(19)
(11)EP 3 399 789 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
25.03.2020 Bulletin 2020/13

(21)Application number: 17735853.8

(22)Date of filing:  06.01.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04W 24/10(2009.01)
H04W 52/36(2009.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2017/070451
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/118415 (13.07.2017 Gazette  2017/28)

(54)

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR INDICATING POWER HEADROOM REPORT

VERFAHREN UND VORRICHTUNG ZUR ANZEIGE EINES LEISTUNGSRESERVEBERICHTS

PROCÉDÉ ET DISPOSITIF POUR INDIQUER UN RAPPORT DE MARGE DE SÉCURITÉ DE PUISSANCE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 09.01.2016 CN 201610013432
16.03.2016 CN 201610148975

(43)Date of publication of application:
07.11.2018 Bulletin 2018/45

(73)Proprietor: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Longgang District Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • YANG, Yubo
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • LUO, Chao
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • LIU, Zheng
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(74)Representative: Goddar, Heinz J. et al
Boehmert & Boehmert Anwaltspartnerschaft mbB Pettenkoferstrasse 22
80336 München
80336 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 663 139
CN-A- 101 529 831
CN-A- 102 918 914
WO-A1-2015/034302
CN-A- 102 668 412
US-A1- 2013 039 314
  
  • "3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Radio Access Network; Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Medium Access Control (MAC) protocol specification (Release 12)", 3GPP STANDARD; 3GPP TS 36.321, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE ; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES ; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX ; FRANCE, vol. RAN WG2, no. V12.8.0, 21 December 2015 (2015-12-21), pages 1-77, XP051047287, [retrieved on 2015-12-21]
  • HUAWEI ET AL: "Uplink power control", 3GPP DRAFT; R1-161815, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE ; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES ; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX ; FRANCE , vol. RAN WG1, no. Sophia-Antipolis, FR; 20160322 - 20160324 16 March 2016 (2016-03-16), XP051080937, Retrieved from the Internet: URL:http://www.3gpp.org/ftp/tsg_ran/WG1_RL 1/TSGR1_AH/LTE_NB-IoT_1603/Docs/ [retrieved on 2016-03-16]
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The present invention relates to the field of mobile communications technologies, and specifically, to a method for indicating a power headroom report, and an apparatus.

BACKGROUND



[0002] Internet of Things (Internet of things, IoT for short) is "the Internet of connected things". IoT extends a user end of the Internet to any object, so that information exchange and communication can be performed between any object and another. Such a communication manner is also referred to as machine type communication (Machine type communications, MTC for short), and a communications node is referred to as an MTC terminal. A typical application scenario of Internet of Things includes smart metering, smart household, and the like. Internet of Things needs to be applied to multiple scenarios, for example, an outdoor/indoor scenario and an overground/underground scenario. Therefore, many special requirements, for example, coverage enhancement, support for a large quantity of low-rate devices, low costs, and low energy consumption, are imposed on design of Internet of Things. To meet these special requirements, a new research project was approved on the 62nd meeting of 3GPP GERAN to research into a method for supporting ultra low complexity and low-cost Internet of Things in a cellular network. With its relatively low costs and prominent coverage enhancement capability, a Narrowband Internet of Things (narrowband IoT, NB-IoT) solution was approved on the 69th meeting of 3GPP RAN, and is standardized in R13 release.

[0003] In an existing Long Term Evolution (Long Term Evolution, LTE) communications system, user equipment (user equipment, UE) and a base station (eNodeB) frequently communicate with each other, the user equipment periodically reports a power headroom report to the base station, and the base station performs power control and scheduling on an important basis of the power headroom report reported by the user equipment. However, in an NB-IoT system, because user equipment has fewer services, if an existing power headroom report transmission mechanism in the LTE is reused, a base station cannot obtain a power headroom report (power headroom report, RHR) for current uplink data transmission performed by the user equipment, and therefore cannot perform scheduling and power control for the current uplink data transmission of the user equipment.

