(19)
(11)EP 3 337 259 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.04.2020 Bulletin 2020/18

(21)Application number: 16834559.3

(22)Date of filing:  25.07.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04W 72/08(2009.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2016/091629
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/024935 (16.02.2017 Gazette  2017/07)

(54)

INTERFERENCE REPORTING AND RESOURCE ADJUSTMENT METHOD AND APPARATUS

INTERFERENZMELDUNG SOWIE RESSOURCENANPASSUNGSVERFAHREN UND VORRICHTUNG

PROCÉDÉ ET APPAREIL D'AJUSTEMENT DE RESSOURCES ET DE RAPPORT D'INTERFÉRENCES


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 12.08.2015 CN 201510494438

(43)Date of publication of application:
20.06.2018 Bulletin 2018/25

(73)Proprietor: CHINA ACADEMY OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY
Haidian District, Beijing 100191 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • ZHAO, Li
    Beijing 100191 (CN)
  • FENG, Yuan
    Beijing 100191 (CN)
  • ZHOU, Haijun
    Beijing 100191 (CN)
  • FANG, Jiayi
    Beijing 100191 (CN)
  • TANG, Jiye
    Beijing 100191 (CN)
  • LIN, Lin
    Beijing 100191 (CN)

(74)Representative: Nony 
11 rue Saint-Georges
75009 Paris
75009 Paris (FR)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2015/001840
CN-A- 103 402 206
US-B2- 8 675 580
CN-A- 102 196 510
CN-A- 103 796 225
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to the field of communications, and particularly to a method and apparatus for reporting interference, and a method and apparatus for adjusting a resource.

    Background



    [0002] In the prior art, a resource needs to be allocated, scheduled and coordinated by a cellular network in a coverage area of the cellular network, and the resource is generally scheduled in the existing cellular network according to a Quality of Service (QoS), a channel characteristic, and guaranteed fairness, wherein common reporting information for scheduling includes a Channel Quality Indicator (CQI), a Pre-coding Matrix Indicator (PMI), etc., and common scheduling algorithms include proportional fairness, round robin scheduling, scheduling with the maximum carrier-to-interference ratio, etc.

    [0003] Long Term Evolution (LTE) Device-to-Device (D2D) services are supported in the existing cellular network, and commercial applications and public safety services are supported in an LTE D2D system.

    [0004] However since a cooperative vehicle-infrastructure communication system needs to guarantee the low delay and high reliability characteristics of a road safety application, there is a drawback in the prior art that the existing LTE D2D system cannot satisfy the demand of the cooperative vehicle-infrastructure communication system.
    WO2015/001840A1 discloses communication control device, communication control method, wireless communication system, and terminal device. More particularly, to achieve a mechanism whereby it is possible to prevent damaging interference in secondary usage of a frequency channel, at low cost. In a wireless communication system having a primary base station which is connected by a primary terminal and a secondary base station which is connected by a secondary terminal for secondary use of a frequency channel for the primary base station, provided is a communication control device comprising: an acquisition unit which acquires a quality report including a communication quality index which is measured by the primary terminal and/or a quality report including a communication quality index which is measured by the secondary terminal; and an interference control unit which issues instructions to reduce transmission power for the secondary base station when it is determined that damaging interference occurs in the wireless communication system, on the basis of the communication quality indices included in the quality reports which are acquired by the acquisition unit.
    CN102196510A discloses a method and system for generating high interference indication information and corresponding sending method and system. More particularly, according to the measurement report reported by UE (user equipment), the UE in a service cell is divided into one or multiple UE groups; the high-interference indication information of each UE group is generated; and the high-interference indication information of each UE group is sent to the target cell maintained by the UE group. The corresponding system comprises a dividing device, a generating device and a sending device. According to the invention, the same frequency interference among uplink cells can be eliminated effectively.

    Summary



    [0005] Embodiments of the invention provide a method and apparatus for reporting interference, and a method and apparatus for adjusting a resource so as to improve the efficiency of adjusting a resource in a communication system to thereby satisfy the demand of an application with a low delay and high reliability.

    [0006] An embodiment of the invention provides a method for adjusting a resource, the method including: receiving interference indication information reported by a first node, wherein the interference indication information includes a resource with interference, an SINR, and position information of the first node; determining other nodes accessing the resource with interference upon determining from the SINR that there is interference; instructing the other nodes to report their position information; and adjusting a resource accessed by the other nodes according to the position information reported by the other nodes, and the position information of the first node.

    [0007] In a possible implementation, the resource accessed by the other nodes is adjusted by adjusting a resource accessed by a node farther from the first node among the other nodes.

    [0008] In a possible implementation, the interference indication information further includes information about a second node capable of correct decoding despite the interference; and the resource accessed by the other nodes is adjusted by adjusting a resource accessed by a node failing to decode among the other nodes.

    [0009] In a possible implementation, the method further includes: notifying a node among the other nodes, for which a resource is adjusted, of an adjusted resource.

    [0010] An embodiment of the invention provides a method for reporting interference, the method including: determining, by a first node, that there is interference; and reporting, by the first node, interference indication information to a base station to request the base station to adjust a resource accessed by other nodes accessing a resource with interference, wherein the interference indication information includes: the resource with interference, an SINR, and position information of the first node; wherein reporting the interference indication information to the base station to request the base station to adjust the resource accessed by the other nodes accessing the resource with interference, comprises: reporting the interference indication information to the base station to request the base station to adjust the resource accessed by the other nodes accessing the resource with interference according to position information reported by the other nodes and the position information of the first node, upon determining from the SINR that there is interference.

    [0011] In a possible implementation, when received signal power is above a received signal threshold, and the SINR is below an SINR threshold, it is determined there is interference.

    [0012] In a possible implementation, the interference indication information further includes information about a second node capable of correct decoding despite interference.

    [0013] An embodiment of the invention provides an apparatus for adjusting a resource, the apparatus including: a receiving module configured to receive interference indication information reported by a first node, wherein the interference indication information includes a resource with interference, an SINR, and position information of the first node; a determining module configured to determine other nodes accessing the resource with interference upon determining from the SINR that there is interference; an instructing module configured to instruct the other nodes to report their position information after the other nodes accessing the resource with interference are determined; and an adjusting module configured to adjust a resource accessed by the other nodes according to the position information reported by the other nodes, and the position information of the first node.

    [0014] In a possible implementation, the adjusting module is further configured to adjust the resource accessed by the other nodes by adjusting a resource accessed by a node farther from the first node among the other nodes.

