(19)
(11)EP 3 364 743 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
11.12.2019 Bulletin 2019/50

(21)Application number: 16784211.1

(22)Date of filing:  20.10.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A01F 15/10(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2016/075261
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/068060 (27.04.2017 Gazette  2017/17)

(54)

AGRICULTURAL BALER

LANDWIRTSCHAFTLICHE BALLENPRESSE

PRESSE À BALLES AGRICOLE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 20.10.2015 BE 201505674

(43)Date of publication of application:
29.08.2018 Bulletin 2018/35

(73)Proprietor: CNH Industrial Belgium NV
8210 Zedelgem (BE)

(72)Inventors:
  • DEVROE, Jeroen
    8870 Izegem (BE)
  • KINDT, Dieter
    8600 Vladslo (BE)
  • LIEFOOGHE, Dries
    8630 Veurne (BE)
  • ROSSEEL, Bram
    8490 Snellegem (BE)
  • VERHAEGHE, Didier
    8900 Ieper (BE)

(74)Representative: CNH Industrial IP Department 
Patent Department, Leon Claeysstraat 3A
8210 Zedelgem
8210 Zedelgem (BE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 0 339 733
US-A- 4 862 684
US-A- 4 275 550
US-A- 4 962 632
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical field



    [0001] The present invention relates to agricultural balers, and more specifically to rectangular balers, i.e. balers which produce bales of crop material which are rectangular in side view.

    Prior art



    [0002] In EP0339733 there is disclosed a rectangular baler of basically conventional design in that it comprises a bale chamber or bale case in which a bale of crop material is formed, having an inlet opening formed therein communicating with a feeder duct. In the feeder duct feeder means are operable to accumulate a charge of crop material in the feeder duct and then stuff that accumulated charge into the bale chamber for compression by a reciprocable plunger operating within the bale chamber.

    [0003] The bale chamber has a bottom wall in which the inlet opening is formed. The feeder duct has an upper end facing generally upwardly and communicating with the inlet opening in the bale chamber and a lower end facing generally in a forward direction. The upper boundary and the lower boundary of the feeder duct are formed by a top wall and a bottom wall, respectively, extending between the lower end and the upper end of the feeder duct.

    [0004] In the baler disclosed in EP0339733 the feeder duct is provided with an opening in the bottom wall thereof and with releasable closure means for the opening. The releasable closure means for the opening are in the form of two doors. The doors are hingedly attached to respective opposed edges of the opening in the bottom wall of the feeder duct. A leading or front door, as seen relative to the direction of flow through the feeder duct, is hingedly attached to an edge of a lower end part of the bottom wall. A trailing or rear door is hingedly attached to an edge of an upper end part of the bottom wall. In normal operation of the baler the doors close the opening in the feeder duct. When a plugging of the feeder duct occurs, the feeder means are stopped and the doors are opened, allowing a plug of crop material to discharge onto the ground. Once the plug of crop has been discharged to the ground, the doors are closed to resume normal operation.

    Summary of the invention



    [0005] Although the arrangement of an opening in the bottom wall of the feeder duct and releasable closure means comprising at least one door hingedly attached to an edge of the opening wherein the edge of the opening is the edge of an end part of the bottom wall of the feeder duct, such as in the baler disclosed in EP0339733, has been found satisfactory, it is an object of the present invention to further improve such an arrangement.

    [0006] Thereto according to the present invention, the end part of the bottom wall to which a door is hingedly attached, is movably arranged relative to the top wall of the feeder duct, in particular in a direction away from the top wall.

    [0007] The end part of the bottom wall of the feeder means to which a door is hingedly attached being movably arranged relative to the top wall allows for further opening up the feeder duct in an end part thereof. The latter in particular by moving the end part of the bottom wall in the direction away from the top wall. This has the advantage that a plug of crop material that is wedged in an end of the feeder duct is more easily dislodged than in the prior art, as for instance described in EP0339733, wherein the end parts of the bottom wall are fixedly positioned relative to the top wall of the feeder duct. As described in EP0339733 it may sometimes happen that the plug of crop material does not discharge onto the ground when the doors in the bottom wall of the feeder duct are opened. In that case the drive train to the feeder means is oscillated or rocked in order to dislodge the stuck plug of crop material causing it to discharge onto the ground. The feature of the present invention that the end part of the bottom wall of the feeder means to which a door is hingedly attached is movably arranged relative to the top wall, addresses a possible cause of the plug of crop material not discharging onto the ground when the doors in the bottom wall of the feeder duct are opened, namely a plug of crop material being wedged in an end of the feeder duct. A plug of crop material that is stuck in the lower end of the feeder duct of a prior art baler as described herein above and is not discharging onto the ground when the doors in the bottom wall of the feeder duct are opened, will in a baler according to the invention either discharge under its own weight or at least be more easily dislodged. This allows for normal operation of the baler according to the invention to start sooner after a plugging of the feeder duct.

    [0008] In a preferred embodiment the end part of the bottom wall to which the door is hingedly attached is pivotable at an edge opposite to the edge to which the door is hingedly attached. This provides an effective and constructively simple and robust way of allowing the end part of the bottom wall to be movable.

    [0009] In an advantageous embodiment thereof the end part of the bottom wall is pivotable by being hingedly attached at or near the end of the feeder duct. The end part of the bottom wall being hingedly attached at or near an end of the feeder duct allows for plugs of material to be more easily dislodged up to the end of the feeder duct at the inlet or outlet thereof.

    [0010] In order to allow a plug of crop material to discharge onto the ground, the door and the end part of the bottom wall to which the door is attached are preferably movable between a closed position and an opened position, wherein in the closed position the door and the end part of the bottom wall provide a lower boundary of the feeder duct and in the open position the door and the end part of the bottom wall are positioned away from the top wall of the feeder duct thereby no longer providing a lower boundary of the feeder duct.