[0004] D1 (US 2013/039314 A1) discloses a mechanism to update/include the MAC Control information elements like PHR and BSR etc which reported to ENB to schedule, maintain and operate the reporting UE. The mechanism also discloses that power headroom reporting (PHR) which may be included in the MAC PDU is triggered if the PROHIBIT_PHR_TIMER expires or has expired and the path loss has changed more than DL_PathlossChange dB since the last PHR when UE has UL resources for new transmission, or the PERIDIODIC PHR TIMER expires.

[0005] D2 (EP 2663139 A1) discloses a method for performing a PHR procedure in a wireless communication system and a UE triggers at least one PHR, and determines whether the triggered at least one PHR is not cancelled.

[0006] D3 (3GPP standard; 3GPP TS 36.321 vol. RAN WG 2, no. V12.8.0, pages 1-77) specifies the E-UTRA MAC protocol, and a mechanism for trigger the PHR.

[0007] D4 (3GPP DRAFT; R1-161815) discloses support transmission of NB-PHR with Msg3 of random access procedure.

SUMMARY



[0008] The invention si set out in the appended claims.

[0009] Embodiments of the present invention disclose a method for indicating a power headroom report and an apparatus, so as to resolve a problem that a base station in an NB-IoT system cannot obtain a power headroom report of user equipment in a timely manner, and therefore cannot accurately configure scheduling information or power control information for the user equipment.

[0010] According to one aspect, an embodiment of this application provides a method for indicating a power headroom report (PHR), where the method is mainly used in a Narrowband Internet of Things (NB-IoT) system, and the method includes: first determining, by user equipment (UE), a power headroom report; and subsequently sending, by the UE, the power headroom report (PHR) to a base station in a random access process, where the power headroom report may be carried by a related information segment of a message (first message) sent by the UE to the base station.

[0011] In a possible design, the UE adds the PHR to message 3 (message 3) in the random access process, where message 3 is used by the UE to establish a radio resource control (RRC) connection to the base station.

[0012] In a possible design, the power headroom report includes a difference value between an uplink power estimated by the UE and a maximum power of the UE.

[0013] In a possible design, the power headroom report may be a maximum subcarrier quantity supported by the UE, a subcarrier quantity set, or any value in the subcarrier quantity set. A bit quantity of information that needs to be sent may be reduced by indicating a subcarrier quantity set. For example, a set of supported subcarrier quantities is {1, 3, 6, 12}, and only two bits are required to indicate a subcarrier quantity that can be supported by a terminal.

[0014] In a possible design, the information segment is used to determine a status or an indication, which is used to instruct the UE to send the power headroom report to the base station. The UE sends a second message to the base station according to the status or the indication, and the second message includes the power headroom report.

[0015] In a possible design, before the UE sends the first message to the base station in message 3 in the random access process, the UE sends a random access preamble sequence to the base station.

[0016] In a possible design, the first message is a random access preamble sequence.

[0017] In a possible design, the information segment may be further used to determine another status or indication (second status), which is used to instruct the UE to send the power headroom report to the base station. The UE sends a third message to the base station according to the indication of the second status, and the third message includes the power headroom report.

[0018] According to another aspect, an embodiment of this application provides a method for receiving a power headroom report (PHR), where the method is mainly used in a Narrowband Internet of Things (NB-IoT) system and includes: receiving, by a base station, a message sent by UE, where the message carries power headroom report information, and the power headroom report information may be carried in message 3 sent by the UE to the base station in a random access process; after receiving the message sent by the UE, parsing, by the base station, the message to obtain a power headroom report; and determining, by the base station, scheduling information or power control information of the UE based on the power headroom report obtained by means of parsing.

[0019] According to still another aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides UE, where the UE has a function of implementing UE behavior in the foregoing method design. The function may be implemented by hardware, or may be implemented by hardware by executing corresponding software. The hardware or the software includes one or more modules corresponding to the foregoing function. The modules may be software and/or hardware.

