(19)
(11)EP 3 349 621 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
26.06.2019 Bulletin 2019/26

(21)Application number: 16766316.0

(22)Date of filing:  16.09.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A47J 31/36(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2016/071988
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/046339 (23.03.2017 Gazette  2017/12)

(54)

APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING A BEVERAGE FROM A CAPSULE

VORRICHTUNG ZUR HERSTELLUNG EINES GETRÄNKS AUS EINER KAPSEL

APPAREIL PERMETTANT DE PRODUIRE UNE BOISSON À PARTIR D'UNE CAPSULE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 17.09.2015 EP 15185759

(43)Date of publication of application:
25.07.2018 Bulletin 2018/30

(73)Proprietor: MOCOFFEE EUROPE UNIPESSOAL, LDA.
1950-132 Lisboa (PT)

(72)Inventors:
  • SCHLITTLER, Pascal
    8706 Meilen (CH)
  • MIRANDA, Marco
    1020 Renens (CH)
  • NANCHEN, Vincent
    3979 Grône (CH)
  • RUSSI, Blaise
    3973 Venthône (CH)

(74)Representative: Alves Moreira, Pedro 
Rua do Patrocinio, 94
1399-019 Lisbon
1399-019 Lisbon (PT)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 484 252
EP-A1- 2 856 917
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Field of the invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to an apparatus for producing a beverage by injection of a pressurized liquid into a capsule.

    Background



    [0002] Machines for preparing a beverage by injecting hot water under pressure into a capsule containing a beverage producing substance such as ground coffee, and collecting the extracted liquid, are well known. Brewing machines typically have a capsule holder adapted for receiving the capsule, an injector head that sealingly closes over the capsule holder for injecting hot water into the capsule, and an extraction outlet on an opposite side of the capsule holder for the outflow of the brewed liquid. Many known systems have hermetically closed capsules that are perforated by the injector head when the injector head closes over the capsule holder, and further have perforation elements at the extraction side to perforate the capsule bottom side to allow outflow of the brewed liquid.

    [0003] After preparation of a beverage from a capsule, the injector head opens away from the capsule holder and the capsule can be removed or ejected from the capsule holder to allow a new capsule to be inserted for preparation of a new portion of beverage.

    [0004] Document EP 2856917 discloses a brewing module for an extraction appliance has a first brewing module part and a second brewing module part which can be moved relative to the first. The first and the second brewing module parts form a discharging device for the discharging an extraction product out of a capsule, containing extraction substance for the preparation of brewed beverages, and an injector for introducing an extraction liquid into the capsule. The first brewing module part has a head with lateral guide means which define a first track and a second track for a capsule collar. The first brewing module part also forms a rest which delimits movement of the capsule in the downward direction when the capsule collar is located on the first track. The lateral guide means are connected rigidly to the head, and that the second brewing module part has a restoring means, which is designed to act on the capsule collar and to move the latter into the second track, when the brewing chamber is opened.

    [0005] Documents 1 646 304, EP 2 077 087 and EP 2 520 203 describe examples of brewing machines for capsules.

    [0006] Disadvantages of conventional brewing machines presenting piercing means adapted for piercing through part of said capsules are either the complexity of capsule ejection means, or a risk of the capsule being stuck or difficult to remove from the capsule holder of the extraction block.

    [0007] A further inconvenience in certain conventional machine is that there may remain some water drops on the capsule top or on the injector head when it is opened at the end of a beverage preparation cycle. Also, the capsule holder extraction outlet or the outer extraction side of the capsule typically holds some residual brewed liquid that drops off when the capsule holder is opened or when a new capsule is inserted. Beverage making machines are normally provided with containers positioned under the outlet and under the injector head to collect the drops of water and brewed liquid that fall without a cup in place. This however requires cleaning of the collection containers. Moreover, dripping water or beverage is often perceived by users of such machines as undesirable in view of the need to clean or wipe away drops that fall on the user's hand, side of the cup or on objects that pass under the extraction outlet.

    Summary of the invention



    [0008] It is an object of the present invention to provide an apparatus for producing a beverage which allows easy and simple removal of a used capsule.

    [0009] It is advantageous to provide an apparatus for producing a beverage which remains clean and is easy and convenient to use.

    [0010] It is advantageous to provide an apparatus for producing a beverage which is compact.

    [0011] It is advantageous to provide an apparatus for producing a beverage which is reliable.

    [0012] It is advantageous to provide an apparatus for producing a beverage which is cost effective to manufacture.

    [0013] Objects of the invention have been achieved by the apparatus for producing a beverage according to claim 1. Various advantageous features of the invention are set forth in the dependent claims.

    [0014] Disclosed herein is an apparatus for preparing a beverage from capsules, including an extraction block comprising an extraction mechanism comprising a capsule holder configured to receive a capsule, and an injection block comprising a movable injector head mounted in a housing and an actuating mechanism configured to displace the injector head between an open position whereby the capsule can be inserted or removed from the extraction block to a closed position whereby the injector head is sealingly closed against a capsule received in the capsule holder.

    [0015] The apparatus may further include a pump and a liquid supply system comprising a water reservoir connected to the injection block via a water inlet in the housing, the injector head comprising an injection plate having plurality of inlet injectors with internal liquid channels configured to pierce through a lid of a capsule.

    [0016] According to a first aspect of the invention, the apparatus comprises a capsule disengaging mechanism configured to engage a rim of the capsule and lift up the capsule when the movable injector head and capsule holder move from a closed position to an open position. The capsule disengaging mechanism comprises a clasp fixed to the injector head configured to interfere with an outer edge of the capsule rim and deform the capsule rim during closing of the injector head. The clasp is configured to lift up the capsule and is further configured to disengage from the capsule due to the deformation of the flexible capsule rim as the clasp is lifted away with the injector head.

    [0017] An upper rim of the capsule holder has an inner portion connected to an inner side wall of the capsule holder and a mid portion extending radially outwards of the inner portion, the inner portion comprising a ridge protruding in an axial direction of the capsule holder configured to abut the underside of the capsule rim. The mid portion has a surface located at a height lower than the height of the ridge such that when a capsule is placed in the capsule holder, the capsule rim is not in contact with the mid portion.

    [0018] In an embodiment, a difference in height between the mid portion and the ridge of the capsule holder is greater than an axial height of a clasp in order to allow the clasp to be positioned in the space formed under the outer edge of the capsule rim.

