(19)
(11)EP 3 382 369 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
09.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/37

(21)Application number: 16868902.4

(22)Date of filing:  24.11.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
G01N 11/04(2006.01)
G01N 35/00(2006.01)
G01F 23/02(2006.01)
G01N 33/49(2006.01)
G01F 23/292(2006.01)
G01N 35/04(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2016/013623
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/091006 (01.06.2017 Gazette  2017/22)

(54)

PORTABLE BLOOD VISCOSITY MEASURING DEVICE

TRAGBARE VORRICHTUNG ZUR MESSUNG DER BLUTVISKOSITÄT

DISPOSITIF PORTABLE DE MESURE DE LA VISCOSITÉ SANGUINE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 24.11.2015 KR 20150164608

(43)Date of publication of application:
03.10.2018 Bulletin 2018/40

(73)Proprietor: Industrial Cooperation Foundation Of Chonbuk National University
Jeonju-si, Jeollabuk-do 54896 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • LEE, Donghwan
    Jeonju-si Jeollabuk-do 54900 (KR)
  • JUNG, Jinmu
    Jeonju-si Jeollabuk-do 54947 (KR)
  • PARK, Jongho
    Jeonju-si Jeollabuk-do 55024 (KR)
  • LEE, Euiho
    Jeonju-si Jeollabuk-do 54900 (KR)
  • LEE, Uiyun
    Jeonju-si Jeollabuk-do 54900 (KR)

(74)Representative: Weickmann & Weickmann PartmbB 
Postfach 860 820
81635 München
81635 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
JP-A- 2007 127 468
KR-A- 20130 057 242
KR-B1- 100 958 447
US-A- 5 629 209
US-A1- 2002 014 111
US-A1- 2011 072 890
KR-A- 20020 063 571
KR-A- 20130 057 242
KR-B1- 101 476 923
US-A- 6 019 735
US-A1- 2008 202 217
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to a portable blood viscosity measurement apparatus, and more particularly, to a portable blood viscosity measurement apparatus capable of measuring blood viscosity unhindered by place and an additional apparatus using a small amount of whole blood obtained from a human body or an animal.

    BACKGROUND ART



    [0002] Blood viscosity is a physical value that assays flow resistance of the blood in a blood vessel, and specifically, can be divided into a whole blood viscosity and a plasma viscosity. An abnormal increase in the bold viscosity causes an increase in a shear stress and the flow resistance acting on an inner wall of the blood vessel, thereby, significantly increasing a risk of developing acute cardiovascular disease and microvascular disease. In addition, the plasma viscosity is used to diagnose inflammation in the body and is one of main causes increasing the whole blood viscosity.

    [0003] The whole blood viscosity shows flow characteristics in which viscosity continuously changes depending on a systolic phase and a diastolic phase of the heart because the viscosity decreases when blood flows at a high speed (when a shear rate is high) and the viscosity increases when blood flows at a low speed (when the shear rate is low) due to complex effects of red blood cells and plasma proteins in whole blood. Fluids with such flow characteristics are called non-Newtonian fluid and it is necessary to accurately measure the whole blood viscosity for a total shear rate (for example, 1 to 1,000 s-1) so as to accurately grasp the non-Newtonian flow characteristics of the blood.

    [0004] The plasma viscosity measured by using plasma obtained by separating the red blood cells from the whole blood, does not vary with the shear rate and is constant unlike the whole blood viscosity. Fluid with such flow characteristics is called Newtonian fluid.

    [0005] Presently, the blood viscosity is measured by a precisely devised large equipment once a blood sample obtained and transmitted to the measurement room. It is impossible to measure the blood viscosity at a desired place and time due to an absence of a measurement technique capable of performing an on-site and real time inspection proposed in the present patent. Previously, the viscosity of blood was measured by using the following methods.

    [0006] First, a U-shaped double-vertical-tube/single-capillary viscometer measures viscosity by measuring a difference in height, which is reduced by gravity, by providing a height difference between blood contained in the two vertical capillary tubes, and has the following advantages.

    [0007] The U-shaped double-vertical-tube/single-capillary viscometer uses a disposable U-shaped tube, because it is easy to use in clinical applications since there is no need to clean, no risk of infection, capable of viscosity measurement for 1 to 1000 s^-1 shear rate range, and can measure both the whole blood viscosity and the plasma viscosity can be measured.

    [0008] However, there are problems where the U-shaped double-vertical-tube/single-capillary viscometer causes an error in viscosity measurement in the low shear rate range less than 1 s^-1 due to a structural constraint, hardly measures a viscosity value lower than or equal to 1 cP due to characteristics of a measurement algorithm, requires a large amount of whole blood of 3 mL or more in order to measure the whole blood viscosity, and requires a lot of whole blood of 6 mL or more so as to measure the plasma viscosity after plasma is separated from the whole blood. In addition, there are problems in which a separate dyeing process is required for measuring the plasma viscosity, and it is difficult to perform point-of-care testing due to inconvenient transport caused by a large size and a heavy weight because a fixed type method is used.

    [0009] The Brookfield viscometer measures viscosity by measuring a torque acting on a plate due to fluid while rotating the fluid put in a chamber in a state where a spring is connected to the plate, has the following advantages. The Brookfield viscometer is capable of performing the measurement using a small amount of blood of approximately 0.5 mL, and can measure both the whole blood viscosity and the plasma viscosity. However, since the Brookfield viscometer measures viscosity only for a specific shear rate, it is practically impossible to measure the whole blood viscosity with respect to the total shear rate in case of the whole blood viscosity, and because the Brookfield viscometer does not have a disposable measurement structure, once the measurement is performed, a measurer has to clean the viscometer to remove blood by hand for the next measurement, and furthermore there is a risk of infection caused by blood during the cleaning process, it is difficult to use the viscometer. In addition, it is difficult to perform point-of-care testing due to inconvenient transport caused by a large size and a heavy weight because a fixed type method is used.

    [0010] The Ostwald glass capillary plasma viscometer measures viscosity by measuring time when plasma of 10 mL passing through a vertical glass tube including a capillary tube and has an advantage of not using any electronic device and can be used at any location. However, in order to obtain plasma of 10 mL required for measuring the plasma viscosity, a large amount of whole blood of 20 mL is required, the whole blood viscosity cannot be measured, remeasurement is performed after the capillary tube is cleaned once the measurement is performed, and since a diameter of the capillary tube is less than 1 mm, it is impossible to clean the capillary tube realistically. In addition, the Ostwald glass capillary plasma viscometer is exposed to the risk of infection caused by the blood during the cleaning process, and thus, the viscometer cannot be used in the clinic, and since the measurer directly measures a height change time using a stopwatch, there is a problem that a large error occurs depending on the measurer.

