(19)
(11)EP 3 361 648 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
02.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/36

(21)Application number: 17155201.1

(22)Date of filing:  08.02.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04W 4/70(2018.01)
H04W 16/28(2009.01)
H04B 7/06(2006.01)
H04W 76/28(2018.01)

(54)

CELLULAR COMMUNICATION NETWORK USING A USER EQUIPMENT IDENTIFIER

ZELLULARES KOMMUNIKATIONSNETZ MIT EINEM IDENTIFIKATOR FÜR DAS BENUTZERENDGERÄT

RÉSEAU DE COMMUNICATION CELLULAIRE UTILISANT UN IDENTIFIANT D'ÉQUIPEMENT UTILISATEUR


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
15.08.2018 Bulletin 2018/33

(73)Proprietor: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V.
80686 München (DE)

(72)Inventors:
  • KASPARICK, Martin
    12435 Berlin (DE)
  • GARRIDO CAVALCANTE, Renato Luis
    10585 Berlin (DE)
  • WIERUCH, Dennis
    10437 Berlin (DE)
  • BERNHARD, Josef
    92507 Nabburg (DE)
  • KILIAN, Gerd
    91056 Erlangen (DE)
  • SACKENREUTER, Benjamin
    91054 Buckenhof (DE)
  • HOLFELD, Bernd
    12167 Berlin (DE)
  • FEHRENBACH, Thomas
    10587 Berlin (DE)

(74)Representative: Zimmermann, Tankred Klaus 
Schoppe, Zimmermann, Stöckeler Zinkler, Schenk & Partner mbB Patentanwälte Radlkoferstrasse 2
81373 München
81373 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2009/082333
US-A1- 2013 083 753
US-A1- 2013 022 012
  
  • J Eberspächer ET AL: "Entscheidungsalgorithmus für den Handoverzeitpunkt" In: "GSM Global System for Mobile Communication, 3rd edition", 2001, B.G. Teubner Stuttgart, DE, XP055391146, ISBN: 978-3-519-26192-6 pages 252-259, * the whole document *
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description


[0001] The present invention concerns the field of wireless communication systems, such as a mobile communication network. Embodiments of the present invention relate to the access control of network slices implemented in a wireless communication system.

[0002] In particular, the present invention concerns a cellular communication network, a base station for a cellular communication network, a method, and a non-transitory computer readable medium, as specified in the independent claims.

[0003] In current mobile networks, devices that transmit a message are typically identified by the time/frequency resources they use and which were previously assigned by the base station, or by a source-identifier that is part of the message.

[0004] In particular, so-called Internet-of-Things (loT) networks are expected to have a very high density of devices. Thus, relatively long identifiers will be needed to address each device and/or each radio bearer that a device opens for a certain service. This increases the number of bits to be transmitted, e.g. signaling for UE authentication to the network, and therefore also the power consumption.

[0005] In modern LTE (Long Term Evolution) mobile networks, the Cell Radio Network Temporary Identifier (C-RNTI) currently identifies a user equipment (UE) having a Radio Resource Control (RRC) connection within a cell and scheduling is dedicated to a particular UE. The C-RNTI is a bit string of size 16 [1, p.412] and its value can range from 1 to 65523, i.e. from 0x0001 to 0xFFF3. The base station, which is also called eNodeB or abbreviated eNB, assigns different C-RNTI values to different UEs but said C-RNTI value is unique only within one cell. C-RNTI is used for the user-specific decoding of signaling/control information on physical channels e.g. by scrambling the CRC with the C-RNTI [2].

[0006] However, C-RNTI is not used for the uplink transmission, since resource assignment is signaled by the eNB. Thus, the eNB is aware on which uplink resources the corresponding UEs are scheduled. Nevertheless, in case of NB-IOT (Narrow Band Internet-of-Things), eMTC (enhanced Machine Type Communication) and mMTC (massive Machine Type Communication), it might be not beneficial to assign exclusive uplink transmission resources to a single UE.

[0007] US 2013 / 083753 A1 may describe to use a time sharing approach, wherein RNTIs are shared between different UEs, e.g. with a 40 ms duty cycle.

[0008] WO 2009 / 082333 A1 may describe to link different configurations with different RNTIs such that a base station may assign a particular RNTI to an UE based on its desired configuration.

[0009] Thus, it is an object of the present invention to enhance identification of one or more user equipments within a cell served by a base station of a cellular communication network, wherein said enhanced identification is simple and energy efficient.

[0010] This object is achieved by the subject matter as defined in the independent claims. Embodiments and variations of the invention are defined in the dependent claims.

[0011] An aspect of the present invention concerns a cellular communication network comprising a base station serving a radio cell and at least one user equipment located within said radio cell, wherein the base station is configured to receive a radio signal from the user equipment and to determine at least one signal property of said received radio signal, wherein the base station is further configured to assign a user equipment identifier to said user equipment based on the a least one determined signal property.

[0012] In other words, the base station serves a certain radio cell and a user equipment may access said radio cell. A radio cell served by one base station may be accessed by a plurality of user equipments. In order to manage the communication of the user equipments within the radio cell, the base station assigns an identifier to each of the user equipments. Therefore, a user equipment entering the radio cell may send an access request to the base station and the base station may assign an identifier to said user equipment. In common cellular networks, the base station assigns an unique identifier to each of the user equipments within said radio cell. The assignment may be executed randomly. In common LTE networks, for instance, the base station assigns an unique RNTI (Radio Network Temporary Identifier) to each of the user equipments. This RNTI is a bit string of size 16, i.e. the RNTI uses 16 bit. Due to this large number of bits that have to be transmitted, the power consumption of the participating devices is increased.

[0013] However, the present invention suggests assigning a user equipment identifier to a user equipment not randomly but based on at least one signal property of the UE signal. That is, each user equipment may have its individual radio signal properties which is also called a footprint of the user equipment. Such footprints may be advantageous in rather stationary loT-networks, for instance. The base station of the present invention is configured to assign an identifier, i.e. a user equipment identifier, to a user equipment based on at least one signal property of the radio signal transmitted by the user equipment, e.g. based on the user equipment's footprint. Upon receipt of the user equipment's radio signal by the base station, the base station analyzes the radio signal, e.g. by determining at least one signal property. Based thereon, the base station assigns a user equipment identifier to that one user equipment.

[0014] In case of two or more user equipments within the radio cell, the present invention may allow the base station to assign two different user equipment identifiers, i.e. a first user equipment identifier associated with the first user equipment and a different second user equipment identifier associated with the second user equipment. However, the present invention also allows the base station to assign the same user equipment identifier to both the first and the second user equipment. Since the base station knows the individual footprint of each user equipment, the base station is enabled to differentiate the two user equipments by means of their individual footprints even though they might have been assigned the same identifier. Accordingly, the present invention allows for a re-use of identifiers, i.e. the base station may assign the same identifier to two different user equipments. Thus, the bit size of user equipment identifiers can be drastically reduced compared to the prior art using 16 bit C-RNTIs for example. Since the number of bits to be transmitted by a user equipment is reduced, the power consumption of the user equipment is reduced accordingly.

[0015] The above mentioned at least one signal property may be a physical signal property of the user equipment's radio signal. A physical signal property may comprise at least one of a channel impulse response, a power delay profile, a signal strength, an Angle of Arrival, data regarding the position of the user equipment, a MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output) channel statistic, an IQ (In-Phase/Quadrature) imbalance in MIMO, a variance or bias of the carrier frequency of the user equipment, or a user equipment transmit filter shape. Further physical signal properties may also be used.

[0016] According to some examples, the base station may also be configured to determine the at least one signal property from the transmitted payload, the payload comprising at least one of a destination information, a length information and a content information. Other payload information may also be used.

[0017] Another aspect of the present invention concerns a non-transitory computer progran product comprising a computer readable medium storing instructions which, when executed on a computer, perform the above mentioned method.

[0018] Embodiments and examples of the present invention are now described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
Fig. 1A
shows a cellular communication network according to an example,
Fig. 1B
shows a principle scheme of assigning a user equipment identifier according to an example,
Fig. 2A
shows a radio cell served by a base station according to an example,
Fig. 2B
shows a base station serving a radio cell having different groups of user equipment identifiers according to an example,
Fig. 3
shows an example of assigning a user equipment identifier to an user equipment in combination with spatial beamforming according to an example,
Fig. 4
shows a base station serving a radio cell in which two user equipments are located according to an example,
Fig. 5
is based on a Figure of reference [6] and shows a successful contention-based random access procedure according to an example,
Fig. 6
shows a block diagram of scrambling a checksum in combination with a user equipment identifier according to an example,
Fig. 7
shows a block diagram of an inventive method according to an example,
Fig. 8
shows a block diagram of encrypting and decrypting a message using a user equipment identifier according to an example, and
Fig. 9
shows a block diagram of an inventive method according to an example.


[0019] In the following, preferred embodiments of the present invention are described in further detail with reference to the enclosed drawings in which elements having the same or similar function are referenced by the same reference signs.

[0020] Furthermore, all explanations, statements and examples that are described with reference to a device (e.g. cellular communication network, base station, user equipment) are also valid for corresponding methods described herein.

[0021] Figures 1A and 1B show a cellular communication network 10 according to the present invention. The cellular communication network 10 comprises a base station 11 serving a radio cell 12 and at least one user equipment 13 located within said radio cell 12.

[0022] The user equipment 13 may be any kind of mobile device, such as a mobile phone, for instance, or a stationary device, such as a thermostat of a heating which are increasingly used in so-called smart homes, for instance. The present invention may be advantageously used in loT networks (Internet-of-Things) in which user equipments 13 are rather stationary. However, the present invention may also be used in common networks with moving user equipments 13, such as in mobile phone networks using LTE, 5G or the like.

[0023] The base station 11 is configured to receive a radio signal 14 from the user equipment 13 and to determine at least one signal property 15 of said received radio signal 14.

[0024] The base station 11 is further configured to assign a user equipment identifier 16 to said user equipment 13 based on the a least one determined signal property 15.

[0025] The user equipment identifier 16, in the following also referred to as a UE-identifier 16, may be a RNTI (Radio Network Temporary Identifier), for example SI-RNTI, P-RNTI, C-RNTI, Temporary C-RNTI, SPS-CRNTI, TPC-PUCCH-RNTI, TPC-PUSCH-RNTI, RA-RNTI, and M-RNTI, which abbreviations can be found in [1].

[0026] According to an example, the at least one signal property 15 may be a physical signal property of the radio signal 14 transmitted by the user equipment 13. Said physical signal property may comprise at least one of a channel impulse response, a power delay profile, a signal strength, an Angle of Arrival, data regarding the position of the user equipment, a MIMO channel statistic, an IQ imbalance in MIMO, a variance or bias of the carrier frequency of the user equipment, or a user equipment transmit filter shape.

