(19)
(11)EP 3 367 496 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
29.08.2018 Bulletin 2018/35

(21)Application number: 16887182.0

(22)Date of filing:  29.01.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H01P 7/00  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2016/072804
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/128298 (03.08.2017 Gazette  2017/31)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
MA MD

(71)Applicant: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Longgang District Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • ZHANG, Chuanan
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • CHEN, Yi
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(74)Representative: Thun, Clemens 
Mitscherlich PartmbB Patent- und Rechtsanwälte Sonnenstraße 33
80331 München
80331 München (DE)

  


(54)FILTER UNIT AND FILTER


(57) A filter unit and a filter are provided. The filter unit includes two stacked cavities. Each cavity includes a dielectric substrate, and two surfaces of the dielectric substrate are each provided with a metal covering layer. Connected coupling slots and a row of metal slots parallel to the coupling slots are etched on a metal covering layer, one end of a coupling slot is an open end, the other end is a closed end, the open end corresponds to a magnetic wall structure, and the closed end corresponds to an electric wall structure. The two cavities are coupled and connected by using the coupling slots. In the foregoing technical solution, the two cavities are stacked to form the filter unit, the two cavities are coupled and connected by using the provided coupling slots to form the filter unit, and only a feeding port needs to be disposed on a hypotenuse of a cavity. When the foregoing structure is used, a physical size of a conventional filter is effectively reduced, and a planar area of the filter unit is reduced.




Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The present invention relates to the field of communications technologies, and in particular, to a filter unit and a filter.

BACKGROUND



[0002] A substrate integrated waveguide technology is an innovative waveguide structure that rises in recent years and that may be integrated in a dielectric substrate, and the innovative waveguide structure has advantages of both a planar transmission line and a metal waveguide, and is irreplaceable in microwave circuit design. With maturity and development of the substrate integrated waveguide technology, most of microwave devices such as filters, power splitters, and antennas may be implemented by using a substrate integrated waveguide structure.

[0003] In any complete communications system, a filter has a special position and function and is irreplaceable, and a substrate integrated waveguide filter inevitably has disadvantages while possessing numerous advantages. A conventional substrate integrated waveguide filter has a relatively large structural size, and occupies a large area on a microwave board, going against miniature design of a system structure. Additionally, the conventional substrate integrated waveguide filter has disadvantages such as relatively poor out-of-band suppression performance and a relatively close parasitic passband (away from a primary passband by 2f0). A substrate integrated waveguide filter solution of the present invention has a better out-of-band suppression characteristic while implementing a miniature filter.

[0004] The prior art 1 is a miniature substrate integrated waveguide resonator that structurally includes an upper PCB board, a lower PCB board, and several plated through-holes. A first copper clad layer, a second copper clad layer, a first dielectric layer, and several internal plated through-holes define an upper resonator. A third copper clad layer, a fourth copper clad layer, a second dielectric layer, and several internal plated through-holes define an lower resonator. Each resonator defines a triangle, and copper clad surfaces that are stacked and in contact and that are of the two resonators are etched with metal slots to couple and cascade the upper resonator and the lower resonator into one resonator. Metal slots obtained through etching along directions of plated through-holes define a triangle.

[0005] In the solution of the prior art 1, 1) although a planar area of a resonator of the solution is reduced by 17/18 compared with an area of a conventional substrate integrated waveguide resonator, the planar area still has not reached the minimum, and a size of the resonator may be further reduced. 2) A parasitic passband of a filter formed in the prior art 1 is relatively close to a primary passband (at a distance of 3f0, where f0 is a center frequency of the primary passband), and if the filter is used in a microwave circuit, a system signal-to-noise ratio is deteriorated.

[0006] The following describes a conventional substrate integrated waveguide Chebyshev filter similar to that in the solution of the present invention. The filter is structurally a directly coupled triangular substrate integrated waveguide cavity filter, including isosceles triangular cavities. The isosceles triangular cavities are sequentially arranged into a regular polygon. Any two neighboring isosceles triangular cavities are respectively a start cavity and an end cavity. An input port and an output port are respectively disposed on the start cavity and the end cavity. A coupling window is disposed between the start cavity and a cavity neighboring to the start cavity, a coupling window is disposed between the end cavity and a cavity neighboring to the end cavity, a coupling window is disposed between neighboring cavities, and the neighboring cavities are located between the start end cavity and the end cavity. The isosceles triangular cavities are formed by plated through-holes provided on a dielectric substrate whose both surfaces are covered with a metal foil, and the plated through-holes are arranged into an isosceles triangle.

