(19)
(11)EP 3 376 014 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
09.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/37

(21)Application number: 17199075.7

(22)Date of filing:  30.10.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F02M 25/08(2006.01)
B01D 25/02(2006.01)
B01D 53/04(2006.01)
F02M 35/02(2006.01)
B01D 53/02(2006.01)

(54)

ASSEMBLING SUPPORT FOR FUEL VAPOR CANISTER OF VEHICLE

MONTAGETRÄGER FÜR KRAFTSTOFFDAMPFKANISTER EINES FAHRZEUGS

SUPPORT D'ASSEMBLAGE POUR RÉSERVOIR DE VAPEUR DE CARBURANT DE VÉHICULE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 16.03.2017 KR 20170033010

(43)Date of publication of application:
19.09.2018 Bulletin 2018/38

(73)Proprietor: LEEHAN Corporation
Hwaseong-si, Gyeonggi-do 18542 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • Park, Min Young
    16556 Suwon-si Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • Cho, Cheong Yong
    14998 Gyeonggi-do (KR)

(74)Representative: Fiesser, Gerold Michael et al
Mathys & Squire Maximilianstraße 35 Eingang A
80539 München
80539 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
DE-A1-102015 201 339
US-A1- 2012 024 158
US-A1- 2016 341 156
US-A1- 2011 146 494
US-A1- 2013 319 247
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


    1. Field of the invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to a support, and more particularly, to an assembled support for supporting an adsorbent that is applied to a canister apparatus of a vehicle in order to adsorb evaporated hydrocarbons.

    2. Description of the Prior Art



    [0002] Evaporation gases generated from the vehicle cause diurnal breathing loss (DBL) while the vehicle is parked, hot soak loss (HSL) when the vehicle is stopped after driving, and running loss (RL) while the vehicle is being driven. The increasing development of eco-friendly vehicles brings about a gradual increase in the battery usage and a gradual decrease in the operation of an engine. The result thereof is decreased engine purging activity. A canister system installed in the vehicle requires modification thereto due to such reduction in the amount of engine purge.

    [0003] FIG. 1 is a view schematically showing a conventional canister 10 of a vehicle. Referring to FIG. 1, the canister 10 has a housing 11 filled with activated carbon. An inlet 12, an outlet 13, and an air inlet 14 are formed in the upper portion of the housing 11. The inlet 12 is a passage through which evaporation gases flow from a fuel tank. The outlet 13 is a passage through which evaporation gases are discharged to an intake of an engine during the operation of the engine. The air inlet 14 is a passage for introducing air from the outside into the canister 10 or discharging evaporation gases adsorbed onto the activated carbon to the outside when the engine is turned off.

    [0004] Recently, the housing 11 of the canister 10 has been changed to adopt a main canister 10a and an auxiliary canister 10b. The main canister 10a adsorbs and stores evaporation gases on activated carbon stored therein. The auxiliary canister 10b recollects the evaporation gases that have not been collected by the main canister 10a in order to thereby collect the hydrocarbon in redundant manner. The auxiliary canister 10b is used in order to conform to US environmental regulations, such as LEV-III and PZEV, Chinese environmental regulations, Korean environmental regulations (KLEV3), and the like. The main canister 10a and the auxiliary canister 10b are installed so as to communicate with each other. As shown in FIG. 1, the main canister 10a and the auxiliary canister 10b may be integrally formed with internal compartments. Alternatively, the housing of the auxiliary canister 10b may be separated from the housing of the main canister 10a, and they may be configured to communicate with each other.

    [0005] Meanwhile, a honeycomb-type monolith support coated with a hydrocarbon adsorbent is often employed as a collecting member disposed in the auxiliary canister 10b. Such a monolith support is generally formed of ceramic or metal. In an embodiment, the monolith support is formed in a cylindrical shape and is provided with honeycomb-type air vents therein. A hydrocarbon adsorbent is coated on the surfaces of the air vents in order to thereby collect hydrocarbons passing through the monolith support. The performance of the monolith support depends on the length and width (such as the diameter) of the monolith support, the number or density of air vents, and the like, as well as the hydrocarbon adsorbent.

    [0006] The problem is that there are as many types of canisters as there are vehicles. The shape of the canister varies with the model of the car. If the shape of the canister is changed, the length and width (such as a diameter) of the monolith support provided in the canister are required to be designed differently. However, the cost of the monolith support is relatively high. Thus, it is very difficult to manufacture monolith supports optimized for each canister type in manufacturing various types of canisters because of the increase in the cost thereof.

    [Patent References]



    [0007] Patent 1: Korean Patent No. 10-0762051 (published on 18 AUG 2004) Further supports are shown by US 2016341156 A1, DE 102015201339 A1, US 2011146494 and US 2012024158. J

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0008] The present invention provides a support for a canister of a vehicle, which can be assembled to have a desired length and width (or diameter) and can facilitate the application of two or more kinds of hydrocarbon adsorbents because a plurality of members are formed to be coupled.

    [0009] The present invention is provided according to claim 1.

    [0010] The cladding member may further include at least one pair of second protrusions configured to be formed on an outer surface of the outer body along the longitudinal direction thereof so as to face each other.

