(19)
(11)EP 3 370 980 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
10.07.2019 Bulletin 2019/28

(21)Application number: 16810032.9

(22)Date of filing:  25.10.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B60C 11/03  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/IB2016/056405
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/077418 (11.05.2017 Gazette  2017/19)

(54)

TYRE FOR MOTORCYCLE WHEELS

REIFEN FÜR MOTORRADRÄDER

PNEUMATIQUE POUR ROUES DE MOTOCYCLETTE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 04.11.2015 IT UB20154793

(43)Date of publication of application:
12.09.2018 Bulletin 2018/37

(73)Proprietor: Pirelli Tyre S.p.A.
20126 Milano (IT)

(72)Inventors:
  • MISANI, Pierangelo
    20126 Milano (IT)
  • MARIANI, Mario
    20126 Milano (IT)
  • BRUSCHELLI, Luca
    20126 Milano (IT)
  • RINGIS PIN, Aline
    20126 Milano (IT)

(74)Representative: Fabiano, Piero et al
Fabiano, Franke & MGT Sagl Piazzetta San Carlo, 2
6900 Lugano
6900 Lugano (CH)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2010/041283
JP-A- 2011 189 805
JP-A- 2004 224 249
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Field of the invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to tyres for motorcycle wheels.

    [0002] In particular, the present invention relates to tyres intended to be fitted to the front wheel of motorcycles of the "Sport Touring" type, i.e. sport motorcycles intended to provide high performance in terms of power, comfort and mileage, designed for use on different kinds of routes and in different road surface conditions.

    [0003] Typically, the "Sport Touring" motorcycles are motorcycles having large engine capacity (e.g. 800 cm3 or larger), and/or high power (e.g. 100-120 hp or higher).

    Prior art



    [0004] Tyres for motorcycles of the "Sport Touring" type are described for example in the following patent applications to the Applicant WO2010073279, WO2011080566, WO2011012980 and WO2010041283.

    Summary of the invention



    [0005] Tyres for motorcycles of the "Sport Touring" type are required to provide high versatility of use. In particular, they are required to provide grip and traction ability on the road surface for allowing an optimal power transfer, as well as a suitable braking action, even with a load of two persons and on any kind of road surface, such as for example wet, dry, regular and/or irregular asphalt, and/or of routes, such as for example urban roads, motorways, mountain roads with many bends.

    [0006] Such tyres are also required to provide comfort, stability, controllability, steerability, high mileage and wear evenness.

    [0007] The Applicant has observed that to date, because of the large number of often mutually contrasting features required from these tyres, the manufacturers have focused their efforts in order to provide "Sport Touring" tyres which are optimized in terms of stability, handling, grip on dry ground, draining, mileage, and wear evenness, sometimes to the detriment of an optimal braking grip in low or very low friction conditions, particularly on wet ground.

    [0008] In particular, the Applicant is of the opinion that a sudden and/or unexpected reduction of grip on the road surface may endanger the ability to control the vehicle.

    [0009] The Applicant has thus felt the need to provide a Sport Touring tyre which has excellent features in terms of stability, handling, draining, grip on dry ground, and nevertheless allows improving the grip on road surfaces characterized by low friction, such as for example concrete, worn asphalt or cobblestone pavement, particularly in wet conditions. The Applicant has found that such a need can be met by a tyre, particularly a tyre intended to be fitted to the front wheel of a motorcycle, having a high void-to-rubber ratio and comprising grooves which are located substantially asymmetrically across the equatorial plane and are arranged substantially orthogonally to the equatorial plane at the equatorial plane itself, and especially close to one another in the circumferential direction, so as to increase the number thereof in the footprint area, particularly when running on straight paths or at small lean angles.

    [0010] In a first aspect thereof, the invention relates to a motorcycle tyre, comprising an equatorial plane and a tread band, wherein:
    • the tread band comprises a plurality of grooves defining a tread pattern comprising a module repeated along a direction of circumferential development of the tyre, comprising at least two first grooves oppositely inclined relative to the equatorial plane of the tyre;
    • the grooves of the tread band overall define a void-to-rubber ratio greater than or equal to 9%, preferably greater than or equal to 11% on said tread band;
    • the first grooves have a length, measured along their extension, equal to or greater than 30% of the width of the tread band;
    • the first grooves are arranged so that their inclination angle relative to the equatorial plane decreases at least partially in a monotonic way moving away from the equatorial plane;
    • the first grooves comprise at least one first segment located across the equatorial plane, having inclination angles relative to the equatorial plane comprised in the range between 50° and 90°, and at least one second segment consecutively located relative to the first segment;
    • the distance between two circumferentially consecutive first grooves at the equatorial plane is equal to or smaller than 2% of the circumferential development of the tread band.


    [0011] By the term "module" referred to a tread band, particularly to the tread pattern, it is meant a portion of the tread pattern which is repeated the same in succession along the whole circumferential development of the tread band itself. The modules, while keeping the same pattern configuration, may, however, have different circumferential lengths. By "tread pattern" it is meant the representation of each point of the tread band (grooves included) on a plane perpendicular to the equatorial plane of the tyre and tangent to the maximum diameter of the tyre.

