(19)
(11)EP 3 342 686 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
09.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/37

(21)Application number: 16838973.2

(22)Date of filing:  20.07.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B62D 25/06(2006.01)
B23K 9/025(2006.01)
B23K 101/18(2006.01)
B23K 9/23(2006.01)
B23K 101/00(2006.01)
B23K 103/20(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2016/071251
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/033626 (02.03.2017 Gazette  2017/09)

(54)

STRUCTURE MEMBER INCLUDING DISSIMILAR MATERIAL CONNECTION STRUCTURE

STRUKTURELEMENT MIT VERBINDUNGSSTRUKTUR ZWISCHEN UNTERSCHIEDLICHEN MATERIALIEN

ÉLÉMENT DE STRUCTURE COMPRENANT UNE STRUCTURE DE LIAISON DE MATÉRIAUX DIFFÉRENTS


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 24.08.2015 JP 2015164967

(43)Date of publication of application:
04.07.2018 Bulletin 2018/27

(73)Proprietor: Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho (Kobe Steel, Ltd.)
Kobe-shi, Hyogo 651-8585 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • HASHIMURA, Toru
    Hyogo 651-2271 (JP)
  • NAITOU, Junya
    Hyogo 651-2271 (JP)
  • YUKISHIGE, Ryohei
    Hyogo 651-2271 (JP)

(74)Representative: TBK 
Bavariaring 4-6
80336 München
80336 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
DE-A1-102004 019 818
JP-A- 2001 191 962
JP-A- 2004 306 676
JP-A- 2014 019 275
JP-A- 2014 141 220
DE-A1-102006 030 507
JP-A- 2004 130 986
JP-A- 2009 262 198
JP-A- 2014 073 798
JP-A- 2015 107 771
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to a structure including joint structure of dissimilar materials.

    BACKGROUND ART



    [0002] A vehicle body fully made of aluminum is known to achieve weight reduction to improve fuel efficiency and motion performance of a vehicle. However, the weight reduction achieved by such an all-aluminum vehicle body accompanies a considerable rise in production costs. In recent years, a method of designing and manufacturing so-called multi-material vehicles has been attracting attention as a way of reducing weight of vehicles without a large increase in cost, and production of such vehicles has already been performed. In the designing and manufacturing method, steel and other lightweight materials, such as aluminum, magnesium, or resin products including fiber-reinforced plastic (FRP) and carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP), are combined in a single vehicle.

    [0003] In the case where the same steel materials as in the conventional vehicle bodies are to be used for the most part of the framework of a vehicle body and an aluminum panel is to be partly used, it is necessary to join dissimilar metals together. For example, when a roof, an upper back, and the like made of aluminum alloy are to be joined to a steel framework, joining dissimilar metals together, i.e. joining an aluminum panel member to the steel framework is necessary.

    [0004] Rivets such as self-piercing rivets, blind rivets, bolts, punching screws, caulking joints, or the like are used to form such a joining portion of dissimilar materials. However, such joining techniques all belong to spot joining and require an additional waterproofing process using a suitable sealing resin agent or the like when applied for an outer plate part, a floor part, a chassis part, or the like which is exposed to rainwater. In addition, applying an adhesive is applied between the members can be required to prevent corrosion.

    [0005] Patent Document 1 relates to dissimilar metal joining for joining an aluminum panel member to a steel framework, and discloses joint structure for an automobile in which a roof panel made of aluminum alloy is joined to a steel framework member by melt-bonding. The dissimilar metal joining of Patent Document 1 employs linear joining to prevent infiltration of rainwater and to ensure strength reliability.

    PRIOR ART DOCUMENT


    PATENT DOCUMENT



    [0006] 

    Patent Document 1: JP 2014-73798 A

    Patent Document 2: DE 10 2004 019 818 A1

    Patent Document 3: JP 2001 191962 A

    Patent Document 4: JP 2009 262198 A

    Patent Document 5: JP 2014 019275 A

    Patent Document 6: JP 2004 130986 A



    [0007] DE 10 2004 019 818 A1 discloses a structure having the features of the preamble of claim 1.

    [0008] JP 2001 191962 A discloses a horizontal panel member having a reinforcing plate attached thereto.

    [0009] JP 2009 262198 A discloses a steel material overlapping and welded to an aluminium material.

