(19)
(11)EP 3 372 408 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
25.03.2020 Bulletin 2020/13

(21)Application number: 18158302.2

(22)Date of filing:  23.02.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B41J 2/14(2006.01)
B41J 2/155(2006.01)

(54)

LIQUID DISCHARGE HEAD AND LIQUID DISCHARGE DEVICE

FLÜSSIGKEITSABGABEKOPF UND FLÜSSIGKEITSABGABEAPPARAT

TÊTE D'ÉVACUATION DE LIQUIDES ET APPAREIL D'ÉVACUATION DE LIQUIDES


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 09.03.2017 JP 2017045362

(43)Date of publication of application:
12.09.2018 Bulletin 2018/37

(73)Proprietor: Toshiba TEC Kabushiki Kaisha
Tokyo 141-8562 (JP)

(72)Inventor:
  • SUZUKI, Isao
    Shinagawa-ku,, Tokyo 141-8562 (JP)

(74)Representative: Bandpay & Greuter 
30, rue Notre-Dame des Victoires
75002 Paris
75002 Paris (FR)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 3 028 859
JP-A- H10 315 463
JP-A- 2002 292 866
JP-A- 2012 111 087
JP-A- H10 138 469
JP-A- 2002 292 862
JP-A- 2004 098 579
US-A1- 2001 043 243
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to the field of image processing technologies in general, and embodiments described herein relate in particular to liquid discharging heads and liquid discharging devices.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] A liquid discharge head, such as an inkjet head, typically includes a nozzle plate with a plurality of nozzle holes formed therein and a base plate that is disposed so as to face the nozzle plate. The base plate provides a plurality of pressure chambers that is connected to the nozzle holes and a common chamber. By changing pressure in the pressure chambers by applying a voltage to driving elements, which are provided in the pressure chambers, liquid can be discharged from the nozzle holes. A liquid holding tank is connected to the liquid discharge head, and liquid is circulated in a circulation path passing through the liquid discharge head and the liquid holding tank. By way of example only, EP 3028859 A2 and JP H10315463 A disclose such an inkjet head with a nozzle plate and a base plate.

    [0003] In such a liquid discharge head, there is a known configuration in which several nozzle holes communicate with one pressure chamber. In this case, if liquid is ejected towards a discharge target object that moves relative to the liquid discharge head, ejected droplets may hit the target object at slightly different locations due to target movement or ejected droplets may be elongated in a particular direction paralleling the target movement direction.

    [0004] To solve such problem, there is provided a liquid discharge device according to the appended claims.

    DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0005] The above and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will be made apparent from the following description of the preferred embodiments, given as non-limiting examples, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

    Fig. 1 is an explanatory diagram of a liquid discharge device according to a first embodiment.

    Fig. 2 is a perspective view of a liquid discharge head of a liquid discharge device.

    Fig. 3 is an exploded perspective view of a liquid discharge head.

    Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view of a liquid discharge head.

    Fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view of a liquid discharge head.

    Fig. 6 is an explanatory diagram of nozzle holes of a liquid discharge head.

    Fig. 7 is a cross-sectional view of a liquid discharge head according to a second embodiment.

    Fig. 8 is a cross-sectional view of a liquid discharge head according to a third embodiment.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0006] In general, according to one embodiment, a liquid discharge head includes a pressure chamber, and a nozzle plate having a plurality of nozzle holes formed therein and a discharge face with an upstream side and a downstream side, the plurality of nozzle holes being in fluid communication with the pressure chamber and including a first nozzle hole on the upstream side of the discharge face, and a second nozzle hole on the downstream side of the discharge face. A liquid discharge speed from the first nozzle hole is higher than a liquid discharge speed from the second nozzle hole.

    [0007] Hereinafter, an inkjet recording device 1, as an example of a liquid discharge device, and an inkjet head 31, as an example of a liquid discharge head, according to a first embodiment, will be described with reference to Figs. 1 to 6. Fig. 1 is an explanatory diagram of the inkjet recording device 1. Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the inkjet head 31. Fig. 3 is an exploded perspective view of the inkjet head 31. Figs. 4 and 5 are cross-sectional views of the inkjet head 31. In the drawings, X, Y, and Z represent three directions intersecting at right angles. In the example embodiments depicted in the figures, the Z direction is corresponds to a direction paralleling the penetration direction of nozzle holes (e.g., 41b and 41c) through nozzle plate 41, but this is not a requirement or limitation.

