(19)
(11)EP 3 375 247 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 15908236.1

(22)Date of filing:  12.11.2015
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04W 16/18  (2009.01)
H04W 80/06  (2009.01)
H04W 76/16  (2018.01)
H04W 80/10  (2009.01)
H04W 36/00  (2009.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/IN2015/050163
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/081696 (18.05.2017 Gazette  2017/20)

(54)

DRIVELESS METHOD TO CAPTURE CSFB EXPERIENCE

ANTRIEBSLOSES VERFAHREN ZUR ERFASSUNG VON CSFB-ERFAHRUNG

PROCÉDÉ SANS PILOTE POUR CAPTURER UN RESSENTI DE CSFB


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
19.09.2018 Bulletin 2018/38

(73)Proprietor: Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson (PUBL)
164 83 Stockholm (SE)

(72)Inventors:
  • SHETTY, Manoj
    Mumbai 400077 (IN)
  • MONDAL, Surajit
    Gurgaon 122001 (IN)
  • THAKUR, Vijayant
    Mandi 175001 (IN)

(74)Representative: Ericsson 
Patent Development Torshamnsgatan 21-23
164 80 Stockholm
164 80 Stockholm (SE)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A1- 2011 222 509
US-A1- 2015 131 619
  
  • BHEBHE LEO ET AL: "Performance of Circuit Switched Fall Back & single radio voice call continuity from TD-LTE to UMTS", 2014 22ND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SOFTWARE, TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND COMPUTER NETWORKS (SOFTCOM), FESB, UNIVERSITY OF SPLIT, 17 September 2014 (2014-09-17), pages 84-88, XP032733369, DOI: 10.1109/SOFTCOM.2014.7039114 [retrieved on 2015-02-10]
  • BHEBHE LEO ET AL.: 'Performance of Circuit Switched Fall Back & single radio voice call continuity from TD-LTE to UMTS.' IEEE ENGINEERING SOFTWARE, TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND COMPUTER NETWORKS (SOFTCOM),2014 22ND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE. pages 84 - 88, XP032733369
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The present disclosure relates to a method of obtaining at least one Key Performance Indicator (KPI) for a communication session of a radio device.

BACKGROUND



[0002] Circuit-Switched Fall-back (CSFB) and Single Radio Voice Call Continuity (SRVCC) calls involve two Radio Access Technologies (RATs), Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) Long Term Evolution (LTE) and 3G/2G such as Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WCDMA), Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) or Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM), currently drive test is the only way to accurately identify CSFB/SRVCC and Inter RAT (IRAT) related KPIs like Call Success Rate and Call Setup Time. However, there are some draw-backs with drive testes, such as:
  • Drive test based testing may increase time and cost.
  • Drive test based testing typically captures only outdoor performance.
  • Drive test based data does not capture issues related to interfaces in the Core Network (CN) of a telecommunication operator network.


[0003] The Evolved Packet Core (EPC) of LTE is a packet-only core network. It does not have a circuit-switched domain, which is traditionally used for phone calls and Short Message Service (SMS). 3GPP has specified CSFB as a solution for voice. For CSFB, in order to make or receive calls, the User Equipment (UE) changes its radio access technology from LTE to a 2G/3G technology that supports circuit-switched services. SRVCC, on the other hand, provides a solution for handing over Voice over LTE (VoLTE) to 2G/3G networks. The voice calls on LTE network are packet switched calls. To make it inter operable with circuit switched networks, these calls are handed over to circuit switched calls in GSM/WCDMA networks.

[0004] Unlike 3G to 2G handover there are no feedback mechanisms in LTE to 3G handover during CSFB or SRVCC. Hence, there is no visibility after LTE Radio Resource Control (RRC) Release Call to 3G through counters and the only way to capture this event would be through drive test data.

[0005] Even with drive test data it may not be possible to troubleshoot issues on the core side since drive test data typically only relate to the layer 3 (L3), i.e. the network layer of the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) model, messages over the air interface.

[0006] Since there are no feedback mechanisms available in current standards, there is a limitation on visibility after the UE has been release from the LTE side. The 3G network has some counters for CSFB assessment but they cannot be correlated with LTE.

[0007] US 2015/131619 discloses a method of a wireless user equipment including requesting handover of a voice over Internet protocol (VoIP) call from a first network to a second network, activating a second radio, continuing the voice call on the circuit switched (CS) domain of the second network, and communicating data for applications other than the voice call via the first network. An embodiment includes determining whether a quality of the VoIP call satisfies a quality threshold, deactivating the radio continued to the second network when the quality of the VoIP call satisfies the quality threshold, and activating the second radio when the VoIP call quality does not satisfy the quality threshold.

[0008] Bhebhe Leo et al., "Performance of Circuit Switched Fall Back & single radio voice call continuity from TD-LTE to UMTS", 2014, 22nd International Conference on Software, Telecommunications and Computer Networks (Softcom), FESB, University of Split, investigated Circuit Switched Fall Back (CSFB) to UMTS-HSPA from TD-LTE network and SRVCC from TD-LTE to UMTS-HSPA test network.

SUMMARY



[0009] It is an objective of the present disclosure to provide means for obtaining KPIs for inter RAT communication sessions which have been moved from a first RAT to a second RAT.

[0010] In accordance with the present solution, cell trace data from both a first RAT, e.g. LTE, and a second RAT, e.g. WCDMA, to calculate KPIs e.g.

[0011] CSFB/SRVCC and IRAT KPIs for a radio device or group of radio devices. The idea is to map the two data source for a single session (e.g. a voice call) and extract the required information for measuring KPIs and troubleshooting.

[0012] The invention is related to a method according to claim 1, a network node according to claim 15 and a computer program according to claim 16. Further embodiments of the invention are defined by the dependent claims.

[0013] It is to be noted that any feature of any of the aspects may be applied to any other aspect, wherever appropriate. Likewise, any advantage of any of the aspects may apply to any of the other aspects. Other objectives, features and advantages of the enclosed embodiments will be apparent from the following detailed disclosure, from the attached dependent claims as well as from the drawings.

