(19)
(11)EP 3 376 071 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
13.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/20

(21)Application number: 18155303.3

(22)Date of filing:  06.02.2018
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F16H 55/30  (2006.01)
B62M 9/10  (2006.01)

(54)

TOOTHED WHEEL ASSEMBLY FOR SPROCKET ASSEMBLY

ZAHNRADANORDNUNG FÜR RITZELBAUGRUPPE

ENSEMBLE DE ROUE DENTÉE POUR ENSEMBLE DE PIGNONS


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 13.02.2017 IT 201700015311

(43)Date of publication of application:
19.09.2018 Bulletin 2018/38

(73)Proprietor: Campagnolo S.r.l.
36100 Vicenza (VI) (IT)

(72)Inventors:
  • CIVIERO, Mirco
    37030 Montecchia di Crosara (VR) (IT)
  • BISARELLO, Filippo
    36030 Costabissara (VI) (IT)

(74)Representative: Porta & Consulenti Associati S.p.A. 
Via Vittoria Colonna, 4
20149 Milano
20149 Milano (IT)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 1 972 540
US-A- 4 380 445
US-A1- 2012 302 384
DE-A1-102007 010 456
US-A1- 2009 215 566
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to a toothed wheel assembly for a bicycle sprocket assembly.

    [0002] In the rest of the present description and in the following claims, the expression "toothed wheel assembly" is meant to indicate the assembly of at least two toothed wheels configured to make at least one part of the sprocket assembly for a rear wheel of a bicycle.

    [0003] The toothed wheel assembly is intended to be mounted on a freewheel body of a hub of a rear wheel of a bicycle to be engaged by a transmission chain.

    [0004] As known, the motion transmission system of a bicycle comprises a pair of pedal cranks, on which the cyclist exerts a propulsive thrust, one or more driving toothed wheels, set in rotation by direct coupling with the pedal cranks, and a plurality of driven toothed wheels, also called sprockets, of different sizes, set in rotation by the driving toothed wheels through a chain.

    [0005] The sprockets are coupled with the rear wheel of the bicycle through a hub. This comprises a first body rigidly connected to the rim of the bicycle through spokes, and a second body rigidly coupled with the sprockets and capable of rotating free with respect to the first body in one direction of rotation, and of setting it in in rotation in the opposite direction, thus causing the advancing movement of the rear drive wheel. In the technical jargon, this second body is called "freewheel body". The totality of the sprockets, or toothed wheels, mounted on the freewheel body is commonly called "sprocket assembly".

    [0006] The chain consists of a succession of links, each normally consisting of a pair of plates facing one another and spaced apart to define an insertion space of a tooth of a toothed wheel. The plates of a link are rotatably coupled with the plates of the next link through a rivet, which is in turn surrounded by a roller or bush capable of rotating freely with respect to the rivet.

    [0007] The sprockets in general are made of extremely strong material (like steel or titanium) to withstand the wearing generated by the sliding of the chain and the loads to which they are subjected during operation.

    [0008] The sprockets of the sprocket assembly can comprise a radially inner annular portion provided with grooves adapted for engaging the grooves of the freewheel body. In this case, the sprockets are axially spaced apart by spacers that are usually cylindrical in shape.

    [0009] Alternatively, the sprockets of the sprocket assembly can be connected to one another to form a toothed wheel assembly supported by a cylindrical element having a radially inner surface provided with grooves adapted for engaging the grooves of the freewheel body.

    [0010] In this last case, the sprockets connected to one another axially can be two or more, even up to the totality of the sprockets that make the sprocket assembly.

    [0011] Document US 2012/0302384A1 and document US 2009/0215566A1 show respective sprocket assemblies entirely formed from sprockets axially connected to one another and connected to a support element for engaging the freewheel body.

    [0012] Document US 4380445 shows a toothed wheel assembly comprising two sprockets, which makes a so-called twin-set, said assembly being able to be associated with further toothed wheel assemblies to define the sprocket assembly.

    [0013] In a toothed wheel assembly, the axial connection between the sprockets has the dual function of keeping the sprockets axially spaced apart and of mechanically connecting them to one another to give the necessary mechanical strength to the sprocket assembly.

    [0014] Such an axial connection can be made by cylindrical portions connected to a side surface of a first sprocket and to the side surface of the adjacent sprocket directly facing the first sprocket.

    [0015] However, in order to reduce the weight of the sprocket assembly, it is common practice to make openings in the cylindrical portions of the axial connection, as described for example in document US 2012/0302384A1 cited above.

    [0016] In order to keep the weight of the sprocket assembly as low as possible, it is also usual to make the sprockets of the toothed wheel assembly with radial dimensions that are as small as possible. In this way, the axial connection between the sprockets is made in a radially inner portion of the sprocket immediately below the teeth of the sprocket, as shown for example in document US 2009/0215566A1.

    [0017] The Applicant has noted that the toothed wheel assemblies for a sprocket assembly can cause instability of engagement of the transmission chain during use, especially when intensive, of the bicycle.

    [0018] The Applicant has found that dirt, small debris and similar can slip between two sprockets and deposit on the connection portions between the sprockets.

    [0019] The Applicant has noted that since such connection portions are close to the teeth of the sprocket (to reduce the weight of the sprocket assembly), the accumulation of dirt and/or small debris can be such as to reach the pair of mutually facing plates of the chain defining the insertion space of the tooth of the toothed wheel.

    [0020] The Applicant has found that in such a situation the tooth of the toothed wheel could not be completely engaged by the insertion space, since the pair of plates tends to rest on the accumulation of dirt and/or small debris, actually lifting the chain with respect to the tooth.

    [0021] The present invention therefore relates to a toothed wheel assembly for a sprocket assembly of a bicycle comprising: at least one first and a second toothed wheel;
    each toothed wheel comprising a plurality of teeth separated from one another by corresponding troughs and wherein the second toothed wheel has a greater number of teeth than the number of teeth of the first toothed wheel;
    a plurality of connection bodies that mechanically connect the first and the second toothed wheel axially spacing them apart, each connection body comprising a first connection portion connected to the second toothed wheel that extends radially from the second toothed wheel towards the first toothed wheel and a second connection portion connected to the first toothed wheel that extends axially from the first toothed wheel;
    said second connection portion of each connection body having a circumferential extent the radial projection of which is completely contained in a trough of the first toothed wheel.

    [0022] The second connection portion of each connection body projects axially from a side surface of the first toothed wheel defining a sort of bracket that has the purpose of keeping the first and the second toothed wheel spaced apart.

    [0023] The Applicant has found that by arranging the second connection portion so that it is within the extent of a trough, possible dirt and/or small debris that can be deposited on the bracket defined by the second connection portion would be at a roller of the chain.

    [0024] The roller of the chain is arranged to act as a hinge between two pairs of plates that face one another and are adjacent, allowing each pair of plates to rotate with respect to the adjacent pair of plates.

    [0025] In this way, the possible accumulation of dirt and/or small debris would tend to bias the roller in the radially outer direction, in other words it would tend to lift the roller.

