(19)
(11)EP 3 350 092 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
16.12.2020 Bulletin 2020/51

(21)Application number: 16756917.7

(22)Date of filing:  17.08.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B65D 51/16  (2006.01)
F16J 15/06  (2006.01)
B65D 53/02  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2016/047284
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/048443 (23.03.2017 Gazette  2017/12)

(54)

VACUUM RELEASE SEAL FOR A CLOSURE AND CONTAINER PACKAGE

VAKUUMABLASSDICHTUNG FÜR EINEN VERSCHLUSS UND BEHÄLTERVERPACKUNG

JOINT D'ÉTANCHÉITÉ À LIBÉRATION DE VIDE POUR FERMETURE ET EMBALLAGE DE CONTENANT


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 16.09.2015 US 201514856022

(43)Date of publication of application:
25.07.2018 Bulletin 2018/30

(60)Divisional application:
20191569.1

(73)Proprietor: Owens-Brockway Glass Container Inc.
Perrysburg, OH 43551 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • BROZELL, Brian, J.
    Maumee, OH 43537 (US)
  • CHISHOLM, Brian, J.
    Sylvania, OH 43560 (US)
  • GRANT, Edward, A.
    Toledo, OH 43615 (US)

(74)Representative: Blumbach · Zinngrebe Patentanwälte PartG mbB 
Alexandrastraße 5
65187 Wiesbaden
65187 Wiesbaden (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A1- 2014 263 321
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present disclosure relates to packages and, more particularly, to seals for container closures applied to containers under vacuum.

    Background and Summary of the Disclosure



    [0002] Containers often include a body and a neck finish extending axially from the body to accept a closure. The body usually includes a base, a sidewall extending axially away from the 10 base, and a shoulder between the sidewall and the neck finish. The neck finish typically includes circumferentially extending threads to cooperate with corresponding features of the closure, and a circular end surface to cooperate with a seal on an undersurface of the closure. U.S. Patent 2,244,316 illustrates a glass container and closure of this type.

    [0003] US 2014/0263321 describes a vacuum release seal for a container and a container package according to the preamble of appended claim 1, wherein the seal includes a seal ring having closure-driven features engageable by the closure when the closure is rotated to unseat the seal ring.

    [0004] A general object of the present disclosure is to provide a seal that cooperates with a closure to release the vacuum in the package when the closure is loosened.

    [0005] In accordance with one aspect of the present disclosure, there is provided a seal for a closure assembly that includes a seal ring, and a carrier being coupled to the seal ring, extending circumferentially and radially outwardly of the seal ring to a radially outer periphery, and having a circumferentially extending pocket in the radially outer periphery adapted to release a vacuum pressure. The seal of the invention is characterised in that the seal ring comprises a spring portion adapted to be compressed by a cam of the skirt when the latter is counter-rotated and to decompress once the vacuum pressure is released forcing the seal to rotate independently with respect to the skirt.

    Brief Description of the Drawings



    [0006] The disclosure, together with additional objects, features, advantages and aspects thereof, will best be understood from the following description, the appended claims and the accompanying drawings, in which:

    FIG. 1 is an exploded perspective view of a container package in accordance with an illustrative embodiment of the present disclosure that includes a container, a closure assembly that includes a skirt and a base, and a first embodiment of a seal;

    FIG. 2 is a fragmentary top view of the container package of FIG. 1, the seal being in a first position;

    FIG. 3 is a fragmentary sectional view of the container package of FIG. 1, the seal being in the first position;

    FIG. 4A is an enlarged view of one embodiment of a closure-driven feature shown in FIG. 2;

    FIG. 4B is an enlarged view of another embodiment of a closure-driven feature shown in FIG. 2;

    FIG. 5 is a perspective view of the skirt of the closure assembly;

    FIG. 6 is a fragmentary top view of the container package of FIG. 1, the seal being in a second position;

    FIG. 7 is a fragmentary sectional view of the container package of FIG. 1 illustrating movement of the seal from the first position to the second position;

    FIG. 8 is a fragmentary sectional view, shown in perspective, of the container package of FIG. 1, the seal being in the second position;

    FIG. 9 is a fragmentary perspective view of the container package of FIG. 1 with the closure assembly removed for clarity, the seal being in the second position;

    FIG. 10 is a top view of a container package illustrating an example of a seal useful for understanding the invention, the seal being in a first position;

    FIG. 11 is a fragmentary top view of the container package illustrating a third embodiment of the seal, the seal being in a first position;

    FIG. 12 is a fragmentary top view of the third embodiment shown in FIG. 11, the seal being in a second position;

    FIG. 13 is a fragmentary top view of the container package illustrating a fourth embodiment of the seal; and

    FIG. 14 is a fragmentary top view of the container package illustrating a fifth embodiment of the seal.


    Detailed Description of Preferred Embodiments



    [0007] FIG. 1 illustrates an exploded perspective view of a container package 10 along a longitudinal axis A in accordance with an illustrative embodiment of the present disclosure that includes a container 12 and a closure assembly 14 that includes a skirt 16, a base or lid 18, and a seal 20 for sealing the contents or product of the container 12 under a vacuum pressure. More specifically, the seal 20 may be received between the base 18 and the container 12 while the skirt 16 compresses the seal 20. The seal 20 may have multiple closure-driven features 22 circumferentially spaced at a radially outer periphery 24 of the seal 20. When the skirt 16 is rotated, at least some of these features 22 may engage one or more cams 26 on the skirt 16 to facilitate the release of a vacuum or vacuum pressure within the container 12.

    [0008] The container 12 of FIG. 1 may include a base 30 and a body 32 axially or upwardly extending from the base 30 to a shoulder 34. The shoulder 34 may continue extending axially to a neck 36 having a neck finish 38 extending to an axially facing sealing surface 40. The neck finish 38 includes multiple securement or retention elements 44 that collectively may extend around the entire circumference of the neck finish 38; in some embodiments, the neck finish 38 further includes a transfer bead or capping flange 42. The retention elements 44 may include lugs, bayonets, thread segments, or any other suitable features. As used herein, the phrase "thread segment" includes whole, partial, multiple, and/or an interrupted thread and/or thread segment. The container 12 may have a mouth 46 at the sealing surface 40 opening to a container interior or interior space (I) for carrying contents or product (P) [FIG. 3]. The sealing surface 40 may be sized for engagement with corresponding portion(s) of the closure assembly 14. In some implementations, the sealing surface 40 is generally parallel with respect to the base 30. However, in at least one implementation (as shown in FIGS. 3 and 7), it may have a circumferential bevel or wedge 41 - extending more axially away from the base 30 at a radially inwardly portion 40a of the sealing surface 40 than at a radially outwardly portion 40b. As will be explained in greater detail below, the circumferential bevel 41 may act to better retain the seal 20 between the container 12 and base 18 (and more particularly, to inhibit the seal 20 from being drawn into the container 12 by a vacuum therein).

    [0009] The container 12 may be comprised of glass or any other material suitable for containing food products (e.g., cold and/or hot-fill food products). In one example, the container 12 may be suitable for hot-fill applications of product at 85°C (185°F) and above, and can be developed for retort applications at temperatures of 126.7°C (260°F) and above. Retort applications include any category of food packaging using sealable laminates (e.g., flexible plastics, metal foils, etc.). In other implementations, the container 12 may carry non-food products including liquids, gels, powders, particles, and the like. And in at least some implementations, the container 12 may be manufactured in accordance with a glass manufacturing process as will be described below.

