(19)
(11)EP 3 397 589 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
27.11.2019 Bulletin 2019/48

(21)Application number: 16791267.4

(22)Date of filing:  27.10.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H01L 29/775  (2006.01)
H01L 29/423  (2006.01)
H01L 21/336  (2006.01)
H01L 29/08  (2006.01)
B82Y 10/00  (2011.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2016/059219
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/116545 (06.07.2017 Gazette  2017/27)

(54)

NANOWIRE TRANSISTOR WITH REDUCED PARASITICS AND METHOD FOR MAKING SUCH A TRANSISTOR

NANODRAHTTRANSISTOR MIT REDUZIERTEN STÖREFFEKTEN UND VERFAHREN ZUR HERSTELLUNG SOLCH EINES TRANSISTORS

TRANSISTOR À NANOFILS AVEC UN NOMBRE RÉDUIT DE PARASITES ET PROCÉDÉ DE FABRICATION D'UN TEL TRANSISTOR


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 28.12.2015 US 201514980850

(43)Date of publication of application:
07.11.2018 Bulletin 2018/45

(73)Proprietor: Qualcomm Incorporated
San Diego, CA 92121-1714 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • BADAROGLU, Mustafa
    San Diego, California 92121 (US)
  • MACHKAOUTSAN, Vladimir
    San Diego, California 92121 (US)
  • SONG, Stanley Seungchul
    San Diego, California 92121 (US)
  • XU, Jeffrey Junhao
    San Diego, California 92121 (US)
  • NOWAK, Matthew Michael
    San Diego, California 92121 (US)
  • YEAP, Choh Fei
    San Diego, California 92121 (US)

(74)Representative: Dunlop, Hugh Christopher et al
Maucher Jenkins 26 Caxton Street
London SW1H 0RJ
London SW1H 0RJ (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2013/101230
WO-A2-2014/051728
US-A1- 2015 102 287
US-B1- 8 785 981
WO-A1-2014/004033
US-A1- 2005 112 851
US-A1- 2015 372 115
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] This application relates to transistor devices, and more particularly to nanowire devices with reduced parasitic capacitance and channel effects.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] At advanced process nodes, conventional planar transistor architectures suffer from a number of problems such as excessive leakage. As a result, three-dimensional architectures such as a fin field effect transistor (finFET) process are conventionally used at these advanced nodes. The "fin" in a finFET device comprises a three-dimensional bar on the semiconductor substrate. The fin thus has a lower surface adjoining the substrate surface and three remaining surfaces that project above the substrate surface. The gate is then deposited over the fin such that the gate is directly adjacent these three remaining surfaces of the fin. In contrast, the gate is directly adjacent only one surface of the channel in a conventional planar architecture. The channel can thus be cut off more effectively in a finFET device, which reduces leakage currents and makes the advanced process nodes tenable.

    [0003] Although finFETs are thus advantageous, the gate cannot directly control the fin surface that adjoins the substrate surface. To provide even better gate control, gate-all-around architectures have been developed in which the fin is transformed into one or more nanowires suspended from the substrate surface. Gate-all-around devices may thus also be denoted as nanowire devices or transistors. To start the formation of a nanowire transistor, a well implant is formed in the semiconductor substrate. Then, the foundry deposits alternating layers of Si and SiGe over the well implant. These alternating layers are then etched to form a fin. The foundry then deposits shallow trench isolation oxide fill around the fins followed by a dummy gate formation. After the dummy gate formation, the foundry performs an extension implant, spacer deposition, source/drain epitaxial (epi) growth, junction implant, inter-layer dielectric (ILD0) fill, whereupon the dummy gate is removed. With the dummy gate removed, the nanowires may then be formed by either selectively etching the Si layers in the fin or selectively etching the SiGe layers. If SiGe layers are removed, the resulting nanowires are silicon. Conversely, if the silicon layers are selectively etched, the nanowires are SiGe. The gate structure may then be deposited around the nanowires.

