(19)
(11)EP 3 374 694 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.12.2021 Bulletin 2021/52

(21)Application number: 16820007.9

(22)Date of filing:  11.11.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F21V 33/00(2006.01)
F21S 8/02(2006.01)
H02G 3/20(2006.01)
E04G 15/06(2006.01)
F21V 21/04(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
F21S 8/024; F21V 33/006; F21V 21/04; H02G 3/20; E04G 15/063
(86)International application number:
PCT/IB2016/056807
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/081653 (18.05.2017 Gazette  2017/20)

(54)

ASSEMBLY AND METHOD FOR REALISING A LAMP INCORPORATED INTO A MASONRY WALL

ANORDNUNG UND VERFAHREN ZUR REALISIERUNG EINER IN EIN MAUERWERK INTEGRIERTEN LAMPE

ENSEMBLE ET PROCÉDÉ DE MONTAGE DE LAMPE INCORPORÉE DANS UN MUR EN MAÇONNERIE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 13.11.2015 IT UB20155575
09.08.2016 IT 201600083693

(43)Date of publication of application:
19.09.2018 Bulletin 2018/38

(73)Proprietor: Simes S.p.A.
25040 Corte Franca, Brescia (IT)

(72)Inventor:
  • BOTTI, Roberto
    I-25040 Corte Franca (Brescia) (IT)

(74)Representative: Chimini, Francesco 
Jacobacci & Partners S.p.A. Piazza della Vittoria 11
25122 Brescia
25122 Brescia (IT)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 147 339
DE-A1- 4 428 735
DE-A1- 19 805 473
EP-A2- 2 696 457
DE-A1- 19 510 819
DE-A1-102006 011 094
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] This invention relates to an assembly, a mould and a method for realising a lamp incorporated in a masonry wall, in particular in a reinforced cement wall.

    [0002] Embodiments are already known of built-in lamps, i.e., having a housing that houses the lighting source placed in a seat formed in a masonry wall or extending inside a cavity created by a plasterboard panel.

    [0003] In the case of a masonry wall, a gap is usually made in the wall and, after positioning the lamp, the wall is restored, taking care to connect the visible surface of the wall to the edge of the lamp that delimits the emission opening of the light beam.

    [0004] Even though the maximum care is taken in restoring the wall around the lamp, an attentive eye will always note the difference between the original wall and the portion reconstructed around the lamp.

    [0005] Sometimes, to hide the connection area between the reconstructed wall and the lamp, large frames are used around the emission opening of the light beam.

    [0006] In any case, a method for incorporating a lamp inside a reinforced cement wall has not yet been proposed.

    [0007] EP 2696 457 and EP 1 147 339 disclose assemblies for realising a lamp incorporated into a masonry wall.

    [0008] One object of the invention is to propose an assembly and a method for realising a lamp inside a masonry wall, even a bearing wall of reinforced cement, able to obviate the limitations and drawbacks noted above.

    [0009] Another object of the invention is to propose an assembly and a method that also allow a non-specialised operator, for example the bricklayer himself, to incorporate a lamp inside a masonry wall quickly, safely and, at the same time, very precisely.

    [0010] Said objects are achieved with an assembly according to claim 1, a method according to claim 12 and a mould according to claim 14 The dependent claims describe preferred embodiments of the invention.

    [0011] The characteristics and advantages of the assembly and method according to the invention will, in any case, be evident from the following description of its preferred embodiments, provided by way of non-limiting example, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

    Figure 1 is a perspective view in separate parts of the assembly according to the invention, comprising a lamp housing and a mould, in a first embodiment;

    Figures 2-2c are as many views of the assembly of Figure 1 assembled;

    Figure 3 is a perspective view of an example of a lamp body suitable to be housed in the lamp housing of the assembly of Figure 1;

    Figures 4-4c schematically illustrate as many steps of the method of installation of the lamp according to the invention, which employs the assembly of Figure 1;

    Figure 5 shows, in section, a part of the assembly according to the invention connected to the formwork in an embodiment variant;

    Figure 5a is an enlarged view of detail Y of Figure 5;

    Figures 6 and 6a represent a bottom perspective view and a front view of the visible part of the lamp built in a wall;

    Figure 7 is an exploded view of the assembly according to the invention, comprising a lamp housing and a mould, in a second embodiment;

    Figure 7a is a perspective view of the lamp housing and the mould of Figure 7 assembled, but before their mutual coupling;

    Figures 8-8c are a front perspective view, a rear perspective view, a side view and a front view of the assembly of Figure 6 assembled;

    Figure 9 is an exploded perspective view of an example of a lamp body suitable to be housed in the lamp housing of the assembly of Figure 7;

    Figures 10 and 10a are two sectional views illustrating, respectively, the assembly of Figure 7 fixed to the formwork before casting and the lamp incorporated in the masonry wall;

    Figures 11 and 11a represent a bottom view and a front view of the lamp built in a wall through the use of the assembly of Figure 7;

    Figures 12-12e represent as many steps of the method of removing the mould of the assembly of Figure 7, in an embodiment;

    Figures 13 and 13a are two schematic views similar to views 10 and 10a that show an illustrative example not part of the claimed invention; and

    Figure 14 shows an example of a template applicable to a formwork to facilitate the positioning of the lamp with respect to the wall in which it is incorporated.