    [0011] In addition, the core member and the cladding member may be formed of a foamed plastic having flame retardancy, and the surfaces of one or more members selected from the core members and the cladding members are coated with a hydrocarbon adsorbent different from that coated on the surfaces of the remaining members that are not selected.

    [0012] The assembled support for a canister of a vehicle, according to embodiments of the present invention, can provide supports having a variety of lengths depending on the size of a canister housing by allowing a plurality of core members or cladding members to be coupled in the longitudinal direction to form a support.

    [0013] In addition, the width (or diameter) of the support can be adjusted by providing cladding members to be coupled to the outer surfaces of core members, thereby providing a support having various widths (or diameters) depending on the size of a canister housing. Therefore, since it can be applied to various types of canisters, price competitiveness is excellent.

    [0014] In addition, since the core members and the cladding members are formed of a foamed plastic having flame retardancy, the manufacturing cost is lower than that of a ceramic or metal material, thereby contributing to price competitiveness of the product.

    [0015] Further, since the support is manufactured by coupling the core member and the cladding member, which are coated with different kinds of hydrocarbon adsorbents, it is possible to easily realize an effect of improving the adsorption efficiency by means of a combination of two or more hydrocarbon adsorbents.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0016] The above and other aspects, features, and advantages of the present invention will be more apparent from the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

    FIG. 1 is a view schematically illustrating a typical vehicle canister, not forming part of the invention;

    FIG. 2 is a view illustrating an example of core members in an assembled support for adsorbing hydrocarbons, according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 3 is a view illustrating a support formed by coupling the core members of FIG. 2;

    FIG. 4, not forming part of the invention, is a view illustrating various modifications of a body and a first partition of the core member shown in FIG. 2;

    FIG. 5 is a view illustrating another modification of the core member of FIG. 2;

    FIG. 6 is a view illustrating an example of cladding members in an assembled support for adsorbing hydrocarbons, according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 7, not forming part of the invention, is a view illustrating various modifications of a body and a second partition of the cladding member shown in FIG. 6; and

    FIG. 8 is a view illustrating a support formed by coupling the core members of FIG. 2 and the cladding members of FIG. 4.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EXEMPLARY EMBODIMENTS



    [0017] Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. It should be understood that the following description is made of the present invention through a specific example . In addition, the accompanying drawings are provided to help in understanding the present invention.

    [0018] FIG. 2 is a view showing an example of core members 100 in an assembled support for adsorbing hydrocarbons (hereinafter, referred to as an assembled support), according to an embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 3 is a view illustrating a support formed by coupling a plurality of core members 100 of FIG. 2.

    [0019] Referring to FIGs. 2 and 3, an assembled support, according to embodiments of the present invention, is formed by coupling a plurality of core members 100 in the longitudinal direction. For example, the respective core members 100 of FIG. 2 may be longitudinally coupled to form an assembled support, as shown in FIG. 3. Although FIGs. 2 and 3 show three core members 100 and the coupled state thereof, any number of core members 100 greater than or equal to two may be coupled to each other, and the number thereof is not particularly limited. As described above, there are various types of canisters, and the length required for the assembled support for adsorbing hydrocarbons provided in the canister may vary depending thereon. The assembled support, according to the present invention, can be flexibly used for various kinds of canisters because the support can be formed to conform to the length required for the canister by coupling the core members 100.

    [0020] Hereinafter, detailed components of the core member 100 will be described.

    [0021] The core member 100 includes a body 110, at least one pair of first coupling protrusions 130 formed on the body 110, and at least one pair of first coupling protrusion receiving portions 140 formed on the body 110.

    [0022] The body 110 may be formed in a cylindrical or polygonal shape. In this regard, FIGs. 2 and 3 show the body 110 formed in a cylindrical shape. A plurality of first partitions 120 are formed on the inner side of the body 110.

    [0023] The plurality of first partitions 120 are formed in the form of a honeycomb grid, thereby enabling ventilation therethrough. The size of the grid is not specified. For example, 16 to 180 vent holes may be formed through the grid on the basis of a cross-sectional circle of the body 110. As the number of vent holes is reduced close to 16, the size of the grid will be larger, and as the number of the vent holes increases close to 180, the size of the grid will be smaller.

    [0024] At least one pair of first coupling protrusions 130 is provided on the rim of one end of the body 110 so as to face each other. For example, the first coupling protrusions 130 are formed in a manner such that protrusions having a predetermined height are provided on a part of the rim of one end of the body 110. Since the rim of the body 110 has a thickness, the protrusions can be provided. In an example, not forming part of the invention, the first coupling protrusions 130 may be integrally formed with the body 110. For example, the first coupling protrusions 130 may be formed in the upper and lower portions of a front end of the body 110, respectively, as shown in FIG. 2. Alternatively, unlike the configuration of FIG. 2, the first coupling protrusions may be formed in the upper, lower, left, and right portions of a front end of the body 110, respectively (two pairs in total). Like the body 110, a honeycomb-type partition may be formed in the first coupling protrusions 130, or may not be formed therein. The first coupling protrusions 130 are received in the first coupling protrusion receiving portions 140, which will be described later, whereby one core member 100 is coupled to another core member 100.