    [0012] Angular measurements, and/or linear quantities (distances, widths, lengths, etc.), and/or areas are to be intended as referred to the tread pattern as defined above.

    [0013] Referring to the angular arrangement of the grooves and/or recesses formed in the tread band relative to the equatorial plane of the tyre, such an angular arrangement is to be intended, for each point of the groove and/or recess, as referred to the angle comprised between 0° and 90° (in absolute value) defined by a direction tangent to the groove and/or recess passing through that point relative to the equatorial plane.

    [0014] By "motorcycle tyre" it is meant a tyre having a high curvature ratio (typically greater than 0.20), which allows high camber angles to be reached when the motorcycle runs on a bend.

    [0015] By "equatorial plane" of the tyre it is meant a plane perpendicular to the rotation axis of the tyre and dividing the tyre into two equal portions.

    [0016] By "circumferential" direction it is meant a direction generically directed according to the rotation direction of the tyre, or in any case only slightly inclined relative to the rotation direction of the tyre.

    [0017] By "void-to-rubber ratio" it is meant the ratio between the total area of the grooves of a determined portion of the tread pattern of the tyre (possibly of the whole tread pattern) and the total area of the same portion of the tread pattern (possibly of the whole tread pattern).

    [0018] By "curvature ratio" of the tyre it is meant the ratio between the distance of the radially highest point of the tread band from the maximum cross section width (also called maximum chord) of the tyre, and the same maximum width of the tyre, in a cross section of the tyre.

    [0019] By "maximum cross section width" (or maximum chord) it is meant the maximum width of the tyre profile, in other words the length of the segment whose ends are the axially outermost points of the tread profile.

    [0020] The present invention, in one or more preferred aspects thereof, my comprise one or more of the features hereinafter presented.

    [0021] Preferably, the first segment may be located within an annular portion of the tread band identified by the ends of said first grooves which are closer to the equatorial plane. Such an annular portion of the tread band has a width equal to or smaller than 30% of the width of the tread band.

    [0022] Advantageously, the first segment may have a length, measured along its extension, equal to or smaller than 35% of the width of the tread band.

    [0023] Conveniently, the first segment may be arranged substantially according to an at least partially curved line.

    [0024] Such an at least partially curved line may define a convexity. The convexity may be oriented oppositely to a rolling direction of the tyre.

    [0025] Preferably, said first two grooves oppositely inclined relative to the equatorial plane of the tyre may be circumferentially staggered.

    [0026] Preferably, the second segment of the first grooves is located outside said annular portion of the tread band. Even more preferably, the second segment of the first grooves is located laterally on only one side of said tread band relative to said annular portion. Advantageously, at the equatorial plane the distance in a circumferential direction between two circumferentially consecutive first grooves may be comprised in the range between 0.4% and 2% of the circumferential development of the tread band. Conveniently, the first grooves do not have mutual intersection points.

    [0027] Preferably, the distance in a circumferential direction between two circumferentially consecutive first grooves may be substantially constant at an axial distance from the equatorial plane equal to or smaller than 20% of the width of the tread band. Advantageously, the module may comprise at least two second grooves oppositely inclined relative to the equatorial plane.

    [0028] Conveniently, the second grooves may have inclination angles relative to the equatorial plane which increase moving away from the equatorial plane.

    [0029] Preferably, the second grooves may have inclination angles relative to the equatorial plane which are smaller than 90°, preferably greater than 20°.

    [0030] Advantageously, each second groove may have a length, measured along its extension, equal to or smaller than 30% of the width of the tread band.

    [0031] Preferably, the second grooves may be substantially aligned to the continuation of the first grooves which points towards the tyre shoulder.

    [0032] Conveniently, each first groove may have a depth equal to or smaller than 7 mm, preferably equal to or smaller than 6 mm.

    [0033] Advantageously, each first groove may have a width which increases moving away from the equatorial plane on at least one side of said tread band.

    [0034] Preferably, at least a portion of the second segment of said first grooves has an inclination angle relative to the equatorial plane which increases moving away from the equatorial plane.

    Brief description of the drawings



    [0035] Further features and advantages of the invention shall become clearer from the detailed description of some preferred, although not exclusive, embodiments of a motorcycle tyre according to the present invention.

    [0036] Such description shall be made hereafter with reference to the accompanying drawings, provided only for indicating, and thus non-limiting, purposes, wherein:
    • figure 1 shows a perspective view of a first example of a tyre according to the invention;
    • figure 2 is a radial section view of the tyre of figure 1;
    • figure 3 is a schematic plan view of a portion of the tread band of the tyre of figure 1.

    Detailed description of embodiments of the invention



    [0037] In figures 1-3 a tyre for motorcycle wheels according to the present invention is generally indicated at 100. The tyre is preferably intended to be used on a front motorcycle wheel, in a motorcycle having large engine capacity, e.g. 600-800cc and larger.

    [0038] An equatorial plane X-X and a rotation axis (not shown), orthogonal to the equatorial plane, are defined in the tyre 100. Moreover, there are defined a circumferential direction (indicated in the figures by an arrow F pointing in the rotation direction of the tyre) and an axial direction perpendicular to the equatorial plane X-X.

    [0039] The tyre 100 comprises a carcass structure 2 including at least one carcass layer 2a, made of an elastomeric material and comprising a plurality of reinforcing elements arranged parallel to one another.

