(19)
(11)EP 3 372 807 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.04.2020 Bulletin 2020/18

(21)Application number: 18160545.2

(22)Date of filing:  07.03.2018
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F02C 7/045  (2006.01)
F02K 3/06  (2006.01)
G10K 11/172  (2006.01)
F02K 1/82  (2006.01)

(54)

FLUTTER DAMPENING ACOUSTIC LINER FOR A TURBOFAN ENGINE

FLATTERDÄMPFENDE SCHALLAUSKLEIDUNG FÜR EIN MANTELSTROM-TRIEBWERK

REVÊTEMENT ACOUSTIQUE AMORTISSANT LES VIBRATIONS POUR UN MOTEUR À DOUBLE FLUX


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 07.03.2017 US 201715452604

(43)Date of publication of application:
12.09.2018 Bulletin 2018/37

(73)Proprietor: United Technologies Corporation
Farmington, CT 06032 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • MARCHAJ, Ian T.
    Old Saybrook, CT Connecticut 06475 (US)
  • MORIN, Bruce L.
    Longmeadow, MA Massachusetts 01106 (US)
  • SADEGHI, Mani
    Glastonbury, CT Connecticut 06033 (US)
  • GYSLING, Daniel L.
    South Glastonbury, CT Connecticut 06447 (US)

(74)Representative: Dehns 
St. Bride's House 10 Salisbury Square
London EC4Y 8JD
London EC4Y 8JD (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 2 251 535
US-A1- 2016 368 615
GB-A- 2 090 334
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND



    [0001] Exemplary embodiments pertain to flutter dampers in gas turbine propulsion systems and, more particularly, to flutter dampers in nacelle inlet structures.

    [0002] Geared turbofan architectures, allow for high bypass ratio turbofans, enabling the use of low pressure ratio fans, which may be more susceptible to fan flutter than high pressure ratio fans. Fan flutter is an aeromechanical instability detrimental to the life of a fan blade.

    [0003] Accordingly, there is a need for a flutter damper which, by absorbing the acoustic energy associated with the flutter structural mode, may prevent the fan from fluttering, and which may be integrated into the reduced available space in an optimized propulsion system.

    [0004] EP 2251535 discloses a damping assembly to attenuate and reduce flutter in a gas turbine engine.

    [0005] GB 2090334 discloses a gas turbine engine having tuned cavities to reduce blade flutter.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION



    [0006] Disclosed is a flutter damper, including an acoustic liner having a perforated radial inner face sheet and a radial outer back sheet, the acoustic liner being configured for peak acoustical energy absorption at a frequency range that is greater than a frequency range associated with fan flutter; and a chamber secured to the radial outer back sheet, the chamber being in fluid communication with the acoustic liner, and the chamber being configured for peak acoustical energy absorption at a frequency range that is associated with one or more fan flutter modes; characterized in the flutter damper further comprises: at least one stiffening structure connected to a top surface of the chamber that tunes the top surface out of the frequency range associated with one or more fan flutter modes, wherein the at least one stiffing structure includes first and second stiffening structures, the stiffening structures being a substantially "C" shape when viewing into a side surface of the chamber; the stiffening structures protrude outwardly from the top surface, a front surface and a back surface of the chamber and extend from the front surface to the back surface of the chamber; and the stiffening structures divide the top surface of the chamber into substantially equal portions in the width direction.

    [0007] Further embodiments may include that the chamber is connected to the acoustic liner through a perforated back sheet with a first open area.

    [0008] Further embodiments may include that the first open area in the perforated back sheet is substantially the same as a second open area in a perforated face sheet between the acoustic liner and the nacelle inlet flow path.

    [0009] Further embodiments may include that the chamber is shaped as a box.

    [0010] Further disclosed is a gas turbine engine system, including a nacelle, and a flutter damper disposed within the nacelle. The flutter damper may include one or more of the above disclosed features. Further disclosed is a method according to claim 10 of mitigating fan flutter in a gas turbine propulsion system.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0011] The following descriptions should not be considered limiting in any way. With reference to the accompanying drawings, like elements are numbered alike:

    FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a gas turbine propulsion system;

    FIG. 2 illustrates a perspective cross sectional view of an exemplary flutter damper in a nacelle inlet;

    FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a flutter damper in accordance with one embodiment of the disclosure;

    FIGS. 4A and 4B illustrate perspective views of one chamber of a flutter damper in accordance with one embodiment of the disclosure;

    FIG. 5 illustrates an array of chambers of flutter dampers integrated into the nacelle inlet; and

    FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a portion of the nacelle inlet.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0012] A detailed description of one or more embodiments of the disclosed apparatus and method are presented herein by way of exemplification and not limitation with reference to the Figures.