[0014] Generally, all terms used in the claims are to be interpreted according to their ordinary meaning in the technical field, unless explicitly defined otherwise herein. All references to "a/an/the element, apparatus, component, means, step, etc." are to be interpreted openly as referring to at least one instance of the element, apparatus, component, means, step, etc., unless explicitly stated otherwise. The steps of any method disclosed herein do not have to be performed in the exact order disclosed, unless explicitly stated. The use of "first", "second" etc. for different features/components of the present disclosure are only intended to distinguish the features/components from other similar features/components and not to impart any order or hierarchy to the features/components.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0015] Embodiments will be described, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig 1 is a schematic block diagram of an embodiment of a communication network in accordance with the present disclosure.

Fig 2 is a schematic block diagram illustrating an embodiment of extraction of information from a third log which is associated with the first RAT.

Fig 3 is a schematic block diagram illustrating an embodiment of filtering information in a first log which is associated with the first RAT.

Fig 4 is a schematic block diagram illustrating an embodiment of filtering information in a second log which is associated with the second RAT.

Fig 5 is a schematic block diagram illustrating an embodiment of merging information from the first log regarding a communication session with information from the second log regarding the same session.

Fig 6 is a schematic flow chart of an embodiment of the method of the present disclosure.

Fig 7a is a schematic block diagram of an embodiment of a network node of the present disclosure.

Fig 7b is a schematic functional block diagram of an embodiment of a network node of the present disclosure.

Fig 8 is an illustration of an embodiment of a computer program product of the present disclosure.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0016] Embodiments will now be described more fully hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which certain embodiments are shown. However, other embodiments in many different forms are possible within the scope of the present disclosure. Rather, the following embodiments are provided by way of example so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete, and will fully convey the scope of the disclosure to those skilled in the art. Like numbers refer to like elements throughout the description.

[0017] Figure 1 illustrates a communication network 1, e.g. an operator network, comprising two different RATs, a first RAT 3a and a second RAT 3b for connecting a radio device 2 to a Packet Data Network (PDN) 10 e.g. the Internet. In some embodiments, the first RAT 3a is LTE. Additionally or alternatively, in some embodiments, the second RAT 3b is WCDMA, CDMA or GSM. As an example used in the present disclosure, the first RAT is LTE and the second RAT is WCDMA.

[0018] The first RAT 3a is associated with a first CN 9a which, among other nodes, comprises a Mobility Management Entity 7 if the first RAT is LTE. The first RAT is also associated with a first Radio Access Network 4a, typically a cellular network comprising a plurality of base stations 5a e.g. evolved Node B (eNB) of LTE.

[0019] Similarly, the second RAT 3b is associated with a second CN 9b and a second RAN 4b, typically a cellular network comprising a plurality of base stations 5b e.g. Node B of WCDMA. Also, if the second RAT is WCDMA, the second RAN 4b also comprises a Radio Network Control 8.

[0020] The radio device 2 may be any device or UE, mobile or stationary, enabled to communicate over a radio channel in a communication network, for instance but not limited to e.g. mobile phone, smartphone, modem, sensors, meters, vehicles (e.g. a car), household appliances, medical appliances, media players, cameras, or any type of consumer electronic, for instance but not limited to television, radio, lighting arrangements, tablet computer, laptop, or personal computer (PC).

[0021] In accordance with the present disclosure, the radio device 2 may be connected via the first RAT 3a, i.e. via the first RAN 4a using the first RAT 3a. For some reason, the communication session 11 is moved from the first RAT to the second RAT, i.e. from the first RAN 4a using the first RAT 3a to the second RAN 4b using the second RAT 3b. As explained above, this may lead to difficulties in determining KPIs for the session since there may be no feedback from the second RAT network to the first RAT network. Instead, a network (NW) node 6 is used in accordance with the present disclosure. The NW node 6 may be part of the operator network 1 or be external to the operator network e.g. as part of a management network. Thus, in some embodiments, the method is performed by a network node 6 outside of operator networks of the first and second RATs 3a and 3b, e.g. in a management network. The NW node 6 is configured for extracting information from logs, e.g. cell trace logs, associated with the respective RATs 3a and 3b. For this, the NW node 6 may be connected to the eNB 5a holding a log for the first RAT and to the RNC 8 holding a log for the second RAT. In addition, the NW node 6 may be connected to the MME 7 in the first RAT CN 9a for extracting information held in a log in the MME which may be needed to identify the information held in the log in the eNB 5a.

[0022] In some embodiments, the session 11 is moved as part of Circuit-Switched Fallback (CSFB), Single Radio Voice Call Continuity (SRVCC), or inter RAT data handover.

[0023] As mentioned, the present disclosure uses an example in which the first RAT 3a is LTE and the second RAT 3b is WCDMA, but embodiments of the present disclosure may also be beneficial for other RAT combinations. Thus, in some embodiments, the first log may be a Cell Trace (CTR) User Equipment Traffic Recording (UETR) log, and, in the same or other embodiments, the second log may be a General Performance Event Handling (GPEH) log.

[0024] Figure 2 illustrates how a session ID 28 of a session logged in the first log CTR/UETR 20 in the eNB 5a may be obtained S1a from a third log, a Cell Trace UE ID Mapping (CTUM) log 29 in the MME 7. Due to security reasons, the International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI) 28 of the radio device 2 is available in MME 7 trace log CTUM. The IMSI may be extracted from CTUM for all LTE sessions 11 using common identifiers available in both the first log (UETR) 20 and the third log (CTUM) 29 along with a first timestamp 25. As an example, the session ID as discussed herein is or comprises the IMSI 28 of the radio device 2.

