(19)
(11)EP 3 361 653 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.12.2019 Bulletin 2019/49

(21)Application number: 16858700.4

(22)Date of filing:  21.06.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04B 10/07  (2013.01)
H04B 10/079  (2013.01)
H04B 10/61  (2013.01)
H04B 10/077  (2013.01)
H04B 10/2513  (2013.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2016/086577
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/071257 (04.05.2017 Gazette  2017/18)

(54)

METHOD OF MONITORING CHROMATIC DISPERSION IN OPTICAL COMMUNICATION NETWORK AND DEVICE UTILIZING SAME

VERFAHREN ZUR ÜBERWACHUNG DER CHROMATISCHEN DISPERSION IN OPTISCHEM KOMMUNIKATIONSNETZWERK UND VORRICHTUNG MIT VERWENDUNG DAVON

PROCÉDÉ DE SURVEILLANCE D'UNE DISPERSION CHROMATIQUE DANS UN RÉSEAU DE COMMUNICATION OPTIQUE ET DISPOSITIF L'UTILISANT


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 31.10.2015 CN 201510731949

(43)Date of publication of application:
15.08.2018 Bulletin 2018/33

(73)Proprietor: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Longgang District Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • LI, Zhaohui
    Guangzhou Guangdong 510632 (CN)
  • CHEN, Yuli
    Guangzhou Guangdong 510632 (CN)
  • WANG, Dawei
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(74)Representative: Körber, Martin Hans 
Mitscherlich PartmbB Patent- und Rechtsanwälte Sonnenstrasse 33
80331 München
80331 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2010/061247
CN-A- 101 286 804
CN-A- 103 281 129
CN-A- 1 968 055
CN-A- 101 662 326
US-A1- 2012 099 864
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to the field of communications technologies, and in particular, to a method and an apparatus for monitoring chromatic dispersion in an optical communications network.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] With increasing data service requirements, a high-speed fiber optic transmission network with a large capacity gradually becomes a main direction of information transmission. Continuous innovation of new fiber optic communications technologies also contributes to a fiber optic transmission distance multiplied year by year. An optical parameter becomes an important indicator for measuring a fiber optic communications system. To better manage and monitor an optical network, it is necessary to monitor an important transmission parameter of the network, and Optical Performance Monitoring (OPM) gains more attention as fiber optic communications develops. In many parameters, Chromatic Dispersion (CD) is an important parameter that can reflect an operating status of the optical network.

    [0003] In the fiber optic communications system, optical chromatic dispersion is an important indicator for measuring quality of a fiber link, and is greatly significant to system estimation and measurement. Optical chromatic dispersion indicates a difference between transmission rates of lightwave frequency components. As shown in FIG. 1, an optical signal is carried by different frequency components in an optical fiber, and these different frequency components have different propagation speeds when passing a same medium. This phenomenon is called chromatic dispersion. In terms of time, when an optical pulse propagates through an optical fiber, a waveform of the optical pulse is broadened in time, and therefore causes signal distortion. Consequently, a receive error is caused, and a transmission capacity of the optical fiber is limited. Chromatic dispersion and a fiber length are in a linear relationship, that is, a longer optical fiber indicates stronger chromatic dispersion. A length of an optical fiber through which an optical signal passes can be determined by monitoring CD on an intermediate transmission node in the fiber optic communications system. Alternatively, with a length of an optical fiber known, a chromatic dispersion parameter of the optical fiber can be determined. These monitoring results can provide an important determining basis for evaluating communication quality of the optical network.

    [0004] In the prior art, a method for measuring chromatic dispersion may be a pulse delay method, and a specific implementation of the method may be (the implementation of the method is shown in FIG. 2):

    [0005] A pulse signal generator is used to modulate a laser, and an optical signal output from the laser is divided into two signals by using a spectroscope. One signal enters a monitored optical fiber (this optical pulse signal is broadened due to a chromatic dispersion effect). The other signal directly enters an optical monitor and a receiver without passing through the monitored optical fiber. The two received signals are sent to a dual-trace oscilloscope. Widths of the two optical pulses are obtained by respectively measuring displayed pulse waveforms. It is assumed that waveforms of both an optical pulse input into an optical fiber and that output from the optical fiber are approximately Gaussian, and chromatic dispersion of the optical fiber can be calculated by measuring, by using a time domain method, pulse broadening caused by fiber optic transmission.

    [0006] The pulse delay method is a method in which a fiber chromatic dispersion coefficient is directly obtained from a defined formula by measuring a time delay difference between narrow optical pulses with different wavelengths after the narrow optical pulses are transmitted through an optical fiber. In this method, a narrow optical pulse with a known shape (a width is generally several hundred ps) is injected into a to-be-monitored optical fiber. The optical pulse is broadened due to chromatic dispersion of the optical fiber after being transmitted along the optical fiber. A waveform of this broadened optical pulse is recorded at an output end of the optical fiber. Pulse broadening caused by the chromatic dispersion can be obtained from a difference between a width of an output pulse and a width of an input pulse, and therefore the chromatic dispersion caused by the optical fiber can be obtained by means of estimation according to the broadening.

    [0007] It can be learned from the implementation of the foregoing pulse delay method that, a comparison between original pulses is required to estimate chromatic dispersion by using this method, and this is difficult to implement in actual long-distance transmission application.

    [0008] US 2012/099864 A1 discloses a chromatic dispersion value calculating apparatus and method.

    SUMMARY



    [0009] The present invention provides a method and an apparatus for monitoring chromatic dispersion in an optical communications network, and the method and apparatus provided in the present invention resolve a problem that an existing pulse delay method is difficult to implement in long-distance transmission application.

    [0010] According to a first aspect, a method for monitoring chromatic dispersion in an optical communications network according to claim 1 is provided.

    [0011] With reference to the first aspect, in a first possible implementation, the obtaining, according to a correspondence between the value of the time delay and the chromatic dispersion, the fiber chromatic dispersion generated in a process of transmitting the to-be-monitored signal includes:
    determining, according to the value of the time delay and a formula


    the fiber chromatic dispersion generated in the process of transmitting the to-be-monitored signal, where τ0 is the value of the time delay between the two time domain power signals, T is an element width of an equivalent baseband signal of the to-be-monitored signal, λ is the center frequency of the to-be-monitored signal, and c is the speed of light.

