(19)
(11)EP 3 354 899 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
19.06.2019 Bulletin 2019/25

(21)Application number: 18151377.1

(22)Date of filing:  12.01.2018
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F04C 23/00  (2006.01)
F04C 18/02  (2006.01)
F04C 28/26  (2006.01)
F04C 29/12  (2006.01)
F04C 28/24  (2006.01)

(54)

SCROLL COMPRESSOR

SPIRALVERDICHTER

COMPRESSEUR À SPIRALES


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 26.01.2017 KR 20170013013

(43)Date of publication of application:
01.08.2018 Bulletin 2018/31

(73)Proprietor: LG Electronics Inc.
Seoul 07336 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • JOO, Sangwoo
    08592 Seoul (KR)
  • JIN, Honggyun
    08592 Seoul (KR)

(74)Representative: Vossius & Partner Patentanwälte Rechtsanwälte mbB 
Siebertstrasse 3
81675 München
81675 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A- 5 855 475
US-A1- 2009 297 379
US-A1- 2009 110 570
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


    1. Field of the invention



    [0001] The present disclosure relates to a scroll compressor, and more particularly, to a scroll compressor provided with a capacity variable device.

    2. Description of the related art



    [0002] Scroll compressor is a compressor in which a non-orbiting scroll is provided in an inner space of a casing to form a pair of two compression chambers formed with a suction chamber, an intermediate pressure chamber, and a discharge chamber between a non-orbiting wrap of the non-orbiting scroll and an orbiting wrap of an orbiting scroll while the orbiting scroll is engaged with the non-orbiting scroll to perform an orbiting motion.

    [0003] The scroll compressor is widely used for compressing refrigerant in an air conditioner or the like since it has an advantage capable of obtaining a relatively high compression ratio as compared with other types of compressors, and obtaining a stable torque due to suction, compression, and discharge strokes of the refrigerant being smoothly carried out.

    [0004] The scroll compressor may be divided into a high pressure type and a low pressure type depending on how refrigerant is supplied to the compression chamber. In a high pressure scroll compressor, refrigerant is sucked directly into the suction chamber without passing through the inner space of the casing, and discharged through the inner space of the casing, and most of the inner space of the casing forms a discharge space which is a high pressure portion. On the other hand, in a low pressure scroll compressor, refrigerant is indirectly sucked into the suction chamber through the inner space of the casing, and the inner space of the casing is divided into a suction space which is a low pressure portion and a discharge space which is a high pressure portion.

    [0005] FIG. 1 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view illustrating a low pressure scroll compressor in the related art.

    [0006] As illustrated in the drawing, a low pressure scroll compressor is provided with a drive motor 20 for generating a rotational force in an inner space 11 of a closed casing 10, and a main frame 30 are provided at an upper side of the drive motor 20.

    [0007] On an upper surface of the main frame 30, an orbiting scroll 40 is orbitably supported by an oldham ring (not shown), and a non-orbiting scroll 50 is engaged with an upper side of the orbiting scroll 40, and provided to form a compression chamber (P).

    [0008] A rotation shaft 25 is coupled to a rotor 22 of the drive motor 20 and the orbiting scroll 40 is eccentrically engaged with the rotation shaft 25, and the non-orbiting scroll 50 is coupled to the main frame 30 in a rotationally constrained manner.

    [0009] A back pressure chamber assembly 60 for preventing the non-orbiting scroll 50 being floated by a pressure of the compression chamber (P) during operation is coupled to an upper side of the non-orbiting scroll 50. The back pressure chamber assembly 60 is formed with a back pressure chamber 60a filled with refrigerant at an intermediate pressure.

    [0010] A high-low pressure separation plate 15 for separating the inner space 11 of the casing 10 into a suction space 11 as a low pressure portion and a discharge space 12 as a high pressure portion while at the same time supporting a rear side of the back pressure chamber assembly 60 is provided at an upper side of the back pressure chamber assembly 60.

    [0011] An outer circumferential surface of the high-low pressure separation plate 15 is closely adhered, welded to and coupled to an inner circumferential surface of the casing 10, and a discharge hole 15a communicating with a discharge port 54 of the non-orbiting scroll 50 is formed at a central portion thereof.

    [0012] In the drawing, reference numerals 13, 14, 18, 21, 21a, 41, 42, 51, 53 and 61 denote a suction pipe, a discharge pipe, a subframe, a stator, a winding coil, an end plate portion of an orbiting scroll, an orbiting wrap, an end plate portion of a non-orbiting scroll, a non-orbiting wrap, a suction port, and a modulation ring for variable capacity, respectively.

    [0013] According to the foregoing scroll compressor in the related art, when power is applied to the drive motor 20 to generate a rotational force, the rotation shaft 25 transmits the rotational force of the drive motor 20 to the orbiting scroll 40.

    [0014] Then, the orbiting scroll 40 forms a pair of two compression chambers (P) between the orbiting scroll 50 and the non-orbiting scroll 50 while performing an orbiting motion with respect to the non-orbiting scroll 50 by the oldham ring to suck, compress, and discharge refrigerant.

    [0015] At this time, part of the refrigerant compressed in the compression chamber (P) moves from the intermediate pressure chamber to the back pressure chamber 60a through a back pressure hole (not shown), and refrigerant at the an intermediate pressure flowing into the back pressure chamber 60a generates a back pressure to float a floating plate 65 constituting the back pressure chamber assembly 60. The floating plate 65 is brought into close contact with a lower surface of the high-low pressure separation plate 15 to allow a back pressure chamber pressure to push the non-orbiting scroll 50 to the orbiting scroll 40 while at the same time separating the suction space 11 and the discharge space 12 from each other, thereby allowing the compression chamber (P) between the non-orbiting scroll 50 and the orbiting scroll 40 to maintain airtight seal.

    [0016] Here, similarly to other compressors, the scroll compressor may vary a compression capacity in accordance with the demand of a freezing apparatus to which the compressor is applied. For example, as illustrated in FIG. 1, a modulation ring 61 and a lift ring 62 are additionally provided at an end plate portion 51 of non-orbiting scroll 50, and a control valve 63 being communicated by the back pressure chamber 60a and a first communication path 61a is provided at one side of the modulation ring 61. Furthermore, a second communication path 61b is formed between the modulation ring 61 and the lift ring 62, and a third communication path 61c being open when the modulation ring 61 floats is formed between the modulation ring 61 and the non-orbiting scroll 50. One end of the third communication path 61c communicates with the intermediate pressure chamber (P) and the other end thereof communicates with the suction space 11 of the casing 10.

    [0017] In such a scroll compressor, during power operation, the control valve 63 closes the first communication path 61a and allows the second communication path 61b to communicate with the suction space 11 as illustrated in FIG. 2A, thereby maintaining the third communication path 61c in a closed state.

    [0018] On the other hand, during saving operation, as illustrated in FIG. 2B, the control valve 63 allows the first communication path 61a to communicate with the second communication path 61b, thereby reducing compressor capacity while part of refrigerant in the intermediate pressure chamber P leaks into the suction space 11 as well as the modulation ring 61 floats to open the third communication path 61c.

    [0019] However, according to a capacity variable device of the scroll compressor in the related art as described above, in terms of a load of a refrigeration cycle device, it may be advantageous, as the capacity variation ratio of the compressor is lowered, in other words, to form a bypass hole 51a for capacity variation at a position illustrated in FIG. 3A than at a position moved toward the discharge port illustrated in FIB. 3B so as to increase a variable capacity (67% → 60%) between a total load operation (hereinafter, referred to as a power operation) and a partial load operation (hereinafter, referred to as a saving operation). However, in terms of the compressor, it is disadvantageous to move the bypass hole 51a toward the discharge port in order to lower the capacity variation ratio.

    [0020] In other words, during power operation, since the bypass hole is closed in both the case of FIG. 3A and the case of FIG. 3B, there is no matter where the position of the bypass hole is formed. However, during saving operation, in the case of FIG. 3A, an unnecessary compression process is not carried out in terms of the compressor, but the capacity variation ratio is only 67%. On the contrary, in the case of FIG. 3B, the saving operation is carried out while the bypass hole 51a is closed, and thus refrigerant to be bypassed is unnecessarily compressed. In view of the compressor, it leads to an increase in an unnecessary input load to reduce the efficiency of the compressor, and as a result there is a limitation in lowering the capacity variation ratio of the compressor.

