(19)
(11)EP 3 351 746 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 17205043.7

(22)Date of filing:  01.12.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F01D 21/04  (2006.01)

(54)

ENGINE CASE FOR FAN BLADE OUT RETENTION

MOTORGEHÄUSE FÜR LÜFTERBLATTRÜCKHALTUNG

CARTER MOTEUR POUR PALE DE VENTILATEUR HORS DE RÉTENTION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 12.12.2016 US 201615375536

(43)Date of publication of application:
25.07.2018 Bulletin 2018/30

(73)Proprietor: Honeywell International Inc.
Morris Plains, NJ 07950 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • KHARE, Milind
    Morris Plains, NJ New Jersey 07950 (US)
  • CHINTHAPALLY, Srinivas
    Morris Plains, NJ New Jersey 07950 (US)
  • KUMAR, Avinash
    Morris Plains, NJ New Jersey 07950 (US)
  • GANJI, Venkatarao
    Morris Plains, NJ New Jersey 07950 (US)
  • BROCKETT, Theodore
    Morris Plains, NJ New Jersey 07950 (US)

(74)Representative: Houghton, Mark Phillip 
Patent Outsourcing Limited 1 King Street
Bakewell, Derbyshire DE45 1DZ
Bakewell, Derbyshire DE45 1DZ (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
GB-A- 2 442 112
US-B1- 6 575 694
US-A- 4 534 698
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] This patent generally relates to turbofan engines, and in particular, to a fan case for a turbofan engine having a structure to retain a fan blade or fan blade portion following a fan blade out event.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] Turbofan engines operate with an high level of safety, reliability and efficiency, which is a credit to the engine designer who is challenged to design an engine to operate under numerous conditions and to address any contingency. One such contingency event is known as a fan blade out event.

    [0003] The fan is a vital component of a turbofan engine such as those that are commonly found on aircraft. The fan will have fan blades that extend radially outwardly from a central hub or disk. Fan designs differ primarily in the manner in which the blades are structurally tied or connected to the disk. In one fan design type, a dovetail connection is used to connect the fan blade and an associated shank to the disk. In another fan design type, the fan blade airfoil itself, without a shank, is welded to the disk. This later design is sometimes referred to as a bladed disk (or BLISK) fan, as the blades and disk form an integrated unit.

    [0004] The fans operate at high rotational speed, and the fan blades themselves experience significant operating stresses, particularly in a radial direction extending away from the disk. In the fan blade out event, the fan blade or a portion of the fan blade separates from the disk and is discharged into the engine case. The design challenge is to ensure that fan blade fragments and other detritus are contained by the engine case during a fan blade out event.

    [0005] In a typical fan blade out event, the fan blade separates at a minimum cross-sectional thickness region adjacent the disk. The result is the release of the fan blade airfoil part and the shank part, if a dovetail design, from the disk. The released fan blade interacts with at least the first trailing blade and the surrounding engine case.

    [0006] In the case of a dovetail design, because of the presence of the platform and shank, the released blade interacts with the first trailing blade and the containment case simultaneously. Because of the blade profiles, the first trailing blade tends to draw the
    released blade aft-wards, i.e., into the engine axially. Whereas the impact force on the released blade due to its interaction with the containment case tries to push the released blade forward due to the conical shape of the containment case. In a dovetail because of the significant interaction of the released blade with first trailing blade, the released blade tends to move in a direction into the engine.

    [0007] In aircraft engines with a BLISK type fan blade design, the fan blades are frictionally welded to the disk at the root. Hence there is no shank present at the root of the fan blade as would be found in a dovetail type fan blade design. In a fan blade out event in an engine with a BLISK fan blade design, it is more likely an airfoil part of the blade will separate from the disk than for the disk itself to separate or disintegrate. It has been observed that as much as 80% or more of the full blade airfoil may separate in a fan blade out event of a BLISK fan.