    [0025] At least one pair of first coupling protrusion receiving portions 140 is provided on the rim of the other end of the body 110 so as to face each other. For example, the first coupling protrusion receiving portion 140 may be formed in a manner such that a receiving groove having a depth is provided on a part of the rim of the other end of the body 110. Since the rim of the body 110 has a thickness, the receiving groove can be provided.

    [0026] In an example, not forming part of the invention, the first coupling protrusion receiving portions 140 may be integrally formed with the body 110. For example, the first coupling protrusion receiving portions 140 may be formed in the upper and lower portions of a rear end of the body 110, respectively, as shown in FIG. 2. Alternatively, unlike the configuration of FIG. 2, the first coupling protrusion receiving portions may be formed in the upper, lower, left, and right portions of a rear end of the body 110, respectively (two pairs in total). Like the body 110, a honeycomb-type partition may be formed in the first coupling protrusion receiving portion 140.

    [0027] The first coupling protrusion receiving portion 140 are formed at a position corresponding to the first coupling protrusion 130. For example, in the case where the first coupling protrusions 130 are formed in the upper and lower portions of a front end of the body 110, respectively, as shown in FIG. 2, the first coupling protrusion receiving portions 140 are formed in the upper and lower portions of a rear end of the body 110, respectively. In addition, in the case where a honeycomb-type partition is formed in the first coupling protrusion 130, the first coupling protrusion receiving portion 140 may also have a honeycomb-type partition formed therein. This is due to the fact that when a fluid flows through the honeycomb-type partition formed in the first coupling protrusion 130, the fluid proceeds toward the first coupling protrusion receiving portion 140. The first coupling protrusion receiving portion 140 receives the first coupling protrusion 130, whereby one core member 100 is coupled to another core member 100.

    [0028] That is, in FIG. 2, the first coupling protrusions 130 of the core member 100 disposed at the center may be received in the first coupling protrusion receiving portions 140 of the core member 100 disposed at the front, so that the front core member 100 and the central core member 100 can be coupled. The core member 100 disposed at the rear and the core member 100 disposed at the center may be coupled in the same manner.

    [0029] The surfaces of the core members 100 are coated with hydrocarbon adsorbents. Here, the surfaces of the core member 100 include both the outer surface and the inner surface of the core member 100. The inner surface of the core member 100 may be all of the surfaces of the first partition 120. The hydrocarbon adsorbent has a function of adsorbing and collecting hydrocarbons of the evaporation gases passing through the core member 100. The hydrocarbon adsorbent will be described later in more detail.

    [0030] The core members 100 further include at least one pair of first protrusions 150. At least one pair of first protrusions 150 is provided on the outer surface of the body 110 so as to face each other. For example, the first protrusion 150 is formed in a manner such that a protrusion having a predetermined height is provided on the outer surface of the body 110 along the longitudinal direction thereof.

    [0031] In an example, not forming part of the invention, the first protrusions 150 may be formed integrally with the body 110. For example, the first protrusions 150 may be formed at positions obtained by dividing the outer surface of the body 110 into four pieces, respectively, as shown in FIGs. 2 and 3. The first protrusions 150 are intended for use in coupling the cladding member, which will be described later, to the core member, and thus the front and rear ends of the first protrusion 150 may be rounded to facilitate insertion of the cladding member.

    [0032] Meanwhile, the body 110 of the core member 100 may be formed in a polygonal shape rather than a cylindrical shape. In addition, the plurality of first partitions 120 may be formed in various shapes other than a honeycomb shape. In this regard, FIG. 4, not forming part of the invention, illustrates various modifications of the body 110 and the first partition 120. Of course, the body 110 and the first partition 120 may be formed in shapes other than those shown in FIGs. 4(a) to 4(f).

    [0033] In addition, the body 110 of the core member 100 may be provided with a plurality of pairs of first coupling protrusions 130 and first coupling protrusion receiving portions 140. In this regard, FIG. 5 is a view showing another modification of the core member 100 shown in FIG. 2. FIG. 5 shows a case where four pairs of first coupling protrusions 130 and first coupling protrusion receiving portions 140 are provided on the body 110 of the core member 100 at an angular interval of 45 degrees.

    [0034] In an example, not forming part of the invention, one core member 100 may be coupled to another core member 100 in the longitudinal direction such that the first partitions 120 of the respective core members 100 cross each other. For example, as shown in FIG. 5(a), the core member 100 disposed in the front and the core member 100 disposed in the rear may be disposed to cross each other at about 45 degrees, and may then be coupled to each other. In this case, since the first partitions 120 formed in the front core member 100 and the first partitions 120 formed in the rear core member 100 cross each other as shown in FIG. 5(b), a ventilation structure may be formed to be denser than a non-crossing structure.

