(19)
(11)EP 3 409 959 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
15.07.2020 Bulletin 2020/29

(21)Application number: 17743755.5

(22)Date of filing:  26.01.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F16C 11/04  (2006.01)
E05D 3/16  (2006.01)
F16C 11/10  (2006.01)
E05D 3/06  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2017/072771
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/129140 (03.08.2017 Gazette  2017/31)

(54)

FOLDABLE DEPLOYMENT MECHANISM

FALTBARER AUSFAHRMECHANISMUS

MÉCANISME DE DÉPLOIEMENT PLIABLE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 28.01.2016 CN 201620088860 U
28.01.2016 CN 201610061394

(43)Date of publication of application:
05.12.2018 Bulletin 2018/49

(73)Proprietor: Shanghai Hingwah Honeycomb Technology Development
Qingpu, Shanghai 201706 (CN)

(72)Inventor:
  • ZHOU, Dong
    Qingpu Shanghai 201706 (CN)

(74)Representative: Aera A/S 
Gammel Kongevej 60, 18th floor
1850 Frederiksberg C
1850 Frederiksberg C (DK)


(56)References cited: : 
CN-A- 105 545 929
CN-U- 202 108 863
CN-U- 202 326 679
CN-U- 205 503 734
JP-A- 2000 064 335
CN-A- 106 082 047
CN-U- 202 108 863
CN-U- 203 255 064
JP-A- H09 177 760
US-B1- 6 618 904
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


    1. Field of the Invention



    [0001] The invention relates to a technical field of auxiliary structure for panel hinge, and more particularly, to a folding and unfolding mechanism.

    2. Description of the Related Art



    [0002] In general, a hinge is needed when joint connection is involved in two large panels, and a certain power system is necessary for supporting stress and completing folding and unfolding of the panels. In addition, the folding and unfolding mechanism occupies larger space when performing mutually folding and unfolding of 0-180 degrees between two panels, and the mechanism is relatively complex, thus, the mechanism does not work very well in many applications. Such a hinge is known from CN202108863U. Therefore, there is a need for an improved folding and unfolding mechanism with simple structure, taking up less space, to solve the above problems existing in the prior art.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0003] Aiming at the foregoing problems existing in the prior art, the present invention provides a folding and unfolding mechanism.

    [0004] In order to achieve the above purposes, the present invention adopts the following technical solutions:
    A folding and unfolding mechanism, mounted between an upper panel and a lower panel which are hinged together, for folding and unfolding the upper panel and the lower panel, and for overturning for 0-180 degrees between the upper panel and the lower panel, comprising:

    a four-connecting-rod assembly, comprising a first connecting rod, a second connecting rod, a third connecting rod and a fourth connecting rod, one end of the first connecting rod being hinged to one end of the second connecting rod, the other end of the first connecting rod being hinged to the upper panel, the other end of the second connecting rod being hinged to the lower panel, and a first hinged joint being formed at a hinged ends of the first connecting rod and the second connecting rod, a middle part of the third connecting rod is hinged to the first connecting rod and the second connecting rod through the first hinged joint, the third connecting rod having a second hinged joint at one end, one end of the fourth connecting rod being hinged to the third connecting rod through the second hinged joint, the third connecting rod being provided with a third hinged joint relative to the other end of the first hinged joint;

    a pushrod assembly, comprising a pushrod and a pushing portion, wherein the pushrod is fixedly connected to an other side, which is relative to the third connecting rod, of the fourth connecting rod at one end, and the pushrod is connected to the pushing portion at the other end, the pushing portion being mounted above the lower panel for driving the pushrod to move.



    [0005] The above folding and unfolding mechanism further comprises:

    an axial locking mechanism, comprising an inner sleeve, a middle sleeve and an outer sleeve, wherein the middle sleeve is sleeved outside the inner sleeve, while the outer sleeve is sleeved outside the middle sleeve, and the interior of the inner sleeve is provided with two pawls, one end of each of the two pawls is hinged to each other through a positioning shaft rotatablely connected to an inner wall of two sides of the inner sleeve, also, the two pawls having a compression spring at the other end, and one end of the inner sleeve is hinged to the other end, relative to the third connecting rod, of the fourth connecting rod, and is hinged to the third connecting rod through the third hinged joint;

    a start skid, hinged to the outer sleeve at one end through the third hinged joint, the other end of the start skid being facing the upper panel; and a pushing block, arranged at the interior of the outer sleeve, wherein one end of the pushing block is hinged to the other side of the end of the start skid, and the other end of the pushing block abuts against the middle sleeve.



    [0006] The above folding and unfolding mechanism, wherein the inner sleeve, the middle sleeve and the outer sleeve can slide relatively to each other, and the start skid has an arc surface at a side relative to the other end of the outer sleeve, the arc surface being facing the upper panel.

    [0007] The above folding and unfolding mechanism, wherein two sides of the middle part of the inner sleeve, two sides of the middle part of the middle sleeve and two sides of the outer sleeve are provided with a through-hole respectively, and pawl parts of the two pawls are respectively running through the through-hole of the inner sleeve, the through-hole of the middle sleeve and the through-hole of the outer sleeve from inside to outside the pawls, and end planes of the pawl parts of the two pawls abut against inner walls of the through-holes at two sides of the inner sleeve, the middle sleeve and the outer sleeve.