    [0012] In the rest of the description, elements common to the different embodiments, or equivalent to each other, will be indicated with the same reference numbers.

    [0013] Furthermore, unless otherwise specified, characteristics described with reference to one embodiment may also be employed in other embodiments.

    [0014] The idea underlying this invention is that of incorporating a lamp in a masonry wall at the time the cement is poured. The devices, described below, that allow realising such a technical solution are in fact suitable to be fixed to the inner side of a formwork 100 in which the cement is poured.

    [0015] In an embodiment illustrated in Figures 1-12, 1; 1' indicates, in its entirety, an assembly according to the invention for realising a lamp incorporated in a masonry wall. A part of the assembly 1; 1' remains incorporated in the cement to serve as a housing of the lamp body, while another part, which served to create the outer form in the cement, i.e., exposed to view, of the lamp, is removed after removing the formwork 100.

    [0016] In a general embodiment illustrated in Figures 1-12, the assembly 1; 1' comprises a lamp housing 30 and a mould 50.

    [0017] The lamp housing 30 delimits a lamp seat 32 suitable for housing a lamp body 10. The lamp housing 30 is configured and made of a material such as to be suitable to be incorporated in the masonry wall.

    [0018] The lamp housing 30 delimits an emission window 34 of the light beam generated by the lamp body 10.

    [0019] The mould 50 is suitable to be removably fixed to the lamp housing 30 on the side of this housing that delimits the emission window 34.

    [0020] The mould 50 defines a front opening 52, i.e., facing the outside surface of the wall, delimited by a front edge 54 suitable to be placed in contact with the inner side of the formwork 100. The function of the mould 50 is to create, in the solidified cement, a light emission cavity 2 that extends from the emission window 34 and that is open on the outer surface of the masonry wall. In other words, this cavity 2 also defines the outer shape of the lamp, i.e., the front part of the lamp exposed to view.

    [0021] According to the claimed invention, the front edge 54 lies in a vertical frontal plane, i.e., parallel to the formwork 100.

    [0022] In an embodiment, the front edge 54 has a rectangular perimeter.

    [0023] The mould 50 is suitable to rigidly support the lamp housing 30 before and during the pouring of the cement. In other words, the lamp housing 30, before being incorporated in the cement, is securely fixed to the mould 50, so as to remain in the desired installation position during the pouring of the cement.

    [0024] In an embodiment, the mould 50 is connectable to the lamp housing 30 by means of mould fastening screws 56 accessible through the front opening 52 of the mould 50.

    [0025] In an embodiment illustrated in Figures 7-12, the mould fastening screws 56 are screwed directly to the lamp housing 30.

    [0026] More in detail, in an embodiment, a screw guide is formed in the mould 50 for each of the fastening screws 56. This screw guide has an entry hole of diameter less than the diameter of the outer thread of the mould fastening screws 56. Each mould fastening screw 56 has a partial thread that protrudes distally from the screw guide and that screws into a thread seat formed in the lamp housing 30.

    [0027] This embodiment allows, during the removal of the mould 50, by unscrewing the screw 56 and overcoming the sealing thread of the lamp housing 30, that the screw 56 remains bound to the screw guide and thus to the mould 50.

    [0028] In an embodiment, the anchoring of the screw to the mould 50 allows the removal of the mould 50 using the mould removal method described below with reference to Figures 12-12e.

    [0029] The mould 50 is provided with mould fastening means suitable to removably fix the mould to the inner side of the formwork 100.

    [0030] In an embodiment, the mould fixing means comprise threaded tie-rods 58 having one end fixed to the mould 50. The threaded tie-rods 58 have a sufficient length to pass through the thickness of the formwork 100. At the opposite end, on each threaded tie-rod 58 is screwed a threaded nut 59, for example embedded in a knob 60, suitable to be tightened against the outer side of the formwork 100 so put the mould 50 in traction against the formwork 100.

    [0031] According to the claimed invention, the mould 50 defines a horizontal plane 50', i.e., perpendicular to the formwork 100, on which the lamp housing 30 rests.

    [0032] Furthermore, the rear and lower portion of the mould 50, which connects that is, the rear edge of the horizontal plane 50' to the lower side of the front edge 54, is delimited by an inclined wall 55.

    [0033] In other words, the mould 50 has a parallelepiped shape with a triangular base, with the frontal plane, in which lies the front edge 54, and the horizontal plane 50' orthogonal to one another.

    [0034] Additionally, in an embodiment, the lamp housing 30 extends rearwardly from the horizontal side 50' of the mould 50 with an inclination substantially equal to the inclination of the inclined wall 55 with respect to the formwork 100.

    [0035] In other words, the lamp housing 30 is delimited rearwardly by an inclined wall 31 that, when the lamp housing 30 is connected to the mould 50, is aligned and in continuation of the inclined wall 55 of the mould 50.

