(19)
(11)EP 3 361 891 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
09.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/37

(21)Application number: 15791077.9

(22)Date of filing:  16.10.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A41D 13/11(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2015/055867
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/065788 (20.04.2017 Gazette  2017/16)

(54)

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CUTTING AND PLACING NOSE WIRES IN A FACEMASK MANUFACTURING PROCESS

VERFAHREN UND SYSTEM ZUM STANZEN UND PLATZIEREN VON NASENDRÄHTEN IN EINEM GESICHTSMASKENHERSTELLUNGSVERFAHREN

PROCÉDÉ ET SYSTÈME POUR COUPER ET PLACER DES FILS DE NEZ DANS UN PROCESSUS DE FABRICATION DE MASQUE FACIAL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
22.08.2018 Bulletin 2018/34

(73)Proprietor: O&M Halyard, Inc.
Mechanicsville, VA 23116 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • HARRINGTON, David Lamar
    Alpharetta, Georgia 30004 (US)
  • PAMPERIN, Mark Thomas
    Alpharetta, Georgia 30004 (US)
  • HARRIS, Nathan Craig
    Alpharetta, Georgia 30004 (US)
  • WEBER, Joseph P.
    Alpharetta, Georgia 30004 (US)
  • HOUDE, Ajay Y.
    Alpharetta, Georgia 30004 (US)

(74)Representative: Zimmermann & Partner Patentanwälte mbB 
Postfach 330 920
80069 München
80069 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
CN-A- 104 872 866
US-A1- 2008 251 210
CN-A- 104 939 377
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] The present invention relates generally to the field of protective facemasks, and more specifically to a method and system for cutting and placing nose wires in the manufacturing of such Document US 2008/251210 discloses a method for cutting and placing individual nosewires in a facemask production line according to the preamble of claim 1.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0002] Various configurations of disposable filtering facemasks or respirators are known and may be referred to by various names, including "facemasks", "respirators", "filtering face respirators", and so forth. For purposes of this disclosure, such devices are referred to generically as "facemasks."

    [0003] The ability to supply aid workers, rescue personnel, and the general populace with protective facemasks during times of natural disasters or other catastrophic events is crucial. For example, in the event of a pandemic, the use of facemasks that offer filtered breathing is a key aspect of the response and recovery to such event. For this reason, governments and other municipalities generally maintain a ready stockpile of the facemasks for immediate emergency use. However, the facemasks have a defined shelf life, and the stockpile must be continuously monitored for expiration and replenishing. This is an extremely expensive undertaking.

    [0004] Recently, investigation has been initiated into whether or not it would be feasible to mass produce facemasks on an "as needed" basis during pandemics or other disasters instead of relying on stockpiles. For example, in 2013, the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA) within the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services estimated that up to 100 million facemasks would be needed during a pandemic situation in the U.S., and proposed research into whether this demand could be met by mass production of from 1.5 to 2 million facemasks per day to avoid stockpiling. This translates to about 1,500 masks/minute. Current facemask production lines are capable of producing only about 100 masks/minute due to technology and equipment restraints, which falls far short of the estimated goal. Accordingly, advancements in the manufacturing and production processes will be needed if the goal of "on demand" facemasks during a pandemic is to become a reality.

    [0005] The various configurations of filtration facemasks include a flexible, malleable metal piece, known as "nose wire", along the edge of the upper filtration panel to help conform the facemask to the user's nose and retain the facemask in place during use, as is well known. The nose wire may have a varying length and width between different sizes and mask configurations, but is generally cut from a spool in a continuous in-line process and laid onto a running carrier nonwoven web (which may include a plurality of nonwoven layers) along an edge that becomes a top edge of the finished mask. The edge is subsequently sealed with a binder material, which also encapsulates and permanently holds the nose wire in place at the top edge. However, prior to this encapsulation, the nose wire is not otherwise positively held to the carrier web. For mass production of facemasks at the throughputs mentioned above, the carrier web will necessarily move at a significantly greater transport speed as compared to conventional manufacturing lines. Consequently, it is believed that the nose wires will need to be positively held on the carrier web to ensure proper placement of the nose wires prior to the encapsulation process.

