(19)
(11)EP 3 358 291 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
08.08.2018 Bulletin 2018/32

(21)Application number: 16851030.3

(22)Date of filing:  05.09.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
G01B 7/00  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2016/075919
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/056854 (06.04.2017 Gazette  2017/14)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
MA MD

(30)Priority: 28.09.2015 JP 2015189669

(71)Applicants:
  • Melexis Technologies NV
    3980 Tessenderlo (BE)
  • K. K. Melexis Japan Technical Research Center
    Yokohama-shi, Kanagawa 231-0012 (JP)

(72)Inventor:
  • YOSHIYA, Takumi
    Yokohama-shi Kanagawa 231-0012 (JP)

(74)Representative: Müller Fottner Steinecke 
Rechtsanwalts- und Patentanwaltspartnerschaft mbB P.O. Box 1140
52412 Jülich
52412 Jülich (DE)

  


(54)DISPLACEMENT DETECTING DEVICE AND CONTINUOUSLY VARIABLE TRANSMISSION DEVICE


(57) To provide a displacement detection device and a continuously variable transmission device that directly detect the position of the movable sheave.
A displacement detection device includes a magnet 62 that forms a magnetic field, a movable sheave 21 that is rotated in a rotational direction and displaced in a direction perpendicular to the rotational direction and that is a measuring object having a concave portion 210 (or a protrusion) on the circumferential surface, and a sensor 60 disposed between the magnet 62 and the circumferential surface of the movable sheave 21 and detecting a change in magnetic flux density due to the displacement of the movable sheave 21 in the magnetic field formed by the magnet 62 and induced to the concave portion 210 (or the protrusion) .




Description

Technical Field



[0001] The present invention relates to a displacement detection device and a continuously variable transmission device.

Background Art



[0002] As a conventional technique, a continuously variable transmission device has been proposed in which an actuator for moving a movable sheave and a sensor for detecting the position of the movable sheave are configured to be separated from each other (for example, refer to Patent Literature 1.)

[0003] The continuously variable transmission device disclosed in Patent Literature 1 has an actuator for moving the movable sheave and a sensor for detecting the position of the movable sheave, which are disposed as separate bodies and the actuator moves the movable sheave via an arm, and then the sensor detects the position of the movable sheave by detecting the position of the arm.

Citation List


Patent Literature



[0004] Patent Literature 1: JP 2014-196780 A

Summary of Invention


Technical Problem



[0005] However, in the continuously variable transmission device disclosed in Patent Literature 1, the influence of dimensional errors and assembly errors of each of elements arranged from the sensor to the movable sheave is small, and the position of the movable sheave can be accurately detected as compared with a case where the actuator and the sensor are integrated to detect the protrusion amount of the rod of the actuator, but still the position of the movable sheave is not directly detected, and thus there is a problem that the accuracy is limited.

[0006] Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide a displacement detection device and a continuously variable transmission device that directly detect the position of the movable sheave.

Solution to Problem



[0007] In order to achieve the above object, one embodiment of the present invention provides the following displacement detection device and continuously variable transmission device.
  1. [1] A displacement detection device including:

    a magnet for forming a magnetic field;

    a measuring object that is rotated in a rotational direction and displaced in a direction perpendicular to the rotational direction and has a concave portion or a protrusion on a circumferential surface; and

    a sensor that is disposed between the magnet and the circumferential surface of the measuring object and that detects a change in magnetic flux density due to displacement of the measuring object in the magnetic field formed by the magnet and induced to the concave portion or the protrusion of the measuring object.

  2. [2] The displacement detection device according to the item [1], wherein a width of the concave portion or the protrusion in a direction in which the measuring object is displaced is substantially equal to an amount of the displacement.
  3. [3] A continuously variable transmission device including:

    a magnet for forming a magnetic field;

    a movable sheave having a concave portion or a protrusion on a circumferential surface; and

    a sensor that is disposed between the magnet and the circumferential surface of the movable sheave and that detects a change in magnetic flux density due to displacement of the measuring object in the magnetic field formed by the magnet and induced to the concave portion or the protrusion.

  4. [4] A displacement detection device including:

    a magnet for forming a magnetic field; and

    a sensor that is disposed between a concave portion or a protrusion formed on a circumferential surface of a measuring object which is rotated in a rotational direction and displaced in a direction perpendicular to the rotational direction and the magnet, and that detects a change in magnetic flux density due to displacement of the measuring object in the magnetic field formed by the magnet and induced to the concave portion or the protrusion of the measuring object.