[0025] Thus, in some embodiments of the present disclosure, the extracting first information from the at least a first log 20 comprises obtaining the session ID 28 from a third log 29 which is associated with the first RAT 3a. In some embodiments, the third log 29 is a CTUM log. In some embodiments, the session ID 28 is obtained by finding identification data 22, 23, 24 and/or 25 of the communication session 11 in the third log 29 which is identical to corresponding identification data in the first log 20. In some embodiments, the identification data comprises values of any or all of: eNB ID 22, eNB UE S1 interface Application Part (S1AP) ID 23, MME UE S1AP ID 24, and the first time stamp 25. A time offset may be used for linking the first time stamp 25 of the third log 29 with the first time stamp 25 of the first log 20, to account for any delay or inaccuracy.

[0026] As shown in figure 2, the first log 20 may also comprise Routing Area Code (RAC) UE reference 21, L3 messages and Extended Service Request (ESR) 26 information e.g. comprising information about which sessions 11 have been involved in CSFB.

[0027] Figure 3 illustrates how first information about the communication session 11, e.g. a voice call, may be extracted S1 from the first log 20 by filtering information relating to communication sessions which have moved between RATs from other communication sessions in the first log. This may be achieved by means of an ESR 26, whereby information as to which logged sessions 11 are associated with e.g. CSFB may be obtained. The information in the first log 20 relating to those sessions may then be extracted/filtered from information relating to other sessions. The information from the first log 20 which relates to a session 11 may be identified by a session ID 28 e.g. IMSI in combination with the first time stamp 25.

[0028] Thus, in some embodiments, the extracting S1 first information comprises using an extended service request 26.

[0029] Figure 4 similarly illustrates how second information about the communication session 11 may be extracted S2 from the second log 40 by filtering information relating to communication sessions which have moved between RATs from other communication sessions in the first log. The second log may be a General Performance Event Handling (GPEH) log in the RNC 8 of the second RAN 4b of the second RAT 3b. In WCDMA, the IMSI 28 is already available in the GPEH 40 data under Radio Access Network Application Part (RANAP) messages. There is thus no need for any actions in WCDMA corresponding to those of figure 2 relating to LTE. The GPEH log 40 comprises for each session 11: Cell ID 41, RNC ID 42, UE Context ID 43, RNC Module ID 44, the IMSI 28, a second time stamp 47 and L3 messages, as well as Location Area Update (LAU) request 46 information. By means of a LAU request 46, the information in the GPEH log 40 which relates to sessions 11 involving e.g. CSFB may be identified and filtered from information relating to other sessions logged in the GPEH log 40. The information from the second log 40 which relates to a session 11 may be identified by a session ID 28 e.g. IMSI in combination with the second time stamp 47.

[0030] Thus, in some embodiments, the second log 40 is a General Performance Event Handling, GPEH, log.

[0031] Additionally or alternatively, In some embodiments, the extracting S2 second information comprises using a LAU request 46.

[0032] Additionally or alternatively, the first information and second information, respectively, comprise information about network layer (L2) messages 27 and 48 of the communication session 11.

[0033] Figure 5 illustrates how the information from the first and second logs 20 and 40 relating to the session 11 may be merged S3. Especially, the L3 messages 27 and 48, respectively, may be relevant for determining KPI of the communication session 11. That the first and second informations from the first and second logs 20 and 40 relate to the same session 11 may be determined by means of a combination of the IMSI 28 (which relates to the radio device 2 as subscriber and thus should be the same in both the first information and the second information) and the first and second timestamps which should correlate with each other (e.g. the second time stamp 47 may be appropriately later, by a predetermined time offset to account for delay, than the first time stamp 25) indicating that they relate to the same session which has been moved from the first RAT 3a to the second RAT 3b. In some embodiments, the merging S3 comprises using a predetermined time offset for relating the first and second time stamps 25 and 47 to each other.

[0034] Typically, informations about a plurality of sessions 11 are merged in this way, why it may be convenient to organize the merged information by means of assigning the sessions 11 reference ID:s as an alternative to using IMSI in combination with first and/or second time stamps which may be cumbersome (identifiers with many digits).

[0035] By means of the merged information, KPI:s of the communication session 11 may be determined. In some embodiments, the at least one KPI comprises any or all of: Call Success Rate, and Call Setup Time.

[0036] Figure 6 is a flow chart of an embodiment of the method of the present disclosure. The method is for obtaining at least one KPI for a communication session 11 of a radio device 2, which communication session is moved from a first RAT 3a to a second RAT 3b.

[0037] First information about the communication session is extracted S1 from at least a first log 20 associated with the first RAT 3a by filtering information relating to communication sessions which have moved between RATs from other communication sessions in the first log. The first information comprises a session ID 28 and a first time stamp 25 associated with the communication session 11. As mentioned above, the extracting S1 first information may comprise obtaining S1a the session ID 28 from a third log 29 which is associated with the first RAT 3a.

[0038] Before, after or in parallel with extracting S1 the first information, second information about the communication session is extracted S2 from a second log 40 associated with the second RAT 3b by filtering information relating to communication sessions which have moved between RATs from other communication sessions in the second log. The first information comprises the session ID 28 and a second time stamp 47 associated with the communication session 11.

[0039] Then, the extracted S1 and S2 first and second information is merged S3 with each other by means of the session ID 28 and the first and second time stamps 25 and 47.

[0040] Then, the at least one KPI for the communication session 11 is determined S4 based on the merged S3 information.

[0041] In some embodiments, the method is performed by a network node 6 comprised in, or external to, the communication or operator network 1.

[0042] According to an aspect of the present disclosure, there is provided a method of obtaining at least one KPI for a communication session 11 of a radio device 2, which communication session is moved from a first RAT 3a to a second RAT 3b. The method comprises extracting S1 first information about the communication session from at least a first log 20 associated with the first RAT by filtering information relating to communication sessions which have moved between RATs from other communication sessions in the first log, the first information comprising a session ID 28 and a first time stamp 25 associated with the communication session 11. The method also comprises extracting S2 second information about the communication session from a second log 40 associated with the second RAT by filtering information relating to communication sessions which have moved between RATs from other communication sessions in the second log, the first information comprising the session ID 28 and a second time stamp 47 associated with the communication session 11. The method also comprises merging S3 the extracted S1 and S2 first and second information with each other by means of the session ID 28 and the first and second time stamps 25 and 47. The method also comprises determining S4 the at least one KPI for the communication session based on the merged S3 information.