    [0008] As depicted in Fig. 1, the inkjet recording device 1 includes a housing 11, a medium feeding unit 12, an image forming unit 13, a medium ejecting unit 14, a conveying device 15, and a control unit 16.

    [0009] The inkjet recording device 1 is a liquid discharge device that performs image forming processing on paper P by discharging a liquid, such as an ink, onto the paper P while conveying the paper P along a conveying path A1. The conveying path A1 extends from the medium feeding unit 12 to the medium ejecting unit 14 through the image forming unit 13.

    [0010] The housing 11 forms an exterior of the inkjet recording device 1. The housing 11 includes an ejection port 11a from which the paper P is ejected to the outside.

    [0011] The medium feeding unit 12 includes a plurality of paper feed cassettes 12a in the housing 11. The paper feed cassettes 12a are each formed in, for example, a box-like shape of a predetermined size with an opening on the upper side thereof, , and are configured so that the paper feed cassettes 12a can hold stacks of sheets of paper P of various sizes.

    [0012] The medium ejecting unit 14 includes an output tray 14a near the ejection port 11a of the housing 11. The output tray 14a is configured so that the output tray 14a can hold the paper P which is ejected from the ejection port 11a.

    [0013] The image forming unit 13 includes a supporting unit 17 that supports the paper P and a plurality of head units 30 which are disposed above the supporting unit 17 so as to face the supporting unit 17.

    [0014] The supporting unit 17 includes a conveying belt 18 in a form of a loop in a region in which an image is formed on the paper P, a support plate 19 which supports the conveying belt 18 from the back side thereof, and a plurality of belt rollers 20 which are provided on the back side of the conveying belt 18.

    [0015] At the time of image formation, the supporting unit 17 conveys the paper P to the downstream side by supporting the paper P on a holding face 18a which is an upper face of the conveying belt 18 and moving the conveying belt 18 with predetermined timing by the rotation of the belt roller 20.

    [0016] The head units 30 include a plurality of inkjet heads 31 of four colors, ink tanks 32 as liquid tanks mounted on the inkjet heads 31, connection flow channels 33 connecting the inkjet heads 31 and the ink tanks 32, and circulating pumps 34 which are circulating units. Each head unit 30 is a circulation-type head unit that continuously circulates the liquid from the ink tank 32 to a pressure chamber C1 and a common chamber C2 which are built into the inkjet head 31.

    [0017] In the example embodiments described herein, as the inkjet heads 31, the inkjet heads 31C, 31M, 31Y, and 31K for four colors: cyan, magenta, yellow, and black are provided. As the ink tanks 32, the four ink tanks 32C, 32M, 32Y, and 32K are provided for these colors. Each ink tank 32 is connected to the inkjet head 31 via a connection flow channel 33. The connection flow channel 33 includes a supply flow channel 33a, which is connected to a supply port of the inkjet head 31, and a collecting flow channel 33b, which is connected to an exhaust port of the inkjet head 31.

    [0018] Moreover, a negative pressure control device, such as a pump, is coupled to the ink tank 32 (not specifically depicted in the drawings). When the negative pressure control device applies a negative pressure to the ink tank 32 in response to liquid levels in the inkjet head 31 and the ink tank 32, the ink at each nozzle of the inkjet head 31 is made to have a meniscus of a predetermined shape.

    [0019] Each circulating pump 34 is a liquid displacement pump which is configured from a piezoelectric pump, for example. The circulating pump 34 is connected to the supply flow channel 33a. The circulating pump 34 is electrically connected to a drive circuit of the control unit 16 by wiring such that the circulating pump 34 can be controlled by a central processing unit (CPU) 16a of the control unit 16. The circulating pump 34 circulates the liquid via a circulating flow channel including the inkjet head 31 and the ink tank 32.

    [0020] The conveying device 15 conveys the paper P along the conveying path A1 from the paper feed cassettes 12a of the medium feeding unit 12 to the output tray 14a of the medium ejecting unit 14 through the image forming unit 13. The conveying device 15 includes a plurality of guide plate pairs 21a to 21h and a plurality of conveying rollers 22a to 22h which are disposed along the conveying path A1.

    [0021] Each of the plurality of guide plate pairs 21a to 21h includes a pair of plates which are disposed so as to face each other and place the paper P being conveyed therebetween, and guides the paper P along the conveying path A1.