    [0040] The at least one carcass layer engages, by means of opposite circumferential edges thereof, also superimposed, at least one annular reinforcing structure 9.

    [0041] In particular, the opposite lateral edges of the at least one carcass layer 2a are turned up about annular reinforcing structures, called bead rings 4.

    [0042] A tapered elastomeric filling 5 taking up the space defined between the carcass layer 2a and the respective turned-up lateral edge 2b of the carcass layer 2a is applied onto the axially outer perimeter edge of the bead rings 4.

    [0043] The tyre region comprising the bead ring 4 and the filling 5 forms the so-called bead, intended for anchoring the tyre to a respective fitting rim, not shown.

    [0044] Still referring to the embodiment shown in figure 2, the reinforcing elements included in the carcass layer 2a preferably comprise textile cords, selected from those usually adopted in the manufacture of carcasses for tyres, for example Nylon, Rayon, PET, PEN, Lyocell cords, with an elementary filament having a diameter of between 0.35 mm and 1.5 mm, or steel metal cords with an elementary filament having a diameter of between 0.10 mm and 0.5 mm.

    [0045] In an embodiment not shown, the carcass structure has its opposite lateral edges associated without a turn-up with special annular reinforcing structures provided with two annular inserts. A filling of elastomeric material may be located in an axially outer position relative to the first annular insert. The second annular insert is instead located in an axially outer position relative to the end of the carcass layer. Finally, in an axially outer position relative to said second annular insert, and not necessarily in contact with the same, a further filling may be provided which terminates the formation of the annular reinforcing structure.

    [0046] A tread band 8 is circumferentially applied, in a radially outer position, on the carcass structure 2. Longitudinal and/or transverse grooves, arranged so as to define a desired tread pattern, are typically formed on the tread band 8 further to a molding operation carried out at the same time with the vulcanization of the tyre.

    [0047] The tyre 100 may comprise a pair of sidewalls laterally applied on opposite sides to said carcass structure 2.

    [0048] The tyre 100 has a cross section characterized by a high transverse curvature.

    [0049] In particular, the tyre 100 has a section height H measured, at the equatorial plane, between the top of the tread band and the fitting diameter, identified by the line passing through the tyre beads.

    [0050] The tyre 100 further has a maximum cross section width C defined by the distance between the laterally opposite ends E of the tread profile, and a curvature defined by the specific value of the ratio between the distance f of the top of the tread from the line passing through the ends E of the tread itself, measured at the equatorial plane of the tyre, and the aforesaid maximum width C. The ends E of the tread may be formed by a corner.

    [0051] In the present description and in the subsequent claims, by high curvature tyres, tyres are meant which have a curvature ratio f/C not smaller than 0.20, preferably f/C ≥ 0.25, for example 0.28. Preferably, such curvature ratio f/C is not greater than 0.6, preferably f/C ≤ 0.45.

    [0052] Preferably, the tyres have particularly low sidewalls (fig. 2), the sidewall height ratio (H-f)/H being smaller than 0.6, more preferably smaller than 0.5, for example smaller than or equal to about 0.45. The carcass structure 2 is typically lined on its inner walls with a sealing layer, or so-called "liner", essentially consisting of a layer of an airtight elastomeric material, adapted to ensure the tight seal of the tyre itself after it has been inflated.

    [0053] Preferably, the belt structure 6 comprises a layer 7 having a plurality of circumferential windings 7a axially arranged in side-by-side relationship, formed by a rubberized cord or by a strip comprising a number (preferably, from two to five) of rubberized cords, spirally wound at an angle substantially equal to zero (typically between 0° and 5°) relative to the equatorial plane X-X of the tyre. Preferably, the belt structure extends substantially over the whole crown portion of the tyre. In a further embodiment, the belt structure 6 may comprise at least two radially superimposed layers, each consisting of elastomeric material reinforced with cords arranged parallel to one another. The layers are arranged so that the cords of the first belt layer are oriented obliquely relative to the equatorial plane of the tyre, whereas the cords of the second layer also have an oblique orientation, but symmetrically crossed relative to the cords of the first layer (so-called "cross-belt").

    [0054] In both cases, generally, the cords of the belt structure are textile or metallic cords. Preferably, the tyre 100 may comprise a layer 10 of elastomeric material, located between said carcass structure 2 and said belt structure 6 formed by said circumferential coils, said layer 10 preferably extending over an area substantially corresponding to the area on which the belt structure 6 develops. Alternatively, said layer 10 extends over an area which is smaller than the area on which the belt structure 6 develops, for example only over opposite lateral portions thereof.

    [0055] In a further embodiment, an additional layer (not shown in figure 2) of elastomeric material is located between said belt structure 6 and said tread band 8, said layer preferably extending over an area substantially corresponding to the area on which said belt structure 6 develops. Alternatively, said layer extends only over at least a portion of the development of the belt structure 6, for example over opposite lateral portions thereof.

    [0056] In an embodiment, at least one of said layer 10 and said additional layer comprises a reinforcing material, for example aromatic polyamide fibers, dispersed in said elastomeric material.

    [0057] As better shown in figure 3, on the tread band 8 a tread pattern is formed comprising a plurality of grooves, which overall define on the tread band a void-to-rubber ratio greater than 9%, for example equal to about 12%.

