(19)
(11)EP 3 390 565 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.04.2020 Bulletin 2020/18

(21)Application number: 16822815.3

(22)Date of filing:  06.12.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C09J 153/02(2006.01)
C09J 133/10(2006.01)
C09D 109/06(2006.01)
C09D 133/10(2006.01)
C09D 5/00(2006.01)
C09J 133/08(2006.01)
C09J 133/14(2006.01)
C09D 133/08(2006.01)
C09D 133/14(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2016/065090
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/105918 (22.06.2017 Gazette  2017/25)

(54)

PRIMER COMPOSITION

GRUNDIERUNGSZUSAMMENSETZUNG

COMPOSITION D'APPRÊT


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 17.12.2015 US 201562268794 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
24.10.2018 Bulletin 2018/43

(73)Proprietor: 3M Innovative Properties Company
St. Paul, MN 55133-3427 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • MOREN, Dean M.
    Saint Paul Minnesota 55133-3427 (US)
  • AMOS, David T.
    Saint Paul Minnesota 55133-3427 (US)

(74)Representative: Vossius & Partner Patentanwälte Rechtsanwälte mbB 
Siebertstrasse 4
81675 München
81675 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 0 341 578
GB-A- 1 053 791
EP-A2- 0 360 152
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD



    [0001] This disclosure relates to a primer composition comprising a primer component. The present disclosure also relates to a primer composition having a primer component and a liquid carrier.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] Low surface energy substrates such as polyethylene, polypropylene, and other polyolefins are characterized as having critical surface tensions of wetting of about 35 dynes/cm or less. Such surfaces are generally unreceptive to inks, paints, and adhesives due to their poor wettability. There is a need to improve adhesion to such surfaces, as well as to high energy surfaces.

    [0003] Some tapes afford very high bond strengths to a wide variety of clean substrates. In some instances, primers may be applied before bonding to ensure maximum bond strength, which can be desirable for some applications. Use of some conventional primers may be complicated by various factors, including government regulations and detrimental effects to substrates, such as for example, crazing and corrosion.

    [0004] Commercially available primers, such as those known as universal primers, advertise adhesion to low surface energy, medium surface energy, and high surface energy substrates including polypropylene, thermoplastic polyolefin, ABS, Nylon, acrylic, polycarbonate, paints, stainless steel, and aluminum. These primers often comprise aromatic solvents (e.g. xylene, toluene, ethylbenzene, chlorobenzene), halogen-based compounds (e.g. chlorinated polyolefin), and Bisphenol A-based compounds (e.g. epoxy resin).

    [0005] EP,A,0 360 152 discloses use of amino group-containing copolymers as primers. EP,A,0 341 578 discloses amino group containing polyacrylates for enhancing adhesion. GB,A,1 053 791 discloses acrylic polymer based dispersions for enhancing adhesion.

    [0006] There is a need for primer compositions comprising a primer component that provide strong adhesion to a wide range of low surface energy, medium surface energy, and high surface energy surfaces that are substantially free of aromatic solvents, halogen compounds, and Bisphenol A-based compounds. There is also a need for these primer compositions to provide strong adhesion between double sided tapes, such as for example, double sided foam tapes, and a wide range of surfaces.

    SUMMARY



    [0007] The present disclosure provides primer compositions comprising a non-volatile primer component that provide strong adhesion to a wide range of low surface energy, medium surface energy, and high surface energy surfaces and that are substantially free of aromatic solvents, halogen compounds, and Bisphenol A-based compounds. The present disclosure also provides such primer compositions having strong adhesion between double sided tapes, such as for example, double sided foam tapes, and a wide range of surfaces.

    [0008] In one aspect, the present disclosure provides a primer composition comprising a primer component comprising: a rubber; an amine-functional (meth)acrylic resin; and a plasticizer. In some embodiments, the amine-functional (meth)acrylic resin is a polymerization reaction product of an amine-functional (meth)acryloyl compound and a non-amine-vinyl monomer; wherein the amine-functional (meth)acryloyl compound is of Formula (I):

    wherein R1 is hydrogen, alkyl, or aralkyl; R2 is alkyl or aralkyl; or R1 and R2 together with the nitrogen atom with which they are joined may form a 5, 6, or 7 member ring; R3 is alkylene or aralkylene; X is nitrogen or oxygen; R4 does not exist if X is oxygen and is hydrogen, alkyl, aryl, alkaryl, or aralkyl if X is nitrogen; and R5 is hydrogen or methyl;
    wherein the amine-functional (meth)acryloyl compound is of Formula (II):

    wherein R1 is hydrogen, alkyl, or aralkyl; each R3 is independently alkylene or aralkylene; X is nitrogen; and R5 is hydrogen or methyl; or combinations thereof.

    [0009] In some embodiments, the amine-functional (meth)acrylic resin has a calculated glass transition temperature (Tg) greater than or equal to 12°C. In some embodiments, the amine-functional (meth)acrylic resin has a calculated Tg greater than or equal to 20°C. In some embodiments, the non-amine-vinyl monomer is selected from the group consisting of a (meth)acrylic acid, a (meth)acrylic acid ester, a (meth)acrylamide, a vinyl ester, a styrene, a (meth)acrylonitrile, and mixtures thereof. In some embodiments, the non-amine-vinyl monomer is a (meth)acrylic acid ester of a C1 to C18 alcohol.

    [0010] In some embodiments, the rubber comprises a block copolymer of a styrene and an alkene. In some embodiments, the rubber comprises a styrene-ethylene/butylene-styrene block copolymer grafted with maleic anhydride.

    [0011] In some embodiments, the plasticizer is of Formula III:

            (R-X-)nZ     (III)

    wherein: each R may be hydrogen, C1-C14 alkyl, aryl, alkaryl, or aralkyl; each optionally interrupted by oxygen, nitrogen, carbonyl, carboxyl, or carbamide; each X may be oxygen, nitrogen, carbonyl, carboxyl, or carbamide; Z may be a hydrogen, C1-C14 alkyl, aryl, alkaryl, aralkyl, C1-C14 alkylene, arylene, alkarylene, aralkylene; each optionally interrupted by oxygen, nitrogen, carbonyl, carboxyl, or carbamide; and n is an integer of 1 to 5. In some embodiments, n is an integer of 1 to 4.

    [0012] In some embodiments, the plasticizer is selected from at least one of the following; a benzoic acid ester, a myristic acid ester, a citric acid ester, an acetic acid ester, a succinic acid ester, a gluratic acid ester, an adipic acid ester, a sebacic acid ester, and combinations thereof. In some embodiments, the plasticizer is selected from at least one of the following; a benzoic acid ester, a myristic acid ester, a citric acid ester, and combinations thereof. A citric acid ester may have one, two, three, or four R groups as referenced in Formula III.

    [0013] In some embodiments, the primer component comprises: 35 wt.% to 70 wt.% of the rubber; 20 wt.% to 35 wt.% of the amine-functional (meth)acrylic resin; and 10 wt.% to 40 wt.% of the plasticizer, wherein the weight percentages are all based on the total weight of the primer component. In some embodiments, the primer component comprises: 40 wt.% to 60 wt.% of the rubber; 20 wt.% to 35 wt.% of the amine-functional (meth)acrylic resin; and 15 wt.% to 35 wt.% of the plasticizer, wherein the weight percentages are all based on the total weight of the primer component.