    [0022] The conveying rollers 22a to 22h include a paper feed roller 22a, conveying roller pairs 22b to 22g, and an ejection roller pair 22h. The conveying rollers 22a to 22h rotate driven in accordance with the CPU 16a of the control unit 16 and thereby move the paper P to the downstream side along the conveying path A1. Sensors that detect the paper conveying status are disposed in different parts of the conveying path A1.

    [0023] The control unit 16 includes the CPU 16a which is a controller, read-only memory (ROM) that stores various programs and so forth, random-access memory (RAM) that temporarily stores, for example, various types of variable data and image data, and an interface unit that inputs data from the outside and outputs data to the outside.

    [0024] As depicted in Figs. 2 to 5, the inkjet head 31 includes a nozzle plate 41, a base plate 42, a frame 43, and a manifold 44.

    [0025] The nozzle plate 41 is a rectangular plate. The nozzle plate 41 includes two nozzle sets 41a, each having a plurality of nozzle holes 41b in a line/row along the Y direction and a plurality of nozzle holes 41c in another line/row along the Y direction. A nozzle hole 41b is aligned in the X direction with a nozzle hole 41c and this pair communicates with a pressure chamber C1.

    [0026] In the example embodiment described herein, a plurality of pressure chambers C1 are arranged in two lines along the Y direction, and the nozzle set 41a having two lines of nozzle holes is formed along the line of the pressure chambers C1. Each nozzle set 41a includes a plurality of pairs of nozzle holes 41b and nozzle holes 41c, each pair of which are aligned along the X direction (also referred to as a first direction) and communicate with one pressure chamber C1. One nozzle line has a plurality of nozzle holes 41b arranged in the Y direction (also referred to as a second direction), and the other nozzle line has a plurality of nozzle holes 41c arranged in the second direction. The second direction is a direction perpendicular to the first direction.

    [0027] As depicted in Fig. 4, the nozzle holes 41b and 41c each have a flow channel in the shape of a truncated cone which is tapered so that the flow channel has a smaller flow channel diameter on a discharge face side opposite to the pressure chamber C1. The pair of nozzle holes 41b and 41c disposed so as to face the shared pressure chamber C1 thereby have different shapes so that the liquid is discharged from the nozzle hole 41b and the nozzle hole 41c at different discharge speeds on the discharge face. That is, when the paper P travels relative to the inkjet head 31 in the X direction from the nozzle 41b side to the nozzle 41c side, the pair of nozzle holes 41b and 41c are arranged side by side and have shapes such that a liquid discharge speed through the nozzle hole 41b is higher than a liquid discharge speed through the nozzle hole 41c.

    [0028] Specifically, a flow channel diameter of the nozzle hole 41b the upstream side is smaller than a flow channel diameter of the nozzle hole 41c on the downstream side. That is, a flow channel diameter Dn1 on the discharge face side which is the minimum diameter of the flow channel of the cylindrical nozzle hole 41b is smaller than a flow channel diameter Dn2 on the discharge face side which is the minimum diameter of the flow channel of the nozzle hole 41c.

    [0029] For example, the nozzle holes 41b and 41c can be configured so that, if the distance between the pair of nozzle holes 41b and 41c is assumed to be Pt, a relative travelling speed (also referred to as a feed speed) of the paper P is assumed to be V, a distance between the discharge face of the nozzle holes 41b and 41c and the paper P is assumed to be G, and the liquid discharge speeds of droplets from the nozzle holes 41b and 41c are assumed to be v1 and v2, respectively, then the relationship 2×Pt > V×G(v2 - v1)/v1×v2 > 0 holds.

    [0030] More preferably, the nozzle holes 41b and 41c can be configured so that, if the distance between the pair of nozzle holes 41b and 41c is assumed to be Pt, the feed speed is assumed to be V, the distance between the discharge face of the nozzle holes 41b and 41c and the paper P is assumed to be G, the liquid discharge speeds of the nozzle holes 41b and 41c are assumed to be v1 and v2, and the dot diameters of droplets Id from the nozzle holes 41b and 41c at the time of hitting the paper P are assumed to be DI1 and DI2, then the relationship 0.5×DI2 > Pt - V×G(v2 - v1)/v1×v2 ≥ 0 will hold.

    [0031] The base plate 42 is a rectangle and bonded to the nozzle plate 41 so as to face the nozzle plate 41 with the frame 43 therebetween. The common chamber C2 is between the base plate 42 and the nozzle plate 41.