    [0019] In an embodiment, the clasp comprises a leading edge configured to interfere with an outer edge of the capsule rim and to deform the capsule rim to enable the clasp to slide past and under said outer edge such that a trailing edge of the clasp engages an underside of the capsule rim outer edge.

    [0020] In an embodiment, the clasp is formed on a head at a free end of a shaft.

    [0021] In an embodiment, the shaft is inserted in a fixing cavity of the injector head, wherein the head is axisymmetric such that the shaft may be inserted in the cavity without needing to consider the rotational angle of the shaft. The leading edge may advantageously be conically shaped.

    [0022] In an embodiment, the housing comprises a flange which restricts disengagement movement of the capsule while the capsule holder is mounted to the injection block such that when the moveable block opens away from the capsule holder the capsule lifts up and abuts the flange and the clasp disengages from the capsule due to the deformation of the flexible capsule rim.

    [0023] In an advantageous embodiment, the capsule disengaging mechanism comprises a pair of clasps on diametrically opposite sides of the injector head.

    [0024] In an advantageous embodiment, a radial position of the clasp from the centre axis of the capsule holder corresponds to an outer radius of the capsule rim less an interference amount configured for an interference engagement of the clasp with the rim, the interference amount in the range of between 0.3mm and 2mm, preferably in a range of between 0.4mm and 1mm, more preferably in a range of between 0.4 and 0.8mm. According to a second aspect of the invention the pump comprises a pump chamber and is configured to draw liquid from the water reservoir into the pump chamber via a first conduit comprising a valve preventing liquid in the pump chamber from flowing back to the water reservoir, and is further configured to supply the water in the pump chamber to the inflow injectors via a valveless second conduit fluidly connecting an outlet of the pump chamber to the water inlet such that during a pump chamber filling operation an under-pressure in the inlet injectors is created. The under-pressure withdraws liquid drops at the end of the beverage preparation cycle such that the machine does not drip when a used capsule is removed.

    [0025] According to a third aspect of the invention, the injector head comprises a switchable inlet channel having a first opening arranged to receive liquid from the water inlet and a second opening arranged to supply liquid from first opening to the inflow injectors, wherein in the closed position the water inlet is in liquid communication with the switchable inlet channel, and in the open position the switchable inlet channel is not in liquid communication with the water inlet, and the water inlet is sealingly closed.

    [0026] In an embodiment, a sealing ring may be provided around the water inlet channel at an interface with the injector head, such that when the injector head is in the open position, the sealing ring presses sealingly against a closed surface of the injector head to thereby close the water inlet. In the closed position the sealing ring presses sealingly against the surface of the injector head surrounding the switchable inlet channel such that a sealed coupling between the water inlet and switchable inlet channel is provided.

    [0027] In an embodiment, a sealing ring is received in a slot in the injector head and vertically aligned with the ridge of the capsule holder, the sealing ring comprising a double lip facing the capsule lid.

    [0028] In an embodiment, the capsule holder has a rim configured to support the underside of the capsule rim, the rim of the capsule holder comprising an inner annular portion shaped as a ridge abutting against the underside of the capsule rim.

    [0029] In an embodiment, the ridge has a rounded upper surface.

    [0030] In an embodiment, the sealing ring is placed vertically above the ridge.

    [0031] In an embodiment, the rim of the capsule holder is removably received in a guide slot of the housing of the injection block.

    [0032] In an embodiment, the pump is a piston pump comprising a reciprocating piston arranged within a cartridge enclosing the pump chamber.

    [0033] In an embodiment, a one-way valve is arranged in the first conduit to prevent the liquid in the pump chamber from flowing back to the water reservoir.

    [0034] In an embodiment, a liquid distribution chamber is arranged in the injector head adjacent the injection plate, the chamber configured to distribute liquid to the inflow injectors.

    [0035] Further objects and advantageous features of the invention will be apparent from the claims, from the detailed description, and annexed drawings.

    Brief description of the drawings



    [0036] The invention will now be described in more detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, which by way of example illustrate the present invention and in which:

    Figures 1a and 1b are schematic perspective views of an exemplary apparatus according to an embodiment of the invention;

    Figure 2a is a cross-sectional view of an extraction block in an open position according an embodiment of the invention;

    Figure 2b is a cross-sectional view similar to figure 2a showing the extraction block in a closed position before injection of liquid into the capsule;

    Figure 2c is a schematic view of an inflow injector of an extraction block according to an embodiment of the invention;

    Figure 2d is a cross-sectional view similar to figure 2a showing the extraction block in a closed position during liquid injection into the capsule;

    Figure 2e is a cross-sectional view similar to figure 2a showing the extraction block in an open position after the injection of liquid into the capsule;

    Figure 3a is a side view of an injection block according to an embodiment of the invention;

    Figure 3b is a bottom view of an injection block of figure 3a;

    Figure 3c is a top view of the injection block of figure 3a;

    Figures 4a is a cross-sectional view, figure 4b a side view, figure 4c a top view and figure 4d views of a perspective view of an exemplary capsule holder according to an embodiment of the invention;

    Figures 5a and 5b are schematic cross sectional detail views of the capsule rim of the capsule holder of figure 4a;

    Figure 6 is a schematic diagram view of an exemplary liquid supply system of an apparatus according to an embodiment of the invention;

    Figure 7a is a schematic cross-sectional view of an extraction block with a capsule and a capsule disengaging mechanism in an open position before injection, according to an embodiment of the invention;

    Figure 7b is a detailed schematic cross-sectional view of the ejection mechanism before ejection;

    Figure 8a is a schematic cross-sectional view of an extraction block with a capsule and a capsule disengaging mechanism in a closed position before injection, according to an embodiment of the present invention; and

    Figure 8b is a detailed schematic cross-sectional view of the ejection mechanism when the extraction block is closed.


    Detailed description of embodiments



    [0037] Referring to the drawings, and in particular to figures 1a and 1b, an apparatus for producing a beverage 1 according to an embodiment of the invention is illustrated. The apparatus for producing a beverage 1 comprises a main body 2, an extraction block 8 and a liquid supply system 12. The present apparatus for producing a beverage 1 is configured to receive a capsule 26 in the extraction block 8, to pierce the capsule 26 and to inject liquid through the interior of the capsule and to extract the beverage from the capsule 26. The apparatus for producing a beverage 1 is suitable for receiving capsules 26 containing a substance with water soluble beverage products, for instance ground coffee, powder chocolate, tea, bouillon, and the like. The capsule may be a hermetically closed capsule comprising a sidewall 28, a rim 32 and a lid 30. The capsule may be made of various food compatible materials, for instance based on polymers or metals such as aluminium or cellulose based materials, with wall thicknesses sufficiently thin to be perforated by injection points of the apparatus during use.