[0043] Figure 7a is a schematic block diagram of an embodiment of the network node 6. The network node 6 comprises processor circuitry 71 e.g. a central processing unit (CPU). The processor circuitry 71 may comprise one or a plurality of processing units in the form of microprocessor(s). However, other suitable devices with computing capabilities could be comprised in the processor circuitry 71, e.g. an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC), a field programmable gate array (FPGA) or a complex programmable logic device (CPLD). The processor circuitry 71 is configured to run one or several computer program(s) or software (SW) 81 (see also figure 8) stored in a storage 72 of one or several storage unit(s) e.g. a memory. The storage unit is regarded as a computer readable means 82 (see figure 8) as discussed herein and may e.g. be in the form of a Random Access Memory (RAM), a Flash memory or other solid state memory, or a hard disk, or be a combination thereof. The processor circuitry 71 may also be configured to store data in the storage 72, as needed. The network node 6 also comprises a communication interface 73, e.g. comprising a transmitter and a receiver, which may be combined to form a transceiver or be present as distinct units within the network node 6, for communication with nodes/elements in the communication network 1 e.g. the eNB 5a, the RNC 8 and/or the MME 7, for performing an embodiment of the method of the present disclosure.

[0044] According to an aspect of the present disclosure, there is provided a network node 6 configured for obtaining at least one KPI for a communication session 11 of a radio device 2, which communication session is moved from a first RAT 3a to a second RAT 3b. The network node comprises processor circuitry 71, and storage 72 storing instructions 81 executable by said processor circuitry whereby said network node is operative to extract first information about the communication session from at least a first log 20 associated with the first RAT by filtering information relating to communication sessions which have moved between RATs from other communication sessions in the first log, the first information comprising a session ID 28 and a first time stamp 25 associated with the communication session. The network node is also operative to extract second information about the communication session from a second log 40 associated with the second RAT by filtering information relating to communication sessions which have moved between RATs from other communication sessions in the second log, the first information comprising the session ID 28 and a second time stamp 47 associated with the communication session. The network node is also operative to merge the extracted first and second information with each other by means of the session ID 28 and the first and second time stamps 25 and 47. The network node is also operative to determine the at least one KPI for the communication session based on the merged information.

[0045] Figure 7b is a schematic block diagram functionally illustrating an embodiment of the network node 6 in figure 7a. As previously mentioned, the processor circuitry 71 may run software 81 for enabling the network node 6 to perform an embodiment of the method of the present disclosure, whereby functional modules may be formed in network node 6 e.g. in the processor circuitry 71 for performing the different steps of the method. These modules are schematically illustrated as blocks within the network node 6. Thus, the network node 6 comprises a first extraction module 75 for extracting S1 first information about the communication session from at least a first log 20 associated with the first RAT by filtering information relating to communication sessions which have moved between RATs from other communication sessions in the first log, the first information comprising a session ID 28 and a first time stamp 25 associated with the communication session. The network node 6 also comprises a second extraction module 76 for extracting S2 second information about the communication session from a second log 40 associated with the second RAT by filtering information relating to communication sessions which have moved between RATs from other communication sessions in the second log, the first information comprising the session ID 28 and a second time stamp 47 associated with the communication session. The network node 6 also comprises a merging module 77 for merging S3 the extracted S1 and S2 first and second information with each other by means of the session ID 28 and the first and second time stamps 25 and 47. The network node 6 also comprises a determining KPI module 78 for determining S4 the at least one KPI for the communication session based on the merged S3 information.

[0046] Alternatively, the modules 75-78 may be formed by hardware, or by a combination of software and hardware.

[0047] According to an aspect of the present disclosure, there is provided a network node 6 configured for obtaining at least one KPI for a communication session 11 of a radio device 2, which communication session is moved from a first RAT 3a to a second RAT 3b. The network node 6 comprises means 75 for extracting S1 first information about the communication session from at least a first log 20 associated with the first RAT by filtering information relating to communication sessions which have moved between RATs from other communication sessions in the first log, the first information comprising a session ID 28 and a first time stamp 25 associated with the communication session. The network node 6 also comprises means 76 for extracting S2 second information about the communication session from a second log 40 associated with the second RAT by filtering information relating to communication sessions which have moved between RATs from other communication sessions in the second log, the first information comprising the session ID 28 and a second time stamp 47 associated with the communication session. The network node 6 also comprises means 77 for merging S3 the extracted S1 and S2 first and second information with each other by means of the session ID 28 and the first and second time stamps 25 and 47. The network node 6 also comprises means 78 for determining S4 the at least one KPI for the communication session based on the merged S3 information.

[0048] Figure 8 illustrates an embodiment of a computer program product 80. The computer program product 80 comprises a computer readable (e.g. non-volatile and/or non-transitory) medium 82 comprising software/computer program 81 in the form of computer-executable components. The computer program 81 may be configured to cause a network node 6, e.g. as discussed herein, to perform an embodiment of the method of the present disclosure. The computer program may be run on the processor circuitry 71 of the network node 6 for causing it to perform the method. The computer program product 80 may e.g. be comprised in a storage unit or memory 82 comprised in the network node 6 and associated with the processor circuitry 71. Alternatively, the computer program product 80 may be, or be part of, a separate, e.g. mobile, storage means/medium, such as a computer readable disc, e.g. CD or DVD or hard disc/drive, or a solid state storage medium, e.g. a RAM or Flash memory. Further examples of the storage medium can include, but are not limited to, any type of disk including floppy disks, optical discs, DVD, CD-ROMs, microdrive, and magneto-optical disks, ROMs, RAMs, EPROMs, EEPROMs, DRAMs, VRAMs, flash memory devices, magnetic or optical cards, nanosystems (including molecular memory ICs), or any type of media or device suitable for storing instructions and/or data. Embodiments of the present disclosure may be conveniently implemented using one or more conventional general purpose or specialized digital computer, computing device, machine, or microprocessor, including one or more processors, memory and/or computer readable storage media programmed according to the teachings of the present disclosure. Appropriate software coding can readily be prepared by skilled programmers based on the teachings of the present disclosure, as will be apparent to those skilled in the software art.