    [0058] Preferably, for providing the tread band with a suitable stiffness without limiting its draining ability, the grooves overall define on the tread band a void-to-rubber ratio smaller than 17%, preferably smaller 15%.

    [0059] According to an advantageous aspect of the present invention, the tread band comprises a module 14 repeated along a direction of circumferential development of the tyre. The module 14 is repeated at least fourteen times, preferably at least fifteen times, for example seventeen times, along the circumferential development of the tyre.

    [0060] A high number of repetitions of the module along the direction of circumferential development of the tyre results into the presence of a larger number of grooves in the footprint area, to the advantage of the braking ability of the tyre.

    [0061] Referring to the embodiment shown in figures 1 and 3, the module 14 has at least two first grooves 18 oppositely inclined relative to the equatorial plane X-X and at least two second grooves 19, also oppositely inclined relative to the equatorial plane X-X. The first grooves 18 are arranged asymmetrically across the equatorial plane X-X. Preferably, the first two grooves 18 oppositely inclined relative to the equatorial plane X-X are circumferentially staggered, whereas the second grooves 19 are substantially aligned to the continuation of the first grooves 18 which points towards the tyre shoulder 5.

    [0062] Referring to the embodiment shown in figure 3, the module 14 has three pairs of first grooves 18 oppositely inclined relative to the equatorial plane X-X and at least three pairs of second grooves 19 also oppositely inclined relative to the equatorial plane X-X. The three pairs of first and second grooves 18, 19 respectively differ from each other because of the different length of the first and second grooves 18, 19.

    [0063] The first grooves 18 have a considerable dimension. In particular, each first groove 18 has a length, measured along its extension, equal to or greater than 30% of the width L of the tread band 8.

    [0064] Each first groove could extend up to the shoulder of the tyre.

    [0065] According to this embodiment, the second grooves 19 could be not present.

    [0066] In the module of the tread pattern the first grooves 18 are oppositely located relative to the equatorial plane X-X and extend axially away from the equatorial plane X-X so that their inclination angle α relative to the equatorial plane X-X decreases at least partially in a monotonic way. In other words, over at least a portion of the first grooves 18 the inclination angle α relative to the equatorial plane X-X gradually decreases moving away from the equatorial plane itself.

    [0067] In particular, the inclination angle α is about 90° close to the equatorial plane X-X, and decreases moving away from the equatorial plane X-X up to a value of between about 20° and about 50° at another end located towards the tyre shoulder.

    [0068] The considerable extension of the first grooves 18 combined with their arrangement provides a suitable draining of the tyre.

    [0069] Referring to the embodiment shown in figures 1, 3, each first groove 18 extends substantially continuously along an at least partially curved line.

    [0070] In detail, the first grooves 18 comprise at least one first segment 15 located across the equatorial plane X-X, having inclination angles α relative to the equatorial plane X-X of between about 50° and about 90°, and at least one second segment 16 consecutively located relative to the first segment 15 when moving away from the equatorial plane X-X.

    [0071] Referring to the embodiment shown in figure 3, the first segment 15 is located within an annular portion M of the tread band identified by the ends of the first grooves 18 which are closer to the equatorial plane X-X, and having a width equal to or smaller than 30% of the width L of the tread band 8. The first segment 15 extends across the equatorial plane X-X and is substantially arranged according to an at least partially curved line so as to form a convexity. In the embodiment shown in the figures such a convexity is oriented oppositely to the rolling direction of the tyre, indicated by arrow F in figure 3.

    [0072] For ensuring a symmetrical behavior while rolling, two circumferentially consecutive first grooves 18 have their ends closer to the equatorial plane X-X which are axially staggered in mutually opposite directions relative to the same equatorial plane X-X.

    [0073] Preferably, each first segment 15 has a length, measured along its extension, equal to or smaller than 35% of the width L of the tread band 8.

    [0074] The second segment 16 of the first grooves 18 is located outside the annular portion M of the tread band defined by the ends of the first grooves 18 which are closer to the equatorial plane X-X. More particularly, the second segment 16 extends laterally of the annular portion M on only one side of the tread band.

    [0075] The second segment 16 has a length greater than the length of the first segment 15. Preferably, the second segment has a length equal to or greater than 20% of the length of the first segment 15.

    [0076] The second segment 16 has inclination angles α relative to the equatorial plane X-X of between about 20° and about 60°. In the embodiment shown in figure 3, the inclination angle α increases while moving away from the equatorial plane X-X along at least part of the extension of the second segment 16 up to a value of about 50° at the end of the first groove 18 located towards the shoulder.

    [0077] The second segment 16 extends along a substantially straight or slightly curved line. At least a portion of the second segment 16 has a convexity oriented as the rolling direction of the tyre, indicated by arrow F in figure 3.

    [0078] The distance between two circumferentially consecutive first grooves 18 at the equatorial plane is equal to or smaller than 2% of the circumferential development of the tread band 8.

    [0079] Preferably, the distance in a circumferential direction between two circumferentially consecutive first grooves 18 at the equatorial plane X-X is comprised in the range between 0.4% and 2% of the circumferential development of the tread band 8.