    [0011] According to an additional or alternative development the baler is provided with means adapted for selectively moving the door and the end part of the bottom wall between a closed position and a partly opened position, wherein in the closed position the door and the end part of the bottom wall provide a lower boundary of the feeder duct and in the partly opened position the door and the end part of the bottom wall to which the door is attached are positioned away from the top wall of the feeder duct over a relatively small distance thereby leaving the lower boundary in tact. This allows for dislodging a plug of crop material stuck between the top wall of the feeder duct and the door and/or the movable end part of the bottom wall by means of the feeder means that are operable in the feeder duct and subsequently removing the dislodged plug of crop material from the feeder duct by means of the feeder means by transferring the dislodged plug of crop material into the bale chamber. Dislodging the plug of crop material by means of the feeder means that are operable in the feeder duct is made possible by moving the door and the end part of the bottom wall away from the top wall of the feeder duct, thereby releasing the pressure from the plug of crop material and proving space for the plug of crop material to move. By positioning the door and the end part of the bottom wall away from the top wall of the feeder duct over a relatively small distance thereby leaving the lower boundary in tact, the plug of crop material can after being dislodged by means of the feeder means be transferred into bale chamber since the lower boundary provided by the door and the movable end part of the bottom wall are still in tact. The baler including this advantageous development thus provides an alternative for discharging the plug of crop material onto the ground. This has as an advantage over prior art balers, as for instance described in EP0339733, that after removing the plug of crop material, there is no plug of crop material laying on the ground underneath the feeder duct, that, as described in EP0339733, hinders the doors of the feeder duct to be closed and the baler from being moved. There is no need for the plug of crop material laying on the ground to be removed from underneath the feeder duct for normal operation of the baler to resume. As an addition to the embodiment as described herein above wherein the door and the end part of the bottom wall are movable in an open position wherein the door and the end part of the bottom wall are positioned away from the top wall of the feeder duct thereby no longer providing a lower boundary of the feeder duct, the feature of the door and the end part of the bottom wall being movable into a partly opened position, allows for both discharging the plug of crop material onto the ground and discharging the plug of crop material into the bale chamber. This allows for choosing the best method depending on the specific plug of crop material. Positioning the door and the end part of the bottom wall away from the top wall of the feeder duct over a relatively small distance in many cases allow the feeder means to dislodge the plug of crop material and transfer the dislodged crop material into the bale chamber. In other cases wherein the plug of crop material cannot be dislodges and discharged into the bale chamber, the door and the end part of the bottom wall can be moved into the open position thereof, allowing the plug of crop material to discharge onto the ground. The latter if needed in combination with dislodging the plug of crop material by oscillating or rocking the drive train to the feeder means as described in EP0339733, or by other actions.

    [0012] In an advantageous embodiment of the baler according to invention including a door and end part of the bottom wall of the feeder duct being movable in a closed position and an open position and in addition including means adapted for selectively moving the door and the end part of the bottom wall between a closed position and a partly opened position, the means adapted for selectively moving the door and the end part of the bottom wall between a closed position and a partly opened position are releasable to allow the door and the end of the bottom wall to be positioned in the opened position. Alternatively or additionally, the means are adapted to selectively move the door and the end part of the bottom wall between the closed position, the partly opened position, and the opened position.

    [0013] In an advantageous embodiment of the baler according to the invention having means adapted for selectively moving the door and the end part of the bottom wall between a closed position and a partly opened position, said means are manually operable. In an advantageous embodiment thereof the means comprise a manually operable latch.

    [0014] According to an advantageous alternative development, the means adapted for selectively moving the door and the end part of the bottom wall between a closed position and a partly opened position comprise an actuator, in particular a linear actuator. This embodiment allows for moving the door and the end part of the bottom wall without using manual force acting on the door and the end part of the bottom wall. Furthermore, in particular in combination with a controller connected to the actuator for control thereof, this embodiment allows for moving the door and the end part of the bottom wall from a remote location, for instance from an operator panel located on the baler or on the vehicle driving the baler. Still further, in particular in combination with a controller and sensor means for sensing a plugging of the feeder means, this embodiment allows for automated movement of the door and the end part of the bottom wall. The latter in particular in case the controller is configured to move the door and the end part of the bottom wall into the partly open position in case the sensor means detect a plugging of the feeder duct during operation. Additionally the controller can be configured to move the door and the end part of the bottom wall back into the closed position in case the sensor means detect that the plugging has been resolved. In an advantageous embodiment said sensor means are configured for sensing the load on the feeder means during operation, and the controller is configured to move the door and the end part of the bottom wall into the partly open position in case load sensed by the sensor means exceed a certain value being indicative of a plugging of the feeder duct occuring or about to occur.

    [0015] In a further advantageous embodiment of the baler according to the invention having means adapted for selectively moving the door and the end part of the bottom wall between a closed position and a partly opened position said means act on at least one of the door and the end part of the bottom wall. In a preferred embodiment, said means act on both the door and the end of the bottom wall, and are more preferably adapted for independently moving the door and the end part of the bottom wall. In particular in the latter case, it is possible to open the door as in the prior art as described in EP0339733 while not moving the end part of the bottom wall in a first situation of plugging and moving the door together with the end part of the bottom door in a second situation of plugging.

    [0016] The arrangement of door and movable end part of the bottom wall according to the invention is advantageously applied in a baler of the known kind having a front door and a rear door in the feeder duct, such as in the baler described in EP0339733. Thereto, in a preferred embodiment, adjacent the edge of the door opposite to the edge that is hingedly attached to the end part of the bottom wall, there is the edge of an adjacent part of the bottom wall, wherein at least the adjacent edge of the adjacent part of the bottom wall is movable relative to the top wall of the feeder duct so as to form an adjacent door that is movable between an opened position and a closed position and that when opened provides an opening in the bottom wall.

    [0017] In an advantageous embodiment thereof with the door and the adjacent door in the closed position, the doors overlap at their adjacent edges. This allows when the door and the adjacent door are in its closed position for a continuous lower boundary provided by said doors.

    [0018] In an advantageous embodiment of the baler according to the invention having a door hingedly attached to an end part of the bottom wall and an adjacent door, the baler is provided with means adapted for selectively moving the adjacent door between the closed position and a partly opened position, wherein in the closed position the adjacent door provides a lower boundary of the feeder duct and in the partly opened position the adjacent door is positioned away from the top wall of the feeder duct over a relatively small distance thereby leaving the lower boundary provided by the adjacent door in tact, and wherein, with the door and the adjacent door in their respective partly opened positions, the adjacent edges of the door and the adjacent door are at substantially the same distance from the top wall of the feeder duct. This allows when the door and the adjacent door are moved in the partly opened position for a substantially continuous lower boundary provided by said doors to be maintained positioned away from the top wall of the feeder duct over a distance. This allows for a plug of crop material dislodged by means of the feeder means and transferred by the feeder means into the bale chamber with the doors in the partly opened position in case the plugging was in the lower end of the feeder duct on the opposite side of the adjacent edges of the doors.

    [0019] According to an advantageous development, with the door and the adjacent door in the partly opened position, the doors overlap at their adjacent edges. This ensures a continuous lower boundary of the feeder duct provided by the door and the adjacent door when positioned into the party opened position.

    [0020] According to an advantageous embodiment of the baler according to the invention including a door hingedly attached to an end part of the bottom wall at an end of the feeder duct and including an adjacent door having a movable edge adjacent the door, the adjacent door is at its opposite edge hingedly attached to an end part of the bottom wall of the feeder duct at the other end of the feeder duct, wherein said end part to which the adjacent door is hingedly attached is movably arranged relative to the top wall, in particular in a direction away from the top wall. This allows for further opening up the feeder duct in both end parts thereof. The latter in particular by moving the end parts of the bottom wall in the direction away from the top wall. This has the advantage that a plug of crop material that is wedged in either the lower end or the upper end of the feeder duct is more easily dislodged than in the prior art, as for instance described in EP0339733, wherein both end parts of the bottom wall are fixedly positioned relative to the top wall of the feeder duct.

