(19)
(11)EP 3 361 110 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 16853366.9

(22)Date of filing:  06.09.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F16C 11/06  (2006.01)
F16J 15/52  (2006.01)
F16J 3/04  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2016/076071
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/061212 (13.04.2017 Gazette  2017/15)

(54)

DUST COVER

STAUBSCHUTZABDECKUNG

COUVERCLE ANTI-POUSSIÈRE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 05.10.2015 JP 2015197740

(43)Date of publication of application:
15.08.2018 Bulletin 2018/33

(73)Proprietor: NOK Corporation
Tokyo 105-8585 (JP)

(72)Inventor:
  • SATO, Norihito
    Makinohara-shi Shizuoka 421-0532 (JP)

(74)Representative: TBK 
Bavariaring 4-6
80336 München
80336 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
JP-A- H08 159 146
JP-A- H08 200 517
JP-A- H08 159 146
JP-U- S5 656 918
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    [Technical Field]



    [0001] The present invention relates to a dust cover for use in a ball joint provided in various kinds of equipment in a vehicle or the like.

    [Background Art]



    [0002] A dust cover has been used in a conventional ball joint provided in various kinds of equipment in a vehicle or the like in order to prevent water or dust from coming into a joint part and prevent grease from flowing out from the joint part. With reference to Figs. 4 and 5, an exemplary conventional dust cover will be described. Fig. 4 is a schematic sectional view of the exemplary conventional dust cover. Fig. 5 is a partly enlarged sectional view of the exemplary conventional dust cover (a sectional view showing a sealing part thereof in an enlarged state).

    [0003] The ball joint includes a ball stud having a spherical part at an end of a shaft part thereof and a socket that supports the ball stud in a rotatable and swingable manner. The ball stud is attached to a knuckle or the like provided at a vehicle body.

    [0004] A dust cover 800 includes a deformable film-like body part 810, a fixed part 820 provided on one end side of the body part 810 and fixed to the socket, and a sealing part 830 provided on the other end side of the body part 810. Here, the sealing part 830 includes an inner peripheral sealing part 831 which is swingably provided at the shaft part of the ball stud and a dust lip part 832 which is provided slidably relative to the knuckle. In the illustrated conventional example, an annular groove 834 to which a snap ring is mounted is provided on an outer peripheral surface of the dust cover at a portion where the sealing part 830 is provided. Therefore, an annular protrusion 835 that protrudes radially outward is formed between an end surface of the sealing part 830 on the other end side and the annular groove 834.

    [0005] In recent years, as the ball joint has been reduced in size, an area of a surface with which the dust lip part 832 comes into close contact (such as an end surface of the knuckle) may be reduced. The dust lip part 832 is shortened to cope with the reduction. However, it is difficult to keep the shortened dust lip part 832 in close contact with the knuckle in a stable manner. The dust lip part 832 deforms to be curved in the direction indicated by the arrow R in Fig. 5 to come into close contact with the knuckle, and the shortened dust lip part 832 has a greater curvature, which may cause stress to concentrate on the base part of the dust lip part 832. This lowers the durability. In particular, in a configuration in which the annular protrusion 835 must be provided at an end of the sealing part 830 on the other end side as in the illustrated conventional example, the outer peripheral surface of the dust lip part 832 is shortened, and the above described disadvantage becomes more significant.

    [Citation List]


    [Patent Literature]



    [0006] JP H08 200517 A discloses a dust cover having the features of the preamble of independent claim 1. Further prior art is discussed in JP H08 159146 A.

    [Summary of Invention]


    [Technical Problem]



    [0007] It is an object of the present invention to provide a dust cover that allows a dust lip part thereof to offer sealing performance stably for a long period of time.

    [Solution to Problem]



    [0008] According to the invention, the object is achieved by a dust cover having the features of independent claim 1. Further advantageous developments are set out in the dependent claims.

    [0009]  According to the present invention, the outer and inner peripheral surfaces of the dust lip part can be prolonged as compared to the configuration in which the dust lip part extends toward the other end side from the position of the end surface of the annular protrusion on the other end side. Thus a curvature of the dust lip part that deforms to be curved when coming into close contact with the coupling member may be reduced. Therefore, the concentration of stress on a base part of the dust lip part or the like may be suppressed. In addition, the dust lip part can stably be in close contact with the coupling member.

    [0010] An annular groove may be provided on an outer peripheral surface of the dust cover at a portion where the sealing part is provided, and
    the annular protrusion may be formed as a portion of the dust cover between an end surface of the sealing part on the other end side and the annular groove.

