(19)
(11)EP 3 346 107 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.12.2019 Bulletin 2019/49

(21)Application number: 15903054.3

(22)Date of filing:  04.09.2015
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F02B 75/32  (2006.01)
F16C 33/10  (2006.01)
F16C 3/14  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2015/075169
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/037935 (09.03.2017 Gazette  2017/10)

(54)

PISTON CRANK MECHANISM WITH LUBRICATION STRUCTURE AND LUBRICATION METHOD FOR UPPER PIN IN PISTON CRANK MECHANISM OF INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

KOLBENKURBELMECHANISMUS MIT SCHMIERSTRUKTUR UND SCHMIERVERFAHREN FÜR OBEREN STIFT IN EINEM KOLBENKURBELMECHANISMUS EINES VERBRENNUNGSMOTORS

MÉCANISME DE VILEBREQUIN À PISTON AVEC STRUCTURE DE LUBRIFICATION ET PROCÉDÉ DE LUBRIFICATION POUR BROCHE SUPÉRIEURE DE MÉCANISME DE VILEBREQUIN À PISTON DE MOTEUR À COMBUSTION INTERNE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
11.07.2018 Bulletin 2018/28

(73)Proprietor: Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.
Yokohama-shi, Kanagawa 221-0023 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • WATANABE, Daisuke
    Atsugi-shi Kanagawa 243-0123 (JP)
  • NAKAJIMA, Shigeru
    Atsugi-shi Kanagawa 243-0123 (JP)
  • WAKI, Kazuto
    Atsugi-shi Kanagawa 243-0123 (JP)
  • KOBAYASHI, Yoshihiro
    Atsugi-shi Kanagawa 243-0123 (JP)

(74)Representative: Hoefer & Partner Patentanwälte mbB 
Pilgersheimer Straße 20
81543 München
81543 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2011/007622
WO-A1-2015/025683
JP-A- 2008 208 783
JP-A- 2010 185 328
JP-A- 2010 203 270
JP-A- 2012 026 384
WO-A1-2014/027488
JP-A- 2002 364 393
JP-A- 2009 281 242
JP-A- 2010 185 329
JP-A- 2012 026 384
US-A1- 2012 111 143
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to a multi-link piston crank mechanism of an internal combustion engine, and more particularly to a lubrication structure and a lubrication method of an upper pin that connects a lower link and an upper link.

    Background Art



    [0002] As a related art technique in which a piston pin and a crank pin of a reciprocating internal combustion engine are connected by a multi-link piston crank mechanism, Patent Document 1 which applicant of the present invention have proposed is known. The multi-link piston crank mechanism has an upper link which is connected to the piston pin of a piston, a lower link which connects this upper link and the crank pin of a crank shaft, and a control link whose one end is rockably supported at an engine body side and whose other end is connected to the lower link. The upper link and the lower link are rotatably (pivotably) connected through an upper pin. The control link and the lower link are rotatably (pivotably) connected through a control pin.

    [0003] Regarding the upper pin in such multi-link piston crank mechanism, both end portions of the upper pin are supported at a pair of upper-pin pin boss portions formed at one end of the lower link and having a bifurcated shape, and a cylindrical upper link side pin boss portion of an end portion of the upper link is rotatably (pivotably) fitted or connected to a middle portion in an axial direction of the upper pin.

    [0004] Patent Document 1 discloses a lubrication structure in which an oil hole is formed at a lower portion of the upper link side pin boss portion so as to penetrate the lower portion along a radial direction, and a part of lubricating oil injected from an oil jet that is disposed at a lower side with respect to the crank shaft is taken in from the oil hole, then the upper pin is lubricated.

    [0005] In a case of the lubrication structure of Patent Document 1, however, the lubricating oil is supplied only for a limited time period when an injection direction of the oil jet is identical with the oil hole in a state in which the lower link is rocking. It is therefore difficult to continuously supply the lubricating oil to the upper pin.

    [0006] Patent Document 2 discloses another lubrication structure.

    Citation List


    Patent Document



    [0007] 

    Patent Document 1 : Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2010-007620

    Patent Document 2 : JP 2010 185329 A


    Summary of the Invention



    [0008] In the present invention, a piston crank mechanism includes: an upper link whose one end is connected to a piston through a piston pin; a lower link which is connected to the other end of the upper link through an upper pin and also is connected to a crank pin of a crank shaft; and a control link whose one end is rockably supported at an engine body side and whose other end is connected to the lower link through a control pin. Both end portions of the upper pin are supported at a pair of upper-pin pin boss portions formed at one end of the lower link and having a bifurcated shape, and an upper link side pin boss portion of an end portion of the upper link is connected to a middle portion of the upper pin. A lubrication structure of the upper pin in the piston crank mechanism of an internal combustion engine of the present invention comprises: an oil supply hole formed so as to open between the pair of upper-pin pin boss portions of the lower link and supplying lubricating oil, which is supplied from the crank pin, toward the upper pin; an oil storing portion provided between the pair of upper-pin pin boss portions so as to cover a bottom side of the upper link side pin boss portion; and an oil groove recessed on an end surface of the upper link side pin boss portion from an outer circumferential surface to an inner circumferential bearing hole of the upper link side pin boss portion.