    [0021] Besides, a capacity variable device of the scroll compressor in the related art includes the modulation ring 61, the lift ring 62 and the control valve 63 and has a large number of components, and moreover, the first communication passage 61a, second communication passage 61b and third communication passage 61c must be formed on the modulation ring 61 to operate the modulation ring 61, thereby causing a problem in which the structure of the modulation ring 61 is complicated.

    [0022] Furthermore, in a capacitor variable device of the scroll compressor in the related art, though the modulating ring 61 should be rapidly floated using the refrigerant of the back pressure chamber 60a, the modulation is formed in an annular shape and the control valve 63 is engaged with the coupling ring 61, thereby causing a problem in rapidly floating the modulation ring as well as increasing a weight of the modulation ring 61.

    [0023] US 2009/0297379 A1 discloses a scroll compressor capable of modulating compression capacity.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0024] An object of the present disclosure is to provide a scroll compressor capable of lowering a capacity variation ratio of the compressor to increase a system efficiency of a refrigeration device to which the compressor is applied.

    [0025] Yet still another object of the present disclosure is to provide a scroll compressor capable of reducing an input load of the compressor as well as lowering a capacity variation ratio of the compressor.

    [0026] Still another object of the present disclosure is to provide a scroll compressor capable of simplifying the structure of the capacity variable device to reduce manufacturing cost.

    [0027] Yet still another object of the present disclosure is to provide a scroll compressor capable of reducing a weight of the capacity variable device to rapidly perform capacity variation even with a small force.

    [0028] The invention is defined by the appended independent claim, and preferred aspects of the invention are defined by the appended dependent claims. According to the invention, there is provided a scroll compressor in which a pair of two compression chambers are formed by a pair of two scrolls, including a bypass hole capable of bypassing part of refrigerant prior to starting compression against the refrigerant of the compression chamber as well as bypassing part of refrigerant while performing compression against the refrigerant of the compression chamber up to a predetermined crank angle during saving operation.

    [0029] Here, a plurality of the bypass holes may be provided at predetermined intervals along a compression advancing direction. The scroll compressor includes a casing; a compression unit provided in an inner space of the casing to form a compression chamber composed of an inner pocket and an outer pocket by a pair of a first scroll and a second scroll; and bypass holes provided in the compression unit to bypass refrigerant sucked into the compression chamber to the inner space of the casing to vary compression capacity, wherein the bypass holes are formed in a compression chamber constituting the inner pocket and a compression chamber constituting an outer pocket to be located in compression chambers having different pressures along a movement path of the respective compression chambers.

    [0030] Here, the compression chamber may include a first compression chamber constituting the inner pocket and a second compression chamber constituting the outer pocket, and a bypass hole formed in the first compression chamber and a bypass hole formed in the second compression chamber are opened and closed together by the same bypass valve.

    [0031] In addition, the first scroll and the second scroll may be provided with a first wrap and a second wrap engaged with each other to form a compression chamber, and a bypass hole formed in the first compression chamber and a bypass hole formed in the second compression chamber may be spaced apart to have a distance equal to or greater than a wrap thickness of the scroll in which the bypass holes are not formed.

    [0032] Here, when a crank angle at which compression in the compression chamber is started is 0 degree, the bypass holes may be formed in a compression chamber located at a side of the crank angle smaller than 360 degrees and a compression chamber located at a side of the crank angle larger than 360 degrees, respectively, with respect to a point at which the crank angle is 360 degrees in each of the pockets.

    [0033] The scroll compressor comprises a drive motor provided in an inner space of the casing; a first scroll provided in an inner space of the casing, and coupled to a rotation shaft that transmits a rotational force of the drive motor to perform an orbiting motion; a second scroll engaged with the first scroll to form a compression chamber, and provided with a bypass hole for bypassing refrigerant sucked into the compression chamber to an inner space of the casing to vary compression capacity; a back pressure chamber assembly provided on a rear surface of the second scroll to form a back pressure chamber so as to pressurize the second scroll toward a first scroll; a first valve assembly provided in the second scroll or the back pressure chamber assembly to selectively open and close the bypass hole according to the operation mode; and a second valve assembly provided at an outside of the casing to operate the first valve assembly, wherein the bypass hole comprises a first bypass hole and a second bypass hole located at different points along an advancing direction of the compression chamber, and the first bypass hole is located within a range of the outermost compression chamber formed at the time point at which the first scroll reaches a compression start angle, and the second bypass hole is located within a range of another compression chamber successively located at the discharge side than the outermost compression chamber at the time point at which the first scroll reaches the compression start angle.

    [0034] Here, the first bypass hole and the second bypass hole may be formed with a crank angle of 90° to 270° from each other.

    [0035] Furthermore, the compression chamber may include a first compression chamber and a second compression chamber, and the first compression chamber may be formed on an inner side with respect to the first wrap provided in the first scroll, and the second compression chamber may be formed on an outer side of the first wrap, and a first bypass hole communicating with the first compression chamber and a second bypass hole communicating with the second compression chamber or a second bypass hole communicating with the first compression chamber and a first bypass hole communicating with the second compression chamber may be formed at intervals equal to or greater than a wrap thickness of the first wrap.

    [0036] In addition, the first valve assembly may include two valve members operated together by the second valve assembly, and a first bypass hole communicating with the first compression chamber and a second bypass hole communicating with the second compression chamber or a second bypass hole communicating with the first compression chamber and a first bypass hole communicating with the second compression chamber may be respectively opened and closed together by one of two valve members constituting the first valve assembly.

    [0037] Here, when the crank angle at which compression in the compression chamber is started is 0 degree, the first bypass hole may be formed in a compression chamber in which the crank angle is smaller than 360 degrees, and the second bypass hole may be formed in a compression chamber in which the crank angle is larger than 360 degrees.

    [0038] Furthermore, a cross-sectional area of the first bypass hole and a cross-sectional area of the second bypass hole may be the same.

    [0039] In addition, a cross-sectional area of the first bypass hole may be formed to be smaller than that of the second bypass hole.

    [0040] According to a scroll compressor according to the present disclosure, a plurality of bypass holes may be formed in an inner pocket and an outer pocket, respectively, and the plurality of bypass holes may be arranged at predetermined intervals along a compression advancing direction, thereby greatly reducing a capacity variation ratio of the compressor.

    [0041] Furthermore, an unnecessary input load may be reduced while lowering the capacity variable ratio through a plurality of bypass holes, thereby increasing compressor efficiency and enhancing the efficiency of a system to which the compressor is applied.

    [0042] In addition, the bypass holes of different pockets may be arranged adjacent to each other to open and close them with a single check valve, thereby simplifying the structure of the capacity variable device to reduce manufacturing cost as well as reducing capacity variation ratio.

    [0043] Moreover, a valve for opening and closing the bypass passage of the refrigerant may be configured with a piston valve operated by a small pressure change, thereby quickly and accurately switching the operation mode of the compressor.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0044] The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention.

    [0045] In the drawings:

    FIG. 1 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view illustrating a scroll compressor having a capacity variable device in the related art;

    FIGS. 2A and 2B are longitudinal cross-sectional views illustrating a power operation and a saving operation state using a capacity variable device in the scroll compressor according to FIG. 1;

    FIGS. 3A and 3B are plan views for explaining a capacity variation state according to the position of a bypass hole in a scroll compressor in the related art;

    FIG. 4 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view illustrating a scroll compressor having a capacity variable device according to the present disclosure;

    FIG. 5 is a perspective view illustrating a scroll compressor having the capacity variable device according to FIG. 4;

    FIG. 6 is an exploded perspective view illustrating the capacity variable device in FIG. 4;

    FIG. 7 is an assembled cross-sectional view schematically illustrating a connection state of a check valve and a control valve in the capacity variable device according to FIG. 3;

    FIG. 8 is a plan view illustrating a first bypass hole and a second bypass hole in the scroll compressor according to the present embodiment;

    FIGS. 9A and 9B are schematic views illustrating the operation of a first valve assembly and a second valve assembly according to the operation mode of the compressor in FIG. 4, wherein FIG. 9A is a power mode and FIG. 9B is a saving operation;

    FIGS. 10A through 10D are plan views for explaining a capacity variation state according to compression advance in a scroll compressor according to the present embodiment;

    FIG. 11 is a cross-sectional view illustrating another example of a capacity variable device that does not fall within the scope of the claims;

    FIG. 12 is an enlarged cross-sectional view illustrating a first valve assembly in the capacity varying device according to FIG. 11; and

    FIGS. 13A and 13B are schematic views illustrating the operation of a first valve assembly and a second valve assembly according to the operation mode of the compressor in FIG. 11, wherein FIG. 13A is a power mode and FIG. 13B is a saving operation.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



    [0046] Hereinafter, a scroll compressor according to the present disclosure will be described in detail with reference to an embodiment illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

    [0047] FIG. 4 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view illustrating a scroll compressor having a capacity variable device according to the present disclosure, and FIG. 5 is a perspective view illustrating a scroll compressor having the capacity variable device according to FIG. 4, and FIG. 6 is an exploded perspective view illustrating the capacity variable device in FIG. 4, and FIG. 7 is an assembled cross-sectional view schematically illustrating a connection state of a check valve and a control valve in the capacity variable device according to FIG. 3, and FIG. 8 is a plan view illustrating a first bypass hole and a second bypass hole in the scroll compressor according to the present embodiment.

