(19)
(11)EP 3 399 985 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
23.02.2022 Bulletin 2022/08

(21)Application number: 17736400.7

(22)Date of filing:  06.01.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A61P 35/00(2006.01)
A61K 38/00(2006.01)
A61K 35/26(2015.01)
C07K 14/725(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
A61K 38/00; A61K 35/26; C07K 14/7051; A61P 35/00
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2017/012464
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/120428 (13.07.2017 Gazette  2017/28)

(54)

COMPOSITIONS AND LIBRARIES COMPRISING RECOMBINANT T-CELL RECEPTORS AND METHODS OF USING RECOMBINANT T-CELL RECEPTORS

ZUSAMMENSETZUNGEN UND BIBLIOTHEKEN MIT REKOMBINANTEN T-ZELLREZEPTOREN UND VERFAHREN ZUR VERWENDUNG REKOMBINANTER T-ZELLREZEPTOREN

COMPOSITIONS ET BIBLIOTHÈQUES COMPRENANT DES RÉCEPTEURS DE LYMPHOCYTES T RECOMBINÉS ET MÉTHODES D'UTILISATION DES RÉCEPTEURS DE LYMPHOCYTES T RECOMBINÉS


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 06.01.2016 US 201662275600 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
14.11.2018 Bulletin 2018/46

(73)Proprietor: Health Research, Inc.
Buffalo, NY 14263 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • ODUNSI, Adekunle
    Williamsville NY 14221 (US)
  • TSUJI, Takemasa
    Williamsville NY 14221 (US)
  • MATSUZAKI, Junko
    Williamsville NY 14221 (US)

(74)Representative: FRKelly 
27 Clyde Road
Dublin D04 F838
Dublin D04 F838 (IE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A2-2014/160030
US-A1- 2009 053 184
US-A1- 2013 273 647
JP-A- 2008 263 950
US-A1- 2011 070 208
  
  • A S CHERVIN ET AL: "Design of T-cell receptor libraries with diverse binding properties to examine adoptive T-cell responses", GENE THERAPY, vol. 20, no. 6, 11 October 2012 (2012-10-11), pages 634-644, XP055596428, GB ISSN: 0969-7128, DOI: 10.1038/gt.2012.80
  • P. F. ROBBINS ET AL: "A Pilot Trial Using Lymphocytes Genetically Engineered with an NY-ESO-1-Reactive T-cell Receptor: Long-term Follow-up and Correlates with Response", CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH, vol. 21, no. 5, 1 March 2015 (2015-03-01), pages 1019-1027, XP055212606, ISSN: 1078-0432, DOI: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-14-2708
  • AARON P RAPOPORT ET AL: "Combination Immunotherapy with NY-ESO-1-Specific CAR+ T Cells with T-Cell Vaccine Improves Anti-Myeloma Effect", NATURE MEDICINE, vol. 128, no. 22, 1 January 2016 (2016-01-01), page 3366, XP055566730, New York ISSN: 1078-8956, DOI: 10.1038/nm.3910
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

FIELD



[0001] The present disclosure relates generally to immunotherapy and more specifically to recombinant T cell receptors that can impart direct tumor recognition capability to T cells.

BACKGROUND



[0002] Tumor antigen-specific T cells recognize and kill cancer cells by using unique T cell receptor (TCR) alpha and beta chain complex which is specific against tumor antigen peptide/HLA complex. Extremely diverse TCR alpha/beta sequence alone determines peptide-specificity, HLA restriction, and strength of recognition. Gene-engineering of polyclonally expanded peripheral T cells with tumor antigen-specific TCR generates large numbers of tumor antigen-specific T cells that can be used in adoptive T cell therapy of cancer patients using autologous gene-engineered T cells. Currently, only a few therapeutic TCR gene products has been tested in clinical trials, which significantly restricts applicability of this powerful therapeutic strategy to limited patients by their HLA types as well as antigen expression in cancer cells. There is thus an ongoing and unmet need for improved compositions and methods for use in adoptive immune therapy involving recombinant TCRs. The present disclosure meets this need.

[0003] A. S. CHERVIN et al concerns the design of T-cell receptor libraries with diverse binding properties to examine adoptive T-cell responses (GENE THERAPY, vol. 20, no. 6, pages 634 - 644.

[0004] P. F. ROBBINS et al concerns a pilot trial using lymphocytes genetically engineered with an NY-ESO-1-reactive T-cell receptor: long-term follow-up and correlates with response (CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH, vol. 21, no. 5, pages 1019 - 1027).

[0005] AARON P RAPOPORT et al concerns combination immunotherapy with NY-ESO-1-specific CAR+ T cells with T-cell vaccine improves anti-myeloma effect (NATURE MEDICINE, vol. 128, no. 22, page 3366).

BRIEF SUMMARY



[0006] The present disclosure comprises a modified human T cell comprising a recombinant polynucleotide encoding an alpha chain and a beta chain of a TCR, wherein the TCR is one of the TCRs referred to herein as AL, KQ, PP, 19305CD8, BB, KB, ST, JD, 19305DP, PB-P, PB-T, or PB 13.2, as described further below. The disclosure also comprises a method for prophylaxis and/or therapy of an individual diagnosed with, suspected of having or at risk for developing or recurrence of a cancer, wherein the cancer comprises cancer cells which express NY-ESO-1 and/or its highly homologous LAGE-1 antigen, the method comprising administering to the individual modified human T cells that express a recombinant TCR of this disclosure.

[0007] The disclosure comprises an expression vector encoding a TCR, wherein the TCR comprises an alpha chain and a beta chain having the sequence of 19305DP AL, KQ, PP, 19305CD8, BB, KB, ST, JD, PB-P, PB-T, or PB13.2 as further described below.

[0008] The disclosure comprises a library comprising a plurality of expression vectors, wherein the expression vectors encode at least one alpha chain and a beta chain or a combination thereof selected from the group of TCR alpha and beta chains described herein for TCRs 19305DP, AL, KQ, PP, 19305CD8, BB, KB, ST, JD, PB-P, PB-T, or PB13.2 as further described below. In one example, the library can further comprise at least one expression vector encoding the alpha chain and the beta chain for the JM, 5B8, SB95 TCRs which are also further described below.

[0009] The disclosure comprises a method comprising selecting an expression vector from a library of this disclosure, wherein the selection is based at least in part on the HLA type of an individual diagnosed with or suspecting of having a NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1 positive cancer, and distributing the selected expression vector to a party for use in introducing the expression vector into immune cells of the diagnosed individual.

[0010] The disclosure comprises a method comprising selecting an expression vector from an expression vector library of this disclosure, and introducing the expression vector into immune cells obtained from an individual diagnosed with a NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1 positive cancer, wherein the HLA type of the TCR encoded by the expression vector is matched to the HLA type of the individual, the method optionally comprising introducing the immune cells comprising the expression vector into an individual in need thereof.

[0011] The disclosure comprises a method comprising testing a sample from an individual to determine whether or not the individual has a NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1 positive cancer, and subsequent to a determination that the individual has the NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1 positive cancer, selecting an expression vector from a library of this disclosure based at least in part on the HLA type of the individual, and introducing the expression vector into immune cells of the individual, the method optionally further comprising introducing the immune cells comprising the expression vector into the individual.

[0012] The disclosure comprises computer-based methods for selecting and/or retrieving a TCR from a library of this disclosure for use in an immunotherapy. The disclosure can include a database comprising nucleotide and/or amino acid sequences of the TCRs, or other indicia of the TCRs. The disclosure can include a system that comprises a processor programmed to match a TCR of a library of this disclosure with the HLA type of a sample.

[0013] In a first aspect, there is provided recombinant polynucleotide encoding an alpha chain and a beta chain of a T cell receptor (TCR) 19305DP as set out in the claims.

[0014] In a second aspect, there is provided modified human T cells comprising an expression vector, wherein the recombinant polynucleotide of the first aspect is present in an expression vector for use in a method for prophylaxis and/or therapy of an individual diagnosed with, suspected of having or at risk for developing or recurrence of a cancer, wherein the cancer comprises cancer cells which express NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1 antigen, characterised by administering to the individual the modified human T cells comprising the expression vector.

[0015] In a third aspect, there is provided a library comprising a plurality of recombinant polynucleotides encoding the alpha chains and the beta chain of T cell receptors (TCRs) of the first aspect.

[0016] In a fourth aspect, there is provided a method comprising testing a sample from an individual to determine whether or not the individual has a NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1 positive cancer, and subsequent to a determination that the individual has the NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1 positive cancer, selecting an expression vector from a library of the third aspect based at least in part on the HLA type of the individual, and optionally introducing the expression vector into cells obtained from the individual. Some preferred embodiments are described in the dependent claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURES



[0017] 

Figures 1A-1D provide graphical depictions of vectors of this disclosure. Figure 1A. For transduction of T cells, murine stem cell virus (MSCV)-derived vectors have been widely used because of strong promoter activity by MSCV long terminal repeats (LTR) and in vivo stability of transgene expression in hematopoietic cells. As 3'-LTR is copied to 5'-LTR during integration to host cells (T cells) and responsible for the transcription of transgenes, 3'-LTR in the plasmids is important in the expression. On the other hand, 5'-LTR is responsible for transcription for virus production. A Schematic representation for classical MSCV-derived vectors (pMIG-II and pMIG-w) is shown in Figure 1A. Both vectors have MSCV-derived LTR at 5' and 3' sites, packaging signal (ψ), multiple cloning sites (MCS). A transgene is cloned in the multiple cloning site (MCS), which is followed by the internal ribosomal entry site (IRES) and the green fluorescent protein gene (GFP) to efficiently detect transduced cells. pMIG-w vector has additional woodchuck hepatitis virus post-transcriptional regulatory element (WRE), which enhances expression of the transgene. Further modifications can be introduced, such as those found in the commercial retroviral vector, pDON-5 (Clontech). pDON-5, which is derived from a murine leukemia virus (MLV) vector, and replaces the 5'-LTR with the CMV/MLV hybrid LTR for enhanced virus production through strong CMV promoter activity in virus packaging cell lines. Additionally, a partial intron from the human elongation factor 1α gene can be introduced to provide a splice acceptor site (SA), which together with an endogenous splice donor site (SD) induces splicing and enhances transcription.

