(19)
(11)EP 3 345 693 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
10.07.2019 Bulletin 2019/28

(21)Application number: 17205458.7

(22)Date of filing:  05.12.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B21F 3/02(2006.01)
B07C 5/36(2006.01)

(54)

SELECTING DEVICE FOR A SPRINGS FORMING MACHINE, AND SPRINGS FORMING MACHINE PROVIDED WITH SUCH SELECTING DEVICE

AUSWAHLVORRICHTUNG FÜR EINE FEDERFORMMASCHINE UND MIT SOLCH EINER AUSWAHLVORRICHTUNG AUSGESTATTETE FEDERFORMMASCHINE

DISPOSITIF DE SÉLECTION D'UNE MACHINE DE FORMAGE DE RESSORTS ET MACHINE DE FORMAGE DE RESSORTS DOTÉE D'UN TEL DISPOSITIF DE SÉLECTION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 04.01.2017 IT 201700000824

(43)Date of publication of application:
11.07.2018 Bulletin 2018/28

(73)Proprietor: Simplex Rapid S.r.l.
20098 San Giuliano Milanese (MI) (IT)

(72)Inventors:
  • BOSCHIERO, Giuseppe
    20098 San Giuliano Milanese (IT)
  • BOSCHIERO, Paolo
    20098 San Giuliano Milanese (IT)

(74)Representative: Gregorj S.r.l. 
Via L. Muratori, 13/b
20135 Milano
20135 Milano (IT)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 0 372 872
JP-A- 2002 079 339
US-B1- 7 353 680
DE-A1-102012 204 344
US-A- 4 991 277
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical field of the invention



    [0001] The present invention refers to a selecting device for a springs forming machine, and a springs forming machine provided with such selecting device.

    Prior art



    [0002] The springs forming machines, also known as springs coilers, comprise a device for forming spiral springs from a wire, normally a metal wire. The springs must be made with a predefined pitch, number of coils and length, falling into determined tolerance limits.

    [0003] Moreover, the known machines further comprise a vision system which scans each of the formed springs, which are supplied to a control unit of the machine itself for verifying the dimensional parameter.

    [0004] Downstream the forming device, the coiler further comprises a selecting device which, based on the result of the step of verifying the parameters performed by a control unit, subdivides each formed spring in two or more groups, for example subdivides the springs in a first group corresponding to springs falling into the predefined tolerances, and in a second group comprising out-of-tolerance springs. As an alternative, the selecting device can subdivide the manufactured springs in more than two groups. Generally, the selecting device comprises an inlet in which the springs formed into the forming device enter, and at least two distinct outlets subdividing the springs into distinct groups according to what has been discussed before. One or more movable blades, commanded by the control unit, guide the entering spring towards the outlet corresponding to the group to which the spring is destined.

    [0005] The increasingly high manufacturing speeds causes the selecting device to commit errors during the selecting step. Therefore, an out-of-tolerance spring can by mistake fall in the group of the suitable-deemed springs. Therefore, a run of suitable-deemed springs could on the contrary comprise one or more out-of-tolerance springs, so that this run will be entirely compromised for this reason.

    [0006] Another problem that can happen is caused by a spring getting jammed inside the selecting device which can be consequently damaged so that this spring will be also considered unsuitable.

    [0007] Even though the dimensional analysis and the following step of subdividing the springs into groups are correct, what was discussed hereinbefore happens substantially due to the non-perfect synchronization between the springs dropping into the selecting device and the real selection made by the selecting device. Moreover, it is necessary to take into consideration that, even though initially it is possible to determine operative parameters of the selecting device which are capable of ensuring the synchronization, the time required to a spring to fall is not always constant over time and, especially at high manufacturing rates, small variations of several operative variables can determine a substantial variation.

    [0008] Spring forming systems according to the prior art are described in documents DE 10 2012 204344 A1, on which the preamble of claims 1 and 13 is based, JP 2002 079339 A, EP 0 372 872 A2, US 4 991 277 A, US 7 353 680 B1.

    Summary of the invention



    [0009] Therefore, it is an object of the present invention to make available a selecting device for a springs forming machine, and also a springs forming machine provided with such selecting device, having a configuration such to ensure a fall time of the springs which is adequately constant for reducing, over time, the risk of disrupting the synchronization between the fall of the springs into the selecting device and the effective selection performed by this latter.

    [0010] This and other objects are obtained by a selecting device for a springs forming machine according to claim 1, a selecting device for a springs forming machine according to claim 13 and a springs forming machine according to claim 17.

