the network element VNF1' according to a preset distribution policy, received service messages sent by another external network element, to complete a hitless network element upgrade process of the network element, thereby avoiding a problem that an overall situation is affected by directly forwarding all service messages to a new network element. For example, FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a system architecture according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 2, an SLB is disposed between another network element and a virtualized VNF1 and VNF1' of a physical network element, and the SLB is connected to an EMS. The EMS delivers a distribution policy to the SLB, and controls a service message sent by the SLB to the VNF1 or the VNF1'. In this way, an SLB module is newly added outside a network element without changing an existing system architecture of the network element, and the internal structure of the network element is blocked. A network element instance is newly added inside the network element, and a message flow is controlled to be switched between new and old instances, thereby preventing system reliability from decreasing during upgrade. The following describes in detail the network element upgrade method provided in the present invention by using specific embodiments.

    Embodiment 1



    [0036] FIG. 3 is a flowchart of a network element upgrade method according to this embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 3, the method may include the following steps.

    [0037] Step 101: An SLB receives a distribution policy delivered by an element management system EMS.

    [0038] The distribution policy is developed by a manager according to a requirement and is sent by the EMS to the SLB. The distribution policy may be used to control a ratio of a quantity of service messages forwarded by the SLB to a first network element to a quantity of service messages forwarded by the SLB to a second network element, and the service messages are a plurality of service messages received by the SLB.

    [0039] Step 102: The SLB forwards, to a first network element according to the distribution policy, some of a plurality of received service messages sent by an external network element, and forwards remaining service messages to a second network element according to the distribution policy.

    [0040] The plurality of service messages received by the SLB are a plurality of service messages sent by at least one user that are received by the external network element and that are sent to the first network element. For example, M service messages may be included, where M is an integer greater than 1. Each service message includes a user identifier of a user triggering the service message.

    [0041] In a network element upgrade scenario on a cloud computing platform, the external network element and the first network element may be virtual network elements. In a network element upgrade scenario on a non-cloud computing platform, the external network element and the first network element may be physical network elements.

    [0042] It should be noted that systems, components, or objects indicated by terms such as "first", "second", and "another" in this embodiment of the present invention are systems, components, or objects that have particular functions and that are described based on embodiments. The terms are merely for ease of describing the present invention and simplifying descriptions, but are not intended to indicate or imply that the systems, components, or objects must be named as such, and therefore cannot be construed as a limitation on the present invention.

    [0043] The second network element may be referred to as a standby network element of the first network element, is automatically generated by the EMS, and has a same configuration attribute and connection configuration as the first network element. The second network element and the first network element are located in different local area networks, and network isolation is performed by using a virtual local area network (Virtual Local Area Network, VLAN) or a virtual extensible local area network (Virtual eXtensible LAN, VXLAN). Therefore, the second network element and the first network element do not perceive each other. Because the second network element has the same configuration attribute and connection configuration as the first network element, in a hitless network element upgrade process, the external network element cannot perceive that a service message sent to the first network element is switched from the first network element to the second network element.

    [0044] Step 103: After a processing result of the service messages on the second network element meets a preset condition, the SLB forwards, to the second network element according to the distribution policy, all of a plurality of subsequently received service messages sent by the external network element.

    [0045] The preset condition may be set according to a requirement. This is not limited in this embodiment of the present invention. If the processing result of the service messages on the second network element meets the preset condition, it indicates that the second network element can perform service processing like the first network element. That is, all service messages on the first network element can be forwarded to the second network element. If the processing result of the service messages on the second network element does not meet the preset condition, it indicates that the second network element still has a weak processing capability, and cannot perform service processing like the first network element. That is, all service messages on the first network element cannot be forwarded to the second network element.

    [0046] Optionally, the preset condition may be one or more of the following cases: all service messages on the second network element are successfully processed; or a success rate of test cases of all service messages on the second network element is greater than or equal to a preset threshold.

    [0047] That all service messages on the second network element are successfully processed indicates that the second network element can accurately receive a service message sent by an opposite network element. A test case (Test Case) is a program that is compiled by technical personnel and that is used to test whether a service message is successfully processed. A call for a service message on the second network element may be tested in a software environment. The preset threshold may be set according to a requirement, and preferably, may be set to one hundred percent.

    [0048] Optionally, when the SLB forwards the plurality of service messages to the second network element for running, a system administrator monitors a running status of the plurality of service messages on the second network element in real time. If the running status meets the preset condition, it indicates that the second network element is upgraded normally. If the running status does not meet the preset condition, it indicates that there is a problem during upgrade of the second network element, and the second network element needs to be corrected.

    [0049] Similarly, the plurality of subsequent service messages may be service messages sent by at least one user that are received by the external network element and that are sent to the first network element, and include at least one service message.

    [0050] It should be noted that before the running status of the services on the second network element meets the preset condition, step 102 may be repeatedly performed, that is, some service messages may be continually forwarded to the second network element for test running. Quantities of service messages forwarded to the second network element may be the same or may be increased progressively. This is not limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0051] In this way, in a network element upgrade process, first, the SLB forwards some of service messages to the second network element for test running; then, after a running status on the second network element becomes normal, all of a plurality of subsequently received service messages are forwarded to the second network element. This reduces a risk that all services are damaged by switching all the services to a new network element in the network element upgrade process.

    [0052] Optionally, the service messages sent by the user may be of various types, for example, Session Initiation Protocol (Session Initiation Protocol, SIP) messages or Internet Protocol (Internet Protocol, IP) link messages. Therefore, in this embodiment of the present invention, for ease of distribution of the service messages, different distribution policies may be correspondingly developed for different types of service messages. That is, the distribution policy delivered by the EMS needs to include a correspondence between each different service message and a policy for distributing the service message. The following describes in detail how the SLB forwards, to the first network element according to the distribution policy, the some of the plurality of received service messages sent by the external network element, and forwards the remaining service messages to the second network element according to the distribution policy in step 102.

    [0053] The SLB determines a message type of each of the plurality of received service messages.

    [0054] If the SLB determines that the message type of the service message is a Session Initiation Protocol SIP message, the SLB forwards the service message to the first network element or the second network element according to the user identifier included in the SIP message and a distribution identifier and a white list in the distribution policy. The distribution identifier is used to indicate that all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the first network element, all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the second network element, or it is uncertain whether to forward the plurality of service messages received by the SLB to the first network element or the second network element, and the white list is used to store at least one user identifier.

    [0055] If the SLB determines that the service message is an IP link message, the SLB forwards the service message to the first network element or the second network element according to 5-tuple information included in the IP link message and a correspondence between a 5-tuple attribute of a logic link and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID that are in the distribution policy

    [0056] The 5-tuple information includes an IP address of the external network element, a port number of the external network element, an IP address of the first network element, a port number of the first network element, and a transport protocol type, and the 5-tuple attribute of the logic link includes a source IP address, a source port number, a destination IP address, a destination port number, and a transport protocol type.

    [0057] If the SLB determines that the service message is neither a SIP message nor an IP link message, the SLB forwards the service message to the second network element.

    [0058] For ease of determining the message type of the service message by the SLB, before the SLB receives the distribution policy delivered by the EMS, the method may further include:

    sending, by the SLB, a synchronization request message to the first network element, where the synchronization request message is used to request to obtain interface information of the first network element, and the interface information of the first network element includes an IP address and a port number of a SIP server of the first network element and configuration information of a logic link for communication between the first network element and the external network element; and

    receiving and storing, by the SLB, the interface information sent by the first network element, and setting an external interface attribute of the SLB according to the received interface information of the first network element, where the interface attribute includes an IP address and a port number.



    [0059] Correspondingly, the determining, by the SLB, a message type of the service message may specifically include:
    determining the message type of the service message by performing matching between interface information included in the service message and the interface information of the first network element.

    [0060] According to stipulations in a communication protocol, the SIP message has the following feature: including the IP address and the port number of the SIP server. The port number is agreed on in advance by two communications parties and is fixed. For example, a disclosed default port number in the industry is 5060. The IP link message has the following features: a source end host and a destination end host that communicate with each other perform communication by using a fixed IP address and a fixed port number, and know an IP address and a port number of each other, and use a fixed transport protocol type. The transport protocol type may be the SCTP, the TCP, the UDP, or the like. Therefore, the determining the message type of the service message by performing matching between interface information included in the service message and the interface information of the first network element specifically includes:

    determining the service message is a SIP message if the received service message includes a fixed port number; or

    determining the service message is an IP link message if the received service message includes 5-tuple information.



    [0061] After receiving the interface information sent by the first network element, the SLB compares a timestamp of the received interface information with a timestamp of locally cached interface information, and if the timestamp of the interface information obtained from the first network element is later than the timestamp of the locally stored interface information, replaces the locally stored interface information with the newly obtained interface information. In addition, when the user delivers a configuration command to the first network element to add or change an external interface of the first network element, the first network element further sends a change notification message to the SLB in real time. The SLB updates information such as the local interface information and the distribution policy after receiving the change notification message.

    [0062] It should be noted that in this embodiment of the present invention, "source" and "destination" in the source IP address, the source port number, the destination IP address, and the destination port number are specified according to initiation and receiving statuses of a service message. Usually, an IP address and a port number of an end sending a service message are referred to as a source IP address and a source port number, and an IP address and a port number of an end receiving a service message are referred to as a destination IP address and a destination port number.

    [0063] Specifically, as shown in FIG. 4, the forwarding, by the SLB, the service message to the first network element or the second network element according to the user identifier included in the SIP message and a distribution identifier and a white list in the distribution policy may include the following steps:

    Step 1021: The SLB queries the distribution identifier; and if the distribution identifier indicates that it is uncertain whether to forward the plurality of service messages received by the SLB to the first network element or the second network element, performs step 1022;

    if the distribution identifier indicates that all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the second network element, performs step 1023; or

    if the distribution identifier indicates that all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the first network element, performs step 1024.

    Step 1022: Query the white list, and determine whether the user identifier in the service message is included in the white list. If the user identifier in the service message is included in the white list, perform step 1024; or if the user identifier in the service message is not included in the white list, perform step 1025.

    Step 1023: Forward the service message to the second network element.

    Step 1024: Forward the service message to the first network element.



    [0064] The distribution identifier may be a numerical symbol or a symbol in another form. This is not limited in this embodiment of the present invention. For example, a distribution identifier "0" may be used to indicate that it is uncertain whether to forward all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB to the first network element or the second network element, a distribution identifier "1" may be used to indicate that all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the second network element, and a distribution identifier "2" may be used to indicate that all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the first network element.

    [0065] For example, the following Table 1 includes a distribution identifier and a white list. In this case, if the user identifier included in the service message is a user 2, the service message is to be forwarded to the second network element; or if the user identifier included in the service message is a user 4, the service message is to be forwarded to the first network element.
    Table 1
    Distribution identifierWhite list
    0 User 1
    User 2
    User 3


    [0066] Correspondingly, in the distribution policy in the subsequent step 103, the distribution identifier included in the distribution policy may be set as identifier information used to indicate that the service message is to be forwarded to the second network element, so that the SLB distributes, according to the distribution policy, all of the plurality of subsequently received service messages to the second network element.

    [0067] Specifically, the forwarding, by the SLB, the service message to the first network element or the second network element according to 5-tuple information included in the IP link message and a correspondence between a 5-tuple attribute of a logic link and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID that are in the distribution policy may include:

    determining, according to the correspondence between a 5-tuple attribute of a logic link and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID that are in the distribution policy, a first virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID corresponding to the service message, where the first VLAN ID is used to identify a first virtual local area network, and the first virtual local area network includes the first network element or the second network element; and

    forwarding, according to a correspondence between a network element and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID of a virtual local area network in which the network element is located, the service message to a network element corresponding to the first VLAN ID.



    [0068] The correspondence between a 5-tuple attribute of a logic link and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID is used to control a quantity of logic links for forwarding service messages to the second network element, and may be set according to a requirement. This is not limited in this embodiment of the present invention. In the network element upgrade process, when the user specifies a user whitelist on the EMS, the system calculates, according to a ratio of a quantity of whitelisted users to a total quantity of users on the system, a total quantity of logic links connecting the first network element and peripheral network elements into a quantity of logic links for distribution to the second network element of a new version, and changes a distribution policy for a corresponding quantity of logic links to distribution to the second network element. For example, if a user capacity of the first network element is 10000, there are four links connecting the first network element and peripheral network elements, and calls from 2500 users are expected to be distributed to the second network element of the new version, the SLB forwards a service message on one of the logic links to the second network element, and forwards service messages on the other three logic links still to the first network element.