    [0038] The extraction block 8 comprises a liquid injection mechanism 4, and an extraction mechanism 6. The liquid injection mechanism 4 is configured to inject liquid into the capsule 26, while the extraction mechanism 6 is configured to extract the drink from the capsule 26.

    [0039] The injection mechanism 4 comprises an injection block 9, comprising an injector head 28 movably mounted in a housing 40. The injector head comprises an injection plate 27 provided with a plurality of inflow injectors 34 configured to pierce through the lid 30 of the capsule 26 and to inject liquid directly into the interior of the capsule 26. Preferably, the inflow injectors 34 are configured as spikes with a sharp tip 29 configured for piercing through the lid of the capsule, where each of the spikes has an internal channel 37. The injector head 28 is configured to be moved towards and away from the capsule holder 10, for instance in a linear movement in an axial direction Ac, when mounted to the injector head. When a capsule is positioned in the capsule holder, the injector head engages and disengages the injection plate 27 with the lid 30 of the capsule 26.

    [0040] As illustrated in figures 2a to 2e, the inflow injectors 34 receive inlet liquid from a switchable inlet channel 31 in the injector head 28. The switchable inlet channel 31 has a first end opening 33 configured as a water inlet into the injector head 28 and a second end opening 35 configured as a downstream outlet to a distribution chamber 36 arranged within the injector head 28 adjacent the injection plate 27 and wherein the distribution chamber is directly fluidically connected to the internal channels 37 of the inflow injectors 34. The housing 40 has a water inlet 42 connected to an upstream water reservoir 12, a sealing ring 44 arranged between a lateral surface 41 of the injector head 28 and the housing 40 at the position of the water inlet 42. When the injector head is in the open (retracted) position as shown in figure 2a, the sealing ring presses sealingly against a closed portion of a lateral surface 41 of the injector head to thereby close the water inlet. in the closed position shown in figure 2b, the sealing ring presses sealingly against the lateral surface of the injector head surrounding the switchable inlet channel such that a sealed fluidic coupling between the water inlet 42 and switchable inlet channel 31 is formed.

    [0041] The injector head 28 is operatively connected to an actuating mechanism 50. The purpose of the actuating mechanism 50 is to achieve an axial movement of the injector head 28 inside the housing 40. In the illustrated embodiment, the actuating mechanism 50 comprises a lever 51, which for instance may be rotatably connected to the injector head 28 via a coupling that converts the rotation movement of the lever to axial translation of the injector head, for instance via a thread and groove mechanism or a bayonet type of coupling. In this embodiment, when rotating the lever 51 is rotated from the open to the closed position, the injector head 28 moves towards the lid 30 of the capsule, and when rotating the lever 51 turns in an opposite direction, the injector head 28 retracts inside the housing 40.

    [0042] The position of the injector head 28 in relation to the housing 40 governs the water supply to the injection head 9. The position of the first end opening 33 of the switchable inlet channel 31 in the injector head 40 in relation to the water inlet 42 of the housing 40 determines the opening and closing of the water supply to the distribution chamber 36 and the inflow injectors 34. Figure 2a illustrates when the extraction block 8 is in an open position, i.e. a position when the injector head 28 is located in its most retracted position inside the housing 40, whereby the injection plate 27 is disengaged from the capsule 26. In the open position, the switchable inlet channel 30 and the water inlet 42 are not aligned, whereby the water supply to the injection head 28 is closed.

    [0043] Figure 2b illustrates when the extraction block is in a closed position, i.e. a position when the injector head 28 is located in its most outwardly extended position with respect to the housing 40, whereby the injection plate 27 engages the lid 30 of the capsule 26, such that the inflow injectors 34 extend through the capsule lid 30. In the closed position, the first end opening 33 of the switchable inlet channel 30 and the water inlet 42 are aligned, such that liquid from the liquid supply system 12 can be supplied from the first end opening 33 and further into the interior of the capsule 26. Hence, the axial position of the injector head 28 has a valve function.

    [0044] The extraction mechanism 6 comprises a capsule holder 10 which may be removably mounted to the housing 40 of the injection head 9. The user can remove the capsule holder from the injection head 9, replace a used capsule by placing a new capsule 26 in the capsule holder 10 and connect the capsule holder 10 to the housing 40 again.

    [0045] As best seen in figures 4a to 4d, the capsule holder 10 has a cup-like shape with an upper rim 70, internal side wall 66, outer side wall 71 and a bottom wall 52, which together define an inner receiving space 73 for the capsule 26. The internal side wall 66 is configured to match the shape of the capsule 26 in order to achieve a snug fit between the capsule 26 and the inner wall 66 of the capsule holder. The internal side wall 66 can be straight or tapered as illustrated in figure 4a. The outer side wall 71 and the inner wall 66 of the capsule holder 10 may be produced in one single part or two different parts.

    [0046] Now referring to figures 5a and 5b, the upper rim 70 of the capsule holder 10 has an inner annular portion 74, a mid annular portion 76 and an outer annular portion 78. The inner annular portion 74 is connected to the internal side wall 66 of the capsule holder 10 and has a ridge 80 protruding in the axial direction of the capsule holder Ach. As illustrated in figure 5b, the ridge 80 is configured to abut the underside of the capsule rim 32 and to restrict movement of the capsule further into the capsule holder.

    [0047] The mid annular portion 76 has a depressed surface located at a height H0 which is lower than the height H1 of the ridge 80. Hence, when a capsule 26 is placed in the capsule holder 10, the capsule rim 32 is not in contact with the mid annular portion 76. The mid annular portion 76 may also have an upwardly tapered surface portion in the radial direction of the capsule holder.

    [0048] The outer annular portion 78 is located at the outermost position in the radial direction of the capsule holder 10. The outer annular portion preferably has a funnel portion inclined toward the center of the capsule holder 10 configured to guide the capsule and/or injector head 28 into the capsule holder such that the injection plate 27 is aligned and centered with respect to the capsule lid.