    [0026] Such a lifting action of the roller would not compromise the correct engagement of the chain on the toothed wheel, since the roller would simply tend to change the relative inclination between the two pairs of adjacent plates. The insertion space defined between the central portions of each pair of adjacent plates would therefore remain effectively inserted on the tooth of the crown gear, ensuring a correct engagement of the chain on the toothed wheel.

    [0027] The toothed wheel assembly is arranged to rotate about a rotation axis coinciding with the rotation axis of the rear wheel. Such a rotation axis passes through the center of each sprocket (or toothed wheel) and is the main reference axis for the elements that form part of the present invention; all of the indications of direction and similar, such as "axial", "radial", "circumferential", "diametral" will be made with respect to it; equally, the indications "outwards " and "inwards" referring to radial directions must be interpreted to mean moving away from the axis or towards the axis.

    [0028] The circumferential extent of the second connection portion is therefore defined as the distance along a circumferential direction between two circumferentially opposite end surfaces of the second connection portion.

    [0029] The toothed wheel assembly of the present invention can comprise one or more of the following preferred features, taken individually or in combination.

    [0030] Preferably, each tooth has a radially outermost portion arranged at a first radial distance from the center of the toothed wheel;
    each trough has a radially innermost point arranged at a second radial distance from the center of the toothed wheel and a pair of radially outermost points arranged at a maximum radial distance from the center of the toothed wheel;
    said maximum radial distance being equal to the difference between the first radial distance and the second radial distance minus an adjustment factor comprised, including extreme values, between one tenth of the difference between the first radial distance and the second radial distance and half of the difference between the first radial distance and the second radial distance;
    each trough being defined between said radially innermost point and said pair of radially outermost points.

    [0031] The trough between two teeth does not therefore comprise the top portion of the teeth and the relative side edges, and extends from a minimum of 50% up to a maximum of 90% of the total height of the tooth.

    [0032] Preferably, said second connection portion has a circumferential extent contained between a pair of points of the trough arranged a radial distance from the radially innermost point of the trough comprised between 10% and 90% of the difference between the maximum radial distance and the second radial distance.

    [0033] The second connection portion is thus preferably comprised in a portion of the trough that starts from about 10% and goes up to about 90% of the extension in the radial direction of the trough.

    [0034] Preferably, in the case in which the toothed wheels are perfectly circular, or in any case similar to a circle, the first radial distance, the second radial distance and the maximum radial distance define the radii of respective circumferences.

    [0035] Preferably, said second connection portion has a circumferential extent the radial projection of which passes through the radially innermost point of the trough.

    [0036] In this way, each second connection portion is perfectly centered in a respective trough.

    [0037] The Applicant has found that in this way the amount of dirt that can accumulate on the second connection portion is limited by the fact that the first toothed wheel does not offer an abutment wall of large size for the accumulation of dirt. The central part of a trough is indeed the radially innermost one, in other words the part that makes a lower abutment wall for the accumulation of dirt (i.e. with shorter radial extension).

    [0038] Preferably, the circumferential extension of each second connection portion is less than two thirds of the circumferential extension of the respective trough.

    [0039] Preferably, the circumferential extension of each second connection portion is less than half the circumferential extension of the respective trough.

    [0040] Preferably, said second connection portion has a radially inner end arranged at a first radial length from the center of the first toothed wheel; said first radial length being equal to or less than a second radial length that a radially inner edge of the first toothed wheel, comprised between said second connection portion and a subsequent second connection portion, is from the center of the first toothed wheel.

    [0041] In other words, preferably, the radially innermost edge of the second connection portion is either aligned with respect to the radially innermost edge of the first toothed wheel, or is radially more internal than the same edge, at least than the portion of toothed wheel that extends between two consecutive second connection portions.

    [0042] The Applicant has found that in this way the extension in the radial direction of the first toothed wheel can be minimized, keeping the weight thereof low.

    [0043] The Applicant has also found that in this way the bracket defined by the second connection portion can be provided the maximum radial distance from the trough, increasing the amount of dirt that must accumulate on the second connection portion before causing any effect on the chain.

    [0044] Preferably, the inner ends of all of the second connection portions are arranged said first radial length from the center of the first toothed wheel.

    [0045] In other words, the inner ends of all of the second connection portions are preferably aligned along a circumference.

    [0046] Preferably, all of the radially inner edges of the first toothed wheel comprised between two adjacent second connection portions are arranged said second radial length from the center of the first toothed wheel.

    [0047] In other words, the radially inner edges of the first toothed wheel comprised between two adjacent second connection portions are preferably aligned along a circumference.

    [0048] Preferably, said first radial length is substantially equal to said second radial length.

    [0049] Preferably, the assembly comprises a radially inner cylindrical portion arranged to engage a freewheel body; a plurality of radial spokes extending from said cylindrical portion and connecting to respective radially inner edges of the first toothed wheel.

    [0050] The radial spokes have the function of constraining at least the first toothed wheel to the cylindrical portion, so as to keep the toothed wheels centered on the rotation axis of the wheel and spaced from the radially inner cylindrical portion.

    [0051] Preferably, the radial spokes are substantially rectilinear so as to reduce the amount of material necessary to hold the toothed wheels in position, keeping the total weight of the multiple sprockets low.

    [0052] Preferably, the radially inner cylindrical portion has an axial extension equal to the axial extension of the toothed wheels of the toothed wheel assembly.

    [0053] Preferably, said radially inner cylindrical portion comprises an interface surface with said freewheel body from which a plurality of protuberances project, arranged according to a first array and a second array, for engaging respective grooved profiles counter-shaped to said protuberances defined on said freewheel body; said protuberances of said first array and of said second array facing one another in the axial direction.

    [0054] In this way, the toothed wheel assembly can transfer torque to the freewheel body.

    [0055] Preferably, said protuberances of said first array and of said second array are axially spaced apart so that there is an empty space between them.

    [0056] In this way, the total weight of the toothed wheel assembly can be decreased without compromising the shape coupling with the freewheel body. Preferably, the toothed wheel assembly comprises a third toothed wheel having a smaller number of teeth than the number of teeth of the first toothed wheel; said third toothed wheel being connected to the first toothed wheel by respective connection bodies identical to the connection bodies that connect the first toothed wheel to the second toothed wheel.

    [0057] Alternatively, the third toothed wheel is connected to said radially inner cylindrical portion by said plurality of spokes.

    [0058] In this way, the torque that can be transferred from the toothed wheels to the radially inner cylindrical portion increases.

    [0059] Preferably, the toothed wheel assembly comprises further toothed wheels having an increasing number of teeth greater than the number of teeth of the second toothed wheel; said further toothed wheels being connected to one another in series by respective connection bodies identical to the connection bodies that connect the first toothed wheel to the second toothed wheel and wherein the further toothed wheel having a smaller number of teeth is connected to the second toothed wheel by respective connection bodies identical to the connection bodies that connect the first toothed wheel to the second toothed wheel.