    [0069] For example, if an identifier of a virtual local area network in which the first network element is located is VLAN1, an identifier of a virtual local area network in which the second network element is located is VLAN2, the external network element has an IP address of 20.20.10.2/24 and includes four ports whose port numbers are 01, 02, 03, and 04 respectively, the first network element has an IP address of 10.10.1.1/24 and includes four ports whose port numbers are 0A, 0B, 0C, and 0D respectively, and a transport protocol type between the external network element and the first network element is the TCP, the following four logic links for transmitting service messages may be formed between the external network element and the first network element: 20.20.10.2/24, 01, 10.10.1.1/24, 0A, TCP; 20.20.10.2/24, 02, 10.10.1.1/24, 0B, TCP; 20.20.10.2/24, 03, 10.10.1.1/24, 0C, TCP; and 20.20.10.2/24, 04, 10.10.1.1/24, 0D, TCP. Because the second network element has the same configuration attribute and connection configuration as the first network element, the foregoing four logic links may also be formed between the second network element and the external network element. In this case, if a service message sent on the logic link: 20.20.10.2/24, 04, 10.10.1.1/24, 0D, TCP is forwarded to the second network element to implement switching of some service messages that are sent to the first network element to the second network element, a correspondence shown in the following Table 2 needs to be preset.

    [0070] In this case, if a 5-tuple attribute included in the received service message is 20.20.10.2/24, 03, 10.10.1.1/24, 0C, TCP, it can be learned from Table 2 that the service message is to be forwarded to the first network element; or if a 5-tuple attribute included in the received service message is 20.20.10.2/24, 04, 10.10.1.1/24, 0D, TCP, it can be learned from Table 2 that the service message is to be forwarded to the second network element.
    Table 2
    Logic linkVLAN ID
    20.20.10.2/24, 01, 10.10.1.1/24, 0A, TCP VLAN1
    20.20.10.2/24, 02, 10.10.1.1/24, 0B, TCP VLAN1
    20.20.10.2/24, 03, 10.10.1.1/24, 0C, TCP VLAN1
    20.20.10.2/24, 04, 10.10.1.1/24, 0D, TCP VLAN2


    [0071] Correspondingly, in the subsequent distribution policy, all the logic links may be set to correspond to the identifier VLAN ID of the virtual local area network in which the second network element is located, so that the SLB forwards all of subsequently received IP link messages to the second network element.

    [0072] Further, according to this embodiment of the present invention, further, the SLB may forward, to an external network element, a service message sent by a network element inside the system, and return, after receiving a response message sent by the external network element, the response message to the internal network element by using a same path. Details are as follows:
    If the SLB receives a first service message sent by the first network element or the second network element, the SLB changes a source port number in the first service message, and records, in a first relationship table, the changed source port number and a correspondence between the source port number and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID of a virtual local area network in which the network element sending the first service message is located;

    forwards the first service message including the changed source port number to the external network element;

    receives a response message returned by the external network element, where the response message includes a destination port number, and the destination port number is the changed source port number;

    queries the first relationship table, to obtain a port number and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID that correspond to the destination port number; and

    sends the response message to a port of a network element in a virtual local area network identified by the virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID.



    [0073] The first service message is a non-IP link message and includes a source IP address, a source port number, a destination IP address, and a destination port number.

    [0074] It should be noted that because two communications parties can be uniquely determined by using one logic link, for an IP link message, a response message can still be returned by using a same path and by using a method without port changing or port mapping. Therefore, in this embodiment of the present invention, the first service message is only a non-IP link message, and may include a SIP message and another message that is different from the SIP message and the IP link message.

    [0075] For example, the first network element is located in the VLAN1, the second network element is located in the VLAN2, and the two network elements have a common port 1002. In this case, a message sent by the first network element and indicating that a source port number is 1002 may be changed to a message indicating that a port number is 31002, and a message sent by the second network element and indicating that a source port number is 1002 may be changed to a message indicating that a port number is 21002, and the foregoing information is recorded in Table 3. If a sent message indicating that a destination port number is 21002 is received by the SLB, it can be learned from Table 3 that the message is to be sent to the port 1002 of the second network element in the VLAN2; or if a sent message indicating that a destination port number is 31002 is received by the SLB, it can be learned from Table 3 that the message is to be sent to the port 1002 of the first network element in the VLAN1.
    Table 3
    Port number after changePort number before changeVLAN ID
    21002 1002 VLAN2
    31002 1002 VLAN1


    [0076] It can be learned from the foregoing that the network element upgrade method provided in this embodiment of the present invention includes: receiving, by the SLB, the distribution policy delivered by the EMS; forwarding, to the first network element according to the distribution policy, the some of the plurality of received service messages sent by the external network element, and forwarding the remaining service messages to the second network element according to the distribution policy; and after the processing result of the service messages on the second network element meets the preset condition, forwarding, by the SLB to the second network element according to the distribution policy, all of the plurality of subsequently received service messages sent by the external network element. In this way, in a network element upgrade process, first, the SLB forwards some of service messages to the second network element for test running; then, after a running status on the second network element becomes normal, all of a plurality of subsequently received service messages are forwarded to the second network element. This reduces a risk that all services are damaged by switching all the services to a new network element in the network element upgrade process. In addition, an existing system architecture of a network element is not changed, only an SLB module is newly added outside the network element, and the internal structure of the network element is blocked. A network element instance is newly added inside the network element, and a message flow is controlled to be switched between new and old network elements, thereby preventing system reliability from decreasing during upgrade and meeting a telecommunication-level high reliability requirement.

    Embodiment 2



    [0077] FIG. 5 is a flowchart of another network element upgrade method according to this embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 5, the method may include the following steps.

    [0078] Step 201: An EMS creates a second network element.

    [0079] The second network element has a same configuration attribute and connection configuration as a first network element. The second network element and the first network element are located in different virtual local area networks, and are isolated by using the VLANs, thereby avoiding an IP conflict. A version of the second network element is not lower than a version of the first network element. In addition, in a process of creating the second network element, an external network element does not perceive an overall change, and data of an interface between the external network element and the second network element does not need to be added to the external network element.

    [0080] Specifically, the creating, by an EMS, a second network element may include:

    instructing, by the EMS by using a virtualized network function manager VNFM, a virtualized infrastructure manager VIM in which the first network element is located to create a virtual machine image file of the first network element;

    instructing, by the EMS, the VIM to create a virtual machine of the first network element; and

    embedding, by the EMS, the virtual machine image file of the first network element into the created virtual machine, to form the second network element.



    [0081] Step 202: The EMS sends a distribution policy to an SLB, so that the SLB forwards, to a first network element according to the distribution policy, some of a plurality of received service messages sent by an external network element, and forwards remaining service messages to the second network element according to the distribution policy; and after a processing result of the service messages on the second network element meets a preset condition, the SLB forwards, to the second network element according to the distribution policy, all of a plurality of subsequently received service messages sent by the external network element.

    [0082] The distribution policy is developed by a manager according to a requirement and is sent by the EMS to the SLB. The distribution policy may be used to control a ratio of a quantity of service messages forwarded by the SLB to the first network element to a quantity of service messages forwarded by the SLB to the second network element, and the service messages are a plurality of service messages received by the SLB.

    [0083] Further, to improve resource utilization, in this embodiment of the present invention, the newly created second network element is a minimum function set of the first network element. When more service messages are gradually distributed to the second network element, the second network element implements automatic scale-out by using an auto scaling function. The first network element automatically implements scale-in because of a reduction in a quantity of services. In this way, a virtual machine released after scale-in of the first network element may be moved to the second network element for use, and infrastructure resource consumption can be reduced in this manner. Details are as follows:
    The EMS reduces a virtual machine resource of the first network element according to a quantity of reduced service messages that are processed on the first network element; and
    after the SLB forwards all of the plurality of received service messages to the second network element, the EMS deletes the first network element to release virtual machine resources on the first network element.

    [0084] It can be learned from the foregoing that according to the network element upgrade method provided in this embodiment of the present invention, the EMS creates the second network element, where the second network element has the same configuration attribute and connection configuration as the first network element, the second network element and the first network element are located in the different virtual local area networks, and the version of the second network element is not lower than the version of the first network element; and sends the distribution policy to the SLB, so that the SLB forwards, to the first network element according to the distribution policy, the some of the plurality of received service messages sent by the external network element, and forwards the remaining service messages to the second network element according to the distribution policy; and after the processing result of the service messages on the second network element meets the preset condition, the SLB forwards, to the second network element according to the distribution policy, all of the plurality of subsequently received service messages sent by the external network element. In this way, in a network element upgrade process, first, the SLB forwards some of service messages to the second network element for test running; then, after a running status on the second network element becomes normal, all of a plurality of subsequently received service messages are forwarded to the second network element. This reduces a risk that all services are damaged by switching all the services to a new network element in the network element upgrade process.

    Embodiment 3



    [0085] FIG. 6 is a structural diagram of a software load balancer SLB 60 according to this embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 6, the SLB 60 may include a receiving unit 601 and a distribution unit 602.

    [0086] The receiving unit 601 is configured to receive a distribution policy delivered by an element management system EMS.

    [0087] The distribution policy is developed by a manager according to a requirement and is sent by the EMS to the SLB. The distribution policy may be used to control a ratio of a quantity of service messages forwarded by the SLB to a first network element to a quantity of service messages forwarded by the SLB to a second network element, and the service messages are a plurality of service messages received by the SLB.

    [0088] The distribution unit 602 is configured to: forward, to the first network element according to the distribution policy, some of a plurality of received service messages sent by an external network element, and forward remaining service messages to the second network element according to the distribution policy; and
    after a processing result of the service messages on the second network element meets a preset condition, forward, to the second network element according to the distribution policy, all of a plurality of subsequently received service messages sent by the external network element.

    [0089] The plurality of service messages received by the receiving unit 601 are a plurality of service messages sent by at least one user that are received by the external network element and that are sent to the first network element. For example, M service messages may be included, where M is an integer greater than 1. Each service message includes a user identifier of a user triggering the service message.

    [0090] In a network element upgrade scenario on a cloud computing platform, the external network element and the first network element may be virtual network elements. In a network element upgrade scenario on a non-cloud computing platform, the external network element and the first network element may be physical network elements.

    [0091] It should be noted that systems, components, or objects indicated by terms such as "first", "second", and "another" in this embodiment of the present invention are systems, components, or objects that have particular functions and that are described based on embodiments. The terms are merely for ease of describing the present invention and simplifying descriptions, but are not intended to indicate or imply that the systems, components, or objects must be named as such, and therefore cannot be construed as a limitation on the present invention.

    [0092] The second network element may be referred to as a standby network element of the first network element, is automatically generated by the EMS, and has a same configuration attribute and connection configuration as the first network element. The second network element and the first network element are located in different local area networks, and network isolation is performed by using a virtual local area network (Virtual Local Area Network, VLAN) or a virtual extensible local area network (Virtual eXtensible LAN, VXLAN). Therefore, the second network element and the first network element do not perceive each other. Because the second network element has the same configuration attribute and connection configuration as the first network element, in a hitless network element upgrade process, the external network element cannot perceive that a service message sent to the first network element is switched from the first network element to the second network element.

    [0093] The preset condition may be set according to a requirement. This is not limited in this embodiment of the present invention. If the processing result of the service messages on the second network element meets the preset condition, it indicates that the second network element can perform service processing like the first network element. That is, all service messages on the first network element can be forwarded to the second network element. If the processing result of the service messages on the second network element does not meet the preset condition, it indicates that the second network element still has a weak processing capability, and cannot perform service processing like the first network element. That is, all service messages on the first network element cannot be forwarded to the second network element.

    [0094] Optionally, when the SLB forwards the plurality of service messages to the second network element for running, a system administrator monitors a running status of the plurality of service messages on the second network element in real time. If the running status meets the preset condition, it indicates that the second network element is upgraded normally. If the running status does not meet the preset condition, it indicates that there is a problem during upgrade of the second network element, and the second network element needs to be corrected.

    [0095] It should be noted that before the running status of the services on the second network element meets the preset condition, some service messages may be continually forwarded to the second network element for test running. Quantities of service messages forwarded to the second network element may be the same or may be increased progressively. This is not limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0096] Optionally, the service messages sent by the user may be of various types, for example, Session Initiation Protocol (Session Initiation Protocol, SIP) messages or Internet Protocol (Internet Protocol, IP) link messages. Therefore, in this embodiment of the present invention, for ease of distribution of the service messages, different distribution policies may be correspondingly developed for different types of service messages. That is, the distribution policy delivered by the EMS needs to include a correspondence between each different service message and a policy for distributing the service message. The distribution unit is specifically configured to:

    determine a message type of each of the plurality of received service messages; and

    if the message type of the service message is a Session Initiation Protocol SIP message, forward the service message to the first network element or the second network element according to the user identifier included in the SIP message and a distribution identifier and a white list in the distribution policy, where the distribution identifier is used to indicate that all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the first network element, all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the second network element, or it is uncertain whether to forward the plurality of service messages received by the SLB to the first network element or the second network element, and the white list is used to store at least one user identifier;

    if the service message is an IP link message, forward the service message to the first network element or the second network element according to 5-tuple information included in the IP link message and a correspondence between a 5-tuple attribute of a logic link and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID that are in the distribution policy, where

    the 5-tuple information includes an IP address of the external network element, a port number of the external network element, an IP address of the first network element, a port number of the first network element, and a transport protocol type, and the 5-tuple attribute of the logic link includes a source IP address, a source port number, a destination IP address, a destination port number, and a transport protocol type; or

    if the service message is neither a SIP message nor an IP link message, forward the service message to the second network element.