    [0014] In some embodiments, the primer composition further comprises a liquid carrier. In some embodiments, the liquid carrier is a solvent. In some embodiments, the primer composition comprises: 1 wt.% to 25 wt.% of the primer component; and 75 wt.% to 99 wt.% of the solvent, wherein the weight percentages are all based on the total weight of the primer composition. In some embodiments, the primer composition comprises: 2 wt.% to 7 wt.% of the primer component; and 93 wt.% to 98 wt.% of the solvent, wherein the weight percentages are all based on the total weight of the primer composition.

    [0015] In some embodiments, the solvent is a solvent blend having a Hildebrand total solubility parameter in a range from about 15 MPa1/2 to about 17.5 MPa1/2. In some embodiments, the plasticizer has a Predicted Enthalpy of Evaporation greater than about 50 kJ/mol. In some embodiments, the plasticizer has a Predicted Enthalpy of Evaporation greater than about 55 kJ/mol.

    [0016] In another aspect, the present disclosure provides an article comprising: a substrate; and a layer of any of the aforementioned primer components disposed on at least one outer surface of the substrate. In some embodiments, the article further comprises a layer of adhesive disposed on the layer of the primer component opposite the substrate. In some embodiments, the article further comprises a backing layer disposed on the layer of adhesive opposite the layer of any of the aforementioned primer component.

    [0017] The above summary of the present disclosure is not intended to describe each embodiment of the present invention. The details of one or more embodiments of the invention are also set forth in the description below. Other features, objects, and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the description and from the claims.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0018] Before any embodiments of the invention are explained in detail, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited in its application to the details of construction and the arrangement of components set forth in the following description. The invention is capable of other embodiments and of being practiced or of being carried out in various ways. Also, it is to be understood that the phraseology and terminology used herein is for the purpose of description and should not be regarded as limiting. The use of "including," "comprising," or "having" and variations thereof herein is meant to encompass the items listed thereafter and equivalents thereof as well as additional items. Any numerical range recited herein includes all values from the lower value to the upper value. For example, if a concentration range is stated as 1% to 50%, it is intended that values such as 2% to 40%, 10% to 30%, or 1% to 3%, etc., are expressly enumerated. These are only examples of what is specifically intended, and all possible combinations of numerical values between and including the lowest value and the highest value enumerated are to be considered to be expressly stated in this application.

    [0019] Primer compositions of the present disclosure are conveniently applied in liquid form, for example from the melt; as aqueous emulsions, dispersions, or suspensions; or, preferably, as solvent solutions. Preferred solvent solutions are homogeneous and storage stable and minimally attack substrate during use. Solvent solutions may comprise a single solvent or a blend of solvents.

    [0020] As used herein, a primer surface preparation, derived from the presently disclosed primer composition comprising non-volatile primer component, is considered to provide strong adhesion to double sided tapes, such as for example, double sided foam tapes, when there is a peel adhesion of at least 35 Newtons per centimeter (N/cm) (20 pounds per inch width (piw)) between two bonded substrates, preferably peel adhesion exceeding 52 N/cm (30 piw) between two bonded substrates, and more preferably peel adhesion exceeding 52 N/cm (30 piw) between two bonded substrates and resulting in cohesive failure in the tape.

    [0021] The present disclosure provides a primer composition having a primer component comprising a rubber, an amine-functional (meth)acrylic resin, and a plasticizer. In some embodiments, the present disclosed primer composition comprises a rubber, an amine-functional (meth)acrylic resin, a plasticizer, and an aliphatic hydrocarbon.

    [0022] Rubbers useful in the present disclosure include block copolymers of styrene and alkene, preferably hydrogenated styrene/alkene block copolymers, and more preferably hydrogenated styrene/alkene block copolymers further bearing pendant anhydride moieties. Most preferably, the rubber is a styrene-ethylene/butylene-styrene block copolymer grafted with maleic anhydride, such as those available under the trade designation "KRATON FG1901" from Kraton Performance Polymers Inc., Houston, Texas.

    [0023] Amine-functional acrylic resins useful in the present disclosure include those derivable by copolymerization of amine-functional (meth)acrylic acid esters and amides with non-amine-functional vinyl monomers. Amine-functional acrylic acid esters and amides are selected from those of Formula (I)

    wherein R1 is hydrogen, alkyl, or aralkyl; R2 is alkyl or aralkyl; or R1 and R2 together with the nitrogen atom with which they are joined may form a 5, 6, or 7 member ring; R3 is alkylene or aralkylene; X is nitrogen or oxygen; R4 does not exist if X is oxygen and is hydrogen, alkyl, aryl, alkaryl, or aralkyl if X is nitrogen; and R5 is hydrogen or methyl;
    and those of Formula (II)

    wherein R1 is hydrogen, alkyl, or aralkyl; each R3 is independently alkylene or aralkylene; X is nitrogen; and R5 is hydrogen or methyl.

    [0024] Preferred amine-functional (meth)acrylic acid esters and amides include 2-(N,N-dimethylaminoethyl) (meth)acrylate; 2-(N,N-diethylaminoethyl) (meth)acrylate; 2-(t-butylaminoethyl) (meth)acrylate; 2-(N,N-dimethylaminoethyl) (meth)acrylamide; 2-(N,N-diethylaminoethyl) (meth)acrylamide; 2-(t-butylaminoethyl) (meth)acrylamide; and N-(meth)acryloylpiperidine. 2-(N,N-dimethylaminoethyl) methacrylate and 2-(t-butylaminoethyl) methacrylate are particularly preferred.

    [0025] In some embodiments, the amine-functional (meth)acrylic resin has a calculated Tg greater than or equal to 12°C. In some embodiments, the amine-functional (meth)acrylic resin has a calculated Tg greater than or equal to 20°C. The calculated Tg of an amine-functional (meth)acrylic resin can be conveniently estimated according to Formula V

    wherein Tg amine-functional (meth)acrylic resin is the calculated Tg for the amine-functional (meth)acrylic resin and Wi and Tgi are weight fraction and homopolymer Tg for individual amine-functional (meth)acrylic acid esters and amides and non-amine-functional vinyl monomers present in the amine-functional (meth)acrylic resin. Each Tg has units in degrees Celsius. Values for homopolymer Tg for individual amine-functional (meth)acrylic acid esters and amides and non-amine-functional vinyl monomers are conveniently tabulated, for example, in Polymer Handbook, 2nd edition. John Wiley, 1975.

    [0026] Non-amine-functional vinyl monomers include, for example, (meth)acrylic acid and their esters and amides, vinyl esters, styrene, and (meth)acrylonitrile. (meth)acrylic acid esters are preferred non-amine-functional vinyl monomers. More preferred (meth)acrylic acid esters are formally esters of (meth)acrylic acid with C1 to C18 alcohols.

    [0027] Plasticizers useful in the present disclosure remain in the primer coating after evaporation of a liquid carrier, for example, a solvent, and minimize attack (e.g. dissolution, crazing, marring, discoloration) on a substrate used therewith. Preferred plasticizers have Predicted Enthalpies of Evaporation greater than about 50 kJ/mol and general structure of Formula III

            (R-X-)nZ

    wherein

    each R may be hydrogen, C1-C14 alkyl, aryl, alkaryl, or aralkyl; each optionally interrupted by oxygen, nitrogen, carbonyl, carboxyl, or carbamide;

    each X may be oxygen, nitrogen, carbonyl, carboxyl, or carbamide;

    each Z may be a hydrogen, C1-C14 alkyl, aryl, alkaryl, aralkyl, C1-C14 alkylene, arylene, alkarylene, aralkylene; each optionally interrupted by oxygen, nitrogen, carbonyl, carboxyl, or carbamide; and

    n is an integer ranging from 1 to 5, or in some embodiments, n is an integer ranging from 1 to 4.



