(19)
(11)EP 3 385 116 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 17164985.8

(22)Date of filing:  05.04.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B60N 2/829  (2018.01)
B60N 2/30  (2006.01)
F16C 1/10  (2006.01)
B60N 2/90  (2018.01)
B60N 2/02  (2006.01)

(54)

DEVICE FOR ACTUATING MULTIPLE LOADS

VORRICHTUNG ZUR ANSTEUERUNG MEHRERER LASTEN

DISPOSITIF POUR ACTIONNER DES CHARGES MULTIPLES


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
10.10.2018 Bulletin 2018/41

(73)Proprietor: Schukra Gerätebau GmbH
2560 Berndorf (AT)

(72)Inventors:
  • THIEL, Thomas
    53117 Bonn (DE)
  • FRITZSCHE, Martin
    91322 Gräfenberg (DE)
  • PALINSKY, Frank
    91126 Schwabach (DE)

(74)Representative: Banzer, Hans-Jörg 
Kraus & Weisert Patentanwälte PartGmbB Thomas-Wimmer-Ring 15
80539 München
80539 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 835 280
JP-A- 2001 050 241
DE-A1-102008 034 770
US-A1- 2008 001 412
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] Various examples generally relate to providing a first output force to a first load and a second output force to a second load. Various examples specifically relate to actuating multiple loads in a sequenced manner.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] Motorized actuators are widely employed to provide automated operation. For example, motorized actuators are employed in vehicles to operate seating functionality. Motorized actuators may be used to displace a headrest of a seat, to adjust a seating depth, or recline the backrest of the seat. For this, a corresponding actuation mechanisms, e.g., a lock, recliner, or moving part, may be actuated.

    [0003] Motorized actuators can be expensive and complex. To reduce the complexity, typically the design of the motorized actuators is carefully chosen in view of the load to be handled.

    [0004] Sometimes, when multiple different loads are desired to be actuated by the same motorized actuator, it may be required to design the motorized actuators so as to handle a sum of the resistances provided by the two loads. It can require significant forces to overcome the sum of the resistances. This may result in complexity of the motorized actuator. For example, applications are known where, both, a locking mechanism of a headrest is to be unlocked, as well as a locking mechanism of a backrest of the seat is to be unlocked by a single motorized actuator. In reference implementations, it can be required to design the motorized actuator to handle the sum of the resistances imposed by unlocking the locking mechanism of the headrest and unlocking the locking mechanism of the backrest. This, however, can require a complex and expensive motorized actuator, because the sum of the resistances can require a significant force to be output by the motorized actuator.

    [0005] US 2008/0001412 A1 discloses a door opening/closing device according to the preamble of claim 1. The door opening/closing device includes, between a door operating lever and an open-door latch unit, a connection link connected to the door operating lever and a wire cable. One end of the wire cable is connected to the connection link and the other end is connected to the open-door latch unit to connect the connection link and the open-door latch unit to each other.

    SUMMARY



    [0006] Therefore, a need exists for advanced techniques of actuating multiple loads. In particular, a need exists for techniques of actuating multiple loads which overcome or mitigate at least some of the above-identified restrictions and drawbacks.

    [0007] This need is met by the features of the independent claims. The dependent claims define embodiments. The device according to the invention comprises the features according to claim 1 and claim 16. The invention also refers to method claim 17 and method claim 18.

    [0008] A device includes a housing and a link. The link is displaceably arranged in the housing. The link has an input port. The input port is configured to receive an input force. The input force is oriented along a first axis. The link also has a first output port. The first output port is configured to provide a first output force based on the input force. The link also has a second output port configured to provide a second output force based on the input force. The link is configured to move the first output port from a start position to a stop position along a first axis by a first distance and in response to receiving the input force. The link is further configured to move the second output port from the start position to the stop position along the first axis and by a second distance in response to receiving the input force. The first distance is smaller than the second distance. The link is further configured to move the first output port from the start position to the stop position along a second axis which is orthogonal to the first axis by a third distance in response to receiving the input force. The link is further configured to move the second output port from the start position to the stop position along the second axis by a fourth distance in response to receiving the input force. The third distance is larger than the fourth distance.

    [0009] A system includes such a device, and a first load, as well as a second load. The first load is attached to the first output port. The second load is attached to the second output port.

    [0010] A device includes a housing and a link displaceably arranged in the housing. The link has an input port configured to receive an input force oriented along a first axis, a first output port configured to provide a first output force based on the input force, and a second output port configured to provide a second output force based on the input force. The link is configured to displace from a start position to a stop position, said displacing including a translation and a rotation. A distance between the first output port and the input port along the first axis and in the start position is larger than a distance between the second output port and the input port along the first axis and in the start position.

    [0011] A method includes displacing a link arranged in a housing and having an input port configured to receive an input force oriented along a first axis, a first output port configured to provide a first output force based on the input force, and a second output port configured to provide a second output force based on the input force,. By said displacing, the first output port is moved from a start position to a stop position along the first axis by a first distance in response to receiving the input force and the second output port is moved from the start position to the stop position along the first axis by a second distance in response to receiving the input force. The first distance is smaller than the second distance. Further, moving the first output port from the start position to the stop position is performed by the link. Such moving is performed along a second axis which is orthogonal to the first axis and is performed by a third distance in response to receiving the input force. Further, moving the second output port from the start position to the stop position is performed by the link. Such moving is performed along the second axis and is performed by a fourth distance in response to receiving the input force. The third distance is larger than the fourth distance.

    [0012] A method includes translationally and rotationally displacing a link arranged in a housing between a start position to a stop position. The link has an input port configured to receive an input force oriented along a first axis, a first output port configured to provide a first output force based on the input force, and a second output port configured to provide a second output force based on the input force. A distance between the first output port and the input port along the first axis and in the start position is larger than a distance between the second output port and the input port along the first axis and in the start position.

    [0013] By such techniques, it is possible to provide different distances of travel of an actuation member (stroke) for actuating the first load and the second load, respectively. By providing different strokes for actuating the first load and the second load, respectively, it is in turn possible to separate peaks of the first output force and the second output force in time domain. Hence, by providing different strokes to the first load and the second load, it is in other words possible to sequence actuation of the first load and the second load. In other example use cases, it is possible to limit the maximum force output to the first and second load (load limiting).

    [0014] Load limiting and/or load sequencing, in turn, enables to relax the specification requirements imposed on a motorized actuator configured to provide the input force. For example, by such techniques of load limiting or load sequencing , a time-domain profile of the input force may be obtained which has a maximum that is smaller than the sum of the maximums of a first resistance imposed by the first load and a second resistance imposed by actuating the second load, wherein the first and second resistances counteract the input force.

    [0015] It is to be understood that the features mentioned above and those yet to be explained below may be used not only in the respective combinations indicated, but also in other combinations or in isolation without departing from the scope of the invention.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0016] 

    FIG. 1 schematically illustrates a seat including a headrest and a backrest according to various examples, wherein the headrest and the backrest can be actuated by a motorized actuator.

    FIG. 2 schematically illustrates actuation of loads of the headrest and the backrest by the motorized actuator according to a reference implementation.

    FIG. 3 schematically illustrates the time-domain profile of a force provided by the motorized actuator according to the reference implementation of FIG. 2.

    FIG. 4 schematically illustrates actuation of loads associated with the headrest and the backrest by the motorized actuator according to various examples, wherein said actuation is mediated by a device.

    FIG. 5 schematically illustrates the time-domain profile of a force provided by the motorized actuator according to the example implementation of FIG. 4.

    FIG. 6 is a top view of a device according to various examples, wherein the device includes a link, wherein the link is in a start position in FIG. 6.

    FIG. 7 is a top view of the device according to the example of FIG. 6, wherein the link is in an intermediate position in FIG. 7.

    FIG. 8 is a top view of the device according to the example of FIG. 6, wherein the link is in an intermediate position in FIG. 8.

    FIG. 9 is a top view of the device according to the example of FIG. 6, wherein the link is in a stop position in FIG. 9.

    FIG. 10 schematically illustrates the trajectory of the movement of ports of the link of the device of FIG. 6 in time-domain due to the displacement of the link from the start position to the stop position according to various examples.

    FIG. 11 schematically illustrates the trajectory of the movement of ports of the link of the device of FIG. 6 in time-domain due to the displacement of the link from the start position to the stop position according to various examples.