    [0008] The folding and unfolding mechanism, wherein a first convex edge, extending in the form of rib, forms at one side of the first connecting rod, and a second convex edge opposite to the first convex edge is arranged on a surface of the upper panel facing the lower panel; the third connecting rod is generally in the form of triangle, wherein two angles are provided with the first hinged joint and the second hinged joint, respectively, and the third angle is between the first convex edge and the second convex edge when the folding and unfolding mechanism is in a folded state, and abuts against the second convex edge to push the upper panel to perform pre-unfolding when the mechanism is unfolding, moreover, the third angle of the third connecting rod is arc-shaped or is provided with a roller.

    [0009] The above folding and unfolding mechanism, wherein a rotating shaft is running through the first hinged joint for the hinge of the first connecting rod, the second connecting rod and the third connecting rod.

    [0010] The above folding and unfolding mechanism, wherein the first hinged joint extends outwards, forming a projection, and when the folding and unfolding mechanism is folding and unfolding, the projection abuts against one side of the fourth connecting rod to limit a relative position of the third connecting rod and the fourth connecting rod.

    [0011] The above folding and unfolding mechanism, wherein the fourth connecting rod is L-shaped from its side.

    [0012] The above folding and unfolding mechanism, wherein grooves are formed at opposite surfaces of the upper panel and the lower panel, and the two grooves together form an accommodating space in which the four-connecting-rod assembly is received when the folding and unfolding mechanism is in a folded state.

    [0013] Since the present invention adopts the above technical solutions, the present invention has the following beneficial effects when compared to the prior art:
    1. 1. the present invention provides a mechanism, mounted between an upper panel and a lower panel which are hinged together, for folding and unfolding the upper panel and the lower panel, and for overturning for 0-180 degrees between the upper panel and the lower panel.
    2. 2. An axial locking mechanism is added in the present invention, the included angle relative to the axis of an oil cylinder is locked such that the start skid no longer produces relative rotation after the start skid moves to a predetermined position.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0014] The accompanying drawings, together with the specification, illustrate exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure, and, together with the description, serve to explain the principles of the present invention.

    Figure 1-1 is a schematic view of a folding and unfolding mechanism of the present invention.

    Figure 1-2 is a partially enlarged view of a folding and unfolding mechanism of the present invention.

    Figure 1-3 is a 90-degree folding schematic view of a folding and unfolding mechanism of the present invention.

    Figure 2-1 is a schematic view of an installation structure of a folding and unfolding mechanism of the present invention.

    Figure 2-2 is a schematic perspective view of a connecting structure of a four-connecting-rod of a folding and unfolding mechanism in the present invention.

    Figure 2-3a is a schematic structural view of the first connecting rod 4 of the folding and unfolding mechanism of the present invention.

    Figure 2-3b is a schematic structural view of the second connecting rod 5 of the folding and unfolding mechanism of the present invention.

    Figure 2-3c is a schematic structural view of the third connecting rod 6 of the folding and unfolding mechanism of the present invention.

    Figure 2-3d is a schematic structural view of the fourth connecting rod 7 of the folding and unfolding mechanism of the present invention.

    Figure 2-4a is a schematic view of a specific application of a folding and unfolding mechanism of the present invention.

    Figure 2-4b is a schematic view of a specific application of a folding and unfolding mechanism of the present invention.

    Figure 2-4c is a schematic view of a specific application of a folding and unfolding mechanism of the present invention.

    Figure 2-4d is a schematic view of a specific application of a folding and unfolding mechanism of the present invention.



    [0015] In figures: 1 upper panel; 2 lower panel; 3 hinge; 4 first connecting rod; 5 second connecting rod; 6 third connecting rod; 7 fourth connecting rod; 8 pushrod; 9 pushing portion; 10 first hinged joint; 11 second hinged joint; 12 rotating shaft; 13 angle; 14 first convex edge; 15 second convex edge; 16 inner sleeve; 17 middle sleeve; 18 outer sleeve; 181 third hinged joint; 19 pawl; 191 positioning shaft; 192 compression spring; 20 start skid; 201 pushing block

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0016] The present invention will now be described more fully hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which exemplary embodiments of the invention are shown. This invention may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein. Rather, these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete, and will fully convey the scope of the invention to those skilled in the art. Like reference numerals refer to like elements throughout.

    [0017] The terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of the invention. As used herein, the singular forms "a", "an" and "the" are intended to include the plural forms as well, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. It will be further understood that the terms "comprises" and/or "comprising," or "includes" and/or "including" or "has" and/or "having" when used herein, specify the presence of stated features, regions, integers, steps, operations, elements, and/or components, but do not preclude the presence or addition of one or more other features, regions, integers, steps, operations, elements, components, and/or groups thereof.

    [0018] Unless otherwise defined, all terms (including technical and scientific terms) used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention belongs. It will be further understood that terms, such as those defined in commonly used dictionaries, should be interpreted as having a meaning that is consistent with their meaning in the context of the relevant art and the present disclosure, and will not be interpreted in an idealized or overly formal sense unless expressly so defined herein.

    [0019] As used herein, "around", "about" or "approximately" shall generally mean within 20 percent, preferably within 10 percent, and more preferably within 5 percent of a given value or range. Numerical quantities given herein are approximate, meaning that the term "around", "about" or "approximately" can be inferred if not expressly stated.

    [0020] As used herein, the term "plurality" means a number greater than one.

    [0021] Hereinafter, certain exemplary embodiments according to the present disclosure will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings.