    [0015] In a possible implementation, the adjusting module is further configured, upon determining that the interference indication information further includes information about a second node capable of correct decoding despite the interference, to adjust the resource accessed by the other nodes by adjusting a resource accessed by a node failing to decode among the other nodes.

    [0016] In a possible implementation, the apparatus further includes: a notifying module configured to notify a node among the other nodes, for which a resource is adjusted, of an adjusted resource.

    [0017] An embodiment of the invention provides an apparatus for reporting interference, the apparatus including: an interference determining module configured to determine that there is interference; and an interference reporting module configured to report interference indication information to a base station to request the base station to adjust a resource accessed by other nodes accessing a resource with interference, wherein the interference indication information includes the resource with interference, an SINR, and position information of the apparatus; wherein the interference reporting module is further configured to reporting the interference indication information to the base station to request the base station to adjust the resource accessed by the other nodes accessing the resource with interference according to position information reported by the other nodes and the position information of the apparatus, upon determining from the SINR that there is interference.

    [0018] Advantageous effects of the invention are as follows: as compared with the technical solution in the prior art in which a resource is adjusted only using a CQI, a PMI, and other information through proportional fairness, round robin scheduling, scheduling with the maximum carrier-to-interference ratio, etc., the node reports to the base station immediately upon determining that there is interference, so that the base station side can adjust the resource in a timely manner according to the reported interference information, thus alleviating the resource from collision so as to improve the efficiency of adjusting the resource in the communication system, and to satisfy the demand of an application with a low delay and high reliability.

    Brief Description of the Drawings



    [0019] The drawings described here are intended to provide further understanding of the invention, and constitute a part of the invention, and exemplary embodiments of the invention and the description thereof are intended to set forth the invention, but not to limit the invention unduly. In the drawings:

    Fig.1 is a schematic flow chart of a method for adjusting a resource on a base station according to an embodiment of the invention;

    Fig.2 is a schematic flow chart of a method for reporting interference on a node according to an embodiment of the invention;

    Fig.3 is a schematic diagram of an environment in which interference is reported, and a resource is adjusted according to an embodiment of the invention;

    Fig.4 is a schematic structural diagram of an apparatus for adjusting a resource according to an embodiment of the invention;

    Fig.5 is a schematic structural diagram of an apparatus for reporting interference according to an embodiment of the invention;

    Fig.6 is a schematic structural diagram of a base station according to an embodiment of the invention; and

    Fig.7 is a schematic structural diagram of a node according to an embodiment of the invention.


    Detailed Description of the Embodiments



    [0020] Particular embodiments of the invention will be described below with reference to the drawings.

    [0021] A resource is generally scheduled in the existing cellular network according to the QoS of a service, a channel characteristic, and guaranteed fairness, wherein common reporting information for scheduling includes a CQI, a PMI, etc., and common scheduling algorithms include proportional fairness, round robin scheduling, scheduling with the maximum carrier-to-interference ratio, etc.

    [0022] The inventors have identified during making of the invention that: since the service characteristics of the cooperative vehicle-infrastructure communication system are different from the service characteristics of the cellular system, the road safety application requires the low delay and high reliability characteristics, and the node topology change situations of the two systems are different, there are the following problems in the scheduling mechanism in the existing cellular system.
    1. 1) In the cellular network, the nodes move at a low speed, and there is a low probability of resource collision after resources are scheduled centrally by the base station. While in the cooperative vehicle-infrastructure communication system, the vehicles may move at a high speed, the topology may change rapidly; the spatial multiplexing condition satisfied among a plurality of nodes accessing the same resource scheduled centrally by the base station may not be satisfied any longer after the nodes move. And if they transmit concurrently over the same resource, then the receiving node may receive a strong interference signal.
    2. 2) The resource collision situation may not be well reflected by the CQIs, PMIs, and other information reported for scheduling.
    3. 3) Position systems of the respective nodes in the cooperative vehicle-infrastructure communication system can provide accurate position information, while the cellular network is typically unaware of accurate position information of the nodes during scheduling, so the effect of spatial multiplexing is not ideal.


    [0023] In view of the characteristics of the cooperative vehicle-infrastructure communication system, such as the service characteristics, the rapid change of topology, the available accurate position information, etc., information to be reported for scheduling is augmented in the technical solutions according to the embodiments of the invention to thereby improve the scheduling process so as to make it to better accommodate the low delay and high reliability requirement of a service in the cooperative vehicle-infrastructure communication system. Particularly, the nodes report interference, positions, and other key information, and the reporting information is integrated and analyzed to thereby enable a resource to be scheduled and coordinated over the network so as to alleviate the resource from collision, to enable more reasonable spatial multiplexing of the resource, and to improve the utilization ratio of the system resource. A particular analysis thereof will be made below.

    [0024] In the existing cooperative vehicle-infrastructure communication system, communication resources between the vehicles and between the vehicles and a base station in a coverage area of the base station can be scheduled and allocated centrally by the base station. In order to improve the utilization ratio of the resources, the base station allocates the resources by multiplexing the resources at some interval of distance while satisfying an interference condition, that is, the transmitting nodes can transmit over the same time-frequency resource.

    [0025] There are following four reception scenarios of the receiving node.
    Table 1: Reception scenarios of the receiving node
    No.Decoding statusInterference statusNotes
    1 Decode successfully Low interference Relatively ideal;
    Received signal power above a received signal threshold, and SINR above an SINR threshold
    2 Decode successfully Relatively high interference Relatively strong interference, but normal reception is not affected;
    Received signal power above the received signal threshold, SINR above the SINR threshold, and there is interference signal
    3 Decode unsuccessfully Low interference Reception failure occurs when there is relatively low interference, and generally because received signal power is relatively low;
    Received signal power above noise power, but below the received signal threshold, and SINR below the SINR threshold
    4 Decode unsuccessfully High interference Strong interference, and normal reception is affected;
    Received signal power above the received signal threshold, and SINR below the SINR threshold


    [0026] Wherein the SINR refers to a Signal to Interference plus Noise Ratio.

    [0027] As can be apparent from Table 1, there are strong interference signals in the reception scenario 2 and the reception scenario 4, so both of them are resource collision scenarios.

    [0028] Accordingly in the resource scheduling and coordination solution, the vehicle nodes can report the information required for scheduling to the base station, and the base station can determine the interference situation to thereby adjust a resource so as to alleviate the performance of the system from being affected by the resource collision.

