(19)
(11)EP 3 350 135 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
25.03.2020 Bulletin 2020/13

(21)Application number: 16770724.9

(22)Date of filing:  15.09.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C03B 35/18  (2006.01)
C03B 35/16  (2006.01)
B65G 23/04  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2016/071842
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/046253 (23.03.2017 Gazette  2017/12)

(54)

CONVEYOR ROLL ASSEMBLY, TORQUE TRANSMISSION AND SUPPORT MEANS AND PROCESS FOR MAKING A CONVEYOR ROLL ASSEMBLY USED IN A HIGH TEMPERATURE ENVIRONMENT

FÖRDERROLLENANORDNUNG, DREHMOMENTÜBERTRAGUNGSMITTEL UND VERFAHREN ZUR MONTAGE EINER FÖRDERROLLE UND VERWENDUNG DAVON IN EINER HOCHTEMPERATURUMGEBUNG

ASSEMBLAGE DE ROULEAU DE CONVOYAGE, MOYENS DE TRANSMISSION DE COUPLE ET PROCÉDÉ D'ASSEMBLAGE D'UN ROULEAU DE CONVOYAGE ET SON UTILISATION DANS UN ENVIRONNEMENT À HAUTE TEMPÉRATURE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Validation States:
MA

(30)Priority: 18.09.2015 EP 15185842

(43)Date of publication of application:
25.07.2018 Bulletin 2018/30

(73)Proprietor: Vesuvius France S.A.
59750 Feignies (FR)

(72)Inventors:
  • DUBOIS, Laurent
    59750 Feignies (FR)
  • SCHABAILLIE, Etienne
    59750 Feignies (FR)

(74)Representative: Brohez, Véronique 
Vesuvius Group S.A. Rue de Douvrain, 17
7011 Ghlin
7011 Ghlin (BE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-99/15305
FR-A1- 2 261 947
JP-A- 2012 207 245
US-A- 4 167 351
US-A1- 2011 271 512
DE-A1-102011 077 361
GB-A- 2 129 752
US-A- 3 867 748
US-A- 4 887 528
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The invention relates to a conveyor roll assembly for use at high temperature, having at least at one end, a new arrangement for bringing it into rotation as well as to torque transmission and support means, to a process for assembling the roll and the torque transmission and support means.

    [0002] A conveyor roll assembly used at high temperature comprises generally a ceramic spool. Typically, the ceramic spool comprises fused silica. Rolls of ceramic composition are indeed superior to metal rolls in high temperature environment. However ceramic materials are quite difficult to work and frangible. Furthermore, such rolls cannot be connected directly to the drive mechanism needed to rotate the rolls.

    [0003] Different systems have been developed in the prior art. US-A1-4,230,475 discloses a ceramic roll engaged in compression stress between a pair of metal spindles. The metal spindles are aligned with each end of the ceramic roll through a portion extending axially inwardly in a recess of the ceramic roll. A friction material is applied to the interfacial surfaces between the end surfaces of the ceramic roll and the head of the spindles. This friction material improves the rotating driving force in a compression direction for rotating the ceramic roll. However, this system was quickly abandoned due to difficulties to assemble.

    [0004] The use of metal end caps with ceramic rolls is largely preferred. The end caps allow an easy mounting to a driving means. The end caps should however securely adhere to the spool, thereby allowing the spool to rotate at the desired speed. Eccentric rotation is generally undesirable, as this would create an uneven support surface for the transported article.

    [0005] The different thermal expansions of the ceramic spool and the metal end caps make securely fastening the end caps to the spool difficult and can create eccentric rotations. Various methods have been proposed to overcome this difficulty. U.S. Pat. No. 4,242,782 proposes fastening end caps using rubber O-rings. O-rings can become pliable and lose holding power at elevated temperatures causing eccentric rotation of the spool and slippage between the end caps and the spool. If, by accident, the O-rings have been subjected to such elevated temperatures, they lose definitely their holding power so that even when the temperature returns to its normal value, slippage is still observed. For this reason, the fastening of end caps to a spool using O-ring is limited to applications at low temperature (lower than 250 °C).