    [0012] With reference to the first aspect or the first possible implementation of the first aspect, in a second possible implementation, the converting the first analog electrical signal into a corresponding first time domain power signal, and converting the second analog electrical signal into a second time domain power signal includes:

    performing analog-to-digital conversion processing on the first analog electrical signal to obtain a first digital signal, and performing analog-to-digital conversion processing on the second analog electrical signal to obtain a second digital signal; and

    performing modular squaring on a value of each moment of the first digital signal to obtain the first time domain power signal, and performing modular squaring on a value of each moment of the second digital signal to obtain the second time domain power signal.



    [0013] With reference to the second possible implementation of the first aspect, in a third possible implementation, if an optical signal is a signal that includes an X-polarization signal and a Y-polarization signal, and the X-polarization signal and the Y-polarization signal are orthogonal, the method includes:

    using the X-polarization signal and the Y-polarization signal separately as the to-be-monitored signal and performing coherent mixing of the to-be-monitored signal separately with the first optical signal and the second optical signal, to obtain an X-polarization analog electrical signal Ux corresponding to the first optical signal, a Y-polarization analog electrical signal Uy corresponding to the first optical signal, an X-polarization analog electrical signal Lx corresponding to the second optical signal, and a Y-polarization analog electrical signal Ly corresponding to the second optical signal, where Ux and Lx are signals obtained by performing coherent mixing of the X-polarization signal separately with the first optical signal and the second optical signal, and Uy and Ly are signals obtained by performing coherent mixing of the Y-polarization signal separately with the first optical signal and the second optical signal, and

    the first analog electrical signal includes Ux and Uy, and the second analog electrical signal includes Lx and Ly.



    [0014] According to a second aspect, an apparatus for monitoring chromatic dispersion in an optical communications network according to claim 5 is provided.

    [0015] With reference to the second aspect, in a first possible implementation, the chromatic dispersion determining module is specifically configured to determine, according to the value of the time delay and a formula

    the fiber chromatic dispersion generated in the process of transmitting the to-be-monitored signal, where τ0 is the value of the time delay between the two time domain power signals, T is an element width of an equivalent baseband signal of the to-be-monitored signal, λ is the center frequency of the to-be-monitored signal, and c is the speed of light.

    [0016] With reference to the second aspect or the first possible implementation of the second aspect, in a second possible implementation, the conversion determining module is specifically configured to perform analog-to-digital conversion processing on the first analog electrical signal to obtain a first digital signal; perform analog-to-digital conversion processing on the second analog electrical signal to obtain a second digital signal; perform modular squaring on a value of each moment of the first digital signal to obtain the first time domain power signal; and perform modular squaring on a value of each moment of the second digital signal to obtain the second time domain power signal.

    [0017] One or more of the foregoing technical solutions have at least the following technical effects:

    [0018] According to the chromatic dispersion detection method and apparatus provided in embodiments of the present invention, the two analog electrical signals on upper and lower sidebands of the to-be-monitored optical signal are obtained by performing coherent mixing of the to-be-monitored signal with a specific optical signal, and then the chromatic dispersion is determined by using the value of the time delay between the two analog electrical signals. Therefore, the technical solutions provided in the embodiments are independent of a modulation pattern, and are related to a Baud rate. Therefore an algorithm is simple and is easy to implement.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0019] 

    FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of an optical signal transmitted in an optical fiber in the prior art;

    FIG. 2 is a schematic flowchart of a pulse delay method for measuring chromatic dispersion in the prior art;

    FIG. 3a and FIG. 3b are schematic diagrams of a transmit signal m1 (t) in the prior art;

    FIG. 4a and FIG. 4b are schematic diagrams of a signal m2 (t) in the prior art;

    FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of a signal m3 (t) in the prior art;

    FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of m1 (f) and m2 (f) loaded onto a lightwave;

    FIG. 7 is a function image that two signals between which a time delay occurs perform cross-correlation;

    FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of signal processing in a method for monitoring chromatic dispersion in an optical communications network according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 9 is a schematic flowchart of a method for monitoring chromatic dispersion in an optical communications network according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 10 is a schematic diagram of signal processing that a value of a time delay between two time domain power signals is determined by performing cross-correlation on the two signals according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 11 is schematic diagram of signal processing that two polarization signals of a to-be-monitored optical signal are used as two independent signals for processing according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 12 is a schematic structural diagram of an apparatus for monitoring chromatic dispersion in an optical communications network according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 13 is a schematic structural diagram of an optical signal source according to an embodiment of the present invention; and

    FIG. 14 is a schematic structural diagram of another apparatus for monitoring chromatic dispersion in an optical communications network according to an embodiment of the present invention.


    DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



    [0020] To make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the following clearly and completely describes the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. Apparently, the described embodiments are some but not all of the embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments obtained by a person of ordinary skill in the art based on the embodiments of the present invention without creative efforts shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

    [0021] For ease of understanding a method provided in the embodiments of the present invention, the following describes an implementation principle of the method provided in the embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings, specifically including:

    [0022] A time domain form of an optical signal transmitted from a transmitter may be represented as:

    [0023] Es(t) = {[∑nsnδ(t-nT)]∗p(t)}c(t) (sn is signal bit data, δ(t) is a pulse function, p(t) is a pulse waveform, c(t) is an optical carrier, and * represents a convolution operation), and T is a symbol cycle of the signal. The following are defined:







    [0024] m1(t) is a baseband form of a transmit signal, and is represented as a pulse function with a cycle of T (as shown in FIG. 3a). A frequency domain form of m1(t) is shown in FIG. 3b. m1(f) is a cyclic signal with a cycle of 1/T.

    [0025] p(t) is a pulse waveform. If p(t) is a non-return to zero rectangular wave, m2(t) is shown in FIG. 4a. A frequency domain form m2(f) corresponding to m2(t) is shown in FIG. 4b. m2(t) is a band-limited signal whose main lobe bandwidth is 1/T.

    [0026] m3(t) is an optical carrier. Because the optical carrier is a single carrier with a frequency of f1, the optical carrier may be expressed as a pulse signal in a frequency domain (as shown in FIG. 5).

    [0027] A signal is sent by overlaying the transmit signal on an optical carrier signal in a transmission process, and therefore
    a transmitted time domain optical signal is expressed as ES(t)=[m1(t)∗m2(t)]·m3(t), and
    the signal may be expressed as ES(f)=[m1(fm2(f)]∗m3(f) in the frequency domain.