Figure IB. To create a retrovirus vector which can produce high-titer retrovirus that induces high level transgene (TCR) expression in T cells, we amplified a DNA fragment from 5'-LTR to the intron containing a splice acceptor site in the pDON-5 plasmid. The forward primer was designed to append SgrAI restriction enzyme recognition site before 5'-LTR and the reverse primer was designed to append NotI and SalI sites after the intron. PCR-amplified fragment was treated with SgrAI and SalI and inserted into pMIG-II and pMIG-w plasmids so that 5'-LTR to GFP is replaced.

Figure 1C. The depicted plasmids only have NotI and SalI recognition sites for cloning. The use of SalI a known 6-mer sequence is not preferred as this short recognition sequence may appear in the transgene. To provide additional restriction enzyme recognition site which is believed to be absent from most transgenes that are pertinent to this disclosure, we amplified a 1.8kb DNA fragment (stuffer) with a forward primer with a NotI restriction site, and a reverse primer with PacI-SalI sites. The amplified fragment was treated with NotI and SalI restriction enzymes and inserted into new plasmids.

Figure ID. The TCR expression cassette was amplified with the forward primer with the NotI restriction site and the reverse primer with the PacI restriction enzyme site. The amplified expression cassette was treated with NotI and PacI restriction enzymes and inserted into the new plasmids.

Figure 2. Expression of 19305DP-TCR on polyclonally activated T cells. Polyclonally activated T cells from peripheral blood mononuclear cells were transduced twice with retroviral vector encoding 19305DP-TCR, whose beta chain variable region was a Vb8 subtype. Expression was measured by staining with anti-TCR Vb8 antibody together with anti-CD4 and anti-CD8 antibodies.

Figure 3. Cancer cell recognition by 19305DP-TCR-transduced T cells. 19305DP-TCR transduced T cells were co-cultured with NY-ESO-1+SK-MEL-37 and NY-ESO1-SK-MEL-29 melanoma cells lines for 6 hours in the presence of Golgi Stop and IFN-g production was measured by intracellular IFN-g staining in combination with cell surface CD8 staining.

Figure 4, panel A. Retrovirus vector used to express TCRs. LTR: long-terminal repeat; ψ: packaging signal; MCS: multiple cloning site; IRES: internal ribosome entry site; eGFP: enhanced green fluorescent protein. Figure 4 panel B. TCR expressing cassette. (I) TCR β and α chain-coding cDNA sequences are connected by a GSG (Gly-Ser-Gly) linker and a P2A ribosomal skipping sequence. (II) TCR β and α chain-coding cDNA sequences are connected by a furin protease recognition site (RAKR (Arg-Ala-Lys-Arg) ((SEQ ID NO:59)), a SGSG (Ser-Gly-Ser-Gly) (SEQ ID NO:60) linker, V5 epitope, and a P2A ribosomal skipping sequence.

Figure 5. Cell surface expression of CD4 and CD8 molecules on HLA-A02-restricted T cell clones. 19305DP-TCR CD4/CD8 double positive T cell clone and AL CD8 single positive T cell clone were stained by anti-CD4 and anti-CD8 monoclonal antibodies and analyzed by flow cytometry.

Figure 6. Effect of blocking antibodies on recognition of cancer targets. 19305DP-TCR CD4/CD8 double positive T cell clone and JD CD8 single-positive T cell clone were co-cultured with HLA-A02+NY-ESO-1+ melanoma cell line MZ-MEL-9 in the presence or absence of the indicated antibodies. Anti-HLA class I antibody (aABC) inhibited recognition by both 19305DP and JD. Although two anti-CD8 antibodies significantly inhibited recognition by JD, recognition by 19305DP was not inhibited, indicating CD8-independent recognition of cancer targets. indicates significant (p<0.05) inhibition.

Figure 7. Effect of alanine substitution on NY-ESO-1 peptide recognition. Each amino acid residue in NY-ESO-1(157-170) peptide (DP4 peptide SLLMWITQCFLPVF (SEQ ID NO:61) was substituted with alanine residue. HLA-A02-positive and NY-ESO-1-negative cancer cell was pulsed or un-pulsed (-) with alanine substituted (1-14) or natural DP4 peptide (DP4). Recognition by 19305DP CD4/CD8 double -positive T cell clone, AL CD8 single -positive T cell clone and JD CD8 single positive T cell clone was investigated by measuring IFN-g in the supernatant. Alanine substitution of amino acids at positions 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 (LLMWIT-SEQ ID NO: 62) significantly decreased the recognition by 19305DP, indicating that these residues are important for T cell recognition. In silico analysis showed that there is no known proteins with LLMWIT sequence, except for NY-ESO-1 and LAGE-1.

Figure 8. In vivo anti-tumor activity of 19305DP-TCR-transduced T cells. NOD/Scid/IL-2Rg-chain-deficient (NSG) mice were subcutaneously injected with 1x106 BLA-A2+NY-ESO-1+ A375 cell line. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were polyclonally activated and transduced with 19305DP-TCR, AL-TCR or irrelevant-TCR by retroviral vectors. On day 11, 2.5x105 TCR transduced T cells were intravenously injected. Tumor volume was measured every other days after T-cell injection by digital caliper. 19305-TCR-transduced T cells significantly inhibited tumor growth (Panel A) and prolonged survival (Panel B). Five out of 6 mice treated with 19305DP-TCR-transduced T cells were tumor free at day 40, while 4 out of 6 mice injected with AL-TCR-transduced T cells had tumor at this time point.

Figure 9. In vitro CTL activity of CD8+ and CD4+ T cells transduced with 19305DP-TCR. CD4+ or CD8+ T cells were depleted from PBMC using biotin-conjugated anti-CD4 or anti-CD8 antibody followed by anti-biotin Dynabeads. CD4-depleted and CD8-depleted PBMC were polyclonally activated and transduced with 19305DP-TCR, AL-TCR or irrelevant-TCR by retrovial vectors. (Panel A) The purity of CD8+ (CD4-depleted cells) and CD4+ (CD8-depleted cells) T cells transduced with TCR were determined by flow cytometry prior to in vivo experiment. (Panel B) Cytotoxic activity of CD8+ or CD4+ T cells transduced with indicated TCR against BLA-A2+NY-ESO-1+ Mel624.38 cell line was tested by Calcein-AM assay after 4 hours incubation. (Panel C) Cancer cell apoptotic cell death after cocultured with CD4+ or CD8+ T cells transduced with indicated TCR. BLA-A2+NY-ESO-1+ A375 cell line (2.5x105) was cocultured with 5x105 T cells for 20 hours. Apoptotic cell death was determined by annexin-V and PI staining. Whereas 19305DP-TCR-transduced CD4+ T cells showed week cytotoxic activity compared with CD8+ T cells by short-term cytotoxic assay Panel B), the CD4+ T cells induced apoptotic cell death (Panel C). Cancer cell death was not observed when cocultured with AL-TCR-transduced CD4+ T cells.

Figure 10. Anti-tumor activity of CD8+ and CD4+ T cells transduced with 19305DP-TCR. CD4+ or CD8+ T cells were depleted from PBMC using biotin-conjugated anti-CD4 or anti-CD8 antibody followed by anti-biotin Dynabeads. CD4-depleted and CD8-depleted PBMC were polyclonally activated and transduced with 19305DP-TCR, AL-TCR or irrelevant-TCR by retrovial vectors. NOD/Scid/IL-2Rg-chain-deficient (NSG) mice were subcutaneously injected with 1x106 HLA-A2+NY-ESO-1+ A375 cell line. On day 11, 0.6x105 TCR transduced CD8+ T cells (25% of whole PBMC) and 1.9x105 TCR transduced CD4+ T cells (75% of whole PBMC) were intravenously injected. Tumor volume was measured every other days after T-cell injection by digital caliper. Both 19305DP-TCR and AL-TCR-transduced CD8+ T cells controlled tumor growth (left), while only 19305DP-TCR transduced CD4+ T cells showed tumor regression (right).


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0018] Unless defined otherwise herein, all technical and scientific terms used in this disclosure have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this disclosure pertains.

[0019] Every numerical range given throughout this specification includes its upper and lower values, as well as every narrower numerical range that falls within it, as if such narrower numerical ranges were all expressly written herein.

[0020] Each polynucleotide described herein includes its complementary sequence and its reverse complementary sequence, as well as RNA equivalents of DNA sequences wherein each T in a DNA sequence is replace with U. All polynucleotide sequences encoding the amino acid sequences described herein are included within the scope of this disclosure.

[0021] The present disclosure provides compositions and methods for prophylaxis and/or therapy of a variety of cancers. In general, the cancers are those which express the well-known NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1 antigen.