[0007] A solution in the prior art 2 inherits common disadvantages of conventional cavity filters. 1) A filter has an excessively large size. In the solution in the prior art 2, only a conventional rectangular cavity is changed into a triangular cavity, only a structural form is changed, and aspects of an area and a size are not improved. 2) The filter has a parasitic passband. This filter is a conventional cavity filter that has a parasitic passband relatively close to a primary passband (at a distance of 2f0, where f0 is a center frequency of the primary passband). 3) Out-of-band suppression is insufficient. This filter is a conventional Chebyshev filter, and a single magnetic coupling form is used between filter units of the filter. Therefore, out-of-band suppression of the filter is not high.

SUMMARY



[0008] The present invention provides a filter unit and a filter, so as to reduce a volume of the filter unit, facilitate miniature development of the filter, and also improve out-of-band suppression of the filter.

[0009] To resolve the foregoing technical problem, an embodiment of the present invention provides a filter unit. The filter unit includes two stacked cavities, where
each cavity includes: a dielectric substrate, a first metal covering layer and a second metal covering layer that are disposed on two opposite surfaces of the dielectric substrate, a row of first plated through-holes, a row of second plated through-holes, and a row of third plated through-holes that are provided on the dielectric substrate, and a coupling slot provided on the first metal covering layer, where
the first metal covering layer is in a shape of a right triangle;
the row of first plated through-holes is parallel to a hypotenuse of the first metal covering layer, and the first plated through-hole runs through the first metal covering layer and the second metal covering layer;
the row of second plated through-holes is located outside the first metal covering layer and is parallel to a cathetus of the first metal covering layer, the row of second plated through-holes runs through the second metal covering layer, each of the row of second plated through-holes is connected to a metal sheet, there is a gap between neighboring metal sheets, and the row of second plated through-holes and the metal sheets form a magnetic wall structure;
the row of third plated through-holes is located outside the first metal covering layer and is parallel to the other cathetus of the first metal covering layer, the row of third plated through-holes runs through the second metal covering layer, and the row of third plated through-holes forms an electric wall structure;
the coupling slot is parallel to the row of first plated through-holes, and one end of the coupling slot facing the magnetic wall structure runs through the first metal covering layer, and one end of the coupling slot facing the electric wall structure is a closed end; and
coupling slots between the two cavities are provided face to face, and the two cavities are coupled by using two coupling slots.

[0010] In the foregoing technical solution, the two cavities are stacked to form the filter unit, the two cavities are coupled and connected by using the provided coupling slots to form the filter unit, and only a feeding port needs to be disposed on a hypotenuse of a cavity. When the foregoing structure is used, a physical size of a conventional filter is effectively reduced, and a planar area of the filter unit is reduced.

[0011] During specific disposition, each cavity further includes two parallel metal slots provided on the first metal covering layer; the two metal slots are separately vertically connected to the coupling slot, and divide the coupling slot into two parts, the two metal slots run through the row of first plated through-holes, and the row of first plated through-holes is divided into two parts arranged outside the two metal slots; and a microstrip is disposed between two metal slots of one of the cavities.

[0012] Moreover, the coupling slot has a length L and a width W, and a ratio of the length L to the width W satisfies a condition that L/W falls in between one fourth wavelength and one wavelength, where the wavelength is an operating wavelength of the filter unit. In a specific implementation, L/W is preferably equal to one half wavelength.

[0013] When the coupling slot is specifically provided, the coupling slot is provided on a side that departs from a hypotenuse and that is of a plated through-hole on a first copper clad layer of the triangular dielectric substrate, and a distance from the coupling slot to an edge plated through-hole is less than 0.5 mm. In a specific embodiment, the distance from the coupling slot to the edge plated through-hole is 0.1 mm.