    [0060] Preferably, the toothed wheel assembly comprises further toothed wheels having a decreasing number of teeth less than the number of teeth of the third toothed wheel; said further toothed wheels being connected to one another in series by respective connection bodies identical to the connection bodies that connect the first toothed wheel to the second toothed wheel and wherein the further toothed wheel having a greater number of teeth is connected to the third toothed wheel by respective connection bodies identical to the connection bodies that connect the first toothed wheel to the second toothed wheel.

    [0061] The number of toothed wheels of the toothed wheel assembly is preferably greater than two and, as a function of the need for a number of gear ratios to be provided, it can reach any number of toothed wheels (for example eleven) compatibly with the space available on the freewheel body. Each toothed wheel has a smaller number of teeth than the teeth of the axially adjacent toothed wheel.

    [0062] Further features and advantages of the invention will become clearer from the following description of preferred embodiments thereof, made with reference to the attached drawings. In such drawings:
    • figure 1 is a perspective view of a toothed wheel assembly for a sprocket assembly according to the invention;
    • figure 2 is a further perspective view of the assembly of figure 1;
    • figure 3 is a perspective view of a variant embodiment of the assembly of figure 1;
    • figure 4 is a front view of the assembly of figure 3;
    • figure 5 is a side view of the assembly of figure 2;
    • figure 6 is a view according to the section plane VI-VI of the assembly of figure 5;
    • figures 7 and 8 are enlargements of some details of the assembly of figure 6;
    • figure 9 is a rear view of the assembly of figure 1; and
    • figure 10 is an enlargement of some details of the assembly of figure 9.


    [0063] With reference to the figures, some preferred embodiments of the toothed wheel assembly in accordance with the present invention are shown. Identical reference numerals refer to identical features of each embodiment, the differences between them will be obvious hereinafter.

    [0064] The toothed wheel assembly is wholly indicated with 10.

    [0065] The toothed wheel assembly 10 comprises a plurality of toothed wheels 11, 12, 13, or sprockets, of different sizes to one another, arranged parallel to one another and concentric to a rotation axis X.

    [0066] In the examples illustrated in the attached figures, there are three toothed wheels 11, 12 and 13 and they make a so-called "triple-set".

    [0067] In other embodiments that are not illustrated, there can be more than three toothed wheels of the toothed wheel assembly, for example from four to eleven.

    [0068] In any case, in all of the embodiments, the toothed wheel assembly 10 comprises at least two toothed wheels, in particular a first toothed wheel 12 and a second toothed wheel 13 in which the first toothed wheel 12 has a shorter radial extension than the radial extension of the second toothed wheel 13.

    [0069] Each toothed wheel 11, 12 and 13 comprises a plurality of teeth 14 separated from one another by a plurality of troughs 15.

    [0070] The size of each toothed wheel 11, 12 and 13 and in particular the diameter thereof, is determined by the number of teeth 14 thereof. The greater the number of teeth 14, the greater the size of the toothed wheel.

    [0071] The pitch between the teeth 14, in other words the distance that separates two successive teeth 14, is substantially constant for every toothed wheel and substantially identical in all of the toothed wheels 11, 12 and 13.

    [0072] The teeth 14 are arranged to receive in engagement the links of a transmission chain (not illustrated). In particular, the teeth 14 are arranged to insert in succession, during the rotation of the sprocket assembly, in insertion spaces delimited axially by pairs of plates of a transmission chain.

    [0073] As illustrated in figure 4, each tooth 14 of any toothed wheel 11, 12 or 13 has a radially outermost end portion 16 arranged a first radial distance D1 from the center C of the toothed wheel.

    [0074] The center C of the toothed wheel is passed through by the rotation axis X of the toothed wheel assembly 10.

    [0075] The first radial distances D1 of the teeth 14 of a same toothed wheel are not necessarily identical to one another, since it is possible to foresee some teeth 14 specifically configured to facilitate the engagement of the transmission chain ad having different first radial distances D1 from the remaining teeth 14 of the toothed wheel.

    [0076] As better illustrated in the enlargement of figure 7, each tooth 14, at the radially outermost end portion 16 thereof, has an end profile 17 having an extension in the circumferential direction of size S1.

    [0077] The sizes S1 are not necessarily all identical to one another.

    [0078] Each tooth 14 also has respective side edges 17a that degrade, diverging, in the radially inner direction from the end profile 17.

    [0079] As stated above, two circumferentially adjacent teeth 14 are separated from one another by a trough 15. The distance in the circumferential direction that separates two adjacent teeth 14 is a function of the pitch of the transmission chain and is substantially constant in every toothed wheel 11, 12 and 13 and between different toothed wheels 11, 12 and 13.

    [0080] Each trough 15 has a substantially arched profile and has a radially innermost point 18 arranged a second radial distance D2 from the center C of the respective toothed wheel 11, 12 and 13.

    [0081] Every trough 15 also has a pair of radially outermost points 19 (figure 7) arranged a maximum radial distance DM from the center C of the toothed wheel 11, 12 and 13.

    [0082] The extension in the radial direction of every trough 15 is such that the radial distance DM is equal to the difference between the first radial distance D1 and the second radial distance D2 minus an adjustment factor K, in other words DM=(D1-D2)-K.

    [0083] The first radial distance D1 corresponds to the smaller of the first radial distances D1 of the two adjacent teeth 14 between which the trough 15 extends.

    [0084] As illustrated in figure 7, such a radial extension of the trough 15 corresponds to a circumferential extension thereof given by the distance L that separates the pair of radially outermost points 19 in the circumferential direction.

    [0085] Every trough 15 is therefore defined by pluralities of pairs of points 20 comprised between the pair of radially outermost points 19 and the radially innermost point 18, as schematized in figure 7. The distance in the radial direction that separates the pair of radially outermost points 19 and the radially innermost point 18 is defined as height of the trough 15.

    [0086] The adjustment factor K is comprised, including extreme values, between one tenth of the difference between the first radial distance D1 and the second radial distance D2 and half of the difference between the first radial distance D1 and the second radial distance D2, in other words:



    [0087] Each trough 15 therefore has a maximum height that is comprised between 50% and 90% of the difference between the first D1 and the second D2 radial distance.

    [0088] In other words, the term trough 15 between two adjacent teeth 14 is meant to indicate the arched profile that extends between the two teeth 14 and that reaches a height greater than 50% and less than 90% of the distance in the radial direction that separates the radially innermost point 18 of the trough 15 from the radially outermost end portion 16 of the tooth 14 having shorter radial extension of the two.

    [0089] Preferably, the height of the trough 15 reaches 90% of the distance in the radial direction that separates the radially innermost point 18 of the trough 15 from the radially outermost end portion 16 of the tooth 14 having shorter radial extension of the two, in other words the adjustment factor K is equal to (D1-D2)/10.

    [0090] More preferably, such a height reaches 70% of the distance in the radial direction that separates the radially innermost point 18 of the trough 15 from the radially outermost end portion 16 of the tooth 14 having shorter radial extension of the two, in other words the adjustment factor K is equal to (D1-D2)/7.

