(19)
(11)EP 3 406 462 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
02.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/36

(21)Application number: 17894397.3

(22)Date of filing:  12.12.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B60C 5/00(2006.01)
B60C 9/08(2006.01)
B60C 11/00(2006.01)
B60C 1/00(2006.01)
B60C 9/18(2006.01)
B60C 19/00(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2017/044581
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/139084 (02.08.2018 Gazette  2018/31)

(54)

PNEUMATIC TIRE

LUFTREIFEN

PNEUMATIQUE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 25.01.2017 JP 2017010922

(43)Date of publication of application:
28.11.2018 Bulletin 2018/48

(73)Proprietor: Sumitomo Rubber Industries, Ltd.
Kobe-shi, Hyogo 651-0072 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • NAKATANI, Masako
    Kobe-shi Hyogo 651-0072 (JP)
  • KAWACHI, Takahiro
    Kobe-shi Hyogo 651-0072 (JP)
  • YAMADA, Ayuko
    Kobe-shi Hyogo 651-0072 (JP)
  • NAKADERA, Keiichi
    Kobe-shi Hyogo 651-0072 (JP)
  • ITO, Hiroshi
    Kobe-shi Hyogo 651-0072 (JP)
  • ONO, Shuichiro
    Kobe-shi Hyogo 651-0072 (JP)
  • MUKOUGUCHI, Daiki
    Kobe-shi Hyogo 651-0072 (JP)
  • TANAKA, Tatsuhiro
    Kobe-shi Hyogo 651-0072 (JP)
  • MAEKAWA, Tetsuya
    Kobe-shi Hyogo 651-0072 (JP)
  • TOYA, Subaru
    Kobe-shi Hyogo 651-0072 (JP)

(74)Representative: Manitz Finsterwald Patent- und Rechtsanwaltspartnerschaft mbB 
Martin-Greif-Strasse 1
80336 München
80336 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 0 620 129
EP-A1- 3 418 074
JP-A- 2004 339 424
JP-A- 2015 086 344
EP-A1- 1 659 004
WO-A1-2016/012945
JP-A- 2014 520 175
JP-A- 2016 210 250
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a pneumatic tire provided with a noise damper on an inner cavity surface of a tread portion.

    Background Art



    [0002] Conventionally, as a technique for suppressing running noise of a pneumatic tire, as disclosed in JP 2009-292461 A, a pneumatic tire has been known in which a noise damper made of a sponge material is arranged on the inner cavity surface of the tread portion.

    [0003] However, when running in cold weather, the noise damper becomes hard, therefore, vibration energy of air cannot be sufficiently converted to thermal energy, thereby, the effect of decreasing the running noise is limited.

    [0004] EP 3 418 071 A1 is prior art under Article 54(3) EPC and discloses a pneumatic tire with a porous noise damper arranged on an inner cavity surface of the tread portion. The glass transition temperature of the noise damper is -50 degrees Celsius.

    [0005] EP 1 659 004 A1 discloses a pneumatic tire according to the preamble of claim 1.

    Summary of the Invention


    Problems to be solved by the Invention



    [0006]  The present invention was made in view of the above, and a primary object thereof is to provide a pneumatic tire capable of suppressing the running noise even when running in cold weather.

    Means for Solving the Problem



    [0007] The present invention is a pneumatic tire comprising a carcass extending between bead cores of bead portions via a tread portion and sidewall portions, and a belt layer arranged on an outer side in a tire radial direction of the carcass and inside the tread portion, wherein a porous noise damper is arranged on an inner cavity surface of the tread portion, and glass transition temperature of the noise damper is in a range of from -55 degrees Celsius to -45 degrees Celsius. However, a glass transition temperature of the noise damper equal to -50 degrees Celsius is disclaimed.

    [0008] In the pneumatic tire according to the present invention, it is preferred that density of the noise damper is in a range of from 10 to 40 kg/m3.

    [0009] In the pneumatic tire according to the present invention, it is preferred that volume V1 of the noise damper is in a range of from 0.4% to 30% of total volume V2 of a tire inner cavity.

    [0010] In the pneumatic tire according to the present invention, it is preferred that tensile strength of the noise damper is in a range of from 70 to 115 kPa.

    [0011] In the pneumatic tire according to the present invention, it is preferred that the pneumatic tire further comprises a damping rubber body having a width W1 in a tire axial direction in a range of from 60% to 130% of a width w2 in the tire axial direction of the belt layer and provided inside the tread portion.

    [0012] In the pneumatic tire according to the present invention, it is preferred that the damping rubber body is arranged between the carcass and the belt layer.

    [0013] In the pneumatic tire according to the present invention, it is preferred that the pneumatic tire further comprises a band layer arranged on an outer side in the tire radial direction of the belt layer and inside the tread portion, wherein the damping rubber body is arranged between the belt layer and the band layer.

    [0014] In the pneumatic tire according to the present invention, it is preferred that the pneumatic tire further comprises a band layer arranged on an outer side in the tire radial direction of the belt layer and inside the tread portion, wherein the damping rubber body is arranged on an outer side in the tire radial direction of the band layer.

    [0015] In the pneumatic tire according to the present invention, it is preferred that thickness in the tire radial direction of the damping rubber body is not less than 0.3 mm.

    [0016] In the pneumatic tire according to the present invention, it is preferred that relationship between hardness H1 of the damping rubber body and hardness H2 of a tread rubber arranged on an outer side in the tire radial direction of the belt layer is 0.5 ≤ H1/H2 ≤ 1.0.

    [0017] In the pneumatic tire according to the present invention, it is preferred that a loss tangent tan δ at 0 degree Celsius of a tread rubber arranged on an outer side in the tire radial direction of the belt layer is not less than 0.4, and the loss tangent tan δ at 70 degrees Celsius of the tread rubber is not more than 0.2.

    [0018] In the pneumatic tire according to the present invention, it is preferred that a tread rubber arranged on an outer side in the tire radial direction of the belt layer is a rubber composition body having a value not less than 20, the value being calculated by (1.4 × carbon black content (phr) + silica content (phr)) / sulfur content (phr).