    [0035] FIG. 6 is a view illustrating an example of cladding members in an assembled support for adsorbing hydrocarbons (hereinafter, referred to as an assembled support), according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    [0036] Referring to FIG. 6, an assembled support, according to embodiments of the present invention, is formed by coupling a plurality of cladding members 200 in the longitudinal direction. For example, the cladding members 200 of FIG. 6 may be coupled in the longitudinal direction in order to thereby form an assembled support. Although two cladding members 200 are shown in FIG. 6, two or more cladding members 200 may be coupled, and the number of cladding members is not particularly limited.

    [0037] Hereinafter, detailed components of the cladding member 200 will be described.

    [0038] The cladding member 200 includes an inner body 210, an outer body 220, at least one pair of second coupling protrusions 240 formed on the outer body 220, at least one pair of second coupling protrusion receiving portions 250 formed on the outer body 220, and at least one pair of receiving grooves 260 formed on the inner body 210.

    [0039] The inner body 210 and the outer body 220 may be formed in a cylindrical or polygonal shape. In this regard, FIG. 6 shows the inner body 210 and the outer body 220 formed in a cylindrical shape. The inner body 210 has a hollow therein. The outer body 220 receives the inner body 210 therein. At this time, the inner body 210 is received therein with a space therebetween. That is, when the inner body 210 is received in the outer body 220, a predetermined space is formed between the outer surface of the inner body 210 and the inner surface of the outer body 220. In addition, a plurality of second partitions 230 are formed in the space between the inner body 210 and the outer body 220. The second partitions 230 are partitioned in the form of a honeycomb grid to enable ventilation. The size of the grid is not specified. The larger the size of the grid, the smaller the number of vent holes that may be formed, and the smaller the size of the grid, the greater the number of vent holes that may be formed. The inner body 210, the outer body 220, and the second partitions 230, which are described above, may be integrally formed.

    [0040] At least one pair of second coupling protrusions 240 is provided on the rim of one end of the outer body 220 so as to face each other. For example, the second coupling protrusion 240 is formed in a manner such that a protrusion having a predetermined height is provided on a part of the rim of one end of the outer body 220. Since the rim of the outer body 220 has a thickness, the protrusion can be provided.

    [0041] In an example, not forming part of the invention, the second coupling protrusions 240 may be integrally formed with the outer body 220. For example, the second coupling protrusions 240 may be formed in the upper and lower portions of a front end of the outer body 220, respectively, as shown in FIG. 6. Alternatively, unlike the configuration of FIG. 6, the second coupling protrusions may be formed in the left and right portions of a front end of the outer body 220, respectively, or may be formed in the upper, lower, left, and right portions of a front end of the outer body 220, respectively (two pairs in total). A honeycomb-type partition may also be formed in the second coupling protrusion 240, or may not be formed therein. The second coupling protrusions 240 are received in the second coupling protrusion receiving portions 250, which will be described later, whereby one cladding member 200 is coupled to another cladding member 200.

    [0042] At least one pair of second coupling protrusion receiving portions 250 is provided on the rim of the other end of the outer body 220 so as to face each other. For example, the second coupling protrusion receiving portion 250 is formed in a manner such that a receiving groove having a given depth is provided on a part of the rim of the other end of the outer body 220. Since the rim of the outer body 220 has a thickness, the receiving groove can be provided.

    [0043] In an example, not forming part of the invention, the second coupling protrusion receiving portions 250 may be integrally formed with the outer body 220. For example, the second coupling protrusion receiving portions 250 may be formed in the upper and lower portions, respectively, of a rear end of the outer body 220 as shown in FIG. 6. Alternatively, unlike the configuration of FIG. 6, the second coupling protrusion receiving portions may be formed in the left and right portions of a rear end of the outer body 220, respectively, or may be formed in the upper, lower, left, and right portions of a rear end of the outer body 220, respectively (two pairs in total). A honeycomb-type partition may be formed in the second coupling protrusion receiving portion 250.

    [0044] The second coupling protrusion receiving portion 250 is formed at a position corresponding to the second coupling protrusion 240. For example, in the case where the second coupling protrusions 240 are formed in the upper and lower portions of a front end of the outer body 220, respectively, as shown in FIG. 6, the second coupling protrusion receiving portions 250 may be formed in the upper and lower portions of a rear end of the outer body 220, respectively. In addition, in the case where the honeycomb-type partition is formed in the second coupling protrusion 240, the second coupling protrusion receiving portion 250 may also have the honeycomb-type partition formed therein. This is due to the fact that when a fluid flows through the honeycomb-type partition formed in the second coupling protrusion 240, the fluid proceeds toward the second coupling protrusion receiving portion 250. The second coupling protrusion receiving portion 250 receives the second coupling protrusion 240, whereby one cladding member 200 is coupled to another cladding member 200.

    [0045] That is, in FIG. 6, the second coupling protrusions 240 of the cladding member 200 disposed at the rear may be received in the second coupling protrusion receiving portions 250 of the cladding member 200 disposed at the front, so that the front cladding member 200 and the rear cladding member 200 may be coupled.

    [0046] The surfaces of the cladding members 200 are coated with hydrocarbon adsorbents. Here, the surfaces of the cladding member 200 include both the outer surface and the inner surface of the cladding member 200. The inner surface of the cladding member 200 may include all of the surfaces of the second partitions 230. The hydrocarbon adsorbent has a function of adsorbing and collecting hydrocarbons of the evaporation gases passing through the cladding member 200.