    [0028] m1(f) is a cyclic signal with a cycle of 1/T, and m2(f) is a symmetric band-limited signal at the main lobe bandwidth 1/T. m1(f) and m2(f) are multiplied, and then a product is loaded onto a lightwave center frequency f1 (as shown in FIG. 6). With a limited bandwidth (f1-1/T to f1+1/T), it can be learned from FIG. 6 that identical signals with a same cycle can be obtained only at f1-1/2T and f1+1/2T.

    [0029] The two narrowband signals at f1-1/2T and f1+1/2T are at a distance of 1/T from each other. This meets a smallest cycle 1/T of m1(f). In addition, the two narrowband signals are axisymmetric about a center wavelength within a bandwidth of a pulse waveform of m2(f). Therefore, if no chromatic dispersion is added, the two narrowband signals at f1-1/2T and f1+1/2T respectively obtained by two coherent receivers should be identical. Therefore, chromatic dispersion in the signal transmission process can be detected by using a difference obtained by comparing the two narrowband signals at f1-1/2T and f1+1/2T.

    [0030] A principle of chromatic dispersion measurement is as follows: After chromatic dispersion is added, a time delay is generated, under impact of the chromatic dispersion, between the received two narrowband signals at f1-1/2T and f1+1/2T that should be identical. The two signals are staggered in a time domain.

    [0031] Cross-correlation is performed on the two signals between which the time delay occurs. A function image of the two signals is shown in FIG. 7, and a peak exists in the function image. A location or a horizontal coordinate of the peak represents a quantity of sampling points between the two staggered signals. Cross-correlation is performed on the collected time domain power signals at 1/2 of an upper side band and 1/2 of a lower sideband (that is, f1-1/2T and f1+1/2T), that is, two pieces of time domain data, so that a correlation function is obtained. A horizontal coordinate of a peak of the correlation function is a delay generated after the chromatic dispersion is added to the two pieces of time domain data (the time domain power signals at 1/2 of the upper sideband and 1/2 of the lower sideband) that should be identical, and the time delay is in direct proportion to a value of the added chromatic dispersion. The chromatic dispersion in the signal transmission process can be obtained by calculation according to the foregoing principle.

    Embodiment



    [0032] Based on the foregoing implementation principle, this embodiment of the present invention provides a method for monitoring chromatic dispersion in an optical communications network (a method procedure is shown in FIG. 9, and a schematic diagram of specific signal flow processing is shown in FIG. 8). The method specifically includes the following steps.

    [0033] Step 901. Perform coherent mixing of a to-be-monitored signal with a first optical signal to obtain a first analog electrical signal, and perform coherent mixing of the to-be-monitored signal with a second optical signal to obtain a second analog electrical signal, where center frequencies of the first optical signal and the second optical signal are located on two sides of a center frequency of the to-be-monitored signal, and a difference between the center frequencies of the first optical signal and the second optical signal equals a Baud rate.

    [0034] In this embodiment, fiber chromatic dispersion can be measured if the first optical signal and the second optical signal are respectively near a location obtained by adding a 1/2 Baud rate to the center frequency of the to-be-monitored signal and a location obtained by reducing a 1/2 Baud rate from the center frequency of the to-be-monitored signal. An optimal embodiment of the first optical signal and the second optical signal is: The center frequency of the first optical signal is the center frequency of the to-be-monitored signal plus a 1/2 Baud rate, and the center frequency of the second optical signal is the center frequency of the to-be-monitored signal minus a 1/2 Baud rate.

    [0035] Step 902. Convert the first analog electrical signal into a corresponding first time domain power signal, and convert the second analog electrical signal into a second time domain power signal.

    [0036] In this embodiment, a specific implementation of the conversion may be:

    performing analog-to-digital conversion processing on the first analog electrical signal to obtain a first digital signal, and performing analog-to-digital conversion processing on the second analog electrical signal to obtain a second digital signal; and

    performing modular squaring on a value of each moment of the first digital signal to obtain the first time domain power signal, and performing modular squaring on a value of each moment of the second digital signal to obtain the second time domain power signal.



    [0037] Step 903. Determine a value of a time delay between the first time domain power signal and the second time domain power signal.

    [0038] In this embodiment, after the analog electrical signals are converted into the time domain power signals, the value of time delay between the two time domain power signals may be determined in various manners. In this embodiment, an optimal manner is determining the value of the time delay between the two time domain power signals by performing cross-correlation on the two signals (a specific implementation principle is shown in FIG. 10).

    [0039] In the manner in which the value of the time delay is determined by performing cross-correlation on the two time domain power signals, there is a peak in a correlation function of the two time domain power signals. A peak location τ0 represents a value of a time delay between two power signals respectively at a location obtained by adding a 1/2 Baud rate to the center frequency and a location obtained by reducing a 1/2 Baud rate from the center frequency (as shown in FIG. 7). The value of the time delay is in direct proportion to a value of the chromatic dispersion. The value of the time delay is a delay generated due to staggering of the two analog electrical signals respectively at the location obtained by adding a 1/2 Baud rate to the center frequency and the location obtained by reducing a 1/2 Baud rate from the center frequency. Before the chromatic dispersion is added, the two analog electrical signals should be identical signals that have a same cycle. After the chromatic dispersion is added, the two signals are affected by the chromatic dispersion due to a difference in carriers, and therefore the time delay is generated. The added chromatic dispersion is in direct proportion to the value of the time delay, and therefore the chromatic dispersion can be calculated according to the value of the time delay.

    [0040] Step 904. Obtain, according to a correspondence between the value of the time delay and chromatic dispersion, the fiber chromatic dispersion generated in a process of transmitting the to-be-monitored signal.

    [0041] The following further describes in detail a signal processing procedure in the method provided in this embodiment of the present invention with reference to FIG. 8. A specific implementation may be as follows:

    [0042] The to-be-monitored signal is input into the two coherent receivers. The two coherent receivers perform coherent mixing of the to-be-monitored signal separately with local oscillator laser 1 and local oscillator laser 2 to obtain the two analog electrical signals. Signal processing procedures of the two coherent receivers are identical. The signal processing procedure of the coherent receiver corresponding to the local oscillator laser 1 is used as an example for description below.