    [0011] Dependent claims define possible advantageous embodiments of the invention.

    Brief description of the figures



    [0012] For a better comprehension and appreciating the advantages, some exemplifying nonlimiting embodiments thereof will be described in the following with reference to the attached figures, wherein:
    • Figure 1 is a perspective schematic view of a springs forming machine comprising a selecting device;
    • Figures 2a and 2b are partially phantom front schematic views, of a selecting device according to a possible embodiment of the invention, according to two different operative configurations;
    • Figure 3 is a partially phantom front schematic view of the selecting device according to a further possible embodiment of the invention;
    • Figure 4 is a partially phantom front schematic view of the selecting device according to a further possible embodiment of the invention;
    • Figure 5 is a partially phantom front schematic view of the selecting device according to a further possible embodiment of the invention;
    • Figure 6 is a partially phantom front schematic view of the selecting device according to a further possible embodiment of the invention.

    Detailed description of the invention



    [0013] Referring to Figure 1, reference 100 indicates a springs forming machine.

    [0014] The machine 100 comprises a springs forming device 1. Such device 1 comprises a system for supplying a wire 4 in turn supplied by a supplying system 3, which after being suitably deformed, will be formed into a spring 2. The wire 4 is for example withdrawn from a spool, not illustrated in the figures. The supplying system 3 preferably comprises one or more pairs of facing rolls 5, 5' pulling the wire for example through a wire guide 6.

    [0015] Moreover, the device 1 comprises a coiling system 7 for coiling the wire 4 supplied by the supplying system 3. Advantageously, the coiling system 7 comprises one or more coiling tools 8 having the function of coiling the wire 4 as a helix. Moreover, the device 1 can comprise one or more pitch tools 11 shaped for acting on the wire 4 so that the cylindrical helix followed by the wire itself by means of the coiling system 7, had a predefined pitch.

    [0016] Further, the device 1 comprises a cutting tool (not shown in the figures) for separating the spring formed by the device 1, from the wire 4 which is activated in the coiling system 7, once finished the spring itself.

    [0017] In addition, the springs forming machine 100 comprises a measuring system 17 configured for detecting the dimensional parameters of each spring formed in the forming device. For example, such system can comprise a camera 19 and illuminator 20 placed at a distance from the coiling system 7 corresponding to the final length set for the spring.

    [0018] Further, the machine 100 comprises a selecting device 22 operatively disposed downstream the springs forming device 1. The selecting device 22 comprises an inlet 23 in which each spring formed in the forming device 1 enters, and a plurality of outlets 24', 24" ... towards which the above cited spring 2 is conveyed based on dimensional characteristics thereof. Particularly, the selecting device 22 is configured for subdividing the springs entering through the inlet 23 into at least two groups, particularly in a first group corresponding to springs having dimensional parameters (for example the length) falling into predefined tolerance values, and in a second group corresponding to springs having dimensional parameters different from said predefined dimensional values. The springs of the first group are suitable, while the springs of the second group are considered faulty and therefore must be rejected. Naturally, the selecting device 22 can subdivide the springs into a number of groups greater than two, corresponding to an equal number of outlets. Possibly, more than one group can be destined to faulty springs to be rejected, and more than one group can be destined to suitable springs to be stored. For example, a group can include rejected springs because are too long, and a further group can include rejected springs which are too short. With reference to the group of suitable springs, for example, a group can contain suitable springs but showing the tendency of being too long, and a further group can comprise suitable springs but showing the tendency of being short, to be subjected to dedicated grindings.

    [0019] In the following, it is exemplifyingly made reference for the sake of comprehension, to the case of only to outlets 24' and 24" and of subdividing the springs in only two groups: suitable springs because falling into acceptable predefined tolerance limits (first group), and faulty springs because do not fall into such tolerance limits (second group).

    [0020] Referring to Figures from 2 to 6, the selecting device 22 comprises means for selectively conveying each spring entering through the inlet 23 into the outlets 24', 24", ... according to the group to which the spring belongs based on the performed selection.

