(19)
(11)EP 3 386 244 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
22.09.2021 Bulletin 2021/38

(21)Application number: 15912024.5

(22)Date of filing:  31.12.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04W 36/36(2009.01)
H04W 48/18(2009.01)
H04W 48/20(2009.01)
H04W 36/38(2009.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
H04W 36/38; H04W 48/20; H04W 36/36; H04W 48/18
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2015/100326
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/113400 (06.07.2017 Gazette  2017/27)

(54)

TERMINAL DEVICE, NETWORK DEVICE, METHOD FOR SELECTING CELL, AND WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

ENDGERÄTEVORRICHTUNG, NETZWERKVORRICHTUNG, VERFAHREN ZUR ZELLAUSWAHL UND DRAHTLOSKOMMUNIKATIONSSYSTEM

DISPOSITIF DE TERMINAL, DISPOSITIF DE RÉSEAU, PROCÉDÉ POUR SÉLECTIONNER UNE CELLULE ET SYSTÈME DE COMMUNICATION SANS FIL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
10.10.2018 Bulletin 2018/41

(73)Proprietor: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Longgang District Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • LUO, Haiyan
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • ZHANG, Hongzhuo
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • DENG, Tianle
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(74)Representative: Thun, Clemens 
Mitscherlich PartmbB Patent- und Rechtsanwälte Sonnenstraße 33
80331 München
80331 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 687 059
CN-A- 1 522 093
CN-A- 102 714 845
US-A1- 2015 063 295
WO-A1-2015/039449
CN-A- 102 065 495
CN-A- 103 068 010
  
  • FUJITSU: "Initial analysis on the potential impact of Small Cell UP/CP alternatives on RAN3 specs", 3GPP DRAFT; R3-131340, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE ; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES ; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX ; FRANCE , vol. RAN WG3, no. Barcelona, Spain; 20130819 - 20130823 9 August 2013 (2013-08-09), XP050719488, Retrieved from the Internet: URL:http://www.3gpp.org/ftp/tsg_ran/WG3_Iu /TSGR3_81/Docs/ [retrieved on 2013-08-09]
  • CATT: "Discussion on Xn interface between MeNB and SeNB", 3GPP DRAFT; R3-131221, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE ; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES ; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX ; FRANCE , vol. RAN WG3, no. Barcelona, Spain; 20130819 - 20130823 9 August 2013 (2013-08-09), XP050719387, Retrieved from the Internet: URL:http://www.3gpp.org/ftp/tsg_ran/WG3_Iu /TSGR3_81/Docs/ [retrieved on 2013-08-09]
  • ERICSSON: "(TP for NR BL CR for TS 38.423) Xn signaling for E-UTRA - NR Cell Resource Coordination", 3GPP DRAFT; R3-184042 (TP FOR NR BL CR FOR TS 38.423) XN SIGNALING FOR E-UTRA - NR CELL RESOURCE COORDINATION, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE ; 650, ROUTE DES LUCI , vol. RAN WG3, no. Montreal, Canada; 20180702 - 20180706 1 July 2018 (2018-07-01), XP051468323, Retrieved from the Internet: URL:http://www.3gpp.org/ftp/Meetings%5F3GP P%5FSYNC/RAN3/Docs [retrieved on 2018-07-01]
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] This application relates to the field of wireless communications technologies, and in particular, to a terminal device.

BACKGROUND



[0002] As wireless communications technologies develop, various future evolved wireless communications systems are emerging on the basis of a current wireless communications system. A future evolved wireless communications system may implement communication in a non-standalone working manner by using another existing wireless communications system.

[0003] For example, as shown in FIG. 1, a terminal device accesses a base station in a future evolved wireless communications system. The base station is referred to as a "future evolved base station" for short. Then the terminal device accesses a core network in an LTE system by using a long term evolution (LTE) base station connected to the future evolved base station.

[0004] Therefore, in a future evolved wireless communications system, after a terminal device initiates an access request (for example, a connection setup request), a network device in an existing wireless communications system needs to be selected for the terminal device, and the terminal device accesses a core network in the existing wireless communications system by using the selected network device. Herein, the selected network device is referred to as an "anchor network device".

[0005] A current cell access procedure is no longer applicable to a wireless communications system having an anchor network device.

[0006] EP 3 051 876 A1 refers to a method, base station and a computer storage medium for small-cell handover, the method including: when determining, according to the measurement result of a radio signal reported by a UE, that the quality of a signal between the UE and source small cell is below a first preset threshold, or when determining, according to the obtained load information of a secondary eNB, that the load of the source small cell is above a second preset threshold, or when the source small cell requests to switch out of the UE, a master eNB selects for the UE, according to the measurement result, a neighbouring small cell having a signal quality and a load condition satisfying the requirement of the UE as a target small cell, and instructs the UE to switch to the target small cell.

[0007] US 2015/0063295 A1 refers to a technology for a user equipment (UE) that is operable in an anchor-booster architecture of a multiple radio access technology (multi-RAT) heterogeneous network (HetNet). Control information to an anchor cell can be transmitted from a wireless wide area network (WWAN) node in the multi-RAT UE. Data packets of the multi-RAT UE can be selected for transmission via one of the WWAN node and a wireless local area network (WLAN) node in the multi-RAT UE using a multi-RAT coordination function (MRCF) module. Each data packet from one of the WWAN node and the WLAN cell can be transmitted to a multi-RAT small cell evolved node B (SC-eNode B) based on the selection by the MRCF module.

[0008] Further, the prior art document Fujitsu "Initial analysis on the potential impact of small cell UP/CP alternatives on RAN3 specs", R3-131340 refers to an analysis on the impact of small cell UP/CP

SUMMARY



[0009] In view of this, a terminal device is provided, so as to provide a solution for selecting a cell in a future evolved wireless communications system.

[0010] In a first aspect a terminal device is provided comprising:
  • a receiver configured to receive cell load information of a plurality of cells in a first wireless communications system, cell interference information of the plurality of cells, cell data transmission delay information of the plurality of cells, and cell backhaul link capacity information of the plurality of cells from a second network device in a second wireless communications system, wherein the first wireless communications system uses a different access technology than the second wireless communications system,
    wherein the terminal device is further configured to perform a first wireless measurement process in which received signal strength information, RSRP, of the plurality of cells in the first wireless communications system is measured and is further configured to perform a second wireless measurement process in which a received signal quality information, RSRQ, of the plurality of cells in the first wireless communications system is measured,
  • a processor configured to select a target cell in the first wireless communications system among the plurality of cells in the first wireless communications system based on one or more types of the following information:

    ∘ the RSRP of the plurality of cells,

    ∘ the RSRQ of the plurality of cells,

    ∘ the cell load information of the plurality of cells,

    ∘ the cell interference information of the plurality of cells,

    ∘ the cell data transmission delay information of the plurality of cells,

    ∘ the cell backhaul link capacity information of the plurality of cells,

  • a transmitter configured to send cell identity information of the target cell selected by the processor to the second network device in the second wireless communications system, wherein
  • the receiver is configured to receive from the second network device, after the transmitter sends the cell identity information of the target cell selected by the processor to the second network device in the second wireless communications system, access information that is configured by a first network device to which the target cell belongs and that is used when the terminal device accesses the target cell, wherein the first and second network devices are base stations, and
  • the processor is further configured to control, according to the access information received by the receiver, the terminal device to access the target cell, thereby also accessing a core network in the first wireless communications system by using the first network device.


[0011] In an implementation form of the first aspect the access information is in a header of a layer 1 or layer 2 data packet sent by the second network device; or the access information is comprised in an air interface establishment message, wherein the air interface establishment message is used to establish an air interface connection between the terminal device and the target cell.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



[0012] 

FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram showing that a future evolved base station runs in a non-standalone working manner;

FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a wireless communications system according to this application;

FIG. 3 is a flowchart of a cell selection solution according to Embodiment 2;

FIG. 4 is a flowchart of a cell selection solution according to Embodiment 3;

FIG. 5 is a flowchart of a cell selection solution according to Embodiment 4;

FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a first type of terminal device according to Embodiment 5;

FIG. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of an optional implementation of the first type of terminal device according to Embodiment 5;

FIG. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of a second type of terminal device according to Embodiment 6;

FIG. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of an optional implementation of the second type of terminal device according to Embodiment 6;

FIG. 10 is a schematic structural diagram of a third type of terminal device according to Embodiment 7;

FIG. 11 is a schematic structural diagram of an optional implementation of the third type of terminal device according to Embodiment 7;

FIG. 12 is a schematic structural diagram of a first type of first network device according to Embodiment 8;

FIG. 13 is a schematic structural diagram of an optional implementation of the first type of first network device according to Embodiment 8;

FIG. 14 is a schematic structural diagram of a second type of first network device according to Embodiment 9;

FIG. 15 is a schematic structural diagram of an optional implementation of the second type of first network device according to Embodiment 9;

FIG. 16 is a schematic structural diagram of a first type of second network device according to Embodiment 10;

FIG. 17 is a schematic structural diagram of an optional implementation of the first type of second network device according to Embodiment 10;

FIG. 18 is a schematic structural diagram of a second type of second network device according to

FIG. 19 is a schematic structural diagram of an optional implementation of the second type of second network device according to Embodiment 11;

FIG. 20 is a schematic structural diagram of a third type of second network device according to Embodiment 12; and

FIG. 21 is a schematic structural diagram of an optional implementation of the third type of second network device according to Embodiment 12.


DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



[0013] To make the objectives, solutions, and advantages of this application more understandable, the following provides detailed descriptions. The detailed descriptions provide various implementations of an apparatus and/or a method by using block diagrams, flowcharts, other accompany drawings, and/or examples. These block diagrams, flowcharts, and/or examples include one or more functions and/or operations. Persons skilled in the art may understand that each function and/or operation in the block diagrams, the flowcharts, and/or the examples can be performed independently and/or jointly by using various types of hardware, software, and firmware, and/or any combination thereof.

[0014] The terms "system" and "network" may be used interchangeably in this application. The term "and/or" in this application describes only an association relationship for describing associated objects and represents that three relationships may exist. For example, A and/or B may represent the following three cases: Only A exists, both A and B exist, and only B exists. In addition, the character "/" in this specification usually indicates an "or" relationship between the associated objects.

[0015] For ease of understanding, Table 1 lists embodiments of this application and related accompany drawings in the following. The invention is disclosed by embodiment 3 in table below and the other embodiments are not according to the invention and are present for illustration purposes only.
Table 1
EmbodimentMain contentAccompanying drawing
Embodiment 1 Future evolved wireless communications system FIG. 2
Embodiment 2 A network device of an existing standard selects a cell FIG. 3
Embodiment 3 A terminal device selects a cell. FIG. 4
Embodiment 4 A future evolved network device selects a cell. FIG. 5
Embodiment 5 First type of terminal device FIG. 6 and FIG. 7
Embodiment 6 Second type of terminal device FIG. 8 and FIG. 9
Embodiment 7 Third type of terminal device FIG. 10 and FIG. 11
Embodiment 8 First type of first network device FIG. 12 and FIG. 13
Embodiment 9 Second type of first network device FIG. 14 and FIG. 15
Embodiment 10 First type of second network device FIG. 16 and FIG. 17
Embodiment 11 Second type of second network device FIG. 18 and FIG. 19
Embodiment 12 Third type of second network device FIG. 20 and FIG. 21

Embodiment 1



[0016] FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a wireless communications system according to this application. As shown in FIG. 2, the wireless communications system includes a terminal device 201, a first network device 202 in a first wireless communications system, and a second network device 203 in a second wireless communications system.

[0017] An air interface connection has been established between the terminal device 201 and the second network device 203. The first network device 202 is connected to the second network device 203. The terminal device 201 accesses a core network in the first wireless communications system by using the first network device 202, and accesses a target cell of the first network device 202.

[0018] The first wireless communications system may be a future evolved wireless communications system, and the second wireless communications system may be an existing wireless communications system. Alternatively, the first wireless communications system and the second wireless communications system each may be an existing wireless communications system. Alternatively, the first wireless communications system is an existing wireless communications system, and the second wireless communications system is a future evolved wireless communications system.

[0019] In any one of the foregoing three cases, a solution provided in the following Embodiment 2, Embodiment 3, or Embodiment 4 may be used, to select a target cell, in the first wireless communications system, that is to be accessed by the terminal device 201.

[0020] Communications standards of the existing wireless communications system include but are not limited to: global system for mobile communications (GSM), code division multiple access (CDMA) IS-95, code division multiple access (CDMA) 2000, time division-synchronous code division multiple access (TD-SCDMA), wideband code division multiple access (WCDMA), time division duplex-long term evolution (TDD LTE), frequency division duplex-long term evolution (FDD LTE), long term evolution-advanced (LTE-advanced), personal handy-phone system (PHS), wireless fidelity (WiFi) stipulated in the 802.11 series of protocols, and worldwide interoperability for microwave access (WiMAX).

[0021] The terminal device 201 may be a wireless terminal. The wireless terminal may be a device providing voice and/or data connectivity to a user, a handheld device having a wireless connection function, or another processing device connected to a wireless modem. The wireless terminal may communicate with at least one core network by using a radio access network (RAN). The wireless terminal may be a mobile terminal, such as a mobile phone (also referred to as a "cellular" phone) or a computer having a mobile terminal. For example, the mobile terminal may be a portable mobile apparatus, a pocket-sized mobile apparatus, a handheld mobile apparatus, a computer built-in mobile apparatus, or an in-vehicle mobile apparatus. They exchange voice and/or data with the radio access network. For example, the wireless terminal is a personal communications service (PCS) phone, a cordless phone, a session initiation protocol (SIP) phone, a wireless local loop (WLL) station, a personal digital assistant (PDA), or another device. The wireless terminal may alternatively be referred to as a subscriber unit, a subscriber station, a mobile station, a mobile station, a remote station, an access point, a remote terminal, an access terminal, a user terminal, a user agent, a user device, or user equipment.

[0022] The first network device 202 or the second network device 203 may be a base station or a radio resource management device for controlling a base station, or may include a base station and a radio resource management device for controlling a base station. The base station may be a macro base station or a small cell, for example, a small cell or a microcell. The base station may alternatively be a home base station, for example, a home nodeB (HNB) or a home evolved nodeB (HeNB). The base station may alternatively include a relay node or the like.

[0023] For example, for LTE systems such as a TDD LTE system, a FDD LTE system, and an LTE-A system, a network device in an existing wireless communications system may be an evolved nodeB (eNodeB), and the terminal device 201 may be UE. For a TD-SCDMA system or a WCDMA system, a network device in an existing wireless communications system may include a nodeB and/or a radio network controller (RNC), and the terminal device 201 may be UE. For a GSM system, a network device in an existing wireless communications system may include a base transceiver station (BTS) and/or a base station controller (BSC), and the terminal device 201 is a mobile station (MS). For a WiFi system, a network device in an existing wireless communications system may include an access point (AP) and/or an access controller (AC), and the terminal device 201 may be a station (STA).

[0024] The following describes, in Embodiment 2, Embodiment 3, and Embodiment 4, three optional solutions for selecting, in the wireless communications system provided in Embodiment 1, a target cell in the first wireless communications system for the terminal device 201.

[0025] Any one of the solutions can be used to implement target cell selection. A difference of the three embodiments lies in: In Embodiment 2, 3 or 4, the second network device 203 in the second wireless communications system selects a target cell; in Embodiment 2, the terminal device 201 selects a target cell; in Embodiment 3, the first network device 202 in the first wireless communications system selects a target cell.

Embodiment 2



[0026] In Embodiment 2, an interface connection is first established between a first network device 202 and a second network device 203.

[0027] For example, the first network device 202 is a 5th generation (5G) base station, and the second network device 203 is an LTE base station. An interface is pre-established between the 5G base station and the LTE base station, and may be referred to as an "X5 interface".

[0028] For example, the 5G base station learns of a transport network layer (TNL) addressing address of the LTE base station by using an operation, administration, and maintenance (OAM) configuration, and then initiates a request for establishing an X5 interface. Alternatively, the LTE base station learns of a TNL addressing address of the 5G base station according to an OAM configuration, and then initiates a request for establishing an X5 interface. The 5G base station and the LTE base station may exchange cell load, a data transmission delay, a backhaul link capacity, or other information with each other by using the X5 interface.

[0029] FIG. 3 is a flowchart of a cell selection solution according to Embodiment 2. As shown in FIG. 3, the procedure includes the following steps.

[0030] S301: A terminal device 201 obtains cell information of a cell in a first wireless communications system.

[0031] For example, the terminal device 201 may obtain cell information of a cell in the first wireless communications system by means of cell search. The obtained cell information may include cell identity information. The cell identity information may be a physical cell identity (PCI), and in this case, one PCI is used to uniquely identify one cell. Alternatively, the cell identity information may include a PCI and cell frequency information. In this case, one PCI is corresponding to a plurality of cells, the plurality of cells have different frequencies, and a frequency-PCI combination may be used to uniquely identify a cell.

[0032] The cell information may include only the foregoing cell identity information, or may include one or more of the following information in addition to the foregoing cell identity information:

cell-received signal strength information, for example, reference signal received power (RSRP); or

cell-received signal quality information, for example, reference signal received quality (RSRQ).



[0033] S302: The terminal device 201 sends the obtained cell information of the cell to a second network device 203.

[0034] The terminal device 201 may send, to the second network device 203, the obtained cell information of the cell in the first wireless communications system in a process of accessing the second network device 203.

[0035] Optionally, the terminal device 201 may choose to access the second network device 203 when one or more of the following cases occur.

[0036] Case 1: The first network device 202 or another network device in the first wireless communications system instructs, in a broadcast mode, the terminal device 201 to choose to camp in another wireless communications system. For example, one-bit indication information may be used to instruct the terminal device 201 to perform access by using an air interface of a second wireless communications system, or to indicate, to the terminal device 201, cell identity information, for example, a PCI or a PCI-frequency combination, of a cell in a second wireless communications system, where the cell can be accessed by the terminal device 201.

[0037] Case 2: The first network device 202 and the second network device 203 broadcast their respective information, such as cell load information, data transmission delay information, and backhaul link capacity information, and the like. The terminal device 201 chooses, according to one or more of the received information, to access the second network device 203. For example, when the first network device 202 has relatively high cell load, and the second network device 203 has relatively low cell load, the terminal device 201 may choose to access the second network device 203. For another example, when the first network device 202 has a relatively long cell data transmission delay, whereas the second network device 203 has a relatively short cell data transmission delay, the terminal device 201 may choose to access the second network device 203.

