(19)
(11)EP 3 339 693 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
10.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/24

(21)Application number: 16853396.6

(22)Date of filing:  14.09.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F16J 15/3204(2016.01)
F16J 15/447(2006.01)
F16C 33/80(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2016/077064
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/061242 (13.04.2017 Gazette  2017/15)

(54)

SEALING APPARATUS

VERSIEGELUNGSVORRICHTUNG

APPAREIL D'ÉTANCHÉITÉ


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 09.10.2015 JP 2015201365

(43)Date of publication of application:
27.06.2018 Bulletin 2018/26

(73)Proprietor: NOK Corporation
Tokyo 105-8585 (JP)

(72)Inventor:
  • KATO Takuya
    Fukushima-shi Fukushima 960-1193 (JP)

(74)Representative: Prüfer & Partner mbB Patentanwälte · Rechtsanwälte 
Sohnckestraße 12
81479 München
81479 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
DE-A1-102008 017 409
JP-A- 2015 052 350
US-A1- 2013 241 270
FR-A1- 3 018 321
JP-A- 2015 052 350
US-A1- 2015 098 670
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a sealing apparatus, and particularly relates to a sealing apparatus used in a hub bearing of a vehicle or the like.

    Background Art



    [0002] In a vehicle, e.g., an automobile, a hub bearing that rotatably supports a wheel is placed in an environment directly exposed to foreign matter such as rainwater, muddy water, and dust. Thus, a sealing apparatus has been attached to the hub bearing to seal the inside of the hub bearing. The sealing apparatus is adapted to seal lubricant in the hub bearing and prevent the foreign matter from entering the inside of the hub bearing.

    [0003] A sealing apparatus used in a hub bearing is required to prevent a torque resistance applied by the sealing apparatus to the hub bearing from being increased while preventing the foreign matter from entering the inside of the hub bearing.

    [0004] Fig. 4 is a partial sectional diagram illustrating a schematic configuration of a conventional sealing apparatus attached to a hub bearing (hereinafter referred to as a "hub seal"). As illustrated in Fig. 4, in a hub bearing 200, a sealing apparatus 100 serving as a conventional hub seal is press-fitted between an outer ring 201 and a hub ring 202 to seal a space 203 in an annular shape between the outer ring 201 and the hub ring 202 that are mutually relatively rotated about the same axis. The sealing apparatus 100 is adapted to suppress leakage of lubricant of a rolling element 204 filled in the space 203 and suppress the foreign matter from entering the space 203.

    [0005] As illustrated in Fig. 4, the sealing apparatus 100 includes a reinforcing ring 111 made of metal that is fitted to an inner peripheral surface of the outer ring 201 of the hub bearing 200, and an elastic body part 112 made of a rubber material that is integrally formed with the reinforcing ring 111 to cover the reinforcing ring 111.

    [0006] In the sealing apparatus 100, the elastic body part 112 has side lips 115, 116, and a radial lip 117, and the side lips 115, 116 and the radial lip 117 are slidably brought into contact with a curved peripheral surface 202a of the hub ring 202. The side lips 115, 116 and the radial lip 117 are adapted to suppress the foreign matter from entering the space 203 of the hub bearing 200.

    Citation List


    Patent Literature



    [0007] Patent Literature 1: Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 2014-240676

    [0008] Further, document FR 3 018 321 A discloses a rolling bearing comprising an outer member, an inner member and rolling bodies arranged in a running space formed between the members to allow their relative rotation. The bearing is equipped with a sealing device comprising an armature having a bore which is fitted around an axial annular bearing surface of one of the members. The armature has an inner ring which is provided with elastically deformable tabs distributed angularly. Each of the tabs has a distal end defining therebetween an inscribed diameter in which the bore is formed. The tabs are arranged to be deformable radially between a stable state in which the diameter inscribed is less than the outer diameter of the axial annular bearing surface and a state constrained by fitting on said bearing surface in which the distal ends exert a force of axial locking of said armature on said scope.

    [0009] Document JP 2015-52350 A discloses a bearing seal installed between a hub-flange side inner race and an outer race in a bearing in which the inner race with a hub flange is supported in an axis-rotatable manner in respect to the outer race. The bearing seal comprises a slinger member made of stainless metallic material including a fitting cylindrical part fitted to a cylindrical part formed concentrically and in a stepped manner at a hub-flange in respect to the inner race and a flange part extended out from one end part of the fitted cylindrical part at inner diameter side along a flange surface of the hub-flange and its inner diameter side extremity end side being non-contacted to the inner race. A core is fitted to the outer race and a seal lip member made of elastic material is fixed to the core and has at least one annular seal lip resiliently contacted with the flange part of the slinger member.

    [0010] Document DE 10 2008 017 409 A1 discloses a sealing device including angled rings, and document US 2015/0096870 A1 discloses a sealing device including a rotating shield which similarly has a sleeve portion and at right angle thereto a flange portion.

    Summary of Invention


    Technical Problem



    [0011] In the conventional sealing apparatus 100 as illustrated in Fig. 4, the side lips 115, 116 and the radial lip 117 are adapted to prevent entrance of the foreign matter. However, there has been a demand for preventing entrance of the foreign matter in a more severe use environment in response to diversified use environments of the vehicle, and therefore the conventional sealing apparatus 100 must enhance the performance of preventing entrance of the foreign matter. To enhance the performance of preventing entrance of the foreign matter, it may be proposed that the side lips 115, 116 that are slidably brought into contact with the curved peripheral surface 202a of the hub ring 202 are increased, as is conventional. However, the side lips 115, 116 that prevent entering of the foreign matter by being slidably brought into contact with the curved peripheral surface 202a lead to increased torque resistance of the hub bearing 200.

    [0012] The present invention has been made in view of the above problems, and it is an object of the present invention to provide a sealing apparatus that can enhance a function of preventing entrance of foreign matter while avoiding an increase in generated torque resistance.

    Solution to Problem



    [0013] In order to achieve the above-described object, a sealing apparatus according to claim 1 is proposed.

    [0014] In the sealing apparatus according to an aspect of the present invention, the elastic body part comprises a weir portion in an annular shape centered about the axis, the weir portion projecting toward the outer periphery side from an outer peripheral surface of the outer periphery side member, wherein the weir portion forms the groove portion between the outer periphery side labyrinth lip and the weir portion.

    [0015] In the sealing apparatus according to an aspect of the present invention, the elastic body part at a part between the outer periphery side labyrinth lip and the inner periphery side labyrinth lip faces the slinger with a gap so as to form a labyrinth seal.

    [0016] In the sealing apparatus according to an aspect of the present invention, at at least at a portion of the outer periphery side end portion on a distal end side, the slinger is spaced from the inner periphery side member in the direction of the axis so as to form a grooved gap portion in an annular shape centered about the axis, the grooved gap portion being depressed toward the inner periphery side.

    Effects of Invention



    [0017] According to a sealing apparatus of the present invention, a function of preventing entrance of foreign matter can be enhanced while avoiding an increase in generated torque resistance.

    Brief Description of Drawings



    [0018] 

    [Fig. 1] Fig. 1 is a cross-sectional view at a section along an axis of a sealing apparatus according to a first embodiment of the present invention.

    [Fig. 2] Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view at a section along the axis for illustrating a state in which the sealing apparatus is attached to a hub bearing according to the first embodiment of the present invention.

    [Fig. 3] Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view at a section along an axis of a sealing apparatus according to a second embodiment of the present invention.

    [Fig. 4] Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view at a section along an axis, illustrating a conventional sealing apparatus.


    Description of Embodiments



    [0019] Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings. A sealing apparatus according to a first embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2.

