(19)
(11)EP 3 386 830 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
11.12.2019 Bulletin 2019/50

(21)Application number: 15808392.3

(22)Date of filing:  11.12.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B61D 3/18(2006.01)
B61D 47/00(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2015/079403
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/097373 (15.06.2017 Gazette  2017/24)

(54)

SUSPENSION DEVICE FOR CABLES AND TUBINGS

SUSPENSIONSVORRICHTUNG FÜR KABEL UND SCHLÄUCHE

DISPOSITIF DE SUSPENSION POUR CÂBLES ET TUYAUX


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
17.10.2018 Bulletin 2018/42

(73)Proprietor: FLEXIWAGGON AB
831 31 Östersund (SE)

(72)Inventor:
  • ERIKSSON, Jan
    830 44 Nälden (SE)

(74)Representative: AWA Sweden AB 
P.O. Box 665
831 27 Östersund
831 27 Östersund (SE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-96/11829
WO-A1-2006/031178
WO-A1-96/37396
WO-A1-2012/177216
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] The present invention relates to a railway wagon comprising a load carrier and front and rear bogies, each of the bogies being provided with railway track wheels and being electrically, hydraulically and/or pneumatically connected to the load carrier by means of one or more electric cables, hydraulic and/or pneumatic tubings, the load carrier being releasably connected to the respective bogies, and in a released state laterally displaceable in relation to the respective bogies by means of a displacement device, the load carrier having a front and a rear end and being at each end provided with a support device and a ramp, the support device being adapted to support the load carrier on the ground in a position where it is displaced in relation to the bogie, whereas the ramp being along an inner edge pivotally connected to the end of the load carrier.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0002] It is an environmental benefit to transport vehicles by train. In order to facilitate such transport laterally displaceable railway wagons have been developed. A laterally displaceable railway wagon is a railway wagon that can be laterally displaced by swinging out one end thereof, or more particularly one end of a load carrier that is a part of the whole wagon, to a position outside of the railway tracks such that the vehicle can be driven on or off the load carrier after lowering one end of a ramp of the load carrier to the ground. Alternatively, the load carrier is moved in parallel, or is rotated about its centre such that both ends of the load carrier is positioned outside of the railway tracks. After loading and/or unloading the desired vehicles the load carrier is returned to its original position and the train may depart. Examples of railway wagons of this kind are disclosed in e.g. WO 96/37396, WO 06/031178 and WO 12/177216.

    [0003] One problem with that kind of railway wagons is that the load carrier and the wheel bogies in each of its ends are electrically, hydraulically and pneumatically connected by means of electric cables and hydraulic and pneumatic tubings. These cables and tubings are essential since they connects the whole train set and supplies each wagon with electric current for communicating, lightning, warming or cooling purposes, and with hydraulic or pneumatic fluid for actuating brakes, hydraulic and pneumatic cylinders or the like. Therefore it is not an option to disconnect the cables and tubings each time a load carrier is displaced from its associated bogie or bogies, since then also a large number of the other railway wagons in the train set could be out of lightning, warming, cooling, braking effect, supply of hydraulic and pneumatic fluid for various other operations and the like. There could for example be also other vehicle transporting wagons in the train set which are to be loaded or unloaded at the same time, which then would be impossible since the power supply via the cables and tubings is interrupted.

    [0004] Accordingly, the cables and tubings have to be manufactured in such long lengths that the electric, hydraulic and/or pneumatic connections can be maintained between an end of the load carrier and its associated bogie even after releasing the load carrier from the bogie and displacing the end of the load carrier to a position outside of the railway tracks. However, with such long lengths of the cables and tubings it is of major importance that the slack or excess length of the cables and tubings is taken care of such that they are not damaged by e.g. being dragged along the ground when driving the train or by being squeezed between the ramp and the ground or between the vehicle and the ground during loading and unloading of a vehicle.