    First Embodiment:



    [0022] Figure 1-1 is a schematic view of a folding and unfolding mechanism of the present invention, Figure 1-2 is a partially enlarged view of a folding and unfolding mechanism of the present invention, and Figure 1-3 is a 90-degree folding schematic view of a folding and unfolding mechanism of the present invention. Figures 1-1, 1-2 and 1-3 show a folding and unfolding mechanism of a preferred embodiment, which is mounted between an upper panel 1 and a lower panel 2 which are hinged together, for folding and unfolding the upper panel 1 and the lower panel 2, and for overturning for 0-180 degrees between the upper panel 1 and the lower panel 2.

    [0023] Moreover, in a preferred embodiment, the folding and unfolding mechanism comprises: a four-connecting-rod assembly, comprising a first connecting rod 4, a second connecting rod 5, a third connecting rod 6 and a fourth connecting rod 7, one end of the first connecting rod 4 being hinged to one end of the second connecting rod 5, the other end of the first connecting rod 4 being hinged to the upper panel 1, the other end of the second connecting rod 5 being hinged to the lower panel 2, and a first hinged joint 10 being formed at a hinged ends of the first connecting rod 4and the second connecting rod 5, a middle part of the third connecting rod 6 is hinged to the first connecting rod 4 and the second connecting rod 5 through the first hinged joint 10, the third connecting rod 6 having a second hinged joint 11 at one end, one end of the fourth connecting rod 7 being hinged to the third connecting rod 6 through the second hinged joint 11, the third connecting rod 6 being provided with a third hinged joint 181 relative to the other end of the first hinged joint 10.

    [0024] Furthermore, in a preferred embodiment, the folding and unfolding mechanism comprises: a pushrod assembly, comprising a pushrod 8 and a pushing portion 9, wherein the pushrod 8 is fixedly connected to an other side, which is relative to the third connecting rod 6, of the fourth connecting rod 7 at one end, and the pushrod 8 is connected to the pushing portion 9 at the other end, the pushing portion 9 being mounted above the lower panel 2 for driving the pushrod 8 to move.

    [0025] Furthermore, in a preferred embodiment, the folding and unfolding mechanism comprises: an axial locking mechanism, comprising an inner sleeve 16, a middle sleeve 17 and an outer sleeve 18, wherein the middle sleeve 17 is sleeved outside the inner sleeve 16, while the outer sleeve 18 is sleeved outside the middle sleeve 17, and the interior of the inner sleeve 16 is provided with two pawls 19, one end of each of the two pawls 19 is hinged to each other through a positioning shaft 191 rotatablely connected to an inner wall of two sides of the inner sleeve 16, also, the two pawls 19 having a compression spring 192 at the other end, the two pawls 19 are fixed at respective positions in the inner sleeve 17 by the positioning shaft 191. The compression spring 192 ensures the normal opening angle of the pawls 19, and the middle sleeve 17 may control the opening and closing movements of the pawls 19 by moving in an axial direction.

    [0026] In addition, in a preferred embodiment, one end of the inner sleeve 16 is hinged to the other end, relative to the third connecting rod 6, of the fourth connecting rod 7, and one end of the outer sleeve 18 is hinged to the third connecting rod 6 through the third hinged joint 181;

    [0027] Furthermore, in a preferred embodiment, the folding and unfolding mechanism comprises: a start skid 20, hinged to the outer sleeve 18 at one end through the third hinged joint 181, the other end of the start skid 20 being facing the upper panel 1.

    [0028] Furthermore, in a preferred embodiment, a pushing block 201, arranged at the interior of the outer sleeve 18, wherein one end of the pushing block 201 is hinged to the other side of the end of the start skid 20, and the other end of the pushing block 201 abuts against the middle sleeve 17. In order to solve the problem that panels will swing when the start skid 20 reaches 90 degrees of turning point in folding and unfolding movements, an axial locking mechanism is additionally added, the included angle relative to the axis of an oil cylinder of the pushrod 8 is locked such that the start skid 20 no longer produces relative rotation after the start skid 20 moves to a predetermined position.

    [0029] Moreover, in a preferred embodiment, wherein the inner sleeve 16, the middle sleeve 17 and the outer sleeve 18 can slide relatively to each other.

    [0030] Furthermore, in a preferred embodiment, wherein two sides of the middle part of the inner sleeve 16, two sides of the middle part of the middle sleeve 17 and two sides of the outer sleeve 18 are provided with a through-hole respectively, and pawl parts of the two pawls 19 are respectively running through the through-hole of the inner sleeve 16, the through-hole of the middle sleeve 17 and the through-hole of the outer sleeve 18 from inside to outside the pawls. Gas-liquid dampers are replaced by stopping means of mechanical lock pawls, which is more intuitive and convenient; synchronous swing of rods will be omitted; the structure is simplified; and easy maintenance and low failure rate can be achieved. Therefore, such a mechanism is more suitable for a structure system with small space.

    [0031] Furthermore, in a preferred embodiment, end planes of the pawl parts of the two pawls 19 abut against inner walls of the through-holes at two sides of the inner sleeve 16, the middle sleeve 17 and the outer sleeve 18. Mutual positioning of the outer sleeve 18 and the pawl parts of the pawls in the inner sleeve 17 is achieved through opposite opening, so as to complete all the functional movements of the locking mechanism.

    [0032] The foregoing is only the preferred embodiment of the invention, not thus limiting embodiments and scope of the invention.