    [0006] The present invention addresses this need and provides a method for high speed cutting and placement of nose wires on the running carrier web in an in-line manufacturing process of facemasks.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0007] Objects and advantages of the invention will be set forth in the following description, or may be obvious from the description, or may be learned through practice of the invention.

    [0008] In accordance with aspects of the invention, a method is provided for cutting and placing individual nose wires in a facemask production line, comprising: supplying a continuous wire from a supply source to a cutting station in the facemask production line; at the cutting station, cutting the continuous wire into individual nose wires having a defined length; either upstream or downstream of the cutting station treating the nose wire with a surface treatment at a treatment station; from the cutting station, conveying the individual nose wires onto a carrier web with a pair of delivery rollers that deposit the nose wires along an edge of the carrier web corresponding to a top edge of the facemask; and wherein at the treatment station, the surface treatment is performed to a side of the nose wires that exit the delivery rollers and will lie against the carrier web and results in an increased surface attachment of the nose wires to the carrier web. From the treatment station or the cutting station, the carrier web and attached nose wires may be conveyed to a folder and bonder, wherein the nose wires are encapsulated in a binder web that is folded over an edge of the carrier material and bonded to the carrier material.

    [0009] In a particular embodiment, the surface treatment includes applying an adhesive onto the side of the nose wires, wherein the adhesive has sufficient tack for the nose wires to quickly adhere to the carrier web. Various types of adhesives are suitable for this function, and the method is not limited to any particular adhesive. These types of adhesives are also known as transport tackifiers. A suitable adhesive may be a pressure-sensitive adhesive, wherein the method may include pressing the nose wires onto the carrier web after application of the adhesive, for example by passing the carrier web and nose wire below a pressing bar.

    [0010] In a particular embodiment, the adhesive may be sprayed onto the side of nose wires. In another embodiment, the adhesive may be is coated onto the side of the nose wires, for example by a contact roller.
    With a different embodiment, the surface treatment process may include altering a surface characteristic of the side of the nose wire that is placed against the carrier web. For example, this surface may be abraded to produce a "roughened" surface with increased frictional resistance to sliding or moving on the nonwoven carrier web. This abrasion process may be carried out mechanically by contacting the surface of the nose wires with an abrasion device, such as a stationary or moving abrasion stone, wire wheel, and so forth. In an alternate abrasion process, an abrasive chemical may be applied to the surface of the nose wires.

    [0011] In still a further embodiment, the surface of the nose wire may be roughened by defining a pattern into the surface of the nose wire that increases surface roughness and, thus, resistance to sliding or moving of the nose wire on the carrier web. This pattern may be etched into the nose wire surface with a laser, or defined by a crimp roller.

    [0012] The present invention also encompasses various system embodiments for cutting and placing individual nose wires in a facemask production line in accordance with the present methods, as described and supported herein.

    [0013] Other features and aspects of the present invention are discussed in greater detail below.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0014] A full and enabling disclosure of the present invention, including the best mode thereof, directed to one of ordinary skill in the art, is set forth more particularly in the remainder of the specification, which makes reference to the appended figures in which:

    Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a conventional respiratory facemask worn by a user, the facemask incorporating a nose wire to conform the facemask to the user's face;

    Fig. 2 is a top view of the conventional facemask of Fig. 1 is a folded state;

    Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the facemask of Fig. 2 taken along the lines indicated in Fig. 2;

    Fig. 4 is a top view of a web having a plurality of facemask panels defined therein, with a nose wire incorporated in edges of alternating panels in the web;

    Fig. 5 is a schematic depiction of parts of a facemask production line in accordance with aspects of the invention related to cutting and placement of nose wires on a carrier web for subsequent incorporation with facemask panels;

    Fig. 6 is a schematic representation of an alternative embodiment for cutting and placement of nose wires on a carrier web in accordance with aspects of the invention;

    Fig. 7 is a schematic representation of still another embodiment for cutting and placement of nose wires on a carrier web in accordance with aspects of the invention; and

    Fig. 8 is a schematic representation of a different embodiment for cutting and placement of nose wires on a carrier web in accordance with aspects of the invention.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF REPRESENTATIVE EMBODIMENTS



    [0015] Reference now will be made in detail to various embodiments of the invention, one or more examples of which are set forth below. Each example is provided by way of explanation of the invention, not limitation of the invention. In fact, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications and variations may be made in the present invention without departing from the scope or spirit of the invention. For instance, features illustrated or described as part of one embodiment, may be used on another embodiment to yield a still further embodiment. Thus, it is intended that the present invention covers such modifications and variations as come within the scope of the appended claims.