    [0004] Despite the resulting nanowire device having better gate control than a comparable finFET device, the selective etching of silicon germanium (or silicon) layers through the window between the spacers prior to the gate deposition produces an undercut beneath the spacers. Given the undercutting of the SiGe or Si layers, the subsequent gate-to-source and gate-to-drain parasitic capacitance is relatively high. In addition, the bottom parasitic channel in the well implant below the gate is not controlled well since there is no gate-all-around contact for this bottom parasitic channel. It will thus conduct an undesirable leakage current. In addition, there is an undesirable parasitic capacitance between the gate and the bottom parasitic channel.

    [0005] There is thus a need in the art for improved nanowire device architectures with reduced parasitic capacitance and reduced parasitic channel effects.

    [0006] WO 2013/101230 A1 describes nanowire-based gate all-around transistor devices having one or more active nanowires and one or more inactive nanowires. US 8785981 B1 describes a gate-first processing scheme for forming a nanomesh field effect transistor. US 2015/0372115 discloses a method of manufacturing nanowire-based gate-all-around transistors.

    SUMMARY



    [0007] To provide improved reduction of parasitic capacitances in a nanowire device, a local isolation region is formed in a well implant that inhibits formation of a parasitic channel when a replacement metal gate is charged. In addition, extension regions in the nanowire device are implanted with an etch stop dopant that inhibits selective etching of first semiconductor layers in the extension regions. The etch stop dopant also makes the first semiconductor layers in the extension regions vulnerable to a selective oxidation that forms oxidized caps to insulate the replacement metal gate from the drain and source regions. The inventive method is defined in claim 1, the inventive nanowire transistor in claim 9.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0008] 

    Figure 1A illustrates a longitudinal cross-section of a nanowire transistor in accordance with an aspect of the disclosure.

    Figure 1B is a lateral cross-section of the nanowire transistor of Figure 1A taken along dotted line A:A.

    Figure 2 is a lateral cross section of a pair of fins prior to the selective etching process.

    Figure 3 is a longitudinal cross-section of one of the fins in Figure 2 after formation of the dummy gate, spacers, and extension regions.

    Figure 4 is a longitudinal cross section of the fin of Figure 3 after the selective etching process and formation of the oxidized caps in the extension region.

    Figure 5 is a lateral cross-section of the fins of Figure 2 after the selective etching process.

    Figure 6 is a flowchart for a method of manufacture in accordance with an aspect of the disclosure.



    [0009] Embodiments of the disclosure and their advantages are best understood by referring to the detailed description that follows. It should be appreciated that like reference numerals are used to identify like elements illustrated in one or more of the figures.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0010] To avoid the undercutting during the selective etching of the nanowires, according to the invention an extension implant is used that makes the extension regions resistant to the selective etching through the implantation of an etch stop dopant. The same extension implant of the etch stop dopant renders the extension regions susceptible to a selective oxidation prior to the formation of the replacement metal gate. The resulting gate-to-source and gate-to-drain parasitic capacitances are thus relatively low due to the lower k of the oxide layer as well as the reduced undercut that spaces the gate from the source/drain regions. In addition, a local isolation region may be formed in the well implant through an oxygen implantation prior to the deposition of the epitaxial layers in the fin so as to provide a reduced parasitic capacitance between the replacement metal gate and any parasitic channel formed in in the well implant.

    [0011] An example nanowire transistor 100 is shown in a cross-sectional view along a longitudinal axis of a fin 105 in Figure 1A. Fin 105 comprises alternating first semiconductor layers and second semiconductor layers as will be discussed further herein. For example, the first semiconductor layers may comprise silicon (Si) layers and the second semiconductor layers may comprise silicon germanium (SiGe) layers. Depending upon whether the first or second semiconductor layers are selectively etched during the manufacture of nanowire transistor 100, nanowires 130 may result from either the first or second semiconductor layers. The selective etching process selectively etches only the first semiconductor layers or the second semiconductor layers to form nanowires 130. As used herein, the semiconductor layers that are selectively etched will be also be referred to as the selectively-etched semiconductor layers whereas the remaining semiconductor layers will be denoted herein as the nanowire layers. For example, in a Si nanowire embodiment, the silicon layers would be the nanowire layers whereas the SiGe layers would be the selectively-etched layers. Conversely, in a SiGe nanowire embodiment, the SiGe layers would be the nanowire layers whereas the Si layers would be the selectively-etched layers.