    [Advantageous Effects of Invention]



    [0011] As described above, according to the present invention, the sealing performance by the dust lip part can be offered stably for a long period of time.

    [Brief Description of Drawings]



    [0012] 

    [Fig. 1]
    Fig. 1 is a schematic sectional view of a ball joint and a dust cover mounted to the ball joint according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    [Fig. 2]
    Fig. 2 is a schematic sectional view of the dust cover according to the embodiment of the present invention.

    [Fig. 3]
    Fig. 3 is a partly enlarged sectional view of the dust cover according to the embodiment of the present invention (an enlarged sectional view of a sealing part).

    [Fig. 4]
    Fig. 4 is a schematic sectional view of a dust cover according to a conventional example.

    [Fig. 5]
    Fig. 5 is a partly enlarged sectional view of the dust cover according to the conventional example (an enlarged sectional view of a sealing part).


    [Description of Embodiment]



    [0013] Now, a mode for carrying out the invention will be described in detail on the basis of an embodiment in conjunction with the accompanying drawings. Note however that the sizes, materials, shapes, and positional arrangement of components in the following description of the embodiment should not be construed as limiting the scope of the invention unless otherwise specified.

    (Embodiment)



    [0014] With reference to Figs. 1 to 3, a dust cover according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described. Fig. 1 is a schematic sectional view of a ball joint and a dust cover mounted to the ball joint according to the embodiment of the present invention. Note that Fig. 1 is a sectional view taken along a plane including a central axis line of a shaft part of a ball stud provided in the ball joint. Fig. 2 is a schematic sectional view of the dust cover according to the embodiment of the present invention. Note that Fig. 2 is a sectional view taken along a plane including the central axis line of the dust cover, which has an annular shape, in an undeformed state. Fig. 3 is a partly enlarged view of Fig. 2 and an enlarged sectional view of a sealing part.

    <Ball Joint>



    [0015] With reference to Fig. 1 in particular, an exemplary ball joint over which the dust cover 100 according to the embodiment can appropriately be used will be described. The ball joint includes a ball stud 300 having a spherical part 320 at one end of a shaft part 310, a socket 200 that supports the ball stud 300 in a rotatable and swingable manner, and a knuckle 400 as a coupling member that couples with the shaft part 310 on a side of the shaft part 310 opposite to the spherical part 320. The socket 200 includes an annular case 210, a base plate 220 fixed to the bottom side of the case 210, and a bearing 230 for the spherical part 320. The bearing 230 has a bearing surface 231 formed by a spherical surface having the same radius of curvature as that of the spherical part 320. The knuckle 400 is provided in a vehicle body or the like and the shaft part 310 of the ball stud 300 is fixed to the knuckle 400 by a nut 500. Note that the tip end of the shaft part 310 is externally threaded.

    [0016] The dust cover 100 is used to prevent water or dust from coming into a joint part and grease from flowing out from the joint part.

    <Dust Cover>



    [0017] An overall configuration of the dust cover 100 will be described. The dust cover 100 is made of an elastic material such as rubber. The dust cover 100 has, in an integral form, an annular film-like deformable body part 110, a fixed part 120 provided on one end side of the body part 110 and fixed to the socket 200, and a sealing part 130 provided on the other end side of the body part 110.

    [0018] In the dust cover 100 having the above-described configuration, when the ball stud 300 swings relative to the socket 200 (swings in the direction indicated by the arrow A), the body part 110 deforms. When the ball stud 300 rotates relative to the socket 200 (rotates in the direction indicated by the arrow B), the sealing part 130 slides relative to the shaft part 310 of the ball stud 300 and the knuckle 400. Thus the dust cover 100 performs a sealing function even when the ball stud 300 swings or rotates relative to the socket 200.

    «Fixed Part»



    [0019] An annular groove 121 is provided on an outer peripheral surface of the fixed part 120. Attaching a snap ring (circlip) 600 to the annular groove 121 allows the inner peripheral surface of the fixed part 120 to come into close contact with the case 210 of the socket 200. Thus, water and dust etc. can be prevented from coming into the joint part from a portion between the fixed part 120 and the socket 200 and grease from flowing out from the joint part.

    «Seal Part»



    [0020] The sealing part 130 according to the embodiment will be described in more detail. The sealing part 130 includes an inner peripheral sealing part that can slide relative to an outer peripheral surface of the shaft part 310 of the ball stud 300 and a dust lip part 132 that can slide relative to an end surface of the knuckle 400 as a coupling member. The inner peripheral sealing part according to the embodiment includes three annular protrusions 131a, 131b and 131c that protrude radially inwardly. Note however that the configuration of the inner peripheral sealing part is not limited to the above. For example, the inner peripheral sealing part may include one or two annular protrusions.