    [0048] As illustrated in FIG. 4, in a scroll compressor according to the present embodiment, a closed inner space of the casing 110 is divided into a suction space 111, which is a low pressure portion, and a discharge space 112, which is a high pressure portion, by a high-low pressure separation plate 115 installed at an upper side of a non-orbiting scroll (hereinafter, used interchangeably with a second scroll) which will be described later. Here, the suction space 111 corresponds to a lower space of the high-low pressure separation plate 115, and the discharge space 112 corresponds to an upper space of the high-low pressure separation plate.

    [0049] Furthermore, a suction pipe 113 communicating with the suction space 111 and a discharge pipe 114 communicating with the discharge space 112 are respectively fixed to the casing 110 to suck refrigerant into the inner space of the casing 110 or discharge refrigerant out of the casing 110.

    [0050] A drive motor 120 having a stator 121 and a rotor 122 is provided in the suction space 111 of the casing 110. The stator 121 is fixed to an inner wall surface of the casing 110 in a heat shrinking manner, and a rotation shaft 125 is inserted and coupled to a central portion of the rotor 122. A coil 121a is wound around the stator 121, and the coil 121a is electrically connected to an external power source through a terminal 119 which is penetrated and coupled to the casing 110 as illustrated in FIGS. 4 and 5.

    [0051] A lower side of the rotation shaft 125 is rotatably supported by an auxiliary bearing 117 provided below the casing 110. The auxiliary bearing 117 is supported by a lower frame 118 fixed to an inner surface of the casing 110 to stably support the rotation shaft 125. The lower frame 118 may be welded and fixed to an inner wall surface of the casing 110, and a bottom surface of the casing 110 is used as an oil storage space. Oil stored in the oil storage space is transferred to the upper side by the rotation shaft 125 or the like, and the oil enters the driving unit and the compression chamber to facilitate lubrication.

    [0052] An upper end portion of the rotation shaft 125 is rotatably supported by the main frame 130. The main frame 130 is fixed and installed on an inner wall surface of the casing 110 like the lower frame 118, and a downwardly protruding main bearing portion 131 is formed on a lower surface thereof, and the rotation shaft 125 is inserted into the main bearing portion 131. An inner wall surface of the main bearing portion 131 functions as a bearing surface, and supports the rotation shaft 125 together with the above-described oil so as to be smoothly rotated.

    [0053] An orbiting scroll (hereinafter, used interchangeably with a first scroll) 140 is disposed on an upper surface of the main frame 130. The first scroll 140 includes a first end plate portion 141 having a substantially disk shape and an orbiting wrap (hereinafter, referred to as a first wrap) 142 spirally formed on one side surface of the first end plate portion 141. The first wrap 142 forms a compression chamber (P) together with a second wrap 152 of a second scroll 150 which will be described later.

    [0054] The first end plate portion 141 of the first scroll 140 is orbitably driven while being supported by an upper surface of the main frame 130, and an oldham ring 136 is provided between the first end plate portion 141 and the main frame 130 to prevent the rotation of the first scroll 140.

    [0055] Furthermore, a boss portion 143 into which the rotation shaft 125 is inserted is formed on a bottom surface of the first end plate scroll 141 of the first scroll 140, and as a result, the first scroll 140 is orbitably driven by a rotational force of the rotation shaft 125.

    [0056] The second scroll 150 engaging with the first scroll 140 is disposed at an upper portion of the first scroll 140. Here, the second scroll 150 is provided to be movable up and down with respect to the first scroll 140, and more specifically, a plurality of guide pins (not shown) inserted into the main frame 130 are placed and supported on an upper surface of the main frame 130 in a state of being inserted into a plurality of guide holes (not shown) formed on an outer circumferential portion of the second scroll 150.

    [0057] On the other hand, as illustrated in FIGS. 4 and 6, an upper surface of a body portion of the second scroll 150 is formed in a circular plate shape to form a second end plate portion 151, and the second wrap 152 engaging with the first wrap 142 of the foregoing first scroll 140 is formed in a spiral shape at a lower portion of the second end plate portion 151.

    [0058] A suction port 153 for sucking refrigerant existing within the suction space 111 is formed in a side surface of the second scroll 150, and a discharge port 154 for discharging the compressed refrigerant is formed in a substantially central portion of the second end plate portion 151.

    [0059] As described above, the first wrap 142 and the second wrap 152 form a plurality of compression chambers (P), and the compression chambers are orbitably moved to a side of the discharge port 154 while reducing the volume to compress refrigerant. Therefore, a pressure of the compression chamber adjacent to the suction port 153 is minimized, a pressure of the compression chamber communicating with the discharge port 154 is maximized, and a pressure of the compression chamber existing therebetween forms an intermediate pressure having a value between a suction pressure of the suction port 153 and a discharge pressure of the discharge port 154. The intermediate pressure is applied to the back pressure chamber 160a which will be described later to perform the role of pressing the second scroll 150 toward the first scroll 140, and thus a scroll side back pressure hole 151a communicating with one of regions having the intermediate pressure, from which refrigerant is discharged, is formed on the second end plate portion 151.

    [0060] A back pressure plate 161 constituting part of the back pressure chamber assembly 160 is fixed to an upper portion of the second end plate portion 151 of the second scroll 150. The back pressure plate 161 is formed in a substantially annular shape, and has a support plate portion 162 in contact with the second end plate portion 151 of the second scroll 150. The support plate portion 162 has an annular plate shape with a hollow center, and a plate side back pressure hole 161f communicating with the foregoing scroll side back pressure hole 151a is formed to penetrate the support plate portion 162.

    [0061] Furthermore, first and second annular walls 163, 164 are formed on an upper surface of the support plate portion 162 to surround the inner and outer circumferential surfaces of the support plate portion 162. An outer circumferential surface of the first annular wall 163, an inner circumferential surface of the second annular wall 164, and an upper surface of the support plate portion 162 form an annular back pressure chamber 160a.

    [0062] A floating plate 165 constituting an upper surface of the back pressure chamber 160a is provided at an upper side of the back pressure chamber 160a. A sealing end portion 166 is provided at an upper end portion of an inner space portion of the floating plate 165. The sealing end portion 166 is formed to protrude upward from a surface of the floating plate 165, and its inner diameter is formed to such an extent that it does not cover the intermediate discharge port 167. The sealing end portion 166 is in contact with a lower surface of the high-low pressure separation plate 115 to perform the role of sealing the discharged refrigerant to be discharged into the discharge space 112 without leaking into the suction space 111.

    [0063] In the drawing, reference numerals, 119, 155a, 155b, 156, 157, 159 and 188 denote a terminal, an opening and closing surface, a back pressure surface, a bypass valve for opening and closing a discharge bypass hole through which part of refrigerant compressed in the intermediate pressure chamber is bypassed to prevent over-compression, an O-ring, a check valve for blocking refrigerant discharged to the discharge space from flowing back to the compression chamber, and a fixing pin for fixing a connection pipe, respectively.

    [0064] The foregoing scroll compressor according to this embodiment operates as follows.

    [0065] In other words, when power is applied to the stator 121, the rotation shaft 125 rotates together with the rotor 122.

    [0066] Then, the first scroll 140 coupled to an upper end portion of the rotation shaft 125 perform an orbiting motion with respect to the second scroll 150 to form a pair of two compression chambers (P), and as a result, a pair of two compression chambers (P) are formed, and the pair of two compression chambers (P) is reduced in volume while moving from the outside to the inside, respectively, to suck, compress and discharge refrigerant.