[0022] The disclosure comprises each of the recombinant TCRs described herein, polynucleotides encoding them, expression vectors comprising the polynucleotides, cells into which the polynucleotides have been introduced, including but not necessarily limited CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells, natural killer T cells, γδ T cells, and progenitor cells, such as hematopoietic stem cells. As used in this disclosure, a "recombinant TCR" means a TCR that is expressed from a polynucleotide that was introduced into the cell, meaning prior to the initial introduction of the polynucleotide the TCR was not encoded by a chromosomal sequence or other polynucleotide in the cell.

[0023] The cells into which the polynucleotides are introduced can be lymphoid progenitor cells, immature thymocytes (double-negative CD4-CD8-) cells, or double-positive thymocytes (CD4+CD8+). The progenitor cells can comprise markers, such as CD34, CD117 (c-kit) and CD90 (Thy-1). The disclosure includes methods of making the TCRs, methods of modifying cells so that they express the TCRs, the modified cells, and methods of using the modified cells for anti-cancer approaches. Libraries of distinct TCRs are also included.

[0024] The disclosure includes a method for prophylaxis and/or therapy of an individual diagnosed with, suspected of having or at risk for developing or recurrence of a cancer, wherein the cancer comprises cancer cells which express NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1 antigen. This approach comprises administering to the individual modified human cells comprising a recombinant polynucleotide encoding a TCR of this disclosure. The modified human cells, such as modified T cells, are enhanced relative to their unmodified T cell counterparts in their ability to fight cancer. Thus, in practicing a method of this disclosure results in a therapeutic response which can include but is not necessarily limited to slowing the growth rate of cancer cells and/or tumors, reducing tumor volume and/or reducing an increase in the rate of tumor volume increase, killing cancer cells, extending life span of an individual who has been diagnosed with a cancer as more fully described herein, and other parameters that will be apparent to those skilled in cancer treatment.

[0025] The effect of practicing this disclosure can be compared to any suitable reference, such as a positive or negative control. An effect can be compared to a reference value obtained, for example, from a control cells expressing a TCR with known effects, or a TCR that is not specific for the particular antigen in question, or a TCR that is mismatched with respect to HLA type and/or T lymphocyte type, or any other suitable reference value that will be apparent to those skilled in the art when provided the benefit of this disclosure. A suitable reference can comprise a known value or range of values. The reference can comprise a statistical value, such as an area under a curve, or another area or plot on a graph, and/or is obtained from repeated measurements.

[0026] Various and non-limiting embodiments of the disclosure are demonstrated using HLA-I and HLA-II restricted TCRs.

HLA-I restricted TCRs



[0027] The disclosure encompasses novel TCRs that are specific for the NY-ESO-1 antigen as presented in an HLA class I context. Specific examples of the α chain and β chain of HLA-I restricted TCRs and polynucleotide sequences encoding them are described further below as "19305DP", "AL", "KQ", "PP", "19305CD8", "BB", "KB", "ST", and "JD". These TCRs are specific for NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1-derived peptides presented by different HLA class I types, including HLA-A02; B27; B35; Cw03; and Cw15.

HLA-II restricted TCRs



[0028] The disclosure encompasses novel TCRs that are specific for the NY-ESO-1 antigen as presented in an HLA class II context. Specific examples of the α chain and β chain of HLA-II restricted TCRs and polynucleotide sequences encoding them are described further below as "PB-P", "PB-T", and "PB13.2". These TCRs are specific for NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1-derived peptides presented by different HLA class II types, including HLA-DRB 104 and DRB107. These TCRs impart to T cells that express them the capability of direct recognition of tumors and/or cancer cells that express the NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1 antigen.

[0029] The cells comprising a recombinant TCR of this disclosure that are administered to an individual can be allogeneic, syngeneic, or autologous cells. Thus, the cells can be obtained from a first individual, modified, and administered to a second individual who is in need thereof. Alternatively, the cells are removed from the individual prior to modification, are modified to express the recombinant TCR, and administered back to the same individual. The cells that are modified according to this disclosure can comprise an immune cell population that is enriched for, comprises or consists of a particular immune cell type. The cells can be CD4+ T cells, or can be CD8+ T cells. The cells into which one or more expression vectors of this disclosure is introduced can comprise a mixture of immune cells, such CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, and/or can comprise peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). In one approach, one or more expression vectors which alone or together encode the 19305DP TCR is/are introduced into a mixture of immune cells. The T cells can be capable of direct recognition of the cancer cells expressing the NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1 antigen. The direct recognition can comprise HLA class II-restricted binding of the TCR to the NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1 antigen expressed by the cancer cells.

[0030] With respect to 19305DP TCR, the present disclosure demonstrates certain characterizations of its expression and function. For example, Figures 5-7 provide characteristics of parental 19305DP clone. In particular, Figure 5 provides evidence of the CD4/CD8 double positive characteristics. Figure 6 provides a demonstration of CD8-independent recognition which indicates high affinity recognition by the TCR. Figure 7 provides a demonstration of strict NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1 sequence-specificity which supports no cross-reactivity to other human antigens. Figures 8-10 present results demonstrating anti-tumor effects of human T cells transduced by the 19305DP-TCR, in comparison with AL-TCR, which has the same HLA-A02:01-restriction and NY-ESO-1-specificity but is derived from a CD8 single-positive T-cell clone. Figure 8 provides a demonstration of in vivo growth inhibition of NY-ESO-1 and HLA-A02:01-expressing human melanoma by human peripheral blood mononuclear cells containing both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, that were transduced by 19305DP or AL TCR-expressing retroviral vectors, demonstrating superior anti-tumor effect by 19305DP-TCR-transduced PBMCs. Figure 9 provides a demonstration of in vitro tumor-killing ability of 19305DP and AL TCR-expressing CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, demonstrating that both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells efficiently kill NY-ESO-1+HLA-A02:01+ cancer target when they were transduced by 19305DP-TCR, while only CD8+ T cells killed the target when they were transduced by AL-TCR. Figure 10 provides data demonstrating in vivo tumor growth inhibition of 19305DP and AL TCR-expressing CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, demonstrating that both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells attack NY-ESO-1+HLA-A02:01+ cancer targets when they were transduced by 19305DP-TCR, while only CD8+ T cells showed tumor growth inhibition when they were transduced by AL-TCR. Thus the disclosure can relate to the ability to transduce either CD4+ T cells, or CD8+ T cells, or so-called double positive ("DP") T cells using recombinant TCRs and modified cells of this disclosure, such as cells modified to express the 19305DP TCR. With respect to DP T cells, it is known in the art that they exist at a developmental stage in the thymus. CD4+/CD8+ double positive T cells are differentiated into the CD4 lineage or the CD8 lineage by the process known as thymic positive selection, and CD4 and CD8 differentiation paths are believed to be generally mutually exclusive fates. Nevertheless, mature CD4+/CD8+ DP T cells have been described in the blood and peripheral lymphoid tissues, and have been observed in certain disorders, including cancer - although at low frequency. Without intending to be constrained by any particular theory, it is believed the present disclosure provides the first description of a TCR obtained from a DP T cell, and producing such TCR recombinantly to demonstrate its utility in adoptive immunological approaches, as demonstrated in the Examples and Figures of this disclosure. Mixtures of cells expressing TCRs, or cells expressing more than one TCR described herein, that are specific for distinct cancer antigens are disclosed, thus providing cell populations that can be considered polyvalent with respect to the TCRs.

[0031] The TCRs provided by the invention are in certain examples capable of recognizing NY-ESO-1; 157-170 which is an antigen that consists of the amino acid sequence SLLMWITQCFLPVF (SEQ ID NO:63), or are capable of recognizing NY-ESO-1;95-106, which is an antigen that consists of the amino acid sequence PFATPMEAELAR (SEQ ID NO:64).

[0032] The cells provided by the invention can be engineered CD8+ T cells expressing a TCR of this disclosure that can directly recognize NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1+ cancer cells, and CD4+ T cells that are capable of recognizing these NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1 antigens via TCRs which interact with the antigen in association with HLA class II molecules, wherein the HLA class II molecules are displayed by tumor cells.

[0033] The disclosure includes each and every polynucleotide sequence that encodes one or more TCR polypeptides of the invention and disclosed herein, including DNA and RNA sequences, and including isolated and/or recombinant polynucleotides comprising and/or consisting of such sequences. The disclosure also includes cells which comprise the recombinant polynucleotides. The cells can be isolated cells, cells grown and/or expanded and/or maintained in culture, and can be prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells. Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell cultures can be used, for example, to propagate or amplify the TCR expression vectors of the invention. The cells can comprise packaging plasmids, which, for example, provide some or all of the proteins used for transcription and packaging of an RNA copy of the expression construct into recombinant viral particles, such as pseudoviral particles. The expression vectors can be transiently or stably introduced into cells. The expression vectors can be integrated into the chromosome of cells used for their production. Polynucleotides encoding the TCRs which are introduced into cells by way of an expression vector, such as a viral particle, can be integrated into one or more chromosomes of the cells. Such cells can be used for propagation, or they can be cells that are used for therapeutic and/or prophylactic approaches. The eukaryotic cells include CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells, natural killer T cells, γδ T cells, and their progenitor cells into which a TCR expression construct of the invention has been introduced. The CD4+ T cells can be from any source, including but not limited to a human subject who may or may not be the eventual recipient of the CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells, or combinations thereof, once they have been engineered to express a novel TCR according to this disclosure.

[0034] Expression vectors for use with this disclosure can be any suitable expression vector. The expression vector can comprise a modified viral polynucleotide, such as from an adenovirus, a herpesvirus, or a retrovirus, such as a lentiviral vector. The expression vector is not restricted to recombinant viruses and includes non-viral vectors such as DNA plasmids and in vitro transcribed mRNA.