    [0033] The present invention also has the following embodiments based on the above embodiment:
    In a further embodiment of the present invention, referring to Figures 1 and 2, the start skid 20 has an arc surface at a side relative to the other end of the outer sleeve 18, the arc surface being facing the upper panel 1.

    [0034] In a further embodiment of the present invention, sides of the fourth connecting rod 7 are L-shaped.

    [0035] In a further embodiment of the present invention, the upper panel 1 and the lower panel 2 are hinged together by a hinge 3, and can rotate around the hinge 3.

    [0036] In a further embodiment of the present invention, grooves are formed at opposite surfaces of the upper panel land the lower panel 2, and the two grooves together form an accommodating space in which the four-connecting-rod assembly is received when the folding and unfolding mechanism is in a folded state.

    [0037] In a further embodiment of the present invention, three sleeves are adopted, having the advantages of relatively compact structure and simple appearance and easy maintenance, and having smaller range of movement and smaller stroke while the stroke meets the requirement.

    [0038] In a further embodiment of the present invention, the sleeve takes the form of, but is not limited to the hollow rectangular body.

    [0039] The above descriptions are only the preferred embodiments of the invention, not thus limiting the embodiments and scope of the invention. Those skilled in the art should be able to realize that the schemes obtained from the content of specification and drawings of the invention are within the scope of the invention.

    Second Embodiment



    [0040] Figure 2-1 is a schematic view of the installation structure of a folding and unfolding mechanism of the present invention, Figure 2-2 is a schematic perspective view of a connecting structure of a four-connecting-rod of a folding and unfolding mechanism in the present invention, Figures 2-3a to 2-3d are schematic structural views of four connecting rod of a folding and unfolding mechanism of the present invention, and Figures 2-4a to 2-4d are schematic views of specific applications of a folding and unfolding mechanism of the present invention. Figures 2-1, 2-2, Figures 2-3a to 2-3d and Figures 2-4a to 2-4d show a folding and unfolding mechanism of a preferred embodiment, which is mounted between an upper panel 1 and a lower panel 2 which are hinged together, for folding and unfolding the upper panel 1 and the lower panel 2, and for overturning for 0-180 degrees between the upper panel 1 and the lower panel 2.

    [0041] Moreover, in a preferred embodiment, the folding and unfolding mechanism comprises: a four-connecting-rod assembly, comprising a first connecting rod 4, a second connecting rod 5, a third connecting rod 6 and a fourth connecting rod 7, one end of the first connecting rod 4 being hinged to one end of the second connecting rod 5, the other end of the first connecting rod 4 being hinged to the upper panel 1, the other end of the second connecting rod 5 being hinged to the lower panel 2, and a first hinged joint 10 being formed at a hinged ends of the first connecting rod 4and the second connecting rod 5, the third connecting rod 6 being hinged to the first connecting rod 4 and the second connecting rod 5 through the first hinged joint 10, the third connecting rod 6 having a second hinged joint 11 at one end, one end of the fourth connecting rod 7 being hinged to the third connecting rod 6 through the second hinged joint 11;

    [0042] Furthermore, in a preferred embodiment, the folding and unfolding mechanism comprises: a pushrod assembly, comprising a pushrod 8 and a pushing portion 9, wherein one end of the pushrod 8 is connected to the other end of the fourth connecting rod 7, and the pushrod 8 is connected to the pushing portion 9 at the other end, the pushing portion 9 being mounted above the lower panel 2 to drive the pushrod 8 to move, and thus to drive the four-connecting-rod assembly to move, therefore achieving the technical effect of folding and unfolding;

    [0043] Furthermore, in a preferred embodiment, gaps are formed in opposite surfaces of the upper panel 1 and the lower panel 2, and accommodating space is formed, and the four-connecting-rod assembly is received in the accommodating space in a folded state. The mechanism structure is simplified and is concealed in the two panels without compromising the performance of folding and unfolding movements, thus occupying small space.

    [0044] Furthermore, in a preferred embodiment, as shown in Figures 2-2, 2-3a, 2-3c and 2-4b, a first convex edge 14, extending in the form of a rib, forms at one side of the first connecting rod 4, and a second convex edge 15 opposite the first convex edge 14 is arranged on a surface of the upper panel 1 facing the lower panel 1;

    [0045] Furthermore, in a preferred embodiment, the third connecting rod 6 is generally in the form of triangle, wherein two angles are provided with the first hinged joint 10 and the second hinged joint 11, respectively, and the third angle 13 is between the first convex edge 14 and the second convex edge 15 when the folding and unfolding mechanism is in a folded state, and abuts against the second convex edge 15 to push the upper panel 1 to perform pre-unfolding when the mechanism is unfolding, such that the triangular third connecting rod 6 is integrally formed into a jacking structure through two hinged joints and one top point, which can effectively solve the problem that the included angle between two connecting rods is so small that thus is insufficient; moreover, the third angle 13 of the third connecting rod is arc-shaped or is provided with a roller, so as to further enhance the effect of transitional auxiliary driving, but it is not limited to this.

    [0046] Furthermore, in a preferred embodiment, a rotating shaft 12 is running through the first hinged joint 10 for the hinge of the first connecting rod 4, the second connecting rod 5 and the third connecting rod 6, forming a structure of pivot connection. In addition, a corner damping (not shown in the figure) is disposed in the shaft 12 for buffering the panel when titled to a certain angle, so as to reduce the local impact on the supporting structure caused by the offset of the center of the gravity. Moreover, another rotating shaft can also be arranged in the second hinged joint 11, and a corner damping is also disposed in the shaft for achieving the buffering effect.