    [0021] In an advantageous alternative advantageous embodiment the adjacent door is formed by an end part of the bottom wall, preferably extending to the end of the feeder duct.

    [0022] In the baler according to the invention the door being hingedly attached to an end part of the bottom wall of the feeder duct can both be a door being hingedly attached to a lower end part of the bottom wall and a door being hingedly attached to an upper end part of the bottom wall.

    [0023] In a preferred embodiment of the baler according to the invention at least a door is hingedly attached to an upper end part of the bottom wall at the upper end of the feeder duct, said upper end part being movably arranged relative to the top wall. In the feeder duct crop material is accumulated and compressed in the end part thereof. The end part of the feeder duct is therefor in particular prone to plugging. In view thereof it is advantageous to have at least a door hingedly attached to an upper end part of the bottom wall at the upper end of the feeder duct. Furthermore, in particular in combination with the feature that the baler is provided with means adapted for selectively moving the door and the end part of the bottom wall between a closed position and a partly opened position, having at least a door hingedly attached to a movable upper end part of the bottom wall of the feeder duct prevents a plug of crop material that is dislodged by means of the feeder means and is transported by means of the feeder means towards the inlet of the bale chamber for removal of the plug from the feeder duct, to get stuck in the upper end part of the feeder duct. The latter in particular by moving at least the door and the upper end part of the bottom wall attached thereto into the partly opened position when dislodging a plug of crop material by means of the feeder means.

    Brief description of the figures



    [0024] The accompanying drawings are used to illustrate present non-limitative preferred exemplary embodiments of the present invention. The above stated and other advantages, features and objectives of the invention will become more apparent, and the invention better understood, from the following detailed description when read in combination with the accompanying drawings, in which:
    • Figure 1 shows a schematic side view of an embodiment of a baler according to the invention, drawn and driven by a tractor;
    • Figure 2 shows in schematic side view the feeding duct of the baler of figure 1 with its doors in a closed position;
    • Figure 3 shows in schematic side view the feeding duct of the baler of figure 1 with its doors in a partly position;
    • Figure 4 shows in schematic side view the feeding duct of the baler of figure 1 with its doors in an opened position according to a first configuration;
    • Figure 5 shows in schematic side view the feeding duct of the baler of figure 1 with its doors in the opened position according to a second configuration;
    • Figure 6 shows in schematic side view the feeding duct of the baler of figure 1 with its doors in the opened position according to a third configuration;
    • Figure 7 shows in schematic side view the feeding duct of the baler of figure 1 in an alternative embodiment.

    Detailed description of the figures



    [0025] Figure 1 shows a rectangular agricultural baler 1. Baler 1 can be moved forward over ground surface 3 by means of a tractor 5. In baler 1 is provided with a plunger 7 that during operation is moved reciprocally along a linear path A in bale chamber 9 by means of a crank mechanism 11 connected to plunger 7. Crank mechanism 11 is connected for driving via a drive shaft 13 to the motor of tractor 5. Tractor 5 is provided for this purpose with a power take-off device, also referred to as PTO. Drive shaft 13 connects an output shaft of the PTO of tractor 5 to an input shaft 15 of crank mechanism 11. A flywheel 17 is arranged on the input shaft of the crank mechanism.

    [0026] The bale chamber 9 has an inlet opening 19 formed in the bottom wall 21 thereof. A feeder duct 23 communicates with the bale chamber 9 through the inlet opening 19 for charges of crop material to be transferred from the feeder duct 23 into the bale chamber 9. Feeder means 25 are operable within the feeder duct 23 to accumulate a charge of crop material therein and then stuff that accumulated charge into the bale chamber 9. The feeder duct 23 has an upper end 27 facing generally upwardly and communicating with the inlet opening 19 in the bale chamber 9 and a lower end 29 facing generally in a forward direction and communicating with a cutting unit 31. The cutting unit 31 is arranged for cutting crop material supplied by a pick-up device 33 and to convey the cut crop material into the feeder duct 23.

    [0027] In figure 2 the feeder duct 23 is shown in more detail. The feeder duct is defined between a feeder duct top wall 35 and feeder duct bottom wall 37. The feeder duct top wall 35 provides an upper boundary for the feeder duct 23. The feeder duct bottom wall 37 provides a lower boundary for the feeder duct 23. In the feeder duct 23 feeder means 25 are operable. The feeder means 25 include a rotatable drum 39 having sets of tines 41, 43 arranged thereon. In operation the drum 39 is rotated in the direction of arrow B about axis of rotation 45. The feeder means are configured for causing the outer ends of the tines to be moved along a path of movement through the feeder duct 23, thereby conveying cut crop material that has been conveyed by the cutting unit 31 into the lower end 29 of the feeder duct 23, from the lower end 29 of the feeder duct 23 toward the upper end 27 thereof.

    [0028] The cutting unit 31 is provided with cutter means in the form of a rotor 47 carrying a set of tines 49. A cutting unit bottom 51 distant from the rotor 47 forms a bottom wall 51 of a conveying channel through the cutting unit 31. Cutting blades 55 protrude from the cutting unit bottom 51 through the conveying channel During operation the rotor 47 is rotated in the direction of arrow C about axis of rotation 57. Crop material fed to the cutting unit 31 by means of the pickup device 33 in the direction of arrow D is conveyed by means of the rotor 47 through the conveying channel along the cutting blades such that the crop material is cut. The rotor 47 conveys the cut crop material further towards the inlet of the feeder duct at the lower end of the feeder duct 23 in the direction of arrow E. Once in the feeder duct 23, the cut crop material is engaged by the tines 41, 43 of the feeder means for conveying the cut crop material from the lower end 29 of the feeder duct 23 toward the upper end 27 thereof in the direction of arrow F. In the feeder means the cut crop material is accumulated in the upper end thereof to form a charge of cut crop material. After forming a charge of crop material, the feeder means 25 stuff the charge of crop material through the inlet 19 of the bale chamber 9 at the upper end 27 of the feeder duct 23 into the bale chamber 9.

    [0029] The feeder duct 23 is provided with two doors: a front door 59 and a rear door 61. In figure 2 the front door 59 and the rear door 61 are shown in their closed position. The front door 59 is formed by a lower end part of the bottom wall 37. The front door 59 extends between an inlet 63 of the feeder duct 23 at the lower end 29 thereof and the rear door 61. Front door 59 is at one edge 65 thereof attached to the bottom wall 51 of the cutting unit 31. The other edge 67 of the front door 59 is adjacent an edge 69 of the rear door 61. As shown in figure 2, the adjacent edges 67, 69 overlap in the closed position of the doors 59, 61.