    [0036] Additionally, in an embodiment, from the horizontal plane 50' of the mould 50 extend guide protuberances 51 suitable to be inserted at least partially, with shape-coupling, in the lamp seat 32 lamp housing 30.

    [0037] Therefore, thanks to the geometry of the assembly 1; 1' described above, once the mould 50 has been placed in traction by the tie-rods 58 against the inner side of the formwork 100 and the lamp housing 30 has been made integral with the mould 50, for example by means of the screws 56, the weight of the cement that weighs on the lamp housing 30 during pouring contributes to making the assembly 1; 1' even more stable and integral with the formwork 100.

    [0038] Advantageously, it is therefore not necessary to use additional systems to stabilise the assembly during pouring, in particular brackets connecting the lamp housing to the formwork.

    [0039] In an embodiment, the assembly 1; 1' also includes a lamp body 10 suitable to be housed in the lamp housing 30.

    [0040] In an embodiment, the lamp body 10 comprises at least one lighting source, for example of the LED type.

    [0041] In an embodiment, the lamp body 10 comprises one or more rows of LED lighting sources mounted on an electronic printed circuit card.

    [0042] In an embodiment, the lamp body 10 comprises, in addition to the lighting source, electrical and/or electronic control circuits of the lighting source, a power supply 13 and an electrical connector for electrical connection to power and/or control cables. For example, the electrical or electronic circuits comprise an electronic printed circuit card 10' on which are mounted one or more lighting sources.

    [0043] The lamp body 10 can also include optical elements to control the light beam generated by the lighting source.

    [0044] In an embodiment, the lamp body 10 is also provided with means of thermal dissipation of the heat generated by the lighting source, for example a plurality of fins 12 formed on an opposite side with respect to that of the emission of the light beam.

    [0045] Preferably, the lamp body 10 has, on its side that emits the light beam, a size such as to occupy the width of the emission window 34.

    [0046] In an embodiment, the lamp body 10, the emission window 34 and the mould 50 are dimensioned in such a way as to allow an insertion of the lamp body in the lamp seat 10 through the light emission cavity 52 and the emission window 34.

    [0047] In an embodiment, illustrated in Figures 1-5, the lamp body 10 is connectable to the lamp housing 30 by means of body fastening screws 14 that are each screwed into a cage nut 16. The cage nuts 16 are positioned for example on the lamp housing 30 on the side opposite the emission window 34.

    [0048] In an embodiment variant, illustrated in Figures 7-12, the lamp body 10 is connectable to the lamp housing 30 by means of a snap-coupling system. For example, the walls of the lamp housing 30 form undercuts 30' that engage corresponding elastic tongues 11 formed in the lamp body 10.

    [0049] In an embodiment, the lamp housing 30 and the mould 50 are configured in such a way that the emission window 34 is at least partially hidden from view when frontally observing the masonry wall.

    [0050] In an embodiment illustrated in figures 5 and 5a, the front edge 54 of the mould 50 is provided with a formwork perimeter incision tooth 54' suitable to notch the inner side of the formwork 100 when the mould 50 is placed in traction against that inner side of the formwork 100.

    [0051] Similarly, the lower edge of the lamp housing 30, suitable to rest on the upper horizontal plane 50' of the mould, is provided with a formwork perimeter incision tooth 301 suitable to notch that upper surface 50' when the lamp housing 30 is placed in traction against the mould 50.

    [0052] In both cases, the purpose of the incision teeth 54', 301 is to notch the respective support surface to improve the coupling of the parts and the insulation against water during pouring.

    [0053] Such a solution allows improving the definition of the cement profiles of the cavity 2.

    [0054] In an embodiment illustrated in Figures 7-13, the lamp housing 30 and the mould 50 are profiled bodies, preferably made of aluminium, for example, obtained by an extrusion process. These profiles are provided with side closure plugs 30"; 50" of the open side ends of such profiles.

    [0055] In an embodiment illustrated in the drawings, one of the side closure plugs 30" of the lamp housing is crossed by a hole on which a cable gland is mounted for the connection to a corrugated tube that carries the electrical cables to be connected to the electrical connector of the lamp body 10.

    [0056] In this way, it is possible to realise lamps of a particularly thin and elongated shape, the length of which can also be chosen at will simply by cutting the starting extruded profile to the desired size.

    [0057] In an embodiment, the lamp body 10 also includes a profile 10a, preferably made of aluminium, closed by side plugs 10b.

    [0058] In an embodiment, the lamp housing forms, on its outer surface, a horizontal support plane 38 for a tilt detection device, for example a bubble device 70.

    [0059] The method for incorporating a lamp in a masonry wall uses the assembly 1; 1' described above in the following manner.

    [0060] The mould 50 is connected to the lamp housing 30, for example by screwing the mould fastening screws 56.

    [0061] Before pouring the cement, the mould 50 carrying the lamp housing 30, is fixed to the inner side of the formwork 100, for example by tightening the threaded tie-rods 58 (Figures 4 and 10).

    [0062] In an embodiment, a release agent can be spread on the mould 50 to facilitate its subsequent removal.

    [0063] In an embodiment, the lamp housing 30 is connected to the corrugated tube that carries the electrical cables.