[0027] Additionally or alternatively, the base station 11 may be configured to determine the at least one signal property 15 from the transmitted payload, the payload comprising at least one of a destination information, a length information and a content information.

[0028] Each user equipment 13 may transmit a radio signal 14 having at least one signal property 15 which is characteristic for that one user equipment 13. The determined at least one signal property 15 of a radio signal 14 transmitted by a user equipment 13 may identify that one user equipment 13 from which a received radio signal 14 originated. Since the signal properties 15 of a user equipment 13 may be individual and characteristic, the at least one determined signal property 15 may also be referred to as a fingerprint of the user equipment 13.

[0029] The base station 11 may be configured to determine a plurality of signal properties 15 of a received radio signal 14 transmitted by a user equipment 13. The more signal properties 15 the base station 11 may determine from said radio signal 14, the more detailed the determination of the fingerprint of said user equipment 13 may be.

[0030] The base station 11 may be configured to store the at least one determined signal property 15 of the radio signal 14 of the user equipment 13 together with the assigned user equipment identifier 16 of said user equipment 13 in a database.

[0031] Furthermore, the database may be a cloud-based database, such that the base station 11 may be enabled to store the at least one determined signal property 15 of a user equipment 13 together with its assigned UE-identifier 16 centrally on a server. In this case, information on UE-specific features (e.g. the at least one determined signal property 15) can be exchanged with neighboring base stations which may also collect fingerprints.

[0032] According to an example, the base station 11 may be configured to determine the at least one signal property 15 of said received radio signal 14 of the user equipment 13 during a RACH (Random Access Channel) procedure of said user equipment 13.

[0033] Figures 2A and 2B exemplarily show an advantage that can be achieved with the present invention.

[0034] As can be seen in Figure 2A, the base station 11 may serve a radio cell 12. The radio cell 12 contains a particular amount of exclusively reserved user equipment identifiers (UE-identifiers or UE-IDs). For example, the base station 11 may have exclusively reserved 16-bit such that 65.536 exclusive UE-identifiers may be assigned to user equipments located within this radio cell 12.

[0035] As can be seen in Figure 2B, in the cellular network 10 of the present invention, the base station 11 may divide its served radio cell 12 into two or more subsets c1 to c5 of UE-Identifiers. These subsets c1 to c5 will also be referred to as groups of UE-identifiers. Accordingly, the base station 11 may comprise at least a first group c1 of user equipment identifiers and a second group c2 of user equipment identifiers.

[0036] According to an example, a first group c1 may have the same size (e.g. in bits) than a second group c2. However, it may also be possible that a first group c1 may have a different size (e.g. in bits) than a second group c2.

[0037] For example, the first group c1 may have a size of 5 bits. Accordingly, the base station 11 may assign 32 exclusive UE-identifiers within said first group c1. The second group c2 may have a size of 6 bits. Accordingly, the base station 11 may assign 64 exclusive UE-identifiers within said second group c2.

[0038] The first group c1 may contain a first set of UE-identifiers, for example UE-identifiers '0' to '31'. The second group c2 may contain a second set of UE-identifiers, for example UE-identifiers from '32' to '96'.

[0039] However, one advantage of the invention is the possibility to re-use UE-identifiers. As an example, the first group c1 may contain a first set of UE-identifiers, for example UE-identifiers '0' to '31' and the second group c2 may contain UE-identifiers from '0' to '64'. Thus, at least the UE-identifiers '0' to '31' are contained in both the first group c1 and the second group c2.

[0040] According to an example, at least one of the user equipment identifiers of the first group c1 is identical to at least one of the user equipment identifiers of the second group c2, in particular if the groups c1 to c5 may have different sizes (e.g. in bits), as explained above.

[0041] According to a further example, all of the user equipment identifiers of the first group c1 are identical to the user equipment identifiers of the second group c2, in particular if the groups c1 to c5 may have the same size (e.g. in bits).

[0042] Even though identical UE-identifiers may be re-used, the base station 11 is nevertheless configured to identify the respective user equipment since the group itself is known to the base station 11. That is, the base 11 station knows (e.g. by means of storage in a database) which of the UE-identifiers of which group c1 to c5 belongs to a certain user equipment. For this purpose, the base station 11 may store an UE-identifier together with its group to which said UE-identifier belongs. As an example, a first user equipment may be assigned UE-identifer '1' from group c1, while a second user equipment may also be assigned UE-identifer '1' but from group c2.

[0043] Therefore, the present invention may provide groups c1 to c5 of UE-identifiers which can be drastically reduced in size (e.g. in bits) compared to commonly known UE-identifiers, such as 16-bit RNTI-identifiers, for example.

[0044] However, assumed that more than 65.536 user equipments may be located inside one radio cell 12, the bit size of a common RNTI (16 bit) will have to be increased accordingly. The present invention instead may still be able to further use the 16-bit RNTIs by providing different groups c1 to c5 of RNTIs, wherein each group may contain a 16-bit RNTI.

[0045] Still referring to Figure 2B, the depicted example shows a cellular network 10 comprising five groups c1 to c5 of different UE-identifiers. As mentioned above, the base station 11 may determine at least one signal property 15 of a received radio signal 14. Depending on the determined signal property 15, the base station 11 may group the respective user equipment 13 into one of the groups c1 to c5 by assigning a UE-identifier of the respective group c1 to c5 to the user equipment 13.

[0046] For example, the base station 11 may detect a first user equipment 131 and identifies it (by means of determining its at least one signal property 15) as being a smart watch. Accordingly, the base station 11 groups the smart watch UE 131 into group c1 (which may be a smart watch group) and assigns a UE-identifier 161A of said first group c1 to the user equipment 13 (smart watch).

[0047] If the base station 11 would instead identify the first user equipment 131 as being a thermostat (by means of determining its at least one signal property 15), the base station 11 would group this user equipment 131 into second group c2 (which may be a thermostat group) and assigns a UE-identifier 161A of said second group c2 to the user equipment 131 (thermostat).

[0048] Thus, according to an example, the base station 11 may be configured to selectively assign either a user equipment identifier 16 of the first group c1 or a user equipment identifier of the second group c2 to a user equipment 13 based on the at least one determined signal property of said user equipment 13.

[0049] According to a further example, the base station 11 may detect a second user equipment 132 and may identify it (by means of determining its at least one signal property 15) as also being a smart watch. Accordingly, the base station 11 groups this second smart watch UE 132 also into group c1 (which may be a smart watch group) and assigns a UE-identifier 161B of said first group c1 to the second user equipment 132 (smart watch).

[0050] However, if the base station 1 may identify the second user equipment 132 as being a thermostat, for example, the base station 11 may group said second user equipment 132 (thermostat) into group c2 (which may be a thermostat group) and assigns a UE-identifier 161A of said second group c2 to the second user equipment 132 (thermostat).

[0051] As can be seen in the above mentioned example, the same UE-identifier 161A may be assigned both to a smart watch 131 and to a thermostat 132. However, since the UE-identifer 161A each time belongs to a different group c1 or c2, both user equipments 131, 132 can still be distinguished from each other.

[0052] By way of a more abstract example, the base station 11 may correlate the determined signal property 151 of a first user equipment 131 (e.g. smart watch) with the determined signal property 152 of a second user equipment 132 (e.g. thermostat).

[0053] If the base station 11 determines a high correlation between both signal properties 151, 152, the base station 11 groups both user equipments 131, 132 into the same group c1. If the base station 11, however, determines a rather low correlation between both signal properties 151, 152, the base station 11 groups the first user equipment 131 into a first group c1 and groups the second user equipment 132 into a second group c2.

[0054] Thus, according to an example, the base station 11 is configured to receive a first radio signal 141 from a first user equipment 131 and a second radio signal 142 from a second user equipment 132 and to determine an amount of correlation between the first and second radio signals 141, 142, wherein the base station 11 is configured, based on the determined amount of correlation, to either assign a user equipment identifier 16 of the first group c1 to the first user equipment 131 and a user equipment identifier of the second group c2 to the second user equipment 132, or to assign different user equipment identifiers of the first group c1 to each of the first and the second user equipment 131, 132.

[0055] Instead of grouping user equipments 13 into groups of device specific properties (smart watch, thermostat, TV, etc.), as explained by way of the non-limiting example above, it may also be possible to define other kind of groups, for example location specific groups, wherein each user equipment 13 located in the south of the base station 11 will be grouped into group c1 (south) while each user equipment 13 located in the north of the base station 11 will be grouped into group c4 (north). More generally speaking, the kind of groups may depend on the respective determined signal properties which are of interest.

[0056] As mentioned above, the base station 11 may be configured to create a user equipment specific fingerprint by storing both the at least one determined signal property 15 and the respectively assigned UE-identifer 16 into a database.

[0057] According to an example, the base station 11 may be configured to store the at least one determined signal property 15 of the received radio signal 14 of the user equipment 13 into a specific user equipment feature vector a.

[0058] One approach (not excluding other options) for collecting or determining signal properties 15 could be the construction of a feature vector of the following type:

as described, for example, in reference [4], where the samples of the CIR (Channel Impulse Response) are collected in vector h which comes together with the collection of other features in vector a, possibly normalized by the variance of the respective feature.

[0059] For example, each of the aforementioned groups c1 to c5 of UE-identifiers, i.e. each group c_i, may be characterized by a single feature vector a_i, which might be an average of the feature vectors of all UEs 13 already included in that specific group c_i. A new UE 13, so far unknown to the base station 11, transmits a random access burst, then the features 15 are calculated/estimated and vector a_new is established. Some distance metric of a_new to all vectors a_i is minimized, e.g.

where ||.|| denotes an arbitrary norm (NOTE: alternatively, each vector may be mapped to a different metric space and distances may be computed in this mapped feature vector). After solving the above optimization problem, the UE 13 may be assigned to group i if not already full. If an UE 13 with same RNTI 16 is already in the same group, a possible solution is to have them run on different DRX cycles or differentiate the control channel in frequency.

[0060] Thus, according to an example, the base station 11 may comprise a first group c1 of user equipment identifiers 16 and a second group c2 of user equipment identifiers 16, wherein the base station 11 may be configured to create a first group feature vector a1 for the first group c1 of user equipment identifiers 16 and a second group feature vector a2 for the second group c2 of user equipment identifiers 16, wherein each of the group feature vectors a1, a2 comprises the average of all of the specific user equipment feature vectors hi of those user equipments 13 that are already contained in the respective group c1, c2 of user equipment identifiers 16.

[0061] As mentioned above, the base station 11 may execute a correlation between the signal properties 15 of different user equipments 13 in order to determine into which group ci of user equipment identifiers 16 a new user equipment 13 may best fit. Such a correlation may also be executed with the aforementioned feature vectors hi, ai for the same purpose.

