(19)
(11)EP 3 352 036 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
09.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/37

(21)Application number: 17206748.0

(22)Date of filing:  12.12.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
G05D 1/00(2006.01)
H04L 5/00(2006.01)
H04L 1/00(2006.01)
A01B 69/04(2006.01)
G05D 1/02(2020.01)
G08C 17/02(2006.01)
H04W 52/24(2009.01)

(54)

WORK VEHICLE WIRELESS MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING WORK TRAVELING OF A PLURALITY OF WORK VEHICLES

DRAHTLOSES ARBEITSFAHRZEUGVERWALTUNGSSYSTEM UND VERFAHREN ZUR STEUERUNG DER ARBEITSFAHRTEN EINER VIELZAHL VON ARBEITSFAHRZEUGEN

SYSTÈME DE GESTION SANS FIL DE VÉHICULE DE TRAVAIL ET PROCÉDÉ DE COMMANDE DE DÉPLACEMENT DE TRAVAIL D'UNE PLURALITÉ DE VÉHICULES DE TRAVAIL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 23.01.2017 JP 2017009639

(43)Date of publication of application:
25.07.2018 Bulletin 2018/30

(73)Proprietor: Kubota Corporation
Osaka-shi, Osaka 556-8601 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • Matsuzaki, Yushi
    Sakai-city, Osaka 590-0823 (JP)
  • Iwami, Kenichi
    Sakai-city, Osaka 590-0823 (JP)
  • Uoya, Yasuhisa
    Hyogo 661-8567 (JP)

(74)Representative: Bittner, Thomas L. 
Boehmert & Boehmert Anwaltspartnerschaft mbB Pettenkoferstrasse 22
80336 München
80336 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 3 104 244
WO-A1-2016/200978
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present disclosure relates to a work vehicle wireless management system and a method for controlling work traveling of a plurality of work vehicles.

    Background



    [0002] Recently, a work vehicle includes a wireless communication device, and can exchange information with an external communication device through a wireless communication network. Particularly, an automatically traveling work vehicle receives various control commands related to work traveling from another work vehicle or a remote control device brought by a manager, and performs control operation based on the received control command.

    [0003] For example, in the work vehicle operation system disclosed in JP 2014-192740 A, the work vehicle is provided with a control module that outputs a control signal controlling an operation device by operating an operation device, and a portable information terminal serving as the remote control device includes a display that can display a pseudo operation device corresponding to the operation device of the work vehicle and a remote control unit that generates a remote control signal based on operation input to the pseudo operation device. By operating the pseudo operation device, the user can issue an operation command similar to that for operating the actual operation device to the work vehicle, and remotely control the operation of the work vehicle.

    [0004] JP 2014-178759 A discloses a work vehicle cooperative system that performs ground work with a master work vehicle and an unmanned steerable slave work vehicle following the master work vehicle. In the system, the manned-navigation type master work vehicle and the unmanned-navigation type slave work vehicle following the master work vehicle perform the ground work in a reciprocating straight traveling in which the straight traveling and the U-turn traveling are repeated. At this point, work traveling target positional data of the slave work vehicle is calculated in consideration of master traveling locus data, master-machine-to-ground work width data, and slave-machine-to-ground work width data, which are calculated from master-machine positional data indicating the position of the master work vehicle. The calculated work traveling target positional data is wirelessly transmitted to the slave work vehicle. The received work traveling target positional data becomes a navigation control target value, and the slave work vehicle is navigated in an unmanned manner.

    [0005] In the system of JP 2014-192740 A, the traveling work of the work vehicle can be remotely controlled using the remote control device by constructing a wireless communication network between the work vehicle and the remote control device. In the system of JP 2014-178759 A, by constructing the wireless communication network between the manned work vehicle and the unmanned work vehicle, data related to the work traveling is exchanged, and cooperative traveling work is performed. A data type and a data amount, which are exchanged between the work vehicle and the remote control device and between the manned work vehicle and the unmanned work vehicle, are increasing year by year. A data type, such as an emergency stop command, in which a communication error is not permitted, and a data type, such as a peripheral captured image, which has a large data amount even if a communication error is not fatal, are mixed in the type of data to be communicated.

    [0006] EP 3 104 244 A1 discloses an autonomous travel work vehicle, which can be controlled by a remote controller and which is caused to autonomously travel along a set travel path along with an accompanying travel work vehicle. The remote controller is provided for setting the travel path of the autonomous travel work vehicle, controlling the autonomous travel work vehicle remotely, monitoring the traveling condition of the autonomous travel work vehicle or operating condition of the implement, or storing operation data. The remote controller and the autonomous travel work vehicle are configured to communicate with each other wirelessly, i.e., the autonomous travel work vehicle and the remote controller are provided with transceivers for wireless communication.

    Summary



    [0007] It is an object to provide a work vehicle wireless management system and a method for controlling work traveling of a plurality of work vehicles in which a more effective wireless communication network is established between the plurality of work vehicles.

    [0008] For solving the problem a work vehicle wireless management system and a method for controlling work traveling of a plurality of work vehicles of claims 1 and 9 are provided. Further embodiments are disclosed in dependent claims.

    [0009] According to an aspect, a work vehicle wireless management system for managing traveling of a plurality of work vehicles is provided. A wireless communication network used includes a plurality of communication units to transact wireless transmission data related to the work traveling of the work vehicle. The communication units are configured to perform a communication process on the wireless transmission data using a frequency band selected in accordance with data type of the wireless transmission data from a plurality of different frequency bands as an in-use frequency band.

    [0010] According to another aspect, a method for controlling work traveling of a plurality of work vehicles is provided, the method comprising: providing a plurality of work vehicles; providing a work vehicle wireless management system having a plurality of communication units; and managing, by the work vehicle wireless management system, work traveling of the plurality of work vehicles using a wireless communication network. The managing or controlling is further comprising: transacting, by the plurality of communication units, wireless transmission data related to the work traveling of the plurality of work vehicles; and performing, by the plurality of communication units, a communication process on the wireless transmission data using a frequency band selected in accordance with data types of the wireless transmission data from a plurality of different frequency bands as an in-use frequency band.

    [0011] In the configuration, the wireless transmission data related to the work traveling of the plurality of work vehicles is processed using the frequency band selected in each data type of the wireless transmission data from the plurality of different frequency bands as the in-use frequency band. Therefore, an appropriate frequency band can be used in the wireless transmission of data according to the data type. Because a multi-channel is constructed in the communication of the wireless transmission data by the use of the plurality of frequency bands, an advantage that the amount of wireless transmission data necessary for the work traveling of the work vehicle is appropriately distributed can be obtained.