    [0049] The bottom wall 52 of the capsule holder 10 comprises an extraction plate 54, a liquid diverting chamber 60 and an outflow collector chamber 64. The extraction plate 54 is provided with outflow spikes 56 and apertures which form extraction outflow channels 62 through the extraction plate 54. The outflow spikes 56 have a sharp tip configured to pierce open the bottom wall 31 of the capsule 26. The upper rim 70 of the capsule holder is configured to be received in a guide slot 46 in the housing 40. As best seen in figures 3a-3c, the housing 40 is configured to slideably receive a capsule 26 in a guide slot 46. The guide slot 46 is formed by an upper flange 47 and a lower flange 48 which partially extend over the upper and the lower side of the capsule rim 32.

    [0050] Optionally, the capsule holder 10 may be provided with a friction grip 68 arranged on the outer side wall 71 of the capsule holder 10 in order to ensure that the user can firmly grip the capsule holder 10 when inserting and removing the capsule holder into the extraction block 8.

    [0051] As best seen in figures 7a, 7b, 8a and 8b, the liquid injection mechanism 4 further comprises a capsule disengaging mechanism. The capsule disengaging mechanism 82 comprises a clasp 85 fixed to the injector head 28, configured to engage an underside of the rim of the capsule when the injector head and capsule holder are in the closed position. In use, when the injector head 28 is moved in the axial direction Ach towards the lid of the capsule 26, the clasp 85 contacts with it is leading edge 85a the outer edge 32' of the capsule rim 32 and moves underneath the capsule rim outer edge such that the trailing edge 85b of the clasp 85 engages the underside of the capsule rim outer edge. The difference in height H0 - H1 between the mid annular portion 76 and the ridge 80 of the capsule holder is greater than an axial height of a clasp 85 in order to allow the clasp to be positioned in the space formed under the outer edge of the capsule rim.

    [0052] The flexibility of the capsule rim enables the clasp to slide under the capsule rim 32. When the injector head 28 retracts from the capsule holder 10, the clasp 85 engaging the underside of the capsule rim outer edge lifts the capsule up from the capsule holder 10 such that the capsule disengages from the grasp of the capsule holder, without however being removed from the capsule holder. In effect, during injection of hot water under pressure into the capsule, the capsule bottom wall 31 is pressed against and perforated by the extraction plate 52, and the capsule sidewall 28 expands and presses against the capsule holder inner side wall 66. The capsule thus "sticks" to the capsule holder by frictional grasp and is difficult to dislodge from the capsule holder after use. The capsule disengaging mechanism 82 thus serves to dislodge or disengage the capsule from the frictional grasp of the capsule holder after use (i.e. preparation of a beverage).

    [0053] The housing 40 may comprise a flange which restricts disengagement movement of the capsule 26 past a certain height in the housing 40 while the capsule holder 10 is mounted to the injection block 9. When the capsule lifts up and abuts the flange, and the moveable block 28 continues to move open away from the capsule holder, the clasp 85 disengages from the capsule due to the deformation of the flexible capsule rim as the clasp is lifted away with the moveable block.

    [0054] Once the capsule holder 10 is removed from the injector head, the dislodged capsule 26 can be easily tipped out of the capsule holder by gravity without the need for applying a further force or ejection mechanism.

    [0055] The capsule holder rim only abuts the capsule rim 32 on the ridge 80 of the inner annular portion 74 of the rim 70. As the mid annular portion 76 of the capsule holder rim 70 is depressed in relation to the ridge 80, the outer edge 32' of the capsule rim 32 is arranged at a distance from the rim and defines a void under the capsule rim 32. The void enables the capsule rim 32 to flex downwardly as the clasp 82 is urged against the capsule rim 32.

    [0056] In an embodiment (not shown), the clasp can be integrally formed with the body of the moveable block 28, for instance by being formed as a single molded or machined piece with the block 28. In another embodiment, the clasp may be a separate part assembled to the moveable block, for instance by bonding, welding, screwing, interference fit or other known fixing means.

    [0057] In an exemplary embodiment, the clasp may be formed on a head 83 of a shaft 84. In this embodiment, the shaft 84 may be screwed or inserted in an interference fit in a fixing cavity of the injector head 28, and the head 83 is arranged at a free end of the shaft pointing in the axial direction towards the capsule holder. In this embodiment the clasp may advantageously be axisymmetric such that the shaft may be inserted in the fixing cavity without needing to consider the rotational angle of the shaft.

    [0058] In the illustrated embodiment, the head 83 has an essentially planar and annular trailing edge 85b extending in a transverse direction in relation to the axis of the shaft 84. The head may advantageously have a conical of curved leading edge 85a. Alternatively, the clasp may have a head without a transversely extended portion, but instead be provided with a friction engaging surface that frictionally grasps the outer portion of the capsule rim. Various other clasp shapes that allows engaging, respectively disengaging the flexible capsule rim during closing, respectively opening of the extraction block may be provided.

    [0059] In an advantageous embodiment, the capsule disengaging mechanism 82 comprises a pair of clasps 85 on diametrically opposite sides of the injector head such that the capsule rim is grasped on opposite sides. The pair of clasps 85 in the illustrated embodiment are separated by an angle of 180° or approximately 180° around the injector head.

    [0060] In variants, more than two clasps may be arranged around the circumference of the injector head, in a regular angle spaced relationship, or a plurality of clasps (e.g. two) may be positioned close together on one side of the injector head and another one or plurality on a diametrically opposed side of the injector head.

    [0061] The radial distance of the clasps from the centre axis of the capsule holder corresponds to the outer radius of the capsule rim less a small amount configured for an interference engagement of the clasp with the rim. The interference overlap of the clasp and outer edge of the capsule rim may advantageously be in the range of between 0.3mm and 2mm, preferably in a range of between 0.4mm and 1mm, more preferably between 0.4 and 0.8mm.

    [0062] As best seen in figures 1a, 1b and 6, the liquid supply system 12 comprises a water reservoir 14 and a pump 16. The pump 16 is configured to draw liquid from the water reservoir 14 and supply the water to the inflow injectors 34 in the injection head 9. In an advantageous embodiment, the pump 16 is a piston pump comprising a piston 16a arranged inside a cartridge 16b. The pump is upstream connected to the water reservoir via a first conduit 18, which supplies liquid to a pump chamber 17 in the pump 16 via an inlet 19. A one-way valve 22 is arranged on the first conduit 18 or in the inlet 19 to the pump chamber 17. The one-way valve 22 blocks the liquid in the pump chamber 17 from flowing back to the water reservoir 14. A second conduit 20 is arranged from an outlet 23 from the pump chamber to the water inlet 42 of the housing 40 of the extraction block 8.