    [0080] Preferably, the distance in a circumferential direction between two circumferentially consecutive first grooves 18 is comprised in the range between 0.4% and 2% of the circumferential development of the tread band 8 on the whole central annular portion M. Still referring to the embodiment shown in figure 1 and 3, the distance in a circumferential direction between two circumferentially consecutive first grooves 18 is substantially constant at an axial distance from the equatorial plane X-X equal to or smaller than 20% of the width L of the tread band 8.

    [0081] Preferably, the first grooves 18 have a decreasing depth, which gets smaller moving from the equatorial plane X-X towards the shoulders. Preferably, the first grooves 18 have a depth smaller than or equal to 7 mm, more preferably equal to or smaller than 6 mm. The depth of the first grooves 18 gradually decreases moving towards the shoulders of the tyre, in order to increase the compactness of the tread band 8 and the lateral thrust when running on a bend at the maximum lean angle on dry ground.

    [0082] According to the embodiment shown in figures 1 and 3, for providing on the other hand a good draining of water at high lean angles, the first grooves 18 have a width which substantially increases moving from the equatorial plane X-X towards the shoulders in the portion thereof having a greater extension (i.e. towards the second segment 16). On the contrary, the first grooves have a width which substantially decreases moving from the equatorial plane X-X towards the shoulder in the portion thereof having a smaller extension.

    [0083] Preferably, the first grooves 18 have a width greater than or equal to 0.5 mm. Preferably, the first grooves 18 have a width smaller than or equal to 9 mm.

    [0084] Referring to the embodiment shown in figures 1 and 3, the second grooves 19 are located more outwardly than the first grooves 18 relative to the equatorial plane X-X and do not have intersection points with them. In particular, referring to the embodiment shown in figures 1 and 3, the second grooves 19 are substantially aligned to the continuations of the first grooves 18 which point towards the tyre shoulder.

    [0085] For each first groove 18, there is a second groove 19 which substantially lies at least partially on its continuation pointing towards the shoulder.

    [0086] The second grooves 19 do not have mutual intersection points and have a more limited dimension than that of the first grooves 18. In particular, each second groove 19 has a length, measured along its extension, equal to or smaller than 30% of the width L of the tread band 8, preferably equal to or smaller than 20% of the width L of the tread band 8. The second grooves 19 are opposed to each other relative to the equatorial plane X-X and extend away from the equatorial plane X-X so that their inclination angle β relative to the equatorial plane X-X increases moving away from the equatorial plane X-X.

    [0087] Still referring to the embodiment shown in figure 3, the inclination angle β varies between about 20° and about 90°, preferably between 35° and 60°.

    [0088] Preferably, the second grooves 19 have a decreasing depth, which gets smaller moving from the equatorial plane X-X towards the shoulders. Preferably, the second grooves 19 have a depth smaller than or equal to 6 mm, more preferably equal to or smaller than 5 mm.

    [0089] According to the embodiment shown in figures 1 and 3, still for providing a good draining of water at high lean angles, the second grooves 19 have a width which substantially increases from the equatorial plane X-X towards the shoulders. Preferably, the second grooves 19 have a width greater than or equal to 0.5 mm.

    [0090] Preferably, the second grooves 19 have a width smaller than or equal to 9 mm, preferably, smaller than 8 mm.

    [0091] The present invention has been described with reference to some embodiments thereof. Many modifications can be made in the embodiments described in detail, still remaining within the scope of protection of the invention, defined by the following claims.


    Claims

    1. Motorcycle tyre (100), comprising an equatorial plane (X-X) and a tread band (8), wherein:

    - the tread band (8) comprises a plurality of grooves defining a tread pattern comprising a module (14) repeated along a direction of circumferential development of the tyre, comprising at least two first grooves (18) oppositely inclined relative to the equatorial plane (X-X) of the tyre;

    - the grooves of the tread band overall define a void-to-rubber ratio greater than or equal to 9%, preferably greater than or equal to 11% on said tread band (8);

    - said first grooves (18) have a length, measured along their extension, equal to or greater than 30% of the width (L) of the tread band (8);

    - said first grooves (18) are arranged so that their inclination angle relative to the equatorial plane (X-X) decreases at least partially in a monotonic way moving away from the equatorial plane (X-X);

    - said first grooves (18) comprise at least one first segment (15) located across the equatorial plane (X-X), having inclination angles relative to the equatorial plane (X-X) comprised in the range between 50° and 90°, and at least one second segment (16) consecutively located relative to the first segment (15);

    characterized in that:

    - the distance between two circumferentially consecutive first grooves (18) at the equatorial plane (X-X) is equal to or smaller than 2% of the circumferential development (S) of the tread band (8).


     
    2. Motorcycle tyre (100) according to claim 1, characterized in that said at least one first segment (15) is located within an annular portion (M) of the tread band (8) identified by the ends of said first grooves (18) which are closer to the equatorial plane (X-X), wherein said annular portion (M) of the tread band (8) has a width equal to or smaller than 30% of the width (L) of the tread band (8).
     
    3. Motorcycle tyre (100) according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that said first segment (15) has a length, measured along its extension, equal to or smaller than 35% of the width (L) of the tread band (8).
     