    [0097] For ease of determining the message type of the service message by the distribution unit, as shown in FIG. 6A, the SLB 60 may further include:
    a sending unit 603, configured to: before the receiving unit 601 receives the distribution policy delivered by the EMS, send a synchronization request message to the first network element. The synchronization request message is used to request to obtain interface information of the first network element, and the interface information of the first network element includes an IP address and a port number of a SIP server of the first network element and configuration information of a logic link for communication between the first network element and the external network element.

    [0098] The receiving unit 601 is further configured to receive and store the interface information sent by the first network element.

    [0099] The distribution unit is specifically configured to: set an external interface attribute of the SLB according to the received interface information of the first network element, where the interface attribute includes an IP address and a port number; and determine the message type of the service message by performing matching between interface information included in the service message and the interface information sent by the first network element.

    [0100] After receiving the interface information sent by the first network element, the receiving unit 601 compares a timestamp of the received interface information with a timestamp of locally cached interface information, and if the timestamp of the interface information obtained from the first network element is later than the timestamp of the locally stored interface information, replaces the locally stored interface information with the newly obtained interface information. In addition, when the user delivers a configuration command to the first network element to add or change an external interface of the first network element, the first network element further sends a change notification message to the SLB in real time. The SLB updates information such as the local interface information and the distribution policy after receiving the change notification message.

    [0101] Further, the distribution unit 602 is specifically configured to:

    query the distribution identifier; and

    query the white list if the distribution identifier indicates that it is uncertain whether to forward the plurality of service messages received by the SLB to the first network element or the second network element, and forward the service message to the second network element if the user identifier in the service message is included in the white list, or forward the service message to the first network element if the user identifier in the service message is not included in the white list;

    forward the service message to the second network element if the distribution identifier indicates that all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the second network element; or

    forward the service message to the first network element if the distribution identifier indicates that all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the first network element.



    [0102] The distribution identifier may be a numerical symbol or a symbol in another form. This is not limited in this embodiment of the present invention. For example, a distribution identifier "0" may be used to indicate that it is uncertain whether to forward all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB to the first network element or the second network element, a distribution identifier "1" may be used to indicate that all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the second network element, and a distribution identifier "2" may be used to indicate that all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the first network element.

    [0103] Further, the distribution unit 602 is specifically configured to:

    determine, according to the correspondence between a 5-tuple attribute of a logic link and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID that are in the distribution policy, a first virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID corresponding to the service message, where the first VLAN ID is used to identify a first virtual local area network, and the first virtual local area network includes the first network element or the second network element; and

    forward, according to a correspondence between a network element and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID of a virtual local area network in which the network element is located, the service message to a network element corresponding to the first VLAN ID.



    [0104] The correspondence between a 5-tuple attribute of a logic link and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID is used to control a quantity of logic links for forwarding service messages to the second network element, and may be set according to a requirement. This is not limited in this embodiment of the present invention. In the network element upgrade process, when the user specifies a user whitelist on the EMS, the system calculates, according to a ratio of a quantity of whitelisted users to a total quantity of users on the system, a total quantity of logic links connecting the first network element and peripheral network elements into a quantity of logic links for distribution to the second network element of a new version, and changes a distribution policy for a corresponding quantity of logic links to distribution to the second network element. For example, if a user capacity of the first network element is 10000, there are four links connecting the first network element and peripheral network elements, and calls from 2500 users are expected to be distributed to the second network element of the new version, the SLB forwards a service message on one of the logic links to the second network element, and forwards service messages on the other three logic links still to the first network element.

    [0105] Further, according to this embodiment of the present invention, to forward, to an external network element, a service message sent by a network element inside the system, and return, after a response message sent by the external network element is received, the response message to the internal network element by using a same path, the receiving unit 601 is further configured to:
    receive a first service message sent by the first network element or the second network element.

    [0106] The distribution unit 602 is further configured to: change a source port number in the first service message, and record, in a first relationship table, the changed source port number and a correspondence between the source port number and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID of a virtual local area network in which the network element sending the first service message is located; and
    forward the first service message including the changed source port number to the external network element.

    [0107] The receiving unit 601 is further configured to receive a response message returned by the external network element. The response message includes a destination port number, and the destination port number is the changed source port number.

    [0108] The distribution unit 602 is further configured to: query the first relationship table, to obtain a port number and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID that correspond to the destination port number; and
    send the response message to a port of a network element in a virtual local area network identified by the virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID.

    [0109] The first service message is a non-IP link message and includes a source IP address, a source port number, a destination IP address, and a destination port number.

    [0110] It should be noted that because two communications parties can be uniquely determined by using one logic link, for an IP link message, a response message can still be returned by using a same path and by using a method without port changing or port mapping. Therefore, in this embodiment of the present invention, the first service message is only a non-IP link message, and may include a SIP message and another message that is different from the SIP message and the IP link message.

    [0111] For example, the first network element is located in a VLAN1, the second network element is located in a VLAN2, and the two network elements have a common port 1002. In this case, a message sent by the first network element and indicating that a source port number is 1002 may be changed to a message indicating that a port number is 31002, and a message sent by the second network element and indicating that a source port number is 1002 may be changed to a message indicating that a port number is 21002, and the foregoing information is recorded in Table 3. If a sent message indicating that a destination port number is 21002 is received by the SLB, it can be learned from Table 3 that the message is to be sent to the port 1002 of the second network element in the VLAN2; or if a sent message indicating that a destination port number is 31002 is received by the SLB, it can be learned from Table 3 that the message is to be sent to the port 1002 of the first network element in the VLAN1.

    [0112] It can be learned from the foregoing that the SLB provided in this embodiment of the present invention receives the distribution policy delivered by the EMS; forwards, to the first network element according to the distribution policy, the some of the plurality of received service messages sent by the external network element, and forwards the remaining service messages to the second network element according to the distribution policy; and after the processing result of the service messages on the second network element meets the preset condition, forwards, to the second network element according to the distribution policy, all of the plurality of subsequently received service messages sent by the external network element. In this way, in a network element upgrade process, first, the SLB forwards some of service messages to the second network element for test running; then, after a running status on the second network element becomes normal, all of a plurality of subsequently received service messages are forwarded to the second network element. This reduces a risk that all services are damaged by switching all the services to a new network element in the network element upgrade process. In addition, an existing system architecture of a network element is not changed, only an SLB module is newly added outside the network element, and the internal structure of the network element is blocked. A network element instance is newly added inside the network element, and a message flow is controlled to be switched between new and old network elements, thereby preventing system reliability from decreasing during upgrade and meeting a telecommunication-level high reliability requirement.

    Embodiment 4



    [0113] FIG. 7 is a structural diagram of an element management system EMS 70 according to this embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 7, the EMS may include a creation unit 701 and a sending unit 702.

    [0114] The creation unit 701 is configured to create a second network element. The second network element has a same configuration attribute and connection configuration as a first network element, the second network element and the first network element are located in different virtual local area networks, and a version of the second network element is not lower than a version of the first network element.

    [0115] The second network element has a same configuration attribute and connection configuration as the first network element. The second network element and the first network element are located in different virtual local area networks, and are isolated by using the VLANs, thereby avoiding an IP conflict. A version of the second network element is not lower than a version of the first network element. In addition, in a process of creating the second network element, an external network element does not perceive an overall change, and data of an interface between the external network element and the second network element does not need to be added to the external network element.

    [0116] The sending unit 702 is configured to send a distribution policy to an SLB, so that the SLB forwards, to the first network element according to the distribution policy, some of a plurality of received service messages sent by an external network element, and forwards remaining service messages to the second network element according to the distribution policy; and after a processing result of the service messages on the second network element meets a preset condition, the SLB forwards, to the second network element according to the distribution policy, all of a plurality of subsequently received service messages sent by the external network element.

    [0117] The distribution policy is developed by a manager according to a requirement and is sent by the EMS to the SLB. The distribution policy may be used to control a ratio of a quantity of service messages forwarded by the SLB to the first network element to a quantity of service messages forwarded by the SLB to the second network element, and the service messages are a plurality of service messages received by the SLB.

    [0118] Further, the creation unit 701 is specifically configured to:

    instruct, by using a virtualized network function manager VNFM, a virtualized infrastructure manager VIM in which the first network element is located to create a virtual machine image file of the first network element;

    instruct the VIM to create a virtual machine of the first network element; and

    embed the virtual machine image file of the first network element into the created virtual machine, to form the second network element.



    [0119] Further, to improve resource utilization, in this embodiment of the present invention, the newly created second network element is a minimum function set of the first network element. When more service messages are gradually distributed to the second network element, the second network element implements automatic scale-out by using an auto scaling function. The first network element automatically implements scale-in because of a reduction in a quantity of services. In this way, a virtual machine released by means of scale-in of the first network element may be moved to the second network element for use, and infrastructure resource consumption can be reduced in this manner. A specific implementation is as follows:

    [0120] The creation unit 701 is further configured to reduce a virtual machine resource of the first network element according to a quantity of reduced service messages that are processed on the first network element; and
    after the SLB forwards all of the plurality of received service messages to the second network element, delete the first network element to release virtual machine resources on the first network element.

    [0121] It can be learned from the foregoing that the EMS provided in this embodiment of the present invention creates the second network element, where the second network element has the same configuration attribute and connection configuration as the first network element, the second network element and the first network element are located in the different virtual local area networks, and the version of the second network element is not lower than the version of the first network element; and sends the distribution policy to the SLB, so that the SLB forwards, to the first network element according to the distribution policy, the some of the plurality of received service messages sent by the external network element, and forwards the remaining service messages to the second network element according to the distribution policy; and after the processing result of the service messages on the second network element meets the preset condition, the SLB forwards, to the second network element according to the distribution policy, all of the plurality of subsequently received service messages sent by the external network element. In this way, in a network element upgrade process, first, the SLB forwards some of service messages to the second network element for test running; then, after a running status on the second network element becomes normal, all of a plurality of subsequently received service messages are forwarded to the second network element. This reduces a risk that all services are damaged by switching all the services to a new network element in the network element upgrade process.

    Embodiment 5



    [0122] FIG. 8 is a structural diagram of a software load balancer SLB 80 according to this embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 8, the SLB 80 may include a communications unit 801, a processor 802, a memory 803, and at least one communications bus 804 configured to implement connections and mutual communication between the apparatuses.

    [0123] The communications unit 801 is configured to perform data transmission with an external network element.

    [0124] The processor 802 may be a central processing unit (English: central processing unit, CPU for short).

    [0125] The memory 803 may be a volatile memory (English: volatile memory), such as a random access memory (English: random access memory, RAM for short); or a non-volatile memory (English: non-volatile memory), such as a read-only memory (English: read-only memory, ROM for short), a flash memory (English: flash memory), a hard disk drive (English: hard disk drive, HDD for short), or a solid-state drive (English: solid-state drive, SSD for short); or a combination of the foregoing types of memories; and provide instructions and data to the processor 802.

    [0126] The communications unit 801 is configured to receive a distribution policy delivered by an element management system EMS.

    [0127] The distribution policy is developed by a manager according to a requirement and is sent by the EMS to the SLB. The distribution policy may be used to control a ratio of a quantity of service messages forwarded by the SLB to a first network element to a quantity of service messages forwarded by the SLB to a second network element, and the service messages are a plurality of service messages received by the SLB.

    [0128] The processor 802 is configured to: forward, to the first network element according to the distribution policy, some of a plurality of received service messages sent by an external network element, and forward remaining service messages to the second network element according to the distribution policy; and
    after a processing result of the service messages on the second network element meets a preset condition, forward, to the second network element according to the distribution policy, all of a plurality of subsequently received service messages sent by the external network element.

    [0129] The plurality of service messages received by the communications unit 801 are a plurality of service messages sent by at least one user that are received by the external network element and that are sent to the first network element. For example, M service messages may be included, where M is an integer greater than 1. Each service message includes a user identifier of a user triggering the service message.

    [0130] In a network element upgrade scenario on a cloud computing platform, the external network element and the first network element may be virtual network elements. In a network element upgrade scenario on a non-cloud computing platform, the external network element and the first network element may be physical network elements.

    [0131] It should be noted that systems, components, or objects indicated by terms such as "first", "second", and "another" in this embodiment of the present invention are systems, components, or objects that have particular functions and that are described based on embodiments. The terms are merely for ease of describing the present invention and simplifying descriptions, but are not intended to indicate or imply that the systems, components, or objects must be named as such, and therefore cannot be construed as a limitation on the present invention.

    [0132] The second network element may be referred to as a standby network element of the first network element, is automatically generated by the EMS, and has a same configuration attribute and connection configuration as the first network element. The second network element and the first network element are located in different local area networks, and network isolation is performed by using a virtual local area network (Virtual Local Area Network, VLAN) or a virtual extensible local area network (Virtual eXtensible LAN, VXLAN). Therefore, the second network element and the first network element do not perceive each other. Because the second network element has the same configuration attribute and connection configuration as the first network element, in a hitless network element upgrade process, the external network element cannot perceive that a service message sent to the first network element is switched from the first network element to the second network element.

    [0133] The preset condition may be set according to a requirement. This is not limited in this embodiment of the present invention. If the processing result of the service messages on the second network element meets the preset condition, it indicates that the second network element can perform service processing like the first network element. That is, all service messages on the first network element can be forwarded to the second network element. If the processing result of the service messages on the second network element does not meet the preset condition, it indicates that the second network element still has a weak processing capability, and cannot perform service processing like the first network element. That is, all service messages on the first network element cannot be forwarded to the second network element.

