(19)
(11)EP 3 382 218 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
13.01.2021 Bulletin 2021/02

(21)Application number: 15909053.9

(22)Date of filing:  26.11.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F16B 47/00(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2015/095667
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/088142 (01.06.2017 Gazette  2017/22)

(54)

SUCTION CUP AND VACUUM SUCTION CUP HAVING SAME

SAUGNAPF UND VAKUUMSAUGNAPF DAMIT

VENTOUSE ET VENTOUSE À VIDE LA COMPRENANT


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
03.10.2018 Bulletin 2018/40

(73)Proprietor: Anho Houseware Co., Ltd. Jiangmen
Jiangmen, Guangdong 529020 (CN)

(72)Inventor:
  • HUANG, Jianming
    Jiangmen Guangdong 529020 (CN)

(74)Representative: Stellbrink & Partner Patentanwälte mbB 
Widenmayerstrasse 10
80538 München
80538 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 700 830
WO-A2-2006/138335
CN-A- 102 384 150
CN-U- 203 770 358
DE-U1-202004 020 077
US-A1- 2005 236 538
WO-A1-2013/055111
CN-A- 102 384 150
CN-U- 203 257 856
CN-U- 204 646 963
JP-A- 2001 208 035
US-B1- 8 128 042
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD



    [0001] This application relates to the technical field of sucking immobilization, and particularly to a sucking disk and a vacuum sucker having the sucking disk.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] A sucking disc device is a tool, which is sucked on an object by employing the difference between an internal pressure and an external atmospheric pressure, for hanging an article.

    [0003] Currently, a vacuum sucker is a common sucking disc device which has been widely applied in industry and household. The vacuum sucker for household application is mainly to meet the demand of people for hanging houseware at any time. Since the vacuum sucker is detachable, it can be used for hanging towels, clothing and so on.

    [0004] The vacuum sucker typically includes a sucking disc body and a slider pushing mechanism. The sucking disc body can be sucked on or detached from a wall or other support bodies by the slider pushing mechanism. The slider pushing mechanism is mainly in a form of a stepped ramp, and mainly includes a slider, a slider cover, a sucking disc cover and a pin shaft. The slider is provided with a stepped surface. A connecting end of the sucking disc is connected to the sucking disc cover through the pin shaft. The slider is slidably connected to the sucking disc cover, and the pin shaft is laterally provided on the stepped surface of the slider. The slider cover is covered on an upper surface of the slider.

    [0005] The slider cover is pushed by a user to move reciprocally, which brings the slider to move. The stepped surface of the slider is moved with respect to the pin shaft, and in turn the pin shaft is moved upward or downward perpendicular to a sucking face. When the pin shaft is moved upward, a vacuum space is formed between the sucking disc body and the support body, thus the vacuum sucker is immobilized with respect to the support body. When the pin shaft is moved downward along the stepped surface, the sucking disc body gets close to the support body, and the vacuum space between the sucking disc body and the support body is released, and thus the sucking between the sucking disc body and the support body is released.

    [0006] Currently, the sucking face of the sucking disc body in contact with the support body generally employs a hard rubber. Although the hard rubber has a relatively strong supporting capability, the sucking force between the sucking surface made of the hard rubber and the support body with an uneven surface is poor, thus, the application of the vacuum sucker on an uneven surface environment is limited.

    [0007] Therefore, in view of the above issue, a technical issue to be addressed presently by those skilled in the art is to improve the structure of a vacuum sucker in the conventional technology, which can be applied onto an uneven surface environment.

    [0008] JP 2001208035 A discloses a cover type sucker which has a high strength sucker body and can maintain sucking force for a long time. In this cover type sucker, a ring groove is formed on the outer periphery of sucking surface of sucker body and a seal ring comprising an elastic body is fitted in the ring groove , ring type press part is provided in a cover body, and the seal ring is pressed by the ring type press part through the sucker body.

    SUMMARY



    [0009] An object of the present application is to provide a vacuum sucker which can be reliably sucked on an uneven surface of a support body.