    [0008] The separated airfoil portion of a BLISK fan blade, even as much as the entire fan blade, has less mass and therefore less inertia than a dovetail design fan blade, which includes the shank and attaching platform. Moreover, the absence of a shank and attaching platform from the BLISK fan blade moves the center-of-gravity (CG) of the released airfoil portion radially outwardly from the disk. A result of these differences is that in a fan blade out event in a BLISK fan engine, the released blade part to first trailing blade interaction occurs much later after blade release. By the time of interaction with the first trailing blade, which tends to draw the released blade into the engine, the desired direction, as much as or more than 50% of the released blade part will have engaged the engine case. Engagement of the blade part with the engine case tends to move the blade part toward the engine inlet and potentially out of the engine case.

    [0009] Patent document number US6575694B1 describes a turbofan gas turbine engine which comprises a fan rotor carrying a plurality of radially extending fan blades. A fan blade containment assembly surrounds the fan blades and the fan blade containment assembly comprises a generally annular, or frustoconical, cross-section casing. At least one corrugated sheet metal ring surrounds the casing wherein the corrugations extend with axial and/or circumferential components.

    [0010] Patent document number GB2442112A describes a gas turbine engine which has a bladed rotor surrounded by a casing having a blade containment system which includes at least one layer of fibre metal laminate. The blade containment system may also include a honeycomb layer positioned radially exterior of an inner portion of the annular casing, wherein the layer of fibre metal laminate is positioned radially exterior or interior of the honeycomb layer. The blade containment system may also include a radially exterior layer of Kevlar wrap. The fibre metal laminate may comprise aluminium and glass, aluminium and aramid, or titanium and graphite. In order to allow the fibre metal laminate to be formed into a circumferential arrangement, a plurality of gore cuts may be provided therein. The fibre metal laminate may be spliced together at its ends to form an annular shape.

    [0011] Patent document number US4534698A describes a blade containment structure which employs a two-layer honeycomb region radially outward of a fan blade rub strip. The two layers are separated by a septum and each layer contributes independently to strength and stiffness of the structure. A Kevlar blanket radially outward of the honeycomb region retains blade fragments which may be broken loose by ingestion of large objects such as, for example, birds. The radially inner honeycomb region is deep enough to position the septum out of the orbit of blade tips in an engine made unbalanced by loss of one or more fan blades. The septum and outer honeycomb region retains sufficient strength in the structure for supporting forward components.

    [0012] Therefore, it is desirable to provide an engine case design for turbofan engines that has the effect of retaining fan blade parts within the engine case in a fan blade out event. This may be accomplished by an engine case design that tends to direct fan blade parts into the engine after a blade out event. Other desirable features and characteristics of the herein described embodiments will become apparent from the subsequent detailed description and the appended claims, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and the foregoing technical field and background.

    SUMMARY



    [0013] The present invention in its various aspects is as set out in the appended claims.

    [0014] A turbofan engine has an engine case with an inlet and an interior. A bearing is disposed on a portion of the engine case. A fan is disposed within the engine and rotates with operation of the engine. The fan includes a plurality of fan blades, and each fan blade is secured at a first end to a disk. A second end of each fan blade is disposed adjacent to the bearing. The engine case portion is oriented relative to the fan such that a reaction force of a fan blade impacting the bearing is directed axially or away from the inlet until a first trailing blade interacts with the fan blade.

    [0015] A case for a turbofan engine includes a case structure and bearing configured and cooperate to effect a primary load bearing member such that the engagement of a fan blade or portion thereof following a fan blade out with the first trailing blade becomes significant.