    [0029] Particular implementations thereof will be described below.

    [0030] In the following description, the implementations at the node side and the base station side will be described respectively, but this will not suggest that both of them be required to cooperate with each other in an implementation, and in fact, when the node is embodied separately from the base station, they still can address the problems at the node side and the base station side respectively, although a better technical effect can be achieved when they operate with each other.

    [0031] Fig.1 is a schematic flow chart of a method for adjusting a resource on a base station, and as illustrated, the method can include the following operations.

    [0032] The operation 101 is to receive interference indication information reported by a first node, where the interference indication information includes a resource with interference, and an SINR.

    [0033] The operation 102 is to determine other nodes accessing the resource with interference upon determining from the SINR that there is interference.

    [0034] The operation 103 is to adjust a resource accessed by the other nodes to avoid the interference.

    [0035] In an implementation, the SINR represents the ratio of a useful signal to an interference signal. When there is strong interference, received signal power is above a received signal threshold, and the SINR is below a threshold, which indicates that the useful signal, and also the interference signal are received, although the interference signal is too strong to satisfy the SINR threshold, thus failing to decode the useful signal; and when the distance between the nodes satisfies a spatial multiplexing distance, the different transmitting nodes can transmit over the same time-frequency resource, and since the interference relationship is satisfied, the receiving node can decode the useful signal successfully, and thus can determine the interference situation according to the SINR.

    [0036] In an implementation, the interference indication information can further include: position information of the first node.

    [0037] After the other nodes accessing the resource with interference are determined, the method further includes: instructing the other nodes to report their position information; and adjusting the resource accessed by the other nodes according to the position information reported by the other nodes, and the position information of the first node to avoid the interference.

    [0038] In an implementation, the resource accessed by the other nodes is adjusted by adjusting a resource accessed by a node farther from the first node, among the other nodes.

    [0039] In an implementation, the interference indication information further includes: information about a second node capable of correct decoding despite the interference; and the resource accessed by the other nodes is adjusted by adjusting a resource accessed by a node failing to decode among the other nodes.

    [0040] Correspondingly there may be the following implementation on a node.

    [0041] Fig.2 is a schematic flow chart of a method for reporting interference on a node, and as illustrated, the method can include the following operations.

    [0042] The operation 201 is to determine that there is interference.

    [0043] The operation 202 is to report interference indication information to a base station, where the interference indication information includes a resource with interference, and an SINR.

    [0044] In an implementation, when received signal power is above a received signal threshold, and the SINR is below an SINR threshold, it is determined that there is interference.

    [0045] In an implementation, the interference indication information further includes: position information of the node.

    [0046] In an implementation, the interference indication information further includes: information about a second node capable of correct decoding despite the interference.

    [0047] In the solution above, information to be reported for scheduling applicable to a cooperative vehicle-infrastructure communication system is firstly added, particularly as depicted in the following table.
    Table 2: Additional information to be reported for scheduling
    Reporting interference typeReporting informationReporting modeBase station schedulingOther auxiliary reporting information
    Strong interference indicator (reception scenario 4) Sub-frame with interference; Immediate reporting; Event trigger reporting; Adjust resource scheduling immediately; Position information of transmitting nodes; SINR
    The base station searches for transmitting nodes according to a resource with collision, and the base station triggers the nodes that transmit concurrently to report position information; and the base station operates in the following two schemes according to the position information of the respective transmitting nodes: The base station selects one of the nodes randomly to adjust the resource thereof; or
    The base station adjusts a node farther from the receiving node to access another available resource instead of the current resource to avoid further collision;
    Relatively Strong interference indicator (reception scenario 2) Sub-frame with interference; Information about a node succeeding in decoding Immediate reporting; Event trigger reporting; The base station searches for transmitting nodes according to a resource with collision, and the base station triggers the nodes that transmit concurrently to report position information; and the base station operates in the following three schemes according to the position information of the respective transmitting nodes: Position information of transmitting nodes; SINR
          The base station selects and frees one of the nodes randomly; or The base station adjusts the resource of a transmitting node that receives decoding failure; or  
          The base station determines one of the following two reception situations of the receiving node:  
          The receiving node successfully receives a data packet send from a closer node, which means a normal situation, so no resource will be adjusted; or  
          The receiving node successfully receives a data packet send from a farther node, which means an abnormal situation, so a resource farther from the receiving node will be adjusted;  
    SINR SINR Optional immediate reporting; Optional event trigger reporting; To maintain service continuity of the nodes, the base station adjusts a resource according to the interference indicator only when a resource collision occurs; wherein the SINR is reported as auxiliary information for adjusting the resource, and primarily used for deciding whether to adjust the spatial multiplexing distance Position information of transmitting nodes;
    Position information Longitude, latitude, lane Immediate reporting after being triggered by the base station; Optional periodical reporting Provide a basis for the base station to schedule and to determine whether the spatial multiplexing distance is satisfied None


    [0048] In a particular implementation, after the additional information to be reported is received, the following processing flow can be added to the processing flow in the prior art on the base station.
    I. Strong interference (reception scenario 4)
    Strong interference Decode unsuccessfully High interference Strong interference, and normal reception is affected;
    Received signal power above the received signal threshold, and SINR below the SINR threshold


    [0049] In this scenario, the UE decodes unsuccessfully, but the received signal power is above the received signal threshold, and the SINR is below the SINR threshold, which indicates that the receiving node detects strong interference during reception, so the node needs to send strong interference indication information to notify the base station, and to report the auxiliary SINR and position information thereof to request the base station to adjust the resource immediately.

    [0050] The base station can perform the resource scheduling adjustment process as follows immediately according to the strong interference indication information in combination with the SINR, and the position of the receiving node upon reception of the strong interference indication information.
    1. 1. The base station searches for transmitting nodes according to a resource with collision.
    2. 2. The base station triggers the nodes that transmit concurrently over the resource, which is received by the receiving node, to report their position information.
    3. 3. The base station can operate in the following two schemes according to the position information of the respective transmitting nodes.
      1. 1) The base station selects one of the nodes randomly to adjust the resource thereof.
      2. 2) The base station adjusts a node farther from the receiving node to access another available resource instead of the current resource to avoid farther collision.