    Advantageous Effects of the Invention



    [0019] According to the pneumatic tire of the present invention, the noise damper is arranged on the inner cavity surface of the tread portion, therefore, cavity resonance in a tire inner cavity is suppressed, thereby, the running noise of the pneumatic tire is decreased. Further, in the present invention, the glass transition temperature of the noise damper is in a range of from -55 degrees Celsius to -45 degrees Celsius, therefore, flexibility of the noise damper at low temperature is maintained. Thereby, even when running in cold weather, the noise damper effectively converts the vibration energy of the air into thermal energy, therefore, the running noise is sufficiently decreased.

    Brief Description of the Drawings



    [0020] 

    [Fig. 1] a cross-sectional view of a pneumatic tire as an embodiment of the present invention.

    [Fig. 2] a cross-sectional view of a pneumatic tire as another embodiment of the present invention.

    [Fig. 3] a cross-sectional view of a pneumatic tire as yet another embodiment of the present invention.


    Description of the Preferred Embodiment



    [0021] An embodiment of the present invention will now be described in conjunction with accompanying drawings.

    [0022] Fig. 1 is a tire meridian section passing through a tire rotational axis of a pneumatic tire 1 in this embodiment in a standard state. Here, the standard state is a state in which the tire is mounted on a standard rim RM, inflated to a standard inner pressure, and loaded with no tire load. Hereinafter, dimensions and the like of various parts of the tire 1 are those measured under the standard state, unless otherwise noted.

    [0023] The "standard rim" is a wheel rim specified for the concerned tire by a standard included in a standardization system on which the tire is based, for example, the "normal wheel rim" in JATMA, "Design Rim" in TRA, and "Measuring Rim" in ETRTO.

    [0024] The "standard pressure" is air pressure specified for the concerned tire by a standard included in a standardization system on which the tire is based, for example, the "maximum air pressure" in JATMA, maximum value listed in the "TIRE LOAD LIMITS AT VARIOUS COLD INFLATION PRESSURES" table in TRA, and "INFLATION PRESSURE" in ETRTO. when the tire is for a passenger car, it is set to 200 kPa uniformly in consideration of the actual use frequency and the like.

    [0025] As shown in Fig. 1, the pneumatic tire (hereinafter may be simply referred to as "tire") 1 in this embodiment is provided with a carcass 6 extending between bead cores 5 of bead portions 4 via a tread portion 2 and sidewall portions 3, and a belt layer 7 arranged on an outer side in a tire radial direction of the carcass 6 and inside the tread portion 2. In this embodiment, a tire for a passenger car is shown as the tire 1.

    [0026] The carcass 6 is formed by a single carcass ply 6A, for example. The carcass ply 6A includes a main body portion 6a extending between the bead cores 5 and turned up portions 6b each being turned up around respective one of the bead cores 5 from inside to outside in a tire axial direction so as to be engaged with the respective one of the bead cores 5. In the carcass ply 6A, organic fiber cords made of an organic material such as aromatic polyamide and rayon are used as carcass cords, for example. The carcass cords are arranged at an angle in a range of from 70 to 90 degrees with respect to a tire equator C, for example. The carcass ply 6A is formed by a plurality of the carcass cords covered with topping rubber. Between the main body portion 6a and each of the turned up portions 6b, a bead apex rubber 8 extending radially outwardly from respective one of the bead cores 5 in a tapered manner is arranged.

    [0027] On an outer side of the carcass 6, a tread rubber Tg for forming a ground contacting surface, sidewall rubbers Sg each for forming an outer surface of respective one of the sidewall portions 3, bead rubbers Bg each for forming an outer surface of respective one of the bead portions 4, and the like are arranged. On the other hand, on an inner side of the carcass 6, an inner liner rubber Lg for keeping tire inner pressure and the like are arranged.

    [0028] The belt layer 7 in this embodiment is formed by two belt plies 7A and 7B in which belt cords are arranged at an angle in a range of from 15 to 45 degrees with respect to the tire equator C, for example, and the belt plies 7A and 7B are overlapped in the tire radial direction so that the belt cords of the belt ply 7A and the belt cords of the belt ply 7B cross each other. For the belt cords, steel, aramid, rayon or the like is suitably used, for example. By covering a plurality of the belt cords with the topping rubber, the belt plies 7A and 7B are formed.

    [0029] The pneumatic tire 1 in this embodiment is provided with a band layer 9 arranged on an outer side in the tire radial direction of the belt layer 7. The band layer 9 includes a band ply 9A in which band cords of an organic fiber, nylon cords in this embodiment, are spirally wound at an angle not more than 10 degrees, preferably not more than 5 degrees with respect to the tire circumferential direction.

    [0030] The pneumatic tire 1 is provided with a noise damper 20 arranged on an inner cavity surface of the tread portion 2. The noise damper 20 is made of a porous sponge material, for example. The sponge material is a cavernous porous structure body including not only a so-called sponge itself having interconnected cells formed by foamed rubber or a synthetic resin but also a web body formed of an animal fiber, a vegetable fiber, or a synthetic fiber and the like integrally interwoven, for example. Further, the "porous structure body" includes not only a body having the interconnected cells but also a body having closed cells. For the noise damper 20 in this embodiment, a sponge material made of polyurethane having interconnected cells is used.

    [0031] In the sponge material as described above, the pores on the surface of or inside the sponge material convert vibration energy of the vibrating air into thermal energy, therefore, the vibration energy is consumed, thereby, sound (cavity resonance energy) is decreased, therefore, the running noise of the pneumatic tire 1 is decreased. Further, the sponge material is easy to deform such as contraction, flexion, etc., therefore, deformation of the tire during running is not substantially affected. Thereby, it is possible that deterioration of steering stability is prevented. Moreover, specific gravity of the sponge material is very small, therefore, it is possible that deterioration of weight balance of the tire is prevented.

    [0032] As the sponge material, synthetic resin sponge such as ether type polyurethane sponge, ester type polyurethane sponge, polyethylene sponge, and rubber sponge such as chloroprene rubber sponge (CR sponge), ethylene propylene rubber sponge (EDPM sponge), nitrile rubber sponge (NBR sponge) can be preferably and suitably used, and in particular, a polyurethane type or polyethylene type sponge including an ether type polyurethane sponge is preferred from the point of view of noise damping property, lightweight property, controllability of foaming, durability, and the like.