    [0010] To achieve above object, a following technical solution is employed according to the present application.

    [0011] A sucking disc, includes a sucking disc body. The sucking disc body has a connecting portion at an outer side and a sucking surface at an inner side. The sucking disc body includes a soft rubber layer and a hard rubber layer. The soft rubber layer and the hard rubber layer together form the sucking surface of the sucking disc body. The hardness of the soft rubber layer is lower than the hardness of the hard rubber layer.

    [0012] Compared with a sucking surface formed of a single hard rubber or a sucking surface formed of a single soft rubber in the conventional technology, the sucking surface of the sucking disc body herein is formed of the soft rubber layer and the hard rubber layer together. The hard rubber layer can provide a better support strength required by the sucking disc body when bearing a load in a sucking state. The surface of the soft rubber layer is softer than the surface of the hard rubber layer, and when the sucking disc body is in the sucking state, the soft rubber layer is easily deformed under a suction pressure, thus the soft rubber layer can better follow a surface of a support body, which facilitates the sealing of the surface of the support body, increases the capacity of the sucking disc body for being sucked on the uneven surface, and facilitates the application of the vacuum sucker in an uneven surface environment, thereby expanding the application scope of the vacuum sucker.

    [0013] The soft rubber layer has an annular structure. A surface of the hard rubber layer is provided with a mounting groove for fitting the soft rubber layer, and an outer surface of the soft rubber layer is not lower than an outer surface of the hard rubber layer.

    [0014] Optionally, the annular structure has a gradually increased thickness in a radial direction from outside to inside, from outside to inside.

    [0015] The mounting groove has a multi-stepped surface structure.

    [0016] Optionally, the hard rubber layer and the soft rubber layer are formed by integral injection molding or press-molding.

    [0017] Furthermore, a vacuum sucker is provided according to the present application, which includes a sucking disc, a sucking disc cover, a slider assembly, and an elastic component,
    a connecting portion of the sucking disc is positioned to the sucking disc cover by a mandrel, and the elastic component is provided between the sucking disc cover and the sucking disc,
    the slider assembly includes a slider having a stepped surface and a slider cover covered over the slider, characterized in that,
    the sucking disc is the sucking disc according to any one of the above descriptions.

    [0018] Optionally, an outside surface of the sucking disc body has a circumferential projection extending rearward, and a corresponding side surface of the sucking disc cover has a groove for fitting the circumferential projection.

    [0019] Optionally, an outer diameter of the outside surface of the sucking disc body is greater than an outer diameter of the circumferential projection. In the case that the sucking disc is mounted on the sucking disc cover, an edge portion of the sucking disc located outside the circumferential projection abuts against a corresponding surface of the sucking disc cover.

    [0020] Optionally, an outside surface of the sucking disc cover is provided with two sliding rails, and the two sliding rails cooperate with the slider in sliding, and the outside surface of the sucking disc cover is provided with a boss. The two sliding rails are arranged on a surface of the boss.

    [0021] Optionally, the outside surface of the sucking disc cover is further provided with a hanging slot. An opening of the hanging slot faces outward. When the vacuum sucker is in a non-sucking state, the slider is located above or below the hanging slot. When the vacuum sucker is in the sucking state, the slider is placed at the opening of the hanging slot.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0022] For more clearly illustrating embodiments of the present application or the technical solutions in the conventional technology, drawings referred to describe the embodiments or the conventional technology will be briefly described hereinafter. Apparently, the drawings in the following description are only some examples of the present application, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings may be obtained based on these drawings without any creative efforts.

    Figure 1 is a schematic view showing the structure of a sucking disc herein;

    Figure 2 is an exploded view of the sucking disc shown in Figure 1;

    Figure 3 is a partially enlarged view of a position at which a soft rubber layer is connected to a hard rubber layer;

    Figure 5 is a schematic view of a vacuum sucker herein in a non-sucking state;

    Figure 6 is a schematic sectional view taken along E-E in Figure 5;

    Figure 7 is a schematic view of the vacuum sucker herein in a sucking state;

    Figure 8 is a schematic sectional view taken along F-F in Figure 7;

    Figure 9 is a schematic view showing the specific structure of a sucking disc cover herein;

    Figure 10 is a sectional view of the sucking disc cover shown in Figure 9;

    Figure 11 is a schematic view showing the assembly of the sucking disc cover and the sucking disc; and

    Figure 12 is an enlarged view at position A in Figure 11.



