(19)
(11)EP 3 396 113 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
17.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/25

(21)Application number: 18175394.8

(22)Date of filing:  26.01.2012
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F01D 11/00(2006.01)
F01D 25/18(2006.01)
F02C 7/36(2006.01)
F01D 25/16(2006.01)
F02C 7/28(2006.01)

(54)

INTERSHAFT SEAL WITH SUPPORT LINKAGE

ZWISCHENWELLENDICHTUNG MIT STÜTZVERBINDUNG

JOINT D'ARBRE INTERMÉDIAIRE DOTÉ DE LIAISON DE SUPPORT


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 26.01.2011 US 201113013885

(43)Date of publication of application:
31.10.2018 Bulletin 2018/44

(62)Application number of the earlier application in accordance with Art. 76 EPC:
12152735.2 / 2481887

(73)Proprietor: United Technologies Corporation
Farmington, CT 06032 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • TATMAN, Neil L.
    Brentwood, NH 03833 (US)
  • LARSON, Christopher J.
    Newfield, ME 04056 (US)

(74)Representative: Dehns 
St. Bride's House 10 Salisbury Square
London EC4Y 8JD
London EC4Y 8JD (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 1 439 350
US-A1- 2002 184 890
US-A- 3 397 855
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND



    [0001] The present invention relates to gas turbine engines, and more particularly, to bearing compartments of gas turbine engines.

    [0002] The rotating shafts and other rotating turbomachinery of gas turbine engines are supported from a non-rotating structure by arrays of anti-friction bearings. In many engines, the anti-friction bearings are enclosed in bearing compartments that circumscribe the engine shafts. A lubricant such as oil is supplied to the bearing compartments to lubricate and cool the anti-friction bearings during operation of the gas turbine engine. The bearing compartments act to contain the lubricant around the bearings.

    [0003] To prevent overheating of the rotating shafts, a cooling gas is circulated in the volume between the shafts. An intershaft seal assembly is positioned in the bearing compartment at a gap between the shafts and prevents the cooling gas from leaking from between the shafts into the lubricant supplied portions of the bearing compartments. The intershaft seal additionally prevents the lubricant from leaking into the volume between the shafts.

    [0004] Carbon seals that make up portions of the inter-shaft seal assembly are retained within the bearing compartment by a carbon seal housing, which in turn is connected to other housings within the bearing compartment. To meet structural integrity requirements, the carbon seal housing uses rigid integral linkages to provide this connection. However, having integral linkages makes installation and removal of the inter-shaft seal assembly including the carbon seal housing impractical or impossible in the bearing compartments of some aircraft due to the tight bearing envelopes necessitated by the aircraft's design criteria.

    [0005] EP 1439350 A2 discloses a support assembly for a gas turbine engine combustor which includes an annular inner support cone located adjacent an aft end of an inner liner, an annular nozzle support connected to the inner support cone, and a plurality of removable support members connected at a first end to a forward end of the inner liner and connected at a second end to the inner support cone. The support members comprise a first and a second leg intersecting one another to form a V-shape. A first bracket extends from the first leg, a second bracket extends from the second leg, and a third bracket extends from the intersection between the first leg and the second leg.

    [0006] US 3397855 A discloses a rear mount system for an aircraft engine, the mount being a wishbone type having ball joints at the junction and ends of the limbs.

    [0007] US 2002/0184890 A1 relates to the mounting of a combustion chamber in the metal casing of a turbomachine.

    SUMMARY



    [0008] The present invention provides an assembly for a gas turbine engine with the features of claim 1. Further detailed embodiments are defined by the dependent claims.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0009] 

    FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of a mid-bearing compartment of a gas turbine engine.

    FIG. 2A is a perspective view of a portion of a cross-over housing, a carbon seal housing, and a removable linkage from the mid-bearing compartment.

    FIG. 2B is a perspective view of a portion of the cross-over housing from FIG. 2A showing a slot receiving the removable linkage.

    FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the removable linkage from FIGS. 2A and 2B.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0010] FIG. 1 shows a portion of gas turbine engine 10 above engine centerline. Gas turbine engine 10 includes a bearing compartment 12, bearings 14, 14A, and 14AA, a high pressure compressor shaft 16, a low pressure turbine shaft 18, tower shafts 20, a fan shaft 22, a coupling 24, bevel gears 26, an outer housing 28, a cross-over housing 30, an inter-shaft seal assembly 32, seats (plates) 34, spacers 36, and a core flow path Cfp.