    [0012] In an exemplary embodiment, the work vehicle wireless management system further includes: a communication state determination unit to determine communication states of the plurality of different frequency bands; and an in-use frequency band selector to select the in-use frequency band allocated in each of the data type based on the communication state. In the configuration, because the communication state of each of the plurality of frequency bands used as the in-use frequency band is checked, the frequency band in which reception sensitivity is degraded or the frequency band influenced by wireless wave interference can be specified. Therefore, the optimum wireless transmission corresponding to the communication state can be performed by adjusting the purpose of the use of the plurality of frequency band in accordance with the communication states.

    [0013] The plurality of frequency bands include a first frequency band, a second frequency band, and a third frequency band, the first frequency band is higher than the second frequency band, the second frequency band is higher than the third frequency band, the data type includes captured image data regarding surroundings of the work vehicle, control information data related to the traveling work of the work vehicle, and an emergency stop command for emergency stop of the work vehicle, and when all the plurality of frequency bands are in a good state, the first frequency band is used as the in-use frequency band for the captured image data, the second frequency band is used as the in-use frequency band for the control information data, and the third frequency band is used as the in-use frequency band for the transmission of the emergency stop command.

    [0014] In the wireless transmission of data, a propagation characteristic is degraded as the data transmission amount increases in the high frequency band, and the propagation characteristic becomes better as the data transmission amount decreases in the low frequency band. In consideration of this fact, in the above configuration, the first frequency band having the highest frequency is used for the wireless transmission of the captured image data regarding the surroundings of the work vehicle in which a loss of the transmitted data is not fatal while the data amount is large. The third frequency band having the lowest frequency is used for the wireless transmission of the emergency stop command in which the loss of the transmitted data is fatal while the data amount is small. The second frequency band is used for the wireless transmission of the control information data in which the loss of the transmitted data is not fatal while the data amount is large. Therefore, the in-use frequency band appropriately selected according to the data type necessary for the work traveling of the work vehicle is used in the data transmission.

    [0015] In order to securely perform the work using the plurality of work vehicles as desired, it is necessary for a driver who gets on the manned work vehicle to monitor the automatic operation of the unmanned work vehicle. Because the movement of the unmanned work vehicle may enter a blind spot of the driver of the manned work vehicle, or the driver of the manned work vehicle may miss the unexpected movement of the unmanned work vehicle, it is also necessary for a surveillant who stands at the work field to monitor the movement or traveling of the unmanned work vehicle to perform the emergency stop of the unmanned work vehicle using the remote control device in order to deal with such the situations. The plurality of work vehicles include a manually traveling manned work vehicle and an automatically traveling unmanned work vehicle, and the communication of the captured image data and the transmission of the control information data are performed between the manned work vehicle and the unmanned work vehicle, and the transmission of the emergency stop command is performed between a remote control device operated by a user who is out of the work vehicle and the unmanned work vehicle.

    [0016] In an exemplary embodiment, when an available capacity of a data transmission capacity is generated in at least one of the in-use frequency bands, duplicate transmission of at least a part of a data content in at least one of the data types is performed using the in-use frequency band in which the data transmission capacity has the available capacity. In the configuration, when the in-use frequency band allocated according to the data type has an idle channel, at least part of the data of another data type, preferably important data is wirelessly transmitted using this idle channel. This improves communication reliability of the wireless transmission.

    [0017] In an exemplary embodiment, when at least one of the plurality of frequency bands is determined to be poor, and when at least one of the plurality of frequency bands is determined to be good, at least a part of the wireless transmission data of the data type transmitted using the in-use frequency band to which the frequency band determined to be poor is allocated is transmitted by the in-use frequency band that is the frequency band determined to be good. In the configuration, when a decrease in reception sensitivity or wireless interference is generated in a specific frequency band, at least a part of the wireless transmission data of the data type in which the specific frequency band is allocated as the in-use frequency band can be wirelessly transmitted while breaking in another in-use frequency band having the good communication state, so that the minimum communication reliability of the wireless transmission can be secured.

    [0018] When the unmanned work vehicle automatically travels while being connected by a wireless communication network, depending on the state of the work field and the type of work, the work traveling must be avoided even in a state in which a part of the wireless communication network is blocked. Therefore, in an advantageous exemplary embodiment, when at least one of the plurality of frequency bands is determined to be poor, the unmanned work vehicle is forcedly stopped.

    [0019] In an advantageous exemplary embodiment, the communication state determination unit is configured to determine the communication state by a reception signal intensity, a beacon signal check, or both. In the configuration in which the communication state is determined only by the reception signal intensity, necessary circuits and programs are simple, which is advantageous from the viewpoint of cost. Because the configuration in which the communication state is determined by a beacon signal check involves transmission and reception of actual data (beacon signal), the determination of the communication state is more reliable. In the configuration in which the communication state is determined by both the reception signal intensity and the beacon signal check, it is easy to pursue a failure cause of the communication state, so that an appropriate measure can be taken when the poor communication state is generated.

    [0020] The term of "work traveling" as used here may includes at least one of the following: performing the work during the traveling, only traveling, only performing the work, performing at least one of the items, and a pause of the work traveling. For example, the work traveling may refer to work during traveling in a work area such as a field.

    [0021] The embodiments disclosed above with regard to the work vehicle wireless management system may apply to the method for controlling work traveling of the plurality of work vehicles mutatis mutandis.

    Description of further embodiments



    [0022] 
    Fig. 1
    is an explanatory diagram illustrating a basic configuration of a work vehicle wireless management system according to an exemplary embodiment.
    Fig. 2
    is a side view of a tractor as an example of a work machine in which the work vehicle wireless management system is used.
    Fig. 3
    is a schematic diagram illustrating an example of a work vehicle wireless management system including a manned work vehicle, an unmanned work vehicle, and a remote control device.
    Fig. 4
    is a plan view of the remote control device.
    Fig 5
    is a functional block diagram illustrating a functional section of the unmanned work vehicle.
    Fig. 6
    is a flowchart illustrating an example of a wireless data transmission management routine in the work vehicle wireless management system.
    Fig. 7
    is a flowchart illustrating an example of the wireless data transmission management routine in the work vehicle wireless management system.


    [0023] A work vehicle wireless management system according to an exemplary embodiment will be described below with reference to the drawings. Fig. 1 illustrates a basic configuration of the work vehicle wireless management system. A wireless communication network of the work vehicle wireless management system includes a communication unit 4 installed in each of two work vehicles and a remote control device 9 carried by an observer. Frequency bands handled in the wireless communication network include a first frequency band, a second frequency band, and a third frequency band. The first frequency band is the highest band, the second frequency band is the second highest band, and the third frequency band is the lowest band. Each frequency band may be publicly regulated, the first frequency band may be a 2.4-GHz band, the second frequency band may be a 920-MHz band, and the third frequency band may be a 429-MHz band. Other bands may be used.