    [0013] FIG. 1 schematically illustrates a gas turbine engine 20. The gas turbine engine 20 is disclosed herein as a two-spool turbofan that generally incorporates a fan section 22, a compressor section 24, a combustor section 26 and a turbine section 28. Alternative engines might include an augmentor section (not shown) among other systems or features. The fan section 22 drives air along a bypass flow path B in a bypass duct, while the compressor section 24 drives air along a core flow path C for compression and communication into the combustor section 26 then expansion through the turbine section 28. Although depicted as a two-spool turbofan gas turbine engine in the disclosed non-limiting embodiment, it should be understood that the concepts described herein are not limited to use with two-spool turbofans as the teachings may be applied to other types of turbine engines including three-spool architectures.

    [0014] The exemplary engine 20 generally includes a low speed spool 30 and a high speed spool 32 mounted for rotation about an engine central longitudinal axis A relative to an engine static structure 36 via multiple bearing systems 38. It should be understood that various bearing systems 38 at various locations may alternatively or additionally be provided, and the location of bearing systems 38 may be varied as appropriate to the application.

    [0015] The low speed spool 30 generally includes an inner shaft 40 that interconnects a fan 42, a low pressure compressor 44 and a low pressure turbine 46. The inner shaft 40 is connected to the fan 42 through a speed change mechanism, which in exemplary gas turbine engine 20 is illustrated as a geared architecture 48 to drive the fan 42 at a lower speed than the low speed spool 30. The high speed spool 32 includes an outer shaft 50 that interconnects a high pressure compressor 52 and high pressure turbine 54. A combustor 56 is arranged in exemplary gas turbine 20 between the high pressure compressor 52 and the high pressure turbine 54. An engine static structure 36 is arranged generally between the high pressure turbine 54 and the low pressure turbine 46. The engine static structure 36 further supports bearing systems 38 in the turbine section 28. The inner shaft 40 and the outer shaft 50 are concentric and rotate via bearing systems 38 about the engine central longitudinal axis A which is collinear with their longitudinal axes.

    [0016] The core airflow is compressed by the low pressure compressor 44 then the high pressure compressor 52, mixed and burned with fuel in the combustor 56, then expanded over the high pressure turbine 54 and low pressure turbine 46. The turbines 46, 54 rotationally drive the respective low speed spool 30 and high speed spool 32 in response to the expansion. It will be appreciated that each of the positions of the fan section 22, compressor section 24, combustor section 26, turbine section 28, and fan drive gear system 48 may be varied. For example, gear system 48 may be located aft of combustor section 26 or even aft of turbine section 28, and fan section 22 may be positioned forward or aft of the location of gear system 48.

    [0017] The engine 20 in one example is a high-bypass geared aircraft engine. In a further example, the engine 20 bypass ratio is greater than about six (6), with an example embodiment being greater than about ten (10), the geared architecture 48 is an epicyclic gear train, such as a planetary gear system or other gear system, with a gear reduction ratio of greater than about 2.3 and the low pressure turbine 46 has a pressure ratio that is greater than about five. In one disclosed embodiment, the engine 20 bypass ratio is greater than about ten (10:1), the fan diameter is significantly larger than that of the low pressure compressor 44, and the low pressure turbine 46 has a pressure ratio that is greater than about five 5:1. Low pressure turbine 46 pressure ratio is pressure measured prior to inlet of low pressure turbine 46 as related to the pressure at the outlet of the low pressure turbine 46 prior to an exhaust nozzle. The geared architecture 48 may be an epicycle gear train, such as a planetary gear system or other gear system, with a gear reduction ratio of greater than about 2.3:1. It should be understood, however, that the above parameters are only exemplary of one embodiment of a geared architecture engine and that the present disclosure is applicable to other gas turbine engines including direct drive turbofans.

    [0018] A significant amount of thrust is provided by the bypass flow B due to the high bypass ratio. The fan section 22 of the engine 20 is designed for a particular flight condition--typically cruise at about 0.8Mach and about 35,000 feet (10,688 meters). The flight condition of 0.8 Mach and 35,000 ft (10,688 meters), with the engine at its best fuel consumption--also known as "bucket cruise Thrust Specific Fuel Consumption ('TSFC')"--is the industry standard parameter of lbm of fuel being burned divided by lbf of thrust the engine produces at that minimum point. "Low fan pressure ratio" is the pressure ratio across the fan blade alone, without a Fan Exit Guide Vane ("FEGV") system. The low fan pressure ratio as disclosed herein according to one non-limiting embodiment is less than about 1.45. "Low corrected fan tip speed" is the actual fan tip speed in ft/sec divided by an industry standard temperature correction of [(Tram °R)/(518.7 °R)]0.5. The "Low corrected fan tip speed" as disclosed herein according to one non-limiting embodiment is less than about 1150 ft/second (350.5 m/sec).