    [0023] Corresponding relationships between component names and reference numerals in Figures 1 to 12 are as follows:
    1 slider cover, 2 mandrel,
    3 slider, 4 sucking disc cover,
    41 boss, 42 sliding rail,
    43 position-limiting block, 4a hanging slot,
    4b groove, 5 elastic component,
    6 sucking disc body, 61 hard rubber layer,
    62 soft rubber layer, 63 mounting post,
    64 circumferential projection, 65 edge portion, and
    6a lateral through hole.    

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0024] In view of the technical issue present in the conventional technology that a vacuum sucker is sucked onto an uneven surface with a poor sucking force, an in-depth research is conducted herein. Through the research, it has been found that a sucking disc body in the conventional technology tends to employ a hard rubber to achieve the service strength and the service life of the sucking disc body. The hard rubber in a range of the hardness value is not easily deformed. When the hard rubber is in sucking contact with an uneven surface, it is different to form a sealed space between the hard rubber and the uneven surface, resulting in a relatively poor sucking force, thus the application of the vacuum sucker in an uneven surface environment is limited.

    [0025] Based on the above research, the proposed technical solution herein, in which the service life and the strength of the sucking disc body are compromised and a strong sucking force in the uneven surface environment is achieved, is described in detail below.

    [0026] For those skilled in the art to better understand the technical solutions of the present application, the technical solutions are further described in detail hereinafter in conjunction with the drawings and embodiments.

    [0027] Reference is made to Figures 1 to 2. Figure 1 is a schematic view showing the structure of a sucking disc herein. Figure 2 is an exploded view of the sucking disc shown in Figure 1.

    [0028] A sucking disc is provided according to the present application, which is mainly applied to a vacuum sucker. The sucking disc includes a sucking disc body 6. The sucking disc body 6 is provided with a connecting portion at an outer side, and the specific structure of the connecting portion will be specifically described below. The sucking disc body 6 has a sucking surface at an inner side. The sucking disc body 6 includes a soft rubber layer 62 and a hard rubber layer 61. The soft rubber layer 62 and the hard rubber layer 61 together form the sucking surface of the sucking disc body 6. The sucking surface described herein refers to a surface of the vacuum sucker in sucking contact with a support body. Reference may be made to the conventional technology for the material of the hard rubber layer 61 commonly used in the sucking disc. The hard rubber layer 61 herein may be a material forming the sucking surface of the sucking disc body 6 in the conventional technology. Accordingly, the hardness of the soft rubber layer 62 herein is lower than the hardness of the hard rubber layer 61 and an adhesion degree of the soft rubber layer 62 herein is higher than an adhesion degree of the hard rubber layer 61.

    [0029] Compared with a sucking surface formed of a single hard rubber or a sucking surface formed of a single soft rubber in the conventional technology, the sucking surface of the sucking disc body 6 herein is formed of the soft rubber layer 62 and the hard rubber layer 61 together. The hard rubber layer 61 can provide a better support strength required by the sucking disc body 6 when bearing a load in the sucking state. The surface of the soft rubber layer 62 is softer than the surface of the hard rubber layer 61. When the sucking disc body 6 is in the sucking state, the soft rubber layer 62 is easily deformed under the action of the sucking pressure, thus the soft rubber layer 62 can better follow a surface of a support body, which facilitates the sealing of the surface of the support body, increases the sucking capacity of the sucking disc body 6 in the uneven surface environment, and facilitates the application of the vacuum sucker in the uneven surface environment, thereby expanding the application scope of the vacuum sucker.

    [0030] Herein, the technical solution is further described by taking the sucking disc body 6 applied to the vacuum sucker as an example.