    [0020] Fig. 1 is a sectional diagram illustrating a schematic configuration of a sealing apparatus 1 according to the first embodiment of the present invention. Fig. 2 is a sectional diagram illustrating a state in which the sealing apparatus 1 according to the first embodiment of the present invention is attached to a hub bearing 50 that rotatably supports a wheel in an automobile, for example.

    [0021] As illustrated in Fig. 2, the hub bearing 50 includes: an outer ring 51 in an annular shape centered about an axis x that serves as an outer periphery side member; a hub 52 in an annular shape centered about the axis x that serves as an inner periphery side member, is relatively rotatable with respect to the outer ring 51, and is partially surrounded by the outer ring 51; and a plurality of bearing balls 53 that are disposed between the outer ring 51 and the hub 52. Specifically, the hub 52 has an inner ring 54 and a hub ring 55, and a wheel (not illustrated) is mounted on a wheel mounting flange 56 of the hub ring 55 by a plurality of hub bolts 57.

    [0022] The sealing apparatus 1 according to the first embodiment of the present invention is attached between the inner peripheral surface of the outer ring 51 of the hub bearing 50 and the outer peripheral surface of the hub ring 55 of the hub 52. Another sealing apparatus 60 is attached between the inner peripheral surface of the outer ring 51 and the outer peripheral surface of the inner ring 54 of the hub 52. Note that the sealing apparatus 1 according to the first embodiment of the present invention, instead of the other sealing apparatus 60, can be attached between the inner peripheral surface of the outer ring 51 and the outer peripheral surface of the inner ring 54.

    [0023] At a space 5 between the outer ring 51 and the hub ring 55, the sealing apparatus 1 in an annular shape centered about the axis x is disposed to seal the space 5 of the hub bearing 50. The sealing apparatus 1 is adapted to prevent lubricant from leaking from a region where the bearing balls 53 and the like of the hub bearing 50 are provided, and to prevent foreign matter such as rainwater, muddy water, and dust from entering the region from an external side.

    [0024] As illustrated in Fig. 1, the sealing apparatus 1 according to the first embodiment of the present invention includes: a sealing apparatus body 10 in an annular shape centered about the axis x; and a slinger 20 in an annular shape centered about the axis x. The slinger 20 is disposed outside of the sealing apparatus body 10 to face the sealing apparatus body 10.

    [0025] The sealing apparatus body 10 includes: an elastic body part 11 made of an elastic body in an annular shape centered about the axis x; and a reinforcing ring 12 made of metal in an annular shape centered about the axis x.

    [0026] The elastic body part 11 is integrally attached to the reinforcing ring 12. Examples of the elastic body of the elastic body part 11 include various rubber materials. Examples of the rubber materials include synthetic rubbers such as nitrile rubber (NBR), hydrogenated nitrile rubber (H-NBR), acrylic rubber (ACM), or fluorine rubber (FKM). Examples of the metal materials of the reinforcing ring 12 include stainless steel or SPCC (cold rolled steel sheet).

    [0027] For convenience of description, as used herein, the term "outer side" refers to a direction of arrow a in a direction of the axis x, and the term "inner side" refers to a direction of arrow b in the direction of the axis x, as illustrated in Fig. 1. More specifically, the outer side refers to a side in a direction facing an external side of the hub bearing 50, or a side in a direction facing an atmospheric side where the foreign matter is present. The inner side refers to a side in a direction facing an interior side of the hub bearing 50, or a side in a direction facing the space 5. In addition, in a direction perpendicular to the axis x (hereinafter referred to as a "radial direction"), the term "outer periphery side" refers to a direction away from the axis x (direction of arrow c in Fig. 1), and the term "inner periphery side" refers to a direction approaching the axis x (direction of arrow d in Fig. 1).

    [0028] As illustrated in Fig. 1, the elastic body part 11 includes: a base body portion 14; an outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15; an inner periphery side labyrinth lip 16; a side lip 17; a radial lip 18; a weir portion 19; and a flange portion 21. The base body portion 14 includes: an outer periphery side base body portion 14a that is a portion extending in the radial direction; and an inner periphery side base body portion 14b that is a portion extending inclinedly from the radial direction, and the base body portion 14 is a portion that extends in a substantially disc shape centered about the axis x to be formed in an annular shape. The outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15 is a lip portion that extends outwardly and toward the outer periphery side from the vicinity of an end portion on the outer periphery side of the base body portion 14 in the base body portion 14. A distal end portion of the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15 extends so as to be positioned outside of an outer periphery side end portion 20c of the slinger 20 in the direction of the axis x, as described later. The inner periphery side labyrinth lip 16 is a lip portion that is positioned on the inner periphery side of the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15, and extends outwardly and toward the outer periphery side from the base body portion 14. The side lip 17 is a lip portion that is positioned on the inner periphery side of the inner periphery side labyrinth lip 16, and extends outwardly and toward the outer periphery side from an end portion on the inner periphery side of the base body portion 14. The radial lip 18 is a lip portion that extends inwardly and toward the inner periphery side from the end portion on the inner periphery side of the base body portion 14. The weir portion 19 is a portion formed inwardly from the vicinity of the end portion on the outer periphery side of the base body portion 14 facing away from the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15 in the base body portion 14. The flange portion 21 is a portion that extends inwardly from the base body portion 14 at a position on the inner periphery side of the weir portion 19. Each of the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15, the inner periphery side labyrinth lip 16, the side lip 17, the radial lip 18, the weir portion 19, and the flange portion 21 is formed in an annular shape centered about the axis x.

    [0029] The reinforcing ring 12 formed in an annular shape centered about the axis x includes: a cylindrical portion 12a in a cylindrical shape that is positioned at an end portion on the outer periphery side; a disc portion 12b in a disc shape that extends toward the inner periphery side from the cylindrical portion 12a; a cylindrical portion 12c in a cylindrical shape that extends inwardly from the inner periphery side end portion of the disc portion 12b; and a bent portion 12d that is bent from an inner side end portion of the cylindrical portion 12c, extends toward the outer periphery side, is further bent inwardly, and reaches an end portion on the inner periphery side, as illustrated in Fig. 1. The cylindrical portion 12c of the reinforcing ring 12 is fitted to the inner periphery side of the outer ring 51.

    [0030] The elastic body part 11 is attached to the reinforcing ring 12 from the inner periphery side and the outside so that the elastic body part 11 is reinforced. Specifically, the base body portion 14 of the elastic body part 11 is attached to the disc portion 12b and the bent portion 12d of the reinforcing ring 12 from the inner periphery side, the weir portion 19 of the elastic body part 11 is attached to the cylindrical portion 12a of the reinforcing ring 12 to cover the cylindrical portion 12a, and the flange portion 21 of the elastic body part 11 is attached to the disc portion 12b and the bent portion 12d of the reinforcing ring 12 so as to be sandwiched between the disc portion 12b and the bent portion 12d. As illustrated in Fig. 1, an inner periphery side end portion on the inner periphery side of the bent portion 12d is covered with and buried in the elastic body part 11. A portion on the inner periphery side of the weir portion 19 of the elastic body part 11 forms a gasket portion that is fitted to the outer ring 51 in a portion on the inner periphery side of the cylindrical portion 12a of the reinforcing ring 12, so that the gasket portion is compressed between the outer peripheral surface of the outer ring 51 and the cylindrical portion 12a of the reinforcing ring 12 when the sealing apparatus body 10 is press-fitted into the outer ring 51, thus generating a force toward the inside in the radial direction.