[0014] Moreover, in a specific embodiment, a row of plated through-holes parallel to each cathetus of the dielectric substrate is further provided on the dielectric substrate, where one end of each of the row of plated through-holes runs through a metal covering layer of the dielectric substrate, the other end corresponds to one metal sheet, and the metal sheets and the plated through-holes form the magnetic wall structure; and each of another row of plated through-holes runs through the dielectric substrate, and the plated through-holes form the electric wall structure. During specific disposition, the metal sheet is a rectangular metal sheet, and a plated through-hole corresponding to the rectangular metal sheet is located at a central location of the rectangular metal sheet.

[0015] According to a second aspect, an embodiment of the present invention further provides a filter. The filter includes filter units according to any one of the foregoing items, where two of the filter units are connected to microstrips, one microstrip is used as an input line, the other microstrip is used as an output line, and two neighboring filter units share a magnetic wall structure or an electric wall structure; and when a quantity of the filter units is two, the two filter units are connected through magnetic coupling or electric coupling, or when a quantity of the filter units is more than two, the more than two filter units are connected through alternate coupling of electric coupling and magnetic coupling. Through alternate coupling of electric coupling and magnetic coupling, a parasitic passband is suppressed. Compared with a conventional filter unit, an operating frequency in a higher order mode of the conventional filter unit is at 2f0, while an operating frequency in a higher order mode of the filter unit of the present invention is at 4f0. Therefore, a parasitic passband of a conventional filter occurs at 2f0, while a parasitic passband of the filter of the present invention occurs nearby 4f0 (f0 is a center frequency of the filter), so as to suppress the parasitic passband.

[0016] In a specific magnetic coupling manner, when the neighboring filter units share the magnetic wall structure, a slot whose cross section is circular is provided on a metal covering layer located on a side opposite to the magnetic wall structure, and the two neighboring filter units are connected through magnetic coupling by using the slot. Moreover, when the slot is specifically set, the slot has a diameter D and a slot width S, and D/S is less than one tenth wavelength.

[0017] In a specific electric coupling manner, when the neighboring filter units share the electric wall structure, a strip is provided on a metal covering layer located on a side opposite to the electric wall structure, and the two neighboring filter units are connected through electric coupling by using the strip.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



[0018] 

FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a first cavity according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a first cavity according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a second cavity of a filter unit according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a second cavity of a filter unit according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a filter according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 6 is a chart of comparison between a filter provided in an embodiment of the present invention and a filter in the prior art; and

FIG. 7a to FIG. 7d are schematic structural diagrams of a filter using two filter units according to an embodiment of the present invention.


Reference numerals of the accompanying drawings:



[0019] 

10-First dielectric substrate; 20-First metal covering layer A; 30-Second metal covering layer A;

31-Coupling slot; 32-Metal slot; 33-Metal sheet;

40-First plated through-hole A; 41-Second plated through-hole A; 43-Third plated through-hole A;

50-Second dielectric substrate; 60-First metal covering layer B; 70-Second metal covering layer B;

71-Coupling slot; 72-Metal slot; 73-Microstrip;

74-Metal sheet; 80-First plated through-hole B; 81-Second plated through-hole B;

82-Third plated through-hole B; 90-Strip; and 100-Slot


DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



[0020] To make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention clearer, the following further describes the present invention in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. Apparently, the described embodiments are merely a part rather than all of the embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments obtained by a person of ordinary skill in the art based on the embodiments of the present invention without creative efforts shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