    [0064] At this point, it is possible to pour the cement.

    [0065] After the cement has hardened, the formwork 1 can be removed. For example, to remove the formwork, it is first necessary to unscrew the nuts 59 from the threaded tie-rods 58 (Figure 4a).

    [0066] Then, the mould 50 can be removed from the lamp housing 30, for example by unscrewing the mould fastening screws 56 (Figure 4b).

    [0067] Figures 12-12e show a sequence of operations for removing the mould 50, in an embodiment.

    [0068] In particular, Figures 12-12c illustrate the unscrewing of the mould fastening screws 56 from the lamp housing 30. As can be seen, mould fastening screws 56 are not completely removed from the assembly 1', since each screw remains bound to the respective screw guide of the mould 50. The fastening screw 56, remaining bound to the mould 50, but no longer to the lamp housing 30, allows easy removal of the mould 50 itself, since the axis of extraction of the mould 50 coincides with the axis of the screw 56. Therefore, the fastening screw 56 is used as a point of application of the force necessary to detach the mould 50 from the cement.

    [0069] For example, one or more of the fastening screws 56 are used to remove the mould 50 from its seat in the masonry wall by means of hammer blows. For example, as illustrated in Figure 12d, a fastening screw 56 is gripped between the jaws of a pliers and the pliers are hit with hammer blows.

    [0070] Figure 12e shows the mould 50 completely removed from its seat.

    [0071] At this point, it is possible to insert the lamp body 10 inside the lamp seat 32, for example by screwing the body fastening screws 14 to the cage nuts 16 (Figure 4c), or by using a snap-coupling (Figure 10a).

    [0072] In the case of use of threaded tie-rods 58 to fix the mould 50 to the inner side of the formwork 100, it is first necessary to drill through holes 58' in the formwork 1. The threaded tie-rods 58 are made to pass through these through holes 58' and a nut 59 is screwed on the end portion of each threaded tie-rod protruding from the outer side of the formwork 100.

    [0073] In an embodiment, to facilitate the drilling of the formwork 100, a template 80 (Figure 14) is applied on the outer side of the formwork, for example, an adhesive sheet with an indication 82 of the position of the through holes 58'.

    [0074] In an embodiment, the template 80 also has, in addition to the indication 82 of the position of the through holes 58', the contour 84 of the front edge 54 of the mould 50, so that, especially in the case of installation of a plurality of lamps in the wall, it is possible to check the positioning of the lamps (height from the floor, distance between lamps, etc.) before pouring the cement.

    [0075] In addition, as a further check of the correct installation of the mould-lamp housing assembly, before pouring, it is possible to place a tilt detection device 70 on the horizontal plane 38 of the lamp housing 30.

    [0076] Figures 6 and 6a, 11 and 11a show the result of the installation method of the lamp in a masonry wall as described above.

    [0077] Observing the wall frontally, of the whole lamp one sees only the emission cavity of the light 52. In other words, when the lamp is switched on it light is seen coming out of the wall, but no structural elements of the lamp can be seen, such as frames, fastening elements, etc.

    [0078] Figures 13 and 13a show an example, not part of the claimed invention, wherein the mould is also used to create the seat housing the lamp body 10 in the masonry wall. In other words, in this embodiment, the lamp housing is made in one piece with the mould, so that the lamp body 10, once the mould has been removed, is anchored directly to the masonry wall.

    [0079] The mould, indicated by 500 in Figures 13 and 13a, comprises a front portion 502 terminating with a front edge 540 suitable to be placed in contact with the inner side of the formwork 100. The front edge 540 delimits a front light emission opening 520.

    [0080] From the front portion 502, extends a rear portion 504, suitable to realise a lamp seat 532 in the masonry wall suitable to house the lamp body 10.

    [0081] The mould 500 is provided with mould fastening means suitable to removably fix the mould 500 to the inner side of the formwork 100.

    [0082] More in detail, the front portion 502 forms, after casting cement in the formwork, a light-emission cavity 502 that extends from the lamp seat 532 and that is open on the outer surface of the masonry wall.

    [0083] In an example, not part of the claimed invention, the rear portion 504 extends from the front portion 502 in such a way that, when the lamp body 10 is inserted in the lamp seat 532, the lamp body 10 is at least partially hidden from view when observing the masonry wall from the front.

    [0084] In an example, not part of the claimed invention, the mould fixing means comprise threaded tie-rods 580 having one end fixed to the mould 500. Each threaded tie-rod 580 passes through the formwork 100 and is engaged, at the opposite end with respect to the mould 500, by a nut 590 acting on the outer side of the formwork 100.

    [0085] In an example, not part of the claimed invention, the rear portion is suitable to realise, in the masonry wall, anchoring means of the lamp body 510.

    [0086] For example, the anchoring means comprise threaded seats suitable to receive threaded anchoring tie-rods 552.

    [0087] In an example, the anchoring means are suitable to realise a snap-coupling with the lamp body 10.

    [0088] As per the assembly described above, in an embodiment, the mould 500 comprises a profiled mould body, preferably made of aluminium or plastic, for example obtained through an extrusion process, and a pair of closure side plugs of the open side ends of the mould body.