[0062] According to an example, the base station 11 may be configured to compare the specific user equipment feature vector anew of the user equipment 13 with at least the first group feature vector a1 of the first group c1 of user equipment identifiers 16, and wherein the base station 11 may further be configured to either assign a user equipment identifier 16 of the first group c1 of user equipment identifiers to the user equipment 13 if a difference between the user equipment feature vector anew and the first group feature vector a1 is below a predetermined threshold value, or to assign a user equipment identifier 16 of the second group c2 of user equipment identifiers to the user equipment 13 if a difference between the user equipment feature vector anew and the first group feature vector a1 exceeds a predetermined threshold value.

[0063] As mentioned above, the same UE-identifier 161A may be assigned both to a first user equipment (UE) 131 and to a second UE 132. However, as long as the UE-identifer 161A each time belongs to a different group c1 or C2, both user equipments 131, 132 can still be distinguished from each other.

[0064] However, it may happen that two UEs 131, 132 having the same UE-identifier 16 are contained in the same group ci of identifiers. The present invention may also deal with this problem.

[0065] According to an example, if a first user equipment 131 and a second user equipment 132 are assigned the same user equipment identifier 16i within the same group ci of user equipment identifiers, the base station 11 may be configured to have the first and second user equipments 131, 132 run on different discontinuous reception (DRX) cycles or to differentiate the control channel in frequency.

[0066] Additionally or alternatively to the examples above, the cellular communication network 10 of the present invention may also exploit spatial beamforming, as will be explained below with reference to Figure 3.

[0067] Figure 3 shows an example of a cellular communication network 10 comprising a base station 11, a first user equipment 131 and a second user equipment 132. The base station 11 is connected to a database 30.

[0068] As can be seen, the base station 11 uses spatial beamforming, wherein a first beam 31 is directed to the position of the first UE 131 while a second beam 32 is directed to the second UE 132.

[0069] The first beam 31 may be a receive beam, i.e. a beam originating from the first UE 131 and being received by the base station 11, or a transmit beam, i.e. a beam being transmitted from the base station 11 to the first UE 131.

[0070] The second beam 32 may be a receive beam, i.e. a beam originating from the second UE 132 and being received by the base station 11, or a transmit beam, i.e. a beam being transmitted from the base station 11 to the second UE 132.

[0071] The receive beam 31 of the first UE 131 carries the radio signal 141 transmitted by the first UE 131. The receive beam 32 of the second UE 132 carries the radio signal 142 transmitted by the second UE 132.

[0072] According to an example, the base station 11 may be configured to receive a receive beam 31, 32 originating from a user equipment 131, 132, the receive beam 31, 32 carrying the radio signal 141, 142, and wherein the base station 11 may further be configured to determine, as the at least one signal property 151, 152 of said radio signal 141, 142, the direction of said receive beam 31, 32 in order to estimate the position of the user equipment 131, 132, and to assign a user equipment identifier 16 to the user equipment 131, 132, the user equipment identifier 16 depending on the determined direction of the receive beam 31, 32.

[0073] In other words, the base station 11 may be configured to receive, in a receive beam 31, the radio signal 14 from the UE 13, The base station 11 may then determine at least one signal property 15. In this case, the base station 11 determines the direction of the receive beam 31, for instance, by determining an AoA (Angle of Arrival).

[0074] Thus, the base station 11 knows the position of each UE 131, 132 located inside its radio cell. Accordingly, the base station 11 may assign the same UE-identifier 16 to both the first UE 131 and the second UE 132, provided that both UEs 131, 132 are located at a different position. The base station 11 may store the respective UE 131, 132 together with its position and the (possibly identical) UE-identifier 16 in database 30. As mentioned above, the position of the respective UE 131, 132 may be determined by determining the at least one signal property 15, which may in this case be any position information, such as an AoA, for example.

[0075] According to an example, the base station 11 is configured to assign a user equipment identifier 16 to a first user equipment 131 at a first position and to assign the same user equipment identifier 16 to a second user equipment 132 at a second position, wherein the base station 11 is further configured to transmit, by means of spatial beam forming, a transmission beam 31, 32 carrying a transmission radio signal 141, 142 selectively to either the first user equipment or the second user equipment 131, 132 depending on the previously determined direction of the receive beam 31, 32.

[0076] Additionally or alternatively, the base station 11 may exploit the knowledge of the position of the respective UE 131, 132 in another way, i.e. without using spatial beamforming. Such an example shall be explained with reference to Figure 4.

[0077] Figure 4 shows two UEs 131, 132 located at different positions within the radio cell 12 served by the base station 11. As explained above, the base station 11 may know the position of each of the UEs 131, 132 by determining the at least one signal property 15. Each of the UEs 131, 132 may be assigned the same (or a different) UE-identifier 16 in combination with its respective position information.

[0078] In the example of Figure 4, the base station 11 may transmit a radio signal 41 (shadowed circle) throughout its entire radio cell 12. Accordingly, both the first UE 131 and the second UE 132 may receive that signal. However, since the radio signal 41 may comprise the UE-identifier 16 in combination with the respective position information of the respective UE 131, 132 that is to be addressed by said radio signal 41, the correct UE 131, 132, i.e. the intended recipient of the message, receives the message.

[0079] The above example holds true for uplink and downlink communications.

[0080] According to an example, the base station 11 may be configured to assign a user equipment identifier 16 to a first user equipment 131 at a first position and to assign the same user equipment identifier 16 to a second user equipment 132 at a second position, wherein the base station 11 may further be configured to transmit a transmission radio signal 41 to be received by both the first and the second user equipment 131, 132, wherein the transmission radio signal 41 contains the user equipment identifier 16 and a position information of that one user equipment 131, 132 that is the intended recipient of the transmission radio signal 41.

[0081] According to the above described examples, a fingerprinting approach by spatial separation for C-RNTI, for instance, can be exploited for a random access procedure. In legacy systems a collision in the random access attempt may occur whenever two devices randomly select the same random access sequence for the same PRACH from the sequence pool.

[0082] However, if the random access preambles are separated through receive beams 31, 32 (cf. Figure 3) a collision can be avoided. The eNB 11 can detect both random access preambles separately through both receive beams 31, 32. Consequently, the eNB 11 can initiate a random access response for both UEs, incorporating the corresponding transmission beam. Figure 5, which is based on a Figure of reference [6], shows a successful contention-based random access procedure.

[0083] There are two options for the reported C-RNTI.
  1. (1) For both UEs 131, 132 the same UE-identifier 16 (e.g. C-RNTI) is used, so that in the following the UEs 131, 132 are always targeted by the combination of C-RNTI and spatial beamforming (cf. Figure 3).
  2. (2) The corresponding initial receive beam is incorporated into the UE-identifier 16 (e.g. C-RNTI). Consequently, both users 131, 132 are uniquely identified by the C-RNTI independently from the spatial beamforming and therefore their position.


[0084] Additionally or alternatively, in order to gain more detailed radio channel information (e.g. in terms of high channel resolution) and to exploit small variations in fingerprints, an optional feature could be to allow initial transmissions of short high-power impulses that spread over a large bandwidth in the frequency domain.

[0085] According to an example, the base station 11 is configured to receive, from the user equipment 13, short high-power impulses that spread over a large bandwidth in the frequency domain including out-of-band frequency areas, wherein the base station 11 is configured to determine the at least one signal property 15 from said short high-power impulses.

[0086] A precondition to run such a scheme is system support for short-term exploitation of out-of-band frequency areas (may be enabled in the future). Otherwise, the channel characteristics, from which the signal properties 15 are derived, can be exploited within the covered bandwidth.

[0087] Additionally or alternatively, the inventive concept may provide for enhanced message decoding by means of accelerated transmitter identification using the at least one determined signal property 15.

[0088] An eNB 11 may identify a transmitting user equipment 13 (in uplink) based on a scrambled checksum. The scrambling sequence that may be used to alter the checksum, identifies the transmitter, see Figure 6.

[0089] In order to accelerate the search process for the correct UE-Identifier 16, the physical features, i.e. the determined at least one signal property 15, of the receive signal is/are used. That is, UE-identifiers with a higher likelihood with respect to the physical features 15 are tested first.

[0090] According to an example, the user equipment 13 may be configured to generate a message 51 comprising a checksum 52, wherein the checksum 52 is calculated by a combination with the user equipment identifier 16 of the user equipment 13, and wherein the user equipment 13 is further configured to transmit said message 51 by means of a radio signal 14.

[0091] According to a further example, the base station 11 is configured to receive the radio signal 14 containing the message 51 comprising the checksum 52, and the base station 11 may further be configured to select, based on the at least one determined signal property 15 of said received radio signal 14, the correct user equipment identifier 16 for re-calculating the checksum 52.

[0092] In other words, the base station 11 receives a radio signal 14 and determines the at least one signal property 15. Based on this signal property 15 the base station 11 knows from which group ci of UE-identifiers, and/or from which position the received radio signal 14 was transmitted. Accordingly, the base station 11 tries those UE-identifiers 16 of the UEs 13 first which may have the highest correlation with the signal properties of the received radio signal 14.

[0093] Figure 7 shows a block diagram of an inventive method.

[0094] In block 71, a radio signal 14 from a user equipment 13 that is located within a radio cell 12 served by a base station 11 of a cellular communication network 10 is received.

[0095] In block 72, at least one signal property 15 of said received radio signal 14 is received.

[0096] In block 73, a user equipment identifier 16 is assigned to said user equipment 13 based on the at least one determined signal property 15.

[0097] Figure 8 shows a further example of the invention, wherein message decryption in authentication processes is supported by means of the at least one determined signal property 15.

[0098] A transmitter, which may be a UE 13 in uplink mode, may authenticate itself towards a receiver, which may be a base station 11 in uplink mode, by encrypting the checksum of a message 51 with its private key 81, or for the symmetric case, by a key known to both transmitter 13 and receiver 11. The receiver 11 will decrypt the checksum and verify the result against its own checksum calculation.

[0099] In conventional systems, if the ID of the transmitter 13 (e.g. an UE-identifier 16) is not part of the message 51, the receiver 11 will only know who sent the message upon successful decryption of the checksum. I.e., after the decoder has selected the appropriate key, which implicitly identifies the transmitter 13. Since the decoder has to iteratively try each decryption key, the process may be computational expensive.

[0100] However, according to the invention, this process may be accelerated if physical features of the transmitter 13, i.e. the at least one determined signal property 15, is/are taken into account, such as depicted in Figure 8.

[0101] According to an example, the user equipment 13 is configured to encrypt a message 51 using a user equipment specific encryption key 81 and to transmit said encrypted message 21 by means of a radio signal 14.