    [0067] At this time, part of refrigerant moving along the trajectory of the compression chamber moves to the back pressure chamber 160a through the scroll side back pressure hole 151a and the plate side back pressure hole 161f prior to reaching the discharge port 154. Accordingly, the back pressure chamber 160a formed by the back pressure plate 161 and the floating plate 165 forms an intermediate pressure.

    [0068] As a result, the floating plate 165 is brought into close contact with the high-low pressure separation plate 115 while receiving a pressure upward, and the discharge space 112 and the suction space 111 of the casing are then separated from each other to prevent refrigerant discharged to the discharge space 112 from leaking to the suction space 111. On the contrary, the back pressure plate 161 receives a pressure downward to pressurize the second scroll 150 in the first scroll direction. Then, the second scroll 150 is brought into close contact with the first scroll 140 to block refrigerant compressed in the compression chamber (P) from leaking between the first scroll 140 and the second scroll 150.

    [0069] Consequently, a series of processes of allowing refrigerant sucked into the suction space of the casing to be compressed in the compression chamber and discharged to the discharge space, and allowing refrigerant discharged to the discharge space to be circulated in the refrigeration cycle, and then sucked again into the suction space are repeated.

    [0070] Meanwhile, the scroll compressor described above may be provided with a capacity variable device capable of performing a full load operation (hereinafter, a power operation) or a partial load operation (a saving operation) according to the need of a system to which the compressor is applied. The capacity variable device may be configured as illustrated in FIGS. 4 through 6.

    [0071] In other words, a capacity variable bypass hole (hereinafter, abbreviated as a bypass hole) 151b communicating with the intermediate pressure chamber is formed on the second end plate portion 151 of the second scroll 150 from a lower surface constituting an intermediate pressure chamber to a rear surface at an outside of the compression chamber, through the outer back surface.

    [0072] The bypass holes 151b may be formed at intervals of 180 degrees at both sides on an inner pocket constituting a first compression chamber and an outer pocket constituting a second compression chamber with respect to the first wrap to bypass intermediate pressure refrigerant at the same pressure. However, when it is asymmetric in which a wrap length of the first wrap 142 is larger than that of the second lap 152 by 180 degrees, the same pressure is formed at the same crank angle in the inner pocket and the outer pocket, and thus two bypass holes 151b may be formed at the same crank angle or only one second bypass hole 151b may be formed.

    [0073] Furthermore, a bypass valve 155 for selectively opening and closing the bypass hole 151b in accordance with the operation mode of the compressor to perform a power operation or saving operation is provided at an end portion of the bypass hole 151b. The bypass valve 155 constitutes a first valve assembly, and is a check valve configured with a piston valve slidably provided in a valve space 161a of a valve plate 161 which will be described later to open and close the bypass hole while moving upward and downward in the valve space 161a according to a pressure of the intermediate pressure chamber.

    [0074] A plurality of the valve spaces 161a are formed on a lower surface of the back pressure plate 161, and a differential pressure space 161b having a predetermined volume 161b is formed on a side surface of each bypass valve 155, namely, at a rear side of each bypass valve 155. A transverse cross-sectional area of the differential pressure space 161b is larger than that of the bypass hole 151b.

    [0075] Furthermore, the differential pressure spaces 161b are formed on both sides with a phase difference of 180 degrees together with the valve space 161a, and both the differential pressure spaces 161b are communicated with each other by a connection passage groove 161c formed on a lower surface of the back pressure plate 161.

    [0076] Both ends of the connection passage groove 161c are formed to be inclined toward the respective differential pressure spaces 161b. Furthermore, the connection passage groove 161c is preferably overlapped with a gasket 158 provided on an upper surface of the non-orbiting scroll 150 to seal the connection passage groove 161c.

    [0077] Here, an intermediate pressure hole 168 is formed on the back pressure plate 161 to penetrate from a bottom surface of the back pressure chamber 160a to an outer circumferential surface thereof, and one end of the intermediate pressure hole 168 is communicated with a differential pressure space 161b through the connection passage groove 161c, and the other end thereof is connected to a connection pipe 183a to be described later. As a result, part of refrigerant in the back pressure chamber 160a is supplied to a rear surface of the bypass valve 155 through the intermediate pressure hole 168 and the first connection pipe 183a. Therefore, a rear surface of the bypass valve 155 may be selectively supplied with refrigerant at an intermediate pressure by the second valve assembly 180, which will be described later.

    [0078] In addition, a plurality of exhaust grooves 161d for communicating each bypass hole 151b with the suction space 111 of the casing 110 are formed on a lower surface of the back pressure plate 161 to independently communicate with each bypass hole 151b.

    [0079] The exhaust groove 161d is formed in a radial direction from an inner circumferential surface of the valve space 161a toward an outer circumferential surface of the back pressure plate 161, and an outer circumferential surface of the exhaust groove 161d is formed to be open to communicate with an inner space of the casing 110.

    [0080] Accordingly, when each bypass valve 155 is open, refrigerant in the intermediate compression chamber is exhausted to the suction space 11 1 of the casing 110 through each of the bypass holes 151b and the exhaust groove 161d. At this time, as both the bypass holes 151b communicate independently with the suction space 111 of the casing 110 through the respective exhaust grooves 161d, refrigerant bypassed from the compression chamber through both the bypass holes 151b may be directly discharged into the suction space 111 of the casing 110 without being merged into one place, thereby suppressing refrigerant bypassed from the compression from being heated by the refrigerant of the back pressure chamber 160a. In addition, when the refrigerant bypassed from the compression chamber to the suction space 111 of the casing 110 is heated, a volume ratio thereof may increase to suppress a suction volume from being reduced.

    [0081] On the other hand, a differential pressure hole 161e is formed at the center of the coupling channel groove 161c, and a third connection pipe 183c, which will be described later, is connected to the differential pressure hole 161e. However, the differential pressure hole 161e may be directly connected to either one of the both differential pressure spaces 161b, and the other differential pressure space 161b may be communicated through the connection passage groove 161c. Here, although not shown in the drawing, the valve space, the differential pressure space, the exhaust groove including the connection passage groove may not be formed on a lower surface of the back pressure plate but may also be formed on an upper surface of the non-orbiting scroll.

    [0082] The differential pressure hole 161e may be connected to the control valve 180 constituting the third valve through the third connection pipe 183c. The control valve 180 may be configured with a solenoid valve and provided in an inner space of the casing 110, but may be preferably provided at an outside of the casing 110 to increase a design freedom degree for the standard of the control valve 180.

    [0083] Furthermore, the control valve 180 is fixed and coupled to an outer circumferential surface of the casing 110 using a bracket 180a. However, according to circumstances, the control valve 180 may be directly welded to the casing 110 without using a separate bracket.

    [0084] In addition, the control valve 180 is composed of a solenoid valve having a power supply unit 181 connected to external power to selectively operate a mover 181b depending on whether or not the external power is applied thereto.

    [0085] The power supply unit 181 is provided with a mover 181b inside a coil 181a to which power is supplied, and a return spring 181c is provided at one end of the mover. The mover 181b is coupled to a switching valve 186 for communicating between a first input/output port 185a and a third input/output port 185c or connecting between the second input/output port 185b and the third input/output port 185c, which will be described later.

    [0086] Accordingly, when power is supplied to the coil 181a, the mover 181b and the valve 186 coupled to the mover 181b move in a first direction (exhaust hole closing direction) to connect the corresponding connection pipes 183a, 183c to each other, and on the other hand, when power is turned off, the mover 181b connects the other connection pipes 183b, 183c to each other while returning in a second direction (exhaust hole opening direction) by the return spring 181c. As a result, refrigerant directed to the bypass valve 155, which is a check valve is switched in accordance with the operation mode of the compressor.

    [0087] On the other hand, a valve portion 182 for switching a flow direction of refrigerant while being operated by the power supply unit 181 is coupled to one side of the power supply unit 181. The valve portion 182 may be configured in such a manner that the switching valve 186 extending to the mover 181b of the power supply unit 181 is slidably inserted into a valve housing 185 coupled to the power supply unit 181. Of course, depending on the configuration of the power supply unit 181, the switching valve 186 may change the flow direction of refrigerant while rotating without performing a reciprocating motion. However, in the present embodiment, a linear reciprocating valve will be mainly described for the sake of convenience of explanation.