[0035] With respect to the polypeptides that are encoded by the polynucleotides/ expression vectors described above, the disclosure comprises functional TCRs and expression vectors encoding them, wherein the functional TCR which comprises a TCR α and a TCR β chain, wherein the two chains are present in a physical association with one another (e.g., in a complex) and are non-covalently joined to one another, or wherein the two chains are distinct polypeptides but are covalently joined to one another, such as by a disulfide or other covalent linkage that is not a peptide bond. Other suitable linkages can comprise, for example, substituted or unsubstituted polyalkylene glycol, and combinations of ethylene glycol and propylene glycol in the form of, for example, copolymers. Two polypeptides that constitute the TCR α and a TCR β chain can both be included in a single polypeptide, such as a fusion protein. The fusion protein can comprise a TCR α chain amino acid sequence and a TCR β chain amino acid sequence that have been translated from the same open reading frame (ORF), or distinct ORFs, or an ORF that contain a signal that results in non-continuous translationThe ORF can comprise a P2A-mediated translation skipping site positioned between the TCR α and TCR β chain. Constructs for making P2A containing proteins (also referred to as 2A Peptide-Linked multicistronic vectors) are known in the art. (See, for example, Gene Transfer: Delivery and Expression of DNA and RNA, A Laboratory Manual, (2007), Friedman et al., International Standard Book Number (ISBN) 978-087969765-5. Briefly, 2A peptide sequences, when included between coding regions, allow for stoichiometric production of discrete protein products within a single vector through a novel cleavage event that occurs in the 2A peptide sequence. 2A peptide sequences are generally short sequence comprising 18-22 amino acids and can comprise distinct amino-terminal sequences. Thus, a fusion protein can include a P2A amino acid sequence. A fusion protein can comprise a linker sequence between the TCR α and TCR β chains. The linker sequence can comprise a GSG (Gly-Ser-Gly) linker or an SGSG (Ser-Gly-Ser-Gly) (SEQ ID NO:59) linker. The TCR α and TCR β chains can be connected to one another by an amino acid sequence that comprises a furin protease recognition site, such as an RAKR (Arg-Ala-Lys-Arg) (SEQ ID NO:60) site.

[0036] The expression construct that encodes the TCR can also encode additional polynucleotides. The additional polynucleotide can be such that it enables identification of TCR expressing cells, such as by encoding a detectable marker, such as a fluorescent or luminescent protein. The additional polynucleotide can be such that it encodes an element that allows for selective elimination of TCR expressing cells, such as thymidine kinase gene. The additional polynucleotides can be such that they facilitate inhibition of expression of endogenously encoded TCRs. The expression construct that encodes the TCR can also encode a polynucleotide which can facilitate RNAi-mediated down-regulation of one or more endogenous TCRs. For example, see Okamoto S, et al. (2009) Cancer Research, 69:9003-9011, and Okamoto S, et al. (2012). Molecular Therapy-Nucleic Acids, 1, e63. The expression construct that encodes the TCR can encode an shRNA or an siRNA targeted to an endogenously encoded TCR. Alternatively, a second, distinct expression construct that encodes the polynucleotide for use in downregulating endogenous TCR production can be used.

[0037] In certain approaches distinct TCR chains can be expressed from an expression construct such that the β chain is oriented N-terminally in relation to the α chain, and thus TCRs can also comprise this chain orientation, or other orientations. Alternatively, the TCR α and β chain proteins can be expressed from distinct expression vectors introduced into the same cell. mRNA encoding TCRs can be used as an alternative to expression vectors.

[0038] With respect to use of the engineered CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells, and combinations thereof, the method generally comprises administering an effective amount (typically 1010 cells by intravenous or intraperitoneal injections) of a composition comprising the CD4+ T cells to an individual in need thereof. An individual in need thereof is an individual who has or is suspected of having, or is at risk for developing a cancer which is characterized by malignant cells that express NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1. As is well known in the art, NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1 is expressed by a variety of cancer cells and tumor types. In particular and non-limiting examples, such cancers include cancers of the bladder, brain, breast, ovary, non-small cell lung cancer, myeloma, prostate, sarcoma and melanoma. Specific examples include but are not limited to liposarcomas and intrahepatic cholagiocarcinoma. The individual may have early-stage or advanced forms of any of these cancers, or may be in remission from any of these cancers. The individual to whom a composition of the invention is administered can be at risk for recurrence for any cancer type that expresses NY-ESO-1. The individual can have or be suspected of having, or is at risk for developing or recurrence of a tumor comprising cells which express a protein comprising the amino acid sequences defined by NY-ESO-1:157-170 and/or NY-ESO-1:95-106. The disclosure includes recombinant TCRs that are specific for peptide fragments of NY-ESO-1 that are between 15 and 24 amino acid residues long, wherein such peptides are presented in a complex with HLA-II. The disclosure includes recombinant TCRs that are specific for peptides that are in a complex with HLA-I, or HLA-II, wherein the peptides comprise or consist of the amino acid sequences of NY-ESO-1:157-170 and/or NY-ESO-1:95-106.

[0039] The nucleotide and amino acid sequences presented below represent those used to demonstrate the invention. As described above, the invention includes any and all polynucleotide sequences encoding the amino acid sequences of the TCR constructs described herein. Further, variations in amino acid sequences in the TCRs are contemplated, so long as they do not adversely affect the function of the TCR. A TCR comprising one or more amino acid changes as compared to the sequences presented herein can comprise conservative amino acid substitutions or other substitutions, additions or deletions, so long as the cells expressing the recombinant TCRs of the invention can directly and specifically recognize tumor cells that express NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1, wherein that recognition is dependent on expression of NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1 and presentation of peptides processed from it in an HLA class II restricted manner by the tumor cells. A TCR disclosed herein can comprise any amino acid sequence that facilitates direct recognition of the tumor antigen on the tumor cells, without participation of an antigen presenting cells. The amino acid sequence of a TCR provided by this disclosure can be at least 95%, 96%, 97%, 98% or 99% similar to an amino acid sequences provided in the sequence listing that is part of this disclosure. Any TCR of the invention can have a Koff value for its cognate epitope as defined herein that is essentially the same as the Koff for the cognate epitope exhibited by a TCR of a naturally occurring TCR for the same epitope. The TCR amino acid sequences can comprise changes in their constant region. In this regard, it is known in the art that in general, the constant region of a TCR does not substantially contribute to antigen recognition. For example, it is possible to replace a portion of the human constant region of a TCR with a murine sequence and retain function of the TCR. (See, for example, Goff SL et al. (2010) Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy, 59: 1551-1560). Thus, various modifications to the TCR sequences disclosed herein are contemplated, and can include but are not limited to changes that improve specific chain pairing, or facilitate stronger association with T cell signaling proteins of the CD3 complex, or inhibit formation of dimers between the endogenous and introduced TCRs. The amino acid changes can be present in the CDR region, such as the CDR3 region, including but not necessarily limited to substitutions of one, two, three, or more amino acids in the CDR3 sequence. The amino acid changes have no effect on the function of the TCR. The mature TCR proteins are preceded by the amino acid sequences termed a signal peptide or a leader peptide, which direct newly synthesized TCR proteins to the secretory pathway. A signal peptide is removed from the mature TCR protein before cell surface expression. Therefore, replacement of the signal peptide with other natural or artificial sequence does not alter function of mature TCR. Thus, various modifications to the signal peptide sequences disclosed herein are contemplated, including but not limited to deleting or changing some or all of the amino acids is in the signal peptide, or replacing all or some of the amino acids with other amino acids and/or polypeptide sequences, examples of which will be apparent to those skilled in the art given the benefit of the present disclosure. The disclosure can include expression vectors and other polynucleotides encoding one or more TCR hypervariable, or complementarity determining regions (CDRs) from the TCR alpha chain, beta chain, or a combination thereof. Optionally, only one CDR is encoded, or only two CDRs are encoded, or only three CDRs are encoded, or a combination of only certain CDRs from the TCR alpha and beta chains are encoded, and all such combinations of TCR CDR segments and polynucleotides encoding them from the TCR alpha and beta chains described herein are encompassed by this disclosure. Those skilled in the art will be able to recognize TCR CDR segments of each of the TCR amino acid sequence presented herein.

Libraries



[0040] The disclosure includes a plurality of expression vectors encoding TCRs, i.e., a library comprising a plurality of distinct expression vectors encoding distinct TCRs, wherein at least one member of the library encodes a novel α-chain and a novel β-chain of a TCR of this disclosure. Thus, at least one member of the library can be selected from expression vectors that encode the α chain and β chain of at least one of the HLA-I restricted TCRs referred to herein as AL, KQ, PP, 19305CD8, BB, KB, ST, JD, and 19305DP, and at least member of the library can be selected from expression vectors that encode the α chain and β chain of at least one of the novel HLA-II restricted TCRs described herein PB-P, PB-T, PB13.2. Combinations of distinct expression vectors encoding these HLA-I and HLA-II restricted TCRs are included in the disclosure.

[0041] In one non-limiting example a library of this disclosure comprises an expression vector encoding the TCR described herein as 19305DP, which is an HLA-A02-restricted TCR and is functional in both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. This TCR was initially obtained from a unique tumor antigen-specific T cells that were CD4+CD8+ double-positive, and this is believed to be the first description of such a TCR. The AL, KQ, PP, 19305CD8, BB, KB, ST, and JD TCR genes were initially obtained from CD8+ single-positive T cells, and PB-P, PB-T and PB13.2 were from CD4+ single-positive T cells.