    FIG. 12 schematically illustrates a Bowden cable being connected to a respective load by a loose fit to provide a stroke-dependent step-wise resistance according to various examples.

    FIG. 13 schematically illustrates the trajectory of one of the ports of the link of the device of FIG. 6 due to the displacement of the link from the start position to the stop position according to various examples.

    FIG. 14A is a perspective view of the device of FIG. 6 according to various examples.

    FIG. 14B is a perspective view of the device of FIG. 6 according to various examples.

    FIG. 15 is a top view of a device according to various examples, wherein the device includes a link, wherein the link is in a start position in FIG. 15.

    FIG. 16 is a top view of the device according to the example of FIG. 15, wherein the link is in a stop position in FIG. 16.

    FIG. 17 is a flowchart of a method according to various examples.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



    [0017] In the following, embodiments of the invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. It is to be understood that the following description of embodiments is not to be taken in a limiting sense. The scope of the invention is not intended to be limited by the embodiments described hereinafter or by the drawings, which are taken to be illustrative only, but by the attached claims.

    [0018] The drawings are to be regarded as being schematic representations and elements illustrated in the drawings are not necessarily shown to scale. Rather, the various elements are represented such that their function and general purpose become apparent to a person skilled in the art. Any connection or coupling between functional blocks, devices, components, or other physical or functional units shown in the drawings or described herein may also be implemented by an indirect connection or coupling.

    [0019] Hereinafter techniques of actuating two loads are described. The two loads may include actuating mechanisms that are actuated by a motorized actuator.

    [0020] The techniques described herein may be employed to limit the output force (load limiting). For example, the output force may be limited by reducing the resistance imposed by one of two loads on an input force provided by the motorized actuator, i.e., by limiting the effective resistance seen by the motorized actuator over the course of actuation. Then, the maximum force required to be provided by the motorized actuator may be limited.

    [0021] The techniques described herein may further be employed to actuate the two loads in a sequenced manner (load sequencing). Hence, first, a first one of the two loads is actuated, and then a second one of the two loads is actuated. Such sequenced actuation of the two loads, again, enables to reduce the maximum force to be provided by a motorized actuator. In particular, it may not be required to design the motorized actuator so as to provide a maximum force which corresponds to the sum of the maximums of the resistances imposed by, both, the first and second loads. Rather, it can be sufficient to design the motorized actuator so as to provide a maximum force which corresponds to the larger one of the maximums of the resistances imposed by the first and second loads.

    [0022] In examples, a sequencing of the actuation of the two loads and/or a load limiting is achieved by actuating the first and second loads with different strokes of, e.g., a Bowden cable. Output ports associated with the different loads may move by different distances.

    [0023] For example, for load sequencing, the Bowden cable of a first load can be designed to impose a resistance which varies over the course of the stroke, respectively the duration of the actuation. For example, the maximum of the resistance of the first load can be offset in time-domain from the maximum of the resistance of the second load over the course of actuation. Then, the motorized actuator provides, initially, a force to counteract the resistance imposed by, e.g., the first load; and, subsequently, provides a force to counteract the resistance imposed by the second load.

    [0024] Such techniques may be achieved by a device which includes a housing and a link which is displaceably arranged within the housing. The link may be configured to receive the input force from the motorized actuator and to output forces to, both, the first and second loads. By appropriately configuring the displacement of the link within the housing, it is possible to implement the different strokes when actuating the first and second loads. For example, the displacement may include a rotation and a translation which are superimposed. Furthermore, by appropriately configuring the displacement of the link within the housing, it is possible to match the stroke-dependent profiles of the resistances imposed by the first and second loads to the input force, respectively.

    [0025] In an example, the link includes an input port configured to receive the input force, e.g., from the motorized actuator and via a cable. The link also includes a first output port configured to provide a first output force to a first load, e.g., via a Bowden cable and to a corresponding actuation member of the first load. The link also includes a second output port configured to provide a second force to a second load, e.g., via a further Bowden cable and to a corresponding actuation member of the second load.

    [0026] In an example, the link can be configured to move the first output port from a start position to a stop position along a first axis - which is co-linear with the input force-by a first distance. The link can be configured to move the second output port from the start position to the stop position along the first axis by a second distance. The first output port and/or the second output port may additionally move along the second axis, e.g., by corresponding third and fourth distances.

    [0027] The first distance may be smaller than the second distance. Thereby, a load-dependent stroke can be provided.

    [0028] Alternatively or additionally, a distance between the first output port and the input port along the first axis may be smaller than a distance between the second output port and the input port along the first axis, in the start position. Thereby, a rotation of the link provides the load-dependent stroke.

    [0029] Such techniques enable to implement the motorized actuator in a comparably simple manner. In particular, the maximum force that needs to be provided by the motorized actuator can be comparably limited.

    [0030] FIG. 1 schematically illustrates aspects with respect to a seat 100. The seat includes multiple displaceable parts, e.g., a headrest 111, a backrest 112. The seat also includes a base 113. It is possible to actuate an actuating mechanism of the headrest 111. For example, it would be possible to unlock a locking mechanism of the headrest 111. The respective displacement 121 - which may result due to gravity in response to said unlocking, i.e., the headrest "falling down" - is illustrated in FIG. 1. It is also possible to actuate an actuating mechanism of the backrest. For example, it would be possible to unlock a locking mechanism of the backrest 112; thereby, it is possible to trigger reclining of the backrest 112 towards the base 113. The respective displacement 122 is illustrated in FIG. 1. This displacement may be facilitated by a coil spring or another storage means to store mechanical energy in the locked position of the backrest 112, which mechanical energy may then be used to execute the displacement 122.

    [0031] Hereinafter, techniques are described which enable efficient actuation of, both, the actuation mechanism of the headrest 111, as well as the actuation mechanism of the backrest 112. In particular, techniques are described which enable combined actuation of, both, the actuation mechanism of the headrest 111, as well as the actuation mechanism of the backrest 112 by a single motorized actuator (not illustrated in FIG. 1).

    [0032] FIG. 2 schematically illustrates aspects with respect to the system 200 including a motorized actuator 201 and loads 211, 212. For example, the load 211 could be associated with headrest 111, e.g., a locking mechanism of the headrest 111 or another actuation mechanism. A cable 221 is provided which moves and thus provides a stroke to actuate the load 211. The load 212 could be associated with the backrest 112, e.g., a locking mechanism of the backrest 112 or another actuation mechanism. A cable 222 is provided which moves and thus provides a stroke to actuate the load 212. For example, the cable 221 and/or the cable 222 may be Bowden cables.

    [0033] FIG. 2 schematically illustrates a reference implementation of the system 200. Here, the motorized actuator 201 is required to provide a force 259 which is twice as large as the individual resistances 251, 252 imposed by the loads 211, 212. This finding can be motivated by the time-domain profile illustrated in FIG. 3.

    [0034] FIG. 3 schematically illustrates aspects with respect to the time-domain profile of the force 259 provided by the motorized actuator 201 in the scenario of FIG. 2. Increasing times also correspond to increasing strokes of the cables 221, 222. The motorized actuator 201 pulls the cables 221, 222 over the course of time by providing the force 259.

    [0035] FIG. 3 schematically illustrates the absolute values of the force 259 provided by the motorized actuator 201, as well as the absolute values of the resistances 251, 252 (dotted and dashed lines, respectively) of the loads 211, 212, respectively.

    [0036] As illustrated in FIG. 3, both, the resistances 251, 252 show the same qualitative behavior. Hence, over the course of time - which corresponds to progressing actuation of the loads 211, 212 - both resistances 251, 252 increase at substantially the same duration and reach a maximum value. Durations during which the resistances 251, 252 adhere the respective maximum values overlap. To overcome the resistances 251, 252, the motorized actuator 201 is required to provide the force 259 which essentially corresponds to the sum of the resistances 251, 252. The motorized actuator 201 and the loads 211, 212 are coupled directly. Hence, the force 259 takes a large absolute value. This makes design of the motorized actuator 201 complex and costly. Hereinafter, techniques are described which enable to reduce the maximum value of the force 259 that is provided by the motorized actuator 201.