    [0043] The to-be-monitored signal and the local oscillator laser 1 are input into the coherent receiver at the same time. The coherent receiver performs coherent mixing of the to-be-monitored signal with the local oscillator laser 1, and then obtains four optical signals. Subsequently, the four optical signals are divided into two groups of optical signals. Photoelectric detection is performed on each group of optical signals, and then one analog electrical signal is obtained. Two analog electrical signals are correspondingly obtained from the two groups of optical signals (each analog electrical signal represents partial information of a finally output analog electrical signal). The two analog electrical signals are combined to form the analog electrical signal finally output by the coherent receiver (that is, the first analog electrical signal in this embodiment).

    [0044] Further, an analog-to-digital conversion module is used to convert the analog electrical signal into a discrete digital electrical signal a (the digital signal a is a signal corresponding to a location at an f-1/2T frequency of the to-be-monitored signal).

    [0045] Based on the same processing procedure for the local oscillator laser 1 and the to-be-monitored signal, a digital electrical signal b (the digital signal b is a signal corresponding to a location at a f+1/2T frequency of the to-be-monitored signal) may also be obtained after the same processing procedure for the local oscillator laser 2 and the to-be-monitored signal.

    [0046] A signal processor (for example, a DSP) performs modular squaring on a value of each moment of the digital electrical signal a to obtain the first time domain power signal, and performs modular squaring on a value of each moment of the digital electrical signal b to obtain the second time domain power signal (the time domain power signal represents power of the digital electrical signal at each moment).

    [0047] Then, after a cross-correlation operation is performed on the first time domain power signal and the second time domain power signal, the value of the time delay between the two time domain power signals is obtained. In this way, a value of a time delay in fiber optic transmission can be determined according to a relationship between the chromatic dispersion and the value of the time delay.

    [0048] Specifically, the fiber chromatic dispersion may be determined by using the following formula:



    [0049] τ0 is the value of the time delay between the two time domain power signals, T is an element width of an equivalent baseband signal of the to-be-monitored signal, λ is the center frequency of the to-be-monitored signal, and c is the speed of light.

    [0050] In addition, an existing optical communications system generally uses a polarization multiplexing technology, and the polarization multiplexing technology modulates information to two orthogonal polarization states (that is, X-polarization and Y-polarization). To monitor chromatic dispersion of a polarization multiplexing system, a polarization beam splitter (Polarization Beam Splitter, PBS) may be used to split the to-be-monitored signal and the local oscillator laser into the two orthogonal polarization states to separately perform chromatic dispersion estimation. Therefore, in a technical solution provided in this embodiment, when the to-be-monitored optical signal includes an X-polarization signal and a Y-polarization signal, where the X-polarization signal and the Y-polarization signal are orthogonal, the X-polarization signal and the Y-polarization signal are separately used as an independent signal, to perform a mixing operation with the first optical signal and the second optical signal to obtain four analog electrical signals. To determine the value of the time delay, the four analog electrical signals need to be combined to form 2 analog electrical signals. A specific implementation may be as follows:

    [0051] The four analog electrical signals are: Ux, Lx, Uy, and Ly. Specifically:

    [0052] Coherent mixing of the X-polarization signal with the first optical signal and the second optical signal is separately performed to obtain signals in an X-polarization direction. The signals include the X-polarization analog electrical signal Ux corresponding to the first optical signal and the X-polarization analog electrical signal Lx corresponding to the second optical signal.

    [0053] Coherent mixing of the Y-polarization signal with the first optical signal and the second optical signal is separately performed to obtain signals in a Y-polarization direction. The signals include the Y-polarization analog electrical signal Uy corresponding to the first optical signal and the Y-polarization analog electrical signal Ly corresponding to the second optical signal.

    [0054] The corresponding first analog electrical signal and the second analog electrical signal separately include two parts. Specifically:

    [0055] The first analog electrical signal includes Ux and Uy, and the second analog electrical signal includes Lx and Ly.

    [0056] Further, determining the time domain power signal may be: performing modular squaring on Ux and Uy (that is, |Ux|^2+|Uy|^2) to obtain the first time domain power signal, and separately performing modular squaring on Lx and Ly (that is, |Lx|^2+|Ly|^2) to obtain the second time domain power signal.

    [0057] In this embodiment, impact of polarization mode dispersion can be eliminated by calculating the value of the time delay by performing cross-correlation on the two polarization power signals. If polarization mode dispersion also exists in a chromatic dispersion system, a polarization mode dispersion parameter does not affect values of |Ux|^2+|Uy|^2 and |Lx|^2+|Ly|^2. Therefore, a relatively accurate value of the time delay can be obtained by performing power cross-correlation on |Ux|^2+|Uy|^2 and |Lx|^2+|Ly|^2.

    [0058] In addition, in this embodiment, the two polarization signals corresponding to the to-be-monitored optical signal may be used as two independent signals, and then processing such as coherent mixing of the two independent signals with the first optical signal and the second optical signal is separately performed, so as to obtain two fiber chromatic dispersion values (a signal flow processing is shown in FIG. 11).

    [0059] The method provided in this embodiment of the present invention is independent of a modulation pattern, and is related to a Baud rate. Therefore an algorithm is simple and is easy to implement.

    [0060] In addition, the method provided in this embodiment of the present invention can precisely and effectively implement CD monitoring on an optical network, and can provide a reliable information resource for management of the optical network, thereby making monitoring, management, and operation of the optical network more convenient.

    Another embodiment



    [0061] As shown in FIG. 12, this embodiment provides an apparatus for monitoring chromatic dispersion in an optical communications network. The apparatus includes: an optical signal source 1201, a first coherent receiver 1202, a second coherent receiver 1203, and a signal processor 1204.

    [0062] The optical signal source 1201 is configured to generate a first optical signal and a second optical signal, where center frequencies of the first optical signal and the second optical signal are located on two sides of a center frequency of a to-be-monitored signal, and a difference between the center frequencies of the first optical signal and the second optical signal equals a Baud rate.

    [0063] The first coherent receiver 1202 is connected to the optical signal source, and configured to perform coherent mixing of the to-be-monitored signal with the first optical signal to obtain a first analog electrical signal.

    [0064] The second coherent receiver 1203 is connected to the optical signal source, and configured to perform coherent mixing of the to-be-monitored signal with the second optical signal to obtain a second analog electrical signal.

    [0065] In a specific implementation environment, each coherent receiver includes at least one frequency mixer and one photodetector. The two coherent receivers respectively process the two signals, and each coherent receiver corresponds to one signal.