    [0063] In use, the piston 16a of the pump 16 first performs a retraction movement, whereby liquid from the water reservoir 14 enters through the inlet 19 and is drawn into the pump chamber 17. Additionally, the retraction movement of the piston 16a also creates an under-pressure in the second conduit 20 when the extraction block is closed and the switchable inlet channel in the injector head is aligned with the water inlet 42 in the housing 40 of the injection block 9. The under-pressure in the second conduit draws liquid from the distribution chamber 36 and inflow injectors 34, such that an under-pressure is created in the capsule 26. Consequently, the under pressure in the capsule 26 achieves a small return-flow of liquid from the inside of the capsule 26 to the distribution chamber 36. The under pressure in the second conduit 20, distribution chamber 36 and injector side of the capsule is maintained while the extraction block is closed because the wet bed of substance within the capsule, for instance the wet coffee grind, acts as a resistance that restricts the backward flow of liquid from the extraction plate 54 towards the injector head. The volume of liquid drawn back due to the under-pressure as the pump chamber is being filled, may be configured by adjusting the resistance against flow in the second channel taking into account the level of under-pressure and the resistive effect of the capsule wet substance. The volume of liquid drawn back may be adjusted such that the few drops that remain on the injector side, respectively on the extraction side of the capsule, as well as on the injection plate 27 and capsule holder outflow collector chamber 64 are drawn back to prevent drops of liquid falling when the beverage preparation cycle is completed and the capsule holder released and removed from the extraction block. By drawing back with under-pressure a few drops of liquid at the end of the beverage preparation, unwanted discharge of liquid from the extraction block 8 after the drink has been prepared is prevented.

    [0064] When the moveable block is opened, the switchable inlet channel 31 moves out of fluid communication with the stationary channel 42 and seals the switchable inlet channel such that the liquid in the distribution chamber 36 is retained in the distribution chamber and does not drop out through inflow injectors 34.

    [0065] In a following beverage preparation cycle, the piston performs a compression movement, whereby liquid in the pump chamber is urged through the outlet 23 from the pump chamber to the water inlet 42. The one-way valve on the first conduit 18 prevents the liquid in the pump chamber from flowing back to the water reservoir.

    [0066] An annular sealing 38 is received in an annular slot in the injector head axially aligned with the ridge 80 of the capsule holder 10. The annular sealing 38 seals the capsule lid 30 against the injector head 28, such that liquid from the injection head 9 cannot circumvent the capsule lid 30 and the injection pressure during beverage preparation as well as the under pressure at the end of beverage preparation is maintained between the injector head 28 and the capsule 26.

    [0067] The sealing 38 comprises an elastic material such as rubber or silicone. Preferably, the sealing 38 has an outer lip 39a and an inner lip 39b. The outer lip 39a is essentially axially aligned with the ridge 80 of the capsule holder 10 and the inner lip 39b may be located radially inwards of the outer lip 39a, configure to press against the lid of the capsule. The double sealing lip may advantageously be provided in the form of an essentially square or "X" shaped sealing ring, which provides an effective sealing function that better adjusts for tolerances in the relative closing position between the moveable block and capsule holder than a simple O-ring.

    [0068] The main body 2 may house parts of the liquid supply system. Additionally, a user interface 3 may be located on the main body to set the beverage preparation parameters and to provide feedback to the user. The main body may also comprise a plate 5 for placing a recipient, such as a coffee cup.

    List of references in the figures



    [0069] 

    apparatus for producing a beverage 1
    main body 2

    user interface 3

    plate 5

    extraction block 8

    injection block 9

    liquid injection mechanism 4

    moveable injector head 28
    switchable inlet channel 31

    first end opening 33

    second end end opening 35

    injection plate 27
    inflow injectors 34
    spike

    tip 29

    micro channel 37

    distribution chamber 36

    annular sealing (sealing off the lid of the capsule) 38

    housing 40

    water inlet 42

    seal 44

    guide slot 46

    upper flange (restricts movement of the capsule higher) 47

    lower flange 48

    actuating mechanism (for opening the extraction chamber) 50

    extraction mechanism 6
    capsule holder 10

    bottom wall 52

    extraction plate 54
    outflow spikes 56

    liquid diverting chamber 60

    extraction outflow channels 62

    outflow collector chamber 64

    side walls 66

    outer side wall 71

    inner receiving space 73

    grip (friction surface) 68

    rim 70

    inner (annular) portion 74

    a mid (annular) portion 76

    an outer (annular) portion 78

    capsule disengagement mechanism 80
    clasp 82

    head 83

    shaft 84

    liquid supply system 12

    water reservoir 14

    first conduit (water reservoir to pump) 18

    one-way valve 22

    second conduit (pump to injector head) 20

    water inlet 42

    pump 16
    pump chamber 17

    piston 16a

    cartridge 16b

    capsule 26
    sidewall 28

    lid 30

    rim 32
    outer edge 32'

    axial direction A




    Claims

    1. An apparatus for preparing a beverage from capsules, including an extraction block (8), the extraction block including an extraction mechanism (6) comprising a capsule holder (10) configured to receive a capsule, an injection block (9) including an injector head (28), a housing (40), an actuating mechanism (50) configured to displace the injector head between an open position in which the capsule can be inserted or removed from the extraction block to a closed position in which the movable part of the injector head is closed against the capsule holder, and a capsule disengaging mechanism (82) configured to engage a rim (32) of the capsule and lift up the capsule when the injector head and capsule holder move from a closed position to an open position, the capsule disengaging mechanism comprising a clasp (85) fixed to the injector head configured to interfere with an outer edge (32') of the capsule rim and deform the capsule rim during closing of the injector head, the clasp further configured to lift up the capsule during opening of the injector head and subsequently to disengage from the capsule due to the deformation of the flexible capsule rim as the clasp is lifted away with the injector head, characterised in that an upper rim (70) of the capsule holder has an inner portion (74) connected to an inner side wall (66) of the capsule holder (10) and a mid portion (76) extending radially outwards of the inner annular portion, the inner portion comprising a ridge (80) protruding in an axial direction of the capsule holder Ach configured to abut the underside of the capsule rim, and wherein the mid portion has a surface located at a height H0 lower than the height H1 of the ridge such that when a capsule is placed in the capsule holder, the capsule rim is not in contact with the mid portion.
     