    [0010] The closure assembly 14 may have multiple parts or components (e.g., the base 18 and the seal 20 may be detachable or removable from the skirt 16). In one embodiment shown in FIG. 3, the base 18 may be generally disc-like or plate-like. The base 18 may include a top side 48 extending to an upper radially peripheral edge 52 and an undersurface or bottom 50 extending to a lower radially peripheral edge 53, recessed radially with respect to the edge 52 via a circumferential lip 56. An outer diameter (ODTOP) of the peripheral edge 52 is greater than an outer diameter (ODBOTTOM) of the recessed edge 53, wherein the lip 56 of the base 18 may be carried by the skirt 16. On the bottom 50, a circumferential sealing surface 58 may extend radially inwardly with respect to the edge 53, and radially outwardly of a central region or roof portion 60 of the base 18. The sealing surface 58 may be parallel to the top side 48 of the base 18. However, in at least one implementation (as shown in FIGS. 3 and 7), it may have a circumferential bevel or wedge 55 - extending more axially away from the top side 48 at a radially inwardly portion 58a of the sealing surface 58 than at a radially outwardly portion 58b. As will be explained in greater detail below, the circumferential bevel 55 (on the base 18) may act to better retain the seal 20 between it and the circumferential bevel 41 (on the container 12). In one embodiment, a secondary lip 62 is radially inboard of the sealing surface 58 and sized to accommodate a portion of the seal 20, as will be described more below. The base 18 may be include glass; however, plastic, metal, or other suitable materials are also possible.

    [0011] As shown in FIGS. 3 and 5, the skirt 16 includes a cylindrical wall 64 having an upper portion 66 that includes a radially, inwardly extending flange 68 and a lower portion 70 that includes a number of features extending radially inwardly from an inner surface 28 of the wall 64, including a base retaining bead or base retainer 72, a seal retaining bead or seal retainer 74, one or more cams 26, and one or more securement or retention elements 76. Thus, as shown, the skirt 16 may have two openings - a top opening 78 defined by the flange 68 and a bottom opening 80 defined by the inner surface 28 at the lower portion 70 of the wall 64 that is sized to receive the base 18, the seal 20, and the container 12.

    [0012] The base retaining bead 72 on the skirt 16 may include any protrusion extending radially, inwardly and at least partially circumferentially along the inner surface 28 adapted to capture and retain the base 18. For example, the bead 72 may be a continuous protrusion, as illustrated, or in some embodiments, it may be segmented. Thus, an inner diameter of the bead 72 may be less than or equal to the top side diameter (ODTOP) of the base 18 providing for a press-fit or press-through engagement of the bead 72 and the peripheral edge 52 of the base 18. And after the base 18 is located between the flange 68 and base retaining bead 72, the bead 72 may carry the base at the base's circumferential lip 56.

    [0013] The seal retaining bead 74 may be adapted to carry and/or capture the seal 20 and may be any continuous or segmented circumferential protrusion extending radially inwardly along the inner surface 28 of the skirt 16 located between the base retaining bead 72 and the bottom opening 80. As best shown in FIGS. 1 and 5, the seal retaining bead 74 may be segmented - each segment 81 being spaced circumferentially from one another by a gap 82. One cam 26 may be located at each gap 82 (e.g., alternating segments 81 and cams 26).

    [0014] The cam(s) 26 include any ridge, projection, or the like extending radially inwardly from the inner surface 28 of the skirt 16 and adapted to cooperate with the closure-driven features 22 on the seal 20 when then the closure assembly 14 is actuated, as will be described below. In the illustrated embodiment, the cams 26 axially extend both toward the base retaining bead 72 and the bottom opening 80; however, this is merely an example. In at least one implementation, the skirt 16 has six evenly circumferentially spaced gaps 82 and six evenly circumferentially spaced cams 26.

    [0015] The retention element(s) 76 on the skirt 16 may be configured to secure the closure assembly 14 to the retention elements 44 of the container 12. The retention elements 76 may be located between the seal retaining bead 74 and the bottom opening 80 and may protrude radially inwardly having an axial component as well (e.g., similar to retention elements 44). Collectively, the retention elements 76 may extend circumferentially around the entirety of the inner surface 28 of the skirt 16. Non-limiting examples of the retention elements 76 include lugs, bayonets, thread segments (e.g., whole, partial, multiple, and/or an interrupted thread), and any other suitable features. Further, the skirt 16 may be comprised of any suitable material such as metal or plastic, and in at least one embodiment, the skirt 16 - including the base retaining bead 72, seal retaining bead 74, cams 26, and retention elements 76 - may be formed in a single piece of material, e.g., having a unitary construction.

    [0016] With reference to FIGS. 3, 4A, and 4B, the seal 20 may be adapted to isolate the contents P within the interior I from the air outside of the container 12 and includes a sealing portion or seal ring 86 coupled to a circumferentially extending, radially outboard carrier 88. The seal 20, as shown in section in FIG. 3, may comprise multiple materials; e.g., the seal ring 86 being of a first, more flexible material and the carrier 88 being of a second, more rigid material. Nonlimiting examples of the first material include a silicone material, a plastic material, a rubber material, any combination of silicone material(s), plastic material(s), or rubber material(s) (e.g., including any suitable thermoplastic elastomer (TPE)), and non-limiting examples of the second material include thermoplastic polymers such as polypropylene. Thus, the material of the seal ring 86 suitably may compress and deform to enable adjoining the container 12 and base 18, and the rigidity of the material of the carrier 88 resiliently may return the seal 20 to its annular form following deformation(s).

    [0017] A cross-sectional shape of the seal ring 86 (FIG. 3) may have a body 84 sized to be pinched between the sealing surfaces 40, 58 (of the container 12 and base 18, respectively) that may be T-shaped, having a head 85 extending radially inwardly from the body 84 and formed to hug or adjoin inner regions 89, 91 of the base 18 and the container 12, respectively. In FIG. 3, an upper side 90 of the body 84 engages the sealing surface 58 of the lid 18, a lower side 92 engages the sealing surface 40 of the container 12, and a radially inwardly facing surface 93 defines part of the head 85. It should be appreciated that the illustrated shape is merely an example; e.g., seal ring 86 may have any other suitable cross-sectional shapes such as a circle, an oval, a rectangle, a heart or cardioid-shape, etc. A radially outwardly facing surface 94 of the seal ring 86 may be coupled to the carrier 88 (e.g., overmolded within or by carrier 88). In addition, as shown in FIG. 2, one or more circumferentially spaced tabs or nubs 100 may extend radially outwardly of the surface 94 to provide additional binding to the carrier 88 (e.g., by providing additional surface area for adherence, e.g., when the carrier 88 is overmolded to the seal ring 86).

    [0018] The carrier 88 may be any generally annular-shaped member that includes closure-driven features 22 which contribute to releasing the vacuum pressure within a sealed container. FIG. 3 shows that in one embodiment, the overall cross-sectional shape of the carrier 88 may be generally rectangular, having axially facing surfaces 102, 104 (top and bottom, respectively) and radially facing surfaces 106, 108 (inwardly and outwardly, respectively). The inwardly facing surface 106 may be coupled to the surface 94 of the seal ring 86, and in some regions of the carrier 88, the bottom surface 104 may include a trough or channel 96, reducing the quantity of material needed to form the carrier 88. The outwardly facing surface 108 generally coincides with the radially outer periphery 24 of the seal 20.