    [0066] The signal processor 1204 is connected to the first coherent receiver and the second coherent receiver, and configured to convert the first analog electrical signal into a corresponding first time domain power signal, convert the second analog electrical signal into a second time domain power signal, determine a value of a time delay between the first time domain power signal and the second time domain power signal, and obtain, according to a correspondence between the value of the time delay and the chromatic dispersion, the fiber chromatic dispersion generated in a process of transmitting the to-be-monitored signal.

    [0067] In a specific use environment, the optical signal source 1201 includes various implementations. The following provides two optimal implementations.

    Implementation 1:



    [0068] The optical signal source includes two lasers, and the two lasers are respectively configured to generate the first optical signal and the second optical signal. Specifically:

    [0069] The first laser is configured to generate the first optical signal.

    [0070] The second laser is configured to generate the second optical signal.

    Implementation 2:



    [0071] The optical signal source includes a laser source, an optoelectronic modulator, and a microwave signal source (a specific structure is shown in FIG. 13). Specifically:

    [0072] The laser source is configured to generate an optical signal.

    [0073] Two input ends of the optoelectronic modulator are respectively connected to output ends of the laser source and the microwave signal source, and the optoelectronic modulator is configured to perform, by using a signal generated by the microwave signal source, carrier suppression modulation on the optical signal to generate the first optical signal and the second optical signal.

    [0074] In this embodiment, an optimal implementation may be: The center frequency of the first optical signal is the center frequency of the to-be-monitored signal plus a 1/2 Baud rate; and the center frequency of the second optical signal is the center frequency of the to-be-monitored signal minus a 1/2 Baud rate.

    Another embodiment



    [0075] As shown in FIG. 14, this embodiment further provides another apparatus for monitoring chromatic dispersion in an optical communications network. The apparatus includes: a mixing module 1401, a conversion module 1402, a time delay value determining module 1403, and a chromatic dispersion determining module 1404.

    [0076] The mixing module 1401 is configured to perform coherent mixing of a to-be-monitored signal with a first optical signal to obtain a first analog electrical signal, and perform coherent mixing of the to-be-monitored signal with a second optical signal to obtain a second analog electrical signal, where center frequencies of the first optical signal and the second optical signal are located on two sides of a center frequency of the to-be-monitored signal, and a difference between the center frequencies of the first optical signal and the second optical signal equals a Baud rate.

    [0077] The conversion module 1402 is configured to convert the first analog electrical signal into a corresponding first time domain power signal, and convert the second analog electrical signal into a second time domain power signal.

    [0078] Optionally, the conversion module 1402 is specifically configured to perform analog-to-digital conversion processing on the first analog electrical signal to obtain a first digital signal; perform analog-to-digital conversion processing on the second analog electrical signal to obtain a second digital signal; perform modular squaring on a value of each moment of the first digital signal to obtain the first time domain power signal; and perform modular squaring on a value of each moment of the second digital signal to obtain the second time domain power signal.

    [0079] The time delay value determining module 1403 is configured to determine a value of a time delay between the first time domain power signal and the second time domain power signal.

    [0080] The chromatic dispersion determining module 1404 is configured to obtain, according to a correspondence between the value of the time delay and the chromatic dispersion, the fiber chromatic dispersion generated in a process of transmitting the to-be-monitored signal.

    [0081] Optionally, the chromatic dispersion determining module is specifically configured to determine, according to the value of the time delay and a formula

    the fiber chromatic dispersion generated in the process of transmitting the to-be-monitored signal, where τ0 is the value of the time delay between the two time domain power signals, T is an element width of an equivalent baseband signal of the to-be-monitored signal, λ is the center frequency of the to-be-monitored signal, and c is the speed of light.

    [0082] The foregoing one or more technical solutions in the embodiments of this application have at least the following technical effects:

    [0083] According to the chromatic dispersion detection method provided in the embodiments of the present invention, the two analog electrical signals on the upper and lower sidebands of the to-be-monitored optical signal are obtained by performing coherent mixing of the to-be-monitored signal with a specific optical signal, and then the chromatic dispersion is determined by using the value of the time delay between the two analog electrical signals. Therefore, the technical solutions provided in the embodiments are independent of a modulation pattern, and are related to a Baud rate. Therefore an algorithm is simple and is easy to implement.

    [0084] In addition, the method provided in this embodiment of the present invention can precisely and effectively implement CD monitoring on an optical network, and can provide a reliable information resource for management of the optical network, thereby making monitoring, management, and operation of the optical network more convenient.

    [0085] The method of the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described in the specific implementations. Other implementations obtained by a person skilled in the art according to the technical solutions of the present invention also fall within the technical innovation scope of the present invention.


    Claims

    1. A method for monitoring chromatic dispersion in an optical communications network, wherein the method comprises:

    performing coherent mixing of a to-be-monitored signal with a first optical signal to obtain a first analog electrical signal;

    performing coherent mixing of the to-be-monitored signal with a second optical signal to obtain a second analog electrical signal, wherein center frequencies of the first optical signal and the second optical signal are located on two sides of a center frequency of the to-be-monitored signal, and a difference between the center frequencies of the first optical signal and the second optical signal equals the Baud rate of the to-be-monitored signal, and wherein the center frequency of the first optical signal is the center frequency of the to-be-monitored signal plus 1/2 said Baud rate, and the center frequency of the second optical signal is the center frequency of the to-be-monitored signal minus 1/2 said Baud rate;

    converting the first analog electrical signal into a corresponding first time domain power signal, and converting the second analog electrical signal into a second time domain power signal;

    determining a value of a time delay between the first time domain power signal and the second time domain power signal; and

    obtaining, according to a correspondence between the value of the time delay and the chromatic dispersion, the fiber chromatic dispersion generated in a process of transmitting the to-be-monitored signal.


     
    2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the obtaining, according to a correspondence between the value of the time delay and the chromatic dispersion, the fiber chromatic dispersion generated in a process of transmitting the to-be-monitored signal comprises:
    determining, according to the value of the time delay and a formula

    the fiber chromatic dispersion generated in the process of transmitting the to-be-monitored signal, wherein τ0 is the value of the time delay between the two time domain power signals, T is an element width of an equivalent baseband signal of the to-be-monitored signal, λ is the center frequency of the to-be-monitored signal, and c is the speed of light.
     
    3. The method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the converting the first analog electrical signal into a corresponding first time domain power signal, and converting the second analog electrical signal into a second time domain power signal comprises:

    performing analog-to-digital conversion processing on the first analog electrical signal to obtain a first digital signal, and performing analog-to-digital conversion processing on the second analog electrical signal to obtain a second digital signal; and

    performing modular squaring on a value of each moment of the first digital signal to obtain the first time domain power signal, and performing modular squaring on a value of each moment of the second digital signal to obtain the second time domain power signal.