    [0051] The process can further include: transmitting a resource adjustment message to the node selected in the previous operation, i.e. notifying the other node, for which the resource is adjusted, of the adjusted resource.
    II. Relatively Strong interference (reception scenario 2)
    Relatively strong interference Decode Successfully Relatively high interference Relatively strong interference, but normal reception is not affected;
    Received signal power above the received signal threshold, SINR above the SINR threshold, and there is interference signal


    [0052] In this scenario, the UE can decode correctly, but there is relatively strong interference, the received signal power is above the received signal threshold, and the SINR is above the SINR threshold, so it is determined that there is interference signal, but in this scenario, the base station needs to determine whether to adjust a resource, because the receiving node is not aware of all the information about the nodes that transmit concurrently.

    [0053] The receiving node detects relatively strong interference during reception, and needs to transmit relatively strong interference indication information to notify the base station, and to report the auxiliary SINR and position information thereof to request the base station to determine whether there is a resource with collision, and whether to adjust the resource immediately.

    [0054] The base station can perform the resource scheduling adjustment process as follows immediately according to the relatively strong interference indication information in combination with the SINR, and the position of the receiving node upon reception of the relatively strong interference indication information.
    1. 1. The base station searches for transmitting nodes according to a resource with collision.
    2. 2. The base station triggers the nodes that transmit concurrently over the resource, which is received by the receiving node, to report their position information.
    3. 3. The base station can adjust the resource in the following three schemes.
      1. 1) The base station selects and frees one of the nodes randomly.
      2. 2) The base station adjusts the resource of a transmitting node that receives decoding failure.
      3. 3) The base station determines one of the following two reception situations of the receiving node according to the position information.
        1. (1) The receiving node successfully receives a data packet send from a closer node, which means a normal condition, so no resource will be adjusted.
        2. (2) The receiving node successfully receives a data packet send from a farther node, which means an abnormal situation, so a resource farther from the receiving node will be adjusted.


    [0055] Furthermore if a resource needs to be adjusted, then a resource adjustment message will be transmitted to the node selected in the previous operation, i.e. notifying the other node, for which the resource is adjusted, of the adjusted resource.

    [0056] In order to better understand the implementation of the invention, examples thereof will be described below.

    [0057] Fig.3 is a schematic diagram of an environment in which interference is reported, and a resource is adjusted, and as illustrated, there are a base station and three nodes, which are illustrated respectively as a vehicle A, a vehicle B, and a vehicle C, wherein the vehicle A reports interference, there is resource collision of the vehicle B and the vehicle C, and the distance between the vehicle C and the vehicle A is greater than the distance between the vehicle B and the vehicle A.

    [0058] In a first embodiment, a receiving node determines that there is strong interference occurring.

    [0059] As illustrated in Fig.3, assuming that the vehicle A detects received signal power is above a received signal threshold, an SINR is below an SINR threshold and the vehicle A decodes unsuccessfully in a timeslot 2, this indicates that the vehicle A which is a receiving node detects strong interference during reception. Therefore the vehicle A sends strong interference indication information to notify the base station, and reports the auxiliary SINR and position information thereof to request the base station to adjust a resource immediately.

    [0060] The base station can perform the resource scheduling adjustment process as follows immediately according to the strong interference indication information in combination with the SINR, and the position of the receiving node upon reception of the strong interference indication information.
    1. 1. The base station searches for and determines the vehicle B and the vehicle C as the transmitting nodes according to the timeslot 2 which is a resource with collision.
    2. 2. The base station triggers the vehicle B and the vehicle C that transmit concurrently over the resource, which is received by the receiving node, to report their position information.
    3. 3. The base station supports the following two schemes according to the position information of the respective transmitting nodes.
      1. 1) The base station selects one of the nodes randomly to adjust the resource thereof, that is, the base station selects one of the vehicle B and the vehicle C randomly, e.g., the vehicle C, for adjusting.
      2. 2) Assuming that the base station determines that the vehicle C is farther from the vehicle A, according to the position information reported by the vehicle B and the vehicle C, and in order to enable the vehicle A to receive reliably from the closer vehicle B, the base station adjusts the vehicle C, which is a node farther from the receiving node, to access another available resource instead of the current resource to avoid further collision.


    [0061] Furthermore a resource adjustment message can be sent to the vehicle C, which is the node selected in the previous operation.

    [0062] In a second embodiment, the receiving node determines that there is relatively strong interference occurring.

    [0063] As illustrated in Fig.3, assuming that the vehicle A detects relatively strong interference, and at this time, the received signal power is above the received signal threshold, and the SINR is above the SINR threshold, but the vehicle A can decode a signal of the vehicle B correctly, and it is determined that reception at the vehicle A is affected by a relatively strong interference signal. However in this scenario, the base station needs to determine whether to adjust a resource, because the vehicle A which is the receiving node is not aware of all the information about the nodes that transmit concurrently.

    [0064] The vehicle A which is the receiving node detects relatively strong interference during reception, so the vehicle A sends relatively strong interference indication information to notify the base station, and reports the auxiliary SINR and position information thereof to request the base station to determine whether there is a resource with collision, and whether to adjust the resource immediately.

    [0065] The base station can perform the resource scheduling adjustment process as follows immediately according to the relatively strong interference indication information in combination with the SINR, and the position of the receiving node upon reception of the relatively strong interference indication information.
    1. 1. The base station searches for and determines the vehicle B and the vehicle C as the transmitting nodes according to the timeslot 2 which is a resource with collision.
    2. 2. The base station triggers the vehicle B and the vehicle C, which are the nodes that transmit concurrently over the resource, which is received by the receiving node, to report their position information.
    3. 3. The base station supports resource adjustment in the following three schemes.
      1. 1) The base station selects and frees one of the nodes randomly, that is, the base station selects one of the vehicle B and the vehicle C randomly, e.g., the vehicle B, for adjusting.
      2. 2) The base station adjusts the resource of a transmitting node that receives decoding failure; the base station determines the transmitting node failing to decode as the vehicle C according to information about a node succeeding in decoding, reported in the relatively strong interference indication information, and selects the vehicle C for adjusting.
      3. 3) The base station determines one of the following two reception situations of the receiving node according to the position information, where, for example, the vehicle B is closer to the vehicle A, and the vehicle C is farther from the vehicle A.
        1. (1) The receiving node successfully receives a data packet send from the closer node, which means a normal situation, so no resource will be adjusted; and at this time, the resources of the vehicle B and the vehicle C will not be adjusted.
        2. (2) The receiving node successfully receives a data packet send from the farther node, which means an abnormal condition, so a resource farther from the receiving node will be adjusted; and at this time, since the vehicle C is farther than the vehicle B from the vehicle A, then the vehicle C will be selected for adjusting.


