(19)
(11)EP 3 379 321 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.11.2020 Bulletin 2020/45

(21)Application number: 16870152.2

(22)Date of filing:  08.09.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
G02B 27/01(2006.01)
G02F 1/13357(2006.01)
F21V 8/00(2006.01)
F21S 2/00(2016.01)
G02B 27/09(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2016/004100
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/094209 (08.06.2017 Gazette  2017/23)

(54)

IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE AND HEADUP DISPLAY EQUIPPED WITH IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE

BILDANZEIGEVORRICHTUNG UND HEADUP-ANZEIGE MIT DER BILDANZEIGEVORRICHTUNG

DISPOSITIF D'AFFICHAGE D'IMAGE ET DISPOSITIF D'AFFICHAGE TÊTE HAUTE ÉQUIPÉ D'UN DISPOSITIF D'AFFICHAGE D'IMAGE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 30.11.2015 JP 2015233092

(43)Date of publication of application:
26.09.2018 Bulletin 2018/39

(73)Proprietor: Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.
Osaka-shi, Osaka 540-6207 (JP)

(72)Inventor:
  • ASAI, Yosuke
    Osaka-shi, Osaka 540-6207 (JP)

(74)Representative: Eisenführ Speiser 
Patentanwälte Rechtsanwälte PartGmbB Postfach 10 60 78
28060 Bremen
28060 Bremen (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
JP-A- 2004 171 948
JP-A- 2006 059 763
JP-A- 2007 073 469
JP-A- 2015 525 432
US-A1- 2007 109 464
JP-A- 2005 352 400
JP-A- 2007 073 469
JP-A- 2015 038 811
US-A1- 2004 246 697
US-B1- 8 033 706
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present disclosure relates to an image display device in which a light guide plate is used and a head-up display equipped with the image display device.

    BACKGROUND ART



    [0002] US 2004/0246697 A1 discloses an area light source and a lightguide used therefor. The area light source comprises an LED, a plate-like light guide adapted to guide the light emitted from the LED and having a light incident end face and a light emerging face, and a light deflecting element. Continuously arranged on the light emerging face are lens arrays extending generally perpendicularly to the direction of the directivity of the light entering the light guide from the LED in a plane along the light emerging face and having an average angle of inclination of 0.5° to 60°. On each surface of the lens arrays a coarse surface having an average angle of inclination of 0.1° to 8° is formed. Continuously arranged on the back of the light guide are lens arrays extending generally parallel to the direction of the directivity of the light entering the light guide from the LED in the plane along the light emerging face and having an average angle of inclination of 8° to 60°. Formed on a light entering surface of the light deflecting element are prism arrays parallel to one another and parallel to the light incident end face of the light guide. A light reflecting element is so disposed as to be opposed to the back of the light guide.

    [0003] US 8,033,706 B1 discloses a lightguide comprising a low refractive index region. In one embodiment of this disclosure of US 8,033,706 B1, a lightguide comprises a low refractive index region disposed between light extracting region and a non-scattering region. In a further embodiment US 8,033,706 B1, a volumetric scattering lightguide comprises a low refractive index region disposed between a volumetric scattering region and a non-scattering region. In some embodiments, a light emitting device comprising a volumetric scattering lightguide can angularly filter light input into the edge of a volumetric scattering lightguide by controlling the refractive index of the low refractive index region relative to the refractive index of the non-scattering region to prevent direct illumination of the volumetric scattering region, provide a luminance unifonnity greater than 70%, or improve the angular luminous intensity of the light emitting device. The volumetric scattering lightguide may be curved, tapered, and a light emitting device comprising the same may further comprise at least one light source and a light redirecting element.

    [0004] US 2007/0109464 A1 discloses a backlight unit and a liquid crystal display using the same. The backlight unit includes a plurality of point light sources. A light guide panel includes a first surface that receives incident light from the point light sources. A second surface is where the lights from the point light sources cross. Prism patterns are formed on the first surface.

    [0005] PTL 1 discloses a method for causing a light beam emitted from a light source to enter light guide plate by deflecting the light beam using a linear Fresnel lens. Therefore, a light distribution spreading a direction perpendicular to a traveling direction of the light is narrowed, and front luminance increases.

    Citation List


    Patent Literature



    [0006] PTL 1: Unexamined Japanese Patent Publication No. 2007-73469

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0007] An image display device according to a present disclosure is used in a head-up display. The image display device is defined in claim 1.

    [0008] A head-up display according to the present disclosure includes an image display device and a reflection optical unit that reflects the light output from the image display device. The head-up display introduces the light output from the reflection optical unit to an eye-box of an observer through a transparent member, and causes the observer to visually recognize a virtual image.

    [0009] The high front luminance is obtained in the image display device and the head-up display of the present disclosure.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0010] 

    FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram illustrating a vehicle equipped with a head-up display according to a first exemplary embodiment.

    FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram illustrating an image display device according to the first exemplary embodiment not forming part of the invention.

    FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram illustrating a section of the image display device according to the first exemplary embodiment not forming part of the invention.

    FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram illustrating a light beam incident on a light guide plate according to the first exemplary embodiment not forming part of the invention.

    FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram illustrating the light beam incident on a light guide plate according to a comparative example.

    FIG. 6 is a graph illustrating a relationship between luminance and an angle of the light guide plate in the first exemplary embodiment and the comparative example.

    FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram illustrating an image display device according to a second embodiment of the invention.

    FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram illustrating a section of the image display device according to the second embodiment of the invention.

    FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram illustrating a light beam incident on a light guide plate according to the second embodiment of the invention.

    FIG. 10 is a schematic diagram illustrating an image display device according to a third exemplary embodiment not forming part of the invention.

    FIG. 11A is a schematic diagram illustrating a part of an optical path of the head-up display.

    FIG. 11B is a schematic diagram illustrating a part of the optical path of the head-up display.


    DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



    [0011] Hereinafter, exemplary embodiments will be described in detail with reference to the drawings as appropriate. However, detailed description more than necessary may be omitted. For example, detailed description of a known matter or repetitive description of a substantially identical configuration may be omitted. This is to avoid the following description from becoming unnecessarily redundant, and to ease understanding of those skilled in the art.

    [0012] Of the following embodiments, the second exemplary embodiment is covered by the claims, while the other exemplary embodiments are provided for being useful for understanding the invention.

    [0013] It is noted that the inventors provide attached drawings and the following description for those skilled in the art to fully understand the present disclosure, and do not intend to limit the subject matter as described in the appended claims.

    (First exemplary embodiment)



    [0014] A first exemplary embodiment will be described below with reference to FIGS. 1 to 6.

    [1-1. Outline]



    [0015] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram illustrating vehicle 200 equipped with head-up display 100 according to a first exemplary embodiment. For example, a driver gets in vehicle 200 as observer 300. Vehicle 200 includes windshield 230, i.e., a front glass, as a transparent member.