    [0016] As mentioned, the present methods and associated systems relate to cutting and placement of individual nose wires in a facemask production line. The downstream facemask production steps are not limiting aspects of the invention and, thus, will not be explained in great detail herein.

    [0017] Also, the present disclosure refers to or implies conveyance or transport of certain components of the facemasks through the production line. It should be readily appreciated that any manner and combination of article conveyors (e.g., rotary and linear conveyors), article placers (e.g. vacuum puck placers), and transfer devices are well known in the article conveying industry and can be used for the purposes described herein. It is not necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the present methods to provide a detailed explanation of these well-known devices and system.

    [0018] Various styles and configurations of facemasks that incorporate a nose wire are well known, including flat pleated facemasks, and the present methods may have utility in the production lines for these conventional masks. For illustrative purposes only, aspects of the present method are described herein with reference to a particular type of respirator facemask often referred to in the art as a "duckbill" mask, as illustrated in Fig. 1.

    [0019] Referring to Figs. 1-3, a representative facemask 11(e.g., a duckbill facemask) is illustrated on the face of wearer 12. The mask 11 includes filter body 14 that is secured to the wearer 12 by means of resilient and elastic straps or securing members 16 and 18. The filter body 14 includes an upper portion 20 and a lower portion 22, both of which have complimentary trapezoidal shapes and are preferably bonded together such as by heat and/or ultrasonic sealing along three sides. Bonding in this manner adds important structural integrity to mask 11.

    [0020] The fourth side of the mask 11 is open and includes a top edge 24 and a bottom edge 38, which cooperate with each other to define the periphery of the mask 11 that contacts the wearer's face. The top edge 24 is arranged to receive an elongated malleable member 26 (Figs. 2 and 3) in the form of a flat metal ribbon or wire (referred to herein as a "nose wire"). The nose wire 26 is provided so that top edge 24 of mask 11 can be configured to closely fit the contours of the nose and cheeks of wearer 12. The nose wire 26 is typically constructed from an aluminum strip with a rectangular cross-section. With the exception of having the nose wire 26 located along top edge 24 of the upper portion 20 of the mask 11, the upper and lower portions 20 and 22 may be identical.

    [0021] As shown in Fig. 1, the mask 11 has the general shape of a cup or cone when placed on the face of wearer 12 and thus provides "off-the-face" benefits of a molded-cone style mask while still being easy for wearer 12 to carry mask 11 in a pocket prior to use. "Off-the-face" style masks provide a larger breathing chamber as compared to soft, pleated masks which contact a substantial portion of the wearer's face. Therefore, "off-the-face" masks permit cooler and easier breathing.

    [0022] Blow-by associated with normal breathing of wearer 12 is substantially eliminated by properly selecting the dimension and location of the nose wire 26 with respect to top edge of 24. The nose wire 26 is preferably positioned in the center of top edge 24 and has a length in the range of fifty percent (50%) to seventy percent (70%) of the total length of the top edge 24.

    [0023] As illustrated in cross-sectional view of Fig. 3, the upper and lower portions 20 and 22 may include multiple layers and each have an outer mask layer 30 and inner mask layer 32. Located between outer and inner mask layers 30, 32 is one or more intermediate layer 34 that comprises the filter media for the mask 11. This layer is typically constructed from a melt-blown polypropylene, extruded polycarbonate, melt-blown polyester, or a melt-blown urethane.

    [0024] The top edge 24 of the mask 11 is faced with an edge binder 36 that extends across the open end of mask 11 and covers the nose wire 26. Similarly, the bottom edge 38 is encompassed by an edge binder 40. Edge binders 36 and 40 are folded over and bonded to the respective edges 24, 30 after placement of the nose wire 26 along the top edge 24. The edge binders 36, 40 may be constructed from a spunlaced polyester material.

