(19)
(11)EP 3 369 694 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.04.2020 Bulletin 2020/18

(21)Application number: 18159711.3

(22)Date of filing:  02.03.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B66D 1/34(2006.01)
A62B 1/10(2006.01)
A62B 35/00(2006.01)

(54)

CABLE BREAK-AWAY SAFETY DEVICE

KABELABREISSSICHERUNGSVORRICHTUNG

DISPOSITIF DE SÉCURITÉ ANTI-RUPTURE DE CÂBLE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 03.03.2017 US 201762466896 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
05.09.2018 Bulletin 2018/36

(73)Proprietor: Goodrich Corporation
Charlotte, NC 28217-4578 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • IJADI-MAGHSOODI, Bejan
    Diamond Bar, CA California 91765 (US)
  • TUCKER, Pete J.
    Chino, CA California 91710 (US)
  • Gonfiotti, Marc A.
    Huntington Beach, CA California 92648 (US)

(74)Representative: Dehns 
St. Bride's House 10 Salisbury Square
London EC4Y 8JD
London EC4Y 8JD (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 2 068 035
JP-A- 2004 116 286
US-A1- 2011 056 057
JP-A- H09 110 385
US-A- 3 901 610
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND



    [0001] The present application relates generally to hoists. More particularly, this application relates to translating body rescue hoists for aircraft.

    [0002] Rescue hoists deploy and retrieve a cable from a cable drum to hoist persons or cargo. The rescue hoists may be mounted to an aircraft, such as a helicopter. The cable drum rotates to spool or unspool the cable from the cable drum, with one end of the cable attached to the cable drum and the other end, which can include a hook or other device, deployed during operation. Rescue hoists require overload protection in case the hook or cable is caught or hung up on a grounded object.

    [0003] With the cable attached to the cable drum, the cable should resist pull-out from the cable drum until the cable is overloaded. When the cable is overloaded, the cable should pull out freely from the cable drum to prevent damage to the rescue hoist, the airframe, or both. The cable is typically secured to the cable drum by inserting an end of the cable into a hole in the cable drum and then securing the cable to the cable drum with set screws. The set screws are torqued to a predetermined level to prevent the cable from pulling out of the cable drum. The capacity to resist pull-out is proportional to the torque applied to the set screws and to the coefficient of friction between the set screws and the cable. Cable securing assemblies are taught in JP 2004 116 286, US 2011/056057, EP 2 068 035, US 3,901,610 and JP H09 110 385.

    SUMMARY



    [0004] According to one aspect of the disclosure, a cable break-away device is provided as defined in claim 1..

    [0005] According to another aspect of the disclosure, a rescue hoist assembly includes a rotating cable drum supported by a frame, a shear cap attached to the rotating cable drum, and a cable secured to the shear cap. The shear cap is configured to transmit tensile forces from the cable to the cable drum and to fracture with the tensile forces equal to or exceeding a predetermined fracture set point.

    [0006] According to yet another aspect of the disclosure, a method of securing a cable to a cable drum is provided as defined in claim 13.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0007] 

    FIG. 1 is an elevation view of an aircraft and rescue hoist.

    FIG. 2A is an isometric view of a cable drum and shear cap.

    FIG. 2B is an enlarged view of detail Z of FIG. 2A.

    FIG. 3A is a cross-sectional view of a shear cap and cable.

    FIG. 3B is a cross-sectional view of the shear cap and cable in response to an overload event.

    FIG. 4A is an isometric view of a shear cap.

    FIG. 4B is a side elevation view of the shear cap of FIG. 4A

    FIG. 4C is a cross-sectional view of the shear cap of FIG. 4A taken along line C-C in FIG. 4A.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0008] FIG. 1 is an elevation view of aircraft 10 and rescue hoist 12. Rescue hoist 12 is mounted to aircraft 10 by support 14. Cable 16 extends from rescue hoist 12 and is configured to raise and lower objects to and from aircraft 10. During operation, cable 16 can become entangled with an object on the ground, such as a tree or building, which leads to excessive loads being transmitted to rescue hoist 12 and aircraft 10 through cable 16. To prevent damage from occurring to either rescue hoist 12 or aircraft 10, cable 16 should be able to break free from rescue hoist 12.