    [0011] KR 2013 0057242 A and US 2011/072890 A1 each show a stationary blood viscosity measurement apparatus with the remaining features of the preamble of claim 1.

    [0012] US 6 019 735 A and US 2002/014111 A1 also disclose blood viscosity measurement apparatus.

    [0013] US 5 629 209 A and US 2008/202217 A1 both show portable devices including cartridges to measure sample fluid properties (i.e. viscosity).

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION


    TECHNICAL PROBLEM



    [0014] An object of the present invention is to provide a portable blood viscosity measurement apparatus capable of independently measuring viscosity of blood by using a small amount of whole blood obtained from a human body or an animal regardless of a place and an additional device.

    TECHNICAL SOLUTION



    [0015] The present invention provides a portable blood viscosity measurement apparatus according to claim 1.

    [0016] The two vertical support portions may respectively include incising portion that can visually identify heights of the blood in the first and second vertical tubes.

    [0017] The portable blood viscosity measurement apparatus may further include a cartridge transport unit that is in close contact with the cartridge or the lower connector and transports the cartridge and the lower connector so as to protrude from the upper case.

    [0018] The portable blood viscosity measurement apparatus may further include a heater unit that is installed in the upper case, is disposed on a rear surface of the cartridge, and supplies heat to the cartridge.

    [0019] The heater may include a heat generation unit that generates heat, and a heat supply tube that is formed in a shape corresponding to the two vertical support portions of the cartridge.

    [0020] The two vertical support portions may include predetermined regions of the heater unit sides which are incised such that the heat of the heater unit is supplied.

    [0021] The blood sample injection unit may include a container mounting portion on which the blood sample container is mounted; a needle portion that includes first and second needles that are inserted into the blood sample container; a pump portion that provides a pneumatic pressure to the first needle; and a rotation portion that periodically rotates the container mounting portion and the needle portion at a predetermined angle.

    [0022] The portable blood viscosity measurement apparatus may further include a connection tube that is formed in the upper case and connects the second needle to the valve unit.

    [0023] The data processing unit may control the pump portion, the rotation portion, and the valve unit, operate the rotation portion to mix blood in the blood sample container if the blood sample container is mounted on the container mounting portion, drive the pump portion so as to inject air into the blood sample container through the first needle and control such that the blood is supplied to the valve unit through the second needle, and rotate the valve unit to be connected to the first vertical tube and the connection tube before the pump portion is driven.

    [0024] The portable blood viscosity measurement apparatus may further include at least three horizontal adjustment units that are installed in the lower case, are installed to be in close contact with the floor, and whose heights are variable.

    [0025] The portable blood viscosity measurement apparatus may further include a barcode recognition unit that recognizes a barcode which is attached to the blood sample container or the lower connector and that transmits the recognized data to the data processing unit.

    ADVANTAGEOUS EFFECTS OF THE INVENTION



    [0026] The portable blood viscosity measurement apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention has an advantage capable of performing blood viscosity testing on the spot by including a blood sample injection unit, a blood viscosity measurement unit, and a data processing unit which are provided in a mobile case portion.

    [0027] In addition, the portable blood viscosity measurement apparatus according to the embodiment of the present invention has an advantage that a blood collection burden is reduced and viscosity of blood of a small animal as well as a human body can be measured since a small amount of blood (less than or equal to approximately 1.5 ml) is used.

    [0028] In addition, the portable blood viscosity measurement apparatus according to the embodiment of the present invention can provide ease of an operation by installing a program for measuring the viscosity of blood in a data measurement unit.

    [0029] The portable blood viscosity measurement apparatus according to the embodiment of the present invention has an advantage that a cartridge can be easily separated from a blood viscosity measurement unit and the blood supplied to the cartridge can be automatically injected and restored.

    [0030] In addition, the portable blood viscosity measurement apparatus according to the embodiment of the present invention can uniformly supply heat to the blood viscosity measurement unit, thereby, reducing an error according to the temperature when measuring the blood viscosity.

    DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0031] 

    FIG. 1 is a perspective view illustrating a portable blood viscosity measurement apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 2 is a view illustrating a blood sample injection unit of the blood viscosity measurement apparatus illustrated in FIG. 1.

    FIG. 3 is a detailed view of a blood viscosity measurement unit of the blood viscosity measurement apparatus illustrated in FIG. 1.

    FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view illustrating a cartridge of the blood viscosity measurement unit illustrated in FIG. 3.

    FIG. 5 through FIG. 7 are views illustrating an operation state of a valve unit illustrated in FIG. 3. FIG. 8 is a perspective view illustrating a heater unit included in the blood viscosity measurement apparatus.


    BEST MODE OF THE INVENTION



    [0032] The present invention provides a portable blood viscosity measurement apparatus including a case portion which is movable and includes an upper case and a lower case which are installed in a foldable manner; a blood sample injection unit that is installed in the upper case, mixes blood in a blood sample container, and automatically supplies the blood; a blood viscosity measurement unit that is installed in the upper case and measures a viscosity of blood which is supplied from the blood sample injection unit; and a data processing unit that is installed in the lower case, analyzes a value which is measured by the blood viscosity measurement unit, and calculates viscosity of the blood. The blood viscosity measurement unit includes a cartridge that is detachably attached to the upper case and includes two vertical support portions in which spaces are respectively formed and which are connected to each other in a U-shape; a lower connector that is mounted on a lower portion of the cartridge; first and second vertical tubes that are respectively inserted into the two vertical support portions; a capillary tube that is inserted into the lower connector; an auxiliary tube path that is formed in the lower connector and connects the second vertical tube to the capillary tube; a valve unit which is formed in the lower connector, supplies blood that is supplied from the blood sample injection unit to the first vertical tube, causes the blood that is flowed into the first vertical tube to be supplied to the capillary tube, and i a flow path is variable so as to supply blood in the first and second vertical tubes and the capillary tube to the blood sample injection unit side, and first and second sensor units that are adjacent to the first and second vertical tubes and sense a position of blood in the first and second vertical tubes.

    MODE OF THE INVENTION



    [0033] Hereinafter, a description of the present invention with reference to the drawings is not limited to a specific embodiment, various modifications may be applied thereto, and various embodiments may be employed. In addition, it is to be understood that the following description is intended to cover all modifications, equivalents, and replacements falling within the scope of the present invention.

    [0034] In the following description, the terms first, second, and the like are used to describe various configuration elements, and are not limited in their meaning, and are used only for the purpose of distinguishing one configuration element from another configuration element.

