(19)
(11)EP 3 343 757 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
04.07.2018 Bulletin 2018/27

(21)Application number: 15902921.4

(22)Date of filing:  28.08.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H02P 27/06(2006.01)
B60L 9/24(2006.01)
B60L 3/00(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2015/074504
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/037795 (09.03.2017 Gazette  2017/10)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
MA

(71)Applicants:
  • Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Minato-ku Tokyo 105-8001 (JP)
  • Toshiba Infrastructure Systems & Solutions Corporation
    Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa 212-0013 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • UCHIDA, Toshiyuki
    Tokyo 105-8001 (JP)
  • OTANI, Hiroaki
    Tokyo 105-8001 (JP)
  • MAKINO, Tomoyuki
    Tokyo 105-8001 (JP)

(74)Representative: AWA Sweden AB 
Junkersgatan 1
582 35 Linköping
582 35 Linköping (SE)

  


(54)RAILWAY VEHICLE, AND VEHICLE POWER CONVERSION APPARATUS AND METHOD


(57) A primary winding of a transformer is electrically connected to an overhead wire. A power converting device to be cooled is connected to a secondary winding of the transformer. A driving motor being a device to be cooled is connected to the power converting device. A cooling device is connected to a tertiary winding of the transformer. The cooling device is supplied with regenerative power of the driving motor to perform cooling operation to the device to be cooled. The regenerative power is boost in voltage by the power converting device and has superimposed thereon power from the overhead wire via the transformer. Thereby, the on-board device of a railway vehicle can be prevented from stopping or being output-controlled.




Description

FIELD



[0001] Embodiments of the present invention relate to a railway vehicle, and a vehicle power converting apparatus and method.

BACKGROUND



[0002] Conventionally, railway vehicles that run by power supplied from an overhead wire have been known.

[0003] Such railway vehicles need to stop or control the output of on-board devices including a voltage converter, a power converter, and a drive unit in order to reduce temperature rising to protect the on-onboard devices, in the event that any of the on-board devices exceeds in temperature a given reference temperature.

CITATION LIST


Patent Literature



[0004] Patent Literature 1: Japanese Laid-open Patent Application No. H8-65811

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION


Problem to be Solved by the Invention



[0005] However, in such conventional technique, stopping the on-board device or controlling the output of the on-board devices may lower the output of the entire train, which may lead to interfering with the on-time operation of the railway vehicles.

[0006] In view of the above, an object of the present invention is to provide a railway vehicle, and a vehicle power converting apparatus and method that can prevent on-board devices from stopping or being output-controlled.

Means for Solving Problem



[0007] A transformer of a railway vehicle according to the embodiment includes a primary winding to be electrically connected to an overhead wire; a power converting device to be cooled is connected to a secondary winding of the transformer; a driving motor being a device to be cooled is connected to the power converting device; and a cooling device is connected to a tertiary winding of the transformer to be supplied with regenerative power of the driving motor to perform cooling operation to the devices to be cooled, the regenerative power is boosted in voltage by the power converting device and has superimposed thereon power from the overhead wire via the transformer.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



[0008] 

FIG. 1 is a schematic configuration diagram of an electric system of a railway vehicle according to a first embodiment.

FIG. 2 is a diagram for explaining a relationship between an overhead wire voltage and a tertiary winding voltage.

FIG. 3 is a schematic explanatory diagram of regenerative power superimposition.

FIG. 4 is an explanatory diagram of a modification of the first embodiment.

FIG. 5 is a schematic configuration diagram of an electric system of a railway vehicle according to a second embodiment.

FIG. 6 is a schematic configuration diagram of an electric system of a railway vehicle according to a third embodiment.

FIG. 7 is a schematic configuration diagram of an electric system of a railway vehicle according to a fourth embodiment.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0009] Next, preferred embodiments will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings.

[1] First Embodiment



[0010] FIG. 1 is a schematic configuration diagram of an electric system of a railway vehicle according to a first embodiment. As illustrated in FIG. 1, a railway vehicle (electric vehicle) 10 in the first embodiment includes a pantograph 12 supplied with alternating-current power from an overhead wire (feeder) 11, a wheel 14 grounded via a railway track 13, and a breaker 15 and a primary winding (primary coil) 16A of a transformer 16 which are connected in series between the pantograph 12 and the wheel 14.

[0011] A secondary winding (secondary coil) 16B of the transformer 16 is connected to a driving motor 18 via a vehicle control device 17. The motor 18 is a power source, serving as a generator that supplies regenerative power during regenerative braking.