    [0033] The noise damper 20 has an elongated belt-like shape having a bottom surface fixed to the inner cavity surface of the tread portion 2 and extends in the tire circumferential direction. At this time, outer end portions in the circumferential direction of the noise damper may be in contact with each other to form a substantially annular shape, or the outer end portions may be spaced apart in the tire circumferential direction.

    [0034] The noise damper 20 has substantially the same cross-sectional shape at an arbitrary position in the tire circumferential direction except for the outer end portions. In order to prevent collapse and deformation during running, it is preferred that the cross-sectional shape is a flat and horizontally elongated shape in which a height is smaller than a width in the tire axial direction. In particular, as in this embodiment, it is preferred to have a concave groove 21 extending continuously in the tire circumferential direction on a side of the radially inner surface. The concave groove 21 increases a surface area of the noise damper 20, therefore, it is possible that more resonance energy is absorbed, and heat dissipation is increased, therefore, it is possible that the temperature rise of the sponge material is suppressed.

    [0035] Glass transition temperature of the noise damper 20 is in a range of from -55 degrees Celsius to -45 degrees Celsius. when the above glass transition temperature is less than -55 degrees Celsius, hardness at ordinary temperature is likely to be decreased, therefore, it is possible that the durability is affected. when the above glass transition temperature exceeds - 45 degrees Celsius, flexibility of the noise damper 20 at low temperature is impaired, therefore, it is possible that the decrease of the running noise mentioned above becomes small. In the pneumatic tire 1, the glass transition temperature of the noise damper 20 is set within the range of from -55 degrees Celsius to -45 degrees Celsius, therefore, the flexibility of the noise damper at low temperature is maintained. Thereby, even when running in cold weather, the noise damper 20 effectively converts the vibration energy of the air into thermal energy, therefore, the running noise is sufficiently decreased.

    [0036] In this embodiment, a damping rubber body 30 is disposed inside the tread portion 2. The damping rubber body 30 is arranged between the carcass 6 and the belt layer 7. The damping rubber body 30 is formed of rubber different from the topping rubber included in the carcass ply 6A and the belt ply 7A. A width W1 in the tire axial direction of the damping rubber body 30 is in a range of from 60% to 130% of a width w2 in the tire axial direction of the belt layer 7. In a more preferred embodiment, the width W1 of the damping rubber body 30 is in a range of from 70% to 120% of the width w2 of the belt layer 7. The damping rubber body 30 configured as such suppresses the vibration of the carcass 6 and the belt layer 7 without contributing to the weight increase of the pneumatic tire 1, and in particular contributes to the reduction of the running noise around 160 Hz. Note that if sufficient reduction effect of the running noise can be obtained by the noise damper 20, the damping rubber body 30 may be omitted.

    [0037] It is preferred that a thickness T1 in the tire radial direction of the damping rubber body 30 is not less than 0.3 mm. By setting the thickness T1 to not less than 0.3 mm, the vibration of the tread portion 2 is more effectively suppressed. Further, by setting a maximum thickness in the tire radial direction of the damping rubber body 30 in a range of from 4% to 20% of a maximum thickness of the tread portion 2, it is possible that the suppression of the running noise of the pneumatic tire 1 and steering stability performance are easily obtained at the same time.

    [0038] It is preferred that the relationship between hardness H1 of the damping rubber body 30 and hardness H2 of the tread rubber Tg disposed on an outer side in the tire radial direction of the belt layer 7 is 0.5 ≤ H1/H2 ≤ 1.0. Here, "rubber hardness" is defined as rubber hardness measured in accordance with Japanese Industrial Standard JIS-K 6253 by a type-A durometer under an environment of 23 degrees Celsius. By the damping rubber body 30 having the hardness H1 described above, the vibration of the tread portion 2 is more effectively suppressed while ensuring durability performance of the tread portion 2.

    [0039] It is preferred that relationship between the hardness H1 of the damping rubber body 30 and hardness H3 of the topping rubber included in the carcass ply 6A and the belt ply 7A is 0.4 ≤ H1/H3 ≤ 1.2. By the damping rubber body 30 of the hardness H1, vibration of the tread portion 2 is more effectively suppressed while securing the durability performance of the tread portion 2.

    [0040] More specifically, it is preferred that the hardness H1 of the damping rubber body 30 is in a range of from 30 to 73 degrees. with the damping rubber body 30 of hardness H1 configured as such, it is possible that the running noise is easily suppressed and the steering stability performance is improved while suppressing manufacturing cost of the pneumatic tire 1. Further, more specifically, it is preferred that the hardness H2 of the tread rubber Tg is in a range of from 55 to 75 degrees. By the tread rubber Tg of the hardness H2 configured as such, the rigidity of the tread portion 2 is optimized, therefore, it is possible that the steering stability is improved.

    [0041] In the pneumatic tire 1 in which the noise damper 20 is provided on the inner cavity surface of the tread portion 2, during the puncture repair by using the puncture repair liquid, the puncture repair liquid is locally absorbed in the noise damper 20, therefore, it is possible that uniformity performance after the repair is deteriorated. The term uniformity as used herein refers to the uniformity of weight including the pneumatic tire 1, the noise damper 20, and the puncture repair liquid. If such uniformity is impaired, it is possible that running noise tends to become large. Considering the uniformity performance after the puncture repair, it is preferred that density of the noise damper 20 is not less than 10 kg/m3. On the other hand, by the noise damper 20 having the density not more than 40 kg/m3, it is possible that the running noise in the vicinity of 250 Hz in particular is decreased without increasing the weight of the pneumatic tire 1.

    [0042] It is preferred that the volume V1 of the noise damper 20 is in a range of from 0.4% to 30% of total volume V2 of the tire inner cavity. The volume V1 of the noise damper 20 is apparent total volume of the noise damper 20, which means the volume determined from the outer shape including the inner cells. The total volume v2 of the tire inner cavity is to be approximately determined by the following formula with respect to a pneumatic tire in the standard state in which the pneumatic tire is mounted on a standard rim, inflated to the standard inner pressure, and loaded with no tire load.

    In the above formula, "A" is a cross sectional area of the tire inner cavity obtained by CT scanning a tire/rim assembly in the standard state, "Di" is a maximum outer diameter of the inner cavity surface of the tire in the standard state, "Dr" is a diameter of the rim, and "π" is the circumference ratio.