    [0035] The same reference numerals or symbols used throughout the specification denote the same configuration elements.

    [0036] Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to FIGS. 1 to 8 attached herewith.

    [0037] FIG. 1 is a perspective view illustrating a portable blood viscosity measurement apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    [0038] Referring to FIG. 1, the portable blood viscosity measurement apparatus according to the present invention includes a case portion 10, a blood sample injection unit 100, a blood viscosity measurement unit 200, a heater unit 700, and a data processing unit 400.

    [0039] Specifically, the case portion 10 is a bag-shaped case that a user can easily move. The case portion 10 includes the blood sample injection unit 100, the blood viscosity measurement unit 200, the heater unit 700, and the data processing unit 400, and protects the blood sample injection unit 100, the blood viscosity measurement unit 200, the heater unit 700, and the data processing unit 400 from an external impact or the like. A handle for movement can be attached to the case portion 10.

    [0040] The case portion 10 includes an upper case 12, a lower case 14, and a support portion 16.

    [0041] The upper case 12 has a space in which the blood sample injection unit 100, the blood viscosity measurement unit 200, and the heater unit 700 are mounted. The upper case 12 may include an outlet so as to prevent the case from overheating because heat generated in the heater unit 700 stays inside the case. It is preferable that the outlet is also formed in the lower case 14. At this time, the outlet formed in the lower case 14 is used to discharge heat generated in the data processing unit 400 to the outside.

    [0042] The lower case 14 includes the data processing unit 400 therein. The lower case 14 includes a level meter 20 for vertically aligning first and second vertical tubes 240 and 250 of the blood viscosity measurement unit 200 included in the upper case 12 with a ground surface. A commonly used level meter can be used as the level meter 20. The level meter 20 can be installed at a lower right portion as illustrated in FIG. 1 such that a user can easily use and in consideration of disposition of the data processing unit 400. However, the position is not limited to this, and the level meter can be installed in a region that can be recognized by the user.

    [0043] At least three horizontal adjustment units 30 whose heights are changed to be horizontal can further be provided on a lower surface of the lower case 14. In the embodiment of the present invention, four horizontal adjustment units 30 are provided at the respective corners of the lower case 14.

    [0044] The lower case 14 can be provided with a battery or power conversion means that stores power supplied to the blood sample injection unit 100, the blood viscosity measurement unit 200, the heater unit 700, the data processing unit 400, and the like.

    [0045] As illustrated in FIG. 1, the support portion 16 is disposed on the right sides of the upper case 12 and the lower case 14, and supports the upper case 12 to the lower case 14 such that the upper case 12 and the lower case 14 are perpendicular to each other. The support portion 16 is installed in a foldable manner, and when reaching the maximum length, the upper case 12 and the lower case 14 are perpendicular to each other. In particular, when blood viscosity is measured, the support portion 16 is fixed by a separate button or fixing means such that a length of the support portion 16 is not varied. When the work is completed, the length of the support portion 16 can be varied so as to be folded by an operation of an operator.

    [0046] If a blood sample container 50 is mounted, the blood sample injection unit 100 mixes blood in the blood sample container 50 by making a reciprocating motion at a set angle so as to prevent red blood cells contained in the blood sample container 50 from sinking on a floor to cause a measurement error. The blood sample injection unit 100 continuously performs the mixing during the waiting time for measuring the viscosity, and supplies the blood in the blood sample container 50 to the blood viscosity measurement unit 200 when the viscosity measurement is started. A specific configuration of the blood sample injection unit 100 will be described again with reference to FIG. 2.

    [0047] The blood viscosity measurement unit 200 includes two vertical tubes for measuring the viscosity of blood supplied from the blood sample container 50, and a capillary tube disposed between the two vertical tubes. The blood viscosity measurement unit 200 uses a method in which, when the blood moves from one vertical tube to the other vertical tube via a capillary tube, time when heights of the blood in the two vertical tubes are equal is measured to measure viscosity of non-neutronic blood. At this time, two sensors for measuring the heights of the blood in the two vertical tubes are provided, and each sensor transmits values measured during a predetermined time to the data processing unit 400. The blood viscosity measurement unit 200 will be described in more detail with reference to FIG. 3 to FIG. 7.

    [0048] A connection tube 600 can be further provided between the blood sample injection unit 100 and the blood viscosity measurement unit 200. The connection tube 600 can perform a tube function for supplying blood from the blood sample injection unit 100 to the blood viscosity measurement unit 200 when the blood sample injection unit 100 and the blood viscosity measurement unit 200 are separated from each other, and an opposite case thereof can be made. The connection tube 600 is installed on the upper case 12.

    [0049] In case where an interval between the blood sample injection unit 100 and the blood viscosity measurement unit 200 is small and thereby a needle portion (120 of FIG. 2) provided in the blood sample injection unit 100 come in closely contact with a valve unit 230 of the blood viscosity measurement unit 200, it is not necessary to use the connection tube 600.

    [0050] Although not illustrated in FIG. 1, the heater unit 700 is installed on a rear surface or a back surface of the blood viscosity measurement unit 200 as illustrated in FIG. 8, and supplies heat to the blood viscosity measurement unit 200. The heater unit 700 can supply hot air to the vertical tube to uniformly raise a temperature within a short time before measurement is made. The heater unit 700 can continuously supply heat so that the same temperature can be maintained even during viscosity measurement is made by the blood viscosity measurement unit 200. Description thereof will be made again with reference to FIG. 8.

    [0051] The data processing unit 400 receives information from first and second sensors 270 and 280 provided in the blood viscosity measurement unit 200 and calculates the blood viscosity by using a previously stored calculation formula or algorithm. The data processing unit 400 is mounted to the lower case 14. The data processing unit 400 can perform overall control for performing processing for measuring the blood viscosity. That is, the data processing unit 400 performs a function of a controller or a control unit.

    [0052] The data processing unit 400 includes a touch-type display such that a user can easily measure the blood viscosity by touching commands displayed on the display. In the blood viscosity measurement, the blood is automatically supplied to the blood viscosity measurement unit 200 in response to a start command displayed on the touch-type display, a value of the blood viscosity is displayed on the display, and the blood used for the measurement is recovered to the blood sample container 50.

    [0053] The data processing unit 400 can control a pump portion 130, a rotation portion 160, and a valve unit 230, which will be described below. The data processing unit 400 operates the rotation portion 160 to mix the blood in the blood sample container 50 and then drives the pump portion 130 to inject air into the blood sample container 50 such that the blood is supplied to the blood viscosity measurement unit 200. In addition, the data processing unit 400 can control various configuration elements in the apparatus. Description thereof will be made in connection with description of each configuration element.