    [0047] The foregoing is only the preferred embodiment of the invention, not thus limiting embodiments and scope of the invention.

    [0048] The present invention also has following embodiments based on the above embodiments:
    In a further embodiment of the present invention, as shown in Figures 2-4a to 2-4d, the pushing portion 9 is an electric cylinder, which is used as a power system to support stress and complete folding and unfolding of the panels, but the pushing portion 9 can also be an air cylinder and other power equipments, and can even be driven in a manual manner, but should not be limited to these.

    [0049] In a further embodiment of the present invention, as shown in Figures 2-3d and 2-4c, the fourth connecting rod 7 has a blind hole or a through-hole (not shown in the figure) at one end, one end of the pushrod 8 being running through the blind hole or the through-hole, and in this embodiment, the fourth connecting rod 7 is integrally formed into a L-shaped form to ensure the effectiveness in the direction of thrust during unfolding movement.

    [0050] In a further embodiment of the present invention, one end of the upper panel 1 and one end of the lower panel 2 are hinged together by a hinge. Moreover, since both the upper panel and the lower panel are made of profiles having internal gaps in the structure, the folding and unfolding mechanism can be easily concealed in the gaps. Alternatively, the folding and unfolding mechanism can also be arranged on the side of the upper panel 1 and the lower panel 2; moreover, panels, all the hinged joints of the four-connecting-rod and convex edge structure are also arranged on the side of the upper panel land the lower panel 2, through which the technical effect having structure concealed can also be achieved.

    [0051] In a further embodiment of the present invention, the fourth connecting rod 7 has a through-hole at the other end. One end of the pushrod 8 passes through the through-hole, and is hinged to the rotating shaft 12 running through the first hinged joint 10.

    [0052] In a further embodiment of the present invention, as shown in Figures 2-3c and 2-4b, the first hinged joint 10 extends outwards, forming a projection 14, and when the folding and unfolding mechanism is folding and unfolding, the projection 14 abuts against one side of the fourth connecting rod 4to limit a relative position of the third connecting rod 6 and the fourth connecting rod 7.

    [0053] In a further embodiment of the present invention, the folding and unfolding mechanism is received in the upper and lower panels in a folded state. The mechanism structure is simplified and is concealed in the two panels without compromising the performance of folding and unfolding movements, thus occupying small space; the triangular third connecting rod 6 is integrally formed into a jacking structure through two hinged joints and one top point, which can effectively solve the problem that the included angle between two connecting rods is so small that thus is insufficient; a corner damping is disposed in the rotating shaft 12 for providing buffering when the panel is titled to a certain angle, so as to reduce the local impact on the supporting structure caused by the offset of the center of the gravity.

    [0054] The above descriptions are only the preferred embodiments of the invention, not thus limiting the embodiments and scope of the invention as defined by the claims.

    [0055] Those skilled in the art should be able to realize that the schemes obtained from the content of specification and drawings of the invention are within the scope of the invention.


    Claims

    1. A folding and unfolding mechanism, comprising an upper panel (1) and a lower panel (2), mounted between the upper panel and the lower panel which are hinged together, for folding and unfolding the upper panel and the lower panel, and for overturning for 0-180 degrees between the upper panel and the lower panel, comprising:

    a four-connecting-rod assembly, comprising a first connecting rod (4), a second connecting rod (5), a third connecting rod (6) and a fourth connecting rod (7);

    wherein one end of the first connecting rod is hinged to one end of the second connecting rod, the other end of the first connecting rod is hinged to the upper panel, the other end of the second connecting rod is hinged to the lower panel, and a first hinged joint (10) is formed at a hinged end of the first connecting rod and the second connecting rod, a middle part of the third connecting rod is hinged to the first connecting rod and the second connecting rod through the first hinged joint, the third connecting rod has a second hinged joint (11) at one end, one end of the fourth connecting rod is hinged to the third connecting rod through the second hinged joint, the third connecting rod is provided with a third hinged joint (181) relative to the other end of the first hinged joint;

    a pushrod assembly, comprising a pushrod (8) and a pushing portion (9); wherein one end of the pushrod is fixedly connected to an other side, which is relative to the third connecting rod, of the fourth connecting rod, and the other end of the pushrod is connected to the pushing portion, the pushing portion is mounted on the lower panel for driving the pushrod to move.


     
    2. The folding and unfolding mechanism as claimed in claim 1, further comprising:

    an axial locking mechanism, comprising an inner sleeve (16), a middle sleeve (17) and an outer sleeve (18); wherein the middle sleeve is sleeved outside the inner sleeve, while the outer sleeve is sleeved outside the middle sleeve, and the interior of the inner sleeve is provided with two pawls (19), one end of each of the two pawls is hinged to each other through a positioning shaft (191) rotatablely connected to an inner wall of two sides of the inner sleeve, the other end of each of the two pawls has a compression spring (192), and one end of the inner sleeve is hinged to the other end, relative to the third connecting rod, of the fourth connecting rod, and one end of the outer sleeve is hinged to the third connecting rod through the third hinged joint;

    a start skid (20), wherein one end thereof is hinged to the outer sleeve through the third hinged joint, the other end thereof is facing the upper panel; and

    a pushing block (201), arranged at the interior of the outer sleeve, wherein one end of the pushing block is hinged to the other side of the end of the start skid, and the other end of the pushing block abuts against the middle sleeve.