    [0025] Fig. 4 illustrates the layout of the generally trapezoidal shape for cutting the layers forming the upper body portions 20. A similar layout would be produced for the lower body portion 22, which is then brought into alignment with and bonded to the upper body portion 20 in the facemask manufacturing line. More precisely, the layouts of Fig. 4 represent the outline of cutters which ultimately cut layers 30 and 32 for the upper portion 20 from respective flat sheets of material, with the layouts arranged in an alternating pattern on the flat sheets of material between edges 50, 52 representing the open side of mask 11 formed by top edge 24 and bottom edge 38. The arrangement of the layouts is such that a continuous piece of scrap may be formed as the material is fed through the cutter (not shown) utilized in making mask 11. Fig. 4 illustrates placement of cut nose wires 26 on the portions of the continuous web corresponding to the top edge 24 prior to folding and bonding of the edge binders 36, 40 along the edges 24, 38.

    [0026] Fig. 5 depicts portions of a production line 106 for facemasks that incorporate a nose wire 26 (Fig. 4). A running wire 101 is supplied in continuous strip form from a source 103, such as a driven operational running roll 104, to a cutting station 108. Suitable cutting stations 108 are known and used in conventional production lines. The station 108 may include a set of feed rollers 110 that define a driven nip, wherein one of the feed rollers is driven and the other may be an idler roll. The feed rollers 110 may also serve to impart a crimped pattern to the running nose wire, such as diamond pattern. The running wire 101 is fed to a cutter roller 112 configured opposite to an anvil 114, wherein the cuter roller 112 is driven at a rate so as to cut the running wire 101 into individual nose wires 102. Downstream of the cutter roller 112, a pair of delivery rollers 116 transport the individual nose wires 102 from the cutting station 108 onto a carrier web 118. Referring to Fig. 4, this carrier web 118 may be the continuous multi-layer web that defines the upper and lower body portions 20, 22, wherein the individual nose wires 26 are deposited along the edge of the carrier web 118 corresponding to the top edge 24. It should be appreciated that an additional cutting station may be operationally disposed opposite to (and upstream or downstream) of the cutting station 108 for cutting and placing the nose wires on the opposite nested upper body portions 20 in the web depicted in Fig. 4. For the sake of ease of understanding only one such cutting station is illustrated and described herein.

    [0027] After placement of the individual nose wires 102 in position on the carrier web 118, the binder web 120 is introduced to the production line along both edges of the carrier web 118 (only one binder web 120 is depicted in Fig. 5.). The combination of carrier web 118, nose wire 26, and binder webs 120 pass through a folding station 122 wherein the binder webs 118 are folded around the respective running edges 50, 52 of the carrier web 118 (Fig. 4). The components then pass through a bonding station 124 wherein the binder webs 120 are bonded to the carrier web 118, thereby producing the edge configurations 24, 38 depicted in Fig. 3 with respective binders 36, 40. The nose wire 26 is held in position relative to the top edge 24 by the binder 36.

    [0028] From the bonding station 124, the continuous combination of carrier web 118 with nose wires 102 under the binder 36 is conveyed to further downstream processing stations 126 wherein the individual facemasks are cut, bonded, head straps are applied, and so forth.

    [0029] With further reference to Figs. 5 through 8, aspects of a method 100 and related systems are depicted for cutting and placing the individual nose wires 102 onto the carrier web 118 in the facemask production line 106. As described, at the cutting station 108, the continuous wire 101 is cut into individual nose wires 102 having a defined length. The individual nose wires 102 are conveyed to a treatment station 130 prior to being conveyed onto the carrier web 118. At the treatment station 130, a surface treatment is performed on a side of the nose wires 102 that will lie against the carrier web. The type of surface treatment may vary, wherein the overall purpose of such treatment is increase adherence of the nose wires 102 onto the carrier web so that the nose wires 102 do not slide or fall off of the carrier web during the increased production speeds of the production line 106 needed to achieve the facemask throughputs discussed above. It is not necessary that the treatment performed at the treatment station 130 permanently attach the nose wires 102 to the carrier web 118, although permanent attachment is within the scope of the invention. It may suffice that the surface treatment results in temporary increased surface friction between the nose wires 102 and carrier web 118, or an actual physical engagement of the surface of the nose wires 102 with the fibers of the carrier web 118 resulting from abrasion or "roughening" of the nose wire surface.

    [0030] Fig. 5 depicts the treatment station 130 in solid lines downstream from the cutting station 108. Fig. 5 also depicts an alternate embodiment in dashed lines wherein the treatment station 130 is operationally disposed upstream of the cutting station 108. With this embodiment, the surface treatment is performed on the running wire 101 before it is cut into individual nose wires 102.