    [0054] Meanwhile, the blood viscosity measurement apparatus according to the embodiment of the present invention may further include a barcode recognition unit 500.

    [0055] The barcode recognition unit 500 automatically recognizes a barcode attached to a lower end of a lower connector 220 coupled with a U-shaped cartridge 210 and transmits the recognized value to the data processing unit 400. In addition, the barcode recognition unit 500 can recognize a barcode attached to the blood sample container 50. The barcode recognition unit 500 is installed in the upper case 12 such that a user can easily recognize the barcode but is not limited to this. The barcode recognition unit 500 can be installed in the lower case 14 or can be connected through wire or wireless to the data processing unit 400.

    [0056] Hereinafter, main configuration elements of the blood viscosity measurement apparatus will be described with reference to FIGS. 2 to 8.

    [0057] FIG. 2 is a view illustrating the blood sample injection unit of the blood viscosity measurement apparatus illustrated in FIG. 1.

    [0058] Referring to FIG. 2, the blood sample injection unit 100 can include a container mounting portion 110, a needle portion 120, the pump portion 130, and the rotation portion 160.

    [0059] Specifically, the container mounting portion 110 includes a circular plate-shaped member which is rotatable and is formed in a shape corresponding to the blood sample container 50 mounted on the plate-shape member. At this time, one end of the container mounting portion 110 supports the end of the blood sample container 50 and the other end thereof is formed to be open such that first and second needles 122 and 124 of the needle portion 120 are inserted into the blood sample container 50. In addition, the container mounting portion 110 can include separate fixing means for fixing the blood sample container 50.

    [0060] The needle portion 120 is spaced apart from the container mounting portion 110 and can be installed on an upper surface of the rotation portion 160. The needle portion 120 includes the first and second needles 122 and 124 and tubes respectively connected to the first and second needles 122 and 124 are formed. Here, the needle portion 120 is formed such that two nozzles are exposed to the outside as illustrated in FIG. 2. At this time, one of the two nozzles can be connected to the first needle 122, and the other nozzle can be connected to the connection tube 600 described above. An air connection tube 140 connects the first needle 122 to the pump portion 130.

    [0061] The rotation portion 160 rotates the container mounting portion 110 at a predetermined interval to mix the blood in the blood sample container 50. The rotation portion 160 is formed in a fan shape on the outside of the container mounting portion 110 where the container mounting portion 110 is installed as illustrated in FIG. 2. The rotation portion 160 includes the needle portion 120. In the present invention, the rotation portion 160 is provided to rotate within a range of approximately 45 degrees, but is not limited thereto. At this time, the rotation portion 160 is coupled with the container mounting portion 110 and rotates at the same time to shake the blood sample container 50 within a predetermined range, and thereby the red blood cells in the blood are prevented from being deposited on the bottom of the blood sample container.

    [0062] When the blood sample injection unit 100 is fixed to the upper case 12 and supplies blood to the blood viscosity measurement unit 200, a stopper 150 can be further installed to fix a position of the blood sample injection unit 100.

    [0063] The stopper 150 is fixed to the upper case 12 and come into contact with one surface of the rotation portion 160 such that the nozzle connected to the second needle 124 of the needle portion 120 comes into close contact with the connection tube 600 and thereby a position thereof is not deviated.

    [0064] The pump portion 130 can supply air or suck the air through a control signal of the data processing unit 400. In case where the pump portion 130 supplies air, the air is supplied to the blood sample container 50 through the first needle 122, and thereby, an internal pressure raises. Thereafter, the blood in the blood sample container 50 is discharged through the second needle 124 and is supplied to the blood viscosity measurement unit 200.

    [0065] In contrast to this, in case where the air is sucked by the pump portion 130, the pressure in the blood sample container 50 is reduced, and thereby, the blood of the blood viscosity measurement unit 200 is restored into the blood sample container 50.

    [0066] As described above, blood can be automatically supplied to the blood viscosity measurement unit 200 through the pump portion 130, or the blood of the blood viscosity measurement unit 200 can be restored into the blood sample container 50. Accordingly, the restored blood can be easily used for other blood tests, and risk of contamination at the time of reusing is remarkably reduced. In addition, discarding the blood can be easily performed.

    [0067] In the embodiment of the present invention, the blood in the blood viscosity measurement unit 200 can be restored in another container by using a manifold or the like, even if the pump portion 130 is not used.

    [0068] FIG. 3 is a detailed view of the blood viscosity measurement unit of the blood viscosity measurement apparatus illustrated in FIG. 1, FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view illustrating a cartridge of the blood viscosity measurement unit illustrated in FIG. 3, FIG. 5 through FIG. 7 is a view illustrating an operation state of a valve unit illustrated in FIG. 3.

    [0069] Referring to FIGS. 3, 5,and 7, the blood viscosity measurement unit 200 includes the cartridge 210, the first and second vertical tubes 240 and 250, a capillary tube 260, the lower connector 220, the first sensor 270, the second sensor 280, and the valve unit 230.

    [0070] Specifically, the cartridge 210 has a shape in which two vertical support portions 212 and 214 are connected in a "U" shape by a connection portion 216. The two vertical support portions 212 and 214 of the cartridge 210 have spaces in which the first vertical tube 240 and the second vertical tube 250 are respectively inserted. The two vertical support portions 212 and 214 of the cartridge 210 are incised and formed in a lengthwise incision such that the first and second vertical tubes 240 and 250 are mounted in the spaces. The first and second sensors 270 and 280 for measuring blood heights of the first and second vertical tubes 240 and 250 are disposed on side surfaces of the two vertical support portions 212 and 214, respectively. The cartridge 210 are coated with various colors or are formed of various materials so as to reduce a measurement error by blocking light incident from the outside when the first and second sensors 270 and 280 measure changes of the blood heights. At this time, incising portions 218 can be formed on front surfaces of the two vertical supports 212 and 214 so as to visually observe heights of the blood in the first and second vertical tubes 240 and 250.

    [0071] Meanwhile, openings 219 can be formed on the rear surfaces of the two vertical support portions 212 and 214 so as to accommodate heat supplied from the heater unit 700.