[0020] In a possible design, a structure of the UE includes a receiver and a processor. The processor is configured to determine a power headroom report, and the transmitter is configured to send a message to a base station in message 3 in a random access process, where the message carries the power headroom report, and the power headroom report may be carried by a related information segment of a message (for example, message 3) sent by the UE to the base station.

[0021] According to yet another aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a base station, where the base station has a function of implementing base station behavior in the foregoing method design. The function may be implemented by hardware, or may be implemented by hardware by executing corresponding software. The hardware or the software includes one or more modules corresponding to the foregoing function.

[0022] In a possible design, a structure of the base station includes a processor and a transmitter. The receiver is configured to receive a message sent by user equipment, where the message carries power headroom report information, and the power headroom report information may be carried in message 3 sent by the UE to the base station; and the processor parses the message to obtain a power headroom report, and determine scheduling information or power control information of the UE based on the power headroom report obtained by means of parsing.

[0023] According to still yet another aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a communications system, where the system includes the base station and the UE described in the foregoing aspect; or the system may include another network entity.

[0024] According to still yet another aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a computer storage medium, configured to store a computer software instruction used by the foregoing UE, and the computer storage medium includes a program designed for executing the foregoing aspect.

[0025] Compared with the prior art, in the solutions provided in the present invention, a base station can obtain, in a timely manner, a basis for performing scheduling configuration when UE performs current uplink data transmission, and can more accurately configure power control and scheduling information for the UE. This avoids allocating the UE a channel that exceeds an uplink transmission capability of the UE, and thereby avoids an uplink bandwidth waste.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



[0026] To describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention or in the prior art more clearly, the following briefly describes the accompanying drawings required for describing the embodiments or the prior art. Apparently, the accompanying drawings in the following description merely show some embodiments of the present invention, and persons of ordinary skill in the art can derive other implementations from these accompanying drawings without creative efforts. All these embodiments or implementations fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

FIG. 1 is a flowchart of a method for indicating a power headroom report according to the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a base station that implements the present invention; and

FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of UE that implements the present invention.


DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



[0027] The following clearly and completely describes the technical solutions according to embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings. Apparently, the described embodiments are merely some but not all of the embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments obtained by persons of ordinary skill in the art based on the embodiments of the present invention without creative efforts shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

[0028] A network architecture and a service scenario described in the embodiments of the present invention are used to describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, but are not intended to limit the technical solutions provided in the embodiments of the present invention. Persons of ordinary skill in the art may understand that, with evolution of the network architecture and appearance of a new service scenario, the technical solutions provided in the embodiments of the present invention are also applicable to a similar technical problem.

[0029] In this application, terms "network" and "system" are usually interchangeably used, but meanings thereof may be understood by persons of ordinary skill in the art. User equipment UE in this application may include various handheld devices, in-vehicle devices, wearable devices, or computing devices that have a wireless communications function, or other processing devices connected to a wireless modem, and user equipment (UE), a mobile station (Mobile station, MS for short), a terminal (terminal), terminal equipment (Terminal Equipment) that are in various forms, and the like. For ease of description, in this application, all the devices mentioned above are referred to as user equipment or UE. A base station (base station, BS for short) in the present invention is an apparatus that is deployed in a radio access network to provide a wireless communications function for the UE. The base station may include a macro base station, a micro base station, a relay node, an access point, and the like that are in various forms. In systems using different radio access technologies, a device having a base station function may have different names. For example, a device having a base station function is referred to as an evolved NodeB (evolved NodeB, eNB or eNodeB for short) in an LTE network, referred to as a NodeB (Node B) in a 3rd Generation 3G network, or the like. For ease of description, in this application, all the foregoing apparatuses that provide a wireless communications function for the UE are referred to as a base station or a BS.

[0030] In LTE, user equipment (UE) sends a power headroom report (PHR) to a base station in the uplink direction, so that the base station performs scheduling and power control for the UE based on the PHR. The UE may periodically report the PHR to the base station, or may report the PHR when a specific condition is met, for example, report the PHR to the base station when a path loss change exceeds a specified threshold. The base station may further configure a minimum reporting period of the PHR to reduce signaling overheads, and the PHR is usually sent together with uplink data of the UE. The PHR reported by the UE is an important basis for performing uplink scheduling by the base station. The base station can avoid allocating the UE a channel that exceeds an uplink transmission capability of the UE, and thereby avoid an uplink bandwidth waste.