    [0031] As described, from the treatment station, the carrier web 118 and attached nose wires 102 are conveyed to the folder 122 and bonder 124, wherein the nose wires 102 are encapsulated in the binder web 120 that is folded over an edge of the carrier material 118 and bonded to the carrier material.

    [0032] Fig. 5 depicts an embodiment wherein the surface treatment carried out at the treatment station 130 applies an adhesive onto the surface of the nose wires 102 as they exit the cutting station 108. An adhesive sprayer 134 may be operationally located at the downstream side of the cutting station 108 and supplied with an adhesive from a supply source. A sensor 132 in communication with a controller 128 senses a leading edge of a nose wire 102 as it is conveyed out of the cutting station 108 by the delivery rollers 116. The controller 128, in turn, activates the sprayer 134 to apply the adhesive onto the surface of the nose wire 102. It is envisioned that various commercially available adhesives can be used for this purpose so long as the adhesive has sufficient initial tack for the nose wires to quickly adhere to the carrier web. The method is thus not limited to any particular adhesive. In a particular, embodiment, the adhesive may be a pressure-sensitive adhesive, wherein the method further includes pressing the nose wires onto the carrier web after application of the adhesive, for example by passing the carrier web and nose wire below a pressing bar or through the nip of a pair of rollers.

    [0033] Fig. 8 depicts an embodiment for application of an adhesive onto the underside of the nose wires 102 that is similar to the process in Fig. 5. In Fig. 8, a contact applicator 136, such as a roller, brush, blade, and the like, is used to apply the adhesive directly onto the nose wires 102.

    [0034] With a different method embodiment 100, the surface treatment process may include altering a physical surface characteristic of the side of the nose wire 102 that is placed against the carrier web. For example, this surface may be altered to produce a "roughened" surface that results in increased frictional resistance to sliding or moving of the nose wires 102 on the nonwoven carrier web 118.

    [0035] Referring to Fig. 7, the abrasion surface treatment process may be carried out mechanically by contacting the surface of the nose wires 102 with an abrasion device 140 prior to placement of the wires 102 onto the carrier web 118, such as a stationary or moving abrasion stone, wire wheel, and so forth. The abrasion device 140 may be stationary, wherein the nose wires 102 are conveyed over the device, or may be rotationally or linearly driven relative to the nose wires 102.

    [0036] The embodiment of Fig. 7 wherein the abrasion device 149 is used for the surface treatment may be particularly beneficial in that the abrasion device 149 may also function to remove any burrs from the longitudinal ends of the cut nose wires 102 that may result from the relatively high speed cutting process at the cutting station 108. If not removed, such burrs may cause discomfort or irritation to the user of the facemask.

    [0037] In an alternate abrasion process, an abrasive chemical may be applied to the surface of the nose wires 102 in a coating or spraying process, as depicted in the embodiments of Figs. 5 and 8.

    [0038] In the embodiment depicted in Fig. 6, the surface treatment process is carried out by laser etching the surface of the nose wires 102 with a laser 138 at the treatment station 130.

    [0039] In still a further embodiment, the surface of the nose wires 102 may be roughened by defining a pattern into the surface of the nose wire that increases surface roughness and, thus, resistance to sliding or moving of the nose wire on the carrier web. This pattern may be pressed or etched into the nose wire surface with a laser (Fig. 6), or defined by a crimp roller. In the depicted embodiments, the cutter roller 112 and opposing anvil 114 (which may be a roller) may also serve to press a pattern into the surface of the nose wire 102.


    Claims

    1. A method for cutting and placing individual nose wires (102) in a facemask production line (106), comprising:

    supplying a continuous wire (101) from a supply source (103) to a cutting station (108) in the facemask production line (106);

    at the cutting station (108), cutting the continuous wire (101) into individual nose wires (102) having a defined length;
    either upstream or downstream of the cutting station (108) treating the nose wire with a surface treatment at a treatment station (130);

    characterized by

    from the cutting station (108), conveying the individual nose wires (102) onto a carrier web (118) with a pair of delivery rollers (116) that deposit the nose wires (102) along an edge of the carrier web (118) corresponding to a top edge (24) of the facemask (11); and

    wherein at the treatment station (130), the surface treatment is performed to a side of the nose wires (102) that exit the delivery rollers (116) and will lie against the carrier web (118) and results in an increased surface attachment of the nose wires (102) to the carrier web (118).