    [0009] FIG. 2A is an isometric view of cable drum 18 and shear cap 20. FIG. 2B is an enlarged view of detail Z of FIG. 2A. FIGS. 2A and 2B will be discussed together. Cable drum 18 includes first flange 22, second flange 24, and barrel 26. Barrel 26 includes mounting slot 28 and grooves 30. Mounting slot 28 includes head receiving portion 32, neck receiving portion 34, and detent 36. Shear cap 20 includes head 38, neck 40, and attachment portion 42. Cable 16 includes retained end 44.

    [0010] Barrel 26 extends between and connects first flange 22 and second flange 24. Grooves 30 extend about barrel 26 and are configured to maintain a position of cable 16 on barrel 26. Mounting slot 28 extends into barrel 26. Detent 36 is spring biased to project over neck receiving portion 34 of mounting slot 28. Neck 40 extends between and connects head 38 and attachment portion 42 of shear cap 20. Retained end 44 of cable 16 extends into and is secured within attachment portion 42. Attachment portion 42 of shear cap 20 is swaged onto retained end 44 to secure retained end 44 within attachment portion 42. Cable 16 extends from attachment portion 42 and wraps around barrel 26. Cable 16 is generally disposed within grooves 30 to help ensure that cable 16 is evenly wrapped around barrel 26.

    [0011] With shear cap 20 installed on cable drum 18, head 38 of shear cap 20 is disposed within head receiving portion 32 of mounting slot 28. Neck 40 extends from head 38 and is disposed within neck receiving portion 34 of mounting slot 28. Attachment portion 42 extends from neck 40 opposite head 38. A diameter of head 38 is greater than a diameter of neck 40, and as such a width of head receiving portion 32 is greater than a width of neck receiving portion 34. Neck receiving portion 34 thus helps maintain head 38 within head receiving portion 32 of mounting slot 28 because head 38 is unable to pass through the narrower width of neck receiving portion 34. Head receiving portion 32 is tightly toleranced to head 38, such that head 38 is maintained within head receiving portion 32 and prevented from torqueing out of head receiving portion 32.

    [0012] Shear cap 20 is installed on cable drum 18 by pushing shear cap 20 into mounting slot 28. As shear cap 20 passes over detent 36, detent 36 depresses to allow shear cap 20 to pass into mounting slot 28 and then detent moves to a neutral position extending over neck receiving portion 34, to thereby assist in retaining shear cap 20 within mounting slot 28. For example, detent 36 can be of a ball and spring configuration, where the spring is depressed when shear cap 20 passes over detent 36, and the spring then biases the ball back over neck receiving portion 34 to retain shear cap 20 in mounting slot 28. The tight tolerance between head 38 and head receiving portion 32 ensures that shear cap 20 must lift vertically relative to mounting slot 28 to either install or uninstall shear cap 20 and cable 16.

    [0013] During operation, cable 16 is deployed from cable drum 18 and utilized to hoist various objects to and from aircraft 10 (shown in FIG. 1). Shear cap 20 secures cable 16 to cable drum 18. Both aircraft 10 and rescue hoist 12 have a rated load, and experiencing loads above the rated load can cause damage to both aircraft 10 and rescue hoist 12. To prevent damage to aircraft 10 and rescue hoist 12, cable 16 should detach from cable drum 18 when the load reaches too great a level, such as where cable 16 becomes entangled with a building, tree, or other object on the ground. During operation, tensile forces are transmitted to rescue hoist 12 and aircraft 10 from cable 16 through shear cap 20. With head 38 secured in head receiving portion 32, the tensile forces are transmitted to cable drum 18 through head 38, and are transmitted to head 38 through neck 40. Neck 40 has the smallest diameter of shear cap 20 and thus is the portion of shear cap 20 with the lowest tensile strength, and neck 40 is configured to fracture when the load on cable 16 reaches or exceeds a predetermined failure point, i.e. about three times the rated load of rescue hoist 12. For example, where rescue hoist 12 has a rated load capacity of 273kg (600 lb), then neck 40 is configured to fracture at loads exceeding 817kg (1800 lb). When neck 40 fractures, cable 16 is detached from cable drum 18 and free to fall away from rescue hoist 12 and aircraft 10. Shear cap 20 is a breakaway safety device that prevents damage to aircraft 10 and rescue hoist 12 due to excessive loads on cable 16. It is understood that shear cap 20 can be configured to fracture at any desired load level, such that the predetermined failure set point can vary across differing applications, aircraft, and hoists.