    4. Motorcycle tyre (100) according to any one of the previous claims, characterized in that said first segment (15) is substantially arranged according to an at least partially curved line.
     
    5. Motorcycle tyre (100) according to claim 4, characterized in that said at least partially curved line defines a convexity oriented oppositely to a rolling direction (F) of the tyre.
     
    6. Motorcycle tyre (100) according to any one of the previous claims, characterized in that said first two grooves (18) oppositely inclined relative to the equatorial plane (X-X) of the tyre are circumferentially staggered.
     
    7. Motorcycle tyre (100) according to claim 2, characterized in that said first segment (15) of the first grooves (18) is located within said annular portion (M) of the tread band (8) and said second segment (16) of the first grooves (18) is located outside said annular portion (M) of the tread band (8).
     
    8. Motorcycle tyre (100) according to claim 7, characterized in that said second segment (16) of the first grooves (18) is located laterally on only one side of said tread band (8) relative to said annular portion (M).
     
    9. Motorcycle tyre (100) according to any one of the previous claims, characterized in that at the equatorial plane (X-X) the distance in a circumferential direction between two circumferentially consecutive first grooves (18) is comprised in the range between 0.4% and 2% of the circumferential development (S) of the tread band (8).
     
    10. Motorcycle tyre (100) according to any one of the previous claims, characterized in that the first grooves (18) do not have mutual intersection points.
     
    11. Motorcycle tyre (100) according to any one of the previous claims, characterized in that the distance in a circumferential direction between two circumferentially consecutive first grooves (18) is substantially constant at an axial distance from the equatorial plane (X-X) equal to or smaller than 20% of the width (L) of the tread band (8).
     
    12. Motorcycle tyre (100) according to any one of the previous claims, characterized in that said module (14) comprises at least two second grooves (19) opposed to each other relative to the equatorial plane (X-X) of the tyre.
     
    13. Motorcycle tyre (100) according to claim 12, characterized in that the second grooves (19) have inclination angles (β) relative to the equatorial plane (X-X) which increase moving away from the equatorial plane (X-X).
     
    14. Motorcycle tyre (100) according to claim 12 or 13, characterized in that the second grooves (19) have inclination angles (β) relative to the equatorial plane (X-X) which are smaller than 90°, preferably greater than 20°.
     
    15. Motorcycle tyre (100) according to any one of claims 12 to 14, characterized in that each second groove (19) has a length, measured along its extension, equal to or smaller than 30% of the width (L) of the tread band (8).
     
    16. Motorcycle tyre (100) according to any one of claims 12 to 15, characterized in that the second grooves (19) are substantially aligned to the continuation of the first grooves (18) which points towards the tyre shoulder.
     
    17. Motorcycle tyre (100) according to any one of the previous claims, characterized in that each first groove (18) has a depth equal to or smaller than 7 mm, preferably equal to or smaller than 6 mm.
     
    18. Motorcycle tyre (100) according to any one of the previous claims, characterized in that each first groove (18) has a width which increases moving away from the equatorial plane (X-X) on at least one side of said tread band (8).
     
    19. Motorcycle tyre according to any one of the previous claims, characterized in that at least a portion of said second segment (16) of said first grooves has an inclination angle relative to the equatorial plane (X-X) which increases moving away from the equatorial plane (X-X).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Motorradreifen (100), umfassend eine Äquatorialebene (X-X) und einen Laufflächenring (8), wobei:

    - der Laufflächenring (8) eine Vielzahl von Nuten umfasst, die ein Laufflächenprofil umfassend ein Modul (14) definieren, das sich entlang einer Richtung der Umfangserstreckung des Reifens wiederholt, und zumindest zwei erste Nuten (18) umfasst, die in Bezug auf die Äquatorialebene (X-X) des Reifens einander entgegengesetzt schräg sind;

    - die Nuten des Laufflächenprofils auf dem Laufflächenring (8) insgesamt ein Gesamtverhältnis der negativen und positiven Profilanteile größer als oder gleich 9 %, vorzugsweise größer als oder gleich 11 % definieren;

    - die ersten Nuten (18) eine Länge gemessen entlang ihrer Erstreckung gleich oder größer als 30 % der Breite (L) des Laufflächenrings (8) aufweisen;

    - die ersten Nuten (18) so angeordnet sind, dass ihr Neigungswinkel in Bezug auf die Äquatorialebene (X-X) zumindest teilweise monoton von der Äquatorialebene (X-X) weg verlaufend abnimmt;

    - wobei die ersten Nuten (18) zumindest ein erstes Segment (15) umfassen, dass quer über die Äquatorialebene (X-X) angeordnet ist und Neigungswinkel in Bezug auf die Äquatorialebene (X-X) in dem Bereich zwischen 50° und 90° aufweist, und zumindest ein zweites Segment (16), das auf das erste Segment (15) folgend angeordnet ist;

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass:

    - der Abstand zwischen zwei in Umfangsrichtung aufeinanderfolgenden ersten Nuten (18) an der Äquatorialebene (X-X) gleich oder kleiner als 2 % der Umfangserstreckung (S) des Laufflächenrings (8) ist.


