(19)
(11)EP 3 375 373 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
19.09.2018 Bulletin 2018/38

(21)Application number: 18161652.5

(22)Date of filing:  14.03.2018
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A61B 6/00  (2006.01)
G16H 40/60  (2018.01)
A61B 6/14  (2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 17.03.2017 US 201715462399

(71)Applicant: PaloDEx Group Oy
04300 Tuusula (FI)

(72)Inventors:
  • Rintamäki, Markus Kristian
    04300 Tuusula (FI)
  • Suuronen, Esa
    04200 Kerava (FI)

(74)Representative: Thun, Clemens 
Mitscherlich PartmbB Patent- und Rechtsanwälte Sonnenstraße 33
80331 München
80331 München (DE)

  


(54)AUTOMATIC PROTOCOL SELECTION FOR AN IMAGING DEVICE


(57) A method of automatically determining an imaging protocol. The method includes receiving, via a user-interface, a scan request. The scan request includes a region-of-interest definition. The method further includes determining, via a controller, an imaging protocol based on the scan request, and performing, via an imaging device, a scan of a patient based on the imaging protocol.




Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] Embodiments relate to dental imaging.

SUMMARY



[0002] Typically, a dental image of a patient is initially requested by a dentist. Often times, such a request is made manually (for example, orally or in writing). An operator then performs the imaging of the patient based on the request. The imaging of the patient is performed manually by the operator, and is mainly based on the know-how of the operator. Such a procedure can lead to mistakes and/or errors in the imaging of the patient.

[0003] Thus, in one embodiment, the invention provides a method of automatically determining an imaging protocol. The method includes receiving, via a user-interface, a scan request. The scan request includes a region-of-interest definition. The method further includes determining, via a controller and based on the scan request, at least one selected from the group consisting of an imaging protocol and an imaging parameter; and performing, via an imaging device, a scan of a patient based on the imaging protocol.

[0004] In another embodiment the invention provides an imaging system including a user-interface, a controller, and an imaging device. The controller includes a processor and a memory, the controller is configured to receive, from the user-interface, a scan request. The scan request includes a region-of-interest definition. The controller is further configured to determine, based on the scan request, at least one selected from the group consisting of an imaging protocol and an imaging parameter. The imaging device is configured to perform a scan of a patient based on the imaging protocol.

[0005] Other aspects of various embodiments will become apparent by consideration of the detailed description and accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0006] 

Fig. 1 is a block diagram illustrating an imaging system according to some embodiments.

Fig. 2 is a flow chart illustrating a process of the system of Fig. 1 according to some embodiments.

Fig. 3 illustrates a scan request page of a graphical user-interface for use with the system of Fig. 1 according to some embodiments.

Fig. 4 illustrates a mapping table for use with the system of Fig. 1 according to some embodiments.

Fig. 5 is a flow chart illustrating a process of the system of Fig. 1 according to some embodiments.

Fig. 6 illustrates a worklist page of a graphical user-interface for use with the system of Fig. 1 according to some embodiments


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0007] Before any embodiments are explained in detail, it is to be understood that these embodiments are not limited in their application to the details of construction and the arrangement of components set forth in the following description or illustrated in the following drawings. Other embodiments are possible and the embodiments described are capable being practiced or of being carried out in various ways.

[0008] Fig. 1 illustrates an imaging system 100 for capturing, processing, and analyzing dental imaging scans. In the example shown, the system 100 includes a controller 105 having an electronic processor 110 and a memory 115. The memory 115 stores instructions executable by the processor 110. In some instances, the controller 105 includes, for example, one or more of a microprocessor, digital signal processor (DSP), and field programmable gate array (FPGA), application specific integrated circuit (ASIC).

[0009] The controller 105 is electrically and/or communicatively coupled to an image capture device 120, a first user-interface 125, and a network 130. The image capture device 120 may be an x-ray imaging device, a computer tomography (CT) scanner, an optical surface scanner, or any other type of imaging modality scanner or imaging device configured to capture two-dimensional and/or three-dimensional images. Images captured by the image capture device 120 may be stored in memory 115 for, among other things, analysis and manipulation. Depending on the imaging modality, these digital renderings can include two or three dimensional geometrical data as well as other information including, for example, color, shade, and texture.