    [0024] A type of wireless transmission data dealt with by the wireless communication network of the exemplary embodiment is may be at least one of captured image data regarding the surroundings of the work vehicle, control information data related to the traveling work of the work vehicle, and an emergency stop command for emergency stop of the work vehicle. In principle, the frequency band used to wirelessly transmit the captured image data may be referred to as a first in-use frequency band, the frequency band used to wirelessly transmit the control information data may be referred to as a second in-use frequency band, and the frequency band used to wirelessly transmit the emergency stop command is may be referred to as a third in-use frequency band.

    [0025] The communication unit 4 includes a communication processing unit 40, a communication state determination unit 41, and an in-use frequency band selector 42. The communication processing unit 40 has a function of converting input data into a form that can be wirelessly transmitted, and a function of converting the received wireless transmission data into a necessary data form and outputting the wireless transmission data having the necessary data form. The communication state determination unit 41 determines a communication state in the first frequency band, the second frequency band, and the third frequency band. When the communication state is determined, for example, by using a reception signal intensity, intensity of an input signal from an antenna 49 is measured. A determination that the communication state is good is made when the measured intensity is equal to or greater than a threshold, and a determination that the communication state is poor is may be made when the measured intensity is below the threshold. When the communication state determination unit 41 determines the communication state using a beacon signal check, each communication unit 4 periodically transmits a beacon signal, the communication state determination unit 41 determines that the communication state is good by the successful reception of the beacon signal, and the communication state determination unit 41 determines that the communication state is poor by reception failure of the beacon signal.

    [0026] The in-use frequency band selector 42 selects a frequency band (for example, the first in-use frequency band) used for the captured image data, a frequency band (for example, the second in-use frequency band) used for the wireless transmission of the control information data, and a frequency band (for example, the third in-use frequency band) used for the wireless transmission of the emergency stop command, based on the communication state determined by the communication state determination unit 41 .

    [0027] When all the reception states of the first, second, and third frequency bands are good, the first frequency band is allocated to the first in-use frequency band as an initial setting, the second frequency band is allocated to the second in-use frequency band as the initial setting, and the third frequency band is allocated to the third in-use frequency band as the initial setting.

    [0028] When the reception state of at least one of the first, second, and third frequency bands is poor, the following emergency stop notification process can be arbitrarily used.
    1. (1) When the communication state of the first frequency band is determined to be poor, and when the communication state of the second frequency band is determined to be good, the captured image data in which the first frequency band is allocated as the first in-use frequency band is wirelessly transmitted using the second in-use frequency band together with the control information data. At this point, preferably the captured image data is converted into not moving image data but still image data to reduce a data amount. Similarly, when the communication state of the second frequency band is determined to be poor, and when the communication state of the first frequency band is determined to be good, the control information data in which the second frequency band is allocated as the second in-use frequency band is wirelessly transmitted using the first in-use frequency band together with the captured image data.
    2. (2) When the communication state of the third frequency band is determined to be poor, and when the communication state of the first or second frequency band is determined to be good, the emergency stop command in which the third frequency band is allocated as the third in-use frequency band is wirelessly transmitted with the first or second frequency band as the third in-use frequency band.
    3. (3) When the communication state of the third frequency band is determined to be poor, there is a possibility that the emergency stop command cannot be wirelessly transmitted, so that the work vehicle is forcedly stopped.
    4. (4) When one of the first, second, and third frequency band is determined to be poor, the work vehicle is forcedly stopped for the moment.


    [0029] When an available capacity of a data transmission capacity is generated in at least one of the first, second, and third in-use frequency bands, particularly when the available capacity of the data transmission capacity is generated in the first or second in-use frequency band, duplicate transmission is performed using the in-use frequency band in which the available capacity of the control information data or the captured image data is generated.

    [0030] A system, in which the communication unit 4 is mounted on a manually traveling manned work vehicle and an automatically traveling unmanned work vehicle while the remote control device is carried by a user who is out of the work vehicles, will be described below as a specific application example of the work vehicle wireless management system in Fig. 1.

    [0031] Fig. 2 illustrates a tractor as an example of a work vehicle that participates in the work vehicle wireless management system. In the tractor, a steering section 20 is provided in a central portion of a vehicle body 1 supported by front wheels 11 and rear wheels 12. A work device 30 that is a rotary tilling device is mounted on a rear portion of the vehicle body 1 while a hydraulic lifting mechanism 31 is interposed therebetween. The front wheels 11 act as a steering wheel, and a steering angle is changed by a steering mechanism 13, thereby changing the traveling direction of the tractor. The steering angle of the front wheel 11 is changed by operation of the steering mechanism 13. The steering mechanism 13 includes a steering motor 14 for automatic steering. During manual traveling, the front wheels 11 can be steered by operating a steering wheel 22 disposed in the steering section 20. A general-purpose terminal 3 including a display, a speaker, a touch panel, and an operation button is disposed in the steering section 20. The general-purpose terminal 3 has a function of providing information to a driver and a function of receiving information from the driver.

    [0032] A satellite positioning module 80 configured as a global navigation satellite system (GNSS) module is provided in a cabin 21 of the tractor. As a component of the satellite positioning module 80, a satellite antenna receiving a GNSS signal (including a GPS signal) is attached at a ceiling area of the cabin 21. A combination of the satellite positioning module 80 and an inertial navigation module incorporated with a gyro acceleration sensor and a magnetic azimuth sensor can complement satellite navigation. The inertial navigation module may be provided separately from the satellite positioning module 80. The vehicle body 1 further includes a plurality of imaging cameras 85 that capture images around the vehicle body 1 during the traveling work and an obstacle sensor 86 that detects obstacles present in an surrounding area of the vehicle body 1.

    [0033] Fig. 3 illustrates a state in which the field is tilled by a manned work vehicle on which a driver (user) gets and that performs manned traveling or moving, and an unmanned work vehicle that performs unmanned traveling or moving. At this point, the manned work vehicle and the unmanned work vehicle are tractors of the substantially same type, and are equipped with the communication unit 4 in Fig. 1. The field is divided into a central area having a substantially rectangular and a peripheral area around the central area. The peripheral area is also called a headland delimited along a ridge. In the central area, the ground work is performed by reciprocating traveling, so that its traveling locus includes a repetition of straight forward traveling and turning (U-turn) traveling and straight returning traveling and turning (U-turn) traveling. The headland is a turning area in the work traveling of a central work field. In the peripheral area, a round work traveling is performed by repetition of straight traveling and turning back traveling in each corner area. Wireless bidirectional communication is conducted between the manned work vehicle and the unmanned work vehicle. The surveillant (user) bringing the remote control device 9 stands on the ridge. The remote control device 9 conducts wireless unidirectional communication with the unmanned work vehicle.

