(19)
(11)EP 3 394 474 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
25.03.2020 Bulletin 2020/13

(21)Application number: 16847589.5

(22)Date of filing:  19.12.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F16F 7/12  (2006.01)
A62B 35/00  (2006.01)
A62B 35/04  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/NL2016/050890
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/111579 (29.06.2017 Gazette  2017/26)

(54)

FALL ARRESTOR TO GRADUALLY ABSORB A PULL ON A SAFETY CABLE COUPLED WITH THE FALL ARRESTOR

ABSTURZSICHERUNG ZUR SCHRITTWEISEN ABSORPTION EINES ZUGS AN EINEM SICHERHEITSKABEL, DAS AN DIE ABSTURZSICHERUNG GEKOPPELT IST

DISPOSITIF ANTICHUTE POUR ABSORBER PROGRESSIVEMENT UNE TRACTION EXERCÉE SUR UN CÂBLE DE SÉCURITÉ ACCOUPLÉ AU DISPOSITIF ANTICHUTE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 23.12.2015 NL 2016016

(43)Date of publication of application:
31.10.2018 Bulletin 2018/44

(73)Proprietor: XSPLATFORMS B.V.
4200 AM Gorinchem (NL)

(72)Inventor:
  • HERIK, VAN DEN, Peter
    3361 AK Sliedrecht (NL)

(74)Representative: Verhees, Godefridus Josephus Maria 
Brabants Octrooibureau B.V. De Pinckart 54
5674 CC Nuenen
5674 CC Nuenen (NL)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 826 947
DE-A1- 4 312 343
US-A- 2 701 629
WO-A1-95/08467
DE-A1-102011 015 140
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Field of the invention



    [0001] The invention relates to a fall shock absorber for gradually receiving a pull at a safety cable coupled to the fall shock absorber, the fall shock absorber comprising a frame by which the fall shock absorber may be attached to an object, as well as a frame-connected coupling element to which the safety cable can be fixed, where the frame is provided with a slot through which the coupling element is inserted.

    [0002] An object may be understood to be for example a building, electricity pylon, wind mill etc. or a ladder (coupled to a building), a fall shock absorber system slidable along a descending cable.

    State of the art



    [0003] A fall shock absorber of this type is known from US2701629A. Here he frame comprises a plurality of parallel strips and the coupling element is formed by a plurality of shafts inserted through the slots present in the strips. The shafts carry rings which are in contact with the outermost strips and are squeezed against the strips by means of springs. A pull at the safety cable is then received by the friction between the rings and the strips. Document EP2826947A1, which is considered to be the closest prior art, discloses a fall shock absorber according to the pre-amble of claim 1.

    Summary of the invention



    [0004] It is an object of the invention to provide a fall shock absorber of the type defined in the opening paragraph which is simple, robust and reliable and with which larger pulls than with the known fall shock absorber can be received. Fot this purpose the fall shock absorber according to the invention is characterized in that the slot is a tapered slot where the width of the slot at the wider end equals or exceeds the thickness of the part of the coupling element that is projected through the slot and the width of the slot at the narrower end is smaller than the thickness of the part of the coupling element, and where the hardness of the material of said part of the coupling element deviates from the hardness of the material of the bounding walls of the slot. With a pull at the safety cable this construction absorbs a large part of the kinetic energy of the falling mass. As a result, the frame's impulse/impact force on terra firma is reduced considerably.

    [0005] The material of said part of the coupling element is preferably softer than the hardness of the material of the bounding walls of the slot, so that mainly the part of the coupling element is deformed and not the frame.

    [0006] The frame comprises at least a strip in which the slot is accommodated. The frame preferably comprises two parallel strips spaced apart from each other while a slot is present in either one of the two strips. The strips preferably form part of an elongated profile that has a U-shaped cross section. This profile forms part of or is the frame which is thus embodied in a robust manner.

    [0007] Said part of the coupling element is preferably formed by a shaft having a round section. The shaft is preferably embodied as a bolt.

    [0008] An advantageous embodiment of the fall shock absorber according to the invention is characterized in that at least one of the tapered bounding walls of the slot at the wider end of the slot is provided with at least one inwardly projecting flexible lip, as a result of which said part of the coupling element is enclosed by the wider end of the slot and this lip. As a result, the coupling element will not be displaced until a pull is given with a certain force and not with any light pull. These light pulls would otherwise take up part of the energy aborbing power as a result of which less energy could be absorbed in the event of a fall.