     
    2. Motorradreifen (100) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das zumindest eine erste Segment (15) sich innerhalb eines ringförmigen Abschnitts (M) des Laufflächenrings (8) befindet, der durch die Enden der ersten Nuten (18) identifiziert wird, die näher an der Äquatorialebene (X-X) liegen, wobei der ringförmige Abschnitt (M) des Laufflächenrings (8) eine Breite gleich oder kleiner als 30 % der Breite (L) des Laufflächenrings (8) aufweist.
     
    3. Motorradreifen (100) nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das erste Segment (15) eine Länge, gemessen entlang seiner Erstreckung, gleich oder kleiner als 35 % der Breite (L) des Laufflächenrings (8) aufweist.
     
    4. Motorradreifen (100) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das erste Segment (15) im Wesentlichen entsprechend einer zumindest teilweise gekrümmten Linie angeordnet ist.
     
    5. Motorradreifen (100) nach Anspruch 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die zumindest teilweise gekrümmte Linie eine Konvexität definiert, die einer Rollrichtung (F) des Reifens entgegengesetzt orientiert ist.
     
    6. Motorradreifen (100) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die ersten zwei Nuten (18), die einander entgegengesetzt schräg sind, in Bezug auf die Äquatorialebene (X-X) des Reifens in Umfangsrichtung versetzt sind.
     
    7. Motorradreifen (100) nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das erste Segment (15) der ersten Nuten (18) sich innerhalb des ringförmigen Abschnitts (M) des Laufflächenrings (8) befindet, und das zweite Segment (16) der ersten Nuten (18) sich außerhalb des ringförmigen Abschnitts (M) des Laufflächenrings (8) befindet.
     
    8. Motorradreifen (100) nach Anspruch 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das zweite Segment (16) der ersten Nuten (18) sich seitlich an nur einer Seite des Laufflächenrings (8) relativ zu dem ringförmigen Abschnitt (M) befindet.
     
    9. Motorradreifen (100) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass an der Äquatorialebene (X-X) der Abstand in einer Umfangsrichtung zwischen zwei in Umfangsrichtung aufeinanderfolgenden ersten Nuten (18) in dem Bereich zwischen 0,4 % und 2 % der Umfangserstreckung (S) des Laufflächenrings (8) liegt.
     
    10. Motorradreifen (100) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die ersten Nuten (18) keine Schnittpunkte miteinander aufweisen.
     
    11. Motorradreifen (100) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Abstand in einer Umfangsrichtung zwischen zwei in Umfangsrichtung aufeinanderfolgenden ersten Nuten (18) im Wesentlichen in einem axialen Abstand von der Äquatorialebene (X-X) gleich oder kleiner als 20 % der Breite (L) des Laufflächenrings (3) konstant ist.
     
    12. Motorradreifen (100) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Modul (14) zumindest zwei zweite Nuten (19) umfasst, die einander in Bezug auf die Äquatorialebene (X-X) des Reifens entgegengesetzt sind.
     
    13. Motorradreifen (100) nach Anspruch 12, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die zweiten Nuten (19) Neigungswinkel (β) in Bezug auf die Äquatorialebene (X-X) aufweisen, die sich von der Äquatorialebene (X-X) weg verlaufend vergrößern.
     
    14. Motorradreifen (100) nach Anspruch 12 oder 13, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die zweiten Nuten (19) Neigungswinkel (β) in Bezug auf die Äquatorialebene (X-X) aufweisen, die kleiner als 90°, vorzugsweise größer als 20° sind.
     
    15. Motorradreifen (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 12 oder 14, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass jede zweite Nut (19) eine Länge, gemessen entlang ihrer Erstreckung, gleich oder kleiner als 30 % der Breite (L) des Laufflächenrings (8) aufweist.
     
    16. Motorradreifen (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 12 bis 15, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die zweiten Nuten (19) im Wesentlichen mit der Fortsetzung der ersten Nuten (18) ausgerichtet sind, die zu der Reifenschulter hin weisen.
     
    17. Motorradreifen (100) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass jede erste Nut (18) eine Tiefe gleich oder kleiner als 7 mm, vorzugsweise gleich oder kleiner als 6 mm aufweist.
     
    18. Motorradreifen (100) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass jede erste Nut (18) eine Breite aufweist, die von der Äquatorialebene (X-X) weg verlaufend an zumindest einer Seite des Laufflächenrings (8) zunimmt.
     
    19. Motorradreifen nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass zumindest ein Abschnitt des zweiten Segments (16) der ersten Nuten einen Neigungswinkel in Bezug auf die Äquatorialebene (X-X) aufweist, der von der Äquatorialebene (X-X) weg zunimmt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Pneu de motocycle (100), comprenant un plan équatorial (X-X) et une bande de roulement (8), dans lequel :

    - la bande de roulement (8) comprend une pluralité de rainures définissant une sculpture de bande de roulement comprenant un module (14) répété le long d'une direction de développement circonférentiel du pneu, comprenant au moins deux premières rainures (18) inclinées de manière opposée par rapport au plan équatorial (X-X) du pneu ;

    - les rainures de la bande de roulement définissent globalement un rapport vide sur caoutchouc supérieur ou égal à 9%, de préférence supérieur ou égal à 11% sur ladite bande de roulement (8) ;

    - lesdites premières rainures (18) ont une longueur, mesurée le long de leur extension, supérieure ou égale à 30% de la largeur (L) de la bande de roulement (8) ;