    [0005] One way to deal with this problem in prior art, has been to arrange the cables and tubings in a chain formed cable carrier having an interior channel into which the cables and tubings can be accommodated, for example as cable carriers made available from the German company Tsubaki Kabelschlepp Gmbh. The cable carrier is then attached in one end to the bogie and in the other end to the load carrier. This has to result that the cable carrier will hang freely between the bogie and the load carrier in the displaced position of the load carrier. In order to ensure correct bending and folding of the cable carrier when bringing together the load carrier with the bogie, it has been necessary to arrange guide wheels on the load carrier and also to attach some form of resilient means, e.g. an elastic cord, in order to draw the cable carrier into a storage space, such as for example a central channel in the load carrier. However, such a solution suffers from some serious disadvantages. For one thing such cable carriers are quite expensive to purchase and install. Moreover, these cable carriers have also turned out to be too sensitive for the exposed location between two railway wagons where they are exposed to dirt, rain, snow and ice formation, which may deteriorate its function to a large extent. For example, when exposed to snow and ice formation, the interior channel of the cable carrier can be so filled with snow and ice such the cable carrier will open up when straightening and/or bending the cable carrier during displacing of the load carrier, with result that the cables and tubings may fall out from the cable carrier and run the risk of being damaged.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0006] An object of the present invention is to provide an improved, uncomplicated and inexpensive suspension device for cables and tubings extending between the load carrier and each bogie of a railway wagon, as presented in the introductory part, which will reduce the risk for the cables and tubings to become damaged. At least this object is achieved by a suspension device according to claim 1.

    [0007] Accordingly, the basis of the invention is the insight that this object may be achieved by providing a suspension device on the underside of the ramp. The suspension device includes a guide arrangement extending transverse in relation to a longitudinal axis of the load carrier, along which guide arrangement a slider is displaceably movable. The slider is provided with a holder for holding of the one or more cables and/or tubings while at the same time allowing transverse movement of the cables and/or tubings together with the slider and holder along the guide arrangement. A suspension device designed in this way makes it possible to provide sufficient slack, i.e. sufficient long length of the cables and tubings to allow for the displacing of the load carrier during loading and unloading of vehicles without the risk for each of the cables and tubings to be teared apart, while at the same time prevent the cables and tubings to be dragged against the ground during transportation since they are lifted up by the ramp, which is raised while driving the train. Due to the guide arrangement and the slider, the bundle of cables and tubings will automatically be displaced to the one side of the ramp when the load carrier is displaced into its load and unload state, i.e. to the side of the ramp which is closest to the bogie. This allows to make the slack of the cables and tubings as short as possible and also reduces the risk for the cables and tubings to be damaged by being run over by a vehicle or squeezed between the outer end of the ramp and the ground since the bundle of cables and tubings will extend out at the side of the ramp and bridging the distance between the suspension device and the bogie.

    [0008] Naturally, the invention can be varied and modified in many different ways within the scope of the claims. In a hereinafter described and illustrated embodiment of the invention, the ramp is composed of two ramp portions and more precisely an inner ramp portion being along an inner edge pivotally connected to the end of the load carrier and an outer ramp portion being along an inner edge pivotally connected to an outer edge of the inner ramp portion. In an up-lifted state of the ramp, the inner ramp portion will accordingly be pivoted upwards while the outer ramp portion will be pivoted downwards. Hereby it is created an inner hollow or corner between the two ramp portions. In the exemplary embodiment, the suspension device is arranged in this inner hollow, which is advantageous since the suspension device, cables and tubings thereby will be located in a position where they are to some extent protected against the environment. However, it is to be understood that the suspension device could be mounted on the underside of any arbitrary ramp, e.g. a ramp manufactured in one piece.

    [0009] Moreover, the suspension device in the described and illustrated exemplary embodiment comprises a guide arrangement in form of a rod with a circular cross section, and a slider in form of a circular ring which is slidably arranged on the guide rod and a holder also in form of a circular ring interconnected with the slider ring. It is to be understood however, that the suspension device could be designed in many other different ways. For example a guide arrangement formed as a T-shaped slot into which a slider engages in a slidable manner. The holder according to the embodiment, in form of a circular ring, allows the cables and tubings to slide there through in their longitudinal direction. However, the holder could also be of a type that clamp around the cables and tubings and prevents longitudinal movement. For the purpose of traction relief of the cables and tubings, a traction wire is arranged between the load carrier and the slider ring as well as between the bogie and the slider ring. However, instead of separate traction wires, at least one of the cables and tubings could be manufactured with a built-in traction reinforcement.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0010] An exemplary embodiment of the invention will now be described in more detail with reference to the appended drawings in which:
    Fig. 1
    is a perspective view from below of en embodiment of a suspension device according to the invention;
    Fig 2
    is a perspective view from above of a railway wagon according to the invention in a state ready for driving;
    Fig 3
    is a partly cut through and enlarged perspective view of the area as indicated in Fig. 2;
    Fig 4
    is a perspective view of the railway wagon illustrated in Fig. 2 having one end of the load carrier displaced laterally such that it is positioned outside of the railway tracks but with the ramp raised;
    Fig 5
    is a partly cut through and enlarged perspective view from below of the area as indicated in Fig.4; and
    Fig 6
    is a perspective view from above of the displaced end of the load carrier having the ramp lowered.