    [0043] If the volume V1 is less than 0.4% of the total volume V2, it is possible that the vibration energy of the air is not sufficiently converted. If the volume V1 is more than 30% of the total volume v2, it is possible that the weight and the manufacturing cost of the pneumatic tire 1 increases. Further, in the puncture repair by using the puncture repair liquid, it is possible that the uniformity performance after the repair is deteriorated.

    [0044] It is preferred that tensile strength of the noise damper 20 is in a range of from 70 to 115 kPa. If the tensile strength of the noise damper 20 is less than 70 kPa, it is possible that the durability performance of the noise damper 20 deteriorates. If the tensile strength of the noise damper 20 is more than 115 kPa, when a foreign object such as a nail sticks into the region including the noise damper 20 of the tread portion 2, the noise damper 20 may be pulled by the foreign object, therefore, it is possible that the noise damper 20 comes off the inner cavity surface of the tread portion 2.

    [0045]  It is preferred that a loss tangent tan δ at 0 degree Celsius of the tread rubber Tg is not less than 0.4. Thereby, wet grip performance of the pneumatic tire 1 is improved. Therefore, by setting the volume of the grooves formed in the ground contacting surface of the tread portion 2 to be small and the like, it is possible to further reduce the running noise, for example. It is preferred that the loss tangent tan δ at 70 degrees Celsius of the tread rubber Tg is not more than 0.2. Thereby, rolling resistance of the pneumatic tire 1 is suppressed and deterioration of the fuel efficiency due to inclusion of the noise damper 20 and the damping rubber body 30 is suppressed. Note that the loss tangent tan δ at 0 degrees Celsius and the loss tangent tan δ at 70 degrees Celsius were measured in accordance with Japanese Industrial Standard JIS-K 6394 by using a viscoelasticity spectrometer available from Iwamoto Quartz GlassLab Co., Ltd. under a condition of respective temperature (0 degrees Celsius or 70 degrees Celsius), a frequency of 10 Hz, an initial tensile strain of 10%, and an amplitude of dynamic strain of ± 2%.

    [0046] It is preferred that a value calculated by a following formula: (1.4 × carbon black content (phr) + silica content (phr)) / sulfur content (phr) of the tread rubber Tg, is not less than 20. Thereby, anti-wear performance is improved. Therefore, by setting depths of the grooves formed in the ground contacting surface of the tread portion 2 to be small and the like, it is possible that the running noise is further decreased, for example. Further, even when distribution of the puncture repair liquid is not uniform, occurrence of uneven wear is suppressed.

    [0047] while detailed description has been made of the pneumatic tire of the present invention, the present invention can be embodied in various forms without being limited to the illustrated embodiment.

    [0048] Fig. 2 shows a pneumatic tire 1A as another embodiment of the present invention, for example. The pneumatic tire 1A is different from the pneumatic tire 1 in that the damping rubber body 30 is disposed between the belt layer 7 and the band layer 9. The configuration of the pneumatic tire 1 can be applied to the components of the pneumatic tire 1A that are not described below. In the pneumatic tire 1A, the vibration of the belt layer 7 and the band layer 9 is suppressed by the damping rubber body 30, therefore, the vibration of the tread portion 2 is suppressed eventually.

    [0049] Fig. 4 shows a pneumatic tire 1B as yet another embodiment of the present invention. The pneumatic tire 1B is different from the pneumatic tire 1 in that the damping rubber body 30 is arranged on an outer side in the tire radial direction of the band layer 9. The configuration of the pneumatic tire 1 can be applied to the components of the pneumatic tire 1B that are not described below. In the pneumatic tire 1B, the vibration of the band layer 9 and the tread rubber Tg is suppressed by the damping rubber body 30, therefore, the vibration of the tread portion 2 is suppressed eventually.

    working Examples



    [0050] Pneumatic tires of size 165/65R18 having the basic structure shown in Fig. 1 were made by way of test according to the specification listed in Table 1, then the test tires were tested for the noise performance under low temperature environment. The specifications common to each of Examples and References were as follows.
    1. (1) Tread Rubber
      • The formulations were as follows.

        Natural rubber (TSR20): 15 (phr)

        SBR 1 (bound styrene content: 28%, vinyl group content: 60%, glass transition point: -25 degrees Celsius, terminal modified): 45 (phr)

        SBR 2 (bound styrene content: 35%, vinyl group content: 45%, glass transition point: -25 degrees Celsius, terminal modified): 25 (phr)

        BR (BR150B available from ube Industries, Ltd.): 15 (phr)

        Carbon black N220: 5 (phr)

        Silica (VN3): 35 (phr)

        Silica (1115MP): 20 (phr)

        Silane coupling agent Si266: 4 (phr)

        Resin (SYLVARES SA85 available from Arizona Chemical Company): 8 (phr)

        Oil: 4 (phr)

        Wax: 1.5 (phr)

        Age resistor (6C): 3 (phr)

        Stearic acid: 3 (phr)

        Zinc oxide: 2 (phr)

        Sulfur: 2 (phr)

        Vulcanization accelerator (NS): 2 (phr)

        Vulcanization accelerator (DPG): 2 (phr)

      • The hardness of the tread rubber of the vulcanized tire was 64 degrees.
      • The maximum thickness of the tread rubber was 10 mm.
    2. (2) Damping Rubber Body
      • The formulations were as follows.

        Natural rubber (TSR20): 65 (phr)

        SBR (Nipol 1502): 35 (phr)

        Carbon black N220: 52 (phr)

        Oil: 15 (phr)

        Stearic acid: 1.5 (phr)

        Zinc oxide: 2 (phr)

        Sulfur: 3 (phr)

        Vulcanization accelerator (CZ): 1 (phr)

      • The hardness of the damping rubber body of the vulcanized tire was 58 degrees.
      • The maximum thickness of the damping rubber body was 1 mm.
    3. (3) Noise Damper
      • The volume was 15% of the total volume of the tire inner cavity.
      • The density was 27 kg/m3.
    4. (4) Belt Cords
      • The angle of the belt cords with respect to the tire equator was 41 degrees.
    The test methods were as follows.