    [0032] On a surface of the base plate 42 which faces the nozzle plate 41, piezoelectric blocks 45 are provided. Each of the piezoelectric blocks 45 includes a plurality of piezoelectric elements 45a which are aligned in the X direction and function as drive elements. The piezoelectric blocks 45 each have an elongated shape whose long side extends in the Y direction and include the plurality of piezoelectric elements 45a arranged in parallel. In the Y direction, a groove for forming the pressure chamber C1 is formed between adjacent piezoelectric elements 45a. The piezoelectric elements 45a are formed of, for example, a piezoelectric ceramic material such as lead zirconate titanate (PZT). On each surface of the piezoelectric elements 45a facing a pressure chamber C1, an electrode 47 is formed. The electrodes 47 are electrically connected to a circuit substrate 50 via wiring patterns 48.

    [0033] A pair of piezoelectric blocks 45 is arranged such that the positions of the piezoelectric elements 45a of one piezoelectric block 45 are displaced from the positions of the piezoelectric elements 45a of the other piezoelectric block 45 in the Y direction by a half of the arrangement pitch of the piezoelectric elements 45a. That is, as depicted in Fig. 5, in the pressure chambers C1 formed in two lines, the positions of the pressure chambers C1 in one line are displaced from the positions of the pressure chambers C1 in the other line in the Y direction by a half of the distance between the adjacent pressure chambers C1 in the Y direction. As a result, the droplets Id hit the paper P at the intervals of a half of the pressure chamber C1 pitch.

    [0034] The base plate 42 has supply holes 46a and collecting holes 46b. The supply holes 46a are through-holes passing thorough the base plate 42 in a thickness direction and communicate with a supply channel 44a of the manifold 44. The collecting holes 46b are through-holes passing through the base plate 42 in the thickness direction and communicate with a collecting channel 44b of the manifold 44.

    [0035] The frame 43 is a rectangular frame and disposed between the base plate 42 and the nozzle plate 41. The frame 43 has a predetermined thickness and forms the common chamber C2 between the base plate 42 and the nozzle plate 41.

    [0036] The manifold 44 is a rectangular block and bonded to the base plate 42. The manifold 44 has ink flow channels that communicate with the common chamber C2, each ink flow channel includes supply channel 44a and collecting channel 44b. The supply channel 44a is fluidly connected to the supply flow channel 33a, and the collecting channel 44b is fluidly connected to the collecting flow channel 33b. On the outer surface of the manifold 44, the circuit substrate 50 is provided. The circuit substrate 50 includes a drive IC 51. The drive IC 51 is electrically connected to the electrodes 47 of the piezoelectric elements 45a via a flexible printed circuit (FPC) 52 and the wiring patterns 48.

    [0037] When the nozzle plate 41, the base plate 42, the frame 43, and the manifold 44 are assembled together as described, the inkjet head 31 is formed and provides a plurality of pressure chambers C1 therein and ink flow channels connecting these pressure chambers. The plurality of pressure chambers C1 are separated from one another by the piezoelectric elements 45a serving as dividing walls.

    [0038] An operation of the inkjet recording device 1 configured as described above will be described below. The CPU 16a detects via an interface, for example, a printing instruction input by a user from an operation input unit. When detecting the printing instruction, the CPU 16a controls the conveying device 15 to convey paper P and outputs a print signal to the head units 30 at a predetermined timing to drive the inkjet head 31Based on an image signal corresponding to image data, the piezoelectric elements 45a are selectively drive such that ink is discharged from the nozzle holes 41b and 41c adjacent to each piezoelectric element 45a, and thereby an image on is formed on the paper P held on the conveying belt 18.

    [0039] During a liquid discharge operation, the CPU 16a controls the drive circuit to apply a drive voltage to the electrodes 47 on the piezoelectric elements 45a via the wiring patterns 48 to deform the piezoelectric elements 45a. For instance, when the piezoelectric elements 45a is driven as to increase the capacity of the pressure chamber C1 and create a negative pressure in the pressure chamber C1, the ink is set back into the pressure chamber C1. When the piezoelectric elements 45a is driven as to reduce the capacity of the pressure chamber C1 apply pressure to the inside of the pressure chamber C1, ink droplets Id are discharged from a pair of the nozzle holes 41b and 41cdisposed so as to face the pressure chamber C1. Then, the droplets Id are sprayed onto the paper P disposed so as to face the pair of nozzle holes 41b and 41c.