    [0019] As illustrated in FIGS. 1 through 3, the engine 20 may include a nacelle 100 with acoustic liner 101 at the radial inside of the nacelle inlet skin 106. The acoustic liner 101 may have a perforated radial inner face sheet 108, i.e., facing a radial inside of a nacelle inlet 103, illustrated in FIG. 2, and a radial outer back sheet 110.

    [0020] The acoustic liner 101 is designed to absorb energy that tends to produce community noise. As such, for contemporary high bypass ratio propulsion systems, the acoustic liner 101 typically provides for peak energy absorption in the acoustic frequency range of about between 500 and 2000 Hz, and is less effective outside this range. Fan flutter for such propulsion systems, however, typically occurs at a lower frequency, depending on the frequency and nodal diameter count of the critical structural mode. The structural frequency largely depends on the size of the fan, among other design parameters. Large fans tend to flutter at smaller frequencies than small fans. Torsion modes tend to have higher frequency than bending modes on any given fan, and either can be critical. The materials and construction techniques used to make the fan blades also have a significant influence on the frequency. Given the range of sizes, materials, and flutter critical modes in fans of modern gas turbine engines, the flutter frequency will typically occur at a frequency range of less than but not equal to 500 Hz, and more specifically between 50 and 400 Hz, yet more specifically between 50 and 300 Hz, and yet more specifically between 50 and 200 Hz.

    [0021] In one embodiment, a flutter damper 102 is provided which may include the acoustic liner 101 and a chamber 118 disposed radially exterior to and in acoustic communication with the acoustic liner 101. Also a flutter damper 102 without the acoustic liner 101 is considered part of the scope of this disclosure. As used herein, radially refers to the axis A of the engine 20. Acoustic communication is provided through a perforation section 120 in the outer back sheet 110. In FIG. 2, the flutter damper 102 is illustrated as being disposed between a first axial forward nacelle bulkhead 114 and a second axial forward nacelle bulkhead 116. The flutter damper 102, however, may be disposed anywhere between a leading edge 111 of the fan 42 and a nacelle hilite 113, such as flutter damper 102A disposed on the fan case 115 illustrated in FIG. 1.

    [0022] The flutter damper 102 may be configured to mitigate fan flutter by providing peak energy absorption in the acoustic frequency range associated with fan flutter modes, where such frequency range is referred to herein as a flutter frequency range. The flutter damper may have desirable impedance characteristics at certain targeted flutter frequencies, which may be defined as:



    [0023] In the equation above, the variable fS,ND is the frequency, which is measured in units of Hertz, and which corresponds to a resonance frequency of a structural mode of the fan blade, which typically may be a first or second bending mode with a certain nodal diameter count, ND. The variable ND is the nodal diameter count of the circumferential pattern of the structural mode of the fan blade. The variable Ω is the rotational speed of the fan, which is measured in the units of revolutions per second. The values for variable Ω may be chosen to correspond to conditions where fan flutter may typically occur, for example, when the tip relative Mach number of the fan is between 0.85 and 1.2 during standard-day, sea-level-static operation.

    [0024] From the above equation, considering the nodal diameter constraints, the targeted flutter frequency ranges may be defined to be:









    [0025] In the above equation, Mreltip is the tip relative Mach number for a radial outer tip of the fan blade, and the bending mode is a vibrational mode of the fan blade. The symbol ΩMreltip=0.85 denotes the rotational speed where the tip relative Mach number is equal to 0.85; likewise, ΩMreltip=1.2 denotes the rotational speed where the tip relative Mach number is equal to 1.2, Of course, values greater or lesser than the aforementioned values are considered to be within the scope of the present disclosure.