     
    3. The folding and unfolding mechanism as claimed in claim 2, wherein the inner sleeve, the middle sleeve and the outer sleeve can slide relatively to each other, and the start skid has an arc surface at a side relative to the other end of the outer sleeve, wherein the arc surface is facing the upper panel.
     
    4. The folding and unfolding mechanism as claimed in claim 3, wherein two sides of the middle part of the inner sleeve, two sides of the middle part of the middle sleeve and two sides of the outer sleeve are provided with through-holes; wherein pawl parts of the two pawls are respectively running through the through-holes of the inner sleeve, the through-holes of the middle sleeve and the through-holes of the outer sleeve from inside to outside, and end planes of the pawl parts of the two pawls abut against inner walls of the through-holes at two sides of the inner sleeve, the middle sleeve and the outer sleeve.
     
    5. The folding and unfolding mechanism as claimed in claim 1, wherein a first convex edge (14), extending in the form of rib, is formed at one side of the first connecting rod, and a second convex edge (15) opposite to the first convex edge is arranged on a surface of the upper panel facing the lower panel;
    the third connecting rod is generally in a form of triangle, wherein two angles are provided with the first hinged joint and the second hinged joint, respectively, and the third angle is between the first convex edge and the second convex edge when the folding and unfolding mechanism is in a folded state, and abuts against the second convex edge to push the upper panel to perform pre-unfolding when the mechanism is unfolding; the third angle of the third connecting rod is arc-shaped or is provided with a roller.
     
    6. The folding and unfolding mechanism as claimed in claim 5, wherein a rotating shaft (12) is running through the first hinged joint for the hinge of the first connecting rod, the second connecting rod and the third connecting rod.
     
    7. The folding and unfolding mechanism as claimed in claim 6, wherein the first hinged joint extends outwards, forming a projection, and when the folding and unfolding mechanism is folding and unfolding, the projection abuts against one side of the fourth connecting rod to limit a relative position of the third connecting rod and the fourth connecting rod.
     
    8. The folding and unfolding mechanism as claimed in claim 1, wherein the fourth connecting rod is L-shaped from its side.
     
    9. The folding and unfolding mechanism as claimed in claim 1, wherein grooves are arranged on opposite surfaces of the upper panel and the lower panel, and the two grooves together form an accommodation space in which the four-connecting-rod assembly is received when the folding and unfolding mechanism is in a folded state.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Falt- und Ausfaltmechanismus, umfassend eine obere Platte (1) und eine untere Platte (2), montiert zwischen der oberen Platte und der unteren Platte, die aneinander angelenkt sind, zum Falten und Ausfalten der oberen Platte und der unteren Platte, und zum Kippen um 0 bis 180 Grad zwischen der oberen Platte und der unteren Platte, Folgendes umfassend:

    eine Anordnung aus vier Verbindungsstangen, umfassend eine erste Verbindungsstange (4), eine zweite Verbindungsstange (5), eine dritte Verbindungsstange (6) und eine vierte Verbindungsstange (7) ;

    wobei ein Ende der ersten Verbindungsstange an einem Ende der zweiten Verbindungsstange angelenkt ist, das andere Ende der ersten Verbindungsstange an der oberen Platte angelenkt ist, das andere Ende der zweiten Verbindungsstange an der unteren Platte angelenkt ist und ein erstes Scharniergelenk (10) an einem angelenkten Ende der ersten Verbindungsstange und der zweiten Verbindungsstange gebildet wird, ein Mittelteil der dritten Verbindungsstange durch das erste Scharniergelenk an der ersten Verbindungsstange und der zweiten Verbindungsstange angelenkt ist, die dritte Verbindungsstange ein zweites Scharniergelenk (11) an einem Ende aufweist, ein Ende der vierten Verbindungsstange durch das zweite Scharniergelenk an der dritten Verbindungsstange angelenkt ist, die dritte Verbindungsstange mit einem dritten Scharniergelenk (181) relativ zu dem anderen Ende des ersten Scharniergelenks versehen ist;

    eine Schubstangenanordnung, umfassend eine Schubstange (8) und einen Schubabschnitt (9);

    wobei ein Ende der Schubstange fest mit einer anderen Seite, die relativ zu der dritten Verbindungsstange ist, der vierten Verbindungsstange verbunden ist, und das andere Ende der Schubstange mit dem Schubabschnitt verbunden ist, wobei der Schubabschnitt an der unteren Platte montiert ist, um die Schubstange zum Bewegen anzutreiben.