    [0091] Even more preferably, such a height reaches 50% of the distance in the radial direction that separates the radially innermost point 18 of the trough 15 from the radially outermost end portion 16 of the tooth 14 having shorter radial extension of the two, in other words the adjustment factor K is equal to (D1-D2)/5.

    [0092] The assembly 10 comprises a plurality of connection bodies 30 that mechanically connect the first 12 and the second toothed wheel 13 spacing them apart in the axial direction, as illustrated in figures 1 and 3.

    [0093] The number of connection bodies 30 is a function of the size of the two toothed wheels connected by them and of the degree of structural rigidity that the assembly 10 must have.

    [0094] The larger the size of the two toothed wheels, the greater the number of connection bodies 30. The greater the structural rigidity of the assembly 10 must be, the greater the number of connection bodies 30. The maximum limit to the number of connection bodies is equal to the number of troughs 15 present on the smallest toothed wheel among the two toothed wheels connected by the connection bodies 30.

    [0095] Each connection body 30 comprises a first connection portion 31 connected to the second toothed wheel 13 that extends radially from it towards the first toothed wheel 12.

    [0096] As better illustrated in figure 10, the first connection portion 31 extends from a radially inner edge 13a of the second toothed wheel 13 and moves away from it in the radially inner direction.

    [0097] The first connection portion 31 has a first area 31a (figures 9 and 10) for joining with the radially inner edge 13a of the second toothed wheel 13. The first joining area 31a has curved surfaces for joining to the radially inner edge 13a of the second toothed wheel 13 without sharp edges.

    [0098] The first connection portion 31 also has a second area 31b that extends radially inwards from the first area 31a.

    [0099] In the preferred embodiment of the invention, the second area 31b of the connection portion 31 has a substantially rectilinear radial extension and a substantially constant dimension in the circumferential direction.

    [0100] The thickness of the first connection portion 31, in other words its dimension in the axial direction is substantially constant.

    [0101] The thickness of the first connection portion 31 is substantially equal to the thickness of the second toothed wheel 13.

    [0102] The second toothed wheel 13 is in one piece with, in other words is made together with, the first connection portion 31.

    [0103] The extension in the radial direction of the first connection portion 31 is a function of the diameters of the first 12 and of the second toothed wheel 13; the less the difference between the two diameters, the shorter the extension in the radial direction of the first connection portion 31.

    [0104] Each connection body 30 also comprises a second connection portion 32 connected to the first toothed wheel 12 that extends axially from it.

    [0105] The second connection portion 32 is formed in one piece with the first connection portion 31.

    [0106] The second connection portion 32 is also formed in one piece with the first toothed wheel 12.

    [0107] The second connection portion 32 extends in the axial direction by the same amount that axially separates the first 12 and the second toothed wheel 13.

    [0108] The thickness of the second connection portion 32, in other words its radial dimension, is substantially constant and preferably is identical to the thickness of the first connection portion 31.

    [0109] As shown in figure 6, the second connection portion 32 has a circumferential extent the radial projection of which is completely contained in a trough 15 of the first toothed wheel 12.

    [0110] The circumferential extent of the second connection portion 32 is defined as the distance along a circumferential direction between two radially opposite end surfaces of the second connection portion 32.

    [0111] The circumferential extent is thus the projection in the axial direction, or the imprint, on the first toothed wheel 12 of a section 32a of the second connection portion 32 obtained with a section plane perpendicular to the rotation axis X of the assembly 10.

    [0112] Figure 8 shows a section 32a of the second connection portion 32 obtained in accordance with the above.

    [0113] As illustrated in figure 8, such a section 32a has a projection in the radial direction that is completely contained in a trough 15 of the first toothed wheel 12, in other words that is contained in the distance L between the pair of radially outermost points 19 of the trough 15.

    [0114] The circumferential extent of the second connection portion 32 is such as to contain the second area 31b of the first connection portion 31, in other words the projection in the radial direction outside of the section 32a contains the second area 31b.

    [0115] Preferably, the second connection portion 32 has a circumferential extent contained between a pair of points 21, of the plurality of pairs of points 20 that make the trough 15, which are arranged a radial distance D3 from the radially innermost point 18 of the trough (figure 8).

    [0116] The radial distance D3 is comprised between 90% and 10% of the difference between the maximum radial distance DM and the second radial distance D2. In other words, the radial distance D3 is comprised between 10% and 90% of the maximum height reached by the trough 15.

    [0117] In the example of figure 8, the radial distance D3 is about 15% of the maximum height reached by the trough 15 and the height of the trough 15 is about 65% of the difference between the first D1 and the second D2 radial distance.

    [0118] In any case, the circumferential extension of each second connection portion 32 is less than two thirds of the circumferential extension of the respective trough 15, in other words it is less than two thirds of the distance L between the two radially outermost points 19 of the trough 15.

    [0119] In the example of figure 8, the circumferential extension of each second connection portion 32 is about 55% of the distance L between the two radially outermost points 19 of the trough 15.

    [0120] In the preferred embodiment of the invention, the projection in the radial direction of the section 32a passes through the radially innermost point 18 of the trough 15, as illustrated for example in figure 8.

    [0121] Preferably, the projection in the radial direction of the section 32a is substantially centered on the radially innermost point 18 of the trough 15.

    [0122] In other words, the second connection portion 32 is substantially symmetrical with respect to a radial plane that passes through the radially innermost point 18 of the trough 15.

    [0123] The second connection portion 32 has a radially inner end 33 which is a first radial length L1 from the center C of the first toothed wheel 12, as indicated in figure 6. As illustrated in figure 1, the radially inner end 33 is arranged at the area in which the second connection portion 32 is connected to the first toothed wheel 12. In other words, the radially inner end 33 emerges from the first toothed wheel 12 and faces towards the center C of the first toothed wheel 12.

    [0124] The first toothed wheel 12 has a plurality of radially inner edges 12a that extend with continuity between two successive second connection portions 32.

    [0125] Each radially inner edge 12a is arranged a second radial length L2 from the center C of the first toothed wheel 12.

    [0126] In the preferred embodiment of the invention, the second radial length L2 is constant for the entire extension of a respective radially inner edge 12a.

    [0127] In the preferred embodiment of the invention, all of the radially inner edges 12a are arranged the same second radial length L2 from the center of the first toothed wheel 12.

    [0128] The first radial length L1, in other words the distance that separates the radially inner end 33 of the second connection portions 32 from the center C of the first toothed wheel 12, is equal to or less than the second radial length L2, in other words the distance that separates the radially inner edge 12a from the center C of the first toothed wheel 12.

    [0129] In other words, the radially inner ends 33 of the second connection portions 32 are aligned or radially more inner with respect to the radially inner edge 12a of the toothed wheel 12.

    [0130] In the example embodiment illustrated in the attached figures, the radially inner ends 33 of the second connection portions 32 are aligned with the radially inner edges 12a of the first toothed wheel 12, as for example illustrated in figures 1 and 6.