    [0006] EP-B1-1853866 solves these problems by providing an end cap with a tolerance ring interposed between the end cap and the end of the ceramic spool that fixedly and centrally secures the end caps to a ceramic spool within a wide range of application temperatures. The end cap resists a temporary overheat: the end cap and the tolerance ring will thermally expand while the dimensions of the ceramic spool will not significantly change. Thereby, the fastening power of the tolerance ring will diminish and the spool will start slipping in the end cap. When the temperature will return back to normal, the end cap and tolerance ring will return to their "normal" dimensions and the holding power will be integrally recovered without causing eccentric rotation. The end cap is also easy to install. The conveyor roll assembly is also able to resist temporary jamming or seizing of the line as well as to brutal acceleration or deceleration.

    [0007] The transmission torque range obtained using end caps with a tolerance ring is generally broad (up to several hundred N.m). However, at high temperature, the transmitted torque value might decrease with time. It has been established by the inventors that a minimum of transmission torque value is sufficient to bring the rolls in rotation. Consequently, end caps systems are most of the time oversized.

    [0008] In addition, the roll cap reduces the utilized area of the roll and requires a large space for its connection to the drive means. The roll caps cannot be re-used many times and constitute a significant manufacturing cost.

    [0009] Other drawbacks linked to the use of external end caps are the following:
    • Loss of energy due to the thermal bridge of the metal caps between the furnace chamber and the outside environment.
    • No possibility to open the furnace chamber to replace a conveyor roll assembly at high temperature.
    • No possibility to set the furnace under pressure or under a controlled atmosphere.
    • No possibility of standardisation of the end caps as the end caps have a different design in order to match to the geometry of the installation.


    [0010] The present invention reduces all the above cited drawbacks.

    [0011] Different kind of rolls (full or hollow) are used in furnace. The hollow rolls are preferred when the rolls are submitted to quick temperature changes or when deflection of rolls can happen. There is then a need to reduce the thermal inertia and the weight of the roll. The thickness of the hollow rolls is consequently reduced at the maximum. The internal diameter of the hole is then always higher than 3/4 of the external diameter.

    [0012] WO99/15305 discloses a roll assembly for high temperature applications comprising a roll body made of a nickel aluminide alloy and trunnions made of a cheaper metal material. The trunnions are attached to the roll body through mechanical connectors so that there is a gap at room temperature that decreases or closes at operating temperature due to dissimilar thermal expansions between the roll body and the trunnions. However, this assembly cannot work for ceramic rolls because of the poor tensile strength of the ceramic and the huge difference in thermal expansion coefficients between the metal and the ceramic.

    [0013] GB-A-2,129,752 discloses a conveyor roll assembly for use at high temperature comprising a hollow ceramic spool having an axial centered bore and a torque transmission comprising two strips parallel to the longitudinal axis of the spool which are inserted into two diametrically opposing circular apertures provided in a disk closing the spool bore. This disc being locked axially and torsionally to the ceramic spool by two resilient strips forcibly inserted into the spool. The purpose of the resilient strips is to transmit a torque but the strips do not support the spool. The spool indeed rests on two idler wheels (at each end of the spool) and is connected to the bearing through rotating pins. The assembly is also very cumbersome.

    [0014] JP-A-2012-207245 discloses a hollow ceramic roll according to the preamble of claim 1 consisting of a ceramic sleeve and a steel shaft connected by shrink fitting. In order to avoid stress at the contact portion between the steel shaft and the ceramic, the geometry of the steel shaft is optimized, in particular the thickness of the shaft which must be thin. The challenge is to transmit a torque by friction but taking into account the huge difference of thermal dilatation between a steel and a refractory material. The shaft surface in contact with the roll is full. The roll assembly is not cumbersome but the shrink fitting requires very accurate dimensions of the shaft surface in contact with the roll, which will then be more expensive to produce. In addition, the calculated dimensions of the shaft surface will vary according to the nature of the roll: the thermal behavior of the mullite is indeed very different of that of fused silica. The connection between the shaft and the roll is optimized for a very narrow range of temperature and conventionally requires cooling. The assembly described in JP-A-2012-207245 recites a hollow roll cooled by air having a diameter of the bore >3/4 of the external diameter. It has to be noticed that this kind of connection will not work at room temperature and is not re-usable as the dismantlement of the assembly is an issue.