    [0088] The valve housing 185 is formed in an elongated cylindrical shape, and three input/output ports are formed along a longitudinal direction. The first input/output port 185a is connected to the back pressure chamber 160a through a first connection pipe 183a to be described later, and the second input/output port 185b is connected to the suction space 111 of the casing 110 through a second connection pipe 183b to be described later, and the third input/output port 185c is connected to the differential pressure space 161b formed on one side surface of the bypass valve 155 through a third connection pipe 183c to be described later. Though it is illustrated an example in which the first input/output port 185a and the second input/output port 185b are located at both sides and the third input/output port185c is located at the center, it may vary according to the configuration of the valve.

    [0089] Here, in order for the first input/output port 185a of the control valve 180 to be connected to the back pressure chamber 160a through the first connection pipe 183a, the intermediate pressure hole 168 passing through an outer circumferential surface of the back pressure chamber 161 or an outer circumferential surface of the second scroll 150 from the back pressure chamber 160a should be formed. The intermediate pressure hole 168 may be formed to penetrate from a bottom surface of the back pressure chamber 160a to an outer circumferential surface of the back pressure plate 161.

    [0090] On the other hand, the valve portion 182 is coupled to a connection portion 183 coupled through the casing 110 to transfer the refrigerant switched by the valve portion 182 to the differential pressure space 161b.

    [0091] The connection portion 183 may include a first connection pipe 183a, a second connection pipe 183b and a third connection pipe 183c to selectively inject refrigerant at an intermediate pressure or suction pressure into a first valve assembly 170.

    [0092] The first connection pipe 183a, the second connection pipe 183b and the third connection pipe 183c are all welded and coupled to the casing 110 through the casing 110. Furthermore, each connection pipe may be formed of the same material as that of the casing 110, but may also be formed of a material different from that of the casing. In the case of a material different from that of the casing, an intermediate member may be used in consideration of welding to the casing.

    [0093] On the other hand, the bypass hole may be formed at only one place for every compression chamber. However, in this case, as described above, it is advantageous to control the capacity variable ratio to be low in the aspect of a load of an air conditioner. However, in the aspect of the efficiency of the compressor, it may not be advantageous to place the bypass hole at a position where the capacity variation ratio is low, namely, too far from the suction completion point compared to a position where the capacity variable amount is large. However, it is undesirable to place the position of the bypass hole at a position where the capacity variation ratio is high, namely, too close to the suction completion point, in the aspect of the overall system efficiency of the refrigeration cycle to which the compressor is applied.

    [0094] Therefore, in the present embodiment, it may be possible to form the bypass holes at a plurality of positions for each compression chamber in consideration of both the system efficiency and the compressor efficiency. For example, for the bypass hole, when a capacity variable bypass hole close to the suction port is referred to as a first bypass hole, and a capacity variable bypass hole away from the suction port is referred to as a second bypass hole with respect to the suction completion point (for convenience, described as a suction port), the first bypass hole and the second bypass hole may be formed at intervals of a predetermined crank angle, respectively, for each compression chamber.

    [0095] In other words, as illustrated in FIGS. 7 and 8, the bypass holes 151b are formed to formed to form a pair of a first bypass hole (hereinafter, an inner first bypass hole) 1511 communicating with the first compression chamber (Ap) constituting an inner pocket, and a second bypass hole (hereinafter, an outer second bypass hole) 1522 communicating with the second compression chamber (Bp) constituting an outer pocket, and form a pair of a second bypass hole (hereinafter, an inner second bypass hole) 1512 communicating with the first compression chamber (Ap) constituting an inner pocket, and a first bypass hole (hereinafter, an outer first bypass hole) 1521 communicating with the second compression chamber constituting an outer pocket.

    [0096] Here, the inner first bypass hole 1511 is formed to be located on the suction side (outer side) compared to the inner second bypass hole 1512, and the outer first bypass hole 1521 is formed to be located on the suction side (outer side) compared to the outer second bypass hole 1522. Accordingly, with respect to the first compression chamber (it is the same in the case of the second compression chamber which is an outer pocket), the first bypass hole 1511 is formed within a range of the outermost compression chamber in which the inner pocket is formed at a compression start angle, and the second bypass hole 1512 is formed within a range of the second compression chamber at the suction end formed successively from the outermost compression chamber.

    [0097] Furthermore, a distance between the first bypass hole 1511 and the second bypass hole 1512 may be preferably formed within a range of approximately 90° to 270° based on the crank angle, but may be formed with a crank angle of about 180 degrees. Accordingly, the inner first bypass hole 1511 and the outer second bypass hole 1522 form a pair, and the inner second bypass hole 1512 and the outer first bypass hole 1521 form a pair. When the bypass hole of the inner pocket and the bypass hole of the outer pocket are respectively formed as a pair, it may be possible to open and close the two bypass holes paired with one check valve among check valves configured with bypass valves to reduce the cost and reduce the required space, thereby achieving the miniaturization of the compressor.

    [0098] The process of varying the capacity of the compressor in a scroll compressor according to the present disclosure will be operated as follows.

    [0099] First, as illustrated in FIG. 9A, when the compressor is operated in a power operation, refrigerant at a intermediate pressure flows into the differential hole 161e through the first connection pipe 183a, and the third connection pipe 183c by the control valve 180, and the refrigerant flowing into the first differential pressure hole 161e is supplied to both the differential pressure spaces 161b through the connection passage groove 161c.

    [0100] Then, a pressure of the differential pressure space 161b pressurizes the back pressure surface 155b of the bypass valve 155 while forming an intermediate pressure. At this time, since a transverse cross-sectional area of the differential pressure space 161b is larger than that of the bypass hole 151b, both the bypass valves 155 are pressed against the pressure of the differential pressure space 161b to block the respective bypass holes 151b. Here, the inner first bypass hole 1511 and the outer second bypass hole 1522 are blocked by one bypass valve 155, and the outer first bypass hole 1521 and the inner second bypass hole 1512 are blocked by the other bypass valve 155.

    [0101] Then, refrigerant in the compression chamber is not leaked to both the bypass holes 151b to continue a power operation.

    [0102] On the contrary, as illustrated in FIG. 9B, when the compressor is operated in a saving operation, refrigerant at a suction pressure flows into the differential hole 161e through the second connection pipe 183b, and the third connection pipe 183c by the control valve 180, and the refrigerant flowing into the first differential pressure hole 161e flows into both the differential pressure spaces 161b through the connection passage groove 161c.

    [0103] Then, a pressure of the differential pressure space 161b pressurizes the back pressure surface 155b of the bypass valve 155 while forming a suction pressure. At this time, as a pressure of the intermediate compression chamber is formed to be higher than the pressure in the differential pressure space 161b, both the bypass valves 155 are respectively pushed and raised by the pressures of the first compression chamber (Ap) and the second compression chamber (Bp) through the inner first bypass hole 1511 and the outer second bypass hole 1522.

    [0104] Then, as refrigerant flows into the suction space 111 of the casing 110 through the respective exhaust grooves 161d in the respective intermediate compression chambers (Ap, Bp) while opening both the second bypass holes 151b, the compressor performs a saving operation.

    [0105] At this time, as illustrated in FIG. 10A, at the moment when the first wrap 142 of the first scroll 140 reaches the suction completion point, the first bypass hole 1511 communicating with the outermost first compression chamber (Ap) and the first bypass hole 1521 communicating with the outer second compression chamber (Bp) are in an open state. Therefore, even when the first scroll 140 performs a compression stroke for the outermost first compression chamber (Ap) and the outermost second compression chamber (Bp) while performing an orbiting motion, refrigerant sucked into the outermost first compression chamber (Ap) and the outermost second compression chamber (Bp) is leaked out of the compression chamber through the respective first bypass holes 1511, 1521. Accordingly, it may be possible to prevent an unnecessary input load on the outermost first compression chamber (Ap) and the outermost second compression chamber (Bp) during saving operation from being increased.

    [0106] Furthermore, as illustrated in FIG. 10B, when the first scroll 140 further advances the compression stroke to reach a position of about 110 degrees, the first bypass holes 1511, 1521 as well as the second bypass holes 1512, 1522 in each of the compression chambers (Ap, Bp) are in an open state at the same time. Therefore, refrigerant sucked into each compression chamber may greatly reduce compression capacity while a large amount of refrigerant is bypassed through each of the first bypass holes 1511, 1521 and the second bypass holes 1512, 1522.