    [0034] Fig. 4 is a plan view of the remote control device 9. The remote control device 9 is a handy type that can be operated by one hand. A power button, an emergency stop button 91, an automatic traveling start button 92, and a pause button 93 are provided in a surface of the remote control device 9. When the emergency stop button 91 is pressed, an emergency stop command is transmitted to the communication unit 4 of the unmanned work vehicle. Similarly, the automatic traveling start command is transmitted when the automatic traveling start button 92 is pressed, and a pause command is transmitted when the pause button 93 is pressed.

    [0035] In the wireless communication network, wireless communication is conducted between the manned work vehicle and the unmanned work vehicle using two channels of a first in-use frequency band and a second in-use frequency band. The first in-use frequency band is used to transmit image data captured by the imaging camera 95. The second in-use frequency band is used to exchange control information data generated by each of the manned work vehicle and the unmanned work vehicle. The control information data includes a state (such as a vehicle position, an engine speed, and a vehicle speed) of the vehicle body 1 of each work vehicle, a state (such as an operation depth and an orientation) of the work device 30, and a detection result of the obstacle sensor 86.

    [0036] Fig. 5 is a functional block diagram illustrating a control system of the unmanned work vehicle. Because the control system of the manned work vehicle is substantially identical to the control system of the unmanned work vehicle, the description of the control system of the unmanned work vehicle can also be used in the description of the control system of the manned work vehicle.

    [0037] A control unit CU which is a core element of the control system of the unmanned work vehicle includes an output processing unit 7 and an input processing unit 8 as an input and output interface. The communication unit 4 in Fig. 1 is provided in order to exchange wireless data with the outside, and the communication unit 4 is connected to the control unit CU through an in-vehicle LAN. The communication unit 4 may be constructed in the control unit CU. A general-purpose terminal 3 including a graphic user interface is also connected such that movement of the work vehicle can be managed by user's operation. In Fig. 5, the general-purpose terminal 3 is a fixed type connected to the in-vehicle LAN. However, when the general-purpose terminal 3 is configured to exchange the wireless data with the control unit CU through the communication unit 4, the general-purpose terminal 3 can be used while brought out of the vehicle.

    [0038] The output processing unit 7 is connected to a work traveling instruments 70 including a vehicle traveling instruments 71 and a work device instruments 72 and to a notification device 73 including a lamp, a buzzer, and a speaker. The vehicle traveling instruments 71 includes control devices, such as an engine control device, a gear shift control device, a braking control device, and a steering control device, which are related to the vehicle traveling. In the exemplary embodiment, the work device instruments 72 include a power control device such as a PTO clutch of the work device 30 which is a rotary tilling device, and a raising and lowering cylinder control device of the lifting mechanism 31 that raises and lowers the rotary tilling device.

    [0039] The input processing unit 8 is connected to a satellite positioning module 80, an automatic and manual switching operation tool 81, traveling state detection sensors 82, work state detection sensors 83, the imaging camera 85, and the obstacle sensor 86. The automatic and manual switching operation tool 81 is a switch that selects either an automatic traveling mode in which the vehicle travels by automatic steering or a manual steering mode in which the vehicle travels by manual steering. For example, the traveling in the automatic steering mode is switched to the traveling in the manual steering mode by operating the automatic and manual switching operation tool 81 during the traveling in the automatic steering mode, and the traveling in the manual steering mode is switched to the traveling in the automatic steering by operating the automatic and manual switching operation tool 81 during the traveling in the manual steering mode. The traveling state detection sensors 82 include a sensor that detects a state of the operation tool (constituent elements of the work traveling operation tool group 84) such as an engine speed adjustment tool, an accelerator pedal, a brake pedal, and the steering wheel 22. The work state detection sensors 83 include a sensor that detects a state of the work operation tool (constituent elements of the work traveling operation tools 84) that adjusts drive and an orientation of the work device 30.

    [0040] A work traveling control unit 50, an automatic traveling control unit AC, a transmission data processing unit 61, and a mode switch 62 are substantially incorporated in the control unit CU as functional units constructed by software.

    [0041] The work traveling control unit 50 includes a traveling control unit 51, a work control unit 52, and an engine control unit 53. The traveling control unit 51 controls vehicle traveling instruments 71. Because the tractor is configured to be able to travel both in the automatic traveling (automatic steering) and the manual traveling (manual steering), the traveling control unit 51 has a manual traveling control function and an automatic traveling control function. When the manual traveling control function is performed, the vehicle traveling instruments 71 are controlled based on operation by a driver. When the automatic traveling control function is performed, a steering control signal (a kind of the operation control signal) generated based on an automatic steering command provided from the automatic traveling control unit AC is output to the steering motor 14. In order to control the movement of the work device 30, the work control unit 52 provides a work control signal (a kind of the operation control signal) to the work device instruments 72. The engine control unit 53 provides an engine control signal (a kind of the operation control signal) to an engine operation device.

    [0042] The automatic traveling control unit AC includes a route generation unit 54, a route setting unit 55, an own vehicle position calculation unit 56, and an automatic work traveling command unit 57.

    [0043] The route generation unit 54 reads an outline data of the field from the inputted field information, and generates an appropriate traveling route in the field. The generation of the traveling route may be automatically performed based on a basic initial parameter input by the driver, or the traveling route generated by another computer may be downloaded. In any case, the traveling route output from the route generation unit 54 is developed in a memory, and used in the automatic traveling. Even in the manual traveling, as a matter of course, the traveling route can be used in guidance for the work vehicle traveling along the traveling route.

    [0044] The route setting unit 55 sequentially reads the traveling route developed in the memory, and sets the sequentially-read traveling route to the traveling route as a traveling target. The own vehicle position calculation unit 56 calculates the position of the vehicle body 1 or the position of the work device 30 based on positioning data sequentially sent from the satellite positioning module 80. The automatic work traveling command unit 57 calculates an azimuth deviation and a positional deviation between the target traveling route and the own vehicle position, and issues the automatic steering command to the traveling control unit 51 to eliminate the azimuth deviation and the positional deviation.

    [0045] The mode switch 62 has a function of switching between the manned work vehicle mode in which the work vehicle acts as the manned work vehicle and the unmanned work vehicle mode in which the work vehicle acts as the unmanned work vehicle through a user operation when the plurality of work vehicles perform the work in cooperation with each other. The transmission data processing unit 61 deals with the control information data indicating the work traveling state detected by the traveling state detection sensors 82, the work state detection sensors 83, and the obstacle sensor 86 and the captured image data from the imaging camera 85. The transmission data processing unit 61 converts various pieces of data into an appropriate format in order to obtain wireless transmission data, and converts the transmitted wireless transmission data into a data format that can be internally processed.