[0038] Case 3: After the terminal device 201 makes an attempt to access a cell in the first wireless communications system but fails in accessing the cell, the terminal device 201 accesses the second network device 203.

[0039] For example, the second network device 203 is a 5G base station, and the first network device 202 is an LTE base station. A possible design of a 5G system air interface, referred to as a 5G air interface for short, is as follows: The 5G air interface includes only a radio link control (RLC) layer, a media access control (MAC) layer, and a physical (PHY) layer, or the 5G air interface includes only a MAC layer and a PHY layer, or the 5G air interface includes only a PHY layer.

[0040] Therefore, in step S302, the terminal device 201 can indicate, only at a 5G air interface protocol layer, cell information of a cell of the first network device 202 (e.g. an LTE base station).

[0041] For example, when the 5G air interface includes a MAC layer, the cell information of the cell of the LTE base station may be sent at the MAC layer of the 5G air interface. Assuming that the terminal device 201 accesses a 5G base station in a random access procedure, the terminal device 201 may provide the cell information of the cell of the LTE base station in a message 3 (i.e. message 3, msg 3) used in the random access procedure. Herein, a message used in a random access procedure of an LTE system is used. In a 5G system, a message used in a random access procedure may have another name, or a random access procedure is different from a random access procedure in a current LTE system, provided that the cell information of the cell in the first wireless communications system can be successfully sent in a process of accessing the second network device 203 by the terminal device 201, and the second network device 203 can determine a cell in the first wireless communications system according to the received cell information, and determine a first network device 202 to which the cell belongs.

[0042] An optional implementation of sending the obtained cell information of the cell by the terminal device 201 is as follows.

[0043] If the terminal device 201 is to send cell information of a plurality of cells in the first wireless communications system, the terminal device 201 may sort obtained cell identity information of the plurality of cells according to received signal strength or received signal quality of a corresponding cell. The terminal device 201 sends sorted cell identity information to the second network device 203.

[0044] Another optional implementation is as follows: The terminal device 201 sends obtained cell identity information of each cell, and obtained received signal strength information and/or received signal quality information of each cell.

[0045] Optionally, the terminal device 201 may or may not send the obtained cell information of the cell together with an air interface establishment request. The air interface establishment request is to be sent by the terminal device 201 to the first network device 202 by using the second network device 203, to request to access the first network device 202.

[0046] Assuming that the second network device 203 is a 5G base station, and the first network device 202 is an LTE base station, the air interface establishment request may be an radio resource control (RRC) connection request message.

[0047] S303: The second network device 203 selects a target cell.

[0048] After receiving the cell information, of the cell in the first wireless communications system, that is sent by the terminal device 201, the second network device 203 may select, according to the cell information received in step S302 and one or more types of the following information of the cell corresponding to the cell information, the target cell to be accessed by the terminal device 201:

cell load information;

cell interference information;

cell data transmission delay information; or

cell backhaul link capacity information.



[0049] For example, the second network device 203 may select a cell that is less interfered and that has relatively low load, as the target cell. For another example, the second network device 203 may select a cell in which the terminal device 201 has highest received signal strength, as the target cell; or the like, so as to ensure quality of communication performed by the terminal device 201 after the terminal device 201 accesses the target cell.

[0050] S304: The second network device 203 sends a channel establishment request to a first network device 202, where the channel establishment request carries cell identity information of the target cell selected by the second network device 203, to indicate, to the first network device 202, the target cell that is identified by the cell identity information and that is to be accessed by the terminal device 201.

[0051] The channel establishment request may be a request for establishing a dedicated channel for the terminal device 201. The channel establishment request may further carry the air interface establishment request, for example, an RRC connection request message, that is sent by the terminal device 201 in step S302.

[0052] After selecting the target cell for the terminal device 201 in step S303, the second network device 203 finds the first network device 202 to which the target cell belongs, and sends the channel establishment request to the first network device 202 that is found.

[0053] The channel establishment request is a dedicated message for the terminal device 201. Therefore, the message may carry identity information that is allocated by the second network device 203 to the terminal device 201 and that is used to identify the terminal device 201 on an interface between the second network device 203 and the first network device 202, for example, the foregoing X5 interface. When the second network device 203 is a network device in a 5G system, the identity information may be referred to as a "5G X5 UEAP ID".

[0054] The second network device 203 sends, to the first network device 202, the cell identity information of the target cell selected for the terminal device 201, so that the first network device 202 prepares a corresponding air interface resource for the terminal device 201 in the target cell, for subsequent transmission.

[0055] S305: After receiving the channel establishment request sent by the second network device 203, the first network device 202 sends a channel establishment response to the second network device 203, to instruct the terminal device 201 to access the target cell.

[0056] The channel establishment response may carry access information that is configured by the first network device 202 for the terminal device 201 and that is used when the terminal device 201 accesses the target cell.

[0057] The access information may include air interface identity information allocated by the first network device 202 to the terminal device 201. For example, when the first network device 202 is an LTE base station, the access information may include an air-interface cell radio network temporary identifier (C-RNTI) that is allocated by the LTE base station to the terminal device 201, and preamble related information, for example, preamble identifier information and mask identifier information of a random access channel, that is used in a random access procedure in which the terminal device 201 accesses the first network device 202. The mask identifier information is used to indicate, to the terminal device 201, specific random access channels that are in a system frame and on which the terminal device 201 may send a preamble. For example, for a "PRACH mask index" stipulated in Table 7.3-1 in the 3rd generation partnership project (3GPP) technical specification (TS) 36.321, a value 0 indicates that a preamble may be sent on all available physical random access channel (PRACH) resources. In a non-contention-based random access procedure, the LTE base station may directly specify, by using the mask, a particular PRACH on which the terminal device 201 sends a preamble, so as to avoid a conflict between the terminal device 201 and another terminal device. After receiving the access information, the terminal device 201 may perform random access in the first wireless communications system in a non-contention manner according to the access information.

[0058] Assuming that the first network device 202 uses a parameter used in a random access procedure in an LTE system, the preamble identifier may be a ra-PreambleIndex defined in the 3rd generation partner project (3GPP) technical specification (TS) 36.331, and the mask identifier information of the random access channel may be a ra-PRACH-MaskIndex defined in the specification.

[0059] Optionally, the channel establishment response may carry an air interface establishment message, for example, an RRC connection setup message, that is sent by the first network device 202 to the terminal device 201. The message is used to establish an air interface between the terminal device 201 and the target cell.

[0060] The access information carried in the channel establishment response may be included in the air interface establishment message, or may not be included in the air interface establishment message. If the access information is included in the air interface establishment message, after receiving the channel establishment response sent by the first network device 202, the second network device 203 obtains the air interface establishment message from the received channel establishment response, and forwards the air interface establishment message to the terminal device 201, so that the access information can be sent to the terminal device 201. If the access information is not included in the air interface establishment message, the second network device 203 needs to additionally send the access information to the terminal device 201. Certainly, the second network device 203 may send the access information to the terminal device 201 together with the air interface establishment message.

[0061] The channel establishment response may be a reply message of the request for establishing the dedicated channel for the terminal device 201. The channel establishment response is a dedicated message for the terminal device 201. Therefore, the message may carry identity information, for example, identity information identifying the terminal device 201 on the foregoing X5 interface, that is allocated by the first network device 202 to the terminal device 201 and that is used to identify the terminal device 201 on an interface between the first network device 202 and the second network device 203. When the second network device 203 is a network device in a 5G system, and the first network device 202 is a network device in an LTE system, the identity information may be referred to as an "LTE X5UEAP ID".

[0062] S306: The second network device 203 sends, to the terminal device 201, access information allocated by the first network device 202 and the cell identity information of the target cell selected by the second network device 203 for the terminal device 201.

[0063] If the access information sent by the first network device 202 in step S305 is included in the air interface establishment message, in step S306, the second network device 203 directly forwards, to the terminal device 201, the air interface establishment message obtained from the channel establishment response, so that the access information can be sent to the terminal device 201.

[0064] If the access information sent by the first network device 202 in step S305 is not included in the air interface establishment message, in step S306, the second network device 203 needs to additionally send the access information to the terminal device 201. For example, when the access information is sent to the terminal device 201, the access information may be added to a header of a layer 1 or layer 2 data packet sent by the second network device 203. For example, when an air interface between the terminal device 201 and the second network device 203 includes only an RLC layer, a MAC layer, and a PHY layer, the access information may be located in an RLC header, a MAC header, or a PHY header. For another example, when an air interface between the terminal device 201 and the second network device 203 includes only a MAC layer and a PHY layer, the access information may be located in a MAC header or a PHY header. When an air interface between the terminal device 201 and the second network device 203 includes only a PHY layer, the access information may be located in a PHY header.

[0065] If the second network device 203 is a 5G base station, a 5G air interface includes only a MAC layer and a PHY layer, and the second network device 203 is an LTE base station, a format of a message sent by the second network device 203 to the terminal device 201 may be as follows:
5G PHY 5G MAC LTE RLC LTE PDCP LTE RRC


[0066] In other words, an LTE RRC message sequentially undergoes LTE PDCP layer encapsulation, LTE RLC layer encapsulation, 5G MAC layer encapsulation, and 5G PHY layer encapsulation. The LTE RRC, PDCP, and RLC layers are invisible to a 5G base station. After receiving the message, the terminal device 201 parses the message in the following order: a PHY, MAC, RLC, PDCP, and RRC layer.