    [0047] At least one pair of receiving grooves 260 is provided on the inner surface of the inner body 210 so as to face each other. For example, the receiving groove 260 is formed in a manner such that a groove having a predetermined depth is provided on the inner surface of the inner body 210 along the longitudinal direction thereof. In an example, not forming part of the invention, the receiving grooves 260 may be integrally formed with the inner body 210.

    [0048] The cladding members 200 may further include at least one pair of second protrusions 270. At least one pair of second protrusions 270 may be provided on the outer surface of the outer body 220 so as to face each other. For example, the second protrusion 270 may be formed in a manner such that a protrusion having a predetermined height is provided on the outer surface of the outer body 220 along the longitudinal direction thereof.

    [0049] In an example, not forming part of the invention, the second protrusions 270 may be formed integrally with the outer body 220. For example, the second protrusions 270 may be formed at positions obtained by dividing the outer surface of the outer body 220 into four pieces, respectively, as shown in FIG. 6. The second protrusions 270 are intended for use in coupling the cladding member 200 to another cladding member (not shown) that surrounds the outer surface of the cladding member 200. The aforementioned cladding member, which surrounds the outer surface of the cladding member 200, is formed to have a configuration the same as or a similar to that of the cladding member 200, and is formed to be greater than the cladding member 200 in order to receive the cladding member 200 therein. Therefore, an additional description of the additional cladding member surrounding the outer surface of the cladding member 200 will be omitted.

    [0050] Meanwhile, the inner body 210 and the outer body 220 of the cladding member 200 may be formed in various shapes (particularly, corresponding to the inner shape of the inner body 210), as well as in a cylindrical shape. In addition, the plurality of second partitions 230 may be formed in various shapes. In this regard, FIG. 7, not forming part of the invention, illustrates various modifications of the cladding member 200 and the second partitions 230.

    [0051] FIG. 8 is a view illustrating a support formed by coupling the core members 100 of FIG. 2 to the cladding members 200 of FIG. 4.

    [0052] Referring to FIG. 8, in an embodiment of the present invention, the core members 100 of FIG. 2 and the cladding members 200 of FIG. 4 are coupled to form an assembled support for adsorbing hydrocarbons. More specifically, the core member 100 and the cladding member 200 are coupled in a manner such that the cladding member 200 receives the core member 100 therein.

    [0053] The number of core members 100 may be the same as the number of cladding members 200. Although FIG. 8 shows two core members 100 and two cladding members 200, any number of cladding members 200 and core members 100 are provided, so long as the numbers are the same. That is, in the case where three core members 100 shown in FIG. 2 are coupled to form an assembled support, three cladding members 200 may also be provided and may be coupled to the outer surfaces of the respective core members 100. The core members 100 and the cladding members 200 may be coupled to each other in the longitudinal direction. As described above, there are many types of canisters, and the width (thickness or diameter) required for the support for adsorbing hydrocarbons employed in the canister may vary depending thereon. According to the assembled support of the present invention, since the support can be formed to conform to the width (thickness) required for the canister by coupling the cladding members 200 to the core members 100, it can be flexibly used depending on the type of canister.

    [0054] At this time, at least one pair of receiving grooves 260 is formed on the inner surface of the inner body 210 of the cladding member 200 along the longitudinal direction thereof so as to face each other. The receiving groove 260 plays the role of receiving the first protrusion 150 of the core member 100. When the core member 100 is received in the cladding member 200, the first protrusion 150 of the core member 100 is received in the receiving groove 260 of the inner body 210 of the cladding member 200. Therefore, the cladding member 200 is coupled to the outer surface of the core member 100.

    [0055] As described above, the assembled support, according to the embodiments of the present invention, may have a length and width (thickness) that is adjusted depending on the type of canister. Basically, it is possible to form a support to conform to a required length by coupling the core members 100 shown in FIGs. 2 and 3. Further, the cladding members 200 of FIG. 6 may be coupled to the outer surfaces of the core members 100 in order to thereby form a support having a required width (thickness) (see FIG. 8).

    [0056] Accordingly, the present invention can provide an assembled support for adsorbing hydrocarbons, which is suitable for lengths and widths (thicknesses or diameters) required for various canister housings. Unlike the conventional method of forming a support differently depending on the type of canister, the components constituting a support are modularized and a support is formed by assembling the components in the present invention. Therefore, it is possible to improve process efficiency and to reduce product cost.

    [0057] The core members 100 and the cladding members 200 constituting the assembled support, according to the embodiments of the present invention, may be formed of a foamed plastic having flame retardancy. The core members 100 and the cladding members 200 may be produced by injection-molding and foam-molding a plastic resin in a typical manner. Since the core members 100 and the cladding members 200 are formed of a plastic resin, workability is excellent and manufacturing costs can be reduced compared with a support formed of a ceramic or metal material.