    [0014] Shear cap 20 provides significant advantages. Shear cap 20 slides into mounting slot 28 to secure cable 16 to cable drum 18, providing for simple and quick installation. Shear cap 20 further simplifies the installation process by eliminating set screws and various other small components that were previously required to secure cable 16 to cable drum 18. Shear cap 20 also provides mistake-proofing, in that shear cap 20 is configured to fracture and release cable 16 when the load on shear cap 20 reaches a predetermined failure set point. As such, shear cap 20 will not prematurely release cable 16 from cable drum 18. Mounting slot 28 is also aligned with grooves 30, which ensures that the first and each subsequent layer of cable 16 is levelly wound onto cable drum 18. Shear cap 20 further eases maintenance as cable 16 can be removed and replaced with a new cable by lifting shear cap 20 out of mounting slot 28 and sliding a new shear cap attached to a replacement cable into mounting slot 28.

    [0015] FIG. 3A is a cross-sectional view of shear cap 20 and cable 16. FIG. 3B is a cross-sectional view of shear cap 20 and cable 16 in response to an overload event. FIGS. 3A-3B will be discussed together. Shear cap 20 includes head 38, neck 40, and attachment portion 42. Attachment portion 42 includes base 46, side wall 48, distal end 50, and retaining chamber 52. Distal end 50 includes inner taper 54 and outer taper 56. Head 38 includes head diameter DH and neck 40 includes neck diameter DN. Cable 16 includes retained end 44.

    [0016] Neck 40 extends between and connects head 38 and attachment portion 42. Head 38 is disposed at an end of neck 40 opposite attachment portion 42. Base 46 of attachment portion 42 extends radially outward from neck 40. Side wall 48 extends axially from base 46 and terminates at distal end 50. Retaining chamber 52 is disposed within attachment portion 42 and is bounded by side wall 48 and base 46. Retained end 44 of cable 16 extends into retaining chamber 52 through distal end 50. Retained end 44 is preferably secured within retaining chamber 52 by swaging attachment portion 42.

    [0017] In FIG. 3A, cable 16 is connected to shear cap 20. With cable 16 deployed, tensile forces on cable 16 are transmitted to cable drum 18 (shown in FIGS. 2A-2B), and thus to rescue hoist 12 (best seen in FIG. 1) through shear cap 20. Neck 40 forms a mechanical fuse between attachment portion 42 and head 38. Neck 40 is capable of transmitting tensile forces up to the predetermined set point. When the tensile forces experienced at neck 40 exceed the predetermined failure set point, neck 40 shears thereby releasing cable 16 from cable drum 18.

    [0018] In FIGS. 3B, shear cap 20 has experienced an overload event. When the tensile forces transmitted through neck 40 exceed the predetermined failure set point, neck 40 fractures, thereby disconnecting cable 16 from cable drum 18. The predetermined failure set point is fixed based on the dimension and material used to construct shear cap 20. In one embodiment, shear cap 20 is manufactured from stainless steel, such as 302 stainless steel, for example. It is understood, however, that shear cap 20 can comprise any desired material capable of tolerating tensile forces up to the predetermined failure set point while fracturing when the tensile forces exceed the tensile set point. For example, shear cap 20 can be a metal other than stainless steel, a ceramic material, or a composite material.