    [0026] Within the flutter frequency ranges associated with the first and second bending mode, and more specifically at the targeted frequencies, the flutter damper may have the following impedance characteristics:





    [0027] Again, these values may vary and fall within the scope of the present disclosure. The above equation references the impedance of the flutter damper, defined as the complex ratio of the amplitude and phase of pressure oscillations over the amplitude and phase of the acoustic velocity as a function of frequency. In addition, the equation references the real part of impedance is the resistance, which is variable R, and the imaginary part of impedance is the reactance, which is variable X. The variable ρ is the air density, and the variable c is the sound speed, both being at the entrance to the flutter damper. The resistance constraint on R may facilitate integration of the flutter damper into acoustic liners, which typically have R values greater than 2ρc in locations forward of the fan. The reactance constraint on X optimizes the flutter inhibiting capability of the device at operating conditions typically encountered in commercial aircraft applications. At certain target frequencies, the flutter damper may satisfy the following additional constraint:



    [0028] Again, these values may vary and fall within the scope of the present disclosure. As illustrated in FIGS. 3, 4A and 4B, discussed in greater detail below, the chamber 118 has a width W, a height H, and a length L. In addition, the perforated section 120 disposed under the chamber 118 has a width Wp and a length Lp, and the acoustic liner 101 has a height HLi. Thus, in the above equation, the volume of the flutter damper 102, which includes the volume (W x H x L) of chamber 118 and the volume (Wp x HLi x Lp) of the acoustic liner 101 is variable V. The area of the perforated section 120 (Wp x Lp) disposed under the chamber 118 is variable S. The units of V, S, c and ftarget are chosen such that is non-

    dimensional. Moreover, in one embodiment, a downstream edge of the chamber 118 may be located at B/D ≤ 0.35. In this equation, the variable B is the distance between the downstream edge of the chamber 118 and the fan tip leading edge, and the variable D is the fan tip diameter at the leading edge of the fan blade.

    [0029] Remaining with FIGS. 1-3, the illustrated flutter damper 102 designed according to the above constraints, has the benefit of being able to fit within smaller footprints of sized-optimized propulsion systems, providing a retrofittable solution to an existing engine inlet. Thus the disclosed flutter damper 102 may help boost fan flutter margin without requiring an inlet redesign. In addition, the flutter damper 102 may provide a relatively lightweight solution, that is, the low temperatures of the inlet area may allow for the use of a metallic material, including aluminum, or a plastic or a composite, or a hybrid metallic and non-metallic material. Moreover, the flutter damper 102 may have a scalable design which can be oriented in an array of chambers, discussed in detail, below, and as illustrated in at least FIG. 5. For example, the array of chambers and may be placed around an engine inlet circumference to achieve a desired amount of flutter dampening volume.

    [0030] As illustrated in FIG. 4A and 4B, the perforation section 120 in the outer back sheet 110 may be rectangular in shape with length Lp and width Wp, where the length direction Lp corresponds to the engine axial direction, and the width direction Wp corresponds to the engine circumferential direction. For a contemporary high bypass ratio propulsion system, which may have a fan diameter of about 80 inches (about 2 metres), and a fan rotor hub-to-tip ratio of about 0.3, the length Lp may be about four and half (4.5) inches (115 mm) for the chamber 118, and the width Wp may be about twelve (12) inches (305 mm) for chamber 118. Each perforation section 120 may have a hole-diameter of about thirty thousandths (0.030) of an inch (0.76 mm). Of course, dimensions greater or lesser than the aforementioned dimensions are considered to be within the scope of the present disclosure. This perforation geometry provides an open area that may be about four and half (4.5) percent of the surface area (Lp x Wp) of the chamber 118 against the outer back sheet 110, which may be the same open area as a perforation section (not illustrated) in the inner face sheet 108. Again, these dimensions may vary and remain within the scope of the present disclosure.

    [0031] The chamber 118 may be sized to optimally dampen fan flutter at a specific fan flutter frequency and nodal diameter. The nodal diameter count represents the nodal lines of vibrational modes observed for the fan blade, which typically may be between 1 and 3. The chamber 118 in FIG. 2, for example, is shaped as a rectangular box, and may be sized based on an observed flutter frequencies and nodal diameters for a given engine. For example, if an engine has an observable flutter mode at a frequency of about 150 Hz with nodal diameter 2, the chamber 118 may be sized according to that flutter mode and nodal diameter.

    [0032] The box shape, as illustrated in FIG. 4A, may have a top surface 122 roughly defined by a width-length (W x L) area, where the length direction L corresponds to the engine axial direction, and the width direction W corresponds to the engine circumferential direction. The box shape may also have a front surface 124 and a back surface 125, each roughly defined by a height-width (H x W) area, where the height direction H for the chamber 118 may correspond to an engine radial direction. The box shape may further have a side surface 126 roughly defined by a height-length (H x L) area. Again, these dimensions may vary and remain within the scope of the present disclosure.