    [0016] A method of containing a fan blade or portion thereof and collateral structures that may be released in a fan blade out event may include retarding a radial outward movement of the released blade portion after the blade out event until there is an interaction of the released blade portion with a first trailing blade.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0017] The exemplary embodiments will hereinafter be described in conjunction with the following drawing figures, wherein like numerals denote like elements, and wherein:

    FIG. 1 is a graphic cross-sectional illustration of an inlet portion of a turbine engine in accordance with herein described exemplary embodiments;

    FIG. 2 is a graphic depiction of a blade disk (BLISK) fan;

    FIG. 3 is a graphic cross-sectional illustration of an inlet portion of a turbine engine in accordance with an alternate example;

    FIG. 4 is a graphic cross-sectional illustration of an inlet portion of a turbine engine in accordance with an alternate exemplary embodiment; and

    FIG. 5 is a graphic cross-sectional illustration of an inlet portion of a turbine engine in accordance with an alternate exemplary embodiment.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0018] Embodiments of the subject matter described herein provide an engine case design for turbofan engines that has the effect of retaining fan blade parts within the engine case in a fan blade out event by directing fan blade parts into the engine after a blade out event.

    [0019] Referring to FIGs. 1 and 2, a turbine engine 10 includes an engine case 12 with an inlet 14 and an interior 16. A bearing 20 is disposed on a case portion 18 of the engine case 12. A fan 24 is disposed within the engine case 12 and rotates with operation of the engine 10 in a known manner. The fan 24 includes a plurality of fan blades (one illustrated as fan blade 26), and each fan blade 26 is secured at a first end 28 to a disk 30. A second end 32 of each fan blade is disposed closely adjacent to a surface 34 of the bearing 20. The case portion 18 includes surface 22 that is oriented relative to the fan 24 such that a reaction force of the fan blade 26 or a portion of the fan blade 26 impacting the bearing 20 during a fan blade out event is directed radially inward toward a centerline "c/l" of the engine 10. Because there is less axial force coming from the interaction with case onto the blade, the axial motion of the blade is relatively away from the inlet 14 and toward the interior 16.

    [0020] In accordance with the invention, the bearing 20 has a non-uniform thickness or cross-section from the inlet 14 to the interior 16. As depicted in FIG. 1, the bearing 20 tapers from a first edge 36 adjacent the inlet 14 to a second edge 38 toward the interior 16. The case portion 18 is made cylindrical. That is, the surface 22 of the portion 18 of the case 12 is substantially parallel to the engine centerline, c/l, and in this regard, the surface 22 of the case portion 18 forms a right, circular cylinder. The bearing 20 by virtue of the taper provides a narrowing of the engine inlet 14 toward the interior 16 of the engine 10.

    [0021] With continued reference to FIG. 1, in a fan blade out event, the fan blade 26 or a fan blade portion (not depicted) separates from the disk 30 at or near the first end 28. Upon release, the fan blade 26 will move radially outwardly from the centerline c/l and encounters the bearing 20, which is supported by the case portion 18 along the surface 22. A force, FN, is imparted on the fan blade 26. Because the surface 22 of the case portion 18 is parallel to the centerline c/l, the force FN is primarily directed radially inward back toward the centerline c/l (e.g., Fy), with little or no axial component (e.g., Fx). In particular, the surface 22 is oriented such that the force FN is radially directed toward the centerline with no significant axial component being directed toward the inlet 14. This reduced the likelihood that the fan blade 26 will move toward the inlet 14 and outward of the engine case 12.