Advantageous Effects of Invention



[0008] According to the invention according to claim 1, 3 or 4, the position of the movable sheave can be directly detected.

[0009] According to the invention according to claim 2, the position of the movable sheave can be directly detected within the range of the displacement amount of the measuring object.

Brief Description of Drawings



[0010] 

Fig. 1 is a partial cross-sectional view showing a configuration example of a continuously variable transmission device according to an embodiment.

Fig. 2 is a partial cross-sectional view showing a configuration example of a displacement detection device and the continuously variable transmission device when a movable sheave has moved.

Fig. 3 is a partial cross-sectional view showing a configuration of a sensor.

Fig. 4A is a perspective view showing a configuration of a Hall IC.

Fig. 4B is a cross-sectional view showing the configuration of the Hall IC.

Fig. 5A is a schematic diagram for illustrating an operation of the displacement detection device.

Fig. 5B is a schematic diagram for illustrating the operation of the displacement detection device.

Fig. 5C is a schematic diagram for illustrating the operation of the displacement detection device.

Fig. 6 is a graph showing an x component of a magnetic field detected by the Hall IC relative to a displacement amount of the movable sheave.

Fig. 7 is a graph showing a z component of the magnetic field detected by the Hall IC relative to the displacement amount of the movable sheave.

Fig. 8 is a graph showing an output of the sensor relative to the displacement amount of the movable sheave.

Fig. 9 is a cross-sectional view showing a modification example of the configuration of the movable sheave.

Fig. 10 is a cross-sectional view showing a modification example of the configuration of the Hall IC.

Fig. 11 is a cross-sectional view showing a modification example of the configuration of the displacement detection device.


Description of Embodiments


[Embodiment]


(Configuration of Continuously Variable Transmission Device)



[0011] Fig. 1 is a partial cross-sectional view showing a configuration example of a displacement detection device and a continuously variable transmission device according to an embodiment. Fig. 2 is a partial cross-sectional view showing a configuration example of the displacement detection device and the continuously variable transmission device when a movable sheave has moved. The vertically downward direction in Figs. 1 and 2 is defined as a z-axis direction, the horizontally leftward direction is defined as an x-axis direction, and the near side direction is defined as a y-axis direction.

[0012]  As shown in Fig. 1, the continuously variable transmission device 10 is a V-belt type continuously variable transmission device for example and includes a pulley shaft 12 formed at one end of a crankshaft 11, a drive pulley 20 supported by the pulley shaft 12, a driven pulley (not shown), and a V-belt 22 wound around the drive pulley 20 and the driven pulley in a transmission case 28.

[0013] The drive pulley 20 is composed of a fixed sheave 15 fixed to the pulley shaft 12 and a movable sheave 21 supported by the pulley shaft 12 and movable with respect to the fixed sheave 15 and the V-belt 22 is provided to be wound around between the both sheaves 15 and 21.

[0014] A ramp plate 13 is fixed to the pulley shaft 12 behind the movable sheave 21, and a plurality of centrifugal weights 19 are held between the movable sheave 21 and the ramp plate 13. When the pulley shaft 12 rotates and a centrifugal force corresponding to the rotational speed acts on the centrifugal weights 19, the centrifugal weights 19 move radially outward along a cam face 17 of the movable sheave 21, and the movable sheave 21 is moved toward the fixed sheave 15 side (see Fig. 2). As a result, the distance between the fixed sheave 15 and the movable sheave 21 reduces and the winding radius of the V-belt 22 increases.

[0015] The sliding surface for the V-belt 22 and the cam face 17 of the movable sheave 21 are formed as separate components, and an arm 26 is connected to a boss 23 located between the both surfaces via a bearing 24. Further, an output rod of an actuator 30 for moving the movable sheave 21 in cooperation with the centrifugal weights 19 is connected to the tip of the arm 26.

[0016] The actuator 30 connects a motor 32 as a drive source to the main body, and the main body includes inside, a reduction gear group for reducing the output of the motor 32 and a nut member rotationally driven by the motor 32 via the reduction gear group.

[0017] The actuator 30 has the output rod 46 that protrudes from the main body by driving of the motor 32. A U-shaped groove to which the arm 26 is connected is provided at a tip of the output rod 46. Further, the output rod 46 is supported by a bearing disposed on the main body of the actuator 30.