    [0011] The bearing compartment 12 in the illustrated embodiment is the mid-bearing compartment of the gas turbine engine 10. The bearing compartment 12 houses the bearings 14, 14A and 14AA, which are disposed around and support the high pressure compressor shaft 16, the low pressure turbine shaft 18, the tower shafts 20 (only a single low spool tower shaft is shown in FIG. 1) and the fan shaft 22. In particular, the bearings 14 support the high pressure compressor shaft 16, the low pressure turbine shaft 18, and the fan shaft 22. The bearings 14A and 14AA support the tower shafts 20. The high pressure compressor shaft 16 is disposed radially outward of and spaced apart from the low pressure turbine shaft 18. The coupling 24 connects the fan shaft 22 to the tower shafts 20 via the bevel gears 26. The outer housing 28 extends annularly around and is disposed axially forward of components such as the bearings 14 and tower shafts 20. The outer housing (also called a bearing support or front cover) 28 extends radially from adjacent the casing that defines the core flow path Cfp to interface with the coupling 24, and additionally connects to the cross-over housing 30. The cross-over housing 30 extends from the outer housing 28 and interfaces and supports the bearing sets 14A and 14AA disposed around the tower shafts 20. The inter-shaft seal assembly 32 is disposed radially inward of the cross-over housing 30 and axially between the coupling 24 and the high pressure compressor shaft 16. The inter-shaft seal assembly 32 interfaces with the seats (also called seal runners) 34. The seats 34 are axially abutted by the spacers 36, and the seats 34 and spacers 36 are disposed radially along the outer diameter of the high pressure compressor shaft 16 and the coupling 24.

    [0012] The operational principles of gas turbine engine 10 are well known in the art, and therefore, will not be discussed in great detail. As is known in the art, the high pressure compressor shaft 16 connects a high pressure compressor section of the gas turbine engine 10 with a high pressure turbine section of the engine 10. Together the high pressure compressor shaft 16, the high pressure compressor section, and the high pressure turbine section comprise a high pressure spool of the engine 10. Similarly, the low pressure turbine shaft 18 connects a fan section (via the fan shaft 22) with a low pressure compressor section and a low pressure turbine section of the engine 10. Together these sections and components comprise a low pressure spool of the engine 10. During operation of the gas turbine engine 10, a gas flow passes through core flow path Cfp to rotate the high pressure and low pressure spools to extract energy from the gas flow and produce thrust. Additionally, gas flow bypasses the core flow path Cfp and rotates the fan to extract additional energy and thrust from the gas flow passing through a nacelle portion of the engine 10.

    [0013] The bearing compartment 12 circumscribes the shafts 16, 18, and 22 and bearings 14, 14A, and 14AA and acts to contain a lubricant oil that is supplied to the bearing compartment 12 to lubricate and cool the bearings 14, 14A, 14AA, during operation of the gas turbine engine 10. The bearings 14 support the high pressure compressor shaft 16, the low pressure turbine shaft 18, and the fan shaft 24 (also called a stub shaft) and allow the shafts 16, 18, and 22 to rotate relative to the stator engine casing. Similarly, the bearings 14A and 14AA support the tower shafts 20 and allow the tower shafts 20 to rotate relative to the stator engine casing.

    [0014] As will be discussed in further detail subsequently, the cross-over housing 30 supports the inter-shaft seal assembly 32. The structure and operational principles of the inter-shaft seal assembly 32 are well know in the art and is described, for example in United States Patent Number 6,196,790 to Sheridan et al. The inter-shaft seal assembly 32 prevents a cooling gas circulated between the shafts 16 and 18 from leaking into the lubricant supplied portions of the bearing compartment 12. Additionally, the inter-shaft seal assembly 32 prevents the lubricant from leaking into the volume between the shafts 16 and 18. To accomplish this, the inter-shaft seal assembly 32 has carbon seals that are biased to ride against the seats 34, which are also constructed of carbon material. The spacer 36 abuts the seats 34 to provide necessary spacing between the rearward bearing 14 and the coupling 24.

