(19)
(11)EP 3 344 902 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
17.02.2021 Bulletin 2021/07

(21)Application number: 16731406.1

(22)Date of filing:  27.05.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F16K 11/044  (2006.01)
F16K 11/07  (2006.01)
F15B 13/04  (2006.01)
F15B 13/00  (2006.01)
F15B 13/02  (2006.01)
F15B 13/042  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2016/034537
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/039766 (09.03.2017 Gazette  2017/10)

(54)

THREE POSITION CLOSED CENTER POPPET VALVE

DREI-POSITIONEN-KEGELVENTIL MIT GESCHLOSSENER MITTE

SOUPAPE CHAMPIGNON À CENTRE FERMÉ À TROIS POSITIONS


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 03.09.2015 US 201562213859 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
11.07.2018 Bulletin 2018/28

(73)Proprietor: ROSS OPERATING VALVE COMPANY
Troy, MI 48083 (US)

(72)Inventor:
  • BALLENGER, Justin R.
    Canon, Georgia 30520 (US)

(74)Representative: Dehns 
St. Bride's House 10 Salisbury Square
London EC4Y 8JD
London EC4Y 8JD (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 0 790 412
US-A- 3 294 120
US-A- 3 608 587
DE-B- 1 093 635
US-A- 3 452 781
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] A poppet valve usually has two positions; an open position and a closed position. The poppet valve slides within a valve body to a desired position. Such poppet valves are known from documents US3294120A or US3452781A.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0002] According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a poppet valve as set forth in claim 1.

    [0003] In an embodiment, a resilient member is located between the first poppet element and the second poppet element and biases the first poppet element and the second poppet element away from each other.

    [0004] In another embodiment according to any of the previous embodiments, the spindle includes a first fixed shoulder and a second fixed shoulder located outwardly of the first poppet element and the second poppet element, respectively. When the poppet valve is in the initial centered closed position, the resilient member biases the first poppet element against the first fixed shoulder and the second poppet element against the second fixed shoulder.

    [0005] In another embodiment according to any of the previous embodiments, a first seal and a second seal are attached to the first poppet element and the second poppet element, respectively. When the poppet valve is in the initial centered closed position, the first seal and the second seal contact a first annular protrusion and a second annular protrusion, respectively, of the housing, preventing the air from entering the poppet valve.

    [0006] In another embodiment according to any of the previous embodiments, when the poppet valve is in the first actuated position, the air entering through the inlet is directed to a first space between the first circumferential flange of the first mid-piston and the first annular protrusion of the housing, moving the spindle in a first direction. The second fixed shoulder engages and moves the floating second poppet element in the first direction, compressing the resilient member between the first poppet element and the second poppet element. When the poppet valve is in the second actuated position, the air entering through the inlet is directed to a second space between the second circumferential flange of the second mid-piston and the second annular protrusion of the housing, moving the spindle in a second direction opposite to the first direction. The first fixed shoulder engages and moves the floating first poppet element in the second direction, compressing the resilient member between the first poppet element and the second poppet element.

    [0007] In another embodiment according to any of the previous embodiments, when the poppet valve is moving to the first actuated position, the second piston moves in the first direction and engages and moves the second mid-piston. The second circumferential flange of the second mid-piston engages the second annular protrusion of the housing, preventing further movement of the spindle. The first piston is spaced from the first mid-piston.

    [0008] In another embodiment according to any of the previous embodiments, when a pilot applies the air to the first piston in response to a signal, air enters the inlet and flows through the first outlet to a workpiece.

    [0009] In another embodiment according to any of the previous embodiments, when the poppet valve is moving to the second actuated position, the first piston moves in the second direction and engages and moves the first mid-piston. The first circumferential flange of the first mid-piston engages the first annular protrusion of the housing, preventing further movement of the spindle. The second piston is spaced away the second mid-piston.