     
    2. The method as in claim 1, wherein the surface treatment station (130) is downstream of the cutting station (108) and the surface treatment is performed on the individual nose wires (102).
     
    3. The method as in claim 2, wherein the carrier web (118) and attached nose wires (102) are conveyed from the treatment station (130) to a folder (122) and bonder (124) wherein the nose wires (102) are encapsulated in a binder web (120) that is folded over an edge of the carrier material (118) and bonded to the carrier material (118).
     
    4. The method as in claim 1, wherein the surface treatment comprises applying an adhesive onto the side of the nose wires (102), the adhesive having sufficient tack for the nose wires (102) to immediately adhere to the carrier web (118).
     
    5. The method as in claim 4, wherein the adhesive is a pressure-sensitive adhesive, and further comprising pressing the nose wires (102) onto the carrier web (118) after application of the adhesive.
     
    6. The method as in claim 4, wherein the adhesive is sprayed onto the side of nose wires (102).
     
    7. The method as in claim 4, wherein the adhesive is coated onto the side of the nose wires (102).
     
    8. The method as in claim 1, wherein the surface treatment comprises altering a surface characteristic of the side of the nose wire (102).
     
    9. The method as in claim 8, comprising abrading the surface of the nose wire (102).
     
    10. The method as in claim 9, wherein the abrading is done mechanically by contacting the surface of the nose wires (102) with an abrasion device (140).
     
    11. The method as in claim 9, wherein the abrading is done chemically by applying an abrasive chemical to the surface of the nose wires (102).
     
    12. The method as in claim 8, comprising defining a pattern into the surface of the nose wire (102) that increases surface roughness.
     
    13. The method as in claim 12, wherein the pattern is etched with a laser (138).
     
    14. The method as in claim 12, wherein the pattern is defined by a crimp roller.
     
    15. A system for cutting and placing individual nose wires (102) in a facemask production line (106) in accordance with the method of any one of claims 1 through 14, the system comprising:

    a supply source (103);

    a cutting station (108);

    either upstream or downstream of the cutting station (108), a surface treatment station (130);
    wherein:

    a continuous wire (101) is supplied from the supply source (103) to the cutting station (108);

    the continuous wire (101) is cut into individual nose wires (102) having a defined length at the cutting station (108);

    characterized in that

    the individual nose wires (102) are conveyed from the cutting station (108) onto a carrier web (118) with a pair of delivery rollers (116) that deposit the nose wires (102) along an edge of the carrier web (118) corresponding to a top edge (24) of the facemask (11);

    the nose wire is treated with a surface treatment at the treatment station (130), the surface treatment being performed to a side of the nose wires (102) that exit the delivery rollers (116) and will lie against the carrier web (118) and results in an increased surface attachment of the nose wires (102) to the carrier web (118).


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zum Schneiden und Platzieren von individuellen Nasendrähten (102) in einer Anlage zur Fertigung von Gesichtsmasken (106), umfassend:

    das Zuführen eines kontinuierlichen Drahtes (101) von einer Versorgungsquelle (103) zu einer Schneidestation (108) in der Anlage zur Fertigung von Gesichtsmasken (106);

    an der Schneidestation (108), das Schneiden des kontinuierlichen Drahtes (101) in individuelle Nasendrähte (102) mit einer definierten Länge;

    entweder vor oder nach der Schneidestation (108), das Behandeln des Nasendrahtes mit einer Oberflächenbehandlung an einer Behandlungsstation (130);

    gekennzeichnet durch

    von der Schneidestation (108), das Befördern der individuellen Nasendrähte (102) auf eine Trägerbahn (118) mit einem Paar Förderrollen (116), welche die Nasendrähte (102) entlang einer Kante der Trägerbahn (118), entsprechend einer Oberkante (24) der Gesichtsmaske (11), ablegen; und

    wobei an der Behandlungsstation (130) die Oberflächenbehandlung an einer Seite der Nasendrähte (102) durchgeführt wird, welche aus den Förderrollen (116) austritt und an der Trägerbahn (118) anliegt, und zu einer erhöhten Oberflächenanheftung der Nasendrähte (102) an der Trägerbahn (118) führt.