    [0033] For the exemplary embodiment, the chamber 118 is twelve (12) inches (305 mm) wide, as referenced above, and the chamber width-height-length (W x H x L) volume may be three hundred twenty four (324) cubic inches (5.3 x 10-3 m3), and the height H may be equal to, or less than, six (6) inches (152 mm).

    [0034] Turning now to FIGS. 4A and 4B, the box shaped chamber 118 may have a bottom edge 128 that geometrically conforms to the annular and axial profile shape of the nacelle inlet 103. Extending axially and circumferentially outwardly from the bottom edge 128 of the chamber 118 is a mounting flange 130 for affixing the chamber 118 to an existing nacelle inlet 103. As such, the bottom face 131 of the chamber 118 may be formed by the radial outer back sheet 110 of the acoustic liner 101.

    [0035] The chamber 118 also includes first and second stiffening structures 132, 134. The stiffening structures 132, 134 have a substantially "C" shape, when viewing into the side surface 126 of the chamber 118, which protrudes outwardly from the top 122, front 124 and back 125 surfaces of the chamber 118. The stiffening structures 132, 134 divide the top surface 122 of the chamber 118 in substantially equal portions in the width direction W. The stiffening structures 132, 134 may tune the structural resonance frequencies of the chamber 118 away from the fan flutter frequencies to avoid fan flutter inducing resonance in the chamber 118. For example, the stiffening structures 132, 134 may tune the structural resonance frequencies of the relatively large, flat top surface 122 of the chamber 118 out of the targeted flutter frequency range. In addition, the stiffening structures 132, 134 add structural rigidity and may allow for a lightweight design of the chamber 118.

    [0036] One or more weep holes 136 may be provided to allow for water or fluid egress. The placement of the weep holes 136 is selected to be below the engine centerline Turning now to FIGS. 5 and 6 a circumferential array 138 of chambers 118, including fourteen (14) chambers 118, is disposed about the nacelle inlet 103, with each of the chambers 118 having a perforated section. Disposing the chambers 118 in this type of circumferential array 138 achieves a desired damping volume.

    [0037] The term "about" is intended to include the degree of error associated with measurement of the particular quantity based upon the equipment available at the time of filing the application. For example, "about" can include a range of ± 8% or 5%, or 2% of a given value.

    [0038] The terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of the present disclosure. As used herein, the singular forms "a", "an" and "the" are intended to include the plural forms as well, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. It will be further understood that the terms "comprises" and/or "comprising," when used in this specification, specify the presence of stated features, integers, steps, operations, elements, and/or components, but do not preclude the presence or addition of one or more other features, integers, steps, operations, element components, and/or groups thereof.

    [0039] While the present disclosure has been described with reference to an exemplary embodiment or embodiments, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes may be made and equivalents may be substituted for elements thereof without departing from the scope of the present disclosure. In addition, many modifications may be made to adapt a particular situation or material to the teachings of the present disclosure without departing from the essential scope thereof. Therefore, it is intended that the present disclosure not be limited to the particular embodiment disclosed as the best mode contemplated for carrying out this present disclosure, but that the present disclosure will include all embodiments falling within the scope of the claims.


    Claims

    1. A flutter damper (102), comprising:

    an acoustic liner (101) having a perforated radial inner face sheet (108) and a radial outer back sheet (110), the acoustic liner being configured for peak acoustical energy absorption at a frequency range that is greater than a frequency range associated with fan flutter; and

    a chamber (118) secured to the radial outer back sheet, the chamber being in fluid communication with the acoustic liner, and the chamber being configured for peak acoustical energy absorption at a frequency range that is associated with one or more fan flutter modes;

    characterized in that the flutter damper (102) further comprises:

    at least one stiffening structure (132; 134) connected to a top surface (122) of the chamber that tunes the top surface out of the frequency range associated with one or more fan flutter modes,

    wherein the at least one stiffing structure includes first and second stiffening structures (132, 134), the stiffening structures (132, 134) being a substantially "C" shape when viewing into a side surface (126) of the chamber (118);

    the stiffening structures (132, 134) protrude outwardly from the top surface (122), a front surface (124) and a back surface (125) of the chamber (118) and extend from the front surface to the back surface of the chamber; and

    the stiffening structures (132, 134) divide the top surface (122) of the chamber (118) into substantially equal portions in the width direction.


     
    2. The flutter damper of claim 1, wherein the chamber is connected to the acoustic liner through a perforated back sheet (110) with a first open area (120).
     