    [0134] Optionally, when the SLB forwards the plurality of service messages to the second network element for running, a system administrator monitors a running status of the plurality of service messages on the second network element in real time. If the running status meets the preset condition, it indicates that the second network element is upgraded normally. If the running status does not meet the preset condition, it indicates that there is a problem during upgrade of the second network element, and the second network element needs to be corrected.

    [0135] It should be noted that before the running status of the services on the second network element meets the preset condition, some service messages may be continually forwarded to the second network element for test running. Quantities of service messages forwarded to the second network element may be the same or may be increased progressively. This is not limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0136] Optionally, the service messages sent by the user may be of various types, for example, Session Initiation Protocol (Session Initiation Protocol, SIP) messages or Internet Protocol (Internet Protocol, IP) link messages. Therefore, in this embodiment of the present invention, for ease of distribution of the service messages, different distribution policies may be correspondingly developed for different types of service messages. That is, the distribution policy delivered by the EMS needs to include a correspondence between each different service message and a policy for distributing the service message. The processor 802 is specifically configured to:

    determine a message type of each of the plurality of received service messages; and

    if the message type of the service message is a Session Initiation Protocol SIP message, forward the service message to the first network element or the second network element according to the user identifier included in the SIP message and a distribution identifier and a white list in the distribution policy, where the distribution identifier is used to indicate that all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the first network element, all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the second network element, or it is uncertain whether to forward the plurality of service messages received by the SLB to the first network element or the second network element, and the white list is used to store at least one user identifier;

    if the service message is an IP link message, forward the service message to the first network element or the second network element according to 5-tuple information included in the IP link message and a correspondence between a 5-tuple attribute of a logic link and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID that are in the distribution policy, where

    the 5-tuple information includes an IP address of the external network element, a port number of the external network element, an IP address of the first network element, a port number of the first network element, and a transport protocol type, and the 5-tuple attribute of the logic link includes a source IP address, a source port number, a destination IP address, a destination port number, and a transport protocol type; or

    if the service message is neither a SIP message nor an IP link message, forward the service message to the second network element.



    [0137] For ease of determining the message type of the service message by the distribution unit, the communications unit 801 is further configured to:
    before the communications unit 801 receives the distribution policy delivered by the EMS, send a synchronization request message to the first network element. The synchronization request message is used to request to obtain interface information of the first network element, and the interface information of the first network element includes an IP address and a port number of a SIP server of the first network element and configuration information of a logic link for communication between the first network element and the external network element.

    [0138] The communications unit 801 is further configured to receive and store the interface information sent by the first network element.

    [0139] The distribution unit is specifically configured to: set an external interface attribute of the SLB according to the received interface information of the first network element, where the interface attribute includes an IP address and a port number; and determine the message type of the service message by performing matching between interface information included in the service message and the interface information sent by the first network element.

    [0140] After receiving the interface information sent by the first network element, the communications unit 801 compares a timestamp of the received interface information with a timestamp of locally cached interface information, and if the timestamp of the interface information obtained from the first network element is later than the timestamp of the locally stored interface information, replaces the locally stored interface information with the newly obtained interface information. In addition, when the user delivers a configuration command to the first network element to add or change an external interface of the first network element, the first network element further sends a change notification message to the SLB in real time. The SLB updates information such as the local interface information and the distribution policy after receiving the change notification message.

    [0141] Further, the processor 802 is specifically configured to:

    query the distribution identifier; and

    query the white list if the distribution identifier indicates that it is uncertain whether to forward the plurality of service messages received by the SLB to the first network element or the second network element, and forward the service message to the second network element if the user identifier in the service message is included in the white list, or forward the service message to the first network element if the user identifier in the service message is not included in the white list

    forward the service message to the second network element if the distribution identifier indicates that all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the second network element; or

    forward the service message to the first network element if the distribution identifier indicates that all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the first network element.



    [0142] The distribution identifier may be a numerical symbol or a symbol in another form. This is not limited in this embodiment of the present invention. For example, a distribution identifier "0" may be used to indicate that it is uncertain whether to forward all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB to the first network element or the second network element, a distribution identifier "1" may be used to indicate that all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the second network element, and a distribution identifier "2" may be used to indicate that all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the first network element.

    [0143] Further, the processor 802 is specifically configured to:

    determine, according to the correspondence between a 5-tuple attribute of a logic link and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID that are in the distribution policy, a first virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID corresponding to the service message, where the first VLAN ID is used to identify a first virtual local area network, and the first virtual local area network includes the first network element or the second network element; and

    forward, according to a correspondence between a network element and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID of a virtual local area network in which the network element is located, the service message to a network element corresponding to the first VLAN ID.



    [0144] The correspondence between a 5-tuple attribute of a logic link and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID is used to control a quantity of logic links for forwarding service messages to the second network element, and may be set according to a requirement. This is not limited in this embodiment of the present invention. In the network element upgrade process, when the user specifies a user whitelist on the EMS, the system calculates, according to a ratio of a quantity of whitelisted users to a total quantity of users on the system, a total quantity of logic links connecting the first network element and peripheral network elements into a quantity of logic links for distribution to the second network element of a new version, and changes a distribution policy for a corresponding quantity of logic links to distribution to the second network element. For example, if a user capacity of the first network element is 10000, there are four links connecting the first network element and peripheral network elements, and calls from 2500 users are expected to be distributed to the second network element of the new version, the SLB forwards a service message on one of the logic links to the second network element, and forwards service messages on the other three logic links still to the first network element.

    [0145] Further, according to this embodiment of the present invention, to forward, to an external network element, a service message sent by a network element inside the system, and return, after a response message sent by the external network element is received, the response message to the internal network element by using a same path, the communications unit 801 is further configured to:
    receive a first service message sent by the first network element or the second network element.

    [0146] The processor 802 is further configured to: change a source port number in the first service message, and record, in a first relationship table, the changed source port number and a correspondence between the source port number and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID of a virtual local area network in which the network element sending the first service message is located; and
    forward the first service message including the changed source port number to the external network element.

    [0147] The communications unit 801 is further configured to receive a response message returned by the external network element. The response message includes a destination port number, and the destination port number is the changed source port number.

    [0148] The processor 802 is further configured to: query the first relationship table, to obtain a port number and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID that correspond to the destination port number; and
    send the response message to a port of a network element in a virtual local area network identified by the virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID.

    [0149] The first service message is a non-IP link message and includes a source IP address, a source port number, a destination IP address, and a destination port number.

    [0150] It should be noted that because two communications parties can be uniquely determined by using one logic link, for an IP link message, a response message can still be returned by using a same path and by using a method without port changing or port mapping. Therefore, in this embodiment of the present invention, the first service message is only a non-IP link message, and may include a SIP message and another message that is different from the SIP message and the IP link message.

    [0151] For example, the first network element is located in a VLAN1, the second network element is located in a VLAN2, and the two network elements have a common port 1002. In this case, a message sent by the first network element and indicating that a source port number is 1002 may be changed to a message indicating that a port number is 31002, and a message sent by the second network element and indicating that a source port number is 1002 may be changed to a message indicating that a port number is 21002, and the foregoing information is recorded in Table 3. If a sent message indicating that a destination port number is 21002 is received by the SLB, it can be learned from Table 3 that the message is to be sent to the port 1002 of the second network element in the VLAN2; or if a sent message indicating that a destination port number is 31002 is received by the SLB, it can be learned from Table 3 that the message is to be sent to the port 1002 of the first network element in the VLAN1.

    [0152] It can be learned from the foregoing that the SLB provided in this embodiment of the present invention receives the distribution policy delivered by the EMS; forwards, to the first network element according to the distribution policy, the some of the plurality of received service messages sent by the external network element, and forwards the remaining service messages to the second network element according to the distribution policy; and after the processing result of the service messages on the second network element meets the preset condition, forwards, to the second network element according to the distribution policy, all of the plurality of subsequently received service messages sent by the external network element. In this way, in a network element upgrade process, first, the SLB forwards some of service messages to the second network element for test running; then, after a running status on the second network element becomes normal, all of a plurality of subsequently received service messages are forwarded to the second network element. This reduces a risk that all services are damaged by switching all the services to a new network element in the network element upgrade process. In addition, an existing system architecture of a network element is not changed, only an SLB module is newly added outside the network element, and the internal structure of the network element is blocked. A network element instance is newly added inside the network element, and a message flow is controlled to be switched between new and old network elements, thereby preventing system reliability from decreasing during upgrade and meeting a telecommunication-level high reliability requirement.

    Embodiment 6



    [0153] FIG. 9 is a structural diagram of an element management system EMS 90 according to this embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 9, the EMS 90 may include a processor 901, a communications unit 902, a memory 903, and at least one communications bus 904 configured to implement connections and mutual communication between the apparatuses.

    [0154] The communications unit 902 is configured to perform data transmission with an external network element.

    [0155] The processor 901 may be a central processing unit (English: central processing unit, CPU for short).

    [0156] The memory 903 may be a volatile memory (English: volatile memory), such as a random access memory (English: random-access memory, RAM for short); or a non-volatile memory (English: non-volatile memory), such as a read-only memory (English: read-only memory, ROM for short), a flash memory (English: flash memory), a hard disk drive (English: hard disk drive, HDD for short), or a solid-state drive (English: solid-state drive, SSD for short); or a combination of the foregoing types of memories; and provide instructions and data to the processor 901.

    [0157] The processor 901 is configured to create a second network element. The second network element has a same configuration attribute and connection configuration as a first network element. The second network element and the first network element are located in different virtual local area networks, and are isolated by using the VLANs, thereby avoiding an IP conflict. A version of the second network element is not lower than a version of the first network element. In addition, in a process of creating the second network element, the external network element does not perceive an overall change, and data of an interface between the external network element and the second network element does not need to be added to the external network element.

    [0158] The communications unit 902 is configured to send a distribution policy to an SLB, so that the SLB forwards, to the first network element according to the distribution policy, some of a plurality of received service messages sent by an external network element, and forwards remaining service messages to the second network element according to the distribution policy; and after a processing result of the service messages on the second network element meets a preset condition, the SLB forwards, to the second network element according to the distribution policy, all of a plurality of subsequently received service messages sent by the external network element.

    [0159] The distribution policy is developed by a manager according to a requirement and is sent by the EMS to the SLB. The distribution policy may be used to control a ratio of a quantity of service messages forwarded by the SLB to the first network element to a quantity of service messages forwarded by the SLB to the second network element, and the service messages are a plurality of service messages received by the SLB.

    [0160] Further, the processor 901 is specifically configured to:

    instruct, by using a virtualized network function manager VNFM, a virtualized infrastructure manager VIM in which the first network element is located to create a virtual machine image file of the first network element;

    instruct the VIM to create a virtual machine of the first network element; and embed the virtual machine image file of the first network element into the created virtual machine, to form the second network element.



    [0161] Further, to improve resource utilization, in this embodiment of the present invention, the newly created second network element is a minimum function set of the first network element. When more service messages are gradually distributed to the second network element, the second network element implements automatic scale-out by using an auto scaling function. The first network element automatically implements scale-in because of a reduction in a quantity of services. In this way, a virtual machine released by means of scale-in of the first network element may be moved to the second network element for use, and infrastructure resource consumption can be reduced in this manner. A specific implementation is as follows:
    The processor 901 is further configured to reduce a virtual machine resource of the first network element according to a quantity of reduced service messages that are processed on the first network element; and
    after the SLB forwards all of the plurality of received service messages to the second network element, delete the first network element to release virtual machine resources on the first network element.

    [0162] It can be learned from the foregoing that the EMS provided in this embodiment of the present invention creates the second network element, where the second network element has the same configuration attribute and connection configuration as the first network element, the second network element and the first network element are located in the different virtual local area networks, and the version of the second network element is not lower than the version of the first network element; and sends the distribution policy to the SLB, so that the SLB forwards, to the first network element according to the distribution policy, the some of the plurality of received service messages sent by the external network element, and forwards the remaining service messages to the second network element according to the distribution policy; and after the processing result of the service messages on the second network element meets the preset condition, the SLB forwards, to the second network element according to the distribution policy, all of the plurality of subsequently received service messages sent by the external network element. In this way, in a network element upgrade process, first, the SLB forwards some of service messages to the second network element for test running; then, after a running status on the second network element becomes normal, all of a plurality of subsequently received service messages are forwarded to the second network element. This reduces a risk that all services are damaged by switching all the services to a new network element in the network element upgrade process.

    [0163] In the several embodiments provided in this application, it should be understood that the disclosed system, device, and method may be implemented in other manners. For example, the described device embodiments are merely examples. For example, the unit division is merely logical function division and may be other division in actual implementation. For example, a plurality of units or components may be combined or integrated into another system, or some features may be ignored or not performed. In addition, the displayed or discussed mutual couplings or direct couplings or communication connections may be implemented through some interfaces, indirect couplings or communication connections between the apparatuses or units, or electrical connections, mechanical connections, or connections in other forms.