    [0031] The reinforcing ring 12 is manufactured by, for example, press working or forging, and the elastic body part 11 is molded with a mold by cross-linking (vulcanization). During the cross-linking molding, the reinforcing ring 12 is placed inside the mold, and then the elastic body part 11 is adhered to the reinforcing ring 12 by cross-linking bonding, and then the elastic body part 11 is integrally molded with the reinforcing ring 12.

    [0032] The slinger 20 is a member made of metal, for example, stainless steel excellent in rust resistance, and formed in a plate-like annular shape centered about the axis x. The slinger 20 is attached to a curved peripheral surface 55a in the vicinity of the end portion (in the vicinity of a root) on the inner periphery side inside of the wheel mounting flange 56 of the hub ring 55. The curved peripheral surface 55a is, for example, a curved surface in a hyperbolic curve shape so as to be in close contact with the inner peripheral surface of the slinger 20. Specifically, the slinger 20 includes a curved surface portion 20a in an annular shape centered about the axis x that is formed in a shape along the curved peripheral surface 55a, and a disc portion 20b in a disc shape centered about the axis x that extends toward the outer periphery side along the curved peripheral surface 55a from the end portion on the outer periphery side of the curved surface portion 20a. Specifically, in the sealing apparatus 1 according to the first embodiment of the present invention, the curved surface portion 20a and the disc portion 20b of the slinger 20 are continuously formed from the inside to the outer periphery side along the curved peripheral surface 55a. Note that the curved peripheral surface 55a is changed from a surface in a cylindrical surface shape to a curved surface to form a surface in a disc shape that extends in the radial direction, as illustrated in Fig. 1.

    [0033] As illustrated in Fig. 1, the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15 of the sealing apparatus 1 extends through the outer periphery side of the end portion on the outer periphery side of the disc portion 20b (outer periphery side end portion 20c) of the slinger 20. Specifically, the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15 extends through the outer periphery side of the outer periphery side end portion 20c beyond the outer periphery side end portion 20c so that a distal end portion of the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15 is positioned outside the disc portion 20b of the slinger 20 in the direction of the axis x. The distal end portion of the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15 forms a small gap 31 between the curved peripheral surface 55a of the hub ring 55 and the distal end portion of the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15, and is positioned outside of the outer periphery side end portion 20c of the disc portion 20b of the slinger 20 in the direction of the axis x. Thus, the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15 forms a labyrinth seal. The outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15 also forms a groove portion 32 in an annular shape centered about the axis x, the groove portion being depressed toward the inner periphery side on the outer periphery side of the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15. Specifically, the distal end portion of the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15 extends to face the curved peripheral surface 55a of the hub ring 55 with the above-described small gap 31 interposed. In addition, the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15 forms a gap on the outer periphery side in the radial direction with respect to the outer periphery side end portion 20c of the disc portion 20b of the slinger 20 to cover the slinger 20 from the outer periphery side. The groove portion 32 captures and stores the foreign matter such as rainwater, muddy water and dust before the foreign matter passes through the gap 31, and the foreign matter captured and stored in the groove portion 32 falls down due to its own weight, so that the foreign matter captured and stored in the groove portion 32 can be discharged to an external side of the sealing apparatus 1. Note that when the sealing apparatus body 10 is rotated, the foreign matter captured and stored in the groove portion 32 can be discharged to the external side of the sealing apparatus 1 by an action of a centrifugal force generated by the rotation of the hub bearing 50.

    [0034] The weir portion 19 projects toward the outer periphery side from the outer peripheral surface 51a of the outer ring 51, and is formed in an annular shape centered about the axis x. The weir portion 19 forms the above-described groove portion 32 between the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15 and the weir portion 19. Specifically, an outer side surface 19c on the outer side of the weir portion 19 forms the groove portion 32 together with a surface on the outer periphery side of the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15. An inner side surface 19a of the weir portion 19 serves as a bulwark when the foreign matter enters from the external side, thereby suppressing foreign matter from entering into the sealing apparatus 1. The foreign matter that has entered beyond the inner side surface 19a of the weir portion 19 is captured and stored in the groove portion 32 from the outer peripheral surface 19b and the outer side surface 19c of the weir portion 19, and the foreign matter captured and stored in the groove portion 32 as described above falls down due to its own weight, and is discharged to the external side of the sealing apparatus 1.

    [0035] The outer periphery side base body portion 14a that is a portion of the base body portion 14 of the elastic body part 11 and extends in the radial direction between the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15 and the inner periphery side labyrinth lip 16 forms a gap 26 having a narrow width that extends in the radial direction between the outer periphery side base body portion 14a and the disc portion 20b of the slinger 20, and forms a labyrinth seal L in the gap 26. The outer periphery side base body portion 14a of the base body portion 14 is formed in a annular plate shape or a disc shape centered about the axis x as illustrated in Fig. 1, for example, to face the disc portion 20b of the slinger 20 with the gap 26 interposed in the surface on the outer side of the outer periphery side base body portion 14a.

    [0036] The inner periphery side labyrinth lip 16 is positioned on the inner periphery side of the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15, and forms a small gap 33 between the curved surface portion 20a of the slinger 20 and a distal end of the inner periphery side labyrinth lip 16, and forms a labyrinth seal. The inner periphery side labyrinth lip 16 forms a groove portion 34 in an annular shape centered about the axis x between the base body portion 14 and the inner periphery side labyrinth lip 16 of the elastic body part 11, the groove portion 34 being depressed toward the inner periphery side on the outer periphery side of the inner periphery side labyrinth lip 16. Some of the foreign matter reaching the inner periphery side labyrinth lip 16 through the labyrinth seal L is captured and stored in the groove portion 34, and the foreign matter captured and stored in the groove portion 34 falls down due to its own weight, and the foreign matter that has fallen down is discharged to the external side of the sealing apparatus 1 through the labyrinth seal L by centrifugal force generated by the rotation of the hub bearing 50 (slinger 20). Note that when the sealing apparatus body 10 is rotated, the foreign matter captured in the groove portion 34 can be discharged to the external side of the sealing apparatus 1 through the labyrinth seal L by centrifugal force generated by the rotation of the sealing apparatus body 10.

    [0037] A distal end portion of the side lip 17 is brought into contact with a surface on an inner side of the curved surface portion 20a of the slinger 20 with a predetermined interference (contact width), to form a sealing portion. A distal end portion of the radial lip 18 is brought into contact with a surface on an outer periphery side of the curved surface portion 20a of the slinger 20 with a predetermined interference, to form a sealing portion. The foreign matter that has passed through the inner periphery side labyrinth lip 16 is suppressed from entering the space 5 by the side lip 17 and the radial lip 18.

    [0038] As illustrated in Fig. 1, the curved peripheral surface 55a of the hub ring 55 is adapted to form a shape of a level difference expanded toward the outer side in the vicinity of the disc portion 20b so as to form a grooved gap portion 36 in an annular shape centered about the axis x between the disc portion 20b of the slinger 20 and the curved peripheral surface 55a, the grooved gap portion 36 being depressed toward the inner periphery side. More specifically, in the sealing apparatus 1 according to the first embodiment of the present invention, the slinger 20 forms the grooved gap portion 36 between the disc portion 20b and the curved peripheral surface 55a of the hub ring 55 by using a portion (level difference portion) of the shape expanded toward the outer side of the curved peripheral surface 55a of the hub ring 55. The foreign matter that has passed through and entered the gap 31 from the external side along the curved peripheral surface 55a is captured and stored in the grooved gap portion 36. The foreign matter captured and stored in the grooved gap portion 36 falls down due to its own weight, so that the foreign matter captured and stored in the grooved gap portion 36 can be discharged to the external side of the sealing apparatus 1. The foreign matter captured and stored in the grooved gap portion 36 and the foreign matter attached to the grooved gap portion 36 by falling down due to its own weight is discharged to the external side of the sealing apparatus 1 by centrifugal force generated by the rotation of the hub bearing 50 (slinger 20 and hub ring 55). Note that even when the slinger 20 is not rotated, the foreign matter captured and stored in the grooved gap portion 36 falls down due to its own weight, and is thereby capable of discharging the foreign matter captured and stored in the grooved gap portion 36 to the external side of the sealing apparatus 1.