    [0010] In another embodiment according to any of the previous embodiments, when a pilot applies the air to the second piston in response to a signal, air enters the inlet and flows through the second outlet to a workpiece.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0011] Other advantages of the present invention can be understood by reference to the following detailed description when considered in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein:

    Figure 1 illustrates a poppet valve in an initial centered closed position;

    Figure 2 illustrates the poppet valve in a first actuated position; and

    Figure 3 illustrates the poppet valve in a second actuated position.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS



    [0012] Figure 1 illustrates a three position poppet valve 10 in an initial centered closed position. The poppet valve 10 includes a housing 11 having an inlet port 12, a first outlet port 14 (or working port), a second outlet port 16 (or working port), a first exhaust port 18, and a second exhaust port 20. When the poppet valve 10 is in the initial centered closed position (for example, centered within the housing 11), all the ports 12, 14, 16, 18 and 20 are blocked, preventing the flow of fluid through them. When the poppet valve 10 is actuated, one of the outlet ports 14 and 16 is in fluid communication with the inlet port 12, directing air towards a workpiece (not shown).

    [0013] The poppet valve 10 includes a first poppet element 22 and a second poppet element 24 separated by and biased away from each other by a resilient member 26. In one example, the resilient member 26 is a spring. The first poppet element 22 and the second poppet element 24 can float or can slide on a spindle 28. That is, the first poppet element 22 and the second poppet element 24 can move relative to the spindle 28 and are unattached to the spindle 28. In the closed position, the spindle 28 and the associated features are in an initial centered closed position. The first poppet element 22 and the second poppet element 24 include a first seal 42 and a second seal 44, respectively. In one example, the first seal 42 and the second seal 44 are circumferential seals. In the closed position, air is directed towards the inlet port 12, but the air is blocked from entering the poppet valve 10 by the first seal 42 and the second seal 44 each located between the first poppet element 22 and the second poppet element 24, respectively, and the first annular protrusion 48 and the second annular protrusion 46, respectively, of the housing 11.

    [0014] A first fixed shoulder 30 and a second fixed shoulder 32 are attached to the spindle 28 and act upon the the first poppet element 22 and the second poppet element 24, respectively, when the spindle 28 moves. The first fixed shoulder 30 is located outwardly of the first poppet element 22, and the second fixed shoulder 32 is located outwardly of the second poppet element 24. When the poppet valve 10 is in the closed position, the resilient member 26 biases the first poppet element 22 against the first fixed shoulder 30 and the second poppet element 24 against the second fixed shoulder 32.

    [0015] The poppet valve 10 also includes a first piston 34 and a second piston 36 that are rigidly connected or attached to the spindle 28. The poppet valve 10 also includes a first mid-piston 38 and a second mid-piston 40 that float or can slide relative to the spindle 28 in the housing 11 and that seal against the first piston 34 and the second piston 36, respectively. The first mid-piston 38 and the second mid-piston 40 have a first circumferential flange 54 and a second circumferential flange 56, respectively. The first piston 34 and the second piston 36 include a first seal 50 and a second seal 52, respectively, that can seal against the first mid-piston 38 and the second mid-piston 40, respectively. The first seal 50 and the second seal 52 are circumferential or planar. The poppet valve 10 includes a first enclosed end cavity 66 and a second enclosed end cavity 68 each located outwardly of the first piston 34 and the second piston 36, respectively. In the initial centered closed position, there is no air pressure in the areas defined by a first enclosed end cavity 66 and a second enclosed end cavity 68.

    [0016] Figure 2 illustrates the poppet valve 10 in a first actuated position. In the first actuated position, air pressure is supplied to the first enclosed end cavity 66 in response to a signal, causing the first piston 34 to shift to the left (in a first direction) relative to Figure 2. Air is also directed into a space 62 between the second circumferential flange 56 of the second mid-piston 40 and another second annular protrusion 60 of the housing 11.