    [0019] FIG. 2 illustrates one embodiment of the closure-driven features 22 circumferentially distributed along the outer periphery 24. While six closure-driven features are shown, not all of the features 22 need to be identical. It should be appreciated that more or less than this quantity may be possible in other embodiments. Each of the closure-driven features 22 has a first end 112 circumferentially spaced from a second end 114 that includes an abutment or stop surface 118 (e.g., in the top view of FIG. 2, the second end 114 being located in a clockwise direction with respect to the first end 112). A radially inwardly extending pocket or channel portion 116 is at least partially defined by the first and second ends 112, 114 - facing radially outwardly. Among the six illustrated features 22, three different configurations in FIG. 2 are shown: two slotted-type closure-driven features 22a, three spring-type closure-driven features 22b, and one cam-following-type closure-driven feature 22c. As will be explained in greater detail below, other closure-driven features 22 and/or other arrangements of closure-driven features 22 are also possible.

    [0020] The slotted-type closure-driven features 22a may be identical, and therefore the additional aspects of only one feature 22a will be described. As shown in FIG. 2, the channel portion 116 of the slotted-type feature 22a extends from a secondary abutment or stop surface 120 at the first end 112 to the abutment surface 118 at the second end 114 having an arcuate length (L1). While the slotted-type feature 22a is shown as an empty, arcuate channel, the slotted-type feature 22a may have different characteristics in other embodiments.

    [0021] The spring-type closure-driven features 22b may be identical, and therefore the additional aspects of only one feature 22b will be described (see also FIGS. 2 and 4A). Again, the channel portion 116 is defined by the first and second ends 112, 114 having an arcuate length (L2) which may be longer than the length (L1). The spring-type feature 22b includes a spring or spring portion 122 having a longitudinally extending body 124 with a coupling end 126 coupled to and extending from the first end 112. The body 124 extends toward the second end 114 (e.g., clockwise) within the channel 116 terminating at a distal end 128 such that it measures less than length (L2). According to at least one embodiment, the spring 122 comprises the first material (e.g., TPE) and overmolds a part of the carrier 88 near the first end 112 and passes through an opening 129 (shown in FIG. 4A) near the first end 112. Thus, in at least one embodiment, at least a portion of the first end 112 also is comprised of the first material.

    [0022] The body 124 of the spring 122 may have any compressible arrangement including being coil-like (e.g., having a helical-shape), accordion-like, snake-like (e.g., having a sinusoidal-shape), etc. In the illustrated embodiment, the spring 122 has an uneven exterior surface 130 and various different cross-sectional areas along the length of its body 124. In one implementation, the cross-sectional areas are randomized (e.g., having random areas). In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 2 and 4A, two bridging portions 131 are shown coupling the spring body 124 to the carrier 88 within the channel 116, further enhancing the elasticity of the spring portion 122 when compressed, as will be described below. Other implementations of the spring-type closure-driven features 22b also exist; e.g., including implementations without the bridging portions 131.

    [0023] As shown in FIGS. 2 and 4B, the cam-following-type closure-driven feature 22c includes a cam-follower 132 that includes a ramp or ramp portion 136 and a channel portion 116 on either side (i.e., channel portion 116a spans between the ramp 136 and the first end 112 and channel portion 116b spans between the ramp 136 and the second end 114). FIG. 4B illustrates a side 136a of ramp 136 (nearer end 114) having a more gradual slope than a side 136b (nearer end 112) to enable easier actuation when breaking a vacuum seal. The length of the channel portion 116 between the ramp 136 and the second end 114 may be less than length (L1) (i.e., the length of the channel in the slotted-type closure-driven feature(s) 22a). As will be described more below, this may enable one of the cams 26 to drive the ramp 136 of feature 22c radially inwardly thereby releasing vacuum pressure within the container 12 before another cam 26 engages the abutment surface 118 of one of the slotted-type closure-driven features 22a.

    [0024] The carrier 88, as shown in FIG. 2, may have other features as well. For example, the carrier 88 may have any suitable shape to accommodate the circumferentially spaced tabs 100 of the seal ring 86. As discussed above, these tabs 100 may provide additional bonding area between the seal ring 86 and the carrier 88. Three tabs 100 are illustrated; however, other quantities are possible.

    [0025] The individual components of the closure assembly 14 shown in FIGS. 1 and 3 may be manufactured separately and thereafter assembled. The base 18 may be inserted into the skirt 16 via the bottom opening 80 without regard to orientation, and while the peripheral edge 52 of the base 18 may interfere with the base retaining bead 72, the skirt 16 may elastically deform, allowing the base 18 to be fitted or press-fit beyond the bead 72 so that the base 18 is located between the bead 72 and the flange 68 with the top side 48 facing the flange 68. In an upright position, the lip 56 of the base 18 may rest on the base retaining bead 72, inhibiting the base 18 from falling out of the skirt 16. The seal 20 may then be inserted into the skirt 16 via the bottom opening 80, and while the outwardly facing surface 108 may interfere with the seal retaining bead 74, the skirt 16 and/or the seal 20 may elastically deform, allowing the seal 20 to be fitted or press-fit beyond the bead 74 so that the seal 20 is located between the base and seal retaining beads 72, 74. During the fitting of the seal 20, the seal 20 and/or the skirt 16 may be rotated to align the cams 26 within the channels 116 of the closure-driven features 22 (e.g., nearer the respective second ends 114). Since all cams 26 may be identical, no particular cam 26 need be paired with a particular closure-driven feature 22 - facilitating ease of assembly. Thus, in at least one embodiment, the base 18 is free to rotate independently of the skirt 16 while rotation of the seal 20 is limited by the freedom of the cams 26 within their respective channels 116.

    [0026] When it becomes desirable to seal the container 12 (e.g., having heated product (P) therein), the retention elements 44 of the container 12 may be rotatably coupled to the skirt's 16 corresponding retention elements 76 (FIG. 3). While the skirt 16 is rotatably tightened, the cams 26 on the inner surface 28 of the skirt 16 may engage or press against the abutment surfaces 118 (FIG. 2) in each of the closure-driven features 22 - the abutment surfaces 118 preventing over-rotation. It will be appreciated that since the cams 26 are captured within the channels 116, the seal 20 generally will rotate with the skirt 16. Mating of the retention elements 44, 76 draws the skirt 16 downward to a first position wherein the seal 20 is compressed between the sealing surfaces 40, 58 (of the container 12 and base 18, respectively). During packaging, vacuum further may compress the seal 20 as the base 18 is drawn down tighter (e.g., as the product P cools) thereby preventing rotation of the seal 20 with respect to the container 12. During the sealing process, the springs 122 and the cam-follower 132 of the seal 20 are not engaged, compressed, etc. (see FIGS. 2 and 4B).