    [0010] JP 2014 019275 A discloses a roof joint structure having a roof panel contacting a side outer panel at a contact part. A brazing material and a filler are provided between the roof panel and the side outer panel at the contact part.

    [0011] JP 2004 130986 A discloses a roof mounting structure having an outer panel member and an inner panel member joined to each other. A roof side rail is sandwiched between them the outer panel member and the inner panel member.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0012] However, in the joining method of melting a solvent or a base material by using a heat source such as MIG (Metal Inert Gas) or a laser, heat is locally applied to the periphery of the junction during bonding. When such a joining method is applied to joining an aluminum panel member to a steel frame, due to a difference in coefficient of linear expansion between aluminum and a steel material, the aluminum panel member composed of a thin plate undergoes thermal deformation, and after the joining, residual deformation and residual strain occur. As a result, warpage and ripples are generated in the aluminum panel member.

    [0013] The object to be solved by the present invention is to suppress deformation caused by local expansion due to welding heat while ensuring corrosion resistance and strength reliability in the joint structure of dissimilar materials.

    [0014] The above object is solved by a Structure including joint structure of dissimilar materials having the features of claim 1.

    [0015] Further developments are stated in the dependent claims.

    [0016] Deformation of the first member caused by local expansion due to welding heat can be suppressed by joining the reinforcing plates along the joining portions of the first member. Specifically, warping and ripple deformation of an aluminum panel, which is likely to occur in the aluminum panel due to welding heat or joining heat generated during arc joining or laser joining of dissimilar materials, can be suppressed. Further, the continuous welding enables dissimilar materials respectively made of steel alloy and made of aluminum alloy to be linearly joined together. Therefore, infiltration of rainwater from the joining portion and corrosion of the inner members can be prevented and the strength reliability of the joining portion can be improved. As a result, aluminum alloy can be used for a part of the structure without a large increase in the plate thickness, that is, without a large increase in the weight. Therefore, weight reduction of the entire structure can be achieved easily. The term "welding" used herein shall be interpreted in a broad meaning, and includes brazing and soldering in addition to general welding. The vicinity of the apex of the bent portion indicates a vicinity region including the apex as well as a region where a welding material such as a brazing material is usually sticked when welding the apex.

    [0017] Preferably, the continuous welding is a brazing joint using a flux cored wire.

    [0018] Using the flux cored wire(FCW) as the brazing material improves the reliability of dissimilar material joining between the steel and the aluminum alloy and enables the dissimilar material to be linearly joined. Further, since the welding can be performed at a lower temperature than conventional, the influence of the deformation caused by the welding heat can be reduced. FCW is a wire filled with flux inside an aluminum alloy clad material.

    [0019] The reinforcing plate may be made of an aluminum alloy and joined to the first member with an adhesive.

    [0020] The reinforcing plate made of aluminum alloy can be reduced in weight as compared with the case where the reinforcing plate is made of steel, and can be improved in strength as compared with the case where the reinforcing plate is made of resin.

    [0021] The reinforcing plate may be made of resin and joined to the first member with an adhesive.

    [0022] The reinforcing plate made of resin can be reduced in weight as compared with the case where the reinforcing plate is made of metal.

    [0023] According to the present invention, the gap provided between the joining portion and the reinforcing plate prevents the deformation of the reinforcing plate, the combustion of the reinforcing plate made of resin, and the combustion of the adhesive between the panel member and the reinforcing plate, which are due to the heat accompanied by the welding.

    [0024] The structure may be a vehicle body. In particular, the first member may be a roof or an upper back of the vehicle body.

    [0025] In practice, joining of dissimilar materials is often performed for a vehicle body. In particular, since the roof panel or the upper back has a large area, substitution of aluminum alloy members for steel members is highly effective in weight reduction.

    [0026] The first member may be made of an aluminum alloy of 6000 series or 5000 series. The second member may also be a surface-treated steel sheet such as a hot dip galvannealed steel sheet, a hot-dip galvanized steel sheet, or a hot-dip aluminum steel sheet, and may also be a non-plated steel sheet.

    [0027] In joining of dissimilar materials, the first member is often made of an aluminum alloy of 6000 series or 5000 series, and the second member is often a hot dip galvannealed steel sheet or a hot-dip galvanized steel sheet, which can reduce the cost and facilitate processing. Alternatively, the second member can be a hot-dip aluminum steel sheet or a non-plated steel sheet which has relatively good bondability with an aluminum alloy.