    3. The flutter damper of claim 2, wherein the first open area in the perforated back sheet is substantially the same as a second open area in a perforated face sheet (108) between the acoustic liner and the nacelle inlet flow path.
     
    4. The flutter damper of claim 1, 2 or 3, wherein the chamber is shaped as a box.
     
    5. The flutter damper of any preceding claim, wherein the acoustic chamber further comprises a flange (130), wherein the perforated face sheet is secured to the flange.
     
    6. The flutter damper of any preceding claim, wherein the chamber is a metallic material, including aluminum, or a plastic or a composite, or a hybrid metallic and non-metallic material.
     
    7. A gas turbine propulsion system (20) comprising:

    a nacelle (100); and

    a flutter damper of any preceding claim secured to the nacelle.


     
    8. The propulsion system of claim 7, wherein the chamber is disposed axially between first and second nacelle inlet bulkheads (114; 116).
     
    9. The propulsion system of claim 7 or 8, wherein the flutter damper is an array of flutter dampers, circumferentially disposed about the nacelle inlet.
     
    10. A method of mitigating fan flutter in a gas turbine propulsion system (20), comprising:

    securing at least one flutter damper (102) to the gas turbine propulsion system, wherein the flutter damper comprises:

    an acoustic liner (101) having a perforated radial inner face sheet (108) and a radial outer back sheet (110), the acoustic liner being configured for peak acoustical energy absorption at a frequency range that is greater than a frequency range associated with fan flutter; and

    a chamber (118) secured to the radial outer back sheet, the chamber being in fluid communication with the acoustic liner, and the chamber being configured for peak acoustical energy absorption at a flutter frequency range that is associated with one or more fan flutter modes;

    characterized in that the flutter damper (102) further comprises:

    at least one stiffening structure (132; 134) connected to a top surface (122) of the chamber that tunes the top surface out of the frequency range associated with one or more fan flutter modes,

    wherein the at least one stiffing structure includes first and second stiffening structures (132, 134), the stiffening structures (132, 134) being a substantially "C" shape when viewing into a side surface (126) of the chamber (118);

    the stiffening structures (132, 134) protrude outwardly from the top surface (122), a front surface (124) and a back surface (125) of the chamber (118) and extend from the front surface to the back surface of the chamber; and

    the stiffening structures (132, 134) divide the top surface (122) of the chamber (118) into substantially equal portions in the width direction.


     
    11. The method of claim 10, wherein the flutter damper is secured to a nacelle (100) of the gas turbine engine.
     
    12. The method of claim 10 or 11, wherein the chamber is shaped as a box.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Flatterdämpfer (102), umfassend:

    eine Schallauskleidung (101), die eine perforierte radiale innere Vorderseite (108) und eine radiale äußere Rückseite (110) aufweist, wobei die Schallauskleidung zur Spitzenschallenergieabsorption in einem Frequenzbereich konfiguriert ist, der größer als ein Frequenzbereich ist, der mit einem Gebläseflattern assoziiert ist; und

    eine Kammer (118), die an der radialen äußeren Rückseite gesichert ist, wobei die Kammer in Fluidkommunikation mit der Schallauskleidung steht, und wobei die Kammer zur Spitzenschallenergieabsorption in einem Frequenzbereich konfiguriert ist, der mit einem oder mehreren Gebläseflattermodi assoziiert ist;

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Flatterdämpfer (102) ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    mindestens eine Versteifungsstruktur (132; 134), die mit einer Oberfläche (122) der Kammer verbunden ist, die die Oberfläche aus dem Frequenzbereich, der mit einem oder mehreren Gebläseflattermodi assoziiert ist, einstellt,

    wobei die mindestens eine Versteifungsstruktur eine erste und zweite Versteifungsstruktur (132, 134) beinhaltet, wobei die Versteifungsstrukturen (132, 134) im Wesentlichen eine "C"-Form beim Einsehen einer Seitenfläche (126) der Kammer (118) sind;

    die Versteifungsstrukturen (132, 134) nach außen von der Oberfläche (122), einer Frontfläche (124) und einer Rückfläche (125) der Kammer (118) hervortreten und sich von der Frontfläche zur Rückfläche der Kammer erstrecken; und

    die Versteifungsstrukturen (132, 134) die Oberfläche (122) der Kammer (118) in im Wesentlichen gleiche Abschnitte in der Breitenrichtung unterteilen.


     
    2. Flatterdämpfer nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Kammer durch eine perforierte Rückseite (110) mit einem ersten offenen Bereich (120) mit der Schallauskleidung verbunden ist.
     