    [0015] The present invention is a roll assembly wherein the torque transmission and support means is able to work within a large range of temperature, without the need of cooling, with different material rolls and which is re-usable. This torque transmission and support means transmits a torque, supports the roll (there is no need of external support means) and allows a direct connection to the bearing (or another driving means) reducing the required space for the connection. The connection is made by simply pushing the torque transmission and support means inside a bore of the roll. No shrink fitting is used. The torque transmission results from the resiliently mechanical deformation of the connecting portion while the support results from the presence of at least a supporting surface.

    [0016] A frictional connection between the torque transmission and support means arranged inside a bore of a ceramic spool and the ceramic spool is sufficient to transfer a torque from a rotary drive means to the ceramic spool. It is to be noted that the skilled person would not normally have been tempted to arrange the torque transmission and support means in a bore inside the ceramic spool due to the bad reputation of the flexural strength of the ceramic material. It is also to be noted that the fact that a very low transmitted torque is sufficient for driving the roll into rotation had never been established in the prior art.

    [0017] According to the invention, an end cap is no longer needed and is replaced by the torque transmission and support means as described in claim 1. In case of a temporary overheat; the torque transmission and support means arranged inside the ceramic spool is less subject to temperature change as it is somewhat isolated from the outside environment. With a severe increase of temperature, the fastening power will increase because of the thermal expansion of the torque transmission and support means and the process will continue without any perturbations.

    [0018] Other advantages of the invention are the following:
    • the manufacturing of the torque transmission and support means according the invention is cheaper than the usual end caps: in particular, for rolls with very large diameters (for example LOR). An external end cap has a significant dimension and is quite expensive; according to the invention, the external dimensions of the torque transmission and support means are significantly reduced.
    • the torque transmission and support means being thermally isolated by the ceramic of the roll, higher temperatures applications in furnaces can be considered.
    • in case of a non-voluntary high transmission torque, the system will act as a fuse.
    • the assembly is self-centering. Indeed, there is always a contact between the ceramic spool and the torque transmission and support means.


    [0019] The present invention provides a connection which is almost not affected by the temperature as full rolls are most suitable for this invention. At the opposite, external assemblies are usually becoming loose with heat.

    [0020] The present invention proposes a conveyor roll assembly as described in claim 1.

    [0021] The ceramic spool must have flexural strength of at least 15 MPa so that the spool can resist to the introduction of the torque transmission and support means which can be done as simple as using a mallet. The connecting portion of the torque transmission and support means is then mechanically and resiliently deformed so that both elements (means and spool) are mechanically connected; the connection being realized by the friction generated by the resiliently deformed connecting portion. The supporting portion of the torque transmission and support means is not substantially deformed and serves to support to spool from the inside. The torque transmission and support means returns to its original shape when the means is taken out the ceramic spool. It is to be observed that the torque is transmitted by connecting surfaces that are arranged on the outside surface of the torque transmission and support means. The diameter (d) of the axial centered bore receiving the torque transmission and support means must be higher than or equal to 10 mm but lower than 3/4 of the external diameter (D) of the roll. A diameter larger than 3/4 of D makes the end of the roll frangible while a minimum of 10 mm is required to introduce an effective torque transmission and support means. Preferably the diameter of the bore is lower than or equal to 1/3 of the external diameter (D). The depth (Dd) of the axial centered bore is also an important parameter. Hollow rolls can be used but most of the time they are full and are drilled. A depth of at least 1.5 times the diameter of the bore (d) is preferred. Again below this value, the end of the roll is more frangible and problem of co-axiallity can occur.

    [0022] In a first embodiment of the invention, the conveyor roll assembly comprises a torque transmission and support means comprising a body having a part protruding out of the ceramic spool connectable to a rotary drive means and the connecting portion is arranged between the body and the ceramic spool. The body and the connecting portion are two distinct elements. The connecting portion can be an open tolerance ring of resilient metal having a plurality of circumferentially arranged corrugations. The tolerance ring sets in a groove of the body to prevent any axial displacement. The use of a tolerance ring can accommodate minor variations in the diameter of the inner and outer components in addition to its easy installation.

    [0023] An increase of the torque transmission value was even observed when the tolerance ring is not free in rotation around the body of the torque transmission and support means. A blocking means like a pin can be used to block the rotation of the torque transmission and support means.

    [0024] For manufacturing, logistic and cost reasons, a conveyor roll assembly wherein the torque transmission and support means 3 is made in one piece, is preferred: The connecting portion comprises elongated holes having a major axis parallel to the longitudinal axis of the torque transmission and support means 3, said holes defining elongated strips, said strips comprising at least a thicker portion.