[0067] In addition, the cell identity information of the target cell may also be included in the air interface establishment message, or added to the header of the layer 1 or layer 2 data packet sent by the second network device 203.

[0068] S307: After receiving the access information and the cell identity information of the target cell that are sent by the second network device 203, the terminal device 201 accesses the target cell according to the received access information and cell identity information of the target cell, and after successfully accessing the target cell, sends an air interface establishment complete message to the first network device 202 by using the second network device 203, or directly sends an air interface establishment complete message to the first network device 202 through an air interface connection that has been established between the terminal device 201 and the first network device 202, instead of forwarding the air interface establishment complete message by the second network device 203.

Embodiment 3



[0069] Embodiment 3 is different from Embodiment 2 in the following way:

[0070] In Embodiment 2, the terminal device 201 sends cell information of at least one cell to the second network device 203, and the second network device 203 selects, from the at least one cell, a target cell to be accessed by the terminal device 201. The target cell belongs to the first network device 202.

[0071] In Embodiment 3, a terminal device 201 selects a target cell, and the target cell belongs to a second network device 203.

[0072] In Embodiment 3, an interface connection may be first established between a first network device 202 and the second network device 203. For a method of establishing the interface connection, refer to Embodiment 2. Details are not repeated herein any further.

[0073] FIG. 4 is a flowchart of a cell selection solution according to Embodiment 3. As shown in FIG. 4, the procedure includes the following steps.

[0074] S401: A terminal device 201 selects a target cell in a first wireless communications system.

[0075] The terminal device 201 may also obtain cell information of a cell in the first wireless communications system by using a cell search method, and then select the target cell from at least one cell according to obtained cell information of the at least one cell.

[0076] For a method of obtaining the cell information by the terminal device 201, refer to descriptions in step S301 in Embodiment 2. For various optional implementations of the cell information, also refer to various optional implementations provided in step S301.

[0077] The terminal device 201 may select the target cell according to one or more types of the following information of the cell in the first wireless communications system:

received signal strength information, for example, RSRP;

received signal quality information, for example, RSRQ;

cell load information;

cell interference information;

cell data transmission delay information; or

cell backhaul link capacity information.



[0078] The terminal device 201 may obtain received signal strength information and received signal quality information of a cell in a cell search process or a wireless measurement process.

[0079] The terminal device 201 may obtain, from a second network device 203, the following information of the cell in the first wireless communications system: cell load information, interference information, data transmission delay information, and backhaul link capability information. The information is sent by a first network device 202 to the second network device 203 by using an interface between the first network device 202 and the second network device 203, for example, the foregoing X5 interface, and then, the second network device 203 sends the information to the terminal device 201.

[0080] Alternatively, the terminal device 201 may obtain, from a message that is broadcast by at least one first network device 202, the following information of a cell of one first network device 202: cell load information, interference information, data transmission delay information, and backhaul link capability information.

[0081] The terminal device 201 may select the target cell in many manners. For example, the terminal device 201 may select a cell that is less interfered and that has relatively low load, as the target cell. For another example, the terminal device 201 may select a cell in which the terminal device 201 has highest received signal strength, as the target cell; or the like, so as to ensure quality of communication performed by the terminal device 201 after the terminal device 201 accesses the target cell.

[0082] S402: The terminal device 201 sends cell identity information of the selected target cell to a second network device 203.

[0083] For various optional implementations of the cell identity information, refer to descriptions in step S301.

[0084] The terminal device 201 may add the cell identity information of the target cell to an air interface establishment request, for example, an RRC connection request message.

[0085] Alternatively, the terminal device 201 indicates the cell identity information of the target cell at an air interface protocol layer of an air interface between the terminal device 201 and the second network device 203.

[0086] For an optional implementation of the air interface between the terminal device 201 and the second network device 203, refer to related descriptions in step S302.

[0087] For example, the air interface between the terminal device 201 and the second network device 203 is a 5G air interface, and the first network device 202 is an LTE base station. For example, when the 5G air interface includes a MAC layer, the cell identity information of the target cell may be sent at the MAC layer of the 5G air interface. Assuming that the terminal device 201 accesses a 5G base station in a random access procedure, the terminal device 201 may provide the cell identity information of the target cell in a msg 3 used in the random access procedure. Herein, a message used in a random access procedure of an LTE system is used. In a 5G system, a message used in a random access procedure may have another name, or a random access procedure is different from a random access procedure in a current LTE system, provided that the cell identity information of the target cell can be successfully sent in a process of accessing the second network device 203 by the terminal device 201.

[0088] Optionally, the second network device 203 may notify in advance the terminal device 201 whether the cell identity information is included in the air interface establishment request or the cell identity information of the target cell is indicated at the air interface protocol layer of the air interface between the terminal device 201 and the second network device 203 when the cell identity information of the target cell is sent. The terminal device 201 selects, according to the notification of the second network device 203, a manner of sending the cell identity information of the target cell.

[0089] S403: The second network device 203 determines the target cell according to the received cell identity information of the target cell.

[0090] If the terminal device 201 indicates the cell identity information of the target cell at the air interface protocol layer of the air interface between the terminal device 201 and the second network device 203, the second network device 203 may directly obtain a cell identity of the target cell, then determine the target cell, and may further determine a first network device 202 to which the target cell belongs.

[0091] If the terminal device 201 adds the cell identity information of the target cell to the air interface establishment request, for example, an RRC connection request message, an optional implementation solution is as follows: The second network device 203 may subsequently send the air interface establishment request to at least one first network device 202, and after obtaining the cell identity information in the air interface establishment request, a first network device 202 that has received the air interface establishment request may determine whether a corresponding target cell belongs to an area managed by the first network device 202. If the corresponding target cell belongs to the area, the first network device 202 responds to a channel establishment request, and sends a channel establishment response to the second network device 203. After receiving the channel establishment response, the second network device 203 may learn of the first network device 202 to which the target cell belongs.

[0092] S404: The second network device 203 sends a channel establishment request to a first network device 202 (when the second network device 203 is unable to learn of the cell identity information of the target cell, the second network device 203 may send a channel establishment request to a plurality of first network devices 202), where the channel establishment request carries the cell identity information of the target cell selected by the terminal device 201, to indicate, to the first network device 202, the target cell that is identified by the cell identity information and that is to be accessed by the terminal device 201.

[0093] The channel establishment request may be a request for establishing a dedicated channel for the terminal device 201. The channel establishment request may further carry the air interface establishment request, for example, an RRC connection request message, that is sent by the terminal device 201 in step S402.

[0094] The channel establishment request is a dedicated message for the terminal device 201. Therefore, the message may carry identity information that is allocated by the second network device 203 to the terminal device 201 and that is used to identify the terminal device 201 on an interface between the second network device 203 and the first network device 202, for example, the foregoing X5 interface. When the second network device 203 is a network device in a 5G system, the identity information may be referred to as a "5G X5 UEAP ID".

[0095] The second network device 203 sends, to the first network device 202, the cell identity information of the target cell selected by the terminal device 201, so that the first network device 202 prepares a corresponding air interface resource for the terminal device 201 in the target cell, for subsequent transmission.

[0096] S405: After receiving the channel establishment request, a first network device 202 to which the target cell belongs sends a channel establishment response to the second network device 203, to instruct the terminal device 201 to access the target cell.

[0097] The channel establishment response message may not include the cell identity information of the target cell, because the target cell is selected by the terminal device 201 and the terminal device 201 knows which cell is the target cell.

[0098] The channel establishment response may carry access information that is configured by the first network device 202 for the terminal device 201 and that is used when the terminal device 201 accesses the target cell. For content included in the access information, an optional manner of sending the access information, a manner of processing the access information by the second network device 203, and the like, refer to the description of step S305.

[0099] The channel establishment response may also carry an air interface establishment message sent by the first network device 202 to the terminal device 201. For specific implementation, refer to step S305.

[0100] S406: The second network device 203 sends, to the terminal device 201, access information allocated by the first network device 202.

[0101] For an optional implementation of sending the access information to the terminal device 201 by the second network device 203, refer to step S306.

[0102] S407: After receiving the access information sent by the second network device 203, the terminal device 201 accesses the target cell according to the received access information, and after successfully accessing the target cell, sends an air interface establishment complete message to the first network device 202 by using the second network device 203, or directly sends an air interface establishment complete message to the first network device 202 through an air interface connection that has been established between the terminal device 201 and the first network device 202, instead of forwarding the air interface establishment complete message by the second network device 203.

Embodiment 4



[0103] Embodiment 4 is different from Embodiment 3 and Embodiment 2 in the following way:

[0104] In Embodiment 2, the terminal device 201 sends cell information of at least one cell to the second network device 203, and the second network device 203 selects, from the at least one cell, a target cell to be accessed by the terminal device 201. The target cell belongs to the first network device 202.

[0105] In Embodiment 3, the terminal device 201 selects a target cell, and the target cell belongs to the second network device 203.

[0106] In Embodiment 4, a terminal device 201 sends cell information of at least one cell to a second network device 203, then, the second network device 203 sends the received cell information to at least one first network device 202, and the at least one first network device 202 selects a target cell.

[0107] In Embodiment 4, an interface connection may be first established between the first network device 202 and the second network device 203. For a method of establishing the interface connection, refer to Embodiment 2. Details are not repeated herein any further.