[0102] The base station 11 is configured to receive said radio signal 14 from the user equipment 13 and to determine at least one signal property 15 of said received radio signal 14.

[0103] The base station 11 is further configured to decrypt the encrypted message 51 using a decryption key 83, wherein the decryption key 83 is selected based on the at least one determined signal property 15.

[0104] In an embodiment where all features are collected in a vector (e.g. as described above), a metric may be defined or a classifier may be trained to provide a notion of distance between a given reference signal and the signal of a specific user equipment 13. By doing so, the following algorithm may be used



[0105] Thus, according to an example, the base station 11 may be configured to compare the at least one determined signal property 15 of the received radio signal 14 with previously determined reference signal properties of previously received radio signals, and the base station 11 may further be configured to select the decryption key of that one previously determined signal property which comprises the highest correlation with the at least one determined signal property 15 of the received radio signal 14.

[0106] If the selected decryption key was not correct, the base station 11 tries the next closest UE 13. In more detail, the base station 11 tries the decryption key related with that one user equipment 13 comprising a signal property 15 having the next highest correlation with the previously determined signal property.

[0107] Thus, according to an example, if the decryption key of that one previously determined signal property which comprises the highest correlation with the at least one determined signal property of the received radio signal 14 was incorrect, the base station11 may be configured to use the decryption key of that one previously determined signal property which comprises the next highest correlation with the at least one determined signal property 15 of the received radio signal 14.

[0108] The base station 11 may search the decryption keys until the correct decryption key was found. However, compared to common methods, the time for searching the correct decryption key is significantly reduced due to the exploitation of the at least one determined signal property 15.

[0109] Figure 9 shows a corresponding method for decryption enhancement according to an example.

[0110] In block 91, a radio signal 14 from a user equipment 13 that is located within a cell 12 served by a base station 11 of a cellular communication network 10 is received, the radio signal 14 carrying a message 51 that is encrypted with a user equipment specific encryption key 81.

[0111] In block 92, at least one signal property 15 of said received radio signal 14 is determined.

[0112] In block 93, the encrypted message 51 is decrypted using a decryption key 83, wherein the decryption key 83 is selected based on the at least one determined signal property 15.

[0113] In the following, the invention shall be summarized in other words:
In current mobile networks, devices 13 that transmit a message are typically identified by the time/frequency resources they use and which were previously assigned by the base station 11 or an source-identifier that is part of the message.

[0114] The identifier can become large, especially for loT networks with many devices 13. To shorten this identifier or even completely omit it, a fingerprinting scheme based on device specific properties is proposed.

[0115] A full identification of the device 13 is needed only once and future messages can be associated with a unique device 13, based on properties 15 contained in the device transmit signal 14 (e.g. angle-of-arrival, power-delay-profile, or higher layer payload features, e.g. destination IP/Port).

[0116] This principle can further be used in combination with encrypted messages. The key used for encryption can be seen as unique identifier. The properties 15 of the source-device (e.g. UE 13) of a message can accelerate the decoding process:
The base station 11 needs to trial multiple decryption keys, if the source device 13 is not known beforehand. Taking into account the device properties 15, only a subset of all keys (all devices associated with a base station 11) needs to be trialed.

Problem



[0117] Internet-of-Things (loT) networks are expected to have a very high density of devices 13. Thus, relatively long identifiers will be needed to address each device 13 and/or each radio bearer that a device 13 opens for a certain service. This increases the number of bits to be transmitted (e.g. signaling for UE authentication to the network) and therefore also the power consumption.

State-of-the-Art: Identification of devices in LTE



[0118] Currently in LTE networks, the cell radio network temporary identifier (C-RNTI) identifies a UE 13 having a RRC (Radio Resource Control) connection within a cell 12 and scheduling is dedicated to a particular UE 13. The C-RNTI is a bit string of size 16 [1, p.412] and its value can range from 1 to 65523 (0x0001 to 0xFFF3). It might be even possible that the 16 bit C-RNTI will be extended to support mobility in future releases. The eNB 11 assigns different C-RNTI values to different UEs 13 but it is unique only within one cell 12. C-RNTI is used for the user-specific decoding of signaling/control information on physical channels e.g. by scrambling the CRC with the C-RNTI [2].

[0119] However, C-RNTI is not used for the uplink transmission, since resource assignment is signaled by the eNB 11. Thus, the eNB 11 is aware on which uplink resources the corresponding UEs 13 are scheduled. Nevertheless, in the case of NB-IOT, eMTC and mMTC, it might be not beneficial to assign exclusive uplink transmission resources to a single UE 13. In this context an identifier, like exemplary the C-RNTI, could be of use to uniquely link the uplink signal to the corresponding UE 13.

[0120] In the following, some of the above described examples of the present invention are explained in other words:

E1. Supporting C-RNTI with physical UE parameters to allow RNTI reuse within one cell while also enabling variable/shorter C-RNTI sizes



[0121] It is proposed to exploit fingerprinting of physical UE characteristics 15 in addition to the current UE identification based on C-RNTI. Consequently, RNTI may be reused within UEs 13 of one cell 12 and its length in bits may be shortened or kept variable which potentially allows signaling reduction.

[0122] Such a scheme could be especially helpful in loT scenarios where some devices are stationary, resulting in rather static link conditions. Also for wireless communication in processes with repeated patterns/tracks and almost constant environment, the radio link may be strongly correlated at re-occurring spots/segments/positions, see e.g. studies on wireless control of discrete manufacturing processes in [3].

Application example:


Initial feature exploitation and storage in databases at eNB 11 using appropriate channel/feature exploitation signals:



[0123] Assume that eNBs 11 maintain a database to store physical features 15 of the (connected) UEs 13. The initial feature computation for e.g. UE 'A' 131 may be performed during the RACH procedure of UE 'A'. The (serving) eNB 11 analyses appropriate physical properties 15 of the UE transmit signals 14.

[0124] In order to gain more detailed radio channel information (e.g. in terms of high channel resolution) and to exploit small variations in fingerprints, an optional feature could be to allow initial transmissions of short high-power impulses that spread over a large bandwidth in the frequency domain. A precondition to run such a scheme is system support for short-term exploitation of out-of-band frequency areas. Otherwise, the channel characteristics, from which the physical properties 15 are derived, can be exploited within the covered bandwidth.

[0125] These properties 15 are stored into the database. As shown in Figure 2B, an eNB 11 maintains N sets of UE identifiers 16 (e.g. RNTIs) c_n, where there are different RNTIs within each individual set n∈N but RNTIs re-occur over all sets, i.e. c_1 = c_2 = ... = c_N.

[0126] If the correlation of the considered physical properties 15 of UE 'A' 131 and UE 'B' 132 is high, both UEs 131, 132 will be assigned a RNTI from the same set, ensuring a distinction via different RNTIs.

[0127] If, on the other hand, the correlation is low, both UEs 131, 132 can be assigned the same RNTI (from different sets) since it is still possible to differentiate the two by their physical properties 15.

[0128] In case of mobility (or in general), an update of the feature storage process could be either message-triggered or be obtained periodically.

[0129] After the initial PRACH procedure, the UL (Uplink) UE 13 may transmit in a one-shot manner where identification is by group/set ID together with physical properties 15 at eNB 11.

Examples for device-specific properties:



[0130] Some potential physical properties 15 to be analyzed individually or combined (to derive a better measure) are listed below:
  • Channel impulse response, e.g. shown in [4]: Power Delay Profile (PDP), Power Spectral Density (PSD)
  • Signal strength: Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI), Reference Signal Received Power (RSRP)
  • Angle(s) of Arrival
  • Data on UE position (e.g. along a track, in a specific environment)
  • MIMO channel statistics (in case multiple antennas are used)
  • IQ Imbalance in MIMO [5]
  • Variance/bias of the UE carrier frequency
  • UE transmit filter shape; PA nonlinearities of the UE


[0131] It might also be possible to utilize other, not directly physical but device-specific properties such as:
  • Payload sent: Destination (IP), length and content


[0132] One approach (not excluding other options) for the collection of such signal properties 15 could be the construction of a feature vector of the following type



[0133] as described, for example, in reference [4], where the samples of the CIR (Channel Impulse Response) are collected in vector h which comes together with the collection of other features in vector a, possibly normalized by the variance of the respective feature.

[0134] For example, each RNTI group c_i may be characterized by a single feature vector a_i, which might be an average of the feature vectors of all UEs 13 already included in that specific group. A new UE 13, so far unknown to the eNB 11, transmits a random access burst, then the features are calculated/estimated and vector a_new is established. Some distance metric of a_new to all vectors a_i is minimized, e.g.

where ||.|| denotes an arbitrary norm (NOTE: alternatively, each vector can be mapped to a different metric space and distances can be computed in this mapped feature vector). After solving the above optimization problem, the UE 13 can be assigned to group 'i' if not already full. If UE 13 with same RNTI is already in the same group, a possible solution is to have them run on different DRX cycles or differentiate the control channel in frequency.

Extension towards cloud-based data storage:



[0135] Assume the eNB 11 maintains a cloud database, i.e. information on device-specific features 15 (fingerprints) can be exchanged with neighbor eNBs 11 which also collects fingerprints. Then, it is proposed to provide a cloud service to help identifying the transmitting UE 13.

E2. Full UE identification based on physical UE_parameters without use of RNTI for UEs within one cell



[0136] In this example, it is proposed an option of fingerprint-based device identification solely based on device-specific features as described in example E1 above (after the initial RACH procedure). This could be applicable for networks with highly static environments.

E3. Enhanced message decoding


E3.1. Support of message decryption in authentication processes by using physical UE parameters



[0137] As shown in Figure 8, a sender (e.g. UE 13) may authenticate itself towards the receiver (e.g. eNB 11) by encrypting the checksum of a message with its private key 81, or for the symmetric case, by a key known to both sender 13 and receiver 11. The receiver 11 will decrypt the checksum and verify the result against its own checksum calculation.

[0138] If the sender ID 16 is not part of the message, the receiver 11 will only know who sent the message upon successful decryption of the checksum, i.e., after the decoder has selected the appropriate key, which implicitly identifies the sender 13. The process may be computational expensive, but can be accelerated if physical features 15 of sender 13 are taken into account.

Application example:



[0139] In an embodiment, where all features are collected in a vector (e.g. as described in example E1 above), a metric can be defined or a classifier can be trained to provide us with a notion of distance between a given reference signal and the signal of a specific user. By doing so, we can use the following algorithm:


E3.2. Accelerated sender identification by using physical UE parameters.



[0140] As shown in Figure 6, an eNB 11 may identify a transmitting device 13 (in uplink) based on a scrambled checksum. The scrambling sequence that was used to alter the checksum, identifies the sender 13.

[0141] In order to accelerate the search process for the correct UE-identifier 16, the physical features 15 of the receive signal are used. That is, identifiers with a higher likelihood with respect to the physical features 15 are tested first.