    [0027] When it becomes desirable to open the vacuum sealed container 12, the skirt 16 is counter-rotated or loosened. During counter-rotation, as shown in FIG. 6, one or more of the cams 26 on the inner surface 28 of the skirt 16 compress the corresponding springs 122 on the seal 20 towards the first ends 112 while another cam 26 traverses the ramp 136 (via side 136a) of the cam-follower 132. As a result, a local or localized region 144 of the seal 20 displaces radially inwardly to a second position driven by the cam 26 forming a vacuum release path 140 (FIGS. 6-9). In the second position, the seal ring 86 is moved sufficiently away from between the sealing surfaces 40, 58 so that the vacuum path 140 enables fluid communication between the container's interior I and the air outside via channel 116 (e.g., 116a, 116b, or both) - releasing any pressure therein. Releasing vacuum pressure should be construed broadly to include ambient air moving in or out of the container 12; e.g., where the interior I of the container 12 was at a lower pressure, ambient air may rush into the interior I upon release of the vacuum pressure. As shown in FIG. 6, over compression of the springs 122 is prevented by closure-driven features 22a; more specifically, the two remaining cams engage the abutment surfaces 120 limiting the arcuate compression of the springs 122. Further, it will be appreciated that the length (L1) of features 22a may coincide with the length of a portion of closure-driven feature 22c - namely, the length between the second end 114 and a peak 145 of the ramp 136. Therefore, when the cams 26 have fully compressed the springs 122, the abutment surfaces 120 also inhibit the cam 26 at the ramp 136 from traversing onto side 136b and becoming stuck there (see FIG. 6).

    [0028] Once the vacuum pressure is released, the springs 122 may decompress from the cams 26, forcing the seal 20 to rotate independently with respect to the skirt 16. For example, the springs 122 in the spring-type closure-driven features 22b may suitably rotate the seal 20 so that the cam 26 engaged with the ramp 136 is displaced back into its respective channel 116 (as shown in FIG. 2). In addition, the cam follower 132 may contribute to the rotation of the seal 20 (rotating the seal so that the cam 26 - previously engaged with the ramp 136 - is now displaced back into its respective channel 116b). And due to the elastic nature of the seal 20 (more specifically, the carrier 88), the deformed local region 144 may move from the second position back into the first position (FIG. 2). Therefore, the springs 122 will be more fit for re-use since they will not remain in a compressed, deformed, or otherwise distressed state. It will be appreciated that the springs 122 left in such a distressed state may permanently deform - e.g., experiencing material creep. Thus, the closure assembly 14 is in the distressed state only momentarily, avoiding such permanent deformation.

    [0029] Alternative embodiments of the present disclosure also exist. For example, the described seal 20 may have more or fewer closure-driven features 22; and correspondingly, the skirt 16 may have more or fewer cams 26. Similarly, the number of closure-driven features 22 having springs 122 and/or cam followers 132 may also vary.

    [0030] In a non-claimed alternative (shown in FIG. 10), no spring-type closure-driven features 22b are used. For example, the seal 20 comprises one or more slotted-type closure-driven features 22a and at least one cam-following closure-driven feature 22c. FIG. 10 illustrates an embodiment having five slotted-type closure-driven features 22a and one cam-following closure-driven feature 22c; however, this of course is merely an example. In this implementation, the seal 20 generally may operate as described above; however, instead of the springs 122 counter-rotating the seal 20 with respect to the skirt 16 (and the skirt cams 26), the channel portions 116a and 116b of the cam follower 132 acts as a spring to resiliently return the seal 20 to its pre-stressed state (e.g., following a vacuum pressure release, as discussed above).

    [0031] FIGS. 11 and 12 illustrate another embodiment of a closure-driven feature; here, like numerals denote similar features and elements. Here, the spring-type closure-driven features 22b' include springs 122' having a radially outwardly extending body 148. The body 148 comprises a plurality of fingers 146 fanning outwardly from the channel portion 116 in different directions and biased to this position. For example, at least one finger 146 may extend partially circumferentially towards the first end 112 and at least one finger 146 may extend partially circumferentially towards the second end 114. Like the previously-described springs 122, springs 122' may be capable of collapsing inwardly under compressive force (FIG. 12) and resiliently flexing back to this fan-like position when the force is removed (FIG. 11 again). The illustrated embodiment has three fingers 146; however, other implementations are also possible.

    [0032] FIG. 13 illustrates another embodiment of the cam-follower-type closure-driven feature (22c") - shown in the second or driven position. Here, a flex portion or leaf spring 134 (shown deformed) extends circumferentially between the first end 112 and a ramp 136" defining a vacuum release path or passage 140" (e.g., flex portion 134 may be used instead of channel portion 116a). When the cam-follower-type closure-driven feature 22c" is not actuated (i.e., in the first position), the cam 26 is located in the channel 116b' (as discussed above with respect to feature 22c); however, as shown in FIG. 13, when the feature 22c" is actuated by the cam 26, the cam 26 moves up the ramp 136" and drives the feature 22c" radially inwardly enabling fluid communication between the interior (I) of the container 12 and the exterior thereof via the passage 140".

    [0033] Another embodiment of the cam-follower is shown in FIG. 14. Here, a bulbous ramp 136'" is coupled to the first and second ends 112,144 by channel portions 116a", 116b", respectively. The spacing between the ramp 136'" and the second end 114 may approximate the length (L1) of the closure-driven features 22a. Therefore, in operation, this configuration may work similarly to the ramp shown in FIG. 2.

    [0034] The container 12 and/or base 18 described herein each may be of one-piece integrally formed construction and may be manufactured according to one or more glass manufacturing processes. (The term "integrally formed construction" does not exclude one-piece integrally molded layered glass constructions of the type disclosed for example in U.S. Patent 4,740,401, or one-piece glass bottles to which other structure is added after the bottle-forming operation.) In one embodiment, the container 12 may be fabricated in press-and-blow or blow-and-blow glass container manufacturing operations.

    [0035] In production, and generally speaking, typical glass container manufacturing includes a "hot end" and a "cold end." The hot end may include one or more glass melting furnaces to produce a glass melt, one or more forming machines to form the glass melt into glass containers 12, and one or more applicators to apply a hot-end coating to the glass containers 12. The "hot end" also may include an annealing lehr, or at least a beginning portion of the annealing lehr, for annealing the glass containers therein. Through the lehr, the temperature may be brought down gradually to a downstream portion, cool end, or exit of the lehr. The "cold end" may include an end portion of the annealing lehr, applicators to apply one or more cold-end coatings to the glass containers downstream of the annealing lehr, inspection equipment to inspect the containers, and packaging machines to package the containers. Thus, a hot end coating is a coating applied at the hot end of the glass container manufacturing process, and a cold end coating is a coating applied at the cold end of the glass container manufacturing process.

    [0036] In conjunction with the above description, the container 12 may be produced by the following glass container manufacturing process, which may or may not include all of the disclosed steps or be sequentially processed or processed in the particular sequence discussed, and the presently disclosed manufacturing process and marking methods encompass any sequencing, overlap, or parallel processing of such steps.

    [0037] First, a batch of glass-forming materials may be melted. For example, a melting furnace may include a tank with melters to melt soda-lime-silica to produce molten glass. Thereafter, the molten glass may flow from the tank, through a throat, and to a refiner at the downstream end of the furnace where the molten glass may be conditioned. From the furnace, the molten glass may be directed toward a downstream forehearth that may include a cooling zone, a conditioning zone, and a downstream end in communication with a gob feeder. The feeder may measure out gobs of glass and deliver them to a glass container forming operation.