    [0031] Reference is made to Figure 4, which is an exploded view of the vacuum sucker. The vacuum sucker includes the sucking disc, a sucking disc cover 4, a slider assembly, and an elastic component 5. A connecting portion of the sucking disc is a mounting post 63 provided with a lateral through hole 6a, a mandrel 2 is provided in the lateral through hole 6a, and the mounting post 63 is positioned to the sucking disc cover 4 by the mandrel 2. Specifically, the sucking disc cover 4 is provided with two position-limiting blocks 43 to limit an upper position and a lower position, and the position of the mandrel 2 is limited between the two position-limiting blocks 43, and the mandrel 2 can be relatively moved in a front-rear direction. Further, the elastic component 5 is also provided between the sucking disc cover 4 and the sucking disc. The elastic component 5 may be a coil spring, which, apparently, may also be other forms of elastic component 5.

    [0032] The slider assembly includes a slider 3 having a stepped surface and a slider cover 1 covered over the slider 3. The arrangement of the stepped surface may refer to Figure 4, and the stepped surface has at least two steps for positioning the mandrel 2. When the mandrel 2 is positioned on the first step, the sucking disc body 6 is in a non-sucking state; and when the mandrel 2 is positioned on the second step, the sucking disc body 6 is in the sucking state.

    [0033] Reference is made to Figures 5, 6 and 7, 8. Figure 5 is a schematic view of a vacuum sucker herein being in the non-sucking state. Figure 6 is a sectional schematic view taken along E-E in Figure 5. Figure 7 is a schematic view of the vacuum sucker herein in the sucking state. Figure 8 is a sectional schematic view taken along F-F in Figure 7. The specific operating process of the vacuum sucker herein is as follows.

    [0034] Figures 5 and 6 are schematic views of the vacuum sucker in the non-sucking state. When it is required to suck the vacuum sucker on the surface of the support body, the slider cover 1 is pushed downward, and the slider 3 is also moved along with the slider cover 1, thus the slider 3 is moved downward. Since the stepped surface of the slider 3 in contact with the mandrel 2 is gradually raised from bottom to top, the mandrel 2 brings the sucking disc body 6 to gradually move to the left under the abutment action of the stepped surface. Since the periphery of the sucking disc body 6 abuts against the sucking disc cover 4, a central part of the sucking disc body 6 is deformed to form a vacuum space, thus the vacuum sucker is sucked on the surface of the support body.

    [0035] Reference is made to Figures 7 and 8, when it is required to detach the vacuum sucker from the object, it simply need to push the slider cover 1 reversely to move the slider 3, and the mandrel 2 is moved from a high position to a low position of the stepped surface of the slider 3, meanwhile, the deformed portion at the central part of the sucking disc body 6 is recovered to an original position by the action of a restoring force of the elastic component 5, then the sucking disc body 6 is in the non-sucking state.

    [0036] In the above embodiments, the soft rubber layer 62 of the sucking disc body 6 is an annular structure, and the surface of the hard rubber layer 61 is provided with a mounting groove for fitting the soft rubber layer 62. Further, an outer surface of the soft rubber layer 62 is not lower than an outer surface of the hard rubber layer 61, that is to say, in the case that the soft rubber layer 62 is mounted to the hard rubber layer 63, the outer surfaces of the soft rubber layer 62 and the hard rubber layer 61 are located in a same plane or the outer surface of the soft rubber layer 62 is slightly higher than the outer surface of the hard rubber layer 61.

    [0037] Thus, the soft rubber layer 62 is arranged uniformly in a circumferential direction of the sucking disc body 6. When the vacuum sucker is in the sucking state, the soft rubber layer 62 is deformed uniformly, which facilitates a sealing contact with the support body in the circumferential direction and improves the sucking reliability of the vacuum sucker.

    [0038] It can be seen in the description of the sucking operating state of the above vacuum sucker that, the central part of the vacuum sucker has a relatively large deformation. Thus, the closer to the central part of the vacuum sucker a position is, the weaker the sealing of the sucking disc body 6 to a contacting surface of the support body is.