    [0089] In an example, the mould 500 is suitable to be connected, for example by means of one of the side plugs, to a corrugated tube carrying the electrical cables to be connected to the lamp body 10.

    [0090] In this example, the method for incorporating the lamp in the masonry wall comprises the following steps.

    [0091] Before pouring the cement in the formwork 100, the formwork 500 is fixed to the inner side of the formwork.

    [0092] Then a step can be provided of spreading a release agent on the mould 500.

    [0093] In an example, the mould 500 is connected to the corrugated tube.

    [0094] At this point, it is possible to pour the cement.

    [0095] After the cement has hardened, the formwork is removed.

    [0096] The mould 500 is then extracted from the masonry wall.

    [0097] At this point, the lamp body 10 can be anchored to the lamp seat that the rear portion of the mould has realised in the wall.

    [0098] In an example, the fixing of the mould 500 to the formwork provides for making through holes in the formwork, passing the threaded tie-rods 580 integral to the mould 500 through the through holes, screwing a nut 590 on the terminal portion of each threaded tie-rod protruding from the outer side of the formwork.

    [0099] In an embodiment, the operation of fastening the mould 500 to the formwork 100 is facilitated by positioning, on the outer side of the formwork, a template showing an indication of the position of the through holes to be made in the formwork.


    Claims

    1. Assembly for realising a lamp incorporated into a masonry wall, comprising:

    - a lamp housing (30) that delimits a lamp seat (32) suitable for housing a lamp body, the lamp housing being suitable to be incorporated in a masonry wall and delimiting an emission window (34) of the light beam generated by the lamp body;

    - a mould (50) suitable to be removably fixed to the lamp housing (30) on the side that delimits the emission window (34) and having a front opening (52) delimited by a front edge (54) lying in a vertical frontal plane and suitable

    to be placed in contact with the inner side of a formwork (100), so that the mould realises, after pouring cement in the formwork, an emission cavity (2) of the light that extends from the emission window (34) and that is open on the outer surface of the masonry wall, the mould being suitable to rigidly support the lamp housing before and during the pouring of the cement and being provided with mould fixing means (58) suitable for removably fixing the mould to the inner side of the formwork, characterized in that the mould (50) defines a horizontal plane (50'), perpendicular to the frontal plane, on which the lamp housing (30) rests when it is fixed to the mould, and in that the mould (50) is delimited rearwardly and inferiorly by an inclined wall (55) that connects the rear edge of the horizontal plane (50') to the lower side of the front edge (54).
     
    2. Assembly according to the preceding claim, wherein the lamp housing (30) and the mould (50) are configured in such a way that the emission window (34) is at least partially hidden from view when frontally observing the masonry wall.
     
    3. Assembly according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the mould (50) is connectable to the lamp housing by means of mould fastening screws (56) accessible through the front opening (52) of the mould.
     
    4. Assembly according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the mould fixing means comprise threaded tie-rods (58) having one end fixed to the mould and the opposite end engaged by a nut (59).
     
    5. Assembly according to any of the preceding claims, comprising the lamp body (10) comprising at least one lighting source.
     
    6. Assembly according to the preceding claim, wherein the lamp body (10), the emission window (34) and the mould (50) are dimensioned in such a way as to allow an insertion of the lamp body in the lamp seat (32) through the light emission cavity (2) of the light and the emission window (34).
     
    7. Assembly according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the lamp housing (30) extends posteriorly from the horizontal plane (50') of the mould (50) with an inclination substantially equal to the inclination of the inclined wall (55) with respect to the frontal plane.
     
    8. Assembly according to any of the previous claims, wherein from the horizontal plane (50') of the mould (50) extend guide protuberances (51) suitable to be inserted at least partially, with shape-coupling, in the lamp seat (32) of the lamp housing (30).
     
    9. Assembly according to claim 5 or 6, wherein the lamp body further comprises electrical circuits and/or control electronics of the lighting sources and an electrical connector for the electrical connection to power and/or control cables.
     
    10. Assembly according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the mould (50) comprises a mould body, for example made of aluminium or plastic, obtained with an extrusion process and a pair of side plugs (50") closing the open side ends of said mould body, and wherein the lamp housing (30) comprises a housing body, for example made of aluminium or plastic, obtained with an extrusion process and a pair of side plugs (30") closing the open side ends of said housing body.
     
    11. Assembly according to any of the previous claims, wherein the front edge (54) of the mould (50) is provided with a formwork perimeter incision tooth (54') suitable to notch the inner side of the formwork (100) when the mould (50) is placed in traction against that inner side of the formwork (100).
     
    12. Method for incorporating a lamp in a masonry wall using an assembly according to any of the preceding claims, comprising the steps of:

    a) connecting the mould (50) to the lamp housing (30);

    b) before pouring the cement in a vertical formwork (100), fixing the mould (50) to the inside of the formwork;

    c) pouring the cement;

    d) after the cement has hardened, removing the formwork;

    e) disconnecting the mould (50) from the lamp housing (30) and removing the mould.