     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Oberflächenbehandlungsstation (130) der Schneidestation (108) nachgeschaltet ist und die Oberflächenbehandlung an den individuellen Nasendrähten (102) durchgeführt wird.
     
    3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Trägerbahn (118) und die angehefteten Nasendrähte (102) von der Behandlungsstation (130) zu einer Faltvorrichtung (122) und einer Bindevorrichtung (124) befördert werden, wo die Nasendrähte (102) eingekapselt werden in einer Bindemittelbahn (120), die über eine Kante des Trägermaterials (118) gefaltet und mit dem Trägermaterial (118) verbunden wird.
     
    4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Oberflächenbehandlung das Aufbringen eines Klebstoffs auf die Seite der Nasendrähte (102) umfasst, wobei der Klebstoff eine ausreichende Klebrigkeit aufweist, damit die Nasendrähte (102) sofort an der Trägerbahn (118) haften.
     
    5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 4, wobei der Klebstoff ein druckempfindlicher Klebstoff ist, und des Weiteren umfassend das Anpressen der Nasendrähte (102) auf die Trägerbahn (118) nach dem Aufbringen des Klebstoffs.
     
    6. Verfahren nach Anspruch 4, wobei der Klebstoff auf die Seite der Nasendrähte (102) aufgesprüht wird.
     
    7. Verfahren nach Anspruch 4, wobei der Klebstoff auf die Seite der Nasendrähte (102) aufgetragen wird.
     
    8. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Oberflächenbehandlung das Ändern einer Oberflächeneigenschaft der Seite des Nasendrahtes (102) umfasst.
     
    9. Verfahren nach Anspruch 8, umfassend das Aufrauen der Oberfläche des Nasendrahtes (102).
     
    10. Verfahren nach Anspruch 9, wobei das Aufrauen mechanisch erfolgt, durch in-Kontant-Bringen der Oberfläche der Nasendrähte (102) mit einer Abriebvorrichtung (140).
     
    11. Verfahren nach Anspruch 9, wobei das Aufrauen mechanisch erfolgt, durch Auftragen einer Abrasifchemikalie auf die Oberfläche der Nasendrähte (102).
     
    12. Verfahren nach Anspruch 8, umfassend das Festlegen eines Musters, welches die Oberflächenrauheit erhöht, in der Oberfläche des Nasendrahtes (102).
     
    13. Verfahren nach Anspruch 12, wobei das Muster mit einem Laser (138) geätzt wird.
     
    14. Verfahren nach Anspruch 12, wobei das Muster durch eine Crimp-Walze festgelegt wird.
     
    15. System zum Schneiden und Platzieren von individuellen Nasendrähten (102) in einer Anlage zur Fertigung von Gesichtsmasken (106) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 14, wobei das System umfasst:

    eine Versorgungsquelle (103);

    eine Schneidestation (108);

    entweder vor oder nach der Schneidestation (108), eine Oberflächenbehandlungsstation (130);

    wobei:

    ein kontinuierlicher Draht (101) von einer Versorgungsquelle (103) der Schneidestation (108) zugeführt wird;

    der kontinuierliche Draht (101) an der Schneidestation (108) in individuelle Nasendrähte (102) mit einer definierten Länge geschnitten wird;

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    die individuellen Nasendrähte (102) von der Schneidestation (108) auf eine Trägerbahn (118) befördert werden mit einem Paar Förderrollen (116), welche die Nasendrähte (102) entlang einer Kante der Trägerbahn (118) entsprechend einer Oberkante (24) der Gesichtsmaske (11) ablegen;

    der Nasendraht an der Behandlungsstation (130) mit einer Oberflächenbehandlung versehen wird, wobei die Oberflächenbehandlung an einer Seite der Nasendrähte (102) durchgeführt wird, welche aus den Förderrollen (116) austritt und an der Trägerbahn (118) anliegt, und zu einer erhöhten Oberflächenanheftung der Nasendrähte (102) an der Trägerbahn (118) führt.