    [0028] The present invention can be applied not only to structures such as car bodies but also to structural members itself.

    EFFECT OF THE INVENTION



    [0029] According to the present invention, in joint structure of dissimilar materials, a reinforcing plate is joined to a first member along a joining portion formed by continuous welding can suppress deformation caused by local expansion due to welding heat while ensuring corrosion resistance and strength reliability.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0030] 

    Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a vehicle body according to a first embodiment of the present invention;

    Fig. 2 is an exploded view of the roof panel of the vehicle body of Fig. 1;

    Fig. 3 is an enlarged view of the roof panel of the vehicle body of Fig. 1;

    Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along line IV - IV of Fig. 3;

    Fig. 5 is a schematic view showing the arrangement of a reinforcing plate with respect to the roof panel;

    Fig. 6 shows deformation of the roof panel due to thermal expansion;

    Fig. 7 is a cross-sectional view taken along line VII - VII of Fig. 3;

    Fig. 8 is a schematic view showing a variation relating to the arrangement of the reinforcing plate;

    Fig. 9 is a schematic view showing another variation relating to the arrangement of the reinforcing plate;

    Fig. 10 is a schematic view showing still another variation relating to the arrangement of the reinforcing plate; and

    Fig. 11 is a perspective view of the periphery of the upper back of the vehicle body according to the second embodiment of the present invention.


    MODE FOR CARYYING OUT THE INVENTION


    (First Embodiment)



    [0031] Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings.

    [0032] Referring to Figs. 1 and 2, the present embodiment describes a vehicle body (structure) 10 including a structure in which a roof panel (first member) 200 made of aluminum alloy is joined to a skeletal body (second member) 100 made of steel.

    [0033] As shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the vehicle body 10 of the present embodiment includes the skeletal body 100 serving as a framework of the vehicle body 10 and a roof panel 200 mounted on and joined to the skeletal body 100.

    [0034] The skeletal body 100 consists of a hot dip galvannealed (GA) steel sheet and constitutes a framework of the entire vehicle body 10. The skeletal body 100 includes a front part 110, a rear part 120, and a center part 130. The material of the skeletal body 100 is not limited to the GA steel sheet, and may be a hot-dip galvanized (GI) steel sheet, a hot-dip aluminum steel sheet, or non-plated steel sheet.

    [0035] The front part 110 is a part that is disposed at the front of the vehicle body 10 and includes a front frame 111 and a front bumper 112. The front frame 111 constitutes a framework of the front part 110, and includes an engine accommodating portion 113 at the center thereof in which an engine (not shown) or the like is installed, and includes front-wheel accommodating portions 114, each of which accommodates one of a front wheels (not shown), on both sides in a vehicle-width direction of the front frame 111. The front bumper 112 is disposed in the vehicle-width direction and fixed in front of the front frame 111.

    [0036] The rear part 120 is a part that is disposed at the rear of the vehicle body 10 and includes a rear frame 121 and an upper back (not shown). The rear frame 121 constitutes a framework of the rear part 120, and includes a trunk portion (not shown) at the rear center thereof, and rear-wheel accommodating portions 122, each of which accommodates one of the rear wheels (not shown), on both sides in the width direction of the rear frame 121.

    [0037] The center part 130 is a part disposed at the center of the vehicle body 10, and includes a center frame 131 and a floor panel 132. The center frame 131 constitutes a framework of the center part 130, and includes a cabin 133 at the center thereof for boarding a user to ride. The center frame 131 includes front pillars 141, center pillars 142, rear pillars 143, roof side rails 144, a roof front rail 145, a roof rear rail 146, and a roof cross member 147. A windshield portion 134, door portions 135a to 135d, and a rear glass portion 136 (see Fig. 3) are formed with these members. The floor panel 132 is located at the bottom of the center part 130 and constitutes the floor part of the cabin 133.

    [0038] Each of the front pillars 141 is a columnar portion disposed along one of the side end portions of the windshield portion 134 and along the front end portion of one of the door portions 135a, 135b. Each of the center pillars 142 is a columnar portion disposed between the rear end portion of one of the door portions 135a, 135b and the front end portion of one of the door portions 135c, 135d. Each of the rear pillars 143 is a columnar portion disposed between the rear end portion of one of the door portions 135c, 135d and the front end portion of the rear glass portion 136.