    [0009] With this configuration, the lubricating oil supplied from the crank pin toward the upper pin through the oil supply hole of the lower link is stored in the oil storing portion, and relative oscillating rotary motion of the upper link side pin boss portion is made with the upper link side pin boss portion at least partly sinking below or touching the stored lubricating oil. The lubricating oil is supplied in the oil storing portion in a measure of pressurized state, and spills over from the oil storing portion successively. By the oscillating rotary motion of the upper link side pin boss portion is made in such lubricating oil, a part of the lubricating oil flows to the inner circumferential bearing hole through the oil groove formed on the end surface of the upper link side pin boss portion, and sliding parts between the upper link side pin boss portion and the upper pin are lubricated.

    [0010] Therefore, continuous oil supply to the upper pin and continuous lubrication of the upper pin can be achieved.

    Brief Description of Drawings



    [0011] 

    [Fig. 1]
    Fig. 1 is a drawing for explaining a multi-link piston crank mechanism of an embodiment.

    [Fig. 2]
    Fig. 2 is a perspective view of a lower link of the embodiment.

    [Fig. 3]
    Fig. 3 is a sectional view of the lower link of the embodiment.

    [Fig. 4]
    Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken along a A-A line of Fig. 3.

    [Fig. 5]
    Fig. 5A is a front view of an upper link side pin boss portion. Fig. 5B is a side view of the upper link side pin boss portion.

    [Fig. 6]
    Fig. 6 is a drawing for explaining an essential part in a state in which an upper link is connected to the lower link.

    [Fig. 7]
    Fig. 7 is a drawing for explaining a flow of lubricating oil.

    [Fig. 8]
    Fig. 8 is a drawing for explaining an essential part in an embodiment in which an oil storing portion is formed at the lower link itself.

    [Fig. 9]
    Fig. 9 is a drawing for explaining an essential part in an embodiment in which upper and lower ends of a groove portion are closed.

    [Fig. 10]
    Fig. 10 is a drawing for explaining an essential part in an embodiment in which a pair of oil grooves are formed into a curved shape.

    [Fig. 11]
    Fig. 11 is a drawing for explaining an essential part in an embodiment in which a protruding portion is formed adjacent to an opening of the oil groove.

    [Fig. 12]
    Fig. 12 is a drawing for explaining an essential part in an embodiment in which a pair of oil grooves and a pair of protruding portions are formed.

    [Fig. 13]
    Fig. 13A is a drawing for explaining a position of the oil groove in a low compression ratio state. Fig. 13B is a drawing for explaining a position of the oil groove in a high compression ratio state.


    Embodiments for carrying out the Invention



    [0012] In the following description, embodiments of the present invention will be explained with reference to the drawings.

    [0013] Fig. 1 shows components of a multi-link piston crank mechanism to which the present invention is applied. This multi-link piston crank mechanism itself is known by the above-mentioned Patent Document 1 etc.. The multi-link piston crank mechanism has an upper link 3 whose one end is connected to a piston 1 through a piston pin 2, a lower link 6 which is connected to the other end of this upper link 3 through an upper pin 4 and also is connected to a crank pin 5 of a crank shaft, and a control link 7 which limits degree of freedom of this lower link 6. One end of the control link 7 is rockably supported by a supporting pin 8 at an engine body side, and the other end of the control link 7 is connected to the lower link 6 through a control pin 9 . Here, by variably positioning the supporting pin 8, the multi-link piston crank mechanism can also act as a variable compression ratio mechanism.

    [0014] As shown in Figs. 2 to 4, the lower link 6 has, in the middle thereof, a cylindrical crank pin bearing portion 11 in which the crank pin 5 is fitted or inserted. The lower link 6 also has, at substantially 180° opposite sides of the crank pin bearing portion 11, an upper-pin pin boss portion 12 and a control-pin pin boss portion 13. The lower link 6 as a whole is shaped into a parallelogram that is near to a rhombus. The lower link 6 is formed by two divided members of a lower link upper 6A including the upper-pin pin boss portion 12 and a lower link lower 6B including the control-pin pin boss portion 13 with a dividing surface 14 passing through a center of the crank pin bearing portion 11 being a boundary. These lower link upper 6A and lower link lower 6B are tightened together with a pair of bolts 32 that are inserted in opposite directions each other after the crank pin 5 is fitted or inserted into the crank pin bearing portion 11.