    [0021] According to a possible embodiment, the selection performed by the selecting device 22 is implemented by at least one blade 25 movable inside the selecting device 22 which deflects each spring from the inlet 23 towards the outlet 24' or 24" corresponding to the group of the spring based on the dimensional parameters thereof as detected and analyzed. The blade 25 can for example take the arrangements illustrated in Figures 2a and 2b, by moving along the arrow F. In the configuration of Figure 2a, the blade 25 deflects the springs entering the inlet 23 towards the outlet 24", while, in the configuration of Figure 2b, the blade 25 deflects the springs entering the inlet 23 towards the outlet 24'. For example, the blade 25 can be moved by an electric motor, preferably by means of a stepper motor or, alternatively, by a pneumatic cylinder or actuator (not shown in the figures). Preferably, it is observed that the blade 25 is normally held in a position such to convey the springs to the second group (faulty springs) and is moved to a position such to convey the springs to the first group (suitably springs) only when necessary, then it returns to the normal position at the end of the selection step. Moreover, it is observed that, according to a not illustrated embodiment variant, the selecting device 22 can comprise a plurality of blades 25 for performing the selection in more than two groups.

    [0022] The blade/s 25, or generally the selective springs conveying means, according to the attained configuration, define/s in the selecting device 22, conduits connecting the inlet 23 to a specific outlet. For example, when the blade 25 is placed in the position shown in Figure 2a, a conduit 26" connecting the inlet 23 to the outlet 24" is defined, while when the blade 25 is placed in the position shown in Figure 2b, a conduit 26' connecting the inlet 23 to the outlet 24' is defined.

    [0023] Advantageously, the selecting device 22 comprises means configured for forming a depression in at least one of such conduits 26' and 26". It is observed that, in the present description and in the attached claims, the term "depression" refers to a pressure less than a pressure at the inlet 23 in the considered conduit, wherein the spring enters the selecting device 22. The depression causes, unlike the selecting devices lacking these means, each spring to be suctioned inside the conduit, while accelerating, so that both the trajectory and speed thereof and consequently the falling time, are made more stable. Therefore, the variations of these parameters are limited among following springs. This causes the springs exiting the selecting device to exit one of the outlets with an approximately constant rate.

    [0024] The means for forming the depression can be made in different ways.

    [0025] According to an embodiment, the means for establishing the depression comprise a channel 27 comprising a converging length 28 preferably followed by a diverging length 29 placed in one of the formed conduits due to the variation of the configuration of the selective conveying means. One example of this type of channel is known as Venturi tube. The principle underlying the operation of the converging-diverging conduit is that a fluid flowing through a choke is subjected, due to the choke itself, to a speed increase and to a pressure decrease, in other words a depression, this is the phenomenon which one intends to exploit in the selecting device according to the invention for regularly suctioning the springs into the conduits 26' and 26".

    [0026] The channel 27 can be placed and configured differently.

    [0027] According to a possible embodiment, the channel 27 is disposed between the inlet 23 and the selective conveying means, for example the blade/s 25 (Figures 2a-2b). In this way, the channel 27 is capable of generating a depression on both the conduits 24' and 24" which are formed as a function of the result of the selecting step, due to the position of the blade 25.

    [0028] Advantageously, the selecting device 22 further comprises first means 30 for generating a compressed air flow at the inlet 23 from the outside of this latter. This means that the effect generated by the channel 27 will be amplified since the spring enters the selecting device 22 immersed in an air flow having a determined speed and determined pressure, and is accelerated due to the choke, which causes a speed increase and a pressure decrease, at the channel 27 itself. Preferably, the compressed air flow is concentrated and directed towards the center of the conduit starting from the inlet 23. For example, such first means 30 comprise a nozzle connected to a compressed air source, wherein said nozzle (not shown in the figures) is placed in proximity of the inlet 23 outside this latter. The first means 30 have also the function of pushing the springs inside the selecting device.

    [0029] More advantageously, for further amplifying the effect of the depression, the selecting device 22 in addition comprises second means 31 for generating a compressed air flow inside the selecting device, in other words, with reference to the embodiments illustrated, directly inside the conduits 26' and/or 26". The second compressed air generating means 31 differ from the first compressed air generating means 30 because the first means 30 generate the compressed air flow from the outside of the selecting device, on the contrary the second means 31 act inside the selecting device, in other words the compressed air flow supplied by the second means 31 does not initially flow through the inlet 23 to the conduits 26'/26", but is directly blown in them. Preferably, the second means 31 for generating the compressed air flow are disposed upstream the converging length 28 of the channel 27, in other words upstream the choke formed by this latter, if this one is provided (as it will be described in the following). In the present description and in the attached claims, the terms "upstream" and "downstream" refer to the direction of the motion of the springs inside the selecting device, in other words, from another point of view, to the direction of the compressed air flow entraining them, therefore from the inlet 23 towards the outlet 24', 24", .... Preferably, the second means 31 comprise a plurality of holes disposed along the periphery of the channel 27, by means of them the compressed air is blown along a direction sloped towards said choke.