    DESCRIPTION OF AN EMBODIMENT OF THE INVENTION



    [0011] Reference is first made to Fig. 1 in which an embodiment of the inventive suspension device is illustrated in a perspective view from below. The suspension device comprises a guide arrangement in form of a rod 1 having a circular cross section, a slider in form of a circular ring 2, which is slidably arranged on the guide rod 1, and a holder, also in form of a circular ring 3, which is rotatably connected to the slider ring 2 by means of a bolt 4 or the like. A bundle 5 of cables and tubings passes through the holder ring 3 such that they can move in their longitudinal direction through the holder ring. In order to protect the cables and tubings from tractive forces two traction wires are arranged and more precisely a first traction wire 6', which is connected to the slider ring 2 in one end and a load carrier 7 (not shown in Fig. 1) in the other end, as well as a second traction wire 6", which is connected to the slider ring 2 in its one end and a bogie 8 (not shown in Fig. 1) in the other end. Hereby, all traction forces for displacing the slider ring 2 along the guide rod 1 can be taken up by the traction wires 6', 6".

    [0012] Reference is then made to Fig. 2, in which a railway wagon according to the invention is illustrated in a perspective view from above. The railway wagon is in a transportation state standing on a railway track including two rails 9 and is of a type adapted for transportation of road vehicles, such as e.g. trucks, buses, passenger cars and the like, and comprises for this purpose a load carrier 7, which in its respective ends is releasably connected to a bogie 8 having railway track wheels 10. The load carrier 7 comprises a lateral beam 11 extending on each side along its length, a bottom 12 serving as a carriageway for the vehicles to be transported, and an access ramp 13 at each end. The ramps are in this figure showed in a raised transportation state but can be lowered in a loading and unloading state such that their outer ends bears against the ground for allowing the vehicles to be driven up or down on the load carrier, as will be further described and illustrated hereinafter. Each bogie 8 comprises a wheel undercarriage having four railway track wheels 10 and a frame 14 with an upper casing 15, wherein the frame is swivelling connected to the wheel undercarriage such that the frame 14 at least to some extent can rotate in a horizontal plane in relation to the wheel undercarriage.

    [0013] Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the area indicated in Fig. 2 in which the closest lateral beam is omitted for the sake of better visibility. As can be seen the ramp 13 is composed of two ramp portions. Namely an inner ramp portion 13' being along an inner edge pivotally connected to the end of the load carrier 7, and an outer ramp portion 13" being along an inner edge pivotally connected to an outer edge of the inner ramp portion 13'. In an up-lifted state of the ramp 13, as is shown in Fig. 3, the inner ramp portion 13' is accordingly pivoted upwards while the outer ramp portion 13" is pivoted downwards. Hereby it is created an inner hollow or corner between the two ramp portions in which the suspension device is arranged. More precisely, the suspension device is mounted at the inner side of the rotatable joint between the inner and outer ramp portions 13', 13" with the guide rod 1 extending transverse in relation to a longitudinal axis of the load carrier 7. As can be seen the bundle 5 of cables and tubings interconnecting the load carrier 7 and the bogie 8 is located at approximately the middle of the guide rod 1 in this transportation state and the excess length of the cable and tubing bundle 5 is held up well above the ground.

    [0014] Reference is then made to Figs. 4 and 5, in which one end of the load carrier 7 has been released from the bogie 8 and displaced sideways to a position outside of the railway track. The displacing sideways of the load carrier is carried out by means of a displacement device, preferably positioned within the bogie casing 15, which is not the subject of the present application and therefore not specifically described and illustrated herein but could for example be designed as disclosed in the prior art patent documents as mentioned before. In this loading and unloading state of the railway wagon the outer end of the load carrier 7 is resting on the ground by means of separate support devices 16, which are vertically adjustable by means of e.g. hydraulic cylinders. In order to avoid overturn of the bogie 8 during displacing of the load carrier 7, the bogie is provided with tilt preventing means 17, which preferably also are vertically adjustable towards and away from the ground by means of hydraulic cylinders. It is to be noted that when the load carrier 7 is in this sideway displaced state the slider and holder rings 2, 3, and hence also the cable and tubing bundle 5, has automatically assumed a position at the end of the guide rod 1 that is located closest to the railway track and the bogie 8. This displacement of the slider and holder is performed by means of the traction wires 6', 6" when the total length of the cable and tubing bundle 5 has been exceeded.