    [0066] Furthermore if a resource needs to be adjusted, then a resource adjustment message will be send to the vehicle C, which is the node selected in the previous operation.

    [0067] Based upon the same inventive concept, embodiments of the invention further provide an apparatus for adjusting a resource, and an apparatus for reporting interference, and since these apparatuses address the problem under a similar principle to the method for adjusting a resource, and the method for reporting interference, reference can be made to the implementations of the methods for implementations of these apparatuses, and a repeated description thereof will be omitted here.

    [0068] Fig.4 is a schematic structural diagram of an apparatus for adjusting a resource according to an embodiment of the invention, and as illustrated, the apparatus can include: a receiving module 401 configured to receive interference indication information reported by a first node, where the interference indication information includes a resource with interference, and an SINR; a determining module 402 configured to determine other nodes accessing the resource with interference upon determining from the SINR that there is interference; and an adjusting module 403 configured to adjust a resource accessed by the other nodes to avoid the interference.

    [0069] In an implementation, the apparatus can further include: an instructing module 404 configured, upon determining that the interference indication information further includes positional information of the first node, to instruct the other nodes to report their position information after the other nodes accessing the resource with interference are determined; and the adjusting module is further configured to adjust the resource accessed by the other nodes according to the position information reported by the other nodes, and the position information of the first node to avoid the interference.

    [0070] In an implementation, the adjusting module is further configured to adjust the resource accessed by the other nodes by adjusting a resource accessed by a node farther from the first node among the other nodes.

    [0071] In an implementation, the adjusting module is further configured, upon determining that the interference indication information further includes information about a second node capable of correct decoding despite the interference, to adjust the resource accessed by the other nodes by adjusting a resource accessed by a node failing to decode among the other nodes.

    [0072] In an implementation, the apparatus can further include: a notifying module 405 configured to notify a node among the other nodes, for which a resource is adjusted, of an adjusted resource.

    [0073] Fig.5 is a schematic structural diagram of an apparatus for reporting interference, and as illustrated, the apparatus can include: an interference determining module 501 configured to determine that there is interference; and an interference reporting module 502 configured to report interference indication information to a base station, where the interference indication information includes a resource with interference, and an SINR.

    [0074] In an implementation, the interference determining module can be further configured to determine that there is interference when received signal power is above a received signal threshold, and the SINR is below an SINR threshold.

    [0075] In an implementation, the interference determining module can be further configured to report the interference indication information including position information of a node.

    [0076] In an implementation, the interference determining module can be further configured to report the interference indication information including information about a second node capable of correct decoding despite interference.

    [0077] For the sake of a convenient description, the respective components and functions of the apparatuses above have been described respectively as various modules or units according to their functions. Of course, the functions of the respective modules or units can be performed in the same piece or a plurality of pieces of software or hardware.

    [0078] The technical solutions according to the embodiments of the invention can be implemented as follows.

    [0079] Fig.6 is a schematic structural diagram of a base station, and as illustrated, the base station includes: a processor 600 configured to read and execute programs in a memory 620 to determine other nodes accessing a resource with interference upon determining from an SINR that there is interference; and to adjust a resource accessed by the other nodes to avoid the interference; and a transceiver 610 configured to be controlled by the processor 600 to transmit data to receive interference indication information reported by a first node, where the interference indication information includes the resource with interference, and the SINR.

    [0080] In an implementation, the interference indication information further includes position information of the first node.

    [0081] The processor is further configured, after the other nodes accessing the resource with interference are determined, to instruct the other nodes through the transceiver to report their position information; and to adjust the resource accessed by the other nodes according to the position information reported by the other nodes, and the position information of the first node to avoid the interference.

    [0082] In an implementation, the processor is configured to adjust the resource accessed by the other nodes by adjusting a resource accessed by a node farther from the first node among the other nodes.

    [0083] In an implementation, the interference indication information further includes information about a second node capable of correct decoding despite the interference.

    [0084] The processor is configured to adjust the resource accessed by the other nodes by adjusting a resource accessed by a node failing to decode among the other nodes.

    [0085] In an implementation, the processor is further configured to notify a node among the other nodes, for which a resource is adjusted, of an adjusted resource.

    [0086] Here in Fig.6, the bus architecture can include any number of interconnecting buses and bridges to particularly link together various circuits including one or more processors represented by the processor 600, and one or more memories represented by the memory 620. The bus architecture can further link together various other circuits, e.g., peripheral devices, manostats, power management circuits, etc., all of which are well known in the art, so a further description thereof will be omitted in this context. The bus interface serves as an interface. The transceiver 610 can be a number of elements including a transmitter and a receiver, which provide units for communication with various other devices over a transmission medium. The processor 600 is responsible for managing the bus architecture and performing normal processes, and the memory 620 can store data for use by the processor 600 in performing the operations.

    [0087] Fig.7 is a schematic structural diagram of a node, and as illustrated, the node includes: a processor 700 configured to read and execute programs in a memory 720 to determine that there is interference; and a transceiver 710 configured to be controlled by the processor 700 to transmit data to report interference indication information to a base station, where the interference indication information includes a resource with interference, and an SINR.

    [0088] In an implementation, the processor the processor is configured to determine that there is interference when received signal power is above a received signal threshold, and the SINR is below an SINR threshold.

    [0089] In an implementation, the interference indication information further includes: position information of the node.

    [0090] In an implementation, the interference indication information further includes: information about a second node capable of correct decoding despite the interference.

    [0091] Here in Fig.7, the bus architecture can include any number of interconnecting buses and bridges to particularly link together various circuits including one or more processors represented by the processor 700, and one or more memories represented by the memory 720. The bus architecture can further link together various other circuits, e.g., peripheral devices, manostats, power management circuits, etc., all of which are well known in the art, so a further description thereof will be omitted in this context. The bus interface serves as an interface. The transceiver 710 can be a number of elements including a transmitter and a receiver, which provide units for communication with various other devices over a transmission medium. The processor 700 is responsible for managing the bus architecture and performing normal processes, and the memory 720 can store data for use by the processor 700 in performing the operations.

    [0092] In summary, in the technical solutions according to the embodiments of the invention, the information to be reported for scheduling is added, and the resources are scheduled according to the reporting information.