[0108] FIG. 5 is a flowchart of a cell selection solution according to Embodiment 4. As shown in FIG. 5, the procedure includes the following steps.

[0109] S501: A terminal device 201 obtains cell information of at least one cell in a first wireless communications system.

[0110] For a method of obtaining the cell information by the terminal device 201, refer to step S301.

[0111] S502: The terminal device 201 sends the obtained cell information of the at least one cell to a second network device 203.

[0112] The terminal device 201 may add the cell information to an air interface establishment request, for example, an RRC connection request message.

[0113] Alternatively, the terminal device 201 adds the cell information to an air interface protocol layer message transmitted by using an air interface between the terminal device 201 and the second network device 203.

[0114] For an optional implementation of the air interface between the terminal device 201 and the second network device 203, refer to related descriptions in step S302.

[0115] For example, the air interface between the terminal device 201 and the second network device 203 is a 5G air interface, and the first network device 202 is an LTE base station. For example, when the 5G air interface includes a MAC layer, the cell information may be sent at the MAC layer of the 5G air interface. Assuming that the terminal device 201 accesses a 5G base station in a random access procedure, the terminal device 201 may provide the cell information in a msg 3 used in the random access procedure. Herein, a message in a random access procedure of an LTE system is used. In a 5G system, a message used in a random access procedure may have another name, or a random access procedure is different from a random access procedure in a current LTE system, provided that the cell information can be successfully sent in a process of accessing the second network device 203 by the terminal device 201.

[0116] Optionally, the second network device 203 may notify in advance the terminal device 201 whether the cell information is included in the air interface establishment request or the cell information is indicated at an air interface protocol layer of the air interface between the terminal device 201 and the second network device 203 when the cell information is sent. The terminal device 201 selects, according to the notification of the second network device 203, a manner of sending the cell information.

[0117] S503: After receiving the cell information sent by the terminal device 201, the second network device 203 sends a channel establishment request to a first network device 202.

[0118] If the terminal device 201 indicates the cell information at the air interface protocol layer of the air interface between the terminal device 201 and the second network device 203, the second network device 203 may directly determine a cell corresponding to the cell information, and may further determine a first network device 202 to which the cell belongs. If the received cell information is corresponding to a plurality of cells, for each of the plurality of cells, when sending the channel establishment request to the first network device 202, the second network device 203 may send a channel establishment request to a first network device 202 to which the cell belongs. The channel establishment request carries cell information of the cell. If a part of the plurality of cells belongs to a same first network device 202, the second network device 203 may send one channel establishment request to the same first network device 202 to which the part of cells belongs. The channel establishment request carries cell information of each of the part of cells.

[0119] If the terminal device 201 adds the cell information to the air interface establishment request, for example, an RRC connection request message, an optional implementation solution is as follows: The second network device 203 may subsequently send the air interface establishment request to at least one first network device 202, and after obtaining the cell information in the air interface establishment request, a first network device 202 that has received the air interface establishment request may determine whether a corresponding cell belongs to an area managed by the first network device 202. If the corresponding cell belongs to the area, and the first network device 202 allows the terminal device 201 to access the cell managed by the first network device 202, the first network device 202 responds to a channel establishment request, and sends a channel establishment response to the second network device 203.

[0120] S504: After receiving the channel establishment request, the first network device 202 obtains the cell information from the channel establishment request, and selects a target cell according to the obtained cell information, or selects a target cell according to the obtained cell information and one or more of the following information:

cell load information;

cell interference information;

cell data transmission delay information; or

cell backhaul link capacity information.



[0121] S505: The first network device 202 sends a channel establishment response to the second network device 203, where the channel establishment response carries access information configured by the first network device 202 for the terminal device 201 and cell identity information of the target cell selected by the first network device 202 for the terminal device 201.

[0122] For content included in the access information, an optional manner of sending the access information, a manner of processing the access information by the second network device 203, and the like, refer to the description of step S305.

[0123] The channel establishment response may also carry an air interface establishment message sent by the first network device 202 to the terminal device 201. For specific implementation, refer to step S305.

[0124] For example, the second network device 203 is a 5G base station, and the first network device 202 is an LTE base station. Four possible cases are listed as follows:

Case 1:



[0125] Both cell identity information of a target cell and access information are included in an air interface establishment message. In this case, the second network device 203 does not know cell identity information of a target cell selected by the first network device 202, nor know access information allocated by the first network device 202 to the terminal device 201. Assuming that the second network device 203 receives a channel establishment response sent by only one first network device 202, the second network device 203 extracts an air interface establishment request from the channel establishment response, and then directly forwards the air interface establishment request to the terminal device 201. If the second network device 203 receives channel establishment responses sent by a plurality of first network devices 202, the second network device 203 selects one of the channel establishment responses, and extracts a corresponding air interface establishment request message. The terminal device 201 obtains, by reading the air interface establishment message, the cell identity information of the target cell and the access information configured by the first network device 202 for the terminal device 201, and accesses the target cell according to the obtained access information and the cell identity information.

Case 2:



[0126] Cell identity information of a target cell is included in an air interface establishment message, access information configured by the first network device 202 for the terminal device 201 is sent by using an interface message transmitted by using an interface between the first network device 202 and the second network device 203. In this case, the second network device 203 does not know cell identity information of a target cell selected by the first network device 202, but knows the access information configured by the first network device 202 for the terminal device 201. Assuming that the second network device 203 receives a channel establishment response sent by only one first network device 202, the second network device 203 extracts an air interface establishment request from the channel establishment response, and then directly forwards the air interface establishment request to the terminal device 201. If the second network device 203 receives channel establishment responses sent by a plurality of first network devices 202, the second network device 203 selects one of the channel establishment responses, and extracts a corresponding air interface establishment request message. The second network device 203 indicates the received access information to the terminal device 201 by using an air interface protocol layer of an interface between the second network device 203 and the terminal device 201. The terminal device 201 obtains, by reading the air interface establishment message, the cell identity information of the target cell, and obtains, from an air interface protocol layer message transmitted by using the air interface between the terminal device 201 and the second network device 203, the access information configured by the first network device 202 for the terminal device 201, and accesses the target cell according to the obtained access information and the cell identity information.

Case 3:



[0127] Cell identity information of a target cell is sent by using an interface message transmitted by using an interface between the first network device 202 and the second network device 203, and access information configured by the first network device 202 for the terminal device 201 is included in an air interface establishment message. In this case, the second network device 203 knows cell identity information of a target cell selected by the first network device 202 for the terminal device 201. If the second network device 203 receives channel establishment responses sent by a plurality of first network devices 202, the second network device 203 selects one of the channel establishment responses, and extracts a corresponding air interface establishment request message and the cell identity information. When forwarding the air interface establishment message to the terminal device 201, the second network device 203 may add the cell identity information of the target cell to an air interface protocol layer message transmitted by using an air interface between the second network device 203 and the terminal device 201. The terminal device 201 obtains the cell identity information of the target cell from the air interface protocol layer message transmitted by using the air interface between the terminal device 201 and the second network device 203, and obtains, by reading the air interface establishment message, the access information configured by the first network device 202 for the terminal device 201, and accesses the target cell according to the obtained access information and cell identity information.

Case 4:



[0128] Both cell identity information of a target cell and access information configured by the first network device 202 for the terminal device 201 are sent by using an interface message transmitted by using an interface between the first network device 202 and the second network device 203. In this case, the second network device 203 knows cell identity information of a target cell selected by the first network device 202, and also knows the access information configured by the first network device 202 for the terminal device 201. If the second network device 203 receives channel establishment responses sent by a plurality of first network devices 202, the second network device 203 selects an air interface establishment request message and cell identity information that are sent by one of the first network devices 202. When forwarding the air interface establishment message, the second network device 203 may add, to an air interface protocol layer message transmitted by using an air interface between the second network device 203 and the terminal device 201, the cell identity information of the target cell and the access information configured by the first network device 202 for the terminal device 201. The terminal device 201 obtains, by reading the air interface protocol layer message transmitted by using the air interface between the terminal device 201 and the second network device 203, the cell identity information of the target cell and the access information configured by the first network device 202 for the terminal device 201, and accesses the target cell according to the obtained cell identity information and access information.

[0129] S506: The second network device 203 sends, to the terminal device 201, the cell identity information of the target cell and the access information configured by the first network device 202 for the terminal device 201.

[0130] After the second network device 203 receives the channel establishment response sent by the first network device 202 (a plurality of first network devices 202 may send channel establishment responses to the second network device 203), the second network device 203 may select a target first network device 202 from the first network device 202 that sends the channel establishment response, and use a cell indicated in a channel establishment response sent by the target first network device 202, as a target cell to be accessed by the terminal device 201.

[0131] Interfaces may exist between the second network device 203 and a plurality of first network devices 202. Therefore, the plurality of first network devices 202 may return channel establishment responses to the second network device 203. In this case, the second network device 203 may select the target first network device 202 from the plurality of first network devices 202 according to the following cell related information stored by the second network device 203:

cell load information;

cell interference information;

cell data transmission delay information; or

cell backhaul link capacity information.



[0132] S507: After receiving the access information and the cell identity information of the target cell that are sent by the second network device 203, the terminal device 201 accesses the target cell according to the received access information and cell identity information of the target cell, and after successfully accessing the target cell, sends an air interface establishment complete message to the first network device 202 by using the second network device 203, or directly sends an air interface establishment complete message to the first network device 202 through an air interface connection that has been established between the terminal device 201 and the first network device 202, instead of forwarding the air interface establishment complete message by the second network device 203.