    [0164] The units described as separate devices may or may not be physically separate, and devices displayed as units may or may not be physical units, may be located in one position, or may be distributed on a plurality of network units. Some or all of the units may be selected according to actual needs to achieve the objectives of the solutions of the embodiments.

    [0165] In addition, functional units in the embodiments of the present invention may be integrated into one processing unit, or each of the units may exist alone physically, or two or more units are integrated into one unit. The integrated unit may be implemented in a form of hardware, or may be implemented in a form of hardware in addition to a software functional unit.

    [0166] When the foregoing integrated unit is implemented in a form of a software functional unit, the integrated unit may be stored in a computer-readable storage medium. The software functional unit is stored in a storage medium and includes several instructions for instructing a computer device (which may be a personal computer, a server, or a network device) to perform some of the steps of the methods described in the embodiments of the present invention. The foregoing storage medium includes: any medium that can store program code, such as a USB flash drive, a removable hard disk, a read-only memory (Read-Only Memory, ROM for short), a random access memory (Random Access Memory, RAM for short), a magnetic disk, or an optical disc.

    [0167] Persons of ordinary skill in the art may understand that all or some of the steps of the methods in the embodiments may be implemented by a program instructing relevant hardware. The program may be stored in a computer readable storage medium. The storage medium may include: a read-only memory, a random access memory, a magnetic disk, or an optical disc.

    [0168] Finally, it should be noted that, the foregoing embodiments are merely intended for describing the technical solutions of the present invention, but not for limiting the present invention. Although the present invention is described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, persons of ordinary skill in the art should understand that they may still make modifications to the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments or make equivalent replacements to some technical features thereof, without departing from the scope of the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention as defined by the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A network element upgrade method for a hitless network element upgrade process, wherein the method comprises:

    completing a system upgrade for a second network element, such that a version of the second network element is not lower than a version of a first network element;

    receiving (101), by a software load balancer SLB, a distribution policy delivered by an element management system EMS;

    forwarding (102), by the SLB to the first network element according to the distribution policy, some of a plurality of received service messages sent by an external network element, and forwarding remaining service messages to the second network element according to the distribution policy; and

    after a processing result of the service messages on the second network element meets a preset condition, forwarding (103), by the SLB , all of a plurality of subsequently received service messages sent by the external network element to the second network element, wherein

    the preset condition indicates that the second network element can perform service processing like the first network element;

    the distribution policy is used to control a ratio of a quantity of the service messages forwarded to the first network element to a quantity of the service messages forwarded to the second network element, the second network element is a standby network element of the first network element, the second network element has a same configuration attribute and connection configuration as the first network element, the second network element and the first network element are located in different virtual local area networks.


     
    2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the service message comprises a user identifier of a user triggering the service message; and the forwarding (102), by the SLB to a first network element according to the distribution policy, some of a plurality of received service messages sent by an external network element, and forwarding remaining service messages to a second network element according to the distribution policy specifically comprises:

    determining, by the SLB, a message type of each of the plurality of received service messages; and

    if the SLB determines that the message type of the service message is a Session Initiation Protocol SIP message, forwarding the service message to the first network element or the second network element according to the user identifier comprised in the SIP message and a distribution identifier and a white list in the distribution policy, wherein the distribution identifier is used to indicate that all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the first network element, all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the second network element, or it is uncertain whether to forward the plurality of service messages received by the SLB to the first network element or the second network element, and the white list is used to store at least one user identifier; or

    if the SLB determines that the service message is an IP link message, forwarding the service message to the first network element or the second network element according to 5-tuple information comprised in the IP link message and a correspondence between a 5-tuple attribute of a logic link and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID that are in the distribution policy, wherein

    the 5-tuple information comprises an IP address of the external network element, a port number of the external network element, an IP address of the first network element, a port number of the first network element, and a transport protocol type, and the 5-tuple attribute of the logic link comprises a source IP address, a source port number, a destination IP address, a destination port number, and a transport protocol type.


     
    3. The method according to claim 2, wherein the forwarding (102), by the SLB, the service message to the first network element or the second network element according to the user identifier comprised in the SIP message and a distribution identifier and a white list in the distribution policy specifically comprises:

    querying, by the SLB, the distribution identifier; and

    querying the white list if the distribution identifier indicates that it is uncertain whether to forward the plurality of service messages received by the SLB to the first network element or the second network element, and forwarding the service message to the second network element if the user identifier in the service message is comprised in the white list, or forwarding the service message to the first network element if the user identifier in the service message is not comprised in the white list;

    forwarding the service message to the second network element if the distribution identifier indicates that all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the second network element; or

    forwarding the service message to the first network element if the distribution identifier indicates that all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the first network element.


     
    4. The method according to claim 2, wherein the forwarding (102), by the SLB, the service message to the first network element or the second network element according to 5-tuple information comprised in the IP link message and a correspondence between a 5-tuple attribute of a logic link and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID that are in the distribution policy specifically comprises:

    determining, according to the correspondence between a 5-tuple attribute of a logic link and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID that are in the distribution policy, a first virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID corresponding to the service message, wherein the first VLAN ID is used to identify a first virtual local area network, and the first virtual local area network comprises the first network element or the second network element; and

    forwarding, according to a correspondence between a network element and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID of a virtual local area network in which the network element is located, the service message to a network element corresponding to the first VLAN ID.


     
    5. The method according to any one of claims 2 to 4, wherein before the receiving, by an SLB, a distribution policy delivered by an EMS, the method further comprises:

    sending, by the SLB, a synchronization request message to the first network element, wherein the synchronization request message is used to request to obtain interface information of the first network element, and the interface information of the first network element comprises an IP address and a port number of a SIP server of the first network element and configuration information of a logic link for communication between the first network element and the external network element; and

    receiving and storing, by the SLB, the interface information of the first network element, and setting an external interface attribute of the SLB according to the received interface information of the first network element, wherein the interface attribute comprises an IP address and a port number; and

    correspondingly, the determining, by the SLB, a message type of each of the plurality of received service messages specifically comprises:
    determining the message type of the service message according to interface information comprised in the service message and the interface information of the first network element.


     
    6. A network element upgrade method for a hitless network element upgrade process, applied to an element management system EMS, and comprising:

    completing a system upgrade for a virtual second network element, such that a version of the virtual second network element is not lower than a version of a first network element; creating (201), by the EMS, the virtual second network element, wherein the virtual second network element has a same configuration attribute and connection configuration as the first network element, the virtual second network element and the first network element are located in different virtual local area networks; and

    sending (202), by the EMS, a distribution policy to a software load balancer, SLB, wherein

    the second network element is a standby network element of the first network element ;

    the SLB forwards, to the first network element according to the distribution policy, some of a plurality of received service messages sent by an external network element, and forwards remaining service messages to the virtual second network element according to the distribution policy; and after a processing result of the service messages on the virtual second network element meets a preset condition, the SLB forwards, to the virtual second network element, all of a plurality of subsequently received service messages sent by the external network element,

    the preset condition indicates that the virtual second network element can perform service processing like the first network element.


     
    7. The method according to claim 6, wherein the creating (201), by the EMS, a virtual second network element specifically comprises:

    instructing, by the EMS by using a virtualized network function manager VNFM, a virtualized infrastructure manager VIM in which the first network element is located to create a virtual machine image file of the first network element;

    instructing, by the EMS, the VIM to create a virtual machine of the first network element; and

    embedding, by the EMS, the virtual machine image file of the first network element into the created virtual machine, to form the virtual second network element.


     
    8. The method according to claim 6 or 7, wherein the method further comprises:

    reducing, by the EMS, a virtual machine resource of the first network element according to a quantity of reduced service messages that are processed on the first network element; and

    after the SLB forwards all of the plurality of subsequently received service messages to the virtual second network element, deleting, by the EMS, the first network element to release virtual machine resources on the first network element.


     
    9. The method according to any one of claims 6 to 8, wherein that a processing result of the service messages on the virtual second network element meets a preset condition comprises: all service messages on the virtual second network element are successfully processed; or
    a success rate of test cases of all service messages on the virtual second network element is greater than or equal to a preset threshold.
     
    10. A software load balancer, SLB, for a hitless network element upgrade process, the SLB comprising:

    a receiving unit (601), configured to receive a distribution policy delivered by an element management system EMS;

    a distribution unit (602), configured to: forward, to a first network element according to the distribution policy, some of a plurality of received service messages sent by an external network element, and forward remaining service messages to a second network element according to the distribution policy received by the receiving unit (601); and

    after a processing result of the service messages on the second network element meets a preset condition, forward, to the second network element, all of a plurality of subsequently received service messages sent by the external network element, wherein

    a system upgrade for the second network element is completed, such that a version of the second network element is not lower than a version of the first network element, the second network element is a standby network element of the first network element, the distribution policy is used to control a ratio of a quantity of the service messages forwarded to the first network element to a quantity of the service messages forwarded to the second network element, the second network element has a same configuration attribute and connection configuration as the first network element, the second network element and the first network element are located in different virtual local area networks.


     
    11. The SLB according to claim 10, wherein the service message comprises a user identifier of a user triggering the service message; and the distribution unit is specifically configured to:

    determine a message type of each of the plurality of received service messages; and

    if the message type of the service message is a Session Initiation Protocol SIP message, forward the service message to the first network element or the second network element according to the user identifier comprised in the SIP message and a distribution identifier and a white list in the distribution policy, wherein the distribution identifier is used to indicate that all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the first network element, all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the second network element, or it is uncertain whether to forward the plurality of service messages received by the SLB to the first network element or the second network element, and the white list is used to store at least one user identifier; or

    if the service message is an IP link message, forward the service message to the first network element or the second network element according to 5-tuple information comprised in the IP link message and a correspondence between a 5-tuple attribute of a logic link and a virtual local area network identifier VLAN ID that are in the distribution policy, wherein

    the 5-tuple information comprises an IP address of the external network element, a port number of the external network element, an IP address of the first network element, a port number of the first network element, and a transport protocol type, and the 5-tuple attribute of the logic link comprises a source IP address, a source port number, a destination IP address, a destination port number, and a transport protocol type.


     
    12. The SLB according to claim 11, wherein the distribution unit (602) is specifically configured to:

    query the distribution identifier; and

    query the white list if the distribution identifier indicates that it is uncertain whether to forward the plurality of service messages received by the SLB to the first network element or the second network element, and forward the service message to the second network element if the user identifier in the service message is comprised in the white list, or forward the service message to the first network element if the user identifier in the service message is not comprised in the white list;

    forward the service message to the second network element if the distribution identifier indicates that all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the second network element; or

    forward the service message to the first network element if the distribution identifier indicates that all of the plurality of service messages received by the SLB are to be forwarded to the first network element.


     
    13. An element management system, EMS, for a hitless network element upgrade process, the EMS comprising:

    a creation unit (701), configured to create a virtual second network element, wherein the virtual second network element has a same configuration attribute and connection configuration as a first network element, the virtual second network element and the first network element are located in different virtual local area networks; and

    a sending unit (702), configured to send a distribution policy to a software load balancer, SLB, so that the SLB forwards, to the first network element according to the distribution policy, some of a plurality of received service messages sent by an external network element, and forwards remaining service messages to the virtual second network element according to the distribution policy; and after a processing result of the service messages on the virtual second network element meets a preset condition, the SLB forwards, to the virtual second network element, all of a plurality of subsequently received service messages sent by the external network element,

    wherein a system upgrade for the virtual second network element is completed, such that a version of the virtual second network element is not lower than a version of the first network element,

    the virtual second network element is a standby network element of the first network element,

    the preset condition indicates that the virtual second network element can perform service processing like the first network element.


     
    14. The EMS according to claim 13, wherein the creation unit (701) is specifically configured to:

    instruct, by using a virtualized network function manager VNFM, a virtualized infrastructure manager VIM in which the first network element is located to create a virtual machine image file of the first network element;

    instruct the VIM to create a virtual machine of the first network element; and

    embed the virtual machine image file of the first network element into the created virtual machine, to form the virtual second network element.