    [0021] The dust lip part 132 includes a part inclined radially outwardly and toward the end surface of the knuckle 400. Furthermore, according to the embodiment, an auxiliary dust sealing part 133 is provided on the radially inner side of the dust lip part 132. The auxiliary dust sealing part 133 is also configured to be slidable relative to the end surface of the knuckle 400 and serves to restrain entry of dust.

    [0022] An annular protrusion 135 that protrudes radially outward is formed at an end of the sealing part 130 on the other end side in the sealing part 130 according to the embodiment. An annular groove 134 is provided on an outer peripheral surface of the dust cover 100 at a portion where the sealing part 130 is provided. Therefore, the annular protrusion 135 is a portion of the dust cover between the end surface of the sealing part 130 on the other end side and the annular groove 134. Attaching a snap ring (circlip) 700 to the annular groove 134 allows the inner peripheral surface of the inner peripheral sealing part (annular protrusions 131a, 131b and 131c) to come into close contact with the outer peripheral surface of the shaft part 310 of the ball stud 300.

    [0023] The inner and outer peripheral surfaces of the dust lip part 132 according to the embodiment are configured to extend toward the other end side from parts 132a and 132b that are recessed toward one end side of the annular protrusion 135 with respect to the end surface 135a on the other end side.

    <Advantageous Features of Dust Cover according to Embodiment>



    [0024] As in the foregoing, with the dust cover 100 according to the embodiment, the inner and outer peripheral surfaces of the dust lip part 132 can have greater lengths than those in the conventional configuration in which the dust lip part extends toward the other end side from the position of the end surface of the annular protrusion on the other end side. Thus the dust lip part 132 that deforms to be curved when coming into close contact with the knuckle 400 may have a smaller curvature. More specifically, when coming into contact with the knuckle 400, the dust lip part 132 deforms to be curved in the direction indicated by the arrow R in Fig. 3. The dust lip part 132 can deform mildly because of the prolonged outer and inner peripheral surfaces of the dust lip part 132. Therefore, the concentration of stress on the base part of the dust lip part 132 or the like can be suppressed. The movable range of the dust lip part 132 increases, and therefore the dust lip part 132 may have increased following capability as the ball stud 300 swings relative to the socket 200. Therefore, the dust lip part 132 can be in close contact with the knuckle 400 in a stable manner. Consequently, with the dust cover 100 according to the embodiment, the sealing performance by the dust lip part 132 can be kept stable for a long period of time.

    (Other Features)



    [0025] According to the embodiment described above, the inner and outer peripheral surfaces of the dust lip part 132 are configured to extend toward the other end side from the parts 132a and 132b which are recessed toward one end side of the annular protrusion 135 with respect to the end surface 135a on the other end side. However, according to the present invention, only the outer peripheral surfaces of the dust lip part 132 may be configured to extend toward the other end side from the part which is recessed toward one end side with respect to the end surface of the annular protrusion 135 on the other end side. Since the advantageous effects as described above can still be achieved to some extent even in this configuration, the configuration may be used depending on usage condition.

    [0026] Furthermore, according to the embodiment, the knuckle 400 is the coupling member (which couples with the shaft part 310 on the side of the shaft part 310 opposite to the spherical part 320) as a member on which the dust lip part 132 slides. However, according to the present invention, the coupling member is not limited to the knuckle 400. For example, as disclosed in Japanese Patent Application Publication No. H11-63245, the present invention may be applied to a configuration in which a ferrule coupling with a shaft part is provided as a coupling member.

    [0027] In addition, according to the embodiment, the inner peripheral sealing part directly slides relative to the outer peripheral surface of the shaft part 310 of the ball stud 300. However, the present invention may be applied to a configuration in which an inner peripheral sealing part is configured to be slidable relative to an outer peripheral surface of another member fixed to a shaft part of a ball stud. For example, as disclosed in Japanese Patent Application Publication No. H11-63245, the present invention may be applied to a configuration in which an inner peripheral sealing part is configured to slide relative to a ferrule.