    [0016] Light output from liquid crystal panel (transmission type display panel 115 to be described later) of head-up display 100 is guided into eye-box 600 of observer 300 through windshield 230. Therefore, observer 300 visually recognizes virtual image 400. As used herein, eye-box 600 means a region in which observer 300 can visually recognize the virtual image without any omission of the virtual image.

    [0017] Head-up display 100 includes image display device 120. FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram illustrating image display device 120 according to the first exemplary embodiment. Image display device 120 includes light guide plate 112. Incident surface 1121 of light guide plate 112 includes convex surface 112b.

    [0018] The light incident on light guide plate 112 is deflected by convex surface 112b. Therefore, a light distribution of the light introduced to light guide plate 112 can be narrowed. As a result, the front luminance of image display device 120 can be improved.

    [0019] For example, a linear Fresnel lens can be disposed between light source 111 and incident surface 1121 in order to narrow the light distribution of the light beam introduced to light guide plate 112. However, compared to the case where the linear Fresnel lens is used, in the first exemplary embodiment, the front luminance of image display device 120 can be improved with a small number of members.

    [1-2. Configuration]


    [1-2-1. Configuration of head-up display]



    [0020] A configuration of head-up display 100 of the first exemplary embodiment will be described below with reference to FIG. 1.

    [0021] Head-up display 100 includes image display device 120 and reflection optical unit 130. Head-up display 100 is disposed inside housing 140. In FIG. 1, head-up display 100 and housing 140 are enlarged for easy understanding.

    [0022] A configuration of image display device 120 will be described later.

    [0023] Reflection optical unit 130 includes first mirror 131 and second mirror 132. First mirror 131 reflects the light output from transmission type display panel 115 of image display device 120, to be described later, toward second mirror 132. Second mirror 132 reflects the light from first mirror 131 toward windshield 230. A reflection surface of second mirror 132 has a concave shape. Reflection optical unit 130 is not necessarily configured by two mirrors. A number of mirrors may be one or at least three. Reflection optical unit 130 may include a refraction optical system such as a lens on an optical path.

    [0024] Housing 140 includes opening 141. Opening 141 may include a transparent cover.

    [1-2-2. Configuration of image display device]



    [0025] The configuration of image display device 120 of the first exemplary embodiment, not forming part of the invention, will be described below with reference to FIG. 2. In the following description, an output side (of the light) means an upper side in FIG. 2.

    [0026] Image display device 120 includes a plurality of light sources 111, light guide plate 112, specular reflection member 113 that is the reflection member, light beam control member 114, and transmission type display panel 115 that is the display unit.

    [0027] The plurality of light sources 111 are included in illumination device 110 that is an illumination unit in FIG. 1. As illustrated in FIG. 2, the plurality of light sources 111 are arrayed in line in a first direction (x-axis direction) with respect to image display device 120. Light source 111 is a light emitting body that supplies illumination light to transmission type display panel 115. For example, light source 111 is a chip type Light Emitting Diode (LED).

    [0028] Light guide plate 112 is aligned with a second direction (y-axis direction) with respect to the plurality of light sources 111. Light guide plate 112 is disposed in proximity to light source 111 to an extent in which the output light beams of the plurality of light sources 111 do not leak. Light guide plate 112 is a transparent plate that guides the light. A surface of light guide plate 112 includes incident surface 1121, output surface 1123, inclined surface 1122a, inclined surface 1122b, and counter surface 1124.

    [0029] The light beams emitted from the plurality of light sources 111 enter incident surface 1121. Incident surface 1121 includes a plurality of convex surfaces 112b each of which is opposed to each light source 111. Each convex surface 112b is a curved surface that projects toward a direction opposed to each light source 111. An axis of a curvature center of each convex surface 112b is perpendicular to an xy-plane. That is, the axis of a curvature center of each convex surface 112b is parallel to a third direction (z-axis direction). In light guide plate 112, a portion including each convex surface 112b is referred to as cylindrical shape part 112a. Each cylindrical shape part 112a has a semi-columnar shape in which a straight line parallel to the third direction is set to a generating axis. It is assumed that the third direction is a direction orthogonal to both the first direction and the second direction. A yz-section and an xz-section of each cylindrical shape part 112a have a rectangular shape. A plurality of cylindrical shape parts 112a are arrayed in the first direction. Each cylindrical shape part 112a is formed integral with light guide plate 112.

    [0030] Output surface 1123 is disposed in a direction intersecting incident surface 1121. The light incident from incident surface 1121 is output from output surface 1123. Output surface 1123 is defined by the first direction and the second direction orthogonal to first direction.

    [0031] Preferably, output surface 1123 includes a lenticular lens shape part. The lenticular lens shape part is configured by the plurality of cylindrical shape parts. Preferably, the generating axis of each cylindrical shape part is parallel to the second direction. Preferably, the cylindrical shape parts are arrayed in the first direction. The cylindrical shape parts can reduce stripe luminance unevenness, which is arranged in the first direction and is parallel to the second direction.

    [0032] Counter surface 1124 is opposed to output surface 1123. Counter surface 1124 is inclined with respect to output surface 1123. A gap between counter surface 1124 and output surface 1123 increases with increasing distance from incident surface 1121. The above-described gap between counter surface 1124 and output surface 1123 means a gap in the third direction. Because the gap increases gradually, in light guide plate 112, a section (yz-section) defined by the second direction and the third direction has a wedge shape.

    [0033] Preferably, counter surface 1124 includes the lenticular lens shape part. The lenticular lens shape part is configured by the plurality of cylindrical shape parts. Preferably, the generating axis of each cylindrical shape part is parallel to the first direction. Preferably, the cylindrical shape parts are arrayed in the second direction. The cylindrical shape parts can reduce stripe luminance unevenness, which is arranged in the second direction and is parallel to the first direction.

    [0034] The inclined surface includes inclined surface 1122a and inclined surface 1122b. Both inclined surface 1122a and inclined surface 1122b are opposed to incident surface 1121. Inclined surface 1122a and inclined surface 1122b are inclined with respect to both output surface 1123 and counter surface 1124. The number of inclined surfaces may be one or at least two. Inclined surface 1122a and inclined surface 1122b change an angle of the light beam guided to inclined surface 1122a and inclined surface 1122b with respect to the second direction.

    [0035] Specular reflection member 113 is disposed on a side opposite to at least output surface 1123, namely, a counter surface 1124 side. In the first exemplary embodiment, specular reflection member 113 is disposed along light guide plate 112 in a surface other than incident surface 1121 and output surface 1123 in a surface of light guide plate 112. Specular reflection member 113 reflects the light inward light guide plate 112 again when the light incident from incident surface 1121 on light guide plate 112 is output from a surface other than output surface 1123. Desirably, specular reflection member 113 is made of a material having a reflectance as high as possible. For example, specular reflection member 113 is made of metal. Specular reflection member 113 is formed by evaporating a metallic film on light guide plate 112 or by gluing a metallic film onto light guide plate 112.