    [0040] The CPU 16a controls the circulating pumps 34 to circulate the liquid through the circulating flow channels passing through the ink tanks 32 and the inkjet heads 31. By a circulating operation, the ink in the ink tanks 32 flows into the common chamber C2 having a flow channel unit through supply ports (not specifically depicted in the drawings) and is supplied to the plurality of pressure chambers C1.

    [0041] As depicted in Fig. 6, in each inkjet head 31, a pair of nozzle holes 41b and 41c shares a pressure chamber C1 and have different shapes causing different discharge speeds. Thus, timings at which droplets from the nozzle holes 41b and 41c hit the paper P are different. Specifically, the droplet from the nozzle hole 41c on the downstream side hits the paper P after the droplet from the nozzle hole 41b on the upstream side. For this reason, a distance between the positions where the droplets Id from the nozzle holes 41b and 41c hit the paper P becomes narrower than the distance between the nozzle holes 41b and 41c. When the paper P passes from the nozzle hole 41b side to the nozzle hole 41c side, the droplet from the nozzle hole 41b hits the paper P passes before the nozzle hole 41c hits the paper P. The droplet from the nozzle hole 41c is discharged after the droplet from the nozzle hole 41b is discharged, and hits a position on the paper P on or near the position the droplet from the nozzle hole 41b hits. Thus droplets from a pair of nozzle holes 41b and 41c may hit a same position, or positions having a distance that is narrower than at least the distance between the pair of nozzle holes 41b and 41c within a small area on the paper P.

    [0042] In Comparative Example 1, as depicted in Fig. 6, a nozzle plate 341 includes nozzle holes 341b and 341c having the same shape . Droplets from the nozzle holes 341b and 341c hit the travelling paper P at a same timing. In this case, the positions on the paper P that droplets from the nozzle holes 341b and 341c hit are separated from each other by the same distance as the distance between the nozzle holes 341b and 341c. Thus, the droplets Id are separated from each other or get longer in the direction the paper P travels.

    [0043] In the inkjet head 31 according to the first embodiment described above, since the condition: 2×Pt > V×G(v2 - v1)/v1×v2 > 0 holds, a shape of an area of the paper P droplets hit is closer to one circle.

    [0044] For example, flow channel diameters of nozzle holes 41b and 41c are set so that the discharge speed v1 of the nozzle hole 41b is 11 m/sec and the discharge speed v2 of the nozzle hole 41c is 9 m/sec. If the distance G between the discharge face of the nozzle holes 41b and 41c and the paper P is set at 3 mm and the feed speed V of the paper P is set at 800 mm/sec (48 m/min), the distance between the positions on the paper P that droplets from the nozzle holes 41b and 41c hit is smaller than the distance between the nozzle holes 41b and 41c by about 48.5 µm. In this case, if the distance Pt between the nozzles holes 41b and 41c is set at 48.5 µm, a condition: V×G(v2 - v1)/v1×v2 = Pt holds and the positions that droplets from the nozzle holes 41b and 41c hit coincide with each other, whereby the droplets overlap each other in a circle.

    [0045] As for the dot diameters of droplets at the time of hitting the paper P, if the dot diameter of the droplet Id from the nozzle hole 41b is set at DI1 and the dot diameter of the droplet Id from the nozzle hole 41c is set at DI2, when a condition: 0.5×DI2 > Pt - V×G(v2 - v1)/v1×v2 ≥ 0 holds, the positions that droplets from the nozzle holes 41b and 41c hit coincide with each other. That is, with the inkjet head 31 according to the first embodiment described above, variations in a dot shape are reduced as a result of a droplet hitting an area smaller than or equal to half an area of the dot diameter of droplets that already hit the paper P.

    [0046] It is to be noted that the particular embodiments explained above are some possible example of a liquid discharging device and do not limit the possible configurations, specifications, specifications, or the like of liquid discharging devices according to the present disclosure.