    [0009] The wider end of the slot is preferably widened so that the lip when bent away can be bent in the widened part and does not block the slot. Furthermore, also the other bounding wall of the slot is preferebaly provided with a lip.

    [0010] A further embodiment of the fall shock absorber according to the invention is characterized in that the coupling element further includes a bracket which is pivotable around the shaft and to which the safety cable can be fixed. The bracket is preferably a U-shaped rod that on both sides is provided with through holes the shaft is projected through.

    Brief description of the drawings



    [0011] The invention will be further explained below while reference is made to an example of embodiment of the fall shock absorber according to the invention shown in the appended drawings, in which:

    Fig. 1 shows an embodiment of the fall shock absorber fixed to a ladder which is attached to an object; and

    Fig. 2 shows a perspective view of the fall shock absorber;

    Fig. 3 shows the fall shock absorber viewed from another angle;

    Fig. 4 shows a side view of the fall shock absorber;

    Fig. 5 shows a front view of the fall shock absorber;

    Fig. 6 shows a plan view of the fall shock absorber;

    Fig. 7 shows a perspective view of the frame of the fall shock absorber;

    Fig. 8 shows a front view of the frame;

    Fig. 9 shows a side view of the frame;

    Fig. 10 shows a plan view of the frame; and

    Fig. 11 shows a detailed view of the widened end of the slot.


    Detailed description of the drawings



    [0012] Fig. 1 shows an embodiment of the fall shock absorber 1 fixed to a ladder 3 which is attached to an object, for example a building (not shown). The fall shock absorber comprises a frame 5 formed by an elongated profile having a U-shaped cross section. The frame is mounted by means of U-shaped threaded ends 7 to rungs 9 of the ladder. The frame comprises two parallel strips 11 which are attached to each other by means of a bridge 13. The strips have slots 15 through which a shaft 17 is inserted. A bracket 19 is pivotally present on the shaft. The bracket 19 is formed by a U-shaped rod whose two ends are provided with through holes accommodating the shaft. A safety cable 21 is attached to this bracket. The shaft 17 is formed by a bolt on which a nut 23 is screwed. The shaft forms part of a coupling element 16 for fixing the safety cable to the fall shock absorber.

    [0013] In Figs. 2 to 6 the fall shock absorber 1 is shown by way of illustration in different views. The slots 15 in the strips 11 are tapering. The width of the slot at the wider end 15A is equal to the thickness of the shaft 17, and the width of the slot at the narrower end 15B is smaller than the thickness of the shaft. The material of the shaft 17 is softer than the material of the strips 11, so that when the shaft is displaced through the slots only the shaft or substantially only the shaft shows plastic deformation.

    [0014] In Figs. 7 to 10 the frame of the fall shock absorber is shown in different views. By way of illustration Fig. 11 shows an enlarged view of the wider end of a slot. The slots 15 are widened at the wider end 15A. Each bounding wall 25 of the slots is provided with an inwardly projecting lip 29 at the location of the widened part 27. The shaft 17 is enclosed by the wider end 15A of the slot and the lips 29.

    [0015] Although the invention has been described in the foregoing based on the drawings, it should be observed that the invention is not by any manner or means restricted to the embodiment shown in the drawings. The invention also extends to all embodiments deviating from the embodiment shown in the drawings within the scope defined by the claims. For example in lieu of the fall shock absorber being attached in vertical orientation, it may also be attached in horizontal orientation to terra firma, for example on a roof of a building. Alternatively, the material of said part of the coupling element 16 may be harder than the material of the bounding walls 25 of the slot 15, so that in essence these bounding walls show deformation and the coupling element does not.


    Claims

    1. A fall shock absorber (1) for gradually receiving a pull at a safety cable (21) coupled to the fall shock absorber, the fall shock absorber comprising a frame (5) by which the fall shock absorber is attached to the firm world (3), preferably a ladder coupled to a building, as well as a frame-connected coupling element (16) to which the safety cable can be fixed, where the frame is provided with a slot (15) through which the coupling element is inserted, characterized in that the slot (15) is a tapered slot where the width of the slot at the wider end (15A) equals or exceeds the thickness of the part of the coupling element (16) that is projected through the slot and the width of the slot at the narrower end (15B) is smaller than the thickness of the part of the coupling element, and where the hardness of the material of said part of the coupling element (16) deviates from the hardness of the material of the bounding walls (25) of the slot (15).
     