    [0038] Next, the glass gobs may be formed into containers, for example, by forming machines, which may include press-and-blow or blow-and-blow individual section machines, or any other suitable forming equipment. Blank molds may receive the glass gobs from the feeder and form parisons or blanks, which may be at a temperature, for example, on the order of 900-1100°C. Blow molds may receive the blanks from the blank molds and form the blanks into glass containers 12, which may be at a temperature, for example, on the order of 700-900°C. Material handling equipment may remove the glass containers from the forming machines and place the containers 12 on conveyors or the like.

    [0039] Also, the formed glass containers may be annealed, for example, by an annealing lehr. At an entry, hot end, or upstream portion of the annealing lehr, the temperature therein may be, for instance, on the order of 500-700°C. During this period of time, one or more of the coatings may or may not be applied to the neck 36 and at least a portion of an exterior surface of the container 12. Through the lehr, the temperature may be brought down gradually to a downstream portion, cool end, or exit of the lehr, to a temperature therein, for example, on the order of 65-130°C.

    [0040] There thus has been disclosed a package that fully satisfies one or more of the objects and aims previously set forth. The disclosure has been presented in conjunction with an exemplary embodiment, and modifications and variations have been discussed. Other modifications and variations readily will suggest themselves to persons of ordinary skill in the art in view of the foregoing discussion.


    Claims

    1. A seal (20) for a closure assembly (14) with a skirt (16), comprising:

    a seal ring (86); and

    a carrier (88) being coupled to the seal ring, extending circumferentially and radially outwardly of the seal ring to a radially outer periphery (24), and having a circumferentially extending pocket (116, 116a, 116b, 116a", 116b', 116b") in the radially outer periphery, the pocket including a feature (22c, 22c") adapted to displace the seal (20) radially inwardly when the feature (22c, 22c") is engaged by a cam (26) of the skirt (16) to release a vacuum pressure,

    characterized in that

    the seal ring (86) comprises a spring portion (122, 122') adapted to be compressed by a cam (26) of the skirt when the skirt is counter-rotated and to decompress once the vacuum pressure is released forcing the seal (20) to rotate independently with respect to the skirt (16).


     
    2. The seal set forth in claim 1, wherein the seal ring and the spring portion are comprised of a first material and the carrier is comprised of a second material more rigid than the first material, wherein the seal ring and the spring portion are comprised of at least one of the following: a silicone material, a plastic material, a rubber material, a thermoplastic elastomer (TPE), or any combination thereof, wherein the carrier is comprised of a thermoplastic polymer.
     
    3. The seal set forth in claim 1, wherein the spring portion has a longitudinally extending body (124) having an uneven exterior surface, and wherein the body has one of a helical-shape or sinusoidal-shape.
     
    4. The seal set forth in claim 1, wherein the carrier includes a plurality of closure-driven features (22, 22a, 22b, 22b', 22c, 22c") located radially inwardly of and spaced circumferentially along the radially outer periphery, wherein each closure-driven feature comprises a first end (112) and a second end (114) having the pocket therebetween, wherein three of the plurality of closure-driven features include the spring portion, wherein the spring portion extends from the first end towards the second end within the pocket.
     
    5. The seal set forth in claim 1, wherein the carrier includes a plurality of closure-driven features (22, 22a, 22b, 22b', 22c, 22c") located radially inwardly of and spaced circumferentially along the radially outer periphery, wherein each closure-driven feature comprises a first end (112) and a second end (114) having the pocket therebetween, wherein at least one of the plurality of closure-driven features includes the spring portion, and wherein the second end of at least one of the plurality of closure-driven features an abutment surface (118).
     
    6. The seal set forth in claim 1, wherein the carrier includes a plurality of closure-driven features (22, 22a, 22b, 22b', 22c, 22c") located radially inwardly of and spaced circumferentially along the radially outer periphery, wherein each closure-driven feature comprises a first end (112) and a second end (114) having the pocket therebetween, wherein at least one of the plurality of closure-driven features includes the spring portion, and wherein one of the plurality of closure-driven features includes a cam-follower (132), and wherein the cam-follower includes a ramp (136, 136", 136'") within the pocket spaced from the second end.
     
    7. The seal set forth in claim 6, wherein the cam-follower further includes a leaf spring (134) circumferentially extending from the ramp to the first end defining a vacuum release passage between the leaf spring and the pocket.
     
    8. The seal set forth in claim 1, wherein the carrier includes a plurality of closure-driven features (22, 22a, 22b, 22b', 22c, 22c") located radially inwardly of and spaced circumferentially along the radially outer periphery, wherein each closure-driven feature comprises a first end (112) and a second end (114) having the pocket therebetween, wherein at least one of the plurality of closure-driven features includes the spring portion, and wherein the spring portion includes a plurality of fingers (146) coupled to the pocket and extending radially outwardly, wherein at least one finger extends partially circumferentially towards the first end or the second end.
     
    9. A closure assembly (14) for a container (12), comprising:

    a skirt (16) comprising a cylindrical wall (64) having a plurality of cams (26) extending radially inwardly from the wall; and

    the seal set forth in claim 1 received within the skirt.


     
    10. The closure assembly set forth in claim 9, further comprising a base (18), and wherein
    the skirt cylindrical wall includes an upper portion (66) having a radially inwardly extending flange (68) and a lower portion (70) that includes a seal retaining bead (74) and a plurality of cams (26) extending radially inwardly from an inner surface (28) of the wall,
    the seal further comprises a plurality of closure-driven features (22, 22a, 22b, 22b', 22c, 22c") located radially inwardly of and spaced circumferentially along the radially outer periphery, at least one of the plurality of closure-driven features includes the pocket and the spring portion,
    the base and the seal are captively carried between the flange and the seal retaining bead,
    the circumferential location of the cams corresponds to the plurality of closure-driven features, and
    the cams protrude into the plurality of closure-driven features.
     
    11. The closure assembly set forth in claim 10, wherein the inner surface of the cylindrical wall includes a base retaining bead (72) extending radially inwardly to captively carry the base between the base retaining bead and the flange.
     
    12. The closure assembly set forth in claim 10, wherein the seal retaining bead includes a plurality of segments (81), wherein each of the plurality of cams are positioned at a gap (82) defined by two proximate segments.
     
    13. A package (10), comprising:

    a container (12) having a neck finish (38) extending to an axial sealing surface (40) that defines a container mouth (46); and

    the closure assembly set forth in claim 9 sealable to the neck finish of the container, and further comprising a base (18) received within the skirt.


     
    14. The package set forth in claim 13, wherein the seal ring is sized to be positioned between the axial sealing surface and the base, wherein the carrier has a plurality of pockets (116) circumferentially spaced along an outer periphery (24) of the carrier, wherein at least one of the plurality of pockets includes a feature (22, 22a, 22b, 22b', 22c, 22c") adapted to displace the seal from the axial sealing surface when the feature is engaged by at least one of the plurality of cams of the skirt.
     