    [Reference Signs List]



    [0028] 
    100
    Dust cover
    110
    Body part
    120
    Fixed part
    121
    Annular groove
    130
    Sealing part
    131a, 131b, 131c
    Annular protrusion
    132
    Dust lip part
    132a, 132b
    Recessed part
    133
    Auxiliary dust sealing part
    134
    Annular groove
    135
    Annular protrusion
    135a
    End surface
    200
    Socket
    210
    Case
    220
    Base plate
    230
    Bearing
    231
    Bearing surface
    300
    Ball stud
    310
    Shaft part
    320
    Spherical part
    400
    Knuckle
    500
    Nut
    600, 700
    Snap ring (circlip)



    Claims

    1. A dust cover (100) for use in a ball joint including a ball stud (300) having a spherical part (320) at one end of a shaft part (310) thereof, a socket (200) that has a bearing (230) for the spherical part (320) and supports the ball stud (300) in a rotatable and swingable manner, and a coupling member (400) that couples with the shaft part (310) on a side of the shaft part (310) opposite to the spherical part (320),
    the dust cover (100) comprising:

    a deformable body part (110);

    a fixed part (120) provided on one end side of the body part (110) and fixed to the socket (200); and

    a sealing part (130) provided on the other end side of the body part (110) and provided slidably relative to the shaft part (310) and the coupling member (400),

    the sealing part (130) including:

    an inner peripheral sealing part (131a, 131b, 131c) that can slide relative to an outer peripheral surface of the shaft part (310); and

    a dust lip part (132) that is configured to be inclined radially outwardly and toward the other end side, and that can slide relative to an end surface of the coupling member (400), wherein

    an annular protrusion (135) that protrudes radially outward and has an end surface (135a) is formed at an end of the sealing part (130) on the other end side, and
    an outer peripheral surface of the dust lip part (132) extends toward the other end side from a recessed part (132a) of the sealing part (130) being recessed toward the one end side with respect to the end surface (135a) of the annular protrusion (135) on the other end side, characterized in that
    an inner peripheral surface and the outer peripheral surface of the dust lip part (132) extend toward the other end side beyond the end surface (135a) of the annular protrusion (135) so as to be configured to come into close contact with the coupling member (400).
     
    2. The dust cover (100) according to claim 1, wherein an annular groove (134) is provided on an outer peripheral surface of the dust cover (100) at a portion where the sealing part (130) is provided, and
    the annular protrusion (135) is a portion of the dust cover (100) between an end surface of the sealing part (130) on the other end side and the annular groove (134).
     
    3. The dust cover (100) according to claim 1 or 2, wherein an inner peripheral surface of the dust lip part (132) extends toward the other end side from a recessed part (132b) of the sealing part (130) being recessed toward the one end side with respect to the end surface (135a) of the annular protrusion (135) on the other end side.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Staubschutzabdeckung (100) zur Verwendung in einem Kugelgelenk, das einen Kugelbolzen (300) mit einem kugelförmigen Teil (320) an einem Ende von dessen Schaftteil (310), eine Aufnahme (200), die eine Lagerung (230) für den kugelförmigen Teil (320) hat und den Kugelbolzen (300) in einer drehbaren und schwenkbaren Weise stützt, und ein Kopplungsbauteil (400) umfasst, das mit dem Schaftteil (310) an einer dem kugelförmigen Teil (320) entgegengesetzten Seite koppelt,
    wobei die Staubschutzabdeckung (100) Folgendes aufweist:

    einen verformbaren Körperteil (110);

    einen fixierten Teil (120), der an einer Endseite des Körperteils (110) vorgesehen ist und an der Aufnahme (200) fixiert ist; und

    einen Dichtungsteil (130), der an der anderen Endseite des Körperteils (110) vorgesehen ist und bezüglich des Schaftteils (310) und des Kopplungsbauteils (400) verschiebbar vorgesehen ist,

    wobei der Dichtungsteil (130) Folgendes umfasst:

    einen Innenumfangsdichtungsteil (131a, 131b, 131c), der bezüglich einer Außenumfangsfläche des Schaftteils (310) gleiten kann; und

    einen Staubschutzlippenteil (132), der eingerichtet ist, um radial nach außen und in Richtung der anderen Endseite geneigt zu sein, und der bezüglich einer Endfläche des Kopplungsbauteils (400) gleiten kann,

    wobei ein ringförmiger Vorsprung (135), der radial nach außen vorsteht und eine Endfläche (135a) hat, an einem Ende des Dichtungsteils (130) an der anderen Endseite ausgebildet ist, und

    eine Außenumfangsfläche des Staubschutzlippenteils (132) sich in Richtung der anderen Endseite von einem vertieften Teil (132a) des Dichtungsteils (130) erstreckt, der in Richtung der einen Endseite bezüglich der Endfläche (135a) des ringförmigen Vorsprungs (135) an der anderen Endseite vertieft ist,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    eine Innenumfangsfläche und die Außenumfangsfläche des Staubschutzlippenteils (132) sich in Richtung der anderen Endseite über die Endfläche (135a) des ringförmigen Vorsprungs (135) hinaus erstrecken, um eingerichtet zu sein, um mit dem Kopplungsbauteil (400) in engen Kontakt zu kommen.