[0010] In the illustrated embodiment, the image capture device 120 is communicatively coupled to the controller 105 via network 130. In such an embodiment, the image capture device 120 may be located remotely from the controller 105. In other embodiments, the user interface 125, controller 105, and imaging capturing device 120 are communicatively coupled to one another via network 130 or the imaging capturing device 120 may be located proximate the controller 105 and a communicative connection between the image capture device 120 and the controller 105 need not be through network 130. In yet another embodiment, the controller 105 may be embedded within the image capture device 120.

[0011] The user-interface 125 receives input from a user and/or provides information to the user. The user-interface 125 may include one or more of the following: a display (for example, a liquid crystal display (LCD)); one or more light emitting diodes (LEDs) or other illumination devices; one or more input devices (for example, a keyboard, a mouse, a touch screen, a camera, a microphone, etc.); speakers for audible feedback (e.g., audible sounds, computer-generated voice messages, etc.); tactile feedback devices , for example, vibration devices that cause vibration; or other feedback devices.

[0012] The network 130 may be a local area network, a wide area network, or a combination of connections provided by such networks. All or part of the network 130 may be implemented via the Internet. In some embodiments, a second user-interface 135 may be communicatively coupled to the controller 105 via the network 130. In such an embodiment, the second user-interface 135 may be substantially similar to, and configured to perform similar functions as, the first user-interface 125. Furthermore, in some embodiments, the controller 105, image capture device 120, first user-interface 125, and second user-interface 135 are communicatively coupled to each other through the network 130. In yet another embodiments, the first user-interface 125 or the second user-interface 135 may be embedded within the image capture device 120. In some embodiments, additional user-interfaces, beyond the first user-interface 125 and the second user-interface 135, may be used.

[0013] Fig. 2 illustrates a process, or operation, 200 of the system 100 according to some embodiments. It should be understood that the order of the steps disclosed in process 200 could vary. Although illustrated as occurring in parallel order, in other embodiments, the steps disclosed may be performed in serial order. Furthermore, additional steps may be added to the process and not all of the steps may be required. A first user (for example, a dentist) initiates a scan, or acquisition, request (block 205).

[0014] Fig. 3 illustrates an exemplary scan request page 300 of a graphical user-interface for initiating a scan request by a user. In some embodiments, the user accesses the scan request page 300 via user-interface 125. In other embodiments, the user accesses the scan request page 300 via a second user-interface through network 130. Scan request 300 may include, among other things, a patient identification (for example, a patient name, a patient identification number, photograph, fingerprint, retinal scan, facial recognition, and/or other biometric data, etc.); a modality selection 305; a resolution selection 310; a region selection 315; and a notes section 320. The modality selection 305 allows the user to select a modality. Although illustrated as including an intraoral selection, a panoramic selection, a cephalometric selection, a cone-beam three-dimensional (CB3D) dental selection, and a CB3D skull selection, the modality selection 305 may include additional selections. The resolution selection 310 allows the user to select a resolution of the requested scan. The region selection, or region-of-interest definition, 315 allows the user to select one or more regions of the patient to be included in the scan. For example, the region selection 315 may include defining an anatomic place (for example, from a head area). The regions may include, but are not limited to, a single tooth, a range of teeth, a jaw, both jaws, and a whole dentition and temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Although illustrated as including an image, in other embodiments, region selection 315 may be, or include, a numeral input (for example, a number of a tooth or numbers of teeth), a textural input (for example, a name of a tooth or names of teeth), a voice command, a selection from a list of teeth, or other method of controlling the user-interface. The notes section 320 allows the user to include additional notes within the scan request.

[0015] Returning to Fig. 2, the scan request is stored (block 210). In some embodiments, the scan request is stored in memory 115. In other embodiments, the scan request is stored in a memory of a server via network 130. An imaging protocol based on the scan request is then determined (block 215). In some embodiments, the imaging protocol is further based on the type of image capturing device used. The imaging protocol includes, among other things, a field-of view. In some embodiments, the imaging protocol includes a field-of-view size and a field-of view position. By automatically determining the imaging protocol, system 100 provides a more expedient image capture with higher accuracy over previously-known systems.