    2. The apparatus according to the preceding claim, wherein the clasp comprises a leading edge (85a) configured to interfere with an outer edge (32') of the capsule rim and to deform the capsule rim to enable the clasp to slide past and under said outer edge such that a trailing edge (85b) of the clasp engages an underside of the capsule rim outer edge.
     
    3. The apparatus according to any of the two directly preceding claims, wherein the clasp is formed on a head (83) at a free end of a shaft (84).
     
    4. The apparatus according to the preceding claim wherein the shaft is inserted in a fixing cavity of the injector head, and wherein the head is axisymmetric such that the shaft may be inserted in the cavity without needing to consider the rotational angle of the shaft.
     
    5. The apparatus according to the preceding claim wherein the leading edge is conically shaped.
     
    6. The apparatus according to any of the preceding claims 1-3 wherein clasp is integrally formed with a body of the injector head.
     
    7. The apparatus according to any preceding claim, wherein the housing comprises a flange which restricts disengagement movement of the capsule while the capsule holder is mounted to the injector head such that when the moveable block opens away from the capsule holder the capsule lifts up and abuts the flange and the clasp disengages from the capsule due to the deformation of the flexible capsule rim.
     
    8. The apparatus according to any preceding claim, wherein the difference in height H0 - H1 between the mid portion and the ridge of the capsule holder is greater than an axial height of a clasp in order to allow the clasp to be positioned in the space formed under the outer edge of the capsule rim.
     
    9. The apparatus according to any preceding claim, wherein the capsule disengaging mechanism comprises a pair of clasps on diametrically opposite sides of the injector head.
     
    10. The apparatus according to any preceding claim wherein a radial position of the clasp from the centre axis of the capsule holder corresponds to an outer radius of the capsule rim less an interference amount configured for an interference engagement of the clasp with the rim, the interference amount in the range of between 0.3mm and 2mm, preferably in a range of between 0.4mm and 1mm.
     
    11. Apparatus according to any one of the preceding claims further including a pump (16) and a liquid supply system (12) comprising a water reservoir (14) connected to the injector head via a water inlet (42) in the housing, the injector head comprising an injection plate (27) having plurality of inlet injectors (34) with internal liquid channels (37) configured to pierce through a lid (30) of a capsule (26), the pump (16) comprising a pump chamber (17) and is configured to draw liquid from the water reservoir into the pump chamber via a first conduit (18) comprising a valve (22) preventing liquid in the pump chamber from flowing back to the water reservoir, the pump further configured to supply the water in the pump chamber to the inflow injectors via a second conduit (20) fluidly connecting an outlet (23) of the pump chamber to the water inlet (42) during a pump chamber filling operation such that an under pressure in the inlet injectors is created.
     
    12. Apparatus according to the preceding claim, wherein the injector head comprises a switchable inlet channel (31) having a first end opening (33) arranged to receive liquid from the water inlet (42) of the housing and a second end opening (35) arranged to supply liquid from first opening (33) to the inflow injectors, and wherein in the closed position the water inlet (42) of the housing is in liquid communication with the switchable inlet channel, and in the open position the water inlet is sealingly closed.
     
    13. The apparatus according to the preceding claim, wherein a sealing ring (44) is provided around the water inlet at an interface with the injector head, such that when the injector head is in the open position, the sealing ring presses sealingly against a closed portion of a lateral surface (41) of the injector head to thereby close the water inlet, and in the closed position the sealing ring presses sealingly against the lateral surface of the injector head surrounding the switchable inlet channel such that a sealed coupling between the water inlet and switchable inlet channel is provided.
     
    14. The apparatus according to any preceding claim, wherein a sealing ring (38) is received in a slot in the injector head axially aligned with a ridge (80) of the capsule holder (10) configured to support a rim of a capsule, the sealing ring comprising a double lip facing the capsule lid (30), an outer lip of the sealing ring positioned axially above the ridge (80).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Apparat zum Zubereiten eines Getränks aus Kapseln, mit einem Extraktionsblock (8), wobei der Extraktionsblock einen Extraktionsmechanismus (6) umfasst, der einen Kapselhalter (10) umfasst, der zur Aufnahme einer Kapsel gestaltet ist, einen Injektionsblock (9) mit einem Injektorkopf (28), ein Gehäuse (40), einen Betätigungsmechanismus (50), der so ausgebildet ist, um den Injektorkopf zwischen einer offenen Position, in der die Kapsel eingeführt oder aus dem Extraktionsblock entnommen werden kann, in eine geschlossene Position zu verschieben, in der der bewegliche Teil des Injektorkopfes gegen den Kapselhalter geschlossen ist, und ein Kapselfreigabemechanismus (82), der so ausgebildet ist, dass er einen Rand (32) der Kapsel einrastet und die Kapsel anhebt, wenn sich der Injektorkopf und der Kapselhalter aus einer geschlossenen Position in eine offene Position bewegen, wobei der Kapselfreigabemechanismus eine an dem Injektorkopf befestigte Klammer (85) umfasst, die so ausgebildet ist, dass sie mit einer Außenkante (32') des Kapselrandes interferiert und den Kapselrand während des Schließens des Injektorkopfes verformt, wobei die Klammer ferner so ausgebildet ist, dass die Kapsel während des Öffnens des Injektorkopfes angehoben wird und anschließend aufgrund der Verformung des biegsamen Kapselrandes von der Kapsel gelöst wird, wenn die Klammer mit dem Injektorkopf abgehoben wird, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    ein oberer Rand (70) des Kapselhalters einen inneren Abschnitt (74), der mit einer inneren Seitenwand (66) des Kapselhalters (10) verbunden ist, und einen mittleren Abschnitt (76), der sich radial nach außen von dem inneren ringförmigen Abschnitt erstreckt, aufweist, wobei der innere Abschnitt einen Steg (80) umfasst, der in eine axiale Richtung des Kapselhalters Ach hineinragt und die so ausgebildet ist, um an der Unterseite des Kapselrandes anzustoßen, und wobei der mittlere Abschnitt eine Oberfläche hat, die auf einer Höhe H0 niedriger als die Höhe H1 des Steges liegt, derart dass, wenn eine Kapsel in den Kapselhalter eingesetzt wird, der Kapselrand nicht mit dem mittleren Abschnitt in Kontakt steht.
     