    [0046] An example of a wireless data transmission management routine in the unmanned work vehicle will be described below with reference to Figs. 6 and 7.

    [0047] First, a determination result is fetched from the communication state determination unit 41, and whether the communication state in the third frequency band is good is checked (#01). In a default state, the third frequency band is used in the third in-use frequency band transmitting the emergency stop command from the remote control device 9. Accordingly, when the communication state in the third frequency band is poor (No branch in #01), the transmission data processing unit 61 issues an automatic traveling stop command to the work traveling control unit 50 (#61). Therefore, the unmanned work vehicle stops the automatic traveling. A stop notification process (drive of a lamp or a buzzer) indicating the stop of the automatic traveling is performed (#62).

    [0048] When the communication state in the third frequency band is good (Yes branch in #01), whether the communication states in the first and second frequency bands are good is further checked (#02). In this check, different processes are performed according to the following four communication states.
    1. (1) In case the first and second frequency bands are in good communication state (#10):
      The first frequency band is used as the first in-use frequency band (#11). The second frequency band is used as the second in-use frequency band (#12).
    2. (2) In case only the first frequency band is in the good communication state (#20):
      The first frequency band is used as the first in-use frequency band (#21). Therefore, the captured image data is wirelessly transmitted using the first frequency band of a 2.4-GHz band. Further, whether the data transmission of the first in-use frequency band that is the first frequency band has an available capacity is checked (#22). When there is the available capacity for data transmission in the first in-use frequency band (Yes branch in #22), control information data originally intended to be transmitted in the second frequency band is added to the available capacity of the first in-use frequency band (first frequency band). Therefore, the control information data is simplified (a data amount is reduced) to a necessary extent (#23). The control information data is transmitted using the first frequency band. That is, the first frequency band is also used as the second in-use frequency band (#24). When the data transmission in the first in-use frequency band does not have the available capacity (No in #22), the first frequency band is used as the first and second in-use frequency bands, and used in the wireless transmission of both the captured image data and the control information data. For this reason, the captured image data is simplified (the data amount is reduced) to a necessary extent by frame thinning or still image conversion (#25). Similarly, the control information data is also simplified (the data amount is reduced) to a necessary extent (#26). The captured image data and the control information data are transmitted using the first frequency band. That is, the first frequency band is used not only as the first in-use frequency band but also as the second in-use frequency band (#27).
    3. (3) In case the first and second frequency bands are in poor communication state (#30):
      Whether the data transmission of the third in-use frequency band which is the third frequency band has the available capacity is checked (#31). When the data transmission in the third in-use frequency band has the available capacity (Yes branch in #31), the captured image data originally intended to be transmitted in the first frequency band and the control information data originally intended to be transmitted in the second frequency band are added to the available capacity of the third in-use frequency band (third frequency band). Because the third frequency band that is the 429-MHz band has the small transmission data amount, the captured image data is simplified to a necessary extent (#34), the third frequency band is also used as the first in-use frequency band, and the simplified captured image data is wirelessly transmitted in the third frequency band (#35). Similarly, the control information data is also simplified to a necessary extent (#36), the third frequency band is also used as the second in-use frequency band, and the simplified control information data is wirelessly transmitted in the third frequency band (#37). When the data transmission in the third in-use frequency band has the available capacity (No branch in #31), the transmission data processing unit 61 issues an automatic traveling stop command to the work traveling control unit 50 (#32). Therefore, the unmanned work vehicle stops the automatic traveling. The stop notification process (drive of a lamp or a buzzer) indicating the stop of the automatic traveling is performed (#33).
    4. (4) In case only the second frequency band is in good communication state (#40):
      The second frequency band is used as the second in-use frequency band (#41). Therefore, the control information data is wirelessly transmitted using the second frequency band of a 920-GHz band. Further, whether there is an available capacity for data transmission of the second in-use frequency band that is the second frequency band is checked (#42). When there is the available capacity for data transmission in the second in-use frequency band (Yes branch in #42), captured image data originally intended to be transmitted in the first frequency band is added to the available capacity of the second in-use frequency band (second frequency band). Therefore, the captured image data is simplified (a data amount is reduced) to a necessary extent (#43). The captured image data is transmitted using the second frequency band. That is, the second frequency band is also used as the first in-use frequency band (# 44). When the data transmission in the second in-use frequency band does not have the available capacity (No branch in #42), the wireless transmission of the captured image data is stopped (# 45), and the stop of transmission of the captured image data is notified (#46).
    1. (1) In the above exemplary embodiment, the three frequency bands are used. However, at least four frequency bands can be used.
    2. (2) In the above exemplary embodiment, the remote control device 9 is used as a simple signal transmitter that performs unidirectional wireless communication. Alternatively, a high-functioning communication terminal such as a tablet computer may be used as the remote control device 9. In this case, bidirectional wireless communication can be conducted between the remote control device 9 and the work vehicle, and the captured image data can be displayed on a touch panel of the communication terminal that is the remote control device 9, for example.
    3. (3) Each functional unit in the functional block diagram in Fig. 5 is mainly separated for the purpose of description. Actually, each functional unit can be integrated with another functional unit, or divided into a plurality of sub-functional units. For example, the automatic traveling control unit AC may be constructed in the general-purpose terminal 3.
    4. (4) In the above exemplary embodiment, the manned work vehicle and the unmanned work vehicle are the same type, and the control systems are also substantially the same. However, the manned work vehicle and the unmanned work vehicle may be configured by different types of work vehicles. The manned work vehicle and the unmanned work vehicle may be equipped with the control system necessary only for each of the manned work vehicle and the unmanned work vehicle.
    5. (5) In the above exemplary embodiment, the tractor equipped with the rotary tilling machine as the work device 30 is described as the work vehicle. In addition to the tractor, for example, agricultural work vehicles such as a rice transplanter, a fertilizer, and a combine or various work vehicles such as a construction work vehicle equipped with a dozer and a roller as the work device 30 can also be adopted as an exemplary embodiment. One of the work vehicles may be a vehicle that does not actually perform the work.


    [0049] The technology disclosed here is applicable to the work vehicle wireless management system that manages the work traveling of the plurality of work vehicles using the wireless communication network.