[0049] According to an aspect of the present disclosure, there is provided a computer program product 80 comprising computer-executable components 81 for causing a network node 6 to perform an embodiment of the method of the present disclosure when the computer-executable components are run on processor circuitry 71 comprised in the network node.

[0050] According to another aspect of the present disclosure, there is provided a computer program 81 for obtaining at least one KPI for a communication session 11 of a radio device 2, which communication session is moved from a first RAT 3a to a second RAT 3b. The computer program comprises computer program code which is able to, when run on processor circuitry 71 of a network node 6, cause the network node to extract S1 first information about the communication session from at least a first log 20 associated with the first RAT by filtering information relating to communication sessions which have moved between RATs from other communication sessions in the first log, the first information comprising a session ID 28 and a first time stamp 25 associated with the communication session. The code is also able to cause the network node 6 to extract S2 second information about the communication session from a second log 40 associated with the second RAT by filtering information relating to communication sessions which have moved between RATs from other communication sessions in the second log, the first information comprising the session ID 28 and a second time stamp 47 associated with the communication session. The code is also able to cause the network node 6 to merge S3 the extracted S1 and S2 first and second information with each other by means of the session ID 28 and the first and second time stamps 25 and 47. The code is also able to cause the network node 6 to determine S4 the at least one KPI for the communication session based on the merged S3 information.

[0051] According to another aspect of the present disclosure, there is provided a computer program product 80 comprising an embodiment of the computer program 81 of the present disclosure and a computer readable means 82 on which the computer program is stored.

[0052] Although the invention has been explained in relation to its preferred embodiment(s) as mentioned above, it is to be understood that many other possible modifications and variations can be made without departing from the scope of the present invention, which is defined by the claims.


Claims

1. A method of obtaining at least one Key Performance Indicator, KPI, for a communication session (11) of a radio device (2), which communication session is moved from a first Radio Access Technology, RAT, (3a) to a second RAT (3b), the method comprising:

extracting (S1) first information from at least a first log (20) associated with the first RAT by filtering information relating to communication sessions which have moved between RATs from other communication sessions in the first log, the first information comprising a session identifier, ID, (28) and a first time stamp (25) associated with the communication session (11);

extracting (S2) second information from a second log (40) associated with the second RAT by filtering information relating to communication sessions which have moved between RATs from other communication sessions in the second log, the second information comprising the session ID (28) and a second time stamp (47) associated with the communication session (11);

merging (S3) information relating to the session (11) of the extracted (S1, S2) first and second information with each other by means of the session ID (28) and the first and second time stamps (25, 47), using a predetermined time offset for relating the first and second time stamps (25, 47) to each other; and

determining (S4) the at least one KPI for the communication session based on the merged (S3) information.


 
2. The method of claim 1, wherein the extracting (S1) first information comprises obtaining (S1a) the session ID (28) from a third log (29) which is associated with the first RAT (3a).
 
3. The method of claim 2, wherein the third log (29) is a Cell Trace UE ID Mapping, CTUM, log.
 
4. The method of claim 2 or 3, wherein the session ID (28) is obtained by finding identification data (22, 23, 24, 25) of the communication session (11) in the third log (29) which is identical to corresponding identification data in the first log (20).
 
5. The method of claim 4, wherein the identification data comprises values of any or all of: evolved Node B, eNB, ID (22); eNB User Equipment, UE, S1 interface Application Part, SlAP, ID (23); Mobility Management Entity, MME, UE S1AP ID (24); and the first time stamp (25).
 
6. The method of any preceding claim, wherein the first RAT (3a) is Long Term Evolution, LTE and the first log (20) is a User Equipment Traffic Recording, UETR, log.
 
7. The method of any preceding claim, wherein the extracting (S1) first information comprises using an extended service request (26) and the extracting (S2) second information comprises using a Location Area Update, LAU, request (46).
 
8. The method of any preceding claim, wherein the second RAT (3b) is Wideband Code Division Multiple Access, WCDMA; Code Division Multiple Access, CDMA; or Global System for Mobile Communications, GSM and the second log (40) is a General Performance Event Handling, GPEH, log.
 
9. The method of any preceding claim, wherein the session (11) is moved as part of Circuit-Switched Fallback, CSFB; Single Radio Voice Call Continuity, SRVCC; or inter RAT data handover.
 
10. The method of any preceding claim, wherein the first information and second information, respectively, comprise information about network layer messages (27, 48) of the communication session (11).
 
11. The method of any preceding claim, wherein the session ID (28) comprises an International Mobile Subscriber Identity, IMSI, of the radio device (2).
 
12. The method of any preceding claim, wherein the communication session (11) is a voice call.
 
13. The method of any preceding claim, wherein the method is performed by a network node (6) outside of operator networks of the first and second RATs (3a, 3b), e.g. in a management network.
 
14. The method of any preceding claim, wherein the at least one KPI comprises any or all of: Call Success Rate, and Call Setup Time.
 
15. A network node (6) configured for obtaining at least one Key Performance Indicator, KPI, for a communication session (11) of a radio device (2), which communication session is moved from a first Radio Access Technology, RAT, (3a) to a second RAT (3b), the network node comprising:

processor circuitry (71); and

storage (72) storing instructions (81) executable by said processor circuitry whereby said network node is operative to:

extract first information from at least a first log (20) associated with the first RAT by filtering information relating to communication sessions which have moved between RATs from other communication sessions in the first log, the first information comprising a session identifier, ID, (28) and a first time stamp (25) associated with the communication session;

extract second information from a second log (40) associated with the second RAT by filtering information relating to communication sessions which have moved between RATs from other communication sessions in the second log, the second information comprising the session ID (28) and a second time stamp (47) associated with the communication session;

merge information relating to the session (11) of the extracted first and second information with each other by means of the session ID (28) and the first and second time stamps (25, 47), using a predetermined time offset for relating the first and second time stamps (25, 47) to each other; and

determine the at least one KPI for the communication session based on the merged information.