    [0012] A replacement metal gate including a metal gate fill 145 surrounds nanowires 130 and is separated from nanowires 130 by an inner work function layer 150 and an outer high-k dielectric layer 140. High-k dielectric layer 140 thus contacts nanowires 130 while work function layer 150 separates metal gate fill 145 from high-k dielectric layer 140. Fin 105 extends longitudinally in the same direction as nanowires 130. In contrast, the replacement metal gate comprising metal gate fill 145, work function layer 150, and high-k dielectric layer 140 extends laterally across fin 105 at right angles to the longitudinal axis defined by nanowires 130. With regard to this lateral extension of the replacement metal gate across fin 105, the replacement metal gate is positioned between a pair of spacer layers 115 deposited above fin 105. Extension regions 110 lie directly beneath spacer layers 115 at either end of nanowires 130 and a corresponding drain/source region 155. Extension regions 110 are thus situated between nanowires 130 and drain/source regions 155. As will be discussed further herein, extension regions 110 are implanted with an etch stop dopant so as to be resistant to the selective etch that forms at least one nanowire 130. The selectively-etched semiconductor layers are thus made resistant to the selective etch that forms nanowires 130 in the channel portion of nanowire transistor 100. For example, in a Si nanowire embodiment, the SiGe layers (discussed further below) are the selectively-etched semiconductor layers. Such a selective etch will also tend to etch the SiGe layers within extension regions 110. But the etch stop dopant implanted into extension regions 110 inhibits the selective etching of the SiGe layers in extension regions 110 in a silicon nanowire embodiment.

    [0013] The inhibition of the selective etch within extension regions 110 results in the replacement metal gate not extending into extension regions 110 but instead limited to a channel region between extension regions 110. This is quite advantageous with regard to reducing undesirable gate-to-source and gate-to-drain parasitic capacitances in nanowire transistor 100. As will be explained further, metal gate fill 145 as well as its corresponding inner and outer layers 150 and 140 are deposited into a dummy gate opening defined by spacers 115. To further reduce these parasitic capacitances, extension regions 110 are oxidized through the dummy gate opening to form oxidized caps 125 in the selectively-etched semiconductor layers prior to the deposition of the replacement metal gate. Metal gate fill 145 and its inner and outer layers 150 and 140 are then eventually deposited through the dummy gate opening such that oxidized caps 125 are positioned between both longitudinal ends of nanowires 130 and the remainder of extension regions 110. Thus, not only is metal gate fill 145 prevented from extending into extension regions 110, it is also insulated from extension regions 110 by oxidized caps 125 so as to further reduce any resulting gate-to-source and gate-to-drain parasitic capacitances.

    [0014] Nanowire transistor 100 is shown in cross-sectional view in Figure 1B taken along dotted line A:A. Nanowires 130 are completely surrounded by metal gate fill 145 so that the resulting channel formed in each nanowire 130 may be better controlled as compared to planar and finFET approaches. In nanowire transistor 100, there are two fins 105 so that there are actually four nanowires 130. It will be appreciated that fewer or greater numbers of nanowires 130 may be implemented in alternate embodiments. Fins 105 are formed on a substrate 160. Fins 105 are formed from a deposition of the first and second semiconductor layers on a well implant. Prior to this deposition, an oxygen implantation in the well implant forms a unitary local isolation region. The deposited layers are then etched to form fins 105. This same etching forms local isolation regions 120 from the previously unitary local isolation region formed in the well implant. Shallow trench isolation (STI) oxide regions 165 may insulate fins 105. Local isolation regions 120 are quite advantageous as they insulate the replacement metal gate from the well implant to reduce any undesirable parasitic capacitance that would otherwise form between the replacement metal gate and the well implant. These advantageous features may be better appreciated with regard to the following example method of manufacture.