    15. The package set forth in claim 13, wherein
    the skirt cylindrical wall includes an upper portion (66) having a radially inwardly extending flange (68) and a lower portion (70) that includes a seal retaining bead (74) and a plurality of cams (26) extending radially inwardly from an inner surface (28) of the wall,
    the seal further comprises a plurality of closure-driven features (22, 22a, 22b, 22b', 22c, 22c") located radially inwardly of and spaced circumferentially along the radially outer periphery, at least one of the plurality of closure-driven features includes the pocket and the spring portion,
    the base and the seal are captively carried between the flange and the seal retaining bead,
    the circumferential location of the cams corresponds to the plurality of closure-driven features, and
    the cams protrude into the plurality of closure-driven features,
    the container neck finish has a plurality of retention features (44), and the seal further comprises a cam follower (132) carried by one of the plurality of closure-driven features,
    the seal ring of the seal is compressed between the base and the axial sealing surface of the container when the container retention features are engaged with a plurality of corresponding retention features on the closure assembly,
    when the skirt is rotated with respect to the container, then at least one of the plurality of cams compresses the spring portion and another cam engages the cam-follower deforming a local region of the seal radially inwardly to release the vacuum pressure, and
    wherein, after the vacuum pressure is released, the spring portion is configured to resiliently and substantially return to a pre-compressed state thereby rotating the seal independently of the skirt, wherein, in response to the rotation of the skirt, the local region of the seal elastically returns to a pre-deformation state, and wherein at least one of the plurality of closure-driven features on the seal includes an abutment surface (118) limiting the compression of the spring portion.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Dichtung (20) für eine Verschlussanordnung (14) mit einer Ringwand (16), umfassend:

    einen Dichtungsring (86) und

    einen Träger (88), der mit dem Dichtungsring verbunden ist, sich in Umfangsrichtung und von dem Dichtungsring aus radial nach außen zu einem radial äußeren Umfangsrand (24) erstreckt und eine sich in Umfangsrichtung erstreckende Ausnehmung (116, 116a, 116b, 116a", 116b', 116b") in dem radial äußeren Umfangsrand aufweist, wobei die Ausnehmung ein Merkmal (22c, 22c") aufweist, das dafür ausgelegt ist die Dichtung (20) radial nach innen zu verschieben, wenn ein Nocken (26) der Ringwand (16) an dem Merkmal (22c, 22c") in Anlage kommt, um einen Unterdruck abzubauen,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    der Dichtungsring (86) einen Federabschnitt (122, 122') umfasst, der dafür ausgelegt ist durch einen Nocken (26) der Ringwand zusammengedrückt zu werden, wenn die Ringwand abgeschraubt wird, und sich wieder zu entspannen, sobald der Unterdruck abgebaut ist, wodurch die Dichtung (20) unabhängig in Bezug auf die Ringwand (16) gedreht wird.


     
    2. Dichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Dichtungsring und der Federabschnitt aus einem ersten Material bestehen und der Träger aus einem zweiten Material besteht, das steifer ist als das erste Material, wobei der Dichtungsring und der Federabschnitt aus mindestens einem der folgenden Materialien bestehen: einem Silikonmaterial, einem Kunststoffmaterial, einem Gummimaterial, einem thermoplastischen Elastomer (TPE) oder einer beliebigen Kombination dieser, wobei der Träger aus einem thermoplastischen Polymer besteht.
     
    3. Dichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Federabschnitt einen sich längs erstreckenden Körper (124) mit einer unebenen Außenseite aufweist und wobei der Körper eine spiralförmige oder sinusförmige Form aufweist.
     
    4. Dichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Träger mehrere vom Verschluss geführte Merkmale (22, 22a, 22b, 22b', 22c, 22c") aufweist, die radial einwärts des radial äußeren Umfangsrandes und entlang diesem in Umfangsrichtung beabstandet angeordnet sind, wobei jedes vom Verschluss geführte Merkmal eine erste Seite (112) und eine zweite Seite (114) mit der Ausnehmung zwischen diesen aufweist, wobei drei der mehreren vom Verschluss zu führenden Merkmale den Federabschnitt umfassen, wobei sich der Federabschnitt innerhalb der Ausnehmung von der ersten Seite zu der zweiten Seite erstreckt.
     
    5. Dichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Träger mehrere vom Verschluss geführte Merkmale (22, 22a, 22b, 22b', 22c, 22c") aufweist, die radial einwärts des radial äußeren Umfangsrandes und entlang diesem in Umfangsrichtung beabstandet angeordnet sind, wobei jedes vom Verschluss geführte Merkmal eine erste Seite (112) und eine zweite Seite (114) mit der Ausnehmung zwischen diesen aufweist, wobei mindestens eines der mehreren vom Verschluss zu führenden Merkmale den Federabschnitt umfasst und wobei die zweite Seite mindestens eines der mehreren vom Verschluss zu führenden Merkmale eine Anschlagfläche (118) aufweist.
     
    6. Dichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Träger mehrere vom Verschluss geführte Merkmale (22, 22a, 22b, 22b', 22c, 22c") aufweist, die radial einwärts des radial äußeren Umfangsrandes und entlang diesem in Umfangsrichtung beabstandet angeordnet sind, wobei jedes vom Verschluss geführte Merkmal eine erste Seite (112) und eine zweite Seite (114) mit der Ausnehmung zwischen diesen aufweist, wobei mindestens eines der mehreren vom Verschluss zu führenden Merkmale den Federabschnitt umfasst und wobei eines der mehreren vom Verschluss zu führenden Merkmale einen Nockenfolger (132) aufweist, und wobei der Nockenfolger eine Rampe (136, 136", 136"') innerhalb der Ausnehmung im Abstand von der zweiten Seite aufweist.
     
    7. Dichtung nach Anspruch 6, wobei der Nockenfolger ferner eine Blattfeder (134) umfasst, die sich in Umfangsrichtung von der Rampe bis zu der ersten Seite erstreckt, wodurch ein Unterdruckabbaukanal zwischen der Blattfeder und der Ausnehmung gebildet ist.
     
    8. Dichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Träger mehrere vom Verschluss geführte Merkmale (22, 22a, 22b, 22b', 22c, 22c") aufweist, die radial einwärts des radial äußeren Umfangsrandes und entlang diesem in Umfangsrichtung beabstandet angeordnet sind, wobei jedes vom Verschluss geführte Merkmal eine erste Seite (112) und eine zweite Seite (114) mit der Ausnehmung zwischen diesen aufweist, wobei mindestens eines der mehreren vom Verschluss zu führenden Merkmale den Federabschnitt umfasst und wobei der Federabschnitt mehrere Finger (146) umfasst, die mit der Ausnehmung verbunden sind und sich radial nach außen erstrecken, wobei sich mindestens ein Finger teilweise in Umfangsrichtung zu der ersten Seite oder zu der zweiten Seite hin erstreckt.
     
    9. Verschlussanordnung (14) für einen Behälter (12), umfassend:

    eine Ringwand (16) mit einer zylindrischen Wandung (64), die mehrere Nocken (26) aufweist, die sich von der Wandung aus radial nach innen erstrecken, und

    die Dichtung gemäß Anspruch 1, die innerhalb der Ringwand aufgenommen ist.