     
    4. The method according to claim 3, wherein if an optical signal is a signal that comprises an X-polarization signal and a Y-polarization signal, and the X-polarization signal and the Y-polarization signal are orthogonal, the method comprises:

    using the X-polarization signal and the Y-polarization signal separately as the to-be-monitored signal and performing coherent mixing of the to-be-monitored signal separately with the first optical signal and the second optical signal, to obtain an X-polarization analog electrical signal Ux corresponding to the first optical signal, a Y-polarization analog electrical signal Uy corresponding to the first optical signal, an X-polarization analog electrical signal Lx corresponding to the second optical signal, and a Y-polarization analog electrical signal Ly corresponding to the second optical signal, wherein Ux and Lx are signals obtained by performing coherent mixing of the X-polarization signal separately with the first optical signal and the second optical signal, and Uy and Ly are signals obtained by performing coherent mixing of the Y-polarization signal separately with the first optical signal and the second optical signal, and

    the first analog electrical signal comprises Ux and Uy, and the second analog electrical signal comprises Lx and Ly.


     
    5. An apparatus for monitoring chromatic dispersion in an optical communications network, wherein the apparatus comprises:

    a coherent receiving module (1401), configured to perform coherent mixing of a to-be-monitored signal with a first optical signal to obtain a first analog electrical signal, and perform coherent mixing of the to-be-monitored signal with a second optical signal to obtain a second analog electrical signal, wherein center frequencies of the first optical signal and the second optical signal are located on two sides of a center frequency of the to-be-monitored signal, and a difference between the center frequencies of the first optical signal and the second optical signal equals the Baud rate of the to-be-monitored signal, and wherein the center frequency of the first optical signal is the center frequency of the to-be-monitored signal plus 1/2 said Baud rate, and the center frequency of the second optical signal is the center frequency of the to-be-monitored signal minus 1/2 said Baud rate;

    a conversion module (1402), configured to convert the first analog electrical signal into a corresponding first time domain power signal, and convert the second analog electrical signal into a second time domain power signal;

    a time delay value determining module (1403), configured to determine a value of a time delay between the first time domain power signal and the second time domain power signal; and

    a chromatic dispersion determining module (1404), configured to obtain, according to a correspondence between the value of the time delay and the chromatic dispersion, the fiber chromatic dispersion generated in a process of transmitting the to-be-monitored signal.


     
    6. The apparatus according to claim 5, wherein the chromatic dispersion determining module (1404) is specifically configured to determine, according to the value of the time delay and a formula

    the fiber chromatic dispersion generated in the process of transmitting the to-be-monitored signal, wherein τ0 is the value of the time delay between the two time domain power signals, T is an element width of an equivalent baseband signal of the to-be-monitored signal, λ is the center frequency of the to-be-monitored signal, and c is the speed of light.
     
    7. The apparatus according to claim 5 or 6, wherein the conversion determining module (1402) is specifically configured to perform analog-to-digital conversion processing on the first analog electrical signal to obtain a first digital signal; perform analog-to-digital conversion processing on the second analog electrical signal to obtain a second digital signal; perform modular squaring on a value of each moment of the first digital signal to obtain the first time domain power signal; and perform modular squaring on a value of each moment of the second digital signal to obtain the second time domain power signal.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zum Überwachen einer chromatischen Dispersion in einem optischen Kommunikationsnetz, wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

    Durchführen eines kohärenten Mischens eines zu überwachenden Signals mit einem ersten optischen Signal, um ein erstes analoges elektrisches Signal zu erhalten;

    Durchführen eines kohärenten Mischens des zu überwachenden Signals mit einem zweiten optischen Signal, um ein zweites analoges elektrisches Signal zu erhalten,

    wobei sich Mittenfrequenzen des ersten optischen Signals und des zweiten optischen Signals an zwei Seiten einer Mittenfrequenz des zu überwachenden Signals befinden, und eine Differenz zwischen den Mittenfrequenzen des ersten optischen Signals und des zweiten optischen Signals der Baudrate des zu überwachenden Signals entspricht, und wobei die Mittenfrequenz des ersten optischen Signals die Mittenfrequenz des zu überwachenden Signals plus 1/2 der Baudrate ist, und die Mittenfrequenz des zweiten optischen Signals die Mittenfrequenz des zu überwachenden Signals minus 1/2 der Baudrate ist;

    Umwandeln des ersten analogen elektrischen Signals in ein entsprechendes Leistungssignal eines ersten Zeitbereichs, und Umwandeln des zweiten analogen elektrischen Signals in ein Leistungssignal eines zweiten Zeitbereichs;

    Bestimmen eines Werts einer Zeitverzögerung zwischen dem Leistungssignal des ersten Zeitbereichs und dem Leistungssignal des zweiten Zeitbereichs; und

    Erhalten, gemäß einer Übereinstimmung zwischen dem Wert der Zeitverzögerung und der chromatischen Dispersion, der bei einem Vorgang eines Übertragens des zu überwachenden Signals erzeugten chromatischen Dispersion eines Leiters.


     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Erhalten, gemäß einer Übereinstimmung zwischen dem Wert der Zeitverzögerung und der chromatischen Dispersion, der bei einem Vorgang eines Übertragens des zu überwachenden Signals erzeugten chromatischen Dispersion eines Leiters, umfasst:
    Bestimmen, gemäß dem Wert der Zeitverzögerung und einer Formel

    der bei dem Vorgang eines Übertragens des zu überwachenden Signals erzeugten chromatischen Dispersion eines Leiters, wobei τ0 der Wert der Zeitverzögerung zwischen den Leistungssignalen der zwei Zeitbereiche ist, T eine Elementbreite eines äquivalenten Basisbandsignals des zu überwachenden Signals ist, λ die Mittenfrequenz des zu überwachenden Signals ist und c die Lichtgeschwindigkeit ist.
     