[0018] When the output rod 46 moves, the arm 26 also moves integrally with the output rod 46 and moves the movable sheave 21 with respect to the fixed sheave 15. As a result, the distance between the fixed sheave 15 and the movable sheave 21, that is, the winding radius of the V-belt 22 changes.

[0019] That is, as shown in Fig. 1, when the output rod 46 moves to the right, the distance between the fixed sheave 15 and the movable sheave 21 increases, and the winding radius of the V-belt 22 reduces. On the other hand, as shown in Fig. 2, when the output rod 46 moves to the left, the distance between the fixed sheave 15 and the movable sheave 21 reduces, and the winding radius of the V-belt 22 increases. The displacement amount of the movable sheave 21 is assumed to be about several tens of millimeters (15 mm for example).

[0020] The motor 32 is controlled by a control unit (not shown) . The control by the control unit is performed based on the displacement amount of the movable sheave 21 detected by a sensor 60. That is, the movement of the movable sheave 21 is controlled by using the displacement amount of the movable sheave 21 as feedback information.

[0021] The sensor 60 is inserted into a hole provided on the transmission case 28 and detects the position of a concave portion 210 provided on a circumferential surface 211 of the movable sheave 21 over the whole circumference. The concave portion 210 and the sensor 60 are provided so that the left end of the concave portion 210 substantially coincides with the detecting position of the sensor 60 in a state where the distance between the fixed sheave 15 and the movable sheave 21 is large as shown in Fig. 1, and so that the right end of the concave portion 210 substantially coincides with the detecting position of the sensor 60 in a state where the distance between the fixed sheave 15 and the movable sheave 21 is small as shown in Fig. 2.

[0022] The movable sheave 21 is formed of a general magnetic material, for example, a material such as iron. It should be noted that the sensor 60 may be installed without the hole when the transmission case 28 is made of a non-magnetic material such as stainless steel, aluminum, brass.

[0023] Fig. 3 is a partial cross-sectional view showing a configuration of the sensor 60.

[0024] The sensor 60 is formed by molding a Hall IC 61 and a magnet 62 into a cylindrical shape using a synthetic resin or the like for example. The Hall IC 61 is disposed in the magnetic field of the magnet 62 and detects the x component and the z component of the magnetic field which changes in accordance with the displacement of the concave portion 210 (see Figs. 1 and 2).

[0025] The magnet 62 is a permanent magnet formed using a material such as ferrite, samarium cobalt, neodymium, and the magnetization direction Dm is the z direction.

[0026] Figs. 4A and 4B are a perspective view and a cross-sectional view showing the configuration of the Hall IC.

[0027] As shown in Figs. 4A and 4B, the Hall IC 61 detects magnetic flux density in the x, y and z directions by having, for example, a flat plate-shaped substrate 610 having a thickness in the z direction; Hall elements 610x1, 610x2, 610y1 and 610y2 which are provided on the substrate 610, each of which has a detection surface parallel to the xy plane, and whose detecting direction Dsz is the z direction as magnetic detection elements; a magnetic concentrator 611 that is provided so as to partially overlap the Hall elements 610x1, 610x2, 610y1 and 610y2, and that converts the magnetic flux in the x direction or the y direction into that in the z direction, and then that allows the Hall elements 610x1, 610x2, 610y1 and 610y2 to detect the magnetic flux; and a signal processing circuit (not shown) for processing signals output from the Hall elements 610x1, 610x2, 610y1 and 610y2.

[0028] The Hall IC 61 can obtain output proportional to the magnetic flux density in the x direction and the y direction by acquiring the difference between the output values of the Hall elements 610x1 and 610x2 and the difference between the output values of the Hall elements 610y1 and 610y2 by using a triaxial position sensor manufactured by Melexis or the like for example. The relationship between the magnetic flux density and the output will be described later. The distance between the Hall elements 610x1 and 610x2 and the distance between the Hall elements 610y1 and 610y2 are 0.2 mm, the thickness of the package mold part in the z direction is 1.5 mm, the width in the x direction is 4.1 mm, and the height in the y direction is 3 mm. Permalloy can be used as the magnetic concentrator 611 of the sensor 60. Further, in the sensor 60, the Hall elements 610y1 and 610y2 may be omitted.