E4. Collision Reduction of Random Access Attempt and C-RNTI Response



[0142] As shown in Figures 3, 4 and 5, a fingerprinting approach by spatial separation for C-RNTI can be exploited for the random access procedure. In legacy systems a collision in the random access attempt occurs whenever two devices 131, 132 randomly select the same random access sequence for the same PRACH from the sequence pool. However, if the random access preambles are separated through receive beams 31, 32 a collision can be avoided. The eNB 11 can detect both random access preambles separately through both receiver beams 31, 32. Consequently, the eNB 11 can initiate a random access response for both UEs 131, 132, incorporating the corresponding transmission beam 31, 32. There are two options for the reported C-RNTI 16.
  1. (1) For both UEs 131, 132 the same C-RNTI 16 is used, so that in the following the UEs 131, 132 are always targeted by the combination of C-RNTI 16 and spatial beamforming.
  2. (2) The corresponding initial receive beam is incorporated into the C-RNTI 16. Consequently, both users 131, 132 are uniquely identified by the C-RNTI 16 independently from the spatial beamforming and therefore their position.

Benefits of the Invention



[0143] 
  • Reduced power consumption of the loT-UE.
  • Radio resource savings due to less (explicitly) transmitted information bits.
  • Possibility for ID sharing.
  • Reduced decoding delay and computation time in the eNB
  • This approach works well for mainly static devices/UEs.

Application fields


IoT Cellular Networks (NB-IoT, mMTC, eMTC), Sensor Networks, mmWave Networks



[0144] Although some aspects of the described concept have been described in the context of an apparatus, it is clear that these aspects also represent a description of the corresponding method, where a block or a device corresponds to a method step or a feature of a method step. Analogously, aspects described in the context of a method step also represent a description of a corresponding block or item or feature of a corresponding apparatus.

[0145] Depending on certain implementation requirements, embodiments of the invention may be implemented in hardware or in software. The implementation may be performed using a digital storage medium, for example cloud storage, a floppy disk, a DVD, a Blue-Ray, a CD, a ROM, a PROM, an EPROM, an EEPROM or a FLASH memory, having electronically readable control signals stored thereon, which cooperate (or are capable of cooperating) with a programmable computer system such that the respective method is performed. Therefore, the digital storage medium may be computer readable.

[0146] Some embodiments according to the invention comprise a data carrier having electronically readable control signals, which are capable of cooperating with a programmable computer system, such that one of the methods described herein is performed.

[0147] Generally, embodiments of the present invention may be implemented as a computer program product with a program code, the program code being operative for performing one of the methods when the computer program product runs on a computer. The program code may for example be stored on a machine readable carrier.

[0148] Other embodiments comprise the computer program for performing one of the methods described herein, stored on a machine readable carrier. In other words, an embodiment of the inventive method is, therefore, a computer program having a program code for performing one of the methods described herein, when the computer program runs on a computer.

[0149] A further embodiment of the inventive methods is, therefore, a data carrier (or a digital storage medium, or a computer-readable medium) comprising, recorded thereon, the computer program for performing one of the methods described herein. A further embodiment of the inventive method is, therefore, a data stream or a sequence of signals representing the computer program for performing one of the methods described herein. The data stream or the sequence of signals may for example be configured to be transferred via a data communication connection, for example via the Internet. A further embodiment comprises a processing means, for example a computer, or a programmable logic device, configured to or adapted to perform one of the methods described herein. A further embodiment comprises a computer having installed thereon the computer program for performing one of the methods described herein.

[0150] In some embodiments, a programmable logic device (for example a field programmable gate array) may be used to perform some or all of the functionalities of the methods described herein. In some embodiments, a field programmable gate array may cooperate with a microprocessor in order to perform one of the methods described herein. Generally, the methods are preferably performed by any hardware apparatus.

[0151] The above described embodiments are merely illustrative for the principles of the present invention. It is understood that modifications and variations of the arrangements and the details described herein will be apparent to others skilled in the art. It is the intent, therefore, to be limited only by the scope of the impending patent claims and not by the specific details presented by way of description and explanation of the embodiments herein.


Claims

1. A cellular communication network (10) comprising a base station (11) serving a radio cell (12) and at least a first and a second user equipment (131, 132) located within said radio cell (12),

wherein the base station (11) is configured to receive a first radio signal (141) from the first user equipment (131) and to receive a second radio signal (142) from the second user equipment (132) and to determine at least one physical signal property (15) of said received first and second radio signals (141, 142),

wherein the base station (11) is further configured to assign a user equipment identifier (16) to each of said first and second user equipments (131, 132),

wherein the base station (11) comprises a first group (c1) of user equipment identifiers (16) and a second group (c2) of user equipment identifiers (16), wherein at least one of the user equipment identifiers (16) of the first group (c1) is identical to at least one of the user equipment identifiers (16) of the second group (c2), or wherein all of the user equipment identifiers (16) of the first group (c1) are identical to the user equipment identifiers (16) of the second group (c2), and

wherein the base station (11) is configured to selectively assign a user equipment identifier (161A) of the first group (c1) to the first user equipment (131) and an identical user equipment identifier (161A) of the second group (c2) to the second user equipment (132) based on the at least one determined physical signal property (15) of said first and second user equipments (131, 132).


 
2. The cellular communication network (10) of claim 1, wherein the base station (11) is configured to receive the first radio signal (141) from the first user equipment (131) and the second radio signal (142) from the second user equipment (132) and to determine an amount of correlation between the first and second radio signals (141, 142), wherein the base station (11) is configured, based on the determined amount of correlation, to either assign a user equipment identifier (161A) of the first group (c1) to the first user equipment (131) and a user equipment identifier (162A) of the second group (c2) to the second user equipment (132), or to assign different user equipment identifiers (161A, 161B) of the first group (c1) to each of the first and the second user equipment (131, 132).
 
3. The cellular communication network (10) of claim 2, wherein, if the first user equipment (131) and the second user equipment (132) are assigned the same user equipment identifier (16) within the same group (ci) of user equipment identifiers, the base station (11) is configured to have the first and second user equipments (131, 132) run on different discontinuous reception (DRX) cycles or to differentiate the control channel in frequency.
 
4. The cellular communication network (10) of one of the preceding claims, wherein the base station (11) is configured to store the at least one determined physical signal property (15) of the first and second radio signals (141, 142) of the first and second user equipments (131, 132) together with the assigned user equipment identifier (16) of said first and second user equipments (131, 132) in a database (30).
 
5. The cellular communication network (10) of one of the preceding claims, wherein the base station (11) is configured to store the at least one determined physical signal property (15) of the received first and second radio signals (141, 142) of the first and second user equipments (131, 132) into a specific user equipment feature vector (anew).
 
6. The cellular communication network (10) of claim 5, wherein the base station (11) is configured to create a first group feature vector (a1) for the first group (c1) of user equipment identifiers (16) and a second group feature vector (a2) for the second group (c2) of user equipment identifiers (16), wherein each of the group feature vectors (a1, a2) comprises the average of all of the specific user equipment feature vectors (a) of those user equipments (13) that are already contained in the respective group (c1, c2) of user equipment identifiers (16).
 
7. The cellular communication network (10) of claim 6, wherein the base station (11) is configured to compare the specific user equipment feature vector (anew) of the first and second user equipments (131, 132) with at least the first group feature vector (a1) of the first group (c1) of user equipment identifiers, and wherein the base station (11) is further configured to

either assign a user equipment identifier (161) of the first group (c1) of user equipment identifiers to one of the first and second user equipments (131, 132) if a difference between the user equipment feature vector (anew) and the first group feature vector (a1) is below a predetermined threshold value,

or to assign a user equipment identifier (162) of the second group (c2) of user equipment identifiers to one of the first and second user equipments (131, 132) if a difference between the user equipment feature vector (anew) and the first group feature vector (a1) exceeds a predetermined threshold value.


 
8. The cellular communication network (10) of one of the preceding claims, wherein the user equipment identifier (16) is a RNTI (Radio Network Temporary Identifier).
 
9. The cellular communication network (10) of one of the preceding claims, wherein the at least one physical signal property (15) is a physical signal property comprising at least one of a channel impulse response, a power delay profile, a signal strength, an Angle of Arrival, data regarding the position of the user equipment, a MIMO channel statistic, an IQ imbalance in MIMO, a variance or bias of the carrier frequency of the user equipment, or a user equipment transmit filter shape.
 
10. The cellular communication network (10) of one of the preceding claims, wherein the base station (11) is configured to determine the at least one physical signal property (15) from the transmitted payload, the payload comprising at least one of a destination information, a length information and a content information.
 
11. The cellular communication network (10) of one of the preceding claims, wherein the base station (11) is configured to determine the at least one physical signal property (15) of said received first and second radio signals (141, 142) of the first and second user equipments (131, 132) during a RACH (Random Access Channel) procedure of said first and second user equipments (131, 132).
 
12. The cellular communication network (10) of one of the preceding claims, wherein the base station (11) is configured to receive a receive beam (31) originating from one of the first and second user equipments (131, 132), the receive beam (31) carrying one of the first and second radio signals (141, 142), and wherein the base station (11) is further configured to determine, as the at least one physical signal property (15) of said first and second radio signals (141, 142), the direction of said receive beam (31) in order to estimate the position of said one of the first and second user equipments (131, 132), and to assign a user equipment identifier (16) to one of the first and second user equipments (131, 132), the user equipment identifier (16) depending on the determined direction of the receive beam (31).
 
13. The cellular communication network (10) of claim 12, wherein the base station (11) is configured to assign the user equipment identifier (161A) to the first user equipment (131) at a first position and to assign the same user equipment identifier (161A) to the second user equipment (132) at a second position, and wherein the base station (11) is further configured to transmit, by means of spatial beam forming, a transmission beam (31, 32) carrying a transmission radio signal (14) selectively to either the first user equipment (131) or the second user equipment (132) depending on the previously determined direction of the receive beam (31, 32).
 
14. The cellular communication network (10) of claim 12, wherein the base station (11) is configured to assign the user equipment identifier (161A) to the first user equipment (131) at a first position and to assign the same user equipment identifier (161A) to the second user equipment (132) at a second position, and wherein the base station (11) is further configured to transmit a transmission radio signal (41) to be received by both the first and the second user equipment (131, 132), wherein the transmission radio signal (41) contains the user equipment identifier (161A) and a position information of that one user equipment (131, 132) that is the intended recipient of the transmission radio signal (41).
 
15. The cellular communication network (10) of one of the preceding claims, wherein the base station (11) is configured to receive, from one of the first and second user equipments (131, 132), short high-power impulses that spread over a large bandwidth in the frequency domain including out-of-band frequency areas, wherein the base station (11) is configured to determine the at least one physical signal property (15) from said short high-power impulses.
 