[0016] Fig. 4 illustrates a mapping table according to some embodiments. In some embodiments, the field-of-view and other various image parameters are determined using the mapping table 400. In the illustrated embodiments, mapping table 400 includes a plurality of device columns 405a-405e corresponding to a plurality of image capturing devices (for example, image capture device 120). The mapping table 400 further includes a selection column 410. In the illustrated embodiment, selection column 410 includes a plurality of modality selection sections 415a-415d corresponding to various modalities. In operation, the controller 105 receives a modality selection and a region selection from the scan request. The controller 105 then uses the mapping table 400 to select a corresponding modality selection section (for example, any one of modality selection sections 415a-415d) based on the modality selection of the scan request. Within the corresponding modality selection section, the controller 105 then selects a corresponding region based on the region selection of the scan request. A field-of-view, as well as other image parameters (for example, resolution, image processing parameters, reconstruction algorithm, artifact removal), and/or technique factors (for example, kV, mA, scan time, etc.), may then be determined for a variety of image capturing devices (for example, Device 1, Device 2, etc.) for the selected modality and region. The specific field-of-view, as well as the other image parameters, are then determined based on the type of image capture device used.

[0017] Fig. 5 illustrates a process, or operation, 500 for performing the scan of the patient according to some embodiments. It should be understood that the order of the steps disclosed in process 200 could vary. Although illustrated as occurring in parallel order, in other embodiments, the steps disclosed may be performed in serial order. Furthermore, additional steps may be added to the process and not all of the steps may be required. Process 500 may be performed using the first user-interface 125 and/or the second user-interface 135. The process 500, which refers to scanning the patient (for example, taking an image of the patient) is typically performed using one of the user-interfaces. However, the system may include multiple user-interfaces (for example, the first user-interface 125 can be in multiple dental operatories or treatment rooms). Additionally, in some embodiments, the first user-interface 125 and/or the second user-interface 135 may be a user-interface having no memory requirement for performing the operations described herein.

[0018] When the patient is ready to be scanned, a second user (for example, a dental assistant) selects the patient from a worklist (block 505). Accordingly, the step of receiving a patient selection is performed via second user interface 135. In some embodiments, the first user and the second user may be the same and, thus, also the first user-interface 125 and the second user-interface 135 are the same; while in other embodiments, the first and second users may be different. Additionally, in some embodiments, the first user may be located at a first location, while the second user may be located at a second different location. For example, a dentist located at a first location (for example, a first dentist office) may request a scan to be performed at a second location (for example, a second dentist office or an imaging facility). Additionally, in some embodiments, the first and second locations may be located in different rooms of the same office. In another example, a dentist located at the first location may request a first scan to be performed at the second location and a second scan to be performed at a third location. Additionally, the first user may include more than one users (for example, more than one, or multiple, dentists) using one or more user-interfaces, while the second user may also include more than one users using one or more user-interfaces.

[0019] Fig. 6 illustrates an exemplary worklist page 600 of a graphical user-interface for selecting a patient from a worklist. In the illustrated embodiment, the second user selects the patient to be scanned from the worklist page 600. The worklist page may include one or more patients as well as patient identifying information (for example, name, identification number, gender, age), and selected modality. In some embodiments, the second user may be able to filter the patients using filters or text searching. In another embodiment, the second user may identify the patient, for example, by scanning an identity card containing a barcode or electronic memory. In yet another embodiment, the patient may be identified based on biometric data (for example, fingerprint, retinal scan, and/or facial recognition).