    [0017] As the spindle 28 moves to the left relative to Figure 2, the first fixed shoulder 30 engages and moves the floating first poppet element 22 to the left, compressing the resilient member 26 between the first poppet element 22 and the second poppet element 24. The resilient member 26 presses the second poppet element 24 against the second annular protrusion 46, preventing the flow of air through the second outlet port 16.

    [0018] The fixed first piston 34 attached to the spindle 28 also moves to the left and engages and presses the first circumferential flange 54 of the floating first mid-piston 38 against the another first annular protrusion 58 of the housing 11, preventing further movement of the spindle 28. Movement of the spindle 28 to the left causes the fixed second piston 36 to move away from and to the left of the floating second mid-piston 40.

    [0019] When a pilot (not shown) applies air pressure to the first fixed piston 34 in response to a signal, the spindle 28 moves to the left. The poppet valve 10 is in the first actuated position, and air A enters the inlet port 12 and flows through the first outlet port 14 to a workpiece. The second outlet port 16, the first exhaust port 18 and the second exhaust port 20 are also open, although air does not flow through these ports.

    [0020] Figure 3 illustrates the poppet valve 10 in a second actuated position. In the second actuated position, air pressure is supplied to the second enclosed end cavity 68 in response to a signal, causing the second piston 36 to shift to the right (a second direction opposite to the first direction) relative to Figure 3. Air is also directed into a space 64 between the first circumferential flange 54 of the first mid-piston 38 and another first annular protrusion 58 of the housing 11 in response to a signal.

    [0021] As the spindle 28 moves to the right relative to Figure 3, the second fixed shoulder 32 engages and moves the floating second poppet element 24 to the right, compressing the resilient member 26 between the first poppet element 22 and the second poppet element 24. The resilient member 26 presses the first poppet element 22 against the first annular protrusion 48, preventing the flow of air through the first outlet port 14.

    [0022] The fixed second piston 36 attached to the spindle 28 also moves to the right and engages and presses the second circumferential flange 56 of the floating second mid-piston 40 against the another second annular protrusion 60 of the housing 11, preventing further movement of the spindle 28. Movement of the spindle 28 to the right causes the fixed first piston 34 to move away from and to the right of the floating first mid-piston 38.

    [0023] When a pilot (not shown) applies air pressure to the second fixed piston 36 in response to a signal, the spindle 28 moves to the right. The poppet valve 10 is in the second actuated position, and air B enters the inlet port 12 and flows through the second outlet port 16 to a workpiece. The first outlet port 14, the first exhaust port 18 and the second exhaust port 20 are also open, although air does not flow through these ports.

    [0024] By providing a centered closed position, the poppet valve 10 can be in an initial position where the flow of air though the exhaust and the outlets is completely shut off.

    [0025] The foregoing description is only exemplary of the principles of the invention. Many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in light of the above teachings. The preferred embodiments of this invention have been disclosed, however, so that one of ordinary skill in the art would recognize that certain modifications would come within the scope of this invention. It is, therefore, to be understood that within the scope of the appended claims, the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically described. For that reason the following claims should be studied to determine the true scope and content of this invention.


    Claims

    1. A poppet valve (10) comprising:

    an inlet port (12), a first outlet port (14), a second outlet port (16), a first exhaust port (18), and a second exhaust port (20);

    a spindle (28);

    a first poppet element (22) and a second poppet element (24) that each float relative to the spindle (28);

    a first piston (34) and a second piston (36) that are each fixed relative to the spindle (28), wherein the spindle (28) moves from an initial centered closed position to a first actuated position or a second actuated position to direct air flowing from the inlet port (12) to the first outlet port (14) or the second outlet port (16), respectively, and the initial centered closed position is located between the first actuated position and the second actuated position; and

    a housing (11) that contains the spindle (28), the first poppet element (22), the second poppet element (24), the first piston (34), and the second piston (36),
    characterised by

    a first mid-piston (38) and a second mid-piston (40) that float on the spindle (28) and that seal against the first piston (34) and the second piston (36), respectively, and the first mid-piston (38) and the second mid-piston (40) include a first circumferential flange (54) and a second circumferential flange (56), respectively, and the first piston (38) and the second piston (40) include a first seal (50) and a second seal (52), respectively, that can contact the first mid-piston (38) and the second mid-piston (40), respectively.