    [0039] In view of this, a further improvement is made on the basis of the embodiments described above according to the present application.

    [0040] Reference is made to Figure 3, which is a partially enlarged view of a position at which the soft rubber layer is connected to the hard rubber layer.

    [0041] In one particular embodiment, the thickness of the annular structure is gradually increased from outside to inside in a radial direction. It is to be noted that herein the center of the annular structure is defined as "in", correspondingly, another end to which a radius extends is defined as "out".

    [0042] It should be noted that, the annular structure described herein may have the same shaped inner surface and outer surface, such as a circular shape, a square shape, etc.. Apparently, the inner surface and the outer surface may also have different shapes. The schematic structural view, in which the inner surface is in a circular shape, and the outer surface is in a square shape, is illustrated herein.

    [0043] The mounting of the soft rubber layer 62 to the hard rubber layer 61 may be implemented by various manners, for example, by injection molding or press molding. In order to improve the reliability of the soft rubber layer 62 and the hard rubber layer 61, the mounting groove on the surface of the hard rubber layer 61 is designed as a multi-stepped surface structure, accordingly, the mounting portion of the soft rubber layer 62 is also a multi-stepped surface. In this way, the soft rubber layer 62 and the hard rubber layer 61 are formed via the multi-stepped surfaces, thus the positioning reliability of the soft rubber layer 62 and the hard rubber layer 61 is increased.

    [0044] When the vacuum sucker is in the sucking state, the central part of the sucking disc body 6 is deformed inward to form the vacuum space. In the conventional technology, the periphery of the sucking disc body 6 is generally immobilized to the sucking disc cover 4 by a pressing process. In the conventional technology, in the case that the vacuum sucker is used for a number of times, the sucking disc body 6 and the sucking disc cover 4 are apt to move with respect to each other at a pressing position. Therefore, on the basis of the above embodiments, the technical issue, in which the sucking disc body 6 and the sucking disc cover 4 move and deform with respect to each other, is further addressed herein.

    [0045] Specifically, reference is made to Figures 9, 10, 11, 12. Figure 9 is a schematic view showing the specific structure of a sucking disc cover herein. Figure 10 is a sectional view of the sucking disc cover shown in Figure 9. Figure 11 is a schematic view showing the assembly of the sucking disc cover and the sucking disc. Figure 12 is an enlarged view at position A in Figure 11.

    [0046] In a preferred embodiment, an outside surface of the sucking disc body 6 has a circumferential projection 64 extending rearward, and a corresponding side surface of the sucking disc cover 4 has a groove 4b for fitting the circumferential projection 64. When the vacuum sucker is assembled, the circumferential projection of the sucking disc body 6 is mounted in the groove 4b. In this way, when the central part of the sucking disc body 6 is deformed, the groove 4b limits the circumferential projection 64 in a certain degree, thus preventing an outer edge of the sucking disc body 6 from moving inward.

    [0047] Considering the issue of sealing in the case that the sucking disc and the sucking disc cover 4 are mounted together, the sucking disc may be further designed as follows. In the above embodiments, an outer diameter of the outside surface of the sucking disc body 6 is larger than an outer diameter of the circumferential projection 64. In the case that the sucking disc is assembled with the sucking disc cover 4, an edge portion 65 located outside the circumferential projection 64 abuts against a corresponding surface of the sucking disc cover 4. Thus, the sucking disc cover 4 and the sucking disc can form a reliable sealing structure.

    [0048] Referring again to Figure 9, an outside surface of the sucking disc cover 4 is provided with two sliding rails 42 for cooperating with the slider 3 in sliding, and the outside surface of the sucking disc cover 4 may be provided with a boss 41. The two sliding rails are arranged on a surface of the boss 41.

    [0049] In this embodiment, when the slider 3 is moved back and forth, the slider 3 is in sliding contact with the boss 41, preventing the slider 3 from being in contact with the sucking disc cover 4, and reducing rubbing to the surface of the sucking disc cover 4, which facilitates holding a smooth surface of the sucking disc cover 4 in one aspect, and in another aspect, reduces the acting force for driving the slider 3 since the slider 3 is in partial contact with the boss 41, the contact area is relatively small, and the resistance during the sliding movement is relatively small.