    [0037] FIG. 4 schematically illustrates a system 200 according to various examples. Again, the motorized actuator 201 is required to provide a force 259. However, force 259 can be smaller if compared to the scenario of FIG. 2. In particular, due to a device 219 mediating actuation of the loads 211, 212 by the motorized actuator 201, it is possible to dimension the force 259 to correspond to the larger one of the maximums of the resistances 251, 252. The motorized actuator 201 and the loads 211, 212 are coupled indirectly. The device 219 may be configured to sequence the actuation of the loads 211, 212; then, the device 219 may be referred to as sequencing device 219. In other examples, the device 219 may also be configured to limit the sum of forces output to the loads 211, 212; then, the device 219 may be referred to as limiting device 219. A cable 223 is provided between the motorized actuator 201 and the device 219, e.g., a Bowden cable.

    [0038] FIG. 5 schematically illustrates aspects with respect to the time-domain profile of the force 259 provided by the motorized actuator 201 in the scenario of FIG. 4. Increasing times also correspond to increasing strokes of the cables 221 - 223. As will be appreciated from a comparison of FIGs. 5 and 3, the overall stroke 281 provided by the motorized actuator 201 is larger in the scenario of FIGs. 4 and 5 as if compared to the scenario of FIGs. 2 and 3.

    [0039] As illustrated in FIG. 5, the resistances 251, 252 imposed by the loads 211, 212 and counteracting the force 259 show a different qualitative behavior. Hence, over the course of time - which corresponds to progressing actuation of the loads 211, 212-the resistances 251, 252 increase at substantially different durations and also reach their maximum values at different points in time. This is the sequencing provided by the device 219. Durations during which the resistances 251, 252 adhere the respective maximum values do not overlap. Therefore, to overcome the resistances 251, 252, the motorized actuator 201 is required to provide the force 259 which essentially corresponds to the sum of the resistances 251, 252 - however, due to the sequencing, this sum takes comparably small values (for illustration, the maximum value of the force 259 in the scenarios of FIGs. 2 and 3 is illustrated by an arrow in FIG. 5).

    [0040] FIG. 6 illustrates aspects with respect to the device 219. FIG. 6 is a top view of the device 219. The device 219 includes a housing 301. In FIG. 6, the housing 301 is only partially illustrated so as not to obstruct the view of a link 320 which is displaceably arranged within an internal cavity 302 of the housing 301.

    [0041] FIG. 6 illustrates a start position 291 of the link 320. Here, the link 320 is arranged in a bottom part of the cavity 302 of the housing 301. From the start position 291, the link 320 may displace to a stop position (not shown in FIG. 6).

    [0042] The inset (dashed lines) of FIG. 6 provides an enlarged view of the link 320. The link 320 may be made from plastic or metal. The link 320 is integrally formed. The link is made from rigid material. The link 320 does not include any transmission or elastic element in the example of FIG. 6.

    [0043] The link 320 includes a curved outer surface 341. The curved character of the outer surface 341 facilitates displacement of the link 320 within the cavity 302, in particular rotation and translation of the link 320. For this, the outer surface 341 is shaped corresponding to the shape of an arching surface 331 of the housing 301. The arching surface 331 is configured to guide the displacement of the link 320 from the start position 291 to the stop position.

    [0044] The link 320 includes an input port 323. The input port 323 is configured to receive an input force 269 which equals the force 259 provided by the motorized actuator 201. For this, the input port 323 is connected with the cable 223 leading towards the motorized actuator 201 (the motorized actuator 201 is not illustrated in FIG. 6). For example, a connection providing a degree of freedom relating to rotation of the respective end of the cable 223 with respect to the input port 323 may be employed. The link 320 further includes an output port 321. The output port 321 is configured to provide an output force 261 based on the input force 269. The output port 321 is connected with the cable 221 leading towards the load 211, e.g., by crimping or pressure fit or adhesive connection. Thus, the output force 261 has to counteract the resistance 251 imposed by the load 211. Thus, the output port 321 is connected to the load 211 via the cable 221. For example, a connection providing a degree of freedom relating to rotation of the respective end of the cable 221 with respect to the output port 321 may be employed.

    [0045] The link 320 further includes an output port 322. The output port 322 is configured to provide an output force 262 based on the input force 269. The output port 322 is connected with the cable 222 leading towards the load 212. Thus, the output force 262 has to counteract the resistance 252 imposed by the load 211. Thus, the output port 322 is connected to the load 212 via the cable 222. For example, a connection providing a degree of freedom relating to rotation of the respective end of the cable 222 with respect to the output port 322 may be employed.

    [0046] The ports 321-323 are arranged at fixed distances with respect to each other. The ports 321-323 are rigidly connected to the link 320.

    [0047] Now referring to FIGs. 6 - 9, the dynamics of the displacement of the link 320 are described. The dynamics of the link 320 is caused by a stroke of the cable 223 provided by the motorized actuator 201. The dynamics of the link 320 causes a stroke of the cables 221, 222. Thus, the link 320 mediates actuation of the loads 211, 212.

    [0048] The arching surface 331 guides a rotation of the link 320 which is triggered by the stroke of the cable 223, i.e., by the input force 269. The arching surface 331 and the cavity 302 define a rotational axis 93 of this rotation of the link 320. The rotational axis 93 is oriented perpendicular to the drawing plane of FIGs. 6 - 9. The rotational axis 93 is oriented perpendicular to, both, directions of the movement, i.e., perpendicular to, both, the x-axis 91, as well as the y-axis 92 (the x-axis 91 is defined in parallel to the orientation of the input force 269).

    [0049] The link 320 is configured to rotatably displace / swivel between the start position 291 and the stop position 294 (cf. FIG. 9), in the example of FIGs. 6 - 9 by a rotation of 90°. Generally, a smaller or larger rotation would be possible, e.g., a rotation not smaller than 45° or a rotation not smaller than 80°. Hence, the rotation may be in the range of 45° - 135°, optionally in the range 80° - 100°. As can be seen, upon applying the input force 269, the link 320 generally translates along the x-axis 91. The link 320 further rotates within the plane of the x-axis 91 and the y-axis 92. The displacement of the link 320 thus includes a superposition of a translation and a rotation.

    [0050] The center of rotation 94 is illustrated in the inset of FIG. 6. The center of self-rotation 94 corresponds to the input port 323 in this example: This is because the input port is only moved along the x-axis 91, cf. dashed-dotted lines in FIGs. 7 and 8. FIGs. 7 and 8 illustrate intermediate positions 292, 293 of the displacement of the link 320, whereas FIG. 9 illustrates the stop position 294. In other words: the input port 323 does not move along the y-axis 92. Thus, the link 320 can be said to rotate around the center of rotation 94 corresponding, in the illustrated example, to the input port 323.

    [0051] The rotational and translational displacement of the link 320 causes movement of the ports 321-322 along the x-axis 91 and the y-axis 92, respectively. In particular, different strokes can be provided to the loads 211, 212 by appropriately configuring the displacement of the link 320. This facilitates sequenced actuation of the loads 111, 112 or load limiting.

    [0052] FIGs. 10 and 11 illustrate movement of the ports 321, 322 along the x-axis 91 (cf. FIG. 10) and the y-axis 92 (cf. FIG. 11), respectively. From FIG. 10 it is apparent that the distance 421 by which the port 321 is moved along the x-axis 91 is smaller than the distance 422 by which the port 322 is moved along the x-axis 91. In the example, the distance 421 is less than 50 % if compared to the distance 422. Generally, the distance 421 may not be larger than 80 % of the distance 422, optionally not larger than 50%, for optionally not larger than 20 %.

    [0053] In the examples of FIGs. 6 - 9, the distance 422 equals 26.5 mm and the distance 421 equals 14 mm; this is an example configuration only and different distances 421, 422 can be achieved by different designs of the arching surface 331 and the eccentricities of the output ports 321, 322.

    [0054] On the other hand, from FIG. 11, it is apparent that the distance 431 by which the port 321 is moved along the y-axis 92 - i.e., perpendicular to the direction along which the motorized actuator provides the input force 269 - is larger than the distance 432 by which the port 322 is moved along the y-axis 92.

    [0055] By the differences between these distances 421, 422, 431, 432, it is possible to provide different strokes to the cables 321, 322, i.e., different strokes for actuation of the loads 211, 212.