     
    2. The poppet valve as recited in claim 1, wherein a resilient member (26) is located between the first poppet element (22) and the second poppet element (24) and biases the first poppet element (22) and the second poppet element (24) away from each other.
     
    3. The poppet valve as recited in claim 2, wherein the spindle (28) includes a first fixed shoulder (30) and a second fixed shoulder (32) located outwardly of the first poppet element (22) and the second poppet element (24), respectively, and when the poppet valve (10) is in the initial centered closed position, the resilient member (26) biases the first poppet element (22) against the first fixed shoulder (30) and the second poppet element (24) against the second fixed shoulder (32).
     
    4. The poppet valve as recited in claim 3, including another first seal (42) and another second seal (44) attached to the first poppet element (22) and the second poppet element (24), respectively, and when the poppet valve (10) is in the initial centered closed position, the another first seal (42) and the another second seal (44) contact a first annular protrusion (48) and a second annular protrusion (46), respectively, of the housing (11), preventing the air from entering the poppet valve (10).
     
    5. The poppet valve as recited in claim 3 or 4, wherein:

    when the poppet valve (10) is in the first actuated position, the air entering through the inlet port (12) is directed to a first space (62) between the second circumferential flange (56) of the second mid-piston (40) and another second annular protrusion (60) of the housing (11), moving the spindle (28) in a first direction, and the first fixed shoulder (30) engages and moves the floating first poppet element (22) in the first direction, compressing the resilient member (26) between the first poppet element (22) and the second poppet element (24); and

    when the poppet valve (10) is in the second actuated position, the air entering through the inlet port (12) is directed to a second space (64) between the first circumferential flange (54) of the first mid-piston (38) and another first annular protrusion (58) of the housing (11), moving the spindle (28) in a second direction opposite to the first direction, and the second fixed shoulder (32) engages and moves the floating second poppet element (24) in the second direction, compressing the resilient member (26) between the first poppet element (22) and the second poppet element (24).


     
    6. The poppet valve as recited in claim 5, wherein, when the poppet valve (10) is moving to the second actuated position, the second piston (36) moves in the second direction and engages and moves the second mid-piston (40), the second circumferential flange (56) of the second mid-piston (40) engages the another second annular protrusion (60) of the housing (11), preventing further movement of the spindle (28), and the first piston (34) is spaced from the first mid-piston (38).
     
    7. The poppet valve as recited in claim 5 or 6, wherein, when a pilot applies the air to the second piston (36) in response to a signal, the air enters the inlet port (12) and flows through the second outlet port (16) to a workpiece.
     
    8. The poppet valve as recited in claim 5, 6 or 7, wherein, when the poppet valve (10) is moving to the first actuated position, the first piston (34) moves in the first direction and engages and moves the first mid-piston (38), the first circumferential flange (54) of the first mid-piston (38) engages the another first annular protrusion (58) of the housing (11), preventing further movement of the spindle (28), and the second piston (36) is spaced away the second mid-piston (40).
     
    9. The poppet valve (10) as recited in any of claims 5 to 8 wherein, when a pilot applies the air to the first piston (34) in response to a signal, the air enters the inlet port (12) and flows through the first outlet port (14) to a workpiece.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Kegelventil (10), das umfasst:

    eine Einlassöffnung (12), eine erste Auslassöffnung (14), eine zweite Auslassöffnung (16), eine erste Abluftöffnung (18) und eine zweite Abluftöffnung (20);

    eine Spindel (28),

    ein erstes Kegelventilelement (22) und ein zweites Kegelventilelement (24), die jeweils in Bezug auf die Spindel (28) lose sind;