    [0028] Preferred plasticizers include benzoic acid ester, myristic acid ester, citric acid ester, acetic acid ester, succinic acid ester, gluratic acid ester, adipic acid ester, and sebacic acid ester, and combinations thereof. More preferred plasticizers include benzoic acid ester, myristic acid ester, and citric acid ester.

    [0029] Plasticizers useful in the present disclosure preferably resist evaporation and remain in the primer component for prolonged periods. While volatile plasticizers can be useful, for example, when a priming step immediately precedes a tape bonding step, preferred plasticizers remain in the primer component even when the tape bonding step is delayed. Useful plasticizers preferably retain efficacy for at least three minutes after application, more preferably for at least 60 minutes, most preferably for at least 24 hours. Resistance to evaporation can be conveniently quantified according to the predicted enthalpy of vaporization values provided by commercially available chemical computation software, such as that available under the name "Percepta Predictors-Software Modules to Predict Physicochemical, ADME, and Toxicity Properties" from Structure Advanced Chemistry Development (publicly available by accessing the website called http://www.chemspider.com (last accessed on November 20, 2015). Preferred plasticizers useful in the present disclosure have predicted enthalpies of vaporization greater than about 50 kJ/mol, and more preferably greater than about 55 kJ/mol. Predicted enthalpy of vaporization for plasticizers useful in the present disclosure are listed in the table below:
    CompoundPredicted Enthalpy of Vaporization (kJ/mol)
    tributyl acetylcitrate 89
    tributyl citrate 74
    dipropylene glycol dibenzoate 73
    diethylene glycol dibenzoate 66
    propylene glycol dicaprate/caprylate 65
    dibutyl tartarate 65
    triethyl citrate 62
    diethyl tartarate 60
    diethyl malate 60
    isodecyl benzoate 59
    dibutyl phthalate 58
    triethyl acetylcitrate 57
    isopropyl myristate 56
    diethyl sebacate 55
    ethyl toluenesulfonamide 55
    ethylhexyl benzoate 55
    dibutyl itaconate 55
    dibutyl adipate 54
    dimethyl sebacate 54
    dibutyl fumarate 52
    tributyl phosphate 51
    phenoxypropanol 51
    glycerol triacetate 50
    butyl lactate 49
    dimethyl adipate 47
    diethyl succinate 46


    [0030] In some embodiments, the present disclosure provides a primer composition having a primer component comprising a rubber, an amine-functional (meth)acrylic resin, a plasticizer, and a liquid carrier. In some embodiments, the present disclosed primer composition comprises a rubber, an amine-functional (meth)acrylic resin, a plasticizer, and an aliphatic hydrocarbon. Preferred liquid carrier useful in the present disclosure is solvent.

    [0031] In some embodiments, the presently disclosed primer composition comprises: 1 wt.% to 25 wt.% of the primer component; and 75 wt.% to 99 wt.% of the solvent, where the weight percentages are all based on the total weight of the primer composition. In some embodiments, the presently disclosed primer composition comprises: 2 wt.% to 7 wt.% of the primer component; and 93 wt.% to 98 wt.% of the solvent, where the weight percentages are all based on the total weight of the primer composition.

    [0032] Solvent solutions useful in the present disclosure are those having a Hildebrand total solubility parameter between about 15 MPa1/2 and about 17.5 MPa1/2. Hildebrand total solubility parameters for single solvents are conveniently tabulated, for example, in Handbook of Solubility Parameters and Other Cohesion Parameters, 2nd edition. CRC Press, 1991. Hildebrand total solubility parameters for solvent blends can be estimated from the volume averaged Hildebrand total solubility parameters of the individual solvent components in the solvent blend according to Formula IV


    wherein SPblend is the Hildebrand total solubility parameter of the solvent blend and Wi, SGi, and SPi are weight fraction, specific gravity, and Hildebrand total solubility parameter for each individual solvent in the blend. Representative Hildebrand total solubility parameter and specific gravity for select individual solvents and various solvent blends follow.
    Individual SolventSPi (MPa1/2)SGi (g/ml)
    hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDS) 11.7 0.77
    heptane 15.3 0.68
    methylcyclohexane (MCH) 16.0 0.77
    t-butyl acetate (tBAC) 16.2 0.87
    methyl acetate (MAC) 19.4 0.94
    acetone 19.7 0.79
    Solvent BlendEstimated SPblend (MPa1/2)
    40/40/20 MCH/MAC/HMDS 16.3
    30/40/30 MCH/MAC/HMDS 15.8
    60/40 heptane/MAC 16.6
    40/40/20 heptane/MAC/tBAC 16.9
    46/15/39 heptane/MCH/MAC 16.7


    [0033] Individual solvents preferably useful in the present disclosure include acetone, methyl acetate, t-butyl acetate, hexamethyldisiloxane, heptane, and methylcyclohexane.

    [0034] More preferred solvent solutions for use in the present disclosure comprise less than 0.1 wt.% of any one aromatic hydrocarbon including, for example, benzene, toluene, xylene, ethylbenzene, and chlorobenzene. Even more preferred solvent solutions comprise less than 0.1 wt.% total aromatic hydrocarbon. Most preferably, the solvent solution comprises less than 0.01 wt.% total aromatic hydrocarbon.

    [0035] More preferred solvent solutions comprise, for example 0-50 wt.% acetone, 0-50 wt.% methyl acetate, 0-40wt.% hexamethyldisiloxane, and 0-40 wt.% t-butyl acetate. More preferred solvent solutions additionally comprise 25-90 wt.% aliphatic alkane, including straight chain, branched, and cyclic hydrocarbons, especially those having five to twelve carbon atoms. Heptane and methylcyclohexane are especially preferred aliphatic alkanes. More preferred solvent solutions comprise 25-45 wt.% acetone or methyl acetate, 0-25 wt.% hexamethyldisiloxane, and 35-75 wt.% aliphatic alkane. Most preferred solvent solutions comprise methyl acetate and methylcyclohexane or methyl acetate and heptane.

    [0036] Preferred primer compositions of the present disclosure comprise 92 to 99 wt.% volatile solvents and 1 to 8 wt.% non-volatile primer components, more preferably 94 to 97 wt.% volatile solvents and 3 to 6 wt.% non-volatile primer components.

    [0037] In some embodiments, the presently disclosed primer composition comprises a primer component, where the primer component comprises: 35 wt.% to 70 wt.% of the rubber; 20 wt.% to 35 wt.% of the amine-functional (meth)acrylic resin; and 10 wt.% to 40 wt.% of the plasticizer, where the weight percentages are all based on the total weight of the primer component. In some embodiments, the presently disclosed primer composition comprises a primer component, where the primer component comprises: 40 wt.% to 60 wt.% of the rubber; 20 wt.% to 35 wt.% of the amine-functional (meth)acrylic resin; and 15 wt.% to 35 wt.% of the plasticizer, where the weight percentages are all based on the total weight of the primer component.

    [0038] In some embodiments, the primer composition further comprises a colorant. In some embodiments, the colorant is fluorescent.

    [0039] The present disclosure provides primer compositions comprising primer component that exhibit good adhesion to both low energy surfaces (e.g., polyolefins, such as polypropylene), as well as higher energy surfaces (i.e., having surface energies greater than 35 dynes/cm such as metal). The primer compositions are useful as primers (e.g., for use with adhesives, paints, and coatings).