    [0056] The differences between these distances 421, 422, 431, 432 are caused by the different curvatures of the curves in FIGs. 10 and 11. The curvatures of the curves in FIGs. 10 and 11 are caused by the rotation of the link 320. The curvature of the curves in FIGs. 10 and 11 is at least partly defined by the curvature of the arching surface 331. The curvature of the curves in FIGs. 10 and 11 is further at least partly defined by a distance between the respective output ports 321, 322 from the center of self-rotation 94, i.e., the input port 323 in the illustrated examples. Thus, the difference between the distances 421 and 422, as well as the difference between the distances 431 and 432 is achieved by the distanced arrangement of the output ports 321 and 322 with respect to each other on the link 320. In particular, the output port 321 is arranged at a larger distance along the x-axis 91 in the start position 291 from the input port 323 if compared to the distance along the x-axis 91 and in the start position 291 between the output port 322 and the input port 323. The results in the different distances 421, 422, 431, 432, because the output port 321 is affected earlier by the rotation of the link 320 about the center of self-rotation 94 than the output port 322 when displacing from the start position 291 to the stop position 294. More generally, the ports 321, 322 may be arranged at different fixed distances with respect to the center of self-rotation 94 of the link 320. Therefore, the same rotation - of, e.g., 90° in the scenario of FIGs. 6 - 9 - results in a different movement of the ports 321, 322 along the x-axis 91 and the y-axis 92.

    [0057] For example, the output port 321 is arranged adjacent to the arching surface 331 and in between the arching surface 331 and the input port 323 in the start position. In particular, the output port 321 is offset along the y-axis 92 from the input port 323. Thereby, a torque is applied to the link 320 due to the resistance 251 counteracting the output force 261 in response to providing the input force 269. This facilitates the rotation of the link 320 about the rotational axis 93.

    [0058] In the example of FIGs. 6 - 9, also the output port 322 is offset from the input port 323 along the y-axis 92. However, this offset is optional. In the example of FIGs. 6 - 9, the output port 322 is arranged in between the output port 321 and the input port 323. In other words, the output port 322 is arranged close to the center of rotation 94, in particular closer than the output port 321. Thus, the movement of the output port 321 is affected more strongly by the rotational component of the displacement of the link 320 if compared to the movement of the output port 322 (cf. stronger deviation of the shape of the curve 321 from linear in FIG. 10, if compared to curve 322). Thus, the port 321 is arranged with a comparably large eccentricity with respect to the center of rotation 94. This causes the comparably small movement 432 of the output port 322 along the y-axis 92 - and a large effective stroke.

    [0059] The arching surface 331 includes a section 338 and a further section 339. The section 338 is in contact with the surface 341 of the link 320 in the start position 291 while the section 339 is in contact with the surface 341 of the link 320 in the stop position 294. As will be appreciated from FIGs. 6 - 9, the section 339 has a larger component which is aligned in parallel with the y-axis 92; while, in fact, in the examples of FIGs. 6 - 9, the section 338 does not extend at all along the y-axis 92, but only along the x-axis 91. Hence, the section 339 extends partially along the y-axis 92.

    [0060] Due to this configuration of the arching surface 331, the counterforce associated with the output force 261 and provided by the load 211 is absorbed to a larger degree the more the link 320 has rotated about the rotational axis 93, respectively the more the link 320 has displaced from the start position 291 towards the stop position 294. In other words, in the stop position 294, the load 211 may be effectively decoupled from the motorized actuator 201, e.g., if the arching surface 331 is fully parallel to the y-axis 92. The load 211 may also be partly decoupled from the motorized actuator 201, e.g., if the arching surface 331 is partly parallel to the y-axis 92. Then, the resistance 251 imposed by the load 211 to the input force 269, i.e., to the force output by the motorized actuator 201, decreases. Then, the motorized actuator 201 has to provide a smaller force 259 and the input force 269 decreases accordingly (cf. falling edge 298 in FIG. 5). This facilitates load limiting. Furthermore, this may facilitate sequencing of the actuation of the loads 211, 212.

    [0061] By means of the difference in the distances 421, 422, it is possible to implement actuation of the loads 211, 212 using different strokes. In particular, the load 212 is actuated using a larger stroke than the stroke used for actuating the load 211. This can be used to facilitate the sequencing of the resistances 251, 252 imposed by the loads 211, 212 (cf. FIG. 5): For example, the load 212 can be configured to provide the resistance 252 which varies with the movement of the link 320 along the x-axis 91 from the start position 291 to the stop position 294. For example, the load 212 may be configured to provide the resistance 252 which increases with progressing movement along the x-axis 91 from the start position 291 to the stop position 294. A step-wise profile is possible (cf. FIG. 5, where the step 299 is illustrated). Then, the resistance 252 may be small initially - while the resistance 251 to the input force 269 is large-and may be large subsequently - while the resistance 251 to the input force is small.

    [0062] Hence, as will be appreciated, two effects may contribute to the sequencing of the resistances 251, 252: (I) The falling edge 298 of the resistance 251 opposing the input force 269 is achieved by the rotation of the link 320 about the rotational axis 93. Here, resistance 259 is effectively reduced, because at least a fraction of the corresponding output force 261 is absorbed or provided by the arching surface 331 when the link 320 rotatably displaces towards the stop position 294. (II) Differently, the postponed rising edge 292 of the resistance 252 opposing the input force 269 is achieved by an appropriate configuration of the load 212. Here, the load 212 can be configured to provide the rising edge 299 of the resistance 252 only for increased strokes, i.e., only for progressing movement of the output port 322 along the x-axis 91. There are different scenarios conceivable to implement such a stroke-dependent resistance 252. One example is illustrated in FIG. 12.

    [0063] FIG. 12 illustrates aspects with respect to load sequencing. In particular, FIG. 12 illustrates aspects with respect to the Bowden cable 222 used to actuate the load 212. The Bowden cable 222 has a first end attached to the output port 322 and further has an opposing second end 550. The opposing second end 550 in connected to the load 212 by a loose fit. The loose fit is configured to provide the resistance 252 which varies with said movement of the output port 322 along the x-axis 91. The loose fit is implemented by the distance 282 between a nipple 501 of the inner wire 502 of the Bowden cable and a fixed stop 511 of the load 212 to engage with the nipple once the nipple has traveled by the distance 282. For example, the fixed stop 511 can implement a part of an actuation member such as a locking mechanism or a displacement mechanism.

    [0064] Such techniques as described in connection with FIG. 12 are not required if mere load limiting functionality is desired, but no load sequencing.

    [0065] FIG. 13 is a top view of the device 219 according to the examples of FIGs. 6 - 9. FIG. 13 illustrates the trajectory of output port 321 in the xy-plane due to displacement 291 of the link 330 from the start position 291 to the stop position 294 (thick full line in FIG. 13).

    [0066] From FIG. 13 it is apparent that the output port 321 shows a significant movement along the y-axis 92. The movement along the x-axis 91, on the other hand, is limited. This facilitates for the load-dependent stroke.

    [0067] FIGs. 14A and 14B are perspective views of the device 219 according to the examples of FIGs. 6 - 9. FIG. 14A illustrates the device 219 with a closed lid of the housing 301 sealing the cavity 302. In FIG. 14B, the lid is not shown. FIG. 14B illustrates the link 320 in, both, the start position 291, as well as the stop position 294 for illustrative purposes.

    [0068] FIGs. 15 and 16 are top views of a further example implementation of the device 219. In the example of FIGs. 15 and 16, the device 219 is integrated within the motorized actuator 201 such that the input force 269 is provided via a fixed shaft 223. Furthermore, in the example of FIG. 15, the input port 323 and the output port 322 are co-located, i.e., the distance 322A is zero. The distance 321A between the output port 322 and the output port 321 in the star position 291 and along the x-axis 91 is also indicated and is larger than zero. In the example of FIGs. 15 and 16, the arching surface 331 includes a stepwise profile between the sections 338, 339.

    [0069] FIG. 17 is a flowchart of a method according to various examples. In 5001, a link is displaced. Said displacement may have include a rotation and a translation. The displacement may cause movement of various ports of the link, e.g., of an input port, a first output port, and a second output port.

    [0070] The input port may be configured to receive an input force oriented along a given axis. The output ports may move by different distances along the given axis. Thus, different strokes are implemented for first and second loads connected to the first and second output ports, respectively. Movement along a further axis perpendicular to the given axis is caused by the rotation. This movement does not convey an output force, because it is oriented along a direction orthogonal to the direction of the input force.