     
    15. The EMS according to claim 13 or 14, wherein the creation unit (701) is further configured to:

    reduce a virtual machine resource of the first network element according to a quantity of reduced service messages that are processed on the first network element; and

    after the SLB forwards all of the plurality of subsequently received service messages to the virtual second network element, delete the first network element to release virtual machine resources on the first network element.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zum Durchführen eines Upgrades eines Netzwerkelements für einen unterbrechungsfreien Netzwerkelement-Upgradeprozess, wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

    Fertigstellen eines Systemupgrades für ein zweites Netzwerkelement derart, dass eine Version des zweiten Netzwerkelements nicht niedriger als eine Version eines ersten Netzwerkelements ist;

    Empfangen (101), durch eine Softwarelastenausgleichsvorrichtung SLB, einer durch ein Elementmanagementsystem EMS gelieferten Verteilungsrichtlinie;

    Weiterleiten (102), durch die SLB zu dem ersten Netzwerkelement gemäß der Verteilungsrichtlinie, einiger einer Mehrzahl von empfangenen, durch ein externes Netzwerkelement gesendeten Dienstnachrichten, und Weiterleiten verbleibender Dienstnachrichten zu dem zweiten Netzwerkelement gemäß der Verteilungsrichtlinie; und

    nachdem ein Verarbeitungsergebnis der Dienstnachrichten an dem zweiten Netzwerkelement eine voreingestellte Bedingung erfüllt, Weiterleiten (103), durch die SLB, aller einer Mehrzahl von nachfolgend empfangenen, durch das externe Netzwerkelement gesendeten Dienstnachrichten zu dem zweiten Netzwerkelement, wobei

    die voreingestellte Bedingung anzeigt, dass das zweite Netzwerkelement eine Dienstverarbeitung wie das erste Netzwerkelement durchführen kann;

    die Verteilungsrichtlinie verwendet wird, um ein Verhältnis einer Anzahl der zu dem ersten Netzwerkelement weitergeleiteten Dienstnachrichten zu einer Anzahl der zu dem zweiten Netzwerkelement weitergeleiteten Dienstnachrichten zu steuern, wobei das zweite Netzwerkelement ein Standby-Netzwerkelement des ersten Netzwerkelements ist, wobei das zweite Netzwerkelement ein gleiches Konfigurationsattribut und eine gleiche Verbindungskonfiguration wie das erste Netzwerkelement aufweist, wobei sich das zweite Netzwerkelement und das erste Netzwerkelement in unterschiedlichen virtuellen lokalen Netzwerken befinden.


     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Dienstnachricht eine Nutzerkennung eines die Dienstnachricht auslösenden Nutzers umfasst; und das Weiterleiten (102), durch die SLB zu einem ersten Netzwerkelement gemäß der Verteilungsrichtlinie, einiger einer Mehrzahl von empfangenen, durch ein externes Netzwerkelement gesendeten Dienstnachrichten, und das Weiterleiten verbleibender Dienstnachrichten zu einem zweiten Netzwerkelement gemäß der Verteilungsrichtlinie insbesondere umfasst:

    Bestimmen, durch die SLB, eines Nachrichtentyps von jeder der Mehrzahl von empfangenen Dienstnachrichten; und

    wenn die SLB bestimmt, dass der Nachrichtentyp der Dienstnachricht eine "Session Initiation Protocol"-SIP-Nachricht ist, Weiterleiten der Dienstnachricht zu dem ersten Netzwerkelement oder dem zweiten Netzwerkelement gemäß der in der SIP-Nachricht enthaltenen Nutzerkennung und einer Verteilungskennung und einer Positivliste in der Verteilungsrichtlinie, wobei die Verteilungskennung verwendet wird, um anzuzeigen, dass alle der Mehrzahl der durch die SLB empfangenen Dienstnachrichten zu dem ersten Netzwerkelement weiterzuleiten sind, alle der Mehrzahl von durch die SLB empfangenen Dienstnachrichten an das zweite Netzwerkelement weiterzuleiten sind oder es unklar ist, ob die Mehrzahl von durch die SLB empfangenen Dienstnachrichten zu dem ersten Netzwerkelement oder dem zweiten Netzwerkelement weiterzuleiten sind, und wobei die Positivliste verwendet wird, um mindestens eine Nutzerkennung zu speichern; oder

    wenn die SLB bestimmt, dass die Dienstnachricht eine IP-Verbindungsnachricht ist, Weiterleiten der Dienstnachricht zu dem ersten Netzwerkelement oder dem zweiten Netzwerkelement gemäß einer in der IP-Verbindungsnachricht enthaltenen 5-Tupel-Information und einer Übereinstimmung zwischen einem 5-Tupel-Attribut einer Logikverbindung und einer virtuellen lokalen Netzwerkkennung VLAN ID, die in der Verteilungsrichtlinie vorhanden sind, wobei

    die 5-Tupel-Information eine IP-Adresse des externen Netzwerkelements, eine Portnummer des externen Netzwerkelements, eine IP-Adresse des ersten Netzwerkelements, eine Portnummer des ersten Netzwerkelements und einen Transportprotokolltyp umfasst, und das 5-Tupel-Attribut der Logikverbindung eine Quell-IP-Adresse, eine Quell-Portnummer, eine Ziel-IP-Adresse, eine Ziel-Portnummer und einen Transportprotokolltyp umfasst.


     
    3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 2, wobei das Weiterleiten (102), durch die SLB, der Dienstnachricht zu dem ersten Netzwerkelement oder dem zweiten Netzwerkelement gemäß der in der SIP-Nachricht enthaltenen Nutzerkennung und einer Verteilungskennung und einer Positivliste in der Verteilungsrichtlinie insbesondere umfasst:

    Abfragen, durch die SLB, der Verteilungskennung; und

    Abfragen der Positivliste, wenn die Verteilungskennung anzeigt, dass es unklar ist, ob die Mehrzahl von durch die SLB empfangenen Dienstnachrichten zu dem ersten Netzwerkelement oder dem zweiten Netzwerkelement weiterzuleiten sind, und Weiterleiten der Dienstnachricht zu dem zweiten Netzwerkelement, wenn die Nutzerkennung in den Dienstnachrichten in der Positivliste enthalten ist, oder Weiterleiten der Dienstnachricht zu dem ersten Netzwerkelement, wenn die Nutzerkennung in den Dienstnachrichten nicht in der Positivliste enthalten ist;

    Weiterleiten der Dienstnachricht zu dem zweiten Netzwerkelement, wenn die Verteilungskennung anzeigt, dass alle der Mehrzahl von durch die SLB empfangenen Dienstnachrichten zu dem zweiten Netzwerkelement weiterzuleiten sind; oder

    Weiterleiten der Dienstnachricht zu dem ersten Netzwerkelement, wenn die Verteilungskennung anzeigt, dass alle der Mehrzahl von durch die SLB empfangenen Dienstnachrichten zu dem ersten Netzwerkelement weiterzuleiten sind.


     
    4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 2, wobei das Weiterleiten (102), durch die SLB, der Dienstnachricht zu dem ersten Netzwerkelement oder dem zweiten Netzwerkelement gemäß einer in der IP-Verbindungsnachricht enthaltenen 5-Tupel-Information und einer Übereinstimmung zwischen einem 5-Tupel-Attribut einer Logikverbindung und einer virtuellen lokalen Netzwerkkennung VLAN ID, die in der Verteilungsrichtlinie vorhanden sind, insbesondere umfasst:

    Bestimmen, gemäß der Übereinstimmung zwischen einem 5-Tupel-Attribut einer Logikverbindung und einer virtuellen lokalen Netzwerkkennung VLAN ID, die in der Verteilungsrichtlinie vorhanden sind, einer ersten virtuellen lokalen Netzwerkkennung VLAN ID entsprechend der Dienstnachricht, wobei die erste VLAN ID verwendet wird, um ein erstes virtuelles lokales Netzwerk zu kennzeichnen, und das erste virtuelle lokale Netzwerk das erste Netzwerkelement oder das zweite Netzwerkelement umfasst; und

    Weiterleiten, gemäß einer Übereinstimmung zwischen einem Netzwerkelement und einer virtuellen lokalen Netzwerkkennung VLAN ID eines virtuellen lokalen Netzwerks, in dem sich das Netzwerkelement befindet, der Dienstnachricht zu einem Netzwerkelement entsprechend der ersten VLAN ID.


     
    5. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 2 bis 4, wobei vor dem Empfangen, durch eine SLB, einer durch ein EMS gelieferten Verteilungsrichtlinie, das Verfahren ferner umfasst:

    Senden, durch die SLB, einer Synchronisierungsanforderungsnachricht zu dem ersten Netzwerkelement, wobei die Synchronisierungsanforderungsnachricht verwendet wird, um anzufordern, eine Schnittstelleninformation des ersten Netzwerkelements zu erhalten, und die Schnittstelleninformation des ersten Netzwerkelements eine IP-Adresse und eine Portnummer eines SIP-Servers des ersten Netzwerkelements und Konfigurationsinformation einer Logikverbindung für eine Kommunikation zwischen dem ersten Netzwerkelement und dem externen Netzwerkelement umfasst; und

    Empfangen und Speichern, durch die SLB, der Schnittstelleninformation des ersten Netzwerkelements, und Festlegen eines externen Schnittstellenattributs der SLB gemäß der empfangenen Schnittstelleninformation des ersten Netzwerkelements,

    wobei das Schnittstellenattribut eine IP-Adresse und eine Portnummer umfasst; und

    wobei dementsprechend das Bestimmen, durch die SLB, eines Nachrichtentyps von jeder der Mehrzahl von empfangenen Dienstnachrichten insbesondere umfasst:
    Bestimmen des Nachrichtentyps der Dienstnachricht gemäß einer in der Dienstnachricht enthaltenen Schnittstelleninformation und der Schnittstelleninformation des ersten Netzwerkelements.


     
    6. Verfahren zum Durchführen eines Upgrades eines Netzwerkelements für einen unterbrechungsfreien Netzwerkelement-Upgradeprozess, das auf ein Elementmanagementsystem EMS angewendet wird, und umfassend:

    Fertigstellen eines Systemupgrades für ein virtuelles zweites Netzwerkelement derart, dass eine Version des virtuellen zweiten Netzwerkelements nicht niedriger als eine Version eines ersten Netzwerkelements ist; Erstellen (201), durch das EMS, des virtuellen zweiten Netzwerkelements, wobei das virtuelle zweite Netzwerkelement ein gleiches Konfigurationsattribut und eine gleiche Verbindungskonfiguration wie das erste Netzwerkelement aufweist, wobei sich das virtuelle zweite Netzwerkelement und das erste Netzwerkelement in unterschiedlichen virtuellen lokalen Netzwerken befinden; und

    Senden (202), durch das EMS, einer Verteilungsrichtlinie an eine Softwarelastenausgleichsvorrichtung, SLB, wobei

    das zweite Netzwerkelement ein Standby-Netzwerkelement des ersten Netzwerkelements ist;

    die SLB gemäß der Verteilungsrichtlinie zu dem ersten Netzwerkelement einige einer Mehrzahl von empfangenen, durch ein externes Netzwerkelement gesendeten Dienstnachrichten weiterleitet, und verbleibende Dienstnachrichten zu dem virtuellen zweiten Netzwerkelement gemäß der Verteilungsrichtlinie weiterleitet; und nachdem ein Verarbeitungsergebnis der Dienstnachrichten an dem virtuellen zweiten Netzwerkelement eine voreingestellte Bedingung erfüllt, die SLB zu dem virtuellen zweiten Netzwerkelement alle einer Mehrzahl von nachfolgend empfangenen, durch das externe Netzwerkelement gesendeten Dienstnachrichten weiterleitet,

    die voreingestellte Bedingung anzeigt, dass das virtuelle zweite Netzwerkelement eine Dienstverarbeitung wie das erste Netzwerkelement durchführen kann.


     
    7. Verfahren nach Anspruch 6, wobei das Erstellen (201), durch das EMS, eines virtuellen zweiten Netzwerkelements insbesondere umfasst:

    Anweisen, durch das EMS mithilfe eines virtualisierten Netzwerkfunktionsmanagers VNFM, eines virtualisierten Infrastrukturmanagers VIM, in dem sich das erste Netzwerkelement befindet, eine virtuelle Maschinenabbilddatei des ersten Netzwerkelements zu erstellen;

    Anweisen, durch das EMS, des VIM, eine virtuelle Maschine des ersten Netzwerkelements zu erstellen; und

    Einbetten, durch das EMS, der virtuellen Maschinenabbilddatei des ersten Netzwerkelements in die erstellte virtuelle Maschine, um das virtuelle zweite Netzwerkelement auszubilden.


     
    8. Verfahren nach Anspruch 6 oder 7, wobei das Verfahren ferner umfasst:

    Reduzieren, durch das EMS, einer virtuellen Maschinenressource des ersten Netzwerkelements gemäß einer Anzahl von reduzierten Dienstnachrichten, die an dem ersten Netzwerkelement verarbeitet werden; und

    nachdem die SLB alle der Mehrzahl von nachfolgend empfangenen Dienstnachrichten zu dem virtuellen zweiten Netzwerkelement weiterleitet, Löschen, durch das EMS, des ersten Netzwerkelements, um virtuelle Maschinenressourcen an dem ersten Netzwerkelement freizugeben.


     
    9. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 6 bis 8, wobei, dass ein Verarbeitungsergebnis der Dienstnachrichten an dem virtuellen zweiten Netzwerkelement eine voreingestellte Bedingung erfüllt, umfasst: alle Dienstnachrichten an dem virtuellen zweiten Netzwerkelement werden erfolgreich verarbeitet; oder
    eine Erfolgsrate von Prüffällen aller Dienstnachrichten an dem virtuellen zweiten Netzwerkelement ist größer als oder gleich einem voreingestellten Schwellenwert.
     