    [0022] Still referring to FIG. 1, surrounding the case portion 18 is a containment member 40 and disposed between an inner surface 42 of the containment member 40 and an outer surface 44 of the engine case 12 in the area of portion 18 is an energy absorbing material 46. The energy absorbing material may be a polymeric honeycomb, or metallic honeycomb, and the containment member 40 may likewise be made of Kevlar fiber or may be made of carbon fiber. Alternatively, the containment member may be made of aluminum, aluminum alloys or other metallic or polymeric materials and combinations thereof. The energy absorbing material material 46 and containment member 40 cooperate to supplement the engine case 12 to contain the fan blade 26 during a fan blade out event. However, by design, the energy absorbing material 46 deflects and compresses in order to absorb and dissipate energy. On its own, therefore, the engine case 12, energy absorbing material 46 and containment member 40 only partially restrict radial outward movement of the fan blade 26 during a blade out event. To retard, e.g., delay and/or limit, at least at the initial moment of the fan blade out event, radial outward movement of the fan blade 26, the bearing 20 is made of an abradable but stiff material, such as aluminum, aluminum alloys, other metallic alloys or equivalent materials. It is only necessary to briefly retard the radial outward movement of the fan blade 26 following a fan blade out event until the first following blade 50 (see, Fig. 2) of the fan 24 interacts with the fan blade 26. The configuration of the fan blades 26 is such that the interaction of the fan blade 26 and the first following fan blade tends to cause an axial movement of the fan blade 26 toward the interior 16 of the engine 10. Thus, it is evident that the structure of the bearing 20 and the case portion 18 cooperate to provide a primary interaction of the fan blade 26 with the first following fan blade after a fan blade out event, and to further limit movement of the fan blade 26 or fan blade portion toward the inlet 14.

    [0023] Referring to FIG. 3, the case portion 18 includes a leading and trailing chamfer 52 and 54 extending between the surface 22. The surface 22 is still arranged parallel to the centerline c/l. The bearing 20 has an pseudo-hexagonal cross-section that is thinner toward a first edge 56 adjacent the inlet 14 and thicker at a second edge 58 adjacent the interior 16. In accordance with this alternative example; embodiment, the bearing 20 and the case portion 18 cooperate to provide a primary interaction of the fan blade 26 with the first following fan blade 50 after a fan blade out event, and to further limit movement of the fan blade 26 or fan blade portion toward the inlet 14.

    [0024] Referring to FIG. 4, the case portion 18 is formed with a hemispherical surface 60. The bearing 20 is ovoid, and the ovoid is thinner toward a first edge 62 adjacent the inlet 14 and thicker at a second edge 64 adjacent the interior 16. In accordance with this alternative example, the bearing 20 and the case portion 18 cooperate to provide a primary interaction of the fan blade 26 with the first following fan blade 50 after a fan blade out event, and to further limit movement of the fan blade 26 or fan blade portion toward the inlet 14.

    [0025] Referring to FIG. 5, the case portion 18 is formed with a first angled surface 66 and a second angled surface 68. The bearing 20 has a triangular cross-section 70 that fills the cross-section defined by the surfaces 66 and 68, and has a surface 72 parallel to the centerline c/l. In accordance with this alternative example, the bearing 20 and the case portion 18 cooperate to provide a primary interaction of the fan blade 26 with the first following fan blade 50 after a fan blade out event, and to further limit movement of the fan blade 26 or fan blade portion toward the inlet 14.

    [0026] In accordance with the herein described embodiments, a turbofan engine includes an engine case with an engine case structure and a bearing to ensure that a fan blade or portion thereof and collateral structures that may be released in a fan blade out event are retained within the engine case. In one exemplary embodiment, the radial movement of the released portion of a fan blade is retarded, e.g., delayed or limited, sufficiently to cause it to engage and interact primarily with a first trailing blade. Because of the profile of the fan blades, the interaction of the released blade portion with the first trailing blade tends to direct the released blade portion axially inward relative to an inlet of the turbine engine and into the engine case. The released blade portion is thereby first directed into the engine case before the inertia of the released blade portion causes it to travel radially outward and engage the containment case and a containment structure. The net effect is that axial outward motion, relative to the inlet of the turbine engine is reduced.

    [0027] To achieve this result, the case structure and bearing are configured and cooperate to effectively change the primary load bearing member, i.e., the primary resistance to the movement of a fan blade or portions thereof following a fan blade out event, such that first primary engagement of the fan blade or portion thereof following a fan blade out event is with the first trailing fan blade. The bearing is abradable and may be made of aluminum, aluminum alloys, other metallic alloys or equivalent materials. The bearing has a non uniform cross-section, and in at least one of the herein described embodiments, tapers from a thicker section toward the engine interior to a thinner section adjacent engine inlet. The bearing further may be made to be stiffer than surrounding, energy absorbing containment structures to retard axial movement of the released fan blade or released fan blade portion. This ensures that the interaction of the released fan blade or fan blade portion with the first trailing fan blade begins early and lasts longer, thereby effectively reducing motion of the released fan blade or fan blade portion toward the engine inlet.