    [0030] The channel 27, shaped in this way, can be made in one piece with the selecting device 22 itself, or, as an alternative, can be separable from it for being replaced with a further channel having a different size, particularly a different opening at the choke, so that the selecting device can be exploited for springs having different diameters.

    [0031] As an alternative or in addition, the channel 27 can be disposed downstream the selective conveying means, in other words between these latter and one or more of the outlets 24', 24" (Figures 3 and 4). In this case, the depression is generated in proximity of the outlet 24' and/or 24" of the selecting device, however the effect thereof extends adjacently the inlet 23. Also in this case, the channel 27 can be made in one piece with the selecting device or can be removable and replaceable. Further, also according to this variant, it is possible to provide the second compressed air generating means 31.

    [0032] According to a possible embodiment, the channel 27 is widthwise adjustable, in other words it is possible to adjust the opening of the channel 27 at the choke between the converging length 28 and diverging length 29, in order to adapt the spring selecting device to different sizes without requiring to replace components.

    [0033] According to a possible further embodiment, the channel 27 is defined by the blade/s 25, which for this reason, can exhibit a converging-diverging pattern in order to create the desired depression (Figure 5).

    [0034] According to a further embodiment variant (Figure 6), the selecting device can comprise means for generating a compressed air flow inside the selecting device, having characteristics analogous to the ones described with reference to the second means 31 for generating compressed air inside the selecting device, also without the channel 27. For example, the selecting device can comprise third means 34 for generating compressed air directly inside the selecting device 22 at at least one of said first 26' and second conduits 26". According to a possible embodiment, the third means 34 comprise a plurality of holes 35 disposed along the periphery of the walls of the selecting device, forming the conduits 26', 26" by means of them the compressed air is blown along a sloped direction so that the compressed air flow is directed towards the outlets 24', 24" of the selecting device. Such configuration enables in any case to thrust the springs into the conduits 26'/26" also without the additional depressing effect provided by the shape of the channel 27. The third compressed air generating means 34 are preferably positioned upstream the selective conveying means, for example upstream the blade 25.

    [0035] According to a further aspect of the present invention, the selecting device 22 comprises at least one sensor 32 disposed at one of the outlets 24', 24", ... of the selecting device 22, shaped for detecting the springs passing through the same. Just as an illustrative example, such sensor 32 can comprise different types of sensors such as a camera. Preferably, the sensor 32 is disposed at least at the outlets/s allocated to suitable springs, in other words to springs falling into accepted dimensional tolerances. In this way, it is possible to monitor the rate by which suitable springs exit the selecting device, in this way it is verified at a later stage if there were synchronization problems between when the springs fall and the selection by the selecting device.

    [0036] In addition, according to a variant not illustrated in the figures, a further sensor 32 can be provided at the outlet/s corresponding to the unsuitable springs, so that the overall production of the springs exiting the selecting device is monitored.

    [0037] It is observed that, according to a further aspect of the present invention, the sensor/s 32 can be also provided in a selecting device lacking the depression generating means and/or compressed air flow generating means inside the selecting device according to what was previously described.

    [0038] To the described embodiment, a person skilled in the art, in order to meet contingent specific needs, could add many additions, modifications, or substitutions of elements with other operatively equivalent, without falling out of the scope of the attached claims.


    Claims

    1. Selecting device (22) destined to be disposed downstream a springs forming device (1) of a springs forming machine (100), comprising:

    - an inlet (23) adapted to receive each of the springs (2) formed in the springs forming device (1);

    - at least one first (24') and one second outlets (24") adapted to expel each of said springs (2) from the selecting device (22), for separating them in at least one first and one second groups;

    - means (25) for selectively conveying each of said springs (2) entering the selecting device (22) through the inlet (23) towards the first (24') or second (24") outlet, configurable according to at least one first configuration, wherein said selective conveying means form a first conduit (26') connecting the inlet (23) to the first outlet (24'), and a second configuration, wherein said selective conveying means form a second conduit (26") connecting the inlet (23) to the second outlet (24'),

    characterized in that it comprises means configured for making a depression in at least one of said first (26') and second conduits (26") and means (32, 34) for generating a compressed air flow directly inside the selecting device (22) at at least one of said first (26') and second (26") conduits.
     
    2. Selecting device (22) according to the preceding claim, comprising first means (30) for generating a compressed air flow at the inlet (23) from the outside of the latter.
     
    3. Selecting device (22) according to the preceding claim, wherein said first means (30) for generating the compressed air flow at the inlet (23) comprise a nozzle disposed outside the selecting device (22) and connected to a compressed air source.
     