[0031] In an NB-IoT system, because UE has a small service volume, the UE usually sends uplink data only once each time the UE wakes up, and starts to send uplink data next time after a relatively long time interval. For example, user equipment such as a smart meter may usually send uplink data once every month or even a longer time. In this case, if a PHR trigger condition and a PHR sending method in LTE are reused, that is, an NB-IoT terminal sends a PHR in current data, a base station obtains no PHR in advance for current power control and scheduling for the UE and cannot perform power control and scheduling for the current uplink transmission of the UE. However, because of a relatively long time interval, a PHR obtained when the UE wakes up next time and sends uplink data to the base station cannot be used by the base station to perform power control and scheduling, and the base station lacks other corresponding auxiliary information for uplink data scheduling.

[0032] Therefore, as shown in FIG. 1, a method for indicating a PHR according to an embodiment of the present invention may be applied to an NB-IoT system. This method can resolve a problem that a base station in LTE cannot obtain a PHR as timely and then cannot perform power control and scheduling for UE. The following describes in detail a solution provided in this embodiment of the present invention with reference to FIG. 1. The method in this embodiment of the present invention is executed by a base station and UE, and may constitute an independent technical solution on either of a base station side and a UE side.

[0033] S101. The UE sends a random access preamble sequence to the base station.

[0034] A UE random access process may be generally a contention-based random access process or a contention free random access process.

[0035] In the contention-based random access process, the UE randomly selects a preamble sequence and sends the preamble sequence on a RACH channel. In the contention free random access process, during access, the UE uses a specific preamble sequence and PRACH resource that are provided by an eNodeB, and therefore does not contend with other UE, so as to ensure an access success rate.

[0036] S102. After receiving the random access preamble sequence sent by the UE, the base station sends a random access response to the UE in the downlink direction. The random access response usually includes the following information:
  • a preamble sequence number;
  • timing adjustment information; and
  • location indication information of an uplink resource allocated to the UE.


[0037] In the contention-based random access process, the random access response may further include temporarily allocated cell radio network temporary identifier (cell radio network temporary identifier, C-RNTI) information.

[0038] S103. After receiving the random access response, the UE sends an uplink message on the uplink resource allocated by the base station to the UE. The uplink message carries a power headroom report (PHR). The UE sends message 3 in the uplink direction to initiate a radio resource control (radio resource control, RRC) connection establishment request to the base station.

[0039] The UE may add the PHR to message 3, and send the PHR to the base station by using message 3, so that the base station can perform uplink data scheduling control and power control for the UE according to the PHR. Before sending the PHR, the UE first determines content of the PHR carried in message 3. Generally, the content of the PHR is represented in the following manners:
  1. 1. The UE estimates uplink power of the UE and determines an estimated uplink power; and determines a difference value between the estimated uplink power and a maximum power of the UE and uses the determined difference value as the content representing the PHR. After obtaining the difference value, the UE reports the difference value to the base station. For example, there may be 64 indications, -23 dB to +40 dB, and the indication may be reduced according to a situation, so as to reduce a size of message 3.
  2. 2. The UE determines a subcarrier quantity that can be supported at a current uplink transmit power, and uses a value of the determined maximum subcarrier quantity as the content representing the PHR. The UE obtains the value of the maximum subcarrier quantity and reports the value to the base station.


[0040] Optionally, a value in a subcarrier quantity set may be indicated, so as to reduce a bit quantity of information that needs to be sent. For example, at least four bits are required for indication when there are 12 subcarriers, but if a subcarrier quantity set is used for indication, for example, {1, 4, 8, 12}, only two bits are required for indication.