16. The cellular communication network (10) of one of the preceding claims, wherein one of the first and second user equipments (131, 132) is configured to generate a message (51) comprising a checksum, wherein the checksum is calculated by a combination with the user equipment identifier (161A) of the one of the first and second user equipments (131, 132), and wherein the one of the first and second user equipments (131, 132) is further configured to transmit said message (51) by means of a radio signal (14).
 
17. The cellular communication network (10) of claim 16, wherein the base station (11) is configured to receive the radio signal (14) containing the message (51) comprising the checksum, and wherein the base station (11) is further configured to select, based on the at least one determined physical signal property (15) of said received radio signal (14), the correct user equipment identifier (161A) for re-calculating the checksum.
 
18. A base station (11) for a cellular communication network (10),

wherein the base station (11) is configured to receive a first radio signal (141) from a first user equipment (131) and a second radio signal (142) from a second user equipment (132) which are located within a cell (12) served by said base station (11),

wherein the base station (11) is further configured to determine at least one physical signal property (15) of said received first and second radio signals (141, 142),

wherein the base station (11) is configured to assign a user equipment identifier (16) to each of said first and second user equipments (131, 132),

wherein the base station (11) comprises a first group (c1) of user equipment identifiers (16) and a second group (c2) of user equipment identifiers (16), wherein at least one of the user equipment identifiers (16) of the first group (c1) is identical to at least one of the user equipment identifiers (16) of the second group (c2), or wherein all of the user equipment identifiers (16) of the first group (c1) are identical to the user equipment identifiers (16) of the second group (c2), and

wherein the base station (11) is configured to selectively assign a user equipment identifier (161A) of the first group (c1) to the first user equipment (131) and an identical user equipment identifier (161A) of the second group (c2) to the second user equipment (132) based on the at least one determined physical signal property (15) of said first and second user equipments (131, 132).


 
19. A method comprising

receiving a first radio signal (141) from a first user equipment (131) and receiving a second radio signal (142) from a second user equipment (132) which are located within a radio cell (12) served by a base station (11) of a cellular communication network (10),

determining at least one physical signal property (15) of said received first and second radio signals (141, 142),

assigning a user equipment identifier (16) to said first and second user equipments (131, 132),

wherein the base station (11) comprises a first group (c1) of user equipment identifiers (16) and a second group (c2) of user equipment identifiers (16), wherein at least one of the user equipment identifiers (16) of the first group (c1) is identical to at least one of the user equipment identifiers (16) of the second group (c2), or wherein all of the user equipment identifiers (16) of the first group (c1) are identical to the user equipment identifiers (16) of the second group (c2), and

selectively assigning a user equipment identifier (161A) of the first group (c1) to the first user equipment (131) and an identical user equipment identifier (161A) of the second group (c2) to the second user equipment (132) based on the at least one determined physical signal property (15) of said first and second user equipments (131, 132).


 
20. A non-transitory computer program product comprising a computer readable medium storing instructions which, when executed on a computer, perform the method of claim 19.
 


Ansprüche

1. Ein zellulares Kommunikationsnetzwerk (10), das eine Basisstation (11), die eine Funkzelle (12) bedient, und zumindest eine erste und eine zweite Benutzerausrüstung (131, 132) aufweist, die sich innerhalb der Funkzelle (12) befinden,
wobei die Basisstation (11) dazu ausgebildet ist, ein erstes Funksignal (141) von der ersten Benutzerausrüstung (131) zu empfangen und ein zweites Funksignal (142) von der zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (132) zu empfangen und zumindest eine physikalische Signaleigenschaft (15) des empfangenen ersten und zweiten Funksignals (141, 142) zu bestimmen,
wobei die Basisstation (11) ferner dazu ausgebildet ist, sowohl der ersten und als auch der zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (131, 132) einen Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (16) zuzuweisen,
wobei die Basisstation (11) eine erste Gruppe (c1) von Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierern (16) und eine zweite Gruppe (c2) von Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierern (16) aufweist, wobei zumindest einer der Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (16) der ersten Gruppe (c1) identisch ist mit zumindest einem der Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (16) der zweiten Gruppe (c2), oder wobei alle Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (16) der ersten Gruppe (c1) identisch sind mit den Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierern (16) der zweiten Gruppe (c2), und
wobei die Basisstation (11) dazu ausgebildet ist, der ersten Benutzerausrüstung (131) einen Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (161A) der ersten Gruppe (c1) und der zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (132) einen identischen Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (161A) der zweiten Gruppe (c2) auf der Basis der zumindest einen bestimmten physikalischen Signaleigenschaft (15) der ersten und der zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (131, 132) selektiv zuzuweisen.
 
2. Das zellulare Kommunikationsnetzwerk (10) gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei die Basisstation (11) dazu ausgebildet ist, das erste Funksignal (141) von der ersten Benutzerausrüstung (131) und das zweite Funksignal (142) von der zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (132) zu empfangen und einen Korrelationsbetrag zwischen dem ersten und dem zweiten Funksignal (141, 142) zu bestimmen, wobei die Basisstation (11) dazu ausgebildet ist, auf der Basis des bestimmten Korrelationsbetrags entweder der ersten Benutzerausrüstung (131) einen Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (161A) der ersten Gruppe (c1) und der zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (132) einen Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (162A) der zweiten Gruppe (c2) zuzuweisen oder unterschiedliche Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (161A, 161B) der ersten Gruppe (c1) sowohl der ersten als auch der zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (131, 132) zuzuweisen.
 
3. Das zellulare Kommunikationsnetzwerk (10) gemäß Anspruch 2, wobei die Basisstation (11) dann, wenn der ersten Benutzerausrüstung (131) und der zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (132) derselbe Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (16) innerhalb derselben Gruppe (ci) von Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierern zugewiesen wird, dazu ausgebildet ist, zu veranlassen, dass die erste und die zweite Benutzerausrüstung (131, 132) mit unterschiedlichen Diskontinuierlicher-Empfang(DRX)-Zyklen betrieben werden oder dass die Frequenz des Steuerkanals differenziert wird.
 
4. Das zellulare Kommunikationsnetzwerk (10) gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Basisstation (11) dazu ausgebildet ist, die zumindest eine bestimmte physikalische Signaleigenschaft (15) des ersten und des zweiten Funksignals (141, 142) der ersten und der zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (131, 132) zusammen mit dem zugewiesenen Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (16) der ersten und der zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (131, 132) in einer Datenbank (30) zu speichern.
 
5. Das zellulare Kommunikationsnetzwerk (10) gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Basisstation (11) dazu ausgebildet ist, die zumindest eine bestimmte physikalische Signaleigenschaft (15) des empfangenen ersten und zweiten Funksignals (141, 142) der ersten und der zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (131, 132) in einen spezifischen Benutzerausrüstungsmerkmalsvektor (anew) zu speichern.
 
6. Das zellulare Kommunikationsnetzwerk (10) gemäß Anspruch 5, wobei die Basisstation (11) dazu ausgebildet ist, einen ersten Gruppenmerkmalsvektor (a1) für die erste Gruppe (c1) von Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierern (16) und einen zweiten Gruppenmerkmalsvektor (a2) für die zweite Gruppe (c2) von Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierern (16) zu schaffen, wobei jeder der Gruppenmerkmalsvektoren (a1, a2) den Mittelwert aller spezifischen Benutzerausrüstungsmerkmalsvektoren (a) jener Benutzerausrüstungen (13) aufweist, die bereits in der jeweiligen Gruppe (c1, c2) von Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierern (16) enthalten sind.
 
7. Das zellulare Kommunikationsnetzwerk (10) gemäß Anspruch 6, wobei die Basisstation (11) dazu ausgebildet ist, den spezifischen Benutzerausrüstungsmerkmalsvektor (anew) der ersten und der zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (131, 132) mit zumindest dem ersten Gruppenmerkmalsvektor (a1) der ersten Gruppe (c1) von Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierern zu vergleichen, und wobei die Basisstation (11) ferner dazu ausgebildet ist,
entweder einer der ersten und der zweiten Benutzerausrüstungen (131, 132) einen Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (161) der ersten Gruppe (c1) von Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierern zuzuweisen, wenn eine Differenz zwischen dem Benutzerausrüstungsmerkmalsvektor (anew) und dem ersten Gruppenmerkmalsvektor (a1) unter einem vorbestimmten Schwellenwert liegt,
oder einer der ersten und der zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (131, 132) einen Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (162) der zweiten Gruppe (c2) von Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierern zuzuweisen, wenn eine Differenz zwischen dem Benutzerausrüstungsmerkmalsvektor (anew) und dem ersten Gruppenmerkmalsvektor (a1) einen vorbestimmten Schwellenwert überschreitet.
 
8. Das zellulare Kommunikationsnetzwerk (10) gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (16) ein RNTI (Radio Network Temporary Identifier = Funknetzwerk-Temporäridentifizierer) ist.
 
9. Das zellulare Kommunikationsnetzwerk (10) gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die zumindest eine physikalische Signaleigenschaft (15) eine physikalische Signaleigenschaft ist, die zumindest entweder eine Kanalimpulsantwort, ein Leistungsverzögerungsprofil, eine Signalstärke, einen Ankunftswinkel, Daten bezüglich der Position der Benutzerausrüstung, eine MIMO-Kanalstatistik, ein IQ-Ungleichgewicht bei MIMO, eine Varianz oder Vorspannung der Trägerfrequenz der Benutzerausrüstung oder eine Benutzerausrüstungssendefilterform aufweist.
 
10. Das zellulare Kommunikationsnetzwerk (10) gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Basisstation (11) dazu ausgebildet ist, die zumindest eine physikalische Signaleigenschaft (15) aus der gesendeten Nutzlast zu bestimmen, wobei die Nutzlast zumindest entweder Zielinformationen, Längeninformationen oder Inhaltsinformationen aufweist.
 
11. Das zellulare Kommunikationsnetzwerk (10) gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Basisstation (11) dazu ausgebildet ist, die zumindest eine physikalische Signaleigenschaft (15) des empfangenen ersten und zweiten Funksignals (141, 142) der ersten und der zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (131, 132) während eines RACH-Vorgangs (Random Access Channel = Zufallszugriffkanal) der ersten und der zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (131, 132) zu bestimmen.
 
12. Das zellulare Kommunikationsnetzwerk (10) gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Basisstation (11) dazu ausgebildet ist, einen Empfangsstrahl (31) zu empfangen, der von einer der ersten und der zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (131, 132) stammt, wobei der Empfangsstrahl (31) eines des ersten und des zweiten Funksignals (141, 142) trägt, und wobei die Basisstation (11) ferner dazu ausgebildet ist, die Richtung des Empfangsstrahls (31) als die zumindest eine physikalische Signaleigenschaft (15) des ersten und des zweiten Funksignals (141, 142) zu bestimmen, um die Position der einen der ersten und der zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (131, 132) zu schätzen und um einer der ersten und der zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (131, 132) einen Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (16) zuzuweisen, wobei der Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (16) von der bestimmten Richtung des Empfangsstrahls (31) abhängt.
 