[0021] An embodiment of the present invention provides a filter unit. The filter unit includes two stacked cavities, where
each cavity includes: a dielectric substrate, a first metal covering layer and a second metal covering layer that are disposed on two opposite surfaces of the dielectric substrate, a row of first plated through-holes, a row of second plated through-holes, and a row of third plated through-holes that are provided on the dielectric substrate, and a coupling slot provided on the first metal covering layer, where
the first metal covering layer is in a shape of a right triangle;
the row of first plated through-holes is parallel to a hypotenuse of the first metal covering layer, and the first plated through-hole runs through the first metal covering layer and the second metal covering layer;
the row of second plated through-holes is located outside the first metal covering layer and is parallel to a cathetus of the first metal covering layer, the row of second plated through-holes runs through the second metal covering layer, each of the row of second plated through-holes is connected to a metal sheet, there is a gap between neighboring metal sheets, and the row of second plated through-holes and the metal sheets form a magnetic wall structure;
the row of third plated through-holes is located outside the first metal covering layer and is parallel to the other cathetus of the first metal covering layer, the row of third plated through-holes runs through the second metal covering layer, and the row of third plated through-holes forms an electric wall structure;
the coupling slot is parallel to the row of first plated through-holes, and one end of the coupling slot facing the magnetic wall structure runs through the first metal covering layer, and one end of the coupling slot facing the electric wall structure is a closed end; and
coupling slots between the two cavities are provided face to face, and the two cavities are coupled by using two coupling slots.

[0022] In the foregoing specific embodiment, the two cavities are stacked to form the filter unit, the two cavities are coupled and connected by using the provided coupling slots to form the filter unit, and only a feeding port needs to be disposed on a hypotenuse of a cavity. When the foregoing structure is used, a physical size of a conventional filter is effectively reduced, and a planar area of the filter unit is reduced.

[0023] To conveniently understand the filter unit provided in this embodiment, a structure of the filter unit is described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.

[0024] The filter unit provided in this embodiment includes two cavities that are a first cavity and a second cavity, and the first cavity and the second cavity are coupled and connected by using a coupling slot. Moreover, the metal covering layer may be made of copper.

[0025] As shown in FIG. 1, FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a first cavity according to an embodiment of the present invention. The first cavity includes a first dielectric substrate 10, and two opposite surfaces of the first dielectric substrate 10 are respectively provided with a first metal covering layer A 20 and a second metal covering layer A 30. The first metal covering layer A 20 is in a shape of a right triangle, a shape of the second metal covering layer A 30 is not limited, the first metal covering layer A 20 is provided with first plated through-holes A 40 parallel to a hypotenuse, and the first plated through-holes A 40 run through the first metal covering layer A 20 and the second metal covering layer A 30. A row of second plated through-holes A 41 that is located outside the first metal covering layer A 20 and that is parallel to one cathetus of the first metal covering layer A 20 is further provided on the first dielectric substrate 10, and the foregoing being outside the first metal covering layer A 20 means that the first plated through-holes A 40 do not run through the first metal covering layer A 20. One end of the second plated through-hole A 41 runs through the first dielectric substrate 10 and the second metal covering layer A 30, the other end is connected to one metal sheet 33, there is a gap between neighboring metal sheets 33, and the metal sheets 33 and the second plated through-holes A 41 form a magnetic wall structure. The first dielectric substrate 10 is further provided with a row of third plated through-holes A42 that is located outside the first metal covering layer A 20 and that is parallel to the other hypotenuse of the first metal covering layer A 20, the third plated through-holes A 42 run through the first dielectric substrate 10, and the row of third plated through-holes A 42 form an electric wall structure. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 2, FIG. 2 shows a structure of a first cavity having a magnetic wall structure and an electric wall structure. In this embodiment, second plated through-holes A 41 and third plated through-holes A 43 are all located outside a first metal covering layer A 20. That is, none of the second plated through-holes A 41 and the third plated through-holes A 43 runs through the first metal covering layer A 20, and the second plated through-holes A 41 and the third plated through-holes A 43 all run through a first dielectric substrate 10 and a second metal covering layer A 30. When the magnetic wall structure is formed, the second plated through-holes A 41 are connected to metal sheets 33, a row of second plated through-holes A 41 and a row of metal sheets 33 form the magnetic wall structure, and the metal sheets 33 are disposed on the second metal covering layer A 30. During specific disposition, the metal sheet 33 is a rectangular metal sheet, and a plated through-hole corresponding to the rectangular metal sheet 33 is located at a central location of the rectangular metal sheet 33. When the electric wall structure is formed, a row of formed third plated through-holes A 43 is used, and the row of third plated through-holes forms the electric wall structure.