    [0039] Each of the roof side rails 144 is disposed in a front-rear direction of the vehicle body 10 and fixed to and extends over the upper end portions of the pillars 141 to 143. Each of the roof side rails 144 is disposed along one of the side end portions of the roof panel 200 and is joined to the roof panel 200.

    [0040] The roof front rail 145 is disposed in the vehicle-width direction and fixed between the upper end portions of the left and right front pillars 141. The roof front rail 145 is disposed along the upper end portion of the windshield portion 134 and along the front end portion of the roof panel 200 and is joined to the roof panel 200.

    [0041] The roof rear rail 146 is disposed in the vehicle-width direction and fixed between the upper end portions of the left and right rear pillars 143. The roof rear rail 146 is disposed along the rear end portion of the roof panel 200 and is joined to the roof panel 200.

    [0042] As shown in Figs. 2 and 3, the roof cross member 147 extends in the vehicle-width direction between the left and right roof side rails 144. The roof cross member 147 is disposed and fixed between the upper end portions of the left and right center pillars 142. As shown in Fig. 4, the roof cross member 147 is not in direct contact with the roof panel 200 and is joined to the roof panel 200 via resin cushioning members 137.

    [0043] The roof panel 200 is an exterior panel covering the upper side of the vehicle body 10. The roof panel 200 is press-formed and made of 5000 series aluminum alloy, and in the present embodiment, the thickness thereof is in a range of about 1.0 mm to 1.3 mm. The side end portions, the front end portion, and the rear end portion of the roof panel 200 are respectively welded and joined to the roof side rails 144, the roof front rail 145, the roof rear rail 146, and the roof cross member 147 of the center frame 131. The welded-joining procedure is performed continuously, that is, continuous welding. The details of the continuous welding will be described later. The material of the aluminum alloy is not limited to 5000 series and may be 6000 series, and the size thereof is not limited either. In the present embodiment, the roof panel 200 is a first member of the present invention, and the center frame 131 is a second member of the present invention.

    [0044] As shown in Fig. 5 and according to the present invention, reinforcing plates 210 having a band shape are disposed on the back surface of the roof panel 200. The reinforcing plates 210 are made of aluminum alloy and are joined to the roof panel 200 with an adhesive. Although the reinforcing plates 210 in the present embodiment are made of aluminum alloy in terms of weight and strength, the reinforcing plates 210 may be made of resin, which is lighter than aluminum alloy, and the sizes thereof are not limited either. In addition, bonding of the reinforcing plates 210 to the roof panel 200 is not limited to an adhesive-bonding, and welded-joining, mechanical fastening, or the like may be used. The reinforcing plates 210 of the present embodiment are disposed in the front-rear direction of the vehicle body 10 along the joining portions between the roof panel 200 and the roof side rails 144. The reinforcing plates 210 are provided to suppress deformation of the joining portions.

    [0045] There is a difference in the coefficient of linear expansion between an aluminum alloy material and a steel material, and the coefficient of linear expansion of an aluminum alloy material is approximately twice that of a steel material. Accordingly, the amount of local thermal expansion of the aluminum alloy material is larger than that of the steel material, and thus the joining portions can deform easily. Such local deformation with varying degrees causes a problem when an aluminum alloy material is used as an outer plate or the like that requires a high quality joining process, which results in one reason for the slow progress in partly using aluminum alloy in a vehicle body. The local deformation as described above can be suppressed by increasing the thickness of the aluminum alloy plate, but such a countermeasure lessens weight reduction and increases material costs.

    [0046] Deformation of the roof panel 200 caused by local expansion due to welding heat can be suppressed by joining the reinforcing plates 210 joined to the roof panel 200 along the joining portions. Specifically, warping and ripple deformation of the roof panel 200, which is likely to occur in the roof panel 200 due to welding heat or joining heat generated during arc joining or laser joining of different or dissimilar materials, can be suppressed. Further, the continuous welding of the roof panel 200 and the skeletal body 100 as shown by the arrows in Fig. 5 enables dissimilar materials of the skeletal body 100 (center frame 131) made of steel and the roof panel 200 made of aluminum alloy to be linearly joined together. Therefore, infiltration of rainwater from the joining portion and corrosion of the inner members can be prevented and the strength reliability of the joining portion can be improved. As a result, aluminum alloy can be used for a part of the vehicle body 10 without a large increase of the plate thickness, that is, without a large increase of the weight. Therefore, weight reduction of the entire vehicle body 10 can be achieved easily. The term "welding" used herein shall be interpreted in a broad meaning, and includes brazing and soldering in addition to general welding.