    Reference signs



    [0050] 
    3:
    general-purpose terminal
    4:
    communication unit
    40:
    communication processing unit
    41:
    communication state determination unit
    42:
    in-use frequency band selector
    50:
    work traveling control unit
    61:
    transmission data processing unit
    62:
    mode switch
    85:
    imaging camera
    86:
    obstacle sensor
    9:
    remote control device
    91:
    emergency stop button
    92:
    automatic traveling start button
    93:
    pause button
    95:
    imaging camera
    AC:
    automatic traveling control unit
    CU:
    control unit



    Claims

    1. A work vehicle wireless management system for managing work traveling of a plurality of work vehicles using a wireless communication network, comprising a plurality of communication units (4) to transact wireless transmission data related to the work traveling of the work vehicles, wherein the plurality of work vehicles includes a manually traveling manned work vehicle and an automatically traveling unmanned work vehicle,
    wherein the communication units (4) are configured to perform a communication process on the wireless transmission data using a frequency band selected in accordance with data types of the wireless transmission data from a plurality of different frequency bands as an in-use frequency band, wherein the plurality of frequency bands include a first frequency band, a second frequency band, and a third frequency band, the first frequency band is higher than the second frequency band, the second frequency band is higher than the third frequency band, wherein the data types include captured image data regarding surroundings of the plurality of work vehicles, control information data related to traveling work of the plurality of work vehicles, and an emergency stop command for emergency stop of the unmanned work vehicle,
    wherein communication of the captured image data and transmission of the control information data are performed between the manned work vehicle and the unmanned work vehicle, and the transmission of the emergency stop command is performed between a remote control device operated by a user who is out of the work vehicle and the unmanned work vehicle, and wherein

    - when all the plurality of frequency bands are in a good state, the first frequency band is used as the in-use frequency band for the captured image data, the second frequency band is used as the in-use frequency band for the control information data, and the third frequency band is used as the in-use frequency band for transmission of the emergency stop command,

    - when the communication state of the third frequency band is determined to be poor, the work vehicle is forcedly stopped, and

    - when one of the first, second, and third frequency band is determined to be poor, the work vehicle is forcedly stopped for the moment.


     
    2. The work vehicle wireless management system according to claim 1, further comprising:

    - a communication state determination unit (41) to determine communication states of the plurality of different frequency bands; and

    - an in-use frequency band selector (42) to select the in-use frequency band allocated in each of the data types based on the communication states.


     
    3. The work vehicle wireless management system according to claim 1 or 2, wherein when an available capacity of a data transmission capacity is generated in at least one of the in-use frequency bands, duplicate transmission of at least a part of a data content in at least one of the data types is performed using the in-use frequency band in which the data transmission capacity has the available capacity.
     
    4. The work vehicle wireless management system according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein when at least one of the plurality of frequency bands is determined to be poor, and when at least one of the plurality of frequency bands is determined to be good, at least a part of the wireless transmission data of a data type transmitted using the in-use frequency band to which the frequency band determined to be poor is allocated is transmitted by the in-use frequency band that is the frequency band determined to be good.
     
    5. The work vehicle wireless management system according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein when at least one of the plurality of frequency bands is determined to be poor, the unmanned work vehicle is forcedly stopped.
     
    6. The work vehicle wireless management system according to claim 2, wherein the communication state determination unit (41) is configured to determine the communication states by a reception signal intensity, a beacon signal check, or both.
     
    7. A method for controlling work traveling of a plurality of work vehicles, comprising

    - providing a plurality of work vehicles including a manually traveling manned work vehicle and an automatically traveling unmanned work vehicle;

    - providing a work vehicle wireless management system having a plurality of communication units (4);

    - managing, by the work vehicle wireless management system, work traveling of the plurality of work vehicles using a wireless communication network, comprising

    - transacting, by the plurality of communication units (4), wireless transmission data related to the work traveling of the plurality of work vehicles; and

    - performing, by the plurality of communication units (4), a communication process on the wireless transmission data using a frequency band selected in accordance with data types of the wireless transmission data from a plurality of different frequency bands as an in-use frequency band, wherein the plurality of frequency bands include a first frequency band, a second frequency band, and a third frequency band, the first frequency band is higher than the second frequency band, the second frequency band is higher than the third frequency band, wherein the data types include captured image data regarding surroundings of the plurality of work vehicles control information data related to traveling work of the plurality of work vehicles and an emergency stop command for emergency stop of the unmanned work vehicle; wherein communication of the captured image data and transmission of the control information data are to be performed between the manned work vehicle and the unmanned work vehicle, and the transmission of the emergency stop command is to be performed between a remote control device configured to be operated by a user who is out of the work vehicle and the unmanned work vehicle, and wherein

    - when all the plurality of frequency bands are in a good state, the first frequency band is used as the in-use frequency band for the captured image data, the second frequency band is used as the in-use frequency band for the control information data, and the third frequency band is used as the in-use frequency band for transmission of the emergency stop command,

    - when the communication state of the third frequency band is determined to be poor, the work vehicle is forcedly stopped, and

    - when one of the first, second, and third frequency band is determined to be poor, the work vehicle is forcedly stopped for the moment.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Drahtloses Verwaltungssystem für Arbeitsfahrzeuge zum Verwalten von Arbeitsfahrten von mehreren Arbeitsfahrzeugen unter Verwendung eines Drahtloskommunikationsnetzwerks, das mehrere Kommunikationseinheiten (4) umfasst, um Drahtlosübertragungsdaten in Bezug auf die Arbeitsfahrten der Arbeitsfahrzeuge durchzuführen, wobei die mehreren Arbeitsfahrzeuge ein manuell fahrendes bemanntes Arbeitsfahrzeug und ein automatisch fahrendes unbemanntes Arbeitsfahrzeug beinhalten, wobei die Kommunikationseinheiten (4) eingerichtet sind, einen Kommunikationsvorgang an den Drahtlosübertragungsdaten unter Verwendung eines Frequenzbandes auszuführen, das gemäß Datentypen der Drahtlosübertragungsdaten aus mehreren verschiedenen Frequenzbändern als ein aktives Frequenzband ausgewählt ist, wobei die mehreren Frequenzbänder ein erstes Frequenzband, ein zweites Frequenzband und ein drittes Frequenzband beinhalten, wobei das erste Frequenzband höher als das zweite Frequenzband ist, wobei das zweite Frequenzband höher als das dritte Frequenzband ist, wobei die Datentypen erfasste Bilddaten bezüglich der Umgebungen der mehreren Arbeitsfahrzeuge, Steuerinformationsdaten in Bezug auf fahrende Arbeiten der mehreren Arbeitsfahrzeuge und einen Nothalt-Befehl für den Nothalt des unbemannten Arbeitsfahrzeugs beinhalten, wobei die Kommunikation der erfassten Bilddaten und die Übertragung der Steuerinformationsdaten zwischen dem bemannten Arbeitsfahrzeug und dem unbemannten Arbeitsfahrzeug ausgeführt werden, und die Übertragung des Nothalt-Befehls zwischen einer Fernsteuerungsvorrichtung ausgeführt wird, die durch einen Benutzer bedient wird, der sich außerhalb des Arbeitsfahrzeugs und des unbemannten Arbeitsfahrzeugs befindet, und wobei