    [0030] The rear door 61 is formed by a central part of the bottom wall that extends between the front door 59 and an upper end part 71 of the bottom wall 37. The rear door 61 has one edge 69 adjacent the front door 59. At the opposite edge 73, the rear door is hingedly attached to the upper end part 71 of the bottom wall 37 by means of a hinge 75 defining a pivot axis 77. The upper end part 71 of the bottom wall 37 is at its edge 79 opposite to the edge 73 to which the rear door 61 is attached, hingedly attached at the end 27 of the feeder duct 23 near the inlet 19 of the bale chamber 9 by means of a hinge 81 defining a pivot axis 83.

    [0031] Rear door 61 and the upper end part 71 of the bottom wall to which the rear door 61 is hingedly attached are held in the closed position thereof by means of a first latch 85 engaging the rear door 61 near its edge 69 that is adjacent the front door 59, and by means of a second latch 87 engaging the upper end part 71 of the bottom wall 37 near its edge 89 to which the rear door 61 is hingedly attached.

    [0032] Front door 59 is at one edge 65 thereof held in the closed position by being attached to the bottom wall 51 of the cutting unit 31. At its opposite edge 67 adjacent the rear door 61, the front door 59 is held in the closed position by means of the first latch 85 by virtue of a stepped overlap between the edge 67 of the front door 59 and the edge 69 of the rear door 61, wherein the edge 69 of the rear door 61 engages underneath the edge 67 of the front door 59.

    [0033] The first latch 85 is provided with a lever 91, that allows the point where the first latch 85 engages the rear door 61 to be manually moved away from the top wall 35 of the feeder duct 23 in the direction of arrow G, thereby moving the rear door 61 away from the top wall 35 of the feeder duct 23 in the direction of arrow H by rotation about the axis of rotation 77. Once the rear door 61 is moved away from the top wall 35 of the feeder duct 23 by means of the first latch 85, the upper end part 71 of the bottom wall 37 may be moved by means of the second latch 87. The second latch 87 is provided with a lever 93, that allows the point where the second latch 87 engages the upper end part 71 of the bottom wall 37 to be manually moved away from the top wall 35 of the feeder duct 23 in the direction of arrow G, thereby moving the upper end part 71 of the bottom wall 37 away from the top wall 35 of the feeder duct 23 in the direction of arrow H by rotation about the axis of rotation 83.

    [0034] The bottom wall 51 of the cutting unit 31 is hingedly attached to a frame part of the baler by means of a hinge 95 defining a pivot axis 97, and movable by means of a linear actuator 99 in the direction of arrow I away from the rotor cutter 47. By moving the bottom wall 51 of the cutting unit 31 by means of a linear actuator 99 in the direction of arrow I, the front door 59 that is attached to the bottom wall 51 of the cutting unit 31 can be moved away from the top wall 35 of the feeder duct 23 in the direction of arrow I. During normal operation of the baler, the front door 59 and rear door 61 are in the shown closed position.

    [0035] In figure 3 is shown that by moving the front door 59 and the rear door 61 away from the top wall 35 of the feeder duct 23 by means of the linear actuator 99 and the latches 85, 87, respectively, the front door 59, rear door 61 and upper end part 71 of the bottom wall 37 are position in a partly opened position. The latches 85, 87 thus provide means adapted for selectively moving the rear door 61 and the upper end part 71 of the bottom wall 37 between a closed position and a partly opened position. The linear actuator 99 provide means adapted for selectively moving the adjacent front door 59 between a closed position and a partly opened position. In the partly opened position, the lower boundary provided by the front door 59, rear door 61 and upper end 71 of the bottom wall 37 is maintained in tact, albeit that it is moved away from the top wall of the feeder duct 23 relative to the lower boundary provided in the closed position indicated by the dotted line. In the shown partly opened position, the space in the feeder duct is increased relative to the situation shown in figure 2 with the front door 59 and rear door 61 in the closed position thereof. In case during normal operation a plug of crop material is stuck in the feeder duct 23, preventing further operation, moving the front door 59, rear door 61 and upper end 71 of the bottom wall 37 in the partly opened position, the increased space in the feeder duct 23 releases the pressure on the plug of crop material and provides additional space for the plug of crop material to move. This allows in many cases to dislodge the plug of crop material and remove the plug of crop material from the feeder duct 23 into the bale chamber 9 in the direction of arrow J, by causing the feeder means 25 to resume operation while the front door 59, rear door 61, and upper end part 71 of the bottom wall 37 of the feeder duct 23 are in the partly opened position. After removal of the plug of crop material from the feeder duct 23, the front door 59, rear door 61, and upper end part 71 of the feeder duct 23 can be positioned in the closed position by means of the linear actuator 99 and the latches 85, 87, respectively. With the front door 59, rear door 61, and upper end part 71 of the feeder duct 23 positioned in the closed position, normal operation of the baler can resume.

    [0036] In case a stuck plug of crop material cannot be dislodges and/or removed from the feeder duct 23 by means of the feeder means 25 with the front door 59, rear door 61, and upper end part 71 of the feeder duct 23 in the partly opened position, the front door 59, rear door 61, and upper end part 71 of the feeder duct 23 can be positioned in an open position in which they do no longer provide the lower boundary of the feeder duct 23. To that effect, starting from the situation shown in figure 3, the rear door 61 is releasable from the first latch 85, the upper end part 71 of the bottom wall 37 is releasable from the second latch 87, such that the rear door 61 and the upper end part of the bottom wall 71 can be moved further away from the top wall of the feeder duct in the direction of arrow H. Additionally, the front door 59 can be moved further away from the top wall 35 of the feeder duct 23 by further moving the bottom wall 51 of the cutting unit 31 by means of the linear actuator 99 in the direction of arrow I. The result is shown in figure 4. In the opened position of the front door 59, rear door 61, and upper end part 71 of the feeder duct 23, they do no longer provide a continuous lower boundary of the feeder duct 23. The further increased space in the feeder duct 23 at both ends 27, 29 thereof as well as in the central part 101 of the feeder duct 23 further releases pressure on a stuck plug of crop material and provides additional space for movement. A plug of crop material stuck in the feeder duct 23 can in this position of the front door 59, rear door 61, and upper end part 71 of the feeder duct discharge onto the ground underneath the feeder duct 23 through the opening 103 between the adjacent edges 65, 67 of the front door 59 and the rear door 61, either under influence of its own weight or by additional dislodging, for instance by oscillating or rocking the drive train 13, 15, 17 to the feeder means. After removal of the plug of crop material from the feeder duct 23, the front door 59, rear door 61, and upper end part 71 of the feeder duct can be positioned in the closed position again. The front door 59 can be positioned in the closed position by means of the linear actuator 99. The rear door 61 and upper part 71 of the bottom wall 37 can be positioned in the closed position by engaging the first and second latches 85, 87 and subsequently operating the latches 85, 87 to move the rear door 61 and upper part 71 of the bottom wall 37 into the closed position. With the front door 59, rear door 61, and upper end part 71 of the feeder duct 23 positioned in the closed position, normal operation of the baler can resume.