    [0058] In an example, not forming part of the invention, the core member 100 and the cladding member 200 may be coated with a flame retardant composition (flame retardant). This is intended to impart a flame retardant function to the foamed plastic material. In an example, not forming part of the invention, the core member 100 and the cladding member 200 may be coated with a non-organ-based, phosphorus-based, or nitrogen-based flame retardant as a flame retardant used in the foam composition. The flame retardant, for example, may be Al(OH)3, Mg(OH)2, zinc Borate, Sb2O3, Sb2O5, H-205 (commercial name), H-201 (commercial name), DPK (commercial name), red phosphorus, ammonium polyphosphate, charcoal, zinc sulfide, expandable graphite, talc, clay, melamine polyphosphate, melamine pyropolyphosphate, piperazine pyrophosphate, or a combination thereof.

    [0059] Meanwhile, the surfaces of one or more members selected from the core members 100 and the cladding members 200 may be coated with a hydrocarbon adsorbent different from that coated on the surfaces of the remaining members that are not selected. In an embodiment, the hydrocarbon adsorbent coated on the core member 100 may be of a type that is different from that coated on the cladding member 200. In another embodiment, in the case where a support is formed by coupling two core members 100 and two cladding members 200, the hydrocarbon adsorbent coated on the surfaces of the core member 100 and cladding member 200 disposed at the front may be of a type that is different from that coated on the surfaces of the core member 100 and cladding member 200 disposed at the rear. Furthermore, only a part of the core members 100 and the cladding members 200 constituting the whole support may be coated with other kinds of hydrocarbon adsorbents.

    [0060] Now, the type of hydrocarbon adsorbent will be described below.

    [0061] In an example, not forming part of the invention, the hydrocarbon adsorbent may be configured as a mixed slurry of activated alumina bearing platinum in a zirconium-based oxide and activated alumina bearing rhodium (a first hydrocarbon adsorbent).

    [0062] In another example, not forming part of the invention, the hydrocarbon adsorbent may be configured as a mixed slurry of a zeolite-based hydrocarbon adsorbent and a binder, such as an organic polymer, a sol of alumina, silica, or zirconia, an inorganic salt, an organic salt, or a hydrolyzed product of aluminum, silica, or zirconium (a second hydrocarbon adsorbent).

    [0063] In another example, not forming part of the invention, the hydrocarbon adsorbent may be configured as an activated carbon slurry containing 60wt% to 70wt% of activated carbon having a pore size of 20 angstroms or less and 30wt% to 40wt% of activated carbon having a pore size of 500 angstroms or more (a third hydrocarbon sorbent).

    [0064] The above-described hydrocarbon adsorbents may exhibit different hydrocarbon adsorption effects. The hydrocarbon adsorption performance may be improved depending on the type of canister by combining the hydrocarbon adsorbents in different types with respect to the core members 100 and the cladding members 200.

    [0065] As described above, according to examples, not forming part of the invention, an assembled support for adsorbing hydrocarbons can be provided to have various lengths depending on the size of the canister housing by coupling a plurality of core members in the longitudinal direction to form a support.

    [0066] In addition, a support can be provided to have various diameters depending on the size of the canister housing by providing a cladding member to be coupled to the outer surface of the core member in order to thereby adjust the diameter of the support. Therefore, since the support can be applied to various canister models, price competitiveness thereof is excellent. In addition, since the core member and the cladding member are formed of a foamed plastic having flame retardancy, the manufacturing cost is lower than that of a ceramic or metal material, thereby contributing to price competitiveness of the product. Further, since a support may be produced by coupling the core member and the cladding member, which are coated with different hydrocarbon adsorbents, it is possible to easily realize an effect of improving the adsorption efficiency through a combination of two or more hydrocarbon adsorbents.


    Claims

    1. An assembled support for adsorbing hydrocarbon, the support comprising:

    two or more core members (100) configured to be coupled in the longitudinal direction thereof,
    wherein each core member includes : a cylindrical body (110) which has first honeycomb-type partitions (120) formed therein to enable ventilation; at least one pair of first coupling protrusions (130) provided on a rim of one end of the body (110) to face each other; at least one pair of first coupling protrusion receiving portions (140) provided on a rim of the other end of the body (110) to face each other; and at least one pair of first protrusions (150) formed on an outer surface of the body (110) along the longitudinal direction thereof so as to face each other;

    wherein the first coupling protrusions (130) of one core member (100) are received in the first coupling protrusion receiving portions (140) of another core member (100) in order to thereby couple the core members (100) to each other,

    wherein each core member (100) comprises surfaces including an outer surface and an inner surface of the core member (100), wherein the surfaces of each core member (100) are coated with hydrocarbon adsorbents; and

    two or more cladding members (200),
    wherein each cladding member includes : a cylindrical inner body (210) which has a hollow therein, which has an inner diameter corresponding to the diameter of the body (110) of the core member (100); a cylindrical outer body (220) which receives the inner body (210) therein
    with a space therebetween, and which has second honeycomb-type partitions (230) formed in the space to enable ventilation; at least one pair of second coupling protrusions (240) provided on a rim of one end of the outer body (220) so as to face each other; at least one pair of second coupling protrusion receiving portions (250) provided on a rim of the other end of the outer body (220) so as to face each other; and at least one pair of receiving grooves (260) formed on an inner surface of the inner body (210) along the longitudinal direction thereof so as to face each other;