    [0071] Although the invention has been shown and described with respect to certain preferred embodiments, equivalents and modifications will occur to others skilled in the art upon the reading and understanding of the specification. The present invention includes all such equivalents and modifications and is limited only by the scope of the appended claims.

    [0072] For illustration, while various examples have been described with respect to loads associated with a backrest and a headrest of a seat, these techniques are not restricted to such applications. Application of the techniques described herein to other types of loads are possible.

    [0073] For further illustration, above various examples have been described with respect to actuating locking mechanisms, i.e., unlocking locking mechanisms. In other examples, it would be possible to implement different kinds and types of actuation mechanisms.

    [0074] For further illustration, above techniques have been described with respect to actuating actuation mechanisms which are associated with two separate displaceable parts, e.g., a headrest and a backrest, i.e., different parts which perform different displacements in response to said actuating (cf. FIG. 1). These displacements may be enabled by actuation of a locking mechanism; the energy for performing the displacement may or may not be provided by the motorized actuator. In some examples, separate energy-storage means such as springs etc. may be employed for said displacing. In some examples, it would be possible that multiple load-implementing actuation mechanisms of a single displaceable part are actuated. Then, the single displaceable part can displace in response to actuation of the actuation mechanisms, e.g., again powered by the motorized actuator and/or separate energy storage means. I.e., a single displacement action may be triggered by - e.g., sequentially - actuating the two loads. For example, it would be possible to actuate two actuation mechanisms which result in a common displacement of a load. For example, a headrest may be provided with two locking mechanism, e.g., associated with different linear support members. Then, only once the two locking mechanisms have both been sequentially actuated, i.e., unlocked, the headrest may displace. Also in such a scenario, the load sequencing as described herein may help to reduce the maximum force that is required to be provided by the motorized actuator. While only a single displacement may be resulting from multiple actuations, it is still possible to trigger the displacing with low latency if the load sequencing is implemented on a short timescale, e.g., seconds.

    [0075] For further illustration, various examples have been described where an arching surface of the housing of the device is provided to guide the displacement of the link. In other examples, the arching surface may be provided by the link, e.g., as a guide slot through which a rod of the housing extends through.

    [0076] For further illustration, various examples have been described which illustrate displacement of the link from the start position to the stop position. However, the displacement of the link can be reversible. The link may displace from the stop position to the start position, e.g., in a reciprocal manner if compared to the displacement from the start position to the stop position.

    [0077] For still further illustration, various examples have been described in which actuation of the loads is sequenced in time-domain, i.e., load sequencing. Here, the rising edges of the resistances of two loads are offset in time-domain (cf. FIG. 5). However, in other examples, it may be possible that the rising edges of the resistances of the two loads are not offset in time-domain, but at least partially overlapping in time-domain. Here, a load-limiting functionality may be implemented, because the output force provided to one of the two loads is limited by the rotation of the link. This also limits the input force required to be provided by a motorized actuator. Further, the time-integrated output forces provided by the motorized actuator to the two loads over the course of actuation may differ from each other, e.g., due to the different strokes. This also effectively limits the maximum force and the time-integrated force required to be provided by the motorized actuator.

    [0078] For still further illustration, various examples have been described in which load limiting and/or load sequencing is employed. In some examples, the techniques described herein may be useful for any actuation of two loads that require two different strokes. In other words, it may not be required to limit the load imposed on the motorized actuator, e.g., by sequencing as described herein. Advantageous effects may already be obtained in connection with actuating different loads with different strokes.


    Claims

    1. A device (219), comprising:

    - a housing (301), and

    - a link (320) displaceably arranged in the housing (301) and having an input port (323) configured to receive an input force (259, 269) oriented along a first axis (91), a first output port (321) configured to provide a first output force (261) based on the input force (259, 269), and a second output port (322) configured to provide a second output force (262) based on the input force (259, 269),
    wherein the link (320) is configured to move the first output port (321) from a start position (291) to a stop position (294) along the first axis (91) by a first distance (421) in response to receiving the input force (259, 269) and to move the second output port (322) from the start position (291) to the stop position (294) along the first axis (91) by a second distance (422) in response to receiving the input force (259, 269),
    wherein the first distance (421) is smaller than the second distance (422), characterized in that
    the link (320) is configured to move the first output port (321) from the start position (291) to the stop position (294) along a second axis (92) which is orthogonal to the first axis (91) by a third distance (431) in response to receiving the input force (259, 269) and to move the second output port (322) from the start position (291) to the stop position (294) along the second axis (92) by a fourth distance (432) in response to receiving the input force (259, 269),
    wherein the third distance (431) is larger than the fourth distance (432).


     
    2. The device (219) of claim 1, further comprising:

    - an arching surface (331, 332) configured to guide displacement of the link (320) between the start position (291) and the stop position (294).


     
    3. The device (219) of claim 2,
    wherein the arching surface (331, 322) defines a rotational axis (93) of the movement of the link (320),
    wherein the rotational axis (93) is oriented orthogonal to the first axis (91) and the second axis (92).
     
    4. The device (219) of claims 2 or 3,
    wherein the arching surface (331) is part of the housing (301) and has a first section configured to be in contact with the link (320) in the start position (291),
    wherein the arching surface (331) has a second section different from the first section and configured to be in contact with the link (320) in the stop position (294),
    wherein the first section extends at least partially along the first axis (91), wherein the second section extends at least partially along a second axis (92) which is orthogonal to the first axis (91).
     
    5. The device (219) of any one of claims 2 - 4, wherein the arching surface (331) is part of the housing (301),
    wherein the first output port (321) is arranged in-between the arching surface (331) and the input port (323) in the start position (291).
     
    6. The device (219) of any one of the preceding claims,
    wherein at least one of the first output port (321) and the second output port (322) is offset from the input port (323) along a second axis (92) which is orthogonal to the first axis (91).
     
    7. The device (219) of any one of the preceding claims,
    wherein a distance (321A) between the first output port (321) and the input port (323) along the first axis (91) and in the start position (291) is larger than a distance (322A) between the second output port (322) and the input port (323) along the first axis (91) and in the start position (291).
     
    8. The device (219) of any one of the preceding claims,
    wherein the link (320) is configured to rotatably displace between the start position (291) and the stop position (294), optionally by a rotation with respect to a rotational axis (93) of at least 45°, optionally at least 80°.
     
    9. The device (219) of any one of the preceding claims,
    wherein the first distance (421) is not larger than 80 % of the second distance (422), optionally not larger than 50 %, further optionally not larger than 20 %.
     
    10. A system, comprising:

    - the device (219) of any one of the preceding claims,

    - a first load (211) connected to the first output port (321), and

    - a second load (212) connected to the second output port (322).


     
    11. The system of claim 10,
    wherein the second load (212) is configured to provide a resistance (252) to the second output force (262) which varies with said movement along the first axis (91) from the start position (291) to the stop position (294).
     
    12. The system of claim 11,
    wherein the second load is configured to provide a resistance (252) to the second output force (262) which increases with progressing movement of the second output port (322) along the first axis (91) from the start position (291) to the stop position (294), optionally in a step-wise manner.
     
    13. The system of claims 11 or 12,
    wherein the second load is connected to the second output port (322) via a Bowden cable (222) having a first end attached to the second output port (322) and a second end opposite from the first end,
    wherein the second end is connected to the second load (212) by a loose fit configured to provide the resistance (252) to the second output force (262) which varies with said movement of the second output port (322) along the first axis (91) from the start position (291) to the stop position (294).
     
    14. The system of any one of claims 10 - 13, further comprising:

    - a headrest (111) of a seat (100),

    - a backrest (112) of the seat (100),
    wherein the first load (211) comprises a first actuation mechanism of the headrest,
    wherein the second load (212) comprises a second actuation mechanism of the backrest.


     
    15. The system of any one of claims 10 - 13, further comprising:

    - a displaceable part (111, 112) of a seat (100),
    wherein the first load (211) comprises a first actuation mechanism of the displaceable part (111, 112),
    wherein the second load (212) comprises a second actuation mechanism of the displaceable part (111, 112),
    wherein the displaceable part (111, 112) is configured to displace in response to actuation of, both, the first actuation mechanisms (211) and the second actuation mechanism (212).