    [0131] The first toothed wheel 12 is connected to a radially inner cylindrical portion 40 which is arranged to engage a freewheel body (not illustrated) of the hub of the rear wheel of the bicycle.

    [0132] The radially inner cylindrical portion 40 comprises an interface surface 41 with the freewheel body from which a plurality of protuberances 42 project.

    [0133] The protuberances 42 are intended to engage respective grooved profiles (not illustrated) counter-shaped to the protuberances 42 and arranged on the freewheel body to make a shape coupling capable of transmitting torque between the freewheel body and the radially inner cylindrical portion 40 and vice-versa.

    [0134] As shown in figures 1, 2 and 3, the protuberances 42 are arranged according to a first 43 and a second array 44 of protuberances 42.

    [0135] The protuberances 42 of the first 43 and of the second array 44 are aligned in the axial direction, in other words they face one another in the axial direction.

    [0136] The axially aligned protuberances 42 have the same profile so s to be substantially identical.

    [0137] Two mutually facing protuberances 42 are axially spaced apart so that there is an empty space between them.

    [0138] Preferably, as illustrated in figure 2, the protuberances 42 of one same array are not all identical to one another. At least one of the protuberances 42 of one same array has a different outer profile from that of the remaining protuberances 42, so as to ensure a single angular mounting position of the radially inner cylindrical portion 40 on the freewheel body.

    [0139] The mechanical coupling between the radially inner cylindrical portion 40 and the first toothed wheel 12 is obtained by a plurality of radial spokes 50 that extend from the cylindrical portion 40 and reach respective radially inner edges 12a of the first toothed wheel 12 (see, for example, figures 1 and 3).

    [0140] The radial spokes 50 have a rectilinear extension and a length in the radial direction such as to allow the correct radial positioning of the teeth of the first toothed wheel 12.

    [0141] The radial spokes 50 are made in one piece with the first toothed wheel 12 and with the radially inner cylindrical portion 40.

    [0142] The thickness in the axial direction of the radial spokes 50 is such that close to the radially inner edges 12a of the first toothed wheel 12 the spoke has a thickness equal to the thickness, in the same direction, of the first toothed wheel 12, as illustrated in the example of figure 3.

    [0143] The assembly 10 can comprise a third toothed wheel 11, like in the example embodiments of the attached figures.

    [0144] The third toothed wheel has a smaller number of teeth 14 than the number of teeth 14 of the first toothed wheel 12 and has a smaller diameter with respect to that of the first toothed wheel 12.

    [0145] In the example of figures 3 and 4, the third toothed wheel 11 is connected to the first toothed wheel 12 by connection bodies 30 identical to those described earlier.

    [0146] In particular, the first connection portion 31 extends radially away from the first toothed wheel 12 and the second connection portion 32 is connected to the third toothed wheel 11 and extends axially, away from it, as shown in figure 3.

    [0147] Alternatively, as shown in the example of figures 1 and 2, the third toothed wheel 11 is also connected to the radially inner cylindrical portion 40 by the radial spokes 50.

    [0148] In particular, the radial spokes 50 are also connected to a radially inner edge 11a of the third toothed wheel 11.

    [0149] The radial spokes 50 have an axial thickness at the radially inner edge 11a of the third toothed wheel 11 substantially equal to the sum of the axial distance that separates the third toothed wheel 11 from the first 12, of the axial thickness of the third toothed wheel 11 and of the axial thickness of the first toothed wheel 12.

    [0150] The radial spokes 50 thus take care of spacing apart in the axial direction the third 11 and the first toothed wheel 12.

    [0151] In this example embodiment, the third toothed wheel 11 is not connected to the second toothed wheel 13 by the connection bodies 30.

    [0152] In embodiments that are not illustrated, the assembly 10 can comprise further toothed wheels connected to the third toothed wheel 11 (in the case in which the further toothed wheels have smaller and decreasing diameters with respect to the diameter of the third toothed wheel 11) or to the second toothed wheel 13 (in the case in which the further toothed wheels have greater and increasing diameters with respect to the diameter of the second toothed wheel 13).

    [0153] In the case in which there is a further toothed wheel of smaller diameter than the third toothed wheel 11, such a further toothed wheel is connected to the third toothed wheel by connection bodies 30 identical to those that connect the first 12 and the second toothed wheel 13.

    [0154] In the case in which there is a further toothed wheel of greater diameter than the second toothed wheel 13, such a further toothed wheel is connected to the second toothed wheel by connection bodies 30 identical to those that connect the second 13 and the first toothed wheel 12.

    [0155] Moreover, each further toothed wheel is connected to the further toothed wheel of immediately smaller or immediately larger size by connection bodies 30 identical to those that connect the second 13 and the first toothed wheel 12.

    [0156] Of course, those skilled in the art can bring numerous modifications and variants to the invention described above, in order to satisfy specific and contingent requirements, like for example foreseeing assemblies 10 having any number of toothed wheels, all in any case encompassed by the scope of protection of the present invention as defined by the following claims.


    Claims

    1. Toothed wheel assembly (10) for a sprocket assembly of a bicycle comprising: at least one first (12) and a second toothed wheel (13);
    each toothed wheel (12, 13) comprising a plurality of teeth (14) separated from one another by corresponding troughs (15) and wherein the second toothed wheel (13) has a greater number of teeth (14) than the number of teeth (14) of the first toothed wheel (12);
    a plurality of connection bodies (30) that mechanically connect the first (12) and the second toothed wheel (13) axially spacing them apart, each connection body (30) comprising a first connection portion (31) connected to the second toothed wheel (13) which extends radially from the second toothed wheel (13) towards the first toothed wheel (12) and a second connection portion (32) connected to the first toothed wheel (12) that extends axially from the first toothed wheel (12); characterized by that said second connection portion (32) of each connection body (30) having a circumferential extent the radial projection of which is completely contained in a trough (15) of the first toothed wheel (12).
     
    2. Toothed wheel assembly (10) according to claim 1, wherein: each tooth (14) has a radially outermost portion (16) arranged at a first radial distance (D1) from the center (C) of the toothed wheel (12, 13);
    each trough (15) has a radially innermost point (18) arranged at a second radial distance (D2) from the center (C) of the toothed wheel (12, 13) and a pair of radially outermost points (19) arranged at a maximum radial distance (DM) from the center (C) of the toothed wheel (12, 13);
    said maximum radial distance (DM) being equal to the difference between the first radial distance (D1) and the second radial distance (D2) minus an adjustment factor (K) comprised, including extreme values, between one tenth of the difference between the first radial distance (D1) and the second radial distance (D2) and half of the difference between the first radial distance (D1) and la second radial distance (D2);
    each trough (15) being defined between said radially innermost point (18) and said pair of radially outermost points (19).
     