     
    2. Falt- und Ausfaltmechanismus nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend:

    einen Axialverriegelungsmechanismus, umfassend eine innere Hülse (16), eine mittlere Hülse (17) und eine äußere Hülse (18);

    wobei die mittlere Hülse außerhalb der inneren Hülse gemantelt ist, wohingegen die äußere Hülse außerhalb der mittleren Hülse gemantelt ist und das Innere der inneren Hülse mit zwei Klinken (19) versehen ist, wobei ein Ende jeder der zwei Klinken durch eine Stellwelle (191), die drehbar mit einer Innenwand von zwei Seiten der inneren Hülse verbunden ist, aneinander angelenkt ist, wobei das andere Ende jeder der zwei Klinken eine Druckfeder (192) aufweist, und ein Ende der inneren Hülse an dem anderen Ende, relativ zu der dritten Verbindungsstange, der vierten Verbindungsstange angelenkt ist, und ein Ende der äußeren Hülse durch das dritte Scharniergelenk an der dritten Verbindungsstange angelenkt ist;

    eine Startgleitführung (20), wobei ein Ende davon durch das dritte Scharniergelenk an der äußeren Hülse angelenkt ist, wobei das andere Ende davon der oberen Platte zugewandt ist; und

    einen Schiebeblock (201), der im Inneren der äußeren Hülse angeordnet ist, wobei ein Ende des Schiebeblocks an der anderen Seite des Endes der Startgleitführung angelenkt ist, und das andere Ende des Schiebeblocks an der mittleren Hülse anliegt.


     
    3. Falt- und Ausfaltmechanismus nach Anspruch 2, wobei die innere Hülse, die mittlere Hülse und die äußere Hülse relativ zueinander gleiten können, und die Startgleitführung eine Bogenfläche an einer Seite relativ zu dem anderen Ende der äußeren Hülse aufweist, wobei die Bogenfläche der oberen Platte zugewandt ist.
     
    4. Falt- und Ausfaltmechanismus nach Anspruch 3, wobei zwei Seiten des Mittelteils der inneren Hülse, zwei Seiten des Mittelteils der mittleren Hülse und zwei Seiten der äußeren Hülse mit Durchgangsbohrungen versehen sind; wobei Klinkenteile der beiden Klinken jeweils durch die Durchgangsbohrungen der inneren Hülse, die Durchgangsbohrungen der mittleren Hülse und die Durchgangsbohrungen der äußeren Hülse von innen nach außen verlaufen, und Endebenen der Klinkenteile der beiden Klinken an Innenwänden der Durchgangsbohrungen an zwei Seiten der inneren Hülse, der mittleren Hülse und der äußeren Hülse anliegen.
     
    5. Falt- und Ausfaltmechanismus nach Anspruch 1, wobei eine erste konvexe Kante (14), die sich rippenförmig erstreckt, an einer Seite der ersten Verbindungsstange gebildet ist, und eine zweite konvexe Kante (15) gegenüber der ersten konvexen Kante auf einer Fläche der oberen Platte angeordnet ist, die der unteren Platte zugewandt ist;
    wobei die erste Verbindungsstange im Allgemeinen die Form eines Dreiecks aufweist, wobei zwei Winkel mit jeweils dem ersten Scharniergelenk und dem zweiten Scharniergelenk versehen sind, und der dritte Winkel zwischen der ersten konvexen Kante und der zweiten konvexen Kante liegt, wenn der Falt- und Ausfaltmechanismus sich in einem gefalteten Zustand befindet, und an der zweiten Konvexkante anliegt, um die obere Platte dazu zu veranlassen, ein Vorausfalten durchzuführen, wenn sich der Mechanismus ausfaltet;
    wobei der dritte Winkel der dritten Verbindungsstange bogenförmig ist oder mit einer Walze versehen ist.
     
    6. Falt- und Ausfaltmechanismus nach Anspruch 5, wobei eine Drehwelle (12) durch das erste Scharniergelenk für das Scharnier der ersten Verbindungsstange, der zweiten Verbindungsstange und der dritten Verbindungsstange verläuft.
     
    7. Falt- und Ausfaltmechanismus nach Anspruch 6, wobei das erste Scharniergelenk sich nach außen erstreckt, einen Vorsprung bildet, und, wenn sich der Falt- und Ausfaltmechanismus ein- und ausfaltet, der Vorsprung an einer Seite der vierten Verbindungsstange anliegt, um eine relative Position der dritten Verbindungsstange und der vierten Verbindungsstange zu begrenzen.
     
    8. Falt- und Ausfaltmechanismus nach Anspruch 1, wobei die vierte Verbindungsstange von ihrer Seite aus L-förmig ist.
     
    9. Falt- und Ausfaltmechanismus nach Anspruch 1, wobei Nuten auf gegenüberliegenden Flächen der oberen Platte und der unteren Platte angeordnet sind, und die zwei Nuten zusammen einen Aufnahmeraum bilden, in dem die Anordnung aus vier Verbindungsstangen aufgenommen wird, wenn sich der Falt- und Ausfaltmechanismus in einem gefalteten Zustand befindet.
     


    Revendications

    1. Mécanisme de pliage et dépliage, comprenant un panneau supérieur (1) et un panneau inférieur (2), monté entre le panneau supérieur et le panneau inférieur qui sont articulés ensemble, pour plier et déplier le panneau supérieur et le panneau inférieur, et pour assurer un retournement de 0 à 180 degrés entre le panneau supérieur et le panneau inférieur, comprenant :

    un ensemble de quatre tiges de liaison, comprenant une première tige de liaison (4), une deuxième tige de liaison (5), une troisième tige de liaison (6) et une quatrième tige de liaison (7) ;