    [0072] The lower connector 220 is mounted on a lower portion of the cartridge 210. The lower connector 220 can be incised in the longitudinal direction such that the capillary tube 260 is mounted. The lower connector 220 includes an auxiliary lower connector 225 coupled to the lower connector 220, and the auxiliary lower connector 225 has an auxiliary tube path 227, which connects the second vertical tube 250 to the capillary tube 260, therein. As illustrated in FIG. 4, the lower connector 220 can be formed such that a portion where the first vertical tube 240 is coupled with the second vertical tube 250 is separated and is assembled. A structure can be formed in which the capillary tube 260 is installed in a state where the lower connector 220 is separated, the lower connector and the capillary tube are assembled with each other, and the lower connector and the capillary tube are assembled with the cartridge 210.

    [0073] The valve unit 230 is coupled with the lower connector 220. The valve unit 230 is a three-way valve. The valve unit 230 operates such that the first vertical tube 240 and the connection tube 600 are connected to each other, operates such that the first vertical tube 240 and the capillary tube 260 are connected to each other, or operates such that the first vertical tube 240, the connection tube 600, and the capillary tube 260 are connected to each other.

    [0074] The valve unit 230 can operate in three states in response to a control signal of the data processing unit 400.

    [0075] First, as illustrated in FIG. 5, when the blood is supplied to the blood viscosity measurement unit 200, the valve unit 230 operates such that a flow path is formed only between the connection tube 600 and the first vertical tube 240. At this time, the blood supplied from the blood sample container 50 rises to a height H1 of the first vertical tube 240.

    [0076] Thereafter, as illustrated in FIG. 6, the valve unit 230 operates such that a flow path is formed only between the first vertical tube 240 and the capillary tube 260. At this time, the blood supplied to the first vertical tube 240 is supplied to the second vertical tube 250 through the capillary tube 260 by gravity. The valve unit 230 maintains this state until the blood heights of the first vertical tube 240 and the second vertical tube 250 are equal to each other.

    [0077] Subsequently, if the blood heights of the first vertical tube 240 and the second vertical tube 250 are equalized and thereby the viscosity measurement is completed, a flow path is formed between the connection tube 600, the first vertical tube 240, and the capillary tube 260 so as to restore the blood of the first vertical tube 240, the capillary tube 260, and the second vertical tube 240 through the connection tube 600, as illustrated in FIG. 7.

    [0078] As described above, as the valve unit 230 is operated, the blood is supplied to the first vertical tube 240 when measuring blood viscosity. After the blood viscosity is measured, the blood in the first and second vertical tubes 240 and 250 and the capillary tube 260 can be restored in the blood sample container 50.

    [0079] The first and second sensors 270 and 280 can measure height of the blood of the first and second vertical tubes 240 and 250 and provide the measured data to the data processing unit 400. For this, an optical sensor such as a contact image sensor (CIS) can be used as each of the first and second sensors 270 and 280. In addition, a CCD sensor or the like can be used as each of the first and second sensors 270 and 280.

    [0080] Transparency and a degree of contamination of the first and second vertical tubes 240 and 250 can be automatically diagnosed in advance by using the first and second sensors 270 and 280.

    [0081] Meanwhile, a cartridge transport unit 300 may be further provided for inserting and discharging the cartridge 210.

    [0082] The cartridge transport unit 300 can include a gear unit 320, a main rotation shaft 310, a transport shaft 350, a transport binding unit 340, and a rotation transport unit 330.

    [0083] The main rotation shaft 310 rotates by receiving power. The main rotation shaft 310 can discharge the cartridge 210 during a forward rotation and insert the cartridge 210 during a reverse rotation. An opposite case thereof is also possible.

    [0084] The gear unit 320 transmits a rotation force of the main rotation shaft 310 to the transport shaft 350. In particular, the gear unit 320 can be a Bevel gear or the like in consideration of an installation direction of the main rotation shaft 310 and an installation direction of the transport shaft 350.

    [0085] The transport shaft 350 is coupled with the gear unit 320 and rotates by receiving power of the main rotation shaft 310. The rotation transport unit 330 is coupled with the transport shaft 350 to rotate, and thereby, the cartridge 210 is transported. At this time, the transport binding unit 340 can be provided on the rear surface of the lower connector 220 such that the cartridge 210 can be easily transported.

    [0086] A plurality of teeth can be formed in the rotation transport unit 330, and grooves are formed on one surface of the transport unit 340 such that the rotation transport unit 330 is engaged with the teeth, and the transport binding unit 340 moves up and down by the grooves of the transport binding unit 340 as the rotation transport unit 330 rotates.

    [0087] FIG. 4 illustrates that the gear unit 320, the transport shaft 350, the transport binding unit 340, and the rotation transport unit 330 are disposed on the rear surface of the lower connector 220, but the present invention is not limited to this. The cartridge also has the same configuration as the gear unit 320, the transport shaft 350, the transport binding unit 340, and the rotation transport unit 330, and the cartridge 210 and the lower connector 220 can move the cartridge 210 up and down at the same time.

    [0088] FIG. 8 is a perspective view illustrating the heater unit provided in the blood viscosity measurement apparatus.

    [0089] As illustrated in FIG. 8, the heater unit 700 can include a heat generation unit 710 and a heat supply tube 730.

    [0090] The heat generation unit 710 includes heat generation means such as a coil for generating the heat, or generates heat by using other means instead of the coil.

    [0091] The heat supply tube 730 is installed on the rear surface of the cartridge 210, and is formed in a Y shape in particular. The heat supply tube 730 supplies the heat supplied from the heat generation unit 710 to the cartridge 210. At this time, it is preferable that the heat supply tube 730 is formed to be open to a size corresponding to an opening 219 of the cartridge 210 described above such that the heated air is directly supplied into the cartridge 210.

    [0092] The heat generation unit 710 includes a discharge portion 720 and the discharge portion 720 can be connected through a transfer portion 735 connected to the heat supply tube 730. In addition, a circulation tube 740 may be further formed on the heat generation unit 710 such that the heated air circulates and moves on the discharge portion 720 side. The hot air raised through the circulation tube 740 is supplied to the discharge portion 720.

    [0093] The heat generation unit 710 can further include a heat sink 715 that discharges heat to the outside. The heat sink 715 prevents the heat generation unit 710 from overheating.

    [0094] Meanwhile, although not illustrated in FIGS. 3 and 8, a temperature sensor that measures the temperature inside the cartridge can be further provided. The temperature sensor is attached to the cartridge to directly or indirectly measure an internal temperature of the cartridge 210 and provide measured data to the data processing unit 400. The data processing unit 400 can control the heater unit 700 so as to maintain the internal temperature of the cartridge 210 at a predetermined temperature through information input from the temperature sensor.