[0026] Moreover, the first cavity provided in this embodiment is further provided with coupling slots 31, and the coupling slots 31 are provided on the first metal covering layer A 20. During specific disposition, the coupling slots 31 are parallel to a row of first plated through-holes A 40. Referring to FIG. 1 again, it can be learned from FIG. 1 that, during specific disposition, the coupling slots 31 are disposed on a side that departs from a hypotenuse of the second covering layer A 20 and that is of the first plated through-hole A 40 on the second covering layer 20, and a distance from the coupling slot 31 to an edge first plated through-hole A 40 is less than 0.5 mm. For example, the distance may be 0.5 mm, 0.4 mm, 0.3 mm, 0.25 mm, 0.2 mm, 0.15 mm, 0.1 mm, 0.05 mm, or another distance. Preferably, in a specific embodiment, the distance from the coupling slot 31 to the edge first plated through-hole A 40 is 0.1 mm.

[0027] During specific disposition, the coupling slot 31 has a length L and a width W, and a ratio of the length L to the width W satisfies a condition that L/W falls in between one fourth wavelength and one wavelength, where the wavelength is an operating wavelength of the filter unit. For example, a ratio of L/W is: one fourth, one third, one half, two third, one, or the like, so that when being coupled, the first cavity and a second cavity can have a good coupling effect. In a specific embodiment, L/W is preferably equal to one half wavelength. Therefore, the first cavity and the second cavity have a good coupling effect.

[0028] Referring to FIG. 1 again, one end of the coupling slot 31 facing the magnetic wall structure runs through the first metal covering layer A 20 to form an open end, and a side facing the electric wall structure does not run through the first metal covering layer A 20 to form a closed end. In this embodiment, a function of run-through or non-run-through of the coupling slot 31 is to affect electromagnetic field distribution inside the filter unit. Compared with the prior art, a size of the filter unit of the present invention is greatly reduced, and to achieve this objective, distribution of an electromagnetic field structure inside a conventional filter unit needs to be changed. In the filter unit of the present invention, structures of end portions of coupling slots on two cathetuses of the filter unit are not the same, thereby forming different electromagnetic field structures. 1) The coupling slot runs through. A situation of electromagnetic field distribution on the side is as follows: An electric field is distributed parallel to a cathetus, and strength of the electric field is weaker than strength of a magnetic field, so that the cathetus is characterized by a magnetic wall. 2) The coupling slot does not run through. A situation of electromagnetic field distribution on the side is as follows: An electric field is distributed perpendicular to a cathetus, and strength of the electric field is stronger than strength of a magnetic field, so that the cathetus is characterized by an electric wall. Characteristics of the electric wall and the magnetic wall are formed, so that the size of the filter unit is greatly reduced without changing an operating frequency.

[0029] During specific disposition, the first cavity further includes two parallel metal slots 32 provided on the first metal covering layer A 20; the two metal slots 32 are separately vertically connected to the coupling slot 31, and divide the coupling slot 31 into two parts, the two metal slots 32 run through the row of first plated through-holes, and the row of first plated through-holes is divided into two parts arranged outside the two metal slots 32; and a microstrip is disposed between two metal slots 32 of one of the cavities. As shown in FIG. 1, the two metal slots 32 run through first plated through-holes A 40 and cut off a row of first plated through-holes A 40, and there is no plated through-hole between the two metal slots 32.

[0030] Referring to FIG. 3 and FIG. 4 together, FIG. 3 and FIG. 4 are separately schematic structural diagrams of second cavities of different structures. In this embodiment, a structure of a second cavity is similar to a structure of a first cavity, and a unique difference lies only in that a microstrip 73 is connected between two metal slots of the second cavity, and is used as an input end or an output end. During specific connection, as shown in FIG. 4, the microstrip 73 is connected to a metal slot 72.