    [0107] Furthermore, as illustrated in FIG. 10C, when the first scroll 140 further advances the compression stroke to reach a position of about 250 degrees, the first bypass holes 1511, 1521 in each of the compression chambers (Ap, Bp) are closed, but the second bypass holes 1512, 1522 located further inside than the first bypass holes 1511, 1521 (i.e., on the discharge side with respect to the crank angle) are in an open state. Therefore, even when refrigerant moves to the second compression chamber adjacent to the outermost compression chamber, refrigerant in each compression chamber (Ap, Bp) is bypassed to an outside of the compression chamber through the second bypass holes 1512, 1522. Accordingly, as illustrated in FIG. 10D, the time point at which refrigerant is substantially compressed may be pushed further toward the discharge port and started from the time point at which the refrigerant has passed the second bypass hole, thereby significantly reducing capacity variation ratio.

    [0108] As a result, according to a scroll compressor according to the present embodiment, a plurality of bypass holes may be formed in an inner pocket and an outer pocket, respectively, and the plurality of bypass holes may be arranged at predetermined intervals along a compression advancing direction, thereby greatly reducing a capacity variation ratio of the compressor.

    [0109] Furthermore, according to a scroll compressor according to the present embodiment, an unnecessary input load may be reduced while lowering the capacity variable ratio through a plurality of bypass holes, thereby increasing compressor efficiency and enhancing the efficiency of a system to which the compressor is applied.

    [0110] In addition, according to a scroll compressor according to the present embodiment, the bypass holes of different pockets may be arranged adjacent to each other to open and close them with a single check valve, thereby simplifying the structure of the capacity variable device to reduce manufacturing cost as well as reducing capacity variation ratio.

    [0111] Moreover, according to a scroll compressor according to the present embodiment, a valve for opening and closing a bypass passage of refrigerant may be configured with a bypass valve operated by a small pressure change, thereby quickly and precisely switching the operation mode of the compressor.

    [0112] FIG. 11 is a cross-sectional view illustrating another example of a capacity variable device that does not fall within the scope of the claims and FIG. 12 is an enlarged cross-sectional view illustrating a first valve assembly in the capacity varying device according to FIG. 11, and FIGS. 13A and 13B are schematic views illustrating the operation of a first valve assembly and a second valve assembly according to the operation mode of the compressor in FIG. 11, wherein FIG. 13A is a power mode and FIG. 13B is a saving operation.

    [0113] As illustrated in the drawings, the basic configuration of a variable capacity device including a casing, a driving unit, a compression unit, and a bypass hole is similar to that of the above-described embodiment, and thus the detailed description thereof will be omitted. However, in this example, since the control valve 280 is different from the above-described embodiment, the control valve will be described below.

    [0114] The control valve 280 is composed of a solenoid valve having a power supply unit 281 connected to external power to move a mover 281b between a first position and a second position depending on whether or not the external power is applied thereto. Therefore, hereinafter, the control valve is used interchangeably with a solenoid valve.

    [0115] A power supply unit 281 is provided with a mover (not shown) inside a coil (not shown) to which power is supplied, and a return spring (not shown) is provided at one end of the mover. The other end of the mover is coupled to a valve portion 282 for allowing a first connection hole 283b to communicate with a third connection hole 283d or allowing a second connection hole 283c to communicate with the third connection hole 283d in the passage guide portion 283 which will be described later.

    [0116] Furthermore, the valve portion 282 may be formed in a circular rod shape and first and second connection grooves 282a, 282b may be formed on an outer circumferential surface of the valve portion 182, and O-rings 282c for sealing the first connection groove 282a and the second connection groove 282b may be inserted on both sides of the first connection groove 282a, on both sides of the second connection groove 282b, and between the first connection groove 282a and the second connection groove 282b. As a result, the first connection hole 283b and the third connection hole 283d, which will be described later, may be connected when the valve portion 282 is moved to the first position (C1), and the second connection hole 283c and the third connection hole 283d, which will be described later, can be connected when the valve portion 282 is moved to the second position (C2)

    [0117] In addition, the passage guide portion 283 may be formed in a cylindrical shape, and a valve space 283a into which the valve portion 282 is slidably inserted may be formed therein. A first connection hole 283b for communicating between the valve space 283a and the intermediate pressure hole 161g is formed at one end portion of the passage guide portion 283, and a second connection hole 283c for communicating between the first connection hole 283a and the suction pressure hole 161j is formed at the other end portion of the passage guide portion 283, and a third connection hole 283d communicating with the connection passage 161h of the back pressure passage 161c may be formed between the first connection hole 283b and the second connection hole 283c. As a result, the first connection hole 283b, the second connection hole 283c and the third connection hole 283d may be formed to communicate with each other in the valve space 283a, and thus the connection hole 283d may be selectively communicated with the first connection hole 283b or the second connection hole 283c by the valve portion 282.

    [0118] Here, sealing protrusion portions 283e are formed at a predetermined height at an outside of the first connection hole 283b and an outside of the second connection hole 283c, between the first connection hole 283b and the third connection hole 283d, and between the second connection hole 283c and the third connection hole 283d, respectively, and O-rings 283f are respectively provided at each of the sealing protrusions 283e. As a result, a space 283g is formed between an inner circumferential surface of the valve groove 161i and a periphery of the inlets of the first connection hole 283b, the second connection hole 283c, and the third connection hole 283d, respectively. Accordingly, only one of the first connection hole 283b, the second connection hole 283c, and the third connection hole 283d may be formed, but a plurality of connection holes may also be formed using the space 283g formed around the inlet of each of the foregoing connection holes.

    [0119] The process of varying the capacity of the compressor in a scroll compressor according to the present disclosure will be operated as follows.

    [0120] First, when the compressor is operated in a power mode as illustrated in FIGS. 12 and 13A, power is applied to the control valve 280, which is the second valve assembly, and the valve 282 is then moved to the first position (C1). Then, the first connection hole 283b and the third connection hole 283d of the passage guide portion 283 are connected by the first connection groove 282a of the valve portion 282, and thus the intermediate pressure hole 161g and the connection passage 161h are connected to each other. Then, the intermediate pressure refrigerant flows into the both differential pressure spaces 161b through the back pressure passage 161c.

    [0121] Then, a pressure of the differential pressure space 161b pressurizes the back pressure surface of the second bypass valve 155 while forming an intermediate pressure higher than a pressure of the intermediate pressure chamber communicated with the bypass hole. At this time, since a transverse cross-sectional area of the differential pressure space 161b is larger than that of the bypass hole 151b, both the bypass valves 155 are pressed against the pressure of the differential pressure space 161b to block the respective bypass holes 151b. As a result, refrigerant in the compression chamber is not leaked to both the bypass holes 151b, and thus the compressor may continue a power operation.

    [0122] On the other hand, when the compressor performs a saving operation as illustrated in FIGS. 12 and 13B, power is turned off at the control valve 280, which is a second valve assembly, and then the valve portion 282 is returned to the second position (C2) by the return spring (not shown). Then, the second connection hole 283c and the third connection hole 283d of the passage guide portion 283 are connected by the second connection groove 282b of the valve portion 282, and thus the suction pressure hole 161j and the connection passage 161h are connected to each other. Then, the intermediate pressure refrigerant flows into the both differential pressure spaces 161b through the back pressure passage 161c.

    [0123] Then, a pressure of the differential pressure space 161b pressurizes the back pressure surface of the bypass valve 155 while forming a suction pressure. At this time, since a pressure of the intermediate pressure chamber is formed to be higher than that of the differential pressure space 161b, both the bypass valves 155 are respectively pressed and raised by the pressure of the intermediate pressure chamber.

    [0124] Then, as refrigerant flows into the suction space 111 of the casing 110 through the respective exhaust grooves 161d in the respective intermediate pressure chambers while opening both the bypass holes 151b, the compressor performs a saving operation.

    [0125] In a scroll compressor according to the present example as described above, the second valve assembly corresponding to the control valve is provided at an inside of the casing, and the configuration and the resultant operation of the second valve assembly are different from those of the foregoing embodiment, but the position of the bypass holes and the configuration and operational effects of the first valve assembly for opening and closing the bypass hole are substantially the same as those of the foregoing embodiment. Accordingly, the detailed description thereof will be omitted.

    [0126] On the other hand, in the above example a range of each compression chamber constituting the inner and outer pockets is 360° based on the crank angle, but according to circumstances, the range of each compression chamber may be larger or smaller than 360°. Even in this case, the first bypass hole and the second bypass hole may be respectively formed in neighboring or different compression chambers formed along the movement trajectory or path of the compression chamber. The detailed configuration and operation effects thereof are substantially the same as those of the foregoing embodiment, and the detailed description thereof will be omitted.