    3. Flatterdämpfer nach Anspruch 2, wobei der erste offene Bereich in der perforierten Rückseite im Wesentlichen derselbe wie ein zweiter offener Bereich in einer perforierten Vorderseite (108) zwischen der Schallauskleidung und dem Strömungspfad des Gondeleinlasses ist.
     
    4. Flatterdämpfer nach Anspruch 1, 2 oder 3, wobei die Kammer kastenförmig ist.
     
    5. Flatterdämpfer nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Schallkammer ferner einen Flansch (130) umfasst, wobei die perforierte Vorderseite am Flansch gesichert ist.
     
    6. Flatterdämpfer nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Kammer aus einem metallischen Material, beinhaltend Aluminium, oder einem Kunststoff oder einem Verbundmaterial oder einem hybridmetallischen und nichtmetallischen Material besteht.
     
    7. Gasturbinenantriebssystem (20) umfassend:

    eine Gondel (100); und

    einen Flatterdämpfer nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, der an der Gondel gesichert ist.


     
    8. Antriebssystem nach Anspruch 7, wobei die Kammer axial zwischen einer ersten und zweiten Trennwand (114; 116) des Gondeleinlasses angeordnet ist.
     
    9. Antriebssystem nach Anspruch 7 oder 8, wobei der Flatterdämpfer ein Array von Flatterdämpfern ist, das umfänglich um den Gondeleinlass angeordnet ist.
     
    10. Verfahren zum Abschwächen von Gebläseflattern in einem Gasturbinenantriebssystem (20), umfassend:

    Sichern mindestens eines Flatterdämpfers (102) am Gasturbinenantriebssystem, wobei der Flatterdämpfer Folgendes umfasst:

    eine Schallauskleidung (101), die eine perforierte radiale innere Vorderseite (108) und eine radiale äußere Rückseite (110) aufweist, wobei die Schallauskleidung zur Spitzenschallenergieabsorption in einem Frequenzbereich konfiguriert ist, der größer als ein Frequenzbereich ist, der mit einem Gebläseflattern assoziiert ist; und

    eine Kammer (118), die an der radialen äußeren Rückseite gesichert ist, wobei die Kammer in Fluidkommunikation mit der Schallauskleidung steht, und wobei die Kammer zur Spitzenschallenergieabsorption in einem Flatterfrequenzbereich konfiguriert ist, der mit einem oder mehreren Gebläseflattermodi assoziiert ist;

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Flatterdämpfer (102) ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    mindestens eine Versteifungsstruktur (132; 134), die mit einer Oberfläche (122) der Kammer verbunden ist, die die Oberfläche aus dem Frequenzbereich, der mit einem oder mehreren Gebläseflattermodi assoziiert ist, einstellt,

    wobei die mindestens eine Versteifungsstruktur eine erste und zweite Versteifungsstruktur (132, 134) beinhaltet, wobei die Versteifungsstrukturen (132, 134) im Wesentlichen eine "C"-Form beim Einsehen einer Seitenfläche (126) der Kammer (118) sind;

    die Versteifungsstrukturen (132, 134) nach außen von der Oberfläche (122), einer Frontfläche (124) und einer Rückfläche (125) der Kammer (118) hervortreten und sich von der Frontfläche zur Rückfläche der Kammer erstrecken; und

    die Versteifungsstrukturen (132, 134) die Oberfläche (122) der Kammer (118) in im Wesentlichen gleiche Abschnitte in der Breitenrichtung unterteilen.


     
    11. Verfahren nach Anspruch 10, wobei der Flatterdämpfer an einer Gondel (100) des Gasturbinentriebwerks gesichert ist.
     
    12. Verfahren nach Anspruch 10 oder 11, wobei die Kammer kastenförmig ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Amortisseur de vibrations (102), comprenant :

    un revêtement acoustique (101) ayant une feuille de face intérieure radiale perforée (108) et une feuille arrière extérieure radiale (110), le revêtement acoustique étant configuré pour une absorption d'énergie acoustique de crête dans une plage de fréquences supérieure à une plage de fréquences associée aux vibrations de soufflante ; et

    une chambre (118) fixée à la feuille arrière extérieure radiale, la chambre étant en communication fluidique avec le revêtement acoustique, et la chambre étant configurée pour une absorption d'énergie acoustique de crête dans une plage de fréquences qui est associée à un ou plusieurs modes de vibrations de soufflante ;

    caractérisé en ce que l'amortisseur de vibrations (102) comprend en outre :