    [0025] The thicker portions 5 of the strips which are the distinct connecting surfaces are arranged preferably radially i.e. the thicker portions are distributed on a circumference and separated by an angle.

    [0026] The torque transmission and support means 3 comprise preferably a gas exhaust such as a hole, in order to allow the air to escape from the bore when installing the torque transmission and support means 3 inside the ceramic spool.

    [0027] The number and design of the thicker portions depend on the torque value required to be transmitted.

    [0028] It has been observed that these roll assemblies are specially used for application where low torque transmission is required. When higher values are needed-for instance when different roll speeds are required-, the end cap as described in EP-B1-1853866 can be used on one end of the ceramic spool while the end cap on the second end can be advantageously replaced by the present torque transmission and support means 3.

    [0029] The ceramic spool 2 generally comprises fused silica.

    [0030] The present invention also relates to torque transmission and support means 3 of a general cylindrical shape and having a longitudinal axis which are used in the roll and which comprise a body, a supporting portion comprising at least one cylindrical supporting surface 10 and a connecting portion comprising at least two distinct connecting surfaces wherein the connecting portion comprises elongated holes having a major axis parallel to the longitudinal axis of the torque transmission and support means 3, said holes defining elongated strips, said strips comprising at least a thicker portion. The connecting portion is mechanically and resiliently deformable.

    [0031] Preferably the connecting portion is arranged between two cylindrical supporting surfaces 10. The support function of the cylindrical surfaces is then optimized.

    [0032] One preferred embodiment is the torque transmission and support means 3 described above here wherein the supporting portion is separated from a portion connectable to a drive means by a ring having a diameter bigger than the external diameter of the supporting portion. The abutment surface 4 of the ring 9 allows a straightforward positioning when introducing the torque transmission and support means 3 inside the ceramic spool. The connecting portion is mechanically and resiliently deformable to provide a frictional connection with the ceramic spool.

    [0033] The invention relates also to a process according to claim 10.

    [0034] The invention will be better understood from reading the description which will follow, given solely by way of examples and made with reference to the drawings in which
    • Figure 1 is a perspective view of an assembly of a conveyor roll according to one embodiment of the invention,
    • Figure 2 is a perspective view of an assembly of a conveyor roll according to another embodiment of the invention,
    • Figure 3 is a perspective view of torque transmission and support means 3 of figure 2 according to one preferred embodiment,


    [0035] Figure 1 depicts an assembly of a ceramic spool 2 and of a torque transmission and support means comprising a body 6 having a part connectable to a rotary drive means and a connecting portion such as a tolerance ring 7 is arranged between the body and the ceramic. A blocking means 8 blocks the possible rotation of the tolerance ring 7.

    [0036] Figure 2 depicts the geometrical features of the ceramic spool 2. D is the external diameter of the ceramic spool 2; d represents the diameter of the axial centered bore of the ceramic spool 2. Dd represents the depth of the axial centered bore of the ceramic spool 2.

    [0037] Figure 3 depicts a torque transmission and support means 3 according to a preferred embodiment. The torque transmission and support means is made in one piece and has a general cylindrical shape with a longitudinal axis. The torque transmission and support means 3 comprises a supporting portion comprising two cylindrical supporting surfaces 10 and, a connecting portion comprising at least two distinct connecting surfaces, the connecting portion comprises elongated holes having a major axis parallel to the longitudinal axis of the torque transmission and support means 3, said holes defining elongated strips, said strips comprising at least a thicker portion 5.

    [0038] A torque test was carried out and a torque up to 18 N.m could be transmitted using torque transmission and support means 3 according to the invention.

    [0039] Even after being heated up to 300°C, the torque transmission and support means 3 were still able to transmit a torque over 15 N.m.

    List of references



    [0040] 

    1. Assembly of a ceramic spool and a torque transmission and support means 3

    2. Ceramic spool

    3. Torque transmission and support means 3

    4. Abutment surface of the ring 9

    5. Thicker portion

    6. Torque transmission and support means 3 body

    7. Tolerance ring

    8. Pin

    9. Ring

    10. Supporting surface

    D is the external diameter of the ceramic spool 2;

    d represents the diameter of the axial centered bore of the ceramic spool 2

    Dd represents the depth of the axial centered bore of the ceramic spool 2.