    [0051] Each of the test tires was mounted on a rim of 18 × 7JJ and brought into a laboratory in which the room temperature is set at -50 degrees Celsius. Each of the test tires was run at a speed of 60 km/h on a drum having a replica road surface with a diameter of 3.3 m under conditions of an internal pressure of 320 kPa and a load of 4.8 kN, and 25 mm in front and 25 mm in height The sound pressure level (dB) at the spaced position was measured by a microphone. The results are indicated by an index based on Example 1 being 100, wherein the larger the numerical value, the smaller the running noise is, which is better.
    Table 1
      Ref.1Ref.2Ex .1*Ex.2Ex.3
    Presence or Absence of Noise damper absence presence presence presence presence
    Glass transition temperature of Noise damper [degree Celsius] --- -30 -50 -55 -45
    Presence or Absence of Damping rubber body absence absence absence absence absence
    Noise performance [index] 80 85 100 100 95
    *disclaimed from the present invention


    [0052] As is apparent from Table 1, it was confirmed that the noise performance in the low temperature environment of the pneumatic tires as Examples 1 to 3 was significantly improved as compared with References 1 and 2.

    [0053] Further, as shown in Table 2, the pneumatic tires as Examples 4 to 8 were made by way of test and the noise performance under the low temperature environment was tested. The test method was as follows.

    < Noise Performance >



    [0054] Sound pressure level was measured by the same method as described above. The results are indicated by an index based on the Example 5 being 100, wherein the larger the numerical value, the smaller the running noise is, which is better.
    Table 2
     Ex.4*Ex.5*Ex.6*Ex.7*Ex.8*
    Presence or Absence of Noise damper   presence presence presence presence presence
    Glass transition temperature of Noise damper [degree Celsius] -50 -50 -50 -50 -50
    Presence or Absence of Damping rubber body absence presence presence presence presence
    width W1 of Damping rubber body/ Width W2 of Belt layer [%] --- 100 80 70 130
    Noise performance [index] 90 100 95 98 105
    *disclaimed from the present invention


    [0055] Further, as shown in Table 3, the pneumatic tires as Examples 9 to 12 were made by way of test and the noise performance under the low temperature environment and the steering stability performance were tested. The test methods were as follows.

    < Noise Performance >



    [0056] The sound pressure level was measured by the same method as described above. The results are indicated by an index based on the Example 11 being 100, wherein the larger the numerical value, the smaller the running noise is, which is better.

    < Steering Stability Performance >



    [0057] Each of the test tires was mounted on a rim of 18x7JJ, mounted on all wheels of a car (domestically produced FR car with displacement of 2500 cc) under the condition of the inner pressure of 320 kPa, and then, while the car was driven on a dry asphalt test course, characteristics related to steering response, rigid impression, grip, and the like were evaluated by the driver's feeling. The results are indicated by an evaluation point based on the Example 11 being 100, wherein a larger numerical value is better.
    Table 3
     Ex.9*Ex.10*Ex.11*Ex.12*
    Presence or Absence of Noise damper   presence presence presence presence
    Glass transition temperature of Noise damper [degree Celsius] -50 -50 -50 -50
    Presence or Absence of Damping body   presence presence presence presence
    Width W1 of Damping rubber body/ Width W2 of Belt layer [%] 100 100 100 100
    Thickness T1 of Damping rubber body [mm] 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.7
    Noise performance [index] 98 99 100 103
    Steering stability [index] 100 100 100 98
    *disclaimed from the present invention


    [0058] Furthermore, as shown in Table 4, the pneumatic tires as Examples 13 to 17 having the damping rubber body of different rigidity were made by way of test, and then the noise performance under the low temperature environment was tested and the manufacturing cost was calculated. The test method and the calculation method were as follows.

    < Noise Performance >



    [0059] The sound pressure level was measured by the same method as described above. The results are indicated by an index based on the Example 15 being 100, wherein the larger the numerical value, the smaller the running noise is, which is better.

    < Manufacturing Cost >



    [0060] Manufacturing cost required to manufacture a single tire was calculated. The results are indicated by an index based on the Example 15 being 100, wherein the larger the numerical value, the smaller the manufacturing cost is, which is better.
    Table 4
     Ex.13*Ex .14*Ex.15*Ex.16*Ex.17*
    Presence or Absence of Noise damper presence presence presence presence presence
    Glass transition temperature of Noise damper [degree Celsius] -50 -50 -50 -50 -50
    Presence or Absence of Damping rubber body presence presence presence presence presence
    width W1 of Damping rubber body/ Width W2 of Belt layer [%] 100 100 100 100 100
    Hardness H1 of Damping rubber body/ Hardness H2 of Tread rubber 0.4 0.5 0.7 1.0 1.2
    Noise performance [index] 96 98 100 102 102
    Manufacturing cost [index] 102 102 100 98 96
    *disclaimed from the present invention


    [0061] Furthermore, as shown in Table 5, the pneumatic tires as Examples 18 to 22 were made by way of test, and then the uniformity performance after the puncture repair and the noise performance under the low temperature environment were tested. The test methods were as follows.

    < Uniformity Performance >



    [0062] Each of the test tires was mounted on a rim of 18 ×7JJ and injected with puncture repair material simulating puncture repair, and then radial force variation (RFV) was measured under the condition of the inner pressure of 320 kPa in accordance with uniformity test condition of Japanese Automobile Standards Organization JASO C607:2000. The evaluation speed was 10 km/h. The results are indicated by an index based on the Example 20 being 100, wherein the larger the numerical value, the smaller the RFV is, which is better.

    < Noise Performance >



    [0063] The sound pressure level was measured by the same method as described above. The results are indicated by an index based on the Example 20 being 100, wherein the larger the numerical value, the smaller the running noise is, which is better.
    Table 5
     Ex.18*Ex.19*Ex.20*Ex.21*Ex.22*
    Presence or Absence of Noise damper presence presence presence presence presence
    Glass transition temperature of Noise damper [degree Celsius] -50 -50 -50 -50 -50
    Presence or Absence of Damping rubber body presence presence presence presence presence
    Width W1 of Damping rubber body/ Width W2 of Belt layer [%] 100 100 100 100 100
    Density of Noise damper [kg/m3] 5 10 27 40 50
    Uniformity performance [index] 95 97 100 103 103
    Noise performance [index] 103 103 100 97 95
    *disclaimed from the present invention


    [0064] Furthermore, as shown in Table 6, the pneumatic tires as Examples 23 to 27 were made by way of test, and then the uniformity performance after the puncture repair and the noise performance under the low temperature environment were tested. The test methods were as follows.