    wherein the second coupling protrusions (240) of one cladding member (200) are received in the second coupling protrusion receiving portions (250) of another cladding member (200) in order to thereby couple the cladding members (200) to each other,

    wherein each cladding member (200) comprises surfaces including an outer surface and an inner surface of the cladding member (200), wherein the surfaces of each cladding member (200) are coated with hydrocarbon adsorbents; and

    wherein the first protrusions (150) of the two or more core members (100) are received in the receiving grooves (260) of the two or more cladding members (200), respectively, in order to thereby couple the core member (100) to the cladding member (200) such that the inner body (210) of the cladding member (200) receives the body (110) of the core member (100).


     
    2. The assembled support of claim 1, wherein each cladding member (200) further comprises at least one pair of second protrusions (270) formed on an outer surface of the outer body (220) along the longitudinal direction thereof so as to face each other.
     
    3. The assembled support of claim 1 or 2, wherein each core member (100) and each cladding member (200) are formed of a foamed plastic having flame retardancy.
     
    4. The assembled support of any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the surfaces of one or more selected from the plurality of core members (100) and cladding members (200) are coated with a hydrocarbon adsorbent different from that coated on the surfaces of the remaining members that are not selected.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Zusammengesetzter Träger zum Adsorbieren von Kohlenwasserstoff, wobei der Träger Folgendes umfasst:

    zwei oder mehr Kernelemente (100), die zum Koppeln in ihrer Längsrichtung konfiguriert sind,

    wobei jedes Kernelement Folgendes beinhaltet:

    einen zylindrischen Körper (110), der erste darin ausgebildete honigwabenartige Partitionen (120) aufweist, um Ventilation zu ermöglichen; wenigstens ein Paar erster Kopplungsvorsprünge (130), die auf einem Rand von einem Ende des Körpers (110) einander zugewandt vorgesehen sind; wenigstens ein Paar erster Kopplungsvorsprungs-Aufnahmeabschnitte (140), die auf einem Rand des anderen Endes des Körpers (110) einander zugewandt vorgesehen sind; und wenigstens ein Paar erster Vorsprünge (150), die auf einer Außenfläche des Körpers (110) entlang seiner Längsrichtung so ausgebildet sind, dass sie einander zugewandt sind;

    wobei die ersten Kopplungsvorsprünge (130) von einem Kernelement (100) in den ersten Kopplungsvorsprungs-Aufnahmeabschnitten (140) eines anderen Kernelements (100) aufgenommen werden, um dadurch die Kernelemente (100) miteinander zu koppeln,

    wobei jedes Kernelement (100) Flächen einschließlich einer Außenfläche und einer Innenfläche des Kernelements (100) umasst, wobei die Flächen jedes Kernelements (100) mit Kohlenwasserstoff-Adsorptionsmitteln beschichtet sind; und

    zwei oder mehr Mantelelemente (200), wobei jedes Mantelelement Folgendes beinhaltet:

    einen zylindrischen Innenkörper (210) mit einem Hohlraum darin, der einen Innendurchmesser entsprechend dem Durchmesser des Körpers (110) des Kernelements (100) aufweist; einen zylindrischen Außenkörper (220), der den Innenkörper (210) darin mit einem Raum dazwischen aufnimmt und zweite in dem Raum ausgebildete honigwabenartige Partitionen (230) aufweist, um Ventilation zu ermöglichen; wenigstens ein Paar zweiter Kopplungsvorsprünge (240), die auf einem Rand von einem Ende des Außenkörpers (220) einander zugewandt vorgesehen sind; wenigstens ein Paar zweiter Kopplungsvorsprungs-Aufnahmeabschnitte (250), die auf einem Rand des anderen Endes des Außenkörpers (220) einander zugewandt vorgesehen sind; und wenigstens ein Paar Aufnahmenuten (260), die auf einer Innenfläche des inneren Körpers (210) in seiner Längsrichtung einander zugewandt ausgebildet sind;

    wobei die zweiten Kopplungsvorsprünge (240) von einem Mantelelement (200) in den zweiten Kopplungsvorsprungs-Aufnahmeabschnitten (250) eines anderen Mantelelements (200) aufgenommen werden, um dadurch die Mantelelemente (200) miteinander zu koppeln,

    wobei jedes Mantelelement (200) Flächen einschließlich einer Außenfläche und einer Innenfläche des Mantelelements (200) umfasst, wobei die Flächen jedes Mantelelements (200) mit Kohlenwasserstoff-Adsorptionsmitteln beschichtet sind; und

    wobei die ersten Vorsprünge (150) der zwei oder mehr Kernelemente (100) in den Aufnahmenuten (260) jeweils der zwei oder mehr Mantelelemente (200) aufgenommen werden, um dadurch das Kernelement (100) mit dem Mantelelement (200) so zu koppeln, dass der innere Körper (210) des Mantelelements (200) den Körper (110) des Kernelements (100) darin aufnimmt.