     
    16. A device (219), comprising:

    - a housing (301), and

    - a link (320) displaceably arranged in the housing (301) and having an input port (323) configured to receive an input force (259, 269) oriented along a first axis (91), a first output port (321) configured to provide a first output force (261) based on the input force (259, 269), and a second output port (322) configured to provide a second output force (262) based on the input force (259, 269),
    wherein the link (320) is configured to displace from a start position (291) to a stop position (294),
    wherein a distance (321A) between the first output port (321) and the input port (323) along the first axis (91) and in the start position (291) is larger than a distance (322A) between the second output port (322) and the input port (323) along the first axis (91) and in the start position (291),
    characterized in that
    the displacing comprising a translation and a rotation.


     
    17. A method, comprising:

    - displacing a link arranged in a housing and having an input port (323) configured to receive an input force (259, 269) oriented along a first axis (91), a first output port (321) configured to provide a first output force (261) based on the input force (259, 269), and a second output port (322) configured to provide a second output force (262) based on the input force (259, 269), thereby moving the first output port (321) from a start position (291) to a stop position (294) along the first axis (91) by a first distance (421) in response to receiving the input force (259, 269) and to move the second output port (322) from the start position (291) to the stop position (294) along the first axis (91) by a second distance (422) in response to receiving the input force (259, 269),
    wherein the first distance (421) is smaller than the second distance (422), characterized by
    moving the first output port (321) from the start position (291) to the stop position (294) by the link (320) along a second axis (92) which is orthogonal to the first axis (91) by a third distance (431) in response to receiving the input force (259, 269) and moving the second output port (322) from the start position (291) to the stop position (294) by the link (320) along the second axis (92) by a fourth distance (432) in response to receiving the input force (259, 269),
    wherein the third distance (431) is larger than the fourth distance (432).


     
    18. A method, comprising:

    - displacing a link (320) arranged in a housing between a start position (291) to a stop position (294), the link having an input port (323) configured to receive an input force (259, 269) oriented along a first axis (91), a first output port (321) configured to provide a first output force (261) based on the input force (259, 269), and a second output port (322) configured to provide a second output force (262) based on the input force (259, 269),
    wherein a distance (321A) between the first output port (321) and the input port (323) along the first axis (91) and in the start position (291) is larger than a distance (322A) between the second output port (322) and the input port (323) along the first axis (91) and in the start position (291),
    characterized in that
    the displacing of the link (320) comprises translationally and rotationally displacing the link (320).


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Vorrichtung (219) umfassend:

    - ein Gehäuse (301), und

    - eine Verbindung (320), welche verschiebbar in dem Gehäuse (301) angeordnet ist und einen Eingangsanschluss (323), welcher ausgestaltet ist, um eine Eingangskraft (259, 269), welche entlang einer ersten Achse (91) ausgerichtet ist, aufzunehmen, einen ersten Ausgangsanschluss (321), welcher ausgestaltet ist, um eine erste Ausgangskraft (261) abhängig von der Eingangskraft (259, 269) bereitzustellen, und einen zweiten Ausgangsanschluss (322), welcher ausgestaltet ist, um eine zweite Ausgangskraft (262) abhängig von der Eingangskraft (259, 269) bereitzustellen, aufweist,
    wobei die Verbindung (320) ausgestaltet ist, um den ersten Ausgangsanschluss (321) von einer Startposition (291) zu einer Halteposition (294) entlang der ersten Achse (91) um eine erste Strecke (421) abhängig von einem Aufnehmen der Eingangskraft (259, 269) zu bewegen und um den zweiten Ausgangsanschluss (322) von der Startposition (291) zu der Halteposition (294) entlang der ersten Achse (91) um eine zweite Strecke (422) abhängig von einem Aufnehmen der Eingangskraft (259, 269) zu bewegen,
    wobei die erste Strecke (421) kleiner als die zweite Strecke (422) ist,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet,
    dass die Verbindung (320) ausgestaltet ist, um den ersten Ausgangsanschluss (321) von der Startposition (291) zu der Halteposition (294) entlang einer zweiten Achse (92), welche orthogonal zu der ersten Achse (91) ist, um eine dritte Strecke (431) abhängig von einem Aufnehmen der Eingangskraft (259, 269) zu bewegen und um den zweiten Ausgangsanschluss (322) von der Startposition (291) zu der Halteposition (294) entlang der zweiten Achse (92) um eine vierte Strecke (432) abhängig von einem Aufnehmen der Eingangskraft (259, 269) zu bewegen,
    wobei die dritte Strecke (431) größer als die vierte Strecke (432) ist.


     
    2. Vorrichtung (219) nach Anspruch 1, darüber hinaus umfassend:

    - eine bogenförmige Oberfläche (331, 332), welcher ausgestaltet ist, um eine Verschiebung der Verbindung (320) zwischen der Startposition (291) und der Halteposition (294) zu führen.


     
    3. Vorrichtung (219) nach Anspruch 2,
    wobei die bogenförmige Oberfläche (331, 322) eine Drehachse (93) der Bewegung der Verbindung (320) definiert,
    wobei die Drehachse (93) orthogonal zu der ersten Achse (91) und der zweiten Achse (92) ausgerichtet ist.
     
    4. Vorrichtung (219) nach Anspruch 2 oder 3,
    wobei die bogenförmige Oberfläche (331) ein Teil des Gehäuses (301) ist und einen ersten Abschnitt aufweist, welcher ausgestaltet ist, um sich in Kontakt mit der Verbindung (320) in der Startposition (291) zu befinden,
    wobei die bogenförmige Oberfläche (331) einen zweiten Abschnitt aufweist, welcher sich von dem ersten Abschnitt unterscheidet und ausgestaltet ist, um sich in Kontakt mit der Verbindung (320) in der Halteposition (294) zu befinden,
    wobei sich der erste Abschnitt zumindest teilweise entlang der ersten Achse (91) erstreckt,
    wobei sich der zweite Abschnitt zumindest teilweise entlang einer zweiten Achse (92), welche orthogonal zu der ersten Achse (91) ist, erstreckt.
     
    5. Vorrichtung (219) nach einem der Ansprüche 2-4,
    wobei die bogenförmige Oberfläche (331) ein Teil des Gehäuses (301) ist,
    wobei der erste Ausgangsanschluss (321) zwischen der bogenförmigen Oberfläche (331) und dem Eingangsanschluss (323) in der Startposition (291) angeordnet ist.
     
    6. Vorrichtung (219) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,
    wobei der erste Ausgangsanschluss (321) und/oder der zweite Ausgangsanschluss (322) von dem Eingangsanschluss (323) entlang einer zweiten Achse (92), welche orthogonal zu der ersten Achse (91) ist, versetzt ist.
     
    7. Vorrichtung (219) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,
    wobei eine Strecke (321A) zwischen dem ersten Ausgangsanschluss (321) und dem Eingangsanschluss (323) entlang der ersten Achse (91) und in der Startposition (291) größer als eine Strecke (322A) zwischen dem zweiten Ausgangsanschluss (322) und dem Eingangsanschluss (323) entlang der ersten Achse (91) und in der Startposition (291) ist.
     
    8. Vorrichtung (219) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,
    wobei die Verbindung (320) ausgestaltet ist, um drehend zwischen der Startposition (291) und der Halteposition (294) verschoben zu werden, optional durch eine Drehung bezüglich einer Drehachse (93) um zumindest 45°, optional um zumindest 80°.
     
    9. Vorrichtung (219) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,
    wobei die erste Strecke (421) nicht größer als 80% der zweiten Strecke (422) ist, optional nicht größer als 50%, weiter optional nicht größer als 20%.
     
    10. System umfassend:

    - die Vorrichtung (219) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,

    - eine erste Last (211), welche mit dem ersten Ausgangsanschluss (321) verbunden ist, und

    - eine zweite Last (212), welche mit dem zweiten Ausgangsanschluss (322) verbunden ist.


     
    11. System nach Anspruch 10,
    wobei die zweite Last (212) ausgestaltet ist, um einen Widerstand (252) gegenüber der zweiten Ausgangskraft (262) bereitzustellen, welcher mit der Bewegung entlang der ersten Achse (91) von der Startposition (291) zu der Halteposition (294) variiert.
     
    12. System nach Anspruch 11,
    wobei die zweite Last ausgestaltet ist, um einen Widerstand (252) gegenüber der zweiten Ausgangskraft (262) bereitzustellen, welcher mit einer fortschreitenden Bewegung des zweiten Ausgangsanschlusses (322) entlang der ersten Achse (91) von der Startposition (291) zu der Halteposition (294) ansteigt, optional schrittweise.
     