    [0037] In figure 5 is shown that it is also possible to position the front door 59 and rear door 61 in the opened position, while the upper end part 71 of the bottom wall 37 is held in the closed position by means of the second latch 87.

    [0038] In figure 6 is shown that it is also possible to position the rear door 61 and the upper end part 71 of the bottom wall 37 in the opened position, while the front door 59 is held in the closed position by means of the linear actuator 99. This figure 6 shows in combination with figures 3, 4, and 5, the versatility of the embodiment of the baler according to the invention shown in the figures. Additionally, this figure 6 illustrates that the feature of the rear door 61 being hingedly attached to the upper end part 71 of the bottom wall 37, which upper end part 71 is movably arranged relative to the top wall 25 of the feeder duct 23, can also be applied in an alternative embodiment of the baler shown in the figures wherein there is no movable front door 59. In a further alternative embodiment, the front door 59 is hingedly attached to a lower end part of the bottom wall 37 that, in turn, is fixedly or hingedly attached to the bottom wall 51 of the cutting unit 39. Such feature of the front door 59 being hingedly attached to a lower end part of the bottom wall 37 that, in turn, is fixedly or hingedly attached to the bottom wall 51 of the cutting unit 39, could be applied in addition to or even as an alternative to the upper end part 71 of the bottom wall 37 being hingedly attached at the end 27 of the feeder duct 23 near the inlet 19 of the bale chamber 9.

    [0039] In figure 7 an alternative embodiment of the feeder duct 23 of the baler 1 shown in figures 1 to 6 is shown, wherein the manually operated, first and second latches 85, 87, have been replaced by a first and second linear actuator 185, 187. The first and second linear actuators 185, 187 replace the latches as means for holding the rear door 61 and the upper end part 71 of the bottom wall to which the rear door 61 is hingedly attached in the closed position. The linear actuators 185, 187 are adapted for selectively moving the rear door 61 and the upper end part 71 of the bottom wall to which the rear door 61 is hingedly attached between the shown closed position and the partly opened position shown in figure 3. The linear actuators 185, 187, as well as the linear actuator 99, are connected to a controller 105 for controlling the linear actuators 99, 185, 187. Sensor means 107 are provided, that are connected to the controller 105 and adapted for detecting plugging of the feeder duct 23. The controller 105 is configured of controlling the linear actuators, 99, 185, 187 such that the front door 59, the rear door 61, and the end part 71 of the bottom wall 37 are moved into the partly opened position that is shown in figure 3 when a plugging of the feeder duct 23 is detected by said sensor means 107. The rear door 61 is releasable from the first linear actuator 185, the upper end part 71 of the bottom wall 37 is releasable from the second linear actuator 187, such that the rear door 61 and the upper end part of the bottom wall 71 can be moved into the opened position that is shown in figure 4. In stead of being releasable from the first linear actuator 185 and the second linear actuator 187 in order for the rear door 61 and the upper end part 71 of the bottom wall 37 to be moved into the opened position, the first linear actuator 185 and the second linear actuator 187 are configured and arranged for moving the rear door 61 and the upper end part 71 of the bottom wall 37 from the partly opened position that is shown in figure 3 into the opened position that is shown in figure 4.

    [0040] Although the principles of the invention have been set forth above with reference to specific embodiments, it must be understood that this description is given solely by way of example and not as limitation to the scope of protection, which is defined by the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. Agricultural baler (1),
    comprising :

    - a bale chamber (9) having an inlet opening (19) formed therein;

    - a feeder duct (23) communicating with the bale chamber through the inlet opening for charges of crop material to be transferred from the feeder duct into the bale chamber;

    - a plunger (7) reciprocable within the bale chamber to compress successive charges of crop material received from the feeder duct to form a bale; and

    - feeder means (25) operable within the feeder duct to accumulate a charge of crop material therein and then stuff that accumulated charge into the bale chamber;

    - the feeder duct has an upper end (27) facing generally upwardly and communicating with the inlet opening in the bale chamber and a lower end (29) facing generally in a forward direction; and

    - the feeder duct having a top wall (35) and a bottom wall (37) extending between the lower end and the upper end of the feeder duct, said top wall providing an upper boundary of the feeder duct and said bottom wall providing a lower boundary of the feeder duct, wherein there is an opening in the bottom wall of the feeder duct and at least one door (61) hingedly attached to an edge of the opening, said edge being the edge of an end part (71) of the bottom wall of the feeder duct;

    characterized in that the end part of the bottom wall to which the door is hingedly attached, is movably arranged relative to the top wall of the feeder duct.
     
    2. Baler according to claim 1,
    wherein the end part (71) of the bottom wall (37) to which the door (61) is hingedly attached is movable by being pivotable at an edge (79) opposite to the edge (89) to which the door is hingedly attached, wherein preferably the end part of the bottom wall is pivotable by being hingedly attached at or near the end (27) of the feeder duct (23).
     
    3. Baler according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the door (61) and the end part (71) of the bottom wall (37) to which the door is attached are movable between a closed position and an opened position, wherein in the closed position the door and the end part of the bottom wall provide a lower boundary of the feeder duct (23) and in the open position the door and the end part of the bottom wall are positioned away from the top wall (35) of the feeder duct thereby no longer providing a lower boundary of the feeder duct.
     
    4. Baler according to any of claims 1 to 3, wherein the baler is provided with means (85, 87; 185, 187) adapted for selectively moving the door (61) and the end part (71) of the bottom wall (37) between a closed position and a partly opened position, wherein in the closed position the door and the end part of the bottom wall provide a lower boundary of the feeder duct (23) and in the partly opened position the door and the end part of the bottom wall to which the door is attached are positioned away from the top wall (35) of the feeder duct, thereby leaving the lower boundary in tact.
     
    5. Baler according to claim 4, wherein the means (85, 87; 185, 187) adapted for selectively moving the door (61) and the end part (71) of the bottom wall (37) between a closed position and a partly opened position are releasable to allow the door and the end of the bottom wall to be positioned in the opened position.
     
    6. Baler according to claim 4 or 5, wherein the means (85, 87; 185, 187) are adapted to selectively move the door (61) and the end part (71) of the bottom wall (37) between the closed position, the partly opened position, and the opened position.
     
    7. Baler according to claim 4, 5, or 6, wherein said means (85, 87) adapted for selectively moving the door (61) and the end part (71) of the bottom wall (37) between a closed position and a partly opened position are manually operable, and preferably comprise a manually operable latch.
     
    8. Baler according to any of claims 4 to 7, wherein the means (185, 187) adapted for selectively moving the door (61) and the end part (71) of the bottom wall (37) between a closed position and a partly opened position comprise an actuator, preferably a linear actuator.
     
    9. Baler according to claim 8, wherein the means (185, 187) adapted for selectively moving the door (61) and the end part (71) of the bottom wall (37) between a closed position and a partly opened position comprise a controller (105) connected to the actuator (185, 187) for controlling the actuator, wherein preferably sensor means (107) are provided being connected to the controller and adapted for detecting plugging of the feeder duct and the controller is configured of controlling the actuator such that the door and the end part of the bottom wall are moved into the partly opened position when a plugging of the feeder duct is detected by said sensor means.
     