[0031] As shown in FIG. 3 and FIG. 4, in the second cavity, a dielectric substrate is a second dielectric substrate 50, two layer metal covering layers located on the second dielectric substrate 50 are respectively a first metal covering layer B 60 and a second metal covering layer B 70, a row of plated through-holes located at a hypotenuse is first plated through-holes B 80, and two row of plated through-holes located at cathetuses are respectively second plated through-holes B 81 and third plated through-holes B 82. Moreover, structures and functions of a coupling slot 71, the metal slot 72, and a metal sheet 74 of the second cavity are the same as those of a coupling slot 31, a metal slot 32, and a metal sheet 33 of the first cavity. Details are not described herein again. The first metal covering layer B 60 of the second cavity is the same as a first metal covering layer A 20 of the first cavity, the second metal covering layer B 70 is the same as a second metal covering layer A 30, the first plated through-hole B 80 and a first plated through-hole A 40 are provided in a same manner, the second plated through-hole B 81 and a second plated through-hole A 41 have a same structure and are provided in a same manner, and the third plated through-hole B 82 and a third plated through-hole A 43 have a same structure and are provided in a same manner. Details are not described herein again.

[0032] When a filter unit is formed, the first cavity and the second cavity are stacked, and the coupling slot of the first cavity and the coupling slot of the second cavity are provided opposite to each other to form a coupling structure. That is, a first copper clad layer of the first cavity comes into contact with a fourth copper clad layer of a third cavity, to complete assembly of the filter unit.

[0033] As shown in FIG. 5, an embodiment of the present invention further provides a filter. The filter includes filter units according to any one of the foregoing items, where two of the filter units are connected to microstrips, one microstrip is used as an input line, the other microstrip is used as an output line, and two neighboring filter units share a magnetic wall structure or an electric wall structure; and when a quantity of the filter units is two, the two filter units are connected through magnetic coupling or electric coupling, or when a quantity of the filter units is more than two, the more than two filter units are connected through alternate coupling of electric coupling and magnetic coupling.

[0034] In the foregoing embodiment, through alternate coupling of electric coupling and magnetic coupling, a parasitic passband is suppressed.

[0035] Specifically, as shown in FIG. 6, compared with a conventional filter unit, an operating frequency in a higher order mode of the conventional filter unit is at 2f0, while an operating frequency in a higher order mode of the filter unit of the present invention is at 4f0. Therefore, a parasitic passband of a conventional filter occurs at 2f0, while a parasitic passband of the filter of the present invention occurs nearby 4f0 (f0 is a center frequency of the filter), so as to suppress the parasitic passband.

[0036] A quantity of the filter units in the filter is at least two, and when two filter units are used, the two filter units are respectively a filter unit A and a filter unit B. As shown in FIG. 7a to FIG. 7d, FIG. 7a and FIG. 7b show that two filter units share an electric wall structure, and the two filter units are electrically coupled by using a strip. FIG. 7c and FIG. 7d show that two filter units share a magnetic wall structure, and the two filter units are coupled by using a slot.

[0037] In a specific magnetic coupling manner, when neighboring filter units share the magnetic wall structure, a slot 100 whose cross section is circular is provided on a metal covering layer located on a side opposite to the magnetic wall structure, and the two neighboring filter units are connected through magnetic coupling by using the slot 100. Moreover, when the slot 100 is specifically set, the slot 100 has a diameter D and a slot width S, and D/S is less than one tenth wavelength.

[0038] In a specific electric coupling manner, when neighboring filter units share the electric wall structure, a strip 90 is provided on a metal covering layer located on a side opposite to the electric wall structure, and the two neighboring filter units are connected through electric coupling by using the strip 90.

[0039] As shown in FIG. 5, letters A, B, C, and D represent four filter units. A filter unit A and a filter unit D are respectively connected to a microstrip 73 at an input end and a microstrip 73 at an output end. The filter unit A and the filter unit B are cascaded in an electric coupling manner by using a strip 90, and the filter unit C and the filter unit D are cascaded in an electric coupling manner by using a strip 90. The filter unit B and the filter unit C are cascaded in a magnetic coupling manner by using circular coupling slots 100. The circular coupling slots 100 in magnetic coupling are symmetrically distributed at a second metal covering layer and a fourth metal covering layer, and are located at a middle location of a magnetic wall of the filter units. The strips 90 in electric coupling are located at a first metal covering layer and a third metal covering layer, and the strips 90 in electric coupling are connected to the metal covering layers.