    [0047] In addition, the reinforcing plates 210 made of aluminum alloy can be reduced in weight as compared with the reinforcing plates 210 made of steel, and can be increased in strength as compared with the reinforcing plates 210 made of resin. In order to further reduce the weight, the reinforcing plates 210 may be made of resin.

    [0048] Fig. 6 shows an example of deformation of the roof panel 200 at the joining portion in the case where the reinforcing plate 210 is not provided. The end portion of the roof panel 200 in the state after the joining shown in the lower side of Fig. 6 is deformed into a wavy shape due to the welding heat (the deformation amount is displayed in an enlarged manner) as compared with the state before the joining shown on the upper side of Fig. 6.

    [0049] As shown in Fig. 7, each of the roof side rails 144 includes an outer panel 151, an inner panel 152, and a reinforcement 153. The outer panel 151 is an exterior panel constituting the upper part of the roof side rail 144 and is exposed on the outer surface of the vehicle body 10. The inner panel 152 is a panel constituting the lower part of the roof side rail 144. The outer panel 151 and the inner panel 152 are joined together by welding at a support portion 154 positioned on the inner side in the vehicle-width direction and at a flange portion 155 positioned at the lower side in the height direction, and constitute a closed cross section. The reinforcement 153 is disposed inside each of the roof side rails 144 for reinforcement. In the support portion 154 and the flange portion 155, both ends of the reinforcement 153 are overlaid by the outer panel 151 and the inner panel 152, and are welded in a three-layered state.

    [0050] The roof panel 200 includes a bent portion 201 of which end is bent. The bent portion 201 is bent inward at an angle in a range of 120 degrees to 150 degrees with respect to the outer surface of the roof panel 200. The bent portion 201 is placed on the support portion 154 of the roof side rail 144 and is joined by welding the vicinity of an apex 202 of the bent portion 201 to the support portion 154 through a brazing material 160.

    [0051] The support portion 154 forms a stepped recessed portion with respect to the surface of the roof side rail 144, and the recessed portion supports the bent portion 201 of the roof panel 200. Since the roof panel 200 is supported by the recessed portion of the support portion 154, the roof panel 200 and the surface of the roof side rail 144 can be roughly flush with each other, so that the beautiful appearance can be maintained.

    [0052] A flux cored wire (FCW) is used for welding the vicinity of the apex 202 of the bent portion 201 described above and the support portion 154. FCW is a wire filled with flux inside an aluminum alloy clad material.

    [0053] Using FCW for joining improves the reliability of dissimilar material joining between the skeletal body 100 made of steel member and the roof panel 200 made of aluminum alloy member and enables the dissimilar material to be linearly joined. Further, since the welding can be performed at lower temperatures than conventional, the influence of the deformation caused by the welding heat as shown in Fig. 6 can be reduced. In addition, the bent portion 201 and the support portion 154 can be welded and joined together, which eliminates the need for a member such as a molding or the like which impairs the beautiful appearance and is conventionally required for concealing the portions fastened with rivets or the like to join the dissimilar materials.

    [0054] The reinforcing plate 210 is disposed with a gap of a distance d from the joining portion. The distance d is a distance enough to prevent deformation of the reinforcing plate 210 due to the influence of the heat generated during welding and joining, the adhesive from being thermally affected, and melting or burning of a part of the reinforcing plate in the case where the reinforcing plate is made of resin. Further, the distance d is a distance enough to prevent deformation of the roof panel 200 during joining, and in the present embodiment, the distance d is from 10 mm to 25 mm. In this way, a gap provided between the joining portion and the reinforcing plate 210 can prevent occurrence of a fault in the reinforcing plate 210 due to the heat accompanied by the welding.