    10. Baler according to any of claims 4 to 9, wherein the means (85, 87; 185, 187) adapted for selectively moving the door (61) and the end part (71) of the bottom wall (37) between a closed position and a partly opened position act on at least one of the door and the end part of the bottom wall, wherein preferably said means act on both the door and the end of the bottom wall, and wherein more preferably said means are adapted for independently moving the door and the end part of the bottom wall.
     
    11. Baler according to any of claims 1 to 10, wherein adjacent the edge (69) of the door (61) opposite to the edge(73) that is hingedly attached to the end part (71) of the bottom wall (37), there is the edge (67) of an adjacent part of the bottom wall (37), wherein at least the adjacent edge of the adjacent part of the bottom wall is movable relative to the top wall (35) of the feeder duct (23) so as to form an adjacent door (59) that is movable between an opened position and a closed position and that when opened provides an opening in the bottom wall, wherein preferably with the door and the adjacent door in the closed position the doors overlap at their adjacent edges.
     
    12. Baler according to claim 11, wherein the baler is provided with means (99) adapted for selectively moving the adjacent door (59) between the closed position and a partly opened position, wherein in the closed position the adjacent door provides a lower boundary of the feeder duct (23) and in the partly opened position the adjacent door is positioned away from the top wall (35) of the feeder duct, thereby leaving the lower boundary provided by the adjacent door in tact, and wherein, with the door (61) and the adjacent door (59) in their respective partly opened positions, the adjacent edges (67, 69) of the door and the adjacent door are at substantially the same distance from the top wall (35) of the feeder duct, wherein preferably with the door and the adjacent door in the partly opened position, the doors overlap at their adjacent edges.
     
    13. Baler according to claim 11 or 12, wherein the adjacent door (59) is formed by an end part of the bottom wall (37), preferably extending to the lower end (29) of the feeder duct (23).
     
    14. Baler according to any of claims 1 to 13, wherein at least a door (61) is hingedly attached to an upper end part (71) of the bottom wall (37) at the upper end (27) of the feeder duct (23), said upper end part being movably arranged relative to the top wall (35).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Landwirtschaftliche Ballenpresse (1) mit:

    - einer Ballenpresskammer mit einer darin ausgebildeten Einlassöffnung (19);

    - einem Zuführkanal (23), der über die Einlassöffnung mit der Ballenpresskammer in Verbindung steht, damit Chargen von Erntematerial vom Zuführkanal in die Ballenpresskammer übergeben werden können;

    - einem Presskolben (7), der innerhalb der Ballenpresskammer hin- und herbewegbar ist, um aufeinanderfolgende Chargen von Erntematerial, die aus dem Zuführkanal entgegengenommen wurden, zu komprimieren, um einen Ballen zu formen; und

    - Zuführmitteln (25), die im Zuführkanal betätigbar sind, um eine Charge von Erntematerial darin anzuhäufen und anschließend die angehäufte Charge in die Ballenpresskammer zu stopfen;

    - wobei der Zuführkanal ein oberes Ende (27), das im Allgemeinen nach oben gewandt ist und mit der Einlassöffnung in der Ballenpresskammer in Verbindung steht, und ein unteres Ende (29), das im Allgemeinen nach vorwärts gewandt ist, aufweist; und

    - wobei der Zuführkanal eine obere Wand (35) und eine Bodenwand (37) aufweist, die sich zwischen dem unteren Ende und dem oberen Ende des Zuführkanals erstrecken, wobei die obere Wand eine obere Begrenzung des Zuführkanals darstellt und die Bodenwand eine untere Begrenzung des Zuführkanals darstellt, wobei eine Öffnung in der Bodenwand des Zuführkanals angeordnet ist und wenigstens eine Luke (61) schwenkbar an einer Kante der Öffnung befestigt ist, wobei die Kante die Kante eines Endteils (71) der Bodenwand des Zuführkanals ist;

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    das Endteil der Bodenwand, an dem die Luke schwenkbar befestigt ist, relativ zur oberen Wand des Zuführkanals bewegbar angeordnet ist.
     
    2. Ballenpresse nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Endteil (71) der Bodenwand (37), an dem die Luke (61) schwenkbar befestigt ist, dadurch bewegbar ist, dass es an einer Kante (79) gegenüberliegend der Kante (89), an der die Luke schwenkbar befestigt ist, schwenkbar ist, wobei vorzugsweise das Endteil der Bodenwand dadurch schwenkbar ist, dass es schwenkbar an dem oder nahe dem Ende (27) des Zuführkanals (23) befestigt ist.
     
    3. Ballenpresse nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die Luke (61) und das Endteil (71) der Bodenwand (37), an dem die Luke befestigt ist, zwischen einer geschlossenen Stellung und einer geöffneten Stellung bewegbar sind, wobei in der geschlossenen Stellung die Luke und das Endteil der Bodenwand eine untere Begrenzung des Zuführkanals (23) darstellen, und in der geöffneten Stellung die Luke und das Endteil der Bodenwand von der oberen Wand (35) des Zuführkanals weg angeordnet sind, um nicht länger eine untere Begrenzung des Zuführkanals darzustellen.
     
    4. Ballenpresse nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei die Ballenpresse mit Mitteln (85, 87; 185, 187) ausgestattet ist, die darauf ausgerichtet sind, die Luke (61) und das Endteil (71) der Bodenwand (37) selektiv zwischen einer geschlossenen Stellung und einer teilweise geöffneten Stellung zu bewegen, wobei in der geschlossenen Stellung die Luke und das Endteil der Bodenwand eine untere Begrenzung des Zuführkanals (23) darstellen, und in der teilweise geöffneten Stellung die Luke und das Endteil der Bodenwand, an dem die Luke befestigt ist, von der oberen Wand (35) des Zuführkanals weg angeordnet sind, wodurch die untere Begrenzung intakt gelassen wird.
     
    5. Ballenpresse nach Anspruch 4, wobei die Mittel (85, 87; 185, 187), die darauf ausgerichtet sind, die Luke (61) und das Endteil (71) der Bodenwand (37) selektiv zwischen einer geschlossenen Stellung und einer teilweise geöffneten Stellung zu bewegen, lösbar sind, um es der Luke und dem Endteil der Bodenwand zu ermöglichen, in der geöffneten Stellung angeordnet zu werden.
     
    6. Ballenpresse nach Anspruch 4 oder 5, wobei die Mittel (85, 87; 185, 187) darauf ausgerichtet sind, die Luke (61) und das Endteil (71) der Bodenwand (37) selektiv zwischen der geschlossenen Stellung, der teilweise geöffneten Stellung und der geöffneten Stellung zu bewegen.
     