    < Uniformity Performance >



    [0065] The RFV was measured by the same method as described above. The results are indicated by an index based on the Example 25 being 100, wherein the larger the numerical value, the smaller the RFV is, which is better.

    < Noise Performance >



    [0066] The sound pressure level was measured by the same method as described above. The results are indicated by an index based on the Example 25 being 100, wherein the larger the numerical value, the smaller the running noise is, which is better.
    Table 6
     Ex.23*Ex.24*Ex.25*Ex.26*Ex.27*
    Presence or Absence of Noise damper presence presence presence presence presence
    Glass transition temperature of Noise damper [degree Celsius] -50 -50 -50 -50 -50
    Presence or Absence of Damping rubber body presence presence presence presence presence
    Width W1 of Damping rubber body/ Width W2 of Belt layer [%] 100 100 100 100 100
    volume V1 of Noise damper/ Total volume V2 of Tire inner cavity [%] 0.3 0.4 15.0 30.0 35.0
    Uniformity performance [index] 103 103 100 97 95
    Noise performance [index] 95 97 100 103 103
    *disclaimed from the present invention


    [0067] Furthermore, as shown in Table 7, the pneumatic tires as Examples 28 to 32 were made by way of test, and then the durability performance of the noise damper and separation resistance performance of the noise damper when a nail sticks were tested. The test methods were as follows.

    < Durability Performance of Noise Damper >



    [0068] Each of the test tires was mounted on a rim of 18×7JJ and then, by using a drum testing machine, a distance until the noise damper and its vicinity were damaged was measured under the conditions of the inner pressure of 320 kPa, the tire load of 4.8 kN, and the speed of 80 km/h. The results are indicated by an index based on the Example 30 being 100, wherein the larger the numerical value, the higher the durability is, which is better.

    < Separation Resistance Performance of Noise Damper when Nail sticks >



    [0069] Each of the test tires was mounted on a rim of 18×7JJ and punctured by rolling on a nail, then the damaged part was disassembled to measure the area of separation of the noise damper from the inner cavity surface of the tread portion due to the noise damper being pulled by the nail. The results are indicated by an index based on the Example 30 being 100, wherein the larger the numerical value, the higher the separation resistance performance is, which is better.
    Table 7
     Ex.28*Ex.29*Ex.30*Ex.31*Ex.32*
    Presence or Absence of Noise damper presence presence presence presence presence
    Glass transition temperature of Noise damper [degree Celsius] -50 -50 -50 -50 -50
    Presence or Absence of Damping rubber body   presence presence presence presence presence
    Width W1 of Damping rubber body/ Width W2 of Belt layer [%] 100 100 100 100 100
    Tensile strength of Noise damper [kPa] 60 70 90 115 125
    Durability of Noise damper [index] 95 97 100 103 103
    Separation resistance performance of Noise damper when Nail sticks [index] 103 103 100 97 95
    *disclaimed from the present invention


    [0070] Furthermore, as shown in Table 8, the pneumatic tires as Examples 33 to 35 were made by way of test, and then the noise performance under the low temperature environment was tested. The test method was as follows.

    < Noise Performance >



    [0071] The sound pressure level was measured by the same method as described above. The results are indicated by an index based on the Example 1 being 100, wherein the larger the numerical value, the smaller the running noise is, which is better.
    Table 8
     Ex.33*Ex.34Ex.35
    Presence or Absence of Noise damper presence presence presence
    Glass transition temperature of Noise damper [degree Celsius] -50 -55 -45
    Presence or Absence of Damping rubber body presence presence presence
    Width W1 of Damping rubber body/ Width W2 of Belt layer [%] 100 100 100
    Noise performance [index] 110 110 105
    *disclaimed from the present invention


    [0072] Furthermore, as shown in Table 9, the pneumatic tires as Examples 36 to 40 were made by way of test, and then the uniformity performance after the puncture repair and the noise performance under the low temperature environment were tested. The test methods were as follows.

    < Uniformity Performance >



    [0073] The radial force variation (RFV) was measured by the same method as described above. The results are indicated by an index based on the Example 20 being 100, wherein the larger the numerical value, the smaller the RFV is, which is better.

    < Noise Performance >



    [0074] The sound pressure level was measured by the same method as described above. The results are indicated by an index based on the Example 20 being 100, wherein the larger the numerical value, the smaller the running noise is, which is better.
    Table 9
     Ex.36*Ex.37*Ex.38*Ex.39*EX.40*
    Presence or Absence of Noise damper presence presence presence presence presence
    Glass transition temperature of Noise damper [degree Celsius] -50 -50 -50 -50 -50
    Presence or Absence of Damping rubber body   absence absence absence absence absence
    Density of Noise damper [kg/m3] 5 10 27 40 50
    Uniformity performance [index] 95 97 100 103 103
    Noise performance [index] 95 95 92 89 87
    *disclaimed from the present invention


    [0075] Furthermore, as shown in Table 10, the pneumatic tires as Examples 41 to 45 were made by way of test, and then the uniformity performance after the puncture repair and the noise performance under the low temperature environment were tested. The test methods were as follows.

    < Uniformity Performance >



    [0076] The radial force variation (RFV) was measured by the same method as described above. The results are indicated by an index based on the Example 25 being 100, wherein the larger the numerical value, the smaller the RFV is, which is better.