[0012] A tertiary winding (tertiary coil) 16C of the transformer 16 is connected to an low-voltage on-board device group 19. The tertiary winding 16C includes a potential transformer (PT) 27 that measures the output voltage of the tertiary winding 16C and outputs the detected voltage to a control unit 23, as described below.

[0013] In such configuration, the breaker 15 is controlled by the vehicle control device 17.

[0014] The vehicle control device 17 includes a converter 21, an inverter 22, and the control unit 23. The converter 21 converts, to direct-current power, the alternating-current power from the overhead wire 11 transformed in voltage via the primary winding 16A and the secondary winding 16B of the transformer 16. The inverter 22 converts the direct-current power output from the converter 21 to the alternating-current power again. The control unit 23 controls the converter 21 and the inverter 22 under the control of a vehicle control unit 30.

[0015] The low-voltage on-board device group 19 includes a plurality of cooling blowers 25 as cooling devices connected in parallel for cooling the converter 21, the inverter 22, and the motor 18 as devices to be cooled.

[0016] In such configuration, the converter 21 and the inverter 22 are controlled by the control unit 23 to convert the regenerative power supplied from the motor 18, and superimpose, for supply, the regenerative power on the power of the tertiary winding 16C supplied from the overhead wire 11 via the secondary winding 16B of the transformer 16.

[0017] Next, an operation of the first embodiment will be described.

[0018] Herein, it is assumed that the breaker 15 is closed (in ON state) by the vehicle control unit 30.

[0019] When the pantograph 12 of the railway vehicle (electric vehicle) 10 is supplied with alternating-current power from the overhead wire (feeder) 11, current flows to the wheel 14 via the breaker 15 and the primary winding 16A of the transformer 16.

[0020] Thereby, voltage occurs on the secondary winding 16B of the transformer 16 according to a winding ratio relative to the primary winding 16A. Voltage also occurs on the tertiary winding 16C of the transformer 16 in accordance with a winding ratio relative to the primary winding 16A.

[0021] The alternating-current power supplied to the secondary winding 16B is then temporarily converted to direct-current power by the converter 21, and supplied to the inverter 22.

[0022] The inverter 22 then converts the direct-current power output from the converter 21 to alternating-current power again, and supplies the alternating-current power to the motor 18. The motor 18 thus drives the wheel 14, moving the railway vehicle 10.

[0023] FIG. 2 is a diagram for explaining a relationship between an overhead wire voltage and a tertiary winding voltage.

[0024] As illustrated in FIG. 2, the overhead wire voltage and the tertiary winding voltage are proportional to each other.

[0025] The rotation speed of the cooling blowers 25 is in proportion to the voltage of the tertiary winding 16C.

[0026] That is, the rotation speed of the cooling blowers 25 increases or decreases in proportion to the overhead wire voltage.

[0027] The cooling blowers 25 are designed to be operable within an expected range of the overhead wire voltage. Thus, the higher the overhead wire voltage within the range, the higher the rotation speed of cooling fans of the cooling blowers 25 and the higher the cooling performance of the cooling blowers 25.

[0028] Conversely, the lower the overhead wire voltage, the lower the rotation speed of the cooling fans and the lower the cooling performance of the cooling blowers 25.

[0029] In view of this, in the first embodiment, during regenerative braking the converter 21 and the inverter 22 convert the regenerative power supplied from the motor 18 and superimpose the converted regenerative power on the power of the tertiary winding 16C supplied from the overhead wire 11 via the secondary winding 16B of the transformer 16. This heightens the voltage to supply to the cooling blowers and improves the cooling performance of the cooling blowers 25.

[0030] FIG. 3 is a schematic explanatory diagram of regenerative power superimposition.

[0031] In the example illustrated in FIG. 3, it is assumed that the voltage of the overhead wire 11 varies within the range of 20 kV to 30 kV.

[0032] In FIG. 3 the voltage of the overhead wire 11 varies as illustrated by the solid wavy line, and the motor 18 applies regenerative braking in time periods from time t2 to time t3, from time t4 to time t5, and from time t6 to time t7. In this case the control unit 23 monitors the detected voltage of the potential transformer 27, and controls the converter 21 and the inverter 22 to convert and supply the regenerative power from the motor 18 to the secondary winding 16B, so that the output voltage of the tertiary winding 16C does not exceed the tolerance of the rated input voltage of the cooling blowers 25.