     
    2. Staubschutzabdeckung (100) gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei eine ringförmige Nut (134) an einer Außenumfangsfläche der Staubschutzabdeckung (100) an einem Abschnitt vorgesehen ist, an dem der Dichtungsteil (130) vorgesehen ist, und
    der ringförmige Vorsprung (135) ein Abschnitt der Staubschutzabdeckung (100) zwischen einer Endfläche des Dichtungsteils (130) an der anderen Endseite und der ringförmigen Nut (134) ist.
     
    3. Staubschutzabdeckung (100) gemäß Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei eine Innenumfangsfläche des Staubschutzlippenteils (132) sich in Richtung der anderen Endseite von einem vertieften Teil (132b) des Dichtungsteils (130) erstreck, der in Richtung der einen Endseite bezüglich der Endfläche (135a) des ringförmigen Vorsprungs (135) an der anderen Endseite vertieft ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Couvercle anti-poussière (100) destiné à être utilisé dans un joint à rotule comprenant un pivot à rotule (300) ayant une partie sphérique (320) au niveau d'une extrémité de sa partie de tige (310), une cavité (200) qui a un palier (230) pour la partie sphérique (320) et supporte le pivot à rotule (300) d'une manière rotative et oscillante, et un élément de couplage (400) qui se couple avec la partie de tige (310) sur un côté de la partie de tige (310) opposée à la partie sphérique (320),
    le couvercle anti-poussière (100) comprenant :

    une partie de corps déformable (110) ;

    une partie fixe (120) prévue sur un côté d'extrémité de la partie de corps (110) et fixée dans la cavité (200) ; et

    une partie d'étanchéité (130) prévue sur l'autre côté d'extrémité de la partie de corps (110) et prévue de manière coulissante par rapport à la partie de tige (310) et à l'élément de couplage (400),

    la partie d'étanchéité (130) comprenant :

    la partie d'étanchéité périphérique interne (131a, 131b, 131c) qui peut coulisser par rapport à une surface périphérique externe de la partie de tige (310) ; et

    une partie de lèvre anti-poussière (132) qui est configurée pour être inclinée radialement vers l'extérieur et vers l'autre côté d'extrémité, et qui peut coulisser par rapport à une surface externe de l'élément de couplage (400),

    dans lequel :

    une saillie annulaire (135) qui fait saillie radialement vers l'extérieur et a une surface d'extrémité (135a), est formée au niveau d'une extrémité de la partie d'étanchéité (130) sur l'autre côté d'extrémité, et

    une surface périphérique externe de la partie de lèvre anti-poussière (132) s'étend vers l'autre côté d'extrémité à partir d'une partie évidée (132a) de la partie d'étanchéité (130) qui est évidée vers le premier côté d'extrémité par rapport à la surface d'extrémité (135a) de la saillie annulaire (135) de l'autre côté d'extrémité, caractérisé en ce que :
    une surface périphérique interne et la surface périphérique externe de la partie de lèvre anti-poussière (132) s'étendent vers l'autre côté d'extrémité au-delà de la surface d'extrémité (135a) de la saillie annulaire (135) afin d'être configurées pour venir en contact immédiat avec l'élément de couplage (400).


     
    2. Couvercle anti-poussière (100) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel une rainure annulaire (134) est prévue sur une surface périphérique externe du couvercle anti-poussière (100) au niveau d'une partie où la partie d'étanchéité (130) est prévue, et
    la saillie annulaire (135) est une partie du couvercle anti-poussière (100) entre une surface d'extrémité de la partie d'étanchéité (130) sur l'autre côté d'extrémité et la rainure annulaire (134).
     
    3. Couvercle anti-poussière (100) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel une surface périphérique interne de la partie de lèvre anti-poussière (132) s'étend vers l'autre côté d'extrémité à partir d'une partie évidée (132b) de la partie d'étanchéité (130) qui est évidée vers le premier côté d'extrémité par rapport à la surface d'extrémité (135a) de la saillie annulaire (135) de l'autre côté d'extrémité.
     




    Drawing


















    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description