    10. Softwarelastenausgleichsvorrichtung, SLB, für einen unterbrechungsfreien Netzwerkelement-Upgradeprozess, wobei die SLB umfasst:

    eine Empfangseinheit (601), die ausgestaltet ist, eine durch ein Elementmanagementsystem EMS gelieferte Verteilungsrichtlinie zu empfangen;

    eine Verteilungseinheit (602), die zu Folgendem ausgestaltet ist: Weiterleiten, zu einem ersten Netzwerkelement gemäß der Verteilungsrichtlinie, einiger einer Mehrzahl von empfangenen, durch ein externes Netzwerkelement gesendeten Dienstnachrichten, und Weiterleiten verbleibender Dienstnachrichten zu einem zweiten Netzwerkelement gemäß der durch die Empfangseinheit (601) empfangenen Verteilungsrichtlinie; und

    nachdem ein Verarbeitungsergebnis der Dienstnachrichten an dem zweiten Netzwerkelement eine voreingestellte Bedingung erfüllt, Weiterleiten, zu dem zweiten Netzwerkelement, aller einer Mehrzahl von nachfolgend empfangenen, durch das externe Netzwerkelement gesendeten Dienstnachrichten, wobei

    ein Systemupgrade für das zweite Netzwerkelement derart fertiggestellt wird, dass eine Version des zweiten Netzwerkelements nicht niedriger als eine Version des ersten Netzwerkelements ist, wobei das zweite Netzwerkelement ein Standby-Netzwerkelement des ersten Netzwerkelements ist, wobei die Verteilungsrichtlinie verwendet wird, um ein Verhältnis einer Anzahl der zu dem ersten Netzwerkelement weitergeleiteten Dienstnachrichten zu einer Anzahl der zu dem zweiten Netzwerkelement weitergeleiteten Dienstnachrichten zu steuern, wobei das zweite Netzwerkelement ein gleiches Konfigurationsattribut und eine gleiche Verbindungskonfiguration wie das erste Netzwerkelement aufweist, wobei sich das zweite Netzwerkelement und das erste Netzwerkelement in unterschiedlichen virtuellen lokalen Netzwerken befinden.


     
    11. SLB nach Anspruch 10, wobei die Dienstnachricht eine Nutzerkennung eines die Dienstnachricht auslösenden Nutzers umfasst; und die Verteilungseinheit insbesondere zu Folgendem ausgestaltet ist:

    Bestimmen eines Nachrichtentyps von jeder der Mehrzahl von empfangenen Dienstnachrichten; und

    wenn der Nachrichtentyp der Dienstnachricht eine "Session Initiation Protocol"-SIP-Nachricht ist, Weiterleiten der Dienstnachricht zu dem ersten Netzwerkelement oder dem zweiten Netzwerkelement gemäß der in der SIP-Nachricht enthaltenen Nutzerkennung und einer Verteilungskennung und einer Positivliste in der Verteilungsrichtlinie, wobei die Verteilungskennung verwendet wird, um anzuzeigen, dass alle der Mehrzahl von durch die SLB empfangenen Dienstnachrichten zu dem ersten Netzwerkelement weiterzuleiten sind, alle der Mehrzahl von durch die SLB empfangenen Dienstnachrichten an das zweite Netzwerkelement weiterzuleiten sind oder es unklar ist, ob die Mehrzahl von durch die SLB empfangenen Dienstnachrichten zu dem ersten Netzwerkelement oder dem zweiten Netzwerkelement weiterzuleiten sind, und wobei die Positivliste verwendet wird, um mindestens eine Nutzerkennung zu speichern; oder

    wenn die Dienstnachricht eine IP-Verbindungsnachricht ist, Weiterleiten der Dienstnachricht zu dem ersten Netzwerkelement oder dem zweiten Netzwerkelement gemäß einer in der IP-Verbindungsnachricht enthaltenen 5-Tupel-Information und einer Übereinstimmung zwischen einem 5-Tupel-Attribut einer Logikverbindung und einer virtuellen lokalen Netzwerkkennung VLAN ID, die in der Verteilungsrichtlinie vorhanden sind, wobei

    die 5-Tupel-Information eine IP-Adresse des externen Netzwerkelements, eine Portnummer des externen Netzwerkelements, eine IP-Adresse des ersten Netzwerkelements, eine Portnummer des ersten Netzwerkelements und einen Transportprotokolltyp umfasst, und das 5-Tupel-Attribut der Logikverbindung eine Quell-IP-Adresse, eine Quell-Portnummer, eine Ziel-IP-Adresse, eine Ziel-Portnummer und einen Transportprotokolltyp umfasst.


     
    12. SLB nach Anspruch 11, wobei die Verteilungseinheit (602) insbesondere zu Folgendem ausgestaltet ist:

    Abfragen der Verteilungskennung; und

    Abfragen der Positivliste, wenn die Verteilungskennung anzeigt, dass es unklar ist, ob die Mehrzahl von durch die SLB empfangenen Dienstnachrichten zu dem ersten Netzwerkelement oder dem zweiten Netzwerkelement weiterzuleiten sind, und Weiterleiten der Dienstnachricht zu dem zweiten Netzwerkelement, wenn die Nutzerkennung in den Dienstnachrichten in der Positivliste enthalten ist, oder Weiterleiten der Dienstnachricht zu dem ersten Netzwerkelement, wenn die Nutzerkennung in den Dienstnachrichten nicht in der Positivliste enthalten ist;

    Weiterleiten der Dienstnachricht zu dem zweiten Netzwerkelement, wenn die Verteilungskennung anzeigt, dass alle der Mehrzahl von durch die SLB empfangenen Dienstnachrichten zu dem zweiten Netzwerkelement weiterzuleiten sind; oder

    Weiterleiten der Dienstnachricht zu dem ersten Netzwerkelement, wenn die Verteilungskennung anzeigt, dass alle der Mehrzahl von durch die SLB empfangenen Dienstnachrichten zu dem ersten Netzwerkelement weiterzuleiten sind.


     
    13. Elementmanagementsystem, EMS, für einen unterbrechungsfreien Netzwerkelement-Upgradeprozess, wobei das EMS umfasst:

    eine Erstellungseinheit (701), die ausgestaltet ist, ein virtuelles zweites Netzwerkelement zu erstellen, wobei das virtuelle zweite Netzwerkelement ein gleiches Konfigurationsattribut und eine gleiche Verbindungskonfiguration wie das erste Netzwerkelement aufweist, wobei sich das virtuelle zweite Netzwerkelement und das erste Netzwerkelement in unterschiedlichen virtuellen lokalen Netzwerken befinden; und

    eine Sendeeinheit (702), die ausgestaltet ist, eine Verteilungsrichtlinie zu einer Softwarelastenausgleichsvorrichtung, SLB, zu senden, sodass die SLB zu dem ersten Netzwerkelement gemäß der Verteilungsrichtlinie einige einer Mehrzahl von empfangenen, durch ein externes Netzwerkelement gesendeten Dienstnachrichten weiterleitet, und verbleibende Dienstnachrichten zu dem virtuellen zweiten Netzwerkelement gemäß der Verteilungsrichtlinie weiterleitet; und nachdem ein Verarbeitungsergebnis der Dienstnachrichten an dem virtuellen zweiten Netzwerkelement eine voreingestellte Bedingung erfüllt, die SLB zu dem virtuellen zweiten Netzwerkelement alle einer Mehrzahl von nachfolgend empfangenen, durch das externe Netzwerkelement gesendeten Dienstnachrichten weiterleitet,

    wobei ein Systemupgrade für das virtuelle zweite Netzwerkelement derart fertiggestellt wird, dass eine Version des zweiten Netzwerkelements nicht niedriger als eine Version des ersten Netzwerkelements ist,

    wobei das virtuelle zweite Netzwerkelement ein Standby-Netzwerkelement des ersten Netzwerkelements ist,

    wobei die voreingestellte Bedingung anzeigt, dass das virtuelle zweite Netzwerkelement eine Dienstverarbeitung wie das erste Netzwerkelement durchführen kann.


     
    14. EMS nach Anspruch 13, wobei die Erstellungseinheit (701) insbesondere zu Folgendem ausgestaltet ist:

    Anweisen, mithilfe eines virtualisierten Netzwerkfunktionsmanagers VNFM, eines virtualisierten Infrastrukturmanagers VIM, in dem sich das erste Netzwerkelement befindet, eine virtuelle Maschinenabbilddatei des ersten Netzwerkelements zu erstellen;

    Anweisen des VIM, eine virtuelle Maschine des ersten Netzwerkelements zu erstellen; und

    Einbetten der virtuellen Maschinenabbilddatei des ersten Netzwerkelements in die erstellte virtuelle Maschine, um das virtuelle zweite Netzwerkelement auszubilden.


     
    15. EMS nach Anspruch 13 oder 14, wobei die Erstellungseinheit (701) ferner zu Folgendem ausgestaltet ist:

    Reduzieren einer virtuellen Maschinenressource des ersten Netzwerkelements gemäß einer Anzahl von reduzierten Dienstnachrichten, die an dem ersten Netzwerkelement verarbeitet werden; und

    nachdem die SLB alle der Mehrzahl von nachfolgend empfangenen Dienstnachrichten zu dem virtuellen zweiten Netzwerkelement weiterleitet, Löschen des ersten Netzwerkelements, um virtuelle Maschinenressourcen an dem ersten Netzwerkelement freizugeben.


     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé de mise à niveau d'éléments de réseau pour un processus de mise à niveau d'éléments de réseau sans perturbations, le procédé comprenant les étapes consistant à :

    effectuer une mise à niveau de système pour un deuxième élément de réseau, de telle façon qu'une version du deuxième élément de réseau ne soit pas inférieure à une version d'un premier élément de réseau ;

    recevoir (101), par un équilibreur de charge logiciel SLB, une politique de distribution fournie par un système de gestion d'éléments EMS ;

    expédier (102), par le SLB vers le premier élément de réseau selon la politique de distribution, certains messages d'une pluralité de messages de service reçus qui ont été envoyés par un élément de réseau externe, et expédier les autres messages de service vers le deuxième élément de réseau selon la politique de distribution ; et

    après qu'un résultat de traitement des messages de service sur le deuxième élément de réseau a vérifié une condition prédéfinie, expédier (103), par le SLB, vers le deuxième élément de réseau, tous les messages d'une pluralité de messages de service reçus par la suite qui ont été envoyés par l'élément de réseau externe, dans lequel

    la condition prédéfinie indique que le deuxième élément de réseau peut effectuer un traitement de service comme le premier élément de réseau ;

    la politique de distribution sert à contrôler un rapport d'une quantité de messages de service expédiés vers le premier élément de réseau à une quantité de messages de service expédiés vers le deuxième élément de réseau, le deuxième élément de réseau étant un élément de réseau de secours du premier élément de réseau, le deuxième élément de réseau ayant un attribut de configuration et une configuration de connexion identiques à ceux du premier élément de réseau, le deuxième élément de réseau et le premier élément de réseau étant situés dans des réseaux locaux virtuels différents.


     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le message de service comprend un identifiant d'utilisateur d'un utilisateur déclenchant le message de service ; et l'expédition (102), par le SLB vers un premier élément de réseau selon la politique de distribution, de certains messages d'une pluralité de messages de service reçus qui ont été envoyés par un élément de réseau externe, et l'expédition des autres messages de service vers un deuxième élément de réseau selon la politique de distribution comprend spécifiquement les étapes consistant à :

    déterminer, par le SLB, un type de message de chaque message de la pluralité de messages de service reçus ; et

    si le SLB détermine que le type de message du message de service est un message de protocole d'ouverture de session SIP, expédier le message de service vers le premier élément de réseau ou le deuxième élément de réseau selon l'identifiant d'utilisateur contenu dans le message SIP et un identifiant de distribution et une liste blanche de la politique de distribution, l'identifiant de distribution servant à indiquer que tous les messages de la pluralité de messages de service reçus par le SLB doivent être expédiés vers le premier élément de réseau, que tous les messages de la pluralité de messages de service reçus par le SLB doivent être expédiés vers le deuxième élément de réseau, ou qu'il existe une incertitude quant au fait d'expédier la pluralité de messages de service reçus par le SLB vers le premier élément de réseau ou vers le deuxième élément de réseau, et la liste blanche servant à stocker au moins un identifiant d'utilisateur ; ou

    si le SLB détermine que le message de service est un message de lien IP, expédier le message de service vers le premier élément de réseau ou le deuxième élément de réseau en fonction d'informations de quintuple contenues dans le message de lien IP et d'une correspondance entre un attribut de quintuple d'un lien logique et un identifiant de réseau local virtuel VLAN ID qui sont dans la politique de distribution, dans lequel

    les informations de quintuple contiennent une adresse IP de l'élément de réseau externe, un numéro de port de l'élément de réseau externe, une adresse IP du premier élément de réseau, un numéro de port du premier élément de réseau, et un type de protocole de transport, et l'attribut de quintuple du lien logique contient une adresse IP source, un numéro de port source, une adresse IP de destination, un numéro de port de destination, et un type de protocole de transport.


     
    3. Procédé selon la revendication 2, dans lequel l'expédition (102), par le SLB, du message de service vers le premier élément de réseau ou le deuxième élément de réseau selon l'identifiant d'utilisateur contenu dans le message SIP et un identifiant de distribution et une liste blanche de la politique de distribution comprend spécifiquement les étapes consistant à :

    interroger, par le SLB, l'identifiant de distribution ; et

    interroger la liste blanche si l'identifiant de distribution indique qu'il existe une incertitude quant au fait d'expédier la pluralité de messages de service reçus par le SLB vers le premier élément de réseau ou vers le deuxième élément de réseau, et expédier le message de service vers le deuxième élément de réseau si l'identifiant d'utilisateur du message de service est contenu dans la liste blanche, ou expédier le message de service vers le premier élément de réseau si l'identifiant d'utilisateur du message de service n'est pas contenu dans la liste blanche ;

    expédier le message de service vers le deuxième élément de réseau si l'identifiant de distribution indique que tous les messages de la pluralité de messages de service reçus par le SLB doivent être expédiés vers le deuxième élément de réseau ; ou

    expédier le message de service vers le premier élément de réseau si l'identifiant de distribution indique que tous les messages de la pluralité de messages de service reçus par le SLB doivent être expédiés vers le premier élément de réseau.