     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé pour couper et placer des fils nasaux individuels (102) dans une ligne de production de masques faciaux (106), comprenant :

    fournir un fil continu (101) à partir d'une source d'alimentation (103) à une station de coupe (108) dans la ligne de production de masques faciaux (106) ;

    sur la station de coupe (108), couper le fil continu (101) en fils nasaux individuels (102) ayant une longueur définie ;

    soit en amont soit en aval de la station de coupe (108), traiter le fil nasal avec un traitement de surface sur une station de traitement (130) ;

    caractérisé par :

    à partir de la station de coupe (108), transférer les fils nasaux individuels (102) sur un voile de support (118) avec une paire de rouleaux de distribution (116) qui déposent les fils nasaux (102) le long d'un bord du voile de support (118) correspondant à un bord supérieur (24) du masque facial (11) ; et

    dans lequel sur la station de traitement (130), le traitement de surface est réalisé sur un côté des fils nasaux (102) qui sortent des rouleaux de distribution (116) et reposeront contre le voile de support (118) et entraîne une fixation de surface accrue des fils nasaux (102) au voile de support (118).


     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la station de traitement de surface (130) est en aval de la station de coupe (108) et le traitement de surface est réalisé sur les fils nasaux individuels (102).
     
    3. Procédé selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le voile de support (118) et les fils nasaux fixés (102) sont transférés de la station de traitement (130) à un dispositif de pliage (122) et un dispositif d'assemblage (124) dans lequel les fils nasaux (102) sont encapsulés dans un voile de liaison (120) qui est plié sur un bord du matériau de support (118) et assemblé au matériau de support (118).
     
    4. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le traitement de surface comprend l'application d'un adhésif sur le côté des fils nasaux (102), l'adhésif ayant une pégosité suffisante pour que les fils nasaux (102) adhèrent immédiatement au voile de support (118).
     
    5. Procédé selon la revendication 4, dans lequel l'adhésif est un adhésif sensible à la pression, et comprenant en outre de presser les fils nasaux (102) sur le voile de support (118) après l'application de l'adhésif.
     
    6. Procédé selon la revendication 4, dans lequel l'adhésif est pulvérisé sur le côté des fils nasaux (102) .
     
    7. Procédé selon la revendication 4, dans lequel l'adhésif est déposé sur le côté des fils nasaux (102).
     
    8. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le traitement de surface comprend de modifier une caractéristique de surface du côté du fil nasal (102).
     
    9. Procédé selon la revendication 8, comprenant d'abraser la surface du fil nasal (102).
     
    10. Procédé selon la revendication 9, dans lequel l'abrasion est réalisée mécaniquement en mettant en contact la surface des fils nasaux (102) avec un dispositif d'abrasion (140).
     
    11. Procédé selon la revendication 9, dans lequel l'abrasion est réalisée chimiquement en appliquant un produit chimique abrasif à la surface des fils nasaux (102) .
     
    12. Procédé selon la revendication 8, comprenant de définir un motif dans la surface du fil nasal (102) qui augmente la rugosité de surface.
     
    13. Procédé selon la revendication 12, dans lequel le motif est gravé avec un laser (138).
     
    14. Procédé selon la revendication 12, dans lequel le motif est défini par un rouleau de gaufrage.
     
    15. Système pour couper et placer des fils nasaux individuels (102) dans une ligne de production de masques faciaux (106) selon le procédé de l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 14, le système comprenant :

    une source d'alimentation (103) ; une station de coupe (108) ;

    soit en amont soit en aval de la station de coupe (108), une station de traitement de surface (130) :
    dans lequel :

    un fil continu (101) est fourni à partir de la source d'alimentation (103) à la station de coupe (108) ;

    le fil continu (101) est coupé en fils nasaux individuels (102) ayant une longueur définie sur la station de coupe (108) ;

    caractérisé en ce que

    les fils nasaux individuels (102) sont transférés à partir de la station de coupe (108) sur un voile de support (118) avec une paire de rouleaux de distribution (116) qui déposent les fils nasaux (102) le long d'un bord du voile de support (118) correspondant à un bord supérieur (24) du masque facial (11) ;

    le fil nasal est traité avec un traitement de surface sur la station de traitement (130), le traitement de surface étant réalisé sur un côté des fils de nez (102) qui sortent des rouleaux de livraison (116) et reposeront contre le voile de support (118) et entraîne une fixation de surface accrue des fils de nez (102) au voile de support (118) .


     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description