    [0040] In some embodiments, articles can be made comprising: a substrate; and a primer surface treatment of any of the previously disclosed embodiments of the primer component disposed on at least one surface of the substrate. These articles can also include a layer of adhesive disposed on the layer of the primer surface treatment opposite the substrate. In some embodiments, these articles can also include a backing layer disposed on the layer of adhesive opposite the layer of the primer surface treatment.

    [0041] Following are exemplary embodiments and combinations of embodiments for the present disclosure:

    Embodiment 1. A primer composition comprising a primer component comprising: a rubber; an amine-functional (meth)acrylic resin; and a plasticizer.

    Embodiment 2. The primer composition of Embodiment 1, wherein the amine-functional (meth)acrylic resin is a polymerization reaction product of an amine-functional (meth)acryloyl compound and a non-amine-vinyl monomer; wherein the amine-functional (meth)acryloyl compound is of Formula (I) :

    wherein R1 is hydrogen, alkyl, or aralkyl; R2 is alkyl or aralkyl; or R1 and R2 together with the nitrogen atom with which they are joined may form a 5, 6, or 7 member ring; R3 is alkylene or aralkylene; X is nitrogen or oxygen; R4 does not exist if X is oxygen and is hydrogen, alkyl, aryl, alkaryl, or aralkyl if X is nitrogen; and R5 is hydrogen or methyl;
    wherein the amine-functional (meth)acryloyl compound is of Formula (II):

    wherein R1 is hydrogen, alkyl, or aralkyl; each R3 is independently alkylene or aralkylene; X is nitrogen; and R5 is hydrogen or methyl; or combinations thereof.

    Embodiment 3. The primer composition of Embodiment 1 or 2, wherein the amine-functional (meth)acrylic resin has a calculated Tg greater than or equal to 12°C.

    Embodiment 4. The primer composition of Embodiment 2, wherein the non-amine-vinyl monomer is selected from the group consisting of a (meth)acrylic acid, a (meth)acrylic acid ester, a (meth)acrylamide, a vinyl ester, a styrene, a (meth)acrylonitrile, and mixtures thereof.

    Embodiment 5. The primer composition of any of Embodiments 2, 3 or 4, wherein the non-amine-vinyl monomer is a (meth)acrylic acid ester of a C1 to C18 alcohol.

    Embodiment 6. The primer composition of any of the preceding Embodiments, wherein the rubber comprises a block copolymer of a styrene and an alkene.

    Embodiment 7. The primer composition of any of the preceding Embodiments, wherein the rubber comprises a styrene-ethylene/butylene-styrene block copolymer grafted with maleic anhydride.

    Embodiment 8. The primer composition of any of the preceding Embodiments, wherein the plasticizer is of Formula III:

            (R-X-)nZ     (III)

    wherein: each R may be hydrogen, C1-C14 alkyl, aryl, alkaryl, or aralkyl; each optionally interrupted by oxygen, nitrogen, carbonyl, carboxyl, or carbamide; each X may be oxygen, nitrogen, carbonyl, carboxyl, or carbamide; Z may be a hydrogen, C1-C14 alkyl, aryl, alkaryl, aralkyl, C1-C14 alkylene, arylene, alkarylene, aralkylene; each optionally interrupted by oxygen, nitrogen, carbonyl, carboxyl, or carbamide; and n is an integer of 1 to 5.

    Embodiment 9. The primer composition of Embodiment 8, wherein n is an integer of 1 to 4.

    Embodiment 10. The primer composition of any of the preceding Embodiments, wherein the plasticizer is selected from at least one of the following a benzoic acid ester, a myristic acid ester, a citric acid ester, an acetic acid ester, a succinic acid ester, a gluratic acid ester, an adipic acid ester, a sebacic acid ester, and combinations thereof.

    Embodiment 11. The primer composition of any Embodiments 1 to 9, wherein the plasticizer is selected from at least one of the following a benzoic acid ester, a myristic acid ester, a citric acid ester, and combinations thereof.

    Embodiment 12. The primer composition of any of the preceding Embodiments, wherein the primer component comprises: 35 wt.% to 70 wt.% of the rubber; 20 wt.% to 35 wt.% of the amine-functional (meth)acrylic resin; and 10 wt.% to 40 wt.% of the plasticizer, wherein the weight percentages are all based on the total weight of the primer component.

    Embodiment 13. The primer composition of any of Embodiments 1 to 11 wherein the primer component comprises: 40 wt.% to 60 wt.% of the rubber; 20 wt.% to 35 wt.% of the amine-functional (meth)acrylic resin; and 15 wt.% to 35 wt.% of the plasticizer, wherein the weight percentages are all based on the total weight of the primer component.

    Embodiment 14. The primer composition of any of the preceding Embodiments further comprising a liquid carrier.

    Embodiment 15. The primer composition of Embodiment 14 wherein the liquid carrier is a solvent.

    Embodiment 16. The primer composition of Embodiment 15, wherein the primer composition comprises: 1 wt.% to 25 wt.% of the primer component; and 75 wt.% to 99 wt.% of the solvent, wherein the weight percentages are all based on the total weight of the primer composition.

    Embodiment 17. The primer of Embodiment 15, wherein the primer composition comprises: 2 wt.% to 7 wt.% of the primer component; and 93 wt.% to 98 wt.% of the solvent, wherein the weight percentages are all based on the total weight of the primer composition.

    Embodiment 18. The primer composition of any of Embodiments 15 to 17 wherein the solvent is a solvent blend having a Hildebrand total solubility parameter in a range from about 15 MPa1/2 to about 17.5 MPa1/2.

    Embodiment 19. The primer composition of any of the preceding Embodiments wherein the plasticizer has a Predicted Enthalpy of Evaporation greater than about 50 kJ/mol.

    Embodiment 20. The primer composition of Embodiment 1 or 2, wherein the amine-functional (meth)acrylic resin has a calculated Tg greater than or equal to 20°C.

    Embodiment 21. The primer composition of any of the preceding Embodiments wherein the plasticizer has a Predicted Enthalpy of Evaporation greater than about 55 kJ/mol.

    Embodiment 22. An article comprising: a substrate; and a layer of any of the aforementioned primer components disposed on at least one outer surface of the substrate.

    Embodiment 23. The article of Embodiment 22 further comprising a layer of adhesive disposed on the layer of any of the aforementioned primer components opposite the substrate.

    Embodiment 24. The article of Embodiment 23 further comprising a backing layer disposed on the layer of adhesive opposite the layer of the primer component.



    [0042] Various modifications and alterations of this invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art without departing from the scope of this invention.

    EXAMPLES



    [0043] 
    TABLE 1. Materials
    DesignationDescriptionSource
    MMA methyl methacrylate Dow Chemical, Midland, MI
    IOA iso-octyl acrylate 3M Co., St. Paul, MN
    tBAEMA 2-(t-butylamino)ethyl methacrylate BASF, Florham Park, NJ
    MAC Methyl acetate Alfa-Aesar, Ward Hill, MA
    VAZO 2,2'-azobis(2-methylbutyronitrile) DuPont, Wilmington, DE
    NVC N-vinylcaprolactam BASF, Florham Park, NJ
    KRATON FG1901 a clear, linear triblock copolymer based on styrene and ethylene/butylene Kraton Polymers, Houston, TX
    TINOPAL OB 2,5-thiophenediylbis(5-tert-butyl-1,3-benzoxazole BASF, Florham Park, NJ
    ATBC tributyl acetylcitrate Lanxess, Orange, TX
    A186 2-(3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)ethyltrimethoxysilane Momentive, Columbus, OH
    MCH methylcyclohexane Alfa-Aesar, Ward Hill, MA
    HMDS hexamethyldisiloxane Alfa-Aesar, Ward Hill, MA
    AA Acrylic acid Dow Chemical, Midland, MI

    Test Methods


    Polymer Inherent Viscosity



    [0044] The inherent viscosity was determined by conventional means using a Cannon-Fenske #50 viscometer in a 25°C water bath to measure the flow time of 10 milliliters polymer solution (0.60 grams per deciliter of ethyl acetate.)