    [0028] A method of containing a fan blade or portion thereof and collateral structures that may be released in a fan blade out event may include retarding, e.g., reducing and/or delaying, a radial outward movement of the release blade portion after the blade out event until there is an interaction of the released blade portion with a first trailing blade. The reducing/delaying of the radial outward movement of the released blade portion may be accomplished by providing a bearing within the engine case adjacent tips of the fan blades. Providing the bearing may further include retaining the bearing by the engine case or by a retaining portion of the engine case. The retaining portion of the engine case may be made by providing a cylindrical structure within the engine case and engaging the bearing at least in a radial direction relative to a centerline of an engine.

    [0029] The foregoing detailed description is merely exemplary in nature and is not intended to limit the application and uses. Furthermore, there is no intention to be bound by any expressed or implied theory presented in the preceding technical field, background, brief summary or the detailed description. It should be understood that throughout the drawings, corresponding reference numerals indicate like or corresponding parts and features. As used herein, the term system or module may refer to any combination or collection of mechanical systems and components and/or other suitable components that provide the described functionality.

    [0030] Embodiments may be described herein in terms of functional and/or logical block components and various processing steps. It should be appreciated that such block components may be realized by any number, combination or collection of mechanical components configured to perform the specified functions. Those skilled in the art will appreciate that the herein described embodiments may be practiced in conjunction with any number of mechanical components and systems, and that the systems described herein are merely exemplary.

    [0031] For the sake of brevity, conventional components and techniques and other functional aspects of the components and systems (and the individual operating components of the systems) may not be described in detail herein. Furthermore, the connecting lines shown in the various figures contained herein are intended to represent example functional relationships and/or physical couplings between the various elements. It should be noted that many alternative or additional functional relationships or physical connections may be present in an embodiment of the invention.

    [0032] While at least one exemplary embodiment has been presented in the foregoing detailed description, it should be appreciated that a vast number of variations exist. It should also be appreciated that the exemplary embodiment or exemplary embodiments are only examples, and are not intended to limit the scope, applicability, or configuration of the disclosure in any way. Rather, the foregoing detailed description will provide those skilled in the art with a convenient road map for implementing the exemplary embodiment or exemplary embodiments. It should be understood that various changes can be made in the function and arrangement of elements without departing from the scope of the disclosure as set forth in the appended claims. Accordingly, details of the exemplary embodiments or other limitations described above should not be read into the claims absent a clear intention to the contrary.


    Claims

    1. A turbofan engine (10) including:

    an engine case (12) with an inlet (14) and an interior (16) of the engine (10);

    a bearing (20) disposed on a portion (18) of the engine case (12); the portion (18) being substantially parallel to the centerline of the engine (10);

    a fan (24) is disposed within the interior (16) and rotates with operation of the engine (10), the fan (24) having a plurality of fan blades (26), each fan blade (26) is secured at a first end (28) to a disk (30), and a second end (32) of each fan blade (26) is disposed adjacent to the bearing (20), characterized in that:
    the bearing (20) is an abradable member having a non-uniform thickness or cross-section from the inlet (14) to the interior (16), such that the bearing (20) tapers from a first edge (36) adjacent the inlet (14) to a second edge 38 toward the interior (16) and by virtue of the taper provides a narrowing of the engine inlet (14) toward the interior (16) of the engine (10) at the bearing (20) such that a force on a fan blade impacting the bearing (20) directs the fan blade (26) axially inward or away from the inlet (14).


     
    2. The turbofan engine (10) of claim 1, the bearing (20) including a first angled surface and a second angled surface.
     
    3. The turbofan engine (10) of claim 1, the bearing (20) having a surface (34) adjacent the second ends (32) of the plurality of fan blades (26) that is substantially parallel to a centerline of the engine (10).
     