    2. A fall shock absorber as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the material of said part of the coupling element (16) is softer than the hardness of the material of the bounding walls (25) of the slot (15).
     
    3. A fall shock absorber as claimed in claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the frame (5) comprises at least a strip (11) in which the slot (15) is accommodated.
     
    4. A fall shock absorber as claimed in claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the frame (5) comprises two parallel strips (11) spaced apart from each other while a slot (15) is present in either one of the two strips.
     
    5. A fall shock absorber as claimed in claim 4, characterized in that the strips (11) form part of an elongated profile that has a U-shaped cross section.
     
    6. A fall shock absorber as claimed in any one of the previous claims, characterized in that said part of the coupling element (16) is formed by a shaft (17) having a round section.
     
    7. A fall shock absorber as claimed in claim 6, characterized in that the shaft (17) is embodied as a bolt.
     
    8. A fall shock absorber as claimed in claim 6 or 7, characterized in that at least one of the tapered bounding walls (25) of the slot (15) at the wider end (15A) of the slot is provided with at least one inwardly projecting flexible lip (29), as a result of which said part of the coupling element (16) is enclosed by the wider end of the slot and this lip.
     
    9. A fall shock absorber as claimed in claim 8, characterized in that the wider end (15A) of the slot (15) is widened, so that the lip (29) when bent away can be bent in the widened part (27) and does not block the slot.
     
    10. A fall shock absorber as claimed in claim 8 or 9, characterized in that also the other bounding wall (25) of the slot (15) is provided with a lip (29).
     
    11. A fall shock absorber as claimed in claim 6, 7, 8, 9 or 10, characterized in that the coupling element (16) further includes bracket (19) which is pivotable around the shaft (17) and to which the safety cable (21) can be fixed.
     
    12. A fall shock absorber as claimed in claim 11, characterized in that the bracket (19) is a U-shaped rod that on both sides is provided with through holes the shaft (17) is projected through.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Absturzsicherung (1) zum schrittweisen Absorption eines Zugs an einem Sicherheitskabel (21), das an die Absturzsicherung gekoppelt ist, wobei die Absturzsicherung einen Rahmen (5) aufweist, mit dem die Absturzsicherung an der festen Welt befestigt ist (3) vorzugsweise eine an ein Gebäude angekoppelte Leiter sowie ein mit dem Rahmen verbundenes Koppelelement (16), an dem der Sicherheitskabel befestigt werden kann, wobei der Rahmen mit einem Schlitz (15) versehen ist, durch den das Koppelelement ist eingesetzt, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Schlitz (15) ein sich verjüngender Schlitz ist, bei dem die Breite des Schlitzes am breiteren Ende (15A) gleich oder größer ist als die Dicke des Teils des Kopplungselements (16), der durch den Schlitz ragt und bei dem die Breite des Schlitzes am schmaleren Ende (15B) kleiner ist als die Dicke des Teils des Kopplungselements, und wobei die Härte des Materials des Teils des Kopplungselements (16) von der Härte des Materials der Begrenzungswände (25) des Schlitzes (15) abweicht.
     
    2. Absturzsicherung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Material des Teils des Kupplungselements (16) weicher ist als die Härte des Materials der Begrenzungswände (25) des Schlitzes (15).
     
    3. Absturzsicherung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Rahmen (5) mindestens eine Leiste (11) aufweist, in der der Schlitz (15) aufgenommen ist.
     
    4. Absturzsicherung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Rahmen (5) zwei parallele Streifen (11) aufweist, die voneinander beabstandet sind, während in einem der beiden Streifen ein Schlitz (15) vorhanden ist.
     
    5. Absturzsicherung nach Anspruch 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Leisten (11) einen Teil eines länglichen Profils bilden, das einen U-förmigen Querschnitt aufweist.
     
    6. Absturzsicherung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Teil des Kupplungselements (16) durch eine Welle (17) mit rundem Querschnitt gebildet ist.
     
    7. Absturzsicherung nach Anspruch 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Schaft (17) als Bolzen ausgebildet ist.
     
    8. Absturzsicherung nach Anspruch 6 oder 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß mindestens eine der sich verjüngenden Begrenzungswände (25) des Schlitzes (15) am breiteren Ende (15A) des Schlitzes mit mindestens einer nach innen ragende flexible Lippe (29) versehen ist, wodurch der Teil des Kupplungselements (16) von dem breiteren Ende des Schlitzes und dieser Lippe umschlossen ist.
     