    [0015] The upper-pin pin boss portion 12 is shaped into a bifurcated shape so as to sandwich the upper link 3 at an axial direction middle portion, and each of a pair of upper-pin pin boss portion 12 that support both end portions in the axial direction of the upper pin 4 extends along an end surface in an axial direction of the lower link 6 (see Fig. 4) . That is, a groove portion 15 having a certain width by which a rockable movement of the upper link 3 can be possible is provided between the pair of upper-pin pin boss portion 12. Each of the upper-pin pin boss portion 12 has a circular pin fitting hole 16, and the upper pin 4 is press-fitted into these pin fitting holes 16. In Figs. 2 to 4, although the lower link 6 is illustrated together with the upper pin 4, an actual press-fitting working of the upper pin 4 is carried out when the upper link 3 is connected to the lower link 6.

    [0016] The control-pin pin boss portion 13 basically has the same structure as that of the upper-pin pin boss portion 12. The control link 7 is connected to or put in a groove portion 17 between a pair of control-pin pin boss portion 13 having a bifurcated shape, and the control pin 9 is press-fitted into pin fitting holes 18 of the control-pin pin boss portion 13 at both end portions of the control pin 9.

    [0017] The crank pin bearing portion 11 is a bearing portion that is fitted onto the crank pin 5 through a half bearing metal (not shown). Here, in the present embodiment, oil supply holes 19 and 20 are formed at the crank pin bearing portion 11 so as to penetrate the crank pin bearing portion 11 so that lubricating oil is supplied from the crank pin 5 side and is supplied toward the upper pin 4 and the control pin 9. These oil supply holes 19 and 20 are positioned at substantially middle portions in an axial direction of the crank pin bearing portion 11, and are formed along substantially radial direction.

    [0018] At theupper-pinpinbossportion 12, a rectangular plate member 22 is fixed to an outer side surface of the lower link 6 so that an oil storing portion 21 (see Fig. 3) that temporarily stores the lubricating oil supplied from the oil supply hole 19 is formed at a lower portion of the groove portion 15. In the present embodiment, since the outer side surface of the lower link 6 where a lower end of the groove portion 15 is positioned is flat (in other words, a lower edge of the upper-pin pin boss portion 12 is flat), as the plate member 22, a flat rectangular plate, such as a metal plate made of, e.g. steel or aluminium alloy, and a hard synthetic resin plate, is used. The plate member 22 is secured to the lower link 6 (the lower link upper 6A) with a pair of screws 23.

    [0019] The upper link 3 connecting to the lower link 6 is shaped into a rod shape made of carbon steel by forging etc.. The upper link 3 has, as an integral part, a cylindrical upper link side pin boss portion 25 at an end portion of the upper link 3, which is rotatably (pivotably) fitted onto the upper pin 4. Figs. 5A and 5B show details of the upper link side pin boss portion 25. As shown in Figs. 5A and 5B, the upper link side pin boss portion 25 is formed into a substantially cylindrical shape (or tubular shape) by axial direction both end surfaces 26 that face to inner side surfaces of the pair of upper-pin pin boss portion 12, a bearing hole 27 into which the upper pin 4 is inserted through a bearing metal (not shown), and an outer circumferential surface 28. The end surface 26 is formed from a ring-shaped flat surface portion 26a located at an inner circumferential side and encircling the bearing hole 27 and a tapered portion 26b located at an outer circumferential side of the flat surface portion 26a. The flat surface portion 26a is finished by machining, while the tapered portion 26b has a roughened surface by the forging. Each of the end surfaces 26 is provided with an oil groove 29 that is recessed along a radial direction from the outer circumferential surface 28 to the bearing hole 27. This oil groove 29 is formed throughout both of the tapered portion 26b and the flat surface portion 26a. A position in a circumferential direction of the oil groove 29 is the crank pin 5 side, i.e. a side facing to the oil supply hole 19. A gap existing between the end surface 26 and the inner side surface of the upper-pin pin boss portion 12 is set to be relatively small.

    [0020] Fig. 6 is a sectional view for explaining an essential part in a state in which the upper link 3 formed as described above and the lower link 6 are connected through the upper pin 4. Fig. 7 is a drawing for explaining a flow of the lubricating oil in this essential part.

    [0021] The lubricating oil pressurized by an oil pump (not shown) of an internal combustion engine is supplied to sliding surfaces between the crank pin 5 and the lower link 6 (the crank pin bearing portion 11) in each cylinder through a lubricating oil passage (not shown) inside the crank shaft from a main gallery in a cylinder block. A part of the lubricating oil is supplied toward the upper link side pin boss portion 25 and the upper pin 4 through the oil supply hole 19 of the lower link 6, then the lubricating oil is stored in the oil storing portion 21 located at a lower side of the upper link side pin boss portion 25.

    [0022] As shown in the drawings, the oil storing portion 21 is formed so as to cover or accommodate a bottom side of the upper link side pin boss portion 25 from a lower side. Then, the lubricating oil supplied in a pressurized state fills a space 30 that is formed between the oil storing portion 21 and the upper link side pin boss portion 25, and spills over from the space 30 successively. At least a part of the outer circumferential surface 28 of the upper link side pin boss portion 25 touches or is contiguous with the lubricating oil filling the space 30. In this state, relative oscillating rotary motion of the upper link side pin boss portion 25 is made by and according to a rocking movement of the lower link 6.