    - lesdites premières rainures (18) sont agencées de sorte que leur angle d'inclinaison par rapport au plan équatorial (X-X) diminue au moins partiellement de manière monotone en s'éloignant du plan équatorial (X-X) ;

    - lesdites premières rainures (18) comprennent au moins un premier segment (15) situé à travers le plan équatorial (X-X), ayant des angles d'inclinaison par rapport au plan équatorial (X-X) compris dans la plage allant de 50° à 90°, et au moins un deuxième segment (16) situé de manière consécutive par rapport au premier segment (15) ;

    caractérisé en ce que :

    - la distance entre deux premières rainures (18) qui se suivent le long de la circonférence au niveau du plan équatorial (X-X) est inférieure ou égale à 2% du développement circonférentiel (S) de la bande de roulement (8) .


     
    2. Pneu de motocycle (100) selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que ledit au moins un premier segment (15) est situé à l'intérieur d'une partie annulaire (M) de la bande de roulement (8) identifiée par les extrémités desdites premières rainures (18) qui sont plus proches du plan équatorial (X-X), où ladite partie annulaire (M) de la bande de roulement (8) a une largeur inférieure ou égale à 30% de la largeur (L) de la bande de roulement (8).
     
    3. Pneu de motocycle (100) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, caractérisé en ce que ledit premier segment (15) a une longueur, mesurée le long de son extension, inférieure ou égale à 35% de la largeur (L) de la bande de roulement (8).
     
    4. Pneu de motocycle (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que ledit premier segment (15) est essentiellement agencé selon une ligne au moins partiellement incurvée.
     
    5. Pneu de motocycle (100) selon la revendication 4, caractérisé en ce que ladite ligne au moins partiellement incurvée définit une convexité orientée de manière opposée à une direction de roulement (F) du pneu.
     
    6. Pneu de motocycle (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que lesdites premières deux rainures (18) inclinées de manière opposée par rapport au plan équatorial (X-X) du pneu sont décalées sur la circonférence.
     
    7. Pneu de motocycle (100) selon la revendication 2, caractérisé en ce que ledit premier segment (15) des premières rainures (18) est situé à l'intérieur de ladite partie annulaire (M) de la bande de roulement (8) et ledit deuxième segment (16) des premières rainures (18) est situé à l'extérieur de ladite partie annulaire (M) de la bande de roulement (8).
     
    8. Pneu de motocycle (100) selon la revendication 7, caractérisé en ce que ledit deuxième segment (16) des premières rainures (18) est situé latéralement sur un seul côté de ladite bande de roulement (8) par rapport à ladite partie annulaire (M).
     
    9. Pneu de motocycle (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce qu'au niveau du plan équatorial (X-X) la distance dans une direction circonférentielle entre deux premières rainures (18) qui se suivent le long de la circonférence est comprise dans la plage allant de 0,4% à 2% du développement circonférentiel (S) de la bande de roulement (8).
     
    10. Pneu de motocycle (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que les premières rainures (18) ne présentent pas de points d'intersection mutuels.
     
    11. Pneu de motocycle (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que la distance dans une direction circonférentielle entre deux premières rainures (18) qui se suivent le long de la circonférence est essentiellement constante à une distance axiale par rapport au plan équatorial (X-X) inférieure ou égale à 20% de la largeur (L) de la bande de roulement (8).
     
    12. Pneu de motocycle (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que ledit module (14) comprend au moins deux deuxièmes rainures (19) opposées l'une à l'autre par rapport au plan équatorial (X-X) du pneu.
     
    13. Pneu de motocycle (100) selon la revendication 12, caractérisé en ce que les deuxièmes rainures (19) ont des angles d'inclinaison (β) par rapport au plan équatorial (X-X) qui augmentent en s'éloignant du plan équatorial (X-X).
     
    14. Pneu de motocycle (100) selon la revendication 12 ou 13, caractérisé en ce que les deuxièmes rainures (19) ont des angles d'inclinaison (β) par rapport au plan équatorial (X-X) qui sont inférieurs à 90°, de préférence supérieurs à 20°.
     
    15. Pneu de motocycle (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 12 à 14, caractérisé en ce que chaque deuxième rainure (19) a une longueur, mesurée le long de son extension, inférieure ou égale à 30% de la largeur (L) de la bande de roulement (8).
     
    16. Pneu de motocycle (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 12 à 15, caractérisé en ce que les deuxièmes rainures (19) sont essentiellement alignées sur le prolongement des premières rainures (18) qui pointent vers l'épaulement de pneu.
     
    17. Pneu de motocycle (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que chaque première rainure (18) présente une profondeur inférieure ou égale ou à 7 mm, de préférence inférieure ou égale à 6 mm.
     
    18. Pneu de motocycle (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que chaque première rainure (18) a une largeur qui augmente en s'éloignant du plan équatorial (X-X) sur au moins un côté de ladite bande de roulement (8).
     
    19. Pneu de motocycle selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce qu'au moins une partie dudit deuxième segment (16) desdites premières rainures a un angle d'inclinaison par rapport au plan équatorial (X-X) qui augmente en s'éloignant du plan équatorial (X-X).
     




    Drawing












    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description