    Claims

    1. A conveyor roll assembly (1) for use at high temperature comprising

    a) a ceramic spool (2) having a flexural strength of at least 15 MPa and an external diameter D , and at least one end of the ceramic spool has an axial, centered bore of a diameter d , and a depth Dd ≥1.5 d and,

    b) a torque transmission and support means (3) of a general cylindrical shape, having a longitudinal axis, being provided in the at least said bore of the ceramic spool (2) and comprising a body, and

    b1.a supporting portion that is substantially not deformed and serves to support to spool from the inside, comprising at least two cylindrical supporting surfaces (10) and,

    b2.a connecting portion that is mechanically and resiliently deformed by the introduction of the torque transmission and support means inside the ceramic spool,

    characterized in that
    said connection portion is capable of returning to its original shape when the torque transmission and support means is taken out of the ceramic spool and in that
    said connection portion is comprising at least two distinct connecting surfaces (7,5), frictionally connecting the torque transmission and support means (3) to the ceramic spool (2) and in that the connecting portion is arranged between two cylindrical supporting surfaces and the diameter of the center bore of the ceramic spool is 10mm≤ d ≤ 3/4 D , preferably ≤ 1/3D.
     
    2. A conveyor roll assembly (1) according to claim 1, wherein the second end of the ceramic spool has an end cap.
     
    3. A conveyor roll assembly (1) according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the ceramic spool comprises fused silica.
     
    4. A conveyor roll assembly (1) according to any of claims 1-3, wherein the body (6) has a part protruding out of the ceramic spool that is connectable to a rotary drive means and wherein the connecting portion is arranged between the body and the ceramic spool.
     
    5. A conveyor roll assembly (1) according to claim 4 wherein the body (6) and the connecting portion forms at least two distinct elements.
     
    6. A conveyor roll assembly (1) according to claim 5,
    wherein the body (6) comprises a groove adapted to receive at least an open tolerance ring (7) of resilient metal having a plurality of circumferentially arranged corrugations
     
    7. A conveyor roll assembly (1) according to any of claims 1-3 wherein the connecting portion comprises elongated holes having a major axis parallel to the longitudinal axis of the torque transmission and support means (3), said holes defining elongated strips, said strips comprising at least a thicker portion
     
    8. A conveyor roll assembly (1) according to claim 7, wherein the thicker portions (5) of the strips are arranged radially.
     
    9. A conveyor roll assembly (1) according to claim 7 or8, wherein the supporting portion of the body is separated from a portion connectable to a drive means by a ring (9) having a diameter bigger than the external diameter of the support portion.
     
    10. Process for making a conveyor roll assembly according to any one of the claims 1 to 9, comprising the steps of

    1) providing a ceramic spool (2) having a flexural strength of at least 15 MPa and an external diameter D and at least one end of the ceramic spool (2) having an axial, centered bore of a diameter 10mm≤ d ≤ 3/4 D, preferably ≤ 1/3D and a depth Dd ≥1.5 d,

    2) providing a torque transmission and support means (3) having a longitudinal axis, comprising

    b1. a supporting portion comprising at least two cylindrical supporting surfaces (10) and,

    b2. a connecting portion comprising at least two distinct connecting surfaces,

    3) introducing the torque transmission and support means (3) provided in at least said bore of the ceramic spool (2),

    so as to deform mechanically and resiliently the connecting portion and to frictionally connect the torque transmission and support means (3) to the ceramic spool (2).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Förderrollen-Anordnung (1) zur Verwendung bei einer hohen Temperatur umfassend:

    a) eine Keramikspule (2), die eine Biegefestigkeit von zumindest 15 MPa und einen Außendurchmesser D besitzt, wobei zumindest ein Ende der Keramikspule eine axiale, zentrierte Bohrung mit einem Durchmesser d und einer Tiefe Dd ≥ 1,5 d besitzt, und

    b) eine Drehmomentübertragungs- und Halterungs-Einrichtung (3), die eine allgemein zylindrische Form mit einer Längsachse besitzt, in der zumindest einen Bohrung der Keramikspule (2) bereitgestellt ist und einen Körper umfasst und

    b1.einen Halterungs-Bereich, der im Wesentlichen nicht verformt ist und dazu dient, um die Spule von innen zu halten, umfassend zumindest zwei zylindrische Auflageflächen (10), und