    Method of Manufacture



    [0015] To begin the manufacture, a suitable substrate such as a silicon or a silicon on insulator (SOI) substrate receives a well implant 200 as shown in Figure 2. An oxygen implantation may then be performed such as through a separation by implanted oxygen (SiMOX) process to form a unitary local isolation region that will eventually be patterned into local isolation regions 120. Selectively-etched semiconductor layers 215 are then deposited so as to alternate with nanowire semiconductor layers 210. The following discussion will assume that nanowire semiconductor layers 210 are Si layers and that selectively-etched semiconductor layers 215 are SiGe layers. In one embodiment, layers 210 and 215 may be epitaxially deposited. Layers 210 and 215 may also be doped p-type or n-type depending upon whether the resulting nanowire transistor is to be a p-channel metal oxide (PMOS) device or an n-channel (NMOS) device. A shallow trench isolation (STI) process may then be performed on layers 210 and 215 to form fins 105 and STI regions 165. For example, fins 105 may be either wet or dry etched from layers 210 and 215.

    [0016] As shown in Figure 3, a dummy gate 330 of, for example, oxide material may then be deposited laterally across each fin 105 followed by an angled extension implant to each side of dummy gate 330 to form extension regions 110. This extension implant also includes the etch stop dopant for the selectively-etched layers 215. For example, carbon may be used as the etch stop dopant for an embodiment in which selectively-etched layers 215 comprise SiGe layers. The extension implant would also implant the etch stop dopant into nanowire layers 210 in extension regions 110 but these layers are already resistant to the selective etch process that will eventually be used to form the nanowires so that such doping is innocuous. Spacers 115 may then be deposited on either side of dummy gate 330. Spacers 115 may comprise a suitable material such as silicon nitride.

    [0017] Referring now to Figure 4, source/drain regions 155 may be epitaxially deposited on extension regions 110 followed by junction implant for the source/drain regions 155. An inter-layer dielectric (ILD) fill step forms ILD regions 400. After removal of the dummy gate, nanowires 130 may be selectively etched through a resulting dummy gate opening or window 410 between spacers 115. Selectively-etched semiconductor layers 215 are selectively etched through dummy gate opening 410 to form nanowires 130 from nanowire layers 210 (Figure 3). For example, if selectively-etched semiconductor layers 215 comprise SiGe layers, an acidic wet etch such as HCL, carboxylic acid, HF, or nitric acid may be used. Alternatively, if selectively-etched semiconductor layers 215 are Si layers, a basic wet etch such as aqueous ammonium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide may be used. But the etch stop dopant implanted into extension regions 110 prevents the selectively-etched layers 215 in extension regions 110 from being etched by the selective etch process used to form nanowires 130. Selectively-etched layers 215 are thus only removed in areas 405 below dummy gate opening 410. After the selective etch process, oxidized caps 125 are formed by a selective oxidation through dummy gate opening 410. The etch stop dopant implanted into extension regions 110 makes the selectively-etched layers 215 in extension regions 110 susceptible to this selective oxidation. In contrast, nanowires 130 are resistant to this selective oxidation that forms oxidized caps 125. Figure 5 is a lateral cross-sectional view across both fins 105 showing the isolation of nanowires 130 following the selective etching process.

    [0018] Referring again to Figures 1A and 1B, a replacement metal gate process may begin with a high-k dielectric layer 140 being deposited through dummy gate opening 410 of Figure 4. For example, high-k dielectric layer 140 may comprise a suitable material such as hafnium dioxide, zirconium dioxide, hafnium silicate, or zirconium silicate deposited through an atomic layer deposition process. Work function layer 150 is then deposited. Work function layer 150 may comprise titanium nitride, tantalum nitride, titanium aluminum, or other suitable materials. Finally, metal gate fill 145 is deposited. Metal gate fill 145 may comprise tungsten or aluminum. Like high-k dielectric layer 140, metal gate fill 145 and work function layer 150 may be deposited using a suitable process such as atomic level deposition or chemical vapor deposition.