    4. Selecting device (22) according to any of claims from 1 to 3, wherein said means for making the depression comprise a channel (27) comprising a convergent length (28) and a divergent length (29).
     
    5. Selecting device (22) according to the preceding claim, wherein said channel (27) comprises a Venturi.
     
    6. Selecting device (22) according to claim 4 or 5, wherein said means for generating a compressed air flow directly inside the selecting device (22) comprise second means (31) for generating a compressed air flow upstream said convergent length (28) of the channel (27).
     
    7. Selecting device (22) according to the preceding claim, wherein said second means (31) comprise a plurality of holes (33) disposed along the periphery of the channel (27), placed upstream said convergent length (28), suitable for blowing compressed air along a direction sloped towards this latter.
     
    8. Selecting device (22) according to any of claims from 4 to 7, wherein said channel (27) is disposed between the inlet (23) and the selective conveying means.
     
    9. Selecting device (22) according to any of claims from 4 to 7, wherein said channel (27) is disposed downstream the selective conveying means, between these latter and the first (24') and/or second (24") outlets.
     
    10. Selecting device (22) according to any of claims from 4 to 9, wherein said channel (27) is removable from the selecting device (22).
     
    11. Selecting device (22) according to any of claims from 4 to 9, wherein said channel (27) is configured so that a choke between said convergent (28) and divergent lengths (29) is widthwise adjustable.
     
    12. Selecting device (22) according to any of the preceding claims, wherein said selective conveying means comprise at least one blade (25) movable inside the selecting device (22) between at least one first position, wherein the at least one blade (25) deviates the spring (2) from the inlet (23) towards the first outlet (24'), and a second position, wherein the at least one blade (25) deviates the spring (2) from the inlet (23) towards the second outlet (24"), wherein said channel (27) is formed by said at least one blade (25).
     
    13. Selecting device (22) destined to be disposed downstream a springs forming device (1) of a springs forming machine (100), comprising:

    - an inlet (23) adapted to receive each of the springs (2) formed in the springs forming device (1);

    - at least one first (24') and one second outlets (24") adapted to expel each of said springs (2) from the selecting device (22), for separating them in at least one first and one second groups;

    - means (25) for selectively conveying each of said springs (2) entering the selecting device (22) through the inlet (23) towards the first (24') or second (24") outlet, configurable according to at least one first configuration, wherein said selective conveying means form a first conduit (26') connecting the inlet (23) to the first outlet (24'), and a second configuration, wherein said selective conveying means form a second conduit (26") connecting the inlet (23) to the second outlet (24'),

    characterized in that it comprises third means (34) for generating compressed air directly inside the selecting device (22) at at least one of said first (26') and second (26") conduits, wherein said third means (34) comprise a plurality of holes (35) disposed along the periphery of the walls of the selecting device, forming said at least one first (26') and one second (26") conduits, such to blow compressed air along a direction sloped towards said at least one first (24') and one second (24") outlets of the selecting device.
     
    14. Selecting device (22) according to the preceding claim, wherein said third means for generating compressed air (34) are positioned upstream said selective conveying means (25).
     
    15. Selecting device (22) according to any of the preceding claims, comprising at least one sensor (32) disposed at at least one of the first (24') and the second (24") outlets, configured for detecting the passages of each spring through the same.
     
    16. Selecting device (22) according to the preceding claim, wherein said first group corresponds to a group of suitable springs falling into predefined tolerance limits, and said second group corresponds to a group of defective springs not falling into said tolerance limits, said at least one sensor (32) being disposed at at least said first outlet (24').
     
    17. Machine (100) for forming springs, comprising:

    - a springs forming device (1);

    - a selecting device (22) according to any of the preceding claims.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Auswahlvorrichtung (22), dazu bestimmt, stromabwärts einer Federformvorrichtung (1) einer Federformmaschine (100) angeordnet zu sein, Folgendes umfassend:

    - einen Einlass (23) zum Aufnehmen jeder der in der Federformvorrichtung (1) ausgebildeten Federn (2);

    - mindestens einen ersten (24') und einen zweiten Auslass (24"), angepasst, jede der Federn (2) aus der Auswahlvorrichtung (22) auszutreiben, um sie in mindestens eine erste und eine zweite Gruppe zu trennen;