[0029] As long as the detecting directions are the x, y and z directions, another type of element such as an MR element may be used instead of the Hall IC 61, and when the detecting directions include the x, y and z directions, a multi-axis magnetic detection IC in which a magnetic detection element is arranged in each of the plurality of axial directions may be used.

(Operation of Displacement Detection Device)



[0030] Next, the action of the embodiment will be described with reference to Figs. 1 to 8.

[0031] Figs. 5A to 5C are schematic diagrams for illustrating the operation of the displacement detection device.

[0032] As shown in Fig. 5A, in a state where the movable sheave 21 has not moved in the x direction (x = 0), that is, in a state where the movable sheave 21 and the fixed sheave 15 are farthest apart from each other, the magnetic flux induced to the concave portion 210 of the movable sheave 21 from the magnet 62 flows as shown by the arrows in the figure, the x component Bx = Bcosα1 of the magnetic flux density detected by the Hall IC 61 is largest within the moving range of the movable sheave 21. Further, the z component Bz = Bsinα1 is smallest.

[0033] Next, as shown in Fig. 5B, in a state where the movable sheave 21 has moved to the intermediate point in the x direction (x = 1/2xs), a symmetric magnetic field is formed in the z-axis direction and the x component of the magnetic flux density detected by the Hall IC 61 is zero. Furthermore, the z component Bz = B is largest within the moving range of the movable sheave 21.

[0034] Further, as shown in Fig. 5C, in a state where the movable sheave 21 has moved farthest away in the x direction (x = xs), that is, in a state where the movable sheave 21 and the fixed sheave 15 are closest to each other, magnetic flux induced from the magnet 62 to the concave portion 210 of the movable sheave 21 flows as indicated by arrows in the figure, and the x component Bx = Bcosα2 = -Bcosα1 of the magnetic flux density detected by the Hall IC 61 is maximized in the negative direction within the moving range of the movable sheave 21. In addition, the z component Bz = Bsinα2 = Bsinα1 is smallest.

[0035] As described above, the magnetic flux density detected by the Hall IC 61 is graphically shown in Figs. 6 and 7 below.

[0036] Fig. 6 is a graph showing the x component of the magnetic field detected by the Hall IC 61 with respect to the displacement amount of the movable sheave 21.

[0037] The x component of the magnetic flux density detected by the Hall IC 61 is Bx = Bcosα, and thus, Bx becomes maximum when the displacement amount of the movable sheave 21 is zero, Bx becomes zero at the intermediate point of the displacement amount (x = 1/2xs), and Bx becomes minimum at the point of the maximum displacement amount (x = xs).

[0038] Fig. 7 is a graph showing the z component of the magnetic field detected by the Hall IC 61 with respect to the displacement amount of the movable sheave 21.

[0039] The z component of the magnetic flux density detected by the Hall IC 61 is Bz = Bsinα, and thus, Bz becomes minimum when the displacement amount of the movable sheave 21 is zero, Bz becomes maximum at the intermediate point of the displacement amount (x = 1/2xs), and Bz becomes minimum again at the point of the maximum displacement amount (x = xs).

[0040] Fig. 8 is a graph showing the output of the sensor 60 with respect to the displacement amount of the movable sheave 21.

[0041] The sensor 60 calculates arctan (Bz/Bx) from the x component Bx and the z component Bz of the abovementioned magnetic flux density, calculates an angle α formed by the direction of the magnetic flux and the x axis, and outputs a voltage Vout proportional to the angle α.

(Effect of Embodiment)



[0042] According to the first embodiment described above, the concave portion 210 is formed on the circumferential surface 211 of the movable sheave 21 that is the measuring object, and the magnetic flux induced to the concave portion 210 from the magnet 62 is detected by the sensor 60, and thus, the position of the movable sheave 21 is directly detected without contact.

[0043] In the above embodiment, the Hall IC 61 detects the magnetic flux density in the x direction and the z direction, but may detect the position of the movable sheave 21 from the magnetic flux density detected only in the x direction or only in the z direction. In the case of detecting the magnetic flux density only in the x direction, a Hall IC can be used in which two Hall elements are arranged in the x direction at the center of the substrate and two magnetic concentrators are arranged outside the Hall elements.

[Other Embodiments]



[0044] It should be noted that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiment, and various modifications are possible without departing from the spirit of the present invention. For example, modifications as shown in the following modification examples are possible, and these may be combined with each other.