 
16. A computer program (81) for obtaining at least one Key Performance Indicator, KPI, for a communication session (11) of a radio device (2), which communication session is moved from a first Radio Access Technology, RAT, (3a) to a second RAT (3b), the computer program comprising computer program code which is able to, when run on processor circuitry (71) of a network node (6), cause the network node to:

extract (S1) first information from at least a first log (20) associated with the first RAT by filtering information relating to communication sessions which have moved between RATs from other communication sessions in the first log, the first information comprising a session identifier, ID, (28) and a first time stamp (25) associated with the communication session;

extract (S2) second information from a second log (40) associated with the second RAT by filtering information relating to communication sessions which have moved between RATs from other communication sessions in the second log, the second information comprising the session ID (28) and a second time stamp (47) associated with the communication session;

merge (S3) information relating to the session (11) of the extracted (S1, S2) first and second information with each other by means of the session ID (28) and the first and second time stamps (25, 47), using a predetermined time offset for relating the first and second time stamps (25, 47) to each other; and

determine (S4) the at least one KPI for the communication session based on the merged (S3) information.


 


Ansprüche

1. Verfahren zum Erhalten mindestens einer Leistungskennzahl, KPI, für eine Kommunikationssitzung (11) einer Funkvorrichtung (2), wobei die Kommunikationssitzung von einer ersten Funkzugangstechnologie, RAT, (3a) zu einer zweiten RAT (3b) bewegt wird, wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

Extrahieren (S1) von ersten Informationen aus mindestens einem ersten Protokoll (20), das mit der ersten RAT assoziiert ist, durch Filtern von Informationen in Bezug auf Kommunikationssitzungen, die zwischen RATs bewegt werden, aus anderen Kommunikationssitzungen im ersten Protokoll, wobei die ersten Informationen eine Sitzungskennung, ID, (28) und einen ersten Zeitstempel (25) umfassen, die mit der Kommunikationssitzung (11) assoziiert sind,

Extrahieren (S2) von zweiten Informationen aus mindestens einem zweiten Protokoll (40), das mit der zweiten RAT assoziiert ist, durch Filtern von Informationen in Bezug auf Kommunikationssitzungen, die zwischen RATs bewegt werden, aus anderen Kommunikationssitzungen im zweiten Protokoll, wobei die zweiten Informationen die Sitzungs-IDID (28) und einen zweiten Zeitstempel (47) umfassen, die mit der Kommunikationssitzung (11) assoziiert sind,

Vereinigen (S3) von Informationen in Bezug auf die Sitzung (11) der extrahierten (S1, S2) ersten und zweiten Informationen miteinander mittels der Sitzungs-ID (28) und des ersten und des zweiten Zeitstempels (25, 47) unter Verwendung eines vorbestimmten Zeitoffsets, um den ersten und den zweiten Zeitstempel (25, 47) miteinander in Beziehung zu setzen; und

Bestimmen (S4) der mindestens einen KPI für die Kommunikationssitzung basierend auf den vereinigten (S3) Informationen.


 
2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Extrahieren (S1) von ersten Informationen ein Erhalten (S1a) der Sitzungs-ID (28) aus einem dritten Protokoll (29) umfasst, das mit der ersten RAT (3a) assoziiert ist.
 
3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 2, wobei das dritte Protokoll (29) ein Protokoll zur Zellenverfolgung-UE-ID-Zuordnung, CTUM, ist.
 
4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 2 oder 3, wobei die Sitzungs-ID (28) durch Ermitteln von Identifikationsdaten (22, 23, 24, 25) der Kommunikationssitzung (11) im dritten Protokoll (29) erhalten wird, die mit entsprechenden Identifikationsdaten im ersten Protokoll (20) identisch sind.
 
5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 4, wobei die Identifikationsdaten Werte umfassen von einem oder allen von: einer ID (22) eines evolvierten Knotens B, eNB; einer ID (23) eines Anwendungsteils einer S1-Schnittstelle, S1AP, zwischen dem eNB und einer Benutzereinrichtung, UE; einer ID (24) eines S1APs zwischen einer Mobilitätsverwaltungsentität, MME, und der UE; und dem ersten Zeitstempel (25).
 
6. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die erste RAT (3a) Long Term Evolution, LTE, ist, und das erste Protokoll (20) ein Protokoll zur Benutzereinrichtungs-Verkehrsaufzeichnung, UETR, ist.
 
7. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Extrahieren (S1) von ersten Informationen ein Verwenden einer erweiterten Dienstanforderung (26) umfasst, und das Extrahieren (S2) von zweiten Informationen ein Verwenden einer Anforderung zur Aufenthaltsgebietsaktualisierung, LAU, (46) umfasst.
 
8. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die zweite RAT (3b) Breitband-Codemultiplexzugriff, WCDMA; Codemultiplexzugriff, CDMA; oder globales System für Mobilkommunikationen, GSM, ist, und das zweite Protokoll (40) ein General Performance Event Handling, GPEH,-Protokoll ist.
 
9. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Sitzung (11) als Teil von leitungsvermitteltem Fallback, CSFB; Einzelfunk-Sprachverbindungskontinuität, SRVCC, oder Inter-RAT-Datenweitergabe bewegt wird.
 
10. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die ersten Informationen und die zweiten Informationen jeweils Informationen über Netzwerkschichtnachrichten (27, 48) der Kommunikationssitzung (11) umfassen.
 
11. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Sitzungs-ID (28) eine internationale Mobilteilnehmerkennung, IMSI, des Funkdiensts (2) umfasst.
 
12. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Kommunikationssitzung (11) eine Sprachverbindung ist.
 
13. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Verfahren von einem Netzwerkknoten (6) außerhalb von Betreibernetzwerken der ersten und der zweiten RAT (3a, 3b), z. B. in einem Verwaltungsnetzwerk, durchgeführt wird.
 
14. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die mindestens eine KPI eine oder alle umfasst von: Verbindungserfolgsrate und Verbindungsaufbauzeit.
 
15. Netzwerkknoten (6), der zum Erhalten mindestens einer Leistungskennzahl, KPI, für eine Kommunikationssitzung (11) einer Funkvorrichtung (2) konfiguriert ist, wobei die Kommunikationssitzung von einer ersten Funkzugangstechnologie, RAT, (3a) zu einer zweiten RAT (3b) bewegt wird, wobei der Netzwerkknoten umfasst:

Prozessorschaltungsanordnung (71); und

einen Speicher (72), der Anweisungen (81) speichert, die von der Prozessorschaltungsanordnung ausgeführt werden können, wodurch der Netzwerkknoten ausgelegt ist zum:

Extrahieren von ersten Informationen aus mindestens einem ersten Protokoll (20), das mit der ersten RAT assoziiert ist, durch Filtern von Informationen in Bezug auf Kommunikationssitzungen, die zwischen RATs bewegt werden, aus anderen Kommunikationssitzungen im ersten Protokoll, wobei die ersten Informationen eine Sitzungskennung, ID, (28) und einen ersten Zeitstempel (25) umfassen, die mit der Kommunikationssitzung assoziiert sind;

Extrahieren von zweiten Informationen aus mindestens einem zweiten Protokoll (40), das mit der zweiten RAT assoziiert ist, durch Filtern von Informationen in Bezug auf Kommunikationssitzungen, die zwischen RATs bewegt werden, aus anderen Kommunikationssitzungen im zweiten Protokoll, wobei die zweiten Informationen die Sitzungs-ID (28) und einen zweiten Zeitstempel (47) umfassen, die mit der Kommunikationssitzung assoziiert sind;

Vereinigen von Informationen in Bezug auf die Sitzung (11) der extrahierten ersten und zweiten Informationen miteinander mittels der Sitzungs-ID (28) und des ersten und des zweiten Zeitstempels (25, 47) unter Verwendung eines vorbestimmten Zeitoffsets, um den ersten und den zweiten Zeitstempel (25, 47) miteinander in Beziehung zu setzen; und

Bestimmen der mindestens einen KPI für die Kommunikationssitzung basierend auf den vereinigten Informationen.


 
16. Computerprogramm (81) zum Erhalten mindestens einer Leistungskennzahl, KPI, für eine Kommunikationssitzung (11) einer Funkvorrichtung (2), wobei die Kommunikationssitzung von einer ersten Funkzugangstechnologie, RAT, (3a) zu einer zweiten RAT (3b) bewegt wird, das Computerprogramm Computerprogrammcode umfasst, der bei Ausführung auf einer Prozessorschaltungsanordnung (71) eines Netzwerkknotens (6) in der Lage ist, den Netzwerkknoten zu veranlassen zum:

Extrahieren (S1) von ersten Informationen aus mindestens einem ersten Protokoll (20), das mit der ersten RAT assoziiert ist, durch Filtern von Informationen in Bezug auf Kommunikationssitzungen, die zwischen RATs bewegt werden, aus anderen Kommunikationssitzungen im ersten Protokoll, wobei die ersten Informationen eine Sitzungskennung, ID, (28) und einen ersten Zeitstempel (25) umfassen, die mit der Kommunikationssitzung; assoziiert sind,

Extrahieren (S2) von zweiten Informationen aus mindestens einem zweiten Protokoll (40), das mit der zweiten RAT assoziiert ist, durch Filtern von Informationen in Bezug auf Kommunikationssitzungen, die zwischen RATs bewegt werden, aus anderen Kommunikationssitzungen im zweiten Protokoll, wobei die zweiten Informationen die Sitzungs-ID (28) und einen zweiten Zeitstempel (47) umfassen, die mit der Kommunikationssitzung assoziiert sind;

Vereinigen (S3) von Informationen in Bezug auf die Sitzung (11) der extrahierten (S1, S2) ersten und zweiten Informationen miteinander mittels der Sitzungs-ID (28) und des ersten und des zweiten Zeitstempels (25, 47) unter Verwendung eines vorbestimmten Zeitoffsets, um den ersten und den zweiten Zeitstempel (25, 47) miteinander in Beziehung zu setzen; und

Bestimmen (S4) der mindestens einen KPI für die Kommunikationssitzung basierend auf den vereinigten (S3) Informationen.


 


Revendications

1. Procédé d'obtention d'au moins un indicateur de performance clé, KPI, pour une session de communication (11) d'un dispositif radio (2), la session de communication étant déplacée d'une première technologie d'accès radio, RAT, (3a) à une deuxième RAT (3b), le procédé comprenant :

l'extraction (S1) de premières informations depuis au moins un premier journal (20) associé à la première RAT par le filtrage d'informations relatives à des sessions de communication qui ont été déplacées entre des RAT depuis d'autres sessions de communication dans le premier journal, les premières informations comprenant un identifiant, ID, de session (28) et un premier horodatage (25) associé à la session de communication (11) ;

l'extraction (S2) de deuxièmes informations depuis un deuxième journal (40) associé à la deuxième RAT par le filtrage d'informations relatives à des sessions de communication qui ont été déplacées entre des RAT depuis d'autres sessions de communication dans le deuxième journal, les deuxièmes informations comprenant l'ID de session (28) et un deuxième horodatage (47) associé à la session de communication (11) ;

la fusion (S3) d'informations relatives à la session (11) des premières et deuxièmes informations (S1, S2) extraites entre elles au moyen de l'ID de session (28) et des premier et deuxième horodatages (25, 47), en utilisant un décalage de temps prédéterminé pour mettre les premier et deuxième horodatages (25, 47) en relation l'un avec l'autre ; et

la détermination (S4) de l'au moins un KPI pour la session de communication sur la base des informations (S3) fusionnées.