[0033] Thereby, as illustrated by the hatched areas in FIG. 3, the regenerative power is superimposed on the power supplied from the overhead wire 11, and is output from the tertiary winding 16C.

[0034] In other words, a higher voltage can be supplied to the cooling blowers 25 connected to the tertiary winding 16C.

[0035] As a result, with the first embodiment, the rotation speed of the cooling fans of the cooling blowers 25 is increased, improving the cooling performance of the cooling blowers 25, which can prevent the temperatures of the on-board devices, including a voltage converter, a power converter, and a drive unit as devices to be cooled, from exceeding given reference temperatures. This leads to avoiding the on-board devices from stopping or being output-controlled.

[0036] Even in the event that stopping the on-board devices to be cooled is inevitable, the amount of temperature rising can be reduced, enabling the cooling to resume at earlier timing and shortening the stop time of the devices.

[0037] Thus, more reliable on-time operation of the railway vehicle is feasible without lowering the output of the entire train.

[1.1] Modification of First Embodiment



[0038] The above has described the example of constantly applying higher voltage to the cooling blowers 25 during the regenerative braking. The present modification presents the example of measuring the temperatures of the on-board devices to be cooled (converter 21, inverter 22, and motor 18) and applying higher voltage to the cooling blowers 25 upon prediction that the temperature of an on-board device exceeds a given reference temperature.

[0039] FIG. 4 is an explanatory diagram of the modification of the first embodiment.

[0040] In FIG. 4, the same reference numerals denote the same components as those in FIG. 1.

[0041] FIG. 4 is different from FIG. 1 in that the electric system additionally includes a temperature sensor TS1 that measures the temperature of the converter 21 and notifies the temperature to the control unit 23, a temperature sensor TS2 that measures the temperature of the inverter 22 and notifies the temperature to the control unit 23, and a temperature sensor TS3 that measures the temperature of the motor 18 and notifies the temperature to the control unit 23.

[0042] By such configuration, only upon prediction that the temperature of the converter 21, the inverter 22, or the motor 18 exceeds a corresponding given reference temperature, increased voltage can be applied to the cooling blowers 25 to improve the cooling performance.

[0043] Thus, According to the present modification the applied voltage to the cooling blowers 25 can be prevented from rising more than necessary, thereby extending the lifetime of the cooling blowers 25, in addition to the effects of the first embodiment.

[2] Second Embodiment



[0044] FIG. 5 is a schematic configuration diagram of an electric system of a railway vehicle according to a second embodiment.

[0045] In FIG. 5, the same reference numerals denote the same components as those in FIG. 1.

[0046] As illustrated in FIG. 5, a railway vehicle (electric vehicle) 10 in the second embodiment includes a pantograph 12 supplied with alternating-current power from an overhead wire (feeder) 11, a wheel 14 grounded via a railway track 13, and a breaker 15 and a primary winding (primary coil) 16A of a transformer 16 that are connected in series between the pantograph 12 and the wheel 14.

[0047] A secondary winding (secondary coil) 16B of the transformer 16 is connected to a driving motor 18 via a vehicle control device 17.

[0048] A tertiary winding (tertiary coil) 16C of the transformer 16 includes multiple (three in the example of FIG. 5) taps TP1 to TP3 and a tap switcher 28, and is connected to a low-voltage on-board device group 19 via the tap switcher 28. The tertiary winding 16C also includes a power detector 27 that detects the output voltage of the tertiary winding 16C and outputs the detected voltage to the control unit 23.

[0049] The tap switcher 28 includes a tap switch 28A for switching the taps, and selectively connects one of the taps TP1 to TP3 under the control of the control unit 23.

[0050] Next, an operation of the second embodiment will be described.

[0051] Herein, it is assumed that the breaker 15 is closed (in ON state) by a vehicle control unit 30.

[0052] When the pantograph 12 of the railway vehicle (electric vehicle) 10 is supplied with alternating-current power from the overhead wire (feeder) 11, current flows to the wheel 14 via the breaker 15 and the primary winding 16A of the transformer 16.

[0053] Thereby, voltage occurs on the secondary winding 16B of the transformer 16 in accordance with a winding ratio with respect to the primary winding 16A. Voltage also occurs on the tertiary winding 16C of the transformer 16 in accordance with a winding ratio with respect to the primary winding 16A. In view of this, in the initial state the control unit 23 controls the tap switch 28A to select the tap TP1 with lowest voltage. This is for the purpose of preventing the output voltage of the tertiary winding 16C from rising more than necessary.