    einen ersten Kolben (34) und einen zweiten Kolben (36), die jeweils in Bezug auf die Spindel (28) feststehend sind, wobei sich die Spindel (28) von einer anfänglichen zentrierten geschlossenen Position zu einer ersten betätigten Position oder einer zweiten betätigten Position bewegt, um Luft, die von der Einlassöffnung (12) strömt, jeweils zu der ersten Auslassöffnung (14) oder der zweiten Auslassöffnung (16) zu lenken, und wobei die anfängliche zentrierte geschlossene Position zwischen der ersten betätigten Position und der zweiten betätigten Position liegt; und

    ein Gehäuse (11), das die Spindel (28), das erste Kegelventilelement (22), das zweite Kegelventilelement (24), den ersten Kolben (34) und den zweiten Kolben (36) enthält,

    gekennzeichnet durch

    einen ersten Mittelkolben (38) und einen zweiten Mittelkolben (40), die auf der Spindel (28) lose sind, und die gegen den ersten Kolben (34) bzw. den zweiten Kolben (36) abdichten, und wobei der erste Mittelkolben (38) und der zweite Mittelkolben (40) einen ersten umfänglichen Flansch (54) bzw. einen zweiten umfänglichen Flansch (56) beinhalten, und der erste Kolben (38) und der zweite Kolben (40) eine erste Dichtung (50) bzw. eine zweite Dichtung (52) beinhalten, die den ersten Mittelkolben (38) bzw. den zweiten Mittelkolben (40) berühren kann.


     
    2. Kegelventil nach Anspruch 1, wobei ein federndes Element (26) zwischen dem ersten Kegelventilelement (22) und dem zweiten Kegelventilelement (24) liegt und das erste Kegelventilelement (22) und das zweite Kegelventilelement (24) voneinander weg vorspannt.
     
    3. Kegelventil nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Spindel (28) eine erste feststehende Schulter (30) und eine zweite feststehende Schulter (32), die außen von dem ersten Kegelventilelement (22) bzw. dem zweiten Kegelventilelement (24) liegen, beinhaltet und, wenn das Kegelventil (10) in der anfänglichen zentrierten geschlossenen Position ist, das federnde Element (26) das erste Kegelventilelement (22) gegen die erste feststehende Schulter (30) und das zweite Kegelventilelement (24) gegen die zweite feststehende Schulter (32) vorspannt.
     
    4. Kegelventil nach Anspruch 3, das eine andere erste Dichtung (42) und eine andere zweite Dichtung (44), die an dem ersten Kegelventilelement (22) bzw. dem zweiten Kegelventilelement (24) angebracht sind, beinhaltet und, wenn das Kegelventil (10) in der anfänglichen zentrierten geschlossenen Position ist, die andere erste Dichtung (42) und die andere zweite Dichtung (44) einen ersten ringförmigen Vorsprung (48) bzw. einen zweiten ringförmigen Vorsprung (46) des Gehäuses (11) berühren, Luft daran hindernd, in das Kegelventil (10) einzutreten.
     
    5. Kegelventil nach Anspruch 3 oder 4, wobei:

    wenn sich das Kegelventil (10) in der ersten betätigten Position befindet, die Luft, die durch die Einlassöffnung (12) eintritt, zu einem ersten Raum (62) zwischen dem zweiten umfänglichen Flansch (56) des zweiten Mittelkolbens (40) und einem anderen zweiten ringförmigen Vorsprung (60) des Gehäuses (11) gelenkt wird, die Spindel (28) in eine erste Richtung bewegend, und die erste feststehende Schulter (30) in das lose erste Kegelventilelement (22) eingreift und dieses in die erste Richtung bewegt, das federnde Element (26) zwischen dem ersten Kegelventilelement (22) und dem zweiten Kegelventilelement (24) komprimierend; und

    wenn sich das Kegelventil (10) in der zweiten betätigten Position befindet, die Luft, die durch die Einlassöffnung (12) eintritt, zu einem zweiten Raum (64) zwischen dem ersten umfänglichen Flansch (54) des ersten Mittelkolbens (38) und einem anderen ersten ringförmigen Vorsprung (58) des Gehäuses (11) gelenkt wird, die Spindel (28) in eine zweite Richtung, die der ersten Richtung entgegengesetzt ist, bewegend, und die zweite feststehende Schulter (32) in das lose zweite Kegelventilelement (24) eingreift und dieses in die zweite Richtung bewegt, das federnde Element (26) zwischen dem ersten Kegelventilelement (22) und dem zweiten Kegelventilelement (24) komprimierend.