    3. Toothed wheel assembly (10) according to claim 2, wherein said second connection portion (32) has a circumferential extent contained between a pair of points (21) of the trough (15) arranged a radial distance (D3) from the radially innermost point (18) of the trough (15) comprised between 10% and 90% of the difference between the maximum radial distance (DM) and the second radial distance (D2).
     
    4. Toothed wheel assembly (10) according to claim 2 or 3, wherein said second connection portion (32) has a circumferential extent the radial projection of which passes through the radially innermost point (18) of the trough (15).
     
    5. Toothed wheel assembly (10) according to any one of the previous claims, wherein said second connection portion (32) has a radially inner end (33) arranged at a first radial length (L1) from the center (C) of the first toothed wheel (12); said first radial length (L1) being equal to or less than a second radial length (L2) that a radially inner edge (12a) of the first toothed wheel (12), comprised between said second connection portion (32) and a subsequent second connection portion (32), is from the center (C) of the first toothed wheel (12).
     
    6. Toothed wheel assembly (10) according to claim 5, wherein the inner ends (33) of all of the second connection portions (32) are arranged at said first radial length (L1) from the center (C) of the first toothed wheel (12).
     
    7. Toothed wheel assembly (10) according to claim 5 or 6, wherein all of the radially inner edges (12a) of the first toothed wheel (12) comprised between two adjacent second connection portions (32) are arranged at said second radial length (L2) from the center (C) of the first toothed wheel (12).
     
    8. Toothed wheel assembly (10) according to claims 6 and 7, wherein said first radial length (L1) is substantially equal to said second radial length (L2).
     
    9. Toothed wheel assembly (10) according to any one of the previous claims, comprising a radially inner cylindrical portion (40) arranged to engage a freewheel body; a plurality of radial spokes (50) extending from said cylindrical portion (40) and connecting to respective radially inner edges (12a) of the first toothed wheel (12).
     
    10. Toothed wheel assembly (10) according to claim 9, wherein said radially inner cylindrical portion (40) comprises an interface surface (41) with said freewheel body from which a plurality of protuberances (42) project, arranged according to a first array (43) and a second array (44), for the engagement of respective grooved profiles counter-shaped to said protuberances (42) defined on said freewheel body; said protuberances (42) of said first array (43) and of said second array (44) facing one another in the axial direction.
     
    11. Toothed wheel assembly (10) according to claim 10, wherein said protuberances (42) of said first array (43) and of said second array (44) are axially spaced apart so that there is an empty space between them.
     
    12. Toothed wheel assembly (10) according to any one of the previous claims, comprising a third toothed wheel (11) having a smaller number of teeth (14) than the number of teeth (14) of the first toothed wheel (12); said third toothed wheel (11) being connected to the first toothed wheel (12) by respective connection bodies (30) identical to the connection bodies (30) that connect the first toothed wheel (12) to the second toothed wheel (13).
     
    13. Toothed wheel assembly (10) according to claim 9, comprising a third toothed wheel (11) having a smaller number of teeth (14) than the number of teeth (14) of the first toothed wheel (12); said third toothed wheel (11) being connected to said radially inner cylindrical portion (40) by said plurality of spokes (50).
     
    14. Toothed wheel assembly (10) according to any one of the previous claims comprising further toothed wheels having an increasing number of teeth (14) greater than the number of teeth (14) of the second toothed wheel (13); said further toothed wheels being connected to one another in series by respective connection bodies (30) identical to the connection bodies (30) that connect the first toothed wheel (12) to the second toothed wheel (13) and wherein the further toothed wheel having a smaller number of teeth (14) is connected to the second toothed wheel (13) by respective connection bodies (30) identical to the connection bodies (30) that connect the first toothed wheel (12) to the second toothed wheel (13).
     
    15. Toothed wheel assembly (10) according to claim 12 or 13, comprising further toothed wheels having a decreasing number of teeth (14) smaller than the number of teeth (14) of the third toothed wheel (11); said further toothed wheels being connected to one another in series by respective connection bodies (30) identical to the connection bodies (30) that connect the first toothed wheel (12) to the second toothed wheel (13) and wherein the further toothed wheel having a greater number of teeth (14) is connected to the third toothed wheel (11) by respective connection bodies (30) identical to the connection bodies (30) that connect the first toothed wheel (12) to the second toothed wheel (13).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Zahnradbaugruppe (10) für eine Kettenradbaugruppe eines Fahrrades, die wenigstens ein erstes (12) und ein zweites Zahnrad (13) umfasst;
    wobei jedes Zahnrad (12, 13) eine Vielzahl von Zähnen (14) umfasst, die durch entsprechende Vertiefungen (15) voneinander getrennt sind, und wobei das zweite Zahnrad (13) eine Anzahl von Zähnen (14) hat, die größer ist als die Anzahl von Zähnen (14) des ersten Zahnrades (12);
    eine Vielzahl von Verbindungskörpern (30), die das erste (12) und das zweite Zahnrad (13) mechanisch verbinden und sie axial voneinander beabstandet halten, wobei jeder Verbindungskörper (30) einen mit dem zweiten Zahnrad (13) verbundenen ersten Verbindungsabschnitt (31), der sich radial von dem zweiten Zahnrad (13) aus auf das erste Zahnrad (12) zu erstreckt, sowie einen mit dem ersten Zahnrad (12) verbundenen zweiten Verbindungsabschnitt (32) umfasst, der sich axial von dem ersten Zahnrad (12) aus erstreckt, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der zweite Verbindungsabschnitt (32) jedes Verbindungskörpers (30) eine Umfangsausdehnung hat, deren radiale Projektion vollständig in einer Vertiefung (15) des ersten Zahnrades (12) eingeschlossen ist.
     
    2. Zahnradbaugruppe (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei: jeder Zahn (14) einen radial am weitesten außen liegenden Abschnitt (16) aufweist, der in einem ersten radialen Abstand (D1) zu der Mitte (C) des Zahnrades (12, 13) angeordnet ist;
    jede Vertiefung (15) einen radial am weitesten innen liegenden Punkt (18), der in einem zweiten radialen Abstand (D2) zu der Mitte (C) des Zahnrades (12, 13) angeordnet ist, sowie ein Paar radial am weitesten außen liegender Punkte (19) aufweist, die in einem maximalen radialen Abstand (DM) zu der Mitte (C) des Zahnrades (12, 13) angeordnet sind;
    wobei der maximale radiale Abstand (DM) der Differenz zwischen dem ersten radialen Abstand (D1) und dem zweiten radialen Abstand (D2) abzüglich eines Anpassungsfaktors (K) gleich ist, der, einschließlich Extremwerten, zwischen einem Zehntel der Differenz zwischen dem ersten radialen Abstand (D1) und dem zweiten radialen Abstand (D2) und der Hälfte der Differenz zwischen dem ersten radialen Abstand (D1) und dem zweiten radialen Abstand (D2) liegt; wobei jede Vertiefung (15) zwischen dem radial am weitesten innen liegenden Punkt (18) und dem Paar radial am weitesten außen liegender Punkte (19) ausgebildet ist.
     