    [0039] A sealing apparatus 2 according to a second embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to Fig. 3. Fig. 3 is a sectional diagram illustrating a schematic configuration of the sealing apparatus 2 according to the second embodiment of the present invention.

    [0040] The sealing apparatus 2 according to the second embodiment of the present invention is applied to the hub bearing 50 illustrated in Fig. 2, similar to the sealing apparatus 1 according to the first embodiment of the present invention. The sealing apparatus 2 is attached between the inner peripheral surface of the outer ring 51 of the hub bearing 50 and the outer peripheral surface of the hub ring 55 of the hub 52. Another sealing apparatus 60 is attached between the inner peripheral surface of the outer ring 51 and the outer peripheral surface of the inner ring 54 of the hub 52. Note that the sealing apparatus 2 according to the second embodiment of the present invention, instead of the other sealing apparatus 60, can be attached between the inner peripheral surface of the outer ring 51 and the outer peripheral surface of the inner ring 54.

    [0041] The sealing apparatus 2 in an annular shape centered about the axis x is disposed to seal a space 5 between the outer ring 51 and the hub ring 55 in the hub bearing 50. The sealing apparatus 2 is adapted to prevent lubricant from leaking from a region where the bearing balls 53 and the like of the hub bearing 50 are provided, and prevent foreign matter such as rainwater, muddy water, and dust from entering the region from the external side.

    [0042] As illustrated in Fig. 3, the sealing apparatus 2 according to the second embodiment of the present invention includes: a sealing apparatus body 10 in an annular shape centered about the axis x; and a slinger 40 in an annular shape centered about the axis x. The slinger 40 is disposed outside of the sealing apparatus body 10 to face the sealing apparatus body 10.

    [0043] The sealing apparatus body 10 includes: an elastic body part 11 made of an elastic body in an annular shape centered about the axis x; and a reinforcing ring 12 made of metal in annular shape centered about the axis x.

    [0044] The elastic body part 11 is integrally attached to the reinforcing ring 12. Examples of the elastic body of the elastic body part 11 include various rubber materials. Examples of the rubber materials include synthetic rubbers such as nitrile rubber (NBR), hydrogenated nitrile rubber (H-NBR), acrylic rubber (ACM), or fluorine rubber (FKM). Examples of the metal materials of the reinforcing ring 12 include stainless steel or SPCC (cold rolled steel sheet).

    [0045] For convenience of description, as used herein, the term "outer side" refers to a direction of arrow a in a direction of the axis x, and the term "inner side" refers to a direction of arrow b in the direction of the axis x, as illustrated in Fig. 3. More specifically, the outer side refers to a side in a direction facing an external side of the hub bearing 50, or a side in a direction facing an atmospheric side where the foreign matter is present. The inner side refers to a side in a direction facing an interior side of the hub bearing 50, or a side in a direction facing the space 5. In addition, in a direction perpendicular to the axis x (hereinafter referred to as a "radial direction"), the term "outer periphery side" refers to a direction away from the axis x (direction of arrow c in Fig. 3), and the term "inner periphery side" refers to a direction approaching the axis x (direction of arrow d in Fig. 3).

    [0046] As illustrated in Fig. 3, the elastic body part 11 includes: a base body portion 14; an outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15; an inner periphery side labyrinth lip 16; a side lip 17; a radial lip 18; a weir portion 19; and a flange portion 21. The base body portion 14 includes: an outer periphery side base body portion 14a that is a portion extending in the radial direction; and an inner periphery side base body portion 14b that is a portion extending inclinedly from the radial direction, and the base body portion 14 is a portion that extends in a substantially disc shape centered about the axis x to be formed in an annular shape. The outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15 is a lip portion that extends outwardly and toward the outer periphery side from the vicinity of an end portion on the outer periphery side of the base body portion 14 in the base body portion 14. The inner periphery side labyrinth lip 16 is a lip portion that is positioned on the inner periphery side of the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15, and extends outwardly and toward the outer periphery side from the base body portion 14. The side lip 17 is a lip portion that is positioned on the inner periphery side of the inner periphery side labyrinth lip 16, and extends outwardly and toward the outer periphery side from an end portion on the inner periphery side of the base body portion 14. The radial lip 18 is a lip portion that extends inwardly and toward the inner periphery side from the end portion on the inner periphery side of the base body portion 14. The weir portion 19 is a portion formed inwardly from the vicinity of the end portion on the outer periphery side of the base body portion 14 and faces away from the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15 in the base body portion 14. The flange portion 21 is a portion that extends inwardly from the base body portion 14 at a position on the inner periphery side of the weir portion 19. Each of the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15, the inner periphery side labyrinth lip 16, the side lip 17, the radial lip 18, the weir portion 19, and the flange portion 21 is formed in an annular shape centered about the axis x.

    [0047] The reinforcing ring 12 formed in an annular shape centered about the axis x includes: a cylindrical portion 12a in a cylindrical shape that is positioned at an end portion on the outer periphery side; a disc portion 12b in a disc shape that extends toward the inner periphery side from the cylindrical portion 12a; a cylindrical portion 12c in a cylindrical shape that extends inwardly from the inner periphery side end portion of the disc portion 12b; and a bent portion 12d that is bent from an inner side end portion of the cylindrical portion 12c, extends toward the outer periphery side, is further bent inwardly, and reaches an end portion on the inner periphery side, as illustrated in Fig. 3. The cylindrical portion 12c of the reinforcing ring 12 is fitted to the inner periphery side of the outer ring 51.

    [0048] The elastic body part 11 is attached to the reinforcing ring 12 from the inner periphery side and the outside so that the elastic body part 11 is reinforced. Specifically, the base body portion 14 of the elastic body part 11 is attached to the disc portion 12b and the bent portion 12d of the reinforcing ring 12 from the inner periphery side, the weir portion 19 of the elastic body part 11 is attached to the cylindrical portion 12a of the reinforcing ring 12 to cover the cylindrical portion 12a, and the flange portion 21 of the elastic body part 11 is attached to the disc portion 12b and the bent portion 12d of the reinforcing ring 12 so as to be sandwiched between the disc portion 12b and the bent portion 12d. As illustrated in Fig. 3, an inner periphery side end portion on the inner periphery side of the bent portion 12d is covered with and buried in the elastic body part 11. A portion on the inner periphery side of the weir portion 19 of the elastic body part 11 forms a gasket portion that is fitted to the outer ring 51 in a portion on the inner periphery side of the cylindrical portion 12a of the reinforcing ring 12, so that the gasket portion is compressed between the outer peripheral surface of the outer ring 51 and the cylindrical portion 12a of the reinforcing ring 12 when the sealing apparatus body 10 is press-fitted into the outer ring 51, thus generating a force toward the inside in the radial direction.

    [0049] The reinforcing ring 12 is manufactured by, for example, press working or forging, and the elastic body part 11 is molded with a mold by cross-linking (vulcanization). During the cross-linking molding, the reinforcing ring 12 is placed inside the mold, and then the elastic body part 11 is adhered to the reinforcing ring 12 by cross-linking bonding, and then, the elastic body part 11 is integrally molded with the reinforcing ring 12.