    [0036] Light beam control member 114 is disposed above an output side of light guide plate 112. That is, light beam control member 114 is disposed between light guide plate 112 and transmission type display panel 115. Light beam control member 114 includes a line of triangular prisms in a surface opposed to light guide plate 112. The triangular prisms have a triangle pole shape in which an axis parallel to the first direction is set to the generating axis. The triangular prisms are arrayed in the second direction. Preferably, the triangular prism has a vertical angle of about 60 degrees. The light beam output from light guide plate 112 to light beam control member 114 is raised in the third direction. Since the light beam is output from light guide plate 112 at an angle at which a total reflection condition is broken, the output light has the angle of 60 degrees to 70 degrees with respect to the third direction. The vertical angle of the triangular prism is set to about 60 degrees, which allows the luminance to be maximized when image display device 120 is viewed from the third direction. In light beam control member 114, a row of cylindrical lenses is included in a surface opposite to a surface in which the triangular prisms are formed, namely, a surface on the output side. The cylindrical lenses have a semi-columnar shape in which the axis parallel to the first direction is set to the generating axis. The cylindrical lenses are arrayed in the second direction. The cylindrical lens deflects the light raised in the third direction by the triangular prism, and improves the front luminance. The row of triangular prisms and the row of cylindrical lenses have an equal pitch. Preferably, each triangular prism and each cylindrical lens are disposed opposed to each other such that the positions in the third direction of the triangular prism and the cylindrical coincide with each other. When the triangular prism and the cylindrical lens are disposed in this way, evenness of a luminance distribution is improved as a whole in the case where the display of image display device 120 is observed from the third direction. The pitch of the row of triangular prisms may be equal to the pitch of the row of cylindrical lenses, and the positions in the third direction of each triangular prism and each cylindrical lens may be displaced from each other. Therefore, the luminance can be maximized in the case where the display of image display device 120 is observed from a direction having an angle with respect to the third direction. Desirably, the pitches of the row of triangular prisms and the row of cylindrical lenses are decreased to such an extent that the pitches are not visually recognized. Specifically, the pitches are set to about 0.1 mm or less.

    [0037] Transmission type display panel 115 is disposed above the output side of light beam control member 114. For example, transmission type display panel 115 is a dot matrix display system Thin Film Transistor (TFT) transmission type liquid crystal panel.

    [0038]  Light guide plate 112 and light beam control member 114 are made of a transparent material having a predetermined refractive index. For example, the refractive index of the transparent material ranges from about 1.4 to 1.6. Examples of the transparent material include epoxy resin, silicone resin, acrylic resin, and resin such as polycarbonate. In the first exemplary embodiment, polycarbonate is used in consideration of a heat-resistant property. In the first exemplary embodiment, image display device 120 is used as head-up display 100 in which a range of eye-box 600 is relatively limited. In other words, the light output from image display device 120 has relatively high directivity. Accordingly, a material that does not substantially include a scattering material is used as a material for light guide plate 112. Therefore, the light beam having the directivity is guided while repetitively reflected in light guide plate 112.

    [1-3. Detailed description of optical path]



    [0039] An optical path of the light beam, which is emitted from light source 111 and output from transmission type display panel 115, will be described below.

    [0040] FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram illustrating a section of the image display device 120 according to the first exemplary embodiment not forming part of the invention. The section in FIG. 3 is a surface defined by the second direction and the third direction, namely, the yz-section. An alternate long and short dash line in FIG. 3 indicates the optical path in which the light emitted from light source 111 is output from transmission type display panel 115 through light guide plate 112 and light beam control member 114.

    [0041]  The plurality of light sources 111 emit light. The light emitted from each light source 111 enters incident surface 1121 of light guide plate 112, and travels along the second direction in light guide plate 112. Because a thickness in the third direction of light guide plate 112 increases with increasing distance from incident surface 1121 in the second direction, an angle θ formed between the light beam and a y-axis decreases as the light travels along the second direction. Accordingly, the light is guided to the second direction without substantially leaking to the outside of light guide plate 112.

    [0042] The light guided to light guide plate 112 is reflected by inclined surface 1122a and inclined surface 1122b, and guided into light guide plate 112 toward incident surface 1121. Angle θ of the light reflected from inclined surface 1122a and inclined surface 1122b increases as a smaller angle of the angles formed between the y-axis and inclined surface 1122a and inclined surface 1122b increases. With increasing angle θ, the light reflected from inclined surface 1122a is extracted from neighborhoods of inclined surface 1122a and inclined surface 1122b of light guide plate 112 through output surface 1123, and guided to the third direction. Light guide plate 112 has the wedge shape that becomes thinner toward a traveling direction of the reflected light. Accordingly, angle θ of the light reflected from inclined surface 1122a and inclined surface 1122b increases gradually by the repetition of the reflection. The reflected light gradually breaks the total reflection condition. The light reflected from inclined surface 1122a and inclined surface 1122b is gradually extracted from output surface 1123. As a result, the evenness of the luminance distribution of the image display device increases.

    [0043]  Light beam control member 114 converts the angle with respect to the third direction of the light beam extracted from output surface 1123, and the light is transmitted through transmission type display panel 115.

    [0044] The light beam extracted from counter surface 1124 is reflected by specular reflection member 113. The reflected light passes through output surface 1123. Light beam control member 114 converts the angle with respect to the third direction of the light passing through output surface 1123, and the light is transmitted through transmission type display panel 115.

    [0045] A light distribution of the light beam in light guide plate 112 will be described below. FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram illustrating a light beam incident on light guide plate 112 according to the first exemplary embodiment not forming part of the invention. FIG. 4 is a view illustrating light guide plate 112 when light guide plate 112 is viewed from the third direction. Cylindrical shape part 112a deflects the angle spreading in the first direction of the light beam emitted from light source 111. Accordingly, the light beam incident on incident surface 1121 has the light distribution in which the angle spreading in the x-axis direction is θ1 with respect to the y-axis.

    [0046] On the other hand, FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram illustrating the light beam incident on light guide plate 112 according to a comparative example of the first exemplary embodiment. FIG. 5 is a view illustrating light guide plate 112 when light guide plate 112 is viewed from the third direction. In the comparative example, incident surface 1121 does not include cylindrical shape part 112a. For the comparative example, the light emitted from light source 111 directly enters incident surface 1121 from light source 111. The light beam incident on incident surface 1121 has the light distribution in which the angle spreading in the x-axis direction is θ2 with respect to the y-axis.

    [0047] In the first exemplary embodiment, cylindrical shape part 112a of incident surface 1121 deflects the angle spreading in the x-axis direction of the light incident on incident surface 1121. Accordingly, angle θ1 is smaller than angle θ2. As a result, in the first exemplary embodiment, the light distribution spreading in the first direction (x-axis direction) can be narrowed.

    [0048] FIG. 6 is a graph illustrating a relationship between the light distribution and the front luminance in the first exemplary embodiment and the comparative example. In the first exemplary embodiment, the front luminance at angle θ1 is a half of a peak value. In the comparative example, the front luminance at angle θ2 is a half of a peak value. As illustrated in FIG. 6, the first exemplary embodiment is narrower than the comparative example in the light distribution because angle θ1 is smaller than angle θ2. As can be also seen from FIG. 6, the peak value of the front luminance of the first exemplary embodiment is higher than the peak value of the front luminance of the comparative example.