     
    4. Procédé selon la revendication 2, dans lequel l'expédition (102), par le SLB, du message de service vers le premier élément de réseau ou le deuxième élément de réseau en fonction d'informations de quintuple contenues dans le message de lien IP et d'une correspondance entre un attribut de quintuple d'un lien logique et un identifiant de réseau local virtuel VLAN ID qui sont dans la politique de distribution comprend spécifiquement les étapes consistant à :

    déterminer, en fonction de la correspondance entre un attribut de quintuple d'un lien logique et un identifiant de réseau local virtuel VLAN ID qui sont dans la politique de distribution, un premier identifiant de réseau local virtuel VLAN ID correspondant au message de service, le premier VLAN ID servant à identifier un premier réseau local virtuel, et le premier réseau local virtuel comprenant le premier élément de réseau ou le deuxième élément de réseau ; et

    expédier, en fonction d'une correspondance entre un élément de réseau et un identifiant de réseau local virtuel VLAN ID d'un réseau local virtuel dans lequel l'élément de réseau est situé, le message de service vers un élément de réseau correspondant au premier VLAN ID.


     
    5. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 2 à 4, le procédé, avant la réception par un SLB d'une politique de distribution fournie par un EMS, comprenant également les étapes consistant à :

    envoyer, par le SLB, un message de demande de synchronisation au premier élément de réseau, le message de demande de synchronisation servant à demander l'obtention d'informations d'interface du premier élément de réseau, et les informations d'interface du premier élément de réseau contenant une adresse IP et un numéro de port d'un serveur SIP du premier élément de réseau et des informations de configuration d'un lien logique pour la communication entre le premier élément de réseau et l'élément de réseau externe ; et

    recevoir et stocker, par le SLB, les informations d'interface du premier élément de réseau, et positionner un attribut d'interface externe du SLB selon les informations d'interface reçues du premier élément de réseau, l'attribut d'interface contenant une adresse IP et un numéro de port ; et

    de manière correspondante, la détermination, par le SLB, d'un type de message de chaque message de la pluralité de messages de service reçus comprend spécifiquement l'étape consistant à :
    déterminer le type de message du message de service d'après les informations d'interface contenues dans le message de service et les informations d'interface du premier élément de réseau.


     
    6. Procédé de mise à niveau d'éléments de réseau pour un processus de mise à niveau d'éléments de réseau sans perturbations, appliqué à un système de gestion d'éléments EMS, et comprenant les étapes consistant à :

    effectuer une mise à niveau de système pour un deuxième élément de réseau virtuel, de telle façon qu'une version du deuxième élément de réseau virtuel ne soit pas inférieure à une version d'un premier élément de réseau ; créer (201), par l'EMS, le deuxième élément de réseau virtuel, le deuxième élément de réseau virtuel ayant un attribut de configuration et une configuration de connexion identiques à ceux du premier élément de réseau, le deuxième élément de réseau virtuel et le premier élément de réseau étant situés dans des réseaux locaux virtuels différents ; et

    envoyer (202), par l'EMS, une politique de distribution à un équilibreur de charge logiciel, SLB, dans lequel

    le deuxième élément de réseau est un élément de réseau de secours du premier élément de réseau ;

    le SLB expédie, vers le premier élément de réseau selon la politique de distribution, certains messages d'une pluralité de messages de service reçus qui ont été envoyés par un élément de réseau externe, et expédie les autres messages de service vers le deuxième élément de réseau virtuel selon la politique de distribution ; et après qu'un résultat de traitement des messages de service sur le deuxième élément de réseau virtuel a vérifié une condition prédéfinie, le SLB expédie, vers le deuxième élément de réseau virtuel, tous les messages d'une pluralité de messages de service reçus par la suite qui ont été envoyés par l'élément de réseau externe,

    la condition prédéfinie indique que le deuxième élément de réseau virtuel peut effectuer un traitement de service comme le premier élément de réseau.


     
    7. Procédé selon la revendication 6, dans lequel la création (201), par l'EMS, d'un deuxième élément de réseau virtuel comprend spécifiquement les étapes consistant à :

    ordonner, par l'EMS au moyen d'un gestionnaire de fonction de réseau virtualisé VNFM, à un gestionnaire d'infrastructure virtualisée VIM dans lequel le premier élément de réseau est situé de créer un fichier d'image de machine virtuelle du premier élément de réseau ;

    ordonner, par l'EMS, au VIM de créer une machine virtuelle du premier élément de réseau ; et

    intégrer, par l'EMS, le fichier d'image de machine virtuelle du premier élément de réseau dans la machine virtuelle créée, pour former le deuxième élément de réseau virtuel.


     
    8. Procédé selon la revendication 6 ou 7, le procédé comprenant également les étapes consistant à :

    réduire, par l'EMS, une ressource de machine virtuelle du premier élément de réseau en fonction d'une quantité de messages de service réduit qui sont traités sur le premier élément de réseau ; et

    après que le SLB a expédié tous les messages de la pluralité de messages de service reçus par la suite vers le deuxième élément de réseau virtuel, supprimer, par l'EMS, le premier élément de réseau pour libérer des ressources de machine virtuelle sur le premier élément de réseau.


     
    9. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 6 à 8, dans lequel le fait qu'un résultat de traitement des messages de service sur le deuxième élément de réseau virtuel vérifie une condition prédéfinie correspond à : tous les messages de service présents sur le deuxième élément de réseau virtuel ont été traités avec succès ; ou
    un taux de réussite de cas de test de tous les messages de service présents sur le deuxième élément de réseau virtuel est supérieur ou égal à un seuil prédéfini.
     
    10. Équilibreur de charge logiciel, SLB, pour un processus de mise à niveau d'éléments de réseau sans perturbations, le SLB comprenant :

    une unité de réception (601), configurée pour recevoir une politique de distribution fournie par un système de gestion d'éléments EMS ;

    une unité de distribution (602), configurée pour : expédier, vers un premier élément de réseau selon la politique de distribution, certains messages d'une pluralité de messages de service reçus qui ont été envoyés par un élément de réseau externe, et expédier les autres messages de service vers un deuxième élément de réseau selon la politique de distribution reçue par l'unité de réception (601) ; et

    après qu'un résultat de traitement des messages de service sur le deuxième élément de réseau a vérifié une condition prédéfinie, expédier, vers le deuxième élément de réseau, tous les messages d'une pluralité de messages de service reçus par la suite qui ont été envoyés par l'élément de réseau externe, dans lequel

    une mise à niveau de système est effectuée pour le deuxième élément de réseau, de telle façon qu'une version du deuxième élément de réseau ne soit pas inférieure à une version du premier élément de réseau, le deuxième élément de réseau étant un élément de réseau de secours du premier élément de réseau, la politique de distribution servant à contrôler un rapport d'une quantité de messages de service expédiés vers le premier élément de réseau à une quantité de messages de service expédiés vers le deuxième élément de réseau, le deuxième élément de réseau ayant un attribut de configuration et une configuration de connexion identiques à ceux du premier élément de réseau, le deuxième élément de réseau et le premier élément de réseau étant situés dans des réseaux locaux virtuels différents.


     
    11. SLB selon la revendication 10, dans lequel le message de service comprend un identifiant d'utilisateur d'un utilisateur déclenchant le message de service ; et l'unité de distribution est spécifiquement configurée pour :

    déterminer un type de message de chaque message de la pluralité de messages de service reçus ; et

    si le type de message du message de service est un message de protocole d'ouverture de session SIP, expédier le message de service vers le premier élément de réseau ou le deuxième élément de réseau selon l'identifiant d'utilisateur contenu dans le message SIP et un identifiant de distribution et une liste blanche de la politique de distribution, l'identifiant de distribution servant à indiquer que tous les messages de la pluralité de messages de service reçus par le SLB doivent être expédiés vers le premier élément de réseau, que tous les messages de la pluralité de messages de service reçus par le SLB doivent être expédiés vers le deuxième élément de réseau, ou qu'il existe une incertitude quant au fait d'expédier la pluralité de messages de service reçus par le SLB vers le premier élément de réseau ou vers le deuxième élément de réseau, et la liste blanche servant à stocker au moins un identifiant d'utilisateur ; ou

    si le message de service est un message de lien IP, expédier le message de service vers le premier élément de réseau ou le deuxième élément de réseau en fonction d'informations de quintuple contenues dans le message de lien IP et d'une correspondance entre un attribut de quintuple d'un lien logique et un identifiant de réseau local virtuel VLAN ID qui sont dans la politique de distribution, dans lequel

    les informations de quintuple contiennent une adresse IP de l'élément de réseau externe, un numéro de port de l'élément de réseau externe, une adresse IP du premier élément de réseau, un numéro de port du premier élément de réseau, et un type de protocole de transport, et l'attribut de quintuple du lien logique contient une adresse IP source, un numéro de port source, une adresse IP de destination, un numéro de port de destination, et un type de protocole de transport.


     
    12. SLB selon la revendication 11, dans lequel l'unité de distribution (602) est spécifiquement configurée pour :

    interroger l'identifiant de distribution ; et

    interroger la liste blanche si l'identifiant de distribution indique qu'il existe une incertitude quant au fait d'expédier la pluralité de messages de service reçus par le SLB vers le premier élément de réseau ou vers le deuxième élément de réseau, et expédier le message de service vers le deuxième élément de réseau si l'identifiant d'utilisateur du message de service est contenu dans la liste blanche, ou expédier le message de service vers le premier élément de réseau si l'identifiant d'utilisateur du message de service n'est pas contenu dans la liste blanche ;

    expédier le message de service vers le deuxième élément de réseau si l'identifiant de distribution indique que tous les messages de la pluralité de messages de service reçus par le SLB doivent être expédiés vers le deuxième élément de réseau ; ou

    expédier le message de service vers le premier élément de réseau si l'identifiant de distribution indique que tous les messages de la pluralité de messages de service reçus par le SLB doivent être expédiés vers le premier élément de réseau.


     
    13. Système de gestion d'éléments, EMS, pour un processus de mise à niveau d'éléments de réseau sans perturbations, l'EMS comprenant :

    une unité de création (701), configurée pour créer un deuxième élément de réseau virtuel, le deuxième élément de réseau virtuel ayant un attribut de configuration et une configuration de connexion identiques à ceux d'un premier élément de réseau, le deuxième élément de réseau virtuel et le premier élément de réseau étant situés dans des réseaux locaux virtuels différents ; et

    une unité d'envoi (702), configurée pour envoyer une politique de distribution à un équilibreur de charge logiciel, SLB, afin que le SLB expédie, vers le premier élément de réseau selon la politique de distribution, certains messages d'une pluralité de messages de service reçus qui ont été envoyés par un élément de réseau externe, et expédie les autres messages de service vers le deuxième élément de réseau virtuel selon la politique de distribution ; et après qu'un résultat de traitement des messages de service sur le deuxième élément de réseau virtuel a vérifié une condition prédéfinie, le SLB expédie, vers le deuxième élément de réseau virtuel, tous les messages d'une pluralité de messages de service reçus par la suite qui ont été envoyés par l'élément de réseau externe,

    dans lequel une mise à niveau de système est effectuée pour le deuxième élément de réseau virtuel, afin qu'une version du deuxième élément de réseau virtuel ne soit pas inférieure à une version du premier élément de réseau,

    le deuxième élément de réseau virtuel est un élément de réseau de secours du premier élément de réseau,

    la condition prédéfinie indique que le deuxième élément de réseau virtuel peut effectuer un traitement de service comme le premier élément de réseau.


     
    14. EMS selon la revendication 13, dans lequel l'unité de création (701) est spécifiquement configurée pour :

    ordonner, au moyen d'un gestionnaire de fonction de réseau virtualisé VNFM, à un gestionnaire d'infrastructure virtualisée VIM dans lequel le premier élément de réseau est situé de créer un fichier d'image de machine virtuelle du premier élément de réseau ;

    ordonner au VIM de créer une machine virtuelle du premier élément de réseau ; et

    intégrer le fichier d'image de machine virtuelle du premier élément de réseau dans la machine virtuelle créée, pour former le deuxième élément de réseau virtuel.


     
    15. EMS selon la revendication 13 ou 14, dans lequel l'unité de création (701) est également configurée pour :

    réduire une ressource de machine virtuelle du premier élément de réseau en fonction d'une quantité de messages de service réduit qui sont traités sur le premier élément de réseau ; et

    après que le SLB a expédié tous les messages de la pluralité de messages de service reçus par la suite vers le deuxième élément de réseau virtuel, supprimer le premier élément de réseau pour libérer des ressources de machine virtuelle sur le premier élément de réseau.


     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description