    [0093] In the solutions, the nodes report their interference, positions, and other key information, and the reporting information is integrated and analyzed to thereby enable a resource to be adjusted and managed, therefore, as compared with the prior art, the resource can be scheduled and coordinated over the network, and thus alleviating the resource from collision, enabling more reasonable spatial multiplexing of the resource, and improving the utilization ratio of the system resource.

    [0094] Those skilled in the art shall appreciate that the embodiments of the invention can be embodied as a method, a system or a computer program product. Therefore the invention can be embodied in the form of an all-hardware embodiment, an all-software embodiment or an embodiment of software and hardware in combination. Furthermore the invention can be embodied in the form of a computer program product embodied in one or more computer useable storage mediums (including but not limited to a disk memory, an optical memory, etc.) in which computer useable program codes are contained.

    [0095] The invention has been described in a flow chart and/or a block diagram of the method, the device (system) and the computer program product according to the embodiments of the invention. It shall be appreciated that respective flows and/or blocks in the flow chart and/or the block diagram and combinations of the flows and/or the blocks in the flow chart and/or the block diagram can be embodied in computer program instructions. These computer program instructions can be loaded onto a general-purpose computer, a specific-purpose computer, an embedded processor or a processor of another programmable data processing device to produce a machine so that the instructions executed on the computer or the processor of the other programmable data processing device create means for performing the functions specified in the flow(s) of the flow chart and/or the block(s) of the block diagram.

    [0096] These computer program instructions can also be stored into a computer readable memory capable of directing the computer or the other programmable data processing device to operate in a specific manner so that the instructions stored in the computer readable memory create an article of manufacture including instruction means which perform the functions specified in the flow(s) of the flow chart and/or the block(s) of the block diagram.

    [0097] These computer program instructions can also be loaded onto the computer or the other programmable data processing device so that a series of operational operations are performed on the computer or the other programmable data processing device to create a computer implemented process so that the instructions executed on the computer or the other programmable device provide operations for performing the functions specified in the flow(s) of the flow chart and/or the block(s) of the block diagram.

    [0098] Although the preferred embodiments of the invention have been described, those skilled in the art benefiting from the underlying inventive concept can make additional modifications and variations to these embodiments. Therefore the appended claims are intended to be construed as encompassing the preferred embodiments and all the modifications and variations coming into the scope of the invention.

    [0099] Evidently those skilled in the art can make various modifications and variations to the invention without departing from the scope of the invention. Thus the invention is also intended to encompass these modifications and variations thereto so long as the modifications and variations come into the scope of the claims appended to the invention.


    Claims

    1. A method for adjusting a resource, comprising:

    receiving (101) interference indication information reported by a first node, wherein the interference indication information comprises a resource with interference, a Signal to Interference plus Noise Ratio, SINR, and position information of the first node;

    determining (102) other nodes accessing the resource with interference upon determining from the SINR that there is interference;

    instructing the other nodes to report their position information; and

    adjusting (103) a resource accessed by the other nodes according to the position information reported by the other nodes, and the position information of the first node to avoid the interference


     
    2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the resource accessed by the other nodes is adjusted by adjusting a resource accessed by a node farther from the first node among the other nodes.
     
    3. The method according to claim 1, wherein interference indication information further comprises information about a second node capable of correct decoding despite the interference; and
    the resource accessed by the other nodes is adjusted by adjusting a resource accessed by a node failing to decode among the other nodes.
     
    4. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the method further comprises:
    notifying a node among the other nodes, for which a resource is adjusted, of an adjusted resource.
     
    5. A method for reporting interference, comprising:

    determining (201), by a first node, that there is interference; and

    reporting (202), by the first node, interference indication information to a base station to request the base station to adjust a resource accessed by other nodes accessing a resource with interference, wherein the interference indication information comprises the resource with interference, a Signal to Interference plus Noise Ratio, SINR, and position information of the first node;

    wherein reporting the interference indication information to the base station to request the base station to adjust the resource accessed by the other nodes accessing the resource with interference, comprises:
    reporting the interference indication information to the base station to request the base station to adjust the resource accessed by the other nodes accessing the resource with interference according to position information reported by the other nodes and the position information of the first node, upon determining from the SINR that there is interference.


     
    6. The method according to claim 5, wherein when received signal power is above a received signal threshold, and the SINR is below an SINR threshold, it is determined there is interference.
     
    7. The method according to claim 5, wherein the interference indication information further comprises information about a second node capable of correct decoding despite interference.
     
    8. An apparatus for adjusting a resource, comprising:

    a receiving module (401) configured to receive interference indication information reported by a first node, wherein the interference indication information comprises a resource with interference, a Signal to Interference plus Noise Ratio, SINR, and position information of the first node;

    a determining module (402) configured to determine other nodes accessing the resource with interference upon determining from the SINR that there is interference;

    an instructing module (404) configured to instruct the other nodes to report their position information after the other nodes accessing the resource with interference are determined; and

    an adjusting module (403) configured to adjust a resource accessed by the other nodes according to the position information reported by the other nodes, and the position information of the first node to avoid the interference.


     
    9. The apparatus according to claim 8, wherein the adjusting module (403) is further configured to adjust the resource accessed by the other nodes by adjusting a resource accessed by a node farther from the first node among the other nodes.
     
    10. The apparatus according to claim 8, wherein the adjusting module (403) is further configured, upon determining that the interference indication information further comprises information about a second node capable of correct decoding despite the interference, to adjust the resource accessed by the other nodes by adjusting a resource accessed by a node failing to decode among the other nodes.
     
    11. The apparatus according to any one of claims 8 to 10, wherein the apparatus further comprises:
    a notifying module (405) configured to notify a node among the other nodes, for which a resource is adjusted, of an adjusted resource.
     