[0054] As with the first embodiment, during regenerative braking the control unit 23 controls the converter 21 and the inverter 22 to convert the regenerative power supplied from the motor 18. The control unit 23 then superimposes the regenerative power on the power of the tertiary winding 16C supplied from the overhead wire 11 via the secondary winding 16B of the transformer 16, and increases the voltage to supply to the cooling blowers.

[0055] The control unit 23 controls the tap switch 28A to select the tap TP2 when the output voltage of the tertiary winding 16C is lower than a given threshold voltage.

[0056] The control unit 23 controls the tap switch 28A to select the tap TP3 when with the tap TP2 selected, the output voltage of the tertiary winding 16C is still lower than the given threshold voltage.

[0057] Thereby, as illustrated by the hatched areas in FIG. 3, the regenerative power is superimposed on the power supplied from the overhead wire 11, and is output from the tertiary winding 16C. The control unit 23 controls the tap switch 28A to heighten, as much as possible, the voltage to be supplied to the cooling blowers 25 connected to the tertiary winding 16C.

[0058] As a result, the second embodiment makes it possible to improve the cooling performance of the cooling blowers 25 in a wider voltage range as well as to prevent of the on-board devices including a voltage converter, a power converter, and a drive unit from rising in temperature above the given reference temperatures, in addition to the effects of the first embodiment. This leads to preventing the on-board devices from stopping or being output-controlled.

[0059] Thus, the second embodiment is applicable as the modification of the first embodiment.

[3] Third Embodiment



[0060] A third embodiment concerns boosting the output voltage of the tertiary winding 16C to a constant voltage while effectively using the regenerative power with a static inverter (auxiliary power unit: APU), to constantly maintain the cooling blowers in a highly cooled state.

[0061] FIG. 6 is a schematic configuration diagram of an electric system of a railway vehicle according to the third embodiment. In FIG. 6, the same reference numerals denote the same components as those in FIG. 1.

[0062] As illustrated in FIG. 6, the railway vehicle (electric vehicle) 10 in the sixth embodiment includes a pantograph 12 supplied with alternating-current power from an overhead wire (feeder) 11, a wheel 14 grounded via a railway track 13, and a breaker 15 and a primary winding (primary coil) 16A of the transformer 16 connected in series between the pantograph 12 and the wheel 14.

[0063] A secondary winding (secondary coil) 16B of the transformer 16 is connected to a driving motor 18 via a vehicle control device 17.

[0064] A tertiary winding (tertiary coil) 16C of the transformer 16 is connected to a low-voltage on-board device group 19 via a static inverter 40.

[0065] Next, an operation of the third embodiment will be described.

[0066] Herein, it is assumed that the breaker 15 is closed (in ON state) by a vehicle control unit 30.

[0067] When the pantograph 12 of the railway vehicle (electric vehicle) 10 is supplied with alternating-current power from the overhead wire (feeder) 11, current flows to the wheel 14 via the breaker 15 and the primary winding 16A of the transformer 16.

[0068] Thereby, voltage occurs on the secondary winding 16B of the transformer 16 in accordance with a winding ratio with respect to the primary winding 16A.

[0069] Moreover, power having a voltage according to a winding ratio with respect to the primary winding 16A is output to the tertiary winding 16C of the transformer 16. During the regenerative braking, the converter 21 and the inverter 22 are controlled by the control unit 23 to convert the regenerative power supplied from the motor 18 and output, to the tertiary winding 16C, a superimposed voltage of the regenerative power and the power supplied from the overhead wire 11 via the secondary winding 16B of the transformer 16.

[0070] The static inverter 40 then boosts the applied voltage to a constant voltage and supplies the boost voltage to the cooling blowers 25. The constant voltage is set to either a maximum allowable applied voltage of the cooling blowers 25 or a voltage lower than the maximum allowable applied voltage by a given voltage, taking a certain voltage fluctuation into account.

[0071] Hence, as with the second embodiment, the third embodiment enables improvement in the cooling performance of the cooling blowers 25 in a wider voltage range than the first embodiment. Thereby, the on-board devices including a voltage converter, a power converter, and a drive unit can be prevented from rising in temperature above their given reference temperatures, leading to preventing the on-board devices from stopping or being output-controlled.

[0072] Consequently, the third embodiment is applicable as the modification of the first embodiment.