    [0050] In the above embodiments, the outside surface of the sucking disc cover 4 may be further provided with a hanging slot 4a, and the hanging slot is also provided with a fastener, an opening of the hanging slot 4a faces outward. When the vacuum sucker is in the non-sucking state, the slider 3 is located above or below the hanging slot 4a. When the vacuum sucker is in the sucking state, the slider 3 is placed at the opening of the hanging slot 4a.

    [0051] Based on the above description of the disclosed embodiments, the person skilled in the art is capable of carrying out or using the present application. It is obvious for the person skilled in the art to make many modifications to these embodiments. The general principle defined herein may be applied to other embodiments without departing from the scope of the present application. Therefore, the present application is not limited to the embodiments illustrated herein.


    Claims

    1. A sucking disc, comprising a sucking disc body (6), wherein the sucking disc body (6) has a connecting portion at an outer side and a sucking surface at an inner side, the sucking disc body (6) comprises a soft rubber layer (62) and a hard rubber layer (61), the soft rubber layer (62) and the hard rubber layer (61) together form the sucking surface of the sucking disc body (6), and the hardness of the soft rubber layer (62) is lower than the hardness of the hard rubber layer (61);
    wherein the soft rubber layer (62) has an annular structure, a surface of the hard rubber layer (61) is provided with a mounting groove for cooperating with the soft rubber layer (62), and an outer surface of the soft rubber layer (62) is not lower than an outer surface of the hard rubber layer (61);
    characterized in that the mounting groove has a multi-stepped surface structure and a mounting portion of the soft rubber layer (62) is also a multi-stepped surface.
     
    2. The sucking disc according to claim 1, wherein the annular structure has a gradually increased thickness from outside to inside in a radial direction.
     
    3. The sucking disc according to any one of claims 1 to 2, wherein the hard rubber layer (61) and the soft rubber layer (62) are formed by integral injection molding or press-molding.
     
    4. A vacuum sucker, comprising a sucking disc, a sucking disc cover, a slider assembly, and an elastic component (5), wherein
    a connecting portion of the sucking disc is positioned to the sucking disc cover (4) by a mandrel (2), and the elastic component (5) is provided between the sucking disc cover (4) and the sucking disc,
    the slider assembly comprises a slider (3) having a stepped surface and a slider cover (1) covered over the slider, wherein
    the sucking disc is the sucking disc according to any one of claims 1 to 3.
     
    5. The vacuum sucker according to claim 4, wherein an outside surface of the sucking disc body (6) has a circumferential projection (64) extending rearward, and a corresponding side surface of the sucking disc cover (4) has a groove (4b) for fitting the circumferential projection (64).
     
    6. The vacuum sucker according to claim 5, wherein an outer diameter of the outside surface of the sucking disc body (6) is larger than an outer diameter of the circumferential projection (64), in the case that the sucking disc is assembled with the sucking disc cover, an edge portion (65) of the sucking disc located outside the circumferential projection (64) abuts against a corresponding surface of the sucking disc cover.
     
    7. The vacuum sucker according to claim 4, wherein an outside surface of the sucking disc cover (4) is provided with two sliding rails (42), and the two sliding railing (42) cooperate with the slider (3) in sliding, and the outside surface of the sucking disc cover (4) is provided with a boss, the two sliding rails (42) are arranged on a surface of the boss (41).
     