    Primer Component Adhesion Performance ("Peel Test")



    [0045] Substrates were cleaned with SURPASS facial tissues (Kimberly-Clark) wetted with aqueous isopropyl alcohol (50:50 vol/vol) then allowed to dry. The Primer Composition was poured onto a fresh SURPASS facial tissue, applied to substrates in even coats, and allowed to dry for three minutes. 3M™ VHB™ TAPE 4611 tape strips (1 inch x 4 inches, ∼2.5 cm x ∼10 cm) were backed on one face with anodized aluminum foil and the other face was placed onto the primed surface, then pressed down twice under a 15 pound (6.8 kg) roller moving at 12 inches (∼30 cm) per minute. 90° peel strengths were assessed after standing overnight at room temperature, pulling the anodized aluminum foil backing perpendicular to the substrate at 12 inches (∼30 cm) per minute. The average peel force was recorded along with failure mode. Failure mode "fs" indicates cohesive failure within the foam tape during testing, "cp" means the tape peeled cleanly from the surface and the tape did not fail cohesively during testing, and "mix" indicates a mixture of fs and cp failure modes were observed during testing. A list of adhesion performance test substrates immediately follows:

    Adhesion Performance Test Substrates



    [0046] 
    DesignationDescriptionSource
    stainless steel Polished stainless steel ChemInstruments, Fairfield, OH
    acrylic Acrylic Clear, Ext PE Mask, 0.118" thick Plastics International, Eden Prairie, MN
    polycarbonate MAKROLON GP, clear, 0.118" thick Plastics International
    ABS ABS Natural (Tan) S/S Ext, 0.125" thick Plastics International
    Nylon Nylon Type 6/6 Natural, 0.125" thick Plastics International
    Rigid PVC Type 1 Grade 1 Gray PVC, 0.125" thick Plastics International
    polyester FRP GPO-3 Polyester/Glass red, 0.125" thick, glass fiber reinforced polyester Plastics International
    Epoxy FRP FR4 Epoxy/Glass, 0.125" thick, glass fiber reinforced thermoset epoxy resin Plastics International
    phenolic CE Phenolic/Canvas Natural, 0.125" thick, canvas reinforced phenolic Plastics International
    TPO BASEL HIFAX ETA 3131 BLK thermoplastic polyolefin Standard Plaque, Melvindale, MI
    polypropylene Polypropylene SR Natural, 0.125" thick Plastics International
    white truck paint DC105W-2196 19G1393 POLAR WHITE, roll-coated, heat-cured, wax-containing coating (0.75mil thick) on 0.019" thick aluminum Dura Coat Products, Huntsville, AL

    Preparative Example 1 (PE-1): Preparation of Amine-Functional Acrylic Resin 1 (AFAR1) (55:30:15 MMA/IOA/tBAEMA, at 40 wt.% solids in MAC)



    [0047] A reactor was charged with 132 grams MMA, 72 grams IOA, 36 grams oftBAEMA, 360 grams of MAC, and 1.92 grams of VAZO 67. The solution was deoxygenated with nitrogen, the reactor was sealed, and the solution was heated 46 hours at 65°C, then allowed to cool. The resulting solution was found to contain 40.3 wt.% solids and had inherent viscosity of 0.36.

    Preparative Examples 2 to 9 (PE-2 to PE-9): Amine-Functional Acrylic Resins 2 to 9 (AFAR2-AFAR9)



    [0048] The general procedure for preparation of PE-1 was repeated (with the same relative amounts of MAC and VAZO 67), but altering monomer weight ratios and/or incorporating alternative monomers, according to the amounts indicated in Table 2, with the resulting inherent viscosity and wt.% solid ("phr" is per hundred weight resin) values listed.
    TABLE 2
    Preparative Example"AFAR" numberMMA, phrBMA, phrIOA, phrtBAEMA, phrDMAEMA, phrCalculated TgInherent viscosityWt.% solids
    PE-1 AFAR1 55 0 30 15 0 26°C 0.36 40.3
    PE-2 AFAR2 42 0 42 16 0 6°C 0.38 40.1
    PE-3 AFAR3 35 53 0 12 0 49°C 0.42 34.2
    PE-4 AFAR4 35 53 0 0 12 47°C 0.37 34.9
    PE-5 AFAR5 42 42 0 16 0 55°C 0.33 40.6
    PE-6 AFAR6 56 14 14 16 0 47°C 0.35 40.4
    PE-7 AFAR7 28 28 28 16 0 12°C 0.37 40.1
    PE-8 AFAR8 0 42 42 16 0 -16°C 0.38 39.9
    PE-9 AFAR9 14 14 56 16 0 -21°C 0.39 39.8

    Preparative Examples 10 (PE-10): Amide-Functional Acrylic Resin ("AMDA")



    [0049] The general procedure for preparation of PE-1 was repeated, but replacing amino-functional monomer with amide-functional monomer, N-vinylcaprolactam (NVC), and using the monomer weight ratios, according to the amounts indicated in Table 3.
    TABLE 3
    Preparative ExampleIOA, phrNVC, phrAA, phrInherent viscosityWt.% solids
    PE-10 (AMDA) 78 21 1 0.58 37.5

    Example 1 Primer Composition: (50:24:24:2 KRATON FG1901/ATBC/PE-1/A186 in solvent solution)



    [0050] A 5-liter flask equipped with overhead stirring, thermocouple, condenser, and nitrogen inlet was charged with 100.0 grams KRATON FG1901, 3.0 grams TINOPAL OB, 48.0 grams ATBC, and 4.0 grams A186. Stirring was started, 567 grams of MCH was added, and the mixture was heated 3 hours at 60°C to ensure homogeneous solution. The solution was diluted with an additional 953 grams MCH, cooled to ambient temperature, then sequentially diluted with 1448 grams of methyl acetate, 120 grams of the AFAR of PE-1, and 760 grams HMDS. The final solution was found to have 4.7 wt.% solids.