13. Das zellulare Kommunikationsnetzwerk (10) gemäß Anspruch 12, wobei die Basisstation (11) dazu ausgebildet ist, der ersten Benutzerausrüstung (131) den Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (161A) an einer ersten Position zuzuweisen und der zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (132) denselben Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (161A) an einer zweiten Position zuzuweisen, und wobei die Basisstation (11) ferner dazu ausgebildet ist, mittels räumlicher Strahlformung einen Übertragungsstrahl (31, 32), der ein Übertragungsfunksignal (14) trägt, selektiv entweder an die erste Benutzerausrüstung (131) oder die zweite Benutzerausrüstung (132) zu senden, in Abhängigkeit von der zuvor bestimmten Richtung des Empfangsstrahls (31, 32).
 
14. Das zellulare Kommunikationsnetzwerk (10) gemäß Anspruch 12, wobei die Basisstation (11) dazu ausgebildet ist, der ersten Benutzerausrüstung (131) den Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (161A) an einer ersten Position zuzuweisen und der zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (132) denselben Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (161A) an einer zweiten Position zuzuweisen, und wobei die Basisstation (11) ferner dazu ausgebildet ist, ein Übertragungsfunksignal (41) zu senden, das sowohl durch die erste als auch durch die zweite Benutzerausrüstung (131, 132) zu empfangen ist, wobei das Übertragungsfunksignal (41) den Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (161A) und Positionsinformationen derjenigen Benutzerausrüstung (131, 132) enthält, die der beabsichtigte Empfänger des Übertragungsfunksignals (41) ist.
 
15. Das zellulare Kommunikationsnetzwerk (10) gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Basisstation (11) dazu ausgebildet ist, von einer der ersten und der zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (131, 132) kurze Hochleistungsimpulse zu empfangen, die sich über eine große Bandbreite in dem Frequenzbereich ausbreiten, der Außerbandfrequenzbereiche umfasst, wobei die Basisstation (11) dazu ausgebildet ist, die zumindest eine physikalische Signaleigenschaft (15) aus den kurzen Hochleistungsimpulsen zu bestimmen.
 
16. Das zellulare Kommunikationsnetzwerk (10) gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei eine der ersten und der zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (131, 132) dazu ausgebildet ist, eine Nachricht (51) zu erzeugen, die eine Prüfsumme aufweist, wobei die Prüfsumme durch eine Kombination mit dem Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (161A) der einen der ersten und der zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (131, 132) berechnet wird, und wobei die eine der ersten und der zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (131, 132) ferner dazu ausgebildet ist, die Nachricht (51) mittels eines Funksignals (14) zu senden.
 
17. Das zellulare Kommunikationsnetzwerk (10) gemäß Anspruch 16, wobei die Basisstation (11) dazu ausgebildet ist, das Funksignal (14) zu empfangen, das die Nachricht (51) enthält, die die Prüfsumme aufweist, und wobei die Basisstation (11) ferner dazu ausgebildet ist, auf der Basis der zumindest einen bestimmten physikalischen Signaleigenschaft (15) des empfangenen Funksignals (14) den korrekten Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (161A) zum erneuten Berechnen der Prüfsumme auszuwählen.
 
18. Eine Basisstation (11) für ein zellulares Kommunikationsnetzwerk (10),
wobei die Basisstation (11) dazu ausgebildet ist, ein erstes Funksignal (141) von einer ersten Benutzerausrüstung (131) und ein zweites Funksignal (142) von einer zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (132) zu empfangen, die sich innerhalb einer Zelle (12) befinden, die von der Basisstation (11) bedient wird,
wobei die Basisstation (11) ferner dazu ausgebildet ist, zumindest eine physikalische Signaleigenschaft (15) des empfangenen ersten und zweiten Funksignals (141, 142) zu bestimmen,
wobei die Basisstation (11) dazu ausgebildet ist, sowohl der ersten als auch der zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (131, 132) einen Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (16) zuzuweisen,
wobei die Basisstation (11) eine erste Gruppe (c1) von Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierern (16) und eine zweite Gruppe (c2) von Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierern (16) aufweist, wobei zumindest einer der Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (16) der ersten Gruppe (c1) identisch ist mit zumindest einem der Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (16) der zweiten Gruppe (c2), oder wobei alle Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (16) der ersten Gruppe (c1) identisch sind mit den Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierern (16) der zweiten Gruppe (c2), und
wobei die Basisstation (11) dazu ausgebildet ist, der ersten Benutzerausrüstung (131) einen Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (161A) der ersten Gruppe (c1) und der zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (132) einen identischen Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (161A) der zweiten Gruppe (c2) auf der Basis der zumindest einen bestimmten physikalischen Signaleigenschaft (15) der ersten und der zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (131, 132) selektiv zuzuweisen.
 
19. Ein Verfahren, das folgende Schritte aufweist:

Empfangen eines ersten Funksignals (141) von einer ersten Benutzerausrüstung (131) und Empfangen eines zweiten Funksignals (142) von einer zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (132), die sich innerhalb einer Funkzelle (12) befinden, die von einer Basisstation (11) eines zellularen Kommunikationsnetzwerks (10) bedient wird,

Bestimmen zumindest einer physikalischen Signaleigenschaft (15) des empfangenen ersten und zweiten Funksignals (141, 142),

Zuweisen eines Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierers (16) zu der ersten und der zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (131, 132),

wobei die Basisstation (11) eine erste Gruppe (c1) von Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierern (16) und eine zweite Gruppe (c2) von Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierern (16) aufweist, wobei zumindest einer der Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (16) der ersten Gruppe (c1) identisch ist mit zumindest einem der Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (16) der zweiten Gruppe (c2), oder wobei alle Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierer (16) der ersten Gruppe (c1) identisch sind mit den Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierern (16) der zweiten Gruppe (c2), und

selektives Zuweisen eines Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierers (161A) der ersten Gruppe (c1) zu der ersten Benutzerausrüstung (131) und eines identischen Benutzerausrüstungsidentifizierers (161A) der zweiten Gruppe (c2) zu der zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (132) auf der Basis der zumindest einen bestimmten physikalischen Signaleigenschaft (15) der ersten und der zweiten Benutzerausrüstung (131, 132).


 
20. Ein nichtflüchtiges Computerprogrammprodukt, das ein computerlesbares Medium aufweist, das Befehle speichert, die, wenn dieselben auf einem Computer ausgeführt werden, das Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 19 ausführen.
 


Revendications

1. Réseau de communication cellulaire (10) comprenant une station de base (11) desservant une cellule radio (12) et au moins un premier et un deuxième équipement d'utilisateur (131, 132) situés dans ladite cellule radio (12),

dans lequel la station de base (11) est configurée pour recevoir un premier signal radio (141) du premier équipement d'utilisateur (131) et pour recevoir un deuxième signal radio (142) du deuxième équipement d'utilisateur (132) et pour déterminer au moins une propriété de signal physique (15) desdits premier et deuxième signaux radio reçus (141, 142),

dans lequel la station de base (11) est par ailleurs configurée pour attribuer un identificateur d'équipement d'utilisateur (16) à chacun desdits premier et deuxième équipements d'utilisateur (131, 132),

dans lequel la station de base (11) comprend un premier groupe (c1) d'identificateurs d'équipement d'utilisateur (16) et un deuxième groupe (c2) d'identificateurs d'équipement d'utilisateur (16), dans lequel au moins l'un des identificateurs d'équipement d'utilisateur (16) du premier groupe (c1) est identique à au moins l'un des identificateurs d'équipement d'utilisateur (16) du deuxième groupe (c2), ou dans lequel tous les identificateurs d'équipement d'utilisateur (16) du premier groupe (c1) sont identiques aux identificateurs d'équipement d'utilisateur (16) du deuxième groupe (c2), et

dans lequel la station de base (11) est configurée pour attribuer de manière sélective un identificateur d'équipement d'utilisateur (161A) du premier groupe (c1) au premier équipement d'utilisateur (131) et un identificateur d'équipement d'utilisateur identique (161A) du deuxième groupe (c2) au deuxième équipement d'utilisateur (132) sur base d'au moins une propriété de signal physique déterminée (15) desdits premier et deuxième équipements d'utilisateur (131, 132).


 
2. Réseau de communication cellulaire (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la station de base (11) est configurée pour recevoir le premier signal radio (141) du premier équipement d'utilisateur (131) et le deuxième signal radio (142) du deuxième équipement d'utilisateur (132) et pour déterminer une quantité de corrélation entre les premier et deuxième signaux radio (141, 142), dans lequel la station de base (11) est configurée, sur base de la quantité de corrélation déterminée, pour soit attribuer un identificateur d'équipement d'utilisateur (161A) du premier groupe (c1) au premier équipement d'utilisateur (131) et un identificateur d'équipement d'utilisateur (162A) du deuxième groupe (c2) au deuxième équipement d'utilisateur (132), ou pour attribuer différents identificateurs d'équipement d'utilisateur (161A, 161B) du premier groupe (c1) à chacun des premier et deuxième équipements d'utilisateur (131, 132).
 
3. Réseau de communication cellulaire (10) selon la revendication 2, dans lequel, si au premier équipement d'utilisateur (131) et au deuxième équipement d'utilisateur (132) est attribué le même identificateur d'équipement d'utilisateur (16) dans le même groupe (c1) d'identificateurs d'équipement d'utilisateur, la station de base (11) est configurée pour faire fonctionner les premier et deuxième équipements d'utilisateur (131, 132) sur différents cycles de réception discontinue (DRX) ou pour différencier le canal de commande en fréquence.
 
4. Réseau de communication cellulaire (10) selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la station de base (11) est configurée pour mémoriser l'au moins une propriété de signal physique déterminée (15) des premier et deuxième signaux radio (141, 142) des premier et deuxième équipements d'utilisateur (131, 132) ensemble avec l'identificateur d'équipement d'utilisateur attribué (16) desdits premier et deuxième équipements d'utilisateur (131, 132) dans une base de données (30).
 
5. Réseau de communication cellulaire (10) selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la station de base (11) est configurée pour mémoriser l'au moins une propriété de signal physique déterminée (15) des premier et deuxième signaux radio reçus (141, 142) des premier et deuxième équipements d'utilisateur (131, 132) dans un vecteur de caractéristique d'équipement d'utilisateur (anew).
 