    7. Ballenpresse nach Anspruch 4, 5 oder 6, wobei die Mittel (85, 87), die darauf ausgerichtet sind, selektiv die Luke (61) und das Endteil (71) der Bodenwand (37) zwischen einer geschlossenen Stellung und einer teilweise geöffneten Stellung zu bewegen, manuell betätigbar sind, und vorzugsweise eine manuell betätigbare Verriegelung aufweisen.
     
    8. Ballenpresse nach einem der Ansprüche 4 bis 7, wobei die Mittel (185, 187), die darauf ausgerichtet sind, selektiv die Luke (61) und das Endteil (71) der Bodenwand (37) zwischen einer geschlossenen Stellung und einer teilweise geöffneten Stellung zu bewegen, ein Betätigungselement, vorzugsweise einen linearen Aktuator, aufweisen.
     
    9. Ballenpresse nach Anspruch 8, wobei die Mittel (185, 187), die darauf ausgerichtet sind, selektiv die Luke (61) und das Endteil (71) der Bodenwand (37) zwischen einer geschlossenen Stellung und einer teilweise geöffneten Stellung zu bewegen, eine Steuereinrichtung (105) aufweisen, die mit dem Betätigungselement (185, 187) verbunden ist, wobei vorzugsweise Sensormittel (107) vorgesehen sind, die mit der Steuereinrichtung verbunden sind und darauf ausgerichtet sind, eine Verstopfung des Zuführkanals festzustellen, und wobei die Steuereinrichtung dazu ausgestaltet ist, das Betätigungselement so zu steuern, dass die Luke und das Endteil der Bodenwand in die teilweise geöffnete Stellung bewegt werden, wenn eine Verstopfung des Zuführkanals durch die Sensormittel festgestellt wird.
     
    10. Ballenpresse nach einem der Ansprüche 4 bis 9, wobei die Mittel (85, 87; 185, 187), die darauf ausgerichtet sind, selektiv die Luke (61) und das Endteil (71) der Bodenwand (37) zwischen einer geschlossenen Stellung und einer teilweise geöffneten Stellung zu bewegen, auf wenigstens eines aus Luke und Endteil der Bodenwand wirken, wobei vorzugsweise die Mittel sowohl auf die Luke als auch auf das Endteil der Bodenwand wirken, und wobei mehr bevorzugt die Mittel darauf ausgerichtet sind, die Luke und das Endteil der Bodenwand unabhängig voneinander zu bewegen.
     
    11. Ballenpresse nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10, wobei angrenzend an die Kante (69) der Luke (61), die der Kante (73), die schwenkbar am Endteil (71) der Bodenwand (37) befestigt ist, gegenüberliegt, eine Kante (67) eines angrenzenden Teils der Bodenwand (37) vorgesehen ist, wobei wenigstens die angrenzende Kante des angrenzenden Teils der Bodenwand relativ zur oberen Wand (35) des Zuführkanals (23) bewegbar ist, um eine angrenzende Luke (59) zu bilden, die zwischen einer geöffneten Stellung und einer geschlossenen Stellung bewegbar ist und die, wenn sie geöffnet ist, eine Öffnung in der Bodenwand bereitstellt, wobei sich vorzugsweise die Luken an ihren angrenzenden Kanten überlappen, wenn sich die Luke und die angrenzende Luke in der geschlossenen Stellung befinden.
     
    12. Ballenpresse nach Anspruch 11, wobei die Ballenpresse mit Mitteln (99) ausgestattet ist, die darauf ausgerichtet sind, die angrenzende Luke (59) selektiv zwischen der geschlossenen Stellung und einer teilweise geöffneten Stellung zu bewegen, wobei in der geschlossenen Stellung die angrenzende Luke eine untere Begrenzung des Zuführkanals (23) darstellt und in der teilweise geöffneten Stellung die angrenzende Luke von der oberen Wand (35) des Zuführkanals weg angeordnet ist, wodurch die untere Begrenzung, die durch die angrenzende Luke bereitgestellt wird, intakt bleibt, und wobei, wenn die Luke (61) und die angrenzende Luke (59) sich in ihren jeweiligen teilweise geöffneten Stellungen befinden, die angrenzenden Kanten (67, 69) der Luke und der angrenzenden Luke im Wesentlichen gleich weit von der oberen Wand (35) des Zuführkanals entfernt sind, wobei vorzugsweise, wenn sich die Luke und die angrenzende Luke in der teilweise geöffneten Stellung befinden, die Luken sich an ihren angrenzenden Kanten überlappen.
     
    13. Ballenpresse nach Anspruch 11 oder 12, wobei die angrenzende Luke (59) durch ein Endteil der Bodenwand (37) gebildet ist, das sich vorzugsweise zum unteren Ende (59) des Zuführkanals (23) erstreckt.
     
    14. Ballenpresse nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 13, wobei wenigstens eine Luke (61) schwenkbar an einem oberen Endteil (71) der Bodenwand (37) an dem oberen Ende (27) des Zuführkanals (23) befestigt ist, wobei das obere Endteil bewegbar relativ zur oberen Wand (35) angeordnet ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Ramasseuse-presse (1)
    comprenant :

    - une chambre de compression (9) pourvue d'une ouverture d'entrée (19) formée à l'intérieur ;

    - un canal d'alimentation (23) en communication avec la chambre de compression via l'ouverture d'entrée permettant de transférer des charges de matières récoltées depuis le conduit d'alimentation dans la chambre de compression ;

    - un piston (7) à mouvement de va-et-vient à l'intérieur de la chambre de compression permettant de comprimer les charges successives de matières récoltées reçues depuis le conduit d'alimentation pour former une balle ; et

    - des moyens d'alimentation (25) pouvant fonctionner à l'intérieur du conduit d'alimentation afin d'accumuler une charge de matières récoltées à l'intérieur puis fourrer cette charge accumulée dans la chambre de compression ;

    - le conduit d'alimentation possède une extrémité supérieure (27) généralement orientée vers le haut et en communication avec l'ouverture d'entrée dans la chambre de compression et une extrémité inférieure (29) généralement orientée dans la direction vers l'avant ; et

    - le conduit d'alimentation possédant une paroi supérieure (35) et une paroi inférieure (37) s'étendant entre l'extrémité inférieure et l'extrémité supérieure du conduit d'alimentation, ladite paroi supérieure constituant une limite supérieure du conduit d'alimentation et ladite paroi inférieure constituant une limite inférieure du conduit d'alimentation, une ouverture existant dans la paroi inférieure du conduit d'alimentation et au moins une porte (61) étant fixée par des charnières à un bord de l'ouverture, ledit bord étant le bord d'une partie d'extrémité (71) de la paroi inférieure du conduit d'alimentation ;

    caractérisée en ce que la partie d'extrémité de la paroi inférieure à laquelle la porte est fixée par des charnières est agencée de manière mobile par rapport à la paroi supérieure du conduit d'alimentation.
     