    [0050] The slinger 40 is a member made of metal, for example, stainless steel excellent in rust resistance, and formed in a plate-like annular shape centered about the axis x. The slinger 40 is attached to a curved peripheral surface 55a in the vicinity of the end portion (in the vicinity of a root) on the inner periphery side inside of the wheel mounting flange 56 of the hub ring 55. The curved peripheral surface 55a is, for example, a curved surface in a hyperbolic curve shape so as to be in close contact with the inner peripheral surface of the slinger 40. Specifically, the slinger 40 includes a curved surface portion 40a in an annular shape centered about the axis x that is formed in a shape along the curved peripheral surface 55a, and a disc portion 40b in a disc shape centered about the axis x that is spaced from the curved peripheral surface 55a toward the inner side and extends toward the outer periphery side from the end portion on the outer periphery side of the curved surface portion 40a. Specifically, in the sealing apparatus 2, the disc portion 40b of the slinger 40 is provided with a gasket portion 23 made of an elastic body in an annular shape centered about the axis x to cover an end portion on the outer periphery side and the outer side of the disc portion 40b. The gasket portion 23 is adhered to the slinger 40 by cross-linking bonding, in the same manner as the above-described elastic body part 11. The gasket portion 23 includes: an outer peripheral end portion 23a that covers the end portion on the outer periphery side (outer periphery side end portion 40c) of the disc portion 40b; and an outer side portion 23b that covers an outer side of the disc portion 40b, and is in close contact with the curved peripheral surface 55a.

    [0051] As illustrated in Fig. 3, the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15 of the sealing apparatus 2 extends through a portion on the outer periphery side of the outer periphery side end portion 40c of the disc portion 40b of the slinger 40 and the outer peripheral end portion 23a of the gasket portion 23. The distal end portion of the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15 forms a small gap 31 between the curved peripheral surface 55a of the hub ring 55 and the distal end portion of the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15, and is positioned outside of the outer periphery side end portion 40c of the disc portion 40b of the slinger 40 in the direction of the axis x. Thus, the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15 forms a labyrinth seal. The outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15 also forms a groove portion 32 in an annular shape centered about the axis x, the groove portion being depressed toward the inner periphery side on the outer periphery side of the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15. Specifically, the distal end portion of the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15 extends to face the curved peripheral surface 55a of the hub ring 55 with the above-described small gap 31 interposed. In addition, the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15 forms a space on the outer periphery side in the radial direction with respect to the outer periphery side end portion 40c of the disc portion 40b of the slinger 40. The groove portion 32 captures and stores the foreign matter such as rainwater, muddy water and dust before the foreign matter passes through the gap 31, and the foreign matter captured and stored in the groove portion 32 falls down due to its own weight, so that the foreign matter captured and stored in the groove portion 32 can be discharged to an external side of the sealing apparatus 2. Note that when the sealing apparatus body 10 is rotated, the foreign matter captured and stored in the groove portion 32 can be discharged to the external side of the sealing apparatus 2 by centrifugal force generated by the rotation of the hub bearing 50.

    [0052] The weir portion 19 projects toward the outer periphery side from the outer peripheral surface 51a of the outer ring 51, and is formed in an annular shape centered about the axis x. The weir portion 19 forms the above-described groove portion 32 between the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15 and the weir portion 19. Specifically, an outer side surface 19c on the outer side of the weir portion 19 forms the groove portion 32 together with a surface on the outer periphery side of the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15. An inner side surface 19a of the weir portion 19 serves as a bulwark when the foreign matter enters from the external side, thereby suppressing foreign matter from entering into the sealing apparatus 2. The foreign matter that has entered beyond the inner side surface 19a of the weir portion 19 is captured and stored in the groove portion 32 from on the outer peripheral surface 19b and the outer side surface 19c of the weir portion 19, and the foreign matter captured and stored in the groove portion 32 as described above falls down due to its own weight, and is discharged to the external side of the sealing apparatus 2.

    [0053] The outer periphery side base body portion 14a that is a portion of the base body portion 14 of the elastic body part 11 and extends in the radial direction between the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15 and the inner periphery side labyrinth lip 16 forms a gap 26 having a narrow width that extends in the radial direction between the outer periphery side base body portion 14a and the disc portion 40b of the slinger 40, and forms a labyrinth seal L in the gap 26. The outer periphery side base body portion 14a of the base body portion 14 is formed in a annular plate shape or a disc shape centered about the axis x as illustrated in Fig. 3, for example, to face the disc portion 40b of the slinger 40 with the gap 26 interposed in the surface on the outer side of the outer periphery side base body portion 14a.

    [0054] The inner periphery side labyrinth lip 16 is positioned on the inner periphery side of the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15, and forms a small gap 33 between the curved surface portion 40a of the slinger 40 and a distal end of the inner periphery side labyrinth lip 16, and forms a labyrinth seal. The inner periphery side labyrinth lip 16 forms a groove portion 34 in an annular shape centered about the axis x between the base body portion 14 and the inner periphery side labyrinth lip 16 of the elastic body part 11, the groove portion 34 being depressed toward the inner periphery side on the outer periphery side of the inner periphery side labyrinth lip 16. Some of the foreign matter reaching the inner periphery side labyrinth lip 16 through the labyrinth seal L is captured and stored in the groove portion 34, and the foreign matter captured and stored in the groove portion 34 falls down due to its own weight, and the foreign matter that has fallen downwardly is discharged to the external side of the sealing apparatus 2 through the labyrinth seal L by centrifugal force generated by the rotation of the hub bearing 50 (slinger 40). Note that when the sealing apparatus body 10 is rotated, the foreign matter captured in the groove portion 34 can be discharged to the external side of the sealing apparatus 2 through the labyrinth seal L by centrifugal force generated by the rotation of the sealing apparatus body 10.

    [0055] A distal end portion of the side lip 17 is brought into contact with a surface on an inner side of the curved surface portion 40a of the slinger 40 with a predetermined interference (contact width), to form a sealing portion. A distal end portion of the radial lip 18 is brought into contact with a surface on an outer periphery side of the curved surface portion 40a of the slinger 40 with a predetermined interference to form a sealing portion. The foreign matter that has passed through the inner periphery side labyrinth lip 16 is suppressed from entering the space 5 by the side lip 17 and the radial lip 18.

    [0056] As illustrated in Fig. 3, the disc portion 40b of the slinger 40 is formed to be displaced inwardly at a portion connected from the curved surface portion 40a. The curved peripheral surface 55a of the hub ring 55 is formed in a shape expanded outwardly in the vicinity of the disc portion 40b. Specifically, in the sealing apparatus 2, the slinger 40 includes the disc portion 40b that is displaced inwardly with respect to the curved surface portion 40a, and the curved peripheral surface 55a of the hub ring 55 includes a portion of the shape expanded outwardly (level difference portion). As a result, the disc portion 40b of the slinger 40 is positioned spaced from the curved peripheral surface 55a. The gasket portion 23 that covers the outer periphery side end portion 40c of the disc portion 40b forms a grooved gap portion 36 in an annular shape centered about the axis x between the outer side portion 23b of the gasket portion 23 and the curved peripheral surface 55a facing the outer side portion 23b, the grooved gap portion 36 being depressed toward the inner periphery side. The foreign matter that has passed through and entered the gap 31 from the external side along on the curved peripheral surface 55a is captured and stored in the grooved gap portion 36. The foreign matter captured and stored in the grooved gap portion 36 falls down due to its own weight, so that the foreign matter captured and stored in the grooved gap portion 36 can be discharged to the external side of the sealing apparatus 2. The foreign matter captured and stored in the grooved gap portion 36 and the foreign matter attached to the grooved gap portion 36 by falling down due to its own weight is discharged to the external side of the sealing apparatus 2 by an action of a centrifugal force generated by the rotation of the hub bearing 50 (slinger 40 and hub ring 55). Note that even when the slinger 40 is not rotated, the foreign matter captured and stored in the grooved gap portion 36 falls down due to its own weight, thereby being capable of discharging the foreign matter captured and stored in the grooved gap portion 36 to the external side of the sealing apparatus 2.