     
    2. Zusammengesetzter Träger nach Anspruch 1, wobei jedes Mantelelement (200) ferner wenigstens ein Paar zweiter Vorsprünge (270) umfasst, die auf einer Außenfläche des Außenkörpers (220) entlang seiner Längsrichtung ausgebildet sind, so dass sie einander zugewandt sind.
     
    3. Zusammengesetzter Träger nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei jedes Kernelement (100) und jedes Mantelelement (200) aus einem geschäumten Kunststoff mit Flammbeständigkeit ausgebildet sind.
     
    4. Zusammengesetzter Träger nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei die Flächen von einem oder mehreren ausgewählt aus der Mehrzahl von Kernelementen (100) und Mantelelementen (200) mit einem Kohlenwasserstoff-Adsorptionsmittel beschichtet sind, das sich von dem unterscheidet, mit dem die Flächen der übrigen, nicht ausgewählten Elemente beschichtet sind.
     


    Revendications

    1. Support assemblé pour l'adsorption d'hydrocarbures, le support comprenant :

    deux ou plusieurs éléments centraux (100) configurés pour être couplés suivant le sens longitudinal de ceux-ci,

    dans lequel chaque élément central inclut :

    un corps cylindrique (110) qui a des premières séparations de type en nid d'abeille (120) formées dans celui-ci pour permettre une ventilation ; au moins une paire de premières saillies de couplage (130) prévues sur une jante d'une extrémité du corps (110) pour se faire face l'une l'autre ; au moins une paire de portions de réception de premières saillies de couplage (140) prévues sur une jante de l'autre extrémité du corps (110) pour se faire face l'une l'autre ; et au moins une paire de premières saillies (150) formées sur une surface externe du corps (110) le long du sens longitudinal de celui-ci de sorte à se faire face l'une l'autre ;

    dans lequel les premières saillies de couplage (130) d'un élément central (100) sont reçues dans les portions de réception de premières saillies de couplage (140) d'un autre élément central (100) afin de coupler ainsi les éléments centraux (100) les uns aux autres,

    dans lequel chaque élément central (100) comprend des surfaces incluant une surface externe et une surface interne de l'élément central (100), les surfaces de chaque élément central (100) étant revêtues d'adsorbants d'hydrocarbures ; et

    deux ou plusieurs éléments de garnissage (200), chaque élément de garnissage incluant :

    un corps interne cylindrique (210), qui a un creux dans celui-ci, qui a un diamètre interne correspondant au diamètre du corps (110) de l'élément central (100) ; un corps externe cylindrique (220) qui reçoit le corps interne (210) dans celui-ci avec un espace entre eux, et qui a des deuxièmes séparations de type en nid d'abeille (230) formées dans l'espace pour permettre une ventilation ; au moins une paire de deuxièmes saillies de couplage (240) prévues sur une jante d'une extrémité du corps externe (220) de sorte à se faire face l'une l'autre ; au moins une paire de portions de réception de deuxièmes saillies de couplage (250) prévues sur une jante de l'autre extrémité du corps externe (220) de sorte à se faire face l'une l'autre ; et au moins une paire de rainures de réception (260) formées sur une surface interne du corps interne (210) le long du sens longitudinal de celui-ci de sorte à se faire face l'une l'autre ;

    dans lequel les deuxièmes saillies de couplage (240) d'un élément de garnissage (200) sont reçues dans les portions de réception de deuxièmes saillies de couplage (250) d'un autre élément de garnissage (200) afin de coupler ainsi les éléments de garnissage (200) les uns aux autres,

    dans lequel chaque élément de garnissage (200) comprend des surfaces incluant une surface externe et une surface interne de l'élément de garnissage (200), les surfaces de chaque élément de garnissage (200) étant revêtues d'adsorbants d'hydrocarbures ; et

    dans lequel les premières saillies (150) des deux ou plusieurs éléments centraux (100) sont reçues dans les rainures de réception (260) des deux ou plusieurs éléments de garnissage (200), respectivement, afin de coupler ainsi l'élément central (100) à l'élément de garnissage (200) de telle sorte que le corps interne (210) de l'élément de garnissage (200) reçoive le corps (110) de l'élément central (100).


     
    2. Support assemblé de la revendication 1, dans lequel chaque élément de garnissage (200) comprend en outre au moins une paire de deuxièmes saillies (270) formées sur une surface externe du corps externe (220) le long du sens longitudinal de celui-ci de sorte à se faire face l'une l'autre.
     
    3. Support assemblé de la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel chaque élément central (100) et chaque élément de garnissage (200) sont formés en une matière plastique alvéolaire ayant un caractère ignifugeant.
     
    4. Support assemblé de n'importe laquelle des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel les surfaces d'un ou plusieurs éléments sélectionnés parmi la pluralité d'éléments centraux (100) et d'éléments de garnissage (200) sont revêtus d'un adsorbant d'hydrocarbures qui est différent de celui qui est appliqué comme revêtement sur les surfaces des éléments restants qui ne sont pas sélectionnés.
     




    Drawing





























    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description