    [0019] FIG. 4A is an isometric view of shear cap 20. FIG. 4B is a side elevation view of shear cap 20. FIG. 4C is a cross-sectional view of shear cap 20 taken along line C-C in FIG. 4A. FIGS. 4A-4C will be discussed together. Shear cap 20 includes head 38, neck 40, and attachment portion 42. Attachment portion 42 includes base 46, side wall 48, distal end 50, and retaining chamber 52. Distal end 50 includes inner taper 54 and outer taper 56. Head 38 includes head diameter DH, neck 40 includes neck diameter DN, and attachment portion 42 includes inner diameter DI and outer diameter DO.

    [0020] Neck 40 extends between and connects head 38 and attachment portion 42. Head 38 is disposed at an end of neck 40 opposite attachment portion 42. Base 46 of attachment portion 42 extends radially outward from neck 40. Side wall 48 extends axially from base 46 and terminates at distal end 50. Retaining chamber 52 is disposed within attachment portion 42 and is bounded by side wall 48 and base 46. Head diameter DH is greater than neck diameter DN.

    [0021] Retaining chamber 52 is configured to receive retained end 44 (best seen in FIGS 3A and 3B) of cable 16. With retained end 44 disposed within retaining chamber 52, attachment portion 42 is swaged onto retained end 44, thereby exerting a clamping force on retained end 44 and securing retained end 44 within retaining chamber 52. Attachment portion 42 secures cable 16 within retaining chamber 52 such that cable 16 is prevented from pulling out of attachment portion 42 during an overload event. As such, retained end 44 of cable 16 does not pull out of retaining chamber 52.

    [0022] Shear cap 20 transmits tensile forces from cable 16 through neck 40. Neck 40 is configured to transmit tensile forces up to the predetermined failure set point and configured to fracture when the tensile forces exceed the predetermined failure set point. In this way, neck 40 is a mechanical fuse configured to release cable 16 from cable drum 18 (shown in FIGS. 2A-2B).

    [0023] Shear cap 20 provides significant advantages. Cable 16 is directly connected to shear cap 20, eliminating loose parts previously required to secure cable 16 to cable drum 18. The predetermined failure set point is determined by the material and dimensions of neck 40, and as such shear cap 20 provides an improved factor of safety for the attachment of cable 16 to cable drum 18 because shear cap 20 ensures that cable 16 will not detach from cable drum 18 before the tensile forces on cable 16 exceed the predetermined failure set point.

    Discussion of Possible Embodiments



    [0024] The following are non-exclusive descriptions of possible embodiments of the present invention.

    [0025] A cable break-away device includes a shear cap having a head, an attachment portion, and a neck extending between and connecting the head and the attachment portion. The neck is configured to transmit tensile forces from a cable and to fracture in response to the tensile forces reaching a predetermined fracture set point.

    [0026] The cable break-away device of the preceding paragraph can optionally include, additionally and/or alternatively, any one or more of the following features, configurations and/or additional components:

    [0027] The head has a first diameter, the neck has a second diameter, and the first diameter is greater than the second diameter.

    [0028] The attachment portion includes a base portion extending radially from the neck, a side wall extending axially from the base portion, and a retaining chamber defined by the base portion and the side wall.

    [0029] The cable is secured within the retaining chamber.

    [0030] The attachment portion is swaged onto the cable.

    [0031] The shear cap comprises 302 stainless steel.

    [0032] A rescue hoist assembly includes a rotating cable drum supported by a frame, a shear cap attached to the rotating cable drum, and a cable secured to the shear cap. The shear cap is configured to transmit tensile forces from the cable to the cable drum and to fracture in response to the tensile forces reaching a predetermined fracture set point.

    [0033] The rescue hoist of the preceding paragraph can optionally include, additionally and/or alternatively, any one or more of the following features, configurations and/or additional components:

    [0034] The rotating cable drum includes a barrel extending between and connecting a first flange and a second flange, and a mounting slot extending into the barrel. The shear cap is disposed in the mounting slot.

    [0035] The mounting slot extends into the barrel proximate one of the first flange and the second flange.