    Claims

    1. A portable blood viscosity measurement apparatus comprising:

    a case portion (10) which is movable;

    a blood sample injector (100) that is adapted to mix blood in a blood sample container (50), and automatically supplies the blood;

    a blood viscosity measurement assembly (200) that is adapted to measure a blood viscosity which is supplied from the blood sample injector (100); and

    a data processor (400) that analyzes a value which is measured by the blood viscosity measurement assembly (200), and calculates the blood viscosity,

    wherein the blood viscosity measurement assembly (200) includes:

    a cartridge (210) that is detachably attached to the case portion (10) and includes two vertical support portions (212, 214), wherein each of the two vertical support portions (212, 214) defines a space therein and the two vertical support portions (212, 214) are connected to the cartridge (210) to form a U-shape;

    a lower connector (220) that is mounted on the two vertical support portions (212, 214);

    a first vertical tube (240) and a second vertical tube (250) that are capable of being respectively inserted into the space of the two vertical support portions (212, 214);

    a capillary tube (260) that is inserted into the lower connector (220);

    an auxiliary tube path (227) that is formed in the lower connector (220) and connects the second vertical tube (250) to the capillary tube (260);

    a valve (230) which is disposed in the lower connector (220), is adapted to supply the blood that is supplied from the blood sample injector (100) to the first vertical tube (240), and causes the blood that is flowed into the first vertical tube (240) to be supplied to the capillary tube (260),

    wherein the valve (230) has a configuration to change a flow path and supplies the blood from the first and second vertical tubes (240, 250) and the capillary tube (260) to the blood sample injector (100), and
    a first sensor (270) and a second sensor (280) that are disposed adjacent to the first and second vertical tubes (240, 250) and sense a position of the blood in the first and second vertical tubes (240, 250), respectively,

    wherein the case (10) includes an upper case (12) and a lower case (14) which are installed in a foldable manner,

    characterized in that the case (10) further comprises a support portion (16) that is disposed between the upper case (12) and the lower case (14) and the upper case (12) is supported perpendicularly to the lower case (14), wherein the upper case (12) has a space in which the blood sample injector (100), and the blood viscosity measurement assembly (200) are mounted, and the lower case (14) includes the data processing unit (400) therein and a level meter (20) for vertically aligning first and second vertical tubes (240, 250) of the blood viscosity measurement unit (200) included in the upper case (12) with a ground surface.


     
    2. The portable blood viscosity measurement apparatus of claim 1,
    wherein the two vertical support portions (212, 214) respectively include incising portion (218) and visually identify heights of the blood in the first and second vertical tubes (240, 250).
     
    3. The portable blood viscosity measurement apparatus of claim 1, further comprising:
    a cartridge transport assembly (300) that comes into close contact with the cartridge (210) or the lower connector (220), and transports the cartridge (210) and the lower connector (220) to be protruded from the case (10).
     
    4. The portable blood viscosity measurement apparatus of claim 1, further comprising:
    a heater (700) that is installed in the case (10), is disposed on a rear surface of the cartridge (210), and supplies heat to the cartridge (210).
     
    5. The portable blood viscosity measurement apparatus of claim 4,
    wherein the heater (700) includes:

    a heat generation assembly (710) that generates heat; and

    a heat supply tube (730) that is disposed in a shape corresponding to the two vertical support portions (212, 214) of the cartridge.


     
    6. The portable blood viscosity measurement apparatus of claim 5,
    wherein the two vertical support portions (212, 214) include predetermined regions which are disposed to face the heater (700) and are incised to receive the heat from the heater (700).
     
    7. The portable blood viscosity measurement apparatus of claim 1,
    wherein the blood sample injector (100) includes:

    a container mounting portion (110) on which the blood sample (50) container is mounted;

    a needle assembly (120) that includes a first needle (122) and a second needle (124) which are inserted into the blood sample container (50);

    a pump (130) that provides a pneumatic pressure to the first needle (122); and

    a rotation portion (160) that periodically rotates the container mounting portion (110) and the needle assembly (120) at a predetermined angle.


     
    8. The portable blood viscosity measurement apparatus of claim 7, further comprising:
    a connection tube (600) that is disposed in the case (10) and connects the second needle (124) to the valve (230).
     
    9. The portable blood viscosity measurement apparatus of claim 8,
    wherein the data processor (400) controls the pump (130), the rotation portion (160), and the valve (230), operates the rotation portion (160) to mix the blood in the blood sample container (50) if the blood sample container (50) is mounted on the container mounting portion (110), drives the pump (130) and injects air into the blood sample container (50) through the first needle (122) and controls that the blood is supplied to the valve (230) through the second needle (124), and rotates the valve (230) and connects the first vertical tube (240) and the connection tube (600) before the pump (130) is driven.
     
    10. The portable blood viscosity measurement apparatus of claim 1, further comprising:
    at least three horizontal adjustment assemblies (30) that are installed in the case (10) to support the case (10) on the floor, and whose heights are configured to be changed.
     
    11. The portable blood viscosity measurement apparatus of claim 1, further comprising:
    a barcode recognition assembly (500) that recognizes a barcode which is attached to the blood sample container (50) or the lower connector (220) and that transmits the recognized data to the data processor (400).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Tragbare Blutviskositätsmessvorrichtung, welche aufweist:

    einen Gehäuseabschnitt (10), welcher bewegbar ist;

    einen Blutprobeninjektor (100), der dazu ausgelegt ist, Blut in einem Blutprobenbehälter (50) zu mischen, und das Blut automatisch zuführt;

    eine Blutviskositätsmessanordnung (200), die dazu ausgelegt ist, die Viskosität eines von dem Blutprobeninjektor (100) zugeführten Bluts zu messen; und

    einen Datenprozessor (400), der einen Wert analysiert, welcher von der Blutviskositätsmessanordnung (200) gemessen wird, und die Blutviskosität berechnet,

    wobei die Blutviskositätsmessanordnung (200) enthält:

    eine Kassette (210), die an dem Gehäuseabschnitt (10) abnehmbar angebracht ist und zwei vertikale Tragabschnitte (212, 214) enthält, wobei jeder der zwei vertikalen Tragabschnitte (212, 214) darin einen Raum begrenzt und die zwei vertikalen Tragabschnitte (212, 214) zur Bildung einer U-Form mit der Kassette (210) verbunden sind;

    einen unteren Verbinder (220), der an den zwei vertikalen Tragabschnitten (212, 214) angebracht ist;

    ein erstes vertikales Rohr (240) und ein zweites vertikales Rohr (250), die in der Lage sind, jeweils in den Raum der zwei vertikalen Tragabschnitte (212, 214) eingesetzt zu werden;

    ein Kapillarrohr (260), das in den unteren Verbinder (220) eingesetzt ist;