    2. Apparat nach dem vorhergehenden Anspruch, wobei die Klammer eine Vorderkante (85a) umfasst, die so ausgebildet ist, dass sie mit einer Außenkante (32') des Kapselrandes interferiert und den Kapselrand verformt, so dass die Klammer vorbei und unter besagter Außenkante gleiten kann, derart, dass eine Hinterkante (85b) der Klammer mit der Unterseite der Außenkante des Kapselrandes in Eingriff steht.
     
    3. Apparat nach einem der zwei direkt vorangehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Klammer an einem Kopf (83) an einem freien Ende einer Welle (84) ausgebildet ist.
     
    4. Apparat nach dem vorhergehenden Anspruch, wobei die Welle in einen Befestigungshohlraum des Injektorkopfes eingesetzt ist und wobei der Kopf achsensymmetrisch ist, so dass die Welle in den Hohlraum eingeführt werden kann, ohne dass der Drehwinkel der Welle berücksichtigt werden muss.
     
    5. Apparat nach dem vorhergehenden Anspruch, wobei die Vorderkante konisch geformt ist.
     
    6. Apparat nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei die Klammer einstückig mit einem Körper des Injektorkopfes ausgebildet ist.
     
    7. Apparat nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Gehäuse einen Flansch umfasst, der die Ausrückbewegung der Kapsel einschränkt, während der Kapselhalter an dem Injektorkopf derart montiert ist, dass sich die Kapsel anhebt, wenn sich der bewegliche Block vom Kapselhalter weg öffnet und an der Flansch stößt und die Klammer aufgrund der Verformung des biegsamen Kapselrandes sich von der Kapsel gelöst wird.
     
    8. Apparat nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Höhenunterschied H0 - H1 zwischen dem mittleren Abschnitt und dem Steg des Kapselhalters größer als eine axiale Höhe einer Klammer ist, damit die Klammer in dem unter der äußere Rand des Kapselrandes befindlichen Raum positioniert werden kann.
     
    9. Apparat nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Kapselfreigabemechanismus ein Paar Klammern an diametral gegenüberliegenden Seiten des Injektorkopfes umfasst.
     
    10. Apparat nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei eine radiale Position der Klammer von der Mittelachse des Kapselhalters einem Außenradius des Kapselrandes entspricht, abzüglich eines Interferenzbetrags, der für einen Interferenzeingriff der Klammer mit dem Rand ausgebildet ist, wobei der Interferenzbetrag im Bereich zwischen 0,3 mm und 2 mm, vorzugsweise im Bereich zwischen 0,4 mm und 1 mm liegt.
     
    11. Apparat nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, ferner umfassend eine Pumpe (16) und ein Flüssigkeitszuführsystem (12) mit einem Wasservorratsbehälter (14), der mit dem Injektorkopf über einen Wassereinlass (42) in dem Gehäuse verbunden ist, wobei der Injektorkopf eine Injektionsplatte (27) mit einer Vielzahl von Einlassinjektoren (34) mit inneren Flüssigkeitskanälen (37), die zum Durchstechen eines Deckels (30) einer Kapsel (26) ausgebildet sind, umfasst, wobei die Pumpe (16) eine Pumpenkammer (17) umfasst und ausgebildet ist, um Flüssigkeit aus dem Wasservorratsbehälter in die Pumpenkammer über eine erste Leitung (18) anzusaugen, die ein Ventil (22) aufweist, das verhindert, dass die Flüssigkeit in der Pumpenkammer zum Wasservorratsbehälter zurückfließt, wobei die Pumpe ferner ausgebildet ist, um das Wasser der Pumpenkammer mit den Einströminjektoren über eine zweite Leitung (20) zuzuführen, die während eines Pumpenkammerfüllvorgangs einen Auslass (23) der Pumpenkammer mit dem Wassereinlass (42) in Strömungsverbindung steht, so dass ein Unterdruck in den Einlassinjektoren entsteht.
     
    12. Apparat nach dem vorhergehenden Anspruch, wobei der Injektorkopf einen umschaltbaren Einlasskanal (31) mit einer ersten Endöffnung (33) umfasst, die zum Aufnehmen von Flüssigkeit aus dem Wassereinlass (42) des Gehäuses angeordnet ist, und einer zweiten Endöffnung (35) zum Zuführen von Flüssigkeit aus der ersten Öffnung (33) zu den Einströminjektoren angeordnet ist, und wobei der Wassereinlass (42) des Gehäuses in der geschlossenen Position mit dem schaltbaren Einlasskanal in Flüssigkeitsverbindung steht und in der offenen Position der Wassereinlass abdichtend geschlossen ist.
     
    13. Apparat nach dem vorhergehenden Anspruch, wobei ein Dichtungsring (44) um den Wassereinlass an einer Schnittstelle mit dem Injektorkopf vorgesehen ist, so dass der Dichtungsring, wenn sich der Injektorkopf in der offenen Position befindet, dichtend gegen einen geschlossenen Abschnitt drückt einer seitlichen Oberfläche (41) des Injektorkopfes, um dadurch den Wassereinlass zu schließen, und in der geschlossenen Position drückt der Dichtungsring dichtend gegen die seitliche Oberfläche des Injektorkopfs, die den umschaltbaren Einlasskanal umgibt, so dass eine abgedichtete Verbindung zwischen dem Wassereinlass und dem umschaltbarer Einlasskanal vorgesehen ist.
     
    14. Apparat nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei ein Dichtungsring (38) in einem Schlitz in dem Injektorkopf aufgenommen ist, der axial mit einem Steg (80) des Kapselhalters (10) ausgerichtet ist, der so ausgebildet ist, dass er einen Rand einer Kapsel trägt, wobei die Dichtungsring eine Doppellippe, die dem Kapseldeckel (30) zugewandt ist und eine äußere Lippe des Dichtungsrings, die axial über dem Steg (80) angeordnet ist, umfasst.
     