Embodiment 5



[0133] FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a first type of terminal device according to Embodiment 5. As shown in FIG. 6, the terminal device includes:

a processing module 601, configured to obtain cell information of at least one cell in a first wireless communications system; and

a sending module 602, configured to send, to a second network device in a second wireless communications system, the cell information of the at least one cell obtained by the processing module 601, where the cell information of the at least one cell is used to instruct the second network device to select a target cell in the first wireless communications system according to the received cell information of the at least one cell, where

the terminal device accesses the target cell, and accesses a core network in the first wireless communications system by using a first network device to which the target cell belongs.



[0134] The terminal device may further include a receiving module, configured to receive a message and/or data that are/is sent by the first network device or the second network device.

[0135] For another optional implementation of the terminal device, refer to implementation of the terminal device 201 in Embodiment 2. The processing module 601 may be configured to perform processing and control operations of the terminal device 201. The sending module 602 may be configured to perform a sending operation of the terminal device 201. The receiving module may be configured to perform a receiving operation of the terminal device 201.

[0136] For a procedure in which the terminal device interacts with the first network device and the second network device, refer to the procedure in which the terminal device 201 interacts with the first network device 202 and the second network device 203 in the procedure shown in FIG. 3. For content and a structure of a message sent or received by the terminal device, also refer to the description of the procedure.

[0137] An optional implementation of the terminal device may be shown in FIG. 7. A processor 701 may be configured to implement a function of the processing module 601. A transmitter 702 may be configured to implement a function of the sending module 602. Optionally, a receiver may further be included, and may be configured to implement a function of the receiving module in the terminal device. In addition, the terminal device may further include a memory, configured to store a program and data. The processor 701 may perform processing and control by invoking the program stored in the memory.

[0138] The transmitter 702, the memory, and the receiver each may be directly connected to the processor 701. Alternatively, the transmitter 702, the memory, the receiver, and the processor 701 each are connected to a bus, and the components communicate with each other by using the bus.

Embodiment 6



[0139] FIG. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of a second type of terminal device according to Embodiment 6. As shown in FIG. 8, the terminal device includes:

a processing module 801, configured to select a target cell in a first wireless communications system; and

a sending module 802, configured to send, to a second network device in a second wireless communications system, cell identity information of the target cell selected by the processing module 801, where

the terminal device accesses a core network in the first wireless communications system by using a first network device to which the target cell belongs, and the terminal device accesses the target cell.



[0140] The terminal device may further include a receiving module, configured to receive a message and/or data that are/is sent by the first network device or the second network device.

[0141] For another optional implementation of the terminal device, refer to implementation of the terminal device 201 in Embodiment 3. The processing module 801 may be configured to perform processing and control operations of the terminal device 201. The sending module 802 may be configured to perform a sending operation of the terminal device 201. The receiving module may be configured to perform a receiving operation of the terminal device 201.

[0142] For a procedure in which the terminal device interacts with the first network device and the second network device, refer to the procedure in which the terminal device 201 interacts with the first network device 202 and the second network device 203 in the procedure shown in FIG. 4. For content and a structure of a message sent or received by the terminal device, also refer to the description of the procedure.

[0143] An optional implementation of the terminal device may be shown in FIG. 9. A processor 901 may be configured to implement a function of the processing module 801. A transmitter 902 may be configured to implement a function of the sending module 802. Optionally, a receiver may further be included, and may be configured to implement a function of the receiving module in the terminal device. In addition, the terminal device may further include a memory, configured to store a program and data. The processor 901 may perform processing and control by invoking the program stored in the memory.

[0144] The transmitter 902, the memory, and the receiver each may be directly connected to the processor 901. Alternatively, the transmitter 902, the memory, the receiver, and the processor 901 each are connected to a bus, and the components communicate with each other by using the bus.

Embodiment 7



[0145] FIG. 10 is a schematic structural diagram of a third type of terminal device according to Embodiment 7. As shown in FIG. 10, the terminal device includes:

a processing module 1001, configured to obtain cell information of at least one cell in a first wireless communications system; and

a sending module 1002, configured to send, to a second network device in a second wireless communications system, the cell information of the at least one cell obtained by the processing module 1001, where

the terminal device accesses a target cell, and accesses a core network in the first wireless communications system by using a first network device to which the target cell in the at least one cell belongs.



[0146] The terminal device may further include a receiving module, configured to receive a message and/or data that are/is sent by the first network device or the second network device.

[0147] For another optional implementation of the terminal device, refer to implementation of the terminal device 201 in Embodiment 4. The processing module 1001 may be configured to perform processing and control operations of the terminal device 201. The sending module 1002 may be configured to perform a sending operation of the terminal device 201. The receiving module may be configured to perform a receiving operation of the terminal device 201.

[0148] For a procedure in which the terminal device interacts with the first network device and the second network device, refer to the procedure in which the terminal device 201 interacts with the first network device 202 and the second network device 203 in the procedure shown in FIG. 5. For content and a structure of a message sent or received by the terminal device, also refer to the description of the procedure.

[0149] An optional implementation of the terminal device may be shown in FIG. 11. A processor 1101 may be configured to implement a function of the processing module 1001. A transmitter 1102 may be configured to implement a function of the sending module 1002. Optionally, a receiver may further be included, and may be configured to implement a function of the receiving module in the terminal device. In addition, the terminal device may further include a memory, configured to store a program and data. The processor 1101 may perform processing and control by invoking the program stored in the memory.

[0150] The transmitter 1102, the memory, and the receiver each may be directly connected to the processor 1101. Alternatively, the transmitter 1102, the memory, the receiver, and the processor 1101 each are connected to a bus, and the components communicate with each other by using the bus.

Embodiment 8



[0151] FIG. 12 is a schematic structural diagram of a first type of first network device according to Embodiment 8. The first network device is located in a first wireless communications system. As shown in FIG. 12, the first network device includes:

a receiving module 1201, configured to receive a channel establishment request sent by a second network device in a second wireless communications system, where the channel establishment request carries cell identity information of a target cell, to indicate the target cell that is identified by the cell identity information and that is to be accessed by a terminal device, and the target cell belongs to the first network device;

a processing module 1202, configured to determine the target cell to be accessed by the terminal device and configure, for the terminal device, access information used when the terminal device accesses the target cell; and

a sending module 1203, configured to send a channel establishment response to the second network device, where the channel establishment response is used to instruct the terminal device to access the target cell, and the channel establishment response carries the access information configured by the processing module 1202.



[0152] For another optional implementation of the first network device, refer to implementation of the first network device 202 in Embodiment 2 or Embodiment 3. The processing module 1202 may be configured to perform processing and control operations of the first network device 202. The sending module 1203 may be configured to perform an operation of sending information to the second network device 203 by the first network device 202. The receiving module 1201 may be configured to perform an operation of receiving information from the second network device 203 by the first network device 202.

[0153] For a procedure in which the first network device interacts with the terminal device and the second network device, refer to the procedure in which the first network device 202 interacts with the terminal device 201 and the second network device 203 in the procedure shown in FIG. 3 or FIG. 4. For content and a structure of a message sent or received by the first network device, also refer to the description of the procedure.

[0154] An optional implementation of the first network device may be shown in FIG. 13. A processor 1302 may be configured to implement a function of the processing module 1202. A transmitter 1303 may be configured to implement a function of the sending module 1203. A receiver 1301 may be configured to implement a function of the receiving module 1201. In addition, the first network device may further include a memory, configured to store a program and data. The processor 1302 may perform processing and control by invoking the program stored in the memory.

[0155] If the second network device and the first network device communicate with each other by means of optical fiber transmission, the transmitter 1303 may be an optical transmitter, and the receiver 1301 may be an optical receiver. If the second network device and the first network device communicate with each other by means of microwave transmission, the transmitter 1303 may be a microwave transmitter, and the receiver 1301 may be a microwave receiver.

[0156] In addition, the first network device may further include a radio frequency transceiver that communicates with the terminal device.

[0157] The transmitter 1303, the memory, and the receiver 1301 each may be directly connected to the processor 1302. Alternatively, the transmitter 1303, the memory, the receiver 1301, and the processor 1302 each are connected to a bus, and the components communicate with each other by using the bus.

Embodiment 9



[0158] FIG. 14 is a schematic structural diagram of a second type of first network device according to Embodiment 9. The first network device is located in a first wireless communications system. As shown in FIG. 14, the first network device includes:

a receiving module 1401, configured to receive a channel establishment request sent by a second network device in a second wireless communications system, where the channel establishment request includes cell information of at least one cell of the first network device; and

a processing module 1402, configured to select a target cell from the at least one cell according to the cell information of the at least one cell included in the channel establishment request received by the receiving module 1401.



[0159] The first network device may further include a sending module that may be configured to send data and/or a message to the second network device.

[0160] For another optional implementation of the first network device, refer to implementation of the first network device 202 in Embodiment 4. The processing module 1402 may be configured to perform processing and control operations of the first network device 202. The sending module may be configured to perform an operation of sending information to the second network device 203 by the first network device 202. The receiving module 1401 may be configured to perform an operation of receiving information from the second network device 203 by the first network device 202.