     
    6. Kegelventil nach Anspruch 5, wobei, wenn sich das Kegelventil (10) zu der zweiten betätigten Position bewegt, sich der zweite Kolben (36) in die zweite Richtung bewegt und in den zweiten Mittelkolben (40) eingreift und diesen bewegt, der zweite umfängliche Flansch (56) des zweiten Mittelkolbens (40) in den anderen zweiten ringförmigen Vorsprung (60) des Gehäuses (11) eingreift, weitere Bewegung der Spindel (28) verhindernd, und der erste Kolben (34) von dem ersten Mittelkolben (38) beabstandet ist.
     
    7. Kegelventil nach Anspruch 5 oder 6, wobei, wenn ein Pilot die Luft an den zweiten Kolben (36) als Reaktion auf ein Signal anlegt, die Luft in die Einlassöffnung (12) eintritt und durch die zweite Auslassöffnung (16) zu einem Werkstück strömt.
     
    8. Kegelventil nach Anspruch 5, 6 oder 7, wobei, wenn sich das Kegelventil (10) zu der ersten betätigten Position bewegt, sich der erste Kolben (34) in die erste Richtung bewegt und in den ersten Mittelkolben (38) eingreift und diesen bewegt, der erste umfängliche Flansch (54) des ersten Mittelkolbens (38) in den anderen ersten ringförmigen Vorsprung (58) des Gehäuses (11) eingreift, weitere Bewegung der Spindel (28) verhindernd, und der zweite Kolben (36) von dem zweiten Mittelkolben (40) beabstandet ist.
     
    9. Kegelventil (10) nach einem der Ansprüche 5 bis 8, wobei, wenn ein Pilot die Luft an den ersten Kolben (34) als Reaktion auf ein Signal anlegt, die Luft in die Einlassöffnung (12) eintritt und durch die erste Auslassöffnung (14) zu einem Werkstück strömt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Soupape champignon (10) comprenant :

    un orifice d'entrée (12), un premier orifice de sortie (14), un second orifice de sortie (16), un premier orifice d'échappement (18), et un second orifice d'échappement (20) ;

    une tige (28) ;

    un premier élément champignon (22) et un second élément champignon (24) qui flottent chacun par rapport à la tige (28) ;

    un premier piston (34) et un second piston (36) qui sont chacun fixes par rapport à la tige (28), dans laquelle la tige (28) se déplace depuis une position fermée centrée initiale jusqu'à une première position actionnée ou une seconde position actionnée pour diriger de l'air s'écoulant depuis l'orifice d'entrée (12) respectivement jusqu'au premier orifice de sortie (14) ou second orifice de sortie (16), et la position fermée centrée initiale est située entre la première position actionnée et la seconde position actionnée ; et

    un logement (11) qui contient la tige (28), le premier élément champignon (22), le second élément champignon (24), le premier piston (34) et le second piston (36),

    caractérisée par

    un premier piston central (38) et un second piston central (40) qui flottent sur la tige (28) et qui se scellent respectivement contre le premier piston (34) et le second piston (36), et le premier piston central (38) et le second piston central (40) incluent respectivement une première bride circonférentielle (54) et une seconde bride circonférentielle (56), et le premier piston (38) et le second piston (40) incluent respectivement un premier joint (50) et un second joint (52) qui peuvent venir au contact respectivement du premier piston central (38) et du second piston central (40).