    [0023] Therefore, by the fact that the oscillating rotary motion of the upper link side pin boss portion 25 is made with the oil groove 29 of the end surface 26 of the upper link side pin boss portion 25 at least partly sinking below the lubricating oil, and also by a measure of pressurized state of the lubricating oil in the space 30, the lubricating oil is introduced to an inner circumferential side through the oil groove 29, and supplied to sliding surfaces between the upper pin 4 and the upper link side pin boss portion 25. Since the end surface 26 of the upper link side pin boss portion 25 is formed from the ring-shaped flat surface portion 26a encircling the bearing hole 27 and the tapered portion 26b located at the outer circumferential side of the flat surface portion 26a and the oil groove 29 is formed so as to be recessed throughout both of the tapered portion 26b and the flat surface portion 26a as mentioned above, the lubricating oil easily flows into the oil groove 29 through the tapered portion 26b, and the lubricating oil is surely introduced to the upper pin 4 side. Such oil supply and lubricating function are continuously made regardless of a stroke position of the piston 1. A connecting part between the upper pin 4 and the upper link 3, on which a large combustion load acts, can therefore be lubricated surely and adequately.

    [0024] Here, although a relative position relationship between the oil groove 29 and the oil supply hole 19 is changed in some degree according to an attitude of the rocking lower link 6 etc., it is desirable that, basically, as shown in Fig. 6, the oil supply hole 19 be set so as to face to the oil groove 29. With this setting, the oil supply to the upper pin 4 side can be easily made through the oil groove 29 also by a flow itself of the lubricating oil injected from the oil supply hole 19.

    [0025] Next, some modified examples in which a part of the above embodiment is changed will be explained.

    [0026] Fig. 8 shows an embodiment in which the oil storing portion 21 is formed integrally with the lower link 6 itself without using the plate member 22 that is an additional member. That is, a bottom end of the groove portion 15 between the pair of upper-pin pin boss portion 12 of the lower link 6 is formed into a closed shape having a substantially U-shape. With this shape, the oil storing portion 21 that encloses the bottom side portion of the upper link side pin boss portion 25 is formed.

    [0027] Fig. 9 shows an embodiment in which a second plate member 22A is further provided on an upper surface of the lower link 6, and a top end of the groove portion 15 is closed. In the same manner as the plate member 22 at the lower side of the lower link 6, the second plate member 22A is secured to the lower link 6 (the lower link upper 6A) with a pair of screws 23. Therefore, in the present embodiment, the lubricating oil supplied through the oil supply hole 19 fills both of the space 30 located at the lower side of the upper link side pin boss portion 25 and an upper side space 30A, and is easily introduced to the upper pin 4 side through the oil groove 29.

    [0028] Next, Fig. 10 shows an embodiment in which a shape of the oil groove 29 is changed. That is, in the present embodiment, a pair of oil grooves 29A and 29B are provided on the end surface of the upper link side pin boss portion 25. These oil grooves 29Aand 29B are formed into a curved shape like a substantially arc which is inclined with respect to a line of radius of the upper link side pin boss portion 25. In particular, each of the oil grooves 29A and 29B is formed so as to be inclined to respective directions in which a component of velocity to a radial direction inner circumferential side is generated in the oil grooves 29A and 29B by and according to relative rotation (pivotal movement) of the upper link side pin boss portion 25 with respect to the oil storing portion 21. More specifically, when the upper link side pin boss portion 25 rotates (pivots) in a clockwise direction in Fig. 10, the lubricating oil is taken in the inner circumferential side through the oil groove 29A that is one of the oil grooves . When the upper link side pin boss portion 25 rotates (pivots) in a counterclockwise direction in Fig. 10, the lubricating oil is taken in the inner circumferential side through the oil groove 29B that is the other of the oil grooves. Here, the drawing illustrates an example in which this upper link side pin boss portion 25 is combined with a configuration of the lower link 6 having the second plate member 22A shown in Fig. 9. However, this upper link side pin boss portion 25 could be combined with a configuration of the lower link 6 not having the second plate member 22A as shown in Figs. 6 and 8.

    [0029] Fig. 11 shows an embodiment in which a protruding portion 31 that guides the lubricating oil into the oil groove 29 is provided on the outer circumferential surface 28 of the upper link side pin boss portion 25. The protruding portion 31 is disposed, in particular, at an opposite side to the oil storing portion 21 with the protruding portion 31 being adjacent to an opening at an outer circumferential side of the oil groove 29. When the upper link side pin boss portion 25 rotates (pivots) in a clockwise direction in Fig. 11, the protruding portion 31 added to the upper link side pin boss portion 25 pushes or squeezes the lubricating oil filling the space 30 (in other words, the oil storing portion 21), and guides the lubricating oil into the oil groove 29 along a tip edge 31a of a rotation direction (pivotal direction).