    12. An apparatus for reporting interference, comprising:

    an interference determining module (501) configured to determine that there is interference; and

    an interference reporting module (502) configured to report interference indication information to a base station to request the base station to adjust a resource accessed by other nodes accessing a resource with interference, wherein the interference indication information comprises the resource with interference, a Signal to Interference plus Noise Ratio, SINR, and position information of the apparatus;

    wherein the interference reporting module (502) is further configured to reporting the interference indication information to the base station to request the base station to adjust the resource accessed by the other nodes accessing the resource with interference according to position information reported by the other nodes and the position information of the apparatus, upon determining from the SINR that there is interference.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zum Einstellen eines Betriebsmittels, das Folgendes umfasst:

    Empfangen (101) von Störangabeinformationen, die durch einen ersten Knoten gemeldet werden, wobei die Störangabeinformationen ein Betriebsmittel mit Störung, ein Signal-zu-Störung-plus-Rauschen-Verhältnis, SINR, und Positionsinformationen des ersten Knoten umfassen;

    Bestimmen (102) von anderen Knoten, die auf das Betriebsmittel mit Störung zugreifen, beim Bestimmen aus dem SINR, dass es eine Störung gibt;

    Anweisen der anderen Knoten, ihre Positionsinformationen zu melden, und

    Einstellen (103) eines Betriebsmittels, auf das durch die anderen Knoten zugegriffen wird, gemäß den Positionsinformationen, die durch die anderen Knoten gemeldet werden, und der Positionsinformationen des ersten Knotens, um die Störung zu vermeiden.


     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Betriebsmittel, auf das durch die anderen Knoten zugegriffen wird, eingestellt wird, indem ein Betriebsmittel eingestellt wird, auf das durch einen Knoten weiter entfernt von dem ersten Knoten unter den anderen Knoten zugegriffen wird.
     
    3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Störangabeinformationen ferner Informationen über einen zweiten Knoten umfassen, der zu einer korrekten Decodierung trotz der Störung fähig ist, und
    das Betriebsmittel, auf das durch die anderen Knoten zugegriffen wird, eingestellt wird, indem ein Betriebsmittel eingestellt wird, auf das durch einen Knoten zugegriffen wird, der unter den anderen Knoten beim Decodieren versagt.
     
    4. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei das Verfahren ferner Folgendes umfasst:
    Benachrichtigen eines Knotens unter den anderen Knoten, für den ein Betriebsmittel eingestellt wird, über ein eingestelltes Betriebsmittel.
     
    5. Verfahren zum Melden von Störung, das Folgendes umfasst:

    Bestimmen (201), dass es eine Störung gibt, durch einen ersten Knoten, und

    Melden (202) von Störangabeinformationen an eine Basisstation durch den ersten Knoten, um von der Basisstation anzufordern, ein Betriebsmittel einzustellen, auf das durch andere Knoten, die auf ein Betriebsmittel mit Störung zugreifen, zugegriffen wird, wobei die Störangabeinformationen das Betriebsmittel mit Störung, ein Signal-zu-Störung-plus-Rauschen-Verhältnis, SINR, und Positionsinformationen des ersten Knoten umfassen;

    wobei das Melden der Störangabeinformationen an die Basisstation, um von der Basisstation anzufordern, das Betriebsmittel einzustellen, auf das durch die anderen Knoten, die auf das Betriebsmittel mit Störung zugreifen, zugegriffen wird, Folgendes umfasst:
    Melden der Störangabeinformationen an die Basisstation, um von der Basisstation anzufordern, das Betriebsmittel, auf das durch die anderen Knoten, die auf das Betriebsmittel mit Störung zugreifen, zugegriffen wird, gemäß von Positionsinformationen, die durch die anderen Knoten gemeldet werden, und den Positionsinformationen des ersten Knotens beim Bestimmen aus dem SINR, dass es Störung gibt, einzustellen.


     
    6. Verfahren nach Anspruch 5, wobei dann, wenn empfangene Signalleistung über einem Schwellenwert für das empfangene Signal liegt und das SINR unter einem SINR-Schwellenwert liegt, bestimmt wird, dass es Störung gibt.
     
    7. Verfahren nach Anspruch 5, wobei die Störangabeinformationen ferner Informationen über einen zweiten Knoten umfassen, der zu einer korrekten Decodierung trotz Störung fähig ist.
     
    8. Vorrichtung zum Einstellen eines Betriebsmittels, die Folgendes umfasst:

    ein Empfangsmodul (401), das konfiguriert ist, Störangabeinformationen zu empfangen, die durch einen ersten Knoten gemeldet werden, wobei die Störangabeinformationen ein Betriebsmittel mit Störung, ein Signal-zu-Störung-plus-Rauschen-Verhältnis, SINR, und Positionsinformationen des ersten Knoten umfassen;

    ein Bestimmungsmodul (402), das konfiguriert ist, andere Knoten zu bestimmen, die auf das Betriebsmittel mit Störung zugreifen, beim Bestimmen aus dem SINR, dass es eine Störung gibt;

    ein Anweisungsmodul (404), das konfiguriert ist, die anderen Knoten anzuweisen, ihre Positionsinformationen zu melden, nachdem die anderen Knoten, die auf das Betriebsmittel mit Störung zugreifen, bestimmt worden sind, und

    ein Einstellmodul (403), das konfiguriert ist, ein Betriebsmittel, auf das durch die anderen Knoten zugegriffen wird, gemäß den Positionsinformationen, die durch die anderen Knoten gemeldet werden, und der Positionsinformationen des ersten Knotens einzustellen, um die Störung zu vermeiden.


     
    9. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 8, wobei das Einstellmodul (403) ferner konfiguriert ist, das Betriebsmittel, auf das durch die anderen Knoten zugegriffen wird, einzustellen, indem ein Betriebsmittel eingestellt wird, auf das durch einen Knoten weiter entfernt von dem ersten Knoten unter den anderen Knoten zugegriffen wird.
     
    10. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 8, wobei das Einstellmodul (403) ferner konfiguriert ist, beim Bestimmen, dass die Störangabeinformationen ferner Informationen über einen zweiten Knoten umfassen, der zu korrekter Decodierung trotz der Störung fähig ist, das Betriebsmittel einzustellen, auf das durch die anderen Knoten zugegriffen wird, indem ein Betriebsmittel eingestellt wird, auf das durch einen Knoten, der unter den anderen Knoten beim Decodieren versagt, zugegriffen wird.
     
    11. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 8 bis 10, wobei die Vorrichtung ferner Folgendes umfasst:
    ein Benachrichtigungsmodul (405), das konfiguriert ist, einen Knoten unter den anderen Knoten, für den ein Betriebsmittel eingestellt wird, über ein eingestelltes Betriebsmittel zu benachrichtigen.
     