    [0047] In the first embodiment described above, as a configuration changing discharge speeds from different nozzle holes different, the flow channel diameters of the nozzle holes 41b and 41c on the discharge face are made different, but the configuration is not limited thereto. For instance, in a second embodiment, as depicted in Fig. 7, a nozzle plate 141 may include the nozzle holes 141b and 141c having same flow channel diameters Dn1 = Dn2 on the discharge face, but different opening diameters Dn3 > Dn4 (> Dn1 = Dn2) on the base plate 42 side, when the paper P travels from the nozzle hole 141b side to the nozzle hole 141c side. Specifically, the nozzle hole 141b has a steeper slope from the base plate 42 side to the discharge face than the nozzle hole 141c. That is, even when the flow channel diameters of nozzle holes 141b and 141c on the discharge face are the same, the liquid flows through the flow channel of the nozzle hole 141b having a steeper slope at higher speed than the flow channel of the nozzle hole 141c. Thus, the nozzle holes 141b and 141c may have different tapered angles, same flow channel diameters (Dn1 = Dn2), and different opening diameters (Dn3 > Dn4). Since the speeds of flow of the liquid flowing through the nozzle holes 141b and 141c can be made different so that the speed of flow of the liquid flowing through the nozzle hole on the upstream side is higher than the speed of flow of the liquid flowing through the nozzle hole on the downstream side, as in the case of the first embodiment described above, a desired droplet hit shape can be obtained by making the hit positions of the droplets which are discharged from the nozzle holes 141b and 141c closer to each other or coincide with each other.

    [0048] Moreover, the flow channel diameters of the nozzle holes may be made different at a midpoint in the nozzle holes, instead of on the discharge face. For instance, in third embodiment depicted in Fig. 8, a nozzle plate 241 may include nozzle holes 241b and 241c having narrowed parts at a midpoint in the nozzle holes 241b and 242c, where the nozzle holes 241b and 241c have minimum diameters Dn1 and Dn2, respectively. In Fig. 8, the minimum diameters are set so that Dn1 < Dn2, and thus the flow speeds of liquid through the nozzle holes 241b and 241c can be made different. Specifically, the liquid flows through the nozzle hole on the upstream side at a higher speed than the liquid flows through the nozzle hole on the downstream side, as in the case of the first embodiment described above, the hit positions of the droplets can be made closer to each other or to coincide with each other, whereby a desired droplet hit shape can be obtained.

    [0049] The shapes and structures of elements such as pressure chambers and piezoelectric elements are also not limited to the shapes and structures in the above-described embodiments.


    Claims

    1. A liquid discharge device (1), comprising:

    a pressure chamber (CI);

    a conveying device (15) configured to convey a discharge target in a first direction; and

    a nozzle plate (41) having a plurality of nozzle holes (41b, 41c) formed therein and a discharge face with an upstream side and a downstream side, the plurality of nozzle holes being in fluid communication with the pressure chamber (C1) and including:

    a first nozzle hole (41b) on the upstream side of the discharge face, and

    a second nozzle hole (41c) on the downstream side of the discharge face, wherein

    a flow channel diameter at the discharge face of the first nozzle hole (41b) is smaller than a flow channel diameter at the discharge face of the second nozzle hole (41c), and a minimum flow channel diameter (Dn1) of the first nozzle hole (41b) within the nozzle plate (41) is smaller than a minimum flow channel diameter (Dn2) of the second nozzle hole (41c) within the nozzle plate (41), such that a liquid discharge speed from the first nozzle hole (41b) is higher than a liquid discharge speed from the second nozzle hole (41c), characterised in that a following relationship holds:

    when a distance between the first and the second nozzle holes (41b, 41c) is Pt, a feed speed of the discharge target is V, a distance between the discharge face of the first and the second nozzle holes (41b, 41c) and the discharge target is G, liquid discharge speeds of the first and second nozzle holes (41b, 41c) are v1 and v2, and dot diameters of liquid droplets discharged from the first and the second nozzle holes (41b, 41c) at a time of hitting the discharge target are DI1 and DI2.


     
    2. The liquid discharge device according to claim 1, wherein the plurality of nozzle holes (41b, 41c) is aligned in two lines along a second direction perpendicular to the first direction from the upstream side to the downstream side of the discharge face.
     
    3. The liquid discharge device according to any one of claims 1 to 2, wherein
    a flow channel of the first nozzle hole (41b) is tapered at a first angle, and
    a flow channel of the second nozzle hole (41c) is tapered at a second angle that is smaller than the first angle.
     