    - Mittel (25) zum selektiven Fördern jeder der in die Auswahlvorrichtung (22) eintretenden Federn (2) durch den Einlass (23) zum ersten (24') oder zweiten (24") Auslass, konfigurierbar gemäß mindestens einer ersten Konfiguration wobei die selektiven Fördermittel eine erste Leitung (26') bilden, die den Einlass (23) mit dem ersten Auslass (24') verbindet, und eine zweite Konfiguration, wobei die selektiven Fördermittel eine zweite Leitung (26") bilden, die den Einlass (23) mit dem zweiten Auslass (24') verbindet, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass er Mittel umfasst, die zum Herstellen einer Vertiefung in mindestens einer der ersten (26') und der zweiten Leitung (26") konfiguriert sind, und Mittel (32, 34) zum Erzeugen eines Druckluftstroms direkt in der Auswahlvorrichtung (22) an mindestens einer der ersten (26') und der zweiten (26") Leitung.


     
    2. Auswahlvorrichtung (22) nach dem vorhergehenden Anspruch, umfassend erste Mittel (30) zum Erzeugen eines Druckluftstroms am Einlass (23) von außerhalb desselben.
     
    3. Auswahlvorrichtung (22) nach dem vorhergehenden Anspruch, wobei die ersten Mittel (30) zum Erzeugen des Druckluftstroms am Einlass (23) eine Düse umfassen, die außerhalb der Auswahlvorrichtung (22) angeordnet und mit einer Druckluftquelle verbunden ist.
     
    4. Auswahlvorrichtung (22) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei die Mittel zum Herstellen der Vertiefung einen Kanal (27) umfassen, der eine konvergente Länge (28) und eine divergente Länge (29) umfasst.
     
    5. Auswahlvorrichtung (22) nach dem vorhergehenden Anspruch, wobei der Kanal (27) eine Venturi-Düse aufweist.
     
    6. Auswahlvorrichtung (22) nach Anspruch 4 oder 5, wobei die Mittel zum Erzeugen eines Druckluftstroms direkt innerhalb der Auswahlvorrichtung (22) zweite Mittel (31) zum Erzeugen eines Druckluftstroms stromaufwärts der konvergierenden Länge (28) des Kanals (27) umfassen.
     
    7. Auswahlvorrichtung (22) nach dem vorhergehenden Anspruch, wobei die zweiten Mittel (31) mehrere Löcher (33) umfassen, die entlang des Umfangs des Kanals (27) angeordnet sind und der konvergierenden Länge (28) vorgeschaltet sind, um Druckluft entlang einer Richtung, die zu Letzterem hin geneigt ist, zu blasen.
     
    8. Auswahlvorrichtung (22) nach einem der Ansprüche 4 bis 7, wobei der Kanal (27) zwischen dem Einlass (23) und dem selektiven Fördermittel angeordnet ist.
     
    9. Auswahlvorrichtung (22) nach einem der Ansprüche 4 bis 7, wobei der Kanal (27) stromabwärts des selektiven Fördermittels zwischen Letzterem und dem ersten (24') und/oder dem zweiten (24") Auslass angeordnet ist.
     
    10. Auswahlvorrichtung (22) nach einem der Ansprüche 4 bis 9, wobei der Kanal (27) von der Auswahlvorrichtung (22) entfernbar ist.
     
    11. Auswahlvorrichtung (22) nach einem der Ansprüche 4 bis 9, wobei der Kanal (27) so konfiguriert ist, dass eine Drossel zwischen der konvergierenden (28) und der divergierenden Länge (29) in der Breite einstellbar ist.
     
    12. Auswahlvorrichtung (22) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die selektiven Fördermittel mindestens eine Klinge (25) umfassen, die innerhalb der Auswahlvorrichtung (22) zwischen mindestens einer ersten Position, in der die mindestens eine Klinge (25) die Feder (2) vom Einlass (23) zum ersten Auslass (24') hin ablenkt, und einer zweiten Position, in der die mindestens eine Klinge (25) die Feder (2) vom Einlass (23) in Richtung des zweiten Auslasses (24") ablenkt, bewegbar ist, wobei der Kanal (27) durch die mindestens eine Klinge (25) ausgebildet ist.
     