     
    10. Verschlussanordnung nach Anspruch 9, ferner mit einem Boden (18), und wobei

    die zylindrische Wandung der Ringwand einen oberen Abschnitt (66) mit einem sich radial nach innen erstreckenden Flansch (68) aufweist, sowie einen unteren Abschnitt (70), der eine Dichtungsrückhaltewulst (74) und mehrere Nocken (26) aufweist, die sich von einer innenseitigen Oberfläche (28) der Wandung radial nach innen erstrecken,

    wobei die Dichtung ferner mehrere vom Verschluss geführte Merkmale (22, 22a, 22b, 22b', 22c, 22c") aufweist, die radial einwärts des radial äußeren Umfangsrandes und entlang diesem in Umfangsrichtung beabstandet angeordnet sind, wobei mindestens eines der mehreren vom Verschluss zu führenden Merkmale die Ausnehmung und den Federabschnitt umfasst,

    wobei der Boden und die Dichtung zwischen dem Flansch und der Dichtungsrückhaltewulst eingeschlossen gehalten werden,

    wobei die Position der Nocken in Umfangsrichtung den mehreren vom Verschluss zu führenden Merkmalen entspricht und

    wobei die Nocken in die mehreren vom Verschluss zu führenden Merkmale hineinragen.


     
    11. Verschlussanordnung nach Anspruch 10, wobei die innenseitige Oberfläche der zylindrischen Wandung eine Bodenrückhaltewulst (72) aufweist, die sich radial nach innen erstreckt, um den Boden zwischen der Bodenrückhaltewulst und dem Flansch eingeschlossen zu halten.
     
    12. Verschlussanordnung nach Anspruch 10, wobei die Dichtungsrückhaltewulst mehrere Segmente (81) umfasst, wobei die mehreren Nocken jeweils in einem Spalt (82) angeordnet sind, der durch zwei benachbarte Segmente bestimmt ist.
     
    13. Verpackung (10), umfassend:

    einen Behälter (12) mit einem Halsendstück (38), das sich bis zu einer axialen Dichtfläche (40) erstreckt, die eine Behältermündungsöffnung (46) bestimmt, und

    die Verschlussanordnung nach Anspruch 9, die abdichtend auf dem Halsendstück des Behälters anbringbar ist, und ferner mit einem Boden (18), der innerhalb der Ringwand aufgenommen ist.


     
    14. Verpackung nach Anspruch 13, wobei der Dichtungsring zur Anordnung zwischen der axialen Dichtfläche und dem Boden bemessen ist, wobei der Träger mehrere Ausnehmungen (116) aufweist, die in Umfangsrichtung entlang eines Außenumfangsrandes (24) des Trägers beabstandet sind, wobei mindestens eine der mehreren Ausnehmungen ein Merkmal (22, 22a, 22b, 22b', 22c, 22c") aufweist, das dafür ausgelegt ist, die Dichtung von der axialen Dichtfläche zu verschieben, wenn mindestens einer der mehreren Nocken der Ringwand an dem Merkmal in Anlage kommt.
     
    15. Verpackung nach Anspruch 13, wobei

    die zylindrische Wandung der Ringwand einen oberen Abschnitt (66) mit einem sich radial nach innen erstreckenden Flansch (68) aufweist, sowie einen unteren Abschnitt (70), der eine Dichtungsrückhaltewulst (74) und mehrere Nocken (26) aufweist, die sich von einer innenseitigen Oberfläche (28) der Wandung radial nach innen erstrecken,

    wobei die Dichtung ferner mehrere vom Verschluss geführte Merkmale (22, 22a, 22b, 22b', 22c, 22c") aufweist, die radial einwärts des radial äußeren Umfangsrandes und entlang diesem in Umfangsrichtung beabstandet angeordnet sind, wobei mindestens eines der mehreren vom Verschluss zu führenden Merkmale die Ausnehmung und den Federabschnitt umfasst,

    wobei der Boden und die Dichtung zwischen dem Flansch und der Dichtungsrückhaltewulst eingeschlossen gehalten werden,

    wobei die Position der Nocken in Umfangsrichtung den mehreren vom Verschluss zu führenden Merkmalen entspricht und

    wobei die Nocken in die mehreren vom Verschluss zu führenden Merkmalen hineinragen,

    wobei das Halsendstück des Behälters mehrere Rückhaltemerkmale (44) aufweist und wobei die Dichtung ferner einen Nockenfolger (132) aufweist, der von einem der mehreren vom Verschluss zu führenden Merkmale getragen wird,

    wobei der Dichtungsring der Dichtung zwischen dem Boden und der axialen Dichtfläche des Behälters zusammengedrückt ist, wenn die Behälterrückhaltemerkmale mit mehreren entsprechenden Rückhaltemerkmalen an der Verschlussanordnung in Eingriff stehen,

    wobei, wenn die Ringwand in Bezug auf den Behälter gedreht wird, dann mindestens einer der mehreren Nocken den Federabschnitt zusammendrückt und ein weiterer Nocken an dem Nockenfolger in Anlage kommt, wobei ein lokaler Bereich der Dichtung radial nach innen verformt wird, um den Unterdruck abzubauen, und

    wobei, nachdem der Unterdruck abgebaut wurde, der Federabschnitt derart ausgebildet ist, dass er elastisch und im Wesentlichen in einen Zustand wie vor dem Zusammendrücken zurückkehrt, wodurch die Dichtung unabhängig von der Ringwand gedreht wird, wobei in Reaktion auf die Drehung der Ringwand der lokale Bereich der Dichtung elastisch in einen Zustand wie vor der Verformung zurückkehrt, und wobei mindestens eines der mehreren vom Verschluss zu führenden Merkmale an der Dichtung eine Anschlagfläche (118) aufweist, welche die Kompression des Federabschnitts begrenzt.


     


    Revendications

    1. Joint (20) pour ensemble de bouchon (14) avec jupe (16) comprenant :

    une bague d'étanchéité (86) ; et

    un support (88) qui est accouplé à la bague d'étanchéité, s'étendant dans le sens de la circonférence et radialement vers l'extérieur de la bague d'étanchéité jusqu'à une périphérie radialement extérieure (24), et comportant une poche s'étendant dans le sens de la circonférence (116, 116a, 116b, 116a", 116b', 116b") dans la périphérie radialement extérieure, la poche comportant un élément (22c, 22c") adapté pour déplacer le joint (20) radialement vers l'intérieur quand l'élément (22c, 22c") est accroché par une came (26) de la jupe (16) pour libérer une dépression,

    caractérisé en ce que

    la bague d'étanchéité (86) comprend une partie de ressort (122, 122') adaptée pour être comprimée par une came (26) de la jupe quand on met la jupe en contre rotation et pour être décomprimée une fois que la dépression est libérée en forçant le joint (20) à tourner indépendamment par rapport à la jupe (16).


     
    2. Joint selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la bague d'étanchéité et la partie de ressort sont constituées d'un premier matériau et le support est constitué d'un deuxième matériau, plus rigide que le premier matériau, dans lequel la bague d'étanchéité et la partie de ressort sont constituées d'au moins l'un des matériaux suivants : un matériau de type silicone, une matière plastique, un matériau de type caoutchouc, un élastomère thermoplastique (TPE), ou l'une quelconque de leurs combinaisons, dans lequel le support est constitué d'un polymère thermoplastique.
     
    3. Joint selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la partie de ressort a un corps qui s'étend longitudinalement (124) ayant une surface extérieure inégale, et dans lequel le corps a soit une forme hélicoïdale, soit une forme sinusoïdale.
     
    4. Joint selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le support comporte une pluralité d'éléments entraînés par bouchon (22, 22a, 22b, 22b', 22c, 22c") situés radialement à l'intérieur de la périphérie radialement extérieure et espacés dans le sens de la circonférence le long de celle-ci, dans lequel chaque élément entraîné par bouchon comprend une première extrémité (112) et une deuxième extrémité (114) avec la poche entre elles, dans lequel trois des éléments entraînés par bouchon comportent la partie de ressort, dans lequel la partie de ressort s'étend de la première extrémité vers la deuxième extrémité dans la poche.
     