     
    2. Soupape champignon selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle un organe élastique (26) est situé entre le premier élément champignon (22) et le second élément champignon (24) et polarise le premier élément champignon (22) et le second élément champignon (24) à l'écart l'un de l'autre.
     
    3. Soupape champignon selon la revendication 2, dans laquelle la tige (28) inclut un premier épaulement fixe (30) et un second épaulement fixe (32) situés vers l'extérieur respectivement du premier élément champignon (22) et du second élément champignon (24), et, lorsque la soupape champignon (10) est dans la position fermée centrée initiale, l'organe élastique (26) polarise le premier élément champignon (22) contre le premier épaulement fixe (30) et le second élément champignon (24) contre le second épaulement fixe (32).
     
    4. Soupape champignon selon la revendication 3, incluant un autre premier joint (42) et un autre second joint (44) attachés respectivement au premier élément champignon (22) et au second élément champignon (24), et, lorsque la soupape champignon (10) est dans la position fermée centrée initiale, l'autre premier joint (42) et l'autre second joint (44) viennent au contact respectivement d'une première protubérance annulaire (48) et d'une seconde protubérance annulaire (46) du logement (11), en empêchant l'air d'entrer dans la soupape champignon (10).
     
    5. Soupape champignon selon la revendication 3 ou 4, dans laquelle :

    lorsque la soupape champignon (10) est dans la première position actionnée, l'air entrant à travers l'orifice d'entrée (12) est dirigé vers un premier espace (62) entre la seconde bride circonférentielle (56) du second piston central (40) et une autre seconde protubérance annulaire (60) du logement (11), en déplaçant la tige (28) dans une première direction, et le premier épaulement fixe (30) s'engage avec et déplace le premier élément champignon flottant (22) dans la première direction, en compressant l'organe élastique (26) entre le premier élément champignon (22) et le second élément champignon (24) ; et

    lorsque la soupape champignon (10) est dans la seconde position actionnée, l'air entrant à travers l'orifice d'entrée (12) est dirigé vers un second espace (64) entre la première bride circonférentielle (54) du premier piston central (38) et une autre première protubérance annulaire (58) du logement (11), en déplaçant la tige (28) dans une seconde direction à l'opposé de la première direction, et le second épaulement fixe (32) s'engage avec et déplace le second élément champignon flottant (24) dans la seconde direction, en compressant l'organe élastique (26) entre le premier élément champignon (22) et le second élément champignon (24).


     
    6. Soupape champignon selon la revendication 5, dans laquelle, lorsque la soupape champignon (10) se déplace jusqu'à la seconde position actionnée, le second piston (36) se déplace dans la seconde direction et s'engage avec et déplace le second piston central (40), la seconde bride circonférentielle (56) du second piston central (40) s'engage avec l'autre seconde protubérance annulaire (60) du logement (11), en empêchant tout autre mouvement de la tige (28), et le premier piston (34) est espacé du premier piston central (38).
     
    7. Soupape champignon selon la revendication 5 ou 6, dans laquelle, lorsqu'un pilote applique l'air au second piston (36) en réponse à un signal, l'air entre dans l'orifice d'entrée (12) et s'écoule à travers le second orifice de sortie (16) jusqu'à une pièce d'ouvrage.
     
    8. Soupape champignon selon la revendication 5, 6 ou 7, dans laquelle, lorsque la soupape champignon (10) se déplace jusqu'à la première position actionnée, le premier piston (34) se déplace dans la première direction et s'engage avec et déplace le premier piston central (38), la première bride circonférentielle (54) du premier piston central (38) s'engage avec l'autre première protubérance annulaire (58) du logement (11), en empêchant tout autre mouvement de la tige (28), et le second piston (36) est espacé du second piston central (40).
     
    9. Soupape champignon (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 5 à 8, dans laquelle, lorsqu'un pilote applique l'air au premier piston (34) en réponse à un signal, l'air entre dans l'orifice d'entrée (12) et s'écoule à travers le premier orifice de sortie (14) jusqu'à une pièce d'ouvrage.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description