    [0036] The mounting slot includes a head receiving portion having a first width and a neck receiving portion having a second width. The second width is smaller than the first width.

    [0037] The mounting slot includes a detent extending through the barrel and over the neck receiving portion.

    [0038] The shear cap includes a head and a neck, and the second width is smaller than a first diameter of the head of the shear cap.

    [0039] The shear cap comprises a head having a first diameter, a neck extending from the head and having a second diameter, the second diameter being smaller than the first diameter, and an attachment portion extending from the neck opposite the head. The cable is secured to the attachment portion.

    [0040] The attachment portion includes a base extending radially from the neck, a side wall extending axially from the base and away from the neck, and a retaining chamber defined between the base and the side wall, the cable is secured within the retaining chamber.

    [0041] The attachment portion is swaged onto the cable.

    [0042] The shear cap comprises 302 stainless steel.

    [0043] A method of securing a cable to a cable drum includes securing an end of a cable within a receiving chamber of a shear cap, the shear cap including a head, a neck extending from the head, and an attachment portion extending from the neck opposite the head, the attachment portion defining the receiving chamber, and inserting the shear cap into a mounting slot extending into a barrel of the cable drum.

    [0044] The method of the preceding paragraph can optionally include, additionally and/or alternatively, any one or more of the following features, configurations and/or additional components:

    [0045] Inserting the end of the cable into the attachment portion of the shear cap, and swaging the attachment portion.

    [0046] Inserting the head of the shear cap into a head receiving portion of the mounting slot, the head having a first diameter and the head receiving portion having a first width, inserting the neck of the shear cap into a neck receiving portion of the mounting slot, the neck having a second diameter and the neck receiving portion having a second width. The first diameter is greater than the second diameter, and the first width is greater than the second width.

    [0047] The first diameter is greater than the second width.

    [0048] While the invention has been described with reference to an exemplary embodiment(s), it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes may be made and equivalents may be substituted for elements thereof without departing from the scope of the invention. In addition, many modifications may be made to adapt a particular situation or material to the teachings of the invention without departing from the essential scope thereof. Therefore, it is intended that the invention not be limited to the particular embodiment(s) disclosed, but that the invention will include all embodiments falling within the scope of the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A cable break-away device comprising:

    a shear cap (20) having a head (38), an attachment portion (42), and a neck (40) extending between and connecting the head and the attachment portion;

    wherein the neck is configured to transmit tensile forces from a cable extending into and secured within the attachment portion and to fracture in response to the tensile forces reaching a predetermined fracture set point; and

    wherein the tensile forces of the predetermined fracture set point are less than a maximum load of the cable such that the neck is configured to fracture prior to the cable being loaded to the maximum load.


     
    2. The cable break-away device of claim 1, wherein:

    the head has a first diameter;

    the neck has a second diameter; and

    the first diameter is greater than the second diameter.


     
    3. The cable break-away device of claim 2, wherein the attachment portion comprises:

    a base portion (46) extending radially from the neck;

    a side wall (48) extending axially from the base portion; and

    a retaining chamber (52) defined by the base portion and the side wall.


     
    4. The cable break-away device of claim 3, wherein the cable is secured within the retaining chamber.
     
    5. The cable break-away device of claim 4, wherein the attachment portion is swaged onto the cable.
     
    6. The cable break-away device of any preceding claim, wherein the shear cap is comprised of 302 stainless steel.
     
    7. A rescue hoist assembly comprising:

    a rotating cable drum (18) supported by a frame (14);

    the cable break-away device of any preceding claim attached to the rotating cable drum; and

    a cable (16) secured to the shear cap (20);

    wherein the neck (40) is configured to transmit tensile forces from the cable to the cable drum and is configured to fracture in response to the tensile forces reaching a predetermined fracture set point.


     
    8. The rescue hoist of claim 7, wherein the rotating cable drum further comprises:

    a barrel (26) extending between and connecting a first flange and a second flange; and

    a mounting slot (28) extending into the barrel, the shear cap disposed within the mounting slot.