[0042] In addition at least one novel TCR/expression vector described herein, a library disclosed by this disclosure can further comprise expression vectors encoding HLA class II restricted TCRs selected from the TCRs described below as "JM", "5B8" that are HLA DPB104-restricted and DRB101-restricted "SB95". These constructs are described in PCT/US14/25673, published as WO/2014/160030, in which there is a description of the TCRs, expression vectors encoding the TCRs, and methods of making and using the TCRs and expression vectors. The JM, 5B8 and SB95 TCRs were obtained from NY-ESO-1 positive individuals, and these TCRs confer onto T cells, including CD4+ T cells, the ability to directly recognize NY-ESO-1+ cancer cells, as described further below, including but not necessarily limited to PB-P, PB-T and PB13.2. Thus, these TCRs impart to T cells the capability to directly recognize a cancer cell expressing a NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1 antigen, wherein the direct recognition of the cancer cell comprises human leukocyte antigen HLA class II-restricted binding of the TCR to the NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1 antigen expressed by the cancer cell.

[0043] An expression vector library of this disclosure can encode a diversity of TCRs. In certain disclosures, the expression vectors do not comprise any phage or phagemid DNA, and/or none of the TCR polypeptide(s) comprises any phage or phagemid protein. In certain disclosures the TCRs do not comprise any phage or phagemid protein and thus are not components of, for example, a TCR phage display library.

[0044] In certain examples expression vectors in a TCR expression vector library of this disclosure encode a plurality of TCRs such that cells expressing the TCRs can function in a diversity of patients with distinct HLA class I types, HLA class II types, and/or combinations thereof.

[0045] HLA class I-restricted TCRs encoded by an expression vector library of this disclosure can be capable of functioning in patients with an HLA class I type selected from an allele encompassed by HLA-A, -B, -C, and combinations thereof. The library can be sufficiently diverse to be suitable for use in cancer therapy in at least 50% of the U.S. Caucasian population at the time of the filing of this application or patent. A library of this disclosure can be suitable for use in cancer therapy on the basis of HLA-class I (A02/B35/C04) restricted TCRs, which without intending to be bound by any particular theory is believed to comprise 67% of the HLA types of the U.S Caucasian population at the time of the filing of this application or patent, and HLA class II (DR01/DR04/DR07/DP04) restricted TCRs, which also without intending to be bound by any particular theory is believed to comprise 87% of the HLA types of U.S Caucasian population at the time of the filing of this application or patent. A TCR library of this disclosure can comprise TCRs specific for the 10 most frequently occurring HLA types in the U.S Caucasian population at the time of the filing of this application or patent, and thus may be suitable for use in cancer therapy at least 90%, 91%, 92%, 93%, 94%, 95%, 96%, 97%, 98%, 99%, or more of the human population. The disclosure can comprise a TCR library that is restricted to a plurality of NY-ESO-1 specify TCRs that are restricted by HLA types set forth in Table 1. The library can comprise TCRs that are restricted by one or a combination of the underlined HLA types in Table 1. The disclosure can include a library of 2 - 3,000 distinct expression vectors encoding distinct TCRs.

[0046] Expression vectors in a TCR expression vector library of this disclosure can encode a range of TCRs such that cells expressing the TCRs can function in a diversity of patients with an HLA class II type selected from an allele encompassed by HLA- DP, -DM, - DOA, -DOB, -DQ, -DR, and combinations thereof.

[0047] An expression vector library of this disclosure can comprise at least two expression vectors encoding at least two distinct TCRs, at least one of which is selected from 19305DP, AL, KQ, PP, 19305CD8, BB, KB, ST, JD, PB-P, PB-T, and PB13.2. An expression vector library of this disclosure can include an expression vector encoding both alpha and beta chains of 19305DP.

[0048] The disclosure comprises a library of distinct expression vectors. In one example, each expression vector can be contained as an isolated DNA preparation, or can be maintained, for example, in a cell culture. Such compositions can be preserved in, for example, separately sealed containers, such as glass or plastic vials, Eppendorf tubes, etc., and can be kept under a reduced temperature, such as a temperature of zero degrees C, or lower. Each separate container or location where a container is kept can comprise indicia of the expression vector(s) in the container. Such indicia can include but are not limited to human or machine perceptible material, such a printed label, a bar code a QR code, and the like, or any other indicia that is useful for identifying the contents / location of the expression vector, and which can be used for retrieving a TCR for use in a method of this disclosure. The disclosure can include a plurality of distinct containers comprising distinct TCRs, wherein each container is indexed, and wherein the indicia of the containers is maintained in a database. The database can be digitized and can be adapted such that it is integrated with software. The disclosure can comprise a computer based method for selecting a TCR from a library of this disclosure, the method comprising using a processor to match an input HLA type of an individual or sample or other HLA information with a TCR in the library that is compatible with said HLA type. In certain implementations, the disclosure can exclude computer based approaches that include signals, carrier waves, or transitory signals.

[0049] The disclosure includes a system comprising a library of TCRs, and a database comprising indicia of the nucleotide and/or sequences and/or HLA type of the TCRs, the database in communication with a processor, wherein the processor is programmed to select and/or designate a suitable TCR in the library that is matched with the HLA type of a sample. The system may further comprise an apparatus for retrieval of a container that contains the matched TCR, including but not necessarily a robotized apparatus that can, for example, be directed to the indicia of the suitable TCR, and can select and/or retrieve the indicated TCR from the library. The disclosure also comprises a computer readable medium comprising a database of populated with information about a TCR library of this disclosure. The disclosure can include a computer-readable medium comprising a set of instructions for a computer to select a TCR from a TCR library of this disclosure, wherein the TCR is matched to the HLA type of a sample.

[0050] The disclosure comprises receiving an indication of the HLA type of an individual diagnosed with a NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1 positive cancer, selecting an expression vector from a library of this disclosure based on the HLA type, and distributing the expression vector to a party for use in introducing the expression vector into immune cells of the diagnosed individual. The distributing the expression vector can comprise transporting the expression vector using any suitable approach.

[0051] The disclosure comprises selecting an expression vector from a library of this disclosure and introducing the expression vector into immune cells obtained from an individual diagnosed with a NY-ESO-/LAGE-11 positive cancer, wherein the HLA type of the TCR encoded by the expression vector is matched to the HLA type of the individual. The disclosure can further comprise introducing the immune cells into an individual in need thereof, which may be the individual who was diagnosed with the NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1 positive cancer, or may be an individual with the same HLA type as the diagnosed individual.

[0052] The disclosure can comprise testing a sample from an individual to determine whether or not the individual has a NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1 positive cancer, and subsequent to a determination that the individual has the NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1 positive cancer, selecting an expression vector from a library of this disclosure based on the HLA type of the individual, and introducing the expression vector into immune cells of the individual.

[0053] The following examples are intended to illustrate but not limit the invention.

Example 1



[0054] In specific and illustrative embodiments, the polynucleotide sequences encoding the TCRs of the invention, and the amino acid sequences of the TCR α and TCR β chains encoded by the polynucleotides are as follows. Representative and non-limiting examples demonstrating cloning and use of the TCRs is presented in Figures 1-4.

HLA-A02-restricted NY-ESO-1157-165-specific T-cell clone "AL"


1. Nucleotide Sequence



[0055] TCR α chain



[0056] TCR β chain




2. Amino Acid Sequence of AL (Starting from start codon-coding Methionine to stop codon-coding termination ())



[0057] TCR α chain



[0058] TCR β chain


HLA-B35-restricted NY-ESO-194-102-specific T-cell clone "KQ"


1. Nucleotide Sequence



[0059] TCR α chain





[0060] TCR β chain


2. Amino Acid Sequence for KQ (Starting from start codon-coding Methionine to stop codon-coding termination ())



[0061] TCR α chain





[0062] TCR β chain


HLA-B35-restricted NY-ESO-194-104-specific T-cell clone "PP"


1. Nucleotide Sequence



[0063] TCR α chain



[0064] TCR β chain




2. Amino Acid Sequence for PP (Starting from start codon-coding Methionine to stop codon-coding termination ())



[0065] TCR α chain



[0066] TCR β chain




HLA-B27-restricted NY-ESO-151-70-specific T-cell clone "19305CD8"


1. Nucleotide Sequence



[0067] TCR α chain



[0068] TCR β chain




2. Amino Acid Sequence for 19305CD8 (Starting from start codon-coding Methionine to stop codon-coding termination ())



[0069] TCR α chain



[0070] TCR β chain


HLA-Cw15-restricted NY-ESO-1127-135-specific T-cell clone "BB"


1. Nucleotide Sequence


TCR α chain



[0071] >BBA-2





[0072] TCR β chain


2. Amino Acid Sequence for BB (Starting from start codon-coding Methionine to stop codon-coding termination ())



[0073] TCR α chain



[0074] TCR β chain


HLA-Cw03-restricted NY-ESO-192-100-specific T-cell clone "KB"


1. Nucleotide Sequence



[0075] TCR α chain





[0076] TCR β chain


2. Amino Acid Sequence for KB (Starting from start codon-coding Methionine to stop codon-coding termination ())



[0077] TCR α chain



[0078] TCR β chain




HLA-Cw03-restricted NY-ESO-196-104-specific T-cell clone "ST"


1. Nucleotide Sequence



[0079] TCR α chain



[0080] TCR β chain




2. Amino Acid Sequence for ST (Starting from start codon-coding Methionine to stop codon-coding termination ())



[0081] TCR α chain



[0082] TCR β chain


HLA-A02-restricted NY-ESO-1157-165-specific T-cell clone "19305DP"