    [0019] The method of manufacture may be summarized with regard to the flowchart shown in Figure 6. The method includes an act 600 of oxidizing a well implant to form a local isolation region. The formation of local isolation region 120 in Figures 1A and 1B is an example of act 600. In addition, the method includes an act 605 of forming a fin on the local isolation region that includes alternating layers of a first semiconductor and a second semiconductor, wherein an initial layer of the first semiconductor abuts the local isolation region, and wherein the fin extends from a first extension region to a second extension region. The formation of fin 105 and its layers 210 and 215 in Figure 3 is an example of act 605. In that regard, one of extension regions 110 in Figure 1A may be deemed to be a first extension region whereas a remaining one of extension regions 110 may be deemed to be a second extension region.

    [0020] Moreover, the method includes an act 610 of implanting an etch stop dopant in the first extension region and in the second extension region. The implantation of the etch stop dopant in the first and second extension regions is discussed with regard to Figure 3. Finally, the method includes an act 615 of forming a dummy gate opening to expose a gate region of the fin as well as an act 620 of selectively etching the layers of the first semiconductor in the gate region of the fin to form nanowires from the layers of the second semiconductor in the gate region, wherein the implanted etch stop dopant inhibits a selective etching of the layers of the first semiconductor in the first extension region and in the second extension region The formation of dummy gate opening 410 and the selective etching of the layers of the first semiconductor is discussed with regard to Figure 4.

    [0021] As those of some skill in this art will by now appreciate and depending on the particular application at hand, many modifications, substitutions and variations can be made in and to the materials, apparatus, configurations and methods of use of the devices of the present disclosure without departing from the scope thereof. In light of this, the scope of the present disclosure should not be limited to that of the particular embodiments illustrated and described herein, as they are merely by way of some examples thereof, but rather, should be fully commensurate with that of the claims appended hereafter and their functional equivalents.


    Claims

    1. A method of manufacturing a nanowire transistor, comprising:

    oxidizing (600) a well implant to form a local isolation region;

    forming (605) a fin on the local isolation region that includes alternating layers of a first semiconductor and a second semiconductor, wherein an initial layer of the first semiconductor abuts the local isolation region, and wherein the fin extends from a first extension region to a second extension region;

    implanting (610) an etch stop dopant in the first extension region and in the second extension region;

    forming (615) a dummy gate opening to expose a gate region of the fin;

    selectively etching (620) the layers of the first semiconductor in the gate region of the fin to form nanowires from the layers of the second semiconductor in the gate region, wherein the implanted etch stop dopant inhibits a selective etching of the layers of the first semiconductor in the first extension region and in the second extension region;

    selectively oxidizing the layers of the first semiconductor such that each layer of the first semiconductor includes oxidized caps extending from the dummy gate opening into the first extension region and into the second extension region; and

    forming a replacement metal gate around the nanowires.


     
    2. The method of claim 1, wherein the first semiconductor is silicon and the second semiconductor is silicon germanium.
     
    3. The method of claim 1, wherein the first semiconductor is silicon germanium and the second semiconductor is silicon.
     
    4. The method of claim 3, wherein implanting the etch stop dopant comprises implanting carbon.
     
    5. The method of claim 1, wherein depositing the replacement metal gate comprises depositing an initial high-k dielectric layer.
     
    6. The method of claim 5, wherein depositing the replacement metal gate further comprises depositing a subsequent work function layer.
     
    7. The method of claim 6, wherein depositing the replacement metal gate further comprises depositing a metal gate fill.
     
    8. The method of claim 1, wherein forming the fin comprises depositing the initial layer of the first semiconductor, a second layer of the second semiconductor, a third layer of the first semiconductor, and a fourth layer of the second semiconductor.
     
    9. A nanowire transistor (100), comprising:

    a plurality of nanowires (130) extending from a first semiconductor (210) in a first extension region (110) to a first semiconductor (210) in a second extension region (110), the first extension region (110) and the second extension region (110) each including portions of a second semiconductor (215) vertically adjacent the first semiconductor (210) in said extension regions (110), wherein the nanowires (130) comprise the same material as the first semiconductor (210) and wherein the first and second semiconductor in the first and second extension regions (110) comprise an etch stop dopant;

    a first spacer (115) on a first surface of the first extension region (110);

    a second spacer (115) on a first surface of the second extension region (110);

    a replacement metal gate (140, 145, 150) surrounding the nanowires (130), wherein the second semiconductor layer (215) in the first extension region (110) and the second semiconductor layer (215) in the second extension region (110) each includes a cap (125) consisting of an oxide of the second semiconductor layer material abutting the replacement metal gate (140, 145, 150);

    a substrate (160); and

    a well implant (200) in the substrate adjacent the replacement metal gate (140, 145, 150), wherein the well implant (200) includes an oxidized local isolation region (120) positioned between a remainder of the well implant (200) and the replacement metal gate (140, 145, 150).