    3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei das Umwandeln des ersten analogen elektrischen Signals in ein entsprechendes Leistungssignal eines ersten Zeitbereichs, und das Umwandeln des zweiten analogen elektrischen Signals in ein Leistungssignal eines zweiten Zeitbereichs umfasst:

    Durchführen eines Analog-zu-Digital-Umwandlungsvorgangs an dem ersten analogen elektrischen Signal, um ein erstes digitales Signal zu erhalten, und

    Durchführen eines Analog-zu-Digital-Umwandlungsvorgangs an dem zweiten analogen elektrischen Signal, um ein zweites digitales Signal zu erhalten; und

    Durchführen eines modularen Potenzierens an einem Wert jedes Moments des ersten digitalen Signals, um das Leistungssignal des ersten Zeitbereichs zu erhalten, und

    Durchführen eines modularen Potenzierens an einem Wert jedes Moments des zweiten digitalen Signals, um das Leistungssignal des zweiten Zeitbereichs zu erhalten.


     
    4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 3, wobei, wenn ein optisches Signal ein Signal ist, das ein X-Polarisationssignal und ein Y-Polarisationssignal umfasst, und das X-Polarisationssignal und das Y-Polarisationssignal orthogonal sind, das Verfahren umfasst:

    Verwenden des X-Polarisationssignals und des Y-Polarisationssignals separat als das zu überwachende Signal und Durchführen eines kohärenten Mischens des zu überwachenden Signals separat mit dem ersten optischen Signal und dem zweiten optischen Signal, um ein analoges elektrisches X-Polarisationssignal Ux entsprechend dem ersten optischen Signal, ein analoges elektrisches Y-Polarisationssignal Uy entsprechend dem ersten optischen Signal, ein analoges elektrisches X-Polarisationssignal Lx entsprechend dem zweiten optischen Signal und ein analoges elektrisches Y-Polarisationssignal Ly entsprechend dem zweiten optischen Signal zu erhalten, wobei Ux und Lx Signale sind, die durch Durchführen eines kohärenten Mischens des X-Polarisationssignals separat mit dem ersten optischen Signal und dem zweiten optischen Signal erhalten werden, und Uy und Ly Signale sind, die durch Durchführen eines kohärenten Mischens des Y-Polarisationssignals separat mit dem ersten optischen Signal und dem zweiten optischen Signal erhalten werden, und

    wobei das erste analoge elektrische Signal Ux und Uy umfasst, und das zweite analoge elektrische Signal Lx und Ly umfasst.


     
    5. Einrichtung zum Überwachen einer chromatischen Dispersion in einem optischen Kommunikationsnetz, wobei die Einrichtung umfasst:

    ein kohärentes Empfangsmodul (1401), das ausgestaltet ist, ein kohärentes Mischen eines zu überwachenden Signals mit einem ersten optischen Signal durchzuführen, um ein erstes analoges elektrisches Signal zu erhalten, und ein kohärentes Mischen des zu überwachenden Signals mit einem zweiten optischen Signal durchzuführen, um ein zweites analoges elektrisches Signal zu erhalten, wobei sich Mittenfrequenzen des ersten optischen Signals und des zweiten optischen Signals an zwei Seiten einer Mittenfrequenz des zu überwachenden Signals befinden, und eine Differenz zwischen den Mittenfrequenzen des ersten optischen Signals und des zweiten optischen Signals der Baudrate des zu überwachenden Signals entspricht, und wobei die Mittenfrequenz des ersten optischen Signals die Mittenfrequenz des zu überwachenden Signals plus 1/2 der Baudrate ist, und die Mittenfrequenz des zweiten optischen Signals die Mittenfrequenz des zu überwachenden Signals minus 1/2 der Baudrate ist;

    ein Umwandlungsmodul (1402), das ausgestaltet ist, das erste analoge elektrische Signal in ein entsprechendes Leistungssignal eines ersten Zeitbereichs umzuwandeln, und das zweite analoge elektrische Signal in ein Leistungssignal eines zweiten Zeitbereichs umzuwandeln;

    ein Zeitverzögerungswertbestimmungsmodul (1403), das ausgestaltet ist, einen Wert einer Zeitverzögerung zwischen dem Leistungssignal des ersten Zeitbereichs und dem Leistungssignal des zweiten Zeitbereichs zu bestimmen; und

    ein chromatisches Dispersionsbestimmungsmodul (1404), das ausgestaltet ist, gemäß einer Übereinstimmung zwischen dem Wert der Zeitverzögerung und der chromatischen Dispersion, die bei einem Vorgang eines Übertragens des zu überwachenden Signals erzeugte chromatische Dispersion eines Leiters zu erhalten.


     
    6. Einrichtung nach Anspruch 5, wobei das chromatische Dispersionsbestimmungsmodul (1404) insbesondere ausgestaltet ist, gemäß dem Wert der Zeitverzögerung und einer Formel

    die bei dem Vorgang eines Übertragens des zu überwachenden Signals erzeugte chromatische Dispersion eines Leiters zu bestimmen, wobei τ0 der Wert der Zeitverzögerung zwischen den Leistungssignalen der zwei Zeitbereiche ist, T eine Elementbreite eines äquivalenten Basisbandsignals des zu überwachenden Signals ist, λ die Mittenfrequenz des zu überwachenden Signals ist und c die Lichtgeschwindigkeit ist.
     
    7. Einrichtung nach Anspruch 5 oder 6, wobei das Umwandlungsbestimmungsmodul (1402) insbesondere ausgestaltet ist, einen Analog-zu-Digital-Umwandlungsvorgang an dem ersten analogen elektrischen Signal durchzuführen, um ein erstes digitales Signal zu erhalten; einen Analog-zu-Digital-Umwandlungsvorgang an dem zweiten analogen elektrischen Signal durchzuführen, um ein zweites digitales Signal zu erhalten; ein modulares Potenzieren an einem Wert jedes Moments des ersten digitalen Signals durchzuführen, um das Leistungssignal des ersten Zeitbereichs zu erhalten; und ein modulares Potenzieren an einem Wert jedes Moments des zweiten digitalen Signals durchzuführen, um das Leistungssignal des zweiten Zeitbereichs zu erhalten.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé de surveillance d'une dispersion chromatique dans un réseau de communication optique, le procédé comprenant les étapes consistant à :

    effectuer un mélange cohérent d'un signal à surveiller avec un premier signal optique pour obtenir un premier signal électrique analogique ;

    effectuer un mélange cohérent du signal à surveiller avec un deuxième signal optique pour obtenir un deuxième signal électrique analogique, dans lequel les fréquences centrales du premier signal optique et du deuxième signal optique sont situées des deux côtés d'une fréquence centrale du signal à surveiller, et une différence entre les fréquences centrales du premier signal optique et du deuxième signal optique est égale à la vitesse de transmission du signal à surveiller, et dans lequel la fréquence centrale du premier signal optique est la fréquence centrale du signal à surveiller plus la moitié de ladite vitesse de transmission, et la fréquence centrale du deuxième signal optique est la fréquence centrale du signal à surveiller moins la moitié de ladite vitesse de transmission ;

    convertir le premier signal électrique analogique en un premier signal de puissance du domaine temporel correspondant, et convertir le deuxième signal électrique analogique en un deuxième signal de puissance du domaine temporel ;

    déterminer une valeur d'un retard temporel entre le premier signal de puissance du domaine temporel et le deuxième signal de puissance du domaine temporel ; et

    obtenir, selon une correspondance entre la valeur du retard temporel et la dispersion chromatique, la dispersion chromatique de la fibre générée dans un processus de transmission du signal à surveiller.