1. Nucleotide Sequence



[0083] TCR α chain





[0084] TCR β chain




2. Amino Acid Sequence for 19305DP (Starting from start codon-coding Methionine to stop codon-coding termination ())



[0085] TCR α chain



[0086] TCR β chain


HLA-A02-restricted NY-ESO-1157-165-specific T-cell clone "JD"


1. Nucleotide Sequence



[0087] TCR α chain





[0088] TCR β chain


2. Amino Acid Sequence for JD (Starting from start codon-coding Methionine to stop codon-coding termination ())



[0089] TCR α chain





[0090] TCR β chain


HLA-DRB107-restricted NY-ESO-1(139-160)-specific T-cell clone "PB-P"


1. Nucleotide sequence



[0091] TCR α-chain



[0092] TCR β-chain


2. Amino Acid Sequence for PB-P (Starting from start codon-coding Methionine to stop codon-coding termination ())



[0093] TCR α-chain



[0094] TCR β-chain




HLA-DRB104-restricted NY-ESO-1(111-143)-specific T-cell clone "PB-T"


1. Nucleotide sequence



[0095] TCR α-chain



[0096] TCR β-chain




2. Amino Acid Sequence for PB-T (Starting from start codon-coding Methionine to stop codon-coding termination ())



[0097] TCR α-chain



[0098] TCR β-chain


HLA-DRB107-restricted NY-ESO-1(139-160)-specific T-cell clone "PB13.2"


1. Nucleotide sequence



[0099] TCR α-chain



[0100] TCR β-chain




2. Amino Acid Sequence for PB13.2 (Starting from start codon-coding Methionine to stop codon-coding termination ())



[0101] TCR α-chain



[0102] TCR β-chain



[0103] In connection with the foregoing sequences of this Example, this Example provides a non-limiting demonstration of generating a NY-ESO-1-specific TCR-expressing retroviral vector (Figure 1). These figures illustrate the following:

Figure 1A. For transduction of T cells, murine stem cell virus (MSCV)-derived vectors have been widely used because of strong promoter activity by MSCV long terminal repeats (LTR) and in vivo stability of transgene expression in hematopoietic cells. As 3'-LTR is copied to 5'-LTR during integration to host cells such as T cells and responsible for the transcription of transgenes, 3'-LTR in the plasmids is important in the expression. On the other hand, 5'-LTR is responsible for the transcription for virus production. Schematic representation for classical MSCV-derived vectors (pMIG-II and pMIG-w) is shown in Figure 1. Both vectors have MSCV-derived LTR at 5' and 3' sites, packaging signal (ψ), multiple cloning sites (MCS). Transgene is cloned in the MCS, which is followed by the internal ribosomal entry site (IRES) and the green fluorescent protein gene (GFP) to efficiently detect transduced cells. pMIG-w vector has additional woodchuck hepatitis virus post-transcriptional regulatory element (WRE), which enhances expression of the transgene. In recent retrovirus vectors, further modifications are introduced as found in the commercial retroviral vector, pDON-5 (Clontech). pDON-5, which is derived from a murine leukemia virus (MLV) vector, replaces the 5'-LTR with the CMV/MLV hybrid LTR for enhanced virus production through strong CMV promoter activity in virus packaging cell lines. Furthermore, the partial intron from the human elongation factor 1 alpha gene is introduced to provide a splice acceptor site (SA), which together with an endogenous splice donor site (SD) induces splicing and enhances expression.

Figure IB. To create a retrovirus vector which can produce high-titer retrovirus that induces high level transgene (TCR) expression in T cells, we amplified a DNA fragment from 5'-LTR to the intron containing a splice acceptor site in the pDON-5 plasmid. The forward primer was designed to append SgrAI restriction enzyme recognition site before 5'-LTR and the reverse primer was designed to append NotI and SalI sites after the intron. PCR-amplified fragment was treated with SgrAI and SalI and inserted into pMIG-II and pMIG-w plasmids so that 5'-LTR to GFP is replaced.

Figure 1C. The plasmids depicted in Figure 1C only have NotI and SalI recognition sites for cloning. The use of SalI which recognizes a specific 6-mer nucleotide sequence is not preferable because it may appear frequently enough to be present in the transgene, thus resulting in its cleavage. To provide additional restriction enzyme recognition sites which are believed to be unlikely to appear in most TCR transgenes, we amplified a 1.8kb DNA fragment (stuffer) with the forward primer with a NotI restriction site, and the reverse primer with PacI-SalI sites. The amplified fragment was treated with NotI and SalI restriction enzymes and inserted into the new plasmids.

Figure ID. The depicted TCR expression cassette was amplified with the forward primer with the NotI restriction site and the reverse primer with the PacI restriction enzyme site. The amplified expression cassette was treated with NotI and PacI restriction enzymes and inserted into the new plasmids.



[0104] Transduction of 19305DP-TCR gene into polyclonally activated T cells (Figure 2). T cells from healthy individuals were preactivated for 2 days using phytohemagllutinin (PHA, obtained from Remel) in the presence of low-dose IL-2, IL-7, and IL-12. Retroviral particles were coated on non-tissue culture plate that were pre-coated with Retronectin (obtained from Clontech) and blocked with bovine serum albumin (BSA from Sigma). Activated T cells were infected by retrovirus by culturing on retrovirus-coated plate. Viral infection was repeated 24 hours later. Total number of infection was 2 times. Infected cells were expanded in the presence of IL-2 and IL-7. IL-12 was included for 5 days from the activation of T cells with PHA. After infection, more than 95% TCR gene-transduced T cells expressed transduced TCR by staining with TCR Vβ subtype-specific antibody.

[0105] Anti-tumor function of 19305DP-TCR-transduced T cells (Figures 3 and 8-10). TCR gene-transduced T cells were co-cultured with HLA-A02+NY-ESO-1+ melanoma cell line, SK-MEL-37 or HLA-A02+NY-ESO-1- melanoma cell line, SK-MEL-29 for 6 hours in the presence of Golgi Stop (BD Biosciences). Cells were stained by fluorochromeconjugated anti-CD4 and anti-CD8 antibodies and fixed and permeabilized using BD Cytofix/Cytoperm Kit (BD Biosciences). Intracellular IFN-γ was stained by fluorochromeconjugated anti-IFN-y antibody. Both TCR gene-transduced CD4+ and CD8+ T cells produced IFN-γ only when they were co-cultured with NY-ESO-1+ SK-MEL-37 but not SK-MEL-29. Untransduced CD4+ and CD8+ T cells did not produce IFN-γ against SK-MEL-37 or SK-MEL-29 (Figure 3). In Figure 8, immuno-deficient NOD/SCID/IL-2Rγ-chain-deficient (NSG) mice were inoculated with 1 million SK-MEL-37. After the tumor growth was confirmed on day 9, 10 million 19305DP-TCR gene-transduced T cells were injected. Control tumor-bearing mice were injected with irrelevant TCR-transduced T cells. Mice treated with 19305DP-TCR-transduced T cells showed significant delay in tumor growth and most mice eventually reject tumor xenograft. Tumor was continuously grew in control mice received irrelevant TCR-transduced T cells.

Example 2



[0106] This Example provides a description of additional TCR sequences that can be included with any one of the TCR sequences described in Example 1 in libraries of this disclosure. These TCRs impart the capability to CD4+ T cells to directly recognize NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1 positive cancer cells.

"JM" HLA-DPB10401/0402-restricted NY-ESO-1157-170-specific tumor-recognizing CD4+ T cell clone


(a) cDNA nucleotide sequences of TCR α and β chains



[0107] TCR α chain



[0108] TCR β chain




(b) amino acid sequences of TCR α and β chains for JM (TCR variable regions are in italic, CDR3 regions are in bold)



[0109] TCR α chain



[0110] TCR β chain


"5B8" HLA-DPB10401/0402-restricted NY-ESO-1157-170-specific tumor-recognizing CD4+ T cell clone


(a) cDNA nucleotide sequences of TCR α and β chains



[0111] TCR α chain





[0112] TCR β chain


(b) amino acid sequences of TCR α and β chains for 5B8 (TCR variable regions are in italic, CDR3 regions are in bold)



[0113] TCR α chain





[0114] TCR β chain


"SB95" HLA-DRB10101-restricted NY-ESO-195-106-specific tumor-recognizing CD4+ T cell clone


(a) cDNA nucleotide sequences of TCR α and β chains



[0115] TCR alpha



[0116] TCR beta




(b) amino acid sequence of TCR α and β chains for SB95 (TCR variable regions are in italic, CDR3 regions are in bold)



[0117] TCR α chain



[0118] TCR β chain



[0119] Figure 4 provides a non-limiting example of an expression vector that can be used to express any of the TCRs of this Example. For Figure 4: (A) Retrovirus vector used to express TCRs. LTR: long-terminal repeat; ψ: packaging signal; MCS: multiple cloning site; IRES: internal ribosome entry site; eGFP: enhanced green fluorescent protein. (B) TCR expressing cassette. (I) TCR β and α chain-coding cDNA sequences are connected by a GSG (Gly-Ser-Gly) linker and a P2A ribosomal skipping sequence. (II) TCR β and α chain-coding cDNA sequences are connected by a furin protease recognition site (RAKR (Arg-Ala-Lys-Arg)), a SGSG (Ser-Gly-Ser-Gly) linker, V5 epitope, and a P2A ribosomal skipping sequence.