    [0055] Further, various changes can be made to the arrangement of the reinforcing plate 210. The reinforcing plate 210 may be arranged around the entire periphery of the roof panel 200 (see Fig. 8) in order to further suppress the deformation, may be arranged only in the vicinity of the center pillars 142 having a large deformation amount (see Fig. 9), or may be arranged only in the vicinity of the pillars 141 to 143 also having large deformation amounts (see Fig. 10). Such joining of the reinforcing plate 210 and the roof panel 200 is not necessarily incorporated in the assembly process of the vehicle body 10, but may be taken into the assembly process of the vehicle body 10 as a structure member that has been previously joined together in a separate process.

    (Second Embodiment)



    [0056] Fig. 11 shows the periphery of an upper back 300 of the vehicle body 10 according to a second embodiment. In the present embodiment, the upper back 300 and the rear frame 121 are welded and joined together in the same manner as the joining of the roof panel 200 and the center frame 131 according to the first embodiment. The configuration of the vehicle body 10 is substantially the same as that of the first embodiment shown in Figs. 1 and 2. Therefore, the description of the same parts as those of the vehicle body 10 shown in Figs. 1 and 2 will be omitted.

    [0057]  The upper back 300 and the rear frame 121 are joined together by continuous welding in the same manner as the joining of the roof panel 200 and the center frame 131 according to the first embodiment. Therefore, in the present embodiment, the upper back 300 is a first member of the present invention, and the rear frame 121 is a second member of the present invention.

    [0058] On the back surface (the lower surface in the figure) of the upper back 300, reinforcing plates 310 having a band shape are disposed along the joining portions. The reinforcing plates 310 are made of aluminum alloy and are joined to the upper back 300 with an adhesive. The reinforcing plates 310 are disposed separately from the joining portions with a distance enough to prevent deformation of the reinforcing plates 310 under the influence of the heat generated at the time of welded-joining and also prevent deformation of the upper back 300 at the time of the joining. In the present embodiment, the distance is in a range of 10 mm to 30 mm.

    [0059] In the present embodiment, the reinforcing plates 310 are made of aluminum alloy in terms of weight and strength, but may be made of resin or the like which is lighter than aluminum alloy, and the sizes thereof are not limited either. In addition, bonding of the reinforcing plates 310 to the upper back 300 is not limited to an adhesive-bonding, and welded-joining, mechanical fastening, or the like may be used.

    [0060]  The upper back 300 is a panel made of 5000 series aluminum alloy located above the trunk portion of the rear part 120. The upper back 300 includes a bent portion 301 of which end is bent. The bent portion 301 is bent downward at an angle in a range of 120 degrees to 150 degrees with respect to the surface (the upper surface in the figure) of the upper back 300.

    [0061] The rear frame 121 is made of a GA steel sheet and has a support portion 123 extending in the vehicle-width direction for placing the upper back 300. Since the support portion 123 of the rear frame 121 includes a stepped recessed portion in the same manner as the support portion 154 of the center frame 131 of the first embodiment, the surfaces of the joining portions can be flush with each other, so that the beautiful appearance can be maintained.

    [0062] The bent portion 201 of the upper back 300 is placed on the support portion 123 of the rear frame 121 and is joined by welding the vicinity of an apex 302 of the bent portion 301 to the support portion 123. FCW is used for the welding.

    [0063] In the same manner as the first embodiment, the upper back 300 may be made of 6000 series aluminum alloy, and the rear frame 121 may be made of a GI steel sheet, a hot-dip aluminum steel sheet, or a non-plated steel sheet.

    [0064]  In practice, joining of dissimilar materials is often performed for the vehicle body 10. In particular, since the roof panel 200 of the first embodiment or the upper back 300 of the second embodiment has a large area, substitution of aluminum alloy members for steel members is highly effective in weight reduction. However, in addition to the first and second embodiments, the present invention can be applied to various parts of the vehicle body 10. For example, the present invention can be applied to various parts, such as a spare tire well, doors, or a floor panel. Further, the present invention can be used for other than vehicles, and can be used for general transportation equipment, such as ships and railways.

    DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS



    [0065] 
    10
    Vehicle body (Structure)
    100
    Skeletal body (Second member)
    110
    Front part
    111
    Front frame
    112
    Front bumper
    113
    Engine accommodating portion
    114
    Front-wheel accommodating portion
    120
    Rear part
    121
    Rear frame (Second member)
    122
    Rear-wheel accommodating portion
    123
    Support portion
    130
    Center part
    131
    Center frame (Second member)
    132
    Floor panel
    133
    Cabin
    134
    Windshield portion
    135a, 135b, 135c, 135d
    Door portion
    136
    Rear glass portion
    137
    Cushioning member
    141
    Front pillar
    142
    Center pillar
    143
    Rear pillar
    144
    Roof side rail
    145
    Roof front rail
    146
    Roof rear rail
    147
    Roof cross member
    151
    Outer panel
    152
    Inner panel
    153
    Reinforcement
    154
    Support portion
    155
    Flange portion
    160
    Brazing material
    200
    Roof panel (First member)
    201
    Bent portion
    202
    Apex
    210
    Reinforcing plate
    300
    Upper back (First member)
    301
    Bent portion
    302
    Apex
    310
    Reinforcing plate



    Claims

    1. Structure (10) including joint structure of dissimilar materials comprising:

    a first member (200; 300) which has a bent portion (201; 301) at its end and is a panel member made of an aluminum alloy; and

    a second member (100) which has a support portion (154; 123) for supporting the first member (200; 300) and is made of steel, characterized by

    the first member (200; 300) and the second member (100) are joined by continuous welding of a vicinity of an apex of the bent portion (201; 301) of the first member (200; 300) and the support portion (154;

    123) of the second member (100),

    and being characterised by

    a reinforcing plate (210; 310) that is joined to the first member (200; 300) at least partially along the joining portion with the second member (100), wherein

    the reinforcing plate (210; 310) is disposed with a gap of a distance (d) from the joining portion between the first member (200; 300) and the second member (100).


     
    2. Structure (10) including joint structure of dissimilar materials according to claim 1, wherein the continuous welding is a brazing joint using a flux cored wire.
     
    3. Structure (10) including joint structure of dissimilar materials according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the reinforcing plate (210; 310) is made of an aluminum alloy and joined to the first member (200; 300) with an adhesive.
     
    4. Structure (10) including joint structure of dissimilar materials according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the reinforcing plate (210; 310) is made of resin and joined to the first member with an adhesive.
     
    5. Structure (10) including joint structure of dissimilar materials according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the structure (10) is a vehicle body.
     
    6. Structure (10) including joint structure of dissimilar materials according to claim 5, wherein the first member (200; 300) is a roof or an upper back of the vehicle body.
     
    7. Structure (10) including joint structure of dissimilar materials according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the first member (200; 300) is made of an aluminum alloy of 6000 series or 5000 series.
     
    8. Structure (10) including joint structure of dissimilar materials according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the second member (100) is a hot dip galvannealed steel sheet, a hot-dip galvanized steel sheet, a hot-dip aluminum steel sheet, or a non-plated steel sheet, which is a surface-treated steel sheet.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Struktur (10) mit einer Verbindungsstruktur aus verschiedenen Materialien, mit:

    einem ersten Element (200; 300), das einen gebogenen Abschnitt (201; 301) an seinem Ende hat und ein Tafelelement ist, das aus einer Aluminiumlegierung hergestellt ist; und

    einem zweiten Element (100), das einen Stützabschnitt (154; 123) hat zum Stützen des ersten Elementes (200; 300) und aus Stahl hergestellt ist,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    das erste Element (200; 300) und das zweite Element (100) verbunden sind durch kontinuierliches Schweißen einer näheren Umgebung einer Spitze des gebogenen Abschnittes (201; 301) des ersten Elementes (200; 300) und des Stützabschnittes (154; 123) des zweiten Elementes (100), und gekennzeichnet durch

    eine Verstärkungsplatte (210; 310), die mit dem ersten Element (200; 300) zumindest abschnittsweise entlang des Verbindungsabschnittes mit dem zweiten Element (100) verbunden ist, wobei

    die Verstärkungsplatte (210; 310) mit einem Zwischenraum eines Abstandes (d) von dem Verbindungsabschnitt zwischen dem ersten Element (200; 300) und dem zweiten Element (100) angeordnet ist.


     
    2. Struktur (10) mit der Verbindungsstruktur aus verschiedenen Materialien gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei das kontinuierliche Schweißen eine Lötverbindung unter Verwendung eines Fülldrahtes ist.
     