    [0049] On the other hand, as illustrated in FIGS. 4 and 5, ranges 112n and 112m where the light is not incident exist near incident surface 1121 of light guide plate 112. An area of range 112n of the first exemplary embodiment is wider than an area of range 112m of the comparative example. Therefore, in the first exemplary embodiment, as illustrated in FIG. 3, the light incident on light guide plate 112 is reflected by inclined surface 1122a and inclined surface 1122b, and the reflected light is extracted from output surface 1123. The light distribution can be spread to a certain extent by repetitively reflecting the light in light guide plate 112.

    [1-4. Effects and Others]



    [0050] As described above, image display device 120 for the head-up display of the first exemplary embodiment includes illumination device 110, light guide plate 112, light beam control member 114, and transmission type display panel 115. Illumination device 110 includes the plurality of light sources 111. Light guide plate 112 includes incident surface 1121 into which the light from illumination device 110 enters, incident surface 1121 including the plurality of convex surfaces 112b each of which is opposed to each of the plurality of light sources 111, and output surface 1123 disposed in the direction intersecting incident surface 1121 and from which the light incident from incident surface 1121 is output. Light beam control member 114 controls the traveling direction of the light output from output surface 1123. Transmission type display panel 115 transmits the light output from light beam control member 114 to display the image.

    [0051] Therefore, image display device 120 can narrow the light distribution. As a result, the front luminance can be improved when image display device 120 is viewed from the third direction.

    [0052] In the first exemplary embodiment, each convex surface 112b is curved while projecting toward the direction opposed to each light source 111. The axis of the curvature center of each convex surface 112b is perpendicular to the xy-plane. Therefore, in the first exemplary embodiment, the light distribution spreading in the first direction (x-axis direction) of the light incident from light source 111 into light guide plate 112 can be narrowed with respect to the second direction (y-axis direction). As a result, the front luminance can be improved when image display device 120 is viewed from the third direction.

    [0053] In the first exemplary embodiment, counter surface 1124 is inclined with respect to output surface 1123. Additionally, the gap between at least a part of counter surface 1124 and output surface 1123 increases with increasing distance from incident surface 1121. Therefore, in the first exemplary embodiment, the light incident from incident surface 1121 can be guided to inclined surface 1122a and inclined surface 1122b while angle θ formed between the light and the y-axis direction increases gradually. The light is reflected by inclined surface 1122a and inclined surface 1122b, and the light can be extracted while repetitively reflected in light guide plate 112. The light distribution can be spread to a certain extent because the light is repetitively reflected in light guide plate 112. Accordingly, the optical path in which the light spreads can sufficiently be secured in light guide plate 112. As a result, the evenness of the luminance distribution of image display device 120 can be improved while the front luminance increases.

    [0054] In the first exemplary embodiment, by adjusting the angles of inclined surface 1122a and inclined surface 1122b, the deflection can be performed such that angle θ increases. Accordingly, the light can be extracted from output surface 1123 near inclined surface 1122a and inclined surface 1122b. As a result, the evenness of the luminance distribution can be improved.

    [0055] Light guide plate 112 has the wedge shape, and a light guide plate 112 is reduced in thickness toward the traveling direction of the reflected light, namely, from inclined surface 1122a and inclined surface 1122b toward incident surface 1121. Angle θ of the light reflected from inclined surface 1122a and inclined surface 1122b increases gradually. Accordingly, the reflected light can gradually be extracted from output surface 1123. As a result, the evenness of the luminance distribution of image display device 120 can be improved.

    [0056] As described above, in the first exemplary embodiment, the front luminance can be increased, and the evenness of the luminance distribution can be improved. The front luminance of the display projected onto windshield 230 of head-up display 100 can be improved by increasing the front luminance of image display device 120. The evenness of the luminance distribution of the display projected onto windshield 230 of head-up display 100 can be improved by improving the evenness of the luminance distribution of image display device 120.

    (Second exemplary embodiment)



    [0057] A second embodiment will be described below with reference to FIGS. 7 to 9. The second exemplary embodiment differs from the first exemplary embodiment in a shape of light guide plate 116. The component having the configuration and function similar to those of the first exemplary embodiment is designated by the similar reference numeral, and the detailed description of the similar configuration and function and the description of the similar effect are omitted in some cases.

    [2-1. Configuration of image display device]



    [0058] FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram illustrating a configuration of an image display device according to the second embodiment. In the following description, an output side (of the light) means an upper side in FIG. 7.

    [0059] Image display device 220 includes the plurality of light sources 111, light guide plate 116, specular reflection member 113, light beam control member 114, and transmission type display panel 115. Light source 111 is included in illumination device 110 of FIG. 1. Image display device 220 is used in head-up display 100 of FIG. 1.

    [0060] As illustrated in FIG. 7, the plurality of light sources 111 are arrayed in line in the first direction (x-axis direction).

    [0061] Light guide plate 116 is aligned with the second direction (y-axis direction) with respect to the plurality of light sources 111. Light guide plate 116 is disposed in proximity to light source 111 to an extent in which the light beams emitted from light sources 111 do not leak. A surface of light guide plate 116 includes incident surface 1161, output surface 1163, and counter surface 1164. Light guide plate 116 includes first region 1165 and second region 1166. First region 1165 has a predetermined length from incident surface 1161 in the second direction. In first region 1165, a thickness in the third direction (z-axis direction) is kept constant irrespective of the position in the second direction. Second region 1166 is a region excluding first region 1165 in light guide plate 116, and second region 1166 has a predetermined length from first region 1165 in the second direction. In second region 1166, a thickness in the third direction becomes thinner with increasing distance from incident surface 1161 along the second direction. Second region 1166 has a wedge shape.

    [0062] The light beams emitted from the plurality of light sources 111 enter incident surface 1161. Incident surface 1161 includes a plurality of convex surfaces 116b. Each convex surface 116b is opposed to each light source 111. Each convex surface 116b is a curved surface that projects toward the second direction. The axis of the curvature center of each convex surface 116b is perpendicular to the xy-plane. In light guide plate 116,a portion including each convex surface 116b is referred to as cylindrical shape part 116a. Each cylindrical shape part 116a has a semi-columnar shape in which an axis parallel to the third direction (z-axis direction) is set to the generating axis. A yz-section and an xz-section of each cylindrical shape part 116a have a rectangular shape. A plurality of cylindrical shape parts 116a are arrayed in the first direction. Each cylindrical shape part 116a is formed integral with light guide plate 116.

    [0063] Output surface 1163 is disposed in a direction intersecting incident surface 1161. The light incident from incident surface 1161 is output from output surface 1163. Output surface 1163 is defined by the first direction and the second direction orthogonal to the first direction.