[0040] During use of the foregoing structure, as shown in FIG. 6, as shown in FIG. 6, compared with a conventional filter unit, an operating frequency in a higher order mode of the conventional filter unit is at 2f0, while an operating frequency in a higher order mode of the filter unit of the present invention is at 4f0. Therefore, a parasitic passband of a conventional filter occurs at 2f0, while a parasitic passband of the filter of the present invention occurs nearby 4f0 (f0 is a center frequency of the filter), so as to suppress the parasitic passband.

[0041] Obviously, a person skilled in the art can make various modifications and variations to the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. The present invention is intended to cover these modifications and variations provided that they fall within the scope of protection defined by the following claims and their equivalent technologies.


Claims

1. A filter unit, comprising two stacked cavities, wherein
each cavity comprises: a dielectric substrate, a first metal covering layer and a second metal covering layer that are disposed on two opposite surfaces of the dielectric substrate, a row of first plated through-holes, a row of second plated through-holes, and a row of third plated through-holes that are provided on the dielectric substrate, and a coupling slot provided on the first metal covering layer, wherein
the first metal covering layer is in a shape of a right triangle;
the row of first plated through-holes is parallel to a hypotenuse of the first metal covering layer, and the first plated through-hole runs through the first metal covering layer and the second metal covering layer;
the row of second plated through-holes is located outside the first metal covering layer and is parallel to a cathetus of the first metal covering layer, the row of second plated through-holes runs through the second metal covering layer, each of the row of second plated through-holes is connected to a metal sheet, there is a gap between neighboring metal sheets, and the row of second plated through-holes and the metal sheets form a magnetic wall structure;
the row of third plated through-holes is located outside the first metal covering layer and is parallel to the other cathetus of the first metal covering layer, the row of third plated through-holes runs through the second metal covering layer, and the row of third plated through-holes forms an electric wall structure;
the coupling slot is parallel to the row of first plated through-holes, and one end of the coupling slot facing the magnetic wall structure runs through the first metal covering layer, and one end of the coupling slot facing the electric wall structure is a closed end; and
coupling slots between the two cavities are provided face to face, and the two cavities are coupled by using two coupling slots.
 
2. The filter unit according to claim 1, wherein each cavity further comprises two parallel metal slots provided on the first metal covering layer; the two metal slots are separately vertically connected to the coupling slot, and divide the coupling slot into two parts, the two metal slots run through the row of first plated through-holes, and the row of first plated through-holes is divided into two parts arranged outside the two metal slots; and a microstrip is disposed between two metal slots of one of the cavities.
 
3. The filter unit according to claim 1, wherein the coupling slot has a length L and a width W that satisfy: L/W falls in between one fourth wavelength and one wavelength.
 
4. The filter unit according to claim 3, wherein L/W is equal to one half wavelength.
 
5. The filter unit according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein a distance from the coupling slot to an edge plated through-hole is less than 0.5 mm.
 
6. The filter unit according to claim 5, wherein the distance from the coupling slot to the edge plated through-hole is 0.1 mm.
 
7. The filter unit according to claim 6, wherein the metal sheet is a rectangular metal sheet, and a plated through-hole corresponding to the rectangular metal sheet is located at a central location of the rectangular metal sheet.
 
8. A filter, comprising at least two filter units according to any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein two of the filter units are connected to microstrips, one microstrip is used as an input line, the other microstrip is used as an output line, and two neighboring filter units share a magnetic wall structure or an electric wall structure; and when a quantity of the filter units is two, the two filter units are connected through magnetic coupling or electric coupling, or when a quantity of the filter units is more than two, the more than two filter units are connected through alternate coupling of electric coupling and magnetic coupling.
 
9. The filter according to claim 8, wherein when the neighboring filter units share the magnetic wall structure, a slot whose cross section is circular is provided on a metal covering layer located on a side opposite to the magnetic wall structure, and the two neighboring filter units are connected through magnetic coupling by using the slot.
 
10. The filter according to claim 9, wherein the slot has a diameter D and a slot width S, and D/S is less than one tenth wavelength.
 
11. The filter according to claim 8, wherein when the neighboring filter units share the electric wall structure, a strip is provided on a metal covering layer located on a side opposite to the electric wall structure, and the two neighboring filter units are connected through electric coupling by using the strip.
 




Drawing