(Modification 1)



[0045] Fig. 9 is a cross-sectional view showing a modification example of the configuration of the movable sheave.

[0046] As the measuring object of the sensor 60, a movable sheave 21a having a protrusion 212 on the circumferential surface 211 may be used. The protrusion 212 may have a dome shape which is a shape of an inverted concave portion 210, in addition to a shape whose end portion forms a right angle in the cross section as shown in Fig. 9. Further, the protrusion 212 may be configured as a separate component from the movable sheave 21a. In addition, in the case of forming the concave portion, the periphery of the concave portion may be formed as a separate component.

(Modification 2)



[0047] Fig. 10 is a cross-sectional view showing a modification example of the configuration of the Hall IC.

[0048] In the case of detecting the magnetic flux density only in the x direction, a Hall IC 61b in which the Hall element 610x3 is disposed perpendicularly to the substrate surface of a substrate 610b may be used as the Hall IC to be used for the sensor 60 so that the detecting direction Dsx is arranged in the x direction.

(Modification 3)



[0049] Fig. 11 is a cross-sectional view showing a modification example of the configuration of the displacement detection device.

[0050] In the case of detecting the magnetic flux density in the x direction, a sensor 60a may be used in which a Hall IC 61a whose detecting direction Dsx is the normal direction of the substrate surface is used and the normal direction of the substrate surface of the Hall IC 61a is arranged in the x direction so that the detecting direction Dsx coincides with the x direction.

[0051] In the case of using the sensor 60a, the sensitivity of magnetic detection can be improved by disposing the bottom surface of the sensor 60a closer to the axis of the movable sheave 21 than the circumferential surface 211.

[0052] In the above embodiment, the displacement detection device is used for a continuously variable transmission device. However, without limiting to the continuously variable transmission device, the displacement detection device can be similarly used for any measuring object having a circumferential surface. The other devices include a motor shaft and the like. In any case, displacement can be detected without contact. Furthermore, the measuring object may not necessarily be rotated. In this case, it is not necessary to provide the concave portion or the protrusion over the entire circumference.

[0053] Further, the combination of the sensor and the magnet of the above-described embodiment is an example, and these may be used by being appropriately selected and changed to new combinations as long as the function of positional detection is not impaired and the gist of the present invention is not changed.

Industrial Applicability



[0054] A displacement detection device and a continuously variable transmission device for directly detecting the position of a movable sheave are provided.

Reference Signs List



[0055] 
10
continuously variable transmission device
11
crankshaft
12
pulley shaft
13
ramp plate
15
fixed sheave
17
cam face
19
centrifugal weight
20
drive pulley
21
movable sheave
22
belt
23
boss
24
bearing
26
arm
28
transmission case
30
actuator
32
motor
46
output rod
54
tip
55
groove
60
sensor
61
Hall IC
62
magnet
210
concave portion
211
circumferential surface
212
protrusion
610
substrate
611
magnetic concentrator



Claims

1. A displacement detection device comprising:

a magnet for forming a magnetic field;

a measuring object that is rotated in a rotational direction and displaced in a direction perpendicular to the rotational direction and has a concave portion or a protrusion on a circumferential surface; and

a sensor that is disposed between the magnet and the circumferential surface of the measuring object and that detects a change in magnetic flux density due to displacement of the measuring object in the magnetic field formed by the magnet and induced to the concave portion or the protrusion of the measuring object.


 
2. The displacement detection device according to claim 1, wherein a width of the concave portion or the protrusion in a direction in which the measuring object is displaced is substantially equal to an amount of the displacement.
 
3. A continuously variable transmission device comprising:

a magnet for forming a magnetic field;

a movable sheave having a concave portion or a protrusion on a circumferential surface; and

a sensor that is disposed between the magnet and the circumferential surface of the movable sheave and that detects a change in magnetic flux density due to displacement of the measuring object in the magnetic field formed by the magnet and induced to the concave portion or the protrusion.


 
4. A displacement detection device comprising:

a magnet for forming a magnetic field; and

a sensor that is disposed between a concave portion or a protrusion formed on a circumferential surface of a measuring object which is rotated in a rotational direction and displaced in a direction perpendicular to the rotational direction and the magnet, and that detects a change in magnetic flux density due to displacement of the measuring obj ect in the magnetic field formed by the magnet and induced to the concave portion or the protrusion of the measuring object.


 




Drawing

















































REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description