    [0057] Note that to form the grooved gap portion 36, the slinger 40 does not need to include the disc portion 40b that is displaced inwardly with respect to the curved surface portion 40a, and the curved peripheral surface 55a of the hub ring 55 does not need to include the portion in a shape expanded toward the outer side of the curved peripheral surface 55a of the hub ring 55 like in the case illustrated in Fig. 3. For example, even when the curved peripheral surface 55a of the hub ring 55 is smoothly and continuously formed without the portion in a shape expanded toward the outer side of the curved peripheral surface 55a, the grooved gap portion 36 can be formed between the curved peripheral surface 55a and the disc portion 40b by forming the slinger 40 so as to include the disc portion 40b that is displaced inwardly with respect to the curved surface portion 40a. When the curved peripheral surface 55a of the hub ring 55 includes a portion in a shape expanded outwardly in the vicinity of a position on which the sealing apparatus 2 is mounted, the grooved gap portion 36 can be formed by slinger 40 between the curved surface portion 40a of the slinger 40 and the curved peripheral surface 55a of the hub ring 55 by using the portion in a shape expanded outwardly in the curved peripheral surface 55a of the hub ring 55 even when the slinger 40 includes only the curved surface portion 40a and does not include the disc portion 40b. Note that the same may apply to the sealing apparatus 1 illustrated in Fig. 1.

    [0058] In the sealing apparatus 1, 2 according to the embodiment of the present invention, the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15 extends through a portion on the outer periphery side of the outer periphery side end portion 20c of the disc portion 20b of the slinger 20, or through a portion on the outer periphery side of the outer periphery side end portion 40c of the disc portion 40b of the slinger 40 and the outer peripheral end portion 23a of the gasket portion 23, and the distal end of the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15 is positioned outside on the outer periphery side end portion 20c, 40c of the disc portion 20b, 40b of the slinger 20, 40 in the direction of the axis x, thus the small gap 31 can be formed between the curved peripheral surface 55a of the hub ring 55 and the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15, thereby forming the labyrinth seal. Therefore, the small gap 31 can make it difficult for foreign matter to enter, and the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15 enhances a function of preventing entrance of the foreign matter while avoiding an increase in generated torque resistance. The outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15 covers, from the outer periphery side, the gap 26 between the disc portion 20b, 40b of the slinger 20, 40 and the outer periphery side base body portion 14a of the base body portion 14, and is thereby capable of further enhancing the function of preventing entrance of the foreign matter.

    [0059] The groove portion 32 is formed on the outer periphery side of the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15, and is thereby capable of capturing and storing the foreign matter in the groove portion 32 before the foreign matter enters the gap 31. The foreign matter captured and stored in the groove portion 32 falls down due to its own weight, and is thereby capable of being discharged to the external side of the sealing apparatus 1, 2.

    [0060] The weir portion 19 is formed to project toward the outer periphery side from the outer peripheral surface 51a of the outer ring 51, so that the inner side surface 19a of the weir portion 19 can serve as a bulwark when the foreign matter enters from the external side, thereby being capable of suppressing foreign matter from entering into the sealing apparatus 1, 2.

    [0061] The outer side surface 19c on the outer side of the weir portion 19 forms the groove portion 32 together with the surface on the outer periphery side of the outer periphery side labyrinth lip 15. Therefore, the foreign matter that has entered beyond the inner side surface 19a of the weir portion 19 is captured and stored in the groove portion 32 from on the outer peripheral surface 19b and the outer side surface 19c of the weir portion 19, and the foreign matter captured and stored in the groove portion 32 falls down due to its own weight, and is thereby capable of being discharged to the external side of the sealing apparatus 1, 2.

    [0062] The outer periphery side base body portion 14a of the base body portion 14 forms the labyrinth seal L in the gap 26, and therefore the flow resistance of the foreign matter is increased, and is thereby capable of suppressing the foreign matter from entering the space 5.

    [0063] The outer periphery side end portion 20c of the disc portion 20b of the slinger 20 or the gasket portion 23 that covers the outer periphery side end portion 40c of the disc portion 40b of the slinger 40 forms the grooved gap portion 36 in an annular shape centered about the axis x between the outer periphery side end portion 20c or the gasket portion 23 and the curved peripheral surface 55a of the hub ring 55 facing the outer periphery side end portion 20c of the disc portion 20b of the slinger 20 or the outer side portion 23b of the gasket portion 23, the grooved gap portion 36 being depressed toward the inner periphery side, and therefore the foreign matter that has passed through the gap 31 from the external side along the curved peripheral surface 55a is captured and stored in the grooved gap portion 36. The foreign matter captured and stored in the grooved gap portion 36 falls down due to its own weight, so that the foreign matter captured and stored in the grooved gap portion 36 can be discharged to the external side of the sealing apparatus 1, 2, and is thereby capable of being discharged to the external side of the sealing apparatus 1, 2 by centrifugal force generated by the rotation of the hub bearing 50.

    [0064] The inner periphery side labyrinth lip 16 forms the groove portion 34 in an annular shape centered about the axis x between the base body portion 14 and the inner periphery side labyrinth lip 16 of the elastic body part 11, the groove portion being depressed toward the inner periphery side, so that the foreign matter is captured and stored in the groove portion 34. The foreign matter captured and stored in the groove portion 34 fall downwardly, so that the foreign matter that has fallen downwardly can be discharged to the external side of the sealing apparatus 1, 2 by centrifugal force generated by the rotation of the hub bearing 50. The inner periphery side labyrinth lip 16 forms the small gap 33 between the inner periphery side labyrinth lip 16 and the curved surface portion 20a, 40a of the slinger 20, 40, and forms a labyrinth seal, so that the small gap 33 can make it difficult for foreign matter to enter.

    [0065] Hereinbefore, the preferable embodiments of the present invention have been described, but the present invention is not limited to the sealing apparatus 1, 2 according to the above embodiments of the present invention and may include all aspects included in the concept of the present invention and the scope of the claims. Further, the above components may be combined appropriately and selectively to solve at least a part of the above problems and to exert at least a part of the above effects. For example, the shape, material, arrangement, size, and the like of each component in the above embodiments can be appropriately changed according to a specific application of the present invention.