    [0051] Example 1 Primer Composition was applied to various substrates and performance of the dried coatings were assessed according to the Primer Component Adhesion Performance test method. Peel forces and failure modes were as recorded in Table 4.
    TABLE 4
    SubstrateExample 1 primer composition peel force test results
    piw (N/cm)failure mode
    stainless steel 46 (80) fs
    acrylic 46 (80) fs
    polycarbonate 46 (80) fs
    ABS 46 (80) fs
    Nylon 47 (82) mix
    Rigid PVC 46 (80) fs
    polyester FRP 43 (75) mix
    Epoxy FRP 46 (80) fs
    phenolic 46 (80) fs
    TPO 45 (78) fs
    polyp ropy lene 27 (47) mix
    white truck paint 36 (63) cp
    piw: pounds force per inch width
    N/cm: Newtons/cm
    mode: fs = foam split
    mix = mixed mode
    cp = clean peel

    Examples 2-5



    [0052] Example 1 was repeated, preserving the 50/24/24/2 KRATON FG1901/AFAR/ATBC/A186 ratio, but replacing AFAR1 with AFAR2, omitting TINOPAL OB, and varying concentration of total solids as shown in Table 5. The peel force test results were as shown in Table 5.
    TABLE 5
    SubstrateExample 2Example 3Example 4Example 5
    3 wt.% solids4 wt.% solids5 wt.% solids6 wt.% solids
    piw (N/cm)modepiw (N/cm)modepiw (N/cm)modepiw (N/cm)mode
    Nylon 32 (56) cp 32 (56) cp 34 (59) cp 34 (59) cp
    polypropylene 32 (56) mix 36 (63) mix 19 (33) mix 28 (49) mix
    white truck paint 28 (49) cp 32 (56) cp 33 (57) cp 31 (54) cp

    Examples 6-7 and Comparative Example 1



    [0053] Example 3 was repeated, except replacing AFAR2 with AMDA, AFAR3, AFAR4, or a mixture thereof, and adjusting the non-volatile ingredient ratio as shown in Table 6. The peel force test results were as shown in Table 6.
    TABLE 6
    ExampleNon-volatiles, weight ratiopolypropylenephenolic
    piw (N/cm)modepiw (N/cm)mode
    Example 6 50/7/15/26/2 KRATON FG1901/AMDA/AFAR3/ATBC/A186 35 (61) fs 35 (61) fs
    Example 7 50/7/15/26/2 KRATON FG1901/AMDA/AFAR4/ATBC/A186 35 (61) fs 35 (61) fs
    Comparative 1 50/20/28/2 KRATON FG1901/AMDA/ATBC/A186 18 (31) cp 19 (33) cp

    Examples 8-16 and Comparative Examples 2-3



    [0054] Example 4 was repeated, except replacing ATBC with alternative plasticizer, or omitting plasticizer, with peel force test results as shown in Table 7.
    TABLE 7
    ExamplePlasticizerNylonpolypropylenewhite truck paint
    piw (N/cm)modepiw (N/cm)modepiw (N/cm)mode
    Example 8 isopropyl myristate 38 (66) mix 40 (70) fs 32 (56) cp
    Example 9 dibutyl adipate 36 (63) cp 43 (75) fs 30 (52) cp
    Example 10 phenoxypropanol 32 (56) cp 31 (54) mix 38 (66) cp
    Example 11 isodecyl benzoate 32 (56) cp 26 (45) cp 37 (64) mix
    Example 12 dipropylene glycol dibenzoate 42 (73) mix 21 (36) cp 39 (68) mix
    Example 13 diethylene glycol dibenzoate / dipropylene glycol dibenzoate 32 (56) cp 32 (56) mix 38 (66) mix
    Example 14 2,2,4-trimethylpentyl dibenzoate 41 (71) cp 19 (33) cp 40 (70) mix
    Example 15 triethylene glycol diethylhexanoate 32 (56) cp 21 (36) cp 31 (54) cp
    Example 16 diethylhexyl terephthalate 32 (56) cp 32 (56) cp 29 (50) cp
    Comparative 2 none 42 (73) mix 14 (24) cp 26 (45) cp
    Comparative 3 2-octyldodecanol 31 (54) cp 16 (28) cp 30 (52) cp

    Examples 17-24 and Comparative Examples 4-9



    [0055] Example 3 was repeated, all at 4 wt.% solids, but replacing AFAR2 with AFAR3 and varying KRATON FG1901/AFAR3/ATBC weight ratio, with peel force test results as shown in Table 8.
    TABLE 8
    ExampleNon-volatiles, weight ratio KRATON FG1901/AFAR3/ATBCNylonpolypropylenewhite truck paint
    piw (N/cm)modepiw (N/cm)modepiw (N/cm)mode
    Example 17 48/32/20 36.8 (64) mix 37.5 (65) mix 39.5 (69) mix
    Example 18 40/24/36 33.3 (58) mix 39 (68) mix 28.7 (50) cp
    Example 19 64/24/12 29.4 (51) cp 25.1 (44) cp 24.9 (43) cp
    Example 20 64/10/26 25.6 (44) cp 24.7 (43) mix 22.1 (38) cp
    Example 21 48/24/28 31.6 (55) cp 36 (63) mix 26.3 (46) cp
    Example 22 40/32/28 29.5 (51) cp 27.6 (48) mix 28.1 (49) cp
    Example 23 48/16/36 29.2 (51) cp 24 (42) cp 23.7 (41) cp
    Example 24 5624/20 32.8 (57) cp 29.1 (51) mix 24.4 (42) cp
    Comparative 4 32/40/28 25.6 (44) cp 10.8 (18) cp 20.2 (35) cp
    Comparative 5 5517/28 35.8 (62) mix 16.4 (28) cp 28.7 (50) cp
    Comparative 6 40/48/12 24.8 (43) cp 13.9 (24) cp 18.4 (32) cp
    Comparative 7 55/40/5 28.1 (49) cp 18.5 (32) cp 16.9 (29) cp
    Comparative 8 32/24/44 33.1 (58) cp 16.5 (28) cp 16.7 (29) cp
    Comparative 9 48/10/42 28.2 (49) cp 18.4 (32) mix 25.3 (44) cp

    Example 25



    [0056] Example 4 was repeated, except replacing the 40/40/20 MCH/MAC/HMDS solvent blend with the solvent blend indicated in Table 9.
    TABLE 9
    ExampleSolvent Blend Weight RatioNylonpolypropylenewhite truck paint
    MCHMACHMDSpiw (N/cm)modepiw (N/cm)modepiw (N/cm)mode
    Example 25 30 40 30 32 (56) cp 28 (49) cp 30 (52) cp

    Examples 26-27



    [0057] Example 1 was repeated, except replacing the 40/40/20 MCH/MAC/HMDS solvent blend with the solvent blend indicated in Table 10.
    TABLE 10
    ExampleSolvent Blend Weight RatiopolycarbonateTPOpolypropylene
    MCHMACheptanetBACpiw (N/cm)modepiw (N/cm)modepiw (N/cm)mode
    Example 26 0 40 60 0 41 (71) fs 41 (71) fs 42 (73) fs
    Example 27 0 40 40 20 41 (71) fs 42 (73) fs 18 (31) cp

    Examples 28-30 and Comparative Example 10-11



    [0058] Example 3 was repeated, except replacing AFAR2 as shown in Table 11.
    TABLE 11
    ExampleAFARAFAR Calculated TgNylonpolypropylenewhite truck paint
    piw (N/cm)modepiw (N/cm)modepiw (N/cm)mode
    Example 28 AFAR5 55°C 38 (66) fs 30 (52) mix 31 (54) cp
    Example 29 AFAR6 47°C 36 (63) fs 40 (70) mix 30 (52) cp
    Example 30 AFAR7 12°C 31 (54) cp 29 (50) mix 24 (42) cp
    Comparative 10 AFAR8 -16°C 23 (40) cp 20 (35) mix 17 (29) cp
    Comparative 11 AFAR9 -21°C 23 (40) cp 7(12) cp 15 (26) cp

    Examples 31-32 and Comparative Example 12



    [0059] Example 3 was repeated, except varying ATBC as shown in Table 12.
    TABLE 12
    ExampleNon-volatiles, weight ratio KRATON FG1901/AFAR2/ATBC/A186Nylonpolyp ropy lenewhite truck paint
    piw (N/cm)modepiw (N/cm)modepiw (N/cm)mode
    Example 31 50/24/24/2 37 (64) cp 38 (66) fs 27 (47) cp
    Example 32 58/28/12/2 40 (70) mix 25 (43) cp 29 (50) cp
    Comparative 12 66/32/0/2 39 (68) mix 16 (28) mix 22 (38) cp



    Claims

    1. A primer composition comprising a primer component comprising:

    a rubber;

    an amine-functional (meth)acrylic resin; and

    a plasticizer.