[0041] In addition to the manners of adding the PHR content described above to message 3, another optional manner is as follows:
In message 2, an idle information indication bit or a newly-added information indication bit is used to determine that the UE sends the PHR or other auxiliary scheduling information to the base station under a specific condition. The information indication bit may be further used to determine an uplink resource on which the UE sends the foregoing information to the base station. Specific PHR content that is sent is described above, and is not described herein again.

[0042] The UE may also add the PHR to an uplink channel, and send the PHR to the base station by using the uplink channel, so that the base station can perform uplink data scheduling control and power control for the UE according to the PHR.

[0043] S104. The base station receives the uplink message of the UE, and sends message 4 to the UE to return contention resolution information.

[0044] In this embodiment, a PHR is carried in message 3 sent by UE to a base station, so that the base station can obtain, in a timely manner, a basis for performing scheduling configuration when the UE performs current uplink data transmission, and can more accurately configure power control and scheduling information for the UE. This avoids allocating the UE a channel that exceeds an uplink transmission capability of the UE, and thereby avoids an uplink bandwidth waste; or avoids allocating the UE bandwidth lower than that required by an uplink transmission capability required by the UE, and thereby avoids a loss of uplink transmission information of the UE.

[0045] An embodiment of the present invention provides another method for indicating a PHR. The following describes in detail a solution provided in this embodiment of the present invention with reference to FIG. 1. The method in this embodiment of the present invention is executed by a base station and user equipment, and may constitute an independent technical solution on either of a base station side and a UE side.

[0046] A difference between the method for indicating a PHR provided in this embodiment and the method in the foregoing embodiment is as follows:
Information indicating a PHR is carried in the random access preamble sequence sent by the UE to the base station in S101, instead of message 3 in the foregoing embodiment.

[0047] Specifically, one or more information indication bits are determined in the random preamble sequence and are used to determine that the UE sends the PHR or other auxiliary scheduling information to the base station under a specific condition. The information indication bit may be further used to determine an uplink resource on which the UE sends the foregoing information to the base station. This can be implemented by using a one-bit indication. For example, for a preamble sequence set {c_1, c_2, ..., c_n}, if the UE selects a sequence c_1 to c_n/2 as a preamble sequence, after receiving the preamble sequence, the base station considers that the UE sends 0; otherwise, 1.

[0048] In this embodiment, information indicating a PHR is carried in a random access preamble sequence sent by UE to a base station, to indicate that the UE sends the PHR in the uplink direction under a specific condition, so that the base station can obtain, in a timely manner, a basis for performing scheduling configuration when the UE performs current uplink data transmission, and can more accurately configure power control and scheduling information for the UE. This avoids allocating the UE a channel that exceeds an uplink transmission capability of the UE, and thereby avoids an uplink bandwidth waste; or avoids allocating the UE bandwidth lower than that required by an uplink transmission capability required by the UE, and thereby avoids a loss of uplink transmission information of the UE.

[0049] FIG. 2 shows a possible schematic structural diagram of a base station in the foregoing embodiment.

[0050] The base station includes a transmitter/receiver 1001, a controller/processor 1002, a memory 1003, and a communications unit 1004. The transmitter/receiver 1001 is configured to support information sending and receiving between the base station and the UE in the foregoing embodiment, and support radio communication between the UE and other UE. The controller/processor 1002 performs various functions for communicating with the UE. In an uplink, an uplink signal from the UE is received by an antenna, demodulated by the receiver 1001, and further processed by the controller/processor 1102, so as to restore service data and signaling information that are sent by the UE. In a downlink, service data and a signaling message are processed by the controller/processor 1002, and modulated by the transmitter 1001 to generate a downlink signal, and the downlink signal is sent by the antenna to the UE. The controller/processor 1002 further performs a processing process in FIG. 1 that includes the base station and/or is configured to perform another process of the technology described in this application. The memory 1003 is configured to store program code and data of the base station. The communications unit 1004 is configured to support communication between the base station and another network entity.