    8. The vacuum sucker according to claim 4, wherein the outside surface of the sucking disc cover is further provided with a hanging slot (4a), and an opening of the hanging slot (4a) faces outward, when the vacuum sucker is in a non-sucking state, the slider (3) is located above or below the hanging slot (4a), when the vacuum sucker is in an sucking state, the slider (3) is placed at the opening of the hanging slot (4a).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Saugscheibe, umfassend einen Saugscheibenkörper (6), wobei der Saugscheibenkörper (6) einen Verbindungsabschnitt an einer Außenseite und eine Saugfläche an einer Innenseite aufweist, der Saugscheibenkörper (6) eine weiche Gummischicht (62) und eine harte Gummischicht (61) umfasst, die weiche Gummischicht (62) und die harte Gummischicht (61) zusammen die Saugfläche des Saugscheibenkörpers (6) bilden, und die Härte der weichen Gummischicht (62) geringer ist als die Härte der harten Gummischicht (61);
    wobei die weiche Gummischicht (62) eine ringförmige Struktur aufweist, eine Oberfläche der harten Gummischicht (61) mit einer Befestigungsnut zum Zusammenwirken mit der weichen Gummischicht (62) versehen ist, und eine Außenfläche der weichen Gummischicht (62) nicht niedriger als eine Außenfläche der harten Gummischicht (61) ist;
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Befestigungsnut eine mehrfach abgestufte Oberflächenstruktur aufweist und ein Befestigungsabschnitts der weichen Gummischicht (62) ebenfalls eine mehrfach abgestufte Oberfläche ist.
     
    2. Die Saugscheibe nach Anspruch 1, wobei die ringförmige Struktur von außen nach innen in radialer Richtung eine allmählich zunehmende Dicke aufweist.
     
    3. Saugscheibe nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 2, wobei die harte Gummischicht (61) und die weiche Gummischicht (62) durch integrales Spritzgießen oder Formpressen gebildet werden.
     
    4. Vakuumsauger, umfassend eine Saugscheibe, eine Saugscheibenabdeckung, eine Schieberanordnung und eine elastische Komponente (5), wobei
    ein Verbindungsabschnitt der Saugscheibe durch einen Dorn (2) an der Saugscheibenabdeckung (4) positioniert ist und die elastische Komponente (5) zwischen der Saugscheibenabdeckung (4) und der Saugscheibe vorgesehen ist,
    die Schieberanordnung einen Schieber (3) mit einer abgestuften Oberfläche und eine Schieberabdeckung (1) umfasst, die über dem Schieber abdeckt, wobei
    die Saugscheibe die Saugscheibe nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3 ist.
     
    5. Vakuumsauger nach Anspruch 4, wobei eine Außenfläche des Saugscheibenkörpers (6) einen sich nach hinten erstreckenden Umfangsvorsprung (64) aufweist und eine entsprechende Seitenfläche der Saugscheibenabdeckung (4) eine Nut (4b) zum Einpassen des Umfangsvorsprungs (64) aufweist.
     
    6. Vakuumsauger nach Anspruch 5, wobei ein Außendurchmesser der Außenfläche des Saugscheibenkörpers (6) größer als ein Außendurchmesser des Umfangsvorsprungs (64) ist, wobei in dem Fall, dass die Saugscheibe mit der Saugscheibenabdeckung zusammengesetzt ist, ein außerhalb des Umfangsvorsprungs (64) befindlicher Randabschnitt (65) der Saugscheibe gegen eine entsprechende Fläche der Saugscheibenabdeckung anliegt.
     
    7. Vakuumsauger nach Anspruch 4, wobei eine Außenfläche des Saugscheibenabdeckung (4) mit zwei Gleitschienen (42) versehen ist, und die zwei Gleitschienen (42) mit dem Schieber (3) gleitend zusammenwirken, und die Außenfläche der Saugscheibenabdeckung (4) mit einem Abschnitt versehen ist, wobei die beiden Gleitschienen (42) auf einer Fläche des Abschnitts (41) angeordnet sind.
     
    8. Vakuumsauger nach Anspruch 4, wobei die Außenfläche der Saugscheibenabdeckung ferner mit einem Aufhängeschlitz (4a) versehen ist und eine Öffnung des Aufhängeschlitzes (4a) nach außen weist, wobei der Schieber (3) oberhalb oder unterhalb des Aufhängeschlitzes (4a) angeordnet ist wenn sich der Vakuumsauger in einem nicht saugenden Zustand befindet, wobei der Schieber (3) an der Öffnung des Aufhängeschlitzes (4a) angeordnet ist wenn sich der Vakuumsauger in einem saugenden Zustand befindet.
     