     
    13. Method according to claim 12, wherein step b) comprises:

    b1) drill through-holes (58') in the vertical formwork;

    b2) passing threaded tie-rods (58) fixed to the mould through said through-holes;

    b3) screwing a nut (59) on the end portion of each threaded tie-rod protruding from the outer side of the vertical formwork,

    the method further comprising, before step b1), the step of fixing on the outer side of the vertical formwork a template (80) bearing an indication of the position of the through-holes (58').
     
    14. Mould (50) suitable for being removably fixed to a lamp housing (30) for realising a lamp incorporated into a masonry wall, comprising:

    - a front opening (52) delimited by a front edge (54) lying in a vertical frontal plane and suitable to be placed in contact with the inner side of a formwork (100), so that the mould realises, after pouring cement in the formwork, an emission cavity (2) of the light that is open on the outer surface of the masonry wall; the mould being suitable to rigidly support the lamp housing before and during the pouring of the cement and being provided with mould fixing means (58) suitable to removably fix the mould to the inner side of the formwork, the mould (50) being characterized in that it defines a horizontal plane (50'), perpendicular to the frontal plane, on which the lamp housing (30) rests when it is fixed to the mould, and in that it is delimited rearwardly and inferiorly by an inclined wall (55) that connects the rear edge of the horizontal plane (50') to the lower side of the front edge (54).


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Anordnung zur Realisierung einer in ein Mauerwerk integrierten Lampe, umfassend:

    - ein Lampengehäuse (30), das eine Lampenaufnahme (32) abgrenzt, die sich zum Unterbringen eines Lampenkörpers eignet, wobei das Lampengehäuse geeignet ist, in ein Mauerwerk integriert zu sein, und ein Emissionsfenster (34) des von dem Lampenkörper erzeugten Lichtstrahls abgrenzt;

    - eine Form (50), die geeignet ist, abnehmbar an dem Lampengehäuse (30) auf der Seite befestigt zu sein, die das Emissionsfenster (34) abgrenzt, und eine vordere Öffnung (52) aufweist, die von einem vorderen Rand (54) abgegrenzt ist, der in einer vertikalen Frontalebene liegt und geeignet ist, derart mit der Innenseite einer Verschalung (100) in Kontakt platziert zu sein, dass die Form nach dem Gießen von Zement in die Verschalung einen Emissionshohlraum (2) des Lichts realisiert, der sich von dem Emissionsfenster (34) erstreckt und der auf der äußeren Oberfläche des Mauerwerks offen ist, wobei die Form geeignet ist, das Lampengehäuse vor und während des Gießens des Zements starr zu tragen, und mit Formbefestigungsmitteln (58) versehen ist, die geeignet sind, die Form abnehmbar an der Innenseite der Verschalung zu befestigen,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Form (50) eine horizontale Ebene (50') senkrecht zur Frontalebene definiert, auf der das Lampengehäuse (30) ruht, wenn es an der Form befestigt ist, und dadurch, dass die Form (50) nach hinten und unten von einer geneigten Wand (55) abgegrenzt ist, die den hinteren Rand der horizontalen Ebene (50') mit der unteren Seite des vorderen Randes (54) verbindet.
     
    2. Anordnung nach dem vorhergehenden Anspruch, wobei das Lampengehäuse (30) und die Form (50) derart ausgestaltet sind, dass das Emissionsfenster (34) bei der frontalen Betrachtung des Mauerwerks zumindest teilweise von der Sicht verborgen ist.
     
    3. Anordnung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Form (50) mittels Formbefestigungsschrauben (56), die durch die vordere Öffnung (52) der Form zugänglich sind, mit dem Lampengehäuse verbindbar ist.
     
    4. Anordnung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Formbefestigungsmittel Gewindezuganker (58) umfassen, die ein an der Form befestigtes Ende und das von einer Mutter (59) in Eingriff gebrachte entgegengesetzte Ende aufweisen.
     
    5. Anordnung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, die den Lampenkörper (10) umfasst, der mindestens eine Beleuchtungsquelle umfasst.
     
    6. Anordnung nach dem vorhergehenden Anspruch, wobei der Lampenkörper (10), das Emissionsfenster (34) und die Form (50) derart bemessen sind, dass ein Einsetzen des Lampenkörpers in die Lampenaufnahme (32) durch den Lichtemissionshohlraum (2) des Lichts und das Emissionsfenster (34) ermöglicht wird.
     
    7. Anordnung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Lampengehäuse (30) sich hinten von der horizontalen Ebene (50') der Form (50) mit einer Neigung erstreckt, die im Wesentlichen gleich der Neigung der geneigten Wand (55) in Bezug auf die Frontalebene ist.
     
    8. Anordnung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei sich von der horizontalen Ebene (50') der Form (50) Führungsvorsprünge (51) erstrecken, die geeignet sind, zumindest teilweise formschlüssig in die Lampenaufnahme (32) des Lampengehäuses (30) eingesetzt zu werden.
     