    13. System nach Anspruch 11 oder 12,
    wobei die zweite Last mit dem zweiten Ausgangsanschluss (322) mittels eines Bowdenzuges (222) verbunden ist, welcher ein erstes Ende, welches an dem zweitem Ausgangsanschluss (322) angebracht ist, und ein zweites Ende, welches dem ersten Ende gegenüberliegt, aufweist,
    wobei das zweite Ende mit der zweiten Last (212) durch eine Spielpassung verbunden ist, welche ausgestaltet ist, um den Widerstand (252) gegenüber der zweiten Ausgangskraft (262) bereitzustellen, welcher mit der Bewegung des zweiten Ausgangsanschlusses (322) entlang der ersten Achse (91) von der Startposition (291) zu der Halteposition (294) variiert.
     
    14. System nach einem der Ansprüche 10-13, darüber hinaus umfassend:

    - eine Kopfstütze (111) eines Sitzes (100),

    - eine Rückenlehne (112) des Sitzes (100),
    wobei die erste Last (211) einen ersten Betätigungsmechanismus der Kopfstütze umfasst,
    wobei die zweite Last (212) einen zweiten Betätigungsmechanismus der Rückenlehne umfasst.


     
    15. System nach einem der Ansprüche 10-13, darüber hinaus umfassend:

    - einen verschiebbaren Teil (111, 112) eines Sitzes (100),
    wobei die erste Last (211) einen ersten Betätigungsmechanismus des verschiebbaren Teils (111, 112) umfasst,
    wobei die zweite Last (212) einen zweiten Betätigungsmechanismus des verschiebbaren Teils (111, 112) umfasst,
    wobei der verschiebbare Teil (111, 112) ausgestaltet ist, um abhängig von einer Betätigung von sowohl des ersten Betätigungsmechanismus (211) als auch des zweiten Betätigungsmechanismus (22) verschoben zu werden.


     
    16. Vorrichtung (219) umfassend:

    - ein Gehäuse (301), und

    - eine Verbindung (320), welche verschiebbar in dem Gehäuse (301) angeordnet ist und einen Eingangsanschluss (323), welcher ausgestaltet ist, um eine Eingangskraft (259, 269), welche entlang einer ersten Achse (91) ausgerichtet ist, aufzunehmen, einen ersten Ausgangsanschluss (321), welcher ausgestaltet ist, um eine erste Ausgangskraft (261) abhängig von der Eingangskraft (259, 269) bereitzustellen, und einen zweiten Ausgangsanschluss (322), welcher ausgestaltet ist, um eine zweite Ausgangskraft (262) abhängig von der Eingangskraft (259, 269) bereitzustellen, aufweist,
    wobei die Verbindung (320) ausgestaltet ist, um von einer Startposition (291) zu einer Halteposition (294) verschoben zu werden,
    wobei eine Strecke (321A) zwischen dem ersten Ausgangsanschluss (321) und dem Eingangsanschluss (323) entlang der ersten Achse (91) und in der Startposition (291) größer als eine Strecke (322A) zwischen dem zweiten Ausgangsanschluss (322) und dem Eingangsanschluss (323) entlang der ersten Achse (91) und in der Startposition (291) ist,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet,
    dass das Verschieben eine Versetzung und eine Drehung umfasst.


     
    17. Verfahren umfassend:

    - Verschieben einer Verbindung, welche in einem Gehäuse angeordnet ist und einen Eingangsanschluss (323), welcher ausgestaltet ist, um eine Eingangskraft (259, 269), welche entlang einer ersten Achse (91) ausgerichtet ist, aufzunehmen, einen ersten Ausgangsanschluss (321), welcher ausgestaltet ist, um eine erste Ausgangskraft (261) abhängig von der Eingangskraft (259, 269) bereitzustellen, und einen zweiten Ausgangsanschluss (322), welcher ausgestaltet ist, um eine zweite Ausgangskraft (262) abhängig von der Eingangskraft (259, 269) bereitzustellen, aufweist, wodurch der erste Ausgangsanschluss (321) von einer Startposition (291) zu einer Halteposition (204) entlang der ersten Achse (91) um eine erste Strecke (421) abhängig von einem Aufnehmen der Eingangskraft (259, 269) bewegt wird und der zweite Ausgangsanschluss (322) von der Startposition (291) zu der Halteposition (294) entlang der ersten Achse (91) um eine zweite Strecke (422) abhängig von einem Aufnehmen der Eingangskraft (259, 269) bewegt wird,
    wobei die erste Strecke (421) kleiner als die zweite Strecke (422) ist,
    gekennzeichnet durch
    Bewegen des ersten Ausgangsanschlusses (321) von der Startposition (291) zu der Halteposition (294) durch die Verbindung (320) entlang einer zweiten Achse (92), welche orthogonal zu der ersten Achse (91) ist, um eine dritte Strecke (431) abhängig von einem Aufnehmen der Eingangskraft (259, 269) und Bewegen des zweiten Ausgangsanschlusses (322) von der Startposition (201) zu der Halteposition (204) durch die Verbindung entlang der zweiten Achse (92) um eine vierte Strecke (432) abhängig von einem Aufnehmen der Eingangskraft (259, 269),
    wobei die dritte Strecke (431) größer als die vierte Strecke (432) ist.


     
    18. Verfahren umfassend:

    - Verschieben einer Verbindung (320), welche in einem Gehäuse angeordnet ist, zwischen einer Startposition (291) zu einer Halteposition (294), wobei die Verbindung einen Eingangsanschluss (323), welcher ausgestaltet ist, um eine Eingangskraft (259, 269), welche entlang einer ersten Achse (91) ausgerichtet ist, aufzunehmen, einen ersten Ausgangsanschluss (321), welcher ausgestaltet ist, um eine erste Ausgangskraft (261) abhängig von der Eingangskraft (259, 269) bereitzustellen, und einen zweiten Ausgangsanschluss (322), welcher ausgestaltet ist, um eine zweite Ausgangskraft (262) abhängig von der Eingangskraft (259, 269) bereitzustellen, aufweist,
    wobei eine Strecke (321A) zwischen dem ersten Ausgangsanschluss (321) und dem Eingangsanschluss (323) entlang der ersten Achse (91) und in der Startposition (291) größer als eine Strecke (322A) zwischen dem zweiten Ausgangsanschluss (322) und dem Eingangsanschluss (323) entlang der ersten Achse (91) und in der Startposition (291) ist,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet,
    dass das Verschieben der Verbindung (320) ein versetzendes und ein drehendes Verschieben der Verbindung (320) umfasst.


     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif (219) comprenant :

    - un boîtier (301), et

    - un lien (320) agencé de manière déplaçable dans le boîtier (301) et présentant un orifice d'entrée (323) configuré pour recevoir une force d'entrée (259, 269) orientée le long d'un premier axe (91), un premier orifice de sortie (321) configuré pour fournir une première force de sortie (261) sur la base de la force d'entrée (259, 269), et un second office de sortie (322) configuré pour fournir une seconde force de sortie (262) sur la base de la force d'entrée (259, 269),
    dans lequel le lien (320) est configuré pour déplacer le premier orifice de sortie (321) d'une position de démarrage (291) dans une position d'arrêt (294) le long du premier axe (91) d'une première distance (421) en réponse à la réception de la force d'entrée (259, 269) et pour déplacer le second orifice de sortie (322) de la position de démarrage (291) dans la position d'arrêt (294) le long du premier axe (91) d'une deuxième distance (422) en réponse à la réception de la force d'entrée (259, 269),
    dans lequel la première distance (421) est inférieure à la deuxième distance (422),
    caractérisé en ce que
    le lien (320) est configuré pour déplacer le premier orifice de sortie (321) de la position de démarrage (291) dans la position d'arrêt (294) le long d'un second axe (92) qui est orthogonal au premier axe (91) d'une troisième distance (431) en réponse à la réception de la force d'entrée (259, 269) et pour déplacer le second orifice de sortie (322) de la position de démarrage (291) dans la position d'arrêt (294) le long du second axe (92) d'une quatrième distance (432) en réponse à la réception de la force d'entrée (259, 269),
    dans lequel la troisième distance (431) est supérieure à la quatrième distance (432).