[0051] It may be understood that FIG. 3 shows merely a simplified design of a base station. In actual application, the base station may include any quantity of transmitters, receivers, processors, controllers, memories, communications units, and the like, and all base stations that can implement the present invention fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

[0052] FIG. 3 shows a simplified schematic diagram of a possible design structure of UE in the foregoing embodiment. The UE includes a transmitter 1101, a receiver 1102, a controller/processor 1103, a memory 1104, and a modem processor 1105.

[0053] The transmitter 1101 adjusts (for example, by means of analog conversion, filtering, amplification, and up-conversion) the output sampling and generates an uplink signal. The uplink signal is transmitted by using an antenna to the base station in the foregoing embodiment. In a downlink, the antenna receives a downlink signal transmitted by the base station in the foregoing embodiment. The receiver 1102 adjusts (for example, by means of filtering, amplification, down-conversion, and digitization) a signal received from the antenna and provides an input sampling. In the modem processor 1105, an encoder 1106 receives service data and a signaling message to be sent in an uplink, and processes (for example, by means of formatting, coding, and interleaving) the service data and the signaling message. A modulator 1107 further processes (for example, by means of symbol mapping and modulation) the encoded service data and signaling message, and provides an output sampling. A demodulator 1109 processes (for example, by means of demodulation) the input sampling and provides symbol estimation. A decoder 1108 processes (for example, by means of de-interleaving and decoding) the symbol estimation and provides the decoded data and signaling message that are sent to the UE. The encoder 1106, the modulator 1107, the demodulator 1109, and the decoder 1108 may be implemented by using the integrated modem processor 1105. These units perform processing according to a radio access technology (such as an access technology of LTE or another evolved system) used by a radio access network.

[0054] The controller/processor 1103 controls and manages an action of the UE, and is configured to perform processing performed by the UE in the foregoing embodiment. For example, the controller/processor 1103 is configured to control the UE to receive paging according to a received long DRX cycle and/or perform another process of the technology described in the present invention. For example, the controller/processor 1103 is configured to support performing, by the UE, a processing process in FIG. 1 that includes the UE, and/or is configured to perform another process of the technology described in this application. The memory 1104 is configured to store program code and data of the UE 110.

[0055] It should be noted that, in the foregoing embodiments, the descriptions of the embodiment have respective focuses. For a part that is not described in detail in an embodiment, refer to related descriptions in other embodiments. In addition, persons skilled in the art should also appreciate that all the embodiments described in the specification are preferred embodiments, and the used actions and modules are not necessarily mandatory to the present invention.

[0056] A sequence of the steps of the method in the embodiments of the present invention may be adjusted, and the steps may be combined or reduced according to an actual requirement.

[0057] The modules in the embodiments of the present invention may be combined, divided, or reduced according to an actual requirement.

[0058] The controller/processor configured to perform functions of the base station, the UE, or the core network apparatus in the present invention may be a central processing unit (CPU), a general purpose processor, a digital signal processor (DSP), an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC), a field programmable gate array (FPGA) or another programmable logical device, a transistor logical device, a hardware component, or any combination thereof. The controller/processor may implement or execute various example logical blocks, modules, and circuits described with reference to content disclosed in the present invention. Alternatively, the processor may be a combination of processors implementing a computing function, for example, a combination of one or more microprocessors, or a combination of the DSP and a microprocessor.

[0059] The steps of the method or the algorithm described with reference to content disclosed in the present invention may be implemented in a manner of hardware, or may be implemented in a manner of a processor performing a software instruction. The software instruction may include a corresponding software module. The software module may be stored in a RAM memory, a flash memory, a ROM memory, an EPROM memory, an EEPROM memory, a register, a hard disk, a removable hard disk, a CD-ROM, or any other well-known storage medium in the art. For example, a storage medium is coupled to a processor, so that the processor can read information from the storage medium or write information into the storage medium. Certainly, the storage medium may also be a component of the processor. The processor and the storage medium may be located in the ASIC. In addition, the ASIC may be located in user equipment. Certainly, the processor and the storage medium may exist in the user equipment as discrete components.