    [0015] FIG. 2A shows a perspective view of a portion of the cross-over housing 30. Additionally, FIG. 2A shows a carbon seal housing 38 that is part of the inter-shaft seal assembly 32 (FIG. 1). The other components of the inter-shaft seal assembly 32, the bearing compartment 12, and the shafts 16 and 18 are removed in FIG. 2A to better illustrate the carbon seal housing 38 and a removable linkage 40. The cross-over housing 30 includes integral tabs 42 and main body 44. The inter-shaft seal housing 38 includes integral tabs 46, and a flange portion 48. The integral tabs 42 and 46 include mounting holes 49.

    [0016] As shown in FIG. 2A, the cross-over housing 30 extends circumferentially so as to have an axis of symmetry that substantially aligns with centerline of the gas turbine 10. The carbon seal housing 38 is disposed radially inward of the cross-over housing 30. The removable linkage 40 and the integral tabs 42 and 46 connect the carbon seal housing 38 to the cross-over housing 30. In particular, the integral tabs 42 extend radially inward from the main body 44 of the cross-over housing 30 and each of the integral tabs 42 has a mounting hole 49 that extends therethrough. The integral tabs 42 interface with the integral tabs 46 that extend radially outward from the flange portion 48 of the carbon seal housing 38. Each of the integral tabs 46 has a mounting hole 49 that extends therethrough. The integral tabs 42 and 46 are adapted to receive fasteners in the aligned mounting holes 49 to connect together.

    [0017] A smaller integral member 46A extends outward from the flange portion 48 to interface with the removable linkage 40. The removable linkage 40 and the integral member 46A are also fastened together with a fastener that is received in a mounting hole 49A. Although three pairs of the integral tabs 42 and 46 and one removable linkage 40 are shown in FIG. 2A, in other embodiments the number of integral tabs and removable linkages may vary.

    [0018] FIG. 2B illustrates a portion of the cross-over housing 30 that has a slot 50 for receiving the removable linkage 40. FIG. 2B illustrates a distal portion of the removable linkage 40 that includes brackets 52A and 52B with mounting holes 53 extending therethrough. The slot 50 extends circumferentially around a portion of the main body 44 of the cross-over housing 30 and is positioned radially outward of where the integral member 46A is located. The slot 50 is sized so as to allow an upper portion of the removable linkage 40 to extend radially inward and connect with the carbon seal housing 38. The distal portion of the removable linkage 40 with the brackets 52A and 52B extend away from the slot 50 to interface with and connect to the outer circumference of the cross-over housing 30 with fasteners (not shown) received in the mounting holes 53.

    [0019] The design of the cross-over housing 30, the carbon seal housing 38, and the removable linkage 40 allow for improved ease of assembly and disassembly, yet allows the resulting assembly to meet structural integrity requirements such as those with regard to vibratory response during operation of the engine 10. The removable linkage 40 can be inserted and removed though the slot 50 from a position radially outward of the cross-over housing 30 and can be secured to the outer circumference of the cross-over housing 30. Additionally, the geometry of the removable linkage 40 mistake proofs installation as the removable linkage 40 can be rotated 180 degrees and still be installed to couple with the cross-over housing 30.

    [0020] FIG. 3 shows one embodiment of the removable linkage 40. In addition to the brackets 52A and 52B and mounting holes 53, the linkage 40 includes a first bracket 54, a first leg 56A, and a second leg 56B. The first bracket includes mounting holes 58.

    [0021] The first bracket 54 is adapted to fit through slot 50 (FIG. 2B) and interface with the integral member 46A so that mounting holes 58 generally align with mounting holes 49A. The legs 56A and 56B intersect one another adjacent to the first bracket 54 and are connected thereto. The first leg 56A and the second leg 56B are substantially aligned along a common plane so as to extend through the slot 50 (FIG. 2B) together. The first leg 56A and the second leg 56B have symmetry with respect to a plane extending through the bracket 54.