    3. Zahnradbaugruppe (10) nach Anspruch 2, wobei der zweite Verbindungsabschnitt (32) eine Umfangsausdehnung hat, die zwischen einem Paar von Punkten (21) der Vertiefung (15) eingeschlossen ist, die in einem radialen Abstand (D3) zu dem radial am weitesten innen liegenden Punkt (18) der Vertiefung (15) angeordnet sind, der zwischen 10% und 90% der Differenz zwischen dem maximalen radialen Abstand (DM) und dem zweiten radialen Abstand (D2) liegt.
     
    4. Zahnradbaugruppe (10) nach Anspruch 2 oder 3, wobei der zweite Verbindungsabschnitt (32) eine Umfangsausdehnung hat, deren radiale Projektion durch den radial am weitesten innen liegenden Punkt (18) der Vertiefung (15) verläuft.
     
    5. Zahnradbaugruppe (10) nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, wobei der zweite Verbindungsabschnitt (32) ein radial innen liegendes Ende (33) hat, das in einer ersten radialen Länge (L1) von der Mitte (C) des ersten Zahnrades (12) aus angeordnet ist; wobei die erste radiale Länge (L1) genauso groß ist wie oder kleiner als eine zweite radiale Länge (L2), in der eine radial innen liegende Kante (12a) des ersten Zahnrades (12), die zwischen dem zweiten Verbindungsabschnitt (32) und einem nachfolgenden zweiten Verbindungsabschnitt (32) liegt, von der Mitte (C) des ersten Zahnrades (12) aus angeordnet ist.
     
    6. Zahnradbaugruppe (10) nach Anspruch 5, wobei die innen liegenden Enden (33) aller der zweiten Verbindungsabschnitte (32) in der ersten radialen Länge (L1) von der Mitte (C) des ersten Zahnrades (12) aus angeordnet sind.
     
    7. Zahnradbaugruppe (10) nach Anspruch 5 oder 6, wobei alle der radial innen liegenden Kanten (12a) des ersten Zahnrades (12), die zwischen zwei benachbarten zweiten Verbindungsabschnitten (32) liegen, in der zweiten radialen Länge (L2) von der Mitte (C) des ersten Zahnrades (12) aus angeordnet sind.
     
    8. Zahnradbaugruppe (10) nach den Ansprüchen 6 und 7, wobei die erste radiale Länge (L1) im Wesentlichen der zweiten radialen Länge (L2) gleich ist.
     
    9. Zahnradbaugruppe (10) nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, die einen radial innen liegenden zylindrischen Abschnitt (40), der so angeordnet ist, dass er mit einem Freilaufkörper in Eingriff kommt; sowie eine Vielzahl radialer Speichen (50) umfasst, die sich von dem zylindrischen Abschnitt (40) aus erstrecken und mit entsprechenden radial innen liegenden Kanten (12a) des ersten Zahnrades (12) verbunden sind.
     
    10. Zahnradbaugruppe (10) nach Anspruch 9, wobei der radial innen liegende zylindrische Abschnitt (40) eine Grenzfläche (41) mit dem Freilaufkörper aufweist, von der eine Vielzahl von Vorsprüngen (42) vorstehen, die in einer ersten Gruppe (43) und einer zweiten Gruppe (44) angeordnet sind, und dem Eingriff mit entsprechenden Rillen-Profilen dienen, die komplementär zu den an dem Freilaufkörper ausgebildeten Vorsprüngen (42) geformt sind; wobei die Vorsprünge (42) der ersten Gruppe (43) und der zweiten Gruppe (44) einander in der axialen Richtung zugewandt sind.
     
    11. Zahnradbaugruppe (10) nach Anspruch 10, wobei die Vorsprünge (42) der ersten Gruppe (43) und der zweiten Gruppe (44) axial so voneinander beabstandet sind, dass zwischen ihnen ein freier Raum vorhanden ist.
     
    12. Zahnradbaugruppe (10) nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, die ein drittes Zahnrad (11) umfasst, das eine Anzahl von Zähnen (14) hat, die kleiner ist als die Anzahl von Zähnen (14) des ersten Zahnrades (12); wobei das dritte Zahnrad (11) mit dem ersten Zahnrad (12) über jeweilige Verbindungskörper (30) verbunden ist, die identisch mit den Verbindungskörpern (30) sind, die das erste Zahnrad (12) mit dem zweiten Zahnrad (13)verbinden.
     
    13. Zahnradbaugruppe (10) nach Anspruch 9, die ein drittes Zahnrad (11) umfasst, das eine Anzahl von Zähnen (14) hat, die kleiner ist als die Anzahl von Zähnen (14) des ersten Zahnrades (12), wobei das dritte Zahnrad (11) mit dem radial innen liegenden zylindrischen Abschnitt (40) über die Vielzahl von Speichen (50) verbunden ist.
     
    14. Zahnradbaugruppe (10) nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, die weitere Zahnräder mit einer zunehmenden Anzahl von Zähnen (14) umfasst, die größer ist als die Anzahl von Zähnen (14) des zweiten Zahnrades (13); wobei die weiteren Zahnräder miteinander in Reihe über jeweilige Verbindungskörper (30) verbunden sind, die mit den Verbindungskörpern (30) identisch sind, die das erste Zahnrad (12) mit dem zweiten Zahnrad (13) verbinden, und das weitere Zahnrad mit einer kleineren Anzahl von Zähnen (14) mit dem zweiten Zahnrad (13) über jeweilige Verbindungskörper (30) verbunden ist, die identisch mit den Verbindungskörpern (30) sind, die das erste Zahnrad (12) mit dem zweiten Zahnrad (13) verbinden.
     
    15. Zahnradbaugruppe (10) nach Anspruch 12 oder 13, die weitere Zahnräder mit einer abnehmenden Anzahl von Zähnen (14) umfasst, die kleiner ist als die Anzahl von Zähnen (14) des dritten Zahnrades (11); wobei die weiteren Zahnräder miteinander in Reihe über jeweilige Verbindungskörper (30) verbunden sind, die identisch mit den Verbindungskörpern (30) sind, die das erste Zahnrad (12) mit dem zweiten Zahnrad (13) verbinden, und das weitere Zahnrad mit einer größeren Anzahl von Zähnen (14) mit dem dritten Zahnrad (11) über jeweilige Verbindungskörper (30) verbunden ist, die identisch mit den Verbindungskörpern (30) sind, die das erste Zahnrad (12) mit dem zweiten Zahnrad (13) verbinden.
     