    - wenn sich alle der mehreren Frequenzbänder in einem guten Zustand befinden, das erste Frequenzband als das aktive Frequenzband für die erfassten Bilddaten verwendet wird, das zweite Frequenzband als das aktive Frequenzband für die Steuerinformationsdaten verwendet wird und das dritte Frequenzband als das aktive Frequenzband für die Übertragung des Nothalt-Befehls verwendet wird,

    - wenn bestimmt wird, dass der Kommunikationszustand des dritten Frequenzbandes schlecht ist, das Arbeitsfahrzeug zwangsweise angehalten wird, und

    - wenn bestimmt wird, dass das erste, das zweite oder das dritte Frequenzband schlecht ist, das Arbeitsfahrzeug für den Augenblick zwangsweise angehalten wird.


     
    2. Drahtloses Verwaltungssystem für Arbeitsfahrzeuge nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend:

    - eine Kommunikationszustandsbestimmungseinheit (41), um Kommunikationszustände der mehreren verschiedenen Frequenzbänder zu bestimmen; und

    - einen aktiven-Frequenzband-Wähler (42), um das jedem der Datentypen basierend auf den Kommunikationszuständen zugewiesene, aktive Frequenzband auszuwählen.


     
    3. Drahtloses Verwaltungssystem für Arbeitsfahrzeuge nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei, wenn eine verfügbare Kapazität einer Datenübertragungskapazität in wenigstens einem der aktiven Frequenzbänder erzeugt wird, eine duplizierte Übertragung von wenigstens einem Teil eines Dateninhalts in wenigstens einer der Datentypen unter Verwendung des aktiven Frequenzbandes ausgeführt wird, in dem die Datenübertragungskapazität die verfügbare Kapazität aufweist.
     
    4. Drahtloses Verwaltungssystem für Arbeitsfahrzeuge nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei, wenn wenigstens eines der mehreren Frequenzbänder als schlecht bestimmt wird und wenn wenigstens eines der mehreren Frequenzbänder als gut bestimmt wird, wenigstens ein Teil der Drahtlosübertragungsdaten eines Datentyps, der unter Verwendung des aktiven Frequenzbandes übertragen wird, dem das als schlecht bestimmte Frequenzband zugewiesen ist, durch das aktive Frequenzband übertragen wird, das das als gut bestimmte Frequenzband ist.
     
    5. Drahtloses Verwaltungssystem für Arbeitsfahrzeuge nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei, wenn bestimmt wird, dass wenigstens eines der mehreren Frequenzbänder schlecht ist, das unbemannte Arbeitsfahrzeug zwangsweise angehalten wird.
     
    6. Drahtloses Verwaltungssystem für Arbeitsfahrzeuge nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Kommunikationszustandsbestimmungseinheit (41) eingerichtet ist, die Kommunikationszustände durch eine Empfangssignalintensität, eine Warnsignalprüfung oder beides zu bestimmen.
     
    7. Verfahren zum Steuern der Arbeitsfahrten mehrerer Arbeitsfahrzeuge, umfassend:

    - Bereitstellen mehrerer Arbeitsfahrzeuge, die ein manuell fahrendes bemanntes Arbeitsfahrzeug und ein automatisch fahrendes unbemanntes Arbeitsfahrzeug beinhalten;

    - Bereitstellen eines drahtlosen Verwaltungssystems für Arbeitsfahrzeuge, die mehrere Kommunikationseinheiten (4) aufweisen;

    - Verwalten, durch ein drahtloses Verwaltungssystem für Arbeitsfahrzeuge, der Arbeitsfahrten der mehreren Arbeitsfahrzeuge unter Verwendung eines Drahtloskommunikationsnetzwerks, umfassend:

    - Verarbeiten, durch die mehreren Kommunikationseinheiten (4), der Drahtlosübertragungsdaten in Bezug auf die Arbeitsfahrten der mehreren Arbeitsfahrzeuge; und

    - Ausführen, durch die mehreren Kommunikationseinheiten (4), eines Kommunikationsvorganges an den Drahtlosübertragungsdaten unter Verwendung eines Frequenzbandes, das gemäß Datentypen der Drahtlosübertragungsdaten aus mehreren verschiedenen Frequenzbändern als ein aktives Frequenzband ausgewählt ist, wobei die mehreren Frequenzbänder ein erstes Frequenzband, ein zweites Frequenzband und ein drittes Frequenzband beinhalten, wobei das erste Frequenzband höher als das zweite Frequenzband ist, wobei das zweite Frequenzband höher als das dritte Frequenzband ist, wobei die Datentypen erfasste Bilddaten bezüglich der Umgebungen der mehreren Arbeitsfahrzeuge, Steuerinformationsdaten in Bezug auf fahrende Arbeiten der mehreren Arbeitsfahrzeuge und einen Nothalt-Befehl für den Nothalt des unbemannten Arbeitsfahrzeugs beinhalten;
    wobei die Kommunikation der erfassten Bilddaten und die Übertragung der Steuerinformationsdaten zwischen dem bemannten Arbeitsfahrzeug und dem unbemannten Arbeitsfahrzeug ausgeführt werden soll und die Übertragung des Nothalt-Befehls zwischen einer für den Betrieb konfigurierten Fernsteuerungsvorrichtung durch den Benutzer ausgeführt werden soll, der sich außerhalb des Arbeitsfahrzeugs und des unbemannten Arbeitsfahrzeugs befindet, und wobei

    - wenn sich die gesamten mehreren Frequenzbänder in einem guten Zustand befinden, das erste Frequenzband als das aktive Frequenzband für die erfassten Bilddaten verwendet wird, das zweite Frequenzband als das aktive Frequenzband für die Steuerinformationsdaten verwendet wird und das dritte Frequenzband als das aktive Frequenzband für die Übertragung des Nothalt-Befehls verwendet wird,

    - wenn bestimmt wird, dass der Kommunikationszustand des dritten Frequenzbandes schlecht ist, das Arbeitsfahrzeug zwangsweise angehalten wird, und

    - wenn bestimmt wird, dass das erste, das zweite oder das dritte Frequenzband schlecht ist, das Arbeitsfahrzeug für den Augenblick zwangsweise angehalten wird.