    13. Auswahlvorrichtung (22), die dazu bestimmt ist, stromabwärts einer Federformvorrichtung (1) einer Federformmaschine (100) angeordnet zu sein, Folgendes umfassend:

    - einen Einlass (23) zum Aufnehmen jeder der in der Federformvorrichtung (1) ausgebildeten Federn (2);

    - mindestens einen ersten (24') und einen zweiten Auslass (24"), angepasst, jede der Federn (2) aus der Auswahlvorrichtung (22) auszutreiben, um sie in mindestens eine erste und eine zweite Gruppe zu trennen;

    - Mittel (25) zum selektiven Fördern jeder der in die Auswahlvorrichtung (22) eintretenden Federn (2) durch den Einlass (23) zum ersten (24') oder zweiten (24") Auslass, konfigurierbar gemäß mindestens einer ersten Konfiguration wobei die selektiven Fördermittel eine erste Leitung (26') bilden, die den Einlass (23) mit dem ersten Auslass (24') verbindet, und eine zweite Konfiguration, wobei die selektiven Fördermittel eine zweite Leitung (26") bilden, die den Einlass (23) mit dem zweiten Auslass (24') verbindet, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass er dritte Mittel (34) zum Erzeugen von Druckluft direkt in der Auswahlvorrichtung (22) an mindestens der ersten (26') und/oder der zweiten (26") Leitung umfasst, wobei die dritten Mittel (34) mehrere Löcher (35) aufweisen, die entlang des Umfangs der Wände der Auswahlvorrichtung angeordnet sind und die mindestens eine erste (26') und eine zweite (26") Leitung ausbilden, um Druckluft entlang einer Richtung zu blasen, die zu dem mindestens einen ersten (24') und einen zweiten (24") Auslass der Auswahlvorrichtung geneigt ist.


     
    14. Auswahlvorrichtung (22) nach dem vorhergehenden Anspruch, wobei die dritten Mittel zum Erzeugen von Druckluft (34) stromaufwärts der selektiven Fördermittel (25) angeordnet sind.
     
    15. Auswahlvorrichtung (22) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, umfassend mindestens einen Sensor (32), der an mindestens dem ersten (24') und/oder dem zweiten (24") Auslass angeordnet ist und zum Erfassen des Durchgangs einer jeden Feder dahindurch konfiguriert ist.
     
    16. Auswahlvorrichtung (22) nach dem vorhergehenden Anspruch, wobei die erste Gruppe einer Gruppe geeigneter Federn entspricht, die in vordefinierte Toleranzgrenzen fallen, und die zweite Gruppe einer Gruppe defekter Federn entspricht, die nicht in die Toleranzgrenzen fallen, wobei der mindestens eine Sensor (32) mindestens an dem ersten Auslass (24') angeordnet ist.
     
    17. Maschine (100) zum Formen von Federn, Folgendes umfassend:

    - eine Federformvorrichtung (1);

    - eine Auswahlvorrichtung (22) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche.


     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif de sélection (22) destiné à être disposé en aval d'un dispositif de formation de ressorts (1) d'une machine à former des ressorts (100), comprenant :

    - une entrée (23) adaptée pour recevoir chacun des ressorts (2) formés dans le dispositif de formation de ressorts (1) ;

    - au moins une première (24') et une seconde sorties (24") adaptées pour expulser chacun desdits ressorts (2) du dispositif de sélection (22), pour les séparer en au moins un premier et un second groupes ;

    - des moyens (25) pour transporter sélectivement chacun desdits ressorts (2) entrant dans le dispositif de sélection (22) par l'entrée (23) en direction de la première (24') ou de la seconde (24") sortie, configurables en fonction d'au moins une première configuration, dans lequel lesdits moyens de transport sélectif forment un premier conduit (26') reliant l'entrée (23) à la première sortie (24'), et une seconde configuration, dans laquelle lesdits moyens de transport sélectif forment un second conduit (26") reliant l'entrée (23) à la seconde sortie (24'), caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend un moyen configuré pour réaliser une dépression dans au moins l'un desdits premier (26') et second conduits (26") et un moyen (32, 34) pour générer un flux d'air comprimé directement à l'intérieur du dispositif de sélection (22) dans au moins l'un desdits premier (26') et second (26") conduits.


     
    2. Dispositif de sélection (22) selon la revendication précédente, comprenant des premiers moyens (30) pour générer un flux d'air comprimé au niveau de l'entrée (23) depuis l'extérieur de celui-ci.
     
    3. Dispositif de sélection (22) selon la revendication précédente, dans lequel lesdits premiers moyens (30) pour générer le flux d'air comprimé à l'entrée (23) comprennent une buse disposée à l'extérieur du dispositif de sélection (22) et reliée à une source d'air comprimé.
     
    4. Dispositif de sélection (22) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel lesdits moyens pour réaliser la dépression comprennent un canal (27) comprenant une longueur convergente (28) et une longueur divergente (29).
     