    einen Hilfsrohrweg (227), der in dem unteren Verbinder (220) ausgebildet ist und das zweite vertikale Rohr (250) mit dem Kapillarrohr (260) verbindet;

    ein Ventil (230), das in dem unteren Verbinder (220) angeordnet ist, dazu ausgelegt ist, das von dem Blutprobeninjektor (100) zugeführte Blut dem ersten vertikalen Rohr (240) zuzuführen, und bewirkt, dass das Blut, welches in das erste vertikale Rohr (240) geflossen ist, dem Kapillarrohr (260) zugeführt wird,

    wobei das Ventil (230) eine Konfiguration hat, um einen Strömungsweg zu ändern, und das Blut von den ersten und zweiten vertikalen Rohren (240, 250) und dem Kapillarrohr (260) dem Blutprobeninjektor (100) zuführt, und einen ersten Sensor (270) und einen zweiten Sensor (280), die benachbart den ersten und zweiten vertikalen Rohren (240, 250) angeordnet sind und jeweils eine Position des Bluts in den ersten und zweiten vertikalen Rohren (240, 250) sensieren,

    wobei das Gehäuse (10) ein oberes Gehäuse (12) und ein unteres Gehäuse (14) enthält, die klappbar installiert sind,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Gehäuse (10) einen Stützabschnitt (16) aufweist, der zwischen dem oberen Gehäuse (12) und dem unteren Gehäuse (14) angeordnet ist, und das obere Gehäuse (12) senkrecht zu dem unteren Gehäuse (14) gestützt wird, wobei das obere Gehäuse (12) einen Raum hat, in dem der Blutprobeninjektor (100) und die Blutviskositätsmessanordnung (200) angebracht sind, und das untere Gehäuse (14) darin die Datenverarbeitungseinheit (400) und einen Pegelmesser (20) enthält, um die ersten und zweiten vertikalen Rohre (240, 250) der in dem obere Gehäuse (12) enthaltenen Blutviskositätsmessanordnung (200) zu einer Bodenoberfläche vertikal auszurichten.


     
    2. Die tragbare Blutviskositätsmessvorrichtung von Anspruch 1, wobei die zwei vertikalen Tragabschnitte (212, 214) jeweils einen Einschnitt (218) enthalten und Höhen des Bluts in den ersten und zweiten vertikalen Rohren (240, 250) visuell identifizieren.
     
    3. Die tragbare Blutviskositätsmessvorrichtung von Anspruch 1, die ferner aufweist:
    eine Kassettentransportanordnung (300), die in engen Kontakt mit der Kassette (210) oder dem unteren Verbinder (220) kommt, und die Kassette (210) und den unteren Verbinder (220) vom Gehäuse (10) vorstehend transportiert.
     
    4. Die tragbare Blutviskositätsmessvorrichtung von Anspruch 1, die ferner aufweist:
    eine Heizung (700), die in dem Gehäuse (10) installiert ist, an einer Rückseite der Kassette (210) angeordnet ist und der Kassette (210) Wärme zuführt.
     
    5. Die tragbare Blutviskositätsmessvorrichtung von Anspruch 4,
    wobei die Heizung (700) enthält:

    eine Wärmeerzeugungsanordnung (710), die Wärme erzeugt; und

    ein Wärmezuführrohr (730), das in einer Form angeordnet ist, die den zwei vertikalen Tragabschnitten (212, 214) der Kassette entspricht.


     
    6. Die tragbare Blutviskositätsmessvorrichtung von Anspruch 5,
    wobei die zwei vertikalen Tragabschnitte (212, 214) vorbestimmte Bereiche enthalten, die zur Heizung (700) weisend angeordnet sind und eingeschnitten sind, um die Wärme von der Heizung (700) aufzunehmen.
     
    7. Die tragbare Blutviskositätsmessvorrichtung von Anspruch 1,
    wobei der Blutprobeninjektor (100) enthält:

    einen Behältermontageabschnitt (110), an dem der Blutprobenbehälter (50) montiert ist;

    eine Nadelanordnung (120), die eine erste Nadel (122) und eine zweite Nadel (124) enthält, die in dem Blutprobenbehälter (50) eingesetzt sind;

    eine Pumpe (130), die zu der ersten Nadel (122) einen pneumatischen Druck liefert; und

    einen Drehabschnitt (160), der den Behältermontageabschnitt (110) und die Nadelanordnung (120) mit einem vorbestimmten Winkel periodisch dreht.


     
    8. Die tragbare Blutviskositätsmessvorrichtung von Anspruch 7, die ferner aufweist:
    ein Verbindungsrohr (600), das in dem Gehäuse (10) angeordnet ist und die zweite Nadel (124) mit dem Ventil (230) verbindet.
     
    9. Die tragbare Blutviskositätsmessvorrichtung von Anspruch 8,
    wobei der Datenprozessor (400) die Pumpe (130), den Drehabschnitt (160) und das Ventil (230) steuert, den Drehabschnitt (160) betreibt, um das Blut in dem Blutprobenbehälter (50) zu mischen, wenn der Blutprobenbehälter (50) an dem Behältermontageabschnitt (110) angebracht ist, die Pumpe (130) antreibt und Luft durch die erste Nadel (122) in den Blutprobenbehälter (50) injiziert und derart steuert, dass das Blut durch die zweite Nadel (124) dem Ventil (230) zugeführt wird, und das Ventil (230) dreht und das erste vertikale Rohr (240) mit dem Verbindungsrohr (600) verbindet, bevor die Pumpe (130) in Betrieb ist.
     
    10. Die tragbare Blutviskositätsmessvorrichtung von Anspruch 1, die ferner aufweist:
    zumindest drei Horizontal-Einstellanordnungen (30), die in dem Gehäuse (10) installiert sind, um das Gehäuse (10) auf dem Boden zu stützen, und deren Höhen veränderlich konfiguriert sind.
     
    11. Die tragbare Blutviskositätsmessvorrichtung von Anspruch 1, die ferner aufweist:
    eine Strichcode-Erkennungsanordnung (500), die einen Strichcode erkennt, der an dem Blutprobenbehälter (50) oder dem unteren Verbinder (220) angebracht ist, und die die erkannten Daten zu dem Datenprozessor (400) sendet.
     