    < Noise Performance >



    [0077] The sound pressure level was measured by the same method as described above. The results are indicated by an index based on the Example 25 being 100, wherein the larger the numerical value, the smaller the running noise is, which is better.
    Table 10
     Ex.41*Ex.42*Ex.43*Ex.44*Ex.45*
    Presence or Absence of Noise damper presence presence presence presence presence
    Glass transition temperature of Noise damper [degree Celsius] -50 -50 -50 -50 -50
    Presence or Absence of Damping rubber body absence absence absence absence absence
    Volume V1 of Noise damper/ Total volume V2 of Tire inner cavity [%] 0.3 0.4 15.0 30.0 35.0
    Uniformity performance [index] 103 103 100 97 95
    Noise performance [index] 87 88 92 95 95
    *disclaimed from the present invention

    Description of the Reference signs



    [0078] 
    1
    pneumatic tire
    2
    tread portion
    3
    sidewall portion
    4
    bead portion
    5
    bead core
    6
    carcass
    20
    noise damper
    30
    damping rubber body



    Claims

    1. A pneumatic tire (1; 1A; 1B) comprising a carcass (6) extending between bead cores (5) of bead portions (4) via a tread portion (2) and sidewall portions (3), and a belt layer (7) arranged on an outer side in a tire radial direction of the carcass (6) and inside the tread portion (2), wherein
    a porous noise damper (20) is arranged on an inner cavity surface of the tread portion (2),
    characterized in that
    the glass transition temperature of the noise damper (20) is in a range of from -55 degrees Celsius to -45 degrees Celsius and not equal to -50 degrees Celsius.
     
    2. The pneumatic tire (1; 1A; 1B) according to claim 1, wherein
    density of the noise damper (20) is in a range of from 10 to 40 kg/m3.
     
    3. The pneumatic tire (1; 1A; 1B) according to claim 1 or 2, wherein
    volume V1 of the noise damper (20) is in a range of from 0.4% to 30% of total volume V2 of a tire inner cavity.
     
    4. The pneumatic tire (1; 1A; 1B) according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein
    tensile strength of the noise damper (20) is in a range of from 70 to 115 kPa.
     
    5. The pneumatic tire (1; 1A; 1B) according to any one of claims 1 to 4, further comprising a damping rubber body (30) having a width W1 in a tire axial direction in a range of from 60% to 130% of a width w2 in the tire axial direction of the belt layer (7) and provided inside the tread portion (2).
     
    6. The pneumatic tire (1) according to claim 5, wherein
    the damping rubber body (30) is arranged between the carcass (6) and the belt layer (7).
     
    7. The pneumatic tire (1A) according to claim 5 further comprising a band layer (9) arranged on an outer side in the tire radial direction of the belt layer (7) and inside the tread portion (2), wherein
    the damping rubber body (30) is arranged between the belt layer (7) and the band layer (9).
     
    8. The pneumatic tire (1B) according to claim 5 further comprising a band layer (9) arranged on an outer side in the tire radial direction of the belt layer (7) and inside the tread portion (2), wherein
    the damping rubber body (30) is arranged on an outer side in the tire radial direction of the band layer (9).
     
    9. The pneumatic tire (1; 1A; 1B) according to any one of claims 5 to 8, wherein
    thickness in the tire radial direction of the damping rubber body (30) is not less than 0.3 mm.
     
    10. The pneumatic tire (1; 1A; 1B) according to any one of claims 5 to 9, wherein
    relationship between hardness H1 of the damping rubber body (30) and hardness H2 of a tread rubber arranged on an outer side in the tire radial direction of the belt layer (7) is 0.5 ≤ H1/H2 ≤ 1.0.
     
    11. The pneumatic tire (1; 1A; 1B) according to any one of claims 1 to 10, wherein
    a loss tangent tan δ at 0 degree Celsius of a tread rubber arranged on an outer side in the tire radial direction of the belt layer (7) is not less than 0.4, and
    the loss tangent tan δ at 70 degrees Celsius of the tread rubber is not more than 0.2.
     
    12. The pneumatic tire (1; 1A; 1B) according to any one of claims 1 to 11, wherein
    a tread rubber arranged on an outer side in the tire radial direction of the belt layer (7) is a rubber composition body having a value not less than 20, the value being calculated by (1.4 × carbon black content (phr) + silica content (phr)) / sulfur content (phr).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Luftreifen (1; 1A; 1B), umfassend eine Karkasse (6) die sich zwischen Wulstkernen (5) von Wulstabschnitten (4) über einen Laufflächenabschnitt (2) und Seitenwandabschnitten (3) erstreckt, und eine Gürtelschicht (7) die an einer Außenseite in einer Reifenradialrichtung der Karkasse (6) und innerhalb des Laufflächenabschnitts (2) angeordnet ist, wobei ein poröser Geräuschdämpfer (20) auf einer inneren Hohlraumoberfläche des Laufflächenabschnitts (2) angeordnet ist,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    die Glasübergangstemperatur des Geräuschdämpfers (20) in einem Bereich von -55 Grad Celsius bis -45 Grad Celsius liegt und nicht gleich -50 Grad Celsius ist.


     
    2. Luftreifen (1; 1A; 1B) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Dichte des Geräuschdämpfers (20) im Bereich von 10 bis 40 kg/m3 liegt.
     
    3. Luftreifen (1; 1A; 1B) nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei das Volumen V1 des Geräuschdämpfers (20) in einem Bereich von 0,4 % bis 30 % des Gesamtvolumens V2 eines Reifeninnenhohlraums liegt.
     
    4. Luftreifen (1; 1A; 1B) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei die Zugfestigkeit des Geräuschdämpfers (20) in einem Bereich von 70 bis 115 kPa liegt.
     
    5. Luftreifen (1; 1A; 1B) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, ferner umfassend ein Dämpfungsgummikörper (30), welcher eine Breite W1 in einer Reifenaxialrichtung im Bereich von 60 % bis 130 % einer Breite W2 in der Reifenaxialrichtung der Gürtelschicht (7) aufweist und innerhalb des Laufflächenabschnitts (2) vorgesehen ist.
     
    6. Luftreifen (1) nach Anspruch 5, wobei der Dämpfungsgummikörper (30) zwischen der Karkasse (6) und der Gürtelschicht (7) angeordnet ist.
     
    7. Luftreifen (1A) nach Anspruch 5, ferner umfassend eine Bandschicht (9), welche an einer Außenseite in der Reifenradialrichtung der Gürtelschicht (7) und innerhalb des Laufflächenabschnitts (2) angeordnet ist, wobei der Dämpfungsgummikörper (30) zwischen der Gürtelschicht (7) und der Bandschicht (9) angeordnet ist.
     