    b2.einen Verbindungsteil, der durch das Einsetzen der Drehmomentübertragungs- und Halterungs-Einrichtung in die Keramikspule mechanisch und elastisch verformt ist,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    der Verbindungsteil in der Lage ist, in seinen Ausgangszustand zurückzukehren, wenn die Drehmomentübertragungs- und Halterungs-Einrichtung aus der Keramikspule genommen ist, und dass
    der Verbindungsteil zumindest zwei individuelle Verbindungsflächen (7, 5) umfasst, die die Drehmomentübertragungs- und Halterungs-Einrichtung (3) reibungsmäßig mit der Keramikspule (2) verbinden, und dass der Verbindungsteil zwischen zwei zylindrischen Auflageflächen angeordnet ist und der Durchmesser der zentrischen Bohrung der Keramikspule gleich 10mm ≤ d ≤ ¾ D, bevorzugt ≤ 1/3 D, ist.
     
    2. Förderrollen-Anordnung (1) gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei das zweite Ende der Keramikspule eine Endkappe besitzt.
     
    3. Förderrollen-Anordnung (1) gemäß Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die Keramikspule Quarzglas umfasst.
     
    4. Förderrollen-Anordnung (1) gemäß irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1-3, wobei der Körper (6) einen Teil besitzt, der aus der Keramikspule hervorragt und mit einer rotatorischen Antriebs-Einrichtung verbindbar ist, und wobei der Verbindungsteil zwischen dem Körper und der Keramikspule angeordnet ist.
     
    5. Förderrollen-Anordnung (1) gemäß Anspruch 4, wobei der Körper (6) und der Verbindungsteil zumindest zwei individuelle Elemente bilden.
     
    6. Förderrollen-Anordnung (1) gemäß Anspruch 5, wobei der Körper (6) eine Rille umfasst, die so ausgebildet ist, um zumindest einen offenen Toleranzring (7) aus einem elastischen Metall aufzunehmen, der eine Vielzahl von am Umfang verlaufenden Wellungen besitzt.
     
    7. Förderrollen-Anordnung (1) gemäß irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1-3, wobei der Verbindungsteil längliche Öffnungen umfasst, die eine Hauptachse besitzen, die parallel zur Längsachse der Drehmomentübertragungs- und Halterungs-Einrichtung (3) verläuft, wobei von diesen Öffnungen längliche Streifen ausgebildet werden, wobei diese Streifen zumindest einen dickeren Bereich umfassen.
     
    8. Förderrollen-Anordnung (1) gemäß Anspruch 7, wobei die dickeren Bereiche (5) der Streifen radial angeordnet sind.
     
    9. Förderrollen-Anordnung (1) gemäß Anspruch 7 oder 8, wobei der Halterungsteil des Körpers von einem Bereich getrennt ist, der mit einer Antriebs-Einrichtung über einen Ring (9) verbindbar ist, der einen Durchmesser besitzt, der größer als der Außendurchmesser des Halterungsteils ist.
     
    10. Verfahren zur Herstellung einer Förderrollen-Anordnung gemäß irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1 bis 9, wobei das Verfahren folgende Schritte umfasst:

    1) Bereitstellen einer Keramikspule (2), die eine Biegefestigkeit von zumindest 15 MPa und einen Außendurchmesser D besitzt, wobei zumindest ein Ende der Keramikspule (2) eine axiale, zentrierte Bohrung mit einem Durchmesser 10mm ≤ d ≤ ¾ D, bevorzugt ≤ 1/3 D sowie einer Tiefe Dd ≥ 1,5 d besitzt.

    2) Bereitstellen einer Drehmomentübertragungs- und Halterungs-Einrichtung (3), die eine Längsachse besitzt, umfassend

    b1 einen Halterungsteil, der zumindest zwei zylindrische Auflageflächen (10) umfasst, und

    b2 einen Verbindungsteil, der zumindest zwei individuelle Verbindungsflächen umfasst;

    3) Einsetzen der bereitgestellten Drehmomentübertragungsund Halterungs-Einrichtung (3) in zumindest die Bohrung der Keramikspule (2),
    um den Verbindungsteil mechanisch und elastisch zu verformen und die Drehmomentübertragungs- und Halterungs-Einrichtung (3) reibungsmäßig mit der Keramikspule (2) zu verbinden.