    [0015] In the displaced position of the load carrier, as illustrated in Figs. 4 and 5, the ramp 13 is still raised. Turning now to Fig. 6, which is a perspective view from above and which illustrates a situation where the load carrier 7 is still displaced sideways and the ramp 13 is being lowered by lowering the inner ramp portion 13' and at the same time stretching out or raising the outer ramp portion 13". As can be seen the bundle 5 of cables and tubings then extends from the load carrier 7 to the bogie 8 below the longitudinal edge of the ramp 13 which is closest to the railway track and the bogie 8. The main part of the cable and tubing bundle 5 will in this position rest on the ground but will, due to its position, not be in danger for being squeezed between the outer end of the ramp or to be run over by any vehicle driving up or down the ramp during loading or unloading.

    [0016] While the invention has been illustrated and described in detail in the drawings and foregoing description, such illustration and description are to be considered illustrative or exemplary and not restrictive; the invention is not limited to the disclosed embodiment. Other variations to the disclosed embodiments can be understood and effected by those skilled in the art in practicing the claimed invention, from a study of the drawings, the disclosure, and the appended claims. In the claims, the word "comprising" does not exclude other elements or steps, and the indefinite article "a" or "an" does not exclude a plurality. The mere fact that certain measures are recited in mutually different dependent claims does not indicate that a combination of these measures cannot be used to advantage. Any reference signs in the claims should not be construed as limiting the scope.


    Claims

    1. A railway wagon comprising a load carrier (7) and front and rear bogies (8), each of the bogies being provided with railway track wheels (10) and being electrically, hydraulically and/or pneumatically connected to the load carrier by means of one or more electric cables, hydraulic and/or pneumatic tubings (5), the load carrier being releasably connected to the respective bogies, and in a released state laterally displaceable in relation to the respective bogies by means of a displacement device, the load carrier having a front and a rear end and being at each end provided with a support device (16) and a ramp (13), the support device being adapted to support the load carrier on the ground in a position where it is displaced in relation to the bogie, whereas the ramp being along an inner edge pivotally connected to the end of the load carrier, characterized in that the ramp (13) is provided with a suspension device on the underside of the ramp including a guide arrangement (1) extending transverse in relation to a longitudinal axis of the load carrier (7), along which guide arrangement a slider (2) is displaceably movable, the slider being provided with a holder (3) for holding of the one or more cables and/or tubings (5) while allowing transverse movement of the cables and/or tubings together with the slider and holder along the guide arrangement.
     
    2. A railway wagon according to claim 1, wherein the guide arrangement comprises a rod (1).
     
    3. A railway wagon according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the holder (3) allows for longitudinal movement of the cables and/or tubings (5) in relation to the holder.
     
    4. A railway wagon according to any of the preceding claims, wherein a traction wire (6', 6") is arranged between the bogie (8) and the slider (2) as well as between the load carrier (7) and the slider (2).
     
    5. A railway wagon according to any of the preceding claims, wherein each ramp (13) is composed of two ramp portions and more precisely an inner ramp portion (13') being along an inner edge pivotally connected to the end of the load carrier (7) and an outer ramp portion (13") being along an inner edge pivotally connected to an outer edge of the inner ramp portion, wherein the suspension device is located on the underside of the ramp at the inner hollow or corner between the two ramp portions.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Eisenbahnwaggon, umfassend einen Lastträger (7) und ein vorderes und hinteres Drehgestell (8), wobei jedes der Drehgestelle mit Schienenrädern (10) versehen ist und mit dem Lastträger mittels eines oder mehrerer elektrischer Kabel, hydraulischer und/oder pneumatischer Schläuche (5) elektrisch, hydraulisch und/oder pneumatisch verbunden ist, wobei der Lastträger mit den jeweiligen Drehgestellen lösbar verbunden ist und in einem gelösten Zustand seitlich in Beziehung zu den jeweiligen Drehgestellen mittels einer Verschiebungsvorrichtung verschiebbar ist, wobei der Lastträger ein vorderes und ein hinteres Ende aufweist und an jedem Ende mit einer Tragvorrichtung (16) und einer Rampe (13) versehen ist, wobei die Tragvorrichtung ausgelegt ist, um den Lastträger auf dem Boden in einer Position zu tragen, in der er in Beziehung zu dem Drehgestell verschoben ist, wobei die Rampe entlang eines inneren Randes mit dem Ende des Lastträgers schwenkbar verbunden ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Rampe (13) mit einer Aufhängungsvorrichtung auf der Unterseite der Rampe versehen ist, die eine Führungsanordnung (1) aufweist, die sich quer in Beziehung zu einer Längsachse des Lastträgers (7) erstreckt, wobei entlang der Führungsanrodnung ein Schieber (2) verschiebbar bewegbar ist, wobei der Schieber mit einem Halter (3) zum Halten des einen oder der mehreren Kabel und/oder Schläuche (5) versehen ist, während eine Querbewegung der Kabel und/oder Schläuche zusammen mit dem Schieber und Halter entlang der Führungsanordnung ermöglicht wird.
     