     
    2. Dispositif (219) selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :

    - une surface bombée (331, 332) configurée pour guider le déplacement du lien (320) entre la position de démarrage (291) et la position d'arrêt (294).


     
    3. Dispositif (219) selon la revendication 2,
    dans lequel la surface bombée (331, 322) définit un axe de rotation (93) du mouvement du lien (320),
    dans lequel l'axe de rotation (93) est orienté orthogonalement au premier axe (91) et au second axe (92).
     
    4. Dispositif (219) selon la revendication 2 ou 3,
    dans lequel la surface bombée (331) fait partie du boîtier (301) et présente une première section configurée pour être en contact avec le lien (320) dans la position de démarrage (291),
    dans lequel la surface bombée (331) présente une seconde section différente de la première section et configurée pour être en contact avec le lien (320) dans la section d'arrêt (294),
    dans lequel la première section s'étend au moins partiellement le long du premier axe (91),
    dans lequel la seconde section s'étend au moins partiellement le long d'un second axe (92) qui est orthogonal au premier axe (91).
     
    5. Dispositif (219) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 2 à 4, dans lequel la surface bombée (331) fait partie du boîtier (301), dans lequel le premier orifice de sortie (321) est agencé entre la surface bombée (331) et l'orifice d'entrée (323) dans la position de démarrage (291).
     
    6. Dispositif (219) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes,
    dans lequel au moins un du premier orifice de sortie (321) et du second orifice de sortie (322) est décalé de l'orifice d'entrée (323) le long d'un second axe (92) qui est orthogonal au premier axe (91).
     
    7. Dispositif (219) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes,
    dans lequel une distance (321A) entre le premier orifice de sortie (321) et l'orifice d'entrée (323) le long du premier axe (91) et dans la position de démarrage (291) est supérieure à une distance (322A) entre le second orifice de sortie (322) et l'orifice d'entrée (323) le long du premier axe (91) et dans la position de démarrage (291).
     
    8. Dispositif (219) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes,
    dans lequel le lien (320) est configuré pour se déplacer en rotation entre la position de démarrage (291) et la position d'arrêt (294), en option par une rotation par rapport à un axe de rotation (93) d'au moins 45°, en option d'au moins 80°.
     
    9. Dispositif (219) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes,
    dans lequel la première distance (421) n'est pas supérieure à 80 % de la deuxième distance (422), en option pas supérieure à 50 %, en outre en option pas supérieure à 20 %.
     
    10. Système comprenant :

    - le dispositif (219) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes,

    - une première charge (211) raccordée au premier orifice de sortie (321), et

    - une seconde charge (212) raccordée au second orifice de sortie (322).


     
    11. Système selon la revendication 10,
    dans lequel la seconde charge (212) est configurée pour fournir une résistance (252) à la seconde force de sortie (262) qui varie avec ledit mouvement le long du premier axe (91) de la position de démarrage (291) dans la position d'arrêt (294).
     
    12. Système selon la revendication 11,
    dans lequel la seconde charge est configurée pour fournir une résistance (252) à la seconde force de sortie (262) qui augmente avec un mouvement de progression du seconde orifice de sortie (322) le long du premier axe (91) de la position de démarrage (291) dans la position d'arrêt (294), en option par étapes.
     
    13. Système selon la revendication 11 ou 12,
    dans lequel la seconde charge est raccordée au seconde orifice de sortie (322) via un câble Bowden (222) présentant une première extrémité attachée au second orifice de sortie (322) et une seconde extrémité opposée à la première extrémité,
    dans lequel la seconde extrémité est raccordée à la seconde charge (212) par un ajustement libre configuré pour fournir la résistance (252) à la seconde force de sortie (262) qui varie avec ledit mouvement du second orifice de sortie (322) le long du premier axe (91) de la position de démarrage (291) à la position d'arrêt (294).
     
    14. Système selon l'une quelconque des revendications 10 à 13, comprenant en outre :

    - un repose-tête (111) d'un siège (100),

    - un dossier (112) du siège (100),
    dans lequel la première charge (211) comprend un premier mécanisme d'actionnement du repose-tête,
    dans lequel la seconde charge (212) comprend un second mécanisme d'actionnement du dossier.


     
    15. Système selon l'une quelconque des revendications 10 à 13, comprenant en outre :

    - une partie déplaçable (111, 112) d'un siège (100),
    dans lequel la première charge (211) comprend un premier mécanisme d'actionnement de la partie déplaçable (111, 112),
    dans lequel la seconde charge (212) comprend un second mécanisme d'actionnement de la partie déplaçable (111, 112),
    dans lequel la partie déplaçable (111, 112) est configurée pour se déplacer en réponse à l'actionnement, à la fois, des premiers mécanismes d'actionnement (211) et des second mécanismes d'actionnement (212).


     
    16. Dispositif (219) comprenant :

    - un boîtier (301), et

    - un lien (320) agencé de manière déplaçable dans le boîtier (301) et présentant un orifice d'entrée (323) configuré pour recevoir une force d'entrée (259, 269) orientée le long d'un premier axe (91), un premier orifice de sortie (321) configuré pour fournir une première force de sortie (261) sur la base de l'orifice d'entrée (259, 269), et un second d'orifice de sortie (322) configuré pour fournir une seconde force de sortie (262) sur la base de la force d'entrée (259, 269),
    dans lequel le lien (320) est configuré pour se déplacer d'une position de démarrage (291) dans une position d'arrêt (294),
    dans lequel une distance (321A) entre le premier orifice de sortie (321) et l'orifice d'entrée (323) le long du premier axe (91) et dans la position de démarrage (291) est supérieure à une distance (322A) entre le second orifice de sortie (322) et l'orifice d'entrée (323) le long du premier axe (91) et dans la positon de démarrage (291),
    caractérisé en ce que
    le déplacement comprend une translation et une rotation.


     
    17. Procédé comprenant :

    - le déplacement d'un lien agencé dans un boîtier et présentant un orifice d'entrée (323) configuré pour recevoir une force d'entrée (259, 269) orientée le long d'un premier axe (91), un premier orifice de sortie (321) configuré pour fournir une première force de sortie (261) sur la base de la force d'entrée (259, 269), et un second orifice de sortie (322) configuré pour fournir une seconde force de sortie (262) sur la base de la force d'entrée (259, 269), déplaçant ainsi le premier orifice de sortie (321) d'une position de démarrage (291) dans une position d'arrêt (294) le long du premier axe (91) d'une première distance (421) en réponse à la réception de la force d'entrée (259, 269) et pour déplacer le second orifice de sortie (322) de la position de démarrage (291) dans la position d'arrêt (294) le long du premier axe (91) d'une deuxième distance (422) en réponse à la réception de la force d'entrée (259, 269),
    dans lequel la première distance (421) est inférieure à la deuxième distance (422),
    caractérisé par
    le déplacement du premier orifice de sortie (321) de la position de démarrage (291) dans la position d'arrêt (294) par le lien (320) le long d'un second axe (92) qui est orthogonal au premier axe (91) d'une troisième distance (431) en réponse à la réception de l'orifice d'entrée (259, 269) et le déplacement du second orifice de sortie (322) de la position de démarrage (291) dans la position d'arrêt (294) par le lien (320) le long du second axe (92) d'une quatrième distance (432) en réponse à la réception de la force d'entrée (259, 269),
    dans lequel la troisième distance (431) est supérieure à la quatrième distance (432).


     
    18. Procédé comprenant :

    - le déplacement d'un lien (320) agencé dans un boîtier entre une position de démarrage (291) et une position d'arrêt (294), le lien présentant un orifice d'entrée (323) configuré pour recevoir une force d'entrée (259, 269) orientée le long d'un premier axe (91), un premier orifice de sortie (321) configuré pour fournir une première force de sortie (261) sur la base de la force d'entrée (259, 269), et un second orifice de sortie (322) configuré pour fournir une seconde force de sortie (262) sur la base de la force d'entrée (259, 269),
    dans lequel une distance (321A) entre le premier orifice de sortie (321) et l'orifice d'entrée (323) le long du premier axe (91) et dans la position de démarrage (291) est supérieure à une distance (322A) entre le second orifice de sortie (322) et l'orifice d'entrée (323) le long du premier axe (91) et dans la position de démarrage (291),
    caractérisé en ce que
    le déplacement du lien (320) comprend le déplacement en translation et en rotation du lien (320).


     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description