    5. Joint selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le support comporte une pluralité d'éléments entraînés par bouchon (22, 22a, 22b, 22b', 22c, 22c") situés radialement à l'intérieur de la périphérie radialement extérieure et espacés dans le sens de la circonférence le long de celle-ci, dans lequel chaque élément entraîné par bouchon comprend une première extrémité (112) et une deuxième extrémité (114) avec la poche entre elles, dans lequel au moins l'un des éléments entraînés par bouchon comporte la partie de ressort, et dans lequel la deuxième extrémité d'au moins l'un des éléments entraînés par bouchon présente une surface d'appui (118).
     
    6. Joint selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le support comporte une pluralité d'éléments entraînés par bouchon (22, 22a, 22b, 22b', 22c, 22c") situés radialement à l'intérieur de la périphérie radialement extérieure et espacés dans le sens de la circonférence le long de celle-ci, dans lequel chaque élément entraîné par bouchon comprend une première extrémité (112) et une deuxième extrémité (114) avec la poche entre elles, dans lequel au moins l'un des éléments entraînés par bouchon comporte la partie de ressort, et dans lequel un des éléments entraînés par bouchon comporte un basculeur (132), et dans lequel le basculeur comporte une rampe (136, 136", 136"') dans la poche, distante de la deuxième extrémité.
     
    7. Joint selon la revendication 6, dans lequel le basculeur comporte en outre un ressort à lame (134) qui s'étend dans le sens de la circonférence, de la rampe à la première extrémité, en définissant un passage de libération de dépression entre le ressort à lame et la poche.
     
    8. Joint selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le support comporte une pluralité d'éléments entraînés par bouchon (22, 22a, 22b, 22b', 22c, 22c") situés radialement à l'intérieur de la périphérie radialement extérieure et espacés dans le sens de la circonférence le long de celle-ci, dans lequel chaque élément entraîné par bouchon comprend une première extrémité (112) et une deuxième extrémité (114) avec la poche entre elles, dans lequel au moins l'un des éléments entraînés par bouchon comporte la partie de ressort, et dans lequel la partie de ressort comporte une pluralité de doigts (146) accouplés à la poche et s'étendant radialement vers l'extérieur, dans lequel au moins un doigt s'étend partiellement dans le sens de la circonférence vers la première extrémité ou la deuxième extrémité.
     
    9. Ensemble de bouchon (14) pour récipient (12) comprenant :

    une jupe (16) comprenant une paroi cylindrique (64) comportant une pluralité de cames (26) s'étendant radialement vers l'intérieur depuis la paroi ; et

    le joint de la revendication 1, logé dans la jupe.


     
    10. Ensemble de bouchon selon la revendication 9, comprenant en outre une base (18), et dans lequel :

    la paroi cylindrique de jupe comporte une partie supérieure (66) ayant une bride s'étendant radialement vers l'intérieur (68) et une partie inférieure (70) qui comporte un bourrelet de retenue de joint (74) et une pluralité de cames (26) s'étendant radialement vers l'intérieur depuis une surface intérieure (28) de la paroi,

    le joint comprend en outre une pluralité d'éléments entraînés par bouchon (22, 22a, 22b, 22b', 22c, 22c") situés radialement à l'intérieur de la périphérie radialement extérieure et espacés dans le sens de la circonférence le long de celle-ci, au moins l'un des éléments entraînés par bouchon comportant la poche et la partie de ressort,

    la base et le joint sont portés de façon captive entre la bride et le bourrelet de retenue de joint,

    la position circonférentielle des cames correspond à la pluralité d'éléments entraînés par bouchon, et

    les cames font saillie dans la pluralité d'éléments entraînés par bouchon.


     
    11. Ensemble de bouchon selon la revendication 10, dans lequel la surface intérieure de la paroi cylindrique comporte un bourrelet de retenue de base (72) s'étendant radialement vers l'intérieur pour porter de façon captive la base entre le bourrelet de retenue de base et la bride.
     
    12. Ensemble de bouchon selon la revendication 10, dans lequel le bourrelet de retenue de joint comporte une pluralité de segments (81), dans lequel chacune des cames est positionnée dans un espace (82) défini par deux segments voisins.
     
    13. Emballage (10) comprenant :

    un récipient (12) comportant une bague de col (38) s'étendant jusqu'à une surface d'étanchéité axiale (40) qui définit un goulot de récipient (46) ; et

    l'ensemble de bouchon de la revendication 9 pouvant être scellé sur la bague de col du récipient, et comprenant en outre une base (18) logée dans la jupe.


     
    14. Emballage selon la revendication 13, dans lequel la bague d'étanchéité est dimensionnée pour être positionnée entre la surface d'étanchéité axiale et la base, dans lequel le support comporte une pluralité de poches (116) espacées dans le sens de la circonférence le long d'une périphérie extérieure (24) du support, dans lequel au moins l'une des poches comprend un élément (22, 22a, 22b, 22b', 22c, 22c") adapté pour éloigner le joint de la surface d'étanchéité axiale quand l'élément est accroché par au moins l'une des cames de la jupe.
     
    15. Emballage selon la revendication 13, dans lequel :

    la paroi cylindrique de jupe comporte une partie supérieure (66) ayant une bride s'étendant radialement vers l'intérieur (68) et une partie inférieure (70) qui comporte un bourrelet de retenue de joint (74) et une pluralité de cames (26) s'étendant radialement vers l'intérieur depuis une surface intérieure (28) de la paroi,

    le joint comprend en outre une pluralité d'éléments entraînés par bouchon (22, 22a, 22b, 22b', 22c, 22c") situés radialement à l'intérieur de la périphérie radialement extérieure et espacés dans le sens de la circonférence le long de celle-ci, au moins l'un des éléments entraînés par bouchon comportant la poche et la partie de ressort,

    la base et le joint sont portés de façon captive entre la bride et le bourrelet de retenue de joint,

    la position circonférentielle des cames correspond à la pluralité d'éléments entraînés par bouchon, et

    les cames font saillie dans la pluralité d'éléments entraînés par bouchon,

    la bague de col de récipient comporte une pluralité d'éléments de retenue (44), et le joint comprend en outre un basculeur (132) porté par l'un des éléments entraînés par bouchon,

    la bague d'étanchéité du joint est comprimée entre la base et la surface d'étanchéité axiale du récipient quand les éléments de retenue de récipient sont en prise avec une pluralité d'éléments de retenue correspondants présents sur l'ensemble de bouchon,

    quand on fait tourner la jupe par rapport au récipient, alors au moins l'une des cames comprime la partie de ressort et une autre came accroche le basculeur en déformant une région locale du joint radialement vers l'intérieur pour libérer la dépression, et

    dans lequel, après la libération de la dépression, la partie de ressort est configurée pour revenir de façon résiliente et substantielle à un état pré-comprimé en faisant ainsi tourner le joint indépendamment de la jupe, dans lequel, en réponse à la rotation de la jupe, la région locale du joint revient de façon élastique à un état de pré-déformation, et dans lequel au moins l'un des éléments du joint entraînés par bouchon comporte une surface d'appui (118) qui limite la compression de la partie de ressort.


     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description