     


    Revendications

    1. Système de gestion sans fil de véhicule de travail permettant de gérer le déplacement de travail d'une pluralité de véhicules de travail à l'aide d'un réseau de communication sans fil, comprenant une pluralité d'unités de communication (4) permettant d'effectuer des transactions de données de transmission sans fil liées au déplacement de travail des véhicules de travail, la pluralité des véhicules de travail comportant un véhicule de travail piloté se déplaçant manuellement et un véhicule de travail sans pilote se déplaçant automatiquement, les unités de communication (4) étant configurées pour effectuer un processus de communication sur les données de transmission sans fil en utilisant une bande de fréquences sélectionnée selon les types de données des données de transmission sans fil provenant d'une pluralité de bandes de fréquences différentes en tant que bande de fréquences d'utilisation, la pluralité de bandes de fréquences comportant une première bande de fréquences, une deuxième bande de fréquences et une troisième bande de fréquences, la première bande de fréquences étant supérieure à la deuxième bande de fréquences, la deuxième bande de fréquences étant supérieure à la troisième bande de fréquences, les types de données comportant des données d'image capturées concernant l'environnement de la pluralité de véhicules de travail, des données d'informations de commande liées au travail en déplacement de la pluralité de véhicules de travail et une commande d'arrêt d'urgence pour l'arrêt d'urgence du véhicule de travail sans pilote, la communication des données d'image capturées et la transmission des données d'informations de commande étant effectuées entre le véhicule de travail piloté et le véhicule de travail sans pilote, tandis que la transmission de la commande d'arrêt d'urgence est effectuée entre un dispositif de télécommande à distance, actionné par un utilisateur se trouvant hors du véhicule de travail, et le véhicule de travail sans pilote, et

    - lorsque toute la pluralité de bandes de fréquences sont en bon état, la première bande de fréquences est utilisée comme bande de fréquences d'utilisation pour les données d'image capturées, la deuxième bande de fréquences est utilisée comme bande de fréquences utilisée pour les données d'informations de commande et la troisième bande de fréquences est utilisée comme bande de fréquences d'utilisation pour la transmission de la commande d'arrêt d'urgence,

    - lorsque l'état des communications de la troisième bande de fréquences est jugé médiocre, le véhicule de travail est arrêté de force et

    - lorsqu'une des première, deuxième et troisième bandes de fréquences est jugée médiocre, le véhicule de travail est arrêté de force pour le moment.


     
    2. Système de gestion sans fil pour véhicule de travail selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :

    - une unité de détermination d'état de communication (41) permettant de déterminer des états de communication de la pluralité de bandes de fréquences différentes ; et

    - un sélecteur de bande de fréquences d'utilisation (42) permettant de sélectionner la bande de fréquences d'utilisation allouée dans chacun des types de données en fonction des états de communication.


     
    3. Système de gestion sans fil pour véhicule de travail selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel lorsqu'une capacité disponible d'une capacité de transmission de données est générée dans au moins une des bandes de fréquences d'utilisation, une transmission en double d'au moins une partie d'un contenu de données dans au moins l'un des types de données est effectuée à l'aide de la bande de fréquences d'utilisation dans laquelle la capacité de transmission de données à la capacité disponible.
     
    4. Système de gestion sans fil pour véhicule de travail selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel lorsqu'au moins une de la pluralité de bandes de fréquences est déterminée comme étant médiocre et qu'au moins une de la pluralité de bandes de fréquences est déterminée comme étant bonne, au moins une partie des données de transmission sans fil d'un type de données transmises à l'aide de la bande de fréquences d'utilisation à laquelle est attribuée la bande de fréquences jugée médiocre est transmise par la bande de fréquences d'utilisation, qui est la bande de fréquences déterminée comme bonne.
     
    5. Système de gestion sans fil de véhicule de travail selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel lorsqu'au moins une de la pluralité de bandes de fréquences est déterminée comme étant médiocre, le véhicule de travail sans pilote est arrêté de force.
     
    6. Système de gestion sans fil de véhicule de travail selon la revendication 2, dans lequel l'unité de détermination d'état de communication (41) est configurée pour déterminer les états de communication par une intensité de signal de réception, une vérification de signal de balise ou les deux.
     
    7. Procédé pour contrôler le déplacement de travail d'une pluralité de véhicules de travail, comprenant

    - l'utilisation d'une pluralité de véhicules de travail comportant un véhicule de travail piloté à déplacement manuel et un véhicule de travail sans pilote à déplacement automatique ;

    - l'utilisation d'un système de gestion sans fil de véhicule de travail comportant une pluralité d'unités de communication (4) ;

    - la gestion, par le système de gestion sans fil de véhicule de travail, du déplacement de travail de la pluralité de véhicules de travail à l'aide d'un réseau de communication sans fil, comprenant

    - le traitement, par la pluralité d'unités de communication (4), des données de transmission sans fil liées au déplacement de travail de la pluralité de véhicules de travail ; et

    - la réalisation, par la pluralité d'unités de communication (4), d'un processus de communication sur les données de transmission sans fil à l'aide d'une bande de fréquences sélectionnée conformément aux types de données des données de transmission sans fil à partir d'une pluralité de bandes de fréquences différentes en tant que bande de fréquences d'utilisation, la pluralité de bandes de fréquences comportant une première bande de fréquences, une deuxième bande de fréquences et une troisième bande de fréquences, la première bande de fréquences étant supérieure à la deuxième bande de fréquences, la deuxième bande de fréquences étant supérieure à la troisième bande de fréquences, les types de données comportant des données d'image capturées concernant l'environnement de la pluralité de véhicules de travail, des données d'informations de commande liées au travail en déplacement de la pluralité de véhicules de travail et une commande d'arrêt d'urgence pour l'arrêt d'urgence du véhicule de travail sans pilote ;
    la communication des données d'image capturées et la transmission des données d'informations de commande devant être effectuées entre le véhicule de travail piloté et le véhicule de travail sans pilote tandis que la transmission de la commande d'arrêt d'urgence doit être effectuée entre un dispositif de commande à distance, configuré pour être actionné par un utilisateur se trouvant hors du véhicule de travail, et le véhicule de travail sans pilote, et

    - lorsque toute la pluralité de bandes de fréquences est en bon état, la première bande de fréquences est utilisée comme bande de fréquences d'utilisation pour les données d'image capturées, la deuxième bande de fréquences est utilisée comme bande de fréquences utilisée pour les données d'informations de commande et la troisième bande de fréquences est utilisée comme bande de fréquences d'utilisation pour la transmission de la commande d'arrêt d'urgence,

    - lorsque l'état des communications de la troisième bande de fréquences est jugé médiocre, le véhicule de travail est arrêté de force et

    - lorsqu'une des première, deuxième et troisième bandes de fréquences est jugée médiocre, le véhicule de travail est arrêté de force pour le moment.


     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description