    4. The liquid discharge device according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein a following relationship further holds:


     
    5. The liquid discharge device according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the nozzle plate (41) comprises a first nozzle set (41a) and a second nozzle set (41a) spaced from each other in a first direction, each nozzle set (41a) including a plurality of the first nozzle holes (41b) disposed in a line along a second direction and a plurality of the second nozzle holes (41c) disposed in another line along the second direction,
    the liquid discharge device further comprises:

    a frame (43) bonded to the nozzle plate (41);

    a base plate (42) having a plurality of piezoelectric element (45a) corresponding to the nozzle holes (41b, 41c) of the nozzle plate (41), the base plate (42) bonded to the frame (43), the frame (43) being between the base plate (42) and the nozzle plate (41); and

    a plurality of the pressure chambers (C1) are formed between the base plate (42) and the nozzle plate (41) and one piezoelectric element is between adjacent pressure chambers in the second direction, each pressure chamber being fluidly connected to one first nozzle hole and one second nozzle hole of the same nozzle set and aligned with each other in the first direction.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Flüssigkeitsausstoßvorrichtung (1), umfassend:

    eine Druckkammer (C1);

    eine Fördereinrichtung (15), die zum Befördern eines Ausstoßziels in einer ersten Richtung ausgelegt ist;

    eine Düsenplatte (41) mit einer Mehrzahl von darin ausgebildeten Düsenöffnungen (41b, 41c) und einer Ausstoßfläche mit einer stromaufwärts gelegenen Seite und einer stromabwärts gelegenen Seite, wobei die Mehrzahl von Düsenöffnungen mit der Druckkammer (C1) in Fluidverbindung steht und umfasst:

    eine erste Düsenöffnung (41b) auf der stromaufwärts gelegenen Seite der Ausstoßfläche und

    eine zweite Düsenöffnung (41c) auf der stromabwärts gelegenen Seite der Ausstoßfläche,

    wobei

    ein Strömungskanaldurchmesser an der Ausstoßfläche der ersten Düsenöffnung (41b) kleiner als ein Strömungskanaldurchmesser an der Ausstoßfläche der zweiten Düsenöffnung (41c) ist, und ein kleinster Strömungskanaldurchmesser (Dn1) der ersten Düsenöffnung (41b) innerhalb der Düsenplatte (41) kleiner als ein kleinster Strömungskanaldurchmesser (Dn2) der zweiten Düsenöffnung (41c) innerhalb der Düsenplatte (41) ist, derart dass eine Flüssigkeitsausstoßgeschwindigkeit aus der ersten Düsenöffnung (41b) höher als eine Flüssigkeitsausstoßgeschwindigkeit aus der zweiten Düsenöffnung (41c) ist;

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die folgende Beziehung gilt:

    wobei Pt ein Abstand zwischen den ersten und den zweiten Düsenöffnungen (41b, 41c) ist, V eine Zufuhrgeschwindigkeit des Ausstoßziels ist, G ein Abstand zwischen der Ausstoßfläche der ersten und der zweiten Düsenöffnungen (41b, 41c) und dem Ausstoßziel ist, v1 und v2 Flüssigkeitsausstoßgeschwindigkeiten der ersten und zweiten Düsenöffnungen (41b, 41c) sind, und DI1 und DI2 Punktdurchmesser von Flüssigkeitströpfchen, die aus den ersten und den zweiten Düsenöffnungen (41b, 41c) ausgestoßen werden, zum Zeitpunkt ihres Auftreffens auf dem Ausstoßziel sind.


     
    2. Flüssigkeitsausstoßvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Mehrzahl von Düsenöffnungen (41b, 41c) in zwei Linien entlang einer zweiten Richtung senkrecht auf die erste Richtung von der stromaufwärts gelegenen Seite zur stromabwärts gelegenen Seite der Ausstoßfläche ausgerichtet ist.
     
    3. Flüssigkeitsausstoßvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 2, wobei
    ein Strömungskanal der ersten Düsenöffnung (41b) in einem ersten Winkel konisch zuläuft, und
    ein Strömungskanal der zweiten Düsenöffnung (41c) in einem zweiten Winkel konisch zuläuft, der kleiner als der erste Winkel ist.
     
    4. Flüssigkeitsausstoßvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei ferner die folgende Beziehung gilt:


     
    5. Flüssigkeitsausstoßvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei die Düsenplatte (41) einen ersten Düsensatz (41a) und einen zweiten Düsensatz (41a) umfasst, die voneinander in einer ersten Richtung beabstandet sind, wobei jeder Düsensatz (41a) eine Mehrzahl der ersten Düsenöffnungen (41b), die in einer Linie entlang einer zweiten Richtung angeordnet sind, und eine Mehrzahl der zweiten Düsenöffnung (41c) umfasst, die in einer anderen Linie entlang der zweiten Richtung angeordnet sind,
    wobei die Flüssigkeitsausstoßvorrichtung ferner umfasst:

    einen Rahmen (43), der an die Düsenplatte (41) gebondet ist;