    9. Absturzsicherung nach Anspruch 8, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das breitere Ende (15A) des Schlitzes (15) aufgeweitet ist, so daß die Lippe (29) im abgewinkelten Zustand im aufgeweiteten Teil (27) umgebogen werden kann und den Steckplatz nicht blockiert.
     
    10. Absturzsicherung nach Anspruch 8 oder 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß auch die andere Begrenzungswand (25) des Schlitzes (15) mit einer Lippe (29) versehen ist.
     
    11. Absturzsicherung nach Anspruch 6, 7, 8, 9 oder 10, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Koppelelement (16) ferner einen Bügel (19) aufweist, der um die Welle (17) schwenkbar ist und an dem das Sicherheitskabel (21) befestigt werden kann.
     
    12. Absturzsicherung nach Anspruch 11, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Bügel (19) eine U-förmige Stange ist, die beidseitig mit Durchgangsbohrungen versehen ist, durch die die Welle (17) hindurchragt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif antichute (1) pour absorber progressivement une traction exercée sur un câble de sécurité (21) accouplé au dispositif antichute, le dispositif antichute comprenant un châssis (5) par lequel l'amortisseur de chute est fixé au monde ferme (3), de préférence une échelle couplée à un bâtiment, ainsi qu'un élément de couplage (16) relié au châssis auquel le câble de sécurité peut être fixé, le châssis étant pourvu d'une fente (15) à travers laquelle l'élément de couplage est inséré, caractérisé en ce que la fente (15) est une fente effilée où la largeur de la fente à l'extrémité la plus large (15A) est égale ou supérieure à l'épaisseur de la partie de l'élément de couplage (16) qui est projetée à travers la fente et le la largeur de la fente à l'extrémité la plus étroite (15B) est inférieure à l'épaisseur de la partie de l'élément de couplage, et où la dureté du matériau de ladite partie de l'élément de couplage (16) s'écarte de la dureté du matériau de l'élément parois de délimitation (25) de la fente (15).
     
    2. Dispositif antichute selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que le matériau de ladite partie de l'élément de couplage (16) est plus mou que la dureté du matériau des parois de délimitation (25) de la fente (15).
     
    3. Dispositif antichute selon la revendication 1 ou 2, caractérisé en ce que le cadre (5) comprend au moins une bande (11) dans laquelle est logée la fente (15).
     
    4. Dispositif antichute selon la revendication 1 ou 2, caractérisé en ce que le cadre (5) comprend deux bandes parallèles (11) espacées l'une de l'autre tandis qu'une fente (15) est présente dans l'une ou l'autre des deux bandes.
     
    5. Dispositif antichute selon la revendication 4, caractérisé en ce que les bandes (11) font partie d'un profil allongé qui présente une section en forme de U.
     
    6. Dispositif antichute selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que ladite partie de l'élément de couplage (16) est formée par un arbre (17) de section ronde.
     
    7. Dispositif antichute selon la revendication 6, caractérisé en ce que l'arbre (17) est réalisé sous forme de boulon.
     
    8. Dispositif antichute selon la revendication 6 ou 7, caractérisé en ce qu'au moins une des parois de délimitation effilées (25) de la fente (15) à l'extrémité la plus large (15A) de la fente est pourvue d'au moins une lèvre flexible (29) se projetant vers l'intérieur, à la suite de laquelle ladite partie de l'élément de couplage (16) est enfermée par l'extrémité la plus large de la fente et cette lèvre.
     
    9. Dispositif antichute selon la revendication 8, caractérisé en ce que l'extrémité la plus large (15A) de la fente (15) est élargie, de sorte que la lèvre (29) lorsqu'elle est courbée peut être courbée dans la partie élargie (27) et ne bloque pas la fente.
     
    10. Dispositif antichute selon la revendication 8 ou 9, caractérisé en ce que l'autre paroi de délimitation (25) de la fente (15) est pourvue d'une lèvre (29).
     
    11. Dispositif antichute selon la revendication 6, 7, 8, 9 ou 10, caractérisé en ce que l'élément d'accouplement (16) comprend en outre un support (19) qui peut pivoter autour de l'arbre (17) et auquel le câble de sécurité (21) peut être corrigé.
     
    12. Dispositif antichute selon la revendication 11, caractérisé en ce que le support (19) est une tige en forme de U qui, des deux côtés, est pourvue de trous traversants à travers lesquels l'arbre (17) est projeté.
     




    Drawing












    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description