    List of Reference Signs



    [0066] 

    1, 2, 60, 100 sealing apparatus

    5, 203 space

    10 sealing apparatus body

    11, 112 elastic body part

    12, 111 reinforcing ring

    12a, 12c cylindrical portion

    12b disc portion

    12d bent portion

    14 base body portion

    14a outer periphery side base body portion

    14b inner periphery side base body portion

    15 outer periphery side labyrinth lip

    16 inner periphery side labyrinth lip

    17, 115, 116 side lip

    18, 117 radial lip

    19 weir portion

    19a inner side surface

    19b outer peripheral surface

    19c outer side surface

    20, 40 slinger

    20a, 40a curved surface portion

    20b, 40b disc portion

    20c, 40c outer periphery side end portion

    21 flange portion

    23 gasket portion

    26, 31, 33 gap

    32, 34 groove portion

    36 grooved gap portion

    50, 200 hub bearing

    51, 201 outer ring

    51a outer peripheral surface

    52 hub

    53 bearing ball

    54 inner ring

    55, 202 hub ring

    55a, 202a curved peripheral surface

    56 wheel mounting flange

    57 hub bolt

    L labyrinth seal

    x axis




    Claims

    1. A sealing apparatus (1, 2) sealing between an outer periphery side member (51) in an annular shape and an inner periphery side member (52) in an annular shape that is at least partially surrounded by the outer periphery side member (51) in a bearing (50), the outer periphery side member (51) and the inner periphery side member (52) being mutually relatively rotatable about an axis (x), the sealing apparatus comprising:

    the outer periphery side member (51) and the inner periphery side member (52);

    a sealing apparatus body (10) that is to be attached to the outer periphery side member (51); and

    a slinger (20, 40) in an annular shape centered about the axis (x) that is to be attached to the inner periphery side member (52), the slinger (20, 40) being positioned outside of the sealing apparatus body (10), wherein

    the sealing apparatus body (10) comprises: a reinforcing ring (12) in an annular shape centered about the axis (x); and an elastic body part (11) in an annular shape centered about the axis (x), the elastic body part (11) being attached to the reinforcing ring (12) and being formed from an elastic body,

    the elastic body part (11) comprises: an outer periphery side labyrinth lip (15) that extends through a portion on an outer periphery side (c) of an outer periphery side end portion (20c, 40c) that is an end portion on the outer periphery side (c) of the slinger (20, 40), to form a gap (31) between the inner periphery side member (52) and the outer periphery side labyrinth lip (15); an inner periphery side labyrinth lip (16) that is positioned on an inner periphery side (d) of the outer periphery side labyrinth lip (15) and forms a gap (33) between the slinger (20, 40) and the inner periphery side labyrinth lip (16); and a side lip (17) that is positioned on the inner periphery side (d) of the labyrinth lips (15, 16), and contacts the slinger (20, 40), and

    a distal end portion of the outer periphery side labyrinth lip (15) is positioned on the outer side (a) of the outer periphery side end portion (20c, 40c) of the slinger (20, 40) in a direction of the axis (x), and the outer periphery side labyrinth lip (15) forms a groove portion (32) in an annular shape centered about the axis (x) and depressed toward the inner periphery side (d) at the outer periphery side labyrinth lip (15) on the outer periphery side (c),

    wherein at least at a portion of the outer periphery side end portion (20c, 40c) on a distal end side, the slinger (20, 40) is spaced from the inner periphery side member (52) in the direction of the axis (x) so as to form a grooved gap portion (36) in an annular shape centered about the axis (x), the grooved gap portion (36) being depressed toward the inner periphery side (d),

    wherein the slinger (20, 40) includes a curved surface portion (20a, 40a) in an annular shape centered about the axis (x) that is formed in a shape along a curved peripheral surface (55a) of the inner periphery side member (52), and a disc portion (20b, 40b) in a disc shape centered about the axis (x) that extends toward the outer periphery side (d) along the curved peripheral surface (55a) from the end portion on the outer periphery side (d) of the curved surface portion (20a, 40a), wherein the curved surface portion (20a) and the disc portion (20b) of the slinger (20) are continuously formed from the inside to the outer periphery side (d) along the curved peripheral surface (55a),

    characterised in that a distal end portion of the side lip (17) is brought into contact with a surface on an inner side of the curved surface portion (20a) of the slinger (20) with a predetermined interference or contact width to form a sealing portion.


     
    2. The sealing apparatus (1, 2) according to claim 1, characterized in that the elastic body part (11) comprises a weir portion (19) in an annular shape centered about the axis (x), the weir portion (19) projecting toward the outer periphery side (c) from an outer peripheral surface (19b) of the outer periphery side member (51), wherein the weir portion (19) forms the groove portion (32) between the outer periphery side labyrinth lip (15) and the weir portion (19).
     
    3. The sealing apparatus (1, 2) according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the elastic body part (11) at a part between the outer periphery side labyrinth lip (15) and the inner periphery side labyrinth lip (16) faces the slinger (20, 40) with a gap (26) so as to form a labyrinth seal (L).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Eine Dichtungsvorrichtung (1, 2), die zwischen einem außenumfangsseitigen Glied (51) in Ringform und einem innenumfangsseitigen Glied (52) in Ringform dichtet, das zumindest teilweise von dem außenumfangsseitigen Glied (51) in einem Lager (50) umgeben ist, wobei das außenumfangsseitige Glied (51) und das innenumfangsseitige Glied (52) gegeneinander um eine Achse (x) drehbar sind, wobei die Dichtungsvorrichtung umfasst:

    das außenumfangsseitige Glied (51) und das innenumfangsseitige Glied (52);

    einen Dichtungsvorrichtungskörper (10), der an dem außenumfangsseitigen Glied (51) anzubringen ist; und

    einen Schleuderring (20, 40) in Ringform, der auf die Achse (x) zentriert ist, und der an dem innenumfangsseitigen Glied (52) anzubringen ist, wobei der Schleuderring (20, 40) außerhalb des Dichtungsvorrichtungskörpers (10) angeordnet ist, wobei

    der Dichtungsvorrichtungskörper (10) umfasst: einen Verstärkungsring (12) in Ringform, der auf die Achse (x) zentriert ist; und einen elastischen Körperteil (11) in Ringform, der auf die Achse (x) zentriert ist, wobei der elastische Körperteil (11) an dem Verstärkungsring (12) angebracht und aus einem elastischen Körper gebildet ist,

    der elastische Körperteil (11) umfasst: eine außenumfangsseitige Labyrinth-Lippe (15), die sich durch einen Abschnitt auf einer Außenumfangsseite (c) eines außenumfangsseitigen Endabschnitts (20c, 40c) erstreckt, der ein Endabschnitt auf der Außenumfangsseite (c) des Schleuderrings (20, 40) ist, um einen Zwischenraum (31) zwischen dem innenumfangsseitigen Glied (52) und der außenumfangsseitigen Labyrinth-Lippe (15) auszubilden; eine innenumfangsseitige Labyrinth-Lippe (16), die auf einer Innenumfangsseite (d) der außenumfangsseitigen Labyrinth-Lippe (15) angeordnet ist und einen Zwischenraum (33) zwischen dem Schleuderring (20, 40) und der innenumfangsseitigen Labyrinth-Lippe (16) ausbildet; und eine Seitenlippe (17), die auf der Innenumfangsseite (d) der Labyrinth-Lippen (15, 16) angeordnet ist und den Schleuderring (20, 40) kontaktiert, und

    ein distaler Endabschnitt der außenumfangsseitigen Labyrinth-Lippe (15) ist auf einer Außenseite (a) des außenumfangsseitigen Endabschnitts (20c, 40c) des Schleuderrings (20, 40) in einer Richtung der Achse (x) angeordnet, und die außenumfangsseitige Labyrinth-Lippe (15) bildet einen Nutabschnitt (32) in Ringform aus, der auf die Achse (x) zentriert und in Richtung auf die Innenumfangsseite (d) an der außenumfangsseitigen Labyrinth-Lippe (15) auf deren Außenumfangsseite (c) vertieft ist,

    wobei in zumindest einem Abschnitt des außenumfangsseitigen Endabschnitts (20c, 40c) auf einer distalen Endseite der Schleuderring (20, 40) von dem innenumfangsseitigen Glied (52) in der Richtung der Achse (x) beanstandet ist, um einen nutartigen Zwischenraumabschnitt (36) in Ringform auszubilden, der auf die Achse (x) zentriert ist, wobei der nutartige Zwischenraumabschnitt (36) in Richtung auf die Innenumfangsseite (d) vertieft ist,