[4] Fourth Embodiment



[0073] Each of the above embodiments has described the example of the alternating-current overhead wire. A fourth embodiment is adoptable to both of an alternating-current overhead wire and a direct-current overhead wire.

[0074] FIG. 7 is a schematic configuration diagram of an electric system of a railway vehicle according to a fourth embodiment.

[0075] The fourth embodiment of FIG. 7 is different from the first embodiment of FIG. 1 in that the electric system additionally includes a breaker 50 to be exclusively closed relative to the breaker 15, a high-potential current line LP that electrically connects the converter 21 and the inverter 22, and a low-potential current line LM that electrically connects the converter 21 and the inverter and is grounded 22 via the wheel 14 and the railway track 13. The breaker 50 is connected to the high-potential current line LP.

[0076] In such configuration, when the alternating-current overhead wire 11 is used, the breaker 50 is set in open state (OFF state) and the breaker 15 is set in closed state (ON state), whereby the same operation as in the first embodiment is feasible.

[0077] Thus, in the following, an operation when the direct-current overhead wire 11 is used will be described.

[0078] In this case, the vehicle control unit 30 places the breaker 15 in open state (OFF state) and the breaker 50 in closed state (ON state).

[0079] As a result, when the pantograph 12 of the railway vehicle (electric vehicle) 10 is supplied with the direct-current power from the overhead wire (feeder) 11, the direct current flows into the converter 21 functioning as an inverter and the inverter 22 via the breaker 50.

[0080] Thus, in a normal state, the inverter 22 converts the direct-current power output from the converter 21 to alternating-current power again, and supplies the alternating-current power to the motor 18. The motor 18 then drives the wheel to move the railway vehicle 10.

[0081] At the same time, the converter 21 is controlled by the control unit 23 to convert the direct-current power supplied from the direct-current overhead wire 11, and supplies the alternating-current power to the tertiary winding 16C of the transformer 16 via the secondary winding 16B and the primary winding 16A.

[0082] As a result, the alternating-current power is supplied to the cooling blowers 25 connected to the tertiary winding 16C, and the cooling blowers 25 cool the devices to be cooled.

[0083] Meanwhile, during regenerative braking, the control unit 23 controls the motor 18 to supply regenerative power to the inverter 22, and the inverter 22 converts the regenerative power to direct-current power. The inverter 22 then superimposes the direct-current power on the direct-current power supplied from the direct-current overhead wire 11, and supplies the superimposed direct-current power to the converter 21 functioning as an inverter.

[0084] As a result, the converter 21 outputs the superimposed voltage of the regenerative power and the power supplied from the overhead wire 11 to the tertiary winding 16C via the secondary winding 16B of the transformer 16.

[0085] In other words, during the regenerative braking the increased voltage can be supplied to the cooling blowers 25 connected to the tertiary winding 16C.

[0086] Consequently, with the fourth embodiment, the rotation of the built-in cooling fans of the cooling blowers 25 can be increased during the regenerative braking even when the railway vehicle runs by the power from the direct-current overhead wire.

[0087] This can improve the cooling performance of the cooling blowers 25, and prevent the temperatures of the on-board devices to be cooled such as a voltage converter, a power converter, and a drive unit from rising beyond their given reference temperatures, leading to avoiding the on-board devices from stopping or being output-controlled.

[0088] Even in the event that stopping the on-board devices to be cooled is inevitable, the degree of temperature rising is reduced, enabling the cooling to resume at an earlier timing and shortening the stop time.

[0089] Thus, more reliable on-time operation of the railway vehicle is feasible without lowering the output of the entire train.

[0090] The fourth embodiment is applicable as the modification of the first embodiment.

[0091] While certain embodiments have been described, these embodiments have been presented by way of example only, and are not intended to limit the scope of the inventions. Indeed, the novel embodiments described herein may be embodied in a variety of other forms; furthermore, various omissions, substitutions and changes in the form of the embodiments described herein may be made without departing from the spirit of the inventions. The accompanying claims and their equivalents are intended to cover such forms or modifications as would fall within the scope and spirit of the inventions.


Claims

1. A railway vehicle comprising:

a transformer including a primary winding to be electrically connected to an overhead wire;

a power converting device to be cooled, connected to a secondary winding of the transformer;

a driving motor being a device to be cooled, connected to the power converting device; and

a cooling device connected to a tertiary winding of the transformer, to be supplied with regenerative power of the driving motor to perform cooling operation to the devices to be cooled, the regenerative power being boosted in voltage by the power converting device and having superimposed thereon power from the overhead wire via the transformer.