    9. Anordnung nach Anspruch 5 oder 6, wobei der Lampenkörper ferner elektrische Schaltungen und/oder Steuer- bzw. Regelelektronik der Beleuchtungsquellen und einen elektrischen Verbinder zur elektrischen Verbindung mit Leistungs- und/oder Steuer- bzw. Regelkabeln umfasst.
     
    10. Anordnung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Form (50) einen Formkörper, der zum Beispiel aus Aluminium oder Kunststoff besteht und mit einem Extrusionsverfahren erhalten wird, und ein Paar Seitenstecker (50") umfasst, die die offenen Seitenenden des Formkörpers schließen, und wobei das Lampengehäuse (30) einen Gehäusekörper, der zum Beispiel aus Aluminium oder Kunststoff besteht und mit einem Extrusionsverfahren erhalten wird, und ein Paar Seitenstecker (30") umfasst, die die offenen Seitenenden des Gehäusekörpers schließen.
     
    11. Anordnung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der vordere Rand (54) der Form (50) mit einem Verschalungsumfangsschneidezahn (54') versehen ist, der geeignet ist, die Innenseite der Verschalung (100) einzukerben, wenn die Form (50) unter Zugkraft gegen die Innenseite der Verschalung (100) platziert wird.
     
    12. Verfahren zum Integrieren einer Lampe in ein Mauerwerk unter Verwendung einer Anordnung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, das die folgenden Schritte umfasst:

    a) Verbinden der Form (50) mit dem Lampengehäuse (30);

    b) vor dem Gießen des Zements in eine vertikale Verschalung (100), Befestigen der Form (50) an der Innenseite der Verschalung;

    c) Gießen des Zements;

    d) nachdem der Zement ausgehärtet ist, Entfernen der Verschalung;

    e) Trennen der Form (50) von dem Lampengehäuse (30) und Entfernen der Form.


     
    13. Verfahren nach Anspruch 12, wobei Schritt b) umfasst:

    b1) Bohren von Durchgangslöchern (58') in die vertikale Verschalung;

    b2) Durchführen von Gewindezugankern (58), die an der Form befestigt sind, durch die Durchgangslöcher;

    b3) Schrauben einer Mutter (59) an den Endabschnitt jedes Gewindezugankers, der von der Außenseite der vertikalen Verschalung hervorsteht,

    wobei das Verfahren ferner vor Schritt b1) den Schritt des Befestigens einer Schablone (80), die eine Angabe der Position der Durchgangslöcher (58') trägt, an der Außenseite der vertikalen Verschalung umfasst.
     
    14. Form (50), die sich zum abnehmbaren Befestigen an einem Lampengehäuse (30) zur Realisierung einer in ein Mauerwerk integrierten Lampe eignet, umfassend:

    - eine vordere Öffnung (52), die von einem vorderen Rand (54) abgegrenzt ist, der in einer vertikalen Frontalebene liegt und geeignet ist, mit der Innenseite einer Verschalung (100) in Kontakt platziert zu werden, derart dass die Form nach dem Gießen von Zement in die Verschalung einen Emissionshohlraum (2) des Lichts realisiert, der auf der äußeren Oberfläche des Mauerwerks offen ist;

    wobei die Form geeignet ist, das Lampengehäuse vor und während des Gießens des Zements starr zu tragen, und mit Formbefestigungsmitteln (58) versehen ist, die zum abnehmbaren Befestigen der Form an der Innenseite der Verschalung geeignet sind,

    wobei die Form (50) dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass sie eine horizontale Ebene (50') senkrecht zur Frontalebene definiert, auf der das Lampengehäuse (30) ruht, wenn es an der Form befestigt ist, und dadurch, dass sie hinten und unten von einer geneigten Wand (55) abgegrenzt ist, die den hinteren Rand der horizontalen Ebene (50') mit der unteren Seite des vorderen Randes (54) verbindet.


     


    Revendications

    1. Ensemble de montage d'une lampe incorporée dans un mur en maçonnerie, comprenant :

    - un logement de lampe (30) qui délimite un siège de lampe (32) approprié pour loger un corps de lampe, le logement de lampe étant approprié pour être incorporé dans un mur en maçonnerie et délimitant une fenêtre d'émission (34) du faisceau de lumière généré par le corps de lampe ;

    - un moule (50) approprié pour être fixé de façon amovible au logement de lampe (30) sur le côté qui délimite la fenêtre d'émission (34) et ayant une ouverture avant (52) délimitée par un bord avant (54) disposé dans un plan frontal vertical et approprié pour être placé en contact avec le côté interne d'un coffrage (100), de sorte que le moule forme, après coulage de ciment dans le coffrage, une cavité d'émission (2) de la lumière qui s'étend depuis la fenêtre d'émission (34) et qui est ouverte sur la surface externe du mur en maçonnerie, le moule étant approprié pour supporter de façon rigide le logement de lampe avant et pendant le coulage du ciment et étant muni de moyens de fixation de moule (58) appropriés pour fixer de façon amovible le moule au côté interne du coffrage,

    caractérisé en ce que
    le moule (50) définit un plan horizontal (50'), perpendiculaire au plan frontal, sur lequel le logement de lampe (30) repose lorsqu'il est fixé au moule, et en ce que le moule (50) est délimité vers l'arrière et inférieurement par une paroi inclinée (55) qui raccorde le bord arrière du plan horizontal (50') au côté inférieur du bord avant (54).
     