    [0022] The bracket 52A extends from a distal portion of the first leg 56A and the bracket 52B extends from a distal portion of the second leg 56B. The brackets 52A and 52B are orientated so as to extend in opposite directions from one another in substantially a same plane. This configuration allows the brackets 52A and 52B to interface with the outer circumference of the cross-over housing 30 to either side of the slot 50 and provides for improved load distribution through the removable linkage 40. The brackets 52A and 52B extend along a plane that is substantially perpendicular to plane that the first leg 56A and second leg 56B extend along. Additionally, the plane the brackets 52A and 52B extend along is substantially perpendicular to a plane along which the first bracket 54 extends.

    [0023] While the invention has been described with reference to an exemplary embodiment, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes may be made and equivalents may be substituted for elements thereof without departing from the scope of the invention, which is defined by the claims. In addition, many modifications may be made to adapt a particular situation or material to the teachings of the invention without departing from the scope thereof. Therefore, it is intended that the invention not be limited to the particular embodiment disclosed, but that the invention will include all embodiments falling within the scope of the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. An assembly for a gas turbine engine (10), comprising:

    an outer radial housing (30);

    an inner radial housing (38) disposed within the outer radial housing; and

    a removable linkage (40) comprising:

    a first leg (56A) and a second leg (56B) intersecting one another to form a V shape, the first leg and the second leg being aligned along a common first plane;

    a first bracket (54) connected to an apex of the first leg and the second leg;

    a second bracket (52A) extending from a distal portion of the first leg; and

    a third bracket (52B) extending from a distal portion of the second leg,

    wherein the second bracket and the third bracket are orientated so as to extend in opposite directions from one another in a same second plane;

    wherein the linkage is connected to the inner radial housing and the outer radial housing, the linkage being removable from both the inner radial housing and the outer radial housing;

    the assembly being characterised in that

    the inner radial housing has one or more outward extending integral tabs that connect the inner radial housing to inward extending integral tabs on the outer radial housing;

    the first bracket is connected to the integral tabs of the inner radial housing; and in that

    the first leg and the second leg both extend through a slot in the outer radial housing, and wherein the second bracket and the third bracket interface with an outer surface of the outer radial housing and are connected thereto.


     
    2. The assembly of claim 1, wherein the first leg and the second leg have a symmetry with respect to a third plane extending through the first bracket.
     
    3. The assembly of claim 2, wherein the third plane is perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane.
     
    4. The assembly of any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein each of the first, second and third brackets are adapted with mounting holes (53,53,58) to receive one or more fasteners to connect the linkage to the inner radial housing and the outer radial housing.
     
    5. The assembly of any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the outer radial housing comprises a cross-over housing (30) and the inner radial housing comprises an inter-shaft seal housing (38) for the gas turbine engine.
     
    6. A gas turbine engine comprising:

    the assembly of any one of claims 1 to 5;

    a mid-bearing compartment wherein the assembly is disposed within the mid-bearing compartment.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Anordnung für ein Gasturbinentriebwerk (10), umfassend:

    ein äußeres radiales Gehäuse (30);

    ein inneres radiales Gehäuse (38), das in dem äußeren radialen Gehäuse angeordnet ist; und

    eine entfernbare Verbindung (40), umfassend:

    einen ersten Schenkel (56A) und einen zweiten Schenkel (56B), die einander schneiden, um eine V-Form zu bilden, wobei der erste Schenkel und der zweite Schenkel entlang einer gemeinsamen ersten Ebene ausgerichtet sind;

    eine erste Halterung (54), die mit einem Scheitelpunkt des ersten Schenkels und des zweiten Schenkels verbunden ist;

    eine zweite Halterung (52A), die sich von einem distalen Abschnitt des ersten Schenkels erstreckt; und

    eine dritte Halterung (52B), die sich von einem distalen Abschnitt des zweiten Schenkels erstreckt,

    wobei die zweite Halterung und die dritte Halterung derart ausgerichtet sind, dass sie sich in entgegengesetzte Richtungen voneinander in einer gleichen zweiten Ebene erstrecken;

    wobei die Verbindung mit dem inneren radialen Gehäuse und dem äußeren radialen Gehäuse verbunden ist, die Verbindung von sowohl dem inneren radialen Gehäuse als auch dem äußeren radialen Gehäuse entfernbar ist;

    wobei die Anordnung dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass

    das innere radiale Gehäuse einen oder mehrere sich nach Außen erstreckende Ansätze aufweist, die das innere radiale Gehäuse mit sich nach innen erstreckenden einstückig ausgeführten Ansätzen an dem äußeren radialen Gehäuse verbinden;

    die erste Halterung mit den einstückig ausgeführten Ansätzen des inneren radialen Gehäuses verbunden ist; und dadurch, dass sich sowohl der erste Schenkel als auch der zweite Schenkel durch einen Schlitz in dem äußeren radialen Gehäuse erstrecken und

    wobei die zweite Halterung und die dritte Halterung eine Schnittstelle mit einer äußeren Fläche des äußeren radialen Gehäuses bilden und damit verbunden sind.