[0161] For a procedure in which the first network device interacts with the terminal device and the second network device, refer to the procedure in which the first network device 202 interacts with the terminal device 201 and the second network device 203 in the procedure shown in FIG. 5. For content and a structure of a message sent or received by the first network device, also refer to the description of the procedure.

[0162] An optional implementation of the first network device may be shown in FIG. 15. A processor 1502 may be configured to implement a function of the processing module 1402. A transmitter may be configured to implement a function of the sending module. A receiver 1501 may be configured to implement a function of the receiving module 1401. In addition, the first network device may further include a memory, configured to store a program and data. The processor 1502 may perform processing and control by invoking the program stored in the memory.

[0163] If the second network device and the first network device communicate with each other by means of optical fiber transmission, the transmitter may be an optical transmitter, and the receiver 1501 may be an optical receiver. If the second network device and the first network device communicate with each other by means of microwave transmission, the transmitter may be a microwave transmitter, and the receiver 1501 may be a microwave receiver.

[0164] In addition, the first network device may further include a radio frequency transceiver that communicates with the terminal device.

[0165] The transmitter, the memory, and the receiver 1501 each may be directly connected to the processor 1502. Alternatively, the transmitter, the memory, the receiver 1501, and the processor 1502 each are connected to a bus, and the components communicate with each other by using the bus.

Embodiment 10



[0166] FIG. 16 is a schematic structural diagram of a first type of second network device according to Embodiment 10. The second network device is located in a second wireless communications system. As shown in FIG. 16, the second network device includes:

a receiving module 1601, configured to receive cell information of at least one cell in a first wireless communications system that is sent by a terminal device; and

a processing module 1602, configured to select a target cell in the first wireless communications system according to the cell information of the at least one cell received by the receiving module 1601, where

the terminal device accesses the target cell, and accesses a core network in the first wireless communications system by using a first network device to which the target cell belongs.



[0167] The second network device may further include a sending module that may be configured to send data and/or a message to the terminal device.

[0168] For another optional implementation of the second network device, refer to implementation of the second network device 203 in Embodiment 2. The processing module 1602 may be configured to perform processing and control operations of the second network device 203. The sending module may be configured to perform an operation of sending information to the terminal device 201 by the second network device 203. The receiving module 1601 may be configured to perform an operation of receiving information from the terminal device 201 by the second network device 203.

[0169] For a procedure in which the second network device interacts with the terminal device and the first network device, refer to the procedure in which the second network device 203 interacts with the first network device 202 and the terminal device 201 in the procedure shown in FIG. 3. For content and a structure of a message sent or received by the second network device, also refer to the description of the procedure.

[0170] An optional implementation of the second network device may be shown in FIG. 17. A processor 1702 may be configured to implement a function of the processing module 1602. A transmitter may be configured to implement a function of the sending module, and may be a radio frequency transmitter. A receiver 1701 may be configured to implement a function of the receiving module 1601, and may be a radio frequency receiver. In addition, the second network device may further include a memory, configured to store a program and data. The processor 1702 may perform processing and control by invoking the program stored in the memory.

[0171] In addition, the second network device may further include another transceiver. The another transceiver is configured to perform transmission between the second network device and the first network device, and may be an optical transceiver, a microwave transceiver, or the like.

[0172] The transmitter, the memory, and the receiver 1701 each may be directly connected to the processor 1702. Alternatively, the transmitter, the memory, the receiver 1701, and the processor 1702 each are connected to a bus, and the components communicate with each other by using the bus.

Embodiment 11



[0173] FIG. 18 is a schematic structural diagram of a second type of second network device according to Embodiment 11. The second network device is located in a second wireless communications system. As shown in FIG. 18, the second network device includes:

a receiving module 1801, configured to receive cell identity information of a target cell sent by a terminal device, where the target cell is a cell, in a first wireless communications system, that is selected by the terminal device, where

the terminal device accesses a core network in the first wireless communications system by using a first network device to which the target cell belongs, and the terminal device accesses the target cell; and

a processing module 1802, configured to determine the target cell according to cell identity information of the target cell received by the receiving module 1801.



[0174] The second network device may further include a sending module that may be configured to send data and/or a message to the terminal device.

[0175] For another optional implementation of the second network device, refer to implementation of the second network device 203 in Embodiment 3. The processing module 1802 may be configured to perform processing and control operations of the second network device 203. The sending module may be configured to perform an operation of sending information to the terminal device 201 by the second network device 203. The receiving module 1801 may be configured to perform an operation of receiving information from the terminal device 201 by the second network device 203.

[0176] For a procedure in which the second network device interacts with the terminal device and the first network device, refer to the procedure in which the second network device 203 interacts with the first network device 202 and the terminal device 201 in the procedure shown in FIG. 4. For content and a structure of a message sent or received by the second network device, also refer to the description of the procedure.

[0177] An optional implementation of the second network device may be shown in FIG. 19. A processor 1902 may be configured to implement a function of the processing module 1802. A transmitter may be configured to implement a function of the sending module, and may be a radio frequency transmitter. A receiver 1901 may be configured to implement a function of the receiving module 1801, and may be a radio frequency receiver. In addition, the second network device may further include a memory, configured to store a program and data. The processor 1902 may perform processing and control by invoking the program stored in the memory.

[0178] In addition, the second network device may further include another transceiver that communicates with the first network device, for example, an optical transceiver or a microwave transceiver.

[0179] The transmitter, the memory, and the receiver 1901 each may be directly connected to the processor 1902. Alternatively, the transmitter, the memory, the receiver 1901, and the processor 1902 each are connected to a bus, and the components communicate with each other by using the bus.

Embodiment 12



[0180] FIG. 20 is a schematic structural diagram of a third type of second network device according to Embodiment 12. The second network device is located in a second wireless communications system. As shown in FIG. 20, the second network device includes:

a receiving module 2001, configured to receive cell information of at least one cell in a first wireless communications system that is sent by a terminal device; and

a sending module 2002, configured to send a channel establishment request to a first network device to which each of the at least one cell in the first wireless communications system belongs, where a channel establishment request sent to one first network device includes cell information of a cell served by the first network device, in the at least one cell, and the cell information is indicated to the first network device; and

a target cell that is allowed to be accessed by the terminal device is selected, according to the received cell information, from the cell corresponding to the received cell information, where the terminal device accesses a core network in the first wireless communications system by using the first network device to which the target cell belongs, and the terminal device accesses the target cell.



[0181] The second network device may further include a processing module that may be configured to complete processing and control functions.

[0182] For another optional implementation of the second network device, refer to implementation of the second network device 203 in Embodiment 4. The processing module may be configured to perform processing and control operations of the second network device 203. The sending module 2002 may be configured to perform an operation of sending information to the first network device 202 by the second network device 203. The receiving module 2001 may be configured to perform an operation of receiving information from the terminal device 201 by the second network device 203.

[0183] For a procedure in which the second network device interacts with the terminal device and the first network device, refer to the procedure in which the second network device 203 interacts with the first network device 202 and the terminal device 201 in the procedure shown in FIG. 5. For content and a structure of a message sent or received by the second network device, also refer to the description of the procedure.

[0184] An optional implementation of the second network device may be shown in FIG. 21. A processor may be configured to implement a function of the processing module. A transmitter 2102 may be configured to implement a function of the sending module 2002, and may be an optical transmitter or a microwave transmitter. A receiver 2101 may be configured to implement a function of the receiving module 2001, and may be a radio frequency receiver. In addition, the second network device may further include a memory, configured to store a program and data. The processor may perform processing and control by invoking the program stored in the memory.

[0185] The transmitter 2102, the memory, and the receiver 2101 each may be directly connected to the processor. Alternatively, the transmitter 2102, the memory, the receiver 2101, and the processor each are connected to a bus, and the components communicate with each other by using the bus.

[0186] In conclusion, in this application, regardless of selecting a target cell by the terminal device, the second network device, or the first network device, the to-be-accessed target cell can be selected for the terminal device by means of message interaction between the terminal device, the first network device, and the second network device.

[0187] It can be understood that, in the embodiments of the present disclosure, a manner of communication between the first network device and the second network device are not particularly limited. For example, the first network device and the second network device may communicate with each other by means of a microwave or an optical fiber. When the first network device and the second network device communicate with each other by means of a microwave, both the first network device and the second network device are internally provided with a microwave receiver and a microwave transmitter, or a microwave transceiver. When the first network device and the second network device communicate with each other by means of an optical fiber, both the first network device and the second network device are internally provided with an optical receiver and an optical transmitter, or an optical transceiver.

[0188] Persons skilled in the art should understand that the embodiments of the present disclosure may be provided as a method, a system, or a computer program product. Therefore, the present disclosure may use a form of hardware only embodiments, software only embodiments, or embodiments with a combination of software and hardware. Moreover, the present disclosure may use a form of a computer program product that is implemented on one or more computer-usable storage media (including but not limited to a disk memory, a CD-ROM, an optical memory, and the like) that include computer-usable program code.

[0189] The present disclosure is described with reference to the flowcharts and/or block diagrams of the method, the device (system), and the computer program product according to the embodiments of the present disclosure. It should be understood that computer program instructions may be used to implement each process and/or each block in the flowcharts and/or the block diagrams and a combination of a process and/or a block in the flowcharts and/or the block diagrams. These computer program instructions may be provided for a general-purpose computer, a dedicated computer, an embedded processor, or a processor of any other programmable data processing device to generate a machine, so that the instructions executed by a computer or a processor of any other programmable data processing device generate an apparatus for implementing a specific function in one or more processes in the flowcharts and/or in one or more blocks in the block diagrams.