    4. The turbofan engine (10) of claim 1, further comprising a containment structure (40) surrounding the engine case (12) in a region of the bearing (20).
     
    5. An engine case (12) for a turbofan engine (10) according to any of the foregoing claims.
     
    6. A method of containing a fan blade (26) or portion thereof and collateral structures that may be released in a fan blade (26) out event within a turbofan engine (10) comprising:

    providing a bearing (20) within an engine case (12) of the engine (10), the bearing (20) has a non-uniform thickness or cross-section from the inlet (14) to the interior (16), such that the bearing (20) tapers from a first edge (36) adjacent the inlet (14) to a second edge (38) toward the interior (16) and by virtue of the taper provides a narrowing of the engine inlet (14) toward the interior (16) of the engine (10) at the bearing (20);

    retarding a radial outward movement of a released blade portion after the fan blade out event by engagement of the released blade portion and the bearing (20); and

    interacting the released blade portion with a first trailing blade (26).


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Turbofan-Triebwerk (10) einschließend:

    ein Triebwerksgehäuse (12) mit einem Einlass (14) und einem Innenraum (16) des Triebwerks (10);

    ein Lager (20), das an einem Abschnitt (18) des Triebwerksgehäuses (12) angeordnet ist; wobei der Abschnitt (18) im Wesentlichen parallel zur Mittellinie des Triebwerks (10) ist;

    einen Fan (24), der innerhalb des Innenraums (16) angeordnet ist, und sich bei Betrieb des Triebwerks (10) dreht, wobei der Fan (24) mehrere Fan-Flügel (26) aufweist, wobei jeder Fan-Flügel (26) an einem ersten Ende (28) einer Scheibe (30) befestigt ist und ein zweites Ende (32) jedes Fan-Flügels (26) an das Lager (20) angrenzend angeordnet ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass:
    das Lager (20) ein abriebfähiges Element mit einer ungleichmäßigen Dicke oder einem ungleichmäßigen Querschnitt vom Einlass (14) zum Innenraum (16) ist, sodass sich das Lager (20) von einer ersten Kante (36) neben dem Einlass (14) zu einer zweiten Kante 38 in Richtung des Innenraums (16) verjüngt und aufgrund der Verjüngung eine Verengung des Triebwerkseinlasses (14) in Richtung des Innenraums (16) des Triebwerks (10) am Lager (20) derart bereitstellt, dass eine Kraft auf einem Fan-Flügel, die auf das Lager (20) einwirkt, den Fan-Flügel (26) axial nach innen oder von dem Einlass (14) weg leitet.


     
    2. Turbofan-Triebwerk (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Lager (20) eine erste abgewinkelte Fläche und eine zweite abgewinkelte Fläche einschließt.
     
    3. Turbofan-Triebwerk (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Lager (20) eine Fläche (34) angrenzend an die zweiten Enden (32) der Mehrzahl von Fan-Flügeln (26) aufweist, die im Wesentlichen parallel zu einer Mittellinie des Triebwerks (10) ist.
     
    4. Turbofan-Triebwerk (10) nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend eine Behälterstruktur (40), die das Triebwerksgehäuse (12) in einem Bereich des Lagers (20) umgibt.
     