    8. Luftreifen (1B) nach Anspruch 5 ferner umfassend eine Bandschicht (9), welche an einer Außenseite in der Reifenradialrichtung der Gürtelschicht (7) und innerhalb des Laufflächenabschnitts (2) angeordnet ist, wobei der Dämpfungsgummikörper (30) an einer Außenseite in der Reifenradialrichtung der Bandschicht (9) angeordnet ist.
     
    9. Luftreifen (1; 1A; 1B) nach einem der Ansprüche 5 bis 8, wobei die Dicke in der Reifenradialrichtung des Dämpfungsgummikörpers (30) nicht weniger als 0,3 mm beträgt.
     
    10. Luftreifen (1; 1A; 1B) nach einem der Ansprüche 5 bis 9, wobei die Beziehung zwischen der Härte H1 des Dämpfungsgummikörpers (30) und der Härte H2 eines Laufflächengummis, der an einer Außenseite in der Reifenradialrichtung der Gürtelschicht (7) angeordnet ist, 0,5 ≤ H1/H2 ≤ 1,0 beträgt.
     
    11. Luftreifen (1; 1A; 1B) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10, wobei

    ein Verlusttangens tan δ bei 0 Grad Celsius eines Laufflächengummis, welcher auf einer äußeren Seite in der Reifenradialrichtung der Gürtelschicht (7) angeordnet ist, nicht weniger als 0,4 beträgt, und

    der Verlusttangens tan δ bei 70 Grad Celsius des Laufflächengummis nicht mehr als 0,2 beträgt.


     
    12. Luftreifen (1; 1A; 1B) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 11, wobei ein Laufflächengummi, welcher auf einer äußeren Seite in der Reifenradialrichtung der Gürtelschicht (7) angeordnet ist, ein Körper aus einer Kautschukmischung ist, welche einen Wert von nicht weniger als 20 hat, wobei der Wert aufweist (1,4 x Rußgehalt (phr) + Siliciumdioxidgehalt (phr)) / Schwefelgehalt (phr) berechnet wird.
     


    Revendications

    1. Bandage pneumatique (1 ; 1A ; 1B) comprenant une carcasse (6) s'étendant entre des âmes de talons (5) de portions formant talons (4) via une portion formant bande de roulement (2) et des portions formant parois latérales (3), et une couche de ceinture (7) agencée sur un côté extérieur dans une direction radiale du pneumatique de la carcasse (6) et à l'intérieur de la portion formant bande de roulement (2), dans lequel
    un amortisseur de bruit poreux (20) est agencé sur une surface de cavité intérieure de la portion formant bande de roulement (2),
    caractérisé en ce que
    la température de transition vitreuse de l'amortisseur de bruit (20) est dans une plage allant de -55° Celsius jusqu'à -45 °Celsius et n'est pas égale à -50° Celsius.
     
    2. Bandage pneumatique (1 ; 1A ; 1B) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel
    la densité de l'amortisseur de bruit (20) est dans une plage allant de 10 à 40 kg/m3.
     
    3. Bandage pneumatique (1 ; 1A ; 1B) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel
    le volume V1 de l'amortisseur de bruit (20) est dans une plage allant de 0,4 % à 30 % du volume total V2 d'une cavité intérieure du pneumatique.
     
    4. Bandage pneumatique (1 ; 1A ; 1B) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel
    la résistance à la traction de l'amortisseur de bruit (20) est dans une plage allant de 70 à 115 kPa.
     
    5. Bandage pneumatique (1 ; 1A ; 1B) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, comprenant en outre un corps en caoutchouc d'amortissement (30) ayant une largeur W1 dans une direction axiale du pneumatique dans une plage allant de 60 % à 130 % d'une largeur W2 dans la direction axiale du pneumatique de la couche de ceinture (7) et prévu à l'intérieur de la portion formant bande de roulement (2).
     
    6. Bandage pneumatique (1) selon la revendication 5, dans lequel
    le corps en caoutchouc d'amortissement (30) est agencé entre la carcasse (6) et la couche de ceinture (7).
     
    7. Bandage pneumatique (1A) selon la revendication 5, comprenant en outre une couche en bande (9) agencée sur un côté extérieur dans la direction radiale du pneumatique de la couche de ceinture (7) et à l'intérieur de la portion formant bande de roulement (2), dans lequel
    le corps en caoutchouc d'amortissement (30) est agencé entre la couche de ceinture (7) et la couche en bande (9).
     
    8. Bandage pneumatique (1B) selon la revendication 5, comprenant en outre une couche en bande (9) agencée sur un côté extérieur dans la direction radiale du pneumatique de la couche de ceinture (7) et à l'intérieur de la portion formant bande de roulement (2), dans lequel
    le corps en caoutchouc d'amortissement (50) est agencé sur un côté extérieur dans la direction radiale du pneumatique de la couche en bande (9).
     
    9. Bandage pneumatique (1 ; 1A ; 1B) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 5 à 8, dans lequel
    l'épaisseur dans la direction radiale du pneumatique du corps en caoutchouc d'amortissement (30) n'est pas inférieure à 0,3 mm.
     
    10. Bandage pneumatique (1 ; 1A ; 1B) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 5 à 9, dans lequel
    la relation entre la dureté H1 du corps en caoutchouc d'amortissement (30) et la dureté H2 d'un caoutchouc de bande de roulement agencé sur un côté extérieur dans la direction radiale du pneumatique de la couche de ceinture (7) est : 0,5 ≤ H1/H2 ≤ 1,0.
     
    11. Bandage pneumatique (1 ; 1A ; 1B) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10, dans lequel
    une tangente de perte tan δ à 0 °C d'un caoutchouc de roulement agencé sur un côté extérieur dans la direction radiale du pneumatique de la couche de ceinture (7) n'est pas inférieure à 0,4, et
    la tangente de perte tan δ à 70 °C du caoutchouc de roulement n'est pas supérieure à 0,2.
     
    12. Bandage pneumatique (1 ; 1A ; 1B) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 11, dans lequel
    un caoutchouc de roulement agencé sur un côté extérieur dans la direction radiale du pneumatique de la couche de ceinture (7) est un corps de composition de caoutchouc ayant une valeur qui n'est pas inférieure à 20, ladite valeur étant calculée par :


     




    Drawing














    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description