 
2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'extraction (S1) de premières informations comprend l'obtention (S1a) de l'ID de session (28) depuis un troisième journal (29) qui est associé à la première RAT (3a).
 
3. Procédé selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le troisième journal (29) est un journal de mise en concordance de trace de cellule et d'ID d'UE, CTUM.
 
4. Procédé selon la revendication 2 ou 3, dans lequel l'ID de session (28) est obtenu en trouvant des données d'identification (22, 23, 24, 25) de la session de communication (11) dans le troisième journal (29) qui sont identiques à des données d'identification correspondantes dans le premier journal (20).
 
5. Procédé selon la revendication 4, dans lequel les données d'identification comprennent des valeurs de l'un quelconque ou de l'intégralité de ce qui suit : ID de nœud B évolué, eNB, (22) ; ID de partie d'application d'interface S1, S1AP, d'équipement d'utilisateur, UE, d'eNB (23) ; ID de S1AP d'UE d'entité de gestion de mobilité, MME, (24) ; et le premier horodatage (25).
 
6. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la première RAT (3a) est l'évolution à long terme, LTE, et le premier journal (20) est un journal d'enregistrement de trafic d'équipement d'utilisateur, UETR.
 
7. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'extraction (S1) de premières informations comprend l'utilisation d'une demande de service étendu (26) et l'extraction (S2) des deuxièmes informations comprend l'utilisation d'une demande de mise à jour de zone d'emplacement, LAU, (46).
 
8. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la deuxième RAT (3b) est l'un de ce qui suit : accès multiples par répartition de code à bande large, WCDMA ; accès multiples par répartition de code, CDMA ; ou système mondial de communication mobiles, GSM, et le deuxième journal (40) est un journal de gestion d'événements de performances générales, GPEH.
 
9. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la session (11) est déplacée dans le cadre de l'un de ce qui suit : repli à commutation de circuits, CSFB ; continuité d'appel vocal radio unique, SRVCC ; ou transfert intercellulaire de données inter-RAT.
 
10. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les premières informations et les deuxièmes informations comprennent respectivement des informations relatives à des messages de couche de réseau (27, 48) de la session de communication (11).
 
11. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'ID de session (28) comprend une identité internationale d'abonné mobile, IMSI, du dispositif radio (2).
 
12. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la session de communication (11) est un appel vocal.
 
13. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le procédé est réalisé par un nœud de réseau (6) à l'extérieur de réseaux d'opérateur des première et deuxième RAT (3a, 3b), par exemple dans un réseau de gestion.
 
14. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'au moins un KPI comprend l'un ou les deux de ce qui suit : taux de réussite d'appel, et temps d'établissement d'appel.
 
15. Nœud de réseau (6) configuré pour l'obtention d'au moins un indicateur de performance clé, KPI, pour une session de communication (11) d'un dispositif radio (2), la session de communication étant déplacée d'une première technologie d'accès radio, RAT, (3a) à une deuxième RAT (3b), le nœud de réseau comprenant :

une circuiterie de processeur (71) ; et

une mémoire (72) mémorisant des instructions (81) exécutables par ladite circuiterie de processeur de telle manière que ledit nœud de réseau soit opérationnel pour réaliser :

l'extraction de premières informations depuis au moins un premier journal (20) associé à la première RAT par le filtrage d'informations relatives à des sessions de communication qui ont été déplacées entre des RAT depuis d'autres sessions de communication dans le premier journal, les premières informations comprenant un identifiant, ID, de session (28) et un premier horodatage (25) associé à la session de communication ;

l'extraction de deuxièmes informations depuis un deuxième journal (40) associé à la deuxième RAT par le filtrage d'informations relatives à des sessions de communication qui ont été déplacées entre des RAT depuis d'autres sessions de communication dans le deuxième journal, les deuxièmes informations comprenant l'ID de session (28) et un deuxième horodatage (47) associé à la session de communication ;

la fusion d'informations relatives à la session (11) des premières et deuxièmes informations extraites entre elles au moyen de l'ID de session (28) et des premier et deuxième horodatages (25, 47), en utilisant un décalage de temps prédéterminé pour mettre les premier et deuxième horodatages (25, 47) en relation l'un avec l'autre ; et

la détermination de l'au moins un KPI pour la session de communication sur la base des informations fusionnées.


 
16. Programme informatique (81) permettant l'obtention d'au moins un indicateur de performance clé, KPI, pour une session de communication (11) d'un dispositif radio (2), la session de communication étant déplacée d'une première technologie d'accès radio, RAT, (3a) à une deuxième RAT (3b), le programme informatique comprenant un code de programme informatique qui est apte, lorsqu'il est exécuté sur une circuiterie de processeur (71) d'un nœud de réseau (6), à amener le nœud de réseau à réaliser :

l'extraction (S1) de premières informations depuis au moins un premier journal (20) associé à la première RAT par le filtrage d'informations relatives à des sessions de communication qui ont été déplacées entre des RAT depuis d'autres sessions de communication dans le premier journal, les premières informations comprenant un identifiant, ID, de session (28) et un premier horodatage (25) associé à la session de communication ;

l'extraction (S2) de deuxièmes informations depuis un deuxième journal (40) associé à la deuxième RAT par le filtrage d'informations relatives à des sessions de communication qui ont été déplacées entre des RAT depuis d'autres sessions de communication dans le deuxième journal, les deuxièmes informations comprenant l'ID de session (28) et un deuxième horodatage (47) associé à la session de communication ;

la fusion (S3) d'informations relatives à la session (11) des premières et deuxièmes informations (S1, S2) extraites entre elles au moyen de l'ID de session (28) et des premier et deuxième horodatages (25, 47), en utilisant un décalage de temps prédéterminé pour mettre les premier et deuxième horodatages (25, 47) en relation l'un avec l'autre ; et

la détermination (S4) de l'au moins un KPI pour la session de communication sur la base des informations (S3) fusionnées.


 




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REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description