    Revendications

    1. Appareil de préparation d'une boisson à partir de capsules, comprenant un bloc d'extraction (8), le bloc d'extraction comprenant un mécanisme d'extraction (6) avec un porte-capsule (10) configuré pour recevoir une capsule, un bloc d'injection (9) comprenant une tête d'injecteur (28), un boîtier (40), un mécanisme d'actionnement (50) configuré pour déplacer la tête d'injecteur entre une position ouverte, dans laquelle la capsule peut être insérée ou retirée du bloc d'extraction, jusqu'à une position fermée, dans laquelle la partie mobile de la tête d'injecteur est fermée contre le porte-capsule et un mécanisme de désengagement de capsule (82) configuré pour retenir un bord (32) de la capsule et pour soulever la capsule, lorsque la tête d'injecteur et le porte-capsule se déplacent d'une position fermée à une position ouverte, le mécanisme de désengagement de la capsule comprenant un fermoir (85) fixé à la tête d'injecteur et configuré pour interférer avec une arête extérieure (32') du bord de la capsule et déformer le bord de la capsule lors de la fermeture de la tête d'injecteur, le fermoir étant en outre configuré pour soulever la capsule lors de l'ouverture de la tête d'injecteur et se désengager ensuite de la capsule, en raison de la déformation du bord flexible de la capsule, lorsque le fermoir est soulevé avec la tête d'injecteur,
    Caractérisé en ce qu'un bord supérieur (70) du porte-capsule présente une section intérieure (74) reliée à une paroi latérale intérieure (66) du porte-capsule (10) et une section médiane (76) s'étendant radialement vers l'extérieur de la section annulaire intérieure, la section intérieure comprenant une crête (80) faisant saillie dans une direction axiale du porte-capsule Ach configurée pour appuyer sur la face inférieure du bord de la capsule et dans lequel la section médiane a une surface qui se trouve à une hauteur H0 inférieure à la hauteur H1 de la crête, de telle sorte que lorsqu'une capsule est placée dans le porte-capsule, le bord de la capsule n'est pas en contact avec la section médiane.
     
    2. Appareil selon la revendication précédente, dans lequel le fermoir comprend un bord d'attaque (85a) configuré pour interférer avec une arête extérieure (32') du bord de la capsule et pour déformer le bord de la capsule, pour permettre au fermoir de glisser au-delà et sous ladite arête extérieure, de telle sorte qu'un bord de fuite (85b) du fermoir s'engage dans une face inférieure de l'arête extérieure du bord de la capsule.
     
    3. Appareil selon l'une quelconque des deux revendications directement précédentes, dans lequel le fermoir est formé sur une tête (83) à l'une extrémité libre d'un arbre (84).
     
    4. Appareil selon la revendication précédente, dans lequel l'arbre est inséré dans une cavité de fixation de la tête d'injecteur, et dans lequel la tête est axisymétrique, de telle sorte que l'arbre puisse-t-être inséré dans la cavité sans qu'il soit nécessaire de prendre en compte l'angle de rotation de l'arbre.
     
    5. Appareil selon la revendication précédente, dans lequel le bord d'attaque est configuré conique.
     
    6. Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes 1 à 3, dans lequel le fermoir est formé d'un seul tenant avec un corps de la tête d'injecteur.
     
    7. Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le boîtier comprend une bride, qui restreint le mouvement de désengagement de la capsule alors que le porte-capsule est monté sur la tête d'injecteur, de telle sorte que lorsque le bloc mobile s'ouvre à l'opposé du porte-capsule, la capsule se soulève et vient en butée contre la bride et le fermoir se désengage de la capsule, en raison de la déformation du bord flexible de la capsule.
     
    8. Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la différence de hauteur H0 - H1 entre la section médiane et la crête du porte-capsule est supérieure à la hauteur axiale d'un fermoir, de façon à permettre au fermoir d'être positionné dans l'espace formé sous l'arête extérieure du bord de la capsule.
     
    9. Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le mécanisme de désengagement de la capsule comprend une paire de fermoirs sur des côtés diamétralement opposés de la tête d'injecteur.
     
    10. Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel une position radiale du fermoir par rapport à l'axe central du porte-capsule correspond à un rayon extérieur du bord de la capsule moins une quantité d'interférence configurée pour un engagement d'interférence du fermoir avec le bord, la quantité d'interférence étant comprise entre 0,3 et 2 mm, de préférence entre 0,4 et 1 mm.
     
    11. Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre une pompe (16) et un système d'alimentation en liquide (12) comprenant un réservoir d'eau (14) relié à la tête d'injecteur via une entrée d'eau (42) dans le boîtier, la tête d'injecteur comprenant une plaque d'injection (27) ayant une pluralité d'injecteurs d'admission (34) avec des canaux de liquide intérieurs (37) configurés pour percer à travers un couvercle (30) d'une capsule (26), la pompe (16) comprenant une chambre de pompe (17) et est configurée pour aspirer du liquide du réservoir d'eau dans la chambre de pompe via un premier conduit (18) comprenant une vanne (22) empêchant le liquide dans la chambre de pompe de retourner dans le réservoir d'eau, la pompe étant en outre configurée pour fournir de l'eau de la chambre de pompe aux injecteurs d'entrée via un second conduit (20) reliant de manière fluide une sortie (23) de la chambre de pompe à l'entrée d'eau (42), pendant une opération de remplissage de la chambre de pompe, de façon à créer une sous-pression dans les injecteurs d'entrée.
     
    12. Appareil selon la revendication précédente, dans lequel la tête d'injecteur comprend un canal d'entrée (31) commutable, ayant une première ouverture d'extrémité (33) agencée pour recevoir du liquide provenant de l'entrée d'eau (42) du boîtier et une seconde ouverture d'extrémité (35) aménagée pour alimenter les injecteurs d'entrée en liquide depuis la première ouverture (33) et dans lequel, dans la position fermée, l'entrée d'eau (42) du boîtier est en communication hydrodynamique avec le canal d'entrée commutable, et dans la position ouverte, l'entrée d'eau est fermée de manière étanche.
     
    13. Appareil selon la revendication précédente, dans lequel une bague d'étanchéité (44) est prévue autour de l'entrée d'eau, au niveau d'une interface avec la tête d'injecteur, de sorte que lorsque la tête d'injecteur est dans la position ouverte, la bague d'étanchéité appuie de manière étanche contre une section fermée d'une surface latérale (41) de la tête d'injecteur, pour fermer ainsi l'entrée d'eau et, dans la position fermée, la bague d'étanchéité appuie de manière étanche contre la surface latérale de la tête d'injecteur entourant le canal d'entrée commutable, de façon à établir un accouplement étanche entre l'entrée d'eau et un canal d'entrée commutable.
     
    14. Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel une bague d'étanchéité (38) est reçue dans une rainure de la tête d'injecteur, alignée axialement avec une crête (80) du porte-capsule (10), configurée pour supporter un bord d'une capsule, la bague d'étanchéité comprenant une double lèvre face au couvercle (30) de la capsule, une lèvre extérieure de la bague d'étanchéité positionnée axialement au-dessus de la crête (80).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description