    3. Struktur (10) mit der Verbindungsstruktur aus verschiedenen Materialien gemäß Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die Verstärkungsplatte (210; 310) aus einer Aluminiumlegierung hergestellt ist und mit dem ersten Element (200; 300) mittels einem Haftmittel verbunden ist.
     
    4. Struktur (10) mit der Verbindungsstruktur aus verschiedenen Materialien gemäß Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die Verstärkungsplatte (210; 310) aus Kunststoff hergestellt ist und mit dem ersten Element mittels einem Haftmittel verbunden ist.
     
    5. Struktur (10) mit der Verbindungsstruktur aus verschiedenen Materialien gemäß Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die Struktur (10) ein Fahrzeugkörper ist.
     
    6. Struktur (10) mit der Verbindungsstruktur aus verschiedenen Materialien gemäß Anspruch 5, wobei das erste Element (200; 300) ein Dach oder ein oberes Rückseitenteil eines Fahrzeugkörpers ist.
     
    7. Struktur (10) mit der Verbindungsstruktur aus verschiedenen Materialien gemäß Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei das erste Element (200; 300) aus einer Aluminiumlegierung aus der Gruppe 6000 oder der Gruppe 5000 hergestellt ist.
     
    8. Struktur (10) mit der Verbindungsstruktur aus verschiedenen Materialien gemäß Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei das zweite Element (100) ein feuerverzinktes und danach wärmebehandeltes Stahlblech, ein feuerverzinktes Stahlblech, ein feuerbeschichtetes Aluminiumstahlblech oder ein blankes Stahlblech, das ein oberflächenbehandeltes Stahlblech ist, ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Structure (10) comprenant une structure de jonction de matériaux dissemblables comprenant :

    un premier élément (200 ; 300) qui a une partie courbée (201 ; 301) à son extrémité et qui est un élément de panneau fait en un alliage d'aluminium ; et

    un deuxième élément (100) qui a une partie de support (154 ; 123) pour supporter le premier élément (200 ; 300) et qui est fait en acier, caractérisée en ce que

    le premier élément (200 ; 300) et le deuxième élément (100) sont joints par soudage continu du voisinage d'un apex de la partie courbée (201 ; 301) du premier élément (200 ; 300) et de la partie de support (154 ; 123) du deuxième élément (100),

    et étant caractérisée par

    une plaque de renforcement (210 ; 310) qui est jointe au premier élément (200 ; 300) au moins partiellement le long de la partie de jonction avec le deuxième élément (100), dans laquelle

    la plaque de renforcement (210 ; 310) est disposée avec un espace d'une distance (d) depuis la partie de jonction entre le premier élément (200 ; 300) et le deuxième élément (100).


     
    2. Structure (10) comprenant une structure de jonction de matériaux dissemblables selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le soudage continu est un joint de brasage utilisant un fil à flux incorporé.
     
    3. Structure (10) comprenant une structure de jonction de matériaux dissemblables selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans laquelle la plaque de renforcement (210 ; 310) est faite en un alliage d'aluminium et est jointe au premier élément (200 ; 300) avec un adhésif.
     
    4. Structure (10) comprenant une structure de jonction de matériaux dissemblables selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans laquelle la plaque de renforcement (210 ; 310) est faite en résine et est jointe au premier élément avec un adhésif.
     
    5. Structure (10) comprenant une structure de jonction de matériaux dissemblables selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans laquelle la structure (10) est une carrosserie de véhicule.
     
    6. Structure (10) comprenant une structure de jonction de matériaux dissemblables selon la revendication 5, dans laquelle le premier élément (200 ; 300) est un toit ou une partie arrière supérieure de la carrosserie de véhicule.
     
    7. Structure (10) comprenant une structure de jonction de matériaux dissemblables selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans laquelle le premier élément (200 ; 300) est fait en un alliage d'aluminium série 6000 ou série 5000.
     
    8. Structure (10) comprenant une structure de jonction de matériaux dissemblables selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans laquelle le deuxième élément (100) est une tôle d'acier recuite par galvanisation à chaud au trempé, une tôle d'acier galvanisée à chaud au trempé, une tôle d'acier à l'aluminium traitée à chaud au trempé, ou une tôle d'acier non plaquée, qui est une tôle d'acier traitée en surface.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description