    [0030] Fig. 12 shows an embodiment in which protruding portions 31A and 31B are further added to the two curved oil grooves 29A and 29B shown in Fig. 10. The protruding portions 31A and 31B are arranged so as to be symmetrical with respect to each other according to inclinations of the oil grooves 29A and 29B. When the upper link side pin boss portion 25 rotates (pivots) in a clockwise direction, the protruding portion 31A that is one of the protruding portions guides the lubricating oil into the oil groove 29A. When the upper link side pin boss portion 25 rotates (pivots) in a counterclockwise direction, the protruding portion 31B that is the other of the protruding portions guides the lubricating oil into the oil groove 29B.

    [0031] Figs. 13A and 13B show a modified example concerning a position of the oil groove 29. In the present embodiment, the position of the oil groove 29 is set to be within a range of the oil storing portion 21 when the piston 1 is positioned close to a top dead center (i.e. when the attitude of the lower link 6 is greatly tilted or inclined so that the upper pin 4 side is located at a higher position). Especially in a case where the multi-link piston crank mechanism is configured as the variable compression ratio mechanism by variably positioning the supporting pin 8 provided at a base end of the control link 7 as disclosed in Patent Document 1, the position of the oil groove 29 is selected so as to be within the range of the oil storing portion 21 in both states of a low compression ratio state shown in Fig. 13A and a high compression ratio state shown in Fig. 13B.

    [0032] In such configuration, the supply of the lubricating oil to the upper pin 4 is surely carried out at a point close to the top dead center at which the combustion load is input to the upper pin 4.


    Claims

    1. A piston crank mechanism of an internal combustion engine, comprising:

    - an upper link (3) whose one end is connected to a piston (1) through a piston pin (2);

    - a lower link (6) which is connected to the other end of the upper link (3) through an upper pin (4) and also is connected to a crank pin (5) of a crank shaft;

    - a control link (7) whose one end is rockably supported at an engine body side and whose other end is connected to the lower link (6) through a control pin (9),

    wherein both end portions of the upper pin (4) are supported at a pair of upper-pin pin boss portions (12) formed at one end of the lower link (6) and having a bifurcated shape, and an upper link side pin boss portion (25) of an end portion of the upper link (3) is connected to a middle portion of the upper pin (4),

    - an oil supply hole (19, 20) formed so as to open between the pair of upper-pin pin boss portions (12) of the lower link (6) and supplying lubricating oil, which is supplied from the crank pin (5), toward the upper pin (4);

    - an oil storing portion (21) provided at the lower link (6) between the pair of upper-pin pin boss portions (12) so that a bottom side of the upper link side pin boss portion (25) partly sinks in and thus touches the lubricating oil that fills the oil storing portion (21); and

    - an oil groove (29) recessed on an end surface (26) of the upper link side pin boss portion (25) from an outer circumferential surface (28) to an inner circumferential bearing hole (27) of the upper link side pin boss portion (25).


     
    2. The piston crank mechanism as claimed in claim 1, wherein the oil storing portion (21) is formed by a plate member (22) being fixed to the lower link (6) so as to cover a lower end of a groove portion (15) that is formed between the pair of upper-pin pin boss portions (12).
     
    3. The piston crank mechanism as claimed in claim 1, wherein the oil storing portion (21) is formed integrally with the lower link (6) such that a lower end of a groove portion (15) that is formed between the pair of upper-pin pin boss portions (12) is a closed shape.
     
    4. The piston crank mechanism as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein:

    - the end surface (26) of the upper link side pin boss portion (25) is formed from a ring-shaped flat surface portion (26a) located at an inner circumferential side and encircling the bearing hole (27) and a tapered portion (26b) located at an outer circumferential side of the flat surface portion (26a), and

    - the oil groove (29) is formed throughout both of the tapered portion (26b) and the flat surface portion (26a).


     
    5. The piston crank mechanism as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the oil groove (29) is formed so as to be inclined with respect to a line of radius of the upper link side pin boss portion (25) to a direction in which a component of velocity to a radial direction inner circumferential side is generated according to relative rotation of the upper link side pin boss portion (25) with respect to the oil storing portion (21).
     
    6. The piston crank mechanism as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein a protruding portion (31) that is configured to guide the lubricating oil into the oil groove (29) is provided on the outer circumferential surface (28) of the upper link side pin boss portion (25) with the protruding portion (31) being adjacent to an outer circumferential side end edge of the oil groove (29).
     