     
    9. The rescue hoist of claim 8, wherein the mounting slot extends into the barrel proximate one of the first flange and the second flange.
     
    10. The rescue hoist of claim 8, wherein the mounting slot further comprises:

    a head receiving portion (32) having a first width; and

    a neck receiving portion (34) having a second width, the second width being smaller than the first width.


     
    11. The rescue hoist of claim 10, wherein the mounting slot further comprises a detent (36) extending through the barrel and over the neck receiving portion.
     
    12. The rescue hoist of claim 10, wherein the shear cap includes a head and a neck, and the second width is smaller than a first diameter of the head of the shear cap.
     
    13. A method of securing a cable to a cable drum, the method comprising:

    securing an end of a cable (16) within a receiving chamber of a shear cap (20), the shear cap including a head (38), a neck (40) extending from the head, and an attachment portion (42) extending from the neck opposite the head, the attachment portion defining the receiving chamber;

    inserting the head (38) of the shear cap (20) into a head receiving portion of a mounting slot extending into a barrel (26) of the cable drum (18), the head having a first diameter and the head receiving portion having a first width; and

    inserting the neck (40) of the shear cap (20) into a neck receiving portion of the mounting slot, the neck having a second diameter and the neck receiving portion having a second width;

    wherein the first diameter is greater than the second diameter, the first width is greater than the second width, and the first diameter is greater than the second width.


     
    14. The method of claim 13, wherein the step of securing an end of a cable within a receiving chamber of a shear cap further comprises:

    inserting the end of the cable into the attachment portion of the shear cap; and

    swaging the attachment portion.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Kabelabreißvorrichtung, umfassend:

    eine Abscherkappe (20) mit einem Kopf (38), einem Befestigungsabschnitt (42) und einem Hals (40), der sich zwischen dem Kopf und dem Befestigungsabschnitt erstreckt und diese verbindet;

    wobei der Hals dazu konfiguriert ist, Zugkräfte von einem Kabel, das sich in den Befestigungsabschnitt erstreckt und darin gesichert ist, zu übertragen und als Reaktion darauf, dass die Zugkräfte einen vorbestimmten Bruch-Sollwert erreichen, zu brechen; und

    wobei die Zugkräfte des vorbestimmten Bruch-Sollwerts unter einer Maximalbelastung des Kabels liegen, sodass der Hals dazu konfiguriert ist, zu brechen, bevor das Kabel mit der Maximalbelastung belastet ist.


     
    2. Kabelabreißvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei:

    der Kopf einen ersten Durchmesser aufweist;

    der Hals einen zweiten Durchmesser aufweist; und

    der erste Durchmesser größer ist als der zweite Durchmesser.


     
    3. Kabelabreißvorrichtung nach Anspruch 2, wobei der Befestigungsabschnitt Folgendes umfasst:

    einen Basisabschnitt (46), der sich radial vom Hals erstreckt;

    eine Seitenwand (48), die sich axial von dem Basisabschnitt erstreckt; und

    eine Haltekammer (52), die von dem Basisabschnitt und der Seitenwand definiert wird.


     
    4. Kabelabreißvorrichtung nach Anspruch 3, wobei das Kabel in der Haltekammer gesichert ist.
     
    5. Kabelabreißvorrichtung nach Anspruch 4, wobei der Befestigungsabschnitt auf das Kabel gesenkgeschmiedet ist.
     
    6. Kabelabreißvorrichtung nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Abscherkappe aus Edelstahl 302 besteht.
     
    7. Rettungswindenbaugruppe, umfassend:

    eine rotierende Kabeltrommel (18), die durch einen Rahmen (14) getragen wird;

    die Kabelabreißvorrichtung nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, die an der rotierenden Kabeltrommel angebracht ist; und

    ein Kabel (16), das an der Abscherkappe (20) gesichert ist;

    wobei der Hals (40) dazu konfiguriert ist, Zugkräfte von dem Kabel auf die Kabeltrommel zu übertragen, und dazu konfiguriert ist, als Reaktion darauf, dass die Zugkräfte einen vorbestimmten Bruch-Sollwert erreichen, zu brechen.