    au moins une structure de raidissement (132 ; 134) reliée à une surface supérieure (122) de la chambre qui ajuste la surface supérieure hors de la plage de fréquences associée à un ou plusieurs modes de vibrations de soufflante,

    dans lequel l'au moins une structure de raidissement comprend des première et seconde structures de raidissement (132, 134), les structures de raidissement (132, 134) ayant une forme sensiblement en « C » lorsque l'on regarde dans une surface latérale (126) de la chambre (118) ;

    les structures de raidissement (132, 134) dépassent vers l'extérieur depuis la surface supérieure (122), une surface avant (124) et une surface arrière (125) de la chambre (118) et s'étendent de la surface avant à la surface arrière de la chambre ; et

    les structures de raidissement (132, 134) divisent la surface supérieure (122) de la chambre (118) en portions sensiblement égales dans le sens de la largeur.


     
    2. Amortisseur de vibrations selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la chambre est reliée au revêtement acoustique à travers une feuille arrière perforée (110) avec une première zone ouverte (120).
     
    3. Amortisseur de vibrations selon la revendication 2, dans lequel la première zone ouverte dans la feuille arrière perforée est sensiblement la même qu'une seconde zone ouverte dans une feuille arrière perforée (108) entre le revêtement acoustique et le trajet d'écoulement d'entrée de nacelle.
     
    4. Amortisseur de vibrations selon la revendication 1, 2 ou 3, dans lequel la chambre est en forme de boîte.
     
    5. Amortisseur de vibrations selon une quelconque revendication précédente, dans lequel la chambre acoustique comprend en outre une bride (130), dans lequel la feuille de face perforée est fixée à la bride.
     
    6. Amortisseur de vibrations selon une quelconque revendication précédente, dans lequel la chambre est un matériau métallique, comprenant de l'aluminium, ou un plastique ou un composite, ou un matériau métallique et non métallique hybride.
     
    7. Système de propulsion de turbine à gaz (20) comprenant :

    une nacelle (100) ; et

    un amortisseur de vibrations selon une quelconque revendication précédente fixé à la nacelle.


     
    8. Système de propulsion selon la revendication 7, dans lequel la chambre est disposée axialement entre les première et seconde cloisons d'entrée de nacelle (114 ; 116).
     
    9. Système de propulsion selon la revendication 7 ou 8, dans lequel l'amortisseur de vibrations est un réseau d'amortisseurs de vibrations, disposés de manière circonférentielle autour de l'entrée de nacelle.
     
    10. Procédé d'atténuation d'amortisseur de vibrations dans un système de propulsion de turbine à gaz (20) comprenant :

    la fixation d'au moins un amortisseur de vibrations (102) au système de propulsion de turbine à gaz, dans lequel l'amortisseur de vibrations comprend :

    un revêtement acoustique (101) ayant une feuille de face intérieure radiale perforée (108) et une feuille arrière extérieure radiale (110), le revêtement acoustique étant configuré pour une absorption d'énergie acoustique de crête dans une plage de fréquences supérieure à une plage de fréquences associée aux vibrations de soufflante ; et

    une chambre (118) fixée à la feuille arrière extérieure radiale, la chambre étant en communication fluidique avec le revêtement acoustique, et la chambre étant configurée pour une absorption d'énergie acoustique de crête dans une plage de fréquences de vibrations qui est associée à un ou plusieurs modes de vibrations de soufflante ;

    caractérisé en ce que l'amortisseur de vibrations (102) comprend en outre :

    au moins une structure de raidissement (132 ; 134) reliée à une surface supérieure (122) de la chambre qui ajuste la surface supérieure hors de la plage de fréquences associée à un ou plusieurs modes de vibrations de soufflante,

    dans lequel l'au moins une structure de raidissement comprend des première et seconde structures de raidissement (132, 134), les structures de raidissement (132, 134) ayant une forme sensiblement en « C » lorsque l'on regarde dans une surface latérale (126) de la chambre (118) ;

    les structures de raidissement (132, 134) dépassent vers l'extérieur depuis la surface supérieure (122), une surface avant (124) et une surface arrière (125) de la chambre (118) et s'étendent de la surface avant à la surface arrière de la chambre ; et

    les structures de raidissement (132, 134) divisent la surface supérieure (122) de la chambre (118) en portions sensiblement égales dans le sens de la largeur.


     
    11. Procédé selon la revendication 10, dans lequel l'amortisseur de vibrations est fixé à une nacelle (100) du moteur à turbine à gaz.
     
    12. Procédé selon la revendication 10 ou 11, dans lequel la chambre est en forme de boîte.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description