    dans lequel une extrémité de la première tige de liaison est articulée sur une extrémité de la deuxième tige de liaison, l'autre extrémité de la première tige de liaison est articulée sur le panneau supérieur, l'autre extrémité de la deuxième tige de liaison est articulée sur le panneau inférieur, et un premier joint articulé (10) est formé au niveau d'un extrémité articulée de la première tige de liaison et de la deuxième tige de liaison, une partie intermédiaire de la troisième tige de liaison est articulée sur la première tige de liaison et la deuxième tige de liaison par le biais du premier joint articulé, la troisième tige de liaison possède un deuxième joint articulé (11) à une extrémité, une extrémité de la quatrième tige de liaison est articulée sur la troisième tige de liaison par le biais du deuxième joint articulé, la troisième tige de liaison est pourvue d'un troisième joint articulé (181) par rapport à l'autre extrémité du premier joint articulé ;

    un ensemble tige-poussoir, comprenant une tige-poussoir (8) et une partie de poussée (9) ;

    dans lequel une extrémité de la tige-poussoir est reliée fixement à un autre côté, à savoir par rapport à la troisième tige de liaison, de la quatrième tige de liaison, et l'autre extrémité de la tige-poussoir est reliée à la partie de poussée, la partie de poussée est montée sur le panneau inférieur pour entraîner la tige-poussoir à se déplacer.


     
    2. Mécanisme de pliage et dépliage selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :

    un mécanisme de verrouillage axial, comprenant un manchon interne (16), un manchon intermédiaire (17) et un manchon externe (18) ;

    dans lequel le manchon intermédiaire est emmanché à l'extérieur du manchon interne, alors que le manchon externe est emmanché à l'extérieur du manchon intermédiaire, et l'intérieur du manchon interne est pourvu de deux cliquets (19),

    une extrémité de chacun des deux cliquets est articulée sur l'autre par le biais d'un axe de positionnement (191) relié de manière rotative à une paroi interne des deux côtés du manchon interne, l'autre extrémité de chacun des deux cliquets possède un ressort de compression (192), et une extrémité du manchon interne est articulée sur l'autre extrémité, par rapport à la troisième tige de liaison, de la quatrième tige de liaison, et une extrémité du manchon externe est articulée sur la troisième tige de liaison par le biais du troisième joint articulé ;

    un patin de départ (20),dans lequel une extrémité de celui-ci est articulée sur le manchon externe par le biais du troisième joint articulé, l'autre extrémité de celui-ci fait face au panneau supérieur ; et

    un bloc de poussée (201), agencé à l'intérieur du manchon externe, dans lequel une extrémité du bloc de poussée est articulée sur l'autre côté de l'extrémité du patin de départ, et l'autre extrémité du bloc de poussée vient en butée contre le manchon intermédiaire.


     
    3. Mécanisme de pliage et dépliage selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le manchon interne, le manchon intermédiaire et le manchon externe peuvent coulisser les uns par rapport aux autres, et le patin de départ possède une surface arquée sur un côté par rapport à l'autre extrémité du manchon externe, dans lequel la surface arquée fait face au panneau supérieur.
     
    4. Mécanisme de pliage et dépliage selon la revendication 3, dans lequel deux côtés de la partie intermédiaire du manchon interne, deux côtés de la partie intermédiaire du manchon intermédiaire et deux côtés du manchon externe sont pourvus de trous traversants ; dans lequel les parties formant cliquet des deux cliquets passent respectivement à travers les trous traversants du manchon interne, les trous traversants du manchon intermédiaire et les trous traversants du manchon externe de l'intérieur vers l'extérieur, et les plans d'extrémité des parties formant cliquet des deux cliquets viennent en butée contre les parois internes des trous traversants des deux côtés du manchon interne, du manchon intermédiaire et du manchon externe.
     
    5. Mécanisme de pliage et dépliage selon la revendication 1, dans lequel un premier bord convexe (14), s'étendant sous la forme d'une nervure, est formé sur un côté de la première tige de liaison, et un second bord convexe (15) opposé au premier bord convexe est agencé sur une surface du panneau supérieur faisant face au panneau inférieur ;
    la troisième tige de liaison est généralement sous forme d'un triangle, dans lequel deux angles sont pourvus du premier joint articulé et du deuxième joint articulé, respectivement, et le troisième angle est entre le premier bord convexe et le second bord convexe lorsque le mécanisme de pliage et dépliage est dans un état plié, et vient en butée contre le second bord convexe pour pousser le panneau supérieur pour réaliser un pré-dépliage lorsque le mécanisme est déplié ; le troisième angle de la troisième tige de liaison est en forme d'arc ou est pourvu d'un rouleau.
     
    6. Mécanisme de pliage et dépliage selon la revendication 5, dans lequel un arbre rotatif (12) passe à travers le premier joint articulé pour l'articulation de la première tige de liaison, de la deuxième tige de liaison et de la troisième tige de liaison.
     
    7. Mécanisme de pliage et dépliage selon la revendication 6, dans lequel le premier joint articulé s'étend vers l'extérieur, formant une projection, et lorsque le mécanisme de pliage et dépliage se plie et se déplie, la projection vient en butée contre un côté de la quatrième tige de liaison pour limiter une position relative de la troisième tige de liaison et de la quatrième tige de liaison.
     
    8. Mécanisme de pliage et dépliage selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la quatrième tige de liaison est en forme de L depuis son côté.
     
    9. Mécanisme de pliage et dépliage selon la revendication 1, dans lequel des rainures sont agencées sur des surfaces opposées du panneau supérieur et du panneau inférieur, et les deux rainures forment ensemble un espace de logement dans lequel l'ensemble de quatre tiges de liaison est reçu lorsque le mécanisme de pliage et dépliage est dans un état plié.
     




    Drawing





















    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description