    eine Basisplatte (42) mit einer Mehrzahl von piezoelektrischen Elementen (45a), die den Düsenöffnungen (41b, 41c) der Düsenplatte (41) entsprechen, wobei die Basisplatte (42) an den Rahmen (43) gebondet ist, und der Rahmen (43) zwischen der Basisplatte (42) und der Düsenplatte (41) ist; und

    wobei eine Mehrzahl der Druckkammern (C1) zwischen der Basisplatte (42) und der Düsenplatte (41) ausgebildet ist, und ein piezoelektrisches Element in der zweiten Richtung zwischen benachbarten Druckkammern ist, und alle Druckkammern mit einer ersten Düsenöffnung und einer zweiten Düsenöffnung des gleichen Düsensatzes in Fluidverbindung stehen und in der ersten Richtung miteinander ausgerichtet sind.


     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif de décharge de liquide (1), comprenant :

    une chambre à pression (C1) ;

    un dispositif d'acheminement (15) conçu pour acheminer une cible de décharge dans une première direction ; et

    une plaque à buses (41) ayant une pluralité de trous de buse (41b, 41c) formés dans celle-ci et une face de décharge avec un côté amont et un côté aval, la pluralité de trous de buse étant en communication fluidique avec la chambre à pression (C1) et incluant :

    un premier trou de buse (41b) sur le côté amont de la face de décharge, et

    un second trou de buse (41c) sur le côté aval de la face de décharge, dans lequel

    un diamètre de canal d'écoulement au niveau de la face de décharge du premier trou de buse (41b) est inférieur à un diamètre de canal d'écoulement au niveau de la face de décharge du second trou de buse (41c), et un diamètre minimal de canal d'écoulement (Dn1) du premier trou de buse (41b) dans la plaque à buses (41) est inférieur à un diamètre minimal de canal d'écoulement (Dn2) du second trou de buse (41c) dans la plaque à buses (41), de sorte qu'une vitesse de décharge de liquide depuis le premier trou de buse (41b) est supérieure à une vitesse de décharge de liquide depuis le second trou de buse (41c),

    caractérisé en ce qu'une relation suivante est vérifiée :

    lorsqu'une distance entre les premier et second trous de buse (41b, 41c) est Pt, une vitesse d'alimentation de la cible de décharge est V, une distance entre la face de décharge des premier et second trous de buse (41b, 41c) et la cible de décharge est G, des vitesses de décharge de liquide des premier et second trous de buse (41b, 41c) sont v1 et v2, et des diamètres de point de gouttelettes de liquide déchargées depuis les premier et second trous de buse (41b, 41c) au moment où elles frappent la cible de décharge sont DI1 et DI2.


     
    2. Dispositif de décharge de liquide selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la pluralité de trous de buse (41b, 41c) est alignée sur deux lignes suivant une seconde direction perpendiculaire à la première direction du côté amont vers le côté aval de la face de décharge.
     
    3. Dispositif de décharge de liquide selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 et 2, dans lequel
    un canal d'écoulement du premier trou de buse (41b) est conique selon un premier angle, et
    un canal d'écoulement du second trou de buse (41c) est conique selon un second angle qui est inférieur au premier angle.
     
    4. Dispositif de décharge de liquide selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel une relation suivante est en outre vérifiée :


     
    5. Dispositif de décharge de liquide selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel la plaque à buses (41) comprend un premier ensemble de buses (41a) et un second ensemble de buses (41a) espacés l'un par rapport à l'autre dans une première direction, chaque ensemble de buses (41a) incluant une pluralité des premiers trous de buse (41b) disposés en une ligne suivant une seconde direction et une pluralité des seconds trous de buse (41c) disposés en une autre ligne suivant la seconde direction,
    le dispositif de décharge de liquide comprend en outre :

    un châssis (43) lié à la plaque à buses (41) ;

    une plaque de base (42) ayant une pluralité d'éléments piézoélectriques (45a) correspondant aux trous de buse (41b, 41c) de la plaque à buses (41), la plaque de base (42) étant liée au châssis (43), le châssis (43) se trouvant entre la plaque de base (42) et la plaque à buses (41) ; et

    une pluralité des chambres à pression (C1) sont formées entre la plaque de base (42) et la plaque à buses (41) et un élément piézoélectrique se trouve entre des chambres à pression adjacentes dans la seconde direction, les chambres à pression étant chacune reliées fluidiquement à un premier trou de buse et à un second trou de buse du même ensemble de buses et alignées les unes avec les autres dans la première direction.


     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description