[0020] Returning to Fig. 5, once a patient is selected, the imaging protocol is set automatically (block 510). As discussed above, the imaging protocol may be set (for example, using the mapping table 400) based on the scan request, as well as the image capturing device 120 being used to scan the patient. In some embodiments, in addition to or instead of the mapping table, other means or algorithms may be used for selecting the scan protocol and/or scan parameters. For example, fuzzy logic, artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms, and/or machine learning algorithms. In some embodiments, the previously-determined imaging protocol overrides any default settings of the image capturing device 120. In some embodiments, the second user may make additions and/or changes to the image capture beyond the previously-determined imaging protocol (for example, changes to an exposure value, technique factors, etc.). The second user then positions the patient to the image capturing device 120 and/or otherwise prepares the patient to be ready for taking the image or images (block 515). The image is taken by the image capturing device 120 (block 520). In some embodiments, before the image is taken, a scout, or preview, image may be displayed to the second user. In such an embodiment, based on the scout image, the user can see if there is a need for any changes to the image parameters or field-of-view. The image is then output (block 525). In some embodiments, the image is output and stored in memory 115.

[0021] Thus, embodiments provide, among other things, a system and method for automatically determining an imaging protocol for an imaging device. Various features and advantages of the invention are set forth in the following claims.


Claims

1. A method of automatically determining an imaging protocol, the method comprising:

receiving (205), via a user-interface (125), a scan request including a region-of-interest definition;

determining (215), via a controller (105) and based on the scan request, at least one selected from the group consisting of an imaging protocol and an imaging parameter; and

performing (220), via an imaging device (120), a scan of a patient based on the imaging protocol.


 
2. The method of claim 1, wherein the region-of-interest definition includes at least one selected from the group consisting of a single tooth, a range of teeth, a jaw, both jaws, and a whole dentition and temporomandibular joint (TMJ).
 
3. The method of claim 1, wherein the scan request further includes a modality selection.
 
4. The method of claim 1, wherein the user-interface (125) is located at a first location and the imaging device (120) is located at a second location.
 
5. The method of claim 1, wherein the step of determining (215), via the controller (105), the imaging protocol based on the scan request includes determining a field-of-view.
 
6. The method of claim 5, wherein the field-of-view is based on a region-of-interest definition.
 
7. The method of claim 5, wherein the field-of-view includes at least one selected from the group consisting of a field-of-view size and a field-of-view position.
 
8. The method of claim 1, wherein the step of determining (215), via the controller (105), the imaging protocol based on the scan request includes determining at least one selected from the group consisting of an image parameter and a technique factor.
 
9. The method of claim 1, wherein the region-of-interest definition includes at least one selected from the group consisting of a name of a tooth, a number of a tooth, a selection from a list, and an input from a user.
 
10. An imaging system comprising:

a user-interface (125);

a controller (105) including a processor (110) and a memory (115), the controller (105) configured to

receive, from the user-interface (125), a scan request including a region-of interest definition, and

determine at least one selected from the group consisting of an imaging protocol and an imaging parameter, the determination based on the scan request; and

an imaging device (120), the imaging device configured to perform a scan of a patient based on the imaging protocol.


 
11. The imaging system of claim 10, wherein the region-of-interest definition including at least one selected from the group consisting of a single tooth, a range of teeth, a jaw, both jaws, and a whole dentition and temporomandibular joint (TMJ).
 
12. The imaging system of claim 10, wherein the scan request further includes a modality selection.
 
13. The imaging system of claim 10, wherein the user-interface (125) is located at a first location and the imaging device (120) is located at a second location.
 
14. The imaging system of claim 10, wherein the controller (105) is further configured to receive a patient selection.
 
15. The imaging system of claim 10, wherein the controller determining the imaging protocol based on the scan request includes determining a field-of-view.
 
16. The imaging system of claim 15, wherein the field-of-view is based on a region-of interest definition.
 
17. The imaging system of claim 15, wherein the field-of-view includes at least one selected from the group consisting of a field-of-view size and a field-of-view position.
 
18. The imaging system of claim 10, wherein the controller determining the imaging protocol based on the scan request includes determining at least one selected from the group consisting of an image parameter and a technique factor.
 
19. The imaging system of claim 10, wherein the region-of-interest definition includes at least one selected from the group consisting of a name of a tooth, a number of a tooth, a selection from a list, and an input from a user.
 




Drawing