    [0064] Preferably, output surface 1163 includes a lenticular lens shape part. The lenticular lens shape part is configured by the plurality of cylindrical shape parts. Preferably, first region 1165 differs from second region 1166 in the array direction of the cylindrical shape parts. Preferably, in first region 1165, the generating axis of each cylindrical shape part is parallel to the first direction. Preferably, the cylindrical shape parts in first region 1165 are arrayed in the second direction. Therefore, the stripe luminance unevenness, which is arranged in the second direction and is parallel to the first direction, can be reduced. Preferably, in second region 1166, the generating axis of each cylindrical shape part is parallel to the second direction. Preferably, the cylindrical shape parts in second region 1166 are arrayed in the first direction. Therefore, the stripe luminance unevenness, which is arranged in the first direction and is parallel to the second direction, can be reduced.

    [0065] Counter surface 1164 is opposed to output surface 1163. In first region 1165, counter surface 1164 and output surface 1163 are parallel to each other. In second region 1166, counter surface 1164 is inclined with respect to output surface 1163. A gap between counter surface 1164 and output surface 1163 in the third direction decreases with increasing distance from incident surface 1161.

    [0066] Preferably, counter surface 1164 in first region 1165 includes a plurality of prism shape parts. Preferably, the generating axis of each prism shape part in first region 1165 is parallel to the first direction. Preferably, the prism shape parts in first region 1165 are arrayed in the second direction. Therefore, the angle (angle θ in FIG. 8) of the light beam with respect to the second direction can be increased. Accordingly, the light can be extracted from output surface 1163 near light source 111.

    [0067] Preferably, counter surface 1164 in second region 1166 also includes a plurality of prism shape parts. Preferably, the generating axis of each prism shape part in second region 1166 is parallel to the first direction. Preferably, the prism shape parts in second region 1166 are arrayed in the second direction. Therefore, the angle (angle θ in FIG. 8) of the light beam with respect to the second direction can be increased. Accordingly, light extraction efficiency can be improved in second region 1166 of light guide plate 116.

    [0068] The light beam is raised in the third direction by the prism shape part of counter surface 1164. The stripe unevenness parallel to the first direction may be generated near incident surface 1161. However, in the second exemplary embodiment, output surface 1163 of first region 1165 includes the cylindrical shape part parallel to the first direction. Accordingly, the stripe luminance unevenness parallel to the first direction can be reduced.

    [0069] Specular reflection member 113 is disposed on the side opposite to output surface 1163, namely, a counter surface 1164 side in light guide plate 116.

    [0070] Light beam control member 114 is disposed on an output side of light guide plate 116. That is, light beam control member 114 is disposed between light guide plate 116 and transmission type display panel 115. In the second exemplary embodiment, light beam control member 114 is disposed above second region 1166 of light guide plate 116. Light beam control member 114 is not disposed above first region 1165. Light beam control member 114 includes the line of triangular prisms in a surface opposed to light guide plate 116. The triangular prisms have a triangle pole shape in which the first direction is set to the generating axis. The triangular prisms are arrayed in the second direction. In light beam control member 114, a row of cylindrical lenses is included in a surface opposite to a surface in which the triangular 22 prisms are formed, namely, a surface on the output side. The cylindrical lenses have a semi-columnar shape in which the first direction is set to the generating axis. The cylindrical lenses are arrayed in the second direction. A row of cylindrical lenses is parallel to a row of triangular prisms.

    [0071] Transmission type display panel 115 is disposed on the output side of light beam control member 114. That is, transmission type display panel 115 is disposed above second region 1166 with light beam control member 114 interposed therebetween. Transmission type display panel 115 is not disposed above first region 1165.

    [2-2. Detailed description of optical path]



    [0072] An optical path of the second embodiment will be described below. FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram illustrating a section (yz-section) of image display device 220 according to the second embodiment. An alternate long and short dash line in FIG. 8 indicates the optical path in which the light emitted from light source 111 is output from transmission type display panel 115 through light guide plate 116 and light beam control member 114

    [0073] The plurality of light sources 111 emit light. The light emitted from each light source 111 enters incident surface 1161 of light guide plate 116, and travels along the second direction. In the yz-plane of FIG. 8, a smaller angle of angles formed between the light beam and the y-axis is set to angle θ. In first region 1165, the light is guided while angle θ is increased by the prism shape part formed in counter surface 1164. Therefore, the light can be extracted near light source 111 of transmission type display panel 115. In second region 1166, a gap between output surface 1163 and counter surface 1164 in the third direction decreases with increasing distance from incident surface 1161 in the second direction. Accordingly, angle θ increases gradually with increasing distance from incident surface 1161 in the second direction. The prism shape part formed in counter surface 1164 deflects the light guided to light guide plate 116 such that angle θ increases. Thus, the light is guided to the second direction while angle θ increases gradually in light guide plate 116. Therefore, the light can gradually be extracted from output surface 1163. As a result, the evenness of the luminance distribution of image display device 220 increases.

    [0074] Light beam control member 114 converts the angle with respect to the third direction of the light beam extracted from output surface 1163, and the light is transmitted through transmission type display panel 115.

    [0075] The light beam extracted from counter surface 1164 is reflected by specular reflection member 113. The reflected light passes through output surface 1163. Light beam control member 114 converts the angle with respect to the third direction of the light passing through output surface 1163, and the light is transmitted through transmission type display panel 115.

    [0076] A light distribution of the light beam in light guide plate 116 will be described below. FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram illustrating the light beam incident on light guide plate 116 according to the second exemplary embodiment. FIG. 9 is a view illustrating light guide plate 116 when light guide plate 116 is viewed from the third direction.

    [0077]  In the second embodiment, cylindrical shape part 116a of incident surface 1161 deflects the angle spreading in the first direction of the light emitted from light source 111. The light beam incident on incident surface 1161 becomes the light distribution having angle θ1. Accordingly, the light distribution of the light spreading in the first direction can be narrowed.

    [0078] Light guide plate 116 includes first region 1165, in which the thickness in the third direction is kept constant, on the side close to incident surface 1161. Accordingly, the light can sufficiently be spread in first region 1165.

    [2-4. Effects and Others]



    [0079] In the second embodiment, cylindrical shape part 116a provided in incident surface 1161 can narrow the light distribution of the light spreading in the first direction. As a result, the front luminance can be improved when image display device 220 is viewed from the third direction.

    [0080] In the second embodiment, the plurality of convex surfaces 116b are a curved surface projecting toward the direction opposed to the plurality of light sources 111. The axis of the curvature center of each convex surface 116b is perpendicular to output surface 1163. Therefore, in the second exemplary embodiment, the light distribution spreading in the first direction of the light incident from light source 111 into light guide plate 116 can be narrowed with respect to the second direction. As a result, the front luminance can be improved when image display device 220 is viewed from the third direction.

    [0081] In the second embodiment, in second region 1166 of light guide plate 116, the gap between output surface 1163 and counter surface 1164 in the third direction decreases with increasing distance from incident surface 1161. Therefore, angle θ in the light guided to light guide plate 116 can gradually be increased with respect to the y-axis. Accordingly, the light can gradually be extracted from output surface 1163. As a result, the evenness of the luminance distribution of image display device 220 increases.