    [0127] On the other hand, according to the foregoing embodiment and example, a low pressure scroll compressor has been taken as an example, but the present disclosure may be similarly applied to all hermetic compressors in which an internal space of the casing is divided into a suction space which is a low pressure portion and a high pressure discharge space which is a high pressure portion.


    Claims

    1. A scroll compressor, comprising:

    a casing (110);

    a compression unit provided in an inner space of the casing (110) to form a compression chamber composed of an inner pocket and an outer pocket by a pair of a first scroll (140) and a second scroll (150); and

    bypass holes (1511, 1512, 1521, 1522) provided in the compression unit to bypass refrigerant sucked into the compression chamber to the inner space of the casing (110) to vary compression capacity,

    wherein the bypass holes (1511, 1512, 1521, 1522) are formed in a first compression chamber (Ap) constituting the inner pocket and a second compression chamber (Bp) constituting an outer pocket to be located in compression chambers having different pressures along a movement path of the respective compression chambers,

    a back pressure chamber assembly (160) provided on a rear surface of the second scroll (150) to form a back pressure chamber (160a) so as to pressurize the second scroll (150) toward the first scroll (140);

    a first valve assembly (170) provided in the back pressure chamber assembly (160) to selectively open and close the bypass hole according to the operation mode; and

    a second valve assembly (180) provided at an outside of the casing (110) to operate the first valve assembly (170),

    wherein the bypass hole comprises the first bypass hole (1511, 1521) and the second bypass hole (1512, 1522) located at different points along an advancing direction of the compression chamber,

    wherein the first valve assembly (170) comprises bypass valves (155) operated together by the second valve assembly (180),

    wherein the back pressure chamber assembly (160) comprises a plurality of valve spaces (161a) each containing a bypass valve (155) for selectively opening and closing the bypass holes (1511, 1512, 1521, 1522) by moving upward and downward in the valve space (161a), and a differential pressure space (161b) having a predetermined volume and formed on a side surface of each bypass valve (155) in the valve space (161a), wherein the first bypass hole (1511, 1521) is located within a range of the outermost compression chamber formed at the time point at which the first scroll (140) reaches a compression start angle, and

    wherein the second bypass hole (1512, 1522) is located within a range of the other compression chamber successively located at the discharge side than the outermost compression chamber at the time point at which the first scroll (140) reaches the compression start angle,

    characterized in that the second valve assembly (180) is fixed to an outer circumferential surface of the casing (100), and coupled to a connection portion (183) coupled through the casing (100) to transfer refrigerant to the differential pressure space (161b) .


     
    2. The scroll compressor of claim 1, where the first bypass hole (1511, 1521) and the second bypass hole (1512, 1522) are formed with a crank angle of 90° to 270° from each other.
     
    3. The scroll compressor of claim 1 or 2, wherein the first compression chamber (Ap) is formed on an inner side with respect to the first wrap (142) provided in the first scroll (140), and the second compression chamber (Bp) is formed on an outer side of the first wrap (142), and
    the first bypass hole (1511) communicating with the first compression chamber (Ap) and the second bypass hole (1522) communicating with the second compression chamber (Bp), or the second bypass hole (1512) communicating with the first compression chamber (Ap) and the first bypass hole (1521) communicating with the second compression chamber (Bp) are formed at intervals equal to or greater than a wrap thickness of the first wrap (142).
     
    4. The scroll compressor of any one of claims 1 through 3, wherein the first valve assembly (170) comprises two bypass valves (155) operated together by the second valve assembly (180), and
    the first bypass hole (1511) communicating with the first compression chamber (Ap) and the second bypass hole (1522) communicating with the second compression chamber (Bp), or the second bypass hole (1512) communicating with the first compression chamber (Ap) and the first bypass hole (1521) communicating with the second compression chamber (Bp) are respectively opened and closed together by one of two bypass valves (155) constituting the first valve assembly (170).
     
    5. The scroll compressor of any one of claims 1 through 4, wherein when the crank angle at which compression in the compression chamber is started is 0°,
    the first bypass hole (1511, 1521) is formed in the compression chamber in which the crank angle is smaller than 360°, and the second bypass hole (1512, 1522) is formed in the compression chamber in which the crank angle is larger than 360°.
     
    6. The scroll compressor of any one of claims 1 through 5, wherein a cross-sectional area of the first bypass hole (1511, 1521) and a cross-sectional area of the second bypass hole (1512, 1522) are the same.
     
    7. The scroll compressor of any one of claims 1 through 5, wherein a cross-sectional area of the first bypass hole (1511, 1521) is formed to be smaller than that of the second bypass hole (1512, 1522).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Spiralverdichter, mit:

    einem Gehäuse (110);

    einer Verdichtungseinheit, die in einem Innenraum des Gehäuses (110) vorgesehen ist, um durch ein Paar einer ersten Spirale (140) und einer zweiten Spirale (150) eine Verdichtungskammer zu bilden, die aus einer Innentasche und einer Außentasche zusammengesetzt ist; und

    Umgehungslöcher (1511, 1512, 1521, 1522), die in der Verdichtungseinheit vorgesehen sind, um das in die Verdichtungskammer eingesaugte Kältemittel zum Innenraum des Gehäuses (110) umzuleiten, um die Verdichtungskapazität zu variieren,

    wobei die Umgehungslöcher (1511, 1512, 1521, 1522) in einer ersten Verdichtungskammer (Ap), die die Innentasche bildet, und einer zweiten Verdichtungskammer (Bp) ausgebildet sind, die eine Außentasche bildet, um in Verdichtungskammern angeordnet zu sein, die längs eines Bewegungswegs der jeweiligen Verdichtungskammern unterschiedliche Drücke aufweisen,

    eine Gegendruckkammeranordnung (160), die auf einer Rückseite der zweiten Spirale (150) vorgesehen ist, um eine Gegendruckkammer (160a) zu bilden, um die zweite Spirale (150) zur ersten Spirale (140) unter Druck zu setzen;

    eine erste Ventilanordnung (170), die in der Gegendruckkammeranordnung (160) vorgesehen ist, um das Umgehungsloch gemäß der Betriebsart selektiv zu öffnen und zu schließen; und

    eine zweite Ventilanordnung (180), die auf einer Außenseite des Gehäuses (110) vorgesehen ist, um die erste Ventilanordnung (170) zu betätigen,

    wobei das Umgehungsloch das erste Umgehungsloch (1511, 1521) und das zweite Umgehungsloch (1512, 1522) aufweist, die an unterschiedlichen Punkten längs einer Fortbewegungsrichtung der Verdichtungskammer angeordnet sind,

    wobei die erste Ventilanordnung (170) Umgehungsventile (155) aufweist, die zusammen durch die zweite Ventilanordnung (180) betätigt werden,

    wobei die Gegendruckkammeranordnung (160) mehrere Ventilräume (161a), die jeweils ein Umgehungsventil (155) zum selektiven Öffnen und Schließen der Umgehungslöcher (1511, 1512, 1521, 1522) durch Aufwärts- und Abwärtsbewegen im Ventilraum (161a) enthalten, und einen Differenzdruckraum (161b) aufweist, der ein vorgegebenes Volumen aufweist und auf einer Seitenfläche von jedem Umgehungsventil (155) im Ventilraum (161a) ausgebildet ist, wobei das erste Umgehungsloch (1511, 1521) innerhalb eines Bereichs der äußersten Verdichtungskammer angeordnet ist, der zu einem Zeitpunkt gebildet wird, an dem die erste Spirale (140) einen Verdichtungsstartwinkel erreicht, und

    wobei das zweite Umgehungsloch (1512, 1522) innerhalb eines Bereichs der anderen Verdichtungskammer angeordnet ist, der nachfolgend auf der Ausstoßseite der äußersten Verdichtungskammer zu dem Zeitpunkt angeordnet ist, an dem die erste Spirale (140) den Verdichtungsstartwinkel erreicht,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die zweite Ventilanordnung (180) an einer Außenumfangsfläche des Gehäuses (100) befestigt ist und mit einem Verbindungsabschnitt (183) gekoppelt ist, der durch das Gehäuse (100) gekoppelt ist, um Kältemittel zum Differenzdruckraum (161b) zu überführen.