    7. A lubrication method of an upper pin (4) in a piston crank mechanism of an internal combustion engine,
    wherein the piston crank mechanism includes:

    - an upper link (3) whose one end is connected to a piston (1) through a piston pin (2);

    - a lower link (6) which is connected to the other end of the upper link (3) through the upper pin (4) and also is connected to a crank pin (5) of a crank shaft; and

    - a control link (7) whose one end is rockably supported at an engine body side and whose other end is connected to the lower link (6) through a control pin (9),

    wherein both end portions of the upper pin (4) are supported at a pair of upper-pin pin boss portions (12) formed at one end of the lower link (6) and having a bifurcated shape, and an upper link side pin boss portion (25) of an end portion of the upper link (3) is connected to a middle portion of the upper pin (4),
    the lubrication method comprising:

    - pumping lubricating oil from the crank pin (5) to a space (30) formed between an oil storing portion (21) enclosing a bottom side of the upper link side pin boss portion (25) and the upper link side pin boss portion (25) through an oil supply hole (19, 20) provided at the lower link (6), and storing the lubricating oil such that at least a part of the upper link side pin boss portion (25) sinks in and thus touches the lubricating oil; and

    - introducing the lubricating oil to a bearing hole (27) located at an inner circumferential side of the upper link side pin boss portion (25) through an oil groove (29) recessed on an end surface (26) of the upper link side pin boss portion (25).


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Kolbenkurbelmechanismus eines Verbrennungsmotors, umfassend:

    - eine obere Verbindung (3), deren eines Ende über einen Kolbenbolzen (2) mit einem Kolben (1) verbunden ist;

    - eine untere Verbindung (6), die mit dem anderen Ende der oberen Verbindung (3) über einen oberen Bolzen (4) verbunden ist und auch mit einem Kurbelzapfen (5) einer Kurbelwelle verbunden ist;

    - eine Steuerungsverbindung (7), deren eines Ende an einer Motorgehäuseseite schwenkbar gelagert ist und deren anderes Ende über einen Steuerbolzen (9) mit der unteren Verbindung (6) verbunden ist,

    - wobei beide Endabschnitte des oberen Bolzens (4) an einem Paar von Bolzenaugenabschnitten (12) des oberen Bolzens abgestützt sind, die an einem Ende der unteren Verbindung (6) ausgebildet und gabelförmig sind, und ein Bolzenaugenabschnitt (25) der oberen Verbindungsseite eines Endabschnitts der oberen Verbindung (3) mit einem Mittelabschnitt des oberen Bolzens (4) verbunden ist.

    - ein Ölzufuhröffnung (19, 20), die so ausgebildet ist, um zwischen dem Paar von Bolzenaugenabschnitten (12) des oberen Bolzens der unteren Verbindung (6) zu öffnen und die Schmieröl zuführt, das vom Kurbelzapfen (5) zum oberen Bolzen (4) zugeführt wird.

    - einen Ölspeicherungsabschnitt (21), der an der unteren Verbindung (6) zwischen dem Paar von Bolzenaugenabschnitten (12) des oberen Bolzens vorgesehen ist, so dass eine Unterseite des Bolzenaugenabschnitts (25) der oberen Verbindungsseite teilweise eintaucht und somit das Schmieröl berührt, das den Ölspeicherungsabschnitt (21) füllt; und

    - eine Ölnut (29), die in einer Endfläche (26) des Bolzenaugenabschnitts (25) der oberen Verbindungsseite von einer Außenumfangsfläche (28) zu einer Innenumfangs-Lagerbohrung (27) des Bolzenaugenabschnitts (25) der oberen Verbindungsseite ausgespart ist.


     
    2. Kolbenkurbelmechanismus nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Ölspeicherungsabschnitt (21) durch ein Plattenelement (22) ausgebildet ist, das an der unteren Verbindung (6) fixiert ist, um so ein unteres Ende eines Nutabschnitts (6) abzudecken, der zwischen dem Paar von Bolzenaugenabschnitten (12) des oberen Bolzens ausgebildet ist.
     
    3. Kolbenkurbelmechanismus nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Ölspeicherungsabschnitt (21) einstückig mit der unteren Verbindung (6) ausgebildet ist, so dass ein unteres Ende eines Nutabschnitts (15), das zwischen dem Paar von Bolzenaugenabschnitten (12) des oberen Bolzens ausgebildet ist, eine geschlossene Form aufweist.
     
    4. Kolbenkurbelmechanismus nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei:

    - die Endfläche (26) des Bolzenaugenabschnitts (25) der oberen Verbindungsseite aus einem ringförmigen flachen Oberflächenabschnitt (26a), der an einer Innenumfangsseite angeordnet ist und die Lagerbohrung (27) umgibt, und einem konischen Abschnitt (26b), der an einer Außenumfangsseite des flachen Oberflächenabschnitts (26a) angeordnet ist, gebildet wird, und

    - die Ölnut (29) überall sowohl im verjüngten Abschnitt (26b) als auch im flachen Oberflächenabschnitt (26a) ausgebildet ist.