    5. Dispositif de sélection (22) selon la revendication précédente, dans lequel ledit canal (27) comprend un venturi.
     
    6. Dispositif de sélection (22) selon la revendication 4 ou 5, dans lequel lesdits moyens pour générer un flux d'air comprimé directement à l'intérieur du dispositif de sélection (22) comprennent des deuxièmes moyens (31) pour générer un flux d'air comprimé en amont de ladite longueur convergente (28) du canal (27).
     
    7. Dispositif de sélection (22) selon la revendication précédente, dans lequel lesdits deuxièmes moyens (31) comprennent une pluralité de trous (33) disposés le long de la périphérie du canal (27), placés en amont de ladite longueur convergente (28), appropriés pour souffler de l'air comprimé dans une direction inclinée vers cette dernière.
     
    8. Dispositif de sélection (22) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 4 à 7, dans lequel ledit canal (27) est disposé entre l'entrée (23) et les moyens de transport sélectif.
     
    9. Dispositif de sélection (22) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 4 à 7, dans lequel ledit canal (27) est disposé en aval des moyens de transport sélectif, entre ceux-ci et les première (24') et/ou seconde (24") sorties.
     
    10. Dispositif de sélection (22) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 4 à 9, dans lequel ledit canal (27) est amovible du dispositif de sélection (22).
     
    11. Dispositif de sélection (22) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 4 à 9, dans lequel ledit canal (27) est configuré de sorte qu'un étranglement entre lesdites longueurs convergentes (28) et divergentes (29) est réglable en largeur.
     
    12. Dispositif de sélection (22) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel lesdits moyens de transport sélectif comprennent au moins une lame (25) mobile à l'intérieur du dispositif de sélection (22) entre au moins une première position, dans lequel l'au moins une lame (25) dévie le ressort (2) de l'entrée (23) vers la première sortie (24') et une seconde position, dans laquelle l'au moins une lame (25) dévie le ressort (2) de l'entrée (23) vers la seconde sortie (24"), dans laquelle ledit canal (27) est formé par ladite au moins une lame (25).
     
    13. Dispositif de sélection (22) destiné à être disposé en aval d'un dispositif de formation de ressorts (1) d'une machine à former des ressorts (100), comprenant :

    - une entrée (23) adaptée pour recevoir chacun des ressorts (2) formés dans le dispositif de formation de ressorts (1) ;

    - au moins une première (24') et une seconde sorties (24") adaptées pour expulser chacun desdits ressorts (2) du dispositif de sélection (22), pour les séparer en au moins un premier et un second groupes ;

    - des moyens (25) pour transporter sélectivement chacun desdits ressorts (2) entrant dans le dispositif de sélection (22) par l'entrée (23) en direction de la première (24') ou de la seconde (24") sortie, configurables en fonction d'au moins une première configuration, dans laquelle lesdits moyens de transport sélectif forment un premier conduit (26') reliant l'entrée (23) à la première sortie (24'), et une seconde configuration, dans laquelle lesdits moyens de transport sélectif forment un second conduit (26") reliant l'entrée (23) à la seconde sortie (24'), caractérisés en ce qu'ils comprennent de troisièmes moyens (34) pour générer de l'air comprimé directement à l'intérieur du dispositif de sélection (22) au niveau d'au moins un desdits premier (26') et second (26") conduits, lesdits troisièmes moyens (34) comprenant une pluralité de trous (35) disposés le long de la périphérie des parois du dispositif de sélection, formant lesdits au moins un premier (26') et un second (26") conduits, de façon à souffler de l'air comprimé dans une direction inclinée vers au moins une première (24') et une seconde (24") sorties du dispositif de sélection.


     
    14. Dispositif de sélection (22) selon la revendication précédente, dans lequel lesdits troisièmes moyens pour générer de l'air comprimé (34) sont positionnés en amont desdits moyens de transport sélectif (25).
     
    15. Dispositif de sélection (22) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant au moins un capteur (32) disposé au moins à l'une des première (24') et secondes (24") sorties, configuré pour détecter les passages de chaque ressort à travers celles-ci.
     
    16. Dispositif de sélection (22) selon la revendication précédente, dans lequel ledit premier groupe correspond à un groupe de ressorts appropriés tombant dans des limites de tolérance prédéfinies, et ledit second groupe correspond à un groupe de ressorts défectueux ne relevant pas desdites limites de tolérance, ledit au moins un capteur (32) étant disposé au moins sur ladite première sortie (24').
     
    17. Machine (100) destinée à former des ressorts, comprenant :

    - un dispositif de formation de ressorts (1) ;

    - un dispositif de sélection (22) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes.


     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description