[0120] As described in PCT PCT/US14/25673, the TCRs of this Example are capable of promoting direct recognition of cancer cells and inducing apoptosis of them. Further, CD4+ T cells expressing the TCRs of this Example were found to efficiently enhance the cytotoxic activity of tumor antigen-specific CD8+ T cells via direct recognition of cancer cells in the absence of antigen-presenting cells. Additionally, CD8+ T cells costimulated with CD4+ T cells expressing recombinant TCRs of this Example actively proliferated and upregulated central memory T cell markers, and CD4+ T cells expressing these TCRs showed significant in vivo anti-tumor activity to inhibit the growth of human cancer cells in immuno-deficient mice, and these CD4+ T cells with tumor antigen-specific CD8+ T cells co-operatively inhibited in vivo tumor growth.

[0121] HLA allele frequencies for different ethnic populations in the United States. (Shown for 10 most frequent types in European Americans in Table 1). Data for HLA-A,B,C,DR, and DQ were obtained and modified from The National Marrow Donor Program®(NMDP)/Be The Match® website: bioinformatics.bethematchclinical.org/. Data for HLA-DP were obtained from The Allele Frequency Net Database: www.allelefrequencies.net/contact.asp.

[0122] A library of this disclosure can contain a plurality of NY-ESO-1-specific TCRs restricted by the underlined/bold HLA types in Table 1 below.
Table 1
HLA-A
 EUR_freqEUR_rankAFA_freqAFA_rankAPI_freqAPI_rankHIS_freqHIS_rank
0201 0.29604 1 0.12458 1 0.09458 3 0.19403 1
0101 0.17181 2 0.04742 8 0.05082 5 0.06702 4
0301 0.14347 3 0.08132 3 0.02597 11 0.07907 3
2402 0.08686 4 0.02205 15 0.18238 1 0.12324 2
1101 0.05642 5 0.01581 18 0.17899 2 0.04618 7
2902 0.03279 6 0.03640 12 0.00141 30 0.04167 8
3201 0.03133 7 0.01414 21 0.01299 18 0.02711 13
2601 0.02948 8 0.01414 20 0.03896 8 0.02887 11
6801 0.02503 9 0.03681 11 0.01863 13 0.04694 6
3101 0.02351 10 0.01040 22 0.03247 9 0.04794 5
HLA-B
 EUR_freqEUR_rankAFA_freqAFA_rankAPI_freqAPI_rankHIS_freqHIS_rank
0702 0.13987 1 0.07303 2 0.02632 15 0.05453 4
0801 0.12525 2 0.03838 9 0.01641 21 0.04452 6
4402 0.09011 3 0.02116 17 0.00764 32 0.03327 9
1501 0.06654 4 0.00975 23 0.03480 11 0.02876 10
3501 0.05713 5 0.06494 3 0.04273 5 0.06353 1
4001 0.05643 6 0.01328 21 0.07980 1 0.01351 26
4403 0.04963 7 0.05373 6 0.04244 6 0.06078 2
1801 0.04620 8 0.03568 10 0.01160 25 0.03952 8
5101 0.04544 9 0.02178 16 0.06282 2 0.05778 3
5701 0.03832 10 0.00477 35 0.02066 18 0.01176 29
CEUR_freqEUR_rankAFA_freqAFA_rankAPI_freqAPI_rankHIS_freqHIS_rank
0701 0.16658 1 0.12401 2 0.03894 12 0.10355 3
0702 0.15006 2 0.06968 7 0.14560 1 0.11281 2
0401 0.10534 3 0.18457 1 0.08070 4 0.16508 1
0602 0.09301 4 0.08855 4 0.06518 6 0.05878 5
0501 0.09136 5 0.03526 10 0.00847 18 0.04652 9
0304 0.08215 6 0.05330 8 0.08352 3 0.06978 4
0303 0.05457 7 0.01182 16 0.05023 8 0.03402 12
1203 0.04892 8 0.01783 12 0.02737 13 0.04127 11
0802 0.03875 9 0.03733 9 0.00395 22 0.04927 8
0202 0.03729 10 0.08461 5 0.00395 21 0.04227 10
DRB1EUR_freqEUR_rankAFA_freqAFA_rankAPI_freqAPI_rankHIS_freqHIS_rank
1501 0.14441 1 0.02931 14 0.07919 4 0.06678 4
0701 0.13767 2 0.09771 2 0.08201 2 0.10455 1
0301 0.12916 3 0.07069 4 0.05373 7 0.07329 2
0101 0.09149 4 0.02599 15 0.02743 14 0.03877 9
0401 0.09111 5 0.02287 16 0.00905 22 0.01451 22
1301 0.06283 6 0.05551 7 0.02376 16 0.04202 7
1101 0.05654 7 0.08711 3 0.05119 9 0.04202 8
1302 0.04015 8 0.06445 6 0.03620 10 0.03877 10
0404 0.03634 9 0.00686 22 0.00905 23 0.05453 6
1104 0.03189 10 0.00561 23 0.00650 24 0.02551 13
DQB1EUR_freqEUR_rankAFA_freqAFA_rankAPI_freqAPI_rankHIS_freqHIS_rank
0201 0.23030 1 0.22314 1 0.10915 4 0.18525 3
0301 0.18450 2 0.17374 3 0.19410 1 0.20046 1
0602 0.14250 3 0.19801 2 0.04401 10 0.08065 6
0501 0.12281 4 0.15381 4 0.07394 6 0.11014 4
0302 0.09504 5 0.03683 6 0.07614 5 0.18894 2
0603 0.06512 6 0.02340 9 0.02289 12 0.04055 7
0303 0.04460 7 0.01646 11 0.12192 2 0.02074 9
0604 0.03240 8 0.01950 10 0.01364 14 0.02765 8
0402 0.02529 9 0.06846 5 0.02333 11 0.09078 5
0503 0.02497 10 0.01473 12 0.06206 8 0.01336 12
HLA-DP
 Caucasian African AmericanMexican American    
0101 0.062 4 0.272 0.031        
0201 0.131 2 0.13 0.093        
0202 0.007 9 NA 0.027        
0301 0.09 8 0.057 0.044        
0401 0.425 1 0.104 0.204        
0402 0.121 3 0.111 0.398        
0501 0.015 6 0.005 0.035        
0601 0.021 5 0.003 0.009        
0901 0.004 10 0.005 0.013        
1001 0.013 7 NA 0.027        


[0123] While the disclosure has been particularly shown and described with reference to specific embodiments, it should be understood by those having skill in the art that various changes in form and detail may be made therein without departing from the scope of the present disclosure as disclosed herein.

[0124] The scope of the invention is set forth in the accompanying claims.

SEQUENCE LISTING



[0125] 

<110> Health Research, Inc.

<120> COMPOSITIONS AND LIBRARIES COMPRISING RECOMBINANT T-CELL RECEPTORS AND METHODS OF USING RECOMBINANT T-CELL RECEPTORS

<130> 003551.00681

<140> US 62/275,600
<141> 2016-01-06

<160> 66

<170> PatentIn version 3.5

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Claims

1. A recombinant polynucleotide encoding an alpha chain and a beta chain of a T cell receptor (TCR) 19305DP, wherein the alpha chain comprises the sequence of SEQ ID NO:1 and the beta chain comprises the sequence of SEQ ID NO:2.
 
2. The recombinant polynucleotide of claim 1, wherein the recombinant polynucleotide is present in an expression vector.
 
3. The recombinant polynucleotide of claim 2, wherein the expression vector is present in a cell.
 
4. The recombinant polynucleotide of claim 3, wherein the expression vector is present in a cell that is a CD4+ T cell or a CD8+ T cell.
 
5. Modified human T cells comprising an expression vector of claim 2 for use in a method for prophylaxis and/or therapy of an individual diagnosed with, suspected of having or at risk for developing or recurrence of a cancer, wherein the cancer comprises cancer cells which express NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1 antigen, characterised by administering to the individual the modified human T cells comprising the expression vector of claim 2.
 
6. The modified human T cells for use of claim 5, wherein the cancer cells are selected from bladder cancer cells, brain cancer cells, breast cancer cells, gastric cancer cells, esophageal cancer cells, head and neck cancer cells, hepatobiliary cancer cells, kidney cancer cells, ovary cancer cells, non-small cell lung cancer cells, myeloma, prostate cancer cells, sarcoma cells, testicular cancer cells, melanoma cells, or combinations thereof.
 
7. The modified human T cells for use of claim 5 or claim 6, comprising removing T cells from the individual prior to the administering, and modifying the T cells by introducing into the T cells the expression vector.
 
8. The modified human T cells for use of claim 7, wherein the modified T cells in which the expression vector is present comprise CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells, or a combination thereof.
 
9. A library comprising a plurality of recombinant polynucleotides encoding the alpha chains and the beta chains of T cell receptors (TCRs) of claim 1 and further comprising at least one additional recombinant polynucleotide encoding at least one TCR alpha chain and at least one TCR beta chain from "AL" comprising SEQ ID NOs: 65 and 66, "KQ" comprising SEQ ID NOs:7 and 8, "PP" comprising SEQ ID NOs: 11 and 12, "BB" comprising SEQ ID NOs: 15 and 16, "KB" comprising SEQ ID NOs: 19 and 20, "ST" comprising SEQ ID NOs:23 and 24, "JD" comprising SEQ ID NOs:27 and 28, "PB-P" comprising SEQ ID NOs:31 and 32, "PB-T" comprising SEQ ID NOs:35 and 36, "PB 13.2" comprising SEQ ID NOs:39 and 40, "19305CD8" comprising SEQ ID NOs:43 and 44, "JM" comprising SEQ ID NOs:47 and 48, "5B8" comprising SEQ ID NOs:51 and 52, and "SB95" comprising SEQ ID NOs:55 and 56 TCRs ; wherein, optionally, the recombinant polynucleotides are present in expression vectors.
 