     
    5. Kolbenkurbelmechanismus nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Ölnut (29) so ausgebildet ist, dass sie in Bezug auf eine Radiuslinie des Bolzenaugenabschnitts (25) der oberen Verbindungsseite in eine Richtung geneigt ist, in der eine Geschwindigkeitskomponente zu einer Innenumfangsseite einer radialen Richtung gemäß einer relativen Drehung des Bolzenaugenabschnitts (25) der oberen Verbindungsseite in Bezug auf den Ölspeicherungsabschnitt (21) erzeugt wird.
     
    6. Kolbenkurbelmechanismus nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei ein hervorspringender Abschnitt (31), der eingerichtet ist, um das Schmieröl in die Ölnut (29) zu leiten, in der Außenumfangsfläche (28) des Bolzenaugenabschnitts (25) der oberen Verbindungsseite vorgesehen ist, wobei der hervorspringende Abschnitt (31) zu einer Endkante der äußeren Umfangsseite der Ölnut (29) benachbart ist.
     
    7. Schmierverfahren eines oberen Bolzens (4) in einem Kolbenkurbelmechanismus eines Verbrennungsmotors,
    wobei der Kolbenkurbelmechanismus umfasst:

    - eine obere Verbindung (3), deren eines Ende über einen Kolbenbolzen (2) mit einem Kolben (1) verbunden ist;

    - eine untere Verbindung (6), die mit dem anderen Ende der oberen Verbindung (3) über den oberen Bolzen (4) verbunden ist und auch mit einem Kurbelzapfen (5) einer Kurbelwelle verbunden ist;

    - eine Steuerungsverbindung (7), deren eines Ende an einer Motorgehäuseseite schwenkbar gelagert ist und deren anderes Ende über einen Steuerbolzen (9) mit der unteren Verbindung (6) verbunden ist,

    - wobei beide Endabschnitte des oberen Bolzens (4) an einem Paar von Bolzenaugenabschnitten (12) des oberen Bolzens abgestützt sind, die an einem Ende der unteren Verbindung (6) ausgebildet und gabelförmig sind, und ein Bolzenaugenabschnitt (25) der oberen Verbindungsseite eines Endabschnitts der oberen Verbindung (3) mit einem Mittelabschnitt des oberen Bolzens (4) verbunden ist,

    wobei das Schmierverfahren umfasst:

    - Pumpen von Schmieröl vom Kurbelzapfen (5) zu einem Raum (30), der zwischen einem Ölspeicherungsabschnitt (21), der eine Unterseite des Bolzenaugenabschnitts (25) der oberen Verbindungsseite umschließt, und dem Bolzenaugenabschnitt (25) der oberen Verbindungsseite durch eine Ölzufuhröffnung (19, 20), die an der unteren Verbindung (6) vorgesehen ist, und Speichern des Schmieröls, so dass zumindest ein Teil des Bolzenaugenabschnitts (25) der oberen Verbindungsseite eintaucht und somit das Schmieröl berührt; und

    - Einleiten des Schmieröls in eine Lagerbohrung (27), die an einer Innenumfangsseite des Bolzenaugenabschnitts (25) der oberen Verbindungsseite angeordnet ist, durch eine Ölnut (29), die in einer Endfläche (26) des Bolzenaugenabschnitts (25) der oberen Verbindungsseite ausgespart ist.


     


    Revendications

    1. Mécanisme piston-vilebrequin d'un moteur à combustion interne, comprenant :

    - une bielle supérieure (3) dont une extrémité est reliée à un piston (1) par l'intermédiaire d'un axe de piston (2) ;

    - une bielle inférieure (6) qui est reliée à l'autre extrémité de la bielle supérieure (3) par l'intermédiaire d'un axe supérieur (4) et est également reliée à un maneton (5) d'un vilebrequin ;

    - une bielle de commande (7) dont une extrémité est supportée de manière oscillante au niveau d'un côté de corps de moteur et dont l'autre extrémité est reliée à la bielle inférieure (6) par l'intermédiaire d'un axe de commande (9),

    où les deux parties d'extrémité de l'axe supérieur (4) sont supportées au niveau d'une paire de parties de bossage d'axe de l'axe supérieur (12) formées au niveau d'une extrémité de la bielle inférieure (6) et ayant une forme bifurquée, et une partie de bossage d'axe côté bielle supérieure (25) d'une partie d'extrémité de la bielle supérieure (3) est reliée à une partie médiane de l'axe supérieur (4),

    - un orifice d'alimentation en huile (19, 20) formé de manière à s'ouvrir entre la paire de parties de bossage d'axe de l'axe supérieur (12) de la bielle inférieure (6) et fournissant l'huile de lubrification, qui est fournie depuis le maneton (5), vers l'axe supérieur (4) ;

    - une partie de stockage d'huile (21) prévue au niveau de la bielle inférieure (6) entre la paire de parties de bossage d'axe de l'axe supérieur (12) de manière à ce qu'un côté inférieur de la partie de bossage d'axe côté bielle supérieure (25) s'enfonce partiellement dans et touche ainsi l'huile de lubrification qui remplit la partie de stockage d'huile (21) ; et

    - une rainure de graissage (29) en retrait sur une surface d'extrémité (26) de la partie de bossage d'axe côté bielle supérieure (25) depuis une surface circonférentielle externe (28) vers un orifice de palier circonférentiel interne (27) de la partie de bossage d'axe côté bielle supérieure (25).