    [0082] In the second embodiment, first region 1165 in which output surface 1163 and counter surface 1164 are substantially parallel to each other is included near incident surface 1161. Therefore, the light can sufficiently be spread in first region 1165. Accordingly, the luminance unevenness can also be reduced near light source 111 of transmission type display panel 115.

    [0083] In the second embodiment, light beam control member 114 and transmission type display panel 115 are provided on second region 1166. The light transmitted through output surface 1163 of second region 1166 is made incident on transmission type display panel 115. The light sufficiently diffused in first region 1165 of light guide plate 116 is gradually extracted from output surface 1163 of second region 1165, and is made incident on transmission type display panel 115. Accordingly, the evenness of the luminance distribution of image display device 220 can be improved.

    [0084] In the second embodiment, the front luminance of image display device 220 can be increased, and the evenness of the luminance distribution can be improved.

    [0085] The front luminance of the display projected onto windshield 230 of head-up display 100 can be improved by increasing the front luminance of image display device 220. The evenness of the luminance distribution of the display projected onto windshield 230 of head-up display 100 can be improved by improving the evenness of the luminance distribution of image display device 220.

    [0086] In the second embodiment, light beam control member 114 and transmission type display panel 115 are disposed, not above first region 1165, but above second region 1166. However, for example, light beam control member 114 and transmission type display panel 115 may be disposed above a region, which is a part of first region 1165 and on a second region 1166 side (on the side opposite to incident surface 1161). Even in first region 1165, the light is sufficiently diffused as the region comes closer to second region 1165. Accordingly, the evenness of the luminance distribution can be improved when the light is extracted from output surface 1163 in the region.

    (Third exemplary embodiment)



    [0087] A third exemplary embodiment, not forming part of the invention, will be described below with reference to FIGS. 10, 11A, and 11B. In addition to the configuration of the first exemplary embodiment, image display device 320 of the third exemplary embodiment includes polarized light rotation member 117, polarized light reflection member 118, and light beam deflection member 119. The component having the configuration and function similar to those of the first exemplary embodiment is designated by the similar reference numeral, and the detailed description of the similar configuration and function and the description of the similar effect are omitted in some cases.

    [3-1. Configuration of image display device]



    [0088] FIG. 10 is a schematic diagram illustrating a configuration of image display device 320 according to the third exemplary embodiment. In the following description, an output side (of the light) means an upper side in FIG. 10.

    [0089] Image display device 320 includes the plurality of light sources 111, light guide plate 112, specular reflection member 113, polarized light rotation member 117, polarized light reflection member 118, light beam control member 114, light beam deflection member 119, and transmission type display panel 115. Light source 111 is included in illumination device 110 of FIG. 1. Image display device 320 is used in head-up display 100 of FIG. 1.

    [0090] As illustrated in FIG. 10, the plurality of light sources 111 are arrayed in line in the first direction (x-axis direction).

    [0091] Light guide plate 112 is aligned with the second direction (y-axis direction) with respect to the plurality of light sources 111. The surface of light guide plate 112 includes incident surface 1121, inclined surface 1122a, inclined surface 1122b, output surface 1123, and counter surface 1124.

    [0092] The light beams emitted from the plurality of light sources 111 enter incident surface 1121. Incident surface 1121 includes the plurality of convex surfaces 112b. Each convex surface 112b is opposed to each light source 111. In light guide plate 116, a portion including each convex surface 112b is referred to as cylindrical shape part 112a.

    [0093]  Output surface 1123 is disposed in a direction intersecting incident surface 1121. The light incident from incident surface 1121 is output from output surface 1123. Output surface 1123 is defined by the first direction and the second direction.

    [0094] Counter surface 1124 is opposed to output surface 1123. The gap between counter surface 1124 and output surface 1123 in the third direction increases with increasing distance from incident surface 1121. Accordingly, the yz-section of light guide plate 112 has a wedge shape.

    [0095] Specular reflection member 113 is disposed above counter surface 1124, inclined surface 1122a, and inclined surface 1122b.

    [0096] Polarized light rotation member 117 is opposed to output surface 1123. Polarized light rotation member 117 rotates the light from polarized light reflection member 118, and guides the light into the third direction. In the third exemplary embodiment, polarized light rotation member 117 rotates the light from polarized light reflection member 118 by 90 degrees. An example of polarized light rotation member 117 includes a quarterwave plate. Polarized light rotation member 117 may be made of other materials as long as the polarized light can be rotated. For example, a transparent film exhibiting birefringence may be used as polarized light rotation member 117.

    [0097] Polarized light reflection member 118 is disposed on the output side of polarized light rotation member 117. That is, polarized light reflection member 118 is disposed between polarized light rotation member 117 and light beam control member 114. Polarized light reflection member 118 transmits the polarized light transmitted through transmission type display panel 115, and reflects the polarized light perpendicular to the polarized light transmitted through transmission type display panel 115. When the light reflected by polarized light reflection member 118 is rotated by 90 degrees by the above-described polarized light rotation member, the light can efficiently be guided to light beam control member 114. Polarized light reflection member 118 and polarized light rotation member 117 may be pasted together.

    [0098] Light beam deflection member 119 is disposed on the output side of light beam control member 114.

    [0099] Light beam deflection member 119 has a function of changing an output direction of the light beam at each position of light beam deflection member 119 according to the position where image display device 320 is observed. For example, in the case where image display device 320 is applied to head-up display 100 as illustrated in FIG. 1, the light beam incident on eye-box 600 is illustrated in FIGS. 11A and 11B. Eye-box 600 is a range in which the virtual image can be seen through virtual image optical system 500 including reflection optical unit 130 and windshield 230. As illustrated in FIGS. 11A and 11B, it is necessary that a central portion and an end of transmission type display panel 115 differ from each other in an output angle of the light output from transmission type display panel 115. At the end of transmission type display panel 115, it is necessary that the light be output outward with respect to transmission type display panel 115. At this point, in FIG. 11A, it is assumed that α1 is the output angle of the light output from the central portion of transmission type display panel 115, and that α2 is the output angle of the light output from the end. Light beam deflection member 119 can adjust the angle such that output angle α2 differs from output angle α1. In this case, a concave lens is preferably used as light beam deflection member 119.

    [0100] Light beam control member 114 is disposed on the output side of polarized light reflection member 118. That is, light beam control member 114 is disposed between polarized light reflection member 118 and light beam deflection member 119.

    [0101] Light beam control member 114 includes the line of triangular prisms in a surface opposed to polarized light reflection member 118. The generating axis of each triangular prism is parallel to the first direction. The triangular prisms are arrayed in the second direction. Light beam control member 114 includes the row of cylindrical lenses in a surface on the output side. The generating axis of each cylindrical lens is parallel to the first direction. The cylindrical lenses are arrayed in the second direction. The row of cylindrical lenses is parallel to the row of triangular prisms.

    [0102] Transmission type display panel 115 is disposed on the output side of light beam deflection member 119.