10. A method comprising testing a sample from an individual to determine whether or not the individual has a NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1 positive cancer, and subsequent to a determination that the individual has the NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1 positive cancer, selecting an expression vector from a library of claim 9 based at least in part on the HLA type of the individual, and optionally introducing the expression vector into cells obtained from the individual.
 


Ansprüche

1. Rekombinantes Polynukleotid, das für eine Alpha-Kette und eine Beta-Kette eines T-Zell-Rezeptors (TCR) 19305DP codiert, wobei die Alpha-Kette die Sequenz von SEQ ID NO: 1 umfasst und die Beta-Kette die Sequenz von SEQ ID NO: 2 umfasst.
 
2. Rekombinantes Polynukleotid nach Anspruch 1, wobei das rekombinante Polynukleotid in einem Expressionsvektor vorliegt.
 
3. Rekombinantes Polynukleotid nach Anspruch 2, wobei der Expressionsvektor in einer Zelle vorliegt.
 
4. Rekombinantes Polynukleotid nach Anspruch 3, wobei der Expressionsvektor in einer Zelle vorliegt, die eine CD4+T-Zelle oder eine CD8+T-Zelle ist.
 
5. Modifizierte humane T-Zellen, umfassend einen Expressionsvektor nach Anspruch 2 zur Verwendung bei einem Verfahren zur Prophylaxe und/oder Therapie eines Individuums, bei dem diagnostiziert wurde oder vermutet wird, dass es Krebs hat oder ein Risiko für die Entwicklung oder ein Wiederauftreten von Krebs besteht, wobei der Krebs Krebszellen umfasst, die NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1-Antigen exprimieren, gekennzeichnet durch ein Verabreichen der modifizierten humanen T-Zellen, die den Expressionsvektor nach Anspruch 2 umfassen, an das Individuum.
 
6. Modifizierte humane T-Zellen zur Verwendung nach Anspruch 5, wobei die Krebszellen aus Blasenkrebszellen, Gehirnkrebszellen, Brustkrebszellen, Magenkrebszellen, Speiseröhrenkrebszellen, Kopf- und Halskrebszellen, hepatobiliären Krebszellen, Nierenkrebszellen, Eierstockkrebszellen, nicht-kleinzellige Lungenkrebszellen, Myelom, Prostatakrebszellen, Sarkomzellen, Hodenkrebszellen, Melanomzellen oder Kombinationen davon ausgewählt sind.
 
7. Modifizierte humane T-Zellen zur Verwendung nach Anspruch 5 oder Anspruch 6, umfassend ein Entfernen von T-Zellen aus dem Individuum vor dem Verabreichen und das Modifizieren der T-Zellen durch Einführen des Expressionsvektors in die T-Zellen.
 
8. Modifizierte menschliche T-Zellen zur Verwendung nach Anspruch 7, wobei die modifizierten T-Zellen, in denen der Expressionsvektor vorliegt, CD4+-T-Zellen, CD8+-T-Zellen oder eine Kombination davon umfassen.
 
9. Bibliothek, umfassend eine Vielzahl von rekombinanten Polynukleotiden, die für die Alpha-Ketten und die Beta-Ketten von T-Zell-Rezeptoren (TCRs) nach Anspruch 1 codieren, und ferner umfassend mindestens ein zusätzliches rekombinantes Polynukleotid, das für mindestens eine TCR-alpha-Kette und mindestens eine TCR-beta-Kette von "AL" umfassend SEQ ID NO: 65 und 66, "KQ" umfassend SEQ ID NO: 7 und 8, "PP" umfassend SEQ ID NO: 11 und 12, "BB" umfassend SEQ ID NO: 15 und 16, "KB" umfassend SEQ ID NO: 19 und 20, "ST" umfassend SEQ ID NO: 23 und 24, "JD" umfassend SEQ ID NO: 27 und 28, "PB-P" umfassend SEQ ID NO: 31 und 32, "PB-T" umfassend SEQ ID NO: 35 und 36, "PB13.2" umfassend SEQ ID NO: 39 und 40, "19305CD8" umfassend SEQ ID NO: 43 und 44, "JM" umfassend SEQ ID NO: 47 und 48, "5B8" umfassend SEQ ID NO: 51 und 52 und "SB95" umfassend SEQ ID NO: 55 und 56 von TCRs codiert; wobei gegebenenfalls die rekombinanten Polynukleotide in Expressionsvektoren vorliegen.
 
10. Verfahren, umfassend ein Testen einer Probe eines Individuums, um festzustellen, ob das Individuum einen NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1-positiven Krebs hat oder nicht, und anschließend an eine Feststellung, dass das Individuum den NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1-positiven Krebs hat, Auswählen eines Expressionsvektors aus einer Bibliothek nach Anspruch 9, basierend zumindest teilweise auf dem HLA-Typ des Individuums, und gegebenenfalls Einführen des Expressionsvektors in Zellen, die von dem Individuum erhalten wurden.
 


Revendications

1. Polynucléotide recombinant codant pour une chaîne alpha et une chaîne bêta d'un récepteur de lymphocyte T (TCR) 19305DP, dans lequel la chaîne alpha comprend la séquence de SEQ ID N° 1 et la chaîne bêta comprend la séquence de SEQ ID N° 2.
 
2. Polynucléotide recombinant selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le polynucléotide recombinant est présent dans un vecteur d'expression.
 
3. Polynucléotide recombinant selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le vecteur d'expression est présent dans un lymphocyte.
 
4. Polynucléotide recombinant selon la revendication 3, dans lequel le vecteur d'expression est présent dans un lymphocyte qui est un lymphocyte T CD4+ ou un lymphocyte T CD8+.
 
5. Lymphocytes T humains modifiés comprenant un vecteur d'expression selon la revendication 2 pour une utilisation dans une méthode de prophylaxie et/ou de thérapie d'un individu diagnostiqué avec, suspecté d'avoir ou à risque de développer ou de récidiver un cancer, dans lesquels le cancer comprend des lymphocytes cancéreux qui expriment l'antigène NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1, caractérisés par l'administration à l'individu des lymphocytes T humains modifiés comprenant le vecteur d'expression selon la revendication 2.
 
6. Lymphocytes T humains modifiés pour une utilisation selon la revendication 5, dans lesquels les lymphocytes cancéreux sont choisis parmi les lymphocytes cancéreux de la vessie, les lymphocytes cancéreux du cerveau, les lymphocytes cancéreux du sein, les lymphocytes cancéreux gastriques, les lymphocytes cancéreux de l'œsophage, les lymphocytes cancéreux de la tête et du cou, les lymphocytes cancéreux hépatobiliaires, les lymphocytes cancéreux du rein, les lymphocytes cancéreux des ovaires, les lymphocytes cancéreux pulmonaires non à petites cellules, le myélome, les lymphocytes cancéreux de la prostate, les lymphocytes du sarcome, les lymphocytes cancéreux testiculaires, les lymphocytes du mélanome, ou des combinaisons de ceux-ci.
 
7. Lymphocytes T humains modifiés pour une utilisation selon la revendication 5 ou la revendication 6, comprenant l'élimination des lymphocytes T de l'individu avant l'administration, et la modification des lymphocytes T en introduisant dans les lymphocytes T le vecteur d'expression.
 
8. Lymphocytes T humains modifiés pour une utilisation selon la revendication 7, dans lesquels les lymphocytes T modifiés dans lesquels le vecteur d'expression est présent comprennent des lymphocytes T CD4+, des lymphocytes T CD8+, ou une combinaison de celles-ci.
 
9. Bibliothèque comprenant une pluralité de polynucléotides recombinants codant pour les chaînes alpha et les chaînes bêta des récepteurs de lymphocytes T (TCR) selon la revendication 1 et comprenant en outre au moins un polynucléotide recombinant supplémentaire codant pour au moins une chaîne alpha de TCR et au moins une chaîne bêta chaîne de TCR de « AL » comprenant les SEQ ID N° 65 et 66, « KQ » comprenant les SEQ ID N° 7 et 8, « PP » comprenant les SEQ ID N° 11 et 12, « BB » comprenant les SEQ ID N° 15 et 16, « KB » comprenant les SEQ ID N° 19 et 20, « ST » comprenant les SEQ ID N° 23 et 24, « JD » comprenant les SEQ ID N° 27 et 28, « PB-P » comprenant les SEQ ID N° 31 et 32, « PB-T » comprenant les SEQ ID N° 35 et 36, « PB 13.2 » comprenant les SEQ ID N° 39 et 40, « 19305CD8 » comprenant les SEQ ID N° 43 et 44, « JM » comprenant les SEQ ID N° 47 et 48, « 5B8 » comprenant les SEQ ID N° 51 et 52, et « SB95 » comprenant les SEQ ID N° 55 et 56 TCR ; dans laquelle, éventuellement, les polynucléotides recombinants sont présents dans des vecteurs d'expression.
 
10. Méthode comprenant le test d'un échantillon d'un individu pour déterminer si l'individu a ou non un cancer NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1 positif, et à la suite d'une détermination selon laquelle l'individu a le cancer NY-ESO-1/LAGE-1 positif, la sélection d'un vecteur d'expression à partir d'une banque selon la revendication 9 sur la base au moins en partie du type HLA de l'individu, et éventuellement l'introduction du vecteur d'expression dans des lymphocytes obtenus à partir de l'individu.
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description