    2. Ensemble selon la revendication précédente, dans lequel le logement de lampe (30) et le moule (50) sont configurés de telle sorte que la fenêtre d'émission (34) soit au moins partiellement dissimulée lors de l'observation frontale du mur en maçonnerie.
     
    3. Ensemble selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le moule (50) peut être raccordé au logement de lampe au moyen de vis d'arrimage de moule (56) accessibles à travers l'ouverture avant (52) du moule.
     
    4. Ensemble selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les moyens de fixation de moule comprennent des tiges d'entretoise filetées (58) ayant une extrémité fixée au moule et l'extrémité opposée engagée par un écrou (59).
     
    5. Ensemble selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant le corps de lampe (10) comprenant au moins une source d'éclairage.
     
    6. Ensemble selon la revendication précédente, dans lequel le corps de lampe (10), la fenêtre d'émission (34) et le moule (50) sont dimensionnés de telle sorte à permettre une insertion du corps de lampe dans le siège de lampe (32) à travers la cavité d'émission de lumière (2) de la lumière et la fenêtre d'émission (34).
     
    7. Ensemble selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le logement de lampe (30) s'étend postérieurement depuis le plan horizontal (50') du moule (50) avec une inclinaison sensiblement égale à l'inclinaison de la paroi inclinée (55) vis-à-vis du plan frontal.
     
    8. Ensemble selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel depuis le plan horizontal (50') du moule (50) s'étendent des protubérances de guidage (51) appropriées pour être insérées au moins partiellement, avec un couplage de forme, dans le siège de lampe (32) du logement de lampe (30).
     
    9. Ensemble selon la revendication 5 ou 6, dans lequel le corps de lampe comprend en outre des circuits électriques et/ou une électronique de commande des sources d'éclairage et un connecteur électrique pour la connexion électrique à des câbles d'alimentation et/ou de commande.
     
    10. Ensemble selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le moule (50) comprend un corps de moule, par exemple constitué d'aluminium ou de plastique, obtenu avec un processus d'extrusion et une paire de bouchons de côté (50") fermant les extrémités de côté ouvertes dudit corps de moule, et dans lequel le logement de lampe (30) comprend un corps de logement, par exemple constitué d'aluminium ou de plastique, obtenu avec un processus d'extrusion et une paire de bouchons de côté (30") fermant les extrémités de côté ouvertes dudit corps de logement.
     
    11. Ensemble selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le bord avant (54) du moule (50) est muni d'une dent d'incision de périmètre de coffrage (54') appropriée pour pratiquer une encoche dans le côté interne du coffrage (100) lorsque le moule (50) est placé en traction contre ce côté interne du coffrage (100).
     
    12. Procédé d'incorporation d'une lampe dans un mur en maçonnerie à l'aide d'un ensemble selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant les étapes consistant à :

    a) raccorder le moule (50) au logement de lampe (30) ;

    b) avant de couler le ciment dans un coffrage (100) vertical, fixer le moule (50) à l'intérieur du coffrage ;

    c) couler le ciment ;

    d) après durcissement du ciment, retirer le coffrage ;

    e) désengager le moule (50) du logement de lampe (30) et retirer le moule.


     
    13. Procédé selon la revendication 12, dans lequel l'étape b) comprend :

    b1) le perçage de trous traversants (58') dans le coffrage vertical ;

    b2) le passage de tiges d'entretoise filetées (58) fixées au moule à travers lesdits trous traversants ;

    b3) le vissage d'un écrou (59) sur la portion d'extrémité de chaque tige d'entretoise filetée en saillie depuis le côté externe du coffrage vertical,

    le procédé comprenant en outre, avant l'étape b1), l'étape consistant à fixer sur le côté externe du coffrage vertical un gabarit (80) portant une indication de la position des trous traversants (58').
     
    14. Moule (50) approprié pour être fixé de façon amovible à un logement de lampe (30) pour le montage d'une lampe incorporée dans un mur en maçonnerie, comprenant :

    - une ouverture avant (52) délimitée par un bord avant (54) disposé dans un plan frontal vertical et appropriée pour être placée en contact avec le côté interne d'un coffrage (100), de sorte que le moule forme, après coulage de ciment dans le coffrage, une cavité d'émission (2) de la lumière qui est ouverte sur la surface externe du mur en maçonnerie ;

    - le moule étant approprié pour supporter de façon rigide le logement de lampe avant et pendant le coulage du ciment et muni de moyens de fixation de moule (58) appropriés pour fixer de façon amovible le moule au côté interne du coffrage,

    le moule (50) étant caractérisé en ce qu'il définit un plan horizontal (50'), perpendiculaire au plan frontal, sur lequel le logement de lampe (30) repose lorsqu'il est fixé au moule, et en ce qu'il est délimité vers l'arrière et inférieurement par une paroi inclinée (55) qui raccorde le bord arrière du plan horizontal (50') au côté inférieur du bord avant (54).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description