     
    2. Anordnung nach Anspruch 1, wobei der erste Schenkel und der zweite Schenkel eine Symmetrie in Bezug auf eine dritte Ebene aufweisen, die sich durch die erste Halterung erstreckt.
     
    3. Anordnung nach Anspruch 2, wobei die dritte Ebene senkrecht zu der ersten Ebene und der zweiten Ebene ist.
     
    4. Anordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei jede von der ersten, zweiten und dritten Halterung mit Befestigungslöchern (53, 53, 58) angepasst ist, um ein oder mehrere Befestigungselemente aufzunehmen, um die Verbindung mit dem inneren radialen Gehäuse und dem äußeren radialen Gehäuse zu verbinden.
     
    5. Anordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei das äußere radiale Gehäuse ein Überschneidungsgehäuse (30) umfasst und das innere radiale Gehäuse ein Zwischenwellendichtungsgehäuse (38) für das Gasturbinentriebwerk umfasst.
     
    6. Gasturbinentriebwerk, umfassend:

    die Anordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5;

    eine mittlere Lagerkammer, wobei die Anordnung in der mittleren Lagerkammer angeordnet ist.


     


    Revendications

    1. Ensemble pour un moteur à turbine à gaz (10), comprenant :

    un logement radial externe (30) ;

    un logement radial interne (38) disposé à l'intérieur du logement radial externe ; et

    une liaison amovible (40) comprenant :

    une première patte (56A) et une seconde patte (56B) s'entrecoupant pour former un V, la première patte et la seconde patte étant alignées le long d'un premier plan commun ;

    une première ferrure (54) reliée à un sommet de la première patte et de la seconde patte ;

    une deuxième ferrure (52A) s'étendant depuis une partie distale de la première patte ; et

    une troisième ferrure (52B) s'étendant depuis une partie distale de la seconde patte,

    dans lequel la deuxième ferrure et la troisième ferrure sont orientées de manière à s'étendre dans des directions opposées l'une de l'autre dans un même deuxième plan ;

    dans lequel la liaison est reliée au logement radial interne et au logement radial externe, la liaison étant amovible depuis à la fois le logement radial interne et le logement radial externe ;

    l'ensemble étant caractérisé en ce que

    le logement radial interne présente une ou plusieurs languettes intégrales s'étendant vers l'extérieur qui relient le logement radial interne aux languettes intégrales s'étendant vers l'intérieur sur le logement radial externe ;

    la première ferrure est reliée aux languettes intégrales du logement radial interne ; et en ce que

    la première patte et la seconde patte s'étendent toutes les deux à travers une fente dans le logement radial externe, et

    dans lequel la deuxième ferrure et la troisième ferrure s'interfacent avec une surface externe du logement radial externe et sont reliées à celle-ci.


     
    2. Ensemble selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la première patte et la seconde patte présentent une symétrie par rapport à un troisième plan s'étendant à travers la première ferrure.
     
    3. Ensemble selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le troisième plan est perpendiculaire au premier plan et au deuxième plan.
     
    4. Ensemble selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel chacune des première, deuxième et troisième ferrures sont dotées de trous de montage (53, 53, 58) pour recevoir une ou plusieurs attaches afin de relier la liaison au logement radial interne et au logement radial externe.
     
    5. Ensemble selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel le logement radial externe comprend un logement transversal (30) et le logement radial interne comprend un logement de joint d'arbre intermédiaire (38) pour le moteur à turbine à gaz.
     
    6. Moteur à turbine à gaz comprenant :

    l'ensemble selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5 ;

    un compartiment de palier intermédiaire dans lequel l'ensemble est disposé à l'intérieur du compartiment de palier intermédiaire.


     




    Drawing














    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description