    Revendications

    1. Appareil portable de mesure de la viscosité du sang comprenant :

    une partie de boîtier (10) qui est mobile ;

    un injecteur d'échantillon sanguin (100) qui est adapté pour mélanger le sang dans un récipient d'échantillon sanguin (50), et fournit automatiquement le sang ;

    un ensemble de mesure de la viscosité du sang (200) qui est adapté pour mesurer une viscosité du sang qui est fournie par l'injecteur d'échantillon sanguin (100) ; et

    un processeur de données (400) qui analyse une valeur qui est mesurée par l'ensemble de mesure de la viscosité du sang (200), et calcule la viscosité du sang,

    dans lequel l'ensemble de mesure de la viscosité du sang (200) comprend :

    une cartouche (210) qui est fixée de manière amovible à la partie de boîtier (10) et comprend deux parties de support verticales (212, 214), dans laquelle chacune des deux parties de support verticales (212, 214) définit un espace dans celle-ci et les deux parties de support verticales (212, 214) sont connectées à la cartouche (210) pour former une forme en U ;

    un connecteur inférieur (220) qui est monté sur les deux parties de support verticales (212, 214) ;

    un premier tube vertical (240) et un second tube vertical (250) qui peuvent être respectivement insérés dans l'espace des deux parties de support verticales (212, 214) ;

    un tube capillaire (260) qui est inséré dans le connecteur inférieur (220) ;

    un trajet de tube auxiliaire (227) qui est formé dans le connecteur inférieur (220) et qui relie le second tube vertical (250) au tube capillaire (260) ;

    une valve (230) qui est disposée dans le connecteur inférieur (220), est adaptée pour fournir le sang qui est fourni par l'injecteur d'échantillon sanguin (100) au premier tube vertical (240), et fait en sorte que le sang qui s'écoule dans le premier tube vertical (240) soit fourni au tube capillaire (260),

    dans lequel la valve (230) a une configuration permettant de changer un trajet d'écoulement et fournit le sang à partir des premier et second tubes verticaux (240), 250) et le tube capillaire (260) à l'injecteur d'échantillon sanguin (100), et

    un premier capteur (270) et un second capteur (280) qui sont disposés adjacents aux premier et second tubes verticaux (240, 250) et détectent une position du sang dans les premier et second tubes verticaux (240, 250), respectivement,

    dans lequel le boîtier (10) comprend un boîtier supérieur (12) et un boîtier inférieur (14) qui sont installés de manière pliable,

    caractérisé en ce que le boîtier (10) comprend en outre une partie de support (16) qui est disposée entre le boîtier supérieur (12) et le boîtier inférieur (14) et le boîtier supérieur (12) est supporté perpendiculairement au boîtier inférieur (14), dans lequel le boîtier supérieur (12) comporte un espace dans lequel sont montés l'injecteur d'échantillon sanguin (100) et l'ensemble de mesure de la viscosité du sang (200), et le boîtier inférieur (14) comprend l'unité de traitement des données (400) et un indicateur de niveau (20) pour aligner verticalement les premier et second tubes verticaux (240, 250) de l'unité de mesure de la viscosité du sang (200) inclus dans le boîtier supérieur (12) avec une surface de fond.


     
    2. Appareil portable de mesure de la viscosité du sang selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les deux parties de support verticales (212, 214) comprennent respectivement une partie d'incision (218) et identifient visuellement les hauteurs du sang dans les premier et second tubes verticaux (240, 250).
     
    3. Appareil portable de mesure de la viscosité du sang selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :
    un ensemble de transport de cartouche (300) qui vient en contact étroit avec la cartouche (210) ou le connecteur inférieur (220), et transporte la cartouche (210) et le connecteur inférieur (220) pour qu'ils dépassent de l'étui (10).
     
    4. Appareil portable de mesure de la viscosité du sang selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :
    un dispositif de chauffage (700) qui est installé dans le boîtier (10), est disposé sur une surface arrière de la cartouche (210), et fournit de la chaleur à la cartouche (210).
     
    5. Appareil portable de mesure de la viscosité du sang selon la revendication 4, dans lequel le dispositif de chauffage (700) comprend :

    un ensemble de génération de chaleur (710) qui génère de la chaleur; et

    un tube d'alimentation en chaleur (730) qui est disposé selon une forme correspondant aux deux parties de support verticales (212, 214) de la cartouche.


     
    6. Appareil portable de mesure de la viscosité du sang selon la revendication 5, dans lequel les deux parties de support verticales (212, 214) comprennent des régions prédéterminées qui sont disposées pour faire face au dispositif de chauffage (700) et sont incisées pour recevoir la chaleur du dispositif de chauffage (700).
     
    7. Appareil portable de mesure de la viscosité du sang selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'injecteur d'échantillon sanguin (100) comprend :

    une partie de montage de récipient (110) sur laquelle le récipient d'échantillon sanguin (50) est monté ;

    un ensemble d'aiguilles (120) qui comprend une première aiguille (122) et une deuxième aiguille (124) qui sont insérées dans le récipient d'échantillon sanguin (50) ;

    une pompe (130) qui fournit une pression pneumatique à la première aiguille (122) ; et

    une partie de rotation (160) qui fait tourner périodiquement la partie de montage de récipient (110) et l'ensemble d'aiguilles (120) selon un angle prédéterminé.


     
    8. Appareil portable de mesure de la viscosité du sang selon la revendication 7, comprenant en outre :
    un tube de raccordement (600) qui est disposé dans le boîtier (10) et qui relie la deuxième aiguille (124) à la valve (230).
     
    9. Appareil portable de mesure de la viscosité du sang selon la revendication 8, dans lequel le processeur de données (400) commande la pompe (130), la partie de rotation (160) et la valve (230), actionne la partie de rotation (160) pour mélanger le sang dans le récipient d'échantillon sanguin (50) si le récipient d'échantillon sanguin (50) est monté sur la partie de montage du récipient (110), actionne la pompe (130) et injecte de l'air dans le récipient d'échantillon sanguin (50) par la première aiguille (122) et contrôle que le sang est fourni à la valve (230) par la deuxième aiguille (124), et fait tourner la valve (230) et connecte le premier tube vertical (240) et le tube de connexion (600) avant que la pompe (130) ne soit actionnée.
     
    10. Appareil portable de mesure de la viscosité du sang selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :
    au moins trois ensembles de réglage horizontal (30) qui sont installés dans le boîtier (10) pour supporter le boîtier (10) sur le sol, et dont les hauteurs sont configurées pour être modifiées.
     
    11. Appareil portable de mesure de la viscosité du sang selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :
    un ensemble de reconnaissance de code à barres (500) qui reconnaît un code à barres qui est fixé au récipient d'échantillon sanguin (50) ou au connecteur inférieur (220) et qui transmet les données reconnues au processeur de données (400).
     




    Drawing





























    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description