    wobei der Schleuderring (20, 40) einen gekrümmten Oberflächenabschnitt (20a, 40a) in Ringform, der auf die Achse (x) zentriert und in einer Form entlang einer gekrümmten Umfangsoberfläche (55a) des innenumfangsseitigen Glieds (52) ausgebildet ist, sowie einen Scheibenabschnitt (20b, 40b) in einer Scheibenform besitzt, der auf die Achse (x) zentriert ist und sich in Richtung auf die Außenumfangsseite (d) entlang der gekrümmten Umfangsoberfläche (55a) von dem Endabschnitt der Außenumfangsseite (d) des gekrümmten Oberflächenabschnitts (20a, 40a) erstreckt, wobei der gekrümmte Oberflächenabschnitt (20a) und der Scheibenabschnitt (20b) des Schleuderrings (20) kontinuierlich von der Innenseite hin zu der Außenumfangsseite (d) entlang der gekrümmten Umfangsoberfläche (55a) ausgebildet sind,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass ein distaler Endabschnitt der Seitenlippe (17) in Kontakt mit einer Oberfläche auf einer Innenseite des gekrümmten Oberflächenabschnitts (20a) des Schleuderrings (20) mit einem vorbestimmten Übermaß oder Kontaktbreite gebracht ist, um einen Dichtungsabschnitt auszubilden.


     
    2. Die Dichtungsvorrichtung (1, 2) gemäß Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der elastische Körperteil (11) einen Dammabschnitt (19) in Ringform besitzt, der auf die Achse (x) zentriert ist, wobei der Dammabschnitt (19) in Richtung auf die Außenumfangsseite (c) von einer Außenumfangsoberfläche (19b) des außenumfangsseitigen Glieds (51) hervorsteht, wobei der Dammabschnitt (19) den Nutabschnitt (32) zwischen der außenumfangsseitigen Labyrinth-Lippe (15) und dem Dammabschnitt (19) ausbildet.
     
    3. Die Dichtungsvorrichtung (1, 2) gemäß Anspruch 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der elastische Körperteil (11) in einem Teilbereich zwischen der außenumfangsseitigen Labyrinth-Lippe (15) und der innenumfangsseitigen Labyrinth-Lippe (16) dem Schleuderring (20, 40) über einen Zwischenraum (26) zugewandt ist, um eine Labyrinthdichtung (L) auszubilden.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif d'étanchéité (1, 2) assurant l'étanchéité entre un élément du côté de périphérie externe (51) d'une forme annulaire et un élément du côté de périphérie interne (52) d'une forme annulaire qui au moins est partiellement entouré par l'élément du côté de périphérie externe (51) dans un palier (50), l'élément du côté de périphérie externe (51) et l'élément du côté de périphérie interne (52) pouvant mutuellement tourner relativement autour d'un axe (x), le dispositif d'étanchéité comprenant :

    l'élément du côté de périphérie externe (51) et l'élément du côté de périphérie interne (52) ;

    un corps de dispositif d'étanchéité (10) qui doit être fixé sur l'élément du côté de périphérie externe (51) ; et

    une bague d'étanchéité (20, 40) d'une forme annulaire centrée autour de l'axe (x) qui doit être fixée sur l'élément du côté de périphérie interne (52), la bague d'étanchéité (20, 40) étant positionnée à l'extérieur du corps de dispositif d'étanchéité (10), dans lequel

    le corps de dispositif d'étanchéité (10) comprend : une bague de renforcement (12) d'une forme annulaire centrée autour de l'axe (x) ; et une partie de corps élastique (11) d'une forme annulaire centrée autour de l'axe (x), la partie de corps élastique (11) étant fixée sur la bague de renforcement (12) et étant formée en un corps élastique,

    la partie de corps élastique (11) comprend : une lèvre formant labyrinthe du côté de périphérie externe (15) qui s'étend à travers une partie sur un côté de périphérie externe (c) d'une partie d'extrémité du côté de périphérie externe (20c, 40c) qui est une partie d'extrémité sur le côté de périphérie externe (c) de la bague d'étanchéité (20, 40), afin de former un espace (31) entre l'élément du côté de périphérie interne (52) et la lèvre formant labyrinthe du côté de périphérie externe (15); une lèvre formant labyrinthe du côté de périphérie interne (16) qui est positionnée sur un côté de périphérie interne (d) de la lèvre formant labyrinthe du côté de périphérie externe (15) et forme un espace (33) entre la bague d'étanchéité (20, 40) et la lèvre formant labyrinthe du côté de périphérie interne (16) ; et une lèvre latérale (17) qui est positionnée sur le côté de périphérie interne (d) des lèvres formant labyrinthe (15, 16), et entre en contact avec la bague d'étanchéité (20, 40), et

    une partie d'extrémité distale de la lèvre formant labyrinthe du côté de périphérie externe (15) est positionnée sur le côté externe (a) de la partie d'extrémité du côté de périphérie externe (20c, 40c) de la bague d'étanchéité (20, 40) suivant une direction de l'axe (x), et la lèvre formant labyrinthe du côté de périphérie externe (15) forme une partie de rainure (32) d'une forme annulaire centrée autour de l'axe (x) et en retrait vers le côté de périphérie interne (d) au niveau de la lèvre formant labyrinthe du côté de périphérie externe (15) sur le côté de périphérie externe (c),

    dans lequel au moins, au niveau d'une partie de la partie d'extrémité du côté de périphérie externe (20c, 40c) sur un côté d'extrémité distale, la bague d'étanchéité (20, 40) est espacée par rapport à l'élément du côté de périphérie interne (52) dans la direction de l'axe (x) afin de former une partie d'espace nervurée (36) d'une forme annulaire centrée autour de l'axe (x), la partie d'espace nervurée (36) étant en retrait vers le côté de périphérie interne (d),

    dans lequel la bague d'étanchéité (20, 40) comporte une partie de surface courbe (20a, 40a) d'une forme annulaire centrée autour de l'axe (x) qui est mise en forme le long d'une surface périphérique courbe (55a) de l'élément du côté de périphérie interne (52), et une partie de disque (20b, 40b) en une forme de disque centrée autour de l'axe (x) qui s'étend vers le côté de périphérie externe (d) le long de la surface périphérique courbe (55a) à partir de la partie d'extrémité du côté de périphérie externe (d) de la partie de surface courbe (20a, 40a), dans lequel la partie de surface courbe (20a) et la partie de disque (20b) de la bague d'étanchéité (20) sont formées de manière continue à partir de l'intérieur vers le côté de périphérie externe (d) le long de la surface périphérique courbe (55a),

    caractérisé en ce qu'une d'extrémité distale de la lèvre latérale (17) est mise en contact avec une surface sur un côté interne de la partie de surface courbe (20a) de la bague d'étanchéité (20) avec une largeur d'interférence ou de contact prédéterminée afin de former une partie d'étanchéité.


     
    2. Dispositif d'étanchéité (1, 2) selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que la partie de corps élastique (11) comprend une partie de déversoir (19) d'une forme annulaire centrée autour de l'axe (x), la partie de déversoir (19) s'étendant vers le côté de périphérie externe (c) à partir d'une surface d'extrémité externe (19b) de l'élément du côté de périphérie externe (51), dans lequel la partie de déversoir (19) forme la partie de rainure (32) entre la lèvre formant labyrinthe du côté de périphérie externe (15) et la partie de déversoir (19).
     
    3. Dispositif d'étanchéité (1, 2) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, caractérisé en ce que la partie de corps élastique (11) au niveau d'une partie formée entre la lèvre formant labyrinthe du côté de périphérie externe (15) et la lèvre formant labyrinthe du côté de périphérie interne (16) fait face à la bague d'étanchéité (20, 40) avec un espace (26) de manière à former un joint labyrinthe (1).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description