    [0103] FIGS. 11A and 11B illustrate an optical path of the light output from transmission type display panel 115 when image display device 320 is applied to the head-up display. The optical path in FIG. 11A is viewed from a section (xz-section) of a long-side side of transmission type display panel 115. The optical path in FIG. 11B is viewed from a section (yz-section) of a short-side side of the transmission type display panel.

    [0104] As illustrated in FIGS. 11A and 11B, a light distribution angle of the light output from transmission type display panel 115 varies, and light distribution angle β1 in a long-side direction is larger than light distribution angle β2 in a short-side direction. In the third exemplary embodiment, it is easy to decrease light distribution angle β2 spreading in the second direction (y-axis direction) compared with light distribution angle β1 spreading in the first direction (x-axis direction). Accordingly, transmission type display panel 115 is desirably disposed such that the long-side direction of transmission type display panel 115 corresponds to the first direction.

    [3-2. Effects and Others]



    [0105] In the third exemplary embodiment, not forming part of the invention, the use of polarized light rotation member 117 and polarized light reflection member 118 can efficiently use the light emitted from light source 111.

    [0106] Eye-box 600 can be set in a desired range by disposing light beam deflection member 119 between light beam controller 114 and transmission type display panel 115.

    (Other exemplary embodiments)



    [0107] As described above, the first to third exemplary embodiments have been described as illustration of the technique disclosed in this application. However, the technique of the present disclosure is not limited to the second exemplary embodiment, but is applicable to another exemplary embodiment in which a change, a replacement, an addition, or an omission is appropriately made. In addition, the components described in the first to third exemplary embodiments can be combined to obtain a new exemplary embodiment.

    [0108] Then, other exemplary embodiments will be described below.

    [0109] In the above exemplary embodiments, the TFT transmission type liquid crystal panel is used as transmission type display panel 115. However, another display element can be used as long as the display element is a transmission type display device.

    [0110] In the third exemplary embodiment, the concave lens is used as light beam deflection member 119. Alternatively, a Fresnel lens may be used as light beam deflection member 119. Therefore, a thinner lens can be provided.

    [0111] In the above exemplary embodiments, light guide plate 112 or light guide plate 116 and transmission type display panel 115 are disposed so as to be parallel to each other. Alternatively, light guide plate 112 or light guide plate 116 and transmission type display panel 115 may be disposed so as to be inclined.

    [0112] In the third exemplary embodiment, polarized light rotation member 117 is disposed between light guide plate 112 and polarized light reflection member 118. Alternatively, polarized light rotation member 117 may be disposed between light guide plate 112 and specular reflection member 113.

    [0113] In the above exemplary embodiments, the LED is used as light source 111. Alternatively, a laser diode or an organic light emitting diode may be used as light source 111.

    [0114] The moving body equipped with head-up display 100 of the first to third exemplary embodiments is not limited to an automobile, but includes a railroad vehicle, a motorcycle, an airplane, a helicopter, a vessel, and various devices that carry a person.

    [0115] As described above, the exemplary embodiments have been described for exemplifying the technique of the present disclosure. The appended drawings and the detailed description have been provided for that purpose.

    [0116] Accordingly, in order to exemplify the above technique, the accompanying drawings and the detailed description include not only components that are essential for solving problems, but also components that are not essential for solving the problems. Accordingly, it should not be construed that the component that are not essential are essential because the components are described in the appended drawings and the detailed description.

    [0117] In addition, since the above exemplary embodiments are used for exemplifying the technique of the present disclosure, various modifications, replacements, additions, and omissions can be made within the scope of the claims.

    INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY



    [0118] The present disclosure can be applied to the image display device. Specifically, the present disclosure can be applied to the head-up display.

    REFERENCE MARKS IN THE DRAWINGS



    [0119] 

    100: head-up display

    110: illumination device (illumination unit)

    111: light source

    112, 116: light guide plate

    112a, 116a: cylindrical shape part

    112b, 116b: convex surface

    1121, 1161: incident surface

    1122a, 1122b: inclined surface

    1123, 1163: output surface

    1124, 1164: counter surface

    1165: first region

    1166: second region

    113: specular reflection member (reflection member)

    114: light beam control member (light beam controller)

    115: transmission type display panel (display unit)

    117: polarized light rotation member

    118: polarized light reflection member

    119: light beam deflection member

    120, 220, 320: image display device

    130: reflection optical unit

    131: first mirror

    132: second mirror

    140: housing

    141: opening

    200: vehicle

    230: windshield

    300: observer

    400: virtual image

    500: virtual image optical system

    600: eye-box




    Claims

    1. An image display device (220) used in a head-up display (100), the image display device (220) comprising:

    an illumination unit (110) including a plurality of light sources (111);

    a light guide plate (116) including
    a first region (1165) including

    an incident surface (1161) through which light from the illumination unit (110) enters,

    the incident surface (1161) including a plurality of convex surfaces (116b) which is opposed to the respective plurality of light sources (111), and a second region (1166) including

    a part of an output surface (1163) disposed in a direction intersecting the incident surface (1161) and from which the light incident from the incident surface (1161) is output;

    a light beam controller (114) that controls a traveling direction of the light output from the output surface (1163); and

    a display unit (115) that is disposed above the second region (1166), and that transmits the light output from the light beam controller (114) to display an image,

    wherein the light guide plate (116) includes a counter surface opposed to the output surface (1163),

    wherein a first lenticular lens array is provided on the part of the output surface (1163) that is included in the first region (1165),

    characterized in that

    a second lenticular lens array is provided on the part of the output surface (1163) that is included in the second region (1666),

    wherein the first lenticular lens array is arrayed in a first direction, and the second lenticular lens array is arrayed orthogonal to the first direction,

    at least a part of the counter surface (1164) is inclined with respect to the output surface (1163) so that a thickness of the light guide plate (116) in a third direction orthogonal to both the first direction and the second direction is kept constant in the first region (1165) and the thickness in the second region (1166) becomes thinner with increasing distance from the incident surface (1161) along the second direction.


     
    2. The image display device (220) according to claim 1, wherein the plurality of convex surfaces (116b) are curved while projecting in a direction opposed to the respective plurality of light sources (111), and
    an axis of a curvature center in each of the plurality of convex surfaces (116b) is perpendicular to the output surface (1163).
     
    3. The image display device (220) according to claim 1, wherein the light guide plate (116) includes a reflection member (113) disposed on the counter surface (1164).
     
    4. The image display device (220) according to claim 1, further comprising a concave lens (119) between the light beam controller (114) and the display unit (115).
     
    5. A head-up display (100) comprising:

    an image display device (220) according to any one of claims 1 to 4,

    a reflection optical unit (130) that reflects the light output from the image display device (220),

    wherein the light output from the reflection optical unit (130) is introduced to an eye-box (600) of an observer (3009 through a transparent member (230), and the observer (300) is caused to visually recognize a virtual image (400).