     
    8. Rettungswinde nach Anspruch 7, wobei die rotierende Kabeltrommel ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    einen Körper (26), der sich zwischen einem ersten Flansch und einem zweiten Flansch erstreckt und diese verbindet; und

    einen Montageschlitz (28), der sich in den Körper erstreckt, wobei die Abscherkappe in dem Montageschlitz angeordnet ist.


     
    9. Rettungswinde nach Anspruch 8, wobei sich der Montageschlitz in den Körper in die Nähe von einem des ersten Flanschs und des zweiten Flanschs erstreckt.
     
    10. Rettungswinde nach Anspruch 8, wobei der Montageschlitz ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    einen Abschnitt (32) zum Aufnehmen des Kopfes, aufweisend eine erste Breite; und

    einen Abschnitt (34) zum Aufnehmen des Halses, aufweisend eine zweite Breite, die kleiner ist als die erste Breite.


     
    11. Rettungswinde nach Anspruch 10, wobei der Montageschlitz ferner eine Arretierung (36) umfasst, die sich durch den Körper und über den Abschnitt zum Aufnehmen des Halses erstreckt.
     
    12. Rettungswinde nach Anspruch 10, wobei die Abscherkappe einen Kopf und einen Hals beinhaltet, und wobei die zweite Breite kleiner ist als ein erster Durchmesser des Kopfes der Abscherkappe.
     
    13. Verfahren zum Sichern eines Kabels an eine Kabeltrommel, wobei das Verfahren Folgendes umfasst:

    Sichern eines Endes eines Kabels (16) innerhalb einer Aufnahmekammer einer Abscherkappe (20), wobei die Abscherkappe einen Kopf (38), einen Hals (40), der sich von dem Kopf erstreckt, und einen Befestigungsabschnitt (42), der sich von dem Hals gegenüber dem Kopf erstreckt, beinhaltet, wobei der Befestigungsabschnitt eine Aufnahmekammer definiert;

    Einsetzen des Kopfes (38) der Abscherkappe (20) in einen Kopfaufnahmeabschnitt eines Montageschlitzes, der sich in einen Körper (26) der Kabeltrommel (18) erstreckt, wobei der Kopf einen ersten Durchmesser aufweist und der Kopfaufnahmeabschnitt eine erste Breite aufweist; und

    Einsetzen des Halses (40) der Abscherkappe (20) in einen Halsaufnahmeabschnitt des Montageschlitzes, wobei der Hals einen zweiten Durchmesser aufweist und der Halsaufnahmeabschnitt eine zweite Breite aufweist;

    wobei der erste Durchmesser größer ist als der zweite Durchmesser, die erste Breite größer ist als die zweite Breite und der erste Durchmesser größer ist als die zweite Breite.


     
    14. Verfahren nach Anspruch 13, wobei der Schritt des Sicherns eines Endes eines Kabels in einer Aufnahmekammer einer Abscherkappe Folgendes umfasst:

    Einsetzen des Endes des Kabels in den Befestigungsabschnitt der Abscherkappe; und

    Gesenkschmieden des Befestigungsabschnitts.


     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif anti-rupture de câble comprenant :

    un capuchon de cisaillement (20) ayant une tête (38), une partie de fixation (42) et un col (40) s'étendant entre et reliant la tête et la partie de fixation ;

    dans lequel le col est configuré pour transmettre des forces de traction à partir d'un câble s'étendant dans et fixé à l'intérieur de la partie de fixation et pour se rompre en réponse aux forces de traction atteignant un point de consigne de rupture prédéterminé ; et

    dans lequel les forces de traction du point de consigne de rupture prédéterminé sont inférieures à une charge maximale du câble de sorte que le col est configuré pour se rompre avant que le câble ne soit chargé à la charge maximale.


     
    2. Dispositif anti-rupture de câble selon la revendication 1, dans lequel :

    la tête a un premier diamètre ;

    le col a un second diamètre ; et

    le premier diamètre est supérieur au second diamètre.