     
    2. Spiralverdichter nach Anspruch 1, wobei das erste Umgehungsloch (1511, 1521) und das zweite Umgehungsloch (1512, 1522) mit einem Kurbelwinkel von 90° bis 270° voneinander ausgebildet sind.
     
    3. Spiralverdichter nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die erste Verdichtungskammer (Ap) auf einer Innenseite bezüglich der ersten Windung (142) ausgebildet ist, die in der ersten Spirale (140) vorgesehen ist, und die zweite Verdichtungskammer (Bp) auf einer Außenseite der ersten Windung (142) ausgebildet ist, und
    das erste Umgehungsloch (1511), das mit der ersten Verdichtungskammer (Ap) in Verbindung steht, und das zweite Umgehungsloch (1522), das mit der zweiten Verdichtungskammer (Bp) in Verbindung steht, oder das zweite Umgehungsloch (1512), das mit der ersten Verdichtungskammer (Ap) in Verbindung steht, und das erste Umgehungsloch (1521), das mit der zweiten Verdichtungskammer (Bp) in Verbindung steht, in Intervallen ausgebildet sind, die gleich oder größer als eine Windungsdicke der ersten Windung (142) sind.
     
    4. Spiralverdichter nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei die erste Ventilanordnung (170) zwei Umgehungsventile (155) aufweist, die zusammen durch die zweite Ventilanordnung (180) betätigt werden, und
    das erste Umgehungsloch (1511), das mit der ersten Verdichtungskammer (Ap) in Verbindung steht, und das zweite Umgehungsloch (1522), das mit der zweiten Verdichtungskammer (Bp) in Verbindung steht, oder das zweite Umgehungsloch (1512), das mit der ersten Verdichtungskammer (Ap) in Verbindung steht, und das erste Umgehungsloch (1521), das mit der zweiten Verdichtungskammer (Bp) in Verbindung steht, jeweils zusammen durch eines der beiden Umgehungsventile (155) geöffnet und geschlossen werden, die die erste Ventilanordnung (170) bilden.
     
    5. Spiralverdichter nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei, wenn der Kurbelwinkel, bei dem die Verdichtung in der Verdichtungskammer gestartet wird, 0° beträgt,
    das erste Umgehungsloch (1511, 1521) in der Verdichtungskammer gebildet wird, in dem der Kurbelwinkel kleiner als 360° ist, und das zweite Umgehungsloch (1512, 1522) in der Verdichtungskammer gebildet wird, in dem der Kurbelwinkel größer als 360° ist.
     
    6. Spiralverdichter nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei eine Querschnittsfläche des ersten Umgehungslochs (1511, 1521) und eine Querschnittsfläche des zweiten Umgehungslochs (1512, 1522) dieselben sind.
     
    7. Spiralverdichter nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei eine Querschnittsfläche des ersten Umgehungslochs (1511, 1521) so ausgebildet ist, dass sie kleiner als die des zweiten Umgehungslochs (1512, 1522) ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Compresseur à spirale, comprenant :

    un carter (110) ;

    une unité de compression prévue dans un espace intérieur du carter (110) pour former une chambre de compression constituée d'une poche intérieure et d'une poche extérieure par une paire comprenant une première spirale (140) et une deuxième spirale (150) ; et

    des orifices de dérivation (1511, 1512, 1521, 1522) prévus dans l'unité de compression pour dériver un réfrigérant aspiré dans la chambre de compression vers l'espace intérieur du carter (110) afin de varier la capacité de compression,

    où les orifices de dérivation (1511, 1512, 1521, 1522) sont formés dans une première chambre de compression (Ap) constituant la poche intérieure et une deuxième chambre de compression (Bp) constituant une poche extérieure, pour être disposés dans des chambres de compression ayant des pressions différenciées sur un trajet de déplacement des chambres de compression respectives,

    un ensemble de chambre de contre-pression (160) étant prévu sur une surface arrière de la deuxième spirale (150) pour former une chambre de contre-pression (160a) de manière à serrer sous pression la deuxième spirale (150) vers la première spirale (140) ;

    un premier ensemble de vannes (170) étant prévu dans l'ensemble de chambre de contre-pression (160) pour ouvrir et fermer sélectivement l'orifice de dérivation en fonction du mode de fonctionnement ; et

    un deuxième ensemble de vannes (180) étant prévu à l'extérieur du carter (110) pour actionner le premier ensemble de vannes (170),

    où l'orifice de dérivation comprend le premier orifice de dérivation (1511, 1521) et le deuxième orifice de dérivation (1512, 1522) situés à des emplacements différents dans une direction d'avance de la chambre de compression,

    où le premier ensemble de vannes (170) comprend des vannes de dérivation (155) actionnées conjointement par le deuxième ensemble de vannes (180),

    où l'ensemble de chambre de contre-pression (160) comprend une pluralité d'espaces de vanne (161a) contenant chacun une vanne de dérivation (155) pour l'ouverture et la fermeture sélectives des orifices de dérivation (1511, 1512, 1521, 1522) par déplacement vers le haut et le bas dans l'espace de vanne (161a), et un espace de pression différentielle (161b) de volume défini, formé sur une surface latérale de chaque vanne de dérivation (155) dans l'espace de vanne (161a), le premier orifice de dérivation (1511, 1521) étant situé dans une zone de la chambre de compression ultrapériphérique formée au moment où la première spirale (140) atteint un angle de départ de compression, et

    où le deuxième orifice de dérivation (1512, 1522) est situé dans une zone de l'autre chambre de compression présentée après la chambre de compression ultrapériphérique côté refoulement au moment où la première spirale (140) atteint l'angle de départ de compression,

    caractérisé en ce que le deuxième ensemble de vannes (180) est fixé sur une surface circonférentielle extérieure du carter (100), et est relié à une section de connexion (183) traversant le carter (100) pour conduire le réfrigérant vers l'espace de pression différentielle (161b).


     
    2. Compresseur à spirale selon la revendication 1, où le premier orifice de dérivation (1511, 1521) et le deuxième orifice de dérivation (1512, 1522) forment entre eux un angle de vilebrequin compris entre 90° et 270°.
     
    3. Compresseur à spirale selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2, où la première chambre de compression (Ap) est formée sur un côté intérieur par rapport à la première volute (142) prévue dans la première spirale (140), et la deuxième chambre de compression (Bp) est formée sur un côté extérieur de la première volute (142), et
    le premier orifice de dérivation (1511) communiquant avec la première chambre de compression (Ap) et le deuxième orifice de dérivation (1522) communiquant avec la deuxième chambre de compression (Bp), ou le deuxième orifice de dérivation (1512) communiquant avec la première chambre de compression (Ap) et le premier orifice de dérivation (1521) communiquant avec la deuxième chambre de compression (Bp) sont formés à des intervalles égaux ou supérieurs à l'épaisseur de la première volute (142).
     
    4. Compresseur à spirale selon l'une des revendications 1 à 3, où le premier ensemble de vannes (170) comprend deux vannes de dérivation (155) actionnées conjointement par le deuxième ensemble de vannes (180), et
    le premier orifice de dérivation (1511) communiquant avec la première chambre de compression (Ap) et le deuxième orifice de dérivation (1522) communiquant avec la deuxième chambre de compression (Bp), ou le deuxième orifice de dérivation (1512) communiquant avec la première chambre de compression (Ap) et le premier orifice de dérivation (1521) communiquant avec la deuxième chambre de compression (Bp) sont ouverts et fermés conjointement par une des deux vannes de dérivation (155) constituant le premier ensemble de vannes (170).
     
    5. Compresseur à spirale selon l'une des revendications 1 à 4, où, si l'angle de vilebrequin avec lequel la compression est commencée dans la chambre de compression est égal à 0°,
    le premier orifice de dérivation (1511, 1521) est formé dans la chambre de compression où l'angle de vilebrequin est inférieur à 360°, et le deuxième orifice de dérivation (1512, 1522) est formé dans la chambre de compression où l'angle de vilebrequin est supérieur à 360°.
     
    6. Compresseur à spirale selon l'une des revendications 1 à 5, où la surface de section transversale du premier orifice de dérivation (1511, 1521) est identique à la surface de section transversale du deuxième orifice de dérivation (1512, 1522).
     
    7. Compresseur à spirale selon l'une des revendications 1 à 5, où la surface de section transversale du premier orifice de dérivation (1511, 1521) est prévue inférieure à celle du deuxième orifice de dérivation (1512, 1522).
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description