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Bildanzeigevorrichtung (220), die in einer Head-Up-Anzeige (100) verwendet wird, wobei die Bildanzeigevorrichtung (220) umfasst:

    eine Beleuchtungseinheit (110) mit mehreren Lichtquellen (111),

    eine Lichtführungsplatte (116), mit

    einem ersten Bereich (1165) mit einer Einfallsfläche (1161), durch die Licht von der Beleuchtungseinheit (110) eintritt,

    wobei die Einfallsfläche (1161) mehrere konvexe Oberflächen (116b) aufweist, die jeweiligen der mehreren Lichtquellen (111) gegenüberliegen, und

    einem zweiten Bereich (1166) mit

    einem Teil einer Ausgangsfläche (1163), die in einer Richtung angeordnet ist, die sich mit der Einfallsfläche (1161) schneidet und von der Licht ausgegeben wird, das von der Einfallsfläche (1161) einfällt,

    einen Lichtstrahlsteuerer (114), der eine Ausbreitungsrichtung des Lichtes steuert, das von der Ausgabefläche (1163) ausgegeben wird, und

    eine Anzeigeeinheit (115), die oberhalb des zweiten Bereichs (1166) angeordnet ist und die Licht durchlässt, das von dem Lichtstrahlsteuerer (114) ausgegeben wird, um ein Bild anzuzeigen,

    wobei die Lichtführungsplatte (116) eine Gegenfläche aufweist, die der Ausgabefläche (1163) gegenüberliegt,

    wobei eine erste Anordnung von linsenförmigen Linsen auf dem Teil der Ausgabefläche (1163) vorgesehen ist, der in dem ersten Bereich (1165) enthalten ist,

    gekennzeichnet dadurch, dass

    eine zweite Anordnung linsenförmiger Linsen auf demTeil der Ausgabefläche (1163) vorgesehen ist, der in dem zweiten Bereich (1166) enthalten ist,

    wobei die erste Anordnung linsenförmiger Linsen in einer ersten Richtung ausgerichtet ist und die zweite Anordnung linsenförmiger Linsen orthogonal zu der ersten Richtung angeordnet ist,

    wenigstens ein Teil der Gegenfläche (1164) hinsichtlich der Ausgabefläche (1163) geneigt ist, sodass eine Dicke der Lichtführungsplatte (116) in einer dritten Richtung orthogonal zu sowohl der ersten Richtung als auch der zweiten Richtung in dem ersten Bereich (1165) konstant gehalten ist und die Dicke in dem zweiten Bereich (1166) mit zunehmender Entfernung von der Einfallsfläche (1161) entlang der zweiten Richtung dünner wird.


     
    2. Bildanzeigevorrichtung (220) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die mehreren konvexen Oberflächen (116b) gekrümmt sind, während sie sich in einer Richtung vorstrecken, die den jeweiligen mehreren Lichtquellen (111) entgegengerichtet ist, und
    eine Achse einer Krümmungsmitte in jeder der mehreren konvexen Oberflächen (116b) senkrecht zu der Ausgabefläche (1163) ist.
     
    3. Bildanzeigevorrichtung (220) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Lichtführungsplatte (116) ein auf der Gegenfläche (1164) angeordnetes Reflektionselement (113) aufweist.
     
    4. Bildanzeigevorrichtung (220) nach Anspruch 1, ferner mit einer konkaven Linse (119) zwischen dem Lichtstrahlsteuerer (114) und der Anzeigeeinheit (115).
     
    5. Head-Up-Anzeige (100), mit
    einer Bildanzeigevorrichtung (220) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4,
    einer optischen Reflektionseinheit (130), die das von der Bildanzeigevorrichtung (220) ausgegebene Licht reflektiert,
    wobei das von der optischen Reflektionseinheit (130) ausgegebene Licht durch ein transparentes Element (230) in einen Augenbereich (600) eines Beobachters (300) eingeführt wird und der Benutzer (300) veranlasst wird, ein virtuelles Bild (400) visuell wahrzunehmen.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif d'affichage d'image (220) utilisé dans un dispositif d'affichage tête haute (100), le dispositif d'affichage d'image (220) comprenant:

    une unité d'éclairage (110) comprenant une pluralité de sources de lumière (111),

    une plaque de guidage de lumière (116) comprenant

    une première région (1165) comprenant une surface d'incidence (1161) à travers laquelle entre de la lumière provenant de ladite unité d'éclairage (110),

    la surface d'incidence (1161) comprenant une pluralité de surfaces convexes (116b) qui est opposée à la pluralité respective de sources de lumière (111), et

    une deuxième région (1166) comprenant

    une partie d'une surface de sortie (1163) disposée dans une direction coupant la surface d'incidence (1161) et à partir de laquelle la lumière incidente provenant de la surface d'incidence (1161) est émise,

    un contrôleur de faisceau lumineux (114) qui commande une direction de déplacement de la lumière émise par la surface de sortie (1163), et

    une unité d'affichage (115) qui est disposée au-dessus de la deuxième région (1166), et qui transmet la lumière émise depuis le contrôleur de faisceau lumineux (114) pour afficher une image,

    dans lequel la plaque de guidage de lumière (116) comprend une contre-surface opposée à la surface de sortie (1163),

    dans lequel un premier ensemble de lentilles lenticulaires est prévu sur la partie de la surface de sortie (1163), qui est incluse dans la première région (1165),

    caractérisé par le fait qu'

    un deuxième ensemble de lentilles lenticulaires est prévu sur la partie de la surface de sortie (1163), qui est incluse dans la deuxième région (1166),

    dans lequel le premier ensemble de lentilles lenticulaires est disposé dans une première direction, et le deuxième ensemble de lentilles lenticulaires est disposé orthogonalement à la première direction,

    au moins une partie de la contre-surface (1164) est inclinée par rapport à la surface de sortie (1163) de sorte qu'une épaisseur de la plaque de guidage de lumière (116) dans une troisième direction orthogonale à la fois à la première direction et à la deuxième direction est maintenue constante dans la première région (1165) et l'épaisseur dans la deuxième région (1166) devient plus mince avec une distance croissante de la surface d'incidence (1161) le long de la deuxième direction.


     
    2. Dispositif d'affichage d'image (220) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les plusieurs surfaces convexes (116b) sont incurvées tout en se projetant dans une direction opposée à la pluralité respective de sources de lumière (111), et
    un axe d'un centre de courbure dans chacune de la pluralité de surfaces convexes (116b) est perpendiculaire à la surface de sortie (1163).
     
    3. Dispositif d'affichage d'image (220) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la plaque de guidage de lumière (116) comprend un élément de réflexion (113) qui est disposé sur la contre-surface (1164).
     
    4. Dispositif d'affichage d'image (220) selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre une lentille concave (119) entre le contrôleur de faisceau lumineux (114) et l'unité d'affichage (115).
     
    5. Dispositif d'affichage tête haute (100) comprenant
    un dispositif d'affichage d'image (220) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4,
    une unité optique de réflexion (130) qui réfléchit la lumière émise par le dispositif d'affichage d'image (220),
    dans lequel la lumière émise par l'unité optique de réflexion (130) est introduite dans une zone oculaire (600) d'un observateur (300) à travers un élément transparent (230), et l'observateur (300) est amené à reconnaître visuellement une image virtuelle (400).
     




    Drawing



































    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description