    2. Eisenbahnwaggon nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Führungsanrodnung eine Stange (1) umfasst.
     
    3. Eisenbahnwaggon nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei der Halter (3) eine Längsbewegung der Kabel und/oder Schläuche (5) in Beziehung zu dem Halter ermöglicht.
     
    4. Eisenbahnwaggon nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei ein Zugdraht (6', 6") zwischen dem Drehgestell (8) und dem Schieber (2) sowie zwischen dem Lastträger (7) und dem Schieber (2) angeordnet ist.
     
    5. Eisenbahnwaggon nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei jede Rampe (13) aus zwei Rampenabschnitten und präziser einem inneren Rampenabschnitt (13'), der entlang eines inneren Randes mit dem Ende des Lastträgers (7) schwenkbar verbunden ist, und einem äußeren Rampenabschnitt (13"), der entlang eines inneren Randes mit einem äußeren Rand des inneren Rampenabschnitts schwenkbar verbunden ist, besteht, wobei sich die Aufhängungsvorrichtung auf der Unterseite der Rampe an dem inneren Hohlraum oder der Ecke der zwei Rampenabschnitte befindet.
     


    Revendications

    1. Wagon ferroviaire comprenant un transporteur de charge (7) et des bogies avant et arrière (8), chacun des bogies étant doté de roues de voie ferrée (10) et étant relié électriquement, hydrauliquement et/ou pneumatiquement au transporteur de charge au moyen d'un ou plusieurs câble(s) électrique(s), tubulure(s) (5) hydrauliqu(e) et/ou pneumatiqu(e), le transporteur de charge étant relié de manière séparable aux bogies respectifs, et dans un état séparé, déplaçable latéralement par rapport aux bogies respectifs au moyen d'un dispositif de déplacement, le transporteur de charge ayant une extrémité avant et arrière et étant doté à chaque extrémité d'un dispositif de support (16) et d'une rampe (13), le dispositif de support étant adapté pour supporter le transporteur de charge sur le sol dans une position où il est déplacé par rapport au bogie, tandis que la rampe étant le long d'un bord intérieur reliée de manière pivotante à l'extrémité du transporteur de charge, caractérisé en ce que la rampe (13) est dotée d'un dispositif de suspension sur la sous-face de la rampe incluant un agencement-guide (1) s'étendant transversalement par rapport à un axe longitudinal du transporteur de charge (7), le long duquel agencement-guide, une coulisse (2) est prévue mobile, la coulisse étant dotée d'un support (3) pour retenir les un ou plusieurs câble(s) et/ou tubulures (5) tout en permettant le mouvement transversal des câble(s) et/ou tubulures conjointement avec la coulisse et le support le long de l'agencement-guide.
     
    2. Wagon ferroviaire selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'agencement-guide comprend une tringle (1).
     
    3. Wagon ferroviaire selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel le support (3) permet le mouvement longitudinal des câble(s) et/ou tubulure(s) (5) par rapport au support.
     
    4. Wagon ferroviaire selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel un câble de traction (6', 6") est agencé entre le bogie (8) et la coulisse (2) ainsi qu'entre le transporteur de charge (7) et la coulisse (2).
     
    5. Wagon ferroviaire selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel chaque rampe (13) est composée de deux parties de rampe et plus précisément, d'une partie de rampe intérieure (13') étant le long d'un bord intérieur reliée en pivotement à l'extrémité du transporteur de charge (7) et d'une partie de rampe extérieure (13") étant le long d'un bord intérieur reliée en pivotement à un bord extérieur de la partie de rampe intérieure, dans lequel le dispositif de suspension est situé sur la sous-face de la rampe contre le creux ou coin intérieur entre les deux parties de rampe.
     




    Drawing

















    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description