     
    2. The primer composition of claim 1, wherein the amine-functional (meth)acrylic resin is a polymerization reaction product of an amine-functional (meth)acryloyl compound and a non-amine-vinyl monomer;
    wherein the amine-functional (meth)acryloyl compound is of Formula (I):

    wherein R1 is hydrogen, alkyl, or aralkyl; R2 is alkyl or aralkyl; or R1 and R2 together with the nitrogen atom with which they are joined may form a 5, 6, or 7 membered ring; R3 is alkylene or aralkylene; X is nitrogen or oxygen; R4 does not exist if X is oxygen and is hydrogen, alkyl, aryl, alkaryl, or aralkyl if X is nitrogen; and R5 is hydrogen or methyl;
    wherein the amine-functional (meth)acryloyl compound is of Formula (II):

    wherein R1 is hydrogen, alkyl, or aralkyl; each R3 is independently alkylene or aralkylene; X is nitrogen; and R5 is hydrogen or methyl; or combinations thereof.
     
    3. The primer composition of claim 1 or 2, wherein the amine-functional (meth)acrylic resin has a calculated Tg greater than or equal to 12°C.
     
    4. The primer composition of claim 2, wherein the non-amine-vinyl monomer is selected from the group consisting of a (meth)acrylic acid, a (meth)acrylic acid ester, a (meth)acrylamide, a vinyl ester, a styrene, a (meth)acrylonitrile, and mixtures thereof.
     
    5. The primer composition of claim 2 or 4, wherein the non-amine-vinyl monomer is a (meth)acrylic acid ester of a C1 to C18 alcohol.
     
    6. The primer composition of any of the preceding claims, wherein the rubber comprises a block copolymer of a styrene and an alkene.
     
    7. The primer composition of any of the preceding claims, wherein the rubber comprises a styrene-ethylene/butylene-styrene block copolymer grafted with maleic anhydride.
     
    8. The primer composition of any of the preceding claims, wherein the plasticizer is of Formula III:

            (R-X-)nZ     (III)

    wherein:

    each R is hydrogen, C1-C14 alkyl, aryl, alkaryl, or aralkyl;

    each optionally interrupted by oxygen, nitrogen, carbonyl, carboxyl, or carbamide;

    each X is oxygen, nitrogen, carbonyl, carboxyl, or carbamide;

    Z is a hydrogen, C1-C14 alkyl, aryl, alkaryl, aralkyl, C1-C14 alkylene, arylene, alkarylene, aralkylene; each optionally interrupted by oxygen, nitrogen, carbonyl, carboxyl, or carbamide; and

    n is an integer of 1 to 5.


     
    9. The primer composition of claim 8, wherein n is an integer of 1 to 4.
     
    10. The primer composition of any of the preceding claims, wherein the plasticizer is selected from at least one of the following a benzoic acid ester, a myristic acid ester, a citric acid ester, an acetic acid ester, a succinic acid ester, a gluratic acid ester, an adipic acid ester, a sebacic acid ester, and combinations thereof.
     
    11. The primer composition of any claims 1 to 9, wherein the plasticizer is selected from at least one of the following a benzoic acid ester, a myristic acid ester, a citric acid ester, and combinations thereof.
     
    12. The primer composition of any of the preceding claims, wherein the primer component comprises:

    35 wt.% to 70 wt.% of the rubber;

    20 wt.% to 35 wt.% of the amine-functional (meth)acrylic resin; and

    10 wt.% to 40 wt.% of the plasticizer,

    wherein the weight percentages are all based on the total weight of the primer component.


     
    13. The primer composition of any of claims 1 to 11 wherein the primer component comprises:

    40 wt.% to 60 wt.% of the rubber;

    20 wt.% to 35 wt.% of the amine-functional (meth)acrylic resin; and

    15 wt.% to 35 wt.% of the plasticizer,

    wherein the weight percentages are all based on the total weight of the primer component.


     
    14. The primer composition of any of the preceding claims further comprising a liquid carrier.
     
    15. The primer composition of claim 14 wherein the liquid carrier is one or more solvent.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Eine Grundierungszusammensetzung, die einen Grundierungsbestandteil umfasst, umfassend:

    einen Kautschuk;

    ein aminfunktionelles (Meth)acrylharz; und

    einen Weichmacher.


     
    2. Die Grundierungszusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das aminfunktionelle (Meth)acrylharz ein Polymerisationsreaktionsprodukt einer aminfunktionellen (Meth)acryloyl-Verbindung und eines Nicht-Amin-Vinylmonomers ist;
    wobei die aminfunktionelle (Meth)acryloyl-Verbindung die Formel (I) aufweist:

    worin R1 Wasserstoff, Alkyl oder Aralkyl ist; R2 Alkyl oder Aralkyl ist; oder R1 und R2 zusammen mit dem Stickstoffatom, mit dem sie verbunden sind, einen 5-, 6- oder 7-gliedrigen Ring bilden; R3 Alkylen oder Aralkylen ist; X Stickstoff oder Sauerstoff ist; R4 nicht existiert, wenn X Sauerstoff ist, und Wasserstoff, Alkyl, Aryl, Alkaryl oder Aralkyl ist, wenn X Stickstoff ist; und R5 Wasserstoff oder Methyl ist;
    wobei die aminfunktionelle (Meth)acryloyl-Verbindung die Formel (II) aufweist:

    worin R1 Wasserstoff, Alkyl oder Aralkyl ist; jedes R3 jeweils unabhängig Alkylen oder Aralkylen ist; X Stickstoff ist; und R5 Wasserstoff oder Methyl ist; oder Kombinationen davon.
     
    3. Die Grundierungszusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei das aminfunktionelle (Meth)acrylharz eine berechnete Tg von mehr als oder gleich 12 °C aufweist.
     
    4. Die Grundierungszusammensetzung nach Anspruch 2, wobei das Nicht-Amin-Vinylmonomer ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einer (Meth)acrylsäure, einem (Meth)acrylsäureester, einem (Meth)acrylamid, einem Vinylester, einem Styrol, einem (Meth)acrylnitril und Mischungen davon.
     
    5. Die Grundierungszusammensetzung nach Anspruch 2 oder 4, wobei das Nicht-Amin-Vinylmonomer ein (Meth)acrylsäureester eines C1- bis C18-Alkohols ist.
     
    6. Die Grundierungszusammensetzung nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Kautschuk ein Blockcopolymer eines Styrols und eines Alkens umfasst.
     
    7. Die Grundierungszusammensetzung nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Kautschuk ein Styrol-Ethylen/Butylen-Styrol-Blockcopolymer umfasst, das mit Maleinsäureanhydrid gepfropft ist.
     