     
    2. Mécanisme piston-vilebrequin tel que revendiqué dans la revendication 1, dans lequel la partie de stockage d'huile (21) est formée par un élément formant plaque (22) étant fixé à la bielle inférieure (6) de manière à couvrir une extrémité inférieure d'une partie de rainure (15) qui est formée entre la paire de parties de bossage d'axe de l'axe supérieur (12).
     
    3. Mécanisme piston-vilebrequin tel que revendiqué dans la revendication 1, dans lequel la partie de stockage d'huile (21) est formée d'un seul tenant avec la bielle inférieure (6), de sorte qu'une extrémité inférieure d'une partie de rainure (15) qui est formée entre la paire de parties de bossage d'axe de l'axe supérieur (12) ait une forme fermée.
     
    4. Mécanisme piston-vilebrequin tel que revendiqué dans l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel :

    - la surface d'extrémité (26) de la partie de bossage d'axe côté bielle supérieure (25) est formée d'une partie de surface plate en forme d'anneau (26a) située au niveau d'un côté circonférentiel interne et entourant l'orifice de palier (27) et d'une partie effilée (26b) située au niveau d'un côté circonférentiel externe de la partie de surface plate (26a), et

    - la rainure de graissage (29) est formée dans, à la fois, la partie effilée (26b) et la partie de surface plate (26a).


     
    5. Mécanisme piston-vilebrequin tel que revendiqué dans l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la rainure de graissage (29) est formée de manière à être inclinée par rapport à une ligne de rayon de la partie de bossage d'axe côté bielle supérieure (25) dans une direction dans laquelle une composante de vitesse vers un côté circonférentiel interne de direction radiale est générée en fonction d'une rotation relative de la partie de bossage d'axe côté bielle supérieure (25) par rapport à la partie de stockage d'huile (21).
     
    6. Mécanisme piston-vilebrequin tel que revendiqué dans l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel une partie en saillie (31) qui est configurée pour guider l'huile de lubrification dans la rainure de graissage (29) est prévue sur la surface circonférentielle externe (28) de la partie de bossage d'axe côté bielle supérieure (25), la partie en saillie (31) étant adjacente à un bord d'extrémité de côté circonférentiel externe de la rainure de graissage (29).
     
    7. Procédé de lubrification d'un axe supérieur (4) dans un mécanisme piston-vilebrequin d'un moteur à combustion interne,
    dans lequel le mécanisme piston-vilebrequin comporte :

    - une bielle supérieure (3) dont une extrémité est reliée à un piston (1) par l'intermédiaire d'un axe de piston (2) ;

    - une bielle inférieure (6) qui est reliée à l'autre extrémité de la bielle supérieure (3) par l'intermédiaire de l'axe supérieur (4) et est également reliée à un maneton (5) d'un vilebrequin ; et

    - une bielle de commande (7) dont une extrémité est supportée de manière oscillante au niveau d'un côté de corps de moteur et dont l'autre extrémité est reliée à la bielle inférieure (6) par l'intermédiaire d'un axe de commande (9),

    où les deux parties d'extrémité de l'axe supérieur (4) sont supportées au niveau d'une paire de parties de bossage d'axe de l'axe supérieur (12) formées au niveau d'une extrémité de la bielle inférieure (6) et ayant une forme bifurquée, et une partie de bossage d'axe côté bielle supérieure (25) d'une partie d'extrémité de la bielle supérieure (3) est reliée à une partie médiane de l'axe supérieur (4),
    le procédé de lubrification comprenant le fait :

    - de pomper l'huile de lubrification depuis le maneton (5) dans un espace (30) formé entre une partie de stockage d'huile (21) renfermant un côté inférieur de la partie de bossage d'axe côté bielle supérieure (25) et la partie de bossage d'axe côté bielle supérieure (25) à travers un orifice d'alimentation en huile (19, 20) prévu au niveau de la bielle inférieure (6), et stocker l'huile de lubrification de sorte qu'au moins une partie de la partie de bossage d'axe côté bielle supérieure (25) s'enfonce dans et touche ainsi l'huile de lubrification ; et

    - d'introduire l'huile de lubrification dans un orifice de palier (27) situé au niveau d'un côté circonférentiel interne de la partie de bossage d'axe côté bielle supérieure (25) à travers une rainure de graissage (29) en retrait sur une surface d'extrémité (26) de la partie de bossage d'axe côté bielle supérieure (25).


     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description