     


    Revendications

    1. Assemblage de rouleau de convoyage (1) pour utilisation à haute température comprenant

    a) un rouleau en céramique (2) ayant une résistance à la flexion d'au moins 15 MPa et un diamètre externe D, et au moins une extrémité du rouleau en céramique ayant un alésage axial centré d'un diamètre d, et d'une profondeur Dd ≥1.5 d et,

    b) un moyen de transmission et de support de couple (3) de forme générale cylindrique, ayant un axe longitudinal, étant prévu dans au moins ledit alésage du rouleau en céramique (2) et comprenant un corps, et

    b1.une partie de support sensiblement non déformée et servant à supporter le rouleau de l'intérieur, comprenant au moins deux surfaces de support cylindriques (10) et,

    b2.une partie de connexion qui est déformée mécaniquement et élastiquement par l'introduction de moyens de transmission et de support de couple à l'intérieur du rouleau en céramique,

    caractérisé en ce que
    ladite partie de connexion est capable de revenir à sa forme d'origine lorsque le moyen de transmission et de support de couple est retiré du rouleau en céramique,
    ladite partie de connexion comprend au moins deux surfaces de connexion distinctes (7,5), reliant par friction le moyen de transmission et de support de couple (3) au rouleau en céramique (2),
    et en ce que
    la partie de connexion est disposée entre deux surfaces de support cylindriques et le diamètre de l'alésage central du rouleau en céramique est 10mm≤ d ≤ 3/4 D, de préférence ≤ 1/3D.
     
    2. Assemblage de rouleau de convoyage (1) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la deuxième extrémité du rouleau en céramique a un embout d'extrémité.
     
    3. Assemblage de rouleau de convoyage (1) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel le rouleau en céramique comprend de la silice fondue.
     
    4. Assemblage de rouleau de convoyage (1) selon l'une des revendications 1-3, dans lequel le corps (6) comporte une partie saillante hors du rouleau en céramique qui peut être reliée à un moyen d'entraînement rotatif et dans lequel la partie de connexion est disposée entre le corps et le rouleau en céramique.
     
    5. Assemblage de rouleau de convoyage (1) selon la revendication 4 dans lequel le corps (6) et la partie de connexion forment au moins deux éléments distincts.
     
    6. Assemblage de rouleau de convoyage (1) selon la revendication 5, dans lequel le corps (6) comprend une rainure adaptée pour recevoir au moins une bague de tolérance ouverte (7) en métal flexible ayant une pluralité de saillies disposées circonférentiellement.
     
    7. Assemblage de rouleau de convoyage (1) selon l'une des revendications 1-3 dans lequel la partie de connexion comprend des trous allongés ayant un axe majeur parallèle à l'axe longitudinal des moyens de transmission et de support de couple (3), dits trous définissant des bandes allongées, dites bandes comprenant au moins une portion plus épaisse.
     
    8. Assemblage de rouleau de convoyage (1) selon la revendication 7, dans lequel les portions plus épaisses (5) des bandes sont disposées radialement.
     
    9. Assemblage de rouleau de convoyage (1) selon la revendication 7 ou 8, dans lequel la partie de support du corps est séparée d'une partie pouvant être reliée à un moyen d'entraînement par un anneau (9) ayant un diamètre plus grand que le diamètre externe de la partie de support.
     
    10. Procédé de fabrication d'un assemblage de rouleau de convoyage selon l'une quelconque des revendications de 1 à 9, comprenant les étapes consistant à

    1) fournir un rouleau en céramique (2) ayant une résistance à la flexion d'au moins 15 MPa et un diamètre externe D et au moins une extrémité du rouleau en céramique (2) ayant un alésage axial centré d'un diamètre 10mm≤ d ≤ 3/4 D, de préférence 1/3D et une profondeur Dd ≥15 d,

    2) fournir un moyen de transmission et de support de couple (3) ayant un axe longitudinal, comprenant

    b1. une partie de support comprenant au moins deux surfaces de support cylindriques (10) et,

    b2. une partie de connexion comprenant au moins deux surfaces de connexion distinctes,

    3) introduire les moyens de transmission et de support de couple (3) prévus dans au moins ledit alésage du rouleau en céramique (2), afin de déformer mécaniquement et élastiquement la partie de connexion et de relier par friction les moyens de transmission et de support de couple (3) au rouleau en céramique (2).


     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description