    2. Ramasseuse-presse selon la revendication 1,
    dans laquelle la partie d'extrémité (71) de la paroi inférieure (37) à laquelle la porte (61) est fixée par des charnières est mobile en étant pivotante au niveau d'un bord (79) opposé au bord (89) auquel la porte est fixée par des charnières, la partie d'extrémité de la paroi inférieure pouvant préférentiellement pivoter en étant fixée par des charnières
    au niveau de ou à proximité de l'extrémité (27) du conduit d'alimentation (23).
     
    3. Ramasseuse-presse selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans laquelle la porte (61) et la partie d'extrémité (71) de la paroi inférieure (37) à laquelle la porte est fixée sont mobiles entre une position fermée et une position ouverte, où la porte et la partie d'extrémité de la paroi inférieure constituent une limite inférieure du conduit d'alimentation (23) dans la position fermée et la porte et la partie d'extrémité de la paroi inférieure sont positionnées loin de la paroi supérieure (35) du conduit d'alimentation dans la position ouverte, ne constituant ainsi plus une limite inférieure du conduit d'alimentation.
     
    4. Ramasseuse-presse selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans laquelle la ramasseuse-presse est pourvue de moyens (85, 87, 185, 187) adaptés permettant de déplacer sélectivement la porte (61) et la partie d'extrémité (71) de la paroi inférieure (37) entre une position fermée et une position partiellement ouverte, où la porte et la partie d'extrémité de la paroi inférieure constituent une limite inférieure du conduit d'alimentation (23) dans la position fermée et la porte et la partie d'extrémité de la paroi inférieure à laquelle la porte est fixée sont positionnées loin de la paroi supérieure (35) du conduit d'alimentation dans la position partiellement ouverte, laissant ainsi la limite inférieure intacte.
     
    5. Ramasseuse-presse selon la revendication 4, dans laquelle les moyens (85, 87, 185, 187) adaptés pour déplacer sélectivement la porte (61) et la partie d'extrémité (71) de la paroi inférieure (37) entre une position fermée et une position partiellement ouverte sont relâchables afin de permettre le positionnement de la porte et de l'extrémité de la paroi inférieure dans la position ouverte.
     
    6. Ramasseuse-presse selon la revendication 4 ou 5, dans laquelle les moyens (85, 87, 185, 187) sont adaptés pour déplacer sélectivement la porte (61) et la partie d'extrémité (71) de la paroi inférieure (37) entre la position fermée, la position partiellement ouverte et la position ouverte.
     
    7. Ramasseuse-presse selon la revendication 4, 5 ou 6, dans laquelle lesdits moyens (85, 87) adaptés pour déplacer sélectivement la porte (61) et la partie d'extrémité (71) de la paroi inférieure (37) entre une position fermée et une position partiellement ouverte peuvent être actionnés manuellement et comprennent de préférence un verrou pouvant être actionné manuellement.
     
    8. Ramasseuse-presse selon l'une quelconque des revendications 4 à 7, dans laquelle les moyens (185, 187) adaptés pour déplacer sélectivement la porte (61) et la partie inférieure (71) de la paroi inférieure (37) entre une position fermée et une position partiellement ouverte comprennent un actionneur, de préférence un actionneur linéaire.
     
    9. Ramasseuse-presse selon la revendication 8, dans laquelle les moyens (185, 187) adaptés pour déplacer sélectivement
    la porte (61) et la partie d'extrémité (71) de la paroi inférieure (37) entre une position fermée et une position partiellement ouverte comprennent un dispositif de commande (105) relié à l'actionneur (185, 187) permettant de commander l'actionneur, où, de préférence, un moyen de détection (107) est prévu étant relié au dispositif de commande et adapté pour détecter le bouchage du conduit d'alimentation et le dispositif de commande est configuré pour commander l'actionneur de manière telle que la porte et la partie d'extrémité de la paroi inférieure soient déplacées dans la position partiellement ouverte lorsqu'un bouchage du conduit d'alimentation est détecté par ledit moyen de détection.
     
    10. Ramasseuse-presse selon l'une quelconque des revendications 4 à 9, dans laquelle les moyens (85, 87, 185, 187) adaptés pour déplacer sélectivement la porte (61) et la partie d'extrémité (71) de la paroi inférieure (37) entre une position fermée et une position partiellement ouverte agissent sur au moins l'une parmi la porte et la partie d'extrémité de la paroi inférieure, où de préférence lesdits moyens agissent à la fois sur la porte et sur l'extrémité de la paroi inférieure et, de manière plus préférable, lesdits moyens sont adaptés pour déplacer indépendamment la porte et la partie d'extrémité de la paroi inférieure.
     
    11. Ramasseuse-presse selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10, dans laquelle un bord (67) d'une partie adjacente de la paroi inférieure (37) est situé à côté du bord (69) de la porte (61) à l'opposé du bord (73) qui est fixé par des charnières à la partie d'extrémité (71) de la paroi inférieure (37), où au moins le bord adjacent de la partie adjacente de la paroi inférieure est mobile par rapport à la paroi supérieure (35) du conduit d'alimentation (23) de manière à former une porte adjacente (59) qui est mobile entre une position ouverte et une position fermée et qui, lorsqu'elle est ouverte, forme une ouverture dans la paroi inférieure, où, de préférence avec la porte et la porte adjacente en position fermée, les portes se recouvrent au niveau de leurs bords adjacents.
     
    12. Ramasseuse-presse selon la revendication 11, dans laquelle la ramasseuse-presse est pourvue de moyens (99) adaptés pour déplacer sélectivement la porte adjacente (59) entre la position fermée et une position partiellement ouverte, où la porte adjacente constitue, dans la position fermée, une limite inférieure du conduit d'alimentation (23) et la porte adjacente est positionnée, dans la position partiellement ouverte, loin de la paroi supérieure (35) du conduit d'alimentation, laissant ainsi la limite inférieure constituée par la porte adjacente intacte, et où, lorsque la porte (61) et la porte adjacente (59) sont dans leurs positions respectives partiellement ouvertes, les bords adjacents (67, 69) de la porte et de la porte adjacente se trouvent sensiblement à la même distance par rapport à la paroi supérieure (35) du conduit d'alimentation, où, de préférence avec la porte et la porte adjacente en position partiellement ouverte, les portes se recouvrent au niveau de leurs bords adjacents.
     
    13. Ramasseuse-presse selon la revendication 11 ou 12, dans laquelle la porte adjacente (59) est formée par une partie d'extrémité de la paroi inférieure (37), s'étendant de préférence vers l'extrémité inférieure (29) du conduit d'alimentation (23).
     
    14. Ramasseuse-presse selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 13, dans laquelle au moins une porte (61) est fixée par des charnières à une partie d'extrémité supérieure (71) de la paroi inférieure (37) au niveau de l'extrémité supérieure (27) du conduit d'alimentation (23), ladite partie d'extrémité supérieure étant agencée de manière mobile par rapport à la paroi supérieure (35).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description