 
2. The railway vehicle according to claim 1, further comprising
a temperature detecting device configured to detect temperatures of the devices to be cooled, wherein
the power converting device boosts the regenerative power of the driving motor when the temperatures of the devices to be cooled exceed a given reference temperature.
 
3. A railway vehicle comprising:

a transformer including a primary winding to be electrically connected to an overhead wire;

a power converting device to be cooled, connected to a secondary winding of the transformer;

a driving motor being a device to be cooled, connected to the power converting device; and

a cooling device to be supplied with regenerative power of the driving motor to perform cooling operation to the devices to be cooled, a tertiary winding of the transformer including a plurality of taps, the taps being switched so that an output voltage of the tertiary winding approaches a given reference voltage, the regenerative power being boosted in voltage by the power converting device and having superimposed thereon power from the overhead wire via the transformer.


 
4. The railway vehicle according to claim 3, further comprising
a temperature detecting device configured to detect temperatures of the devices to be cooled, wherein
the taps of the transformer are switched when the temperatures of the devices to be cooled exceed a given reference temperature.
 
5. The railway vehicle according to claim 4, further comprising
a voltage detecting device configured to detect an output voltage of the tertiary winding of the transformer, and
a tap switcher configured to switch the taps based on a result of the detection of the voltage detecting device.
 
6. A railway vehicle comprising:

a transformer including a primary winding to be electrically connected to an overhead wire;

a device to be cooled, connected to a secondary winding of the transformer;

a temperature detecting device configured to detect temperature of the device to be cooled;

a cooling device configured to perform cooling operation to the device to be cooled; and

a power converting device electrically connected to a point between a tertiary winding of the transformer and the cooling device, the power converting device configured to boost voltage of the tertiary winding to a given voltage for supply when the temperature of the device to be cooled exceeds a given reference temperature.


 
7. The railway vehicle according to claim 6, further comprising
a driving motor being the device to be cooled, wherein
the power converting device superimposes, for supply, regenerative power of the driving motor on power from the overhead wire via the transformer.
 
8. A vehicle power converting apparatus comprising:

a transformer including a primary winding to be electrically connected to an overhead wire, a secondary winding connected to a device to be cooled, and a tertiary winding connected to a cooling device that cools the device to be cooled; and

a power converting device connected to the secondary winding of the transformer and to a driving motor of a railway vehicle, wherein

the power converting device superimposes regenerative power of the driving power on power from the overhead wire and supplies the superimposed power to the cooling device via the secondary winding and the tertiary winding.


 
9. A vehicle power converting apparatus comprising:

a transformer including a primary winding to be electrically connected to an overhead wire, a secondary winding connected to a device to be cooled, and a tertiary winding connected to a cooling device that cools the device to be cooled; and

a power converting device connected to the secondary winding of the transformer and to a driving motor of a railway vehicle, wherein

the tertiary winding of the transformer includes a plurality of taps, and

the power converting device switches the taps so that an output voltage of the tertiary winding approaches a given reference voltage, and superimposes regenerative power of the driving motor on power from the overhead wire and supplies the superimposed power to the cooling device via the transformer.


 
10. A method to be executed by a vehicle power converting apparatus that comprises: a transformer including a primary winding to be electrically connected to an overhead wire, a secondary winding connected to a device to be cooled, and a tertiary winding connected to a cooling device that cools the device to be cooled; and a power converting device connected to the secondary winding of the transformer and to a driving motor of a railway vehicle, the method comprising:

converting regenerative power of the driving motor to driving power of the cooling device; and

superimposing the driving power on power from the overhead wire and supplying the superimposed power to the cooling device via the secondary winding and the tertiary winding.


 
11. A method to be executed by a vehicle power converting device that comprises: a transformer including a primary winding to be electrically connected to an overhead wire, a secondary winding connected to a device to be cooled, and a tertiary winding connected to a cooling device that cools the device to be cooled; and a power converting device connected to the secondary winding of the transformer and to a driving motor of a railway vehicle, the tertiary winding of the transformer including a plurality of taps,
the method comprising:

converting regenerative power of the driving power to driving power of the cooling device;

switching the taps so that an output voltage of the tertiary winding approaches a given reference voltage; and

superimposing the driving power on power from the overhead wire and supplying the superimposed power to the cooling device via the secondary winding and the tertiary winding.


 




Drawing

























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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description