[0060] Persons skilled in the art should be aware that in the foregoing one or more examples, functions described in the present invention may be implemented by hardware, software, firmware, or any combination thereof. When the present invention is implemented by software, the foregoing functions may be stored in a computer-readable medium or transmitted as one or more instructions or code in the computer-readable medium. The computer-readable medium includes a computer storage medium and a communications medium, where the communications medium includes any medium that enables a computer program to be transmitted from one place to another. The storage medium may be any available medium accessible to a general-purpose or dedicated computer.

[0061] The objectives, technical solutions, and benefits of the present invention are further described in detail in the foregoing specific embodiments. It should be understood that the foregoing descriptions are merely specific embodiments of the present invention, but are not intended to limit the protection scope of the present invention.


Claims

1. User equipment, UE, configured to indicate a power headroom report, PHR, in a Narrowband Internet of Things, NB-IoT, system, wherein the UE comprises a processor and a transmitter;
the processor is configured to determine a PHR; and
the transmitter is configured to send a first message to a base station in a random access process, wherein the first message comprises an information segment, the information segment is used to indicate the PHR;
wherein the PHR comprises a value of maximum subcarrier quantity supported by the UE, a value in a subcarrier quantity set, or any value in the subcarrier quantity set.
 
2. The user equipment according to claim 1, wherein:
the first message is message 3 in the random access process, wherein message 3 is used to establish a radio resource control, RRC, connection between the UE and the base station.
 
3. The user equipment according to claim 1 or 2, wherein:
the PHR comprises a difference value between an uplink power estimated by the UE and a maximum power of the UE.
 
4. A method for indicating a power headroom report, PHR, wherein the method is used in a Narrowband Internet of Things, NB-IoT, system and comprises:

determining, by a user equipment, UE, a PHR; and

sending, by the UE, a first message to a base station in a random access process, wherein the first message comprises an information segment, the information segment is used to indicate the PHR;

wherein the PHR comprises a maximum subcarrier quantity supported by the UE, a subcarrier quantity set, or any value in the subcarrier quantity set.


 
5. The method according to claim 4, wherein:
the first message is message 3 in the random access process, wherein message 3 is used to establish a radio resource control, RRC, connection between the UE and the base station.
 
6. The method according to claim 4 or 5, wherein:
the PHR comprises a difference value between an uplink power estimated by the UE and a maximum power of the UE.
 
7. A Narrowband Internet of Things, NB-IoT, communications system, comprising a base station and the user equipment, UE, according to any one of claims 1 to 3.
 
8. A computer-readable storage medium comprising instructions which, when executed by a computer, cause the computer to carry out the method of any one of claims 4-6.
 


Ansprüche

1. Benutzergerät UE, ausgelegt zum Angeben einer Leistungsreservemeldung PHR in einem System des schmalbandigen Internet der Dinge NB-IoT, wobei das UE einen Prozessor und einen Sender umfasst;
der Prozessor ausgelegt ist zum Bestimmen einer PHR; und
der Sender ausgelegt ist zum Senden einer ersten Nachricht zu einer Basisstation in einem Direktzugriffsprozess, wobei die erste Nachricht ein Informationssegment umfasst und das Informationssegment zur Angabe der PHR verwendet wird;
wobei die PHR einen Wert der maximalen durch das UE unterstützten Subträgerquantität, einen Wert in einer Subträgerquantitätsmenge oder einen beliebigen Wert in der Subträgerquantitätsmenge umfasst.
 
2. Benutzergerät nach Anspruch 1, wobei
die erste Nachricht Nachricht 3 in dem Direktzugriffsprozess ist, wobei Nachricht 3 zum Herstellen einer Verbindung der Funkressourcensteuerung RRC zwischen dem UE und der Basisstation verwendet wird.
 
3. Benutzergerät nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei
die PHR einen Differenzwert zwischen einer durch das UE geschätzten Aufwärtsstreckenleistung und einer Maximalleistung des UE umfasst.
 