[0190] These computer program instructions may alternatively be stored in a computer readable memory that can instruct the computer or any other programmable data processing device to work in a specific manner, so that the instructions stored in the computer readable memory generate an artifact that includes an instruction apparatus. The instruction apparatus implements a specific function in one or more processes in the flowcharts and/or in one or more blocks in the block diagrams.

[0191] These computer program instructions may alternatively be loaded onto a computer or another programmable data processing device, so that a series of operations and steps are performed on the computer or the another programmable device, to generate computer-implemented processing. Therefore, the instructions executed on the computer or the another programmable device provide steps for implementing a specific function in one or more processes in the flowcharts and/or in one or more blocks in the block diagrams.

[0192] Although some embodiments of the present disclosure have been described, persons skilled in the art can make changes and modifications to these embodiments once they learn the basic inventive concept.


Claims

1. A terminal device comprising:

• a receiver configured to receive cell load information of a plurality of cells in a first wireless communications system, cell interference information of the plurality of cells, cell data transmission delay information of the plurality of cells, and cell backhaul link capacity information of the plurality of cells from a second network device in a second wireless communications system, wherein the first wireless communications system uses a different access technology than the second wireless communications system,
wherein the terminal device is further configured to perform a first wireless measurement process in which received signal strength information, RSRP, of the plurality of cells in the first wireless communications system is measured and is further configured to perform a second wireless measurement process in which a received signal quality information, RSRQ, of the plurality of cells in the first wireless communications system is measured,

• a processor (901) configured to select a target cell in the first wireless communications system among the plurality of cells in the first wireless communications system based on one or more types of the following information:

∘ the RSRP of the plurality of cells,

∘ the RSRQ of the plurality of cells,

∘ the cell load information of the plurality of cells,

∘ the cell interference information of the plurality of cells,

∘ the cell data transmission delay information of the plurality of cells,

∘ the cell backhaul link capacity information of the plurality of cells,

• a transmitter (902) configured to send cell identity information of the target cell selected by the processor to the second network device in the second wireless communications system, wherein

• the receiver is configured to receive from the second network device, after the transmitter sends the cell identity information of the target cell selected by the processor to the second network device in the second wireless communications system, access information that is configured by a first network device to which the target cell belongs and that is used when the terminal device accesses the target cell, wherein the first and second network devices are base stations, and

• the processor (901) is further configured to control, according to the access information received by the receiver, the terminal device to access the target cell, thereby also accessing a core network in the first wireless communications system by using the first network device.


 
2. The terminal device according to claim 1, wherein

the access information is in a header of a layer 1 or layer 2 data packet sent by the second network device; or

the access information is comprised in an air interface establishment message, wherein the air interface establishment message is used to establish an air interface connection between the terminal device and the target cell.


 


Ansprüche

1. Endgerätevorrichtung, die Folgendes umfasst:

- einen Empfänger, der zum Empfangen von Zellenlastinformationen mehrerer Zellen in einem ersten Drahtloskommunikationssystem, Zellenstörungsinformationen der mehreren Zellen, Zellendatenübertragungsverzögerungsinformationen der mehreren Zellen und Zellen-"Backhaul-Link"-Kapazitätsinformationen der mehreren Zellen von einer zweiten Netzvorrichtung in einem zweiten Drahtloskommunikationssystem konfiguriert ist, wobei das erste Drahtloskommunikationssystem eine andere Zugangstechnologie als das zweite Drahtloskommunikationssystem verwendet,
wobei die Endgerätevorrichtung ferner zum Durchführen eines ersten Drahtlosmessungsprozesses konfiguriert ist, in dem Empfangssignalstärkeinformationen, RSRP, der mehreren Zellen in dem ersten Drahtloskommunikationssystem gemessen werden, und ferner zum Durchführen eines zweiten Drahtlosmessungsprozesses konfiguriert ist, in dem Empfangssignalqualitätsinformationen, RSRQ, der mehreren Zellen in dem ersten Drahtloskommunikationssystem gemessen werden,

- einen Prozessor (901), der zum Auswählen einer Zielzelle in dem ersten Drahtloskommunikationssystem unter den mehreren Zellen des ersten Drahtloskommunikationssystems basierend auf einer oder mehreren Arten der folgenden Informationen konfiguriert ist:

∘ die RSRP der mehreren Zellen

∘ die RSRQ der mehreren Zellen,

∘ die Zellenlastinformationen der mehreren Zellen,

∘ die Zellenstörungsinformationen der mehreren Zellen,

∘ die Zellendatenübertragungsverzögerungsinformationen der mehreren Zellen,

∘ die Zellen-"Backhaul-Link"-Kapazitätsinformationen der mehreren Zellen,

- einen Sender (902), der zum Senden von Zellenidentitätsinformationen der durch den Prozessor ausgewählten Zielzelle an die zweite Netzvorrichtung in dem zweiten Drahtloskommunikationssystem konfiguriert ist, wobei

- der Empfänger zum Empfangen, von der zweiten Netzvorrichtung, nachdem der Sender die Zellenidentitätsinformationen der durch den Prozessor ausgewählten Zielzelle an die zweite Netzvorrichtung in dem zweiten Drahtloskommunikationssystem gesendet hat, von Zugangsinformationen konfiguriert ist, die durch eine erste Netzvorrichtung konfiguriert werden, zu der die Zielzelle gehört, und die verwendet werden, wenn die Endgerätevorrichtung auf die Zielzelle zugreift, wobei die erste und die zweite Netzvorrichtung Basisstationen sind, und

- der Prozessor (901) ferner zum Steuern, gemäß den durch den Empfänger empfangenen Zugangsinformationen, der Endgerätevorrichtung zum Zugreifen auf die Zielzelle konfiguriert ist, wodurch auch auf ein Kernnetz in dem ersten Drahtloskommunikationssystem durch Verwenden der ersten Netzvorrichtung zugegriffen wird.


 
2. Endgerätevorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei
sich die Zugangsinformationen in einem Header eines Schicht-1- oder Schicht-2-Datenpakets befinden, das durch die zweite Netzvorrichtung gesendet wird; oder die Zugangsinformationen in einer Luftschnittstelleneinrichtungsnachricht enthalten sind, wobei die Luftschnittstelleneinrichtungsnachricht zum Einrichten einer Luftschnittstellenverbindung zwischen der Endgerätevorrichtung und der Zielzelle verwendet wird.
 


Revendications

1. Équipement terminal comprenant :

• un récepteur configuré pour recevoir des informations de charge de cellules d'une pluralité de cellules dans un premier système de communication sans fil, des informations d'interférence de cellules de la pluralité de cellules, des informations de retard d'émission de données de cellules de la pluralité de cellules, et des informations de capacité de liaison terrestre de cellules de la pluralité de cellules en provenance d'un second dispositif de réseau dans un second système de communication sans fil, dans lequel le premier système de communication sans fil utilise une technologie d'accès différente de celle du second système de communication sans fil,
dans lequel l'équipement terminal est en outre configuré pour réaliser un premier processus de mesure sans fil dans lequel une information d'intensité du signal reçu, RSRP, de la pluralité de cellules dans le premier système de communication sans fil est mesurée et est en outre configuré pour réaliser un second processus de mesure sans fil dans lequel une information de qualité du signal reçu, RSRQ, de la pluralité de cellules dans le premier système de communication sans fil est mesurée,

• un processeur (901) configuré pour sélectionner une cellule cible dans le premier système de communication sans fil parmi les multiples cellules dans le premier système de communication sans fil sur la base d'un ou de plusieurs types des informations suivantes :

∘ la RSRP de la pluralité de cellules,

∘ la RSRQ de la pluralité de cellules,

∘ les informations de charge de cellules de la pluralité de cellules,

∘ les informations d'interférence de cellules de la pluralité de cellules,

∘ les informations de retard d'émission de données de cellules de la pluralité de cellules,

∘ les informations de capacité de liaison terrestre de cellules de la pluralité de cellules,

• un émetteur (902) configuré pour envoyer des informations d'identité de cellule de la cellule cible sélectionnée par le processeur au second dispositif de réseau dans le second système de communication sans fil, dans lequel

• le récepteur est configuré pour recevoir en provenance du second dispositif de réseau, une fois que l'émetteur a envoyé les informations d'identité de cellule de la cellule cible sélectionnée par le processeur au second dispositif de réseau dans le second système de communication sans fil, des informations d'accès qui sont configurées par un premier dispositif de réseau auquel appartient la cellule cible et qui sont utilisées quand l'équipement terminal accède à la cellule cible, dans lequel les premier et second dispositifs de réseau sont des stations de base, et

• le processeur (901) est en outre configuré pour commander, en fonction des informations d'accès reçues par le récepteur, l'équipement terminal pour accéder à la cellule cible, ce qui permet également d'accéder à un réseau central dans le premier système de communication sans fil en utilisant le premier dispositif de réseau.


 
2. Équipement terminal selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les informations d'accès sont dans un en-tête d'un paquet de données de couche 1 ou de couche 2 envoyé par le second dispositif de réseau ; ou
les informations d'accès sont comprises dans un message d'établissement d'interface hertzienne, le message d'établissement d'interface hertzienne étant utilisé pour établir une connexion d'interface hertzienne entre l'équipement terminal et la cellule cible.
 




Drawing


























Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description