     
    10. The nanowire transistor of claim 9, wherein the second semiconductor in the first and second extension regions (110) comprises a silicon germanium layer including the etch stop dopant.
     
    11. The nanowire transistor of claim 10, wherein the etch stop dopant comprises carbon.
     
    12. The nanowire transistor of claim 9, wherein the replacement metal gate comprises:

    an outer high-k layer (140) adjacent the at least one nanowire;

    a metal gate fill (145);

    and a work function layer (150) between the outer high-k layer and the metal gate fill.


     
    13. The nanowire transistor of claim 9, wherein the plurality of nanowires (130) comprises a plurality of silicon nanowires, and wherein the second semiconductor (215) comprises silicon germanium.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Ein Verfahren zum Herstellen eines Nanodrahttransistors, das Folgendes aufweist:

    Oxidieren (600) eines Wannenimplantats zum Bilden eines lokalen Isolationsbereichs;

    Bilden (605) einer Finne auf dem lokalen Isolationsbereich, der abwechselnde Schichten eines ersten Halbleiters und eines zweiten Halbleiters beinhaltet, wobei eine anfängliche Schicht des ersten Halbleiters an den lokalen Isolationsbereich angrenzt, und wobei sich die Finne von dem ersten Erstreckungsbereich bis zu einem zweiten Erstreckungsbereich erstreckt;

    Implantieren (610) einer Ätzstoppdotiersubstanz in den ersten Erstreckungsbereich und in den zweiten Erstreckungsbereich;

    Bilden (615) einer Dummy-Gate-Öffnung, um einen Gate-Bereich der Finne freizulegen;

    selektives Ätzen (620) der Schichten des ersten Halbleiters in dem Gate-Bereich der Finne zum Bilden von Nanodrähten von den Schichten des zweiten Halbleiters in dem Gate-Bereich, wobei die implantierte Ätzstoppdotiersubstanz ein selektives Ätzen der Schichten des ersten Halbleiters in dem ersten Erstreckungsbereich und in dem zweiten Erstreckungsbereich verhindert;

    selektives Oxidieren der Schichten des ersten Halbleiters, so dass jede Schicht des ersten Halbleiters oxidierte Abdeckungen enthält, die sich von der Dummy-Gate-Öffnung in den ersten Erstreckungsbereich und in den zweiten Erstreckungsbereich erstrecken; und

    Bilden eines Ersatz-Metall-Gates um die Nanodrähte.


     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei der erste Halbleiter Silizium ist und der zweite Halbleiter Siliziumgermanium ist.
     
    3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei der erste Halbleiter Siliziumgermanium ist und der zweite Halbleiter Silizium ist.
     
    4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 3, wobei das Implantieren der Ätzstoppdotiersubstanz Implantieren von Carbon aufweist.
     
    5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Ablagern des Ersatz-Metall-Gates Ablagern einer anfänglichen High-k-Dielektrikum-Schicht aufweist.
     
    6. Verfahren nach Anspruch 5, wobei das Ablagern des Ersatz-Metall-Gates weiter Ablagern einer nachfolgenden Arbeitsfunktionsschicht aufweist.
     
    7. Verfahren nach Anspruch 6, wobei das Ablagern des Ersatz-Metall-Gates weiter Ablagern einer Metall-Gate-Füllung aufweist.
     
    8. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Bilden der Finne Ablagern der anfänglichen Schicht aus dem ersten Halbleiter, einer zweiten Schicht aus dem zweiten Halbleiter, einer dritten Schicht aus dem ersten Halbleiter und einer vierten Schicht aus dem zweiten Halbleiter aufweist.
     