4. Verfahren zum Angeben einer Leistungsreservemeldung PHR, wobei das Verfahren in einem System des schmalbandigen Internet der Dinge NB-IoT verwendet wird und Folgendes umfasst:

Bestimmen einer PHR durch ein Benutzergerät UE; und

Senden einer ersten Nachricht zu einer Basisstation in einem Direktzugriffsprozess durch das UE, wobei die erste Nachricht ein Informationssegment umfasst und das Informationssegment zum Angeben der PHR verwendet wird;

wobei die PHR einen Wert der maximalen durch das UE unterstützten Subträgerquantität, eine Subträgerquantitätsmenge oder einen beliebigen Wert in der Subträgerquantitätsmenge umfasst.


 
5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 4, wobei
die erste Nachricht Nachricht 3 in dem Direktzugriffsprozess ist, wobei Nachricht 3 zum Herstellen einer Verbindung der Funkressourcensteuerung RRC zwischen dem UE und der Basisstation verwendet wird.
 
6. Verfahren nach Anspruch 4 oder 5, wobei
die PHR einen Differenzwert zwischen einer durch das UE geschätzten Aufwärtsstreckenleistung und einer Maximalleistung des UE umfasst.
 
7. Kommunikationssystem des schmalbandigen Internet der Dinge NB-IoT, das eine Basisstation und das Benutzergerät UE nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3 umfasst.
 
8. Computerlesbares Speicherungsmedium, das Anweisungen umfasst, die, wenn sie durch einen Computer ausgeführt werden, bewirken, dass der Computer das Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 4-6 ausführt.
 


Revendications

1. Équipement d'utilisateur, UE, configuré pour indiquer un rapport de marge de sécurité de puissance, PHR, dans un système de l'Internet des objets à bande étroite, NB-IoT, dans lequel
l'UE comprend un processeur et un émetteur ;
le processeur est configuré pour déterminer un PHR ; et
l'émetteur est configuré pour envoyer un premier message à une station de base dans un processus d'accès aléatoire, le premier message contenant un segment d'information, le segment d'information servant à indiquer le PHR ;
dans lequel le PHR contient une valeur d'une quantité maximale de sous-porteuses prise en charge par l'UE, une valeur appartenant à un ensemble de quantités de sous-porteuses, ou n'importe quelle valeur de l'ensemble de quantités de sous-porteuses.
 
2. Équipement d'utilisateur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel :
le premier message est le message 3 du processus d'accès aléatoire, le message 3 servant à établir une connexion de commande de ressource radio, RRC, entre l'UE et la station de base.
 
3. Équipement d'utilisateur selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel :
le PHR contient une valeur de différence entre une puissance de liaison montante estimée par l'UE et une puissance maximale de l'UE.
 
4. Procédé pour indiquer un rapport de marge de sécurité de puissance, PHR, le procédé étant utilisé dans un système de l'Internet des objets à bande étroite, NB-IoT, et comprenant les étapes consistant à :

déterminer, par un équipement d'utilisateur, UE, un PHR ; et

envoyer, par l'UE, un premier message à une station de base dans un processus d'accès aléatoire, le premier message contenant un segment d'information, le segment d'information servant à indiquer le PHR ;

dans lequel le PHR contient une quantité maximale de sous-porteuses prise en charge par l'UE, un ensemble de quantités de sous-porteuses, ou n'importe quelle valeur de l'ensemble de quantités de sous-porteuses.


 
5. Procédé selon la revendication 4, dans lequel :

le premier message est le message 3 du processus d'accès aléatoire, le message 3 servant à établir une connexion de commande de ressource radio, RRC, entre l'UE et la station de base.


 
6. Procédé selon la revendication 4 ou 5, dans lequel :
le PHR contient une valeur de différence entre une puissance de liaison montante estimée par l'UE et une puissance maximale de l'UE.
 
7. Système de communication de l'Internet des objets à bande étroite, NB-IoT, comprenant une station de base et l'équipement d'utilisateur, UE, selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3.
 
8. Support de stockage lisible par ordinateur contenant des instructions qui, lorsqu'elles sont exécutées par un ordinateur, amènent l'ordinateur à mettre en Ĺ“uvre le procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 4 à 6.
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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