    12. Vorrichtung zum Melden von Störung, die Folgendes umfasst:

    ein Störbestimmungsmodul (501), das konfiguriert ist zu bestimmen, dass es eine Störung gibt, und

    ein Störmeldemodul (502), das konfiguriert ist, Störangabeinformationen an eine Basisstation zu melden, um von der Basisstation anzufordern, ein Betriebsmittel einzustellen, auf das durch andere Knoten, die auf ein Betriebsmittel mit Störung zugreifen, zugegriffen wird, wobei die Störangabeinformationen das Betriebsmittel mit Störung, ein Signal-zu-Störung-plus-Rauschen-Verhältnis, SINR, und Positionsinformationen der Vorrichtung umfassen;

    wobei das Störmeldemodul (502) ferner konfiguriert ist, die Störangabeinformationen an die Basisstation zu melden, um von der Basisstation anzufordern, das Betriebsmittel, auf das durch die anderen Knoten, die auf das Betriebsmittel mit Störung zugreifen, zugegriffen wird, gemäß von Positionsinformationen, die durch die anderen Knoten gemeldet werden, und den Positionsinformationen der Vorrichtung beim Bestimmen aus dem SINR, dass es Störung gibt, einzustellen.


     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé de réglage d'une ressource, consistant à :

    recevoir (101) une information d'indication de brouillage signalée par un premier nœud, l'information d'indication de brouillage comprenant une ressource avec un brouillage, un rapport signal-brouillage plus bruit (SINR) et une information de position du premier noeud ;

    déterminer (102) d'autres nœuds accédant à la ressource avec un brouillage quand il est déterminé à partir du SINR qu'il y a un brouillage ;

    donner l'instruction aux autres nœuds de signaler leur information de position ; et

    régler (103) une ressource à laquelle ont accédé les autres nœuds selon l'information de position signalée par les autres nœuds et l'information de position du premier nœud afin d'éviter le brouillage.


     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la ressource à laquelle ont accédé les autres nœuds est réglée en réglant une ressource à laquelle a accédé un nœud situé plus loin que le premier nœud parmi les autres nœuds.
     
    3. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel une information d'indication de brouillage comprend en outre une information sur un second nœud capable d'effectuer un décodage correct malgré le brouillage ; et
    dans lequel la ressource à laquelle ont accédé les autres nœuds est réglée en réglant une ressource à laquelle a accédé un nœud échouant à effectuer un décodage parmi les autres nœuds.
     
    4. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, le procédé consistant en outre à :
    notifier à un nœud parmi les autres nœuds, pour lequel une ressource est réglée, une ressource réglée.
     
    5. Procédé de signalement d'un brouillage, consistant à :

    déterminer (201), par un premier nœud, qu'il y a un brouillage ; et

    signaler (202), par le premier nœud, une information d'indication de brouillage à une station de base pour demander à la station de base de régler une ressource à laquelle ont accédé d'autres nœuds qui accèdent à une ressource avec un brouillage, l'information d'indication de brouillage comprenant la ressource avec un brouillage, un rapport signal-brouillage plus bruit (SINR) et une information de position du premier noeud ;

    le signalement de l'information d'indication de brouillage à la station de base pour demander à la station de base de régler la ressource à laquelle ont accédé les autres nœuds qui accèdent à la ressource avec un brouillage consistant à :
    signaler l'information d'indication de brouillage à la station de base pour demander à la station de base de régler la ressource à laquelle ont accédé les autres nœuds qui accèdent à la ressource avec un brouillage selon une information de position signalée par les autres nœuds et l'information de position du premier nœud, quand il est déterminé à partir du SINR qu'il y a un brouillage.


     
    6. Procédé selon la revendication 5, dans lequel il est déterminé qu'il y a un brouillage quand la puissance de signal reçu est supérieure à un seuil de signal reçu et quand le SINR est inférieur à un seuil de SINR.
     
    7. Procédé selon la revendication 5, dans lequel l'information d'indication de brouillage comprend en outre une information sur un second nœud capable d'effectuer un décodage correct malgré un brouillage.
     
    8. Appareil de réglage d'une ressource, comprenant :

    un module de réception (401), configuré pour recevoir une information d'indication de brouillage signalée par un premier nœud, l'information d'indication de brouillage comprenant une ressource avec un brouillage, un rapport signal-brouillage plus bruit (SINR) et une information de position du premier noeud ;

    un module de détermination (402), configuré pour déterminer d'autres nœuds accédant à la ressource avec un brouillage quand il est déterminé à partir du SINR qu'il y a un brouillage ;

    un module d'instruction (404), configuré pour donner l'instruction aux autres nœuds de signaler leur information de position une fois que les autres nœuds accédant à la ressource avec un brouillage sont déterminés ; et

    un module de réglage (403), configuré pour régler une ressource à laquelle ont accédé les autres nœuds selon l'information de position signalée par les autres nœuds et l'information de position du premier nœud afin d'éviter le brouillage.


     
    9. Appareil selon la revendication 8, dans lequel le module de réglage (403) est en outre configuré pour régler la ressource à laquelle ont accédé les autres nœuds en réglant une ressource à laquelle a accédé un nœud situé plus loin que le premier nœud parmi les autres nœuds.
     
    10. Appareil selon la revendication 8, dans lequel le module de réglage (403) est en outre configuré, quand il est déterminé que l'information d'indication de brouillage comprend en outre une information sur un second nœud capable d'effectuer un décodage correct malgré le brouillage, pour régler la ressource à laquelle ont accédé les autres nœuds en réglant une ressource à laquelle a accédé un nœud échouant à effectuer un décodage parmi les autres nœuds.
     
    11. Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications 8 à 10, l'appareil comprenant en outre :
    un module de notification (405), configuré pour notifier à un nœud parmi les autres nœuds, pour lequel une ressource est réglée, une ressource réglée.
     
    12. Appareil de signalement d'un brouillage, comprenant :

    un module de détermination de brouillage (501), configuré pour déterminer qu'il y a un brouillage ; et

    un module de signalement de brouillage (502), configuré pour signaler une information d'indication de brouillage à une station de base pour demander à la station de base de régler une ressource à laquelle ont accédé d'autres nœuds qui accèdent à une ressource avec un brouillage, l'information d'indication de brouillage comprenant la ressource avec un brouillage, un rapport signal-brouillage plus bruit (SINR) et une information de position de l'appareil ;

    le module de signalement de brouillage (502) étant en outre configuré pour signaler l'information d'indication de brouillage à la station de base pour demander à la station de base de régler la ressource à laquelle ont accédé les autres nœuds qui accèdent à la ressource avec un brouillage selon une information de position signalée par les autres nœuds et l'information de position de l'appareil, quand il est déterminé à partir du SINR qu'il y a un brouillage.


     




    Drawing














    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description