    9. Ein Nanodrahttransistor (100), der Folgendes aufweist:

    eine Vielzahl von Nanodrähten (130), die sich von einem ersten Halbleiter (210) in einem ersten Erstreckungsbereich (110) zu einem ersten Halbleiter (210) in einem zweiten Erstreckungsbereich (110) erstrecken,

    wobei der erste Erstreckungsbereich (110) und der zweite Erstreckungsbereich (110) jeweils Teile eines zweiten Halbleiters (215) beinhalten, der sich vertikal benachbart zu dem ersten Halbleiter (210) in die Erstreckungsbereiche (110) erstreckt, wobei die Nanodrähte (130) das gleiche Material wie der erste Halbleiter (210) aufweisen und wobei die ersten und zweiten Halbleiter in den ersten und zweiten Erstreckungsbereichen (110) eine Ätzstoppdotiersubstanz aufweisen;

    ein erstes Beabstandungselement (150) auf einer ersten Oberfläche des ersten Erstreckungsbereichs (110);

    ein zweites Beabstandungselement (115) auf einer ersten Oberfläche des zweiten Erstreckungsbereichs (110);

    ein Ersatz-Metall-Gate (140, 145, 150), das die Nanodrähte (130) umgibt, wobei die Schicht (215) des zweiten Halbleiters in dem ersten Erstreckungsbereich (110) und die Schicht des zweiten Halbleiters (215) in dem zweiten Erstreckungsbereich (110) jeweils eine Abdeckung (125) beinhalten, die aus einem Oxid des Materials der Schicht des zweiten Halbleiters besteht, das an das Ersatz-Metall-Gate (140, 145, 150) angrenzt;

    ein Substrat (160); und

    ein Wannenimplantat (200) in dem Substrat benachbart zu dem Ersatz-Metall-Gate (140, 145, 150), wobei das Wannenimplantat (200) einen oxidierten lokalen Isolationsbereich (120) beinhaltet, der zwischen einem Rest des Wannenimplantats (200) und dem Ersatz-Metall-Gate (140, 145, 150) positioniert ist.


     
    10. Nanodrahttransistor nach Anspruch 9, wobei der zweite Halbleiter in den ersten und zweiten Erstreckungsbereichen (110) eine Siliziumgermaniumschicht aufweist, die die Ätzstoppdotiersubstanz enthält.
     
    11. Nanodrahttransistor nach Anspruch 10, wobei die Ätzstoppdotiersubstanz Carbon aufweist.
     
    12. Nanodrahttransistor nach Anspruch 9, wobei das Ersatz-Metall-Gate Folgendes aufweist:

    eine äußere High-k-Schicht (140), die zu dem wenigstens einen Nanodraht benachbart ist;

    eine Metall-Gate-Füllung (145);

    eine Arbeitsfunktionsschicht (150) zwischen der äußeren High-k-Schicht und der Metall-Gate-Füllung.


     
    13. Nanodrahttransistor nach Anspruch 9, wobei die Vielzahl von Nanodrähten (130) eine Vielzahl von Siliziumnanodrähten aufweist, und wobei der zweite Halbleiter Siliziumgermanium aufweist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé de fabrication d'un transistor à nanofils, comprenant :

    l'oxydation (600) d'un implant de puits pour former une région d'isolation locale ;

    la formation (605) d'une ailette sur la région d'isolation locale qui comporte des couches alternées d'un premier semi-conducteur et d'un second semi-conducteur, dans lequel une couche initiale du premier semi-conducteur bute contre la région d'isolation locale, et dans lequel l'ailette s'étend depuis une première région de prolongement jusqu'à une seconde région de prolongement ;

    l'implantation (610) d'un dopant d'arrêt de gravure dans la première région de prolongement et dans la seconde région de prolongement ;

    la formation (615) d'une ouverture de grille factice pour exposer une région de grille de l'ailette ;

    la gravure sélective (620) des couches du premier semi-conducteur dans la région de grille de l'ailette pour former des nanofils à partir des couches du second semi-conducteur dans la région de grille, dans lequel le dopant d'arrêt de gravure implanté empêche une gravure sélective des couches du premier semi-conducteur dans la première région de prolongement et dans la seconde région de prolongement ;

    l'oxydation sélective des couches du premier semi-conducteur de telle sorte que chaque couche du premier semi-conducteur comporte des revêtements oxydés s'étendant depuis l'ouverture de grille factice jusque dans la première région de prolongement et jusque dans la seconde région de prolongement ; et

    la formation d'une grille métallique de remplacement autour des nanofils.