    Revendications

    1. Ensemble de roues dentées (10) pour un ensemble de pignons d'une bicyclette comprenant : au moins une première (12) et une deuxième (13) roues dentées ;
    chaque roue dentée (12, 13) comprenant une pluralité de dents (14) séparées les unes des autres par des creux correspondants (15) et où la deuxième roue dentée (13) présente un nombre plus important de dents (14) que le nombre de dents (14) de la première roue dentée (12) ;
    une pluralité de corps de liaison (30) qui relient mécaniquement la première roue dentée (12) et la deuxième roue dentée (13) en les espaçant axialement, chaque corps de liaison (30) comprenant une première partie de liaison (31) reliée à la deuxième roue dentée (13) laquelle s'étend radialement depuis la deuxième roue dentée (13) vers la première roue dentée (12) et une deuxième partie de liaison (32) reliée à la première roue dentée (12) qui s'étend axialement depuis la première roue dentée (12) ; caractérisé en ce que ladite deuxième partie de liaison (32) de chaque corps de liaison (30) présentant une étendue circonférentielle dont la projection radiale est complètement contenue dans un creux (15) de la première roue dentée (12).
     
    2. Ensemble de roues dentées (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel : chaque dent (14) présente une partie radialement la plus extérieure (16) agencée à une première distance radiale (D1) à compter du centre (C) de la roue dentée (12, 13) ;
    chaque creux (15) présente un point radialement le plus intérieur (18) agencé à une deuxième distance radiale (D2) à compter du centre (C) de la roue dentée (12, 13) et une paire de points radialement les plus extérieurs (19) agencés à une distance radiale maximale (DM) à compter du centre (C) de la roue dentée (12, 13) ;
    ladite distance radiale maximale (DM) étant égale à la différence entre la première distance radiale (D1) et la deuxième distance radiale (D2) moins un facteur d'ajustement (K) compris, valeurs extrêmes incluses, entre un dixième de la différence entre la première distance radiale (D1) et la deuxième distance radiale (D2) et la moitié de la différence entre la première distance radiale (D1) et la deuxième distance radiale (D2) ;
    chaque creux (15) étant défini entre ledit point radialement le plus intérieur (18) et ladite paire de points radialement les plus extérieurs (19).
     
    3. Ensemble de roues dentées (10) selon la revendication 2, dans lequel ladite deuxième partie de liaison (32) présente une étendue circonférentielle contenue entre une paire de points (21) du creux (15) agencés à une distance radiale (D3) à compter du point radialement le plus intérieur (18) du creux (15) comprise entre 10 % et 90 % de la différence entre la distance radiale maximale (DM) et la deuxième distance radiale (D2).
     
    4. Ensemble de roues dentées (10) selon la revendication 2 ou 3, dans lequel ladite deuxième partie de liaison (32) présente une étendue circonférentielle dont la projection radiale passe par le point radialement le plus intérieur (18) du creux (15).
     
    5. Ensemble de roues dentées (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel ladite deuxième partie de liaison (32) présente une extrémité radialement intérieure (33) agencée à une première longueur radiale (L1) à compter du centre (C) de la première roue dentée (12) ; ladite première longueur radiale (L1) étant inférieure ou égale à une deuxième longueur radiale (L2) à laquelle se trouve un bord radialement intérieur (12a) de la première roue dentée (12), compris entre ladite deuxième partie de liaison (32) et une deuxième partie de liaison suivante (32), à compter du centre (C) de la première roue dentée (12).
     
    6. Ensemble de roues dentées (10) selon la revendication 5, dans lequel les extrémités intérieures (33) de la totalité des deuxièmes parties de liaison (32) sont agencées à ladite première longueur radiale (L1) à compter du centre (C) de la première roue dentée (12).
     
    7. Ensemble de roues dentées (10) selon la revendication 5 ou 6, dans lequel la totalité des bords radialement intérieurs (12a) de la première roue dentée (12) compris entre deux deuxièmes parties de liaison adjacentes (32) sont agencés à ladite deuxième longueur radiale (L2) à compter du centre (C) de la première roue dentée (12).
     
    8. Ensemble de roues dentées (10) selon les revendications 6 et 7, dans lequel ladite première longueur radiale (L1) est sensiblement égale à ladite deuxième longueur radiale (L2).
     
    9. Ensemble de roues dentées (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant une partie cylindrique radialement intérieure (40) agencée pour engager un corps de roue libre ; une pluralité de rayons radiaux (50) s'étendant depuis ladite partie cylindrique (40) et se reliant à des bords radialement intérieurs respectifs (12a) de la première roue dentée (12).
     
    10. Ensemble de roues dentées (10) selon la revendication 9, dans lequel ladite partie cylindrique radialement intérieure (40) comprend une surface d'interface (41) avec ledit corps de roue libre de laquelle une pluralité de protubérances (42) dépassent, agencées selon un premier réseau (43) et un deuxième réseau (44), pour l'engagement de profils rainurés respectifs de forme complémentaire à celle desdites protubérances (42) définis sur ledit corps de roue libre ; lesdites protubérances (42) dudit premier réseau (43) et dudit deuxième réseau (44) se faisant face dans la direction axiale.
     
    11. Ensemble de roues dentées (10) selon la revendication 10, dans lequel lesdites protubérances (42) dudit premier réseau (43) et dudit deuxième réseau (44) sont axialement espacées de sorte qu'il existe un espace vide entre elles.
     
    12. Ensemble de roues dentées (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant une troisième roue dentée (11) présentant un nombre plus faible de dents (14) que le nombre de dents (14) de la première roue dentée (12) ; ladite troisième roue dentée (11) étant reliée à la première roue dentée (12) par des corps de liaison respectifs (30) identiques aux corps de liaison (30) qui relient la première roue dentée (12) à la deuxième roue dentée (13).
     
    13. Ensemble de roues dentées (10) selon la revendication 9, comprenant une troisième roue dentée (11) présentant un nombre plus faible de dents (14) que le nombre de dents (14) de la première roue dentée (12) ; ladite troisième roue dentée (11) étant reliée à ladite partie cylindrique radialement intérieure (40) par ladite pluralité de rayons (50).
     
    14. Ensemble de roues dentées (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant des roues dentées supplémentaires présentant un nombre croissant de dents (14) supérieur au nombre de dents (14) de la deuxième roue dentée (13) ; lesdites roues dentées supplémentaires étant reliées les unes aux autres en série par des corps de liaison respectifs (30) identiques aux corps de liaison (30) qui relient la première roue dentée (12) à la deuxième roue dentée (13) et où la roue dentée supplémentaire présentant un nombre plus faible de dents (14) est reliée à la deuxième roue dentée (13) par des corps de liaison respectifs (30) identiques aux corps de liaison (30) qui relient la première roue dentée (12) à la deuxième roue dentée (13).
     
    15. Ensemble de roues dentées (10) selon la revendication 12 ou 13, comprenant des roues dentées supplémentaires présentant un nombre décroissant de dents (14) inférieur au nombre de dents (14) de la troisième roue dentée (11) ; lesdites roues dentées supplémentaires étant reliées les unes aux autres en série par des corps de liaison respectifs (30) identiques aux corps de liaison (30) qui relient la première roue dentée (12) à la deuxième roue dentée (13) et où la roue dentée supplémentaire présentant un nombre plus important de dents (14) est reliée à la troisième roue dentée (11) par des corps de liaison respectifs (30) identiques aux corps de liaison (30) qui relient la première roue dentée (12) à la deuxième roue dentée (13).
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description