    5. Triebwerksgehäuse (12) für ein Turbofan-Triebwerk (10) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche.
     
    6. Verfahren zum Enthalten eines Fan-Flügels (26) oder eines Teils davon und von Nebenstrukturen, die bei einem Fan-Flügel (26)-Out-Ereignis in einem Turbofan-Triebwerk (10) freigegeben werden können, umfassend:

    Bereitstellen eines Lagers (20) in einem Triebwerksgehäuse (12) des Triebwerks (10), wobei das Lager (20) eine ungleichmäßige Dicke oder einen ungleichmäßigen Querschnitt vom Einlass (14) zum Innenraum (16) aufweist, sodass sich das Lager (20) von einer ersten Kante (36) angrenzend an den Einlass (14) zu einer zweiten Kante (38) in Richtung des Innenraums (16) verjüngt und aufgrund der Verjüngung eine Verengung des Triebwerkseinlasses (14) in Richtung des Innenraums (16) des Triebwerks (10) am Lager (20) bereitstellt;

    Verzögern einer radialen Auswärtsbewegung eines freigegebenen Flügelabschnitts nach dem Fan-Flügel-Out-Ereignis durch Eingriff des freigegebenen Flügelabschnitts und des Lagers (20); und

    Zusammenwirken des freigegebenen Flügelabschnitts mit einem ersten nachfolgenden Flügel (26).


     


    Revendications

    1. Turboréacteur à double flux (10) comprenant :

    un carter de moteur (12) avec une entrée (14) et un intérieur (16) du moteur (10) ;

    un palier (20) disposé sur une partie (18) du carter de moteur (12) ; la partie (18) étant sensiblement parallèle à la ligne médiane du moteur (10) ;

    un ventilateur (24) est disposé dans l'intérieur (16) et tourne avec le fonctionnement du moteur (10), le ventilateur (24) ayant une pluralité de pales de ventilateur (26), chaque pale de ventilateur (26) est fixée au niveau d'une première extrémité (28) à un disque (30) et une deuxième extrémité (32) de chaque pale de ventilateur (26) est disposée à côté du palier (20), caractérisé en ce que :
    le palier (20) est un élément abradable ayant une épaisseur ou une section transversale non uniforme de l'entrée (14) à l'intérieur (16), de sorte que le palier (20) se rétrécisse à partir d'un premier bord (36) adjacent à l'entrée (14) vers un deuxième bord 38 vers l'intérieur (16) et en raison de la conicité permet un rétrécissement de l'entrée du moteur (14) vers l'intérieur (16) du moteur (10) au niveau du palier (20) de telle sorte qu'une force sur une pale de ventilateur impactant le palier (20) dirige la pale de ventilateur (26) axialement vers l'intérieur ou loin de l'entrée (14).


     
    2. Turboréacteur à double flux (10) selon la revendication 1, le palier (20) comprenant une première surface inclinée et une seconde surface inclinée.
     
    3. Turboréacteur à double flux (10) selon la revendication 1, le palier (20) ayant une surface (34) adjacente aux deuxièmes extrémités (32) de la pluralité de pales de ventilateur (26), qui est sensiblement parallèle à une ligne centrale du moteur (10).
     
    4. Turboréacteur à double flux (10) selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre une structure de confinement (40) entourant le carter de moteur (12) dans une région du palier (20).
     
    5. Carter de moteur (12) pour un turboréacteur à double flux (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes.
     
    6. Procédé pour contenir une pale de ventilateur (26) ou une partie de celle-ci et des structures collatérales qui peuvent être libérées lors d'un événement de sortie de pale de ventilateur (26) à l'intérieur d'un turboréacteur à double flux (10) comprenant :

    la fourniture d'un palier (20) à l'intérieur d'un carter de moteur (12) du moteur (10), le palier (20) a une épaisseur ou une section transversale non uniforme de l'entrée (14) à l'intérieur (16), de telle sorte que le palier (20) se rétrécisse d'un premier bord (36) adjacent à l'entrée (14) vers un deuxième bord (38) vers l'intérieur (16) et, grâce à la conicité, permet un rétrécissement de l'entrée du moteur (14) vers l'intérieur (16) du moteur (10) au niveau du palier (20) ;

    le retardement d'un mouvement radial vers l'extérieur d'une partie de pale libérée après l'événement de sortie de pale de ventilateur par mise en prise de la partie de pale libérée et du palier (20) ; et

    l'interaction de la partie de pale libérée avec une première pale arrière (26).


     




    Drawing









    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description