    Revendications

    1. Une ventouse, comprenant un corps de ventouse (6), le corps de ventouse (6) ayant une partie de connexion sur un côté extérieur et une surface d'aspiration sur un côté intérieur, le corps de ventouse (6) comprend un couche de caoutchouc souple (62) et une couche de caoutchouc dur (61), la couche de caoutchouc souple (62) et la couche de caoutchouc dur (61) formant ensemble la surface d'aspiration du corps de ventouse (6) et la dureté de la couche de caoutchouc souple (62) étant inférieure à la dureté de la couche de caoutchouc dur (61) ;
    la couche de caoutchouc souple (62) ayant une structure annulaire, une surface de la couche de caoutchouc dur (61) étant pourvue d'une rainure de montage pour coopérer avec la couche de caoutchouc souple (62), et une surface extérieure de la couche de caoutchouc souple (62) n'étant pas plus basse qu'une surface extérieure de la couche de caoutchouc dur (61) ;
    caractérisée en ce que la rainure de montage a une structure de surface multi-étagée et une partie de montage de la couche de caoutchouc souple (62) est également une surface multi-étagée.
     
    2. La ventouse selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la structure annulaire a une épaisseur progressivement augmentée depuis l'extérieur vers l'intérieur dans une direction radiale.
     
    3. La ventouse selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 2, dans lequel la couche de caoutchouc dur (61) et la couche de caoutchouc souple (62) sont formées par moulage par injection intégrale ou par moulage sous pression.
     
    4. Une ventouse à dépression, comprenant une ventouse, un couvercle de ventouse, un ensemble coulissant et un composant élastique (5), dans laquelle
    une partie de liaison de la ventouse est positionnée sur le couvercle de ventouse (4) par un mandrin (2), et le composant élastique (5) est prévu entre le couvercle de ventouse (4) et la ventouse,
    l'ensemble coulissant comprend un coulisseau (3) ayant une surface en gradins et un couvercle de coulisseau (1) placé en recouvrement sur le coulisseau,
    la ventouse étant la ventouse selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3.
     
    5. La ventouse à dépression selon la revendication 4, dans laquelle une surface extérieure du corps de ventouse (6) a une saillie circonférentielle (64) s'étendant vers l'arrière, et une surface latérale correspondante du couvercle de ventouse (4) a une rainure (4b) pour recevoir de façon ajustée la saillie circonférentielle (64).
     
    6. La ventouse à dépression selon la revendication 5, dans lequel un diamètre extérieur de la surface extérieure du corps de ventouse (6) est supérieur à un diamètre extérieur de la saillie circonférentielle (64), dans le cas dans lequel la ventouse est assemblée avec le couvercle de ventouse, une partie de bordure (65) de la ventouse située à l'extérieur de la saillie circonférentielle (64) venant en butée contre une surface correspondante du couvercle de ventouse.
     
    7. La ventouse à dépression selon la revendication 4, dans lequel une surface extérieure du couvercle de ventouse (4) est pourvue de deux rails de coulissement (42), et les deux rails de coulissement (42) coopèrent avec le coulisseau (3) en coulissement, et la surface extérieure du couvercle de ventouse (4) est pourvue d'un bossage, les deux rails de coulissement (42) étant agencés sur une surface du bossage (41).
     
    8. La ventouse à dépression selon la revendication 4, dans lequel la surface extérieure du couvercle de ventouse est en outre pourvue d'une fente de suspension (4a), et une ouverture de la fente de suspension (4a) est tournée vers l'extérieur, lorsque la ventouse à dépression est dans un état de non-aspiration, le coulisseau (3) est situé au-dessus ou au-dessous de la fente de suspension (4a), lorsque la ventouse à dépression est dans un état d'aspiration, le coulisseau (3) est placé au niveau de l'ouverture de la fente de suspension (4a).
     




    Drawing





























    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description