6. Réseau de communication cellulaire (10) selon la revendication 5, dans lequel la station de base (11) est configurée pour créer un premier vecteur de caractéristique de groupe (a1) pour le premier groupe (c1) d'identificateurs d'équipement d'utilisateur (16) et un deuxième vecteur de caractéristique de groupe (a2) pour le deuxième groupe (c2) d'identificateurs d'équipement d'utilisateur (16), dans lequel chacun des vecteurs de caractéristique de groupe (a1, a2) comprend la moyenne de tous les vecteurs de caractéristique d'équipement d'utilisateur spécifiques (a) de ces équipements d'utilisateur (13) qui sont déjà contenus dans le groupe respectif (c1, c2) des identificateurs d'équipement d'utilisateur (16).
 
7. Réseau de communication cellulaire (10) selon la revendication 6, dans lequel la station de base (11) est configurée pour comparer le vecteur de caractéristique d'équipement d'utilisateur spécifique (anew) des premier et deuxième équipements d'utilisateur (131, 132) avec au moins le premier vecteur de caractéristique de groupe (a1) du premier groupe (c1) d'identificateurs d'équipement d'utilisateur, et dans lequel la station de base (11) est par ailleurs configurée pour

soit attribuer un identificateur d'équipement d'utilisateur (161) du premier groupe (c1) parmi les identificateurs d'équipement d'utilisateur à l'un des premier et deuxième équipements d'utilisateur (131, 132) si une différence entre le vecteur de caractéristique d'équipement d'utilisateur (anew) et le premier vecteur de caractéristique de groupe (a1) est inférieure à une valeur de seuil prédéterminée,

ou pour attribuer un identificateur d'équipement d'utilisateur (162) du deuxième groupe (c2) parmi les identificateurs d'équipement d'utilisateur à l'un des premier et deuxième équipements d'utilisateur (131, 132) si une différence entre le vecteur de caractéristique d'équipement d'utilisateur (anew) et le premier vecteur de caractéristique de groupe (a1) excède une valeur de seuil prédéterminée.


 
8. Réseau de communication cellulaire (10) selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'identificateur d'équipement d'utilisateur (16) est un RNTI (Radio Network Temporary Identifier = Identificateur Temporaire de Réseau Radio).
 
9. Réseau de communication cellulaire (10) selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'au moins une propriété de signal physique (15) est une propriété de signal physique comprenant au moins l'un parmi une réponse impulsionnelle de canal, un profil de retard de puissance, une intensité de signal, un Angle d'Arrivée, des données relatives à la position de l'équipement d'utilisateur, une statistique de canal MIMO, un déséquilibre IQ en MIMO, une variance ou une déviation de la fréquence porteuse de l'équipement d'utilisateur, ou une forme de filtre de transmission de l'équipement d'utilisateur.
 
10. Réseau de communication cellulaire (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la station de base (11) est configurée pour déterminer l'au moins une propriété de signal physique (15) à partir de la charge utile transmise, la charge utile comprenant au moins l'une parmi une information de destination, une information de longueur et une information de contenu.
 
11. Réseau de communication cellulaire (10) selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la station de base (11) est configurée pour déterminer l'au moins une propriété de signal physique (15) desdits premier et deuxième signaux radio (141, 142) reçus des premier et deuxième équipements d'utilisateur (131, 132) pendant une procédure de RACH (Random Access Channel = Canal d'Accès Aléatoire)) desdits premier et deuxième équipements d'utilisateur (131, 132).
 
12. Réseau de communication cellulaire (10) selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la station de base (11) est configurée pour recevoir un faisceau de réception (31) provenant de l'un des premier et deuxième équipements d'utilisateur (131, 132), le faisceau de réception (31) portant l'un parmi les premier et deuxième signaux radio (141, 142), et dans lequel la station de base (11) est par ailleurs configurée pour déterminer, comme l'au moins une propriété de signal physique (15) desdits premier et deuxième signaux radio (141, 142), la direction dudit faisceau de réception (31) pour estimer la position dudit un des premier et deuxième équipements d'utilisateur (131, 132), et pour attribuer un identificateur d'équipement d'utilisateur (16) à l'un des premier et deuxième équipements d'utilisateur (131, 132), l'identificateur d'équipement d'utilisateur (16) dépendant de la direction déterminée du faisceau de réception (31).
 
13. Réseau de communication cellulaire (10) selon la revendication 12, dans lequel la station de base (11) est configurée pour attribuer l'identificateur d'équipement d'utilisateur (161A) au premier équipement d'utilisateur (131) à une première position et pour attribuer le même identificateur d'équipement d'utilisateur (161A) au deuxième équipement d'utilisateur (132) à une deuxième position, et dans lequel la station de base (11) est par ailleurs configurée pour transmettre, au moyen d'une formation de faisceau spatial, un faisceau de transmission (31, 32) portant un signal radio de transmission (14) de manière sélective à l'un ou l'autre parmi le premier équipement d'utilisateur (131) ou le deuxième équipement d'utilisateur (132) en fonction de la direction déterminée auparavant du faisceau de réception (31, 32).
 
14. Réseau de communication cellulaire (10) selon la revendication 12, dans lequel la station de base (11) est configurée pour attribuer l'identificateur d'équipement d'utilisateur (161A) au premier équipement d'utilisateur (131) à une première position et pour attribuer le même équipement d'utilisateur identificateur (161A) au deuxième équipement d'utilisateur (132) à une deuxième position, et dans lequel la station de base (11) est par ailleurs configurée pour transmettre un signal radio de transmission (41) à recevoir tant par le premier et que par le deuxième équipement d'utilisateur (131, 132), dans lequel le signal radio de transmission (41) contient l'identificateur d'équipement d'utilisateur (161A) et une information de position de cet un équipement d'utilisateur (131, 132) qui est le destinataire prévu du signal radio de transmission (41).
 
15. Réseau de communication cellulaire (10) selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la station de base (11) est configurée pour recevoir, de l'un des premier et deuxième équipements d'utilisateur (131, 132), de courtes impulsions de haute puissance qui s'étalent sur une grande largeur de bande dans le domaine fréquentiel comportant des zones de fréquences hors bande, dans lequel la station de base (11) est configurée pour déterminer l'au moins une propriété de signal physique (15) à partir desdites courtes impulsions de haute puissance.
 
16. Réseau de communication cellulaire (10) selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'un parmi les premier et deuxième équipements d'utilisateur (131, 132) est configuré pour générer un message (51) comprenant une somme de contrôle, où la somme de contrôle est calculée par un combinaison avec l'identificateur d'équipement d'utilisateur (161A) de l'un parmi les premier et deuxième équipements d'utilisateur (131, 132), et dans lequel l'un parmi les premier et deuxième équipements d'utilisateur (131, 132) est par ailleurs configuré pour transmettre ledit message (51) au moyen d'un signal radio (14).
 
17. Réseau de communication cellulaire (10) selon la revendication 16, dans lequel la station de base (11) est configurée pour recevoir le signal radio (14) contenant le message (51) comprenant la somme de contrôle, et dans lequel la station de base (11) est par ailleurs configurée pour sélectionner, sur base de l'au moins une propriété de signal physique déterminée (15) dudit signal radio reçu (14), l'identificateur d'équipement d'utilisateur correct (161A) pour recalculer la somme de contrôle.
 
18. Station de base (11) pour un réseau de communication cellulaire (10),

dans laquelle la station de base (11) est configurée pour recevoir un premier signal radio (141) d'un premier équipement d'utilisateur (131) et un deuxième signal radio (142) d'un deuxième équipement d'utilisateur (132) qui sont situés dans une cellule (12) desservie par ladite station de base (11),

dans laquelle la station de base (11) est par ailleurs configurée pour déterminer au moins une propriété de signal physique (15) desdits premier et deuxième signaux radio reçus (141, 142),

dans laquelle la station de base (11) est configurée pour attribuer un identificateur d'équipement d'utilisateur (16) à chacun desdits premier et deuxième équipements d'utilisateur (131, 132),

dans laquelle la station de base (11) comprend un premier groupe (c1) d'identificateurs d'équipement d'utilisateur (16) et un deuxième groupe (c2) d'identificateurs d'équipement d'utilisateur (16), dans laquelle au moins l'un des identificateurs d'équipement d'utilisateur (16) du premier groupe (c1) est identique à au moins l'un des identificateurs d'équipement d'utilisateur (16) du deuxième groupe (c2), ou dans lequel tous les identificateurs d'équipement d'utilisateur (16) du premier groupe (c1) sont identiques aux identificateurs d'équipement d'utilisateur (16) du deuxième groupe (c2), et

dans laquelle la station de base (11) est configurée pour attribuer de manière sélective un identificateur d'équipement d'utilisateur (161A) du premier groupe (c1) au premier équipement d'utilisateur (131) et un identificateur d'équipement d'utilisateur identique (161A) du deuxième groupe (c2) au deuxième équipement d'utilisateur (132) sur base de l'au moins une propriété de signal physique déterminée (15) desdits premier et deuxième équipements d'utilisateur (131, 132).


 
19. Procédé, comprenant le fait de

recevoir un premier signal radio (141) d'un premier équipement d'utilisateur (131) et recevoir un deuxième signal radio (142) d'un deuxième équipement d'utilisateur (132) qui sont situés dans une cellule radio (12) desservie par une station de base (11) d'un réseau de communication cellulaire (10),

déterminer au moins une propriété de signal physique (15) desdits premier et deuxième signaux radio (141, 142) reçus,

attribuer un identificateur d'équipement d'utilisateur (16) auxdits premier et deuxième équipements d'utilisateur (131, 132),

dans lequel la station de base (11) comprend un premier groupe (c1) d'identificateurs d'équipement d'utilisateur (16) et un deuxième groupe (c2) d'identificateurs d'équipement d'utilisateur (16), dans lequel au moins un des identificateurs d'équipement d'utilisateur (16) du premier groupe (c1) est identique à au moins un des identificateurs d'équipement d'utilisateur (16) du deuxième groupe (c2), ou dans lequel tous les identificateurs d'équipement d'utilisateur (16) du premier groupe (c1) sont identiques aux identificateurs d'équipement d'utilisateur (16) du deuxième groupe (c2), et

attribuer de manière sélective un identificateur d'équipement d'utilisateur (161A) du premier groupe (c1) au premier équipement d'utilisateur (131) et un identificateur d'équipement d'utilisateur identique (161A) du deuxième groupe (c2) au deuxième équipement d'utilisateur (132) sur base de l'au moins une propriété de signal physique déterminée (15) desdits premier et deuxième équipements d'utilisateur (131, 132).


 
20. Produit de programme d'ordinateur non transitoire comprenant un support lisible par ordinateur mémorisant des instructions qui, lorsqu'elles sont exécutées sur un ordinateur, réalisent le procédé selon la revendication 19.
 




Drawing





























Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description