     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le premier semi-conducteur est du silicium et le second semi-conducteur est du germanium-silicium.
     
    3. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le premier semi-conducteur est du germanium-silicium et le second semi-conducteur est du silicium.
     
    4. Procédé selon la revendication 3, dans lequel l'implantation du dopant d'arrêt de gravure comprend l'implantation de carbone.
     
    5. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le dépôt de la grille métallique de remplacement comprend le dépôt d'une couche diélectrique à k élevé initial.
     
    6. Procédé selon la revendication 5, dans lequel le dépôt de la grille métallique de remplacement comprend en outre le dépôt d'une couche à fonction de travail suivante.
     
    7. Procédé selon la revendication 6, dans lequel le dépôt de la grille métallique de remplacement comprend en outre le dépôt d'un matériau de remplissage de grille métallique.
     
    8. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la formation de l'ailette comprend le dépôt de la couche initiale du premier semi-conducteur, d'une deuxième couche du second semi-conducteur, d'une troisième couche du premier semi-conducteur et d'une quatrième couche du second semi-conducteur.
     
    9. Transistor à nanofils (100), comprenant :

    une pluralité de nanofils (130) s'étendant depuis un premier semi-conducteur (210) dans une première région de prolongement (110) jusqu'à un premier semi-conducteur (210) dans une seconde région de prolongement (110), la première région de prolongement (110) et la seconde région de prolongement (110) comportant chacune des parties d'un second semi-conducteur (215) verticalement adjacent au premier semi-conducteur (210) dans lesdites régions de prolongement (110), dans lequel les nanofils (130) comprennent le même matériau que le premier semi-conducteur (210) et dans lequel les premier et second semi-conducteurs dans les première et seconde régions de prolongement (110) comprennent un dopant d'arrêt de gravure ;

    une première entretoise (115) sur une première surface de la première région de prolongement (110) ;

    une seconde entretoise (115) sur une première surface de la seconde région de prolongement (110) ;

    une grille à métal de remplacement (140, 145, 150) entourant les nanofils (130), dans lequel la couche de second semi-conducteur (215) dans la première région de prolongement (110) et la couche de second semi-conducteur (215) dans la seconde région de prolongement (110) comportent chacune un revêtement (125) consistant en un oxyde du matériau de couche de second semi-conducteur butant contre la grille métallique de remplacement (140, 145, 150) ;

    un substrat (160) ; et

    un implant de puits (200) dans le substrat adjacent à la grille métallique de remplacement (140, 145, 150), dans lequel l'implant de puits (200) comporte une région d'isolation locale oxydée (120) positionnée entre un reste de l'implant de puits (200) et la grille métallique de remplacement (140, 145, 150).


     
    10. Transistor à nanofils selon la revendication 9, dans lequel le second semi-conducteur dans les première et seconde régions de prolongement (110) comprend une couche de germanium-silicium comportant le dopant d'arrêt de gravure.
     
    11. Transistor à nanofils selon la revendication 10, dans lequel le dopant d'arrêt de gravure comprend du carbone.
     
    12. Transistor à nanofils selon la revendication 9, dans lequel la grille métallique de remplacement comprend :

    une couche à k élevé externe (140) adjacente à l'au moins un nanofil ;

    un matériau de remplissage de grille métallique (145) ;

    et une couche à fonction de travail (150) entre la couche à k élevé externe et le matériau de remplissage de grille métallique.


     
    13. Transistor à nanofils selon la revendication 9, dans lequel la pluralité de nanofils (130) comprend une pluralité de nanofils de silicium, et dans lequel le second semi-conducteur (215) comprend du germanium-silicium.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description