     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'obtention, selon une correspondance entre la valeur du retard temporel et la dispersion chromatique, de la dispersion chromatique de la fibre générée dans un processus de transmission du signal à surveiller, comprend :
    la détermination, selon la valeur du retard temporel et une formule

    de la dispersion chromatique de la fibre générée dans le processus de transmission du signal à surveiller, où τ0 est la valeur du retard temporel entre les deux signaux de puissance du domaine temporel, T est une largeur d'élément d'un signal de bande de base équivalent du signal à surveiller, λ est la fréquence centrale du signal à surveiller, et c est la vitesse de la lumière.
     
    3. Procédé selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel la conversion du premier signal électrique analogique en un premier signal de puissance du domaine temporel correspondant, et la conversion du deuxième signal électrique analogique en un deuxième signal de puissance du domaine temporel comprennent :

    l'exécution d'un traitement de conversion analogique/numérique sur le premier signal électrique analogique pour obtenir un premier signal numérique, et l'exécution d'un traitement de conversion analogique/numérique sur le deuxième signal électrique analogique pour obtenir un deuxième signal numérique ; et

    l'exécution d'une élévation au carré modulaire sur une valeur de chaque instant du premier signal numérique pour obtenir le premier signal de puissance du domaine temporel, et l'exécution d'une élévation au carré modulaire sur une valeur de chaque instant du deuxième signal numérique pour obtenir le deuxième signal de puissance du domaine temporel.


     
    4. Procédé selon la revendication 3, dans lequel, si un signal optique est un signal qui comprend un signal de polarisation X et un signal de polarisation Y, et le signal de polarisation X et le signal de polarisation Y sont orthogonaux, le procédé comprend :

    l'utilisation du signal de polarisation X et du signal de polarisation Y séparément comme le signal à surveiller et l'exécution d'un mélange cohérent du signal à surveiller séparément avec le premier signal optique et le deuxième signal optique, pour obtenir un signal électrique analogique de polarisation X, Ux, correspondant au premier signal optique, un signal électrique analogique de polarisation Y, Uy, correspondant au premier signal optique, un signal électrique analogique de polarisation X, Lx, correspondant au deuxième signal optique, et un signal électrique analogique de polarisation Y, Ly, correspondant au deuxième signal optique, où Ux et Lx sont des signaux obtenus en effectuant un mélange cohérent du signal de polarisation X séparément avec le premier signal optique et le deuxième signal optique, et Uy et Ly sont des signaux obtenus en effectuant un mélange cohérent du signal de polarisation Y séparément avec le premier signal optique et le deuxième signal optique, et

    le premier signal électrique analogique comprend Ux et Uy, et le deuxième signal électrique analogique comprend Lx et Ly.


     
    5. Appareil de surveillance d'une dispersion chromatique dans un réseau de communication optique, l'appareil comprenant :

    un module de réception cohérente (1401), configuré pour effectuer un mélange cohérent d'un signal à surveiller avec un premier signal optique pour obtenir un premier signal électrique analogique, et pour effectuer un mélange cohérent du signal à surveiller avec un deuxième signal optique pour obtenir un deuxième signal électrique analogique, dans lequel des fréquences centrales du premier signal optique et du deuxième signal optique sont situées des deux côtés d'une fréquence centrale du signal à surveiller, et une différence entre les fréquences centrales du premier signal optique et du deuxième signal optique est égale à la vitesse de transmission du signal à surveiller, et dans lequel la fréquence centrale du premier signal optique est la fréquence centrale du signal à surveiller plus la moitié de ladite vitesse de transmission, et la fréquence centrale du deuxième signal optique est la fréquence centrale du signal à surveiller moins la moitié de ladite vitesse de transmission ;

    un module de conversion (1402), configuré pour convertir le premier signal électrique analogique en un premier signal de puissance du domaine temporel correspondant, et pour convertir le deuxième signal électrique analogique en un deuxième signal de puissance du domaine temporel ;

    un module de détermination de valeur de retard temporel (1403), configuré pour déterminer une valeur d'un retard temporel entre le premier signal de puissance du domaine temporel et le deuxième signal de puissance du domaine temporel ; et

    un module de détermination de dispersion chromatique (1404), configuré pour obtenir, selon une correspondance entre la valeur du retard temporel et la dispersion chromatique, la dispersion chromatique de la fibre générée dans un processus de transmission du signal à surveiller.


     
    6. Appareil selon la revendication 5, dans lequel le module de détermination de dispersion chromatique (1404) est spécifiquement configuré pour déterminer, selon la valeur du retard temporel et une formule

    la dispersion chromatique de la fibre générée dans le processus de transmission du signal à surveiller, où τ0 est la valeur du retard temporel entre les deux signaux de puissance du domaine temporel, T est une largeur d'élément d'un signal de bande de base équivalent du signal à surveiller, λ est la fréquence centrale du signal à surveiller, et c est la vitesse de la lumière.
     
    7. Appareil selon la revendication 5 ou 6, dans lequel le module de détermination de conversion (1402) est spécifiquement configuré pour effectuer un traitement de conversion analogique/numérique sur le premier signal électrique analogique pour obtenir un premier signal numérique ; pour effectuer un traitement de conversion analogique/numérique sur le deuxième signal électrique analogique pour obtenir un deuxième signal numérique ; pour effectuer une élévation au carré modulaire d'une valeur de chaque instant du premier signal numérique pour obtenir le premier signal de puissance du domaine temporel ; et pour effectuer une élévation au carré modulaire sur une valeur de chaque instant du deuxième signal numérique pour obtenir le deuxième signal de puissance du domaine temporel.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description