     
    3. Dispositif anti-rupture de câble selon la revendication 2, dans lequel la partie de fixation comprend :

    une partie de base (46) s'étendant radialement à partir du col ;

    une paroi latérale (48) s'étendant axialement à partir de la partie de base ; et

    une chambre de retenue (52) définie par la partie de base et la paroi latérale.


     
    4. Dispositif anti-rupture de câble selon la revendication 3, dans lequel le câble est fixé à l'intérieur de la chambre de retenue.
     
    5. Dispositif anti-rupture de câble selon la revendication 4, dans lequel la partie de fixation est emboutie sur le câble.
     
    6. Dispositif anti-rupture de câble selon une quelconque revendication précédente, dans lequel le capuchon de cisaillement est composé d'acier inoxydable 302.
     
    7. Ensemble treuil de sauvetage comprenant :

    un tambour à câble rotatif (18) supporté par un châssis (14) ;

    le dispositif anti-rupture de câble selon une quelconque revendication précédente fixé au tambour à câble rotatif ; et

    un câble (16) fixé au capuchon de cisaillement (20) ;

    dans lequel le col (40) est configuré pour transmettre des forces de traction du câble au tambour à câble et est configuré pour se rompre en réponse aux forces de traction atteignant un point de consigne de rupture prédéterminé.


     
    8. Treuil de sauvetage selon la revendication 7, dans lequel le tambour à câble rotatif comprend en outre :

    un cylindre (26) s'étendant entre et reliant une première bride et une seconde bride ; et

    une fente de montage (28) s'étendant dans le cylindre, le capuchon de cisaillement étant disposé à l'intérieur de la fente de montage.


     
    9. Treuil de sauvetage selon la revendication 8, dans lequel la fente de montage s'étend dans le cylindre à proximité de l'une de la première bride et de la seconde bride.
     
    10. Treuil de sauvetage selon la revendication 8, dans lequel la fente de montage comprend en outre :

    une partie de réception de tête (32) ayant une première largeur ; et

    une partie de réception de col (34) ayant une seconde largeur, la seconde largeur étant plus petite que la première largeur.


     
    11. Treuil de sauvetage selon la revendication 10, dans lequel la fente de montage comprend en outre une détente (36) s'étendant à travers le cylindre et sur la partie de réception de col.
     
    12. Treuil de sauvetage selon la revendication 10, dans lequel le capuchon de cisaillement comporte une tête et un col, et la seconde largeur est plus petite qu'un premier diamètre de la tête du capuchon de cisaillement.
     
    13. Procédé de fixation d'un câble à un tambour à câble, le procédé comprenant :

    la fixation d'une extrémité d'un câble (16) à l'intérieur d'une chambre de réception d'un capuchon de cisaillement (20), le capuchon de cisaillement comportant une tête (38), un col (40) s'étendant à partir de la tête et une partie de fixation (42) s'étendant à partir du col opposé à la tête, la partie de fixation définissant la chambre de réception ;

    l'insertion de la tête (38) du capuchon de cisaillement (20) dans une partie de réception de tête d'une fente de montage s'étendant dans un cylindre (26) du tambour à câble (18), la tête ayant un premier diamètre et la partie de réception de tête ayant une première largeur ; et

    l'insertion du col (40) du capuchon de cisaillement (20) dans une partie de réception de col de la fente de montage, le col ayant un second diamètre et la partie de réception de col ayant une seconde largeur ;

    dans lequel le premier diamètre est supérieur au second diamètre, la première largeur est supérieure à la seconde largeur et le premier diamètre est supérieur à la seconde largeur.


     
    14. Procédé selon la revendication 13, dans lequel l'étape de fixation d'une extrémité d'un câble à l'intérieur d'une chambre de réception d'un capuchon de cisaillement comprend en outre :

    l'insertion de l'extrémité du câble dans la partie de fixation du capuchon de cisaillement ; et

    l'emboutissage de la partie de fixation.


     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description