    8. Die Grundierungszusammensetzung nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Weichmacher die Formel III aufweist:

            (R-X-)nZ     (III)

    worin:

    R jeweils Wasserstoff, C1-C14-Alkyl, Aryl, Alkaryl oder Aralkyl ist;

    jeweils gegebenenfalls durch Sauerstoff, Stickstoff, Carbonyl, Carboxyl oder Carbamid unterbrochen;

    X jeweils Sauerstoff, Stickstoff, Carbonyl, Carboxyl oder Carbamid ist;

    Z ein Wasserstoff, C1-C14-Alkyl, Aryl, Alkaryl, Aralkyl, C1-C14-Alkylen, Arylen, Alkarylen, Aralkylen ist; jeweils gegebenenfalls durch Sauerstoff, Stickstoff, Carbonyl, Carboxyl oder Carbamid unterbrochen; und

    n eine ganze Zahl von 1 bis 5 ist.


     
    9. Die Grundierungszusammensetzung nach Anspruch 8, wobei n eine ganze Zahl von 1 bis 4 ist.
     
    10. Die Grundierungszusammensetzung nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Weichmacher ausgewählt ist aus mindestens einem der Folgenden:
    einem Benzoesäureester, einem Myristinsäureester, einem Citronensäureester, einem Essigsäureester, einem Bernsteinsäureester, einem Glutarsäureester, einem Adipinsäureester, einem Sebacinsäureester und Kombinationen davon.
     
    11. Die Grundierungszusammensetzung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 9, wobei der Weichmacher ausgewählt ist aus mindestens einem der Folgenden:
    einem Benzoesäureester, einem Myristinsäureester, einem Citronensäureester und Kombinationen davon.
     
    12. Die Grundierungszusammensetzung nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Grundierungsbestandteil umfasst:

    zu 35 Gew.-% bis 70 Gew.-% den Kautschuk;

    zu 20 Gew.-% bis 35 Gew.-% das aminfunktionelle (Meth)acrylharz; und

    zu 10 Gew.-% bis 40 Gew.-% den Weichmacher,

    wobei sämtliche Gewichtsprozentsätze auf dem Gesamtgewicht des Grundierungsbestandteils basieren.


     
    13. Die Grundierungszusammensetzung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 11, wobei der Grundierungsbestandteil umfasst:

    zu 40 Gew.-% bis 60 Gew.-% den Kautschuk;

    zu 20 Gew.-% bis 35 Gew.-% das aminfunktionelle (Meth)acrylharz; und

    zu 15 Gew.-% bis 35 Gew.-% den Weichmacher,

    wobei sämtliche Gewichtsprozentsätze auf dem Gesamtgewicht des Grundierungsbestandteils basieren.


     
    14. Die Grundierungszusammensetzung nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, ferner umfassend einen flüssigen Träger.
     
    15. Die Grundierungszusammensetzung nach Anspruch 14, wobei es sich bei dem flüssigen Träger um ein oder mehrere Lösungsmittel handelt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Composition d'apprêt comprenant un composant d'apprêt comprenant :

    un caoutchouc ;

    une résine (méth)acrylique à fonction aminé ; et

    un plastifiant.


     
    2. Composition d'apprêt selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la résine (méth)acrylique à fonction amine est un produit réactionnel de polymérisation d'un composé (méth)acryloyle à fonction amine et d'un monomère vinylique non aminé ;
    dans laquelle le composé (méth)acryloyle à fonction amine est de Formule (I) :

    dans laquelle R1 est hydrogène, alkyle, ou aralkyle ; R2 est alkyle ou aralkyle ; ou R1 et R2 conjointement avec l'atome d'azote auquel ils sont joints peuvent former un cycle à 5, 6 ou 7 chaînons ; R3 est alkylène ou aralkylène ; X est azote ou oxygène ; R4 n'existe pas si X est oxygène et est hydrogène, alkyle, aryle, alkaryle, ou aralkyle si X est azote ; et R5 est hydrogène ou méthyle ;
    dans laquelle le composé (méth)acryloyle à fonction amine est de Formule (II) :

    dans laquelle R1 est hydrogène, alkyle, ou aralkyle ; chaque R3 est indépendamment alkylène ou aralkylène ; X est azote ; et R5 est hydrogène ou méthyle ; ou des combinaisons de ceux-ci.
     
    3. Composition d'apprêt selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans laquelle la résine (méth)acrylique à fonction amine a une Tg calculée supérieure ou égale à 12 °C.
     
    4. Composition d'apprêt selon la revendication 2, dans laquelle le monomère vinylique non aminé est choisi dans le groupe constitué d'un acide (méth)acrylique, d'un ester d'acide (méth)acrylique, d'un (méth)acrylamide, d'un ester vinylique, d'un styrène, d'un (méth)acrylonitrile, et de mélanges de ceux-ci.
     
    5. Composition d'apprêt selon la revendication 2 ou 4, dans laquelle le monomère vinylique non aminé est un ester d'acide (méth)acrylique d'un alcool en C1 à C18.
     
    6. Composition d'apprêt selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle le caoutchouc comprend un copolymère séquencé d'un styrène et d'un alcène.
     
    7. Composition d'apprêt selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle le caoutchouc comprend un copolymère séquencé de styrène-éthylène/butylène-styrène greffé avec de l'anhydride maléique.
     
    8. Composition d'apprêt selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle le plastifiant est de Formule III :

            (R-X-)nZ     (III)

    dans laquelle :

    chaque R est hydrogène, alkyle en C1 à C14, aryle, alkaryle, ou aralkyle, chacun éventuellement interrompu par l'oxygène, l'azote, le carbonyle, le carboxyle, ou le carbamide ;

    chaque X est un oxygène, un azote, un carbonyle, un carboxyle, ou un carbamide ;

    Z est un hydrogène, un alkyle en C1 à C14, un aryle, un alkaryle, un aralkyle, un alkylène en C1 à C14, un arylène, un alkarylène, un aralkylène ; chacun éventuellement interrompu par l'oxygène, l'azote, le carbonyle, le carboxyle, ou le carbamide ; et n est un nombre entier de 1 à 5.


     
    9. Composition d'apprêt selon la revendication 8, dans laquelle n est un nombre entier allant de 1 à 4.
     
    10. Composition d'apprêt selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle le plastifiant est choisi parmi au moins l'un des éléments suivants : un ester d'acide benzoïque, un ester d'acide myristique, un ester d'acide citrique, un ester d'acide acétique, un ester d'acide succinique, un ester d'acide glutarique, un ester d'acide adipique, un ester d'acide sébacique, et des combinaisons de ceux-ci.
     
    11. Composition d'apprêt selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 9, dans laquelle le plastifiant est choisi parmi au moins l'un des éléments suivants :
    un ester d'acide benzoïque, un ester d'acide myristique, un ester d'acide citrique, et des combinaisons de ceux-ci.
     
    12. Composition d'apprêt selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle le composant d'apprêt comprend :

    35 % en poids à 70 % en poids du caoutchouc ;

    20 % en poids à 35 % en poids de la résine (méth)acrylique à fonction aminé ; et

    10 % en poids à 40 % en poids du plastifiant,

    dans laquelle les pourcentages en masse sont tous basés sur le poids total du composant d'apprêt.


     
    13. Composition d'apprêt selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 11, dans laquelle le composant d'apprêt comprend :

    40 % en poids à 60 % en poids du caoutchouc ;

    20 % en poids à 35 % en poids de la résine (méth)acrylique à fonction aminé ; et

    15 % en poids à 35 % en poids du plastifiant,

    dans laquelle les pourcentages en masse sont tous basés sur le poids total du composant d'apprêt.


     
    14. Composition d'apprêt selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre un support liquide.
     
    15. Composition d'apprêt selon la revendication 14, dans laquelle le support liquide est un ou plusieurs solvants.
     






    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description




    Non-patent literature cited in the description